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We will ,ling to the Pillars of the Temnple of 0 Liberties, and It n iut fall,*we will Perisperamidstitlie Ruin&.
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C. AUGUST 18, 1858. "-."'--"*"
You're looking as fresh as the morn, K tty,
Mavoureen, as bright as the day;
But while on your charms I'm dilating,
You're stealing my fond heart away;
But keep it iu we'come, dear Kitty,
Its loss I'm not going to mourn;
Yet one heart's enough for one body,
So pray give me yours in return.
I've built me a neat little cot, Kitty,
I've pigs and potatoes in .torc;
I've twenty good pounds with the banker,
And may be a pound or two more.
It's all very well to have riches;
But I'm su::h a covetous elf,
I can't help still sighing fur something,
And, darling, that soiething's yourself.
You're sailing and that's n good sian, Kitty,
Say vYs, and you'll never repent.;
Or if you wouli rather he silent,
Your silence I'll take for consent.
That good-natured dimple's a tell-tale,
Now all that I have is your own
This week you may he Kitty Tyrreil,
Next week 3 ou'd he Mistress Malone.
A WIFE'S BLAST AGAINST TOBACCO.
le sits in the cA.ruer from morning to night,
'Tis smoke, chew, smake,
Ie rises at dawn his pipe to light,
Goes puffinc and chewing u ith all his might
Till the hour of sleepI. 'Tis his delight
To snoke, chew, smoke.
The quid goes in when the pipe goes <.ut,
'Tis chew, chew, chew;
Nuw, a cloud of smo'ke goes up from his throat,
Then, his mohu:h sends a c-wstant strenai allat.,
'Tis clhew, clew, chew.
I1e sits all day in smoke or fog,
'Tis pitl', puff, pufr:
le growls at his wife, the eat and do,
le covers with filth the carpet and rue,
And his only answer, when I give him a jog,
Is pull, 1uf0 puf;
The house all o'er, from end to end,
. Is smoke, smoke, smoke;
In whatever room my way I % end,
If I take his clothes to patch or mend,
Ungrateful perfumcs will ever ascend,
Of smoke, smoke smoke.
At home or abroad, afar or near,
'Tis smoke, chew, smoke;
His mouth is stuffed from car to car,
Or puffiing the stump of a pipe so dear,
And his days will end, I verily fear,
In-smoke, smoke, smoke.
Young ladies, beware, live single indeed,
Ere you marry a man who uses " the weed;"
Better that husbands you should ever lack, 0,
Than marry a man that uses Tobacco.
INTELLECT IN RAGS.
It was a black wintry day. Heavy snow
drifts lay piled up in the streets of New York,
and thelwhole appearance of the city was cold
Seated upon the steps of pne of the large
dwellings on Fifth Avenue, was a boy apparent
ly thirtcen years of age. ie was literally
clothed in rags, and his hands were blue, and
his teeth ehattered with cold. Lying upon his
knee was a newspaper he had picked up in the
streets, and~ he w-as trying to read the words
upon it. Ie had been occupied thus for sonme
time, whelzn two little girls clad in silks and furs,
came towards him. The eldest one was about
twelve years old, and so beautiful that the poor
boy raised his eyes and fixed them upon her in
The child of wealth stopped before him and
turning to her companion, exclaimed, "Mariani,
just see this fellow on my steps ? Boy what
are you doing hereT'
"I am trying to learn to read upon this little
bit of paper," answered the boy.
"the girt laughed derisively and said:
" Well, truly ! I have heard of intellect in
rags, Marian, and here it is personified."
Marian's soft hazel eyes filled with team-s, as
" Oh, Louise, do not talk so; you know what
Miss Fannie teaches in school. " The rich and
the poor meet together, and the Lord is the Ma
ker of them all."
Louise laughed again, and said to the boy:
" Get up fre m here, you shall not sit on my
steps, you arec too ragged and dirty."
The boy arose, and a blush crimsoned his face.
Ie wa~s walking away, when Marian said:
" Don't go little boy, you are so cold, come to
ini house and get warm. Oh, do conme," she
.continued, a~s he hesitated; and he followed her
into a large kitchen, where a bright ihrmu-hire
was shedding its genial wvarmth around.
" Well, Miss Mariani, who arc you bringing
here now ?" asked the servant womian.
" A poor boy, who is almnnst perished ; you
will let him get warm, will you not, Rachel ?"
" Oh, ho shall warnm; sit here little boy,5
ind Ra-chel pushed a chair in front of the stove;
she then gave him a piece of bread and meat.
Mariani watched these arrangemntts, and thenm
glided from the roomi; whena she rejtur-ned, shc
had a pmrimer, with the first rudiments of spell
ing and reading. Gioing to the boy, she said:
" Lit tle boy, here is a book that vou canm le.u-rn
to read fro-m better than a ice of paper.- Do
-you know your letters?"
"Some of them, but not all. T never hadl
anybody to teach me. 1 jmmt learned my13self;
but oh, I want to read so badly."
Mariani sat down beside him, anS1l began teach
lng him his letters. She was so busily occuiw
in this work that she (lid not see her mot her
enter the room, nor hear Rachel explain abut
the boy; and she knew not that her moithei
.stood some time b~ehind them, listening to hmei
noble child teaching the beggar boy his letters
There were but fewv that he had not alreaudy
learned himself, and it was not long before Ma
.rian bad the satisfaction of hearing hmim repea
Whea he rose to go, he thanked Rachel fo:
her kindness, and offered Marian her book.
"No, I don't want it," she said, " I have gir
.en it to you to learn to read from. Won't you
.tell me your name ?"
" Jimmie," he replied.
" I will not forget you, Jimmie, you mnust al
wrays remember Marian Hayes," was the litth
Lubi:o Gardine ndr Mamian Hays were nlay
mates and friends. Their dwellings joined, an
almost every hour of the day they were togeth
er, for they attended the same school. These
two children were very differently dispositioned
and very diflerently brought up. Louise wa
proud and haughty. Poverty in her eyes was z
disgrace and a crime, and she thought nothing
too severe for the poor to suffer. These view
she learned from her mother. Mrs. Gardnei
moved in one exclusive circle-the bon ton ol
New York. Without its precincts she nev
er ventured, for all others were beneath her.
Louise, taught to mingle with no children ex
cepting those of her mother'. friends, was grow
ing up believing herself even better than they,
The teaching that Marian Hayes received wa
totally dillrent from this. Mrs. Hayes was ac
knowledged by Mrs. Gardner as one of her par
ticular friends; yet though she moved among
that circle, s.e was far from being one of them.
IHer doctrine was the text her little girl had
used. " The rich and the poor meet together,
and the Lord is the Maker of them all." This
she taught Marian, there was no distnction as
to wealth and position ; that the distinction was
in worth alone. She taught her to reverence
age, and to pity the poor and destitute ; and
that "pleasant words were as sweet as honey
comb, sweet to the soul," a little kindness was
better than nioney. Marian learned the lesson
well, and was ever reaty to dispense her gentle
words to all, whether they were wealthy and
inhilueitial, or ragged and indigent as the boy
she had that cold morning befriended.
A gay and brilliant throng were asSeiabled in
the cily of Washington. Congress was in ses
-ion, and the hotels were crowded with strang
cr-. It was an evening party. The borilliantly
ligbted rooms were filled with yout h and beauty.
Standing near one of the dooirs were two
young ladies, busily engaged conversing togeth
er. The el-r of the two suddenly exclaimed
" Oh, Marian, have yon seen Mr. Hamilton,
the new lenher from W ?"
"No, but I have heard a great deal about
" Oh, T want to see lit so badly. Mrs. N. is
going to introduce him to us. T wish she wouldl
m1oaki Iaste, I have ni patienve."
" Don't speak so, Louise, I wish you woul.1
not. e.;' so rillin'g," said Marian.
A singute smlile played around the month of
a tall, handome gentleman who -was standing
near Ihe girls ; anI as lie l.sel thei, he scan
ned them both very closely.
12 i short time, Mrs. N - came ip wilh
Mr. Ifamillon, the new member, and presented
him to Miss Gardner and Miss IInyes. As they
were conversing together, Mr. IHamilton raid:
" Ladies, we have met before."
But Louise and Marian declared their igno
rance of the fact.
" It has bieen long year. ago, yet I have not
forgotten it., nor a single sentence uttered du
ring that meeting. I will quote one that may
recall it to your memory-" The rich and the
poor meet together, and the Lord is the Maker
of them all."
The rich blood tinged the cheeks of Marian,
but Louise still declafed herself ignorant as be
fore. Mr. Hamilton glanced for a m'mnent at
Marian, then turning to Louise, lie said:
"Long years ago, a little boy, ragged and dir
ty, seated himiself upon the steps of a stately
dwelling on Fifth Avenue, New York, and was
there busily engaged trying to read from a bit
of paper, when his attention was attracted by
two little girls, richly dressed. The eldest of
the two particularly attracted him, for she was
as beautiful as an angel ; but as they came near
to him, she lifted up her hand and exclaimed:
"Boy,'what are you doing here ?"
"The boy answered that he was trying to
read. The child of affluence derided him, and
said that she had heard of intellect in rags, and
he wia< the very personification of it. ler coum
pnion's answer was, that 'the rich and the
poor shall Tieet together, :nd the Lord is the
Maker of them iall.' The elder girl drove the
Isoy away front the steps, but the younger one
to imito) her dwelling and warmed and
fed himi there. When they parted, the httle
girl said, 'you must not forget Marian IHayes.
IAnd( Mliss llayes, lie ntever lias forgotton her.
Tht aged dirty boy is now befor-e you, ladies,
as Mr.-IamilIton, the member of Congress ;.and
allow me, Miss Gahrdner, to tender my thanks
to you for the kind treatment of that boy."
Overwhelmedh with confusion, Louise knew
not what to say or do.
In pity for her, Mr. Ihamilton rose, and turn
ing to Marian, said:
" I will see you again, Miss Ihayes," and he
Louise would not stay in the city, where shec
daily met with Mr. Mamilton, and in a few day~
returned to Newv York, leaving Marian, with
the consciousness of having done nothing to be
ashamed of, and enjoying the society of distini
Mara ad Mr. IHamilton were walking to
gether one evening, wvhen the latter drew froim
h Tis bosom an old and well-worn primer, and
Ihanded it to Marian.
"From this," he said, "the man who is sr
distinguished here, Iirst learned to read. Dt
you recognize the book ?"
Marian trembled, and did not raise her eyes,
when she saw the well-remembered book. Mr.
Ilainilton took her hand and said:
" Marian, Jimmie has never forgotton you.
Since the day you were so kind to hinm and gavc
him this book, his life has had one great aim
andi that wvas to attain to greatness, and in afte:
Iyears to meet that ministering angel who wa
Ithe sweetner of my days of poverty. Wheun I
Ileft your house with this book, I returned tc
my humble home ten times happier, and went
a.,siduously to, work to learn to read. My
mother was an invalid, and crc long I learned
well enough to read to hier.
When imy mother died, I found good friend
and wvas adoupted by a gentleman ini W-. A
his soni I have beeni educated. A ye-ir ago h<
(lied and left his property to mii. Of all th<i
Ipleas~mt memiories of my boyhood, the one con
nected with you is the dearest. I have kept
this primer next to my heart, and dwelt upot
the hope of again meeting the giver. I havy
meot her. I see all that my imagination pictured
anid I ask if the dear hand that gave this bool
caumot lhe mine forever ?"
L~ouise feet deeper gi-ief than ever when Ma
riani tol her she was to become the wife of Mr
Ihamilton, the poor boy whom she once sp~urne<
from her door, and derisively called " intellec
in rags." Jut she learned a severe le-son, an
one that soont changed the whole cnrrent of lie
lhfe. For a while she shunned Mr. hiamuilton
Ibut by perseverinig kindness he made her fee
easy in his presence, and she the acknowledge<
friend of the Congressman and hi..4 noble wife
Years have passedh smece then, and Louisei
training up a family of little onmes ; bitt she i
teaching themn to <tesplise not intellect in rags
but to be guided by Maria's text-' The ric
and the poor meet together, and the Lord is th
Maker-of them all."
" AMa I not a little pale ?" inquired a lady
who was short and corpulant, to a crusty oh
bachelor. "You look more like a big tub!I
Iwas the blunt reply.
MDrukenness is an egg from which a
aicc may be hatched,
[j THE YANKEE PEDER.
The importance of importing your own stock.
if you are going into the wool business, is very
Semphantically enforced in the following capital
story, that comes to us from a very agreeable
"Some years ago I was traveling on the East
em shore of Maryland, and stopped for the
night at the house of a gentleman by the name
of Jones. Ile was not at home, but his wife
received me very politely; I was in the capacity
of a travelling merchant, a peripatetic vender of
notion<, vulgarly called a pedler. She made a
few purchases of articles useful in the family,
and might have bought more had not Mr. Jones
returned unexpectedly and at once commenced
abusing ine most roundly, and said he didn't
want any pedlars about. his house. I gave him
back the change in his own coin till he cooled
down, when 1 asked him what made him mad
at all "gentlemen in my line of business ?" lie
." A few months ago a Yankee pedlar was
about here selling his ware, and taking pay in
anything lie could get. My neighbor fhrimer,
Mr. Brown, had a very troubh0.ome ram ; one
time Ie junped the fence and got into the
wheat, and'another day into the corn, and was
alwar; where he had no business to be. One
day, just as the farmer nhad got him out and
tied him up, this pedlar came along and wanted
to sell his tinware.
"Mr. Brown said he would sell him the old
rant and take his pay in till. The pedler took
him up offering him two dollars worth of his
truck lor the ugly old sheep; the fariner agreed,
picked out his tin things, the pedler hoisted the
rat with legs tiod, into his confounded old cart,
and drove right along here to my hiu.e, and
had the impndence, yes, Ihe scoundrel hail !
to tell me the ran had been imported from
England by order of otte of tle rich farmters,
Jetfers, down the country, and lie had agreed
to take it to hintm; it hal cost Si.4200 .1n lantdiig,
and Ie was to have $250 ftr it wheni he deliv
ered it to Mr. Jeffers, bit he was .so tired of
having the plniy thing int Lis wagon that lie
would take $100 for it the first chatme he could
get. I wa quite anxiout to improve my stock,
andil tought t his s-i line an opportuttity to bu11y
an imported full-blimx, as the rascal warranted
it to be, that I paid the follow ILK0); and he
cut the strings ad let the ram rit. Sire
etiought, lie did run, full split, rigi t tiver the
fene. a int' afer him, at liy niggers comiig
fi. Iln lifteen minitutes my rai, niggers, and I
retched tup inl l'irvn's yard, whei I 6AIitl that
I hadl been sold as Well as that r.eally old
slieep. i30bre I got. back, thle pedler' hail soul
ten dollars worth of woodeni iiutmevs and non
sence to iy wife, und had gone oil' to parts uni
known. lie never cine this way again ; mid
if you are one of that sort, you had better put
up your traps and be moving."
Finally I prevailed on hit to let Me stop till
morning, ani to accept a few -Yanikee notions
without fee or reward. But lie will never fur
get that R100 and his neighbor's raMi."
EATING KND SLEEPING.
Hall's Journal of Health says: " For persons
who eat three times a day, it is amply sufficient
to make the last meal oi cold bread and butter
and a cup of warm drink. No one can starve
ott it, while a perseverance in the habit soon be
gets a vigorous appetite for breakfast so prom
iing of a day of comfort."
Yes, yes: by omitting the tlirl tneal, the
individual, besides securitng a night of sound
sleep. will not find on awakening in the muorn
ing a bad taste iii his mouth so indicative of
I one would only have a sweet mouth and a
clean tongue, he can secure them both by sim
ply ceasing to overtax his stomach. This fre
quent eating is an idle, misebeivons hiait, ruin
ilous of both lcalth aid comfort ; and it prevents
the individial froin receiviig the great amount
of enjoyment which it was intended lie should
receive from eating, and which is necessary to
Nothintgshiotuld be eaten betweeni the regular
tmeals, whiether* these imeals are takeni either
two o'r three times a day; nor shoubhl oneo eat
so that the quantity ingested will induce heavi
ness or uncomnfor'table feelings.
The cook tastes the foodi she prepares ; and
by this frequent tasting she destroys both the
relish for her meals and her health. There are
many housekeepers who have the same perni
We know farmers who, at the close of a long
summer dlay, during 'which they have eaten
heartily five times and worked hard from 4
o'clock in the morning to 9 o'clock at night, cat
freely just before going to bed.
The stomach, already enfeebled by constant
working unader disadvantageous circumstances,
has now imposed on it an impiracticable task
and the men lie down to sleep ! Next morning
they are nerveless-have scarcely slept all night
feel more wearied than they did when they
lay down-andi on the whole thinuk the farmer
lives a dog's life. So he does, so far as he sinks
totmere annalisma-livinig to eat-taxing his
digestive apiparatus at the expense of health,
life, and lihe's enjoymnents. So on fromt day to
day, till nature inakes a desperate etrort to rid
the body of' the superfluous food initroduced
into it, burning~ it up by fever, or expelling it
by sonme different remedial effort.
Farmers, being so tmutch in the open air, with
abundant exercise, shtould be the healthiest
people; but like others who are cursed with
"abunidance of bread," they are rheumtatic, bil'
lious, dyspeptic. T1his is aL shame and a situ.
F'arimers! it is a sini. Your liver compilints,
chill fevers, etc., are as unnecessary as is the
phtue. H~ealth and sweet sleep will conme to
y'ou whent you need, unless by bad habl.its you
drive themi away. " Go and situ no more."-Life
From the Chronicle & Sentizial.
MR. Em-ron :-Perhap~s it may not be gener.
ally known that cider is a good yeast fort bread,
and it may be of sotme service to the public tu
p lubls it in your valuable paper.
Take a few ripe, souttd aipples, and wash
themt andi precss out the eidher; imnimediately put
in a jng or bottle, and as soon as it gets inia
full state of fermentation, wet up a pa1rcel of
-corn mieal, (thte tmeal should be of white corn,
-atnd rat her coatrse,) 'beat it, into a still' batter,
I pout it on a cleant wito pitne board ini sttall
t~ cakes, and dry it in the sun. Use a hit about
the size of am silver' dollaur to a qutart of Ilour,
r lumtp of lard the .size of a walnut, and a tmorsel
;of' salt ; let the dotugh be well ktneeded, mnakt
1 youtr biscnits out with the hand, and you wvill
have a very sweet, healthy bread.
SEbenezer, Ga., Aug. 2, 18f>8.
,S~io-rm:luix A Bantv.-:-A boy at Watertowu
~Mass., wvasulefi, by his mother to watch his intfani
e brother. The litt~le fling eried, and lie rant afte1
the motther, but she did not choose to retturi
with himt. ie ratn after her a second time, am
.,was againi sent back alonte. After a while th<
1mother returned to her hotme, and there sat the
'boy upon a pillow, unider which was the infat
'lThe aifrighted mother snatched the pillow away~
bitt it was too late-the haube was dead. The
i buy, to silence its screa, had, adopted thti
mens, and the result was deathm.
KAXSAs.-The Kan~s correspondent of the
N. Y. Hkrald states,I that the only business
which is at all' brisk if Kansas at this time is
horse stealing. It appira that the Frec State
men in the neigborhol of Lawrence are be
coming as much ena.mored of free horses as free
niggers. A reverend jleitical parson, a resident
of Douglas county, who commands a company
of horse thieves, preaclfs on Sundays and steals
horses on week days,.h# been arrested for steal.
ing a number of horsefrom a pro-shrvery man.
If his reverence can sogare a free soil jury he ]
need not concern himself about the result, for
it will be easy to showqat a Southern man has
no more right of prope;y in a horse than in a
negro, and that a fin horse is a peculiarly
Southern institution, Alid therefore entitled to
the benefit of the inde round railroad.
Re-ruas HoME.-Ao.ut thirty engineers,
says the New York Heighl, who anmially ii- i
grate to Cuba for'the ppose of following heir I
p~rofession during the sugar season, have return- I
ed home and speak in glowing terms of the I
country and the manner n which they have been 1
treated by the hidalgos; These enginers travel
fron plantation to plan- ion, and contract with -
their owners to ran it. m-engines daring the I
rinding :eason. Many ' the estates own sami
eigites of great power -d high cost, sonic of I
thema valued as hgh as 20,00(. The engineer
is not required to per rm mnuch labor, as a
number of slaves are deiled to obey his orders i
and clean the inachind y when required. A
good engincer receives ueVen onnces or $11J
per imonth, and board aijd washing. The pay 1
is good, the work is lig It, the fare excellent,
and there is no occasioni Or wonder, when tiany (
of those who ha ve returtied homi express A I
intlention of again visiti Cuba as soon as Ilie
ugaring, season ciii es.
In this it is ra re
to find a man ple hiS efilness to the public.
-eiiiore his intorest. lipng a late visit to tIe
Vity of' Spindle ," we wbre reseiitiie b a pro
li.sional friend, to the leblatetd Chemist, lir. L
.1. C. Ayer, wh1ew naie is now perliaps, mor. I
familiar than any other, at.h 11 lediside Of sieK I
iWit ; iii this <-ountry. niowiig the miirt-c-c I
dented poptularily of liinediin, anil the im-<
miense sale of tlain, we Ilad expected1 to find
him a mnillionie, and rpilling inl weallth. Iin t.
i11, w'! 1,1111d hiin in his .4lIirittory, Insy with
li.; laborer.4, umong Ili.- ekueibles, aleibics, and
-lorts-giving his les personal care to the I
coIIJIunI ds, on the virtn of which, thouisails C
hang 1;or he..h1,1 We' learned, that notwilh- I
stIIing his vast busimess, and its prompt re- I
turns in cash; the DoctoriP not rit-h. 'Tlic rma
sM assi.;neld is, tiat the bmaterial is contly, anid
Im- porsists in ma1king his-preparations so expen I
sively, that. tI nett proifibs sniall.-Aierican j
Farmer, P'hil. .
M .uiCm. Come OF0 EoRoI..-Ve would
call at.tention to the .adveisement, in this day's
paper, of this popular .i4titution. It isi one of
tho oldest Colleges in the:South, has one of the
best museums in thecee%:y.ta.wich yearly
additions are made ; its professors are nun
well known throughout the country to the pro
fession, and most of them have had long expe
perience ii. the discharge of their arduous du- j
ties. Young men who intend adopting the
Medical Profession, cannot find better instruc- <
tors than the Faculty of this Institution, and for I
all practical purpose, there is no deficiency for
subjects in illustrating Anatomy or Surgery. I
This Collere has turned out some of the iost I
emiunient physicians in the country. It will be i
seen that the- anm:mal course of Lecties will
commence on the first Monday inl November
next, and we would advise .tudents to be pune
tual in their atteundance.-Dispatch.
Gm:r Fi.owsu.-A letter from Philadelphia
Our citizens will shortly have an oppor
t'huity of secing, in full bloom, the wondertil 1
Ai.eria Aloe or Century Plaint, a spectacle
which is beheld at very rare intervas. one of
the noblest specimnens of this wonderful plant 1
eve ee ini this counitry is now in the pos-.
session of Sir George I'l. Stewart, of this city.
The total weighut of this Agave is about two
thousand nine hundred and sixty pounds. Iti
is about to bloom, and has thrown un~ a stein 1
which has already reached the height of twenty
A VOTAs'rTARY SLAVE.-Instanices of this kind
are becoming more and more. nmerous every1
(lay. We clip from the Frontier (Tcxas) News1
" hiAl . atedneon the District Court,
in T arrant county, one day of the previous week,
I witnessed the ceremonies on the occasion of a
free negro voluntarily going into slavery. Ie
caine into court cheerfully, and there stated in
answver to questions propounded by the court,
that he knew the consequence of the act-that
he had selected as his miaster W. M. Rtobinson,
b lut of is own free wvill and accord. Two genl
tlemn came in and stated under oath that they
hadsiged ispetition at his request, and that
th etean he had selected as his master
was a good citizen and honorable mnan,-&c. Jer
ry is a fine okignegro, somno forty yaso
age, and appeares to be smart.
As old friend, a distinguishied judge and ex
war minister, resident of Pennsylvania, tells a
good story of a Dutch neighbor of his who had
the gout, and was greatly puzzled to know how
he came by it..
" What is the matter with you, my friend I'
inquired the judge, who had called to see his
"Veil, I don't know, chudge-day say it is1h
de cout 1 l'ut why should I have the cout ? I
lives blain ; I dont eats ~do much nor drinks do
muh;vy should I have toe cout !"
"Perhaps," suggested the judge, " it is hered
"Vell'," replied the invalid, with a look of a
mian who has been suddenly enlightened oni a
dillicult subject, "Vell, I guess it ish heredita
ry-I remember my wite's uce had de cout !"'
The judgets of opinion that a good imainy of
the hereditary gouta of the present day will.
have to be traced in the Dutchman's miode of'
lineage, ini order to make the descent.
and inqunired : ' Is father hero ?"-" I do not
know-what is his name?" said the Lieutenanti
on duty. The name was given, anid thle record
exhuibited, with " drunk and disorderly" attached
as tihe charge.I
" Cani I see himu a moment-lie is my father?"
"Y1es"~ was the responsa, and the young nman was
coniducted tothme iron cage whetre the father had
been confined since morning, now sobered in his
right mi "Father," said the young visitor,
June Li dead !"-And-the younig man choked at
the sentanere, while the strong nerved father ven-*
ted his grief ini tears and loud expressions of~ sor
jiWhile the sister and daughter lay upon her
dying bed, the father had indulged in hiquid po
tations that. dethroned reasoin, and has been
arrested and confied ini the station house. The
son asked for his relesea, and the kind-hcarted
ollicer opened his prison door, anid with a word
of comfort and warning set him free. Such are'
s me of the daily scenes a "local" meets with,
d m1.ecaily ronda-.-ncinni G'nzttc
OPENING TO TIlE SOUTH FIVE NE SLAE
From a highly interesting letter from an in
telligent correspondent.f the New Orleans Cres
uent, relative to the thriving State of Texas, we
extract the following, which we commend to our
maders as worthy of carefulperusal and serious
consideration. The writer from whom we quote
With the close! of the Mexican war, Texas
presented an entirely new phase. She was no
onger dependent on adventures. Her dilieil
ies with Mexico were settled and placed be
rond the possibility of a revival. She relied on
he Federal Governinent fbr protection against
iostile Judians, and thus secure in life and prop
!rty, her people settled down from a state of
,vild excitement, turroil and uncertainty, 'to
mne of calmness, peace and security. The in
ustrious speedily engaged in the; developimnt
>f the natural resources of the State, by which
hey proved to the world that Texas was one of
he best agricultural and stock raising States in
he Unio1. The attr. e :on which diew within he:
orders reckless adventures, no longer existed.
They were succeeded by others more peaceful
,11d profitable, which consistsi of rolling prairies
vith soils unsurpassed in fertility, ready for the
low. Hills and valleys affording luxurious
mid almost boundless pasturage for cattle, sheep
nd horses, and a elimate well adapted to the
rowtli of the -t:iple of the South, and of every
arietv of cereals and fruits grown in North
With these attractions, Texas now looms up
efore the Southern State4 of this Union aa the
uly reliable field preenstel for the extension
f Southern institutions and Southern political
ower. That the South will avail itself of this
pen'ing-that Southern umen anId Son hern i n
titutiolis vill prevail helre, and11 thal, in a coiz
aratively short s?.aee of tiune, this great terri
)ry will lie cut up into six SIve States, is miy
irm Coivieliol. Existinuig ircumanclimees will, in
pite of all opo ;titii,efrl't tllis imeh-to- lb.
LIsmired nstt.-Frn Ih.! lIatoma: to tLe Sa
tine lie prices oi pood lamls raniige Irom ten to
ifte'-n dollhr p.- nIere, Jal nearly all tihe lands
iat cull he po1fitIIably e1hi-:atedl have been ta
e Iy by a.- l '-ti :10uh-r0 me itly the ams
T plan1ters a t1 otter. wih wih to elg,e i
lae Stat, obtin gesl ltlis within aL conive
it-it distanmee ofitSI.ping poinlts withbout paying
xhorhitant pricePs. in Texes there are millions
if acres of as good land as the snn ever shone
ipon-equally as good for the cultivation of
0orn and cotton as any in the South, ind better
han any other contin-t fir raisinug stock
hiih ci be had at prises ranging from fifteen
ents to three dollars per acre. When these
ctti are taken into ennsiderntion, and also the
cets that the young men of the South w'io are
ust entering upon the stage of action, are im.
med wiih a strong love for Suithern institutions,
i tl p s : a deep-rooted prejudice against
aatical free States, the conclusion of every sen
ible man must be that the present vacant lands
if Texas will be speedily occupied by the sons
if the South.
~ k S--inYHfiir11 BiE r7te
ame necessary a few days since to pull down
in old building in the vicinity of the St. Mary's
arket, for the purpose of erecting on its site
ine more roomy and suitable to the times. Ac
ordingly, the workmen were engaged and the
rork of demolishin.; went on. When the basc
nnt bail been reached, and the removing of the
round sills had commenced, one of the work
nen discovered a singular looking animal, seem
ugly imbedded in one of the sills.
The attention of the whole party was then
lirected to the spot, when some one exclaimed,
s the animal showed a broadside of huge claws:
It's a.terrapin, sure," and sure enough it so
roved to be, but of proportions larger than its
pecies warranted, being ats large as an ordinary
ea turtle. But the most wonderful portion of
his story is yet to be told. We said it was
mnbedded in one of the sills. This was not
xactly the case, for the sill was imbedded in its
ack, and had thus held it captive for years. It
nust bave somehow or other caught itself under
he sill when quite small, for it had grown up
tearly thme height of thme sill on each .side, leav'
ng, when it waLs extricated, a furrow down its
ack lengthwise a half foot deep.
One of the workmen, in attemipting to take
old of it, hind his hand nearly torn in two by
ue of it.s huge claws. It has a tail about four
r five inches long, and a genuine snapping tnr
,e head. The probability is that this turtle or
errapin is at least a quarter of a century old,
tnd has been, without doubt, under this house
ad in that position si'nce its erection. The
nyatery is, what sustained lire during that time.
l'he grouind around was quite damp. This
uriosity, we learn, leas been preserved, and is
n the possession of oneC of the workmen. It is
,orth seeing.-New Orleans Delta.
MAIaRIAGE oN Sinoa'r AeUA INTANcrE.-There
s not a city, there is scarcely a township, whaich
hoes not number among its inhabitants women
ahio have married oni very short acquaintance,
mnhy to be abnsed, deserted, and left a burden
md a lifelong sorrow to their families in which
zey were horn andl reared, and wvhich they
nost imprudently and improperly deserted, to
hare the fortunes of relative strangers. If
foung ladies could realize how gr'ossly indelicate
is well as culpably reckless such amarriages ap
pear in the eyes of the observing, they surely
would forbear. A years'% thoroughiaequamntance,
with the most circumstantial accounts from dis
nterested and reliable witnesses of the antece
dents from childhood, are the very least guaran
ies which any woman who realizes wvhat mar
inge is, will require of a stranger. Even then,
if her parents are not fully satisfiel, as well as
herself, she should still hesitate. Marriage is
an undertaking in which no delay can be so
hazardous as undue precip~itationt.
Dmnixa .t :.-The month of August is
usually the safest time to sink a well. The hot
season has then generally diried up) the surface
streams anmd springs and left those which perco
lat~e deep, and silent through the earth in their
full and natural flow, and when reachedl they
then scarcely fhil toi permanent supply. Before
digging the well, the stone or brick for walling
it should bie oin the ground, and so placed as to
le ready at a imoimeints notice for use, as we
have known wells lnst, from a sudden break of
tme e..rthi or rock at the bottom, anid the ra.pidl
flowing in of the water, driving thme laborers out,
and filling up to a height even above the tools
they wrought with,. And so stronag was thme
fountaini, that they could inot exhaust. the water
afterwards. Such cases do nt often happena,
we know, lint it is well to proviude against them,
an after wvater is Ijhund in full supply, the iquicker
tme well is walled up the better.-Americatn Air.
riculturist, .J ely.
Two precocious boys juimed from onze of the
new bridge piersa t iNashville, a few days ago, a
distance of ninety feet, into the water anid escaped
France is detertmined not to lbe behind Enig
land in great enterprises. She attempts achieve.
mets upon the laud as remarkable as those of
England upon the water. Whilst thme lattem is
making an experiment with the monster steam
ship and the A tlantic Telegraph, Franice is about
to ndertake the gigantic project of tunmnelling
the Alns by the force of compressed air
The little check which the consumption of
cotton has encountered through the panic of
the present year, is passing away, in face of ele
ments which may impart a more rapid consump
tion, and give a still higher relative value to
cotton, since the demand for human clothing, of
which that article is the chief material, is likely
to be more important than ever. This influence
seems likely to prevent the growth of manufac
tures in the cotton States. For many years
succeeding the tariff of 1828, cotton was very
low, so low as to make planting unprofitable,
and to impel the migration from the Atlantic
States to the valley of the Mississippi, where
the cost of cotton raising was less. At the
same time it induced the erection of numerous
mills in the vicinity of the cotton plantations,
the profits of manufacturing being superior to
those of planting. Of late years the consump
tion of cotton has outrun the production, and
the price of cotton has risen naturally upon that
fact. Cotton is now more profitable to plant
than to spin. With the price of cotton hands
have risen also, and the capital which might
have gone into factories is now more profitably
directed to planting. The expenses of the Ea.
tern mills, for goods of the style of heavy sheet
ings, is a3 follows:
Middling fair cotton.........7.00c. 13.50c.
Waste.................... 77 1.48
Labor................ .3.80 3.80
General expenses........2.08 2.08.
1 lb-2.80 yards....13.65c. 20.86c.
A yard of sheetings, therefore, now costs 7c.
against 4.8e. in 1844, of which the material is
65 per cent. Wen th:t material could be
brought for 7e. a few years since, it is obvious
that .saving the freight, comi iuns, &c., on the
cotton going North and the goods coming South,
gave a lar-gr profit than growing the cotton at
that price. . When, however, 13.50e. per lb. can
be got iIr the colton, with the prospect of a,
contintled rise, Iibroughm insunbicient proI.ltion,
Slie iIcreased profit on I lbf. of col ton is Gte., or
egial to 2.1e. pIer yard of the cloth, without the
employnnt or ainy capital in i hat trotil.lesoime
branch of buasiness, au-l iii the abeice of skilled
labor. But. t he North has to pay so mnuch more for
tlecotton thbat its lrotitson clothi regrently cur-I
tailed, unsles it. can put in more cheap labor and
less cotton, or, in other words, iake liner goods.
That the South will, however, contend for the
manufacture, while planting is so profitable is
hardly to be supposed. and the history of .e
trade showi I hat the United States have gradu
ally sueceeded to the control not only of the
cotton crop, but also the market of manufactured
goods. In 1830 the consumption of raw cotton
in the United States wiks 19 per cent. of that of
Great Britain-it is now 37 per cent., and the
extension of the trade in Europe is such that
the Bank of England can no longer govern the
price of cotton.-United States Economist.
IN A QUANDRARY.-The last annual report-f
asw.z~~.Qniztin Societ jsyL
making applications for assistance to reach Li
beria; but a they do not reside in the United
States, the Society cannot expend its funds in
colonizing them. The report adds:
Of the colored people in Canada, we have
but little reliable information. In 1847,. when
it was currently reported that there were more
than 20,000 fugitirve from American slavery in
Upper Canada, the census showed that the
whole clored population of the province was
less than six thousand. It is well known that
many of the passengers by the " Underground
lIailroad" are free persons, who pretend to be
fugitives for the sake of traveling at other peo
ple's expense. Yet it is certain that colored
iinmignrants from the United States, for the last
eight or ten years, have been more numerous
than the people of Canada desired; and that,
though the% are under no legal disqoalifications
there, they~ iind the hearts of their white neigh
bors as cold as the climate, and both too cold
for a comfortable home.
WMurrEn.--. single good reason for continu
ing the licensed sale of intoxicating drinks.
We have looked, and waited, and watched
for a smngle argument in favor of the grogshop
system, but thus far in vain. The only thing
thlat is urged in behalf of it is, that those en
gaged in it sometimes make money-a great
deal, it mnay be-by it. But this is no more a
reason for grog selling, than for doing any other
thing by which a man may obtain more money
than he had before. It wvill justify thef t, murder,
burglary-crime of any and all kinds, just as
much as it will justify grog selling. The ques
tion to be asked jn reference to any thing pro
posed to be done, is not " Can money be made
by it T'-but, " Is it rigid /" If it be not right,
then it matters not how much money may be
made by the operation-the law has no power
to justify it.
But, is our grog shop business right ? No !
The common sense of a man with intellect
enough to entitle him to our respect, is insulted
by asking himt such a question. Right ! .Can
that be right wvhich does wrong, wrong only,
wrong all the time-wrong to the State, to
-society, to the individuals engaged in it ? No !
it is not right-has not the first element of
right abouti it.- Crusader.
Usarm Ix roux~mos.-Thme washerwomen of
IHolland and Belguimi, so proverbially clean, and
who get up their linen so beautifully while, use
refined borax as a washing powder instead of
soda, in the propoirtion of' a large handful of bo
rax powder to about ten gallons ot' boiling waf
tes; they sav in soap nearly hmalf. All the
large washing establishments adopt the same
mode. For laces, cambries, &c., an extra quan-.
ity -of the powder is used, and for eriinolines
(required to be made very still') a strong solu
tion is necessary. Borax being a neutral salt
does not in thme slightest degree injure the tex
ture of linen ; its effect is tio soften thmo hardest
water, anid thecref'ore it should be kept on every
toilette table. To the taste it is rathier sweet, is
used for cleaning the l.a'r, is ani excellent den
tifrice, and in hot countries is used in coimbina
tion with tartarac acid and b~i-carbonate of soda
as a cooling hieverage. Good tea cannot be
made with hard water ; all water may be fomud
soft by addling a% teaspoonftull of borax powder
to a ordlinar'y sizeOd kettle of water, in whic-h it
should boil. T1he saving in the quantity of tea
used will 1be iat least one-tifth. To giie to black
tea the tlavor of green tea, add a single leaf
fromn the black curramit tree.-Pom Gaulignaani'sv
Msseger, 1-1th June.
DEATH Rox A Fmx Bivc.--The Paris Sleck
says that a woman residing in the lie Itoehe
focault was-bitten, a few weeks since, in the
b ack of the neoch by one of those large flies
which feed oni decafed mne-t at this season of
the year, amid died in a few days afterwards, suf
ferinig severely, and ill spite of thme best medical
I attendance. It is supposed that the fly must
have eaten cario~n immediately before wounditng
the woman, and that the virus which was intro
duced into the wound quickly spread through
John spell efl'eets. F-x. Rtight. Next spell
way C-d. ftight againl. Now spell cakes.
li-a-x. There's a good boy ! said ha mother,
handing Johnnv some of thie latter.
From the Legngton Flai.
ALL RIGHT! LICENSE DEFEATED!
MR. EDITOR:-Let it be known far and near,
that the Commissioners of Roads fbr Lexington
District, -.id at their meeting on Monday last,
"RFS'E'' to grant either " Tavern" or" Quart"
License, to as many as three applicants; and in
addition, passed a resolution that they would
not, hereafter grant license of any kind to sell
grog, during their term of office. Let it be
known too, that the applicants above alluded to,
were surprisingly well recommended and. en
dorsed; yet, they could not "come it", over'
more than a third of that body.
Dunbtless the Commissioners remembered
that not long 'since, a man, a stranger in our
midst, of noble talents and endearing disposi
tion, was " providentially" murdered by the very
business they had licensed "good moral charae
ters" to cond uet, and therefiore, very wisely eon
eluded to let those "good moral characters"
kill on their own resjpnsibili'y.
Gentlemen you have done a good work; and
although some will cefisure your noble act, it
will notwithsianding, live long in tho hearts of
th; sober and intelligent lovers of order in this
community-anl your names will not be forgot.
ten. You have done more for the prosperity
and moral advancement of Lexington Village,
by the discharge of your duty at this particular
juncture, than you could hlave done. by any
move in any other direction over which you
have jurisdiction. Only elin" to your noble
I esolve-take no step backwarJ, and all will be
Lexington, Aug 3d 1858.
A, OnoAXIC DimFrwci.Ty.-A parish in the
west of England, after much efl'ort, lately pur
chased a self-acting' organ, iarranted to play
twenty tunkes, and a larger congregation than
usual net to inaugurate it. The first psahn had
been suecessfully brought to an end, when, after
a short Pause, the organ chose to commence
p1salm1 tun .!nuiber two. In vain the officiating
parson endeavorAed to stop it; in vain the church
wsrdleuns left their own pews to stifle the noise:
still the organ as though uncontrollably pleased
with its own execution, kept oii with the new air.
What was to be done? The service was su
pended. in the hupe that the musical stranger
60ig1t hv- content when the second tune was
prel out. Vain expectation I It commenced
number threp! and nothing remained but to
carry the instrument into the churchyard, and
there to cover it with the vestry corpet to choke
its voice ; for on and on it went till the number
of twenty had been played out, much to the edi
fleation of the less attentive part of the congre
gation, who could hear only half-smethered
"Dad," said a young hopeful the other day,
I'how many fowls are there on this table?"
' Why," said the old gentleman; as he looked
complacently on a pair of nicely roasted chick- -
ens that were smoking on the table, "there are
two." "Two!" replied the smart boy ; "there
are three, sir, and ill prove it." "Three!" r
f-fc * a; -lt -e yo0
"Easily donesir, easily done.. Ain't that one 1"
aid the smart boy, laying his knife on the first,
"and ain't that two!" pointing to the second,
" ana don't one and two make three ?" " Real
ly," said the father, turning o the old lady,
who ivas stupefied at the immense learning of
the son; "really wife, this boy is a genious, and
deserves to be encouraged. Here, old lady, do
you take one fowl, and I'll take the second, and
John may have the third fol his learning."
Co-roN SEED OJ.-A Great Discowery.-The
manufacture of oil from cotton seed has been
carried on to some extent for several years, but
the process of clarifying the oil so as to fit it for
illuminatin" of those skilled in chemistry for a
long time, %ut all attempts have failed up to
within the last few months. The Cincinnati
Price Current, however, saYS :
Mr. Davies, of this city, has, we have no doubt,
at length solved the problem. A sample of this
oil prepared by him has been in our possession
the past week, and we having tested its illumi
nating properties thoroughly, fuel no hesitation
in saying that it gives a light far clearei and
brighter than lard oil; does not crust or gum
the wick, and is freer than any other oil from
aby disagreeable odor while burning. We re
gard MIr. Davies' discovery a most important
one, the value of which cannot be well estimated
in dollars or cents. We learn the process is at
once cheap and simple, not increasing the cost
but a trifle, as the article, when clarrihed, is sold
at 90 cents per gallon. It will remain liquid at
as low a temaperature as the best sperm.
WONCDERFCI, Gonu DisCovERIEs ax LUMPKiN.
-Extract from a letter to the Savannah Repub
DAnt~oxca, Aug. C, 1858.
The crops in this panrt of the State ar~ fine
never better I reckon; and the discoveries of
gold would perfectly astonislj you. Were I to
tell you what the ore is worth per bushel in the
Fields mine, you would not believe me, but it
is so. The ore they are now raisiajg is worth one -
thousand dollars per- bushel. T here are several
very valuable mines now nearly open and in op
eration, and there will be many more.
TuE FA I.I ot' Maxo.-TuE LoXDOx Xforning
Kews thinks that the fate of~ the Spanish race on
the American contineut is no longer doubtful;
as a " ruling race, it is doomed to inevitable ex
tiction."-It think Mexico must fall under the
protectorate of the United States, and it adds:
" When the Republic ol' Sierra Madre
should it be erected-comes to take its place
alongide of its sister province, Texas, under
the star spangled banner of the great North
American Union, who will venture to say that
its own interests and the interest of humanity
have not been benefited."
FAnTL Acvannr.-The downward night train
on the Souths Carolina Rail Road, fronm Augusta'
to Charleston, stopped Saturd y night about nine
oclock, near Giranituville, to take in wood and
water. After getting a en.. ply, the engineer
blew his whistle and started. A man aaned
lohin Aloss, about 34 years of age, a native of
Irelandl, ini attempI~tinig to get on the car w' ilo
the train was in motion, missed his hold and.
fell. He was seena to fall by one of the hands,
who informed the conductor, Mr. Hastings. The
train was immnediately stopped, antd meon sent
back to see if the manh was injured. They found
his body lying nut one side of the track and the
hond ont the other, The wheel had passed over
his neck, severing the haead from the body. .The
body was brought to town, and an inquest held
yesterday morning by Coroner Kingman. The
verdict of the jury was in accordance with' the
above facts.-Caraleston Courier.
VoLr~n r..-Nearly a hundred years -igo,
Voltaire resided at Geneva. One day he said
to s..me friends, in a boastful, sneering tone:
" Before the beginning of the nineteenth centu
ry, Christianity will have disappeared- irom the
earth l" Well 1 in thatsame room where these
impious words were spoken, what think,y Pu
there is to-day ? A large deposit -oftBilyles!
The sacred books fill, the homte from the floor
to the ceiling! So miuch for Voltire's pre