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A. SIIX, D. R. bL'l~lm I ELUAIl KKME
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From the Savanaamh lI-1U.
FLORIDA WAR CLO;;.D!
By the Florida umil which reawed here by
the boat last evening, we received the Tampa
Peninsular of the 8th inst., "iving ngeurauces
that the war hhd be4et elfectually closed, though
a few Indians are still left in the country. The
number is estimuate-' at 38 warriors un'1 their
families. The Colonel Coummaanding has issued
orders for the disbaudonment of the volunteer
force. The Indians who have come in, amount
ing to 165 in al1, have embarked on the steamer
Gray Cloud, ani will be carriod imnediatuly out
of the countrv. Thirtv-eight warriors and their
families are Lid to re-minr behind, full enough,
we think, foi another lung Florida war, should
they feel disped to wage it.
*e copy the followin' from a communication
by Maj. ~'. N. Page, late Adjutant General,
which we find in the Peninsular:
On the night of the 2d, Col. Garrett retarned
bringing with him three of Sam Jones' men
with their families, 9 in all.
Sam Jones in person had removed off, posi
tively refusing to havo any furtlmer intercoure.
and "ays, he would slot emig;rrafe Jr $etr cagor,
loada of mun.?y! Some of his men and women,
followed those of his party, leaving thoir camps,
and rediculod them tor selling themselves for
moneyl On the arrival of Col. Garrett at Fort
Myers, Col. Rector gave notice that on the morn
ing of the 4th, the Indians intending to emigrate
should be rea!y to embark in time to leave the
same. At an early honr on the morning of the
fourth inst.. all thte hositike thmen at. Fort .Myers.
together with the delegattion embamrked; the pay
ment comimnced and att I1 o'clock we wer.:
under way steaming. down the rivur, with 122
hostile ladians, menu, women and childrena ont
" The numiber of hostile Indianis emigrating
voluntarily, is 125, and ini addition to thme cap
tives, 165, all-told, will lie taken from Florida.
-The Indians left in the country are now in
three parties; 1st, the'boatmen, numbering 12
warriors an~d one boy capable of bearing armea.
This partys Billy le.avees with reluctanuce, amnd as
sorts, postively, that if they could have been
'found they would have emi-rted willingly. lie
hoe that they wRI not be -illed, and .says they
wifllnotice a white flag, lie says, further, Samt
Jones is a fool and lhe does not care what be
comes of him. 2d, Sam Jones' party, numnbering
17 men with their families, including Sam Jones;
of them, are 5 old men andl 12 warriors. Satu
Jones' party originally numbered 21 warriors
4 of them are ont board. 3d, the T1allahassees.
The strength of thist party is aot accuraltely
kuown, but from all the informnation: receive-d,
numbers 8I warriors with thteir faumilies. Billy
says he las not seen these Indians for five years.
Of the ti5 lIndians umigraing. there are 3?i
men and boys capable of bearing arm, anid
claimed by Billy to be 15 years and over, be
side these two ntegroes. capale of bearinig arms,
and, probably, more beligerent than the hostile
Indiana. The rehmaider-127-aru women aned
childre-n (boys andm girls.)
" I omitteil to nmnnon that thme father of onte
of the Boat piarty is on board, anad that several
others of this party arc his relationts--.nephews
and nieces, Hie confirm s Billy's statuemnt that.
if found, this patrty would certainly comet ini. He
exhibits great anxiety for their safety.
The Gray Cloud arrived at Egnmnt 6 p. nm.,
on the 6th.'with all satfe on board.-Ed.
Tsa-ru hix-ruAErt) iv EL.5:evarerY.-A new
and signaally successful experiment ini extractinig
teeth by the. electrical procesa describied in our
~'* paper of Friday evening 7th inst., was perform
sal by IDr. Chase, at hi.' rooms this mornintg, ats.
.sisted by D~r. A. P. Bignon, late of the Balti
*more College. Seven teeth-live upper amolars,
and two eye teeth-were extracted, anad the pa-.
tient declared that she experienced no pain, but
simply a numbinag sensation about the gunas.
The gum was also lanceed by the safue process.
Thia is, we be.lieve, the first iastance of the ala.
plication of this niew agent to the dental art int
this sectiotn, and in the bands of the skillful sur
geon it promises to be a must valuable discovery.
[ Aus.Qla Dukj.afch.
of the 15th inast., fronm the village of Lonmgview,
Arkansas, says :-" A poor man died here to day
from the bite of a rattlesnake. lHe was bfttent
yesterday.about nooni and die.d thmis muornming
about 8 o'clock. Three pints of whaskey were
given him when bitten, and I am of opainioni
that it was the wrhiskey, instead of the snake,
that kill him."
Tan Mr. Vsaxox SAu~.-The Charlutteville
Advocate expresses its regret fur a pauragraph
imputing extortion to Mr. Wasinmgton, owner of
Mt. Vernon, in his sale to the ladie, and says:
" eare glad to learn, and now make the
statement as the only reparation we have in ouar
power to make to Col. Washigtonm, that he is a
gentleman of unblemished character, whmose high
toned feelings would scorai to take advantage of
his position to impose extortionate echarges upont
any man, uc~h less upon such a society as thmat
comprising the Mt. 'ernen Associatton. We
arec told upon undoubted authority that he was
some time ago offered $;00,000 for his estate,
and that. in his pcunia -y embarrassment, and
with a large and dependent fataily, he could nut,
int justie to himself and fatnily, have taken less
than he did from the Mt. Vernmon Association,
which was less by $100,000 than his offer from
.a northern compatny. In justice to ourselves amnd
to Col. Washington, we mtake the above state
-ment, hoping that it may raaeht each retader of
. the Advocate who has persued our article ini thae
Just week's paper.'__
WAsHINGoo, May 14.-lIt the Senate to day,
a communication was received from the Presi
dont of the United States relative to the outrages
et .4merican commerce by for-eign crm'sers.
A message was also receive.] from the Navy
Department recomumending the esetablishmnt of
a Naval Dhepot on the coasit of~ Georgia.
,Uflleial advices from Ttapico were laid before
:the Senate, int which General Garzr had de
stroyed half a million dolla worth of American
viprty. Garza has promised Capt., Almy to
have bettor in future.
-Gen. Robles says his governtetnt is indigant
at Garza's acts, antd promises to ptunish him
.when the city is taken.
. ~ OF AR On'Cg38.-The following sums
segve as the ahonut received Dergvta by tho'
* ....er... arm asn amed rae. coatt .l.6.
teen thousand two hundred aud ninety-two dol
lars ; Gen. Wodi, eight thousand eight hundred
and fifty-four dollars; Gen. Persifer F. Snith, r
eight thousand one hundred and eighty-nine dol- d
ltrs; Matj. McDowell, fiur thousand and twen
ty dollars ; Col. Tutten, four thousand six hun
red und forty-eialht dollars ; Gen. Harney five
thousand and thirty.onie dollars ; Col. May, thIrec
thousan-l five hundred and iineteen dollars ; the
general average of rev-ipts is ; colould, four thou
sa.nd dullars ; majors, titree thousandr dollars ;
enailstui, two thousand five hundred dullars ; lieu
tenants two thousand dollars. '!
_ it edtiistr.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
I - - - - t
EDGE71ZLD, 5. C.
W1EDNESDAY, M-\Y 19, 1-8.
RULES THAT KUST IN FUTUME BE OBSERVED.
All a'vertisct'aents fron this date, not anoutisng to
tore thsp $10. mu.t he paid for in advatnce.
Merchants and others advertising by the year, will
be reqjuirel to, settle every six onths.
No lsprr will be sct out of the District unless paid
fur in advaace.
All letters a businjei connected with the Office, to
receive prompt attention, must be addressed to the
- Edgejatd .Aseretiver."4
T., thetse rules we will rtjdily adhere. Therefore,
take notice aud at accordingly.
,40 The letter of oar "E. K.," and reveral other
articles have beun necessarily delayed until another
i-sue. lie pitut, kind contributors, we will heberfAl
ly give you all ia showing as son as possible.
OUTSIDE OF PLESKXT ISS*U.
Wi refer the reader to 1st and 4th pages fur iute-'
resting original matter. "lit-n's" psleaant story
will te found coecluod. A rretty piece of poetry
1y " JaExsy Woonatst" will be admired by many.
lion. W. W. Iovez's exposition of the Conference
Kuansre Mneasure deserves a careful realing. It it
clear, lucid, and sutinfiactury, vs every thing is which
ralls fron that able tatesrman.
On p)age 4th is the Preminum List for our uoxt Dis
trict Agricultural Fair. Itemarks upou it are post
poned to another issue.
J. T. 1." continues his delightful letters from
Eurupc. In hiu we boast a correspondent excelled
by none in the country for piquancy and elegance.
FAVORS OF THE SEASON.
The earliest strawberries of the season came, with
deliciuus croam acompaniicnnt, from Mrs. J., of Jes.
The largest mess was from the garden of Mrs. A.,
opposite the Catholic lot.
The best beetsa were from Mri. Dr. B., at least three
inched in dimter-as large as that a week ago.
The first snap beans (a full mess) were out of our
own garden,-servod up on the 15th instant. Could
hsavehad them several days before.
We ankowledge the kind response of our esteemed
friend in the country (Mrs. D---L) to our cll for
" Fat Horse Beans." They were received, have been
plauted, and are up. We had enough to spare to sev
eral neighbors. Many thanks,-they are the rineet
APPOINTMENT OF SENATOR.
His Excellency, Gov. ALLSTrOX, has appointed the
venerable Axvane P. H[axsx to fill the plaic in the
t'nt..l t.ates Renate vacated by the lamented death
tof Juadge EvAss. Cl, Ilivsa is an accomid~aished
ol.l tchevalier, of thse purcat patrint blood; and the
honor or South Carolina will suf'er no diminution in
'Oar member of Congresa, Gen. M. L~. B~oSUAM, has
.been-ealledt home from his .Congressional duties by
the extreome illness of his venerated mother. She still
DEATH OF H. R. SPANN, ESQ.
Our community was greatly shocked on Friday last,
at reeiving thme sad intelligence of the death of the
genatleuian whoseo name is at the head of this para
graph. lie had gone to Texas on business co'nnected
with hie profession; anda there, in a distant village,
among strangers, he camo to his end in a manner
equally :-udden and grievous.
Mr. Baxx was a muan of dec-ided talent, considers.
ble legal skill, unusually sound judgment, and mani
fest good taste in whatever be imdertook. lie had
also many shining qualities of the hesart ; his hospi
tulity, hi. social kindiess, his candor, his liberality of
sentimient, his public spirit, his sympathectie flow of
feeling whether with joy or with woe, were such as
will not soon bo forgotten by this commsunity. Of~ his
domestic virtues It is not for us to speak ; it is well
knowns however to many, nd best of all to those who
s.o lately shared with himn the social delights of hi,
now de,.ohate hearthst.ne, that it was his nature te
foster the home af'ections as the dearest and mnost sa
ered resnsants o'f earthly bliss still pecrmitted to the
fallen race of men. If with these high qualities he
had also his weaknasezs, let them sleep in his gruave.
Mie it ours now to dro~p a tear of deep regret over his
unelanoholy fate, and to recall only these line endow.
ments of head and heart which maide the deceased a
remarkable nman so far as his better indluences were
tested and develuped.
Attention is directed to the tribute of respect, paid
by the members of the Edlgedeld bar, to their deceased
brother. reeling remarks were pro~nounced on the
occasion by the chairman of the meeting, Col. J. P.
CannoKL., and by .Messrs. MontAaxi, MAGZatu, Au.
.tas and Asaxtv. We trust it will be in our power to
give next week the brief but highly appropriate ad.
dresses of theta gentlemean. The record would be
mach prized by the many warm friends of Mr. Sei~x
throughout the district, and especially by his imme
diate family Let his gallant and intelligent little
boys have it, foer proud paerssl in some comIng day.
There is one brief passage in the life of the deconsod,
of which we may be permitted to say a word or two.
In the political controversy of 155l and '5.2, few men
in South Carolina were more eficeient in producing
the result arrived at in the conclusion of that year of
strife, than 1xar r.. S5'A. Not apparently promi
nebt. he -was yet an active partsiipant in that political
strtuggle. Ww have reasont to say that he was an ap
proved ally nad a valuted adviser amnong the leading
men of the State at the time. Directly opposed to
htim as we then were in our paolitical views, there were
yet manhy sopportunities given us of estimating his
alualities as a political ruanager ; and we hesitate not
to say that he possessed such elements of success as
would have told upon the history of his slay, had they
been brougi. t to bear with continued exercise. Cer.
tailn It is, that, as an antagonist on this arena, hist
bearing was as cljivalrous ia tone as it was consider
ate in policy. Many readers, in Edgefield and else
where, can recall sundry reminiscences of the year of
Secession, which will illustrain the truth of the senti
mont we hore express.
But the aurtsain of death has dropeped across the
pathway of our friend, era yet. ha had reached the fall
marieian of life. And we can only now extend to
his bereat-ed household our unavailing condolence in
this, thteir deep affliction.
COTTON R ECKIPTS.
The Charleston Courier states that the increase in
the receipts of cotton, at all pacrts to the latest dates,
compared with the same time last year, is twenty-four
thousand one hundred and ninety-ninse hales.
The Savannah .Vornsya Xere wakes the increase
twenty-nine thousand six hundred and eighty-one
Je Drs. TfAuces's Souda Font is stow ia opera.
tion. A delightful drink, far superior to Ttucker's
best, can now be hadl at the brug Store, for onuly fee t
rentae a glass. We would advise our readers, the ladies
ie particular, to make many calls on the Soda Font
luring the afternoons and evenings of the approach.
ng hot weather. tiood syrups, pelenty of ice, and t
attetive clerks will always he found at this Establish.
et.-They have also a rare and delightfusl cellos. a
ion of excellent perfumery, soaps, extracts, &c., Ae- h
.- -4e* -
f!' The reumaias of Senator Rrmes'.were intered
it hi. late resldence in Darlington DIstrIct, ons Thurs.. g
lay last, in the presence of a large coneourse of eItI. ti
a M'1E RII4HT VICTORIOUS.
Those who placed their confidence in the strong
ight arm of the Democraiy, have been justified 'ieso
ving by the result of the Kansas Controversy. Th*
ill reported by the Conference Committee having
assed both house of. Congress, the territory is tobe.
Ionic a State (if at all by the present arrangement)
ader the Lecomepton Constitution watoched as to its
Itfcerg featres. The Richmond iouth, admseedly
he foremost journal in the ultra wing of the Southern
tights Demoerncy, couches Its appreviation of the
ueasure in such eiphatie language as this: "It
chievos," says the fiery South, "a Contgrosional re.
'ognition of the Lecompton Constitution. It adirms
he principles for which the South has contended
broughout the struggle. It admits Kansas into the
Jnion as a slave State, and thus consolidates the vic.
ory of 1954. In practice as well as principle, it ii
ow established that no Federal prohibition wif avail
o restrict the expansion of pro-slavery power." Such
. the degree of sati.faction expressed by one wh bas,
n this coitrovcry, beeen the bright particular stat
if southern watchfulnees, anl whose authority al
,he other luminaries of a like classification have
iointed to with repeated commendation and applause
Where is that commendation, where that applause
iow,-now thaIt the victory is won and the "South
ima itself shouted the "In Triuaphe I" It is obserr
ible that the members of this keeeaiirty Southerm
!onstellation who alil from Mobile and New Orleans,
lo not incline to "clap their handls together" with the
I S'ith" star on this cecasion. They still see a mon
tor in disguise, where lhe "South" (with a nearel
knd more enlightened view) discovers naught bul
4imielinoses and constitutionail proportions. -It is tha
>Ad insidious monster, C.'.pruseo, which they us.
iect the Qpnference Committee of pallinig off upor
mr suction in a new dress. They shrink back aghasl
it the thought, swearing that they see the cloven fool
inder the tinsel garb of this Conference Bill. Wher
eLoked to say wherein it is akin to your Counprosnist
cnus of political monsters, they utter some wild sen
:ences about "Southern concession,"-that it is to the
South "the direful spring of woes unnumbor'd" Ae
Dut neither in terme, nor by inuendo, do they give
.he country to understanil in what the concesion fea
ure of the present (so-dubbed) Cohipronaeic consistal
'heir more reasonable co-laborer of Richmond sees
ao euch feature, and frankly acknowledges the meriti
f the measure, whether considered with reference t<
he South and Slavery, or to the good of the whet
ountry. So thinik the entire Congressionalrepresen
tion of the Stouth, "in Congress assembled," witli
,he exception of Generals Quitman and Bonham, and
hree or four Know Nothings. The gentlemen whos
aames we mention, wore doubtless Influenced in thol
pposition to the ,ill by hoiest convictions, and at
ne is disposed to assail thena on account of thoi
rotes. Neither are our ultra cotemporaries of the
Southern press to be censured in the matter. Theii
rror is of the head not of the heart, and ought to bi
olerated accordingly. Some say that the chagrin a
linding their predictions of Southern defeat thus fal.
!ified, has had not a little to do with their mistaket
roception of the scope and tendency of the Confer
onee Bill; but it is uncharitable to judge them thus
If it really be so however, the example of the Charles
ton Jercury may profit thom, which, after announcing
that its sagacity in reading the political sky was full;
borne out by the success of the anti-slavery party ot
the first Kansas vote, seems now to receive the intel
ligence of their defeat with the quiet satisfaction e
one who has met with an unexpected Godsend. Lik
the Mercury, all should vastly prefer the peace of th
ountry to the petty triO~nplh of this, that or the othe
Por msuch s.,und .sense and solid argument on th
.ubject of the Conference ilill, please road the brie
anid ex,-ellent spooch of Mr Boyee,' which may be
found elsewhere ini oeur present issue. The happa
conchusicil of the alfair is, that the councils of th<
cuntry are ridi of it for a time,--probably forever
Of course now predictions are already rife, to the
eect that the whole question will soion be brougli
up again ou some slightly varied teat. If so
let it come ; and let the country meet it when it doel
come. "Sutticien~t unto the day is the evil thereof.
But it occurs to many, that the queetion, so far a
Kansas is concerned, is flmally disposed of by the re
cont ac'tion of Congress. The ruling party of th
cuintry, and numebers also outside of it, will agre
with Senator Owin of California who said, on th
night of the Dermocratie serenade, that "if Kansa
accepts" (the gndition of the Conference Admissio:
Bill) "then will she come into the U~nion with the re
publican form, commnandinag all the guarantees tha
are given under that admuission. If she rejects it he
cause she is to receive miLlions of the public domnis
as other States have reeeived when coming into th
Union, and demands it as paramount of her admie
sion, then let Kansas shriek, and! let lher bleed, [ap~
plause.] for she shall never conme in until she hi
sufficienit pnpulation."-But, saf the alarmists, th
very next Congress will he of a conplexion, not on!:
to invite the Kinras shriekers back again, butt
warranet the success of any application they ma;
make, whether it be after the exploded plan of th
Topeka revolutionists or otherwise. A naked an
unfiounded assertion; or what is worse, a miserabl
jet ilo prunli. Y,-t they go farther, and say the
the next President will certainly be a Black Rtepubli
nn ; And it is with regret that many quiet citizen
porreiro a dispn..itiun in South Carolina to original
a new PIdt form leaving this prospeetive possibility fu
tgrand ultimatum. They regret it, because iti
raising a premature excitement about an evet the
by meany chances may never happen ; becauae thi
State is known well enough to lbe pareparedl for sntl
an emergency, come whena it will; and becausei
has once already proven unfortunate for South Care
lina to take the lend of her co-htates of the South is
any matter involving their common interests. Tb
State is ever at her post, and will assuredly be alongi
side of the most imepetnous of her sisters in any ra
tional action they may take for the vindication of en
Southern rights and intores. 'There is no nocessit;
therefcore for her again to proclaim her position, es
pecially on a contingency in the dim distance, and i
advance of the whole South. Let lher rather asei.
in the triumph of the Democracy over Black Repub
licaninm as far as abe mary. Let her stand by th<
veteran Democratic President of the Union in hi:
patriotic endeavors to perpetuate the equal rightso
the St:ites. The Kansas elond has piassed away, an
two years of bright weather are yet bofore his ad
ministration. In that space of time ho may do muec
for his coutry,-mucha especially for the South. Lo
us hope for the bcst while we stand to our arms ; an
lot mur piolicy be shmapedi accordingly. Then if th
evil day come, we shall haive done our whole duty.
SOUTHERN COMMERCIAL CONVENTION
This holy assembled at Montgiiiery, Ala., accord
ing to appointment, on the lflth insteant. More that
three hundred delegates are reported to leave been ii
tttennneo, mostly from Alabama, Georgia, Sent!i
Carolina and Vmirgineia. Col. Andrew P. Calhoun, oe
South Carolina, was chosen President, and doliree
a stirring address on taking his seat. Among thc
prominent men present, were lHon. R. Bi. Rhett, Hon,
W. L. Yancey, Roger A. Pryor (of The South) Johe
Mitchel, and Gen. Walker of Nicaraguan fame.
So far as the piroceeidings of the Convention havc
reached us. we see nothing naooted except Mr. Spratt's
resolutions in favor of re-opening the Slave Trade;
and wheich we aire sorry toe see, ams it i an imnpraotical
:uestiom and one which must be left to work its wray
therwise than by resolutiones and legislative enact
siunt. It is impractical, because we may not expect
to be taken up bmy Congress ; and if the Union were
lissolved to-:norrow, there would be great dissension
pon the subject even at th6 South. The best evi
lenco of this is, that a heated discussion arose in the
lontgomery Convenetion on Mr. Spratt's resolutions,
--Mr. Wmn. L. Yancey, of Alabama, Icaddig off in
heir favor, and Mr. Roger A. P'ryor, of Virginia
ganst them out and out. It was to have beea hopedl
hat the Convention would have employed its time
bout something at once explicit and practical for
be advaneneent of Southere proasperity.
A comnaittee, of 3 from each State represented, was
pointedl to report business for the meeting. We
vae a yet aeen nuthing of their reeommendationa.
pie An old lady reading an account of a distin
u~ihd old lawyer who was said to be the father of
3 New Torlt bar, ezelailmed, "poor man! he had a
MO. F. W. PIUKES. .
The papers tate that our distinguished fellow
citizen has chb a wife, preparatory to his entrane
'upo' thelessidMIsuion. This is admirable,-none
the lesi i4 tbt'ijas taken us all here at home by
surprize.- Tht . creport Heradi noticing the fact
(the marrfage ocerred in Texa)-nys:
"The fa .e jaud'heautiful Lever HoLcosa
has become" Piccsa. They go to St. Pe.
tersburg sooilfker reaching NewP York. May propi.
tious brecezes wik them over the wide ocean !"
We are instrited by a committee of ladies and
gentlemen In this -icinity to. add the hope, that
similar "brees maiy soon wift them' back to de
lightful " Edgewood," teiore to dispense the elogmnt
hospitalities oflife amidlfriends and neighbors. But
we are not 'e16sh. Two years in Russia,-then
"home again." In the jman time, none of us enter
tain a doubt tlhatthe Colonol's sueces! in the Court
of ths Czar wiiiieel (if porsible)hIs hiapy achieve
ment in the Cor4 Cupid. The best wishes of ma
by frienids.-are With him, whether in his priv'to or
ANUSE ENTS OP THE WEEK.
Another The.ian entertainment is published for
next Friday even:in. See advertisement. The bill
is a rich one; and as its execution Is mainly in the
hands of professional players, the public may antici
pate something really good. As the nights are now
balmy and liright, we suggest to the ladies and gen.
tlemen of the couitry 4it they will find it every way
yleasant to attenii Friday's performance. There will
be no disappointment on account of weather; And,
we think, there will be no disappointment as to the
quality of the amusement.
The last performance was handsomely attended,
and the plays wet off quite smoothly. The music of
the amateir band was creditable. What a pity these
young gentlemens do not employ a first-rate instrue
tor-WwtoAND of Augusta for instance-and culti
vate- the musical talent they evidently possess. They
might thus find themselves espable soon of affording
a very respectable- grade of- music,-something.in
keeping with the progress of the day. As it is, they
des-ervo many'ttianks for their kindness in assisting
the Therpians through as they have done.
N. l1.-Mr. and Mrs. FRAMNK RxA, who have united
i on this occasion with the Thespian Corps, come high
ly recommended- a individuals and as actors, 6y a
gentleman of taselformerly a member of our Edge
THE NEW.STATE HOUSE.
It will gratiffevery'reader to learn something
cheering from the'new State House at Columbia; not
that the reverse haubeen the case hitherto, but on
account of a natural wish to know that the magnifi
cent building is going up with all reasonable rapidity.
.That it Is undoubtedly progressing thus, the public
may rest assured. <The great basement is now nearly
1completed as to all the heavy work, and it may be
questioned whether a superior fbundation was ever
laid b13 mortal hande. The granite walls, so far as
they have been carried up, appear strong enough to
defy any power short of a South American earthquake,
while their external Aih need scarcely shun a con
trast with the polished marble itself; many indeed
prefer the'effect of the beautifully dressed granite in
some points of view. The partitlen walls of the
basement are made chiedy of bricks, but they are
"brick. indeed,"-every one of them, as far at least
Ses is visible, exactly shaped and thoroughly
burnt, and the whole so carefully laid In the best of
ceient as to attain a degree of strength and dura
bilty inferior only to the heavy granite of the massive
outer wall. With the completion of the basement,
the more bulky part of the work will have been ac
Scomplished, and the uppor story may be expeted to
rise with more pereuptible celerity. The plan is to
carry on the building to its roof, leaving behind (to
he finished afterwards) all such parts of the structure
as. may be safely postponed until after the covering
In. It is hoped that in this -way the pile will present
tits full outward effeet to the admiration of the State
In amnuch shorter time than some have calculated.
This being achier the rest will be hurried, en, it
may be expested,. th all the speed which an apy rev
inlg public can dc '
It Is pleasant, even at this stage of the work, to have
pointed out to ens's observatIon the various arrange
ments and conveniences of the basement,-the Corn.
mittee Rooms, thme Publie Omeecs, the (governor's
Room, the Appeal Court Rooms, &kc., all soon to as
some their proper dimensions. The great entry below
-too, with its noble granite columns, many of whiih
thave passed from under the chisel, may already be
-pictured as to itsnuivonted strength and beauty in
short anticip:,tiOfi of its approaching existence. In
aa little time, the mechanies will be engaged in full
-force upon the future halls of South Car'liua Legis
lation ; And judging by the present management sod
sdirection of their operations, it may be confidently
apredicted that no skill, no economy, no invention,
ywill be left untested to ensure the final accomaplish
smont of a work, so spiritedly instituted by the Rep
rrescntatives of the people of South Carolina, and
anew so generously sustained by that people. It will
Icertainly be, as all expierienced visitors admit, one of
athe proudest monuments of American skill and lib
terality ; And its rising grandeur would seema to say,
-that, whatever others may think of the dangers of
scoming disunion, of the shoeks of fanaticism, of the
acrushing tyranny of reckless majorIties, South Care
r lina at least is " setting her house in order, to live,
- -not to die." So may it be ! So will it be, if we but
build up our future with half the care and vigilance
eand circumspection and energy that are now being
ibestowed upon this magnificent depository of the
tcoming fortunes of our commonwealth.
While upon this subjee't, we threw out the sugges
t ion for what it is worth, that the salary of the present
Superintendant should bes raised to $5,000 per annum.
He ha bs doubtless saved to the State four times that
-amount already, by his indefatigable attantion to the
minutiae of the -immense werk in his charge, by his
mechanical sagacity in discovering and his judgment
-in using all the best modern appliances of shill and
machinery, and his ene'rgy in advancing the whole
tbuilding on to as speedy a completion as possible. In
dloing this, he forsakes other employment that could
Sbe made, with the same labor he is now exerting, to
yield him a far greater income than he now receives.
fIt does seem to us therefore that an Increase of his
salary as suggested would be but his rightful due,
-while it would be nothing more than a prudent libe
rality on the part of the Legislature.
A SAFE CONCLUSION.
The Savannah .X..ec says truly that " It is safe to
conclude that a man wiho advertisos liberally will al
ways sell good bargains-why? Because he sells
-more goods, and can consequently afford to sell for
smaller prolits. It Is like travelling In a stage coach
rather than in the cars. Some'merchants make money
without advertising, and so do stage coaches reach
the end of their journey after a while,-but what a
jelly lot of time has been wasted.
pfy' The Inst number of the " True Carolinian"
announces that Mr. John V. Moore has sold the es
tablishment to Mr. R. Symmnes, who will remove the
paper to Pendleton, and continue it~s publication as
the " Pendleton ieasenger." The " Tre Casroliin"
will be revived by F. R. Martin, who proposes shortly
to resume its publIcation.
Ef"The outherna Auterpriae," published at
reenville, S. C., come to us this week, considerably
improved, having donned a new head, new editorial
type, &c. Messrs. Price .i M'Junkin, the proprietors,
are making their "Buierprise" a most interesting
sheet; and we hope they are succeeding equally as
well in a pecuniary. poInt of view.
pfW' The bIll for the sdnmisslon of Minnesota, as a
State, received the signature of the President on the
1:tth inst., and Messrs. Itice and ShIelds were sworn
in as Senators.
27 The Methodist Episcopal Convention, assem
bled in New York, en Wednesday last, resolved that
slavery is a sin, and that all wise measures should be
adopted for its extirpation.
pf- The new Catholic' Church in this place, undter
the direction of Father Ilirmningham, and'his compe
tent and energetie foremen, Messrs. Whaland and.
"Burns, Is progressing rapidly towards completion.
.. or, the Advertser.
3AE NRWTIG. -
AT 11 o'clock, A. M., on the 17th inst., the Meos
bars of the Edgeield Bar met in the Court House,
when Col. J. P. CAROLL was called tothe Chair, and
Cicyno AnJ.Ns rquested to act as Secretary.
The Chairman appropriately announced the object
of the meeting, whereupon Gen. W. C. Moi'Ae'z, in
a few remarks, Illustrating. the oharacter of the de
ceased, offered the following Resolutions, which were
Wuxutasm, we have learned of the death of Icxay
R. BrSPA , Esq., late a Member of the legal profession
at this Bar, who died at Richmond, Texas, May-2,
1858, while on a professional visit to that place.
Resolred, That we, the members of the Edgeeld
Bar, have beard of the death of It. R. s.av,.Esq.,
with feelings of deep regret.
Resolred, That in his death the Bar at Edgeleld
has lost one of its most prominent members.
Revolved That as a toetimonisl of our estetm for
the decesed, we will wear the usual badge of mourn
ing for thirty days.
Recorred, That a copy of theso Resolutions be sent
to the bereaved family of the deceased.
T. P. MAGUAvmr, W. W. ADAs and Josurs ABNEY,
Esqf., followed in remarks commemorative of the
virtues and eloquence of their deceased brother, and
expressive of the high estimation in which he was
held by the members of the Edgefield Bar, and of
their sorrow at his death.
On motion of T. P. MAGRATA, Esq., it was unani
Resolred, That the Chairman be requested to pre
sent the proceedings of this meeting to the notice of
the presiding Chaneellor at the opening of the Court
of Chancery on the first Monday in June next.
On motion of Mr. MAOKRATE it was
Rueolmed, That the proceedings of this meetidg be
published in the Edgefild Advertiser, and that a
copy be transmitted to the family of the deceased.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
J. P. CARROLL, CoA .,
CIcE1o 4DAMS, See'ry.
For the Advertiser.
BUTLER LODGE, NO. 17, 22.214.171.124.
At a regular meeting of BUTLEa LoDGX, No. 17,
I. 0. 0. F. on Monday 10th inst., the following Pre
amble and Resolutions were unanimously adopted:.
Wuxitzs, our Brother JAnaZ B. TALsRrT has died,
Reeolved, That in 81s death Edgeleld District has
lost one of her best citizens and thie Lodge one of Its
most devoted members.
Resolwed, That this Lodge condule with the family
of our doceasod brother in their bereavement.
Resolred, That the members of this Lodge wear
the usual badge of mourning for the space of thirty
Resolved, That a page in the book be inscribed
with the name of the deceased, and dedicated to his
Resolel, That the Secretary be instructed to send
a copy of these Resolutions to the family of the
Resolved, That these Resolutions be published in
the Edgeflold Adrertiser. W
W. W. AD.:-IS,
&Se'y Butler Lodge, No. 17, I.O.O.F.
For the Advertiser.
LEIPSIC, April 15th 1958.
Here I am, friend o'mine, in the ancient city of
Leiprie. And here for the present is my tent pitched.
I remember telling you in a former epistle of the
straitened and uncomfortable manner in which peo
people are cooped up in German Railway Cars. Well,
having suffered perils among the old, I must also saf
fer perils among the young; for between Berlin and
Leipsie, I fell in with a mother, a pair of twins, two
nurses, a wet nurse and a young girl on her way to
boarding school. As I call to mind the five hours
scene of woe and confusion, I shake with laughter;
not so at the time though, for, like my t.. a ria, the
maiden, I was covered with confusion as with a veil,
and even now as moy fingers trace the words, they
blush like radishes at the bare remembrance. I looked
at this aparently wealthy, but still "unprotected fe
male,'' and wondered If she was what the good book
calls "a joyful mother of children." Again I lift
up my voice in favor of the untrammeled Rail Cars
Leipsic is a city of Immense antiquity, as its style
and appearance prove, and one around which clus
Icr many thrilling historical reminiscences. Upon
this occasion however, it is my intention to give you
a weak sketch of the great annual Easter Fair in
Leipsie, of which no doubt you have often read. A
woak sketch it must Indeed be, for Briareus 'with his
hundred hands and a hundred years in which to
write it, could not give a duo aecount of all the won
diera to be seen. Saxony, in which kingdom Leipsis
is situated, although small, is enormously wealthy and
the manufacturing .*ountry of Germany. Mlanufac
turing of almost every kind has here attained its
highest perfection. Leipsie is the great store house
or depot, and hence these fairs. During the year
there are three, one immediately after Easter, called
the Easter Fair ; one in September, called thme Mich.
aelimas Fair, and lustly the Christmas Tair ; but the
greatest of these is the " Easter."~ It lasts six weeks
and is attended, it is estimated, by between 60 and
7t,0t0 human beings, merchants and traders, fromn all
parts of the civilized world,-America, Asia, Africa,
Europe and the Isles of tihe .'ea. This is the literal
truth ; for iu Leipisic, now, can be seen Greeks, Turks,
Chinese, Algerines and Malays, all in their national
costumus; and I do verily believe a few Amerig~n
Aborigines, they look as if they might be at all
events. Yankees, Canadian Fur trad* and W~est
Indian Cigar dealers in abundance ! Jews, numerous
as locusts and "rich as Jews," with their unumistake
able phmysiognonmy, and keen and hungry faces. IHalf
the overwhelming throng, Indeed, is composed ol
Jews, and one sees at every turn a countenance which
calls to mind Joudas Iscariot, Barrahas or Shylock of
Venice. A ravishingly beautIful and wealthy Jewess
f Trieste is the observed of all observers; one who
would truly do to swear b~y! I take mny stand upon
the promenade every evening to watch for her, know
ing, to reverse the lines of Launeelot Gobbo,
" There will come a Jewess by,
Will ho worth a Christian's eye."
Of nll these people, about two thirds conme to buy,
while thu rest come to dispose of their wares or umer.
ebandise. For two weeks the Fair is wholesale; after
During these Fairs, rents, hottel prices, Ae., go up
to Aive timnes their usual value. 'Tis the custom
throughout the city for whole fanmilies to live six weeks
in one room, that they razay realice a little fortune by
leasing their houses to the frequenters of the "iesse,'
as it is here called. Barbers lot their narrow deni am
huge rates andi betake themselves to tents in the npen
air. The milliners, jewellers and silk merchants,
decorate their establishmenmta In the most gorge'oue
manner. All the shops are so arranged that the
whole front can be taken away, a simple door would
fid Itself "nowhere." The temporary and transient
veders hold forth in small wooden shops, which they
bring along with them folded up like window shutters,
alled "fluden." Th'e public grounds which extend
In every direction, are covered with these Bndlen, (a
single one Is a "Bude,") regularly arranged in streets,
-and adorned upon the exterior with flags. T .ch flag
portrays the contents of the Bude over which it floats.
'Tis intensely amusing to hear the English and! Ameri
cans saying, " let's go into this Body and let's go into
that Budy." To some pnrticular article is each one
of these shops devoted, and every possible variety of
that saidl article, but no other is exhibited therein.
1or instance, here is one which sets forth every stage
of silver and gold! ware, and touching It, (sublime and
ridiculous band in hand) one displaying Poetery ware
In all its brances. Here is one devoted to India
shawls, another.to lace and embroideries, another to
handkerchiefs, another to pipes, one to toys, one to
hats, one to gloves, one to head dresses, &c., Ac., &c.,
until all the paper now extant would not suffice for
an inventory thereof.
Thme gold, silver and glass ware, the Porcelain, the
Bijouterie, the pictures, the ornaments in ivory and jet,
&c., seem ahmost like the work of inspiration. I
wander among these treasures and my heart breaks
sixty times a minumte, as I inwardly and ruefully ox
ela.inm"Oh, were I hut rich !" In a book which
sose of your readers may have perhaps heard of, it
stands written "riches take to themselves wings and
flee away." What a sad, sad pity that poverty is not
more inclined to these airy Bights; but alas, she is a
friend that remains true unto death. But to the Fair
And over and above the merchants and mertclandise,
come gery species of actor and actres, singer, player,
ilaneer, rider, juggler, buffoon and fortune teller.
Representatives of all these professione are to be seen
and heard, from the queenly Madame Viardot Gareia,
down to the "wise, accomplished and yell drelsed."
Elephants, Jack and Jenny. The military is paraded.
through the streets every day, and scoreseof bands In
scores - of balconies, 4iscourse scores of overteres,
marches and waltzes. The keepers of the thousand
and one Cafer, are in the most intense excitement,
charging around like possessed bodies in the New
Testament, and cheating the strangers out of their
But enough ! The sight of all this congregated
wealth, art, enterprise and Industry, Is not only food
for the eyes and senser, but for much reflection and
athdy. It impresses one deeply with the power of
man. To a. mere looker-on h'owever, one week of
the turmoil, din and dust is quite sufiiLent.
The dramatic star this Easter Is no less a person
than Madame Pauline Viardot Garcia, daughter of
th most famous vocal teacher in the world, and slster
of the lamented Malibran. This lady is a prodigious
favorite in Leipsic and repairs hither every spring.
Ah, if you could but hear her-I speak to you, my
dear Editor- you who could so appreciate her!
Lost I appear like a raving madman, I will not seek
to portray her singing and, acting. She made her
first appearance last Saturday night in a grand con
cert at the Gewandhaus, assisted'by five or six emi
nent professors of the Conserratorium. The Mrst
piece on the programme was a sacred song, an air
from Handel's Oratorio of Samson. Of course, I ex.
pected everything to be sung in German, but lo, she
burst forth "Return, return, oh, God of Hosts, behold
thy servant in distrees," pronouncing the words as
distinctly as you or L She is a Spaniard, but speaks
five languages 'tie said. The next night (Sunday is
the great day of amusement here !) she sang in the
"Barber of Seville " at the Theatre, and since in the
"1 Prophet " and " Sonnambula."
Pardon the "gift of continuance " that I evince.
I hate to leave off when I am writing to Edgefield.
Verily, if I were now to meet a dog from the good
old place, I should embrace It and weep for joy.
Adieu, J. T. B.
For the Advertiser.
RANKS-" ILAI XAN."
My indebtedness-origin of money-the nature of
money has changed-origin of Banks-usury laws
and State protection have always made the mischief,
&C., ee. What a conglomeration of subjects to be
discussed in one short communication, the above ap
pears to be! *
My friend reminds me of an old orator who con
trated his subjectwitha boat in imminent danger; con
sequently in imitation of the boatman he rowed hard
alternately, first at one side and then at the other in
quick succession for a long time, and then gave a
severe shove just behind accompanied 'with. a big
grant, and exclaimed, now friends, I have just got
back to where I started. " Did very well to do that,"
said one of his hearers. My friend has gone to and
fro in hig various subjects, (like the old orator in his
boat,) and finally he has gone to what I would call
the tail end, and then he exclaims (not in triumph)
but in borer, " when you go to sail again keep near
Don't be scared friend, I can swim. Don't think
you will ever get back to where you started from.
Now as to my indebtednees, I read when a boy in
some of Dr. Franklin's excellent sayings, that punc.
tuality is indispensably necessary to establish a young
man's character on a firm basis, and I have, since
that time, endeavored to attend to the great philoso
pher's Instructions in that particular, and I think it
would be well for all young men to do so too.
It is said of the great Randolph that on one occa
sion when much engaged in a speeh, he stopped sud
denly and then exelaimed three times in quick sue
cession, "Gentlemein, I have found the philosophers
stone. That is, pay as you go." I owe but a little
now, and never did ewe much at a time, and am well
able to pay as I go. I never borrowed but from my
neighbors, and they never asked any surety.
My friend pupposes.I am a debtor beeause I want
the banks abolished or properly adjusted, and then
ho says away down below how hard this would beeon
the poor debtor. What an absurdity this ! What a
strange category my friend seems to have got into !
The most of us know how and when money and banks
first got into use, and we knew too how the present
bariks got into use, but will the gentleman tell us how
they may ho got out of use or properly adjusted, soeas
to be a blessing to mankind. This I think every good
man should desire, even the banks themselves.
I have no doubt that many of our bankers are ex
eellent men, as their conduct has fully proven in the
recent suspensIon. But we are not writing for nior
againt man, but institutions. Eut my friend I sup
pose is fair plenty of money-like the boy that give a
silver dollar for 100 coppers-wants a pocket full
whether it be any account or not. If bank bills are
issued as hitherto, without any restrictions for many
years subsequent to this time, I would suppose they
would become very plenty, almost as the leaves of
the forest ; and then what account would they lie. If
the banks can issue as many paper dollars for one in
spee'ie au they plea.'e, where will some of- them atop.
[t is the keeping of barely a suffieient amount of eur
rency ie circulation, that causes money to answer the
purposes for which it was intended, and hence the
necessity of strict laws and regulations in this mat
ter. An inflatud currency never fails to raise prop-sr.
ty far above its value and do much harm Iu the end,
If silver and gold were as plenty as flint rocks, they
would be worth but little more than the rock-s. My
friend has very jusdy observed "gold and silver were
adopted as the measure of value in exchange, be
ause they were precious and thereby portable, and
baea~use they were fournishmed from the bowels of the
earth in uniform quantities," &c. On this account
nothing has ever yet been found to answer folly in
place of the precious metals for money. Lycurgus
substituted iron for gold and silver as a medium of
exhange, but this only lasted for a short time, and
how can we expect the pre.%t inflated currency to
I gave amy honest views on this subject before, ho
ping therebiy to caontribute something to the good of
'ur institutions and to iociety. I then said I had al
ways been In favour of a State Dank, well conduced,
but I even doubt the propriety of such a bank. Gen.
Jackson's patriotie and magnanimous conduct rela
ive to the United States Bank, was sufficient to im
rortAliso him without any tihing else, lie woll knew
't was a Idlace of vile corrnuptiojn and fraud, and he
used all hi po)wr tom destroy it ; and although he was
everely opposed by many at the time, yet we soc now
that It was a good thaing. I fully concur with our
President in his view 'on the subject of the Banks, and
say again, if they cannet be managed better than
hitherto, tear down the Banks.
But enough on the subject. I wili say to my friend,
you would repeal the usury law would you? Then to
my judgement you would sever the last remaining
ord that gives any chock in this gambling specula
tion in money matters, which is too rife In our land.
It is a law of our forefathers, sanctioned and cuorrobo.
ratedl by the word of God, and has prevented much
confusion in pecuniary matters. What a'dIeplorable
condition our friend would have us in I lie says,
"lust Fall in New York men with perfect impunity,
sold the use of their money for 10 per cent per month,"
that is, 126 per cent per annuw. What farmer could
profit by borrowing money at such rates. What would
become of the poor debtor If he had to pay the enor.
mous sum of $1 2.0 for the gee of $100 per anneum.
It is about as mush as the farmer oaen do to pay 7 per
cent and do a saving business. I doubt whether or
not, farmers upon an average make more than 7 per
cent on the money vested in their farms, hands, he.
Some of the most prosperous men of my acquaintance
loan much of their money at 7 per cent. The truth
Is, it is about as much as it is worth to the farmer.
If he has to give much more than that, he had better
sell property and pay up if in debt.
But you would throw everything broad cast to
chance ; money, merchandise, and all such, and even
our beloved State unprotected too, would you? What
a precedent for Legislation!I Law and- order are
necessary to man's very existence, and the nearer we
ean. approximate to perfectIon in these particulars,
lb overy thtng, the better for society. If the banks,
mone -mars, commere and such matters In kea=
elt arto"be tuinedIloo to, aust themselves to
the realiessitiee of- mens hen will that adustment
take plae. Supposing the usury law should be re
pealed rbat would -be the result. From a state of
perfect qulet, peace and certainty, would imnediately
sprlg tpeonfusion, disorderandncertainty. -Money
should jotbs botght and sold as property, becamse it
would -dsetry its intrinsic value as a remuneistion
for propertf. What but the scarcity of the article
and the special purposes to which -itis 4pwed en.
hances and retains its value in exchanges for proper.
ty. If men want to buy and sell monr' orF
want 10 per cent per month, or 20 per2ent en
'nm, let them go to ew York to soll It or get the
per cent if they choose. -
With sincere hopes thatmoney mafjeverbeight
and sold as property, or loaned at 120.per cent per
annum in Charleston or South Carolina, .Iremain
* .th due i-espeatyours. .SAJfD:
P. S.-If my friend will tell me- when he writes
again the difference In the -vOeety -of thettibot a
wagon wheel and the bottom when travelling, and
give-me the easusphlosophicallyIw!! dl ii'the
subject far the future. - S.
For the 'd'vertiser.
STON MoUNTAIN, May 341858.
Mu. Entront:-I left the good old Palmetto State,
the home of my childhood, the hornet my friends, a
fei dayi since. 'Laurensville was my startin'g At
the Laurens Rail Road my rst conveyance. It is
unnecessary to observe here that toIre is bu
tiful, tourishing town, for It is presumed that all who
bare ever had the pleasure of visiting that plaes,
have been impressed with Its importance when com
pared with all the other up-couitry villages of the
State. Laurens can boast of as many churches,,as
talented ministers of the -word, as ane schools and
educational facilities, as honeet merchants,'as fe- grog
Aope, as good a mineral spring, as readable a aews
paper, and as many other desirable thing. as'ay
town of the same "length; breadth and dipth," South
of Mason apd Dixon'a line. The Rail Road being in
good order, and the "steam up," we arrived in.a
"jify " at Newberry. As it -was sometime orpthe
Ureenville & Carolina Rail Read car came to carry
us to Columbia, I took a stroll about town to see the
condition of things in'that town where banks and
Rail Roads have become'-nuisashes. Newberry is
certainly on the rising ground, and is destined to be
one of 'em If it don't get too big for Its breebi.
When I got to Columbia I took lodging with lnimir
at the Hotel, and after attending to the wants of Ae
"Inner man," I went down to see the much talked-of,
and is-to-be superb State House building. The two
hundred masons employed in dressing the roek, kept
up -uch an everlasting noise hammering, peeking and
drilling, that I durst not go near enough to make
anything like a close inspection. The dust. and frag.
ments of stone are flying in every conceivable die'
tion and one's eyes are not the 'safet in the wdrld
while he is loitering round in that district.
I took the Friday night train -for Augusta. At
Branchville we took supper, and just after we had
started I discovered that there had been an acession
made to our company In the person of a magniicently
dressed, trasseendentally beautiful female of about
seventeen summers. The ears rolled' on, the passen
gers grew quiet, the night was advancing, and the
lovely angel began to show an Inelination to sleep.
Directly ler sparkling black .eyes closed in their
burning, heavenly lus4re, her damask cheek pressed
the cushioned head-rest, her aburn curls fell profgp.
ly and in graceful negligenee.about aneek as white as
driven snow, and while contemplating her loveliness,
I Involuntarily ejaculated, 'angel from heaven I The
scene changed, her lower jaw dropped, heavrens what
stumps and fangs of rotten teeth1 - Her tongue pro
truded, jeminy, a half foot long'!' The "nasal mu
sic " sat up, Jerusalem! What 'thlandera I I asked
myself, is this a metamorphosis common to sleeping
feminine. ? If so, "angels defend us'' from ".ieep
Two o'clock feuad us safe in the beautiful,'modhl
city, Augusta. livery timae rvisit that city Iam more
and miore Impressed with the fast thatithe period Is
not far distant when It will.tak.t.eaIW'r tut5a
try and enterprise entitle -It,.among the first cities of
the South. By a short visit I was enabled lo make
into Hamnburg,I learned that the cotton buyers of
that pliice are still supporting theirceharacter for 11ib
erality in making purchases of cotton. Where can
the farmer carry his cotton with a greater assurance
that ho will get good, full, top-of-the-market price.,
than Hamburg ? Hamburg has always been liberal,
is still so, and with the encouragement justly merited,
will ever continue to be so.
The Saturday evening and night train brought me
to thai3 place. After a few hours rest I design a mur
rey of this small villa and the mountain, after which
I design giving you a few more items.
From what little observationa I could make through
out my entire travel from Laurenaville to this place,
I dont think tho wheat, corn, cotton and fruit are
matbrially injured by the late frost. After I took the
Georgia road, the farther I came the earlier I found
the corn crop. Cotton is not so forward, but wheat is
extremely s~o and good; but the best wheat I've seen
was a few days before I took leave of old Edgefield,
whieb was on Jas. Richardson's plantation, grown
under the superintendance of Walter, who, for a young
man, is unexcelled as a scientifie farmer.
If agreeable, mno anon. 8.
For the Advertiser..
A FEW PZRTINENT QUE3TION3.
Mn. E m:voa-I wish to propound a few plain ques
tions through your columns to be answered by any
one that may see p.roper to do so.
1st. Are not some who have taken license to sell
liquor by the retail violating their obligation when
they allow boys to frequent and drink liquor at their
2d. If said liquor sellers, in thus doing, are not
violating sacred oaths, were not the honorable Town
Council, who gave them their license, neglectful of
their duty ?
3,1. Arc not others, who have not paid the $50
privilege, daily selling liquor by the bottle and In
othcr loss quantities than three-gallons-and that too
to the prejudice of him who was honest enough to
pay for the privilege ?*
As a parent-as a citizen desiring the prosperity of
our Schools and the morals of our boys td be kept
pure and above reproach-and as one wishing to see
justise doste to every man, I feel a great interost in
this subject. And, as Ilam resolved hereafter to test
this matter logally, as fo~r as my sqsa and wards are
concerned, I forewarn all'from the slightest evasion
of the law. Beware, "for in an evil* hour, when ye
think not," I'll be after you with a sharp stick.'
pm Ex-Governor Walker, of Kansas, has written
a letter approving the Compromise bill, just passed,
and ex-Governor Stanton endorses it.
NE NE A L. *
Mannan, on the 6th Inst., by Rev. J. R. Pickett,
Mr. W::.:.ax E. Hoan, and Miss S. I. Ar..'e, all of
AUGUSTA, May 15.
Covrox.-The sales to-day reach 448 bale,, which
were made in three lotse-Si at 10*; 39 at 11; and
352 bales at 11)eents.'
(lnocaza.-We have 'no change -to note In the
leading articles; Coffee continues firm at 11) to 13
MoArssss-Moderate supply in market; and prices
a little lower. We quote from 27 to 28e,.showing a
decline of Ie. per gallon. ,
BAco-hass a declining tendency, although prices
remain about the samne as last week.
Linn.-This article is still plenty, and in demand,
at 11 to 121 cents in bbls.; In cans 12 ts 121 cents.
CLEVEL AND, TENN., May 14.
Wheat is now going at tL cents perdmushel, for
shipping purposes-Elaeon at.8) to 9-Corn 35 to 40
cents per bushel. No advance in this or the Southern
markets and former quotations.
CINCINNAT, May 13.
Flour $3.75@400. Whisky 16je.. Baeon Sides
81. Lard 101. Sugar-nothing doing, but'rices~
are easier. Linseed, .4@65.
CIARLES.TON, May 1g.
Corrow-There Is a ea 'dqmin4 aal rhes ase
firm and unchanged. ales io-day 1400 es at IIj