Newspaper Page Text
of Afc Souna trofthto 1. tr Sold) anv Soltft flg 1) ts, P- , C~tcatetf 1,Cfxtu.Moli1tmpaceclux &
We will cling to the Pillars of the Temsple of our, Liberties, and if It unnat fall,. ewI eihatis h un.
-SINKRINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietor... EDGEFIELD, S. Co.-'AUGUS"T 4, 185'8. -
- - - - - - .
THR'S NO SUCH THING AS DEATH.
"There's no such thing as deatb."
To those who think aright:
'Tis but the racer casting or
What most impedes his flight;
'Tis but one little act,
- Life's drama rpust contain;
One struggle keener than the rest,
And then an end of pain.
"There's no such thing as deat.h:"
That which is thus miscalled, -
Is life escaping from the chains
That have so long enthralled :
'Tis a once hidden star, .
Piercing through the night,
To shing in gentle radiance forth
Amid its kindred'ight.
"There's no such thing as death:"
In nature, nothing dies!
From each sad remnant of decay
Some forms of life arise.
The faded leaf that falls,
All aere and brown to earth.
Erc long will mingle with the shapes
That give the floweret birth.
"There's no snch thing as death:"
'Ti. but the blossom spray.
Sirking be're the coming fruit,
That seeks the Summer's ray;
'Tisbut the bud displaced,
As comes the perfect flower.
'Tis faith exchanged for sight,
And weariness for power.
"THE OLD LOVE.
We find the following floating about the news
papers. It has more than the average merit of
such fugitive poems:
I met her; she was thin and old;
- She stooped, and trod with tottering feet;
The hair was grey that once was gold,
The voice was harsh that once was sweet.
Her hands were withered, and her eyes,
Robbed of the garish light of joy,
Were dim; I felt a sad surprise
That I had loved her when a boy.
Bit yet a something in her air,
Restored me to the vanished time,
My heart grew young and seemed to wear
' The brightnoss of my youthful prime.
. I took her withered hand in mine
Its touch recalled a ghost of joy
I kissed-it with a reverent sigh,
For I had loved her wben a boy.
From the Special Correspondence of the Mercury.
DINNER TO .THE ION. JAlES H. lAIOND.
HAMBUR, July 22.-The Beech Island Din
ner, given to-day, in honor of Gor. Hammond,
by his friends, neighbors and constitients in the
vicinity, has been no common festivity with the,
good people of .dgefield District. At an early
hour the sons and daughters of Carolina, with
many from Georgia, sallied forth to join their
testimony of appreciation, and to give greeting;
to the distinguished Senator. At 11 o'clock
there was an assemblage of five hundred per
sons in the pine groves of Beech Island. Three
hundred of these were of the fairer sex. The
Agricultural Club House, three-quariers of a
mile distant from Senator Hammond's dwelling,
was the location selected for this festive occa
sion. Benehes were arranged beneath the shade
of the trees for the ladies, and ever and anon
the hunm of the multitude was arrested by
strains of music from an excellent brass band.I
At 11 o'clock the ceremonies of the day hee-:
gun. The Comamittee of Reception escorted
Senator llammond to the platform, where he
was welcomed by Dr. 11. RL. Cook, of lBeech
* Island, in substance as follows:
d~ov. Hammond: Allow me, sir, in the name!
of your neighbors and constituents, as Chairman
of the Committee of Reception, to welcome
you back to your home. In times past, as a:
Representative in the lower branch of our Fed-.
- eral Legislature, as Chief Magistrate of the
Commonwealth, and as an able defender of the
peculiar institution in existence among us, you
exhibited such marked ability as to cause deep
regret on the part of your numerous friends at
your retirement into private life, some fifteen ,
years ago. It was, therefore, a~ source of no'
common gratification to your admirers when it
became known, last winter, that you werengami
called forth into public life. It, was a cause of
congratulation to know that your talents were!
to be again employed in the service of the coun
try. .And such has been your course in the
Uited States Senate as to confirm the opinion
previously entertained in regard to you, VWhile
as a statesman of' enlarged views, you have
sought to maintain the dignity and advance the
prestige of the whole nation, you have not been
deficient in duty towards your own section. As
a fearless, able and enlightened rep~rcsentative,
you have defended the constitutional rightE of
the South. Combatting the aspersions of fanat
icism and prejudice, you have set forth her claim
to a prominent position among the nations of
the earth in so distinguished a manner as jutstly
to entitle you to the comumendation of " well
done, thou good and faithful servant," For in
these tiumes, when an uncompromising warfare
is carried on by nearly the whole world, and.
especially bythe Northern portion of this Umion.
against African slavery-and believing as wved
that slavery is an institution not only sanctioned
by ancient and modern usage, and recognized
by the Bible itself, but as it exists here condu.
cive to the developmsent of both races and of
vital interest to us-it is a matter of the great
est importance that the South should be ipa
sented, not merely by distinguished ability a-'d
soundness of views, bunt by that far rarer qulahi
fication, patriotiC inte'gri ty, ready at all times,
if necessary, to sacrif lee seif-ad'vancemnent to the
public welfare. Your career thus far indig&tes
- that you possess these qualifications for him
senatorial office ; and for tis reason, as you uire
oiur near neighbor, we have considered it but a
pro'pec..ibutei tL) your services to make a public
demnonstrliotuYpon your return to or undst
We have, consequetiiwitethe peopli iiarip
Sbled to-day to do fu honor. T 4ey, r
egrywaitfing to catch fronm your own hip< a
brief sccount ofT th imnportant transactions of
the last session of Cong-Pf3s, MJ)4 your onon
as regards the futura prospects5 at* ( ('wpen.
That J. may not detgin thern4 Jongpr, i. will not
and my remarks by wishing you~ a long antd
brilliant career, and by again biddmng y ou v,91l
eomne to the homes and hearts of Edgetield.
Senator Hlammond then came forward, in the
midst of enthusiastic cheering, and addressed
the assemblage for the space of an hour. lie
alluded to the grateful~ pleasure it gave him to
lie in the midst of his friends. Among them lie
had spent nearly the whole of his manhood.
Ie had lived as their co-laborer in the obscure
fields of agriculture, and was yet ardently at
tached to their company and to the absorbing
toils of the field. Lt was known that, when
called by the voices of many in the State to
leave his peaceful avocation of agriculture, he
was lothto relinquish his labors; in fact, lie had
almost an aversion to 'being taken from the ban
dies of the plough, as it were, and placed UIy his
beloved State in the august council of the con
fCderacy of this vast nation-a council in the
keeping of whose wisdom and power was all the
honor and safety of our country ; a council com
posed of the-elite of the land's intelligence,and
equal to that of any other country in the world.
Taken somewhat unprepared, on this occasion,
while feeling the arduous duties and laiors of
the last six months, and returning home to en
joy rural quiet, lie was not forgetful of the es
teem of his friends and the complimentary al
lusiotins to his services. These he would accept
as the evidence of good will on their part, rather
than any great merit on his. le would frankly
say lie was no orator. Orators are not, like
poets, born; they are made by practice; and
lie Iyas notskilled in4he consummate art. For
twenty years he had been devoted to agricul
ture, and agriculture and oratory were nt in
the same line of pursuits. He would, therefore,
make but a plain speech, giving an account of
his stewardship and the results of his obser
When he went to the federal Congress six
months ago, he,found the admission of Kansas,
under the l.ecompton Constitution, the all-ab
sorbing and exciting subject before the repre
asentatives of the people and the government.
Tio him the whole theory and scheme of squnt
ter sovereignty was a matter of disgust. The
Kansas-Nebraska bill was a delusion and decep
tion fro;n the beginning. le felt satisfied that
on that basis the South would never unite. The
President plead and tried to do his best, North
and South; but it. was evident that it was a'
sulject fraught with trouble. le (Mr. 1.) was
ever opposed to this Kansas-Nebraska bill; and
if there was a single good fieature in it, it was
that it allowed the people, free from interfence,
to frame principle.s for themselves after their
own fashion. It was a snare to those at the.
South.' It was rotten witi fraud, and those
who made it flinched from its conseouences. Its
only effict was to add another State to the
Union. lis hearers knew that KJansas, so far
as Congress can admit it, was now admitted,
with the Lecompton Constitution, and without
the Green proviso. Mr. 11. reviewing briefly
the admission of Kansas, under the Conference
bill. questioned if Congress can call a State
Convention, and n..nsiders it a dangerous prece
dent. lie alluded to his own position and that
f Mr. Bonhat, the Representative of Edgefield.
lie found no fault with the honorable gentleman.
,r. Bonhamt may have been right, atd lie may
bave been wrong. If Mr. Bonhai erred, his
xrror was on the safe side. le was worthy of
ill confidence, since he acted from the honesty
)f his convictions and such a man should be
Mr. Iamnond then alluded to other-topn
efore Congress duritg the session. le voted
br the increase of the Army and Navy. 1e
ad heard a number of sophomore speenes
gaii.st increasing these arms of the national
lefence. They were worthy of college students,
ather than grave Senators of the nation. ie
tpprehended little danger from a standing army;
id, as to the extravagance of these measures,
e replied to Senators that if the expenses of
the departments had been. examined, t hey would
e found double that of the army. The navy|
ihotld be inct eased, because the South was ut
terly indefensible :n its present condition. In
the port of' Charleston there was but one naudh
iteamer of light draught, The SoutLei'T coast
ieded for its protection a numnerous Ilret of
-nall vessels. The fact is, our nitwy was now
what it was forty-live years ago, and is in a sad
,nd disgraceful condition.
Senator Hammond said lie would now address
himselt to the great question of the relations of
the North and South. ie wvould spe Ik as Ie
thought, andi it would give him pleasure fo r li
hearers to take whirt ha said in the slir!it in
which it was uttered. In his opinnan tl're
were miany grounds for apprehension at th~e
South ; but there were also strong reasons for
hope and confidence. Whatever relations mtight
eventuate between the North and South, thtey
would be in the and consistent with the rights%
and security of this scction. U~nder the oresent
aspect of alfairs the Sout5 would have to renmn
in the U'nion. IIe would rather see the gae
played out between the North and South, than
see the Union brought to an end. If we had
dissolved the Iion 4nd hgtd engaged in a brush
with some peCopleC (which must occur in setting
f.lp for ours'elves and lawfully establishing our
institutions), it would have beeni best for us.
But now it' we can rule in the l'nion, let us
renain. By the word rule, lie did not me'an
lo securing high office to Southern men. The
achievement Qf stjccess it elections is imsigimai
cant in compharisoa with the establishpiient 01
those great prinaciples of fr'ee goyernmpep4 on
which the -South has fixed its stmp-those
true and just principles which should govern the
world. Thie U'nited States now stands in the
frst rank of nationis. To obtain this polsition
out of the I 'nion. the South would require
Mr. IHammond then took up Senator Seward's
rma~rk, that the battle of' the sections was
fought and won in 1S.0. lie admitted that a
battlu lntd ben fought bet ween the sections and
lost to the boujgh. ~'l~erp was, lioy'evrpr, another
rater battle fought and won. Thiis th:eW thpo
flrthiing candle-light of the New York Sengtor9.j
victory in thme shade. The New York !,eator
meant that at the North they hiad a majority,
and' finally succeeded in dlrawiing a sectional
line-that they were united in Congress and
were ninmeteen Iree to fifteen slave States (.wer's
Iit not for the gallant little lUelaware we mnight
have said twenty to fourteen:). This was the
result of' the physical or numerical battle and
victory.. Oucr battle and triumph was a moral
one, in steming and checking the false anid
absurd philanthropy of the civilized world on
African slavery, He did not heed, then, this
bast of '4 Noivtlerg suppeppicy. Yet lip gd
say to the peoplhe of the South, be prepatred ;
Ior it' the North, in order to subserve her pyrt
pose of ambtition or fanaticism, shoulhd qgttemipt
to reorganize federal courts of' law on the rep
yat iv napu-pi of that euurt, enid Lphepeby ggg hte
goyernmpent iptq their 1gwn hands. thien the peo
p le o~' the South :mm.,t dissolve the bmion. We
must dissolye the Uioun if thpy efrpe any one
ojf t~eir' aggressve purposes-t;rinS, bjanks, OF
tizr4 tQ-daiy thpe Nor'h .ctpj,. J.ven if ap ths
teSt Prpeult.entia) .eceion tht. North shiquld, by
.eoimbiation, oleci an 4bo~ftignist, h~e i;d nop
i t that issue the great body of tI-c
Sou~th qgat 4g f thp Union. Ihut if thi
WpFe fllgwe.d by a s.c.ndl elecqjn gf th p
kiuid, he th~ogght hpey Wt4l.4. i
Senator JIfamniond allnded to the fast thit
the Northwestern Statps wpra noi so inii4 tr
be viewed as enetmies as New England. Indiant
would have been aL slave State had not thc
qmesion been lost by one vote; and, if thu
Union were dissolve; it might still be a slave;
State. The North cannot unite permanently, I
while the South can. The North never yet
had an important oflice more than one term.
He therefore feared nothing now. Yet he
would say to the people of the South, there
may be danger yet; stand to your arms, mark
time, and be ready, under any circumstances or
terms, to act promptly in resisting any actual
interference with ou:- rights. South Carolinian
I courage, and bayonets fixed like the brave Pal
l inetto at Chapultepee, be ready, but do not
charge too quick.
The North is by no means wholly to laine
for the present condition of the sections. Many
of our grievances took their rise at the South.
Many false theories originated here, and many
others the South adopted. With the effects of
these we have long striven. The victory is ours.
We should now sufier the clouds of dlust and
error to pass ofl, and then march boldly on.
We have achieved a great moral power, and
should use it. In looking back at the errors
built ip by the South herself, it may be seen
that she has beien thirty yeanrs mnigaged in pulling I
down the work of her own hands durmtii the
precceding thirty. Our pioiper po:i I :mn i; to
Imeet t he innet* We have raiked. Slavery is no
sin. The slave is in his muoral conditior-tlie
right man in the right place. This we have
taught the world, and it is a great blessing.
The notion of egjiality is a gross absurdity.
everywhere contndited by nature. In nature
no two men are formed alike-no two things
are equal. Cod has made it so. It n'a ts he
-poet.'s idea of harmony, the spherical; yet, t he
globes are all irregular. This is the great m6ral
battle the South has fonight rnd won. France
nd England, after a long and expensive reflec
tion, perceive the rectitude and justice of our
position. Look at the condition of Exeter fall.
the rendezvous of fanatics, that has governed
London in its niock philanthropy-that has I I
ruled Great Pritain in its crude speculative I
philosophy-from whemmwa Ijas issued all the
ediets of trouble to us-whence sprung the
question of the right of search of American
ships in Anerican waters and in the Gulf of (
Mexico. This Exeter Hall was at its last gasp. I
and had brought England to apologize to us. t
Mr. Hammond then instaneed the change of .
sentiment in England, and Mr. Ih ight's speech t
in the English House of Cofmmons. The peo
ple of Great Di itain were coming to theirsenses, I
and a great power was hmunehing against the a
fanaticism of Exeter Hall.
le then spoke of Great Iritain and the Coo
lie trado-of the French Louis Napoleon andI
his African apppentife syem-chratermg
both as the result of a correct conception of
the proper sphere of these laborers, acconipa
nied by a sickly shrinking from the avowal of
the name. Who ever heard of the Coolie or,
apprentice returning rome after years o serf
doim-who would expect to hear it ? Ile next
referred to the absurdity of Liberia and its
colonization scheme. It had ti be supported by
the United States, and, it is said, there is a tax
imposed on all those who philanthropically send
out negoes from this countrv. We now learn
dollars per head. This caps the clmnax of Exe- I
ter Hall philanthropy. And so in the Northern
Stats of' the Union, the suplorters of this
crusade of ahoiion will suqn be reduced o a
corporaps guard of a few Ild maids and fanatirs.
Many of these misguided people he respected
for their honestV and for that alone. pere t
were niany others, however, in fact a iajority,
who were actuated not. by smnpathy for the
slave, but to have a hobby which, in tieis- of
political indiscretion, woull carry then intL
tlice. It was, therefore, a question of sectionl o
power, rather thaa fanaticisem. In the State of
New York he knew therere rneimay gotod and
true men, ready to serve lie South and the
'nion-mni(i whose word and honor couil le
relied on--while .-t ths 0t th 0,-.1v %-Du it L r
g eat number whose ildelity was only lip-Ler
vice. Ile knew Northern men who had vted
to sustain the rights of' the South when they
felt t hat, bcy so doing, they conisignemd theimselves
to a hasty poli:tical grave. These men gave us
strength in I he nationml councils, and lie desired .I
their fellowship. Distinctionus were mdr.iwn ine
tween " Natiuonal" andh " States liights D~eino
cracy." .itthis lioriod there was no isu be
fore the country or State, a~nd hp didi iht ap.
preciate their significaney. He wvould1 not hais~
South Carolina tied fo the organizaetion of this
party or any other party that did not act withp
the piarty oft trth and right. lie bmeliev.ed that ,1
if the good inwn of the North oifered aid we I
should nycept4 it, ;;o~t. t urselves ohf from their i1
synmathy and supplort. Wye or the sientht aret
on a nine, antd should be vigilant. Ijut wet
must have the true and good meni oif time Nmorth
to sustain us. lie would not bead onthi (taco
ia to any faction " for bmettecr or worse." The s
South shoul lbe one. We should be united c
and observant-awake to our rights. and mind
finl how. on ihe recent Kannas qutestioni, f:'om
out of our own midst, we were used. Wa 1
shohl he firrm and harmonious. All the oppot
sitiion measures of vf'hich the Soutlh has comn- (
plained in tle last thir:ty years, she herself ini
augurated. Washington and .felirson, in ther
matter of slavery, set the evil example. The
North borrowed' it fromt them. The Banik ofi
the CUited States originated with tihe South.
The South under somie of our' leading meni, was
god-father of the tar'iff. ..nd it was the stane I
wh fhe h4ernal itnprovements. TmIhen, if tho
South had dane these' things and pndong them,i
has she not the power, if still ~united, to con-Ie
trol ? llence lie hail hope for the poe andi
osiion of the South iii the -Uinion. A subi- 1
tantial i55usshouhld not induice us to secede
pin:with t'our .or fltve States it umay, While
to hlId Ourt own, wte shonldd kecp th< olteraut,:e1
steadily not, only in our own vie, but in the
view of the whole country. We shmould not
Ifor a mnomemnt allow our peoplt to be lulled by
hopes of preserving the Union into apathy or
the belief that to accomplish or secure strength
would not require all their talent. all their en
ergy, all their wvat chfulness, till their courage,
and a perfect state of union amid preparatmon to
take decisive mneasur~es on the shortest notice.
Mr. Ifamutnonid said lie was opposed leniy
furthpr qnnegatigqn of territorIes. le prefet'redl
tii't our nmamfeet destiny sho'uld wvork out its
owvn results. lie wislied the counmtry to hiave
nothing to do with Mexico or South Americat.
Mr. Unehoumn was right in denouncing the Mexi
can war, Its results lhave royfd inntii%~
4ud tby~ opptmag of per~iormnia routes hias efeated
ant unphreedented expese tg thep country, and
is the~ cause of more1( cotrruption, dgccit and pro
ligacy then has eyer been known before, both.
im and out of Congress. If we want any facinic.
oebtus Imtve it by't --eiy t
9 iagepee or itanauma, ath gl, rwy
Prog'es yas his poliay, bpt le was niot mi favoi
hf rash or spasmodic action. We ought mi all
thngs to nec. eahly and boldly; take oue post
qa 1ue rppuemunts of optr cnengips. Thgoit
hopiIl ke/p hpf~ polide dy- for' wliateyer19
ih lope. there? arp tventiy free States rqgamnst
(prtegn slave States, rtnd it pannpt be disppispd
1hat thg.ep is Mnp '
On broacheing thme snhidect of the re-openIng
-or the stave trade, Mr. Hammond said that, In
the Union, it was out othe question-an im
practicable and visionary project ; and that t<
revive it ont of the Union, in Central A meric
or elsewhere, was somehat impolitic. Wh.
should we increase the size of our territory al
the South ? Who would put slaves in Kansas I
And who would put them in any doubtful posi
tion? Yet we lost Kansak because we had non<
to put there. Phe wante of slaves is felt. W(
were now struggling to eep Texas against the
inroads of Northern ts. Why shouk1
we go for Qeentral Am or Mexico? Mexicc
was a dead corpse fpati. on the sea in a state
of decomposition. ghe.j'as drifting uif against
us, and some might desire to plunge the har
poon and take her aboard. But of what use
would she be to us with her six millions of wild
Indians to civilize, and- her imperious, treaclie
rous Spanish race b Wi want none of these
vast regions now. Tf ite our manifest destiny
to have them, manifest -destiny will bring the
proper time. We shoul4 address ourselves to
tih development of onr qwn internal resources
ind the achievement of dutliern harmony and
xower in the T nion, ye dy, if necessary, to
lissolve it. Between4 t citizens of Georgia
mi Soutl I Carolina, he't assured, that as the
rreen tops of CarolinliThlls gave greeting if
he borr shoresof eq'a, and as the bold
avannah grasped each Sfte in friendly salute,
:f, Georgians and Carolin .is will be evcr aflilia
The assemblage now re Mred to a table, form
ng ain immense square, enth the shade or.a
trove of trees, and part pof an excellent din
er. served tip for the - ion. Arter dinner,
oMid and mneninous chll ""ere made for JHon.
Fames 1). Tradewell, '1 r of Columbia, wJo
ieing escorted to the s rs' stand, spoke in
manly, patriotic mannef After compliment
ng Senator Hammond,*.d thankiig the aidi
*nee fur their call, he.s1tede that lie held no
Klitical position and serted no party. Ile had
.11 the feelings of a Caroiiian, and looked only
ur his State's advancem 9.6.Taking a retro
pective and prospective pw of public matter,
roml the pre.sont disjdmtiOW platform of the
ointry, lie could sio it".(' hope for, for the
rospesity or security o0hh-South. The cloc
ion of President BuclhafJ was just only not
defeat, Ie .regarded nator Hlammound as
rue and faithful to titeiivictions that had
rne him, by the peop4 * to his exalted
osition. Ile felt, assu the sturdv trees
rouinil the spot of this - getiii would wither
o branch to root . enator Ifanniand
could yield to federal ' ton or succumb
D the seductive influen 'Jof asbington con
ervatism. As a Senato &4tatesnian, Sena
)r Hammond would ed by hln tn
ither war or peaoe. e could nlot indulge
be saie hope for the .!,&a the honorable
enator. Nor did he A e, great benefits to
e derived by the So" frm the National
lemocratic party. "t tlie'same whose
mbling Ihimders aud 'cliuds, whoso ruel
urs and stormy day a]d nol be readilr
rgot.fen. It was tlie arty whose banner
the year 1832 wa' e jaoned with "The
nion must be preserv 'allbazards." lie
>ild not lok at.the.. o reae irv to t e
outli. It was ever ready to butch r those
'ho did not how down to tLe Jackson standard.
iltl this toudeney and a constant, proclivity to
Leri1ice its LprinlciplcS and the South for success,
a felt that it was dangerons tQ pur setion.
or cue, h: cut;ld novef how down to it. Thank
ig the ailieice for their attention, and again
miplimenting Senator Htammond, Mr. Trade
ell closed his speech in the midst of applause.
liepeated calls were now made for Col. Maxcy
;regg, who stood up from his seat inl the centre
the coipany, rud remarked that the invita
'in ti speak was whiolly unexpectel by him.
le h;d coie to heiar the speech of the states
la who had11 receiveli from the Le.gi.-lature of
uilth Carolina the highest coipliient ever
!ivet hiy ally O11r 11(11% ipy people. (Ip had
4aru him, and when he returned to his hopnig
0 would ponder oi the honorable Senati'r's
pinions. lie desirud to join in the Senator's
ipes. But his only loie and the only elianuce
e saw for the South wa4, that the Stale Ilights
rty, placing n1( reilance for the prot~ectioni of
a South upon the National Democirantic party.
iuld rally together and remain steadtlhst aund
udy to resist. aggression. If the honiorabhle
enator conl (10 aught for his hope it woul
lr. Ii. 11. Cook then gave a sentiment to Ihe
ress. Whereiuponi a call was nmade upon t ol
ohn Cinninghaim, of tile C'harleslon News.
[e spoke fluently andl with much spirit, touch
ig upon those topics that camile daily before
hie edlitor in his avocation. Uie paid aL trilitp
.enzgtur llammnond, thez guesi of~ tlia any V
ranimiced him au stautesmani at the head andi
hn of Carolina's ship-of-state-a main posses
ing talents that would enable him. to cope suc
essfully in a good and noble cause. lie was~
toud to see Georgians andi Carolinians jinmed
i un or'en.;ion liket this in a spl-it of brotherly
ve. It argiud favorably for their alliance at
future and1 more viital per~iod1. When Mouth
'a'olina ati Geofgia \Were imnitedi the whoO
nth wiltl be ini line. Our proper course is to
aintain our rights in or out of the U'nion. II
inable to gg ouit ouf the Union, we'shuouldl fight
n it as we find the arguments and meiu . fomr
rotection. lie was hopefn41 fhr the South,
otwithtanding the despindent toneC of time
onorable gentlemnan from C2oltimbim (Mr.
radewell :g wqs hopeflhl Jbr two. reasons, aint!
nore so now than ever. '1 lie worldi now viewed
lavery as a productive power based npon a
-ock-a self-sustaining element for the agricul
r and nmanufactur~es of mthe universe. G
es hopeful on deccoll'at of the atriiggle of 18i.
I'hn we hart dispQr'd, ypt the peo~ple weu?
a'y fou actio'n.' Noi we ap i'ted, iad the~
mn hmus comng when we have all pgwer. lie
tderstood senator Hanmmondes speech t p 'iiml
,ht wye shiould go onl 4ndt Ijght the battle as we
~td. Mr. Li. reviewed the fedheral taxation
Lystem aiid its impositions. Uie satated that
ie tariff was more dangerous antd to be feared
han the anti-slavely agitation, for it sapped the
o'ndations of Southern prospcrity. Hie closed
saying there was no question before the country
md that South Carolina shguld a~onsigeir her
himia teg-, an~i iptrounce b'eft'ting reform
by whiolesor'e legisIgion.
Mr. Richard Yeadonl, of the Charleston Cou
rier~ wijo had been temporarily absent, now .
pared near the speakers' stanl1 ;~id was called
forth to addypes5 ~Ibi assemnthage, whlichi he did
in a tibopuhtfuil anid enteptaining manner. lie
s'iid it allofdid hiim great pleasure to acknowi.
ede the"" wel-done3' of the honorable Senator,
ir lie partook of his hiopefulnmess for the future,
Ie did iiot disavow~ being~ a~ ini~O' in but
va ul nnl 9 ' yf p' the constitution.
Tle p' n iilJ6 looked upon thyipughtfully. 'i
was t1;l of g'oy in the " ' ) amd fo.r the future
ne eh oied Seisator harnmond's speech entire
lie alluded to 'thie congessions tjf \1iigla-the
dohrmito mise n--\sao ant. 'es-efer
ogy~. 'ge rea 1ddh' ansas-lebraska lhu
as being more importat that t I.was geneorali
co.ndred. 99 spohia nf the hired Scott de
ghsin #s an evidence of progress and improve
mient i our judiolary,' Ho desired that Go<
miy bloss the Union and preserve it, and sah
hat lt man work as he mnay to destrov. B~ou
would preserve it. 'I'ln Uion slit aill he mai
tained on the principles of the 7onstitulion.
Mr. Yeadon said that he had vioter against Sena
tor iammiond hlt fall. and his preunt position
reminded him of a college practice known am
"hop, skip, amid a jini"-an exercise marked
C"quarter," "half," and " whole." Laqt winter
he was a quarter Ifimminond man, although
Voting against. him ; after his Kanzas speech and
his course in the Senate, lie became a half Ham
mond man ; and to-day, after hearing his tldmni
rably conservative speech, he was whole Ham
mnond. Thus, with a hop, skip and a .iump,
said Mr. Yeadon, I was quarter Hammond, half
Unmmond, and now 1 am whole Hammond
Mr. J.B. Weems, or Augusta, spoke in a
complimentary manner of Senator flamnond's
ability and the honor that had been justly con
ferred upon hin by the people of his native
State. Mr. W. spoke of his love and reverence
for the Union. Ile and the State of Georgia
were so deeply attached to it, they would rather
see their interests senttered to the wind rither
than that the Union shoull have violence done
it. le was for the Ution and the Constitutiun,
and cloxed with, "The health of Gen. 11am
Among flt letters of dist inguiished gentlemen,
invited as guests to lie present at the Beech Wsl
and Dinmier on the 22nd inst., which are pith
lished in the Charleston Mercury of the 27th
inst., we find tle following:
Charleston, Jiuly 1.1, 1958.
Gentlenien: I have this instant had lid be
fro me (forwardedl from Georgetown) your
invitation to attend the dinner to lie given by
the citi7ens of Beech bland to their " distin
gished neighir -and Senator, t e Hon. J. 11.
About to leave home on a militarv tour of
review in Fuirlield, C:eMer. &x,, it will not be
convenient for ime to turt aside to Join yvou on
the 22nd inst,
I comnmend thespirit of consideration and of per
sonal devotion which prompts you to greet, with
public demonstrat ion, I lie retnirn from piublic con
tests to his own xt.ral hionie, of the scientific
and .successiil planter whot you urged forth to
.the Federal Council. An able and inithful rep
reentative, so valuable to the State. is wom thy
of the napplaue you are about to bebtow. I ai
happy to congratulate you and the country thit
the positi-n and bearing in the Senatp of your
distinguishled guest, (Jeneral lammond, not
withstanding his long retireneiit from the habi
tudes of Congressional life, have been such as
to conmmand the approbation and respect of his
Accept. my best wishes, d let no e in
debted to your kind oflices to render my re
grets aceptable toyour neighbors and friends.
I have the honor to retnain. gentlemen.
With great respect, your fellow-citizen,
R1. F. W. ALLSTO0N.
To 3esxrs. Mills, Atkinson and Panton, Com
Gtsentlemen: Your polite note, 'ivitin1g in0 to
bo at a public dinner tendered to lIon. J. H.
Hlammond by the Citiz es of Beech iand, on
the 2d in..t., was iccelved by pe two days ago,
un iy return hione after a little over a week's
absence. This will explain the reason of my
delay in answering; :nd I assure you 1 deeply
regret the nece'..ity I am under of saying to
you now that it will he out of my power to be
with you on the occasion referred to; otheren
gtgeients, previously made, will p:-event. I
am all ready now to start oi Monday iiext and
travel through Tenme-see, (entu!2.y, Oioi, and
other Southtwestln Statcs, up to the Lakes,
and to bp absent fPur or tive veeks. 1nist be
back by tile .tl londay in .\ugutIst, .ltt four
Irepks l, or would dlity tyi departutrte.
Time, hoU'r, would i-ot. allow tIds, and you
st theresfore excue tme. My best wishes,
however, will be with you, and kindest feelings
ald seitiiieits fr.-your di:tinguished friend,
fe~llw-citizen1, ang .guest.
Yurs most respect fully,
Mec'.rs. t . 11. .Alills, 'W. II. A tkinson, Jus.% I'an
luttn(Eid: C. H., I tth .1 uly, 18I
fentlemen :I have the honor to ne~knowled'ge
vorI iniition toitend ~i' a comphmli..etary ulhnner
iit., hr the tiiri: of lk-h'eh 1.-';" an i
vinity'. I fe"'l a li rh' ;smt..t at bcii.S uah.
gngmllentt, whiche.lini enut post poneui or atit..
von at'lre abit to give' t., I ur 'd'istinugui.4h''d Sem:i
ir, is richly de~mrved. Thle Smante e.et.' l called
him in to her ser:vice, in t he highlect poit ion .h
cold asi5Sinf to him. and at. : periodl of' the 'it
nmist mionmn~1t in iou'r political history.Nav
metei;~ ,nd'... sa...tn1imi sngacity were
nOessfry to -(nive~~ our pohey and carry itfiut
tO (siniti ilinit iii- Thatu iL5n11,h u' a
gacity he bag~ tfully show n in his colurse in the
nate. llis mictial respjonsibility, too, great as~
that was, was ineen-.d by~ thme re(putation of hc'
predcessrs.It is enotugh to s:,' t':t, i 11p
rOSect whatin e~ver. h. . .&Sein-aited th enar
hung, by e--en the greates.t of tli;gm,; arou'nd ilwr
nme' of thme 8ttre. 0r the digmity of Senmatoia
omienc: while hmis parliamentary etfurts Mrt~'
lhed htiti immtediately ats a 8.nnth~ler,n leader.
The~ fresh lanrelA he tmsm' won t'4- thie State, a.
dei 'as l~hiff ar auase 0f- congrituhitlin
at mdl 'ard'l h'e:rtilj ihare thec. g9rit'irt
of' adhmiration' wh'ich lutlye attd the cantj'
iotr tu nil riinil yM'i;m eamet : elil
TusrbSe has the s'anctitv of tIe Coin
stittioni and, the guarantees of' orgnic law ns
m unients of defencme. When thsese aire biroken
don, she has the str'onger protectin of* her own
I have the honor, gentlre.
- T be putts.n tement servant,
-5j\.tENCE 31. KEITT.
ho Miessrs. Mlilli. Atkinsoni, and Panton, Cont
pittee. ieechi Island, S. C.
ew Ywar, July 17, 183t
(inuigtn: .1 regret that mv- absence from
the. Statet will prevent my acceptotg your invita
tio, which ,has jutst been received, to attend the
public ditiner to Se nator Hammiond ona the 2?d
inst. Allow mue to assure~you thett it woul giv'e
no otne greater pleasure thanu myself V. unite in
anyw dem'ionsirat Ion in boemor of' our distiuguished
felow-ciizmn, o.f whose great ability-an'd publie
servics outr Stemt must feel so justly prond,
Ocnteti'n:X'on Dennsiy, .Iuhy 15. 1858.
Gentlmen:Yournote of the 1st inst., invi
laig me to he presenit at a Public Dinner, to be
given b~y the citizens of Beech Ilatnd, on th<
.22a inst., to our distinguished Senator and fel
lowcitizen, the Hon. J. H. Hammnond, reachec
go the pleasare of being with you on that ocea
sion. Otherwiie I would eheerfully join you in
dloing honor to one, who so well merito the com
pliment you purpose to pay him.
I an. gentlemen, very respectfilly,
Your obedient servant,
M. L. DONHAM.
Nfesiars. Mille. Atkinson and Panton, Committee.
CAnN, July 15, 1858.
Gentlemen: Yesterday T hatd the hono- to
receive yonr invitation to be oreit at a public
dinner at Beech Island, to be given to our Sena
tor, tho Hion. J. 11. Hammond, on the 22d
I thank you sincerely for thecompliment the
invitation implies; and, if it were in my power,'
would be .present with you on the interesting
occivsion. ft so happens, however, that I-bavo
an appointment to speak in Greenville 'on the
day preceding. I must, therefore, express my
regret that I cannot be with you at the time
yen have chosen for your demonstration.
As a constituent of Mr. IHammond, I take
great pleasure in joining you in an uncjualilied
appreciation bf his cours;e in the Senate of the
United States during its last session. Iis
speech on the Kansas question uttered the pub
lie voice of the State. -And his cautious, en
larged and wise views on the embroglio made
by the British crnisers in the Cuban waters,
received my hearty concurrence. He has fair
ly entered the fielIl for whicl his talents'and
learning have qualified him.
As I shall not be with you I trust you will
accept the following sentiment:
While we are under the common flag, we
must promptly hazard all that is neces.ary to
uphold its honor, but we are permitted to b)e
cautious in plunging into a war, all the evils of
which iill fall oni ourselves, and all the benefits
Oil our FRATERNA. fiOcs.
Very respectfully, your ob't sorv't.
JAMES CIESNUT, Jr'
To Meisrs. G. B. 31ills, W. II: Atkinson. James
Ciwm.is-ro. July 11), 1858.
Gentlemen: I beg to acknowledge your in
vitation to participate in the celebration of the
22d July, designed. as it is, to signify the con
idence and kindness with which the.State re
grds a distinguished public servant, 11 i1ust
be gratifying to all who are able io iwt with
you. The flatteing couipliment which our
Senator reicivejd in bis appointment, has been
Justiited by the high distinction with-whioh lie
has sustainod himself in the Senate. lle has
left us nothing to dcire, but much to admire
and much to initate.
Official engagements, imperative in the duties
they involve, prevent my attondance ; but none b
will wish your honored guost a more hearty
welcome to the State he has served so well, or'
be more earnest in the hope that the sphere of
his usefulness may increase, and his ability, as
it doubtless will, manifest its adequacy to the
highest-exactions which may arise.
To him and to you, who are united iiai only
by the relations of public tust an4 duty, but
nauy snuh. hereafter inty.renew the unselfish i
pleasirp whiclh this itist produce.
With ereat respzet, your obedient servant,
A. G. MAGRATH.
Me..srs. (;. B. Mills, W. II. Atkinson, and James
TiE EDGEFIE.LD ADiERTISER AND OUR POSI
The Edgefeld Advertiser, in sone very com.
liunentarv observations used towards ouelives,
!and for w'hich we eaniot but express here our
trattl eIowleljtments,u speaks as follows;
" To the iidienttd mittisures of its policy we 1
iuld hea:k v acquiescence-with the very essen -
ial proviko, however, that the 'being with the
Demoratie party atnd the Adwinistration' ex
ends only to our earnest co-operation with these
itIuenices s,; ir as they are guided hv th 'on
titt i, Miwl so Jar ((.s &a,'herd trun*. s
'hck ::uuh r(-operaion', i i- riy/h/ am7 p,..)- i
ni i,.' /our, dut s!' lA/ In Rc.cv- itM &-l to .ur
.w~t'e',-,,n.g V t'.if g~otu-~gueh i., the Nerumry's
nealiing ol' th i.ui it ;V( w.only express thant
neiclang to 'revent the infe~rrencie that art upre-.
~eried comnmital to the lDemocracy utnd the Ad
niinitrtionr is intended tot Ibe mad'e for the first]
ime in South Caroiinn."
The Advertiser hins correctly stated out- pos1.i
on. 'I'he Mereairy, vm helice, fronm it- com-1
nino~iuli to t his day, lhaus uphel die hlam
1tiiples of the i)embnrratie party-soumlutunes
avinst aihnsei and oaverthurow byv tie party negll
t Washing~toni. Thai~t sueh will be2 its couiirse i
titre. we nee ~d onaly alhiile to our ecner in t' he
at -ix:e'n mionths. Whb. W.lv i;han whini tihe
b -renury had ni'l.eii;4 No 1): %'s .,n' early
mpor'edf the'. lip.i.ney, was ~sate im po~w
4r :-. \ia.hoimn. :\ntd we hadl eerv assuraince
C ( e''edidencie ar~:d valuable :'ivt'-rtisinig pat.
(io t' the Admrniistration, we thre-w airny
peronital adl~nntatge. and opposed, with such
ability as we possesed; the President al. 'igis
Coinet, in their policy towardls an. as it
was dlevelnopedt and detl:ei .o bp byv Walktr and
Staiton. We n.-wsupport the Mmtinistration,
.1.. I' ii hma'. cast off these rene'rade I )cmoernb~
lefEd Danighas. and is altogether goa of our
siupirt aganirt. A.\metient,,' bioutlaitesan
Black Rlepiuiietw,~ Tihe prmiphles we enter
ained 1. year are still entertained, and shlul:
~e vindicated on proper oecnsioni ar. is there I
the k-ast disposition to Si.ld o the koephut. of
y our pe.ei-~ op: indepeindeucu. \\hen
j A!utatpattjn brthe Deueratic party shall
eek to betrayv its prInciples and turn against
ihe etwih cia 'attempt to deprive her of her full
ulhis in the Cotnfederner, it will not lbe hard ir,
the Mercurv to do as it h'as done before.. "i will
maintsinm the right against pcowen Mai~t. if UP~as
siry, stand aloot froma gio' ty i4th tieamn
c mestia sibi r .'2" o- reward, iut so long as
the y s';.pdded byits p rinciples, andie Lhe
,aaiitaUol' Tsustainmsthueeonstingtioial rights
~f thg South, so long shadl it hgo the support
of thme Mercurv.-.(e'Clrks.I Xk-cuim/
~nd inevitable inidividual, who seems to be re
arded by a elas~s or our fellow-citizens as a kn
f sp..1eaI dispensationl, and as hold'lnog the key
to all progress on the part of the good people c'f
the United Stat.n appearedl )gamt, a tew days
a t New' Orleans. and gravely told his listen
ers -,' dhat Mr. luechauan, through his Soerotarv
of \War, sent an ambassador to hiua ion, Wial
ker) saying that if lhe v.-ul forego the Nicara
gua enterprise and engage in th9 service of Mex
oo, and while in that service to do sonme aet,
such as (wuring dorn the l-at of Spain, retnderimg
a war b~etveen Spaini amnd i 'exico mnevitable, he
(Wlker) would receive tile support of the nad
Itis, heardly worth whiile to say thatt the Pr-esi
dent never authorized the Secretary of War, eor
any other person. to speak for hinm to Gen. Walk
erpersoaly, orthrough ani "ambassador,'e~
thesubject referred to; nor bas the Segary oJ
War held any conv-ersation watitgetn. W.alker, or
through an ambassadeg, ,tenki~ug for er repre
setinitg the ve~ws oghbe.President,. or the osda
istatip\On, as d.eekreAi m the repor~t of Qen.. Wal-l
INTERESTING AND HUMORUS PAAGRAPIS.
Z"" Dnring the search " instituted" by the,
editor of the Newark Timeq for feinale com
positors, it is reported that the following dia
logne took place:
Brister. "Good morning, Mr. Henpeck*
have you got any ,daughters that would make
good type-setters ?"
- Henpeck. No-but I've got a wife that
would make a good 'devil.0'
The editor vanished, cutting furtive jances
hbind him. C
77r 'SINGV.AR PA LL1ATI ron TooTInACn :.
_A little horseradish scrapedl, and laid on the
wrist of the' side affected will in many cases,
give speedy relief. A better way is to place a
little scraped horseradish in the month, or the
tooth, or just arbund the gum. *,t relieves
rheumatic pains in the gum and face also. The
mouth may afterwarils lie rinsed with a little
camphorated water, lekewarm.
E"' A ScRIPT'RAr. Sr-.-Tere is a snm
in adaition for you to work ont. It will require
diligence and care, and admit. of no wasted
time: Add to your fith, virtue; to your vir
tie, knowledge; tp knowledge, temperanco;
to temperance, patience; to patience, godliness ;
to godliness, brotherly kindness; to brotherly
ZF "-Fa x," says one student to anot her,
whom he caught swinging a scythe Tnost lustily
in a field of stout herdsgrass, "lVhat makes
you work for a living? A fellow with your
talent and ability should not be caught engaged
in manual labor. I mean to get my living by'
my wits." "Well, Bill. you can work with
duller tool- than I can !" -
:R Many of theirightest virtues are like
stars, there must be night or they cannot shine.
Without suffering, there can be no fortitude,
no patience, no compassion, no sympathy. To
enjoy life, you mnust be a little miserable ocea
sionally. Trouble, like cayenne, is not very
agreeable in itsel, but givesgreat zest to other
&r The London Thime is about to be prin
ted onl the beet-paper, at a saving of two cents
per pound, which, on their edition of seven tons
of pialier per day, is equal to $100,000 a year. -
It will be soon used on the Illustrated News,
tnd all the leading London periodicals, it hav
ing been thoroughly tested.
Z fe:- Col. S. 31. Rutherford, Seminole Agent,
mys the Fort Suith (Ark.) Herald, arrived
here during the week from his Agency. The
Colonel has informed., us that Billy Bowlega
iud party were well pleased with their new
bomes. Four or five of thze Indians died while
)n their way up.
L5 PEACH Wo E.--Take nearly ripe fmkt,
stone it and bruise to a pulp, put eight pounds
if the pulp to one quart of water and let it
stand twenty-four hours; then straih dutthe
nice, and-to every gallon add two pounds of
ugar. Turn into a cask, and. when fermented
md become perfetly cleai or j tig int
lown to. lift up a stone from fie .grou'd.in
\lariposa county, California, on the -17thof
June, dropped a revolver from his bosom, which,
!xploding, drovo a bullet through his body,
<illing him almost instantly.
i-r Many a person thinks he is bonest be
:ause he has never cheated. Instead of that,
ie is only honeat because he has never been
:emnlted. What the world calls " innate good
imess" is vcry often at full stomach, and what it
:erms vice is quite as frequently an empty bread
zE A lAeumema's Fum..--"0, Mr. Grub
iles !" exclaiied at young muother, "1shouldn't
ou like to have a family ot' rosy children about
pioar.kuee? - " No, ma'am," said the disagreea
lAC old bachelor: "-ld rather have a lot of yel.
ow boys in miy pocket,"
gr Youth is a glorious inveition-..liile
lhe' gulschasc the hours, and you chase the
~irls, the nmnthis seem to dlance away withI you
Ipon their feet, What a pity our snmmer is so
'hurt, .Uefore you know it lovers bicomc dea
aens, and romps grand-mothers..
Er Old Mrs. U~arnlee is a pattern of house
bold economy. She says she has made a. pair
>f socks la%t fifteen years by only knitting new
'ect to them- ev'ery winter, and new legs toi
them every other winter,
ZW A waiter at a fashionab~le hotel, the
othier dlay, re~inie.ted a borader. if he needed
bmj. se'rvices, to 4.inmst agitate the communicator."
P'revions to the nrpid nmarchm of intelleet, " please
to) ring the bell," wvouhld have been the phrase
E Col. F. W. P'ickens our Minister to
Russia, was at P'aris on tnhe 24th -June, making
puirchmases four bjs houise at St. P'etershm'rg. He
was thent (ected to leave for' the seat of his
missiona in eight or ten days.
ZW A pcrson reading funeral services at
the grave, tuvgot the sex of t he dk *eaused, and
:askeud naa of tii ;sourersm. an Emralder, " Is
this a brother or a sister ?"
"Xeithmer," replied P'at, ounly a cousin."
g7g" Au leishman being asked, on, a rainy
day, whamt h~e would take to carry a message
fro'.n Bull's Read to the ilattery, answered?
" Sure, Pd take a coach."
7r Take a company of boys chasing but
terilies; put longdtalled coats on the boys, and
turn the butternies bro' guineas, and you have
a beautiful panorkmna of' the world.
3T Somebody has written a book on the
art of nmaking people happy without money. -
We aro in excellent condition to be experimep
L~1ien t. Paul J1. Quattlebaum, of the 9th
Inantry, U. S. A., a native (of South Carolina,
sailed from New York, on Wednesday, in the
steamship St. Louis en rente for Oregon.
86 It is said that common mullen leaves'
smoked in a new pipe-one in which tobacco
has never beenm used-is a sure and estain cure
ErAcorrespondent has such a cold in
his head that he can't wash his face without
fr'eezing the water. We dont believe it.
. gi Cot'r !N,HpusEs.-Tar water sprinkled
over their fodder, and mixed with 'their grain,
will cure cough in horses.
r W*OMANo DWARanroJas.--With WOmen
as with warriors, there's no robbery.--..all' con
gir As many days a.- iYe paswhhout ba
sonme good, are so nmany days entirly lost and
bWTeian who pyanted himself on his
. o mut ios has not yet sproutede .
.\A Dutchmnan thinks " honesty ish de
pest policy, but it keeps a zoan tam'pmoor.
E" Give your children -an education, and
no tyrant will trample og your libirties,
gij Let pleasures be--ever so ,muocent, tha.
excess is always eriminaL.