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Fronm the Mereu--y.
THE 3A11'0F THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Ma. EDrroR: I am requested. on the part of
the Board of Directors of this Bank, to request
the publication of the enclosed.
C. M. FURMAN.
To A. P. Havsu, Esq., Senator:
The extraordinary spectacle which you recent
ly presented, of a Senator from South Carolina
volunteering to impugn indirectly the olicial
conduct of a portion of his constituents, and to
assail a State institution in which the initere ta
and resources of the State are intimately in
volved, must -necessarily attract attention. In
general, we would permit attacks upon us to pass
for what they are worth; but the position you
occupy, and the place which you selected to give,
utterance to your opinions (if your expressions
in the Senate can be termed opinions), attach a
degree of factitious importance to them, and
they therefore seem to require some notice at
od'r hands. We should be the less disposed g
notice your remarks had they been drawn out in
reply to an attack made on others. But you
assailed the Bank of the State of South Caroli
na, when your constituents were made the sub.
jects rather of commendation than reproach.
You appeared to disclaim the commendation
- rather than forego the opportunity of assailing us.
You are represented as stating, from your seat
in the Senate, that "we had a Bank of the State
of South Carolina that has not a shadow of res
ponsibility attached to it." If, in making this
statement, you intended to say that the Bank of
the State, being the property of the State, is not
liable to legal process and cannot be sued, you
have not " the shadow of" authority to support
your opinion. It is as well established as the
existence of the Batnk itself, that it is as liable
to suit as any other bank or corporation.
But if you inteaded to refer to the security of
the parties who may hold the obligations of the
Bank, your position is equally untenable. You
should know that the faith of the State is pledged
for the Bank; and it is with unmitigated surprise
that we find it alleged, even by implication, that
there is not the "shadow of responsibility" in
the pledged faith of the State. It is a grave
*matter that, holding a prominent and responsi
ble postion, you should speak lightly or heed
lesy in a matter in which the pledged faith and
important interests' and property of the State
are involved, and respecting which you are so
evidently uninfor~med. But if you referrod to
the resources of the Bank itself; independent of,
and separate from, the State pledge or guaran
tee, your charge is equally unstuppor-ted and uin
tenable. To illustrate: The gross assets of the
Batk now exceed seven millions of dollars; the
total liabilities to the public for its circulation,
* deposits, &c., &c., are under $2,400,000; so that
the Bank holds assets (beyond the sum reqtiired
to cover its liabilities) to more thani four and a
. half millions of dollars. These assets are cash,
loans to the State, stocks, real estate, foreign and
domestic exchange, bonds and mortgages, bal
ances due by banks, and the notes of merchants,
mechanics, planters, farmers, and other citizens
of South Carolina. That an aggregate of funds,
amounting to $7,000,000, held by an institution
in this State atnd in this city, affords "no shadow
of responsibility," is a proposition so monstrous
that we have doubted its utterance, and we have
withheld reply in the expectation of seeing some
*prompt and explicit diselaimer from you.
But we go further. Yotur position is as abso
lutely untentible if you intended to refer to the
i-elation of the Bank to the State as its sole pro
prietor. When regarded in that poittt of view,
the result is equally favorable to its character
and its management. The State placed under
control of the Bank for capital, in var-ions sums
atid at different periods, funds amoutnting in the
aggrefrate to upwnrds of $1,300,000. These
sums ?ive been actually refunded entirely, prin
cipal and interest, by the payments which the
Bank has made, of interest and principal of the
State debts. The State also deposited with the
Bank the surplus revenue received from the
United States, upwards of $1,000,000. This
sum has been refunded, with interest. The State
also borrowed $2,000,000, under the act for re
building the city of Charleston, and placed the
amount under charge of the Batik. The interest
of this debt has always been paid by the Batik.
The debt is payable in four instalments. The
first instalment is due in London on the first of
July next. The Bank has already placed the
fund in London for the payment of the instal
ment. When these funds are applied, the Banik
with the payments it has already made in ad
vance, will have redtuced the debt to less than
$1,200,001), and that sunm will be the entite
amount for which the Bank will be accountable
to the State for catpital and for other funds
placed under its charg. Setting aprt a sum
sufficient to cancel thi debt of $120,000, the
balance of the funds held by the Bank,gmount
ing to near $3,000,000, will be the profit the
State has derived from the Bank since its estab
And we do not rely on Bank Statements mere
ly to sustain our title to public confidence. There
have been applied to this institution two tests,
which no other institution among us has been
subjected to. Its assets are examined by comn
mittes 'poited by each Legislature. Those
of no othe Bank are examined but byits own
*Directors. This Bank has been calle upon to
refund large sums which had been deposited
with it. to use as capital temporarily. When
the capital of other Banks has been paid in, it
-has remained uneh:inged and unidiminished in
the hands of its managers. Under these tests,
this Bank has sustained itself promptly and sat
isfactorily, and the result offers, at least, some
presumptive evidence " that a shadow of respon
sibility" does attach to it.
Tumere are other expressions attributed to you
in the report of the Senate debate, which self
respect will not permit us to refer to, and irhich
we are confident (where we are known) we
will not be expected to notice. You further
- state that, but for this Bank, no Bank in the
State would have sutspended. This, we sup
pose, is your opinion ; others, who had, per
iiaps, a bettereopportunity of forming a correct
judgment, think otherwise. We are not dis
. pused to discuss the question. But we state
that we are satisfied with the course we pur
* ted. We believe that,' by avoiding the sacri
le of assets and the pressure of debtors, we
benefi4ted ourselves and the community. We
further believo that our course has .been gener
ally approved, andI, undersaimilar circumstances,1
we should act In tho same manner. Suspension,l
ai, is not iinsolvency.
That the people of the State and of the
neighboring States do not concur with you in
the estimate of the responsibility of this Bank,
is evidenced by the fact that our circulation has
been the mean by which a large portion of
the cn.p has been brought to market and the
price of cotton sustained. And in the City of
Charleston, where our institution is located
where our credit, our resources and our opera
tions are known and understood-we possess
the entire confidence of the people, and our de
positors have increased about ten per cent.
since the date of suspen'ion. We have, per
haps, the largest deposit account in the city.
As to your individual opinions upon the subject
of the Bank and its management, we feel in
different; but you have given those opinions
an ofiiciaitcharacter, and we have, therefore,
considereA it our duty to the State which has
entrusted its funds and credit to our custody,
in this brief manner to present a statement of
facts in contrast with your reptesentations re
specting this institution. For near forty years
ti-e Bank has, from time to time, been assailed
with charges of insolvency, and its failure been
foretold, but time has buried those successive
denunciations in oblivion. The institution still
survives the sinister prophecies, and with in
creased means and efficiency, has continued to
discharge its duty to the people and to the
State, and we are confident will continue to do
so, though there may be found one who has dis
covered that " it has not a shodow of responsi
bility attached to it."
C. M. FURMAN, President.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, 5. C.
WEDNESDAY,JUNE 16, 1858.
RULES THAT KUST IN FUTUEE BE OBSERVED.
All advertisements from this date, not amounting to
more than $10, must be paid for in advance.
Merdhants and others advertising by the year, will
be required to settle every six months.
No paper will be sent out of the District unless paid
for in advance.
All letters on business connected with the Office, to
receive prompt attention, must be addressed to the
" Edgefield Advertiser."
To these rules we will rigidly adhere. Therefore,
take notice and act accordingly.
Our Court of Equity having completed its term for
the summer after a laborious sitting, the cry now,
among lawyers, officers, et. ul. is for a little invigora
ting vacation. This is our excuse for any editorial
laches that may be observable in the present and a
few succeeding numbers of the Adccrtiuer. Along
with others, we entertain certain hostile designs up
on the trout and brim of several mill-ponds and lit.
tle rivers within the scope of our ken. The finny
tribe have already, doubtless, a presentiment of evil
in the premises. In the mean time, will our kind
readers indulge us in a short vacation ? When the
"wars are all o'er and we come back," a duo report
of our piscatorial experience' shall be rendered, if
any thing shall have transpired worthy of the record.
We stop tholwsgon here, merely to state that our first
iucursion will be upon the waters of the neighboring
principality of Lexington. "Drive on."
g" See the new advertisements this week :
JIM GRAY & TURLEY, of Augusta, are receiving
fresh supplies of choice Goods at cheap prices. This
House certainly invariably offers such bargains to its
patrons as are not surpassed by any other House in
the city. We never fail to call on GRAY A TenR.EY
when we go to Augusta.
g' And there is J. K. HlonA & Co., with a bran
new stock of Summer Clothing-handsome in style,
good in quality and pleasant to the wearer. Such a
House, with such Goods, and such clever and gentle.
manly clerks as Niwar, Tzxxumtxxx, WVisE and oth
ers, is bound to please we Edgelield people.
gg Drec:Er & Pausas has just opened three cases
of Printed Muslin., which they are almost giving
away. Go and look at them.
pa- Read G. L. Pa's advertisement. After we
give the "E~chauerer " that Mr. P. is going to present
to the Office, a trial and an examsination, we will give
oir'views in fell as to its real worth and merits. We
believe it to be a good thing.
p3- Prof. M. M. Do MoxYBURnY, it will be seen
by reference to another column, has consented to give
another course of instruction in the French, spanish
and Italian Languages. H~e has given, we understand,
much pleasure and satisfuction to his class, and has
proven himself a competent and succ esrful teacher of
those langusges. Those desirous of becoming ac
quainted with either French, Italian or Spanish
would do well to embrace the present opportunity.
pi Notice Dr. Rt. T. Mnsus' now mill advertise
TO THE PUBLIC.
Our member of Congress, General M. L. Bosnax,
requests us to make this statement to his constituents,
and which we do with great pleasure: Owing to his
own illness during one portion of the session and to
lomestic aficition at another, he has been unavoida
bly prevented from giving immnediate attention to
those of his consitituents who have had business
with him, or through him with the Departments;
but all shall be attended to as soon as practicable.
The ,papers of this Congressional District will
please copy the above.
LAST OF THE SEASON.
It is contemplated to close our present dramatic sea
son with a grand performance on Friday night of
next week, the 25.th instant. The play proposed is
the celebrated one of "LONDON ASSURANCE,"
with the following strong cast:
Szn IHAacounr COURTY..................Mt. REA.
CALEs COURTLY...-..-....--........-...-.... B.
MAX HAaRKAwa.............................A. S.
DLL.Y SPASKER.................Mi. BIAtD,.
LArY GAY SPAxStIE....................MS. RSA.
GACE HARKAwAY.... ..........Mss LossDALE.
With this combination, it is hoped that the whole
town and all the country around will turn out en
,mose. Music of the best will enliven the evening,
and nothing be left undone to make the occasion a
".T. T. 3."
Reference is asked to another charming letter from
our European correspondent. " J. T. B." certainly
promisey to become celebrated in this department of
composition. The raciness of his reflections, the
piquancy of his style, and the novelty of his points
of observation, will strike every intelligent reader.
May we ask our cotemporaries to examfie these let.
trs ? We think they will find them worthy of ape.
tal commendation. Their author is a young gentle.
man of Edgefield, talented, and cultivated in his
taste.. Hisi particular object in tilis visit is to perfect
himself in music under the best masters.' He is al
ready a brilliant amateur performer on the piano.
rorte, and will some day (we think) make for himself
a name in this branch of the Divine Art. But amid
his musical labors, ho is not unmindful of other
things around him in his distant sojourning. We
warrant his pictures to be genuine literary ambrotypes.
Our people have enjoyed a succession of treats in
he performances of Mrs. FRASx REA, Mr. y'RANK
A, and Mr. LioxEL DERSARD. The plays they en
tet are all good, some of them extremely rich; and
hey certainly render them in superior style. As this
ittle troupe is now about to leave us, we feel it to be
duty to add this emphatic testitmonial of their mer.
t to what we have heretofore said of them. It is
,heir intention to visit Columbia and other places in1
h State. We commend them to the good offices of
he Press in their professional tour, and undertake to
utarantee that they'will give complete satisfaction
herever they appear. We commend them also to
he favor of our Thespian friends in Nowberry, Ab
ville, Union, and elsewhere, assuring them that the
1EA trio (if we may so term them) are eminently
uION. W. W. BOYCE.
It will be seen, by the note which follows, that this
listinguished gentleman declines the nomination for
[nited States Senator. The terms of his note will
tot fail to attract attention and command admiration.
rho source of Mr. Borc's nomination in Edgefield
,s a reliable and a sterling one. here, as in every
part of the State, his high bearing and intellectual
xcellence have enlisted the esteem and c onfideneo of
ill observing men. They watch the rising star of his
reatuess with hope and pride ; and many had thought
that now was the auspicious moment to place him in
thb high department of Senatorial exertion. But re.
lying upon his own discreet sense of duty, they will
receive his present decision with approbation; still
looking with deep interest to his career, as one which,
arried out as it has been begun, must soon ensure to
him any (the highest) honors which an admiring State
can bestow upon a deserving son. Subjoined is the
note to which we have alluded:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, )
WAsnilaroY, June 7th, 1858. J
CoL. Aaruca Siuxrss-Dear Sir:-In the last
number of your paper I see my namu suggested for
the United States Senate.
This kind and spontaneous nomination inspires me
with profound gratitude. But occupying my present
position, and muy name being before my constituents
for re-election, I feel it imperative upon me to decline
being a candidate for the Senate.
To represent South Carolina, in the United States
Senate, is indeed an honour to which the loftiest am
bition might well aspiro; whether we regard her past
history rich in illustrious names, or her elevated pub.
lie sentiment, in which she justly claims a proud par
allel with the classic States of antiquity. It is this
public sentiment which is the secret of her glory. It
fortified the stout hearts of the Palmettoes to advance
or perish upon hostile swords. It magnifies her pub
lie men, for they feol that the State like a fond
mother, will press them to her heart, as long as they
are faithful to her interests.
With a calm reliance upon this public sentiment, I
bide my time. Respectfully, &c.
WILLIAM W. BOYCE.
It is gratifying to observe that our Senator is placing
every blow he makes in the right place. The follow
ing views upon the increase of the Navy are the sug
gestions of true political wisdom. Let the honorable
Senator but continue in this high prudential line of
policy, and lie will indeed become to his eonstituents
a pillar of fire to direct them through the difficulties
that embarass the times. We congratulate the State
upon the hopes which his elevated courg holds forth
to the general expectation. The views we now havo
reference to are thus briefly reported:
" Mr. Hammond (S. C.) did not entertain this as a
war measure, but as a measure indispensably neses
sary for our Interests as a commercial nation. Refer
ring to the tone of tho recent speeches, lie said that
we cannot build a navy, like Aladdin's palace, in a
hight. We cannot raise shils by resolutions of Con
gress. To raise an army, you have but to light up
the fires from the hill-tops; but the construction,
equipment and training of a navy is the work of time.
By looking at other countries, we find the deficiency
of our navy, comipared with our commerce. Denmark,
Sweeden and other small States, have navies equal or
superior to us. Every stump orator in the country
insists on taking Cuba and wiping out Spain-yet
Spain has a larger navy than ours. He (ilamniond)
felt these insults in the Gulf as if he had been
stricken in the face. le could not be content with a
mere apology ; and hoped that our force in the Gulf
will, either with or without orders, capture or sink
one of the offending vessels. But these additional
sloops are not intended as a measure of war with
Great Britain. He would meet that issue when it
One of the firm th.'nkfully acknowledges an excel
lei mess of Green Corn from the garden of Mr.
Juas Aaxsvtosn near this place. It was a deli
eious, juicy luxury ; And surely no one enjoys this
kind of thing half so much as we newspaper men.
Mr. A. is always mindful of us when his good things
are on hand. How pleasant it would be, if all others
did likewise !
*FOR TIIE LADIES.
In the present issue may he found a list of recipes,
suited to the fruit season, which we have culled and
brought togetfier from various sources, ex-pecially for
the ladies. We hope it will meet their acceptance
and appurovail. Many of the recipes have been re
commended to us as first rate. But test them, ladies,
with your own good hands. Each one is her own
RESUMPTION OF THlE SOUTH CAROLINA
" The suspended Banks of this city," says the
Charleston Evening~ Xere of the 8th inst., " quietly
resumed speie payment this morning.
" The notes of the suspended country Banks are
now and will he redeemed buy their correspondent
Banks here, which makes the resumption general
throughout the State.
" This wise anticipatory movement was at the in
stance of the Bak ofj th~e .Statet of Suth! Carolin,,,
the privateo.Banks promptly concurring.
"No pressure or run is anticipated. The quantity
of specie in the vaults of our Banks never was so
great, andi more is daily expectedl. The circulation
of ank notes never was in Ifruuportion more limited,
and being wante~d for currency will not return. In a
few days, from present alpearances, coin and ex
change will be at a dhrug in oiur murket."
The Bank of' Hlamburg resumedi specie payment on
the same day. It has, wre undlerstand, beena prepared
to resume for sonme time, bunt wais awaiting the notion
of the other suspended llainks.
SWAN & CO'S LOTTERIES.
A great dust has beenu raised of late in regard to
thiis Lottery Company, but (as now appears) altogether
without ceuuse. Gleorgia papers are decided in con
demning the unjust course pursued towards Messrs.
wa Co,.; and New York papers clearly show
that the movement against them originated in party
malice and nothing else.
The Lotteries are still in course of operation and
will likely gain a four-fold popularity by the ementec
which was iatended to overthrow them. Their man
agement appears to have been in eqnformity with
Georgia law, and will be vindicated by the Georgia
Courts,-Mayor Tiemann to the contrary notwith
standing. We suggest the matter to Buntos as the
ground-work of a good fiaco.
Our climate would seem to he undergoing a perma
net change. For three years we have had no very
hot summer weather, and the present Eason is thus
far like unto its three said predecessors. It is now
the middle of June, and we have not yet had the
thermometer to rise above 900. On Monday morn.
ing last, at 9 o'clock, it stood at 62,-too cold for
otton, much; indeed, almost too cold for comfort.
THE CHARLESTON MERCURY.
MR. JoaN UIaAR has sold his interest in this loag.
established paper to Mr. R. BAR~iwELL Ruuvv, hith
erto his co-proprietor. Mr. Razvr is now sole pro
prietor. Mr.. HllAlr's connection with the Mercury
has been of more than eleven years duration. Hie
takes his leave in a valedictory of much footing and
eauty, and commends the paper under its present
management to its friends throughout the State, ex
pressing his perfect assurance that it will still be con
need in a manner fully up to its antecedents. Mr.
RusiT publishes an "Address " to his readers upon
the subject of the ehange which has taken place in
the management of the paper, and re-avows the
tatesrights doctrines which have over been embla
moned on the Merrciury's banner. In parting with Mr.
LsittnT, we cordially express our wishes for his future
tuccess. To Mr. Rlnsi we tender the sympathies of
1n appreciative cotemporary, in his arduous and im
From a letter on business from Fort Scott, Kansas
erritory, 22d May, we extract the following :
" There are now here five companies of U. S.
Froops to protet this part of the Territory, hut they
an net do it. Murders and Robberies are of daily
ucurrence. Neither can the perpetrators be arrested.
Fhis is infinitely worse than the Morman war, and
mnles martial law is declared here, must result in so
ions trouble to the Union. Those marauders have
sready defied the U. S. Troops; fired upon and killed
me and wounded several others, (from behind a
itch.) Lifo nor property are safe a momnent. All
redit is goe, and as for money they have not a red.
early all the honest mna hare left the Territory,
.d gone into the State to save their lives and proper.
y; and It is now mainly flhlod by a set of graceless
coundrels, who are paid al~ foil by the New England
tates. to rob and murder.
"As to the Legompton Constitution with the
amendment, it will be voted down by both parties for
the reason that It will be best to keep it a Territory
now, since the p'opI have become too poor to pay
the expense of Stateilorernment, and too dishonest
to make and administer it.
"For my own part I shall leave hero as soon as I
can get my businesrarranged, or rather get from the
scoundrels what th'g owe me. I will return home
this fall, money or no money. It is not pleasant to
live in a country where you have to be armed by night
and by dal, and eternally on the watch foryour life.
Respectfully trours, . W. J.
SENATOR RAIYNE AND TIIE BANKS.
We publish this owek the able response of Mr.
FunxiAx, President of-the Bank of the State, to the
unnecessaryand injarious aspersions recently cast on
that institution by Col. A. P. HAYE. It is a tri
umphant vindication of the Bank against the latter's
crude conclusions. We regr'et that our worthy Sena
tor should allow himself to speak upon points with
which he seems to.b6 ue little conversant. But if he
will do so, it is welf that he should be set right at
once in the master'ly:i'ad impressive manner which
Mr. FUaxAx has brought to the discharge of that
duty. We ask the attention of our readers to Mr.
Frnxs's very satisactory article.
I" We perceivoby a statement in a Washington
letter to the Richmond South, by its Editor, Mr. Pry.
or, that the recall of Judge Mason is an inevitable
event. Senator Slidell will replace him at the French
Court. The writer-says this Is reliable information.
We are sorry to hoar that E. D. Shelly, an old
"Stager," has just quit driving on the line between
this place and Anderson. Mr. Shelly has always
been very kind and obliging to us, and he carries
with him the good nishes of many of our citizens.
And we are gratified to state that Mr. Shelly, has
again taken charge of the "Reins" from this place
to Ninety-Six. Mr. S. is well known in this vicinity
as a kind, humane and accommodating man.
R% A Mother was hugging and kissing a "four
year old," when she exclaimed-" Charley what does
make you so sweet?" - Charley thought a moment,
and having been told that he was made out of the
ground replied-"I think mother, God must have put
a little thuger in the dust, don't you?"
p When a Kentucky judge, some years since,
was asked by an attorney, upon some strange ruling,
"Is that law, your honor ?" he replied, "If the court
understand herself, and she think she do, it are!"
3d9- The Napolein, Ark., Planter, says its last is
sue was "worked off" by the printer, while standing
in 2 feet of water.
Humph ! why that's .nothing!. 'Some few years
since, during a frehhot in the Savannah River, the
printers in Iamburg stood in two feet water and set
their type and then boated them over to Augusta to
have them worked off, as their own press was entirely
Sr A surgeon once waited upon-an eccentric old
gentleman with his bill fur medicines and visits. The
patient agreed to pay for the pills and return the riaits.
|7 We have read a great many epitaphs quaint or
ludicrous, (says the Caledonian) but none more so,
perhaps, than one cut not long since on a gravestone,
at the marble shop in this village:
" The little hero that lies here,
Was conquered by Diarrhea."
fiD- The poor man, who travels with a pack on his
back, is generally far better than the black leg who
travels with a pack in his ifocket.
pZ#- The bills of all the South Carolina Banks are
quoted at parin the exchange tables of the Memphis
(Tenn.) papers. The bills of the Banks of no other
State are thus honored in that city.
-For the Advertiser.
A t a meeting of the ceitizens of Beech Island and
vicinity, held on the 5ith inst., on motion of S.'J. M.
Cr.AnK!, Esq., Dr. .IL R. COOK was called to the
Chair, aud Hf. L. MATsox, Esq., requested to act as
The Chairman in a few appropriate remar's, stated
the object of the naeeing to be, to take into consider
ation the paropriety of tendering to our distinguished
Senator and neighbor, Gen. J. HI. IlAxxonoo, a publie
dinner on his retnrn from Washington.
It was then on motion or Col. WV. Gna,
Resofr~ed, That the citizens of Beech Island and
vicinity give to Gen. J. 1H. HlAxoxon a public Barbe
cue at the Club House on Beech Island, on any day
that he may designate.
On motion of 5. 3. M. Cr.Anxr., Esq.
.Reuolred, That a Commwitlee oif Arrangements eon
sisting of~ ten be appointed by the Chair, whose duty
it will be to receive contributions, make all necessary
arrangements, extend invitations, &c.
The Chair appointed under the above Resolution,
the following Gentlemen: J. M. Miller, T. S. Miller,
IH.IL. Mayson, R. G. Lamar, S. J. M. Clarke, Rt. J.
Hlankinson, Thomas J. Davies, T. W. Whatley, T. 11.
Lamar and J. M. Clarke, Esq'rs.
On motion of T. WV. Whantley, Esq., the Chairman
of the meeting was added as Chairman of the Com
On motion of Maj. G. B. Mlills,
Reaolred, That a Committee of three be appointed
by the Chair to correspond with Gen. Hammond, and
asmertaina at what time it will suit his convenience to
receive the proposedl dinner.
The Chair appointed M:'j. (I. B. Mills, W. HI. At.
kinson andl .hmes Panton, Esq., under thu above
On maotion of W. HI. Atkinson, Esq.,
Jteaolredl, That the procaeeudings of this meeting he
published in the Edlgefieli Aiderti-cr, Durnwell Sen
tune, and the Augusta papvers.
11I.IR. COOK, Chairman.
II. L. Mavsox, Sce'ry.
For the Adlvertiser.
'L EIPZIG, May l5thi, 1858.
Can I perhaps amuse you with further German cus-/
tomns and poecities ? Thegpring is now b~ursting
forth in full glory, and this is the time to. sco German
life in its pleasantest and moat diversifiedl phase. So'
beautiful is the Spring here, that one feels nearer
In all German cities, the strictest ad utmost at
tention is paid to the public grounds, and these in
general are very extensive. The ancient City of
Leipzig is divided into two parts. the Old City and
the Outer City. Extending' entirely arounil the Old,
separating'it from the Outer, is a psromenade of great
width, or rather a r'egularly laid out garden, planted
with horse chestnuts, beeches, hindens and many
gowering trees not known in America, besides such
shrubs as the lilac, acacia, snow ball &c., and all
manner of bulbous roots from the lily to the blue
bottle. This walk goes up and down, winds in and
out, and is watered by the river Pleisse. Now and
then are monuments, now and then restaurants, now
and. then artificial lakes. On one hand rise the quaint
old buildings of the original City, meat of them 7, 8
and 9 stories high, their roofs almost perpendicular,
and covered with dor'mer windows. On the other
hand rise the modern edifices and elegant gardens of
the ne1 City. Among the monumee upon this
promenade Is one to Sebastian Bach, the great musi
cian, and an other to Hahneman the originator of
homeopathy. Then around the outer City stretches
a grand old forest, called the Valley of Roses, and
this is the pride, glory and boast of the Leipzig pee.
ple. The University, which has 700 students, the
Conservtorium of Music, the great Fairs and the
Valley of Roses, are the four specialities of Leipzig.
This wood is five miles in length and from one to
two in breath. In some 'parts it Is perfectly wild, In
others cultivated to- the highest degree of art; it is
traversed in every direction by broad gsavelled roads
and narrow foot paths, watered the whole length by
the same river Plcisse, and dotted with summer hou
ses, bridges and rustic arbors and benches. In one
spot stands a summer house, from which open upon
all sides, ten vistas, and thro' these In the distance
are to be seen views of the City and the adjacent vil
lages. Foremost in these views are lofty pointed
spires and wind mills, with huge revolving arms, re
minding one at the- same time of the wants of the
soul and of the bodly. But the tapering spires rite
igh above all else, pointing to heaven, and seeming
to say to the thronging sons of men below, " the Life
Is more than food, and the Body more than raiment."
Ah, that is a blessed spotl And as man stands upon
it .a g..ass rs at ths em1 nfodn baunties of nature,.
and then at the gay, happy young faces around, ho
sees a beautiful betrothal-the spring of the year to
the spring of life. The spring of the year is the
bridegroom and has survived many, many brides, for
alas ! the spring of life comes but once.
In these, their cherished public grounds, the Ger
mans may be said to live, that is in Spring and Sum
mer. In the Valley of Roses, embosomed in deep
shade, are two sublime (yes that is the word!) Cafe's,
and the scene here from 5 to 9 in the evening is beau
tiful beyond expression. Imagine the picture. A
large square building, apparently all doors, windows
and piazza, as back ground ; an enclosure of a hun
dred feet square, the paling white and green; as cen
tre piece a little temple, in which a thoroughly trained
band performs all styles of music; along one side a
long low pavillion, entirely open in front, and with
colored landscapes painted .upon the panels within;
here and there an arbor, some for two, some for three
and four, and finally the whole space in and between,
filled up with small green and white tables, surrounded
by green and white chairs. Piazza, pavillions, arbors,
chairs are all filled with people, people of all ages,
classes and callings, all dressed in the very newest
and gayest spring attire. Ladies with flowers, floun
ces and fans; gentlemnen in Panama hats and white
and yellow kid gloves. Matrons with their whole
families. Belles, beaux and fashionables. Prima
Donnas, Actresses and Dancers with painted cheeks
and an air degage, who grin and throw back their
heads, and cant forget they are not upon the stage.
And lovers, " deluded souls that dream of bliss,"
who seek retired arbors and look particularly ridicu
lous. And great squads of dare-devil students in
flaming red, green and yellow caps. And gay young
soldiers, who seem ambitious of no waist, and lace
themselves until the wasps might well hide their di
minished heads; they are as brave as lions tho', and
can be excused this little vanity. And bluff old sol
diers with mustaches like the moss upon the trees in
our low country; these old gentlemen ought to lace,
but do not, they are past the age. Maid servants in
trim caps, having in charge children of all ages, from
the suckling to the "fuurteener." And a perfect ar
my of little fanciful dogs with gilt muzzles, it being
against the law for one of these villanous little crea
tures to appear in pullic unmuzzled. Of all these
people, some read, some knit, sew and stich lace work,
but the majority wit and talk for dear life. The
waiters in round coats and red aprons issue from all
the doors and windows of the main building, bearing
tea, coffee, wines, punches, ices and confectionaries.
Without the bounds of these Restaurants are innu
merable crowds of the like human beings, hurrying
or sauntering towards all points.
In distant and wild parts of the Valley, one sees
dwellers from the neighbouring country villages;
these wear strange costumes and disport themselves
among the trees and grass like shepherds and shop
herdesses in the days of " Tyfere it recubans sub
All that I have attemnpted to describe takes place
in an exaggerated degree on Sunday. The crowd is
heightened, the dressing is heightened, the outlay for
refreshments is heightened; and all who cant afford
to attend the Balls, Opera and Theatre during the
week, are sure to make up for it on Sunday. And
notwithstanding these Sunday amusements, so shock
ing to American eyes and ears in general, this is a
people of ferocious virtue. Licentiousness and drunk
enness are almost unknown, and that vice, so common
among the more southern nations, which "men call
gallantry and God adultery," is here utterly un
known. J. T. B.
LATER FROM EUROPE.
AJRJVAL OF TH E NO l'A SCOT IAN.
Cml' R ACE, June 11th.-The Montreal Ocean
Steamship Company's screw steamer Nova Sco
tian, Capt. Andrew McMaster, for Quebec,
passed the Cape to-dlay, and delivered a pack
age to the boarding steamer belonging to the
The Nova Scotian brings dates from Liver
pool to Wednesday, June 2d.
The interference and searching of American
vessels had attracted some attention in the
Mr. Lindsey asked the question whether it
was true that American vessels had been search
ed and detained by British cruisers-and if so,
he desired to know by what authority and un
der whose instructions.
Mr. Fitzgerald replied that no official infor
mation on the subject had been received. He
expressed the belief that the reports were much
exaggerated, and. assured the House that Her
Majesty's Government were anxious that all
unpleasant relations with the United States
should be avoided, and upon the first intima
tion of complaint, strict order had been issued
to the Biritish Steamers in the Gulf to observe
great caution in their movements.
The telegraphic cable fleet sailed on Saturday,
the 29th of May.
Later intelligence had been received from
India, Kooer Singhi, of Arrah notoriety, . had
been defeated and it was reported that he was
The rebels have been driven from Azinghiur.
Livnroot COTTON M.inU:-r.,.The sales of
cotton for the past three days have beeni light,
but prices have remained lirin and unchanged.
LIVERPOOL BEAPS'rFYS MAtKIT.-Flouri
was reported very dull, and quotations barely
WASH INGTON, June 12.-The President to
day sent a message to the Senate calling the
attention of Congress to the low condition of
the funds in the 'Treasury. lie also snggested
the propriety of a prolongation of the piresenlt
The disagreements to the navy bill com.inue.
T1'he Ilouse amendments to the army and
Post O11ice bills were concurred in.
The Indian defieiency bil! was passed. The
Senate then took a recess.
The House passed the .$15,000,000 and light
WAsuIsa-rox, .June 12-10 o'clock at night.
--The Senate has passed the fif teen million loan
and Ocean mail bills, and refused to allow the
terminus of Collina line at Southampilton instead
In the House the light-house bill was passed.
The prospect is that Congress will be in ses
sion all night.
WAsmsa-rTox, June 11.-Senator Gwin, of
California, to-day challenged Senator Wilson.
of Massachusetts for words spoken in debate
on yesterday. Senator Wilson has refused to
fight, and a street rencounter is anticipated.
TuE GRiEAT S-ronis Joxrs-W have
full particulars of the fearful disaster, previously
reported by telegraph, which befell the village
of Ellison, Illinois, on Sunday night. Of sev
enty houses in the place, only three remained
after the whirlwind passed. Nineteen lives
were lost, and te,1 persons wereYatally injured.
Fourteen out of the nineteen who are reported
as dead, were krilled outright. Some fifty per
sons Wvere maimed, and the survivors are suffer
ing for the necessaries of life, their property
having been totally destroyed.
Ysuaow FEvER A-T HAYAN.-Correspondants
of the New Orleans journals say that the yellow
fever is making sad havoc among the unaccli
mated at Havanna. Upon the sugar estates the
disease is represented to be of an usually malig
nant type compelling an entire suspension of
work upon the most of them, and threatening to
bring the remainder to a full atop before the end
of the month.
DEA'H or A gTH Axou.-On last Sunday there
died in this place a stranger by ..the niame of
Alexander Fratzure. The deceased was an Eng
lishman b'y birth, and formerly a resident of the
city of London. He came to our village a few
months since, and worked in the capacity of a
tailor. He has no relations in America except
a sister who is supposed to reside in New York.
He died from the excessive use of ardent spirits.
His remains were decently interred in thme Lu
teran Church yard, and the funeral services
conducted by Rev. Eichelberger, D. D.-Lex
ington Flag, 10th inst.
Soxtr~ CAL.AMrrY.-A culvert at Roscoe,
[I., was swept away on the night ofh the 3rd
int., destroying the house of the Rev. H. Ilsley,
and rowing Mrs. Ilsley and eight children.
Donsiderable damage was eaused'to other houses,
but. .. hea.. of n more 1li-es having been host.
Concordla Lodge, Ne' 5;. A. F. i.
A Regular Communaication of this
Lodge will be held at their .NEW
HA LL, in the Odd Fellow. & 'Ma
Sonic Bnildini, on Skturday evening,
the 19th June, at 7 o'clock.
B. BLAND, W. ii.
D. R. Dusaiso, See'ry.
Jun 16 it 28
French, Spanish & Italian Languages.
PROF. A. I. de MONTHRuBY,
BEGS leave to Inform the public that he is read
to commence with ANOTHER COURSE of in
struction in the above languages. t
Those who are desirous of subscribing are re
quested to call at his Office, above Mr. G. L.
June 10 2t 28
From and after this date GRAIN may be ground
atmy Mills on any day. R. T. MIMS.
June 14, f :., 28
The Soda Font'Opened!
A-T THE DRUG STORE.
Always iced to suit the weather, and always
flavored with choice Syrups..
Call and test the Healthful Beverage.
Keep the system cool, and repel the febrile ten
dencies while yet in their Incipiency.
We wish to keep the Font playing regularly '
through the summer ; so begin with us at once.
A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE.
May 19 tf 19 ]
- MASONIC & ODD FELLOWS' HALL.
GRAND GALA NIGHT!
(AND POSITIVELY THE LAST)
MRS. FRANK REA'S
Drawing Room Ente tainments,
Assisted by the principal members of the Edge
field Lyceum, who have kindly volunteered to
supply the INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC.
FRIDAY EVENING, 18th JUNE,
Will be presented an entirely new Farce entitled
ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA.
Antony...................... Mr.-L. Bernard.
Cleapatra (a clear starcher) .... Mrs. Frank Res.
A Scene from Shakspear's celebrated master-piece
O T : EaX IO.'
Othello................... ...Mr. Frank Rea.
Ingo....................... Mr. L. Bernard.
To conclude with the last new Protean Farce, en
ACTRESS OF ALL WORE.
In which MiS. FRANK REA will sustain four
characters, and sing a variety of songs, assisted by
MB. FRANK REA & MR. L. BERNARD.
ggAdmission 60 Cents. Doors open at 7
o'clock. Performance to begin at 8.
June 16 it 28
I. H. STEANS k 00.,
Commsisuon Dealers in Everything
U SlE F UL.
Specia! attention givep to BUYING, SELLING
and REPAIRING MACHINERY.
Broad Street, near Mechanic's Bank, Augusta,
June 15 .y <23
THREE WEEKS LONGER.
T HE Subscriber will continue to sell' at the
same REDUCED PRICES as heretofore for
THR iiE WEEKS to come.-T. ROOT.
June 15 . it1 23
C E NT RAL HOU18E,
WILLIAMSTON, L~ C.'
W. R. RUDGINS, Propretor-.
T HIS House is now open for the reception of
Ivisitors to the Springs. The building Is en
tirely nev and finished and furnished In excellennt
style and located at a convenient distance from the
dyrings. Visitors will find ample and superior
accommodation, with good order, and be qlied
with the best the market affords with zirate
June 10 Ct 23
Glenn's Spring, -
THE undersigned respectfully in
..,.3 forms those who may be In quest of
"::i health or pleasure, that lhe has samsi
taken this well-known WVATERING
PL ACE, and is now ready to accommodate all who
ma.y favor him with a call. The medicinal quali
ties of this water are too well known to require
any de-cription. A line o1 four-horse Coacd-es
are now sunning from the head of the Union and
Spartanburg Railroad to the Springsa, Mondays,
Wednesdays ehd Fridays. After the 1st July,
there will be a dlaily line. Hacks can be obtained
at Clinton, Laurenas or Greenville.
June 16. 8meow .23.
DbICE EY' & PHRIBBS, A~gsa, Ga.,
...m~ve just open~ed ONE CASE
PRN E MULOS -
Whixeh, they are closing out at
Six and a Quarter Cents per Yard.
T.W O C A SES
FRIE FRENCH MUSLINIS,
At 'Lwelve and a Half Cents per Yard.
A ugusta, June 14 tt 23
Hj1AVE just received from New York, another
lot of those IiNE WIIILE BRILLIANTS,
at I4 eents per yard.
Also, Tsabella, Jonannuah and Caroline White
Ladies' PMarseilkes COLLARS and SETTS, both
white and Colored ;
Birmingham and Metropolitan Extension HOOP
Black Silk MITTS, both long and short, with
and without fingers;
An entirely new and handsome lotot RIBBONS,
ihr, Ladies' Honnets;
Finly pieces fine 'IRISH LINEN, to be sold by
the piece only, at extraordinary low prices;
DAMASKS, DOYLIES, NAPKINS;
TOWELS. crash and linen-;
SHEETING, at prices that 'cannot fail to ceom
mand a quick sale.
Those in want of such Goods would do W,.11 to
Augusta, June 14 . tf 23 a
War With England.
IN conFequence of the anticipated warg I am
agrain furnished,. with a large supply'.of the
NLY COA L CL NOW IN USE, that will not
xplode, namely, the. . .
BRECKENRIDGE COAL OIL.
'ogether with LAMPS, SH ADES, CNIMNEYS,
The above Oil is warranted not toeiplodi,.gum,
~ongal, or smell when burning, gves a light'equal
o ten candles, and costs less ~an onze half of a
ent a hour to consume it.
I will sell the Lamps and Oil at New York pri
~es, adding 10 per cent. for transportation. for Cash.
Persons willi plesse remember that this Oil Is
ifferent~ In all respects from the imperfect article
aled Kerosene Coal Oil
No person in Augusta has the genuine oCoOil
or sale but, T HOMAI P. FOGARTY.'
Under4he Augusta Hotel.
Augusta Ga., June 1 6t f 283
0HOI %E F LOUR, 62,66 PNS CN
JUST received a fresh supply of Choice FLOUR,
which we are selllng at $250lODb
June 10 't - - -28
A CARD OX 8. SWAN & CO.
To the Public.
The Press of this State, where the legality of
our laws are better understood thuan in New York,
have spoken out so boldly and manfully against
the prosecutions gotten up to annoy us, that it
requires of us to say but little. By the confed
eration of rival Lotteries and political schemers,
presentments were found against us by the Grand
Jury of this county. We were ready and desi
rous to test the question, and (having employed
counsel,) one of our firm came on from New
York to Georgia for that purpose. The adjourn
ment of the Court, without our act, laid over the
eases to the next term, when we feel satisfied we
will be enabled to maintain the rights which we
have bought and paid for. The Sparta Acade
my Lottery is legal, and all the powers of the
law our enemies may try to use for selfish pur
poses, cannot take away these rights.
Our business goes on uninterrupted, and we
are informed by counsel that there is not a line
in Statute Book of Georgia authorising any in
terruption with out' drawings. The lease has
years to run, and we assure the public that we
have the best counsel, who advise us that we
can maintain our rights against every rivalry in
our business. SAMUEL SWAN & CO.,
Managers of the Sparta Academy Lottery,
The attention of the public is also called to the
following letter from Col. O. A. Lochrane, one
of the Attornies for Swan & Co.
MAcoN, Ga., June 2, 1858.
Messrs. S. SwAi & Co., Augusta, Ga.:
Gentlemen: I have received your letter rela
tive to the prosecutions against you in Richmond
Superior Court, employing me as counsel, and
will appear in the cases for you. This I will do
more heartily from the peculiar circumstances
under which these prosecutions were commenced,
for I see by the newspaper articles enclosed, a
despicable attempt resorted to, out of this State,
to influence public opinion, by means of letters
perverted to publication, by newspaper articles,
and the effrontery of a New York Mayor presu.
miig to interfere with the rights and privileges
of the people of Georgia. That all this meets
my unqualified disapprobation I need scarcely
remark ; and to assail this impudent dictation.
this unmitigated injustice in the court house of
Richmond county, and hold it up to the scorn of
the public, will not only be a professional duty,
but I can add, a personal gratification.
An interested zeal, or affected indignation
against lotteries, is no apalogy for attempting to
overwhelm men in public opinion, without a fair
and impartial trial, to which all are by the law
constitutionally entitled. I have examined the
facts connected with the case, and feel satisfied
the opinions paraded as infallible, are untenable,
unsustained by law, and their publication for the
reason referred to, unjjist. The lottery privilege
under which you draw, was granted previous to
the act of 1833, upon which the presentments
are founded. - The law of 1833, by special pro
viso, has no application to lotteries previously
granted. The charter of the Sparta Academy
Lottery was granted in 1826, and thus will fall
the presentments. "That it has expired by its
own limitation,' as stated, I deny, and will
maintain. There is no limitation of time in the
charter-the law expressly and unequivocally
negatives such an inference or construction.
The grant is given to the trustees and to their
successors in ofice, not for any specified or limi
ted time, but for a purpose to raise by lottery a
specified sum of money. The trustees of the
Academy, are now through you affecting and
consummating the purpose. for which it was
granted, and are receiving their instalments for
the same. But these are questions for the court,
and not the public to try. We will there meet
and argue theni, and, I believe, successfully and
triumphantly; and the result of the issue Will
evidence, that verdicts written out,'oz manufac
tured, neither suit the taste, temper, pride, inde
pendence or intellingence of a Georgia jury,
who, being exclusive Juidges of both the law and
the facts, will not hesitate in the, utterance of
their own opinions, and the convictions of their
own judgment, irrespective of dictation from any
quarter. Yours truly,
0. A. LOCsiXE,
81. Counsellor at Law.
A CoLL1sroN nETWEEN JUDoE ELLIS AND HON.
Ma. McRLhE-GoLDSBORo', N. C., Juno 8.-Our
heretofore quiet and amiable candidates for the
Gubernatorial honors of North Carolina, had a
discussion at Beaufort yesterday, during which
both became excited, and indulgd in- language,
which finally came to blows. Judge Ellis hit
the first lick, to use a school boy phrase, but
thcy were seperated before any material damage
hail been inflicted by either.
They were at Newburn this morning, and
their respective friends were using all honiorabile
means to settle the difficulty and reconcile tlie
Since putting the above in type we learn that
the affair has been amicably adjusted.
O BIT UAR Y.
Dice, Maty the 16th, in this District, near St.
Mark's Church, Mr. WILLIAM RAWL, in the forty
first year of his asge.
It is with feeling~s of regrct that we reenrd the
denth of uone so long engagedl amongst us as a teneher
of the yotung, in kearning and science. Hie was much
loved andl esteemed bjy all his pupils and piatrons ;
andl has left a large cireo of friends and relations
to mourn their irreparable loss. Rl.
DEPAnTeD, this lire in this Distriet, on the morn
ing of the 10th April last, SARAh AMANDA,
dlaughtecr of Jous K. and .Scs.u' PowrEL, nge~d two
years, seven months and 2i2 days, after a long and~
Godl has' seen fit in his wisdom to call little Sarah
fromam enrih to, a home in heaven. We wouhld m'ay tom
thie pamrenits of little Snarah, weep not for thy bnhe
wile shae sleeps silently in tho grave ; but pre'pare
to meet her in Heaven, her dwelling place.
" Ere sin could blight or sorrow fade,
Death came with friendly care;
Thie opening bud to Heaven eonvey'd,
And bid it blossom there."
May the constant prayers of the parents be,
"0, Heaven, sweet Heaven, when shall I see,
0 when shall I get there." Wx. Q.
CHrATTANOOGA, Jane 10, 1858.
Bacon.-About 10(0,000 lbs. in market-selling at
Wh/ea.-Stock light-about 5,000 bushels on the
market-selling at 75 @ S0c., sacks included.
Corn.-A bout 3,000 bushels in store, and may be
qusated at -Ii @ 415c. 'j; bushel.
Plour.-Ahn*ut 600 bble. in the market--selling at
$400 @ $5 50.
Busiuuss dull, with a large amount of proddeo on
NASHVILLE, June 10.
Bacon.-B~ut little offering. Demand for shipment
light. We quote Sides at Sie.; Hanms 7e.; Shoukders
6c.: hog round about 7 60. Stocks light.
Wlhisky.-Retiied 17 @ 20e.; Country 40 @ 60c.
Lard.-In moderate demand-9 @ 9ii cents.
NEW ORLEANS, June 9.
Cotton.-Sales 5,500 bales, new grades, foeble-11i
Sugar 61 @ 7; Flour $4 25; Wheat $1 10; Corn
65 @ 70; Bacon-Shoulders 61 @ 6*; Coffee 91.
CHARLESTON, Junne 11.
Colo.-Sales of Cotton to-day 1,400 hales, at pri
:es ranging from'10A to 12je.
- A UGUSTA, June 12.
Coton.-There was a good demand to-day, the ,males
mmming up 025 bales at unchanged prices, as fol.
towe-2 at 7, 8Sat 8i, 95 at 10k, 315 at 10*, 112 at 11,
i5 at 114, amid 5 at 11i cents. Receipts 15 bales.
Bacon.-Our market has exhibited no new features
ince onr last. The stock is very heavy, and prices
re depressed and irregular. We offer thme following
luotations, with the remark thaf, in some cases large
ots could be bought at lower rates: Shoulders 7* @
I cents ; Ham. Si; Sides 101 @ 10*; Hog round S&
Grain.-The wheat market is dull and rather irregu
ar. We quote now Red at 90 @ 95 cents; White
$1 @~ 1 05; Old 5 @ 10 cents lower. There is abet
er demand for Core, and sales have been made in
arge lots at 65 @ 70 ets. for prime.
F'lour.-We have to report a continued dullness in
his article, and renew our last quotations.: Superfine
iity Mills $4 50 @ $4 75; Extra $55 S; Extra Famui
T $6 50. Country brands are 25 to 50 cents lower.
Lard.-There is nothing new in Lard. We quote
i to 121c. according to size and quality of packages.
EW F OUR-Justreceived a few sacks
EWLOUR fromNEW WHEAT.