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6 We will cli n to tlie Pillars of the Tempi our Liberties, and it it must fall, we will Perish anist the Ilnini."
SIlKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S ., AUGUST 25, 1858..
For the Advertiser.
BY JENNY WOODDINE.
Still, and cold, and pale she lieth
On her couch of snow;
Hushed the heart's tumultuous throbbing,
Hushed to earthly woe
Nevermore that pulseless bosom
Bitter grief shall know.
While the sun is setting calmly
To yon cloud, capp'd West,
Fold the lily hands so gently
On the silent breast
Tenderly, and kindly, leave her
To her last sweet rest.
Close those waxen eyelids softly
O'er the midnight eyes,
From those lips all cold and voiceless,
Come no sweet replies;
Love the last fond word has spoken,
Still, and pale, she lies.
Strew the summer-blossoins gently
On the shroud's'whitc fold
Clip one soft And silken ringlet
From the forehead cold;
Foe the graveyard now is claiming
All those threads of goid.
Lilies white, and violets purple,
Place upon her brow,
Like them she was fair anid fragile,
Strew them o'er her now;
Then beside her couch so snowy,
Lowly, humbly bow.
Bitter was her young life's morning
But the grief is past;
And upon the fair pale forehead
Death's dark skade is cast
Push aside her ringlets gently
Take one kiss-thy last!
Never more with sigh of anguish
Shall those cold lips part;
Never more from those closed eyelids
Bitter tear-drops start;
Nevermore shall blame, or sorrow
Nestle on her heart.
Nevermore shall arrows piercing
Reach her bosom fair;
Nor upon those chiselled features
Linger shades of care
On her couch of snow she lieth,
Angels guard her there!
When with tears of bitter weeping
He shall come again,
Tell him his remorseful erroit,
Now, is all in mrin ;
Tell him she is sweetly sleeping,
Free from grief ant- pain.
Tell him that in death she blessed him,
Though lie dealt the blow;
Which, in all her youth and beauty,
Laid our darling low,
Laid her like a faded blossom
On her couch of snow.
And when in the restres midnight
And the watchful stars are peeping
From the silent skies;
Well I know he will be haunted
By her earnest eyes.
Ope-the window-shutters softly,
Do not wildly weep
Let the stars of heaven above her
Lonesome vigils keep ;
Draw the drapery around her
Let her- sweetly sleep.
On the morrow gently bear her
Towards the setting sun ;
And when all the lamps of evening
Twinkle one by one,
Lay her In the grand old forest,
For her life is done.
-.THE FIRST iCE CREAM.
The following article appeared a few years
ago in " The Daguerreotype," a periodical of
short-lived existence, conducted by the Rev. Dr.
Freeman, who died some time since, Bishop of
Arkansas and Texas.
"If we knew to whom, or to what, to give
credit for the fojlowing hit, we would certainly
do it. It comes to us without any imiimation of
its origin, and we give it place as ludier-ously
characteristic. It purports to be "Ain account
of Ethan Spike's First and Last Visit to Port
" Portland is the all-firedest plarce I ever seed.
I was down there in '33, to see a little about my
goin' to the Legislature, and such a time as I
had you never heer'd tell on. Did I ever tell
you about the ice cream scrape I had'?"
We nawered in the negative, and he rcsumed:
"Wall, I'd bin down thar two or three days,
okin' in every hole, an' tho't i'd seed everything
thar was to be seen. But one day towar's sun
down I was goin' by a shop in Middle street that
looked wonderfully slick-there was all maniner
of candy an' pppernments-an' what niots at the
windows. An' then there mer signs with gold
letters on to them, hangin' round the door, tellin'
how they sold Sodn, Me~ad, an' Ice Creami thar.
1 says to myself, I have hieern a good deal about
ice cream, "and now itf I don't aee what they's
miade of. So I puts my hands into my pockets,
an' walkt-d in kinder careless, and say to a chap
standin' behind the counter
"1Do you keel) any ice creams here ?"
"Yes, sir," says he, " how much 'Il youn have !"
I coiisidered a minit, says 1-"a pint, sir."
The young feller's facee swelled out, and he
liked to have laughed right out, but arter a while
he asked- . ..
" lDid von say a pimt, sir?"
" Sartin," says I, " but p'raps you don't retail,
so I don't iniid takin' a quart."
"-W'al, don't yout think the feller snorted right
out. Tell yer what, it made me feel sort a pisun
an' I gave himn a look that made him Inook sobi'r
in about a minit; ain' when I clinched my fist
and looked so at him (here Mr. Spike farvoreid
uis with a most diabolical expression,) hi I hnnled
in his horns .about the quickest, ain' handed mne
a pint 'o the stuff as perhite as could be. W~tll,
I tasted a mouthful otf it, ani' found it cool ams thme
north side of o' Bethel hill in Janury. i'd half
a mind to spit it out, but jest thein I seed the
confectioner chap grinnin' behind tho door,
which riz my spunk. Gall smash it all, thinks I,
1'lnote let that white-livered monkey think I'm
afeared-Ill eat the plaguey stuff if it freezes
my innards. I tell yer what, I'd rather skinn'd
a bear or whipp'd a wild, cat, but I went it. I
eat the whole in about a ninit.
" Wall in about a quarter of an hour I began
to feel kinder gripy here," continued Ethau,
pointing to the lower parts of his stomach, "an'
kept on feelin' no better fast, till at last it seemed
as though l'd got a steam ingen sawin' shingles
in me. I sot dwn on a cheer, and bentomyself
up like a nut-eracker, thinkin' I'd grin and bear
it; butI couldn't setstill-I twisted and squirmed
about like an angle worm on a hook, till at last
as the chap as gin me the cream, who had been
lookin' on sniggerin' says to me,
"Mister," says he, " what ails yer ?"
"Ails me !" says I, " that ere stuff of your'n
is freezin' up my daylights," says I.
"You eat too much,' says he.
"I tell yer I didn't" screamed I; "I know
what's enough and what's too much, with6ut
askin' you, and if you don't leave off snickerin'
l11 spile yer face." 6
"He cottoned right down, and said he didn't
mean any hurt, ana asked me if I hadn't better
take some gin. I told him I would. So I took
a purty good horn, and left the shop."
" Arter 1 got out," continued Ethan, "I felt
better for a minit or so, but I hadn't gone fur
afore the gripes took me agin ; so I went into
another shop and took some more gin; then I
sot down on the State House steps, and there I
sot and sot, but didn't feel a mite better. I be
gun to think I was goin' to kick the bucket, and
then I thought of father and mother and of old
Spanker-that's father's hoss-and when I
thought that I should never see 'em agin, I fair
ly Ilubbered. But then I happened to look up,
I tell yer what, it riz my dander-that bad got
down to nero-rite up agin. I sprung at 'in like
a wild cat, hollerin' out I'd shake their tarnal
gizzards out, and the way the little devils scamt
ered .was a caution to nobody. But after the
citement ov thevrace was over, I felt wus agin,
and I could'nt help groanin' an' schreechin' as I
"At last I' thought I'd go to the theatre, but
afore I got there, the gripes got so strong that I
had to ..o behind a meetir house and lay down
and hol!er. Arter r.while I got up and went into
a shop and eat a half dollar's worth of biled i.+
ters with four pickled ::owcumbers, and wound
up with a ghss of brandy. Then I went into
the theatre and seed the plays, but I felt so bad
that I could not see any fun in 'em, for I dontt
think the isters and the coweunbers done me
any good. I set down, laid down, and stood up,
but still it went on, gripe, gripe. I groaned all
the time, and once in a while I was obliged to
screech kinder easy. Every body starred at me,
aud somebody called out, "turn him out!" once
)r twice. But, at last, just as the nigger Or
thello was goin' to put thepiller on his wife's
lace to smuother her, there cuni sich a twinge
birough me, that I really thought I was burstin'
ap, and I velied out-" Oh dear! Ot cizzors"
;o loud that the old theatre run again. Such a
-ow you never seed ; the niggr' droliped the pil
er, and Deuteronomny-or what you call her
here-his wife, jumped off the bed and run,
vhia everybody in the theatre. was all up in a
nuss, sone larlin', some swearin'. The upshot
>f it was, te iwrliee carried me out of the thea
re, and told me to make myself scarce."
"Wall, as I didn't fUel any better, I went into
shop close by, and called for two glasses ot'
n-andy ; arter swallerin' it, I went hum to the
avern. I sat down by the winder, and tried to
hink I felt better, but 'twas no go; that blasted
>ld ingine was still wallerin' away inside; so I
vent out and eat a qtarter's worth of isters and
piece of mince pie. Then I went back and
old the tavern keeper I felt kinder sick, and
hought I'd take some Castor ile, a mouthful of
old meat, and a strong glass of whiskey punch,
mid then go to bed. lie got the fixins, which I
ook and went to bed."
"But, I tell yer what, I had a rather poir
tight. Somnetimnes I was .wake groanin', and1l
vhen I was a~ltep I'd better bin awake, for I
tad such poweriil dream.<. i Sonetimes Ithought
was skinnin' a he-ar, and thten by some lioeus
)oens 'twouill all change t'other sideto, anid the
arnal critter would he a skinnuin' mec."
"Then, agin, I'd dream that I was rolling logs
vith the boys, and jest as I'd be a shoutin' out
now then !-here she goes!I" every thing
vonlid get reversed atgin--I was a log, and the
,oys were prtyi' tie up) with their htandspikes.
Phiei i'd wake up and screech and roar-then
aff to sleep again-to dream that Spanker had
'an away with me, or that fathler was whipping
ne or some other plaguey thing, till nmornitn'."
" Whoa I got up, I hadn't any appetite for
>reakfast, and the tavern keeper told me that if
Lwas goin' to etarry on scrcamitn' and groanin'
is I hatd the night af'ore, my room was better
han my~ compainy:'
"I hain't," said Mr. Spiko, in conclusion "I
taint bin to Portland sitic, but if 1 live to lbe
is old as Methusalem, I shall never forget that
Ll-ired Ice Cream."
A KISS -ruAT DiDN'T PA.-The Toledo Re
:ord gets off a good one in regard to a citizen
>f Iowa, whose wife, in his absence had been
tissed by a drover, while giviing a glass of wa
;er. When he heard of the outrage lie started
tt oncee in pursuit, found the drover after a har-d
lay's ride, and accused him of the theft.
'Te drover admitted the truth of the soft
mpeahmett-said he had been a long time
rom home, was sorely tempted, and in an uin
~uarded moment of frenzy purloined the kiss,
but that he had not damagedl the woman, in the
smallest particular-was very sorry-thought it
was no matter to make a great ado about, and
therefore begged to he excused.
The husband finally concluded that this was
the right of the matter, anid agreed to settle it
upon the receipt of $5 for his day's ride. This
being sat issfactory the drover hanidod over a $10
bill and received $3 in chainge. Butt when the
aggrieved benmed ict returineda home and consulted
his detector, lie l'ound the hill a countterfeit. lie
founid lie had suffered the inidinitty of having
his wife kissed by a "nasty drover," passed one
day in the saddle, and lost live dollars, aiid con
eluded that it didtn't pay.
"Did thee receive my remittance, Natthtan,
"Thea why did thee not buy a new co4i-thy
presenit onie is certainily very fragile.
" Why3, the facet is, I lef t my motney itn the
bank at New Orleants.''
" Alh I thy economy is certainily commendable
-in whant batik?"
" I do iiot rettembher in what, lather I know it
was a very good otne, as it hadl a scripturnd nane.
It was-nm! let tme see-it was thu P'hat-aohu
baink, I thinik."
"Soni, baniks are very untsafe' now, and thee
had better senud fEar thy money immtieditely."
Suit took a coughiing spell,
A lawyer at Lowell foinid $953 anid returned it
to the owvne. Onte of the papers says the net
may he honest atnd hontorable but it is untpro
A lady wished a seat. A portly, handsomie
genitleman brought one and seated the lady.
"Oh, you're a jewel."
"0, no," replied he, "I'm a jeweller. I have
junt st the jcwel."
From the Montgomery Mail.
"ANOTHER HAT-MLL, JOEL."
A short yarn was spun to us last evening, of
and concerning the experiments in milling of a
couple of friends of ours, now or lately sojourning
fur health and pleasure at. the Talladega Springs.
It is unnessary to give the names of these gel
tlemuen, but fur convenience we will call them,
respectfully, John and Joel. They, it may be
remarked, have great similarity of tastes, and
among other penchants, are very fond of fishing:
and every body knovs that the the vicinity of
Tallade-ga Spriiigs offiers fine opportunity to the
skilful knight of the fly.
Thus, John and Joel-there being no religious
services at the Springs that day-went out Sun
day before last, to the niilLof Mr. P-, a mile
or two down the creek, with a view to a dinner
of small trout and bream. With them went
their invited guest, Mr. Smith, and " Miles"
"1 contrived" them down a bottle or two of wine.
The party was snug; the wind was propiti
tions: and the fish altogether amiable.-A cosy
nice dinner of brown and crisp mountain fish
was soon washed down with a few glasses of
champaigne; and then eigars were lit. As the
smoke curled languidly' about their noses, Satan,
(who was invisibly present, without and invita
tion,) suggested to Jiohn, that that mill was a
" slow coach," and couldn't cut much lumber;
and John expressed the same opinion of Joel.
Joel thought differently, and so did Smith.
" et's try her," said John.
" Agreed," said Joel anl Smith.
It was short work; a large pine log lay at
right angles across the arrig:ie of the mill ; and
it was agreed to " let her rip" through
this. Accordingly, the gate was raised and im
mediately the stillness of " the grand old woods"
was broken by the rapid, sharp strokes of the
saw. In a minute the log was brought up and
the saw wient rapidly through.
"Now stol her," said Joel-and Smith and
John essaved to do so.
But the mill wouldn't be stop1bed, but went
clattering away as hard as ever!
"Stop her, John, or by the Lord she'll split
herself in two,"--shouted Joel. But all the fix
tures were obstinate and refused to yield to the
exertions of John and Smith. On went the saw,
while John and Joel perspired.
Presently the carriage presented somehnetalie
obstruction to the passage of the saw, hut "true
as steel," it went against the ob-sirucetoun-and
then the lehjh lw. Some pieces of mill iron
had been left upon the carriage. But yet it
ceased not-up and down ! up and down! the
true steel to the dull cast iron, until suddenly a
malllaeic broke out among tie dust and splin
ters near the point of contract.
" Great G-d, John," said Jolel:" the infernal
Machine is on fire. What shall we do?"
" Run down to the creek and bring up your
hat full of water," said Johi. Joel looked allec
ionately at his handsome tile which is always
kept neatly brushed; but submitting to a dire
necessity lie straightway made it a fire bucket
mnd commenced fighing the llaines. John and
mith's straws were unavailable; nevertheless,
hey did all those wild, inconsiderate things
rhich most parsons will doj.ia case of fGre,wher
,here is ni possibifity of-di aly gooal.
Still that toothless saw ripped on, singing a
lemon song as it scraped against tle dull, cast
ron. And the fire kept gaining a little.
Joel labored faithfully, and every two minutes
rought up his hat fl of water and threw it
pon the fire. John stqpd desparingly h-aning
uinst .1 y >st in the mill, anid hidl)oel t, his
-riecnd, as he seemned to pause at the briak of the
"Another hat-full, Joel, for God's sake ! rhe
ifernal thinig will cost us at least .$1200 apiece,
f it burns !"
" esdes mity hal." said Joel : but he brought.1
he water and pourel it on1.
Un went thle devilish saw, raking, rasping and
earing itself to pieces. .
At this juneture, Mr. P., the owner of the mill,
aving seen the simoke, camne down to the mill,
ndil with great ditliculty the saw was stopped
md.. the lire put out. Joel was grievously
blown" with carrincg water in his liat, and
Ihn was quiite ucsed up with excitemcent, while
miih was b~reathless from his exertions at
omne lev-er which lhe suppused mcighct have some
ctluence ini qu~ietinmg the de~mon saw.
"Gieineme," said the propietor very polite
y, " it is easy eniough to see why you couldcd't
atop the saw after you set it a-going. Thcis acill
cs some now arrangemneunts which I cani easilyI
" For IHeavein's, Mr. P.," said Johnc, "no expla
ai on that point ! lts the lirst imill 1 every
iet a goinig, and I shaldl never start ansother ! J1 ust
send us your bill for the damnage~s, acid let's say
o moare about it."
The " boys" paid $t0 for not knowing how to
ttop a saw, and that night Johni, in a feverish
sleep, (lie has that blessing, chills and fever)
houted to his room-nmate
n Jc natuore hcat-full, Joel !"
Wouits Trm~ H~ Tr.-Somel years ago as Capt.
B., of the steamer Waiter-W itch, waspain
own the Arkanisas River, they had pressing
eed of an axe, and not havicng one on board,
at the first landing the boat rounded to, the Cap
taini dispatched an Irishman to the nearest cabin
n quest of one. Pretty soon Patrick returned
with an axe; but whbecn, after having used it, the
Captain ordered hiim to return it, he refused point
"But what is the reason ?" urged Captain
"Sure then an' I'l1 tell ye. When I went up
to cabin I saw a white woman, an' I axed her
perlitehy for the loan of an axe, and she telled
ne to ax her huasband in the corn-field. So, yer
honor, I went up to the corcn-fiel, and I saw a
big blaek nger a standicig there, and I ses to
hm, ses I "ant' where's your muasther ?" Ses he,
"I'm thme imasther;" an' ses T, ".'m c afthier hav
ing the loan of~ an ax .for -a few mninutes." Ses
e, "go down to the house aid get it," Well, I
got the axe, Captain, an' us I wint by the dour
e I to imyself, " bejabers buit I'll give her a
small bit of mny mind." So I poked mny head ini
the dour, acid ses I, "'ain't ye ashanmed of ver
self to lie hiavinig a black nager for a huisband !"
A' ses she, "Law, no ! I hadh a sisther donce
worse than that;" an' ses I " what was that
shure ?I" anm'ses she, "Shec married an Irishmcian."
At' lie dad, I'll be afther spaking no miore to
the baste, Captaiin, buegginig ye-r hoinors pardoni."
Thce " Caipt'iig" laughaingly excused hinm fromt
so unapleasanit a dutr.
A QCuIn Joacu--A correspondent sends the
Ruffalo Express the followinig good thing for the
--K, the Qauakei President of a Pennsyh
vaca lI ail Ro'ad, during the confusion and panaic
ast fatlI, called upon- the W-, with which
~e load1 bad kept a large, regular account, and
akd four an ex~ttnsion of a hart of its paper
fladling dlue ini a few days. 'The Jiank President
dieclined rather abruptly, saying, iq a tens comn
mo with that fraternity
" Mr. K. your paper must be, paid at tmaturi
t. We cannot renew it."
"Veryv well," our Quaker relied, and left
the Bank. But lie did not let the matter dIrop
hoo Oni leaving the Bank, he walked quietly
over to thu denpot and telegraphed all the agents
aad condnetors on thbo hund, to reject. th0 bills
on the W-.--Bank. Inc a few hours the trainis
be.n to nrrive. full of the panic, and brinmging
the news o( t of the W-nank all
along the line e Road. Stockholders and
depositors loc Into the Bank, making the
panic, inquiri W hat's the matter?" "iTs
the Bank bro A -little inquiry by the offi
cers showed t be trouble originated in the
rejecting of ills by the railroad. Tite
President sci hat and rushed down. to the
Quaker's office d came bursting in with the
"Mr. K. Iav ou directed the refusal of our
curreicy by y nts?"
" Yes," was uiet reply.
"Why is thi t will ruin us."
"Well, friend ,I supposed thy Bank
was about to fal- thee could not renew a lit
tle paper for us morning."
It is nee I say,-Mr. L- renewed all
the Quaker 1 pa d enlarged his line of dis
count while th' ic wires carried all along
the roavl to eve nt-the sedative message:
" The W- B is all right. Thee may take
its currency." i
WHAT DON'T BELIEVE.
He don't believ hat a man is any wiser for
havi-ig A. S. S. o" y other letters, attached to
le don't believ 4a lawyer is any keener be
cause he wears a of spectacles.
He don't belie hat schoolmasters, physi
cians, and minist ,like!. to be contradicted a
whit better than. er folks.
le don't believ t'all lawyers are rngues,
any more than be-, lieve an eel is a snake.
He don't belie hat the most industrious
man likes to wor- ceptwhen he can't help it.
le don't believ 'at two young lovers like
to be caught with: ir arms around one anoth
le don't believ ?hat a young lady ought
to be married bef 1hu is twenty-one at least.
le don't believe t young gentlemen should
marry before they J"" able to support a wife.
He don't believ o getting up early in the
morning without to bed early at night.
He d't believe an a fool because he can't
make a speech.
le don't believe t because both wise and
windy begin with ;-that they end in the same
He don't believ4. at a lady is much the
worse for wear ing a tie, though he decidedly
prefers coffee bagsd.
In fact he don't -blieve in a great many things
that others believe k"and the result is that he
is voted an oddity ied a bore.
Some newspaperspeaking of the light lit.
erature of the premm-. day, says-"I ou may
read the New Yorkg ger for a year and scarce
y find afie whielt make you wiser or bet
er-all fictidi, roiP es, lies in velvet and
'eathers, little frig6ds; equipd in smiles and
:rinolines, big scouflp mu epauletts, and with
D. love of ioustac ' turning the brais and
tealing the hearftk simpering inaidens, the
very-day historfJm hiegeniously plied and gen
eelly outrged 1 t it always ends beauti
And et hundre ds of persia, who neve thiink
if taking a home paper, spend ihrge or four
imes the auinount in this vapid, abominable
rash !-a species of reading that, instead of ben
liting theinsolves and families, is absolutely a
urse to theim.
And are nut the Editors of ofr honie papers
reatly to blame for introducing such papers to
heir readers I They will insert flaming adver
isenments ofsich papers as the New York Prize,
kc., for which they will never get one cent, and
lins help to starve themselves out, besides being
uilty of' recomumdi ng injuriois literature
ong the people. Let the press of' Georgia look
o this, andi retirmn I
'*e notice that the agents for northern publi
ations manage to gyet the recomnenidation of
ome promiment man, a 'in ister' for inslL'ance
.nd with this they go to work and solicit sub
eribers. Miinisters ought to be careful to what.
liey' subscribe their names aiid thus endorse.
GT iNTr Tro -r WooD.-Here is good advice
rom the Noithi-Western Christian cocate :
Get into the woods. Go on purpiose, ye hot,
~rowded, dusty denizens of the city. Come
~ut of your piles or brick and miortar and
reathc pure air, see the gr'een gr'ass, sit down
mnder' thme shade of tihe oakof the foliage of the
eauteous mapfle. Go where the roses bloomi
~r have bloomed, and in one of God's pimiitive
emples, worship the All-Father. Tfake your'
blildren. If you belong to a city Sabbath
chool, gather it up-big and little, great and
small, high and low--take your baskets awl
uckets, your swing ropes and balls aiid bats
ln't stiffen thenm with fancy " Sunday dresses,"
oo fine for ronmpiing, but let them go ini rngged
tyle. Find a good shade and good water, and
hen turn them all hoose. Let them halloo and
augh and romp. Away with your cold dignity,
our primness, your stiffness. Surrounded by
he scenes of nature, give swing. to nature for
once. Hark the merry laugh ! List that ring
ng halloo ! When did you hear aught lili'u it
n your crowded Babel? That is no town
Then gather in groups upon the grass andl
pen your baskets. Hlow sweet the boiled haum!
ow excellect the biscuit and butter ! Then,
efore you separate, gather in a circle and sing.
Send the sweet strains of Corrith, Duke Street,
pundee, arid even the plaintive sounds of China,
p through the arch above you; then, alto
ether, sing Old Handred to the poxualogy
while the birds sing their anthems, and the
trees clap their hands, let all voices sing:
" Praise God from whom all bless nas flow,
Praise Him all creatures here below."
Sms~K KINDLY TO YoL'R MioTIIK.-Youilg
aii, speak kindly to your mother, andi courte
usly, tenderly. to her. But little time, and
ou shall see her no more forever. 1Her eyes is
im,. her, form is bent, and hier shadow falls to
ward the grave. Others may love you fondly ;
but nevei' again while time is yours, shall any
ne's love be to you as that of your old, tremb
ling, weakened maotlier' has been.
Through helpless infancy her throbbing bi'east.
as your safe protection and support; in way
ward, testy boyhood, she bore patiently with
your thoughtless rudeness ; she nursed you
safely through a legion of ills amid maladies.
Her hand bathed your burning brow, or
moistened your pazcd lips; her eyes lighted
up the darkness af nightly vigils, wvatching*
sleepless by your side as none but -her could'
watch. Oh! speak not her name lightly, for
you cannot live so many years as would suficee
to thank her fully. Through recklessnmess and
impatient youth, she is your consoler and solace.
To a bright umanhiood she guides your wayward
steps. Speak gently, then and reverently of
your mother; and when you, too, shall be old,
if shill, in sonie dogfop, ightpii tlyi em~ors~P
which shall be yqqps fump other sis to know
that never stantenly Waye you ogtfagpd the res
pect due to your aged maother.
IRE-APPECARACE.-Bedf'ord Brown, who has
just beeni elected to the State Seniae of' North
Caroina; from Caswell county, was a prominent
meiheO!lIp of' fhe Vqited States. Seinte t'romn that
State during uearly the entire administration of
Peidents Jackson and Van Huren.
MA. EDTOR:-By publishinlg the following
extracts you will oblige A Suwscaiusa.
EXTRA'TS FROM TiH. SENATR KANSAs BIT.,., AS
IT PASF.D -Ir: S. NAT 2.0n MA a.ne '58.
" Whercas, the people of the Territory of
Kansas did, by a convention of delegates, called
and assembled at Lecompton, oi the 4tth day
September, 1857, for that purposo, forn for
themselves a constitution and State government,
which said constitution is republican, and said
convention having asked the admission of said
Territory into the Union as a State en an equal
footing with the original States
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of Ameri
ca in Congress assembled, That the State of
Kansas shall be, and is hereby declared to be,
one of the United States of America, and ad
mitted into the Union on an equal footing with
the original States, in all respects whatever.
And the said State shall consist of all the terri
tory included within the following boundaries,
to wit: beginning at a point on the western
boundary of the State of Missouri, where the
thirty-seventh parallel of latitude crosses the
same; thence west on said parallel to the east
ern boundary of New Mexico; thence north
on said boundary to latitude thirty-eight; thence
following said boundary westward to the east
ern boundary of the Territory of Utah, on the
summit of the Rocky Mountains ; thence north
ward on said summit to the fortieth parallel of
latitude; thence east on said parallel to the
western boundary of the State of Missouri;
thence south with the western boundary of said
State to the place of beginning: Provided, that
nothing herein contained respecting the boun
dary of said State shall be construed to impair
the rights of person or property now pertain
ing to the Indians in said Territory, so long as
such rights shall remain unextinguished by
treaty between the United States and such In
dians, or to include any territory which, by
treaty with such Indian tribe, is not without
the consent of such tribe to be included within
the territorial limits of jurisdictionof any State
or Territory; but all such territory shall be
excepted out of the boundarie, and constitute
no part of the State of Kansas, until said tribe
shall signify their assent to the President of the
United States to be included within said State,
or to affect the authority of the government of
the United States to make any regulations re
specting such Indians, their lands, property, or
other ights, by treaty, law, or otherwise, which
it would have been competent to make if this
act had not been pissed.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the
State of Kansas is admitted into the Union upon
the express condition that said St ate shall never
iterfere with the primary disposal of the publ;c
lands, or with any regulations which Congress
nay find necessary for securing the title in said
lands t6 the bona fide purchasers and grantves
thereof; or impbie or levy any tax, assessnent,
r imposition of any description whatever upon
them, or other property of the United States
thi StAti naluki
rny iiglt of theple asserted in the constitution
2f Kansas at all times to alter, reform, or abolish
keir form (f gocernnent in such manner as they
nay think proper, Congress hereby disclaiming any
ruthority to iate:fere or declare the construction of
he constitution 1g' any State, except to see that it be
republican in forin, and -not in conflict icth the
onstitution <* the United States; and nothing
1n this act shall be construed as an assent by
ongress to all or to any of the propositions or
laims contained in the ordinance 1nneed to
the said constitution of the yoople of Kansas,
aor to duprive the said State of Kansas of the
ame grants, if hereafter made, which werecon
Laied in the act of Congress, entitled "An act
o authorize the people of the Territory of Min
iesota to form a coustitution and Stato gOverniI
neit, preparalory to admission into thi Union
In al eujial iting with the originial States,
pro~ved Febiruary :2G, 1857.
Sections 3 and 41 pertain to the Riepresentative,
RoM1 T CalTTE.~OEN MONTf.oM1ERY AME.ND
.NT- AS 5DsensrrUn:Dl FoR -rim: S1i..'rA-: !ILL.
BY TIlE IloUsE', 1sT APRIL '58.
That the Stale of Kansas be, and is hereby,
dinitted into the Union on an equal Iootinig
rithi the original Stnte<, in :1l respiots what
per ; but, ina.nmachi as it is greatly disputed
hether the constitution (fam ued at Lecomp1tii,
n the s eenh' day ud ZKoebe last, iadu nw
enduing tsftire Conagres.s) was fairly made, or
~xpesed the will oft the peop'lle of Kansas, this
dolision of her into the Union as a State is
ere dleclared to be upon thais fundamnentad con
ition precedent, namely, that the said consti
utional instrument shall he first submitted to a
ote of the people of Kansas, and assented to
y them, or a majority of the voters, at an elec
ion to be held for thbe purpose; and as soon as
uch assent shall be given, andl duly made known
by amajoityof the commainioners herein ap.
~oied,to thie Fre.,ident of the United States,
e shall announce the same by proclamation;
nd thereafter, and without any further proceed
ngs on the part of Congress, the admission of
he said State of Kansas into the Union upon
mu equal footing with the original States, in all
espects whatever, shall be complete and abso
ute. At the said election the (rote) shall be by
allot, and by endorsing on his ballot, as each
VteV may please, "fur thoeopstitution," ot'
'against the constitution." Should the said
:onstitution be rejected at the said election by
a majority of votes bcing cast against it, then,
and in that event, the in habitants of said Ter
ritory arc hereby authorized and empowered to
orm fur themselves a constitution and State
overnment by the name of the State of Kansas,
ccording to the Federal Constitution, and to
hat endt may elect delegates to a convention as
Sections 2, 3, d, 5, 0, and 7 pertatin to the
lections under this bill, &c.
Sse. 8. And be it further enacted, That the
ollowing propositions be, andl the same are
ereby, ollered to the said people of Kansas, for
hir free acceptance or rejection, which, if ae
epted, shall be obligatory on the United States
nd upon the said State of K~ansas, to wit: First.
lhat sections numbered sixteen and thirty-six
n every township of public lands in said State,
ad where either of said sections, or any part
thereof, has been sold or otht3;WIsp been dis
posed of, other lands, equivalent thereto and as
contiguous as auy be, shall be granted to said
State for the use of schools. Second. That
seventy-two sections of land shall be set apart
and reserved for the use and support of a State
uniersity, to be selected by the governor of
said State, sulhject to the appr'ovajl of' the Coma
oissiuniw 'of tfie Q eneral Land 0llice, and to be
gpprpiated aend a pplied in such marnner as the
lgislature of said btate allay prescribe for the
purpose aforesaid, bqt for no0 other purpose.
Third Thattea entire sections of landl, to be
selected by the governor of said Staite, in legal
subdivisionls, simil bo granted to said State for
the purpose'of completing thme public builings,
or for the erection of others at the seat of gov
ernment, under the direction ol the legislature
theeof. Fourth. That all salt springs within
said State, not exceeding twelve in number
with six sections of land adjoining, or as con
tiguous as may .be to each, shall be granted tc
said State for its use, the same to be selected
by the governor thereof within one year after
the adinission of sain State, and when soselected,
to be used or disposed of on such terms, condi
tions, and regu.rlations as the' legislature shall
direct: Prov'led, That no salt spring or land,
the right whereof is now vested in any individ
ual or individuals, or which may be hereafter
confirmed or adjudged to any individual or in
dividuals, shall by this article be granted to said
State. Fifth. That five per-centum of the net
proceeds of sales of all public lands lying within
said State, which shall be sold by Congress after
the admission of said State into the Union, after
deducting all the expenses incident to the same,
shall be paid to said State, for the purpose of
making public roads and internal improvements,
as the legislature shall direct: Provided, That
the foregoing propositions, herein before offered,
are on the condition that the people of Kansas
shall provide by an ordinance, irrevocable with
out the consent of the United States, that said
State shall never interfere with the primary
disposals of the soil within the same by the
United States, or with any regulations Congress
may find necessary for securing the title in said
soil to bona fide purchasers thereof; and that
no tax shall be imposed on lands belonging to
the United States, and that in no case shall non
resident proprietors be taxed higher than resi
dents. Sixth. And that the said State shall
never tax the lands or the property of the
United States in that State: Provided, however,
That nothing in this act of admissian shall be
so construed as to ratify or accept the ordinance
attached to said constitution, framed at Lecomp
ton; but said ordinance is hereby rejected by
the Untted States.
Fao.s THE CoNFERENC BIi.LL AS IT PASSED THE
H1ousE 30rui APRIL, '58.
Whereas the people of the Territory of Kan
sas did, by a convention of deleetes assembled
at Lecompton, on the 7th day of November.
1857, for that purpose, form for themselves a
constitution and State government, which con
stitution is republican; and whereas, at the
same time and place, said convention did adopt
an ordinance, whfieh said ordinance asserts that
Kansas, when admitted as a State, will have an
undoubted right to tax the lands within her
limits belonging to the United States, and pro
poses to relinqnish said asserted right if certain
conditions set forth in said ordinance be accep
ted and agreed to by the Congress of the Uni
ted States; and whereas the said constitution
and ordinance have been presented to Congress
by order of said convention, and admission of
said Territory into the Union thereon as a State
requested ; and whereas said ordinance 's not
acceptable to Congress, and:lt is desirable to
ascertain whether the people of Kansas coneur
in the changes in said ordinance, hereinafter
stated, and desire adnission into the Union as a
Stato 4s herein proposed: Therefore
Be it cnactet by the Senate and House- of
Rep . tives of the Unite&States'of-Ameriz
Union on an equal footing with the original
States in all respects whatever, but upon this
fundamental condition precedent, namely: That
the question of admission, with the following
proposition in lieu of the ordinance framed at
Lecompton, be submitted to a vote of the peo
ple of Kansas, and assented to by them, or a
majority of the voters voting at an election to
be held for that purpose, namoly: That the fol
lowing propositions be, and the same are hereby,
oflred to the people of Kansas for acceptance
or rejection, which, if accepted, shall be obliga
tory on the United States, and upon the said
State of Kansas, to wit: First, that sections
numbers sixteen and thirty-six in every town.
ship of public lands in said State, or, where
either of said sections or any part thereof has
been sold or otherwise disposed of, other lands
c~jnivalent thereto, and as contiguous as may be,
shall be granted to said State for the use of
schools. Second, that seventy-two sections of
land shall be set apart and reserved for the
support of a State university, to he selected by
the governor of said State, subject to +.he ap
proval of the Commissioner of the General
Land Office, and to be appropriated and applied
in such manner as the legislature of said State
may prescribe fur the purpose aforesaid, but for
nu other purpose. Third, that ten entire sec
tions of land to he selected by the governor of
said State, in legal subdivisions, shall be granted
to said State for thie purpose of conipleting the
pulic buildings, or for the erectionm of others
at the seat of government, under the direction
of the legislatu.-e thereof. Fourth, that all salt
sprigs within said State, not exceeding twelve
in number, with six sections of land adjoining
or as contiguous as may be to each, shall be
granted to said State for its use, the same to
be selected by the governor thereof; within one
year after the admnission of said State, and when
so selected to be used or disposed of on such
terms, conditions, andc regulations, as the legis
latgr~e inay direet i 'rovided, That no salt
spring or lind, the right whereof is now vested
in any individual or individuals, or which may
hereafter be confirmed or adjudged to any indi
vidual or individuals, shall, by this' article, be
granted to said State. Fifth, the five per centum
of the net proceeds of the sales of' all public
lands lying within said State, whioh shall be
sold by Congress after the admuission of said
State into the Union, after deducting all the
expenses incident to the same, shall be paid to
said State for the purpose of making public
roads and internal iimrovemnents, as the legis
lature shall direct: Provided, The foregoing
proposition herein offered arc on the condition
that the State of Kansas shall never interfere
with the p~rimary disposal of the lands of the
Uniited States, or with any regulations which
Congress may find neessary' for securing the title
in said soil to bona tide purchasers thereof, and
that no tax shall be imposed on lands belonging
to the United States, and that in no case shall
non-resident propriutors be taxed higher than
residents. Sixth, and that sid State shall nev
er tax the lands or property of the United States
in that State.,
At the said election the voting shall be by
ballot, and by endorsing on his ballot, as each
voter may please, proposition accepted, or pro
position rejected. Should a majotity of the
votes cast be for proposition accepted, the Pres
ident at the United States, as soon as the fact
i duly inade known to him, shall announce the
.emme by proclamation; and thereafter, and
without any further proceedings on the part of
Congress, the admission of the State of Kansas
into t~he Union upon anm equal footing with the
original States, in all icspects whatever, shall
be complete and absolute, and said State sh~all
be entitled to one member in the Ihouse of Rep
resentatives in the Congress of the United
States, until the next census be taken by the
federal government, Ilut shiouhld a miajority of
the votes east be for propdition rejected, it shall
be deemed and held that the people of Kansas
do not desire admission into the Union with
said constitution under the conditions set forth
in said proposition ; and in that event the pee
ple of said Territory are hereby Rantheriged and
empowered to form for 1ibwmseves a constitu.
tiom an.d state government. by the name or tah
State of Kansas, according to the federal Con
'stitution. and may elect delegates for that pur
pose whenever, and not before, it is a:eertained,
by a census, duly and legally taken, that the
population of said Territory equals or exceeds
the ratio of representation required for a memt
her of the House of Representatives of the
Congress of the United States; and whenever
thereafter such delegates shall asssenible in con
vention, they shall fit determine, bya vote.
whether it is the wish of the people of the pto
posed State to be admitted into the Union at
that time, and, if ag, shall proceed to, form ag.
constitution, and take all necessary steps for the
stablishnfent of a State government in confor
inity with the federal Constitution, subject to
such limitations and restrictions as to the mode
and manner of its approval or ratification by
the people of the proposed. State as they may
have prescribed by law, and shall be eptitled to
admission into the Union as a State under such
constitution thus fairly and legally made, with
or without slavery, as said constitution may
MINISTER TO SPAIN.-It is reported in, the
Northern journals that the President has offered
the Spanish mission to SenAtor Stephen R. Mal
lory, of Florida, and . that he has "so far' de
The New Orleans Picayune has reason to
know that the report is correct. Mr. Mal
lory, has not decided to accept, for private rea
sons, which it is to be hoped will be overcome.
The Picayune says that the main purpose of, his
mission will be to carry out the President's plan
for the acquisition of Cuba by negotiation. and
Senator Mallory is particularly and eminently
qualified for the trust. He is an enlightened,
able and discreet man, a very thorough Spanish -
scholar-not only familiar with the history, ge
ography, resources andeapalilities of the island,
but from his residence at Key West, within a
day's sail of Havana, personally aquainted with
the people, their dispositions and opinions. It
would be an excellent appointment, and we be'
lieve it is one that personally he would bh glad
to undertake. We hope the difliculties may be
surmounted that obstruct his acceptance.
FinE.-The Par Room and Eating House on
Ellis street, between Campbell and McIntosh,'
known as " The Shades," was -destroyed by fire
on Sunday night last. The building which was
owned by Mrs. Ann Anthony, leased for a term
of years to Me;sr. Heckle & Wilson, and rented
by them to E. D. Myers, was valued at about
$1,500-insured for $1,000. Mr. Myers' loi in
liquors, furniture, &c., is estimated at about $1,
000-no insurance. J. H. Alford, occupying a
room in the building, and asleep at the time the
fire broke out, barely escaped, losing money,
watch and clothing, to the amount of about
$,00. Columbus Alford also lost all his clothing.
The fire first broke out about 10 o'clock at'
night, was subdued, and again broke 'out about
two o'clock in a part of the building which had..
been left standing, destroying theaccount books
&c., of J. McDade, elerk for 'Messrs. Rekle &
~11fy~ii8 eefii*n thrastfivl '-;
Avgusta Crrce 7hmt .
TOLERABiY LrBEnA.-The whole amount of
money for charitable purposes given away during
his life time by the late Amos Lawrence, of Mas
sachusetts, is said to be six hundred and thirty
nine thousand dollars-a fact which rests on the
most positive evidence.
Ti PaosPECTs of TExAs.-A correspondent,
who seems to be rather enthusiastic, writes as
follows from Houston, (Texas,) under date of
Texas never saw brighter prospects than at
present. Out of debt, and with a full treasury,
taxes merely noininal-lighter than in *almost
any other State-a full crop of corn and wheat -
already realized, cotton and sugar cane promir.
ing aid abundant yield, railroads progressim
rapidly, the cause of education receiving a go
share of attention, and the whole State is rapidly
advancing in all that makes a great, good, hap.
py and prosperous people.
Acaarcur.TLTnAL Pnosrzc'rs.--Reports from
all quarters, North, South, East and West, speak
of the promise of the harvest as something
splendid and prodigous. We do not hear of a
failure in the wheat crop in any direction. Al
ready the sickle is at work in many districts,
and with a few wveeks of fIe weather, the stack
yards will be filled with an amont of golden
grain such as they hwve seldom held, and the
laud blessed with a plentiful supply of home
growth rarely seon and iiore rarely surpassed.
Most earnestly do we hope for fair and propi
tious skies that all this good promise may be
fulfilled. A rich harvest makes a happy and
contented. It is good for the grower who finds
himself repaid by the abundance of his crops
for all his outlay of time and labor and money.
It is good for the consumer. It gladdens the
heart of the laborer--..it fills his cottage with
joy. And it is good for others beyond the
grower and consumner. The interests of all clas
ses are so) bound up together in a trading and
commercial country like this, that all flourish
together and all suffer together. We have, in
deed, as it were, but one interest, although with
muany branches and subdivisions. Touch it in
any part and every nerve in the whole body
thrills and is affected. We have not a doubt,
then, that the glorious harvest upon which we
have just entered will help greatly to place the
trade of the country on a sure and firm basis,
It removes all distrust on the monetary part of
the question. There will be no sudden rush
upon the banks, such as in years of scarcity
often shakes the trade of the country to lts've
ryv foundation. On that point we sall be guard
ed against...danger, and most thankfully ougLt
we to be for it.
THn E ArsaruaaR--t is really amnusing to
note our exchanges and observe the variety of
questions whieh arc agitated in the various por
tions of the State. In no two districts scarcely
is the samte question under discussion. Mem
bers elected will go, each one, with the intent
of carrying his hobby in the Legislature. If
a.uch could bo done what a vast amount of Leg
islation and Laws would flood the land. We
thank God, however, that such will not be the
case. Many a fellow who is expected " to play
the devil and turn up Jack" when he gets there
will be as mute " as a church mouse," and you
would not know lie was there if his name was
not published in the Newspapers.
Now in seome districts the Legislative test is
the Banks. In others " Whether trading with
negroes should be a whipping offence." In
others " The giving the election of Electors to
the people." In others " The re-opening of the
Slave Trade." In others " Usury and the Li
q uor Law." In others the " Militia Systemn,*
t'he Penitentia- systemi, and so forth and so on
ad infaitumn. 'Well; we suppose, when they all
meet, they will cast the subjects altogether in
one ple,tand ohoose such as aiman can make a
speech on both sides, without exactly saying
which he goes for.. Well, we5! see' what'we
will sco, but we.- don't believe there will be as
much done as many folks thinkfor~eAsber