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PURSN" EZYZIT WCDNEDDAV1 MORIiNG.
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A. SI1K1NS, D.LEUBUISOB EWL~Ai 1EE81, o
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VISIT TO TE WORKS OF TE PORCELAI MAX
On yesterday, in company with Mr. Holman,
of this city, we visited Kaolin, the name given
to the Works of the Porcelain Manufacturing
Company, organized a little over a year ago. It
is situated in Edgefield District, .. C., about 5
miles below Hamburg. The location is elevated
and healthy, and the bed of Porcelain clay em
braces about 25 acres. It is embedded some
15 feet below the surface, and is 20 feet in depth,
affording a supply ample for almost an unlimited
demand. The works of the Company are erec
ted.about a quarter ofa mile from this bed, and
consist of a main building 40x120 feet with a
kiln-house crossing one end, 40x80 feet in size,
two stories high, with a basement where the fuel
is supplied to heat the kilns.
Adjoining this is the "Slip House" 30x70 feet,
where diint, feldspar, &c., are crushed by neants
of French Burr, Mill Stones, and other nachine
ry, and thrown into vats ready for the workmen.
An engine of 25 horse power drives the machi
e found about "0 hands busily engagel in
the various processes of work, crushing the nma
tive fHint, moulding pitchers, cues and saucers, or
fashioning the neatest models for China ware.
Having but recently found that the clay was
adapted to making China, they have not yet made
complete sets, but their pitchers are very white
and perfect, and fully attest the practicability of
producing China ware not inferior to the choisest
articles of French manufacture.
They are now engaged in making fruit cans to
be used with Dayton's Patent Exhauster, and on
yesterday were preparing a kiln, consisting of
1,200 dozen of' these newv and superior articles
for preserving fruit. This aloue will be a heavy
busmness, as the can is much bettei- than tin, or
glass, owing to its anti-corrosive and durable
We could not itn the limited space of a notice
like this, give a definite idea of the process of
making ware. When moulded it is alloweod to
dry until sufiieently hard to receive the sizing.
After going through this process one or more
times, according to the nature of the ware, it is
put into the furnace in what are called saggers,
or tabs, varying in size according to the size of
theo ware, andi muade of a composition of old
crockery and clay. These are piled one above
another, the bottom of otte making a cover for
that below it, until the kilnt is full, when fuel is
applied, arid the burning process commences.
Thbis requires the utmost care, and takes we be
lieve nearly 48 hours, when after standing abouti
the same length of' time, to cool, it is ready to,
unpack antd remove to the sales-room.
We learn that the composition of the saggers
as espeunilly adapted to the manuf'acture of lire
brick, and the comnpany are about to add a ma
chine for moulding~ themo. This will also bo a
valuable source of revenue, as well as it public
The company have shipped large qluantitiesi of
the clay to the North, to lbe used b'y Crockery
Manufacturers, ad it hans proved superioir to any,
found in thisecounitry. If Northern comrpanie's
can nmke it pay to shaip it 1,400 miiles att a ex
pense of $1 I pe.r tona, it would seema thatt it muist
be profitable to mnaaufacture it on the spot, wjaere;
its cost is seatrcely $2, arnd whrerz wood, labor anid
living are all to be had at thre cheapest rates.
We therefore look forwardl to see the Southnern
Porcelain Manufacturing Comrpanry becomane - a
source of profit to its projectors, arid of p~ride to
the friends of progress itn our commaunaity. Though a
lacatted ini our .itrar State, it is peculiarly air
Autgusta enterpri.e-being owned by residents of
our city. andi bene,. we feel a local interest in its
Thre workan are chni:-fly English, arid occupy;
nottages er.seled in thre vic.inity. A ainat Church
hias aho b'een erected whe-re .service is held regut- a
larly, and' the~ whole p'.~'e phreents thre appear' ~
A lbusv w.a.k's work was enrded Satuarday after
nvoun, bythie adjoutrnment of the court'.t
With the~ exception of' a few "small arid mean
causes,'' the sessions docket occupied the termr.t
The case against Thomsas J. lie , commttencedb
on Wednesdatv, was conceludedi Fridav miornin
the jury rende-ring auverdict of "msauslaughter,"
with a recommnendationu to amerev. The sentence
. of tire Couirt, Saturday, impos'ed a fine of one
thousand dollars, antd imaprisonient to the 31st.
of October next.
Friday miorninag, Thomas H. Dickson was put
upon his trial, for the miiurder of ]Bernharndt D.er
rer. No dillicult y was anticipated lby the defence,
and conseq~uently thre case attracted but little in h
terest. Without a dissenting voice, -we believe, I
among those disinterested, the commrunaity re
garded IDicksotn's offence as one of "excusable
homicide," anrd Iris acquittal was "enierallr de
sired anid expected. The direct "elIsarge'' of Iris
Honor, however, left to the jury no alternative, t
and they accordingly found a verdict of "mars- S
slaughter," with a reconmmendaution to mercy. 1
TIhe defendenat was sentenced to two naonths's a
imprisonimenat, anid to pay a fitre of two hundred a
<dollars. We are glad to learn that a petitiona ti
has been circulated promnptly and signed with th
anarked unanimity; anid we trust that the Gover- el
nor will hear the prayecr for Iris elemeney, thms
offered, as far as we know, by the voice of the
We were pleased to see that hris Honor, Judge
O'Neall, unaderwetat thre severe labors of the th
week with unflragginag energy. Under the circum- w
stances, the circuit has been a tryitng one with tI,
him. We trust he ray soon enjoy that season b
of respite and recreation which is needed to re
g'ore his wonted health.
Trho court is in session, this week, ina Lancas- of
ter. We learn that the buisiness is lighlt, atnd oh
probably will riot prolotng the frisiness beyond ac
Wednsesday esenring.-Earkeille Ewfuirer-.c
A terrible crime has been committed at Trieste- no
A young workman, who maintained himself and I
his mother by his daily Irabor, gained so little dr
that they live most wretchedly. By dint of piil-e
privations he, however, saved up suficient to
purchase a lottery ticket. The drawing took
pilace a feuw days ago, and his ticket gained a for
prize of 16,000 florins. Wild with joy, thre ur
young man hurried to his mother, informed hrer of
of his good fortune, and asked for the ticket, It,
"Alas, my son," said she, "I sold:itt some time the
back." Without a word, the young man drew Hi
his knife and stabbed her until she fell dead at p.,
*his feet. Hie was arrested the same day. So abi
Frwn the Augusta Constitutioualiet.
RASSAGE OF TIE KANIASRZ -I=&WNE
We received last evening, by telegraph, the
ratifying iutelligence that the bill for the admis.
ion of Kansas, reported from the committees
f conference, was passed by a majority of nine
otes in each House on yesterday. The vote in
he Senate-nine members being absent or fail.
mg to vote, was thirty-one for, to twenty-two.
gainst it-in the Hous.-nineteen members
icing absent or failing to vote-one hundred and
welve for, to one hundred and three against it.
For the benefit of those among our readers
vho have not had the time or the inclination to
oIlow this question of the admission of Kansas
brough all the phases it has assumed during the
iresent session of Congress, and did not read
he bill reported by the Conference Coimittee,
published by us a few days ago, we subjoin the
ollowing clear, brief statement of its provisious,
avhich we find in the Alexandria &ntiel:
" The propositiou of the Conference Commit
tee of the two houses is simply this: The sched.
ide which acconipaxnies the Lecompton Constitu
tion, but is no part of it, demands a certain
amount of the public lands in waiver of the
right of the State of Kansas to tax the remainder.
THis demand is proposed by the committee to
be greatly restricted: the schedule thus amended
tobe then summitted to the people of Kansas
-and contingent upon their acceptance of it,
Kansas to be admitted under the Lecompton
Constitution. If they do not accede to the terms
proposed by Congress, then her admission as a
State to be postponed.
" This is no submission of the Constitution,
and the amendnent to the schedule is a proper
"We see no difficulty, therefore, in agreeing
to the proposition. With the Constitution, Con
gress has nothing to do-that is a question for
the people of Kansas. With the schedule, it is
wholly different, for Congress is to be a party to
the provisions which Mr. English proposes to
amend. It i in part a contract between the
State of Kansas r.nd the Federal government;
nd both parties have an equal righftto be heard.
"This may be said, and it is all that can be
aid, on the other side. The submission of the
mended schedule to the people for their ratifi
ation, affords, incidentatly, an opportunity to
vote against the Constitution. That is to say,
by votig down that overture of Congress, they
lefeat admixsion under the Lecomption Consti
ution. But we repeat that the Constitution itself
s not the question submitted, and that the ques
ion submitted is an allowable and proper one."
The passage of this bill removes the Kansas
luestion front Congress-terminates one of the
ongest and most exciting sectional controver
ies whith the subject of slavery has produced
lisconcerts the plans of the opponents of the
south, and leaves Congress free to attend to the
nass of important public business which is de
nanding its attention.
from the Correspondence of the Carolinian.
WASiNoN, April 2S.
Both Houses are still engaged on Kansas.
rhe Black iepublicans bitterly oppose the bill
rom the Committee of Conference. --Hale, in
si speech, said he had heard a great deal of talk
bout aggressions-aggressions of the Nortlhon
he Sothi; but this was the greatest aggression
e had ever heard of-it was awgression by the
buth on the North. Itsaid to i0ansas, you may
ome, provided you come with a slavery consti
ution immediately, though you have not sutfi
ient population; but unless you conie that way,
;ou shall not come until you have 93,000 popu
ation. The Black Republicans are afraid the
eople of Kansas may agree to come in under
he Lecoinptou Constitution, awl thus negative
illtheir outcry about forcing a constitution down
~heir throats. The result is still uncertain. The
arties are so nearly -divided in the House that
wo or three votes will change the result. Some
nemubers are waiting in a state of glorious an
ertainty to hear from home.
The rumor that the Government was going to
sk for power to make another large loan, is de
ded by the Union. It is feared, however, that
he enormous expense of the Utah war, together
with the general inflaunnation of Uncle Sam'ns
sills, will iiecessitate an increase of the tariff.
rh. protectionists like the prospect amazingly,
md would not care to have hialfta-dozein Utah
wars going on at once, so that the duties would
ave to be incressed. So the world goes.
Goy. Wise declines to appoint delegates to the
southiern Conunercial Convention, at Montgomn
ry. The erratic Governor is on the Union tack,
~nd don't fancy the odor of Southern resistance
ai the address of the Committee urging dele
rates to be sent.L
It is very doubtful whether Congress caii ad
ourn as early as the 7th of Jnie.
CONG A REE.
SOUTEERN C03MERCIAL CONVENTION.
The following topics are proposed for discus
ion at thme next meeting ot the Convention at
1. The qhuestilon of umaser and slave-invol
-ing the phiysic-al aind reli;;ious impjrovemencit of
he slave : the subject of slave laws and pmolce;
le reclaimiation of:.lumve p~ropherty taken away by
raud or ihree, and thme modes of retalliatory h
2 The q1uestioin of the suply of labor at the
outh ini relation to thme productioni and consump
ion of Southern -omimmodities ; to the free blaceks;
L the African fleet ; aind the action of England
nil France in the imtroductiomn of Coolies aind
tfriani apprmentices. ,iknboit n
3. The ellee-t of the turiff, binbutad
aviation system upon the South, amid the ree-i
rocal interests of the pilaniter and thme mnerchait.
-4. The developmient of Southerna ag'ricuiltuiral
dustry, a proper einlargemnt of the iamuih
~ring amid commiercial andi initernmal improve
et syatems, and the subject of ocean steamers
5. Thme resources iand self-sustaininmg capacvi
es of the slaveholinig States, and the establish
Lent and independence of her literary and ediu
6. The'politicail relations of the South under
me Federal Constitutioni, and the foreign policy
h e supported ; maintenance and extensioni of
r inastitutions withini the limits of the Union and
syodl thec'hm, and her mnis of defence and se
rity from aggre~ssionus, piresenit and plrospective.
Taus SoLcrens Mun taxns.-Onae of the edlitors
'the Richmond En~quire~r, writing from Wasih
"I have only tinme to say that I have heard,
it much gratification, and on very good au
ority, thiat Messrs. Qimitmnan, of Mississippi,
oter andI Stallworth, of Alabama, and lBon
m, of South Carolina-who have, hitherto hung
--have determined to approve the bill re
>rted by the Conference Committee."
B irTJsta.-It is stated that within the last
renty-two years the Baptists ina thle United
ates made a clear gain of 6i,.565 churches,
221 ministers, andI 59:3,639t imembers, being an
aual increase of 335 churches, 192. ministers,
d 2'6,529 nmemabers. The iuncrease fqr the last
ni years has becen much greater in the Southern
aa in thme Northern States-the greatest in
ease, having been in Virginia, Alabamia and
Ic-e iN CHAni.EsTo.-The Evenuing New. of
Both frosrt and thin ice were seen in the city
is mborning, and in the surrounding country
are uuch muore abundant. It is feared that
e crops, cotton, corn, wheat, fruits and vegeta
es are uiuch injurned.
RAILROADs iN MmNNrsTA.-The Legislature
Minnesota have resolved to aid the Railroads
the State to the extent of $5,000,000. The
t provides that whenever either of the said
mpanies shall comaplete, ready for thme super
ruture thereon, ten miles of road, thme Gover
,r shall cause to be issued and delivered to
id company bonds to the atsount of one hun
ed thousand dollars, and so on till the3 losa is
Oaenisn.-No farmer who consults his corn
-s and pleasures and the comforts andI pleas.
ma of his family, should be without his orchard
apl repahtrees, plums, cherries, Ae.
mi ot atltland -when once planted, is 1
re for yeas, and requtires only a little prus ing.
w agreeable it is to have a succession of ripe
ahes for three or four months, and then an
,Aance of apples fo.r c:Ad.. and ating, all
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR,
ZDG1IZLDo I. C.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 5,1858.
RUIS TEAT MUST IN JUTURE 3E 0 RSVR.
All advertisements from this date, not amounting to
more than $16, must be paid for in advance.
Merchants and others advertising by the year, will
be required to settle every six months.
No paper will be sent out of the District unless paid
for in advance.
All letters on business connected with the Ofioe, to
receive prompt attention, must be addresed to the
' Edgefeld Adeertiser."
To these rules we will rigidly adhere. Therefore,
take notice and act accordingly.
Our Editor is absent-has gone to Columbia to at
tend the anniversary meeting of the Palmetto Asso
eiation-to see the remnant of the gallant Palmetto
lRegiment, and to hear the anniversary address of
the bravo, the noble and the distinguished QUITXAN,
of Mivsissippi. A groat time Is xpected.
The Colonel promises to give our readers full do
tails of this grand glorification next week.
pr "CAPT. CgAw's," letter from Walhalls, is
interesting. Turn to another column and read it.
Let us hear from you again and ofton, " Car. CRAw."
0 "SAU:A's" reply to "A PrLAIN MAx" has
been received and will appear next week.
_8 We are authorixed to say for the information
of those of the Fourth Congressional District who
have written our Immediate Representative on mat
terr of business, that the accumulation of such busi
ness during his sickness has prevented his hitherto
attending to the claims of all. But that they will
receive duo consideration as soon practicable.
We took occasion on saje day last to make enqui
ries of our planting friends as to the effects of the
late cold snap, and regret to learn that in some por
tions of the District, much damage was done to the
Cotton and Corn crops. Some have replanted their
entire crop-others again have had only to replant
small portions of their cotton, whilst scarcely none
have escaped without any injury.
The fruit crop though, we are informed, Is not
THE CONVERENCE IAN5AS VILL
From telagraphie dispatches from Washington we
learn that the bill for the admission of Kansas, re.
ported by a Joint Committee of both Houses of Con
gress, and familiarly known as the " English bill,"
passed both Houses of Congress, on Priday last. In
the Senate, the vote stood 31 in favor of the bill, and
22 against its paspage. In the House, the vote In Its
favor was 112, and against it 103.
When its passage was announced, some applale
and some hissing followed, but these demonstrations
were promptly checked by Mr. Speaker Orr.
SOUTH CAROLINA NONET.
The ianks of this city (says the Augsita Ohronicle
& Sentinrel) have determinetj not to receive the bills
of any Suspended Bank, in payment or on deposit
Under this regulation the Bills of all the Banks in
South Carolina will lbe excluded, except " The Bank
of 'arlestoiu," " The Union Bank," and " The
The Bills of all other Banks in the State are sold
at onae per centl. discount.
Tax Thespians on Monday evening last gave
another performance which went off with great clat,
and to the entire satisfaction of a large, appreciative
and delighted audience. The east of characters were
most appropriate, and oeh one seemed thorouighly to
understand their respeetive and (in a few instances)
didieult parts. The ladies, Mrs. RAINFOnTD and Mis
LONSDALE, never played with more ease and grace,
or mnore to the universal admiration of all than on
this occasion. Mrs. R. is undoubtedly a lady of rare
attractions, possessing considerable literary acquire
ments, and many of the qualitiea,so necessary to suc
ceed as a star perforguier. A4s " Chatter" in " Dead
Shot," and " Kate O'Briena in " Perfection," she eer
tainly could not he excelled; and we congratulate
Mrs. RLAIN~oUr on her most successful rendering of
the diffioult character she assumed. Miss LUsNDALK,
the very limpersonification of beauty, sparkling wit
and sweet humor, as usual win the applause of the
enraptured audience; and in each play her acting
was in the superlative degree. With the young gen
tlemen, atl of whom done well, wre have not the time
nor inclination to ake unnecessary distinctions.
With mnost of thenm it was their first appearance on
the boards; but they clearly evinced a decided comn
peteney tu~ master what they had undertaken-and
lan'lwomecly 'lid they sueceod. Their efforts to get
up a pleasant pastinme for the amusement of our citi
zens, we arc gratified to know, secured the approbation
and unanimnous laudIits of those in attendance.
The aemateur banad, compoasedl of young gentlemen
of' our Village, who had gallantly offered their ser
vices to the Thespians,comnpletely electrified the large
concourse of ladies and gentlemen present, with their
sweet and lively strains of harmonious musie. Whilst
our Town can boast of suach musical talent, we can
not see the propriety of engaging a foreign band,
andl payjing them the. exorbitant prices the Thespians
have hitherto done. Too much p'raise cannot be bes..
towed on the amateurs. In behalf of the Thespians,
andl of your well lelased hearers, we extend to you,
young gentlemnen, the warmest thanks.
DO YOU WVANT A GOOD ThRASHER? I
To all in tront of a good article In the way of a
Thrasher, we would recommend the excellent machine
manufactured bay Mr. Taos. E,. CULPMAW, of this
District. his Thrasher, ian'ariably give the very
best satisfaction to all who try them. Numbers were
sold lby him last year, in the immediate vicinity of
this Village, and we have heard naught butt unquali-.
fled praise from every farmer who was so fortunate au I
to buy of Mr. CnArxAN.
We have now a few of these valuable Machines at <
our office for the inspetion of our planters. Call and
look at them.
GEN. S. IR. GIST.
Junke O'Ne~am, writing to the Newberry .Suni,
frmn Yorkville, in relation to a certain road case just
tried at that place, pays the following compliment to
" Gen. States Gist, was one of the counsel for the
efence. I hadl never heard him before. I was per- 4
fetly delighted with hi, lueid statement of the facts,
an a very tangled case ; his argument was admirably
arrangedt and put without any unnecessary flourish.
Every word was to thme point andl beautifully expressod,.
f he live, aad exerts himself, he will he worthy of
the fame of his uncle who was once the first man in
THE DAILY MAIL LINE.
The Augusta sapnutch is in favor of our project
or a daily mail line to Augusta. The Editor says :
Am effort is on foot to establisha a daily mail route r
rom Augusta via. Edgefluld C. hi., to 968 Depot, oa
be Greenville and Columbhia Railroad. This route is
mquestinably a public necessity. The section pene
trated is already an important, tributary to thne trade y
f Augusta, and its advantages would be quite as ian
portant to our city as to those who have started the g
etition, and we hope our merchants will lend their tI
ames heartily to the work. k
We have no doubt oar representative in Congress ti
ill co-operate with the representative from Edgesleldd
)istrict, in securing the proposed route.
TIlE FARMER *. PLANTER. C
We are pleased to observe this South Carolina Ag- g
iultural Journal, making considerable improvement
if late, both in the appearance of its typography
fd the quality of its reading matter. This monthly
e alionl ;p glad to see better patronisedl by our 0
any intelligsmp fysi q5p4 planters throughout 0
g State. 411,-It matkes nq .difereegg he gp ig ~
may be acquainted with agriculture and its ploeaseapt
ursuts, may gain mauch .Instructon? threeg~ 3# di
rell-illeg pages- ei
l is publishe4 at Pendleton S. .G., by Maj. Guonos n
say, #ditor, at s;.00 per annum. gi
$0 The Sazaks in Augesg, rpsymedI specls pay- fc
et on the let May. 16
THE CANVAss FOA CONGRESS.
From whatweea gather through our exchanges a
pirited canvass for Congress is going on in the West
rn District, between Messrs. E. P. Jowas, J. D.
tsxoaz and T. 0. P. VRaox-to supply the place
o be rected by the retirement of Co. Ona. The
Jniunville Journal 'gives the subjolned account of
he meeting of the candidates, in Unionville, during
On Tuesday last, Col. I. P. Jones, of Greenville,
Dol. . D. Ashmore, of Anderson. and Maj. T. 0. P.
Vernon, of Spartanburg, candidates for Congress,
addressed the people of Union District. Cols. Jones
and Ashmore stated, in the coursv of their remarks,
that they acted with the Co-operation party of the
State, in 1851 and 1852, believing that although the
State had the right to secede, still it was impractica
ble and calculated tokeep the other Southern States
aloof from us, they were ready, however, to go with
the State in any action she might decide upon. Whilst
identified with the National Democratic party for the
present, believing that to be the only Constitutional
party now in existence, they would at any time cut
themselves aloof from it, if, in their judgment, the
party incorporated in its platfoim any views in op
position to the Coistitutional rights of the States, or
any sentiment or principle antagonistic to Southern
rights or institutions. They were on the platform
laid down by the State in the Convention of 1852.
All the candidates agreed on this point.
Maj. Vernon, In the course of his address, said he
belonged to the Secession party in 1851 and '52, and
alluded to the handsome vote he received in this Dis
trict, when a candidate for the "Southern Congress."
lie dwelt at length upon the irrongs of the North
against the South, and feared we should never again
have equality In the Union.
There was a very large number of citizens present,
and the speeches were listened to with marked atten
tion. The candidates expressed strong Southern
rights sentiments, and pledged themselves, if elected,
to do all In their power to vindieate the rights of the
g We believe the best fertilizer of any soil, is a
spirit of industry, enterprice asd intelligence; with
out which, lime and gypsum, bones and green ma.
nure, marl and guan6, will be of little use.
IV One of the nest specimens of alneonie spoeeh
on record is that of RLochejacquelin: "If I advanee,
fulow me; if I fall, avenge me; if I 11ince, kill me."
p T. P. Slider, of the Newberry San, has de
elined being a candidate for the Legislature.
_0 Gribbins Is a neat fellow. He says he can't
spare thAo to take a bath, Besides, it costs like
thunder for soap and towels. We asked him how he
managed to keep clean(?). "Oh," said he, with a
highly inventive smirk, " I sand paper myself every
gY It is stated very positively In Washington
letters that not only Sonora, but Chihuahua and
Lower California will be ofered to our government
at a fair valuation, and that an acareditep agent is
to come to Washington with full powers tq act,
tV The Hon. Fermando Wood, ex-Mayor of New
York, arrived in Charleston, Saturday last, in steam
ship Marion, and has taken rooms at the Charleston
,iW- Reliable aceoun's from several portions of
the wheat region of Tennessee, state that the recent
frosts and cold weather have not injured the growing
wheat, although fruit and garden vegetables have
g' Swallow a little vinegar after eating, and it
will remove the unpleasant odor of the breath, caused
by eating osions. What is quch better is a few ker
nels of burnt coffee, taken Immediately after eating,
_0 The Secretary of the Treasury has received
fifteen hundred dollars In Treasury notes from an un
known individual In New York, who states that he
had cheated the government to that amount during
pa-Spurgoon signetimes comes out with a good
thing. "Brethren," said he, "if God had referred
the Ark to a Committee on Naval Affairs, It's my
opinion It would'nt have been built yet I"
pO A Hlibernian when knocked down, exelaImed,
" Do you~ strike a man when he is down ?" "0O no,"
said his antagonist. " Then, faith, and I'll lay hero,"
pe A celebrated barrister, retired from practie,
was aone da'y asked hia.,incere opinion of the law.
" Why, the fact is," rejoined ho, " If any man were
toa claim the coat upon my-back, and threaten my re
fusal with a law suit, he should certainly have it,
least, in defending my coat, I should lase my waist
pgi A man who wuslinprisonedl for bigamy com
plained that he had teben severely dealt with for an
offense which carries its own pnnishmaent.
pe When Jekyll, the witty lawyer, was asked
what was the difference between an a.ttorney and a
solicito$, he replied,
" About the same that exists between. an alligator
and a crocodile."
gg The Sumter WI'atelrman has entered upon its
eighth volume, and we are glad to learn is prosepering,
ad has bright hopes of future usefulness and suc
27 " Come in out of the wet," as the shark said
when he swallowed the nigger boy.
SOSam. W. Melten, Esqr., Editor of the Yo.rk
ville Enquidrer, having been nominated f.'r the Legis
lature, declines the honor his friends desire to confer
on him, in a gracefal mater.
gg At the Meeting of the Stockholders of the
Greenville &k Columbia Rtail Roadh, hold in Columbia
an he 29th ult., the following gentlemen were elected
ms oficeers for the ensuing year :
THOMAS C. PERRIN.
tardry Mcflee, T. M. Cox,
T. N. Whitner, J. P. Reed,
charles Smith, J. F. Livingston.
. B. O'Neal Simecon Fair,
Robert Stewart, J. M. Allen,
Daniel Blake, C. G. Memminger.
AO The Darlington Family Prienad, has we think
ery properly changed it, name to the ".parlinton
Po." Imnprovements will be made in a shiort timps
n its typographical appearance-.an evidenc, of its
1W'The Augusta Chronirle & .Sentnel, of Thur.
lay last, says: A duel took place yesterday at the
'Sand Bar Ferry," near this city, between I wo gen
lemen fromn Alabama, respectively naeaed Polland
and Glacknmeyer. The weapons used were pistols
istance, ten paces. 'After an exchange of shots
ithout injury to either party, the affair was suspended
iy the interposition of mutual friends. We are not
formed as to the cause of the difficulty.
g7 A correspondent of the Fayetteville, Tenn.,
bserver, writing from Boss Station, Jackson county,
la., under date of the 5th inst., says: " A large sor
el mare foaled two mare colts a short time since
ewas a misulse' the other q blorse cl .!''
pis Ho who knows the world will not ho too
ashful, and he whe knews himself will never be In.
30 The oldest church in America is in Virginia
-built of timber Imported from England during the
ign of Charles L.
We were shown yesterday (says the Augusta Con.
itutionalist) three strawberries, cultivated in the
arden of Mr. Joux B. McDOxASD near Hamburg,
at surpassed in size and flavor any thing of the
id we had ever witnessed. The weight of one was
w hundred and forty-six grains; another two hun
red and forty grains, and the lightest one hundred
ad seventy grains. The variety is hrnown as the
alifornia strawberry. ,Mr. PS AneDt and cultivators
inerally must look to theIr honors.
#O- Hurrah for our side of the branch!1
On Saturday last, when conductor Clifford was
his way from Syracuse to Buffalo, he found
i leaving.Syracuse that two seats in the car
ere losely filled by a woman and sir children.
4s Jgy produced but one ticket, and assured
e condppy that ,91 hpr little family were un
r~ years of ge, 'asd ep tlicyfore not
argeable witti fare Iry the rules of hNgg 3a
r On a close inspecetion of dt-e litl boa'n'd
rs, he became'conovinced (gafthe o~dst co'uld
it be seven years old;"andsa'leh'hem all pass
For the Advertiser.
A JWNY WOODmINE.
"Oh spare her Heaven!
Thy shining courts are trod,
By angels who resembled her
Ere they were called to God.
Their miriads darken land, and sea,
But oarth has oily one for me."
I mark thy fair cheek day by day,
Grow paler in its hue;
Thine eye they say Is growing dim,
Alas! I mark that too:
Thy step has lost its brightness now,
And silvery locks twine o'er thy brow.
Thy feeble voice so low, and sweet
Falls radly on my ear,
And oft the smile which wrethes my lips
But hides the unshed teav
My soul is filled with cars, and gloom,
To see thee faltering towardl the tomb.
My mother dear! with reverence deep,
Oh ! let me breathe thy name,
Sweeter that simple word to me,
Than richest moed of fame;
For angels taught my lips to say
That hallowed name I breathe to day.
Not many years my life has known,
But grief, the dark, the drear,
Has been the only heritage
Bequeathed to me while here
But one for me dia'st ever pray,
And taught my feet the "narrow way."
Oh, mother, mother, can it be
That thou, and I must part?
I cannot bear to give thee up,
I feel 'twould break my heart
Deny me every earthly blies,
But Father rpare, oh ! spare me this!
I hear Death's watch-dog ceaselessly
Bay in thy aching breast,
And know it would be well for thee
To lay thee down and rest,
And wake in Heaven, pure, undettled
But who would cheer thy orphan child ?
I feel-I know the hour must come,
When thou must say good bye
To all the scenes thou lovest well,
Beneath the sod to lie
And in my grief I breathe the prayer,
That I may lay beside thee there.
For mother, thou'rt my all on earth,
And oh1 when thou art gone,
Thy youngest child, thy helpless oe
Must tread life's paths alone.
Aad there'll be none to cheer my heart,
Or bid its darksome gloom depart.
Whose hand would press my fevered palm,
Whose heart beat but for me,
A voice within me whispers 'none,'
For I have none but thee. .
I feel if thou wert called above,
I could not live without thy love.
'Though dark my fate to some may seem
'Twas not all dark to me,
For ever in life's wintry storm,
I still could turn to thee.
And when in trouble's hour I came,
Thy dear lips found no word of blamo.
How often In the starless night
I knelt me at thy knee,
And heard the gently whispered words,
You breathed in prayer for me.
Oh I what beneath those realms above
. Is holier than a m~other's lose!1
One eye In me could see no fault,
Howe'er I mIght have erred,
And by oae faithful ear, my pralse
With joy 1was ever heard.
One heart doth over heat with mine,
My angel-mother-it la thins.
The fate that bath denied me muoh,
Gave me a mother's love,
I feel it was the richest gift
Bent from you hearcn above
And oh ! if e'er I gave thee eare,
Forgive it for the love I bear.,
Then angels do not call her yet
To ope' the pearly gate,
And leave me orphaned in my yoa~th,
Too hitter were the fats.
Or if her doom he fixed, I pray
I ne'er may lire to see that day.
My mother's love is all I have,
Oh ! do not us divide ;
But let mue, when she sleeps in death,
Sleep peaceful at her side
Fors I can never find another,
Who'll leve me like my sainted moither.
Then spare her kind, and pitying heaven,
" Thy shining courts are trud,
By angels who resembled her
Erec they were called to GIod.
Their 'miraids darken land and e,
But earth has only onae for weg
AL'oUmr, G.A., April l1858.
For thec Advcrtiser.
WA LHALLA, S. C.. April 2fith 108.
Ma. IIOTro:-Yesterday in writing to alady friend
ofours, we exerted all ours genius to describe the
baties of an .pril Sabhnth, in this mountainous and
rmantic country. But alas ! What a change has a
dy brought forth. Bufore the sun was well hid he.
hnd 'the western hills, our attention was directed to
te North-east, where a dark cloud luomedi high upon
te horizon. About twilight it had o'or-spreadl the
wkols canopy absove, and a stiff and bleak wind was
ping away, whic-h reminded us of the winter which
we thought huad bid1 us adipu sonme weeks ago. But
tis naorning when we awok.e, we heard the rain fall.
lg heavily, and bn& * slsgr4 times after breakfast, It
ws Interspersed with Jarge flaAbes of sam,---the larg
t we ever saw, eitheu North or South. The snow
cntinued to fall very fast untill about ten u'clocls
ad had the ground have been dry, we should have
a anew enough for sleighing. Fridlay and Satur
y morning last, we had considerable frost, but not
sfiient to injur ethe fruit to any great extent, though
t Rev. Mr. Zimmerman informs us that in the va
deity of Keowee valley, fruit, petatoes, beans and
getable matter generally is destroyed.
The wheat crop in this vicinity was looking fine lhe
fe the frost and snow; but we are now fearful that
t small grain crop has been paterially injured.
The work on the Blue Ridge Railroad in this viciai
tysj progressing rapidly. We as-e iaformed that Mr.
nes, Centrastor of the ff 8addle Tunnel," is making
god headway, and has commenced arching it.
esrs. Hunmbud, Hitchcock k Co., are making good
pgrss with the Stump House Tunnel, (" Mammoth
unel,") and it is confidently believed by some of
th "far seeing ones," that this, the ne pilus ultra of
uthern Tunnels, and the great "Aobby' horse," the
position party have rods so hard, and to so little
prit, will be completed lurfore the cars reach Wal
ala. We have understood (but we caninot affrm it
obe true,) that the Contractors of this job, have said
ht If the Railroad Company should fail to get money
snogh to complete the job, that they have the availa
emeans, and the job shall he completed at as early
ay as possible. We arc informed that the contrac
or aloag thre line, are men of energy and determina
io; and are well calculated to get through the work
wit as much scientific, skill and dispatch as any set
no mn in 'the Union.
Or "romantic liltle village " Is still improving.
hre has been some three or four new houses put up
wain the last month, which adds much to the beauty
afte place; and we are glad to see our citizens get.
g in the notion of building larger houses, as the
sses in the place are generally too much on the cot
g order for the size of the village.
ig as-g informed that the citizens of the (Capitol
ndlrwr ortion 'o he gistrict are about forming
oldrn agr tycon C.c ig y p o 4gr isrittoobe
Eas," while some of our sister Districd (seoff and
laugh at us, and wondir "why the blue Ridge Rail
Road was ever carried through that wilderness of a
Pickens,") cannot afford even one Agricultural Soele
ty.* But while they are seeffing and laughing, our
citizens are veorking and planning, and ten years
henice we will hear a different account of Piekens
than we have ever heard before; for we candidly be
liep hat there is a brighter prospect before her at
present than ever dawned on any other Districtin our
State. For her farming facilities are as good, and her
facilities for machininm are far superior to any Din.
trict in the State.
Some people who pass through our District take a
plegsure in deriding our Capitol. We would say to
such characters, that we have been In most of the
Towns and Hamlits in our State; have been once (if
no oftener,) in North Carplina; have seen the " Big
Pigon " and Tar River, and have travelled a little
North of Mason's & Dixon's Line, and sailed a few
days on the "big pond," yet our Capitol possesses
some things that we have never found at any other
place. Why hard by, and fair to view is the beautiful
Nile of our State-the Keowee. It possesses the
"seven hills;" and the beautiful and melodious moan
of the Falls on Little River, two miles west of the
Village, adds a beauty and romance to the scene that
would loose half its grandeur, by an attempt at a de
scription by us; and those that look upon the Dis
trict in any othorlight, must not have the talent to
appreciate the majestic grandeur and beauty of na
ture, and nature's works. And the village, indepen.
dent of the surrounding scenery, is like a good many
ugly persons we've met with: They are better than
they look; and the more we see and know of them,
the better we like them. Just so with Pickens and
Its people. CAPT. CHAW.
For the Advertiser.
At a communication of BUTLs LoDGn, No. 50, A.
F. M., held on the 3d April last, the following Pream
ble and Resolutions were unanimously adopted:
BuTLEa Lono, April 3d, A.. L.. 5858.
WnsaxAs, it has pleased Divine Providence in his
mysterious dispensation to remove from our midst
our worthy brother and Past Mastor, TuoxAn F. CoLE
MAx. Therefore be it
Renoleed, That in the death of Brother COLEMAN
our Lodge has sustained a loss of one of Ito bent mem
bers, and we, that of a true friend and brother.
Resoleed, That a blank page in our Record Book
be left open to be inscribed with kin name.
Resolved, That the sympathies of this Lodge be ex
tended to the bereaved widow and orphan children,
and that we pray the Divine Father to bless them in
Resolred, That these Resolutions be published in
the Edgefield Adertiber, and also, that a copy be sent
to the bereaved family.
Resolved, That we wear the usual badge of mourn
ing for thirty days. J. B. RILEY, w
A LUCKY XIA.
"Wise men ne'er sit and wall their loss,
But cheerly seek how to redress their harms."
With a persevering spirit and undismayed by the
blanks he had drawn, Mr. Heinrich Peters, an em
ployee on the South Carolina Railroad, purchased a
tieket, No. 20330, Class 5, In Swan & Co.'s Georgia
Lottery. Imagine his feelings when he found that
No..29330 had drawn $30,000.
Undiscouraged by trivial disappointments, his re
ward is a competency for life.
" When fortune means to men most good,
She looks upon them with a threatening eye."
So all that want money read the splendid scheme In
our coluns, and send a $10, $5 or $2,50 to S. Swan
& Co, Augusta, Ga. Never despair. Itmaybe yout
"Things out of hope are compassed oft with venturing."
Of eourse the priae will be promptly paid, wheu
due. Swan &t Co. are noted for prompt payment
Publishers of papers will vouch for that; we do.
Charkleson (&S C.) Neir. '74
Sonano Suota Caxr.-Gen. Daniel Wallace
writes to the Union Journal:
- "It is known to the public I believe, that du
ri'ng the last summer I made several hundred
gallons of molasses from the juice of the Chi
nese Sugar Cane.
I understand that a report is abroad that my
crop of molasses has become sour, and is, there
fore, worthless. So far as I myself am con'
cerned, I care nothing for the said report. Know'
ing from experience, however, that the. Chinese
Sugar Cane plant is a very valuable one to every
class of our p~eople, I deem it due to the publit
interest to say that the said report is untrue in
" My molasses were of the most superior qual.
ity when firsit made, and so far from htaving de
terioratedl in quality from any cause, they appear
to have improvedl from the effects of time, until
I feel warranted in saving, they are now eq ual,
if not superior to any syrup mannfactured in
A Wownuarr: Cr.EnATUR.-We saw lately a
crious looking native of the briny deep, called
a " sea rose." It was shown to us at the grocery
store of Mr. N. J. Beebe, Bank street, where it
"hangs out" a present in a pail of salt water.
It is of a bright red color-nearly round in form,
and perhaps three inches in diameter-and of a
pulpy consistency, rather more solid than "jet
ies"' common in these waters. It is attached to
a stone, to which it adheres as firmly as if it and
the stone, were a pair of marine Siamese twins.
On the top of thist leathery lookinig customer is
an orifice, which varies in si-.e from about two
inches in diameter to almost nothing-opening
and shutting according to the sovereign will and
pleasure of the aninial-if a "-sea rose" can be
called an ainna. A very curioius ope-ration to
witness is its mode of takling refreshment. Lit
te'scraps of raw fish put tnto the creature's
mouth-or whatever the orifice above mentioned
should be called-are seized by numerous little
fib-es or feeler.4, andl drawn in out ot sight, after
which the "sea rose" is ready for more. 'This sin
gular creature was fished up by a smack man
living in this city, somewhere in the'vicinity of
Fisher's Island.-Kese Londona Chronicle.
.Suxxaa RnsoaTs.-The New Orleans Pica
yune speaking of Southern suminer reorts,'yory
It is our true policy, as Sq4illere plen, to
spend our sumniers at the Mouth, It is the
most delightful portion of the year. Health can
be reinvigorated without the danger, the expense
andi the annovannces of travel. Let this custom
once prevail,'and our whole Lake shore will noon
be studded with beautiful villas ; and taste, under
the guidance of the love of home will create Edens
beauty, in which Nature will be the p residing
of goddess. Villages will spring up along our
railroad lines, and our ehaldren will not lose
months from their books and dissipation ; nor
the force of family discipline -eboen by the
association with strangers, and the influence of
a season of perpetual excitement. Let us, as
Southern men-as men of prudence-as home
loving men, seek summer retrease in our owni
nihborhood. Let us commence to cure the
oviof absenteeism, and set up a barriey against
the inroad upon our society, of the fiahionable
follies of our Northern neighbors.
KIL.ED BY' A RATTL~vsNAKE.-On Monday
morning last, about 10 o'clock, two children of
Dr. A. M. Dignowitty, who lives in the suburbs
of our city, were playing together a few yards
from the door, when a rattlesnake crawled up
unobserved and bit the little boy on his foot, who
was at the time kneeling down. Feeling some
hing pricking his foot behind him, he thought
there was a thorn in it, and told his sister to go
ehind himt anid take it away. She started todo
o, and discovered a large rattlesnake coiled up
near her brother. With noble courage the little
girl seized a stick and struck the snake, but in
doing so she was bit upon her leg. An elder
brother immediately ran for his parents, who
ere at the house of a neighbor, half a mile
listant. The parents soon arrived, but with all
Lheir efforts it was impossible to save the life of
Lhe little girl, who was probably wounded in a
blood vessel; she lied about four o'clock in the
evening. Thme little boy is still sick from the
ate, but will recover. The little girl was sonie
ur ,years old, and the boy a year or two older.
This should put parents on their guard about
1i~.:.... their d P!n pln MiMn the weeds and
odists are about to open, in the city of New Or
leans, a large book depot for their Nashville pub
lications, The estabishment at Nauiville has
already published large e4itions of 'More than
four hundred works, requiring an outlay of over
$450,000. These works are published in a style
of-typog h that will compare favorably with
the best wo of publishing houses at the North.
New Orleans offers a fine pint for the distribu
tion of these works throughout the entire South,
and tlie abilitybf the M ists alone to set on
foot a publication house of such resoqrees, and
capable of supplying such a ield, is a source of
hearty congratulation to the friends ofSouthern
It is to be hoped that a movemen wiltbe
made toward establishing a Southern School
Book Publication House, by some organization i
--since private enterprise is likely to sccomplish
very little in: that direction. Cannot our ap
proaching Commercial Convention set on foot a
stock company for such a urpose ?-ui~ta
FROSt, Siw AND SuCuv-The t week ha
been a severe one for the vegetale. kingdom.
We have had several frosts, and on Monday were
visited by a snow storm, with a slightinterming
ling of sleet. The .iow fell s thielq- fo' lour
hours as any we had for years ; the ground hav
ing been thoroughly soaked by a previous rain,
however, it did not lie or* the ground, but dis
solved and sank into the earth as fast as it fell.
On the mountains above us, and in the. vicinity
of Ashville, it is said that the snow laid t6 the
depth of several inches-perhaps six -oi eight.
The growing crops of grain-have been material
ly injured-we fear seriously. Many of the ear
ly vegetable have been destroyed, and the fruit
crop has to some extent shared in the general
injury.-GreenWille Mountaineer, 299p.
Tin LATEST "GaEAT ATTRACrION" Ix NEw
YoRE.-A correspondent of the Boston Journal,
writing from New York city, says:
We have a new prodigy in this city in the
person of a boy preacher. He is about fifteen
years of age. His name is Cranmond Kennedy.
He is a Baptist, and belongs to the Church of
Rev. Mr. Adams, Christopher-street. He is a
convert in the late revival, has already been
licensed to preach by that church, and iis just
now attracting large crowds to hear him. His
style is vehement; his sermons have In them
much method; he speaks wholly extemporane
ously, and his system of theology seems to be
mature and after the school of the sounder and
more conservative schools of the day. - He
preaches and speaks nearly every night. His
houses are crowded to overflowing, and for a
season he will be the great attraction of out
ANECDOTE or METnusrL&A--It is written in
a quaint old Jewish manuscrit, now in the Brit
ish museum, that the oldest o mankind, MethuW
selah, did not live as long as he might have done.
The writer says God promised him in a dream,
that if he would rise up and build him a house,
his life should be prolonged five hundred 7ears,
but he replied that it was not worth while to
build a house for that short a period; and so he
died before he was a thousand years ot
DrATn cAUSED BY JESSAXIXE Frowns,-A
child of Mr. Jerod, four years of age, living on
the Western Branch, in Norfolk county, was
poisoned some days since by tucking the flower
of the yellow jessamine. The little one died in
an hour after it complained of being.aick The
parents would not have known the cause of the
sudden death of their child but for a playmate,
who said it had been sucking the flower, which
is a deadly poison.
A Naw Paoc~ss.--A Western correspondent,
who avows himself to have been incited to exer
tion by the success of the " Hen.Persuider," has '
invented a " Mortar~ and Plaster -Mixing Ma
chine," which we think must come in general
use. It is very simple ; so are all great inven
tions. The plan, briefly stated, is as follows:'
"First, procure a common mortar -bed: put in
the component parts, such as are generally used;
then add a little corn, the quantity of which is
to be graduated by the quantity of mortor or
plaiter to be mnade. Then turn in-a fetswine -.
and by the time the corn is gone, the mortar will
be ready for use. In making paster, the swine
shiouldl stay in over night, to allw time..for re
moving the hair, whic the lime will accom
pish ; thus saving the expense of purchasing
hat'article. The swine can then be removed
and slaughtered, without the expense of scra
ping ; thus, together with the labor of mixing,
saving at least one third the cost of the old plan."
Hfow this may strike sculptors, masons, lath and
plasteres, and others interested in plaster, mor
tar, etc., we of course cannot say ; but to us, the
inven'ition seems quite a feasible onie.-Kniicker
Rier BETwErEx A HoaSE ANn A LaOCOMOTIVE.
A novel race took place at St. Thomas on T ues
day last between a blooded race horse and a
locomo~tive. The horse is decided to be a very
fast nag, and so is the locomotive, and both
were well trained to the track. The arrange
muents, between the betting parties were, that
the horse should be at his starting place'when
the locomotive came up even, and the word
"go" should be given, when away they went
under whip and steam.' The judges declared
the horse the winner by one-half leugth. The
bet was $50 a side, andl the distance eighty*
rods. This decides the question that the horse
is faster than steam,-Hlamilton (Canada) Times.
Gon NEws Faox TIexAs.--The Introduction
of cotton manufactures into the State Penitenti
ary has proved very satisfactory. The mills now
turn out ten or twelve thousand yards per week.
The importance to the people of Eastern Texas
of the little stream Angehina, has been demon
strated the past winter. Several bales of cotton
bave b'een taken off by this route without the aid
of steam-the planters and the merchants of the
vicinity having constructed flats and keels for
the purpose. The prospect for the grain and
fruit crops in Western Texas is reported as re
$fr A letter from China ostimates the loss of lives
by the bombardinent of Canton a4 frop ge to g
thousand. The bomhai-4zent laseod about thlilty
B YNUENE A L.
MARRIlED, on the 29th inat., by Rev.E. L. Whatley
Mr. H. A. GnAY and Miss MARTAN Bavix, daughter,
of Rt. D. Biryan, Eaq., all of this District.
MAarRIE, on Monday the 26th April by . M. Pad
gett, Esq., Mr. G. M. SuzAnxsx and Mrs. Er~sAion
Caownma, all of this District.
MAnaIaD, In Augusta, on the 27th April, at the
residence of Mr. F. W. Regan, Mr. Wu.tux 3.BuSs .
and Miss SUSAN A. Raro, all of Augusta ga.
MARaIED, on Tuesday the 20th AprIl, by Rev.
yuriah Harris, Mr. JouN E. Bxygox and Miss Susm~
R. MERam!'Evga, both 0f Colupjbis epty, ta.
Diunoen the 27th Inst., very suddenly, of an -asse
thon of the Liver, Mrs. MARGARIET COVAR, wife of
Mr. Charles L. Covar, in the 24th year of her age.
This mysterious and severely affictive dispensation.
of an ever kind Providence, has left our hearts deso
late Indeed-another happy home has lost its treasure,
its angel, whose presence ever and anon threw a ray
of sunshine and happiness on all around. Yes, the 4.
dear wife, the af'ectionate daughter, the kind sister,
and the good friend, has been called from among us,
and an aching void now Alls with sorrow and lamen
ation our bereaved hearts ;-yea, we of earth have
lost one that was near to us, but a nmw-born-soul has
etered the portals of heaven !-has gone to the armas
f Him who loves us !-to the home of eternal happi
ness and peaoel
We sIncerely condole with the afficted husban'd and
ther relatives In this their sudden bereavement;r and
would point them to that heaven where she has gene, .
and urge them so to live that when they are called
o lie down In death, they too, may be prepared for
he summons, and be anxious to depart to that blishatM
bode wither the Immortality of our departed friend
as wingedits gight. Let us strivtomet he there.
"Oh, why should we murmdr or weep o'er the toomb
Of a saint to her consorts Invited,
ar, far from this world of darkness and gloom,
WVhere hope andi fruition are blighted?
0 no, let us rather rejoice, she hath Sown,
-To thm'home of her God and her Saviour,: '
Tb -Alwth the'ranatmed, a pee aththi hone
's knn a-oialo irien taeve." *- ..~