Newspaper Page Text
The following contribution to the Southern
Cukiaotor suggests a proposition, in regard to
surface manuring, upon which we should be glad
to hear the experience (not the ratiocination) of
our farming and planting subscribers. It occurs
to us-that there is force in the present writer's
position, at least in so far as observation is
brought to bear upon it. Will not the friends
of farming progress amongst us speak out upon
the subject ? We should be glad to publish
their views. See then what "T." says through
the columns of the Cultirator :-En. Av.
EDITORS SOUTuERN CULTIVATOR-In my
researches into this fruitfnl subject, it has been
-'my lot to meet with few notes of experience
consonant with my own; very few and, with
one exception, very faintly uttered. The ex
ception was the life-time experience of an old
and eminent tobacco-plater, " No man should
bury my manure, though he paid for the privi
Without multiplying words, either in fact or
argument, I would here endorse that venerable
gentleman to the extent of saying that the
safest action, the liveliest action, the surest and
most permanent, ever derived from barn yard
manure, in my knowledge, has been attained by
simply spreading it, (be the quantity more or
less) on the surface of the ground, and keeping
it there as long as the necessities of cultivation
will permit-the longer the better. I'am in
clined to state the difference in favor of this
method as that between " manuring" and " not
manuring at all !"
I have been forced into the sorrowful convic
tion that of the millions of tons of cotton seed
annually applied as a manure in these Southern
States the ninety-ninth part of it is wasted,
and counting the labor of hauling and damage
from the curious action of "bott.n heat," ect.,
far worse than wasted.
Have our farmers examined these little de
posites when, a sweeping rain has laid them
open? Have they been gratified at the little
nest of blackening hulls, or the still blacker
pan-cakes of flattened dung which are the issue
of their unsavory labors in the way of prepar
ing food for plants ?
I have said that I would not adduce fact or
argument. It is truly difficult not to do so;
and as my position is liable to be assailed, I will
at least throw out an advanced guard in the
direction of the enemy. Science has conceded
(in fact it is the essence of true science to con
cede) that between the plainest "cause" and
the most palpable "effect" there is a realm of
mystery where her steps are staved, where the
wisest head is the most revently bowed down.
Are we ashamed of our ignorance when we as
cribe to a plant the attributes of an animal, and
speak of its "sclecting its food," and shall we
withhold from our mother earth the merit of
her skill in "cooking" it; ceasing at the com
mand of theory to place our little contributions
of raw material exactly where through endless
ages she has carefully deposited her own ?
I believe I have stated my position clearly,
but let me give one item of practice. I will
select a peach tree as one has chosen to preach
me a capital sermon this morning. (Having
been grafted on Chickasaw plum, the course of
itq root. is prettily marked by little erruptions
of the plum, illustrating the fact that the roots
of a tree may extend far beyond the spread of
its branches; and also, the folly of grafting a
peach on "iprnnus chicasa.") Did a. peach tree
*need digging-and dunging, I should dig first and
-dung secondly-not by way of mulch particu
larly, nor that rains would carry it down, etc.,
but for all this, and for the farther reason that
*the earth- is a great absorbent and its capacity
for all enriching - gases is hereby most signally
enhanced. - Ammonia attracts water--the Earth
Yours, at the end of my paper; T.
* Th GJRDU WOK FOR MAT.
TeSouthern Cultiwator gives the following
hints for the, benefit of the Horticulturist and
all interesdjn having good gardens:
Transplant Egg Plant., and continue planting
Snap Beans every 10 or 12 days.
Hill up Bush Beanst, before blooming, to keep
them up-right when bearing.
Work carefully around Mek~lons and Cucumbers
'with a pronged hoe--prune the vines so as to
distribute the fruit equally, and if the striped
bug is troublesome, try the effect. of sprinklhng
the vine with weak eamphor water, which is
made by tying up ini muslin, a piece of gum
camphor as large as an egg and infusing it in a
barrel of rain water. To prevent the wind from
bundling up the vines, throw a shovelful of dirt
dirt upon them, here and there. The main point,
however, in this month, is the proper thinning of
the crop. Never leave but two, or, at most,
three planits of Melons, Cucumbers or Squashes
in eac hill.
All vegetables will be greatly benefitted by a
judicious thinning, for a crowded growth is just
as injurious to them as if they weros overgrown
Hoe and stir the soil frequently around your
plants, and, whenever you possibly can, mulch
themn; it will improve them wonderfully.
Plaint out Tomatoes towards the end of this
.month for a late erop, and cut them down until
the early patch is giving out ; then let them go
to fruit, and you will have plenty until frost.
Sow Uabbage sieed the latter part of this month.
for fall and winte: use. Flat Duteh and Bergens
are the best. Try, also, the genuine "Bun
combe" seed, if you can obtain it.
Transplant Leeks-they will be fit for use all
If von are raising Onion from the black seed,
thin out the rows and transplant. Such trans
planted Onions will come in late, and last till
Finish eutting JAparagus by the middle of
this month, or thelst of June,'at farthest.
Continue to plant Okra, &puas~hes and .Aelon~s
of the difierent varieties, Lima (or Butter)
Beanss, ,Sweet Corn. Transplant the yomato,
.Pepj'w, Cabbage, C'anllower, Celery, &c. Plant
?Carriols, Beeds, Salify, Parsnips, &<.., for a sue
N~ow is, also, the proper time to feed your
plants with liquid manure, [say one pound of
Peruvian Guano or two pounds of hen manure
dissolved in 10 gallons of water.] Onice a week
is enough, andi give plenty of pure water after
the application of the manure.
jge he Cultivator further says:
'The Straleberry patch should receive a good
workinig with pronged hoe., to avoid injuring the
rcoots. After thus loosening up the soil, replace
thae mulching, and there will be little trouble
with the weeds for the remainder of the season.
If enttivating solely for fruit, the -runners must
be scrupulpawly kept down.
Destroy C:tterpillar's nests wherever found on
your fruit trees. If the branches are crowded or
overdladen with thickly-set frnit, thin out one hall
of it, and the rermainder will be enough better
to pay for the trouble.
Dust over the Plum and etarine trees with
a mixture of quick-lime, ashes and sulphur,
while thoi dew is on the leaves, to destroy the
~ THE HTSTORY AND HAnrrs oF mrH AR3IY
WOLx-One who has made etomology a subject
of n:udy, Iurnitehes us with some of the results
of hisiaestigations into the character, habits
and history of the army worm, of which so many
complaints have arisen in various parts of the
country. The oat patch West of the Smiithso
niar. grounds supplied him with specimens and
an opportunity to observe much concerning these
devouring gests. Our friend's first impression,
and which indeed he retains, was that the worm
in question is identical with the grass worm of
the South. Present appearances all attest this
identity, but it will require the complete round
o ~f transformation to be gone through with before
It can be'considered certain.
-* Tuis worm destroys corn, clover, grain, and
seery igind of grass, and in the Southi is found
vry -abusidaat on the grass and weedt between
- he rqft~beo~ton. Its caterjlfar, just before
ne ii$ o te r hds ndeir stoe
dirt. Their enemies are formidable, the largest
being a toad, which stuffs itself with them almost
to bursting. The stomach of a toad taken in the
patch above referred to, having been cut open,
was filled with these worms, mixed with a few
wings of beetles. The army worm has another
enemy in the black larva of what seems to be a
necrophorous, which preys upon the caterpillar.
Besides these there is a small ichneumon, or
all events a parastical fly, which deposits its eggs
all over the back of the caterpillar, and they,
when matured, spin cocoons, which send forth a
cloud of other flies to repeat the process.
Specimens of the army worm sent hither from
Maryland, were entirely destroyed by a fly much
like the common house fly; but with a lighter
colored series of rings around the abdomen,
which is hirsute and tipped with brown, belong
to the family of musoide. It is a merciful pro.
vision of nature that, as these worms increase,
so do the parastical foes which feed upon and
destroy them. But for this the consequences
would be terrible indeed to all the hopes of the
From the American Farmer.
Farming to be profitable, must be thorough.
It must be well done in all its departments. To
have good land, or to expend money in buying
manures, and have the ground insufficiently
drained, and imperfectly ploughed, and careless.
ly cultivated, is very wasteful economy. On the
other hand, to be at the cost of fencing and
draining, and thoroughly ploughing agd cultiva
ting a poor and unmanured soil, is a heart break
ing business. In either case the work is half
done, and had as well have been left undone. It
does not pay. In farming, as in other affairs,
"a thing worth doing at al, is worth doing well."
The brst necessity of a soil for croping, is its
thorough breaking and loosening to a certain
depth, not merely to make room for the roots of
plants to extend and ramify, but to ensure to
them ample and fresh supplies of air and water.
Water is essential, both as the food of plants
and as the medium through which food is admin
istered to the plant. It must be always and
everywhere present to the roots. Nor must it be
stagnant water; which, if not directly poinnous,
becomes indirectly noxious by preventing the
influence of fresh air. It must be neither too
much nor too litile; just so much as a well con
stituted soil will hold by its power of capillary
attraction, and be not too wet or too dry. The
proper preparation of the soil, 'therefore, im
plies drainage wherever the water lies within a
few inches of the natural extension of the roots.
Otherwise there will be excess of moisture; evapo
ration will make the soil cold and unkind. T he
rain water, instead of passing through the soil,
warming it and depositing new supplies of am
monia and carbonic acid, and opening the pas.
sage for atmospheric influence, flows away over
the surface, wasting its stores, and washing away
the finer particles of the soil.
The proper preparation of the land for the
growth of plants, implies next, the turning and
breaking with the plow to a depth not less than
six inches, and as near to twelve as may be done
by gradual deepening. Nor need there be so
much timidity on this point of turning up tho
sub-soil as is usually exhibited. It may occa
sionaly contain principles hurtful to vegetation
until it has been for some time exposed to the
action of the atmosphere. It is better, therefore,
that such plowing be done early; if before or
durin the winter, the better. With all ordinary
soils, %owever, we should have no fear of break.
ing up, even in spring, to the depth of eight or
ten inches, and should expect with confidence an
immediate increase of crop. The proper after
cultivation of the crop will keep this subsoil on
the surface, and not mix it during the first season
with the body of the soil. It will thus be out of
the rang-e of the roots of plants and act rather
as mulch for the more fertile soil.
A deep soil is absolutely essential as a safe.
guard against the excessive droughts of our sum
mners. It is a protection alike against excess
and deficiency of moisture. It is l'ike the wool
len cloak of the traveller in .Esop, a defense
ag-ainst the blasting winds of winter, and the
blighting heat of suinmer. By its greater pow.
er of absorption and retention, it lays up more
ample stores from the bounteous atmosphere.
When we consider well the increased capabilities,
in this respect, of a well deepened soil, its pow
ers of receiving and holding for future use the
elements which are furnished from the atmos
phere, and that these elements constitute more
than ninety per cent. of all cultivated plants,
and bear in mind too, that the subsoil contains
all the mineral elements which we expect to find
in a new and uncultivated soil, as much at least
as the surface soil had originally and more than
has been washed down to it by the rains, we al
most excuse the man who considers deep plough.
ing a universal remedy for the faults of bad cul
But profitable culture requires not only due prep.
aration of the soil, but ample supplies of the- food
of plants in an available condition. Plants, as well
as animals, must be fed, and well fed, if we would
grow them profitably. They mu lst have the right
sort of food, and enough of it. It is the business
of the intelligent farmer to ascertain, as far as
lie can, what elementsm of food exist abundantly
in his soil, and what, therefore, it is his interest
to supply. Soil analysis, which promised so
much in this direction, years ago, will not help
him. It is for all ordinary practical purposes of
no avail. But the indications of chemical in
vestigations may prove useful.
Of the organic food of plants, wvater (composed
of oxygen and hydrogen,) and carbonic acid,
(carbon and oxygen,) furnish a larg-e portion of
the elements, and these are supplied abundantly
from natural sources. That portion of the or
ganic elements which seems to be e.eiceient in the
natural supply, is nitrogen. Though forming a
large portion of the bulk of the atmosphere, it
does not appear that plants are capable of ap
propriating it from that source, or that it yields
anything to their growth, except so far as itma
exist in the air uncombined, in the soil, the re
sult of animal or vegetable decay, and conivey
in the dews or rains. That the supply from the
sourcesse is insufficient, if not for food, yet for
other useful and necessary purposes, except in
highly cultivated soils, rich in humus, is made
apparent by the extraordinary effects usually
produced by nitrogenous manures. However
undecided we may be, as to how such manures
act, experience has determined their value, and
fixed the price of ammonia above that of any
other element of fertility.
Of the mineral elements, that which is es
teemed of most value, on account of its scarce
ness, especially upon soils which have been de
voted to g-rain culture, and its necessity for all
cultivated plants, is phosphoric acid. This is
supplied in bones and the Mexican guanios chief
ly, aiid regulates their market value. Other
mineral manures, most frequeiitly used, are car
bonate of lime, sulphate of lime, (plaster of paris,)
and potash, (usually in wood ashes). Of all
these the farmer can best judge for himself which
is most likely to afford his crops the deficient
elements of nutrition. A large portion of cul
tivators have come to'consider it essential to use
something beyond the farm supplies of manure.
It is a question of economy of great consequence
to determine for what lie shall spend his money.
He should use the best information and the be t
iudgmneiit he can upon this point. But let him
not fear to be liberal. Let him be sure not to
withhold that which is essential in the fear of
having to pay for what is not essential. If he
will work his land well he need not be afraid of
the cost of manuring well. These two grand
elements of success must co-operate if we will
MIXTURE TO DEsTitoY B~U~s.-Mix half a pint
of spirits of turpentine and half a pint of best
etified spirits of wine in a strong bottle; add,
in small pieces, half an ounce of camphor.
Shake the mixture well; and, with a sponge or
rush, wet the infected parts. The dust should
be well brushed from the bedstead and furniture,
o prevent any stain, If this precaution be
aken, there will be no danger of soiling the
ichest damask. The smell of the mixture will
oon evaporate after using. Only one caution
is necessary: Never apply the mixture by can
le-light, lest the spirits should catch the flame
f the candle and set the bed-curtains on fire.
T HE Comxo SUMME.-It is said that the Earl
f Rosse, one of the first astronomers in Europe,
astold a gentleman in England that he antici
ates one of the most intensely hot summers this
Sear that has ever been known, and he advises
er to build sheds for their cattle, by way of
p n-dnt th'a dtima hinat.
TO TEE VNE.
" How bewtiful is this ore nite,
How brite the stars du shine,
All nater slepes in trankilniss
But this loan heart of mine.
" Our dog has kwit a-barkin' now
At fellers passin' bi,
Heze gazin' at the far of mune
With cam and plassid i.
"Wes vuin the, thou pail face thing,
A Banging in the skize,
Upward on wild untramled wing
Mi thauths cuts dust and flize.
" 0 kud I kwit this klod of kla,
And sore abuv the croud,
Ide baith mi sole in eggstasy
In yonder fleasy cloud.
"fHow kan the poit's hiborn sole
Mix with earth's vulgar er1
Wud it not rather di away
And hyde from mortal vu.
" Ah yes ! had I a pair of wirgs
To.go to yonder mune, _
I gess ide Jest as soon sta thar
From now until next June.
" And thar a-roving up and down
Thru party flowers ide go,
Or listen to the tinklin' rills
Wot from the mountings fio."
How TO SETTLE AN AccOUNT.-To settle the
coffee with an egg is an easy matter, but it is
not exactly so to settle an old account, as a racy
writer in Otsego county, New York, shows in
Seldom have I been more amused than when
some two years ago, upon the North Fork of
the Salmon river, in California, I overheard a
conversation between an honest miner, named
Riley, and one Mike Donnelly, a trader, to
whom it seemed Riley was indebted some $40
for provisions. Said Donnelly to Riley :
" You ought to pay this little bill, for you
know I trusted you when no other trader on
the river would. Come, now, I'll throw off
half, if you'll pay the rest." " Well, Mike,"
said Riley, "I'll be hanged if I'll allow you to
be more liberal than I am. If you throw off
one half, I'll throw off the ot.er ."
" But that don't settle my account !"
"Then break an egg into it!" said Riley and
coolly walked off.
Mark is a great one, and I love to lie down
and laugh at him now and then ; it does me
good. We were driving once in a rather dilapi
dated buggy, engaged in conversation with sev
eral ladies in a carriage just ahead of us, when
one of them began to tease him about his turn
out-the "home made shafts," especially.
" Well, well, Miss-," said he, apologetically,
"I can't help that: we're all home-made you
know." How the idea got into his head, I
never could te!l; but I have admired and
" thought" respectfully of him ever since.
A long-legged Yankee, on visiting a manage
rie for the first time, while stalking around the
pavillion, suddenly came on the elephant; where
upon he turned to the keeper with surprise:
" Thunder and lightning, mister what critter
have you got there, with a tail on both ends."
A man called upon a -lawyer the other day
and began to state his case mn rather an abrupt
manner. " Sir, I have come to you for advice;
P'm a husband-in-law !" " What l" spoke out
the learned counsel. "IHusband-in-law, Sir I"
" I have never -seen that defined in domestic
relations." ." Don't you know what a husband
in-law is? Sir, you're no lawyer; you're an
ignoramus l I am a husband-in-law, but not in
fact, Sir-my wife's run off.
There is a man in Algiers who tells such
good stories, that his. friends says it is dan
gerous to walk with him in the forests, for
all the hiyenas come round him and laugh.
" Pompey, did you take that note to Mr.
Jones?" "Es, massa." "Did you see him?"
" Es, sar, me did." " How did he look ?" " Why,
mnassa, he looked poty well, 'sidering he's so
blind." "Blind ! w~hat do -you mean by that?"
" Why, massa, when I was in de room, gibben
him de paper, he axed me whar my hat was,
perhaps you won't believe me, hut, massa, he
war on de top of my head de hull time."
The Press-the Pulpit-the Petticoats: the
three ruling powers of the day. The first
spreads knowledge, the second morals, and the
A bottle-nosed loafer went into one of our
barber-shops, the other day, and, after being
shaved handed the proprietor a red cent, upon
which he was informed that the price of shav
ing was a sixpence. Loafer replied very cool
" I know it, and that (pointing to the cent)
only lacks five cents of it. You ain't a-going
to stand for half a dime !''
There was no appeal to this ludicrous view of
the case. The barber said he was satisfied and
the customers roared with laughter.
Cow EATING.--A worthy old farmer residing
in the vicinity of Lake Mahopack, was worried
to death' last summer by boarders. They found
fault with his table, and said he had nothing fit
" Darn it," said old Isaac, one day, " what a
fuss you're making. I can eat anything."~
" Can you eat a crow ?" said one of the board
" Yes I kin eat a crow !"
" Bet you a hat," said the guest.
The bet was made, the crow caught and nice
ly roasted, but before serving up they contrived
to season it with a gooid dose of Scotch snuff.
Isaac sat down to the crow. He took a good
bite, and began to chew away.
" Yes, I kin eat crow ! (another bite and an
awful face,) 1 kins eat crow ; but il be darned
if I hanker arter it."
A Connecticut Jonathan, ini taking a walk
with his dearest, camne to a toll bridge, when he,
as honestly as he was want to be, said, after
paving his toll, (which was one cenit,) " Come,
Suke, you must pay your own toll, for jist as
like as not I shant have you arter all."
A little boy, just returned from a long visit,
was asked by his mother how he had enjoyed
himself while absent from home. He answered
with a boyish simplicity, that he " liked his visit
very well, but he wouhl'nt-tkat's what he
would'nt, never ride home betweef cousin George
and Sarah again, for they kept hugging and
issing each other so much that they squeezed
im all the time and almost speilt his new hat."
"Now is the time to get up a club," as the
nan sid to the publisher who had his nose pull. I
Of all the reformers and enthusiasts, no one
as done so much to enlarge the sphere of wo
What is cabbage ? A plant popular among
alors with large families.
A henpecked husband says that instead of
imself and wife being one, they are ten; for
he is 1, and he is 0.
SANOTED miser having relented so much
s to give a beggar a sixpenee, suddenly dying C
oon after, the attendant physician gave it as his C
pinion it was from earpement of the heart! D
The Ladies-May we kiss all the ,girls we
lease, and please all the girls we kiss."
*WSquibbs wants to know if doctors, by look- E
mg at the tongue of a wagon, can tell what ails tI
*' No professional man lives so much from
and Ja iin-anIk anR a a* ~a
~'A HoUSE-painter in New York grained a
door so exactly in imitation of oak, that last year
it put forth a quantity of leaves, and grew an
excellent crop of acorns.
ag "Six feet in .hisiboots I" exclaimed old
Mrs. Beeswax; "what willi. the -importance of
this world come to, Iwonder ? Why, they might
just as reasonably tell me that the man has six
heads in his hat I"
Se A FATHER called his son into a crowded
stage-" Ben-jam-in I"
W"' A Young American lady in Paris threat
ens to sue PremdentTBuchanan for breach of
promise. She says that, dining at her father's
table, years ago, he said to her : " My dear Miss,
if ever I should become President of the United
States, you shall be mistress of the White
T HE Subscriber having purchased the premises
formerly occupied by Mr. H. A. GRAY, as a
Watch repairing shop, is now prepared to doall
kinds of work in connection with
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and
Having secured the services of a FIRST CLASS
WATCH MAKER, and being a practical Clock
Maker himself, he hopes to give entire satisfaction.
All work done at his shop is warranted, and if
it fails to give satisfaction, the money will be re
All persons leaving work with him may depend
upon getting It at the timespromised.
P..-A Regulator,, tht will keep exact time,
will be kept running In the shop. Persons deli
rious of obtaining the true time can be accomoda
ted at any hour in the day.
F. H. CANDEE.
April 61868 f- 18
NEW GOODS FOR 1858!
SPRING AND SUMMER SUPPLIES.
I AM now receliv my Spring supplies of Dry
Goods, Groceries,~&c., &c., which, in point of
quality and cheapness, will compare favorably with
the Goods offered by the merchants of Hamburg
My stock of Dry Goods consists of almost every
Ladies' Dress Goods,
Of the most fashionable styles and of all qualities.
Also, a Sne assortment of seasonable Goods for
Gentlemen and Youth's Wear.
- Also, a large variety of
BONNETS, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, &C,
In the GROCERY line. I-am prepared to offer
such inducements as must please my customers.
My stock consists of an assortment of
Sugar, Coffee, Tea, Molasses, ac.
Also, always on hand TOBACCO, SEGARS,
SNUFF, W I N E 8, BRANDIES, P U R B
Come and look at my Stock.
J. L. MAIMON.
Winer Seat, Mar 22 tf 11
SWAN & C0'S.4OTTERIES,
NEW &BJItANT SCHEMER
TIC:E'.2Th# O'DTZ's $1O01
The following Sehene willbe drawn by S. Swan &
Co., Managers of the Sparta Academy Lottery, in
each of their Lotteries for April, 1858, at
A ~.guasnta, qkeOx-gia,
To which City they lave removed their prin
To be drawn in the et~y of Augusta, Ga.,in publie,on
Saturday, April 3d, 1858,
To be drawn in theoity of Augusta,Ga.,in public, on
Saturday, April 10th, 1858.
To be'drawn in the city of Augusta, G.,in public, on
8aturday,.April 17th, 1858,
To be drawn in the City of Augusta, Ga.,in publie,on
Saturday, April 24th, 1858.
On the plan of Single Numbers.
Nearly one trise to every Nine Tickets.
lMgag. ce~.t. ioh.zm.
1o DE DRAWN
EACH SATURDAY IN APRIL!
1 prize of . .i7.,00 is...............$70,000
1 prize of..... . ,000 is............... 80,00
1 prize of ... . 1,00 Is...............10,000
1 prIze of.... ....5,000 is................5,000
1 prize of.r.... ... 4,000 Is................4,000
1 prize of.... .800i...............,0
1 prize of ....,1,5011........-...1,500
4 prizes of.... . .000 sre ........ ......4,00J
4 prizes of ..... .... 900 are ..............8,600
4 prizes of ..... ....00 are................00
4 prizes of .... .....70 are................2,8001
4 prizesof ...... ..600 are ...............40
5U prizes of.........00 are.............25000
50 ,rIzes of. .........00 are...............2u,000
100 prizes of......125 arc..............11,000
230 prizes of..........10 are..............2,000
4 Prizes of $400 Approx'ting to$70,000 Prize are. .81,600
4 PrIzes of 800 " " 8000Prize are.. 1,200
4 Prizes of 200 ' " 10,0 Prizes are.. 800
4 Prizes of 125 e a4 5000 PrIzes are... 500
4 Prtzes of 14.0 , ' " POOIrizeaars... 400
4 Prizes of 75 * "4 8,0000Przes are...800
4 P'rizes of 50 " "4 1,500 Prizes are... 200
,000 Prizes of 90..........................100,000
5,485 Prizes amo; - ing to............ 3o,ooo
Whole Tickets 610; Halves $5; Quarters 62,50.
PLAN OF THE LOTT'ERY.
The Numbers frc n 1Ito 50,000, corresponding with those
NIumbers on the TI ke-ts printed on separate slips of paper,
ire encircled with u.nal iGn tubes, and piaced In one wheel.
The first 457 prlr se, similarly printed and encircled, are
placed In another wheel.
The wheels are then revolved, and a number is drawn
~rom the wheel of numbers, and at the ,same time a prize la
Irawn from the other wheel. The number and prize drawn
mt are opened an I exhibited to the audience, and regis
erd by the Uommiasioners: the p~rlze being placed against
he number trawn This operation Isrepeeted until all the
rizes are dramrn e at.
Approxtufnatton Prize....The two preceding and
he two succeednt Numbers to those drawing the dirst7
Prizes will be entried to the 25 Apaproximation Prizes. For
xample: If Tlclist No. 11,250 draws the $70,t100 Prize,
hose Tlckets aurnt'ered 11,248, 11,249, 11,251, 11.252, will
nch be entitled J -1400. If Ticket No. 550 draws the
25,u00 rrize, sho.,e Tickets numbered 548, 549, 551.552, will
ach be entled 1r P800, and so on accotding to the above
ThuS,000 Prize of S9t will be determined by the last
IgreofltheNo, iv'ich draws the $70,000. For example,If the
ro. drawing the 7.,000 prIze enda with No. 1, then all the
Nekets whecre the number ends In 1 wIll be entitled to $20.
.f the Number : -di with Numbler 2,. then all the Tickets
hero the Number ands In 2 will be entitled to $20, and so
CETIFIOATAS OF PACKAGES will be sold at the
allowing rates, wrhich lsthe risk :
iertifiate of Pankage of ten Whole Tickets....$0
ertlficate of Pseksge often Half Tickets...........40
ertlnte of Packag of ten Quarter Tickets.........20
erteate of Psalae of ten Eighth Tickets..........10
In ordering Tickets or Certiacates,
Enlose the in-sey to anr address for~the Tickets ordered,
n receipt of wh.,eh they 'will be forwarded by first mal.
'urchasers san Lave TIckets ending In any figure they may
Wr The Lls' of Drawn Numbers and PrIzes will be
ent topurcase.s imnmedlately after the drawing.
gWPurebase's will please write their signatures plain,
nl give their P'et Office, County and State.
grRememnber that every Prize Is drawn and payable in
all without dedu ation.
gWAll prizes of 1,000 and under,pald Imnmediately after
t drawng-t'.er prizes at the usual time of thIrty days.
WrAll eomn'anteatlons strictly confidential.
gr Address orders for Tickets or Certificates to
S. SWAN & CO , Augusta, Ga.
WrA list oft's niumbers that are drawn from the wheel, 1
ith the amnount nf the-prize that each one Is entitled to,
i be publishe.t after-every drawlng, In the following pa.
er-New Orl ans Della, Mobile Begister, Charleston
tandard, Nai Tille Gazette, Atlanta Intellilgencer, New a
'ork Weekly Day Boot, Augusta (On.) Constitutionallst, I
Ichond Dispatch, New York Dispatch, Paulding (Miss.)
laron, and Savannah Morning News.
SMarch 81, ~ .4 10
SOTICE.-Tolled before me by John B.
.Mobley, at the Circular Mills, on Shaw's
rek, Edirefeld District, 9 miles East. of Edsenleld
.H., and 12 miles North of Aiken, acertain BAY A
[ARE, with both hind feet white, right eye out,
bout 14 hands high, 9 or 10 years old. Appraised C
t$35. SAM. POSEY, M. E. D. c
tar 5, 1858. 1mam* 9
~XECUTOBS NVOTICE.-All persons
Whaving claims agaInst the Estate of Avoryi
land, deceased, are hereby notified to present]
tom, properly attested, immediately.
-. . J. S.8SMYLY,j
J. A. BL AND, JEx'orm. E
NEW SPRING AND SUMMER
v. Me. agha a Vea%
ARE GETTING in a splendid Stock of Goods,
and invite all who need any article in their
line to call and examine them. Our Stock consists
in part of
Side Stripe Casimere COATS and SACKS, with
PANTS and VEST to match ;
Black Cloth and Cashmeret FROCKS and
SACKS, and PANTS;
Black Barathea and Grenadine Silk VESTS, (a
light article for spring.
Brown, White and Check Side-stripe LINEN
and MARSEILLES Coats, Pants and Vests, &c.
A large lot of FURNISHING GOODS;
Marseilles White and Colored SHIRTS ;
DRAWERS, SOCKS, HANDKERCHIEFS,
COLLARS, GLOVES, TIES and SUSPENDERS.
BOYS' SUMMER CLOTHING,
All sizes and Prices!
Tailoring--Clothing made to Order.
Our stock of fashionable CLOTHS, Black, Blue,
Brown and Claret, have arrived, together with a
beautiful assortment of side-stripe CASSIMERE
for pants; side-stripe LINENS and Marseilles for
pants ; Rich Silk and Marseilles Patterns for Vests.
All of which Mr. JOHN KENNY will be pleased
to show and make up to order, warranted to fit and
please or no sale.
JOHN K. HORA & CO.,
Successors to J. M. Neby & Co
Under U. S. Hotel, Augusta, Ga.
Apr5 tf 13
*NEW SPRING AND SUMMER
RAMSEY & LABAW,
(Opposite the Union Bank,)
A RE receiving daily, and are offering to their
friends and customers the largest and best
Stock this season they have ever offered. Having
purchased the entire Stock almost exclusively for
CASH, and paid unusual attention to the manu
facture of the Clothing, we are prepared to offer
them at prices to defy competition. We have an
elegant line of
SCARFS, CRAVATS, STOCKS,
UNDERSHIRTS and DRA WERS, every grade ;
Linen Bosom SHIRTS, from the well known
manufactories of Morrison & Co., Golden Hill,
John M Davis & Co., and Fowler & Co.
A complete line of GLOVES, of every kind ;
HANDKERCHIEFS, SOCKS, &c.
We have also a very large stock of SERVANTS
CLOTHING, of every kind, which we would call
especial attention to.
Merchants and others would do well to call be
fore purchasing elsewhere.
Augusta, April 21, ly 15
EXECUT OR'S SALE,
BY Virtue of an order from Wm. F. Durisoe,
Esq., Ordinary for Edgefield Diliriet, I will
sell on TUESDAY after sale day next, (May 4th)
at the late residence of Robert Lofton, dee'd., the
following real and personal estate, directed to be
sold by the will of the said deceased, to wit:
Four Hundred Acres of Land,
Comprising the Tract whereon the Testator lived,
bounded by lands of Jlohn H. Hlollingsworth, Miss
Margaret A. Hobbs, Mrs. Hagood and others. This
Tract of Laud lies on Beaver Dam Creek, contain
ing a considerable body of woodland, heavily tim
bered. and is well worthy the notice of all who
wish to purchase such property.
One Hodse and Lot in Pottersville,
Bounded by lot. of Andrew Ramsey and Mrs.
Kirksey. Also, at same time and place,
TWO NEGE0 KEN,
Good field hands, one of them an ordinary Black
smith-upward. of 100 bushels Corn, Fodder, Two
Yoke of Oxen (well broken,) Thirteen head of
Sheep, Cpws and Calves, Stock Hogs, Four horse.,
Lot of Lard, five or six hundred pounds of Bacon,
Blacksmith Tools, including a fine pair of Bellows,
Four Bee Gums with Bees, Cotton Seed, House
hold and Kitchen Furniture, one large Wagon,
Plough Stocks and Plough Iloes, lot of Band Iron,
and numerous other article. not necessary to he
TERMS OF SALE.
The above property will be sold on a credit un
till the first day of January next with interest from
the day of sale. Purchassers will be required to
give Notes with approved sureties. ,Title in pro
perty not changed ti terms of sale are complied
with. Terms not complied with, property wil be
resold at risk of former purchaser.
gPossessio~n of plantation given at day of sale.
Possession of Lot at Potterhville on 1st Jannuary
1859. G. W. LAN DRU.M, Ex'or.
A pril 94te 14
B Y Virtue of a writ of Fieri Facias ~ome di
rected, I will proceed to sell at Eu ,,efield C.
H., on the first Monday and Tuesday in May next,
the following property to wit:
J. S. Smyly vs. John Stidham, one Tract of
Land, containing two hundred and fourteen n'eres,
more or less, adjoining lands of Robt. Bryan, Sr.,
ad other lands of the said John Sttdham and oth
ers. Terms Cashr.
JAMES EIDSON, snsn.
AprilO 1858 4t 13
S. S. Boyce,
vs Fi Fa.
BY Virtue of a writ of Fieri Facias to mec
1direoted, in the above stated casse, I will pro
ceed to sell at Edgefield C. II., on the first Monday
n May next, the following paroperty. viz:
One Lot of Land containing one and a half acres,
more or he-s, adjoining lands of F. W. Pickena, W.
?. Durisne and others.
Aso, one other Lot, containing one aere, more'
r less, adjoining lands of F. WV. Pickens and
Said Loti levied upon as the property of the Do
'ndnt Joseph Patterson.
JAS. EJDSON, s.z o.
A pril 10 4te 14
TAX COLLECTOR'S NOTICE,
UWILL attend at the times and places herein
tafter specified to collect the Stt and District
Sx for the year commencing the first day of Oc
t Meach.Island, Monday, 2gth April.!
"Hamburg, Tuesday, 27th "
"Howard's, Thursday, 29thl "
" Cheatham's, Same evening, 3 a.'clock.
" Pleasant Lane, Friday, 30th "
"J. S. Smyly's, . Saturday, 1st May,
"Edgefield C. Hi. Monday and Tuesday, 3d and
"Mrs. Allen's, Thursday, 0th May,
'after which time my books will close for the pres
t year. I hope all persons hiving In the coun
ry will try to turn out at their respective precincts,
d not put off their returns till the last days at
ho Court House, as there is generally such a
rowd that it is almost impossible to do business
Tax payers will bear in mind that the law re
[ires them to make their returns by the time my
ooks close, or they are subject to double tax, for
ie collection of which I am required to issue a
ouble Tax Execution, leave it with the Sheriff,
nd take his receipt for the same with me to Co
nubia. Please take due notice and govern your
THIEOPHIILUS DEAN, 'r.c.z.n.
Mar16__ __ 7t 10
SOTICE is hereby given to all who are in
debted to me in Edgefield District, either by
tote or Account in 1853, '54, '65 or '6, to come
rward and settle the same if they wish to save
oets. Also, those in arrears for 1867 will please
il and settle by cash or note very soon. The
to and accounts can be found at my Mill in
:dgefield District. J. Y. L. PARTLOW.
Mar 81 3m 12
LOUR AND CORN MEAL-Can be
~had atmy house for Cash.
eather-Earness, Sole, Upper, Kips, &c.
B. T. MIMS
SPRING TRADE !
CHOICE DRY GOO DS.
W OULD invite the attention of the citizens of
Edgefield District to their large and elegant
Stock of SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
which they are now displaying at their
ONE PRICE STORE!
Comprising everything of the latest and most ele
gant styles in
LACE MANTILLAS, TALMAS, SHAWLS.
of every style manufactured.
HOOPS OF EVERY KIND.
Xrish Z zseam
of our own importation.
French, English & American Prints,
CHALUES, BEREGES, HOSIERY, GLOVES, FURNITURES
Brilliants, Jaconets, Cambrics, &o,
All the best makers in the market, of
HOUSEWIFE GOODS, LINENS,
LINEN DAMASKS, SHEETINGS,
Pillow Linens and Cottons, Towellings,
&c., &c, &c.
Making up one of the Best Stocks of Dry
Goods ever offered in this market, and embra
cing all of those styles most highly prized by good
housekeepers. And as we are the only House in
the City that invariably adhere to the
ONE PRICE SYSTEM,
We would call particular attention to this feature
of our Trade, and ask all to consider its advantages.
It guarantees to the BUYER the LOWEST MAIR
KET PRICES, because it forces the SELLER
down to the smallest sum he can af'ord to take for
his goods, and of course BARGAINS cannot bi
expected from any other mode of doing business.
g- Please notice that we rigidly adhere to ONE
Io That price we WAR ANTEE to be as low
as the lowest.
1"And that we never resort to the trick of
Augusta, Apr 12 f 14
NEW AND SEASONABLE STOCK OF
SPRING DRY GOODS,
P. & M. GALLAHER,
R ESPECTFULLY Solicit the attention of the
ladies of Edgefield, and the public generally,
to their New and Fashionable stock of
Purchased within the past month by one of their
own firm, who spared no pains to-obtain the most
desirable styles of SPRING and S U M M E R
GOODS, suitable for the most fastidious of the
ladies of the South.
To their varied and extensive assortment, in each
department, they call special attention, especially to
the comparatively low prices at which they are
selling. Their stock embraces in part the latest
Rieh Chintz Chen Bayadere SILKS ;
Rich Moire Antique Black and Colored SILKS;
Rich Marcellaine and Florence " "
Rich Black SILKS, in endless variety ;
GRENA DINE, Crape DeParis ROBES;
CI A LLIE, Barege Delaine "
BAREGES; CRAPE MA RETZ;
CIA LLIES; BAREGE DaLAINE;
CRAPE DaPARIS; CANTON CLOTH;
Embroidered BAN DS, beautiful Patternas;
"JACONET, SWISS and.MULL;
" COLL ARS, in great variety ;
" Linen Cambric H ANDKERCHIEFS
EDGINGS and INSERTINGS.
IOS I E RY. -
Ladies' Silk-HOSE, best quality ;
"8 Cotton 4" " "1
Misses' Silk 4I " "
" Cotton " " "
Gents' Half Cotton HOSE, all sizes and quality ;
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Silk GLOVES;
" " *" Kid " various
Emnbroidlered MUSLIN, for Ladies' Dresses;
Plain Jaconet and Swiss MUSLINS ;
Nan.sook, Muil and Book "
Embroider.ed M.uslin and Lace CURTAINS;
Printed BRI LLIANT E and French CANIM R!C;
AMERICAN CALICOES AT UNIPRECE
DENTEDLY LOW PRICES.
Brown SH IRTINGS and SIHEETINGS;
OSNAIBURGS, STRIPES and
DRILLINGS, at Factory prices.
GINO HAMS IN GREAT VARIETY!
IR ISII LIN EN.
Finihed and Unfinishe'l LiNENiin half and whale
pieces, imported direct from Ireland.
DA MASK, NAPKINS,
DOY L1IES, T ABLE CLOTHS.
COUNTERPANES; BED TiCKING;
Apron CHECKS; Furniture PRINTS;
RIBBONS; LUTES; Satin and Velvet Furni
ture and JDress FRINGES;
PA RASOLS; lloop SKiRTS; FANS: CO~JRS:
Hair BiBUSilES; SOAPS; PERFUMERY;
MANTILLAS, SHA WLSand SCARFS in end
Auogusta, A pril 14 1858 3m_ 14
New Spring Goods!
WRIGHT, ALEXANDER & Co.,,
GLOBE HOTEL BUILDING,
BROAD ST., AUGUSTA, GA.
A RE now opening one of the largest and most
Latti-active Stocks of
NEWV SPRING GOODS
ever of~ered in A ugusta. embracing all the newest
fabrics and designs in Dre ss Goods.
Robes DeQuille, Odalisque and Flounced ROBES,
in Silks, Twisted Silks, Bereges and Muslins;
Black and Colored, Plain and Fancy NILKS in
ERAGES, TISSUES, Printed Organdi and Jac
BMBAZINES,Challies, DeLAINES, A LPACAS,
DBEGES, French BRIL LIANTS;
English, French and A merican PRINTS;
INGH AMS, &c.. &c.;
Our Stock of LINEN Goods will be found very
desirable, embracing super Irish Linens, Pillow
Case Linens, Table Cloths, Damasks, .Napkins,
Diapers, Towels and Sheetings ;
Stella, Merino, and Berage SI1AWLS' Scarfs ;
hantilly Lace and Mourning MANTILLAS, a
great variety ;
Plain and Dotted Swiss, Jaconet, Mull, Nainisook',
Tarlton, Plaid and Striped MlUAL1N;
MBROIDERIES and. HANDKERCHIEFS in
every variety of style and quality ;
OSIERY and GLOVES for Ladles, Gentlemen
and Children, In English, French and German
ods and every variety of Steel Spring
INEN and COTTON GOODS for Men and Boys I
Dimity, Damasks, Cartain Muslins, Marseilles e
Bleached and Unbleached Shectings and Shirtings, y
all qualit'es ; s
)snaburgs, Marlboro' and Georgia Plaids and 4
Stripes, Tickings, Checks, and a full assortment
r Staple Goods. We~ invite an examination of
ur Stock. Our Goods will be found as represent
td in quality, prices reasonable, and terms ac
Augusta, Mar 16 6t 10
LL persons indebted to the estate of Daniel
Boone, dec'd., are requested to make immedi- 1
o payment, and all persons hawing demands .J
gaint the same are hereby notified to present tI
em properly attested. C
A RE now receiving a LARGE .ptidnARIED
A Stock of Spring and. nsm
A good portion of which is now in Slot.e andr.MyA -
for inspection. -
In calling the attention of orfriendsiS dipt
to our Stock we beg to assure them that it , ;:
And great inducements will be offered':o:. A
sales. Our Stock comprises all the Newejt ate:
rials with the latest patterns and designs
LLhIEW 5RIS3 ":
-SCH A___I ".
Plain, Striped and Plaid BAREGES
TISSUES, LAWNS, ORGANDIES;
BRILLIANTES, French CAMBRIGS
Crapo MARETS. Barege DeLAINES,
Material for TRAVELLING DRESSE de
Stripes and Flounces and Bayadere;
Plain CHALLIES, SKIRTS ;
EMBROIDERY, LACES, RIBBONS;
HOSIERY and GLOVES - t
Brown and Bleached SHE*TINGS; .- ,
" " SHIRTINGS .
TICKINGS, PILLOW CASINGS -
Table DAMASKS, DUCKS and DRILLINGS;
A variety of Goods for MEN and BOYS wav r;
PL AIDS and STRIPES for servants--.;,,
French, English sad American P ,IS
great variety, at 121cts. Also,
For the Ladies, together with a fiarst rate stoki4 '
SHOES, for all classes.
In fact, we have got about ALL the thagifyou .
want-but money. -
Qr We shall at all times be glad to show es
Goods and respectfully invite inspection- frot
trading community. If we don't sell you,-it"shafl
not be our fault.
BLAND & BUTEER, .""F:
Edgcfied, S. C., April 14 tf 14
1858. SPRING EXPOSITIN; 18 :r
OF FIRST CLASS STAPLE AND PA N C T
Siiks, Grenadines, Bareges, Chasiles, K] ,
lins, Embroideries, Hosiery, Liners
and Domestic Goods,
And the usual line of Goods kept in a Ert class
Dry Goods store.
Ladies will find in our extensive stock thegrcato
eat assortment, in each of the above departments,
ever exhibited in Augusta. Our great facill$Ies
for obtaining GOODS from Auction and lar id-'d.
porters, are such as to ensure our customers that ''
they may make their purchases from us at the
very lowest prices; and many leading artideos
much below the market value.
Our Northern, Eastern and European Corres
pondents will send us weekly throughout the sea
son, all that is New, Novel and Stylish, in the way of
Dress Goods and Embroideries.
Our House claims the especial attention of Stiao
gers and Visitors, as only one price is asked, -ind
all Goods are marked in plain fgurs; 'therefo e,
inexperienced purchasers are not over Sharged.
Ladies will always receive kind and e0.arteous
attention-it will afford our salesmen pleasure to
show Goods. DICKEY a ..sDS4MS
P. S.-Sole Southern Agents for eohWh te
side &r Co.'s celebrated IRISH LINENS.
SAugusta, Mar 29 ti. 1 -
New Spring Go1
B EGS o annunceto his Egefkiedfresw7sthi
ceiviug, a large and well:select~ed Stock of.
Spring and Summer' Dy Gid~:
Which he is prepared to sell at VERY LOW pr-C
ces FOR CASH. As many orthe Goods- l av
been purchased of Cash Hfoseseisb
It will be to..the literetfths
City to call and ekamnnehis Goa a
he is confident they~ will comipare rvrby
any in the market. Among his Stoek-msysa u
Fancy Plaid and Cheeked SILKS;
Chene Bayadere SILKS; ' ,,. .
Black-SILKS, all qualitiesp -
Plain and figured CHALLIESf;
Flounced Muslin ROBES.
Orgmndie, Chilli and Grenabine ROBES;
* MANTILLAS, SHAWLS and SCARFSN In
great variety ;
A large stock of L AWNS, MUSLINS, GING
IIAMS and PRINTS, together with'a- fall Stock of.
HEAVY AND DOMESTIC GO0DS,
Suitable for famiily and plantation use. A large lot
o'4CA LICOES, and bleached and brown SHIRT- -
INGS, at 64 ets.
A ugusta, Ga , A pril 5 2t 13
NEW SPRING GOODS !
BOOTS AND SHOES!
7I HOS. P. LARIUS, A ugusta, Georgia,hs
Ithis day received a large lot of SPRING
GOODS, and wiill continue, to do so through the
suimme.r, consisting in part of
Ladies' Silk F xd CONGRESS GAITERS,
do do do do
do Glove Kid Congress do
do Colored TIPT do
do Black do do --
do Fine Philadelphia Kid and Morocco SLIP
Misses' Fixed Kid-Top KOSSUTH BOOTS,
do Kid and Morocco SLIPPERS and TIES,
Children.' SHOES. of every description,
Mens' Calf Opera PUMP BOOTS,
do Goats H EELED INVINCIBLES,
do Patent W. S. PUMPS and Oxford TIES, &
do Goats B. S. do
do Calf B.S. do
do Kid Congress GAITERS,
do Calf do do.
Boys' do do do
With a variety too numerous to mention. Call
md look, as I have attentive Clerks who will be
glad to show the Goods.
Augusta, Geo., April 5 tf 13
DeBOW'8 WEEKLY PRES~5
AND DeB0W'S REVIEW.
D E BOW'S WEEKLY PRESS will be pub
lished on a handsome double sheet, at the
City of Washsington,
mud will be delivered to subscribers at the lew pr4ee'
~f two dollars per annum ; or, five dollars for thnere
opies ; or, five dollars for one copy and a copy of
)n Buw's R Evzzw--all in advance.
It will be devoted to the current News and dis
ussionrs of the day, home and foreign, political and
general; embracing, also Literary Sketches, Tales,
Cesays, etec, together wi papers upon Eduestion,
tgriculture, Commerce, Manufactures, Mining, ind
he A rts, and will be made, in every respect,
kN ACCEPTABLE FAMILY NEWSPAPER.
A ble writers and contributors are securr d in eve
The City of Washington is perhaps the most\
vored point in the Union for the establishment of
ucht a sheet. J. D. B. DE BOW,
A pril 6, 1858 If - 13y,
Mount Enon Work ShopL
HE universal satisfaction that the The o3W
kby the subscriber has heretofore given, en.
aurages him to hope thpmt for the flnure he wi har
qnually successful, lie is better prepared every ~
ear to do better work, and he does act hesitate to
y thatthe . -
JOT TON GINlS AND THRASHRI
mde by him are equal to any now off'ered'for ale.s
lany testimonials of this fact might he give.
Work kept constanty on hanad, and ordersyte
tted at the shortest notice. Address,;
Colmans x THOMAS E. CIAPMAM
Cla'sXRoads. Edgefleld Dist.8 .C
ggOr Mr. D. RDURISOE, atthe'
l~ee, who is my authorized Agent. 7 )
LOT ICE is hereby given io the
.Ntributees of John ThrallklU as
ement on said estate will be eaht
ficee, at Edgefield C.11 o'li
ovemaber neaLt. ~
trO;1858 um S