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ceNT11LRD FROM FIRST PAGL
LETTEl8 FROM DIRTINGlIIsiED GENTLEMEN
1n response to the inritatio u of the Cmuuittiee t
atteai the comtplimentary biunwr gren ti ewr
r)essentative, the Iun. M. L. )o(naxii, at
E&JOidd, S. C., on the 2iiL &..tember.
Aymnusoi , 1Ith August, 185.
Oetlsea: A prior engagemtent prevents ne
from accepting your invitation to be proseunt at a
diner to be given to the lion. M. L. lBoxnam
by the peeplo of Edgefield District, on the 2nd
oS September. It would afford me much real
gestification to be preseut and participate with
you in this testimonial to your esteemed repre
I have known h,in long and take pleasure in
bearing my testimony to his many high qualities.
Your rights could not be confided to a truer
patriot or a more gallant man; he will guard
them. vigilantly and defend them with manly
courage upon any theatre when placed in jeo
Yours is a just tribute to a true and faithful
ropreseutative-.dice honorable to hiin and to
Long may he continue thu favorud custodiatn
of your rights iii the Federal legislature!
Reiterating my regrets at non-attendauce, I
am very raspuesfully, Youri. &c.,
JAMES L. oRR.
To Mussrs. S. S. Tom ,kins, E. Seibels, J. 13.
Griffin, L. Butler, J. W. ,Iil, Cumittee.
Cu1a:.s-TON. August 21st, 1858.
Grntlemen: I regret that it will not be it
my power to be present at the dinner which
the citizens of E-Igetlel-l District propose giving
to their immediate Representative, the lonora
ble M. L. Bosn.im. It would atlord me sincere
pleasure tb participate in this demonstration of
confidence and respect which must be as grati.
fying to ny respected colleague as it is honora
ble to his constituency. A most close and cor
dial intercourse with General Bojsnix, during
the past Sesioz of Conre*s-(we were me.s
mates together)-has enabled meo thoroughly
to appreciate his high q-talities of head and
heart. His ardent devution to the rihlts o
the South-his supreme aallieti-' for our own
dear native State-his manly independence,
unitod with the most courteusa hearing-his
high sense of. persioal honor (not :ow-a-day
characteristic of ean in public life)-all mark
him out as one whut South Carolina may well
feel proud of as a Representativ in the Capi
tol of the Confederacy.
The intimate relations which I have had with
General Boua.i justify, as they have induced,
this tributo from a colleague who reels that in
payingit he is uttering th-a language of simlple
t.ruth and not of exaggerated panegyric.
- The honor of the South and of the State can
never be ii safer hands than those of your high
toned and esteemed Itepresentative.
With renewed expreuions of ny regret at
my inability to unite with you in doing honor
to him, I am, gentlemen, with great respect,
Vkry faithfully, Yours,
W. PORCHIEIl MILES.
To Messrs S. S. Tompkins, Ennet Soibels, J.
B. Griffin, Loulen Butler, J. W. Hill, Con.
GL21% Spaixos, 28th Aug., 1858.
Gentemen: It would give me great pleasure
to bear testimony personally to the ability,
fidelity and zeal, with which your distinguished
Representative, Gon. BOxHM, has maintained
our conguon rights in the Congresi of the United
States. I had hoped, until very recontly; to
be able to accept the invitation you have been
kind enough to communicate to me, to the pub
lie dinner toa be given to him on the 2nmd Sept.,
*by the citizens of Edgefleld. I regret, that I
am now compelled reluctantly to forega the
anticipated gratification I should derive from
joining iu your complimentary apil woll deserv
These are critical tiines, and the services of
public men should be generously considered. 1
differed from Gen. B~oxuaM, during the last
Session of Congress, upon one measure of pub
ic policy, but - ielded to no one in: apprecia
tin of hi4 high Southern spirit and lofty devo
tion to the Constitutional rights of the South.
. Ie who makes the Constitution of his country
isi guide, and the interests of hisi constituents
his parmaiount object, will always be sus
tained by enlightened public opinion.
I have the honor to be, Gentlemen,
Your obedient serv't.
LAURENCE M. KEITT.
To Messrs Tompkins, Sembels, Griffin, Butler,
WasHIXOoYo, Gai., Aug. 14th, 1858.
Gedlemen: Your letter of the 10th inst., in
siting me to the dinner to be given: by the citi
zens of Edgefield to your dintimguished fellow
citizen aind Rtepresenitative, lhe lion. M. Li. Box
unM, has been duly received. 1 very much re
gret that previous enagagemenats will prevenit mne
from being present and compel mte to decline
* your kind invitation.
I am very Rlespectfully, yours, &c., &c.
Messrs. S. S. Tompkins, Emnmet Seibels, .J. B.
Gritlin, London Buttler, J. WV. Hill, Committee.
* ~ Fon-r I1iu., August 21st, 1858.
Gentlemen: I regret that I cannot accept
your invitation to the dinner to be given to the
Hon. M. L. BoxunrM, on the 2nd of September.
independent of the high admiration I lhoe for:
Glen. BoinuAx's manly, bold, and eminently
Southern position in voting against the "Con
a ference Bill," I have the additional inducement
of friendiship, dating back to school and College
days, to write ini doing honor to one, who I evr
found courteous, brave, and tried. If, in the
midst of such adverse times for the South, we
neglect to honor the bold, honest, and pait-iotic
representative, who fearlessly paerformsl. a high
ddty to hi~s State, and his section, then isithe
South readly for the yoke that demnons on the
one side, and false friends on thme other, are pre
par'ing for her once proud but docile neck. All
that the true representative of South Carolina,
or auy Southern State, can hope for ini honestly
maintaining Southerna principles, without look
ing to the promotion of paarty interest.s, is the
approbation of his fellow-citizenas. As a .section,
tame South is irretrievah'y and hopelessly in a
minority. If triue to herself, and her own dig
ity, Federal patronage can no longer be resaced
. by any of her son~a. In the Electoral College
the non-slaveholding States have a majority of
sixty, soons to be swelled to twenty miore. A
united South cannot elect a President. Bait a
uniited South with a few Northern States can.
To effect such a combination, will the anti
Slavery States unite with us by coming to our
standard of principle., or are we forced to do
scend to their low political morality, anid limni
ted concessions to us. That the latter is the ah
tornativo presented, can ha demonstrated by the
fact, that no one can be promninent, Nationally,
from thme South who advocates Southern rights
doctrines. They will meet you on the platform
of Democracy. 'But declare yourself a Southernm
rights man. Meet in Nashvillo, or Montgomery,
only to.eensult, and talk over the condition of
your section, and the vocabulary of invective is
exhausted in proclaiming you dangerous, not to
the South-but the Union. On the other hand
let any Southern man afliliate with them, say
nothing in behalf of the South-rkise no warnng
voice to arouse his cotaitrymen to thme danger ot
the volcano over which they supinely slumber
-" dam with Iaint praise" some Southern nman or
*uneasure-euloise the Unioa--speak tritliingly
'of devotion to the South--and at once, even if
destitute of any other merit, he becomes a favo
- rite with the North, and perchance a candidate
for the Presidency. - The course of your ime
diate representative amay noet make himi popular
ins oue divion or thme Union, with Northern:
amen who profess Southbern principles, but it has
given him a place in thte hearts of all loyal
outhern men, as a reliable and faithaful man.
Fermit me to c-lose with a senmtiment:
Th/e' lon. 31. L. Hloua#m-~ow alone enti
tied, anug Southern members, to the g).ory of'
voting ontthe aaeI~ .-.di" in a great coanjuncterp
fre the South.
Very respetlully, yo'vrs,
ANJ)IE W P. OALIHOUl..
To Mts. F. S. 'iTompkinis, Emnmet Seibles,
J .. 1. Grifilt', L.Ad'n Ein~tler, J. W. JMiJ, Oom
MorGorar, ALA., 23rd Aug., 1858.
Gntlenen : I have the hon'r to acknowledge
the receipt of your favor of the 10th .inst., in
viting ie to t dinner to be iven to your imme1
diate represenlative, the lion. M. L. llomu.%i,
at Edgeiielt Court House, on the 2ud of Sept.
lelieve me, Gentlemen, nothing would afford
ine-mlore real plea are, than to unite with y..u
.Ud your trienda inl paying due honor to your
no0ble and gallant reprie-entative, at tht time
and place abov, mention ; but my pecnliar sit
uation and bnainess relations, preelude my per
sonal presence with you.
Surely, if there ever was a time, when the
people of the South should stand by their rep
resentatives, when they have stood by them,
that time has now arrived-and since the death
of -the lamented Quitinan, your immediate rep
resentative stands alone in the South, aq the
fathful and undaunted standard bearer of the
State tights and Southern Rights flags, for in
his vote on the conference bill so called, he bid
defiance to the intrigues and influence of party;
and maintained with patriotic firmness, the true
principle of American liberly-that a people,
being freemen asenibled to form a government,
I ve the rights to form and adopt such govern
ment as may bist please theuselves-and thiz,
without control or influence from any men, or
body of men. Smother this principle, and we
shall not have either the name or semblance of
liber ty left. For, if one congiitution does not
guiaratee the right of self government, then it
is not a constitution in favor of liberty, but
directly destructive of it.
I mneh regret to say, that in this State, there
i - a divi.ion anone the people on the subject of
this Conference Bill. Yet, I do not intend to
say, that any one man can be found. except our
Senators and Representatives in Congress, who
advocate the passage or this Bastard Statute
all I intend to say is, that the divisions among
the people is, &i to the course proper to pursue,
under existing circumstances. We all- admire
our Senatori and Representatives; and hold
theii as friends of ti'e South, to be men good
an.1 true; and therefore a. men do not condemin
them; but disapprove and condemn their vote.
Yet, I do not intetid to -ay, even this is univer
sal; for it is mournfully true, that we have among
us, even nlow, some who believe in the infalabil
ity of the Democratic party proper; and, that
like any other soYereign, it "l- do no rong ;"
and such peroun cat il-on true Southern meni,
the epithets of Traitor, Fire-eater, a'd " Trifling
Politicians." The-e inen "are joined to their
Idola"-let them alone.
It cannot be long, before the party now strong
and increasing in powor, will control the Gov
ernment-and bring with thoi principles and
doctrine< so corrupting and degrading to the
South, that but one voice will be heard among
us: and that will be to arms. God grant I may
err in this o.inion. I love the Union given by
the Contitution ; but when both the Constitu
tion and the consequent Union are so pervaded,
as to become instruments of degradation and
oppres-ions, the people who will calnly subinit,
deserve not the name of freemen.
Sonic of us out here, are endeavoring to add
another, and we think important plank to the
Democratic platform, it is, "no more compro
iaes"-.this will bind us to our Constitutional
Righ ts-demanding nothing more, and accept
ing nothing less. This I qnderstand to be the
spirit of your noble Repre-entative, and for
which le is surely most justly entitled to the
honors you now do him. In which I do most
Respectfully, your obedient servant,
TIlE APPEARANCE OF THE SLWER.
The editor of the Charleston iereury, having
visited the Echo, gives the following account of
the apjpeairancee of the slaver and the condition
of~ tho A fricans:
"Being curious to see the cargo and arrange
'nont oft lie Echo, we obtained a permit from
Dr. W. C. Ravenel, the'Port Physician, and wiilh
(5ne or two others accompanied Lieut. Bradford
in a small boat from the wharf. Upon clamber
ing up tile side of the brig a strange and start
ling sight presented itself: a deck covered with
native Aficans in a state of comblete nudity,
with rare instances of a narrow strip of rag an
inch wide round the waist. - Thesq people. were
seated for the most part with their legs streehed
out flat, or drawn up in front., or doubled up;
some squatted on their feet and hands. A few
were standing about and a few lying down. None
were tied or fastened any way. The majority
were very young, applarently from eight to six.
teen years of age, soume younger and some older ;
scarcely onme, however, over twenty-five. Some
of them were abled bodied, good sized and in
good care; but the greater part were half-grown
children only, weak and worn. Many were much
emaciated, and showed plainly the effects of
their long and crowded passage in a confined
ship. A feiw were evidently ill arid soon to die.
All were pure black ini color except the dropsi
eal, whose skins were tawny from disease. Their
hair is very short and crisp. Those who were
well appeared curious and pleased, some of them
ogling and -giggling and chattering, and others
smnokinig tokacco out of short clay pipes with eane
stems, just as our own negroes do. Th'lose that
were thin anid sick looked dull and brutish, but
there was nothing wild or ferocious in their as
p ect. They looked amiable and docile, and readi
vy obeyed the commands of the person who hnd
charge of them. There were 24ti males and sixty
femalese, who were kept separate on deck and in
the holds. The men and boys were kept on the
forward deck and in the forward hold. which hit
ter is fifty-live feet long, nineteen feet wide in the
broadest part, and nairrow at the head, niid forty.
four inches high, the floor being formed of loose
b~oards, mnovable at pleasulre. i he hold for the
womeni and girls is behinad this. It is of the
same height, twelve feet long and niineteen wide.
Unider this temporary flooring is stored the lpro
visions, coinsistig of rice, peas, and the water to
drink. Their food is boiled hike ' hoppinajohn,'
puit in buckets twice a day, at ten andr four o'clock
anid placed in the midst of. circles of eight or ten
each, iundt well guarded to prevent the stroing ne.
;gro;.s fron taking m~ors than thieirshare, although
allb.ro libknaly allowed. A p'nt tf water is given
to each, miorumug and eveniing. Most of them
sleep on deck, being pilaced in close order, spoon
fatshiion, on their sides, and not permitted to turn
or move duriing the night. At dayv liht they are
dashed with buckets of water to wash them off.
They sing songs, chlping their hands aind rock
ing their bodies in time, and these songs have a
great resembhance to some) of our negro spiritu.
al1.. Several of the negro follows exercise au
thiority very .much rifter the mainncp nf gnr dri
vers, wvithi airs of authority and ridiculous gestir
culation anid grimaces. Others were cookinig
the 'big pot' like go d fellows, and with old
breeches on, too, obtained from the sailors. The
captain of the hold understands their lingo, and
says they are very aiverse to going baick to Africa
as the United States' law re 'uires. Our coast
resembhles that they come from, anid the group of
pines opposite the city on the South, looks to
them like the Cocoanut trees of their native
WVuor.Esa Dar Gooms Houss.--The at tenl
tion of mierchlants in the interior, is particularly
inavited to the advertisement of Messrs Jackson,
Miller & Verdery, iln another column. The firm
is one of long standing and popuharity, anid we
are assured that they are prepared to offer every
inducement to buyers to make their purchases
without going farther thani Augusta. Within the
last few days they have been receiving and open
ing an usually large supply of Dry Goods of va
rious description, indicating, what wre believo is
the opinion of our merchants generally, thrat an
active business season is in prospect. Their
stock of goods for maen'swenr embhraees every.
thing from the commonest Kerseys to the finest
Cloths, while their assortmnt of~ prints anid .thie
staple articles of Fancy Goods are unsurpassed.
It would certainly be to the interest of~ our frienids
in the interior to give the house a call before go
ing farther.-Angusta Chronicle & Sentinel.
COARuTNESHtaP.-It may iinterest our brethren
of the press to know thait lDr. J. C. Ayer of Lowv
ell (Cherry Pectoral anid Cathartic Pills,) has as
sociated with him, his brother Frederick Ayer,
Msq., long aiid faivorably known as a leadiag
sejecIpnt of the West. Mr. Ayer will conduct
the widely ,egey~ed business of the firm, which
piow reacehes te tihe pougrripycecial nmations of both
bimispheres, while the Dqetqr .will qevote him
ielf to hiis seren'tif'e inv'estigationis an pur-s~its.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEI)NESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1858.
Our shout, it will be soon, is almost entirely occu
pied by iatters portaining to the complimentary din
ner of Thursday last. We give place with cheerful
ness, and will do so for & wok or two to comae, if
desired. After that, we shall find pleasure in pre
senting to our readers the different views of other
gentlemen upon some of the same political points
here held under discussion. .Atoli olteram. partamn.
The largest sweet potato of the season comes from
Mr. J. 11. SwaAnayu:x. It is a whopper.
Mr. J. 11. IoLL1UrWUotTI has our bot thanks for
that basket of one Lemon Peaches. It was one of
the richaot treats of the season.
The proprietors aof our drinking establishments,
with uost commendable propriety, clored their houses.
(in Thursday laat until after the political proceedings
of the day were over. It is a good exanple, which
deserves to be generally known. To this circuam
stance, the good order and harmony of the day were
doubtless owing in part. Let not the precodont be
TIIE POLITICAL LETTERS.
Several of the let ters ona our first page, it will be
observed, are of conasiderable length; and, queer
onough, the chief ones seem to be direelly levelled at
positions idlentical with thaase avowed by our Congrens
man in his speech at the barbeeno. For instance, he
clearly favors the co-operation of South Carolina with
the Democratic Party of tle country, to the extent or
sending delegates to the next Dniocratic Convention;
upon Which loaition, Ma. Umtxuo and Mr. Tua.or
WLL bring their whole artillery to hetr. Ile also
expresses a decided hope that DOGL. t will succeed
in lis present battle befure the people of Illinois;
while Mr. Tu.wAaaS1.r1. makes use (af a similar expres
sion of Mr. Speaker Onu to fulmuinato at that gentle
mian the epithets of "a traitor " and "' renegaalo."
General UouM1,1u also speaks in the highest terms of
the venerable statesman who now occupies the Presi
dential chair of tle Union ;--we think he spuku more
fully than appears in his .puach on that point-but
what is published is aMiaaly sufficient to show that ho
regards Mr. 1Utc:.x.ix at worthy the confidence of
the South ; Whereas Mr. Gnuaco sees in tihe Previ.
dent's whole course nothing to praise, but everything
to) condomn; anal even resmorts to a suppositions case
to convict hinm of tle grossest species of duplicity.
Indeed, it would seem that these letters and General
Do1mAu's views direrge na taoU, except as to his sin
gle vote on the Eaglish Conference Bill. When we
stay they thus diverge, retference is had to all present
As to the letter of Gor. ADAMs, it is taken up al
most entirely with the Slave Trade, which appears to
absorb the Governor's thoughts somewhat to the ex
elusion of other matters. We have no doubt the
Governor has this question deeply at heart, being
hona.tly convinced that it is a. uoet important one
for the interests of the South. But he certainly
goes much out of his way fur an argument when he
compares the fair, honest and humano nogro-tradors
of our suction to the negraa-stealors who visit the Af
ricana coast on missions of plunder anid robbery.
But we did naot design criticising the lotters in band.
It is naat amniss however, that we shoulad in a single
word express our disappointnment that Mr. Gnaco
still counsels 'isolation as the bost policy of our Stato;
nor can we but deeply regret Mr. TRADEnwEtt's tone
of severe censure towards Messrs Doyca, Ona and
others, for doing what they hold to ho their true duty
to South Carolina and the South. S
, ISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
p'- Mr. S. N. CARPUxtEa proposes to publish at
Anderson, S. C., a new paper under the title of the
"DBullar .Weekly Times," and has engaged the setrvi
ces of WAnnax D. Wuiats, Esq., as Editor. Mr. W.
is well known throughout the State as an able und
ready writer, and we have no doubt that, under his
mannagement, the Tinea will prove an excellent
.' The editor of the Dallas (Ala.) Gaaerte, mod
estly thus declines a conmnon title, 'Caolonel.' "Nov.
er having killed a rattlesnake, or been Aid to the
Governor, we have no claim to that title."
p' A lady describaing an ill-na'tured man says,
that, he never laughs but that he feels ashamed of it.
*t The crops generally promise well in New
England. Rye, oats, wheat-all cereals were never
W' The President has returned to Washington in
much improved health.
W Thme famous mansioan house, built for Gover
nor Bjraddock, in lo , of bsreks brought from Eng
land, is still standing in Bedford, Mass.
pr A Quaker having sold a hlne-kaoking, buit
blind horse, aked the purchaser: aa Well, may friend.
dust thou see any fault in hima " " No," was thae man
awer. "Neither will he see any in thee," said old
1W Ladies have generally a great fear of lighat
ning, and this has baeen superficially aserihaed to thaeir
natural timidity ; but thec truth is, it arises from thaeia
eaosciousness of being attractive.
E7 An effort is being made in Arkansas tao indunce
the Legislatura to compel the whole colored paapula
tion to leave the State.
p- A child was paoionead a few dnys ago, in
Chamnpion, Ohio, frmi eating a small piece of cobl':t
(Sr fly stonec, whlich hnamd been pina(cad on a tabale for the
purpose~ of destroying flies. Gireat enutioan should be
observed in the use of soch poisonous adruga.
Es Thac Lauronsvillo II/erahL stays they have not
had rain faar nine weeks, with the exception of two
alight showrers. Thec Ier-alal regrets to learn thaat thec
Hion. Daniel Wallace is still confinead to hais house,
from the attack of paralysis which he experienced
g;|W Correction does maucha, but encouragement
dloes mutch more ; encouruagenment after censure is as
the sun after a shmower.
At Captain lIasmj. Smecad, a practical printer, who
haad bgeen topapeated with the press for upwardls of
GO yetrrs-50 of which .scrp ypippt as editor and pub
lisher of a newspaper-died at Bath, Steuben county,
Now York, on Sunday last, aged 33 years.
pm The "homestead law," recently passed by thae
Minnesota Legislature, exemupts from sale by excea
tion a homestead of eighty acres, and one lot in a
town or city, with thec improvemnents on the same. '
ZAm The St. Louis Republican publishes a letter
giving an account of newly discovered gold regions
on the South Platte river, The irriter examined the
country for several miles round, and~ expresses the
opinion, thpt from $5 to $0 per day may he obtained
by several hundred men without further discoveries.
W~ The Charleston Courier notices a counterfeit
bill for $100, purporting to he of the Bank of Cam-~
den, South Carolina. The bill Is made up of parts of
three bills of adifferent banks, and is not very well ex
ecuted. The Bank of Camden does not issue hills of
!|" The New Orleans )'ienyune insists that as
adegs are property, no person or corporation has an
therity or righnt to poison or kill thew, any more than
they have authority or righat to kill horses oar comas.
3R7' The Tyler (Texas) Reporter of the 22nd uit.
says that Cul. Matt. Ward of Cass eo., has been ap
pointed by Governor Runnels, Unmited States Senator,
to till thme vactaney occasioned by the death of the la..
pD' Late news from Havana, says there is much
sickness prevailing at Havana, and no abatemnont of 1
the epaidemnie. Sugars were dull in consequence of I
the vioews of holders being above those of thne buyers.
pil Look out for a well gotten up gold dollar of
thme " bogus kind!," the result of the labors of an in
gentious crew of rascally counterfeiters in Massaehu
senn. Nom.. butstro. .ac. w..m .show.- deit.
TE DINNEK OF THURSDiY LAST--THE
SPEECH OF GENERAL- BONHA'--THE
'THE FEAST, &re., &re.
Thursday last was oniof'the most beautiful days
of theioason, and, as se$, .eminontly propitiour to
the dinner which then eamo off in the suburbs of our
village, complimental of our immediate Rlepresenta
tire in Congress, on. U. L. Doxnsi. The coneourse
of eitizens was largo and. respectable, numbering
:ume fifteen hundredpersons at i reasonable estimate.
Much of the worth, and virtue, and beauty, of our
distriet, was present; and'godd-feeling, heightened
by a disposition to enjoy the da, marked the occasion
Ub oro ad nula. Thenusiue -of two excellent bands
increased this disposition oecasionally.into a gal'a of
pleas.re ; And with all the influences combined, there
has seldom occurred a leene of festivity amongst-us
of more brilliancy, or *hieh left behind it more
At 11, o'clock, General J3o inx was ree.ived at
the speakers' stand, and was greeted by Major S. S.
TourKIXs, inlsubstaneea fsollows:
In a represcutagve dovernment, it is a privilege
the people claim that theliRepresentatives should,
from time to timd, givean exposition of their views
upon such topics as may agitAte the public mind.
The exercising of thin privilege in South Carolina,
is peculiarly agreeable, both to the Representative
and the constituency; fur it is our boast that we nev.
er discard a public servant fdr an error of judgoment
or for differences of opinion in matters of small mo
ment. We claim that'we look to the tenor ot his on
tire course, and that we tolerate all such errors and
difrerences of opinion. In consequence of this spirit
of toleration (which God grant may rver exist in our
State,) we never carry false. issues into our Congres
sional elections; and there Is no means by which the
constituency can indicate their opinion of the course
of their Representative but by public demonstrations.
We, Sir, do not merely tolrate your course during
the last socsion of Congress upon the English Confer
once Bill, the question of the sesion, as " an error on
the right side." We approve it. You, with one il
lustrious exception, alone-rwith a spirit above party
ties and party control-claimed of the North a direct
meeting of the issue presented, which involved a prin.
ciple of vast importance,ilthough it might have been
triviul in iti practical effeeti.
As an indication of. our approval, and of our
thanks for the honor reflected on us by your course
upon tkis measure, we havitendered you this festival.
At the close of these rdarks, the Goneral ascended
the rostrum amidst applause and proceeded to addross
thue assombly. We are liappy in being able to furnish
hie remarks from his'own manuscript, which he has
hurriedly, and he fears imperfectly, written out from
his notes, on the eve ofleaving for Laurens. He
spoko as follows :
FaL.Low-CmxUx's : I was prepared to thank you for
the demonstration of yo,ur kindness ovinced by this
public entertainment. But the complimentary man
ner of my reception, by this large concourso of my
fellow-citizens, far exceeds my expectations and fills
my bosom with emotions which I find no adequate
words to express. When I remembor too, that some
who join in this testimotial do not concur with me in
all the political views I amt known to entertain, that
testimonial, and your endorsement of my course, be
come peculiarly gratifying as proofs that you believe
I have conscientiously discharged my duty. I was
proceded as your Reprosentative by RonERT OODLOB
IlanPBR, WN. BUTLEn, JoHn C. CALHUN, ELDnrD
Simxxts, Guonos McDUFFIE, FaAxCs W. PICKE.,
-AnusmAn BUT and Passrox S. laooaS-a galaxy
of names which would reflect lustre on any constitu
ency-and the last of whom, though youngest in
years and service, had a hold, on the affections of his
constituents which few have equalled and nonoe'have
surpassed. Well then, might I feel anxious as to my
winning the approbation of a constituency whose
standard was furmed upon such illustrious examples,
and cold indeed would be the heart that could he in
sensible to this mark of your approbation under such
The pecople of Kansas determined in 1858, in favor
of calling a Convention. Accordingly in June 1857,
delegates were elected. The Black Republicans re
fused to vote; and by 'the well-understood laws of
populae(Ieecton loiwerebound by the decision of
those ahodid .i'Fh Couventiiassembled and
adopted a Pro slavery Constitution. The slavery
clause was submitted to a popular vote, 21st December,
1857-that clanse being the real bone of contention in
Kansas. Some of the Black Republicans again
stayed away from the polls. The Constitution was
therefore fairly and legallf adlopted. Appended to
the Constitution and adopted in the sanoe mann~r, but
no part thereof, was an Ord~nance In which it Is as
sumed that Kansas will have the right to tax the pub
lie lands of the United States, and in which it la pro
posed to surrender that right in consideration that
the United Staten shall give her twenty millions acres
of public lands, all Salt Springs, and Gold and other
Mines, &c. On the 2nd February, 1858, the Presi
dent transmitted the Constitution to the two Houses,
with a message setting forth its mode of adoption,
giving a history of the Kansas troubles, and ,rorny
recommending the admissI'on of Kansas under it-the
Lecompton Constitution. In the mean time, on the
reading of the President's Message at the opening of
the Session, a fire was opened on the Lecompton Con
stitution by Mr. Douos..aas in the Senate, and Mr.
Cox of Ohio in the House, which after Ihn lat Janua
ry, was steadily kept up till the 1st A pril. On the
18th February, the Senate Bill was introduced which
provided for the immediate admission of Knnsas with
the Pro-slavery Leconmpton Constitution, refusing its
asent to the Ordinane, but declaring the willing
ness of Congress that Kansas should have the same
grants as those 'made to Minnesota, which are much the
esr. as those finally tendered in the Conference Dill.
The Senate Bill passed that body 23.rd March, amended
ly the objectionable Green Pugh Amundnnt-as
muilk and water recognition of the right of the pecople
of Kansas to reform their Government when they
pulease, lbut disclaiming all right on the part of Con
gres, to declare the construction oif a State Constitu
tion, &c.; and made endurable by these qunalinientions.
On 1st April, the House adopted the Crittunden-Mont
gomery Amendment, thu joint production of Mr.
Cnvzrxosx of the Senate, and Mr. MoNTaoxrnr of
the House, in lien of the Senate Dill-the 22 Doug
Ian Democrats of the North voting for it. It admits
Kansas in the terms usual in the admission of ncw
States. Bet eflirming that there was net a fair sub
mission it therefore provides directly for a re-sub
mission if the Lecompton Constitution to a popular
vot.,, and if that shall be rejeted, the people may call
a Convention and form another' Constitution, which
the Bill requires also shall be submitted to the pee.
ple, and that this new Constitution without being sent
to the two Houses of Congress, may be adopted by
proclamation of the President. Tpe Senato disa
greed. The liouse adhered to its a~gendluym. The
Conferene Committee, at, the Instance of the Senate,
wan appointed on the 23d April, reported the Dill
salled the Confereneo Committee or English Dill,
which admits Kansas in the usual words ; hut goes on
to make provisions which will appear sufficiently in
The feature in the Crittonden-Montgomery Amend
asent, admitting Kansas by proclamation of the Pros
ident on her new Constitution, without Its being sub
uitted to Congress, is peculIar to itself and in direct
riulation of the Federal Constitutiop, which provides
lhnt " New States may be adlmitted lby the 4longress,
uto this Union," and provides no other mad.
The Crittendon-Montgomery Amendment and the
Donfonce Bill, both ?bandon the State Rights
ground, that the State Convention of Kansas had the
-ight to submit the Constitution or not, ably main.
:ined in the discussions in the Senate, by the whole
Democratic psrty in -Congress for four months, with
st a dissenting voice--the Douglas Democrata ex
opted ; and submit each to the people-the one di
cetly, the other virtually-the Lecompton Constitu
ion for ratification or rejetion. One need not go be
rond the Conference Bill itself- to see this as to that
neasure. The first clause provides that "the ques.
ion of adssisson, with the following proposition in
ieu of the Ordinance framed at Lecompton, be sub
nitted to a vote of the people," and gees on to give
he amended Ordinane, restricting Kansas to 4,000,.
>00 acres of land, Ac. Can any thing be meant
han admIssion under thel Lecompton Constitution ?
iurther, if it. wan not intended' to submit back the
inestles of admission nder the Lecompton Conastitu.
the amended Ordinance It so many words for aecep
tanes or rejection ? The Bill also goes on to provide
for the formation by the people of Kansas of another
Constitution, if the "proposition" should be rejected.
How could this be if the Bill did not contemplate sub
mitting the Constitution virtually for ratification or
Mr. EXcsusi, the author of the Conference Bill,
fore-shadowed that Bill in his speech of 9th March,
on the Senate Bill, when he said, the "people ought
to ratify, or at least, have a fair opportunity to vote
upon the Constitution." Ills construction of the Bill
was also indicated beforo the Conference Committee,
when according to a biographical sketch of him which
appeared about that time, he said, "he had a plan in
his mind based however upon the priaciple of a sub.
mission of the question of admission under rhe-Le
conmpton Constitution, and an amended ordinance to a
fair vote of the people of Kansas." And when asked
by Mr. MARSAL.L On the floor of the House, "wheth
or he understan s the Bill as the gentleman from
Georgia, (Mr. Saruass,") who denied the su.mis
sion, he replied,-the gentleman "is competent to
judge what the meaning of the Bill is." Mr. Cox,
Mr. Gnosaes: and Mr. LAWRENCE of Ohio, Doug
las Democrats, said, each on the door of the House,
that they regarded it in efect, a submisrion of the
Constitution; and Mr. L.twauxez said, "without so
understanding it," "he never would have voted for
it." Gan. McQuiam of this State frankly admits that
the Bill "in ofect, does indirectly refer back to the
people of the Territory,. the question whether they
will come into the Union with the Locompton Con
stitution." And, lastly, the result,-the propesition
has been rejected by 9,500 votes-settles the construe
tion of the Bill. It is difficult to understand how
there could be two opinions.
If the Conference Bill did virtually re-submit the
Constitution, it is as obnoxious on that point as the
Crittenden-Montgoinery Amendmont. One does in
directly what the other does directly. It Is in both
a palpable violation of the Kansas Nebraska Act,
which leaves the people of a State, in adopting their
Constitution, "free to form and regulate their domes
tic institutions in their own way." A Convention is
the embodied sovereignty of the people, and-no re
striction being imposed by the people themselves
speaking their sovoreign voice, may or not submit
their Constitution before admission, and the Federal
Government has no right to make It an oljectiox to
admission, or to send it back to the people of the
State if not submitted. Such unauthorized action
ruthlessly overrides the legal action of the Convention,
and Is a dangerous attack upon the sovereignty of
By accepting the Conferenco Bill, we give up the
only territory North of 36* 30', which can ever be
slave territory. It i6 suppos.d that Kansas would
not have continued a slave State-evea admitted under
the Senate Bill. It does not follow that the people
would have amended the Constitution and have abol
ished slavery once established. She stands on the
same base line 30 30, with Missouri-and according
to General ATCmIsoN, one of the best Informed men
of that country, was well adapted to slavery. The
ratio of -increase among the slaves of Missouri during
the first decade of years after admission was 40 per
cent. more than among the whites; whilst for the ten
years preceeding, the difference was but 14 per cent.
Capital invested in slaves is timid, so easily is it lost
and so uncertain is its fate in A Territory. Admit.
ted with the Locompton Constitution, owners with
their slaves would probably have soon begun the
occupation of the fertile land of Kansas. With the
example of Missouri beforo usit may well be ques.
tioned whether Kansas would not have continued a
BuI, even should she have become a free State the
day after her admIssion, there was involved " a prin.
ciple of vital importance," and we have a right ta
have had it maintained by admission. It is no an
swer to say that the States would not have acted.
Each should have been left to speak for Itself. The
people in some of the Southern States might possibly
have been found in advanca of their leaders.
The view, that under the Senate bill, Kansas might
have InsIsted upon the unreasonable Ordinance, never
occurred to any mind before the defeat of that bill.
That bill was supposed to he all we could wish ; It was
never questiojied that Kansas, as did California, un
der somewhat similar circumstances, would abandon
her preposterous claim. It was not questioned by
any one, that if admitted under the Senate BIll, the
Legislature would at one assemble, and send their
Senators to take their seats-and I do not doubt it.
And can it be controverted that they would then have
been in, under the terms of the Senate Bill, their Or
dinanco a dead letter ? And who believed then or doca
mow that they would have had the effrontery to set
up a claim to more land than we were willing to give
The Senate Bill admitted the State at once. Both
the Crittenden-Montgomery Amendment, and Con
ference Bill purported to admit hut did not in reality.
The two latter also provide for the admission ofa
Slave State. This is claimed as a triumph on our part.
It is a most barren vietory in the case of the Confer.
ence Bill, and would have been no better in the case
of the Crittenden-Montgomery Amondmcnt. The
Black Bopublicans suppiorted that feature as a con
ccssion to thme Southern Know Nothing and Douglas
Democrats, to detach themi from the support of the
Senate Dill, knowing that if they could get the Le
compten Constitution again before the Black Repub.
liea in Kansas, It would meet the doom it has ro
eiveud under the Conference Bill.
If the Conference Bill be a'better Dill than the
Senate Bill I ought to have supported it, but not so
regarded, I could not. A distinguished member from
Tennessee, Col. Savage, has said before his constitu
ents, that "lhe had voted for the English Dill as he
haul for the Compromise measures of 1850, not that
it was the thing lhe wanted, but that it was the best
that could he done under the circunmstanees." And
so said many others at the timie, who reluctantly ye.
ted for it. The P'resident, althnugh anxious for its
passage when the Senate Bill was defented, certainly
did not regard it an a bectter measure.
Time does not allow mae to go further into the ob
jections to the Conforonce Bill. I have the satisfac
inn of having been sustained in moy views by one
whom you have long honored, and whose memory
you willoever reverence, and who, when the Palnetto
Flmag was planted on the Garita of Belin, stood
shouldor to shoulder in its defence with your Monuro
NE, your BLOCKEn, your (Gooze, your CnoomzEa and
your Lvtas,-nanges which have a plneo in o:.o of
the brightest pictures on the rolls of fame.
The Lecompton Constitution has been defeated.
The question now presents itself, will tho 93,000 pop
ulation restriction be respected ? I did not support
the measure but I will join heartily with those who
did, In exacting a compliance with Its provisions.
Presses at the North, and the Black Republicans
pgrprbliero are taking the ground that the Act must
be repealed and that jgansas must be admitted next
winter, under some properly prepared Constitution,
even without the 93,000 Foderal population. It would
be an indignity to the South, little less in magnitude
than tho rejection of a Slave State. Gov. DEzevIa
may not convene the Legislature. If so, a Constitu
tion can not well be gotten up regularly for the next
Session, as the Legislature does not hold its regular
Sppon till January. I am sure no such irregular
ouatitution as the Topek~a will be accepted. Wenpce
the ipplication any pp. hs mnade this Session. If it
is, ora sih to repeal t4s ;est~iction shoul4 be intro
duced the member who votes to r.opeal it, having rotp4
for tko restriction last winter, deserves the execration
of the entire country. I will vote with the frIends of
the Bill against the repeal at any time. And I will
cheerfully support a general law to the same effect.
The course of President Buchanan last winter, afterI
tro disissal of Walker, was all the South could ak
is firm but dignified course on the question with
England, as to the exercise of the right of search,
brought that question to a peaceful and satisfactory
termination. With all the difficulties in his way, by
bis promptness and firmness, he brought the Mormon
iffiulties to a most happy conclusion without blood.
The election for Senator in Illinois excites general
nterest. Could Judge Breese, who is said to be an
pdmnstratisn Lecompton Democrat, be elected, it
night be desired. But running two democratic tick
its before the people may give the Black Itepublicans
im...ority4.on joint ballot or the TLeilature. As bek
tween a blackRepublican, who says all free States,
and down with the Supreme Court and the Dred
Scott decision, and Judge bouglait, who, however
wrong he was on the Kanssas questit n, manfully
opposes those views, we can b-it prefer the suG:
cese of the latter.-The Black Republican party
proper is one of the'best organized, and most daugo.
roar parties which has ever arisen in our country. It
has sustained a temporary check in the defeat of Fro
mont and Is not so strong as in '6, but lot no one do.
spise its power. It furnishes the rallying point for
all the isms-the odds and ends of the broken down
parties, old lineWhigs, Know Nothings, and disaf
feeted free soil Democrats; and may yet some day ae
quiro the power which will break up this Government.
I do not believa they can carry the fall elections, and
had Judge Douglas and his party not parted compa
ny with the Democracy and the Administration, they
could not have made an impression in 1860. I be.
Heve as matters stand, they may be defeated in 1860.
Their policy indicates towards the South the bitterest
hostility. The declaration of Mr. Seward of blew York
-the ablest of their leaders-that he hopes to live to
see the day when the foot print of a slave shall not bo
seen on this continent, indicates more than a mere
desire to prevent slaves going into the territories.
Their programme as set forth by their accredited presses
viz: No more slave States, the abolition of the Supreme
Court and reversal of the Dred Scott decision, prohi
bition of the Slzve Trade between the States, the
keeping the Southern States In the Union by force, if
we should attempt to secede in defeacs of our institu
tions, repeal of the fugitive slave law, and the prohi
bition of slavery in the Territories ly Congress, show
how dangerius would be power in their hands. I do
not understand Gov. HAMMOND to recommend, should
they elect the President in '60 that the South should
not dissolve the Union, but to express a doubt whether
they would. It would scarcely, be compatible with
the dignity or the safety of the South to remain ; and
I believe that the election of such a man as SawnAD,
HAL, CH as and others of the same stripe, after the
declarations they have made on the goor of Congress
Indicating the above' programme, I care not what
programme they may adopt, for the occasion,-would
show such a purpose on the part of the North, to
degrade us, that the Union would notlast a day. The
electric spark which convoys that intelligence ought
to be and will be the silent death signal of this Con
federacy, come when It may.
I have a high estimate of the judgment of our
distinguished Senator, Gov. HAxxOND, and hnceo am
reluctant to differ with him; but I confess to my
mind there. is a marked distinction now, as over, be
tw-en "States Rights" and "National Domocrats."
National Democrats look to National parties and the
General Government for the protection of the rights
of the people and States-" States Rights Demo
crats" look to the States themselves. We will have
profitted little by the teachings of the immortal
CALnOUN, who has since the days of Jzransox
done more than all others to preserve that doe
trino in its purity, if we cease to maintain the
distinction./ The former cupported the protective
Tariffs of 1828, 1832 and 1842, and will advocate a
protective Tariff next winter. It is said they in
Pennsylvania are now demanding protection for Iron.
They advocated the proclamation and Force Bill-the
latter opposed them. Many unconstitutional meas
ures whose tendency was to increase the power of
the Federal Government and weaken that of the
States, has been advocated by the one-opposed by the
other,-certainly since 1828.
Having voted for VAx Bunax electors In the Leg
islaturo of 1840, and sustained overy Democratic nomi
nee for the Presidency since, even when TAYLOn Dem
cracy ran high, I thiuk I can notbe charged with
injustice in the views I shall give you as to tio course
I think we should pursue. There are now but two
large parties in this Confederacy, the Democrats and
Black Republicans-all others affiliate with one or
t'ao other. Whilst I recommend that we s'hall act
with the Democratic party so long as It Is true to the
Constitutional rights of the South, I earnestiy pro.
test against our being abesorbed In the National Dem
oeratic party. It Is an important error into which
we are-prona to fall that the rights of the South are
now respected, and that we are Indebted to the Demo
cratic party for all that is accomplished. The Demo
cratic party gave us the Fugitive Slave Law,-but
that Is a dead letter. Soon after its passage amaster,
in attempting to reclaim his Slaye in Pennsylvania,
lost his life. The recovery of Axvnoxv BuaNe, in
Boston, cost the Government many thousands of dul
lars. If a master recovers his fugitive Slave and
escapes wIth his own life, it costs more than the
Slave is worth at home. FRED DouGtAs said tbe
other day, at a Convention at Poughkeepsie, In New
Ysrk, giving an account of " what he knew about the
under ground Rail Road," "that there had been
sixty runaway Slaves, mainly from Maryland and
Delaware, pass through his house during the past
The Missouri Compromise has been repealed; but
we have lost our rights in Kansas in a House of
Representatives with a large Democratic majority.
Moreover, these Inconsiderable advantages have been
obtained at a dear price-the loss to the South of
California, and the Abolition of the Slave Trade in
the District of Columbia,-two acts of unmitigated
injustice to the South, and against which I~m proud
tosay every member from this State voted. Whilst the
Democratie party passed the Compromise of 1833, it
nevertheless has put upon the country every Tariff of
protection sine 1824. Whatever position of advan
tage the South has, the States Rights party of the
South has soecured it to her. It was that party which
rescued Alabama and Mississippi, after the Califoruis
robbery, and its influence procured the Georgia Plat
form. It was the State Rights party of the South
which secured the rccognition of the Statcs Right,
doctrines contained in the National Democratic P'lat
form of 1852 and 1858.
Nevertheless, since the failure of the State to se
cede in 1852, I have been of opinion, and see nothing
to change It now, that we should act, when we can,
with the Democratic party ; and for these reasons :
The two great parties are becoming daily more sec
tional. Among the Northern Democrats there are
inany tried and true men to the Constitution and the
rights of the South. Such men should be "grappled"
to us " with hooks of steel." The others are nearer
to us than the enemy. Having failed to secede alone
in 1852, we should now act with the States Rights
parties in the other Southern States, among whom
are to be fouwid as strong States Rights men as there
are in this State. They act with the Democratic par
ty. We will thus more readily secure the proper con
crt when the occasion arises for the Stat-s to inter
pose their sovereignty for the protection of their rights.
The Democratic party is now chiefly in the South,
only threo large Northern States at the last Presiden
tial election having voted for a Democratic candidate.
The States Rtights element In the Southern Demo
ratic party is a strong and growing element, and If
we can ever preserve our rights in the Union it must
le b~y that oleppent's controlling the Democratic party
of the country. If wp fail to presrvwur rights in
the Union,. anid are constrained to try It out, we will
the better accomplish that end by now making com
mon cause with these who feel and act with us.
I therefore think our true policy is to mn'et them In
Convention, but pould recommend, In doing so, that
we should not compromise a single States Rights
principle. If the eisment adverse to the rights of the
states sh4ould preyail again, as it once did, wo could
but rptprq to the atttpde we then occupied.
lnteptajing tlose vipws. Fellow-CItizens, I feel
it due to make them known to you; and have only
to say, In conclusion, that the great CALIOUx,
whilt~ivng, taught us that upon the preorva
tion of the rights of the States depended the preser
ation of our liberties. And, now that he Is gone,
he light to our paths is derived from his works.
Guided by this light, and the best judgment which
nture has endowed me with, I shall go straight for
ard in that course which I shall believe to be the
est for my constituents, and "leave the consequen
es to God."
At the conclusion of the speeh, many sentiments
f which were received with high appreciation, the
ompany moved off, at the sound of music, to the
mple feast provided for the occasion. There was an
bundance of every thing needed, and all seemed to
partake to their complete satisfaction. While the
..entleen..ne .up..o..n Sa.o. ..u..nt.ath azm
appetites, the ladies were very properly seomodae
with an elegant table, or set of tables, laden with a
variety of edibles adapted to their everysaste.
After dinner, some letters were read at-the stand;
And by 5 o'clook, P:M., the whole assembly had is
persed, the day having been marked throughout by
a propriety and decorum seldom surpassed.
- At night, th's young people, with a sefllent sprink.
ling of the grey heads, re-convened ab'asonle 31al1,
for the Danes. We were not present, but learn that
the evening was a charming one; and this testimony
comes not from one or two only, but from all we have
seen who were present.
All together, tie festivitie o'Thursda'y were a
handsome compliment to our new Congressman, and
should (*b wi doubt not It will) stimulate hin to nqu
tiring exortion In the politieal arena upon whihe he'
has now entered.
DEATH OP A PRINTER.
We regret to learn from the fqpiping, taken from
the Italeigh (N. C.,) Regieter, that N. G. Bnooxs,,a'
printer, well-known in this place, Is .no more. Se
died in Raleigh, aftera brief Illness, on the 28th
August last, in the 31st year of his age. The Register
- The deceased was a native of Chatham County, it.
C., but was well known to the craft throughout the
South, as well as North Carolina, being possessed of 0
roving disposition and a love of travel. In 1847, he
wont as a volunteer in the N. C. Regiment to Mexleo,
where his wit and gol humor rendered him a naiver.
He was not without his faults, but be had many
good traits of character, and let us cast the mantle of
charity over his errors and remembdr only his better
Some three week o, he returned to this tity. and
though he had nolftlatife here to fan his fevered
'brow, or speak one wot of consolation or Aympathy,
in the trying hour of death, hewas not uneared fo.
ior the Advertiser.
In reply to the card of Mr. Guonos GArsu, in
your last issue, I will simply say, that Iam In posses.
slon of Mr. GALPXn's acount passed on the Arst
Monday in August last, for $1L5, as stated In my
It is true that Mr. GA.purx has not recolved the
money, and from the simple fact that ie has not ap
plied for it. It-has been in my hande subjiet to his
order over since last November. 6f course, my busi.
ness is-to pay over the money when applied' for, and
not to hunt up the Teachers to receive their duis.
I hope this explan ation will satisfy Mr. GAirnm.
The original acceount'is subject to pbblircIspec
tion. ' Respectfully,.
x. T. WRidIT.
FRoM U-rA.-By the arrival of the*milD
from Salt Lake City, we have received dates
one wedk later from Utah-to July'30. The
latest news from the camp of the army is to the
23d ultimo. Preparations for th'd' Tirritdrial
election were going forward in Utah, -and the
Gentile residents were to vote on an- indepen
dent ticket for candidates to fill the officet ndw
occupied by members of the Mormon, ' rt
hood. A " fusion" ticket for Territorial and
County officers had been put in nomination in
Salt Lake City, the more liberal and influential
Mormons being placed on the ticket with Gen
tile candidates. Politics were quite lively at
the-date of our last advices. emdiation of
the Mormon currency-the notes of the "Des
eret Currency Association"-was thelast move
ment of the Mormon leaders, and the effect of
the measure was great dissatisfaction ameng the
people, - the. Gentile storekeepers' refusing to
receive the notes, which formerly passed durunt
in payment for trade. The recent rumor that
Brigham Young and a few of lis friends hid
fled from the Territory, is corrected~ Brigham
left the city for a pleasure excursion but had
returned. From the army, at Camp Flywe
learn that the Volunteer Battalion hdbeen
dismissed, and left on the 19th nIt., for 'Fort
Leavenworth, where it is to be disbanded. An
army order, issued by General Johdiaton, speaks
in complimentary terms of the offiers audnmen
of this battalion. Another order disconnects
the battalion of mounted -riflemen -and the
Third Infantry from Gen. Johnston's~ command,
and ordere those corps to Newr Mekico. The
army remaning In camp was in ercelisat con
- Nzw Yona, 8etubrf.
RIOT at STATEN IsLAND.-On Wednsa
night, a mob of about one thousand armed men
destroyed a portion of the quarantine buildings'
at Staten Island, and the rensinder, including
the cottages and five dwellings of the health
officers, were burnt bythe incendiarles.
On Thursday night the female hospital, con
taining seventy-five patients, was burnt. The'
patients were removed into the open air, and
three of the poor creatures died from expsre.
A guard of marines was sent down, for te pro
tection of the Government property.
POnT RIOvAL RArLROAD.-We see by the
Charleston Mercurg that Col. George P. Elliott
is to address the people of Barnwell district at
various points, on the subject of the Port a
The project of this rqad is to put Augusta In
contact with the deep water of Por-t Royal
harbor, by a road estimated at one hundred a~d
ten miles in length.
It will appear that this project is one of/'some
moment to the city of Augusta, and w~ hope
that public attention will be called to this jaat
FATAL AccInEN.-Peter Wallae living In 7
Kanawh'a county, Vs., died In a well on. the 24c
inst.. from the mephitic air therein. Relost
his lire by going Into the well to rescuie another
man who was overcome by the fout air. The
rescue was effected, but before the i'ope could
be let down again Wallace himself was dead.
J. DEN~rs.-The marsaparilla manufactured
by him is so superior, that he is kept busy in
in filflng orders from the North and South. The
reputation he has gained for the manufacture of
this article is well earned, and if industry, and.
care in its preparations will maintain its p resent
reputation, DEuNs' Georgia Sarsaparilla will
continue to be tought after by invalids.-Au
A R EnEDY.-A child was bitten in the neighbore
hood, on the 20th instantb a pilot snake, which
is as poisonous as any reptile. The child,- how- -
ever, is now considered out of danger. The rem.
edy used is aplant, known as "Gaul of the Earth."
It was bruised and applied to the part bitten as -
well as inwardly. Whiskey was also administered.
THE Onors.-We have recently had occasion to
visit various portions of our District, and we re
gret to state that the Cotton crop, we -think has
been materially in'ur~ed by the drought. In many
sections the pla has ceased to g 'w and the
yugfruit is ri''ay falling frmte stalk.2 -
We have also har many ofbe paters 'coin
plain of rii -.lbvjle anne1' 2iga).
GJinmrqs LEFT 11 HpnE.-Uon. Jggbua l.
Giddings, after twent years, unintertuptedl anji
consecutive service in h e House of Representa
tives, has at last been droppe by his republican .
constituents. The telegraph app *ed us a few
day ago that the old veteran is to heleft at home
and a Mr. Hutchings sent to Washington in his
stead. The retirement of Icr. Giddings from the
political stage, and the reappearance of Mr. Cors
win upon it, are very significant political events,
when taken together. The pwer of the old ab:
Dlitionl dlynary hstas y lininQlp
liasts as a State.-,The Uuioq, also., it; r
y oteNwYork Times, gives views of the
ana qston as follows:
"The Legislature will meet-on the sAmt Mon
day in January next. Granting that it shall-au
thorize the election of a convention, It will re
quire more than a month and a half to notify
the election, to go through withit, gtthe returns,
and decide upon them, organise te convention,
deliberate frame a constitution, publish it to the
elcalanother election to ratify and confirm
being favorable, send frward all the papejrs- to
(ones, befr the session closes.
" e votes cast at the recent election indicate
hat there is now a opulatiou in the '
rery nearly apahng seventy-Eve .t
which the conmng season will'run up h4 e
the representative ratio of 'irehbi~
thus mmouin all obetoato thi4iasin
Kansas by tienext . "ss .