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DR-UNING DEEEN THE S0I.
The effects of thorough draining in deepen
ing the soil are readily seen in a comparison of
the characteristics of t ose wet and retentive,
with those either nataur.dly or artificially of a
All heavy soils must hie shallow from the in
iluence of stagnant water-of water whieh sat
urates the surface, not being able to pass away
by filtration. Every fall of water gives a inor
tar-like consistencj to such a soil, and as the
moisture passes off by the slow process of evap
oration, it become4 baiked and bricklike, instead
of light and friable. If plowed when wet, it is
entirely unlit for the growth of crops, if stirred
when dry, it turns up in clods and lumps ; in
either ease, it is only after much labor that any
finely pulverized earth is obtained to support
and nourish vegetable growth, and an inferior
crop is ever the result. Saturatios without fi
tration kills the productite pouer of aiy soli
makes it hard, shllow and sterile, however rich
in every element of fertility it may be, when
differently situat.-d in the single circumstance of
Porous or well-drained soils, on the contrary
never retain, even if they become saturated with
water. The surplus moisture filtrates at once
into the dreins, leaving the surface loose and
friable. Such a soil can he plowed at any sea
sonable time, and tura4 up mellow earth, readily
fitted as a seed-bol for any cr.,p. Stch a soil
invites the roots t' planta Aown, offering them
food instead of a stune-like earth, and every
year deepens the area of vegetable growth. until
the full depth is reached to which it has been
That draining deepets the soil, we will bring
a single instance to show-one which confirms
every point stated above. It is condensed fron
a letter from that pimieer drainer and pioneer
of good truiers, .John Johnson, near Geneva,
N. Y., and was published in the Cuntry Gentle
man of Jan. 19, 1654. He says:
"Last spring I concluded i , plow a clayey
field, containing forty acres, onk m.nce for wheat,
and that after harvest. Previous t draining it
was one of my wettest fields. and in dry weather,
even in April and May, was very har.l to plow,
often having to get the coulters and shares shar.
pened every day. whevn we used wrought itron
shares. tOwing to the great drouth before. du.
ring an.1 after harvest. I got a large plow nade.
so that I could 1111t two or iore yokes of cattle
and a pair of horses to it if necessary. Iimne
diately after harvest we started for the field,
oxen and drivers, plowmen and fiorses; and
besides ne'i shares on the plows. took other new
shares along, expecting to be obliged to change
"'When we got to the field, I had one man
put a pair of horses beflore the -large plow, and
to open the land with a shallow furrow. He
went seventy rods away and back without even
a stop, except when the clover choked the plow.
I then put the plow down to eight inches, and
after one round, to nearly ten, and he went
around without any trouble. His furrow waA
over nine inches deep and11 laid as perfect as
could be. I then had one yoke of oxen put be
hind my smallest horses, and a pair of horses
bebre each of my othor plows, and they plowed
the'field with perfect ease, only changing shares
"Although the field was undoubtedly plowed
at the fate of nine inches deep, yet the clover
roots.went deeper, and the land plowed up as
mellow as any loam; whereas, had it not been
drained, it would have broke up in lunmps as
large as the heads of horses or oxen. .A few
years ago, a neighblor broke up a field abont the
same season, and similar land, hut not drained,
and ailer enltivating, rolling and haurrowing, he
had to employ men and mallets to break the
lumps, betore lie could get mould to cover the
seed ; and after all did not get the third of either
wheat or straw. Mfv wheat looks as well as any
I ever saw, and' I 'doubt not it will be a good
Those farmers, and they are not few, who
have had experience in the cultivation of clayev
soils when dry, or in any state, will not wonder
that Mr. Johnston exclaimed, on finding this
great change in the depth and 'friability of this
clay bed,-" I never was more agreeably sur
prised in my life-in fact, had my men been
plowing in gold dust, as they do ini California, I
should have been no more pleased." This great
change was the simple effect of thorough drain
age-the soil no longer compelled to remain
saturated with water, lost its brick and mortar
charaetes', and became a lice or at least an ac
tive and prodluetive soil, ready to reward the
labor of the farmner.-Country Gentleman.
From the Lunisville Journal.
A NEW PL IN OF DRYING PEA'HES WITIIOUil
Neasrs. E(dors :-As the furze which covers
the peach is very objiectionaible in drying thenm
with it on, and as peeling thema for drying is a
tedious process, and causes the loss of much of
the sweetest and best part of the fruit, a plan
which will obviate both of these objections and
give us .the dried fruit as good as if peeled, anid
in fact even better, is a desideratum, the supi
plying of which would be very acceptable to all
who are in the habit of (Iryingt this most excel
lent an:1 desirable f-nit thr table use. A lady
friend of the weiter has fonnd it out and coin
mnunicated it to him, and lhe will here de.<cribe
it. Make a tolerably strong lye with wood ashes
by boiling them in water-lettinig it stand after
being boiled sufliciently- until the ashes set
tle to the bottom, when pour off' the lye
Then put the peaches to be dried in this, war'mt,
but not hot enough to.* cook theni aniy; and rut.
them in it a while. T1hen take thiem out and
wash thema in clear, colad water. This process
wvill take all the furze eiitirely off, and leave
them as slick and smooth as nectar-ines, with
nothing but a thin skin on them. Then cut off
and dry as usual. Peaches dried in this way
will be found to be very sweet, and have all the
advantages of notjosinig any by the usual pro
cess of peeling-as the sweetest part of frumt is
generally that next the peeling. We have eaten
pastry made with sneh peaches, and can speak
from experience. J. Rt. H.
Near New Boston, Henry Co., Tenn., April
FtLIEs-At WAY TO GET RiD Ov THEuM.-Ycs3r.
Editors: It was my privilege to go through the
grounds of some of our ciieps ini the western
part of the city on Friday last. When here, I
observed bottles suspendedf in the trees, contain
ing vast quantities of millers, tlies andl bugs, at.
tracted there by a mixture of molasses, water
Following the example set me, on Staurday
snornuing' I pa~ror large mouthed white glass
boCttles., that would hold abiont one quart each,
andl tiedl them to the limbs of different trees in
Ina each of these bottles I put a half pint of
mixture, made by adding to three pints of wa
ter- half a pint of molasses anal half a gill of
vinegar. One of these bottles, hung in a (-her
ry tree, at the end of twenty~fnr hoturs had col
* lected more than a pint of millers andl flies. It
was then empjtied, aiid its contents buried. This
bottle was again replenishedl, and at the end of
ten hours more, had collected nearly a quart of'
millers and flies.
All the bottles put otit (eight) had gathered
perhaps two qnaurts more of millers and flies
during the same time.
.If the placing of bottles thus baited in the
different gardens in the city could be brought
about, a serious pest would be in a greatt degree
mitigted. . A. N.
nuitgate. ew Har-en Journal & Courier.
To SALERATr-s EATmaS.-At a late conven
tion of Dentists, it was asserted that the main if
-. inot the sole cause of the great increase of ale
fe-tive teeth was'the use of saleratus and cream
of tartar in the maniufieture of bread; and Dr.
Pa~ker fully agreed with the facts offered in proof,
nelding the results of some experiments made
by himself. He soaked sound teeth in a solu
tion of. saleratus, and they were destroyed in
f.,urteen days I We here have the opinion of
men whose talents, time and zeal are given to
dentistry, that anleratus and cream of tartar in
breed are a chief cause of ruin to teeth. Now
will those who know this fact go on, eating all
that comes in their way, without inquiring what
it is made off-N. Y. Presbytria.
PUBLISIED EVERY WEDNEIDAY MORNING.
I'. SDIIINS, H.URIM)B& EilEES,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Two DOLLAS per year, if paid in advance-TwC
DoLLAuS and FIFTY C.NTs if not paid within 8i:
monthe-and TunEE DOLLARS if not paid before tO
expiration of the year.
Subscriptions out of the District and from othei
States, must invariably be paid for in advance.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
ll advertisements will be correctly and conspicu
ously inserted at Seventy-five Cents per Square (1
Brevier lines or .less) for the first insertion, and Fift]
Cents for each subsequent insertion. When only pub
lished Monthly or Quarterly $1 per square will b6
Each and every Transient Advertisement, to securi
publicity throigh our columns, must invariably b
paid in advance.
Advertiscments4 not having the desired number o
insertions marked un the margin, will be continueo
until forbid and charged accordingly.
'71h1se diiring to advertise by the year, can do si
on liberal terms-it being distinctly understood tha
contracts for ycurly advertising are conflued to thi
immediate, legitimate business of the firm or individ
All communications of a personal charaetor will b
charged as advertisements.
Obituary Notices exceeding one square in lengtl
will be charged for the overplus, at regular rates.
Announcing a Candidate (not- inserted until paii
for.) Five Dollars.
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to b
paid by the Mugistrate advertising.
THE PLACE FOR
Prices Fixed at Lowest Rates, ani
GOODS W VRRANTEI)
EXACTLY AS REPRESENTED
Shirts, Shirts, Shirts
SIX FOR NINE DOLLARS.
READY HEMMED. *
IN EVERY STYLE MD QUALITY
SILK, LINEN AND COTTON
Suspenders,- Money Belts, and
K ID G L OV ES,
At $1,10 per Pair.
GAUSE UNDER VESTS,
An Elegant Article for Summer Wear
Lisle, Thread and Cotton
From 50 Cents to 61,50 Encia.
INEN AND JEAN DRAWERS,
LONG CLOTH DRAWERS,
WHITE, COTTON AND LINEN
UMBRELLAS OF EVERY STYLE.
LARGE SIZE SHIRTS
Always on hand ; and, when Gentlemen prefer it
they can have their; measures taken, and SHIIRTE
made up to ordler, of the very best material, su
perior workmanship, and after LEE RIDAwAY'I
t'e!ebrated Pattern, his SHIRTS having received
the unqualified commendation of Gentlemen in al:
parts of the Unitcd States, and have been pro
MONEY IS VERY SCARCE, and I anm deter
mi:'ed to doi my share of trade, if low prices will
make an in'ducemnent. I shall 1:e elad to take th<
notes of all the South Carolina Bainks at par.
CIIARLES W. IIERSEY,
Opposite the United states Ilotel.
Augusta, May ,2nm 18
NEW SPRING GOOD S
BOOTS AND SHOES!
rIIOS0, P. LA RUS, Augusta, Georgzia,hImn
Rthis~ day received a large lot of SPR[ING
0001)5, arnd will continue to do so through the
sum.r, consisting in part (If
Ldied S1k F xed CONGR ESS GA ITERS,
do dci dlo- do
do Glove Kid Congress do
do Co'ored TiPT do
do 'BhItck do do
d.. Fine Philadelphia Kil and Moroeco SLIP
Misses' Fixed KWd-Top K('SSUTII UOOTS,
d1. Kid and Norocco SlIPPERS and TIES,
Childrens' S8lO0KS. of every descrip.tion,
Mens? Cali Opera PUM'iI P lOOTS,
do Goats I[EELED INVINCIBLES,
do Patent W. S. PUMPS and Oxford TIES.
do Gonts B. S. do
do Call' B. S. do
do Kid Congress GAITERS,
do Cadf do do
Boys' do do do
With a variety too numerous to nwntion. Caul
nnd look. ns I have uttentive Clerks who will be
glad to shlow the Goods.
SAugusta. Geo.. A pril 5 i f 13
Octagon Burial Cases
T jH E Subscriber keep' constantly on hand at his
.LFurniture Rooms. olpposite the Post Oftice, ,1
largve ns~cortment of this new style of METALIC
BURIAL CASES, of beautiful form, and finished
in perfect resemblance of highly polish~ed ROSE
WOOD. These CASKS are now extensively used
and piossess mnany valuab~le advantages over all
Coffins now before the public.
I will alao keep ready for delivery at a moment's
warning, a line Stock of WOOl) COFFINS, of my
own manufn:eture, and of all izes, prices and qual~ty.
JOHN M. WITT.
Edgefield, May 13 tf 18
My terms for selling METAIlC BURIA L CA.
SR(S in Cask, lbut should thle eash niot accompany
he order, interest will be charged from the dyof
tielivery. JlOH N M. WlT
N. B.-Wood Coflins will be sold as formerly.
Jan.20 -tf . 2
NTOTICE,--Al those indebted to S. E. Bow
eL rs, A gent, will please settle, as I aim desi
rous of making a change in business. No other
orders will be attended to without the Cash.
S. E. LOWERS, Agent.
Hamburg. Mar 29 tf 12
FLOUR AND CORN MYEAL--Can be
Ihad at my house for Ca..
Leather-Harness, Sole, Upper, Kip., &c.
R. T. M~IM.
Tak. t f A
FOR LIERCOM-PLAINT, AN'
P UBLIC opinion and Physicians have decidec
SARSAPARILLA that can be obtained.
ingredients are well known to Physicians and the
MEDICINES, when appropriately used, often E
Nothing more need be said in praise of it, t
tains in addition to Sarsalarilla, the hydro-alch<
White Ash, Grey Bread, or Fringe Tree (Chiona
(Podophyllun,) aTid Blood Root (Sanguinaria.)
,iirThose prefering this Componnd Prepartic
DENNIS' ALTERATIVE OR GEORGIA SA
For sale at Edgefield C. k.by G. L. PENN a
July 15, 1857.
A RE now receiving a iRGB and VARIED
.3. Stock of Spring and Summer
DR Y GOODS,
A good portion of which is now in Store and ready
In calling the attention of our friends and patrons
to our Stock we beg to assure them that it Is
And great inducements will be of'ered td ef'eet
sales. Our Stock enmprises all the Newest mate
rials with the latest patterns and designs- for
Plain, Striped and Plaid BAREGES;
TISSUES, LAWNS, ORGANDIES;
BRILLTA NTRS. French CA.MBRICS;
Crape NI ARETS. Iarege PeLA INES;
Material for TR AVELLING DRESSES, in Side
Stripes and Flounces and Bayadere;
Plain C1 .\LLIE9, SKIRTS -
EMBROIDERY, LACES, RIBBONS;
llOSI ERY and GLOVES; .
Brown' and Bleached SHEETINGS;
" "b 'STIIRTINGS
TICKINMS, PILLOW CASINGS':
Table DAMASKS, DUCKS and DR[! L1NGS;
A variety of Goods for MEN and BOYS wear;
PLA IDS and STRIPlES for servants ;
French, English and American PRINTS, in
great variety, at 121 ets. Also,
For the Ladies, together with a first rate stock of
S11OES, for all classes.
In fact, we have got about ALL the things you
19 We shall at all times be glad to show our
Goods and respectfully invite inspection fromn the
trading community. If Wedon't sell you, it shall
uot be our fau't.
BLAND & BUTLER.
Edgefie'd, S. C., April 14 tf 14
ARE MABD TO
CLEANSE THE BLOOD AND CUBE THE SICE.
Invalids, Fathers, Mothers, Physicians,
Philanthropists, read their Effects,
and judge of their Virtues.
FOR THLE CURE OF
Headache, Sick Headache,Fonl Stomach.
PUMsa, PA., May 1, 1855.
DR. J. C. Ava. Sir: I have been repeatedly cured of
the worst headache any body can have by a dose or two
of your 'ills. It seems to arise from a foul stomach, which
they cleanse at once. If they will cure others as they do
me, tho fact In worth knowing.
Yours with geat respect, ED. W. PREE,
Clerk of .Seasmt Clarion.
Bilious Disorders and Liver Complaints.
Dzaaarmast or 'ruts Ixraioa,
Wtssnoeoirl, D. C., 7 Feb., 1856,f
Sm: I have used your Pill. In my general and hospital
practice over since yotmade them, and cannot heitate to
say they are the heat cathartic we employ. Their regu
tating action on the liver is~quick and decided, consequent
ly they are an admirable remedy for derangementmof that
organ. lndeed, I have seldom found a case of bUous dis
cass so obstinate that It did not readil yifeld to them.
Fraternally your, AOZ DAL M. .
Dysentery, Refax, and Worms.
Pesr Orvici, IIARTshANI, Iav. Co., MIcIr., Nov. 16,1855.
Dii. Avaa:.Your Pills are the perfection of medicine.
They hare done my wife more gopd than I can tell you.
She had been siek and pining away for months. Went
off to be doctored at great expns, but gt no better. She
then commenced taking your ofil w so n ( cure her
by. They alrwre cured her and our two children
of bloody dysentery. One of our neighbors had It bad,and
my wife cured him with two dose of your Pills, while
otherg iiond us paid from Ave to twenty dollars doctors'
bIlls, and lost much time, without being cured entirely
even then. Such a medicine as yours, which Is actually
good end honest, will .bapINizbdr seer..
Indigestion antd Impurity of' the Blood.
Prosn Ree. .T. V. iaes,1lister qf Adeent Church, Bestow.
Di. Arma: I have used your PIlls with extraordinary
success In my famnily and among those I am celled to visit
In distress. To regulate the organs of digsion and purl
fy the blood they are the very best reeyI have aver
known, and I can confidently reco uen them to my
fiends. Yours, . V. HIMES5.
Waastw, Wroxrnvo Co.. N.Y., Oct. 11,1855.
Dxax Sm: I am using your Cathartic Pllsa In muy prae
tics, and find them an excellent purgative to cleanse the
system and purify the fountains of the blood.
JOIIN 0. MEACIAM, M. D.
IErysipelas, Scroflila, King's Evil, Tetter,
Tumos and Salt Rhbeum.
Prow, a IIbrwrii Jterclhant of 8. Louis, lib. 4,156.
Dii. Aria: Your Pills are the paragon of all that is
great in medicine. They have cured my little daughter
of ulerous sores upon her hand. and feot that had proved
incurable for years. Her mother had been long grievous
ly alleted with blotches and pimplee on her skin and In
her haIr. After our child was cured, she also tried your
Pills, and they have cured her. ASA MIORGRIIDGR.
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, and GoUt.
Rem het Riev. Dr. Ranher, of the iMedist Epi. Ctturch.
Pu~aszi Hioums. Sayvexas, Ga., Jan. 6,1856.
Iosonan Sma: I should be ungrateful for the relief your
skill has brought me If!I did not report my case to you.
A cold settled In my limbs and brought on excruciating
neuralgic pains, which ended In cronic rheumatism.
Notwihstanding I had the best of physledane, the disease
grew worse and worse, until, by the advice of your excel
lent agenat In Baltimore, Dr. Mackensle, I tried your Pills.
Their effects were slow, hut sure. By porsevering In the
use of them, 1 am now ehtirely well.
Siscave Cuainiza, BatO one;s La., 5 Dec-,12855.
DL. Are: I have been entirely cured by your P111s of
Rtheustle Gout--a painful disease that had afficted me
for years. VINCEN'T SLIDELL.
For Dropsy, Aethora, or kindred Coma
plaints, requiring an active purge, they are an excel.
For Costiveness or Colistipation, and as
a Dinner Pill, they are agreeable and effectual.
Fits, Suppression, Paralysis, Inflamma
tion, andI even Deafness, and Partial Blind
ness, have been cured by the alterative actIon of these
Most of the Pills in market contain Mercury, which, al.
though a valutable remedy in skilful hands, ls dangerous
in a pub~lic pill, from the dreadful consequences that fre
quenthy follow Its Incautious use. These contain no mnera
cury or mineral substance whatever.
AYER'S CHERRY P'ECTORAL
FORl TIIE RAPID CURE OF
COUGHS, COLDS, IIOAB3ENESS, 1NFLU
ENZA, BRONCHITIS, WHOOPING
COUGH, CROUP, ASTHMA, IN
and for the relief of consumptIve patients in advanced
stages of the disease.
We need not speak to the public of its virtues.
Throtughont every town, and aliut every hamlet of the
A muerican States, its wondeuful cores of pulmonary corn.
plaint. have made It already known. 2ay, few are the
DIm~ilies in any civilized country on this continent with
out somue persunal experience of Its effects ; and fewer yet
the communities any where which have not among th~em
sme living tropihy of its victory over the subtle and dan
gerous diseases of the throat and lungs. While it Is the
muost powerful antidote yet known to man for the fornml
dabhle and dangerous diseases of the pulnmonary organ., It
ia also the pheasanteat and safest remedy that can be em
plinyed for Infaunts and young persons. P'arents should
have It in store against the hnaidious enenmy that steats
iup.'m thenm unprepa'red. We have abundant grounds to
believe the Cherry lIcforol saves more lives by the con.
sumptious It preyeuts than those It cures. Keep It by
you, and enrs your colds while ghsy are.curab~le, nor ne
ieee until no human skill can master the Inexorabe
canker that, fastened on the vitals, eas your life away.
All know the dreadful fatality of lung alisorders, and as
thuey know too the virtues of this remedy, we need not do
more than to assure them it is still made the best It cap
he. We suare no cost, no careno tol to produce It thie
most p'erfet piossnd~e. and thuir dfi'ord those who rely on
it the l.eet ageunt which our skilceii brnish for their cure.
PREPARED IY DR, C, AYER,.
Practical and Analytical Chemist, Lowell, Kass.
ANID 80LD BY'
G. L. PENN and DRS. A. G. A T. 3. TEAGUE,
Edgefield C. U.; A. J. PELLETIER A5 CO., Ham
burg, and by alt dealers In medicine. Wholesale by
IIAVILAND, CHIICHIESTER A CO., Augusta, Ga.
Juno 2 y 21
ALL persona indebted to the Estate of Charles
McGregor, D~ee'd. will please make immedi
ate payment. And those having any demands will
present them properly attested.
.Tuly71857 A . RAMSAY, Adm'r.
XECUJTORS NOT10E.-AII persons
.EIhaving elaims against ti Estate of Avory
Bland, deceased, are hereby -notified to present
them, properly attested, immediately.
J1. A. BLAND, ~,Ez'ori.
LIST OF PREMIUMS
OFFERED IY THE
Edgefield Dis1tit. Agricultural Societ,
AT ITS TH IRtD ANNUtL FAIR,
To be held at Edgefield 0. H., October next.
The greatest production of cotton upon one acre
of impjiroved upland by the aid of domeslic ma
nure'x with the modo of cultivation, the anoutit
and kind of manure used, the preparation of the
WIiperiod of planiting, the naimber of tines plowed
and hoed, the rariefy of cpuon-the land to be
measured and the cotton weighed and vouched
for by allidavit; the report to be made to the
Secretary and submitted to the Executive Com
inittee li- the first of January next. Pre.
Tho greatest production of Corn upon one acre
of restored upland, the mode of planting, manur
ing, kind of manure used and variety of corn
stated under the same requisitions. Pre.
The largest yield of wheat upon one or more
acres under the same requisitions. PIe.
SAMPLES OF FILED CROPS.
Best Bushel of wheat with a sheaf of the
Best bushel of Corn with a dozen ears. Pre.
Best variety of Sweet Potatoes not less than a
Best variety of field. Peas not less than a
.bushel. P re.
Best hslel of Irish Potatoes, with the mode of
Cultivation ce. Pre.
Best bale of Hay made in the district. Jer. I
DBest Devon Ball " years old or upwards. P'.
Best Devon Cow 3 years old or upwards. Pre.
Best Cow for milking qualities, without regard
to blood. Pre.
Best Heifer from 1 to 2 years old. Pre.
Best pen of Cattle not less than 5. Pie.
Best Blooded Stallion, lare or Colt, of any age
raised in the D istrict. Pre.
Dest Stallion fr heavy draft of any age. Pre.
Best iroodl Mare of any age. Pre.
Best Colt : years old. Pre.
Best Colt 2 'vears old. Pre.
Best Colt I -year ol'd. Pre.
Best sackinmg Colt, without regard to blood. Pre.
JACKS AND ENNr-rS.
Best and largest Jack. - Pre.
Niest anid largest District raised Jack. Pre.
Best and largest Jennett. Pre.
Best and largest Jannett raised in the Dis
Best 3 year old. Pre.
Best 2 -ear old. Pre.
Best 1 'year old. Pre.
Best sucking Colt. Pre.
Best Boar (if improved Breed. Pre.
Best Sow of iniproved breed. Pre.
Best Sow and pigs. Pre.
Best pen of Stock hogs not less than G. PIe.
Best Buck of improved blood. Pre.
Best E"we of improved blood. Pre.
Best pen consisting of a Buck, Ewe and
Best Caselicre G rades. Pre.
sOUTiiEU: F.\RMING l1MI'.EMENTs.
Best )istrict made wrought-iron 2 horse mould
Best wrought-iron subsoil plow. Pre.
Best wrought-irom sweep. Pre.
Best southern Road Walgonl.
Best Common plow stock with a correct state
ment of the rule by which it is made. Pre.
Best barrow. Pre.
Best Buggy or Carriage made in the Distr't. Pre.
MAXI'F.CIRE IN 1.EATHIEII.
Best dozen pair of Brogans made ini the Dis
Best specimen of leather tanned in the Dis
Best pair district Raised Dorkings. *Pre.
Best pair Barnyard Fowls. Pre.
Best pair of Game Fowls. Pre.
Best pair Domestic Turkeys. Pr.
Best pair Eastern Geese. Pe
Best pair Muscovy Ducks. Pre.
Best pair Puddle Ducks. .Pre.
Best pair White Guinea Fowls. Pre.
Best pair Java Ducks. ~ - Pre.
Best pair Native Geese. Pre.
Best Jar Leaf Lard not less than 201b. Pre.
Best 10 lbs. of Hard Domestic Soap. Pre.
Best 5 lbs. of Toilet Soap. Pre.
Samples of Jellies, Preserves, Pickles, Catsups,
Syrups, Cordials &c., with full description of the
process of m'anufacture, keeping, &c., fur each
Best specimen of Domestic Wine, not less than
two bottles, under the above requisitioas, for
each kind. Pre.
Best half bushel of dried apple, peaches, or fruit
of any kind. Pe
Best specimen of hermetically sealed fruits. Pre.
Best specimen of vegitables for table use, her
metically sealed tnd preserved. Pre.
Best g:illon home made Vinegar. Pr.~.
Best specimien of Tallow Candles. Pre.
Best specimen of Starch. Pr.f
Best Sample of Chinese Sugar Cane Syrup Pre.
Best Ham. Pre.
Best sack of Flour. P're.
Best loaf Brend. Pe
Beit jar of Butter not less than 5 lbs. P're.
Best district made Cheese. Pe.
Best district made Corn biroomns. Pre.
Best A pples, Peaches, Pears, Quinces, Grapes,
Plumis or Watermelons. Pre.
DsTnIcT 1103! ESTIC SAlXiUFACTUR(ES.
Blest woolen Blanket. Pre.
Best 141 yards (negro) Woolen Cloth. Pre.
Best 10 yards Woolen Jeans. Pr*e.
Best Coverlet of wool or cotton. Pre.
Best pair of woolen Socks or Stohldngs. Pre.
Best specimen of. Sewing Silk. Pire.
Best specnmen of Silk and Woolen cloth. Pr..
Best Rtag Carpet. Pre.
Best imitation of Marseilles Counterpain. Pre.
Best Stone ware or crockery. Pre.
Best Tin ware. ~Pre.
Most beautiful Collar and Chemisette, Pre.
Most beautiful Un.dersleeves. Pre.
Most beautiful H ankerchief. Pre.
Most beautiful Old Lady's Caip. Pre.
Most beautiful Shawl or Mantle. Pre.
Most beautiful Child's Dress. . Pe
Most beautiful Child's Sack or Spencer, Pre.
Most beautiful Child's Cloak. Pre.
Best Patch WVork Quilt. Pre.
Best Patcht Work in Silk- Pre.
Best Crib Quilt. 'Pre.
Fur the largest lady's D~ress Bonnet aiul the
least Hoop Skirt worn on the occasion, each.
NOTICI: To EXtItlnTons.
All stock amnd articles of every, kind exhibited,
and conteniding for pre'mnius, mnust lbe entered
upon the Secretary's Bookatestwodyb
fore the fhir. atlstwodybe
The Secretary will furnish a list to the judges
of all the stock and articles submitted to their
decision the dlay before the fair.
Timiely notice will also be given to the judges
of their several appointments.
Other articles of rare merit, not mentioned
above, will be received, assigned to suitable com-.
mittees, and share in the awards according to
Blue Ridge Railroad Company
IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
CH ARL ESTON, May 5, 1858.
SUU.CCRIBERS to the Capiial Stock of this
K]Company are hereby notified that the POUR
TEENTH1 and FIFTI-ENTHI INSTALMENTS
upon the first s'ubscription, andI five per cent. upon
thme amount of the second subscription, are re
quired to be paid as follows: The fourteenth in
stahment and five per cent. on the second subscrip
tion, on the 22d1 Jane next ; the fifteenth instal
ment on the 22d July next. By order
W. H. PERONNEAU, Treas'r.
May 10 . 11 18
OEGAIRS--Now open a few t iuand ve~
S .. fn81ARSan J.D.BULf. Ar &.
CHEAP FAMLY GROCERIES!
T HE Subscriber is now receiving and opening
a VERY CHOICE STOCK of well selected
To which he begs leave to invite the attention of
Planters in want of Choice Supplies. He may be
found in the Block of Buildings formerly occupied
by GEORGE ROBINSON as a Ilardware Store.
My course will be to adopt the old motto,
"A nimble Penny Is better than a
% Slow Shilling !"
My Stock will consist in part of the following ar
St. Croix SUGAR;
New Orleans, old process, SUGAR;
"s new " do.
Stuart's A. D. and C. Soft do.
" (A) Crushed do.
" Powdered do.
" Sugar House SYRUP;
New Orleans do.
Old Government Java COFFEE;
Rio do. superior;
English Dairy and Coshen CHEESEH
Choice Old BRANDY and Holland GIN;
Jamaica and New England RUM;
John Gibson's XX and XXX;
Rectified and Tennessee W HISKEY;
CONFECTIONAt IES and PICKLES;
M ACKEREL, SALMON and SARDINES;
Superfine FLOUR, &o., &.c.;
A Fresh supply of ORANGES and APPLES;
Together with many other articles too tedious to
mention. TIROS. KERNAGRAN.
P. S.-Also a fresh supply of No. 1 and 2
MACKEREL in Kitts, f and j Bbls;
Buckwheat FLOUR, No. 1;
Fine Spanish SEGARS;
MACCARONI; CITRON; andCRACKERS;
26 Bbls. Fresh Thomaston LIME; T.
Hamburg, Jan. 19 ly 2
CARRIAGE REPOSITORY !
C I HRIS TIE & H U R L B ER T.
T TIE Subscribers offer for sale at the old stand
of R. H. Sullivan, a CHOICE collection of
Carriages, Rockaways, Buggles,
And all other articles in their line. They have
made arrangements to keep their House supplied
with the BEST ARTICLES, from the BEST
Factories in the United States, which they will
sell LOW FOR CASH, :or for good paper on
CARRIAGES and BUGGIES of every des
cription will be furnished to order on short notice.
April 22 t' 15
,rHE Subscribers return their thanks to their
.J. kind patrons for the liberal support they
have received, and respectfully solicit a ,continu
ance of that generous patronage.
They state with confidence now that they are
WELL PREPARED to carry on the
Coach making and Repairing Business
In its various branches. Their work shall be ex
ecuted in a durable, handsome, style and by work
men skilled in their respective trades.
We have and jntend always keeping on hand a
large and fine assortmnent of
CAllRIAG ES, BUGGIES, ROCKAWAYS, &C,
Of the our own manufacture-beautiful to behold
and of much value to the lucky purchaser.
We will also keep conptantly in our Establish
ment a full Stock of Northern BUGGIES and
CARRIAGES, of superior manufacture.
gr All sorts of R EPAIRING done in the best
manner. and with the greatest dispatch.
gEfCalI and examine our Stock. Our prices
have been put down to correspond with the hard
times. SMITH 'o JONES.
Dec 23 - tf 50
THE LIVER INVIGAROTOR.
PREPARED BY DR. SANFORD.
Iagrasentitle medical discovery, and is daily working
uramotoogreat to believe. it cures as if~ by mag
ie, eveni the first dose givig benefit, and seldamn more than
one htottle is required to cure any kind of-Liver Complaint.
from the worst .laundice or D~yspepsia to a common head
ache, nil of which are the result of a diseased Liver.
The Liver is one of the principal regulators of the
hunman body, tndi when it perfo~rms its functions well
the ptowers of the s:.stm'~ are fully developed. The
stomach is almost entirely t d ependent on the healthby
action of the Liver for the plro~per performance of its
funeti'ons. When tihe stom ualh is at fault, the bowels
are at fault, and the whole system s u if e r a in conse
quenceof oe oran-th~ Liver- having eassed to
do its duty. For the diseas es of that organt, one of the
proiprietors hts mtadetet his study, ia a practice of
tnore than twenty years, __to findsome remedy where
w it I: to counteract thme ~)many derangements t o
which it is liabie.
To prove that this re ntedy is at last found, any
person troubled with Liv e r Cotnpiaint itt a n y
ofr its f-,rmns, htas but to try a bottle, and conviction Is
A cotmpound' hasi been formted by dissolving gums
atnd extracting that part whick is solttbke for the ac
tive irtues of the ntedi eine. These gtums remove
alt morbid or badt matter F.9fromn the syatemt, sumppiy
ing in their place a healthy flow of bile. invigorating
the stomach, catusing foodi to digest well, purifyiug
the blood, gi-:ig tone and health to the u hole maclht
tiery, remnottg the causes o. f the disease, and effect
ing a radical cure without ati y of the disagreeable
after effects, felt by tusing Calomecl or Mineral P~n
son that is ttsually resosr ,.ted to.
Ottnedoset after eating is sufileient to relieve th Ie
stotmach, and pirevent the food fronm risintg and sour
Otrnly one dlose taken before retiring, prevents
,bnly one dlose taken at nightt loosetns the bowel.s
gently, andl enres costive'-- ness.
One dlose taken after each '' mteal will cure Dyspepsia.
;W"One dose of two tea apoonsful will always re
lieve Sick Headache.
One bottle taken for fe f" male obstruction, removes
the causqe of thme disieo, P and mnakes a perfect cure.
Only one dosee itmmedi ately relieves Chotic, whmile
One dose, often repeated, is a attrel cure for Chol
era Mlorbtus, and a pre r,.ventative of Cholera.
Otte dose, taken often, .,will prevent the recurrence
of Bilious Attacks, while h.'it relieves all palnftcd feel
4"Oly one bottle Ia neeed to throw outt of the
sytem thme effects of medl i cIne after a long sickness.
one bottle taken for Jattndice, removes all
yllowness o r unnatural color from the akin.
One dose taken a sht'rt time before eating gives vIgor to
te alppelite, andi makes food digest well.
Otne dlose, often repeated, eumres Ulhronie Diarrhen~ In its
worst fhrms. white summter and bowel comnplaitnts yild al
tmot tuo the tirst dose.
One or two doses etnres attacks cautsed by worms, while for
worms in ch!hdretn, thtere is un sutrer, safer or speedler rent
edty int the workl, as it never falls.
There ia tto exa(l.gernttion int thrse stateentas; thtey are
platn, sober facts, that we enn give evidence to leruve, whie
all who tuse it are givlumg thteir unanImous testlnto~ny in its
We take itnfluite pleasure in reenmmending this medieine
as a prevetttive for Fever and Agtne, Chil Fever, and all
levers of a Bilious type. It operates witht certainty, and
thousatndsare willine to testify to its wonderful virtues.
Atmotng the hunttdreds of Liver Remedies now offered to|
lihe public, there are none we cant so highly recommend as
DRi. SANFORID'S INVIGORlATOtt, so generally known
now thcroughout the Uniotn. This preparation is truly a
Liver Invigorator, producing the nmost happy results on all
whto use It. Almost lnnumeralIecerltiiates have been giv
ent to the great virttue of this tnedlinte by those of the hIgh
egt standIng In society, antd we knowv it to be the best prepa
rttion tnow before the publie.-/f/whson Om'nty Dsmoeraf.
PREICE, ONE DOLLARt PERt BOTTLE.
SANFORtD & Co.,
Proprietors. 345 Broadway. New York,
Elip'For sate at Edgehield C. HI. by G. L. PENN, Agent.
Junel16,lSiS, ly 28
State of South Carolina,
iN ORDINA RY.
Ansel Devore and wjifo Lucinda,
and others, Plaintiffst,
vs. ~Cit.for Par.
John Walton and wifo JTerusha,
and others, Defendants.J
IT oppearing to my satisfaction that John Wal
ton and his wife Jerusha, and William G.
owler and his wife Martha, two of the Defen
ants in this ease, reside beyond the limits of this
State : It is therefore ordered, thatthey doe appe.ar
mnd object to the division or sale of the real estate
f Lewis Clark, Sr., deceased, on or before the
0th of June next, or their consent to the same
rill be entered of record.
W. F. DURISOE, O.E.D.
Mar 22d, 1858. 13t 11
r HE Subscriber havig purchased that excel
lent and well-fitted out Brick Yard, long
nown as the Simkins' Yard, has just made and
oroughly burnt 100,000) CHOICE BRICKS,
rhlch will be sold on reasonable terms. A con
idrable discountrallowed for the Cash.
H. D. CR00OEUL
Apen et5 16 i
EDGE ELD I C.*.
hiving jutr- ,f.
eived from New York a most COMPLETE and
MAGNIFICENT assortment of
Respectfully announces to his friends and
that he is prepared to exhibit a beauti a
well manufactured assortment of CABINETIUR
NITURE. My large assortment consistuin paotf
a splendid variety of fine and superine
A richlot-all styles-of Rosewood and Mahbgany
3lVE lIA U
Posewooa .ad Xaogany Ihb"ad
A beautiful collection of Rosewood and Maliikiny
WASH SINKS OR STANDS,
A good stock of excellent spring bottom
Improved styles of Rosewood and Mahogany
FRENCH BEDSTEADS,.. -
Nahogany and Rosewood Tab%
Consisting of PARLOR, CARD, TEA, Exi&N
SION, QUARTETTE and Ladies WORK TA
Corner Stands nad Portable Desks,
A variety of ine
An unusually large assortment'of -
VC.A.Z XS. - Me
Comprising Solid Mahogany spring bottomodk
ing Chairs; Spring bottom solid Mahogany Parlor
Chairs; Cane seat Maple Rocking and Parlor
Chairs; a small lot of Prescott Oak Chairs; Chil
dren's, Nurse's and Sewing Chairs, and Children's
CURTAIN BANDS, PICTURE CORD AND TASSEL. CRIB
CRADLES, TOWEL RACKS, &C.
All of which will be sold at a very small per
cent above actual cost prices. I am coinpell d to
continue the CASH SYSTEM, and will igy
adhere to it in future, as I am well convinced that
it is much the best system for all parties.
An examination of my Stock is solicited. Better
bargains are not to be had in Augusta or any
other Southern City.
I continue to make to order any FURNITURE
wanted, and also to repair all old Furniture -sent.
Send along your work and it shall be done in a
jT I bespeak a liberal share of public patron
age. -. 11K. WITT, -
Apr 21 tf 16
NEW AND SEASONABLE STOCK OF
SPRING DRY GOODS,
P. & X. GALLAHER,
A UGUSTA, GEORGIA.
R ESPECTFULLY Solicit the attention of the
ladies of Edgefield, and the public generally,
to their New and Fashionable stock of
. DRY GOODS,
Purchased within the past month by one of their
own firm, who spareA no pains to obtain the most
desirable styles of S P R I N G and S IT M M E R
GOODS, suitable for the most fastidious of the
ladies of the South.
To their varied and exteniive assortment, in each
department, they call special attention, especially to
the comparatively low prices at which they are
selling. Their utock embraces in part the latest
Rich Chintz Chene Bayalere SILKS;
Rich Moire A ntique Black and Colored SILKS;
Rich Marcellaine-and Florence
Rich Black SILKS, In endless variety ;
GRENA DINE, Crape DeParis ROBES;
CHTA LLIE, Barege Debiine
Printed LA WNS
BAREGES; CRAPC MARETZ -
.CITALLIES; BAREGE DELA11JR;
CRAPE DalPARIS; CANTON CLOTh;
Embroidered BAN DS, beautirul Patterns;
" JACONET, SWISS and MULL;
" COLL ARS, in great variety ;.
" Linen Cambric H ANDKERCIIEFS
EDGINGS and INSERTINGS.
Ladlies' Silk HOSE, best quality ;
" Cotton " "
Misses' Silk '4 " "
" Cotton " "
Gents' Halr Cotton HOSE, all sizes andh quality ;
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Silk GLOVES;
.i " 4 " Kid '" various
Embroid'ered MUSLIN, for Ladies' Dresses;
Plain ,laeonet and Swiss MUSLiNS;
Nansook, Mlnil and Book "
r'rinted BRILLIANTE and French CAMBRIC;
AMERICAN CALICOES AT UNPRECE
DRELTEDLY LOW PRICES..
D O ME ST IC G OO DS.
Brown SIiRTINGS and STIEETINGS -
OSNdBURGS, STRIPES aid'
DR!I L LINGS, at Factory prices.
GINGHAMS IN GREAT VARIETY,
IR IShI L IN EN.
Finished and Unfinished LINEN, in half and whoele
pieces, imnported direct from Ireland..
DA MASK, NAPKINS,
DOY LIES, TAlBLE CLOTHS.'
COUNTERPANES; BIED TICKING;
A proi C1ECKS ; Furniture PR INTS;
RIBB6NS; LUTES; Satin and Velvet Forni
ture and Dress FRINGES;
PA R ASOLS; Hoop SKIRTS; FANS: C~OMBS;
Hair BB3USHES SOAPS; PEftFUMERY;
MANTILLAS, S*AWLS and SCARFS in end
A ugusta, A pril 14 1858 3m 14
' AUGUSTA, A
H AVE just received from New York, another
lot of those PINE WHILE BRILLIANTS,
at 126 cents per yard.
Also, Isabella, Jonannah and Caroline White
Ladics' Mtarseilles COLLARS and SETTS, both
white and Colored; -
Birmingham and'Metropolitan Extension-HOOP
Black 'Silk MITTS, both long and short, with
and without fingers;
An entirely new and handso'mo lotof RIBBONS,
for Ladies' Sonnets;
Fifty piees fine IRISH LINEN, to be sold ~by
the piece only, at extraordinary low prices;
DAMASKS, DOYLIES, NAPKINS;
TOWEL8, crash and linen ;
SHEETING, at prices that cannot fall to com
mand a quick sale.
Those in want of such Goods would do well to
Augusta, June 14 tf 2
War With England,
INconsequence of the anticipated war, I am
Aagain furnished with a large supply of the
ONLY COA L OIL NOW IN USE, that will not
explode, namely, the
BRECKENRIDGE 09AL' OIL.
Together with LAMPS, SHADES, CHIMNEYS,
The above Oil is warranted not to explode, gum,
congeal, or smell when burning, givespAlh~qa
to ten candles, and costs leps than one hafof a
cent a hour to consume It..
I will sell the Lamps and Oil at New York pri
ces, adding 10 per cent. for transportation, for Cs..
Persons will please remember .that' this Ottl
different in all respects from the Imperfect article
called Kerosene Coal Oil.
No person in Augusta has the genuine Coal1011
for sale but THOMAS P. FOGAR2!
Under the Auguista NoteL.
Augusta Ga., June 15 tf 28.
EW E OUR-ostreeiefeel e n hv
G. D. tENN, AgeS.?
Jae 6 ~ . tf ,. - .385
D TO PURIFY THE BLOOD.
that this is the BEST PREPARATION of
It sells reafily and gives great satisfaction. Its
people at'the South, to be GOOD, and GOOD
F'FECT GREAT CURES.
ian to publish what it is composed of. It con
iholic extract of Queen's Delight, (Stillingia,)
nthus) Tincture of May Apple, or Mandrake,
in of Sarsaparilla, should express in their orders
ad Drs. A. G. & T. J. TE.. GUE.
Fine Pianos, Books,
MUSIC, &c., &c.
T HE Subscriber after returning thanks to their
friends in EDGEFIELD and adjoining Dis
tricts, for their liberal patronage during the last
ten years, would inform them that they still con
tinue to keep on hand a large assortment of
from the celebrated manufactories of RAVEN BAj
CON & CO, H AZELTON, BROS,, and A. 11.
GALE & CO., New York. for whom they are sole
Agents. These Instruments having already won
such far famed celebrity, it is only necessary for us
to repeat that for strength. durability and finish,
together with power, depth, sweetness and soft
ness of tone, they challenge competition. Persons
wanting a superior
would do much better to call and select from a large
ossortment, than by dealing with Pedlars and Agents
of Inferior makers, where they have no choice, nnd
have ofen to pay higher prices for inrerior Instru
ments, than fine ones of superior makers can be
bought for. Every PIANO FORTE sold by us is
warranted in every respect, so the purchaser runs
no risk whatever. Persons ordering from a distance
from us can depend upon getting a GOOD AR
TICLE, as we make it a point to keep goods of the
best quality and such as we can recommend and
warrant in every respect.
Their stock of MUSIC is very large and they
are constantly receiving oil new pieces as they are
published. GUITAR and VIOLIN STRINGS of
the best quality always on hand. 0
They would also call attention to their large
School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationery
nd other artieles.-A LSO
Always on hand the largest assortment in the State
of Gi UITA RS, VIOLINS, ACCORDE6NS,
FLUTES, FLAGEOLTS, VIOLIN BOWS, c,
and every article of Musical' Merchandise.
Carhart's and Needhain's and Prince's celebrated
ACCORDEONS and VIOLINS repaired in the
All of the above articles sold at ldw prices fur
Cash or City acceptnces by
GEO. A. OATES & BROTHER.
Broad Street, Agusta Ga., between U. S.. and
April 7 1858 tf 13
THOMAS 3, FOGARTY,
DRUGGIST & APOTHECARY,
UNDER THE AUGUSTA HOTEL,
Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia,
W OULD) respectfully call the attention of Plan
ters, Merchants and Physicians to his fresh
and unadulterated stock of
Drngp, Medicines and ChemicalS,
AND ALL OTHER ARTICLES IN HiS LINE.
I feel assured that no House in this City or else
where can ofler a stock superior in GENVINE
NESS. PURITY, or on more REASONABLE
EVERY ARTICLE WARRANTED !
All officinal preparations put up under the sti
porvislon of'graduates of the London and Dublin
Colleges of Pharmacy, and in strict conformity
wiTh the formularies of the United States Phar
macopia.-My stock of
FANCY ARTICL.ES, PERFUMERY,8SOAPS,
Hir, Tooth, Paint and Wall Brushes,
&c., &c., &c.,
is at all times complete'. I would also call atten
tion to my stock of
Paints, Oils, Glass, Putty, Varnishes,
ARTISTS' MATERIAL. BURNING FLUID, &C,,
which I promoise to sell 10 per cent LOWER than
any House in this City.
Any article sold by meo, which does not give
satisfaction, the mon.-y wvill be returned and ex
pences paid in all cases.
Agent for Sherman's Patent Truss~, and
the only depot for genuine Sweedish LEECHES
in the City.
(TSoliciting a visit before purchasing else
where, I feel confident that the inducements of
fered both in lowness of price and punctuality In
attending to orders, will secure a portion of your
'fRemember may Store is under the Augusta
Hobel, A ugusta, Ga.
TUI10Y.A1 3. FOG A RTY.
Augusta, March 30 ly 12
BOOTS, SHOES AND BROGANS,
AT WITOLESALE AND RETAIL.
O0 0WORLTH of the above Goodns,
e) 1',U carefuity eketed from the best
.\anufacturi, and onimprising
Every Description in the Trade,
Which will be sold at a very snmall ad vance on Cost.
In addition to the above, I have on hand,
5,O00 Pair Thick Shoes,
Slightly damaged by getting wvet, and will be sold
jg The Subscriber solicits a call from his South
Carolinn friends bi-fore purchasing elsewhere.
W Tsans.--Retail, CA SH!. Wholesale, time
with approved paper. No acond price asked.
Under U. S. hotel, Augusta, Ga.
Augusta, a., Oct 14 tf 40
MONTGO MER Y'S
CELEBRATED DOUBLE SCREEN
rjHlE SUBSCRIHER having purchased the
..Right for this State, now oilers tuo Planters these
justly celebratedl FANS for cleaning Wheat. This
Fan is superior to any thing of tke kind now in use,
as the number of premiumns awarded at diff'erent
State Fairs will attest. It is simple in its strueture,
easily rigged, wvorks well, and when o-ut af order,
can be repaired by any ordinary mechanic. It Is
adapted to cleaning all kinds of grain. For further
partiulars see Hand Bill, which will be furnished
any one desiring such.
COTTION GINS AND THRASHERR.
Also constantly on hand a supply of Cotton Gins,
which I warrant to be equal to any made. Also, a
lot of Thrashers which are so extensively known
that I deem it unnecessary to eulogise themi here.
These Macbines are all manufactured in this place,
by skIllful workmen, and of the very beat material,
ad warranted to do what Is said for them. Any
rders for either of the above Machines, addressed
, the subscriber, or left with my Traveling Agents,
nll be promptly attended to.
Abbeville C. II.,S. C., M~ay 18, 3m 19
N OTICE.-AI persons indebted to the Es
tate of John Kirkaey, dee'd., are hereby
imely warned to make payment forthwith, and
hose having claims against the Estate are notfied
render them in, properly attested, at an early
lay. E. P. IL KIRKSY, acidag Ez'or.
nec8 nnti 6