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,EDGEFIELD, S.. v
Oh, Heaven is nearer than mortals think,
When they look with a trembling dread
At the misty.future that stretches on
From the silent home of the dead.
'Tis no lone isle in a boundless main,,
No brilliant but distant shore,
Where the lZvely ones who are called away
Must go to return no more.
No; Heaven.is near us-the mighty veil
Of mortality blinds the eye,
That we see not the angel bands
Oi the shores of eternity.
Yet oft, in the hours of holy thought,
To the thirsting soul is given
That power to pierce thro' the mists of sense
To the beauteous scenes of Heaven.
Then very near seem its pearly gates,
And sweetly its harpings fall;
Till the soul is restless to soar away,
And longs for the angel call.
I know, when the silver cord is loosed,
When the veil Is rent away,
Not long and dark shall the passage be
To the realms of endless day.
The eye that shuts in a dying hour,
Will open the next in bliss;
The welcome will sound in a heavenly world,
Ere the farewell is hushed in this.
We pass from the clasp of mourning friends,
To the arms of the loved and lost;
And the smiling faces will greet us then
Which on earth we have valued most.
Of all the plagues that scourge mankind,
There's none that so impairs the mind,
And renders it to virtue blind,
What is the cause of every ill
That does with pains the body fill I
It is the oft repeated gill
- Of whisky.
What is it some do love so well,
For which their bodies they would sell,
And send their very souls to hell I
- 'Tis Whisky !
What is It poisons all their lives,
And makes men beat and curse their wives,
And thousands t destruction drives I
What makes chill penury prevail,
Oh Whisky! thou'rt the curse,
To soul, to body, and to purse
Pandorh's box held nothing worse
AN INCIDENT IN THE REVOLUTION.
In the summer of 1779, during one of the
darkest periods of our revolutionary struggle,
in the small village of S-, in Pennsylvania,
lived V--, one of the finest and truest patriots
within the limits of the "old thirteen," and
deep in the confidence of Washington. Like
most men of his time and substance, he had
furnished himself with arms and ammunition,
suffieient to arm -the males of his household.
These consisted of three sons and about twenty
five negroes. The female part of his house con
sisted of his wife, one daughter, and Catherine,
about eighteen years of age, the heroine of our
tale', and several slaves. In the second story of
his dwelling-house, immediately over the front
door, was a small room called 'the armory,' in
which the arms were deposited, and always
kept ready for immediate use. About the time
we introduce our story, the neighborhood of our
village was-much annoyed by the nocturnial
prowling and depredations of numerous Tories.
It was on a calm, bright Sabbath afternoon in,
the aforesaid summer when Ju'ige V. and htis'
family, with the exception of his daughter
Catherine, and an old indisposed slave, were
attending services in the village church. Nout a
breath disturbed the security of the atmosphere
.-not a sou~nd profaned the sacred stillness of
the day ; the times~ were dangerous, and Casthe
rine herself and an ol slave remained in the
house until the return of the family from church.
A rpwas heard at the front door. "Surely,"
said Catherine to the slave, " the family have
- ot yet come home-church can't be dismissed."
The rap was repeated. " I will see whoi it is,"
said Catherine, as she ran up stairs into the
armory. On opening the windows and looking
down she saw six men standing down at the
front door and on the opposite side of the street,
three of whom she knew were tories, who for
meily resided in the village. Their ntames
were Van Zant, Finley ahid Sheldon; the oather
three were strangers, but she had reason to be
hieve them to be of the same political stamp,
from the comn; any in which she found themn.
Van Zant was a notorious character, and the
number and enormity of his crimes had ren
dered his name infamous in the viciniity. Not
a muarder was committed within miles of
that he dii not get the credit of planning or
executing. The charaicters of Finley and Shel
don were also deeply stained with crime but
Van Zsnt was a master spirit of iniquity. The
appearance of such characters, der such cir
cumstances must have been tru y alarming to
any young lady of Catherine's age, if no.t t'
any lady, young or old. But Catherine V
possessued her father's spirit, "the spirit .of thie
times " Van Zant was standing on the stoop
' ping at the door, while his comnpanion's were
tlking in a whisper on the opposite side of the
IsJudge V-.at home 1" asked Van Zant,
when he saw Catherine at the window above.
"lHe is not," said she.
"We have business of pressing importance
-with him, and if you will open the door," said
* Van Zant " we will walk in until bie returns."
.-"No," said Catherine, " when he went to
church he left particular directions not to have
the door opened until he and his family returned.
- You had better call when church is dismissed."
"No ilnot," returned lhe, "we will enter
now or never."- -
"Impossible," cried she, " you cannot enter
'until he returns."
"Open the door," c'ried he, "or we will break
it down, and burn you and the house up to
gther." So sayiing he threw himself with all
the force he possessed against the door, at the
him.: The door however resisted their efforts.
" Do not attempt that again," said Catherine,
"or you are a dead man," at the same time
presenting from the window a heavy horseman's
pistol, ready cocked.
At the sight of this formidable weapon the
companions of Van Zant, who had crossed the
street at his call, retreated.
" What," cried the leader, "you cowards!
are you frightened at the threats of a girl ?"
and again he threw himself violently against
the door. The weapon was immediately dis
charged, and Van Zant fell.
The report was heard at the church, and
males and females rushed out to ascertain the
On looking towards the residence of Judge
V-they perceived five men running at full
speed, to whom the Judge's negroes and several
others gave chase; and from an upper window
of his residence a handkerchief was waiving, as
if beckoning for aid.
All rushed towards the place, and upon their
arrival, Van Zant was in the agonies of death.
He still retained strength enough to acknowl
edge that they had long contemplated robbing
the- house, and had frequently been concealed
in the neighborhood for that purpose, but no
opportunity had offered until that day, when
lying concealed in the woods they saw the Judge
and his family going to church.
The body of the dead Tory was taken and
buried by the sexton of the church as he had
no relatives in the vicinity.
After an absence of two hours or thereabout,
the negroes returned, having succeeded in cap
turing Finley, and one of the strangers, who
were that night confined, and the next morning
at the earnest solicitations of Judge V- ,
liberated on the promise of mending theirlives.
It was in the month of October of the same
year that Catherine V-was sitting by an
upper back window in her father's house knit
ting; though autumn, the weather was mild,
and the window was hoisted about three inches.
About sixty or seventy feet from the rear of
the house was a barn, a huge old fashioned edi
ce, with upper and'lower folding loors; anif
accidentally casting her eyes towards the barn,
she saw a small door (on a range with the front
door and window at which she was sitting) open,
and a number of men enter. The occurrence in
summer immediately presented itself to her
wind, and the fact that her father and other
males of the family were at work in a field at
some distance from the house, led her to suspect
that that opportunity had been improved by
ome of Van Zant's friends to plunder and re
venge his death. Concealing herself behind the
urtains, she narrowly watched their movements.
he saw a man's head slowly rising above the
oor and apparently reconnoitering the premi
es: it was Finley's.
The object was now evident. Going to the
rmory, she selected a well loaded musket and
esumed her place by the window. Kneeling
ipon the floor she laid the muzzle of. the weapon
pon the window sill, between the window cur
ains, and taking deliberate aim she fired.
hat effect she had produced she knew not,
t -SOLM ea;W A out.o aU hre
ought her 4fther and his workmen to the
mouse, and going to the barn, the dead body of
nidey lay on the floor.
Catherine V -afterwards married a Captain
f the Continental army, and she lives, the
inored mother of a numerous and respectable
ne of descendants. The old house is also " in
le land of the living," and has been the scene
if many pranks of the writer of this tale, in
he iey-day of mischievous boyhood.
" MEET LIZZIE AT SIX".
That was all the despatch contained. Four
ittle words; yet what excitement they cau-ed
n the household at Maple Cottage; the quiet,
ober household, whose members, at the mo
nent of its reception, were on the point of
etiring to rest for the night.
" Meet Lizzie at six !" Was our darling in
leed so near us ? Two years and three mnunths
mad passed since our eyes had been glalidened
y her girlish beauty, since her voice had mum
;led with the bird-music that floated all the
ong Summer days among the maples. Two
rears and three months she had been buried
imong books, in a far away city, bowing hecr
uny curls oever algebra, geometry and philoso
phy, astronomy and botany, French and Latin;
patiently at first, because her parents desired
t afterwards cheerfully, to please the teachers
'e had learned to love ; and at last zealously,
from pure thirst for the treasure these studies
unlocked to her. But it was *.yer now, these~
toilsome years, and she was on her way once
more-our Lizzie-our pet and pride--we should
meet her at six !
She had left B. in the morning ; had jour
neyed without stopping all day ; this we guess
ed at once; and at eight in the morning, find
ing a hasty opportunity, she had telegraphed to
us the words above. At six, the Eastern train
arrived at our station ; Lizzie was to ride all
night, for, the sake of reaching home thus early.
It was like her ; impulsive, warm-hearted child
that she was.
How little we slept that night ! What slight
sounds afoused us ; how early we were all astir
-even the baby, and the white-haired grand
father. " Meet, Lizzie, eh ?" he said ; " aye,
indeed, will we !" And the old man-s voice
caught a youthful tone, and his crutches an
elastic mnovement, as he hobbled about the
house, giving orders, as if all the responsibility
rested upon him, to be sure.
There was Hannah, too, bewildering the
mother about breakfast. " Did Lizzie like coffee
or cocoa best ?" And would she make biscuits
or waffles ? And the mother, smiling all the
time, nodded her head to everything, and went
hurrying about, with the gridiron in one hand
and the egg-boiler in the other, coaxing Fanny
to curl the baby's hair, andl looking at the clock
every five minutes. But Fanny, with mysteri
ous spoonfuls of- something, was flitting up
stairs and down, leaving a book here, a flower
thee, a daguerreotype on the table, or a rosy
ceeked fall appln in the window-somnethimg
for Lizzie to see and smile at. i mly the father
seeed undisturbed. We noticed, to be sure,
the dimples in his cheeks, which Lizzie always
said she made with her fingers whein she was a
babe, looked deeper when he smiled, and that
his voice was a tritle less steady when he told
Thomas. to bring the horses; but he did not
like to b>e considered a demonstratye man, so
we looked significantly at each other, and said
nothing. Still waters are sometimes very deep.
At last the carriage camne round, and wve got
in; two of us beside the other, who was to
drive. There was room for more,, but it was
quite out of her line, the nmother said, to go on
a dashing drive before breakfast ; so we left her
on the piazza with a pickle-dish in her hand,
and wiping her eyes with her apron.
It was half a mile to the depot, and the sun
had not quite risen when we started. Ilow
balmy the air was, that' soft Sepitember morn
ing. We thought, egotists that we were, in
our happiness, that nature sympathized with
us. It seemed us if there had never been so
fair a sun risirig before, and as if half the glory
of the morning would have been wasted had
not Lizzie been coining home.
The car had not arrived when we stopped
at the station, but we heard the whistle of th
locomotive, not very distant; and those fem
sweet waiting moments-what a world of bless
ed anticipation they held. The sun was rising
-ah, Lizzie! Lizzie!
At last the train came up-stopped. We
looked at the windows; only a row of sad fa.
ces! Lizzie must have sat on the other side
A few passengers came out, solemn-faced and
silent. We pressed forward-so did those wht
were going out of the train. The conductor
appeared and waved everybody back, then m
tioned to somebody in the car. Two men came
out and slowly descended the steps, bearing a
lifeless body-a woman, her features covered
by a veil. They bore it into the saloon, and
laid it reverently upon the sofa. Still the con
ductor waved the crowd back-except our par
ty. He knew us, and turned away his face as
Then we knew how it was; all except father;
he could not believe. Firmly he raised the veil
from the dead face. Oh, God! all merciful! Is
it thus we meet thee, Lizzie, darling, our best
beloved, idol (-f our hearts! '
In a brief time we learned the story. Learned
how the Angel ,.f the Lord had met " Lizzie
before us, in the still twilight of that Au umn
morning, and after one pang, terrible, we knew,
but brief, had wafted her gentle spirit to those
who waited for her in the home of angels."
At the very last stopping-place, Lizzie had
left the car to procure some food f.r a little
child that had fretted all night in the arms of
a wearied mother. The train stopped but a
moment; it was dusk and none of the officers
had seen her leave it. She returned hastily, to
find it moving; made a mis-step, fell forward
and thc rest is a common tale, such as newspa
pers chronicle every week. The beautiful head
with its sunny curls-was what we saw at the
IlUW TO BE A N12.
[We take from " The Happy Home," pub
lished in Boston, and edited by Mary Grace
Halpin, this excellent article from the pen of
Rev. W. Warren:
" BE A MAN," by filing the place you are in.
If you are a man, be a nian, every whit a man.
If you are not a man, glory in this, be a woman
in the true sense of the word. If you are a
youth or child, do not disdain those productive,
disciplinary years. Are you poor or rich, hum
ble or honored, citizen or magistrate, be your
pozition what it may, if you cannot improve it,
show yourself a man in it.
To the young I say, do not make haste to be
come men prematurely; but Feek to become
the best possible specimens of youth. Men's
garments do not become boys; youth is the
stepping stona to manhood, the apprenticeship
)f life. Let that stepping stone be high, and
that apprenticeship long. Life is preliminary,
probationary to a future world.
Some seek to show themselves men' whom
God has destined to a more relined and influen
al sphere. There is a limit where the sea.
ds and the dry land begins. There is an ele
nent where the birds sing, another wherd -the
.eir sphere, man his, woman hers. God has
ade the dififerences, established relations,
rawn lines of distinction which neither inan
or woman may confound.
Ile has adapted responsibilties to relations,
snd these to natures and spheres. Seek to show
ourselves true to the nature and sphere you
re in; it is thus you will prove yourselves to
e men, in the best sense. Out of our place and
ex. we sink ourselves. Let us be true to our
sature and our tastes. Let us mnagnify the po
ition we are appropriately in, and show our
elves to be the 'noblest specimen of what God
mide us to be.
"Br A MAN" by culticating yourself. The
mental and mioral are the noblest elements of
nature. There is need of a sound bo-ly, invig
rated by habits of virtue and healthful enter
prise; but there is more need of a noble mind,
disciplined by culture, and subject to principle.
this is essential to the highest state of manhood.
ncultivated mind, like usubdued soil, or
rute strength, fiils of its highest producti':e
ess. The whole mind and hear-t neceds thus to
e developed and disciplined. We cannot show
urselves men in any true sense un~til we raise
our standard of thinking, of acting and purpose,
o the highest practicable point; and to gain
this high ground we must make a covenant with
abor, we must resist temptation, and 'put the
eel upon the neck of appetite and indulgence.
e must store the mind and taste with what is
seful and wholesome; we must be able to go
from cause to effect, and from etrect back to
ause, upon the strong chain of rcasoning; andl
e ought to know how to form those chains by
close links of logic. We measure men not by
stature, nor statio)n, nor by age, nor sex, nor
circumstances; but by cultivated powers, and
he success with which they are able to bring
hose'powers to bear upon the ntoblest inter-ests
A BA NE~ ia your pleasures. When pleas-,
ure is sought as an end, it is pernicious, but
hen recreation is sought as a means to an end,
it is useful. But why depend on special ex
citements and occasions for happiness, andl not
rather seek enjoyment from the or-dinary scenes
of life? Do the birds have jubilees? do the
ngels ? why then should human life be as the
waves of the sea? The reaction of excessive
excitement upon the mind and nerves, creates
depression of spirits, and a sort of lassitude and
woe, that calls for the oft-repeating of the same
thing. Ilow much better to ply the ordinary
means of enjoyment ! These are always health
fl, open and perennial. It is the part of true
manhood to have the full command of the comn
mon and every day sources of enjoyment.' And
let recreation, when indulged, be rational and
innocent ; let parents indulge in the pastimes
of their children ; it is easier thus to restrain
them. To be young is no crime, nor to be old,
except in wrong feelings and habits, but mere
pleasure-seeking is debilitation ; true joy comes
But men often show themselves to be mere
brutes or savages in their sports. Despise those
that cost needless pain. Shun the joy that is
had at the expense of virtue. Show yourselves
men in y-our pleasures. Let them be rational
and contribute to moral dignity.
" BE MEND inl/waOr and libeYality. Always do
your part, and more than your part, if need be.
Be noble and generous and large-hearted ; I do
not say you will be richer here nor hereafter;
that will depend upon the spirit and motive in
the case. But it is wise to be just, and wnag
naimous, and benevolent, always. Be not
mean, but always men! Never let others pay
your bills, either in the house of God or else
where. Always pay the value of a service. Be
liberal in your contributions on the Sabbath
and at'- other times. Don't nod the deacoil
along when the contribution box comes, nor cast
thither a three cent piece and a copper, one fom
coscience and the other for sound. This ii
small for the Christian, for the man, for the child
" BE A SIN" in your dealings. Be honorable
be honest with all. Some are so upright that
when they injure others they ar~e careful to dt
it lawfully. They have no higher standard o
conduct than human statues. They fear finei
and prisons more God W his judgmen
Such are quick to e advantage of another
ignorance, are read- overreach them in trid
are hard upon- th *debtors,. and still hardi
upon cieditors; *i. 11 you injured articles f
those which are p and give you bad weigl
and measure in aif ion would lead you i
suppose by their h bills that they are sellin
goods "at great " when their only ol
ject is to make ins, and a great man
of them; who s eir neighbor that whic
takes away the c er and the senses, o
what is worse, wo '1 their neighbors thenr
selves, body ana foi filthy lucre; such for
feit the character en, aufi earn the charac
ter of felons or de .-Be open, be honesi
be upright. Neve p to what is treacieron
or vile, it is infini : :bad policy. There is
law that preced. :human enactments, t
which all are ame It was shadowed fort]
in nature; but it. ded nature. It-was writ
ten on fleshy tablet rwards on stone tables
afterwards in the rule, and on the crim
son cross. It is th eliest standard of earth
Let the merchant * when he takes excbssiv<
profits; the brokef enThe refuses to give thi
value of paper, o es exhorbitant interest
the gentlemanr who' Lk" to enrich himself a
others' cost; the - ir 'who carries injure<
articles to the mark0 or'lets his cattle or hii
fowls destroy his ne r's fields; the mechani
when he m:akes h - for sale and not fui
use; the ..ofessiorn man who "multiplies bi
calls to lengthen his bills," who "encour
ages suits to get g fees," or seeks the flecec
instead of the floc d the people, too, wher
they refuse to be eir 'portion of parish or
public expefises. th Iearn this higher
law, and be gove by i in the dark as well
as in the light, wh o law reaches, as well a4
"BE A MAN" - in .te responsibilities n)
life, not in word achievements; not ir
promises, but prac tpresent. Every man
is not like Siloin a king.; but every ran
has responsibilities important, perhaps, a.
kings once had. I kings now in some
sense. Every citi is a:sovereign, and our
sovereigns are all 'and' in tl:is pregnant
age when mighty p ples ine biing transferred
to future generatio we need men, true men,
well-read, strong ':stable, capable of com
prehending the ag , Its responsibilities; not
pretenders nor poli 'ps,-nor kentlemei, but
melt of the true s d st'rina. I have done
6with words, platfo -olutions. I want prin
ciples, character, d that will not lie or die,
but that embody ivesin wise, prudent,
energetic action. want men whose zeal
has wisdom, who no-mandates but those
of truth and pnrii , who'cannot be bought
nor bribed with us'd gold., God dues
not work ordin thoiut men; when le
gives us a refori e gives us a Luther; a
revolution, a WIs It ir -men, next to
the spirit of God hed world wants, and
when I look over. de world, and witness
the qountless evils- s'ociety and hinder
salvation, and ask .' so;- why, upon this
fair earth, man 6 afidjnah is onlpfxila.
wh avnee IVM i nd
abundance, has so ong looked down upon such
scenes of sorrbw and woe as this world presents,
and all this after the finishing hand of God has
been upon it. and the footsteps of the Soil of
God, marked by blooo, have been upon it, and
the Spirit's infinence more powerful than the
agent that moved te ocean or the forest has
breathed upon it; the answer comes back to
me, "man has not bem himself," but failed to
act his part upon earth. The church wants
imen more than menbers or numbers, and the
world wants men rnae than armies'or govern
ments, education or 9ystems of ethics. or a for
mal christianity. 11 wants men after God's
own lieart, to put lIe into them, and to put
thOn to the great csq andyork of earth.
" BE A MAN," by pvaring for the destiny of
mn. Man is distialuished from the brute in
that he is imnortal.and has reason and con.
science and freedom 'f the spirit to prepare him
for the future. .he present to the future is
whrat the line of the hore is to tire vast ocean,
a changeless future nrits us. The bird builds
for itself a nest, a'r'thus makes provisions fur
its little future. T21 aimral digs for itself a
hole and prepares a ganary for its future wants.
These are true to insinct, they prepaire for the
future; shall man ft.et his immortality ?
"118 k1'T STICK."
Whenever a drunl resolves to reform, arnd
unites with some onof- the temperance organ
izat ions for that pur~se, there are those inr rhe
commrunity who are-ver busy to pnblish their
opinions respecting L iprobable'wvant of initeg
rity in tire premiise; They manifest a great
pleasure in co nteniping the step the nnrfortu
nate nian has takernnd woul 1 seeri to wish
that lie might be enwed with fortiturde to re
sist all temptation 4 keep his pledge sacred
arid inviolate, but up every occasionr ther pre
dict his downfall, cieven so far~ as to 'taunt
the person to his fadiy telling bhim that " he
Now this is wronpd unjust to the person
in question. Hie h en a drunkard, his moral
purposes have been Ily weakened by strong
drink, and now, sinve is making an effor-t to
cast off' the terribhnabit that has degraded
him, he stands in ~d of the counsels, the
countenance and curt of all good men in
order to enable himn maintain the noble pur
pose of breaking theursed fetters by which
hre has been bound. e feels his owr. weakness
arid the weight of hid scaurge pressing him
-down, and if he is tted on every hand with
pr'ediction~s of his d fall, and constantly re- r
minded of his weak~ and want of power to
resist the temptati4 the intoxicating glass, ~
is it any wond~er Vhe yields to thne first
temptation, and bees worse than before ?
Such treatmrent frdinis fellow meq vividly a
impresses his degradn upon his mind, and is n
but too apt to confliim in the belief that he h
is beyond the reaehdhope, and is doomed to e,
the worst of fates. any a poor fellowv has ~
been driven into thdiness of despair-by such ci
uncharitable treatml 'c,
We should exerchruch charity and sym- ri
pathy towards the <kard endeavoring to re- er
form. His marnhook become weakness by ci
.reason of strong dri and his strength like p1
that of a little childaet those who are strong ac
uphol him, and chcgs failing powers. It is bi
better to rescue oneq, than hundreds, to our- e
lists from the ran - hose who never have vi
felt the reproach dcurse. Then let all .io
such be encouraged ounsel, by sympathy,
by ohairity and by ~estations of confidence b
in their integrity tolvows and pledges they ,ve
hate assumed. Th inspire the man with w<
courage to battle niialously with assailing hc
-temptations and putt under his feet; while fal
if we manifest no lence in his integrity, ca
and constantly susp's motives and predict lie
that he will abando urpose of reformation th
and be worse than, we may reasonably era
expect the man to, ~nfidence in himself, thi
consider himself ausst and.go back to his na
pots and slavery old up the hands, the
hearts, of all such *encotiragements, and .
happy ones shall his name in thankfulness ex
around hearthston t as day, where, a lit- ne
tle while ago, the v of a curse lingered Hc
and dlarkened all centered tliere. ed
t. THE CHARLESTON STANDARD.
We find the following card in the Afercury o!
r The undersigned have sold the Standard news.
r paper, with the subscription list, and business
It or good-will, to the proprietor of the Charleston
0 Mercury, reserving, however, of course. all claims
'or accounts now due to the Standard ofice. In
doing so, they are assured they have not acted
7 against the wishes of the subscribers and adver
I tisin" patrons of the Standard. For they regard
r the dlercury as now upholding the principles
and eneral line of poicy for the promotion of
- which the Standard was first established. It is
- with the Democratic party, and sustains the
, Administration. They therefore beg leave to
recommend to the subscribers and advertisers of
I the Standard to continue to the Mercury the
> patronage so kindly extended heretofore to the
1 former. They are satisfied this able and well
- prepared paper will not disappoint their expec
tations, either politically or as a medium of in
- telligence in business or matters of general in
terest. L. W. SPiATT & Co.
NEWSPAPER BoRRowI-.-This is a very pre
valent failing, which, in some pbople, amounts
to a positive vice. Of the large multitude of
people who never buy papers, because they read
them free in the coffee-houses and barber-shops,
we have nothing to say, fr the coffee-house
keepers and barbers take the papers expressly
for the accommodation of their customers. But
of a great many, who, on the strength of their
familiar acquaintance with those who de take
and pay for the papers make a regular habit of
going iter or sending after the papers, we feel
a constant complaint, if we do not often express
it. Economy, of course, is a commendable
thing; but that economy which leads men to
sponge-no, pilfer is the word-tli r comaerci-l
and other important daily intelligence from their
friends, who are no better able to pay for a paper
than -themselves, is beneath ecoliomy; it is
downright meanrness; a species of small mean
ness which is so very small that liberal people,
though they have a proper secret contempt for
it, torbear noticing it openIy. It is this feeling
of the liberal which has permitted the small
meanness of newspaper borrowing to spread so
largely.-N . Crscent.
MARSHAL RADETZKY SELLING HIS BoDY TO A
CREDroR.-Gernian papers state that the vete
ran Radetzky, who it seems was constantly in
debt, sold his body, some time previous to his
death, to (one of his creditors, a linen draper of
Vienna, named Barkfreider. It appears th..t
Barkfreider, who hail acquired an immense for
tune from contracts for furnishing goods to the
army in Italy, was desirous of attaining a posi
tion among the dignitaries of the Court, and
determined by a master stroke to accomplish
his elevation fromn the plebeian ranks.. Radetz
figured extensively in the linendraper's
.ks-the latter offered -to cancel tho obliga
tions if-the Field Marshal would place his body,
after death, at his disposal, to be buried in his
country seat at Watzdorf, promising, at t~e
same time, tliat the veteranis grave should
agreement to that effect. The o 'oldier now
slumbers in the grounds of Mr. I arkfrieder,
whose country seat has become the Meeda of
princes, dukes, barons, counts and generals.
The linendraper's scheme has been crowned
with success-m-inembers of the imperial family
and titled nobles have necesSLrily become his
guestq, and he is a member of the "Court
A WHoLEsAL.s Wsusia.-A correspondent
of the Memphis Appeal thus describes a con
nubial convention and demonstration that oc
curred recently on the plantation of Captain J.
W. Jones, near that city :
Mfr. James Hubbard, the faithful and excel
lent manager, assisted by his kind and affection
ate wife, had every thing in readiness. The I
brides, beautifidly attired, were in waiting ; the I
bridegrooms, each of ebony color, nine in num
ber, made their appearance and were conducted
to the proper cottage and the order of the eve. e
ning made known. Then with pr-elimninary air
rangements, they with each of their aLtendaLnts,.
four in numimber, marched foirth to join the bridesr
and their attendants, tonder the bluc canopy of
heavens, and on a beautiful blue grase plot pre- s
pared for the occasion,, for no house could be a.
found to aecommodate the croiwd of over one n
hundred and fifty. T1hey (the nice couple and ni
attendaints) then forumed awl mai-ched in, silence y
ini front of the dwelling wvhere had asse~mmbled hi
many lfriends oif Capt. Jones and Mr. and Mrs. nm
liubbiard to see an unusual sight ; ninte hltn-py 1
Louple to be united in thle holy bonwls of matri- s
mnony by Iter. -Join Rosser, servant of Mnijor b
Johmn Rosser, of Camden, South Caiolina. h
lach coniple, with their attendants, marched o
.ip aller the ceremony, by our pious ntmiister-, fi
iud lie knelt in prayer, imp~lormng Ileav-en to ec
sless each tine of the nine couple. Atid, sir, ki
he prayer- seemied to lie breathe~d with fervor it
mud devotion for assistance from on High ott htis'
ellow-servants. Afier- prayer such kis.ing and tl
'my as was manifested by the -friendIs of each, of
L'h en in a few minutes suppier was anniounced;
mud permit mec to say, that it. was the most or
lerly crowd I have ever seen of blacks, attribu
able, no doubt, to no spirits or wine being used
in the occasion. After supper, came the dance ct
uir the nton-religious ; but ntear by on anothers
qutally beautiful grass plot, wver'e found abut
ne-half-the religious--in play of' Sister P~hobe ai
mnd other kinidred plays. And never have Ilhad a
de pleasure of seeing a happier crowd.*
TIhey danced and played until necar the break ~
f day we understand, anid to their credit be it th
aid, everythtinig passed off wvithiout -any inter- -cr
iption ; and this morning, Monday. all ar.: ready er
ith cheerful hearts (recounting his fun at the
'edding) to do his day's work. 1
A AIuDEN'S FInsT LovE.-Human nature has th
a essence more pure-the world kntows nothing Ce
Lore chaste-heaven has endowed the mortal dii
~art with no feeling more holy, than the nas.-p
mnt affection of a young virgin's soul. The del
armest language of the sunny South is too of
ild to shadow forth even a faint outline of that noa
athusiastic sentimenit. And God has made the yo'
thest language poor in that same respect, be- .adi
use the depths of hearts that thrill with love's
ciotionts are too sacred for the common contem
ation.-The musical voice of Love stirs the ni,
urce of the sweetest thought within the hutnan ~a
east, antd steals into the most profound re- Re,
sscs of the soul, touching chords that never nui
brated before, and calling intogeneral compan- giv
mship delicious hopes till then unknown. ie
Yes-the light of a young Maiden's first love ion
saks dimly but beautifully upon her as the sil- ine
r lustre of a star glimmers through a thickly- 1
yven bower: and the first blush that. matntles eel
r cheek, as she feels the primal inmfluence, is on
nt and pure as that which a rose icaf -might ma:
it upon marble. But how rapidly does that enji
ht grow stronger and that flush deeper-until an
powerful effulgence of the onie irradiates ev- wvo
-corner of her heart and the crimson glow of ridi
other suffuses every feature of her counte- erii
mce.-Mysteries of London. cer
A. man in attempting to hang himself, in hisr
sitement forgot to put the rope round his ft
ik, and jumped ofi the barrel into a mud hole. of I
did..not discover his mistake until he attempt- ties
his last kick.
WVBA i DRUNKARD MEANS.
Some one answers this question after the fo
lowing style-we know not the author-and i
the absence of that knowledge, appropriate tb
Lest I should seem to claim too much for th
name of God and thus loose all, I will take
few illustrations and show that the names of al
things desjgnate our notions of those things, an
that the name enlarges in proportion as our n<
tions enlarge. For example: What is mear
by the word "drunkard?' it is a name; an
what is implied in this name? To the unthinli
ing, it means nothing more than a' worthles,
disreputable, despicable wretch. To the rum-se]
ler, it means a poor ragged, thirsty customer
who brings his pay in small sums ; who is alway
thirsty, always profane, and always welcome
when he has money. But to his family wha
a different meaning the name of "drunkard
has! It means a faithless husband, a bruta
father, an everlasting shame, and a perpetua
And what does this word "drunkard" mean t<
the thinking man, the philanthropist, and. the
Christian? It means a violater of the laws o
health and, decency; an offender against the du
ties and charities of home: a neglector and des
piser of morality and religion. A blot, a stain
and a burden. A living libel on his race. An
outcast from the decencies of life ; a poor, pita
ble offender, who is destroyiun every fair thing
in his body and soul, and wlile bringing blush
es and tears to the eyes and cheeks of all about
him, is preparing to make his bed in hell.
PRUNING FaUrT, SHADE AND FOREST TREES.
June and July are good months for removing
large limbsfrom fruit and shade trees. The sap
is now in a right condition to form new wood.
and the healing process commences at once.
The foliage also serves as a shade to prevent
sun checks in the wounded parts, although where
large branches are taken fro~m fruit trees, it is
better to coat the exposed portions with the so
lution mentioned below.
The tools for pruning are: First, a sharp fine
ly set saw, nearly pointed at the end, that it may
enter between closely growing limbs. Neither
should it be a "backed" saw, but like the com
mon board saw used by the joiners. Second, a
hand-hatchet, like a small axe, easily used by
one hand. Third a stont pruning knife; and
each of them sharp. Then a step-ladder, easi
ly carried in the hand or on the shoulder. Of
course, we give no directions as to what particular
branches are to be cut off as the trae or-shrub is
not before us, presuming also that the pruner
understands his business.
As to the mode or manner of doing the work,
let every branch ba cut close to the body of the
tree, or main branch from which it is taken, and
the bark pared close and.smooth, for the wound
rapidly to heal over. If a choice tree, & solu
tion of gum shellac, dissolved in pure alcohol to
the consistency of cream, should be laid upon it
with a paint brush, to exclude the air and pre
vent the exposed wood from an:.eracking.
Pruning, in general, is not .half enough ie
garded by tree and growers.' A shade tree de
ning. Foresttree where it is an obect to; do
so, are all -for it; and every fruit row
er khows, or ought to know, that he can get no
perfect nor full crops, without special attention
to its practice; while every florist will tell you
that to obtain the finest flowers, and the high.
est perfection of bloom, the nicest attention
should he given to pruning out and properly ad
justing the spray of the plant.-Amrci-u-an Agri.
THE OD M.ttD.-From a book entitled "A
WVoman's Thoughts about Women," just pub.
ished, we make the following extract, descrip
ive of that useful but much abused personage,
'the Old Maid :"
" She has not married. Under Heaven her
come, her life, her lot, are all of her own making.
litter or sweet they have been-it is not ours to
neddle with them, but we can any day see their
esults. Wide or narrow as her cirele of influ
nce appears, she has exercised her power to
he uttermost, and for good. Whether great or
mall her talents, she has not let one of thc-m
ust for want of use. Wh'atever the current of her
xistenice may have been, andi in whatever irc-um
tanie3' it hams been placed, she has v-oluntarily
!iasted no portiaon of it-not a year, not a month,
ot a day. Published or unpublishied, this wvo
ian's life~ is a goodly chronicle, the title-page of
hich you may rend in her quiet countenan-e:
er manner, settled, c-heerfuil and at ease ; her
tfatiling interest in all things and all people.
ou wvill rarely findl shte thinks tmuch ab~out her
:lf; she has n-er htadl time for it. And this
er lifei--ehronicle, wivieb out of its very ful ness,
is taught her that the niore one dloes. the morec l
me lima to do-she wvill ntever flourish in your
.ee, or the face of Heaven, as something un
unmanly virtuons and extr-aordinaury. SheI
iows that, after- all, she has simply dotie what
was her- dtuty to do.
"iBut-and wheni her place is vacant on earth,
is will be s.iid of her assuredIly, both lherei, and
hierwise-' Shec lut/ done u-hat dhe could.'"
Tus WIIoLE Sruar.-A young man named I
Lines Powr/was hanged at We1ashington rg- i
ntly for murder. Just before mountinig the e
alffold lhe bade his hbrother farewell, atnd said:t
lemembher what I told you, let' the liqunor n
mne." The same counsel has gone fort't from il
thousand scaffolds in this country, anid its a
hoes arc heard in many a prison cell. We Io
ste much breath and ink in speculating upon e
cause: of crime and its extraordinary in- d
ease of late years.. But the confessions of the a
minal tells us the whole truth of the matter. ,
is rumn that makes demons out of men of orig- h
diy good impulses ; it is rumn that is filling our lc
sons, feeding thie' gallows, and dimiinishing os
(security of life aiid property. Under its 'ae-'I
rsed iiinence men who, when sober, would
rather than commit a dishonest action, scr'u
not to perpetrate forgery, robbery, and mut- ~w
-. Of all the propositions for the prevention d<
crime we are strongly persuaded that thtere is re
se-of equal efficacy -with the simple advice of km
ing. Powers-" Let the liquor alonq."-Pil- h
ESESIDLE BRIDAL.--The .Easton (Pa.) Times
es an account of the bridal festivities atten- w
it upon the marriage of a daughter of Gov.
eder, in which the festivities continued for a di,
nber of days, in a series of eiitertainments jvil
en by the relations of the bride and her Bc
:nds. U pon this departure from the too fash
able mode of getting married, and theni leav- ins
in the first train, the Times says: I
Ve like this old-fashioned, joyous mode of ha
mbration, which makes such formidable-war
"dull care" aiid melancholy, -because it
eks the happiest era of life with the highest thm
>yment, and makinig for the anxious editor -inc
interestinig local item ; and if we could,' thu
dld utterly explode the fashionable, and to us era
culous custom of rousing up a sleepy, shiv- or
g party before daylight, to perform a hasty
mmony at the gray dawn, and shallow a dys
tic breakfast, in order to drive out a nervous, -'
hted girl by the early train away from~a
er's house, as if parents were glad to be rid
ter, or the whole affair was one that all par- )
were ashmed of, and could not dispatch too ma
before their neig-hbors were asti'r...
qUITEIN AND BoN.
. The Waco (Texas) - Southerner thus nomi
a nates the above true Southern gentlemen for
e President and Vice President, and in so doing
e We hoist this week at the head of our columns
a the names of Jno. A. Quitman for President
I and M. L. Bonham for Vice President. Solita.
I ry and alone these gallant sons of the South
- bared their breasts to the storm and dared to
t maintain by their voices and their votes, in the
I face of an overwhelming majQrity, the honor, 4
the rights and the liberties of the Southeru
tiople. Bravely and manfully have they stood
y the Constitution-bravely and manfully bat
d for the doctrine of non-intervention. They
dlon6 of all our members of Congress could
neither be bought, frightened, or fooled into a
betrayal of Southern Rights. To them all
honor is due. We do believe that the good and
the true, the noble and the brave, throughout
the length and breadth of the South wits one
voice and one accord, will ratify and sustain the
disinterested and manly course of John A. Quit.
man of Mississippi, and M. L. Bonham of South
" Corrupt must the heart be that would not be
And moveless may the arm be that would not
defend them " -
A PRINTEI's TRIBUTE.-Athong the other
pleasing associations cunected with laying the
corner stone of the Calhoun Monument, is one
that will be grateful to the feelings of all South
Carolina printers. It is this: Mr. J. Geter
Lynch, who is a native of this State, and was
once a drummer boy in our rggular army daring
the Florida campaign, afterwards an apprentice
in the Charleston Mercury office during the-first
.year of its commencement under that name,
more recently and for many years a journeyman
printer in this same office, and now a printer in
the Charleston News office,. desired to express
his feelings of interest in the Calhoun Monu.
ment celebration, and acordingly presented the '
following articles, which were accepted and
placed in the corner stone of the monument'on'
the 28th inst.:
A Text Book of Calhoun, a work complied by
*Mr. Lynch, embracing all the important public
and personal opinions expressed on the life and
character of John C. Calhoun.
A list of all the Masonic Lodges that con.
tributed to the fund for the purchase of Mount
The list of the birth-days of all great Ameri
cans. from Gas. Washington to Col. Benton.
Papers and documents bearing the titles and
names of the different Cabinets of the General
Government, from the inauguration of Wash
ington to this period.
The last speech of. J. C. Calhoun, delivered in
the U. S. Senate .on the 4th March, 1850.
Mr. Lyseh is fell,and favorably known to our
THE WTrrs'SLAYs or Etr!AND. The Lon.
don Times says the young millihers.. and dress.
makers of tli city ;are condiemaes to siteen
:oi ei UeaI!?s1't:?f j J
isoarried on =ni'c ,e veflbla:
where their frtnesam ke itaa s t 'thetieas -
until their eyes ache ald their limbs refuse to
perform their duty. They have a short painful
life and early grave. In a recent speech,
Lord Shaftesbury said that many of these young
women had been trained gently and tenderly in
happy homes, possessi.g all the virtues and ten.
derness that belong to the female sex, and reh.
dered, by those very characteristics more obedi
ent, more unmurmuring ; inure slavishly subject
to the authority and tyranny of those who are
put over them. His Lordship adds that they
have no alternative between submission and the
street door, and then asks, " Is the condition of
such a young woman one bit better than the
most wretched slave in the Southern States of
THE TEXAS FREE NEGRO L..-The last leg
islature of Texas having passed an'act allowing
free persons of color in that State, of their own
tree will, to select masters and become slaves,
some of the free black are availing themselves
of its beneficient provisions. A Bastrop corres
pondent of the New Orleans Delta reports the'
ase of "William, a. free man of African de.
scent," who filed his petition, and was, on the
Tth instant, allowed to choose his master. The
ipplic-ant was an intdlligent man, wvho had been
North and seen the true condition of the free
iegroes of thait region; his uge is about thirty
rears, and he has a good characte-r for honesty
Lnd industry. Trhe p~residing juilge was careful
o institute a searching examination to as
ecrtain whether any undue influence had
eeni used to induce the peCtitio~ner to manke
is applicaution, and finding that it was his vol
iatary nnd deliberate act, bound him over for
ite to a good master. In the language of the
)elta s correspomndent, William "preferred, a,
outhern gentlemian f r a master to a northern
tholi~tinisLt fr a compni on."-Exchange.
AYER's CtHERRYa Paar.ui n..-We see by the*
iourt Rlec.,rl that the two Counterfeiters,'
ihite, of Suffalo, andl Lawrence-of Epping, N.
[., have been placed under ten thousanid dolla
onds, each, for making and selling, imitations
f Ayer's Cherry Peetoral. This is' right. If
ie Law should protect men from imposition at
l1it should certainly protect them from being
nposed upont by a worthless counterfeit of such
medicine as Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. WVe can
sly complain that the punishment is not half
iough. The villain, who would for paltry gain,
dliberately trifle with' thme health of his fellow
an;.by taking from their lips, the cup of hope,
lien they are sinking and substitutinig a false
yod-an utter delusion,, should be punished at
at as severely as he who counterfeits the coin
his country.-Green .'Co. Banner, Carroliton,
A gentleman from Bolitar, Tennessee, last
ek saw a nondescript sort or article floating
iwn the Mississippi, near his plantation. fT
sembled a miniature Noah's ark with the hull
neked off. Curiosity led him to board it, when
*was asstonished -to finthimself in the store of
Friend fifty-tuites'up the river. The contei~ts
re not greatly injured. He tied the store to
Sshore,: afhd started off to let his friend know
ere he might find his place of business.
TALLt PRcHERiSb-There was i the Metho
t Episcopal Conference, in session at Nassh-.
le, Tennessee,. some pretty tall preachers: the
v. .i r. Young, of Missouri, (i feet 8 inches;
v. Mr. Kelley, of -South Carolina, 6 feet 6
hes ; Rev. Mr. Alexander, of Texas, 6 feet
nehes; and the Rev. Dr. Mitchell, of Ala.
na, 6 feet 4j inhes.,
A noble saying is recorded of a member of
British House of Commons, iwho,- -by his
tustry and perseverance, had won his way, to
~t high position. A -proud scion of aristo
cy one day taunted him with his hunible
'I remember when you blacked my father's
Well, sir," was the noble response,. " did I
.do itwell ?"
3e courteous. Remnember that bad inanners
ke bad morals. A kin'd no is often more
eeablo than anm uncourteoos yae.