Newspaper Page Text
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEJIELD, S. C.
-J-WEDNESDAY,APRIL 28, 1858.
ZULE TEAT MUST IN FUTURE 3 OBSERVED.
All advertisements from this date, not amounting to
more than $10, must be paid for in advance.
Merchants and others advertising by the year, will
be required to settle every six months.
No paper will be sent out of the District unless paid
for in advance.
All letters on business connected with the Office, to
receive prompt attention, must be addressed to the
To-these rules we-will rigidly adhere. Therefore,
take notice and act accordingly.
The Thespians Again.
Another entertainment will be given' by the corps
on Friday night next, on which occasion "The Dead
Shot" and "Perfection" will be rendered. We hope
the community, if they desire a continuance of these
amusements, will indicate it by a full turnout at this
performance. It Is with them to decide whether the
season shall continue or cease. The plays for Friday
are favorite ones,. and will, we doubt not, be hand
somely performed. See advertisement.
Having had the pleasure of attending a rehearsal
of the plays, we may add that the new helps which
have been enlisted arc "helps indeed," and we shall
look to the whole entertainment with the expectation
of being highly gratified.
The battalion reviews have begun in our district.
The Red Hill battalion paraded on Saturday last. We
learn that'it numbered rather less than usual.
"X. Y. Z." should have a showiag upon the ex
parte road-working of Council, w.re his name ap
pended to his strictures.
Phocion's" poetic effusion needs more correcting
than we care to make.
The fair authoress of " the Domestic Serpent," has
our thanks for her contribution. She will see that we
have presented it in full on first page of present num
- p- We gladly acknowledge the receipt of another
story by " Rasa." It shall appear week after next,
the whole of it in one issue. We would be com
pelled to divide it otherwise.
LIGIT FOR THE MILLION.
See the advertisement of the Drs. TIAau, rherein
they set forth a brilliant array of articles, the whole
rendered yet more brilliant by the NEW AND ELE
GANT KEROSENE LAMP, the right of which for
Edgefteld District these gentlemen have purchased.
. Having been kindly furnished with one of these
lamps, we can say that we have fully. tested it and
find that it yields a most beautiful light,-beautiful
to look at, beautiful to read by, beautiful in giving
effect to female loveliness at night, and beautiful too
(if we may make a Yankee use of the word) in its
simplicity and ecea;"&ny. The Kerosene Lamp must
succeed, if there is any virtue in a resplendent light
at small expears. Call and see this great improve
The present issue of the Atdrertieer is accompanied
by an extra page of adhvrtisements, to- make more
room for general readling matter. While we must
-give business men a full showing, we desire alse
(whenever we can do so) to afford our usual miscella
neous variety. We do not mind the extra trouble and
xpense, provided our readers are pleased.
-, The Anderson Gazette reports the sale of a lot of
31 negroes, in Andcrson District, at an average of
In Orangeburg, on last saleday, thirteen negroes
were "bid off" at an average of $750. In the lot
a. -were several infants, and two old and infirm persons.
One womaan'and two children brought $1,880.
- - In Charleston negroes are selling at lower rates,
SAbut they areiaferior rie-'plautation hands generally,
'. or (what is worse,) spoiled city servants.
IN FOR IT.
The editor of the Newberry Rising .Sunt has been
called on to run for the Legislature. Hie assents, and
- " We'll hunt up every mean, iroman and child, milk
all the cows, pen all the calves, kiss all the babies of
our constituents, and never leave a man worse off
-than we found him. We are settled, bent up, the
murder shall be done--away, we'll mock the time
with the rarest fun."
Would it not be well for our District Agricultural
Society to publish at once their promium list for the
Fall Exhibition ? It would enable every one inter
ested to prepare properly for the competition. It
would also tend materially to increase the amount of
A DAILY MAIL.
* It is proposed to petition the Post Offce Depart.
muent for the establishment of a daily mail-route be
tween Augusta, Gsa., and Edgefield, S. C. Of the suc
cae of the petition, there should be no doubt. It is
a crying want on tho part of an intelligent portion of
the people, and should be arranged without hesitation
o! delay by the "powers that be " at Washington
-Edgefield is one of the largest, wealthiest and most
populous districts in South Carolina. Her people are
a reading people; in politics they are sound and re
liable; and we doubt if another comm~unity, South or
North, has any higher regard for Mr. BueHnaNa's
Administration. They are also a progressive people,
and feel now the imperious need of more news-facili -
ties, more light. At present they have but a trn-week
* ly mail.eoaeh route through the centre of the district,
aud two or three weekly horse-mails. These limited
means of intelligence arc less, much less, than their
due. A daily masil-couach route, from Augusta, Ga.,
wia Edgefield C. HI., to '98 Depot on the Greenville
aud Cumbia Rail Road, is now a necessity for the
District at large. To render the arrangement fully
elfective, the horse malls should be made at least tri
weekly. Ia this way, the people of Edgefleld would
be placed upon an equality with the other important
districts of South Carolina, in respect to mail facili
ties. As things now stand, they are behind all the
rest. We trust the petition will be strongly put and
generally signed; and-we hope the Department will,
without scruple and at once, grant the prayer of their
respectful petitioners. It is very certain, that our
people need the proposed acoomodation, and we think
we may safely say that they deserve it at the hands
of the government.
We trust our energetic Representative in Congress
will exert his well-known influence to seure this de
* sideraan to his immediate constituents. It is the
request of a legion of them, that he will surely do so.
We know there can be no failure in the application, if
backed by his hearty support.
WILLIS'S SURVICE MUSIC.
Quito an improvement is about to occur in the
- "MUUinal World," of R.Swans WrLLIs. lie propo
ses to pubilish a serie' of' chants, anthems and hymns,
* adapted to the Epi~c'.pal Church Service. It will be
composed of the ol church music, re-harmonized in
* accordance with t be progressive taste and musical
culture of the day, and, in part also, of entirely ncw
oompositions. Toe first uniber of this improved
series will reach us this week, and will contain the
I'enit4, the GI'iria in Eein, the Te 1Deuai, and t'ne
Bened~lcite omna opera dosmini. Each alternate num
ber will still be graced as heretofore with music of a
miscellaneous character. We regard this evidence of
progrs in the .Vfueica* World eminently worthy of
~ applause. It will certainly render the publication one
the most desirable In the country. The religious-music
feature will be appreciable not only by Episcopalians,
but bty all the churches.
-For $2 in advance, you can obtain the Musical
- "World with this praiseworthy addition to its present
&wOrt',Bend on at once, and take the benefit of thee
06ewas-a wise man who cut a hole in his barut.
4pA hilibg eat, and a lesser one* fop big kittenl.
THE PLANK ROAD AGAIN.
Rough as it is, we must take the plank road again,
and give expression to a few more jolts of thought.
But this time we have less to say of the .Company
than of their sovreigns and (should-be) supporters,
First, of the road. There are three hands now
employed in repairing the whole twenty-six miles! !!
It may surprise some distant readers, to hoar of such
an unparallelled force being actually engaged upon
only that amount of plank road. But incredulous as
they may be, we assure them that such is the fact. If
they are still unbelievers, we would ask them to re
member that this is old Edgefield, energetic old Edge
field. If they still cannot realize the marvelous fact,
we can only reiterate the asseveration before their as
tonished eyes, that the Edgefield and Hamburg Plank
Road Company have now employed, upon their 26
miles of dilapidated road, all of three negro men
armed and equipped with a full-sized saovel apiece,
having also at hand for extraordinary emergencies
one of Collins' celebrated axes, to say nothing of a
reasonably good mattock by some unknown maker.
But the results of this powerful force are not less as
tonishing than the force itself. They throw sand up
on the road with such remarkable velocity as to con
ceal decayed planks and fill up holes to the extent of
fifty and sometimes a hundred yards per diem, and
this too with the additional labor of putting in one,
two, three, and sometimes four nes planks for that
distanoo. At this rapid rate of progress, it is estima
ted that the whole road will be gone over in some 515
working days with good luck in all the ramifications
of the operative department. They will then imme
diately wheel around and commence again,-again to
perform this wonderful round of labor. Taking into
consideration then the further fact,-that the im
provement thus effected is perceptible by attentive
travellers for three or even four weeks after it has
been wrought out, the reader can form some idea of
the speedy amendment of the entire road likely to
follow the present judiciously extensive and (may we
not add) extensively judicious organization of the
Plank Road Force.
Next of the people. Here we drop badinage. The
Plank Road Company is not the only party to which
blame attaches in the impending failure of this work.
The people also are to blame for their remissness of
patronage. We know that this charge does not apply
to all. We believe indeed that the majority of trav
ellers, whether with carriages, buggies, wagons or ox
carts, give the road the advantage of their custom.
But there is a minority who do not; And there are
very many who patronize the road going down who
take the dirt coming back. For those who refuse to
take the road both going and returning, there is no
allowance to be made. They thereby refuse to aid
on to success a work of manifest importance to their
District, injuring themselves as well as others by the
act. They are thus really the foes of useful progress
and blotches upon the public spirit of the District.
It is not going too far, to say that/they fall short of
their duty as good. citizens so long as they wilfully
persist in this species of contumacious opposition to
the general welfare. Some excuse themselves in this
course on grounds of aversion to the company for
some real or fancied injury. Those should remember
that it is not the Company only who are to lose by
this refusal of patronage, but in the end probably the
entire District, themselves included. We know of no
better illustration than this, of the old saying of
"cutting off one's nose to spite his face." For to
those who take the road and to those who do not,
the increased conveniencees, furnished thereby, are
such as mast and will, and do tell upon the general
prosperity, in the cheapening of goods, the apprecia
tion of real estate, and otherwise. But hew much
more apparent is this "ceutting off of the nose," when
we estimate the advantages of time saved to the plan.
ter, of hardship avoided for his horses and mules,
and other similar privileges, all of which he might
attain by paying his toll and forgetting his aversion
to the Company or to individual members of it. 'l~he
excuse is no excuse, and should not be actedl upon by
any man desiring to occupy the position of an indo
pendant and public-spirited citizen.
Bat again, there are many who take the road going
down but refuse it cowing back. They take the road
when their wagons are loaded until every wheel croaks
as it turns upoa its axle, but refuse it when their~
loads are off and the wheels are all running easily
and lightly. They take the road when their loads in
jure it at almost every step of their teams, but refuse
it when no such injury would follow. In other words,
they take the road when realizing from the Company,
thereby, more than fair value received for their dollar
bill, but refuse it when the gain .might possibly fall
on the Company's side. Now we do not at all insin
uate that our farmers, or any others, act thus on any
delierato calculation. Perhaps not five in a hun
dred of them ever thonught of the matteur in this light.
Yet such is unquestionably the true view of this too
common practise among them; And it is followed hy
yet another evil consequence to the Plank Road. It
causes just enough of travel on the adjoining dirt
road to pack it, without cutting it up in wet weather,
or making it heavy in dry weather. Thme dirt road' is
thus made a much more formidable coumpetitor than
it would otherwise be, and takes of' travel and cus
tom proportionately from thme Plank. And thus the
thoughtlessness of the planter, In refusing to take the
road back which enabled him and his overburdened
wagon to go down to market with comparative ease,
endangers the interests of the Cump~any even beyond
his withholding the return custom of his wagons. o'
It is only necessary to suggest these considerations.
Every intelligent reader will take them up and test
theta by his own good sense; Amnd we trust that a
moent's reflection upon them will, with niany, have
the effect of determuining them hereafter to lend the
Plank Road Cornpany the aid of theigeustomn fully and
unstintingly. Surely the road is a great public bonelt,
even when only tolerably kept up. Surely its aban
donment would be felt by thousands as a grievous
disaster. While then we clamor for its improvement,
let us not forget to lend it all our patronage. Why,
it would be better to pay double toll for a couple of
years than to let so useful an enterprize fail into
ruin. Bet this will not be necessary if every man,
with every kind of boal, light or heavy, in all kinds
of weather, going and returning, will persistently
stik to the Plank and escew the Dirt Road. In no
other way can we now hope to save the work. Let
every one then reflect upon what lie will loro-by its
down-fall, let him ponder his dety in the premises
both to his own interests and to the general good;
and we can but think that the result will be a matter
of common congratulation. The road will be sus
tained, and its beneficiaries (both Company and peo
pe) will be made glad by its established pormanency
and elective amelioration.
a-..In the ease of wagons engaged in hauling at so
much a hundred, this injustice is very palpable.
They are enabled by the Plank Road to carry some
1500 lb.. more, each trip, than they formerly could.
This is a clear gain to them of $7,50; and yet, in
taking the dirt road when going or returning empty,
they refuse to allow their benefactor (the Plank Rtoad
Company) a reasonable share of what they have real
ied ins actual cash by the road, and which they could'
by no means have made without the aid of said Road.
Even if they paid $3,50 each trip, they would gaini
$ per trip, which would be $S per week, and near
$400 per annum. All this they will lose if the plank
road falls through. How careful then should they he
to render it their full and constant patronage, going
or coming, loaded or empty.
Geo. A Oates & Brother.
A good Piano Forte (says the Georgia Temperance
Crusader) is an indispensable articeo in every resi
deuce which makes pretence to fashionability. Every
home is invested with an inviting cheerfulness, by the
sweet tones of a Piano, and just such an one you may
always find for sale at George Oates A, Brother's in
Augusta, and nowhere else in that city. Or if you
wish a good musical instrument of any other kind-1
guitar, banjo, violin, flute, accordon, etc., ete; or if
you want music-the latest and most fashionable of
all kinds: Waltzes, Sehottisches, Mazurkas, Songs,
Ac., they are the only men in the city of Augus
ta who are fully prepared to furnish you.
Hendersonl, of Texas.
It is said that this gentleman, the Senator elect from
'exas, is far gone in consumption, and will not prob
ably enter upon the duties of his post. If such should
anfortunately be the ease, there is a probability that!
Gel. Lours T. Wrorat.r, formerly of South Carolina,
rm suneeed hIm.
A word to those of our subscribers who have hith
arto patronized us in Clubs.
We have put an end to the clubs upon our subscrip
tion list, without exception. No single club can
therefore regard the step as having reference to it
alone. Our reasons are simply these: A genteel
newspaper, of our dimensions and with our east of
typography, is richly worth the full price of $2 per
annum. All, who know the cost of such a publica
tion, will admit this to be true. In a club of ten, as
heretofore allowed by us, we lose five dollars from
our legitimate and fair profits. Carry the operation
out, through our entire list of subscribers, and we
would be loser to the extent of $1,000. The printer
would loso this handsome amount from his righteous
earnings, and each subscriber would gain by it but
the little sum of 50 cents. Now, we ask most respect.
fully, is this in consonannee with the good principle
of "live and let live?"
If our paper were not a large and well-printed one
-(we say nothing of its general respectability)-if it
were not fully up to the mark among publications of
its grade,-if it were notworth every cent of the price
we require, we should not object to taking less, hot
only from clubs, but from individual subscribers.
But upon a fair add full casting up of accounts, we
have decided that we cannot furnish the Advertiser
to any one (saving in an occasional case of charity) at
less than $2 per annum. We mjan to say, we cannot
do so for less, and pay ourselves properly.
This explanation is intended for a few of our sub
scribers who have left us on account of our abolishing
the club practise. We hope they will sue the force of
what we say, and return to our reading fold again at
an early day. We do not wish to part company with
any of our frionds.-It is a satisfaction to know that
out of a number of clubs, only a portion of two have
withdrawn their names on account of the change.
But even had all the clubs deserted us, it would have
had no effect upon our determination in the matter.
We aim to make our paper worthy of Edgefield in
every respect; and to do so we must claim from our
subscribers, one and all, a rightful quid pro quo.
, And what are tire dollars, compared with the
information, entertainment and instruction, imparted
throughout a whole year, by a decent journal of news,
of politics, of literature, of agriculture, and of mor
On Saturday and Sunday mornings last, white frost
was visible in this vicinity to early-ricers. No dam
age however was done ; the Irish potato tops were
bitten slightly. Fahrenheit stood at 46*.
P. S. On Monday night it grew colder, and on
Tuesday morning there was an unmistakeable frost,
with the Thermometer at 39*. No particular damage
done, so far as heard.
THE PALMETTO MEETING.
The annual meeting of the Palmetto Association
takes place in Columbia on Tuesday next. General
QrITXAN will deliver an address, and the 'occasion is
expected to be one of rare -interest. There will be a
dinner and a ball. It is said that many visitors will
probably be present from all parts of the State. It
atiords us pleasure to state that Edgefleld will be rep
resented, both by Palmetto soldiers and by their
wives. Indeed a good many are talking of going
down, besides those who were connected with the
Regiment. This is as it should be, and we wish for all
(ourself included) a pleasant visit. We may add
that those who reach Columbia Monday evening, can
hear General WAnur Tnoui-sox's Lecture on Mexico.
The Schools of our Village are all in successful
operation.-The Female Institute, although but re
ently opened under its new auspices, is already rap
idly growing in popularity and usefulness. The
teachers are ladies of decided merit, and devote
themuselves to their duties with an euthusiasm that
cannot fail of good results.-Mrs. McCazrtocx's
school for children numberA near thirty, and, beneath
her watchful and practised eye, will doubtless yield
the best of fruits in the department of early educa
tion.-The Male Academy numbers over aeventy
students, of the best material. Mr. Lras1.z, and his
assistant Mr. DowTEN, have their hands pretty full;
but they are gentlemen who do not flinch from labor,
and would gladly have their school number an even
hundred. W~e may say, without boasting, that it Is
one of thu very first schools In South Carolina. If
the people do not take advantage of it, they are
standing in the way of light,-light to their boys,
and, reflectively, to themselves and their State.-Mr.
Morinanys French Classes also number between
twenty and thirty pupils.-In short, Edgefield is get.
ting to be, what many of her citizona desire she
should only be, a first class educational village. Let
her motto be,-E.rceleir !
-- - Me -
Is there any old citizen who remembers such a be
ing as a Frenchman named LEQUIulo, once a resident
of this district: ?lHe had been one of the most cruel
sub-actors in the French Reign of Terror, and came
to Charleston in this State shortly after that period.
About the year 1314, he removed with a wife to Edge.
ield District; and it is said, or supposed, that he
here lived and died. Who knows aught of Luorixio
and his fate? Any inforumation upon the subject will
enable us to oblige a third person, who has made the
enquiry, not foir any special purpose, but from a de
sire to know the termination of this bloody man's
earthly career. It is conjectured that his wife was
instrumental in his death.
WE STAND CORRECCTED.
Our respectedl friend, who corects our spelling of
the word "IfHymenecnu," will pilease receive our thanks
fr the farvour. We really had never looked to see
how it was rendered in our marriage department. It
has always been a fixture there, and we took 'it, for
granted that it was given correctly. But it is all
right now, and we shall no more " blaze(?)n" it to the
amusement of eit'her gentlemen or "lady critick(?)s."
Mr. J. M. Wirr, of this place, has now a beautiful
assortment nf furniture, mahogany, rosewood Ac., Ac.,
at which the people would do well to take a peep. Drop
ping in at his establishment the other day, we were
somewhat surprised at his display of elegant sofas,
tables, bureaus et ceseru. Mr. WY. has good taste In
his department of business, andl is ready to prove to
all customers that he is satisfied with reasonable prof
its upon his wares.
"WIIERE, TELL ME WHERE?"
What has become of our friend, "E. K. ?" By
what mountain brooklot is he musing so contentedly,
as never to think of us mere? Or has some fair
mymph of the hill-country sp~ell-bound his spirit in
" here, tell i# ichere
Is our highk~lun laddlie c ?"~C~,
Joking apart, we demur to this continued neglect
>f " . K.," and must insist uponl hearing from him.
What news in the up-country, old fellow ? How get
m Ashmoro, and Jones, and Vornon, in the Congres
mional race? Wihat of the Blue Ridge railroad ? At
east give us a monthly report of the guiude and uddi
ea of the up-country.
This redoubtable fowl, of the Boston coob, had his
ot knocked from under him the other day,--slightly.
rhe Washington Correspondent of the South Caroli
sian thus presents the circumatanco:
" A few days since, Mr. Burlingamo made a very
erce speech, especially pitching into the Northern
' doughfaces," as he calls the Locompjtin Democrats.
o this, Mr. Hughes, (Democrat,) of Indiana, replied.
[eopy a few sentences, that you many see how lhe han
led the gentleman from Massachusetts, of " Clifton
Rouse" notoriety: "'Dough-faces!' says the gentle
nan from Massachusetts. Sir, I said in the presenceo
>.f muany of my constituents, upon a temporary visit
:o my nativo State, ' that if every stump in Kansas
ras a negro-every tree upon her soil a slave-driver
-I would vote for the admission of Kansas under
;he Lecomupton Constitution.'" There has been some
ontroversy as to the origin of this word "dough
ace." The corroct etymology is "doe," a female
leer; and I think that it, derives significance from
.he fact that that animal is exceedingly timid, and
rhen it comes to the water (brook.?) and sees its own
mage, it starts back with afright. It well becomes
he gentleman from Massachusetts to talk about dough
aes. It becomes that gentleman to talk about tinm
dity. This is the defender of the Constitution from
fassachusetta!liHe is going to exterminate dough
aees. I tell him that when this race of dough-faces
s exterminated, thd Union of theme States is at an
..m... Ten.h gentlem... fom Masueahnmett wil
have ain opportityof being confronted with these
Southern men, and'thope that he will behave himself
better than he didin. a certain memorable occasion
that has passed." _
We-M owe you one," Mr. ivuas!
DEGiaE8 OF BLISS.
That all ho aro happy are''equally happy, Is not
tre. A peasant and a philosopher may be equally
satisfied, but not equally happy. A peasant has not
capacity for having equal happiness with a philoso
pher. - A small drinking glass and a large one may
be equallyfull, but ajarge one holds more than the
So said Johnson, perhaps in his Ranelas. We
remember hearing old Father.CARTLEDGE illustrate
his idea of the 'degrees of bliss in heaven, by the
same simile which we emphasize in the quotation.
"Your attention,"-.shouted the old soldier of the
Cross in his peculiar way, and then proceeded to de
lare his belief thA6 there were different grades of
happiness in the. future of the saints. "But that
man will ask me," said the preacher, "how are you to
keep hard thoughts and base envy out of heaven if
this is so. I -don'# oare .what you say, its just as
true as that this glass thing here"-(meaning a new
fashioned lamp by'tlie side of the desk at which he
was discoursing)-"has got fire inside of it. And
there's no wrangling and quarrelling aboutit neither.
Prove it, CanytLRnon !" And here the old man spoke
of the variously-sired glasses, all as full as they
could be, none able to hold any more; yet somdon
taining ten times as much as others. The applica
tion needs not to be elucidated,-so clear and so for.
cible is the illustration.
- Mai Robbers Arrested.
The Columbia Gu&rdian learns that several robbe
ries having been committed on the mail route from
Abboville, S. C., to Elberton, Georgia, the carrier and
his elder brother-the latter a fireman on the Green
villo Railroad-have been arrested. The carrier had
amail-key in his possession, which he says he obtained
from his brother. The latter was arrested and lodged
in Jail at Greenville, and the carrier in Abbeville.
" On the 24th instant, the old woman gathered
.a good moss of green peas, grown on our centre garden.
bed, in the open air; and on the next day it unques
tionably sleeted. Of eourse we do not mean to insin
uate that the 'gude wife' and her peas had any thing
to do with the sleet; jet "sich are the fae."
' If a man has a great idea of himself, you may
be pretty sure that it is the only great idea he is ever
likely to have.
jg It has been estimated that the quantity of ice
cut this year for market (in the North,) is double that
of any previous season.
pe Edgefield has now eight candidates out for
the Legislature. Plenty of room for three or four
?" Bentham compares the confidence between a
criminal and his advocate to a compact of guilt be
tween two confederated malefactors.
I' Some people's candoras they choose to call it,
may be compared to barliy sugar-drops, in which the
acid preponderates ore Vie-sweetness.
p The last stea merfrom England brings news,
that the Atlantic telegraph cable will be all shipped
by the 10th of next month.
p General George P. Morris has been strongly
recommended for the London eonsulship. We hope
he may be complimented with the appointment. It
would be a capital selection.
pa TOx MARsHALLhas again foresworn the bottle,
for about the fortieth time. As he has this time not
only become a temperanos advocate but a christian,
it is to be expected dat he has bidden John Bar
leycorn a Ilnal adieu. . tlek to it, Tox.
W Day after to-m'orrow is fixed for the meeting
of the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church South. The body is to convene at Nashville,
pa- From the Romy Ga.) Courier & &tatesman,
we learn there is a gi domand for mechanics in
tbat city. Now, eapintes, bricklayers, ke., &c.,
there Is a chance for yodI .
.2A Col. Win. Mayb' former resident of Co
lumbia, and for ali ~ : f the Congare
g|W' On Friday last, Mr. Peter Conneill, of Woon
socket, R. I., while drawing water, fell head foremost
into a well, a distance of about sixty feet. The acci.
dent was unobserved by any one. Mr. Connell says
that the first he was aware of, he was struggling in
the water, which was up to his chin. Soon he began to
work his way out-a slow and difficult task--which
he accomplished without assistance.
W~ Over what earthly and heavenly things does a
rainy day exercise the same influence ? The sun and
your boots; for it takes the shine out of them both.
pg The time occupied in Cincinnati in firing up
a steam fire engine, lighting her torches, attaching
the hose, and getting the machine into the street
does not exceed one minute and a half.
W' Mr. Mason, of Va., significantly intimated in
the Senate on Wednesday, that Minnesota would not
be allowed to pass into the Union till the fate of Kan
sas should have been decided in the House.
3W' Newspapers have an abominable way of
prading before the public what their "ceotemporaries
say of them." We respectfully demur to the habit as
being out of taste in every point of view.
3W Some cow peas are wanted, for which a fair
price will he paid. Apply~at this office.
pa Will any kind subscriber, who has them to
spare, supply us with a few genuine lonag-collard seedf
And will some other kind subscriber send us a small
quantity of fat-horse bean ?
pr The celebrated Benjamin West related that
his mother once kissed him eagerly when he showed
her a likeness he had sketched of his baby sister;
and he adds, " That kiss made me a painter."
pa The growing' wheat crop throughout the
mighty west is described as..boing very promising.
A large breadth of land was sown, and if no disaster
occurs to it before harvest time, the crop will he im
mense. All of our Tennessee exchanges represent
the growing wheat crops in their respective counties
as being excoedingly promising.
pW A Yankee, boasting of a visit which he had
paid to the Queen, clinched his remarks by declaring,
" I should have been invited to stay to dinner, but It
was washing day."
pg A letter to the New York Commereial Adver
ser says that a duel had occured at Paris between
Mr. Calhoun, Secretary of the American'' Legation,
and Mr. Breevort, of 'New York. Shot. were one
xchanged, when, owing to an informality in arrange
ments, the soconds interfered.
W' Both houses of Congress have, by resolution,
agreed to adjourn on the 7th of June. They have
been in session ncarly five months, and have dIsposed
of only aimall portion of the business requiring their
3W The Board ef Directors of the Bank of &e
State of Georgia, have declared a'dividend of $4 per
share, from the profits of that institution for the last
six months, payable on and after Monday next.
3W The Chronuicle & Sentinel, 25ith inst., says: We
learn from passengers by the Georgia Railroad yes
terday morning, that the " Pioneer Paper Mill," near
Athens, was destroyed by fire Friday afternoon.
3W N. P. Willis is lying seriously ill at Idlewild.
A billious fever, and a return of his old trouble of
the lungs, have combined in a prostration, against
which his usual active resistance to disease has suc
cumbed for the present.
DY. The Jamaica (W. L.) Journal complains of
the worthlessness of the Coolie Imigration, and pro
poses to obtain free colored persons from the South
ern States, which it thinks would be preferable in eve
WBothhbouses'of the Virginia Legislature passed
a bill, at the recent session, providing for the employ
ment, at the disototion of the Governor, of free negro
convits in the Penitentiary, on the public works, and
to make tho same' disposition of slaves sentenced to 1
transportation. This will relieve the States south of
Virginia from the sale into their limits of slaves con
vitedn of felony ..
A GLANCr AT BERLIN.
See the following graphic touches from our young
riend, J. T. B., now far away "in the land of the
stranger." Many readers will joyfully greet this em
mencemont of his European annotations:
BzaaRm, March 22nd, 1858. )
Between Hamburg and Berlin all is stale and flat,
the country reminding one in a high degree of the old
elds and marshy ponds around Harmony Church, (a
srell-known locality in Edgefeld,-ED.,) though it is
due the latter to say they are more picturesque and
more productive. And nothing too can be more for
lorn than a village or farm in North Prussia. Rail
way traveling is bore saer and cheaper than in Ameri
ca, but in no wise so agreeable or exciting. The cars
are divided into compartments, each containing front
and back seats like a carriage, and holding eight per
sons, though, except in very stirring times, not more
than five or six are to be found in them. To my mind
our system is infinitely more pleasant. How an
American misses the long aisle and the promenade
from car to car, the liberty to go where he will, to look
at whom he will, to investigate whom or what he will;
how he sighs for the privilege of avoiding ineligible
companions; how longs for the sight of viands borne
by black and yellow matrons, Ac. &c.! Here if one
fall among thieves, among thieves must he remain;
here must one be smoked and talked into fits, have
refreshments thrust at hima through doors and win
dows, lose his change by the sudden departure of the
train, feel about for and produce ticket and passport
once per hour, and suffer inconveniences too numer
ous to mention. Imagine the extreme infelicity of
being shut up for nine hours with five beings (I will
not say hAmna,) three male and two female, (as well
as could be judged by appearances,) each one born
apparently on the 1st January, A. D. 1, so done up in
furs, wrappers and muffs as to resemble nothing "in
heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the wa
ters under the earth," chattering, smoking, eating all
the while withsforty horse power I To one of these
was imputed "English," but she (it was one of the
apparent females) turned out to be entirely guiltless.
The only object of interest upon the Railway route
from Hamburg to Berlin is the small town of Span
dau, one of the grand military stations of Prussia.
At this place is an ancient fortress or castle, from
time immemorial, a sort of military prison; here was
confined for so long the chivalrous and romantic Ba
ron Trenck, said to have been beloved by the sister of
Frederick the Groat, and made still more famous as a
character in George Sand's Consuelo.
Berlin is a large and splendid city in the midst of
a country which Is well nigh a desert; nature has done
but little for it, art everything. The Prussian kings
seem to be, and to have been, aware of this niggard
liness on the part of nature, and to attone for it, they
have profusely adorned their capital with every spe
cies of art. 'Twere almost impossible to give an ade.
quate idea of the magnificent architecture and gigan.
tie proportions of the numberless public buildings.
To the cultivation of every art, every science, every
craft, is dedicated some gorgeous and massive edifice.
All that is beautiful or useful receives from the Prus
sian Court and Government the grandest, heartiest,
and most liberal patronage. The arts of war and the
arts of agriculture are hore as much cherished and
engendered as painting, poetry, music or sculpture.
The stores of art, in all its walks, are endless, incal
culablo, sublime. Scientific and learned men are es
pecially wooed in Berlin. All this tells powerfully
fur the patriotism and enlightenment of the house of
Zohenzollorn (the present reigning family,) and in
deed there is no doubt that Prussia is to Germany
what Sardinia is to Italy, the country of progress and
of liberal principles.
What most strikes a stranger upon entering Berlin
is the superabundance of statuary and the superabun
dance of military. Upon the roofs, upon the pillars,
upon the enpolas, and at the entrances of every pub.
lie edifice, and most private ones of rank, are to be
seen colossal figures of men, beasts and birds, warlike,
historical and allegorical. And the many bridges,
Berlin being dirided and watered by the river Spree,
are flanked with exquisitely chiseled statues, in white
marble, of Prussia's Kings, nobles and great men, es
pecially of the time of Frederick the Great. Any
In Berlin are two of the most renowned equestrian
statues in the world, that of Frederick the Great and
that of the great Elector of Brandenburg. The one
of Frederick, If I am not mistaken, is considered the
finest thing of the kind in the world ; it is the work of
Rauch, Germany's most prominent sculptor; in the
whole and in detail, it is wonderfully grand and beau
tiful. I am told here that Seutze, the eminent Dus.
soldorf Artist, sow resident in America, and whose
matchless works adorn our Capitol and Northern cities,
thinks Crawford's newly erected statue of Washing
ton at Richmond quito equal to this, excepting per
haps some minor paints in the figure of the horse.
This is saying much, and makes an American feel
proud, and yet sad, at the thought of his gifted but
departed countryman. The monument of the great
Elector is thickly covered with virdigris, and on this
account the Jews of Berlin once offered to purchase it !
As to soldiers, there is no end to them; they per
vade houses, streets and fields, thirty or forty thou
sand being stationed in and around Berlin alone.
Their military bearing is admnirable, their training as
thorough as possible. In respect to the discipline of
the army, Prussia must certainly be ahead of any
other nation, even of England perhaps. 'Tis said thme
Prussian military force cnn be raised in thrce months
time to) 500,000 efficient and able-bodied men. The
uniforms of the different grades are very handsome
and tastcful; as the rank rises, so the uniform becomes
more brilliant ; the outfit andI appearance of the high
er officers are really resplendent. The male members
of the royal family all belong to the army, and never
appear in public but in full uniform. Privates when
they meet officers in the streets, must stop stock still
and raise their caps; so must every grade to the grade
above them. Before all the palaces and public insti
tutions pace day and night, armed sentinels.
The high and fashionable street of Berlin is the
" Unter-den Linden," (under the Lindens,) the only
one which -can boast of trees. This is extremely wide
and planted with six rows of Lindens, interspersed at
intervals with a tree, name nt known to me, the
blossoms of which are fragrant, adding thereby much
to the pleasure of promenadere. These Lindens are
now old and their boughs quite interlaced among each
other, forming thus an inimitable covered walk ; un
either aide are shops of all sorts and hotels of corres
ponding elegance. From morning until night the
" Unter-den Linden " is swarming with superb core
netted equipages, dashing military equestrians and
people of all ranks, with their best foot foremost.
Nothing is exactly come il faut,, without coming to
pass or passing from "under the Lindens ;" if you
wish to do or get "the clean thing in the ashes," you
do it or get it "under the Lindcrs !"
In the vicinity of this street is to be found the royal
Castle or Palace, the Palace of the Prince of Prussia,
the royal armory, the royal museum, the royal galle
ry of fine arts, the royal Opera House, the royal
Theatre, the royal University, the royal Churches,
and all the ornaments of royalty. Every thing in
Berlin is "royal," and every word ie preceded by
There are in and about this said city two other
spots, which may be called natural, the " Lust Gar
ten " or pleasure garden, and the "Thier Garten,"
Zoological gardener ; in this last however there is no
sign of beast, without some of the people can be so
alled. The " Lust Garten " is a fine grove of large
and ancient trees, among which stands the "royal"
Conservatory. This Conservatory fully deserves its
title of "royal," fur the array of flowers and plants
:f all kinds, countries, climes, is actually ravishing,
and their arrangement and classification perfect in
he extreme. I could spend my life in it, living on
he food which it gives to soul, eye and nose. The
Thier Garten " is an immense old wood or forrest
without the city walls, in .which the trees and under
irowth are left fur the most part in their natural
tate. It is intersected in every direction by carriage
oads, horse roads, foot paths and promenades, and
y the river Spree and its bridges; in certain parts
re small gardens tastefully laid out and kept, and at
be ends of the different alleys and in eligible spot.
Mere and there are airy cafes and saloons, and
along the outskirts are summer houees of the nobility
and rich people. In the summer every body hies to
the Lust Garten or Thier Garten, and while away the
time in eating refreshments and playing games.
Hereafter I want to tell you of the royal family
and their manners and appearance, (as seen from an
Opera box,) of the Theatre and Ope-a, of the fashions
among the ladies, of the funny customs, of the de
lightful wines and the delightful absence of brandy
and gin, of Ambassador Wright and his coadjutors,
and of divers other rich things. Peradventure it may
give pleasure to some of your readers. J. T. B.
INTERESTING TO BAPTISTS.
The Southern Baptist Register (revised edition for
1858) presents the subjoined tabular statement of the
condition of the Baptist Denomination in the United
States during the last ten years.
1st. Losu and gain in the Northern States :
New Hampshire, 1,463
Rhode Island, 347
New Jersey, 2,624
Deduct Loss, 10,156
Clear gain, 26,808
Clear gain in the Northern States, in ton years,
2nd. Gain in each of the Southern States as fol
Maryland, I 1,331
N. Carolina, 21,164
S. Carolina, 11,813
Clear gain the Southern States, in ten years, 201,
105. Excess of gain in the South over the North, in
the the last-ten years, 174,297.
For the Advertiser.
NOTES BY TE WAY.
Naw Yong, -.
From the Medical Colleges I sought the Hospitals.
With these, and their conveniences for the comfort
and cure of patients, and the facilities for the student
to learn, I was delighted. It is hero that lies the
great advantages of the Northern Colleges over the
Southern. As to theory, they have no advantage
whatever. Hospitals and charitable institutions are
very numerous in Philadelphia; so much so, that I
concluded that it was fully entitled to boar the name
of a "City of Brotherly Lore."
Here too, the Press wields a powerful influence.
The publishing establishments are very numerous,
embracing every variety of printed matter. I no
ticed as many as hixteen daily papers, twenty-six
weeklies, and four Sunday papers. Besides these,
there are thirteen monthlies-religious, scientific and
literary ; six quarterlies and three semi-annuals. Ma
ny of those, as Godoy's, Graham's, Arthur's and Peter.
son's, are welcome visitors to the family circles in the
But I will take my leave of this delightful city,
though without seeing half of it; nor can I think of
writing of half I saw, during near a week's stay.
From this place, I took the Jersey Central Railroad
for New York, at 6 o'clock, A. M., and arrived here
in as many hours as it formerly required days to make
the trip. The rate of travel between these cities is
brisk " non tho~roads South. Inev rode on as
saiz g he e; .
tea punctual atend e on d eaul
and subordinates. Of thei places passed, I could note
nothing, though some of them are intimately associa
ted with some of the most thrilling senes of the 1Rov
I am niiw in Gotham, where they observe Scott's
"Good old Rule
-And simple plan
T hat they should take, wcho have the peower
And they, should keep scho con."
I cannot now enter into details about the city. It
is full of objects of interest to the stranger. My first
thought after landing, was to secure quarters for re
pose and refreshment. The latter I found to my taste
at Taylor's extensive establishment on Broadway, and
there satisfied present eravings', and then sought the
former in the vicinity of the University, froma whence
I now scribble. Once rested and thoroughly roecruit.
ed, I hegan to take notice of things as they transpired
around me, and likewise to feel some interest therein.
I must confess it was truly unpleasant to muy feelings,
especially when I recollected the vast difference end
contrast in the surrounding scenes, and my calmecoun
try home in the distance. About the time of my ar
rival, Irish insubordination raged to an Almost un
bounded heighth. It was the pinch of the motsey
crisis also, when every body seemed "hard up," treim
bling, lest .their "riches should take to themselves
wings and fly away." Snicidcs,homicides, garrotings,
thfts and burglaries were occurring nightly, andl if a
man walked o'ut with a few dimes in his pocket, he
knew not but that he might endanger his life. Never
do I want to see just such a medley with rule and mis
rule. I could then see what Shakespeare meant, when
"Out the brief endle!l
Life's but a walking shadlow; a poor player,
* * * * * * * anmingled
Yarn, good and ill together: our virtues
Would he proud, if our faults whipt them not; and
Our crimes would despair, if th' were not
Cherished by our virtues."
For the Adlvertiser.
TIBUTE OF RESPECT.
FOr Scorr, K. T., Dec. 20, 1857.
At a call meeting of BiounnoX LoDGE of Free and
accepted Massons, held at Fort Scott on 20th Dec. 1857',
Reaolced, That it is with unfeigned regret that we
have heard of the untimely denith of our Brother,
JAS. Rnzonna, who met with his death on the 18th inst.
Resolred. That in humbly bowing to the will of
the grent Architect of the Universe, we sadly feel our
bereavement in the dleath of our beloved Brother, who
has gemno to thu bourne whene no traveller returns.
Resolred, In the death of our lamented Brother,
this Lodge has been deprived of one of its most
worthy members, and the community of one of its
most valuable citizens.
Resolred, That as a mark of respect for our de
parted Brother, each member of this Lodge wear the
usual bad~ge of mourning for thirty days.
Resolved, That a copy of these Resolutions be for
warded to the parents and relatives of the deceased,
and that a copy be sent to the Leavenworth Herald
and to the Masonic Journals generally for publication.
J. 3. FA RLEY, Committee.
W. W. SPRATT.
Groaoa P. HaxILToX, Sec'y. pro. tom.
At a regular Communication of Faixxnntue LoDGE,
No. 25, A.-. F.-. M.-. held at their Lodge room on
Wdnesday evening Feb. 3, A.-. L.-. 5858. The fol
lowing Resolutions were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That we have heard with feelings of pro.
found regret of the death of our Broth~er JAN3s C.
Rusonuim, who fell by the hand of an assassin in Kan
sas Territory, on the 20th Due. 1857.
Resolved, That while we bow with humility to the
edict of the Supreme Architect of the Universe, in
thus taking from us our Brother, we desire thus to ex
press to the world our high appreciation of him as a,
nan and a Mason.
Resolved, That we deeply sympathise with his fami
ly and friends in their sad bereavement..
Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be fur
ihed the Edgefield Advertiser for publication, and
Lhat our Secretary be instructed to send a copy to the
amily of our deceased brother.
By order of the Lodge,
S. P. DELOACH, See'y.
p We should do our utmost to encourage the
beautiful, r th n.se.fu. e.ncura.es Itel. *
TEBEDAT ' idgE 30 g15gig,
ARRIVAL.OF THE ETEANSEIP. ?ANAD
HALIFAX, April 23.-The tBriI dNolr
American Royal Mail ee an Capt
W. J.. Lang, has arrived iiverpbol dates
to Saturday, April 10th. ,
LIVERPOOL oTTON MAR r
ring the week ending the 8th inlt,,,idusive,
77,000 bales. The market had Ienf considera- ;
bly excited. and all qualities of con hids
ly advanced, but the demand subseqen '
off, and the market closed quiet at adn
of } to Id. on the business of thesu ek.. j
BREADSTUF.Fs AND Pnovisxorua
Business in those departments W a'
Lownox MoNEY MARKET-:NR
ported in the money market, and Consols e
quoted at 96j to 96=. ?
HALiFAx, April 23.-The Cotton- mark =A
opened early in the week at an ady c Mand.,
to jd. particularly on the lower andkliig.
qualities, but at the close of the week the market ..
had become settled at Id. to id.,adaide.-%r
During the week speculators took 14,000, and
exportors 8,000 bales, leaving to the t1Ads-5500
Sales on Friday were 5,50 bale qad "uota
tions were barely sustained e
Fair Orleans, 7id.; Middling Orleans, 6.15.
16d.; Fair Mobile, 7Id. ; Middling 6
13-16d.; Fair Uplands, 7d.; Middling Uplands,
The stock in Liverpool was 432,000" balsa of
which 326,000 bales were American.
Manchester advices were unfavorable, as but
little enquiry existed, and prices were barely "
maintained. . .r
Flour was quiet, and slightly declining:
Wheat was firm, but all qualities had some
Corn was dull, and Rice heavy, at a trifling
Navals were firm but dull.
LATEST--LIVERPOOL, SATURDAY, '4 o'CLOCK- -
P. M.-The cotton trade was dull today with -
sales of 6,000 bales. -
GENERAL NEws.-.Bombay dates to the 18th'
March had been received. It is stated that the
rebels were fleeing from Lucknow, and nearly :
all the city was in the possession of the British
The cavalry and artillery had been pursuing the
fugitives. The fighting had not been very severe,
and the losses were consequently small.
There had been a panic at Calcutta,. but the
fears of an outbreak had proved unfounded. .
The China and European news by this inrrival -
THE KAoLIN FRUIT CAL.-We have been
shown a new fruit can, manufactured by the
Porcelain Manufacturing Company, of this e
at their works in Edgefield District. It is d
signed to be used with Dayton's Exhauster
recently introduced into the State, -and furnishe .
by W. H. Goodrich, in Augusta, and by dealers
in all parts of the countr.
This can has decided advantages over an'y
that we have seen. It is much larger and cheap
er, it is not translucent, and, therefore, fruit will
retain its natural color; it ma be heated with
out danger of breaking like gl ; it is not cor
rosive, and is very neat in its appearance. The
top is so arranged as to be sealed by means of
the exhauster, the process of which is very aim
ple, and is fully explained in the circulars ac
The trouble and danger of loss has been quits
discouraging to those who have put up fruit bye
many of the plans in use. The method now
presented promises to remedy -those evils, nd
is worthy of attention.-AugutDst i~h
BAX RssUNarrow u
following notice from the Augusta C~~~
alist of the 22d instant: /
"We understand that the banks in
will resume specie payment on the firit d
May. .There has been no diffical e
for soine months past, in obtaining ac'e rfal1r
the necessary wants of bilil-loiders, athoagli the
banks were formally in a state of susppson "7
" The resumption will causea depreciatioa in
the bills of South Carolina ad other iniksdalesis
those banks provide miinsfor a liqidation"s
spee . .;
day afternoon says that a little h~jam
Cashin, aged about ten years, faln a
home last evening, search was made to learn his
whereabouts. About 12 o'clocli lst "night le
was found d'rowned in the flume unde the mill
at the Augusta Machine Wo'rks, having-ftallen in
the water and being drawn to the place-where he~
was found. When discovered. the little fellow.
was clinging to a bar of iron 'Extending across
FaEESOlL IrsTITU'T10ss.-We copy from the
Cleveland Herald an initerestiug article upon the
progress of Free Love and Free Love Associa
tions, in the northern part of Ohio-originsally
settled by people from Connecticut, Massachu
setts and Vermont. A Free Love ticket for the
town election in Berlin, it seems, has been car-.
ried by the Free Lovers, under a disguised name,
-and'the respectable inhabitants of tlie town,N
who do not believe in the ismn, threateii to leave
the place, if they cannot be rid of the leprosy.
Four acres of the heigths of the town are nowr
devoted to the purposes of the association, and
fike houses have been erected within four weeks..
Ihere " persons of both sexes can come, and find
ing their affinities, pair with each other I" The
als~weiation has a paper there, which is forced
upon the attention of others.-Ke~w Tork Herald,
f -Ridicule is like mud-the chap must be elever
indeed1 who, let all his ways be picked as gingerly as
possible, doesn't come in for some small portion of
it. Frequostly those who try to avoid It the most,
receive it the most.
THEi next 5th Sabbath Union meeting will bo
held with the Horn's Creek Church 'comnmencing
on Friday before the 5th Sunday in May.- The
meeting will be organized at 10 o'clock; A. M.,
and attend immediately upon the introduitory'
Sermon to be delivered by Elder D. D. Bauxsom'
Elder S. P. GevzzH, Alternate.
Query: How should Churches deal-with thenm
bers who have committed. public odbnces I
J. 8. MATHEWS, MonZAYom.
G. W. Nixox, Clerk.
TuH funeral sermon of Jouzi L. CoonuRN, de
ceased, will be preached at Dry Creek Church by -
Elder A. P. Nonnis, on the 4th Lords-day of the
present month, by request of the family.
April 17, 1858.
THE AUGUSTA WEEKLY DISPAEUR.
We are still furnishing this valuable weekly
journal to our.subscribers at the low .price of $1
per year. The " Dispatch" is a large sheet and -
well worth double the money at whiebhit can he
had. We regard it In fact a capital paper, and as
cheap as any weekly In the United States.
Those who wish to take advantage of this moure
than reasonable proposition, will's~nd'their $1,00
and names to the Adsrertiuer Offietinal date. '5
April 21 1S58 tf. 16
DR. M'LANE'S CELEBRATED liVER PILLL3
a.. The following is a sigple of certlleates .. -
eeived daily from our own'citizens:
-Nay Yoax, Audn 1 1'852.
This is to certify that I have been uuot saiti
to severe hpadache; sometimes the pain .weuld
severe I could rest neither day or night.
1)r. AM'Lae's CrLebrated Liver Plle,
Fleming Bros., I sent and got a hex, of whc--u
two pills on going to bed, for two nights. .Af
hieed me entirely. Sorge time has n6w apsa
I have had no more trouble from uick beadam.6
M. JOHNSTON, 118.Lew s
W Purchasers will be 'careful ak o
M'LANE'S CELEBRATED 'IAVE
factured by FLEMING BROS., of '~
All other Liver Pills in comparson.
Dr. M'Lane's genuine Liver Pills,- als
Vornifuge, eaa now lbe had- atal
stores. &Se genuing withouI tAe: