Newspaper Page Text
For the AdvertIser.
To the Citizens of Edgefield SIMstrct :
Abrr.n much heritation, I have concladed that4t is
iecumbent upon uo to reply in this form to s.me of
the matters contained in the several publications put
forth by Mr. Uneaso. As to the topies merely per
sonal between him mind myself, I torbear introlut
cing them here. I lr.lose to confine myself te the
matters set forth in his lettpr to Mr. TUoaNtoN Cl.
mAS; and to these I will address myself with all the
brevity I can commanid.
I differ widely with Mr. Gnasco as to the prolriety
of his courso at the last Session of our Legislature in
respect to such of our Banks as had failed to redeem
their notes in specie.
The proportion between the curreney and the resi
due of the aggregate cpital of the community, Pays
Mr. CALHON, may be set down as one to thirty.
" With this assumption," he continues, "let uo sup
poso a community whose aggregate capital is $31,000,
000: its carrency would be by supposition one wil
lion, and the residue of its capital thirty millions. If
the ourrency be inecrased or decreased. the other por
tion of the capital remaining the sane, according to
the well-known laws of currency, proeperty would rise
or fall with the increase or decrease ; that is if the
currency be increased to two millions the aggregate
value of property would rise to $60,000,009, and if
the currency be reduccd tie half a million, the aggre
gate value of property would be reduced to $15,000,
000. With this law so 'well establiehel, place the mon.
ey power in the hands of a single individual or a
combination of individuals, and they, by expanding
or contracting the eurreney, may raiso or sink prices
at pleasure; and boy purchasing when at the greatest
depression and selling at the greatest elevation may
command ti.o whole property of thu commulnity."
This power so fearful, and so proneo to lee abused, is
vested in oni Baneks who furnish the currency, and
have heretofre increased or diminished it at pleasure.
It is a mattsr of momentous interest to the whole
community that stern restraints upon ti.e Banks, in
this regard, be imeposed mnd rigidly enforced. The
direct interest ani therefure t1:e strong tendency of
the Banks is towards over-trading. The profits of a
Bank, says an einent writer, emsrinstially depend onl
maintaining the largest po.eible circulation, with the
least possible amount of their funds in.the unprotita
ble shape of cash and bullion. If.a Bank with a enpi
tal of $200,000 in coin gets into circulation its bills
to the ameunt of a million, its profit. swell up at
once to thirtyper cent-for each one of its bills is
represented by a nee or draft or other evidence of
debt bearing interest. If the tines are prosperou
and confidence in the soundness of the Bank prevails,
another temptation besets its directors. There ie no
demand upu the Bank for redomption of its bills in
specie. The $200,000 of coin in its vaults appear to
be idle and unproductive. Why should not that coin
be turned t profit also? Accordingly it is done.
The great L.ulk of jts specie is taken from its vault
and is invested in drafts on the Northern cities which
command a premium-or else In the purchase In New
York, of the notes of Southern Merchants at a heavy
discount, and thus some 10 or 15 per cent. additional
upon its capital flows into the coffers of the Batik.
But such a course on the part of the Banks neces
sarily leads to consequences most deplorable. By and
by a feeling (.f distrust in the soundness of the Banks
springs up, i hich soon grows into public panic; their
bills in circulation rusth back upon them like a flood;
they cannot redeem them for their issues have been
excessive, and their coin has been abstracted from
their vaults, and is invested in drafts and promissory
notes, for the time wholly unavailable fur payment of
their bills. The result is that the- Banks suspend the
redemption of their notes in specie, and a sudden and
stringent contraction of the curreney, with all its at.
tending calamities, Is at once brought upon the coa
The refusal by a Bank to pay its notes in coin ope
rates as a forfeiture of its charter. After the Bank
suspension of 1840, the Legislature of South Caroli
* na exhibited teowareds the Banks a lenity but ill-do
served by thec:.e. They might most justly have been
deprived of thecir eharters.- Instead of thus procoed
lng against them, tho Legislature by the Act of 18th
December 1SI0, offered them a release from forteiture
of their charters in eases of suspension, upon condi
Lion that they woukd accept of two provisiuns as lpar.
eel of their .respecte charters. The first wais that
whenever they suspended specie payments they should
pay into the peublic treasury, upon the amount of their
notes in circulation, during the period of such sets.
pension, an interest at the rate of five per cent, pr
amnuss: and the second* was, that the Buanks shoeuld
furnish the Comnptrollejr General with monthly state
maents of their true condition, to be by heim eollated
and published. The Act referred to was essentially
a measure not of peunishent but of reef. In lieu eof
forfeiture of their chartdr,-the milder correctives ol
thelet were substituted. After first refusing, the Baneks
accepted the perovisions of the Act of 18-10, which
were thus incorpourated into their charters, and there.
by became peart tend parcel of a formcal contract andl
agreement between thetm and the State of South
In October lS857, the Bank of the State with nie
of our private Banks, suspended the paymenet of thieir
notes in coin. Upon the meeting of the Legislature
In November 1857, the course to be taken with thte
delinquent Baniks formed the chief subejeet of consid
oration. A large and intelligent party in the Legis
lature were foer enforcing the contract between thte
State and tho)se ikanks as to the paymcent of thee per
cent. on their btls in circulation. A still larger party
were In favor of releasing the Banks frotn that pay.
ment. Mr. Uttarno sided with thme latter party, waerm
ly and actively, and by their votes, the provision of
the Act of J610, in that regard, was susp~ended until
the first January, 1859. Ought the delinqtuent Banks
to have been released from their formal and solemun
obligation to pay to the State tice prescribedl per cent
age upon their bills in circulation ? I maintain that
they oughet reot. It could not be justly regarded as' a
penalty te ho enforced. It was rather a contract to
be fulfilled--a contract framuod in their favor-ex
pressly for thceir relief--a aubstituto for the penalty
of an absolute forfeitucre of charter. The en which
wouled have becen payable to the State under the Act
referred to, would have been at best but a small corn
pensation for the heavy loss she sustained by reason
oef the late Bank suspension. The amount of that
loss to the i:hole State has been eatimnated at five mil
lions of dol!ars, and to the cotton planter alone, is set
down as besing frosm $10 to $15 per bale. Mr.
Uaxeo's estimate is even higher: " It is my candid
opinion (says he) that if all lice Bank capital iti the
whole counetry was divided out amoung the sufferers, it
would fall abort of paying therfoss. In altleprobabili
ty this cetten crop will sell for $20 a bale leass titan it
would have done, but for the monetary convulsion."
But who are responsible for this disaster? Men of
all parties concur in ascribing it to the inordinate eu.
pidity of Lihe Banks, lustingr after exorbitant gains,
and filling all the channels of trade with an excessive
and redund tat curreney, and then suddenly and atrin
gently contracting it. Mr. Guinea, at page 17 of his
Bank speeh, referring Lu the state of things in the
summer of 185i7, thus speaks : '" It is soon fund that
the Banks have contracted thirty millions of dollars
of their circulation. V'ery soon some of the strong
est and best houses in the country are driven to the
wall; their affairs are put in commission with good
assets to sho w a surplus of a million ; they are wound
up, ruined, and reduced to beggary, from Neo ot.er
euU5e tha a suddens cuntraSction of Banek-crrency."
Long experience has shown that no Bank, however
well established in the public confidence, can with
safty issue its own notes or receive moneys on de
pomsit beyond three times the amount of its specie on
hand. This rule has teen grossly and systematically
violated by our Banks for a series of years. The
anks oef the 1;nited States in 1854 had less than $1
in specie to 7& of circulation and deposits; and in
IS46 less th::nl $1 of speocie to $7& of circulation and
deposits. Ic. 1855 the linnks of this St'ate held but
$1 of specie :e.r $9 oef circulation ad deposits, and
in 1856 but $1 in specie fur $12 of circulation and
4pusits. Ins $epteuner 1lu7, the month precedicng
the late suspension. the suspending Banks of South
Crolinat (exelOdin;: iLe latnk of the State) had less
than $1 in ieeio for $ltis otf circulation ad deposits.
In October ;.57, the month of their suspension, those
Sasks wesendebted for their bills in cirenlation and
)r money on-de~sit, in thee aggregate $4169,248,
while the specie In their vaults was but $189,103, ex
hibiting the extraordinary spectacle of their holding
fur every $22 (if circulation anl deposits, less than
.ne culiear in riet!
Were thue delinquent lrivute Bunuks of this Stato
unable to pay the per cintage due under the Act of
1,440? Fars ,roum it. as wiil puir by the following
fiacts, ccmpiled from the monthly Bank statements of
tie Compj-troller General. At the slate of their sus
pensionii the dellinquent Banks (excluding the Bank tot'
the State) had oni band, after having declared haud
soeni di% ideni, for years lreviou.ly, uercumulated, or
reserved profits, amounting to $538,595. During the
first fuur months of the present year the nett profits
of those Banks were $202,262, eiual to an interest
on their capital for that periAl at the rate of more
than 91 per cent. per annuni. They could have paid
the 5 per cent. upon their circulation and still have
had remaining $1219,308 of nett profits, equal to an
interest on their entire calpital, during that tihs, cut
the rate of more than 61 per cent. per annum. One
of the auspending Banks, the Bunk of Hanburg, has
for the last three years declared semil-annual dividends
auveraging an ifiterest on her capital at the rate of 12
per cent. per annum, besides an extra dividend equal
to a seni-annuml diviulend at the rate of IS per cent.
per annum on her capital; and that Bank moreover
had on hand at the date of her suspension $124.360
of reserved profits. The nett profits of the .Dank of
Haiuburg during the first fadtr months of the present
year wore $40,476, equal to a rate of interest on her
capitl during that timo of more than 24 per cent.
per annum. Out of her nett lrofits during these four
months Ae could have paid the 5 per cent. on her
circulation, and have had a surplus of $29,962, equal
to i rate of interest on her capital during that time,
of eure than 17 pcr cent. per anutium.
Assuming that the suspendud Banks (excluding the
Bank of the State of South Carolina) would not have
resumed specie payments at an earlier date than they
actually did, the 5 per cent. upon their circulation,
had it been exacted, would have amuiounted to inure
than oneu hundred and three thousand dollarac. This
sumu was ae justly due the State at if it had been se
cured to her 1y a formal bond-and this suin, bcy the
act of the Legislature in Dectunber last, huts beun, to
all intents and purposes, yi-coe mencsy-und to whom?
Not to the poor? Not to those who had conferred
benefits on the community? Not to proper oljects of
charity ? But to the over-fed and wealthy Banks,
who, but a few weeks previously, had brought on the
State a derangement or the currency resulting in the
loss ot fifty thius the donation thus strangely bestowed
upon them. It was mere child's play to pase an Act
in I10, and the moment that it was about to go into
practical operation, to suspend it for a year! If any
private citizen of South Carolina owes the State mo
ney, eveu though it be ruinous to him to pay, lee is
not furgiven the debt. On the contrary payment is
demanded nud exacted from him. Can any reason
be suggested why the same rule should not have been
pursued with the offending Banks? Are the rich and
powerful banking corporations of the State alone to
be released from paying their just debts to the State?
The measure is an evil and mischievous precedent
and in my judgment cannot be justified.
Mr. Gasco in his letter to Mr. TuoxTrox Coa.-Ns,
insists that the 5 per cent. o the circulation of the
suspending Banks would have been "an intolerable
tU.r." What has boon already said shows that this
position cannot be maintained. The delinquent pri.
vats Banks could have paid the per centage to the
State out of their accumulated or reserved profits, and
then have had a surplus of moro than $430,000. But
Mr. GREOG forgets what he has already said upon the
same eubject in his Bank speech. I will refresh his
megory. At page 9 of that speech; he says, " The
penalty of 5 puer cent. is a meree tuockery, for the bIlls
in circulation have been put forth in many instances
on an interest of 10, and are paying the Banks at
leeat 7' per cent." And at page 10 of the same speech,
referring to this "Intolerable tax," Mr.'G EtGG says:
"Five per cent, per annum on the circulation during
the period of suspension, is aa sluhyspn isAcmen.-The
Banks might many timeS lie so circumstanced that it
would be greatly to their intereste to suspend and pay
such a forfeiture."
Mr. GaEGo argues that if the 5 per cent. had been
exacted, the Banks, ,during the period oet suspension,
"would hare forced every dollar that could have
been collected from the country," and would have rc.
fused tu loud their hills, and that the Cotton crop
could not have been sold.
The answer of Mr. MotIMNxaat to this argument is
conclusive: "So long as the Bank of the State is un
der suspension, the withdrawal of the circulation of
the other Banks would he altogether harmless. Nothe
ing would be easier than for the Bank of the State
to fill up the vacuum, and thus take the profit of the
But would thes suspending Banks have pursued the
course indicated by Mr. (Jnieia, had the 5 per cent.
been exacted? It is in nmy judgment demonstrable
that they would not. The Bank bills, says Mr. GJ nEoG,
ave been put foerthe in many instanc(es at an initerest
af 10, and are paying the Banks at luest 7 per cenet.
[f this be so, thes bills of the Binks aru eanrnieng for
them an averauge profit of 88 per cenet. AndI yet his
Irgument is that to avoid thes taux of 5 lper cenet. the
Banks will withadraw their bills frcem circulation-that
e, that the Banks in order to save 5 per cent. will
onsent to lose Si per cent. The very statement of
he proposition is its refutation. Had the 5 per cent.
een exacted, two courses would have been open tee
he suspeending Banks, whereby to be relieved of that
,urden. The one to eunforce rigidly the collection of
heir debts and to decline all new loans or advances.
Bly this means their issues would ho reduced and ulti
nately wathdrawn from circulation. But this looks
ather to fmnal liquidation than to regular resumption
,f business. This peolicy, if carried out, would have
ot them the entire profits of their circulation with.
Irawn, have ruined their best customers among the
orantile class, and have brought dowen upon them
he exocrations of the comumunity--aed ultimately1
he voegeance of the Legislature. A course so fraught
ith evil to the community and ruin to thiemselvev,
hey would not have pursued. The other course
ould have been to extend all reasounable forbearance
o their debtors, and to adopt the policy of judicious
liscounts and advances to further the sale of our great
ta'ple. This latter course the suspending Banks
rould have pursued, tho' constrained to pay the 5i
>r cent. on their circulation. The practical workings
f such a policy may be theus briefly summed up.
he dealer in cotton applies to one of the suspended
Banks fur an advance of $50,000 to buy cotton-to be
onsigned to a mercantile house in New York--whose
baractor and means are known to he beyond all
tuestion. The money is advanced, the cotton bought
tud shipped to New York, and a draft upon the Now
fork house is delivered to the Bank payable in 30
lays. The $50,000 advanced to the cotton buyer is
listributed among twenty planters, perhaps, or more,
ho by this means are enabled to pay their debts to I
he merchants and tradesmen with whom they deal;
and these latter, the ordinary custoiners of the Bank,
ire now enabled to pay their debts to the Bank. In a
hort time tho $50,000 or the great bulk of it has
seen returued to the Bank in payment of debts due
o it, and at the end of the 30 days the draft has
natured and is payable not in depreciated Bank paper,
mt in specie to that amount, which thereupon passes 1
to the vault of the Bank. This course of business
aas only to be pursued for a short season, when the
Bank becomes possessed of an ample supply of coin,
cud thereupon resumes the redemption of its netes in
pecie. The course of policy last indicated would
mndoubtedly have been adopted by the delinquent
Banks, tho' the 5 per cent. had been exacted, because
t was the cheapest, the most direct, and Indeed thei
mnly means of procuring the necassary amount of
zoin to enable the Banks to resume specie payments.
how else could it have been obtained ? They could
lot have bought it with their own depreciated bills.
nd if they had done so, and thereupon had attomp-.
ad to resume specie paymeents, the very bills thus)
>ut in circelation wousld instantly have come back I
pon theem for redemnption, and thus another suspen- I
lion would have been forced upon them inevitably.
But cotton possesses an exchangeable value every
where, and thus commnands gold and silver coin in all
he markets of the world. It was only by discounts
cud loans upon the drafts of the cotton buyer that
he delinquent flanks could ever have hoped to resume
upecie payments. Mr. Gzze in hi~s Bank speech at I
pagefi uesisas this cosolusion out ad out: "In I
[840," (says be) " when the Banks suspended, I was
director in Charleston. The Bank in which I was
, director, had $600,000 circulation, and $:0,000 in
lpeeie-t ,rus Aapeleat to think of erer resisaming
rithout tien -.,-pnsio,. We did expand, as nearly as
c ean recollect, about $00,000, principally upon cot
on dri'fra.. Our weak Bank in a few months, became
trong, paid its Bank balances in specie, and re
In hi letter to Titouiox COL.:ua, at page 10,
Sir. Guiimi again confirms and sustains this very ar
Pument I have suggested. teferring to the state of
ings attending the Bank suspension of 1840, he re
narks, "The Lanks received tbo proceeds of the cut
ton crop which went rapidly forward, and met a rea
ly market, and soon was it seen thait xpecic ,cas cont
ingfrosa one quarter, trhile the bynk hille put the
unks in poginent of debte, and so the ship of cur
rency, by good seamanship, righted itself."
If the correctness of the views that I have sugges
ted requires further eonfirmation, it Is to be found In
ither signiticant facts, disclosed by the monthly Bank
stAttements published ly the Comptroller General.
From them it appears undeniably, that those of the
lelinquent Banks that expanded their circulation
most, made the largest per centage of profit upon it,
and that the suspending banks during the 6 months
ending June 30, 1858, could have paid out of their
profits the 5 per cent. under the Act of 1840, and
then have had remaining a nett protit equal to 10
14-100 plor cent. per annum, upon their circulation,
and exceeding the rate of i per cent. per annum on
their entire capital during that time.
Mr. UutGu's course in respect to the Fuspending
Banks was unconsciously influenced perhapt, by his
personal relations towards one of them, the Bank of
Hamburg. Of that Bank he is now, and has been
for several years, a director, and therefore responsible
for its managenenteduring that period. When therofore
the course to be pursund with the delinquent Banks
came up for consideration, Mr. UniRo's position was
an cnbarassing one : To vote for the exaction of the
5 por cent. was to vote that the suspension ly the
Bank of Hamburg could not be justified. But this
would have been to all intents and purposes a vote of
ensure upon himself and his associate directiors.
Besides, Mr. Guxas, as President of the raniteville
Company, is in the habit, I am informed, of obtaining
large loans from the Banks of Hamburg to carry on
the operations of their Factory, as some 12 or 1i
months intervene between the making of their goods
and the reccilt of the money for which they are sold.
But if the exaction or the 5 per cent. would have
caused the suspending lanks, as Mr. Gnuo:o main
tains, to decline all new luns or advances, during
the teru of their sus.penmion, the necessary effcct of
it would have been to criplo the operations of the
Graniteville Company, and to occasion perhaps their
being wholly suspended. And these dieturbing in
fluoncer, upon the judgment of Mr. GnEo, were cer
tainly not diminished by the fact of his being a stock
holder in that Bank, to the amount of some eight
thousand dollars, as I am informed.
Mr. G R'GG in his letter to Mr. TaonNToN CoiZMAIC,
betrayed into several gross and palpable errors. At
page rith of that letter, referring to the state of things
in October 1857, he says, " Old England and every
country that consumes cotton had suspended." Mr.
GanEo is misinformed. There was no general sus
pension of specie payments by the Banks either of
England or Franceo who are the chief consumers of
At page 7 of that letter, he asserts that when our
delinquent Banks had suspended " all the other Banks
in the whole country were in a state of suspension."
This is a great mistake. In our own State, of the
seventeen private Banks, nine suspended, but the re
maining eight refused to suspend, and continued
thrughout the redemption of their notes in coin, thus
nob!y sustaining the commercial honor and integrity
f the State ; and these, the 8 specie paying Banks,
it will perhaps surprize this community to learn, had
in the aggregate a capital larger than that of the
sspending Banks by the sumi of $724125.
Mr. GREco denounces the new State House now in
process of erection, as " the most magnificent monu
ment of fbly ever commenced by a senuihle people."
And, yet it is entirely true that at the Sessions of
185d and 1857, Mr."G Ruo vot for the Acts author
sing the issue of State bonds to the amount of $550,.
100, for continuing the construction of that building !
flow he can reconcile his former votes with Is present
lenunciation, it is difficult to understand.
In speaking of Graniteville and its populatIon, Mr.
Ii nReo uses this language : " the labouring man there
inds employment, and his children are educated f:'ee
af charge. Graniteville will be a nionumnent to the
nemory of its projectors. The children now groning
p' and receiving education at Graniteville will recol
et nie and what n-e have done for them when the ac
ie men of this daiy shall have all passed away." Mr.
Jcoa here claims for himself and the otherebrojee
ors of the (iraaliteville Factory thu whole credit and
jonor of there establishing and supporting a School
here the children of the laboring poonr are educated,
'ree of charge. What foundation there is ir such a
-lam will appear by the following facts : There Is a
'ee school at tiranitoville, but hew is it supported ?
tn. Kun Blorci, some five years ago, generously be
juenthen ten thousand dollars to he put to interest,
Lnd the intereet to be appropriated annually to the
rpport of a school for thoe edlucation of thc children
f the poor at and about Giraniteville. Seven hun
Ired dollars annually come from this source and go
o tie support of' that school. From 1849 inclusive
ip to the 1st of January last, five thousand two hun
Ired and seventy-one dollars have been taken from
he Free School fund of this District to sustain tkat
chool ! The school at Graniteville stands upon the
ame footing with the other Free Schools of this Dis
ret, and has been heretofore, and is now largely sup
lorted out of the annual appropriations of thne Legis
ature, having received for each~ of the last two yeitrs
lone up wardsof $800 from that fund. With these facts.
lefre them, the community can decide whether thne
lin set up by Mr. Gnxou is well founded or not.
There remains but one other matter to which I will
efer. In relation to the petition from the people of
tiken and the surrounding country for a new Dis
rnet, which was referred to the Judiciary Committee
f the Hionse at the last Session of the Legislature,
fr. GasGO, at page 4 of his letter to Tuonsvox
oP.5Ms, says: " I went before that Committee and
nade as powerful an clort as I was capable of in its
avor, and had the people of Saluda made a move
u a similar object, I would have worked for them
rith as much seal and earnestness, as I did for the
~alhoun District." This manifestly implies that Mr.
;moo is in favor of the Saluda Seheme of divIding
his District. If so, he has undergone an extraordi
nary change of opinion upon that subject since the
'anvass for the Legislatureoin 1856.
I am authorized to make this statement by four
entlemen of high intelligence and respectability,
rm whom I have certificates to the elect that in
eparato conversations held with him shortly before
he election for members of the Legislature in 1856,
dir. Giuco declared that he had no sympathy with
he Saluda plan of division-that it was an Iipracti
able and foolish project, and that he was opposed to
t. If the statements of the gentlemen referred to
a denied by Mn. tinEco, then I have their pernmis
ion to publish those certificates, and other proofs to
ustain them, if necessary, will be adduced.
Your fellow citizen,
J. P. CA RR OLL.
August 16th, 1858.
Mssouni Er.E-rIo.-Thc elcction for Con
press in Missouri has resulted ini the choice of
F. R. Barrett, Thomas L. Anderson, James
.raig, John B. Clark, John 8. Phelps. Samuel
I. Woodson, and J. W. Noel, all Democrats.
The Texas penitentiary seems to be doing a
ool business. From October, 1857, to Jun~e,
5, tile value of the cotton manufactured ait
he penitentiary was seventy-one thousand eight
nunred and twenty-three dollars, and that of
roollen was thirty-three thousand one htundred
td forty- eight dollars
The Iou. John McLellan, of W~oodsock, Ct.,
lied at his residence on Sunday, the 8th ins9t., in
he ninety-third year of his age. Ile was the
idest livmng graduate of Yale College. A mong
ia surviving children is the wife of Prof. Benj.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1s, 1858.
, We publish an ,able letter of Cul.
JAMES P. CAnno.L, in reply to'one of Mr. G REoo's
which has beensfor some time before the people.' We
are not 1o be understood, by this, as making our paper
in any, sense a partizan in the pending election. Mr.
OnaFa. cnn also, if he desiros, use our columns in the
same way Col. CArUOLL does.
gg Divine service at:Mrs. nooKS' Church in
this District, will be held on tho 5th Sunday of this
month, instead of the 4th; and hereafter on the lad
Sunday of the month.
. NEW COTTON AT HAMBURG.
The first Bale of the season was delivered in Ham
burg, on Saturday last, the 14th inst., at the Ware
House of Mr. CHARLES HANMOD, from the planta
tion of Jown P. MAYS, Esq., and sold to Mr. lE.Nny
SOLOMON at fifteen cents-the quality good middling.
Mrs. A. R., of Pottersville, will accept our thanks
for a basket of delightful grapes.
FINE SWEET POTATOES.
The first sweet potatoes of the season are from our
young friend of Ridgeway Academy. They are beau
tiful specimens of the early white varlety,-smooth,
well-formed and of fine size. M. D. W., will please
accept our thanks for his thoughtful remembrance
POULLAIN, JENNINGS & CO.
Attention is asked to the advertisement of this well
established business firm in Augusta. They have
many friends in the two States, and deserve nany
pd2- See what W catr . ALEXANDER, of Augusta,
say of their "Negro Woolen.s," and other substantial
goods suited to the approaching season.
pe-ANSLEY L Sox, eneral Commission Mer
chnts, Augusta, Ga., are strongly recommended to
public favor. They are an old and highly-esteemed
name in their city.
See the advertisement of Mr. HENRY SOLoMoN, who
has bought out the Messrs. CuNNIsanAM in Hamburg,
and is prepared to rerve all cuEtomers fully and faith
Mr. S. also deals in Cotton, and will be glad to
prove to the planters that he will give as good prices
for the article as any othercotton-buyer of the interior.
COLS. ORIt AND KEITT.
These gentlemen have indicated a decided concur
rence with Senator HAMMOND in his vlews of South
ern policy as set forth in the Beech Island Speech. We
take it, that our Congressional degation is a unit in
these counsels. Our Senator's conservative tone has
also muet the highest commendations of the State
press. And so far as can be gathered from all availa
ble sources, the people of the State are with him by
an iinmense majority. The policy of our leaders be
ing groundedi in wisdom and sanctioned by the ro.r
puipali, it is earnestly to Be hoped that we shall here
after preserve a united front from the sea board to
the mountains,-watchfuland cautions in action, while
yet ever annismi opibuaige pearui.
CIIICK'S AND GLENN'S.
While WiLLSrAs-roX is having its day of glory,
Curv's and GENN's sheuld not be forgotten. The
latter affords, it is thought, the very host muedicinal
water in the Southern country below the Virginia
Springs. From a gentleman, who recently visited
GrLxxN's, we learn that the house is well kept and
every thing in good order. A correspondent of the
Greenville Patriot says: " At Glenn's I'found the
Governor's family, and lbe is expected to join them
by the fT2th instant. I would say, if travellers desire
pleasantgompany and grgo fare, go to Glenn's." As
the season is by no means over yet, anal will not be
till the fist of October, we also beg to speak a good
word fur oldl Gr.a-:s's. It Is paerhiaps the hest water
ing-plae ini our State after all; and enlivenedl, as It
usually is, by the chivalry and beauty of Union and
Spartanburg we have always found it .one of the
must delightful of Summer resorts.
A BLUNDERING OVERlSIG IT.
In an item of last week,-pluckedl at ransdems from
we know nut where,-we made our pauller guilty of
the very original blunader of stating tliat Capt. JouN
SxmTa "n oarriced Poealaeaa." It was only upon a
cnsual ghmene at that part of our columns, when the
issue was nearly off, that w% perceivedl thu error.
(We any "pceceivedl," becnuse it w~as but necessan
ry that it should meet the eye, to standl detected.) As
scarcely a hundred cop~ies remained unriited at the
timse, wu didi aaat think it wortha while tao stop thme prs
to make the correction ; but couchadmuedl to let the stuate
aent take its chainco as it stooda. Luckily nonte of
our shmarp brothers have seen it, anal so we have es
enpedl the "rail:iing" we expected, and perhrmps deserv
ed. The circumstance will at any rate lead us to.
reuad proof a little snore circumspectly in futaure. We
might not always be the first to see oaur own blunaders.
DR. S. V. CAIN.
A writer in the Abbeville Banne~r pays a touchuing
tribaute to the tuemiory of this Inmtnented genitlean,
and concludles with the beautiful stanza:
"G~reen bec the turf aibove thee,
Friend uof say better days;
I knew thee hut to love thee,
I named thee hut to praise."
ONE OF TIIE RESULTS.
The Clpraw (jaeef gives the following as one
among the many results which will followr the success
of the Atlantic Telegraph:
" When Queen Victoria takes a notion to presenat
Prince Albert with another royal pledgo of coanjnagal
atie'-riion, the fact will be known thronghout our coun
try long before the little scamp enni utter a second
" STAND TO YOUR A RMS."
lion. JAtus D. Tuunawar.u., of Columbia, in a let
ter to the Richland Rifles, says:
a" The election of a Black Republiean Albolition
President is just ahead of us, anal what suay you to
thast andl its certain consequences ? Let me say, in
answer for you, and such be pleased to accept as my
" .Standa to, your ara-,a, keep your powcder dry and
Let this lbe the sentiment of the whole South, and
she will he enabled to shape her own destiny, whether
in or out of the present Union. In the mean time
though, we cannot grant that the election of a Black
Republican Preside~it is an event just ahead of us.
A consummation so detestible, we will not acknowl
edge until it is too palpable to deny. ,
Those of our people who went to the Springs, have
sarcely had more pleasant weather 'g that higher
latitude than we have experienced here during the
past week or two. With fine showers andl the ther
mometer at 870 and 88*, there has been no real cause
of complaint amongst us in regard to temperature.
The health of the district too remains good,--as good
perhaps as ever at this season of the tear; and what
with barbecues, musters, big-meetings, &ce., we are all a
getting through the summer better than was expected.
The chief resource of the leafers about our little
town, has been the congregating of themselves to
gether, morning and afternoon, to discuss the probable -
result of the pending election for our State Legisla
ture. The chief point now' remaining doubtful in
that matter is, which two of the eight candidates for
the House are to be left at home ? The. question is
admitted on all hands to be hard to answer, and has
occasioned no little perplexity and perspiration in our
community. Still, we sleep It off at night, and come
to the discussion the next day with cool healds and
dry shirt-bosoms. Not so the candidates themselves,
-and perhaps we must except them in telling how i
we have all enjoyed the pleasant weather of August.
Mr. N. P. Wrurars, of the Honmc Journual, has an
article upon the Atlantic Cable, to which he prefixes
thapt..n, " EmN .AND ANWD A MRc~ JA sriaauD."
NOMINA TION "pa ov VEnO.
We observe that a writer In the Grcnville Enter
prise nominates General JAEas W. HAntRISO, of An
derson, for Governor. This is a dererved complincut
to a gentleman of unusual worth. General HIARuR
sos was a class-mnato in college of Governor MAsNsIN,
and, like him, has ever been noted for his elevated
iews and high tono of character. South Carolina
has no truer son within her borders, and none who
would more f:ithfully or becomingly discbarge the
duties of her Chief Executivo Office.
MR. KEITT'S POLITICS.
Some of the papers of the State (the Adrerti-er in
eluded) have been censured by their oldl Neemsiusn
friends for not clinging to the dead issue of a departed
political struggle,-for not standing aloof in gloony
wrath and crying aloud against the political defections
of the day, real or imaginary. This hits been regarded
as a lowering (of the Secession flag to our political
opponents of 1852, ani we have been denied the
merit of acting with either spirit, prudence, or eon
sisteney in the premises. Our reasons for this course
havo been repeatedly and fully given, and, we rejoice
to know, to the complete satisfaction of the great ma
jority of our political readers. But a gallant few are
still- dissatirfied, say all we enn. To these, we res
pectfully ofler the following synopsis of soine remarks
mado by the lon. L A. M.KTr, at the late William
stun Meeting, as expressing, in part, the motives
which have impelled us to the course we have taken.
If they will not listen to our reasoning, perhaps they
will to one who has up to this very moment retained
the confidence of the extrenest wing of Secessionists
in South Carolina. That distinguished gentleman has
delivered himself to this eflect:
"In 1852, continued he, we agreed to stnn upon
one platori-the union of the South for the safety
of the South. The South was moving with measured
tread to this object. We stand together-Virginin
raises a bugle note-North Carolina sends her reply
the P'almettu State is ready-the Empire State-gal
lant Alabania-chivalrous Mississippi-Texas, with
her lone star-all are in line, marching together for
efety either in or out the Union. Accursed be the
tongue that would utter words of distraction, and
palsied the hand that would cast a fire-brand in the
Southern ranks. We shodld stand together-whether
in the Union or not, time must reve:l. He would not
utter little priphecies, n..r descend to special pleading.
What, taid lie, is our duty ; for that we ahould dis.
charge. As for himself, to long as he was in the
Union he was for dischiarging every obligation that
devolved upon the State, or the citizens of the State.
Twelve months ago, he advised adversely; butnow be
would say, sustain Mr. Bouchanan's Administration.
le went to Washington at the beginning of last ses
sion resolved to oppose the Administration. iut
when he got there he found Mr. Uuchannu upon the
platform of the South. It was then lie deterruined to
sustain the President cordially and ungrudgingly."
"On the slavery question, also, lie thought the
Democratic party worthy of all support. The Demo.
cratic party and the Black Republicnn were the two
great parties of the day. These were the two flngs on
the battle-field. Those who stood under the banner
of the former were of us. If it has been cut down
if it has lost its strength-it was because it had
thrown off its gross impurities. If it be in a minori
ty, it was because it had clung to the very horns of
"Mr. K. went on to say that "little issues" were
the bane of the South. They injured us, and broke
the spirit of the South. They were like the hundred
lightning-rods thit draw the electric fluid from the
clouds. The spirit of the South should be concentra
ted, and launched forth at the proper moment."
"-We have, continued Mr. K., nothing to fear but
division in our own runks. It was the Democratic
party that had won all our triuml.hs. It had carried
our flag in victory on every water. That party uay
go down, and if so, we are in danger. If it susta'ined
itself, there was much to hoie from it. Three-fourtbs
of its members were fron the South. If the South
could not rely upon her public men, upon whon could
TIlE SLAVE TiCADEC QUESTION.
Tis nmatter seems to have been brought into the
canvass for the State Legielature in Anderson. A
correspondent of the Abbeville Bainner, repoirting the
proceedings at thme Willianmatun Meeting, says that
"all the candidates were opposed to a re-opening of
the Slave Trade, and, with one or two exceptions,
pledged themselves not to support any ana for offcee
who advocated the measure." We presume the re.
mark must hnive allusion to thle office of United States
Senator, to be filled at the next session. But does a
single aspeirant for that offiee advocate a re-opening
of the Slave Trade? We imlagine nlot. Thlere are
some perhaps who would faver the measure If it could
e urged practically. But as matters now stand,
surely no one will lbe so indiscreet as to say that he
will make this measure ayart of his Senatorial busi
ness if elected. If there be such aen one, he should
never have been even remoitely hinted lit, for that dig.
nitied ande responsible post.
The "Autoerat of the lireakfalst Tabele," in the
ttlntle ifonhly, indites the following pretty con
"The schoolmistress camen down with a roese in her
hair,-a fresh .Junie reuse. She has beeni walking ear
ly ; shr ehas brontyht back~l uiro othuers,-nee on eachA
-I told her so, in sonme stich pretty phirnse aIs I
culdi mutster fosr the occasion. 'T'hu,e jt,o blunh runas
ijst spodi oif turned inteo i couple of dlon~ues."
The accomiplishedl editor of the .ontealrn Literary
Ozette, noticing this little nehiievemesnt oaf the iato
cru's poetic tstuc, reenilit verse oif hisi own comnposi
ion, and whiich was pubhhlihed years ago in the .1/r,
unge, bearing a very strong fieinily likeness to) the
fney of Dr. HIom~:n. The i/cn,-,r's two roses
enmlie to light in this guise:
An hour or two,, atnd forth she goes,
The school she birigheihy seeks
She carrie' in lier hea,l ai rope
Aind b tjcoun her cheecks.
Of course the editor of the Xeasaceang, is the true
arent of this poetic pair of twins.
The Scriptures tell uts that all humain righteousness
: as filthy rags when brought to the test of our whcole
luty to (hod. Pecrhaps this idea has never been inure
urcibly experessed than biy the following lancguacge
'huich Sue WALItI laces in the mouth of hiis
'Duce Untvie D~ennls," the stern oldl Presbyterian of
"But I will hear moy cross," said DAIn, "E with
he comfort, that whatever showed like goodness in
ie or mune, was but like the light that shines frae
:reeping insects, on the b~rae.side, in at dark night.
tkythes bright to the eo, because all is dark arounid
t; hut when the morn comes on thle mnountaeins, it is
)ut a puir crawling kail-wornm after a'.
pg At a lalte firemanns suipper, the following toast
van given : e"tLadies of '5S-like tihe fireman's bucket,
rell oopcel, and like firemen, delighting in the exlii.
ition of their Arise."
faI Thalberg, the pianist, was paid for his per.
'ormances, when in this country, $20,000 per mconthi,
exclusive of expenses !
pD-"What are the chief ends of man ?" asked a
chool teacher of his pupils. "Head and feet," was
,p"-Ex-geornor Jonx L. MAxxcao, has been
iominatcd by a writer in the Charleston Xlerceury, as
uccesor to Judge EvAss.
g" The np-country papers pronounce General
)AIEL. WAL.LACE convalescent.
30- The Union District Agricultural Society held
very successful Exhibition early in this month.
The Unionville Journal gives a stirring aecount of it.
et us spur up in Edgefield, and be fully ready for our
gw" Toxe HooD, in one of his punning effusions,
" A sea-horse is a sea-horse, when
sYou see him in the seau;
lBut when you see him in a bay,
A bay~ horse then is he."
p"-Yellow Fever is becoming quite severe in New
rleans, and is prevailing In an epidemic form in cer
gg The latest Cable news fr-om Trinity Baey, of
be 13th inst., says: "Operations are progressing
lowly and satisfactorily, but the recording instru
ents are not yet in readiness for the transmission
pe Tile Spartanburg Esrpress notes thce death of
a foreman, Mr. James W. Kirkmaen. lie wits a na
ive of Maryland.
pe- Dysentery of a virulent type is said to prevail
a dreadful extent in several counties in Virginia.
pe Gen. William Walker passed through Angus.
- o the orin ..of,. ten 1*th, o n him wayno arth.
g|f It is said that.the Fraser River Indians a ner
tain an unmitigated hatred to the Chinesie, and avail
themselves of every favorable opplnrtunity 4o scalp
them. The only roason for their impiucnble animosi
ty to the Celestials, Is that their eyes are not located
In the right place.
2| The Lexington Flag, tells of some prolific
corn, grown in a field of Maj. Henry A. Meetze's,
where a gentleman stood with a walking cane in his
hand, and standing in his tracks, touched g shoots.
Hurrah for Lexington.
CV" An incorrigible wag, who had lent a minister
a horse, which ran away and threw his clerical rider,
thought he should have some credit for his aid in
"spreading the gospel."
g? During a severe thunder storm, in Essex
county, Mass., on the 6th inst., a barn in the town of
Swampscott was struck by lightning and burned, to
gether with the celebrated mare Lady Suffolk. She
was valued at $2,000.
W-' A few days ago a tremendous excitement pre
vailed in St. Louis, Mo., from the finding of the bo
dies of two fino looking children in a box. A Coroner
was called, and a jury scraped together, when the
children were found to be of wax.
g The acting President of the United States at
this time is a young man named James Buchanan
Henry. Each morning he receives the reports of the
Departments, notes their contents, and sends such of
them as he thinks requires the attention of his uncle,
to the President, at Bedford.
For the Advertiser.
At a meeting of the citizens held in the Court
House, on 10th inst., Col. S. CHRIsTs was called to
the Chair, and Mr. CicEno An.us requested to act as
The Chairman announced that the citizens of Edge
field District had in contemplation a Public Dinner
to our immediate Congressional Representative, Hon.
M. L. BoNHaM, and that. the object of the meeting
was to make the necessary arrangements therefor at
such time.as shall suit the convenience of that gen
On motion of Maj. S..S. Tousrxi:s, the followibg
gentlemen were appointed a Committee of Arrange
ments: Messrs. J. If. Mists, L. S. JonxsoN, S. B.
GuitifN, GEo. A. ADiSo, D. R. DeltisoE, W. P.
BUTLER, Tuos. G. BAcoN, Join A. ADIonso, R. If.
SUI.LIvAs and Wx. 11. Moss.
On motion the following gentlemen were appointed
a committee of Invitation-Maj. S. S. ToxPKaas, E.
SE1nExLs, Esq., Capt. J. B. GnIFFi, Col. LOUDON
BUTLeR and Dr. J. W. HILL.
On motion, the Chairman instructed the Chairman
Committee of Arrangements to correspond with lon.
M. L. BoxulAx, and appoint a day for the Dinner
which shall best meet the convenience of that gen
On motion of EXxET SErDELI, Esq.
Reoolred, That the proceedings of this meeting be
published in the Edgefield Adrertiser.
Thereupon the meeting adjourned.
S. CHRISTIE, Chairman.
CicEno Antius, See'ry.
HOTEL LEINFELDER, 1
Muxica, July 6th, 1858. J
So peerless is this city of art, that I lack words to
describe it! I know not where to begin, and will cer
tainly not know where to leave off. It has been built
almost entirelf within the last forty years by the be
fore mentioned King Ludwig I, whose princely efforts
and achievements, in behalf of Art, merit the adimi
ration andi applause of the united world. lie has
built for himself through these efforts a triumphal
arch of fdme, which will rear its head proudly, when
all remembrance of his indiscretion with Lol& Montes
will have vanished from the mind of man and the
page of history. And this indiscretion, if indiscre
uion it was, only proves anew, the proneness of child
ren of art and of artistic susceptibility, to stray into
what the world calls "forbidden paths." This admi
rable Prince has gasthered into his fatherland gems
and treasures of art and beauty from all realms. Ho
has visited Greece in person, accompanied by his
Court painter, Rotter, and Munich now blazes with re
productions from this land of song and glory. Nor
is he yet wearied in well doing; at the age of sixty
five, he is hale und vigorous, living for art and the
hn'ppiness of his people. His roof, the beautiful
Wittelsbacher palace, is the sore refuge of artists
from thne four quarters of the globe.
Munich is built upon the Iser ! What lover of
posetry, or what school boy, who has over spoken in
publlic on the stage, does'nt know "and dagk as win
ter was the flow of Iser rolling rapidly "? This,
same Iser is a broad, bright, sky blue stream, with
nothing in the slightest degree dark or wintry :about
it. "Linden" lies a few miles away. The whole
city, including its enviro~ns on either side the Iser,
cointains over two hundredl thousand inhabitants. It
is entirely modern, airy, elegant, and exceedingly
noiifrrm. All lovers of Itomuan Cathiolicisms ought to
Ihuck to, Munich, fur here reigns the mother church
in pride, pomp, glory, and with none of the abuses
said to be so prevalent in more Southern Casthliei
countries. Among the praiseworthy works of King
Ludwig, are four large andI elegant Churches, all
Catholic of course, he being a devoted son of that
reed. Thesee sanctuaries are called after their pat.
rn saints, St. Boniface, St. Louis, St. Stephen and
Allsaints. The latter is the Church of the Court.
[n nddition to these, is the gorgeous cathedral of
" Mary, hellp !" situuted in thme suburb cel Au. This
athedral is famed throughout Europe, and said to be
he finest specimnen of ansoslrma Gothic architecture ex
ant. Thme interior i'e entirely without seats or pews,
s is the case in all churches of South Europe; the
osf is supportedi by twenty-four carved and fluted
lillairs, forming a row of twelve on each side. Be
tween every two pillars is a window of stained glass,
twenty-five feet in height, and of .surpassing beauty
and richness; under each windlow is a has-relief in
ava, isnd each onU of these represents some picture
f thne erucifixioin. The figures upson them are almost
s large ats life, light brown set upon a ground of
right blue. The shrine of the Virgin forms a sepa
ate chapel, in which the sacred flame burns steadily,1
and in which are treasures untold. The altar piece
is sublime an4 elevating to contemplate. Upon a
ofty throne sits the b~lessed Virgin with the Jcsus
hild ; above her float groups of chanting angels. On
ither side, surrounding the throne, are the four great
fathers and teachers: Gregorius, Ambrosius, Augus
inus and ilieronynmus; lower down upon the steps I
nd buried in devotion, kneel St. Boniface, St. Louise
ad St Stephen; the Proto-muartyr. One of the
rightest among the green spots of memory, will be
ny .visit to the Church of " Mary, help !"' There is
rligion and devotion in the very name ! These sa
red edifices are not only erected by King Ludwig, 1
bt also munificeently endowed. 't
The picture gallery and the gallery of sculpture in
unich are also upon the loftiest scale. The first is
alled classically " the Pinakethek," and the latter
the Glyptothk." There are however two Pina- I
otheken, one devoted to old pictures, or rather pie- 'l
ures by the ancient masters; the other to works pro. ti
ued since 1800. These buIldings, to say nothing of
heir priceless contents, are in themselves worth a
ingdom. Any details of these contents would of
ourse overstep not only the limits of a letter, hut
also the bound. of Christian forbearance. Suffice it I
to sany, that here are gathered together master pieces f
rom masters of all times and countries, and statues, r
usts and objects of vertu from Egypt, Assyria,
reece and Rome. Imagine the extent of the col
etion from the following: The new picture gallery
lone has twenty-three different apartments, the
culpture gallery fifteen. In the first hall of the new c
inakothek stands a curious hut exquisite vase of e
right green Malachite, presented to King Ludwig by
he late Emperor Nicholas. It is eight feet in height,
erfectly chaste in workmanship, and its value esti
mted at some most fabulous amount. In the same
oom are also three incomparable vases of Sweedish
orphyry, presents from Charles XIV of Sweden. .:
Another of the objects of interest and wonder is the
moaufactory of stained glass, the most extensive in
urope. Upon a visit to this establishment however, A~
one does not see the process of staining and burning I
ipecimens of the art, copies of the most famous paint
lugs, &a., which are so arranged as to move before the
idmiring gaer like pieturep in a magic lantern. The
uachine is managed by a female who speaks low
Dutch, and who, as the different pictures present them
ielvos, announces the subject and the master. These'
sopies of plctares, and also of scenes from nature,
ire per/ecely faithful, and as delicate in-every detail
as it ispossible to be. In our glowing land, with con
,tant sunshine to illumine and enliven them, hoi glo
rious they would look hung at our windows! Take
the hint, all you rich people. I will execute commis
ions " free gratis, for nothing."
The royal palace is called the "Resedence." With
in and without, it is noble, tasteful and beautiful.
The "Schatzkmmer," or chamber of treasure, finds
it.s equal scarcely in the Arabian Nights. King Max
and his family being absent upon a summer tour to
the Rhine, it was my ifrivilego to be conducted
through these princely halls. Further upon the sub
ject however, I say not, fearing, as in the case of the
cherries, the imputation of having shaken hands with
In close juxtaposition to the palace is the Royal
Theatre and Opera house. This is the most beauti
ful I have seen in Germany, not even excepting the
famous one of Berlin. The performances I will not
at present touch upon,-a ream of foolscap and all the
superlatives in the English language would- not suf.
fice me ! But the brightest star in the Art galaxy of
Munich is the " Ruhmeshalle," or Hall of. GOry.
Almost every European capital has its picture galle
ries and galleries of sculpture, its monuments, its
churches; but Munich alone has a Hall of Gloryl,
This is a glistening temple of white marble, situated
upon a commanding eminence in one of the most
charming environs of the city. A dense and-lofly
grove forms the back ground to this temple, while in
front and upon either side stretches away a broad
green plain, known as the Theresa Meadow. The
structure is in shape, a hollow square, open however
In front; it is without rooms, and forms an extreme
ly high portico, supported and surrounded by giant
marble columns, and approached by a broad flight
of marble steps, running entirely around it. The
inner wall of this portico is bright red, and upon it,
between the columns, are fixed seventy-six consoles
of white marble, elaborately carved and ornamented.
These consoles are about ten feet from the floor; and
upon each one sets a bust, life size, and also of white
marble, of some distinguished Bavarian, dead or
living. There are divines an'd scholars, statesmen
and orators, poets and painters, sculptors and archi
tects, warriors and philanthropists. But that is not
all yet! In the midst of the square and towering
high above all else, is a colossal, allegorical statue,
called Bavaria. This is a female figure of the noblest
proportions, and with a countenance of the severest
majesty; the hair is loose and flowing, and a robe of
fur envelopes the upper part of the body. With one
hand she clasps to her bosom an anchor, with the oth
er she holds aloft a laurel crown as if offering it to
the winner of the prize. By her side, sitting upon
his haunches and gazing forward with a sentinel look,
is a kingly lion. It is the custom of visitors to as
cend into the head of this statue. The steps are
within, and run from the feet to the head. In the
head can eight persons seat themselves comfortably,
and through the eyes, which form windows, gazo out
upon the surrounding country. The author of this
is the great Bavarian sculptor Schwanthaler, whose
bust makes one of the seventy-six which adorn the
Hall of Glory. He lives no longer, but sleeps in
Munich under a costly tomb, erected over him by his
patron and friend King Ludwig. Picture to yourself
the approach to this sublime pile through the Theresa
Meadow. The glistening white temple with its hack
ground of dark and glowing green, the long rows of
gigantic columns, the busts of the great and good
upon their ground of royal red, while Bavaria with.
her laurel crown looks down upon all, and seems toe
say, " do thy part well, and so shall thy name be in
scribed upon the walls of the Hall of Glory !" The
whole is intensely elevated and heroic.! Immortal
the work, immortal the sculptor, the architect, the
king ! -J.T. B.
YELL~OW FEVER IN C~ARLESoNy.- We publish
a dispateh under our telegraph head announcing
that several deaths had occurred by yellow fe
ver, in Charleston, but that the p'hysicians in
thateity say that the disease does not exist
there in an epidemic form.
Sporadic cases of this fever occur nearly~ ev
ry summer and fall in bur sea port cities, anid
it frequently happens that it does not assume an
epidemic form. We trust that the lives of the
people as well as the business internsta of our
sistcr city, may be spared the hazards of an ep
idemic during this as well as in all subsequent
seasons.-Aiugusta C'onstiutionalisf, 141h inst.
The Charleston Courier, of Friday, says:
There are a few eases of yellow fever in thme city,
but it is not true that thme dliscase, is " prevailing.
in an epidemic form." 'The regular report of
the City Register for last week reporied one
cleath by yellow fever; whatever denihsinay oe
ur in the future will also be recorded in the
samne way, and weorefer our country friends to
tese reports for the correct estimate and index
f the health of our city."
RlAcen Kr..n imr LynnTry.-The Clarks
Ille (TJenn.) Jeffersonian learns that the cele
,raed racing stallion " Emubassador'' was killed
y lightning on Thursday night, the 29th ukt, on
.he plantation of his owner, Mr.'Charles N. Meri
vether, about ten miles from Clarksville. Em
inssador was the winner of the great Alabama
itake of twenty-eight thousand dollars, in 1854,
iud his time is among the best on record.
p'o' The man who has get "ID. R. D.'s" Whieel
,arrow, will please return it. A hint to the wiso is
MARRIEn, in this Village on the 12th Inst., by Rev.
r. PICKsTr, Mr. WILLIAM BLACK and Miss
IARY P. GOLDEN, of this place.
To the happy bride we extend our thanks for her
id remembrance of the printers. May the smiles
f heaven ever rest over you and yours, and "May
1 thy ways be pleasantness, and all thy paths he
MARFI1ED, on thme 12th August, by Rev. Wesley
Vertz, Mr. LARKE SNELGROVE and Miss CATH
ERINE RHINEHART, all of this Dist.miet.
The above notice was received in company with a
arge parcel of delicions cake, into which all hands
mmediately piched, and after gulping it down with
he keenest relish, wished the bride and groom a long
ife of uninterrupted joy and prosperity.
HAMBURG, AMg. 18,1858.
The receipts of Cotton here for the past week have
een light-prices unchanged. The market continues
be dull. We quote 9to12icts. K.
A Barbecue will be given by Mr. Holly at
[LLY'S FERRY, on the 27th August next.
'he Candidates and the public generally are invi
d to attend.
July 28 -4t 21)
A protracted meeting will commence with the
Pry Creek Baptist Church on Saturday before the
nrth Sunday in August next. Ministering breth
m are cordially invited to attend.
SJuly 28 4t 29
Commissioners of the Poor.
Mu. EDITon-YOU will please announce the fol
wing gentlemen as Candidates for Commission
r of the Poor for Edgeflold District:
M. GRAH AM,
D. P. SELF,
JOHIN P. MICKLER,
L. 0. LOVEL ACE.
July 28, tf -3 0
N OT IC E. -
. H. KENNEY, of Hamburg, . C., is still
gent for the sale of LEONARD SMITH'S
Jamburg, June 23 i '2