Newspaper Page Text
- We will cling to the Pillars o the Temnple of Ertes, and it it must fall,
SINKIN8, DUR190E &CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C.,. iEMBER 15,15.0- -""
THE BONHAM DINiNE.I1
LETTERS FRO[ IlSTINGUISIED GENTLEMEN.
In response to ie invitation of the Comm ittee to
attend the complimentary Dinner gicen to our
e.presentative, the lon. M1. L. BoNixA, at
. S. C., on the 2nd September.
CHARLEsTox, August 20, 1858.
Gentlemen: I have received the invitation
with which you have honored me, to the din
ner to be given to the Hon. M. L. Bosnaxr, by
the citizens of Edgefield, on the 2d of Septem
It would be very agreeable to me to attend.
Edgefield is associated with very pleasant
memories. Some of the happiest of my youth
ful days were spent as a schoolboy in your
beautiful town. There I first knew your dis.
tinguished Representative, and the foundation
of a friendship was laid, which has experienced
no other chango than that of the enthusiam of
youth to the more chastened sentiment of ma
turer years. The District is cherished too in
my best affections, as the birth place and home
of my family, many of whom are beneath the
soil they laid down their lives to defend. I
need not go beyond your Committee, Gentle
men, for the names of those whose ancestors
with mine, experienced the sharp struggles of
the Whigs and Tories of the Revolution. Many
a green mound marks their resting place, though
their names fill no page of history.
I regret however that I will not be ible to
be with you. In every position in which I
have known Gen. BoN1.ut, in peace and in war,
in the council and the field, he has been fully
up to the strictest requirements of duty. In his
Congressional career he has exhibited the same
high qualities, which in the responsible, civil
and military positions he has filled, have coin
manded respect and confidence of all. Nothing
therefore would be more agreeable to me than
to unite with you in this demonstration of re
gard an4 estpem.
As I fillio publicstation, I attribute yodr re
petbranceof 'me tp my friendship for your Rep
pesentative. I valus it the inre for that reasoi.
This fact however would veent me from the
obligation which custom iposes, of expressing
an opinion upon public atrhirs. Dut although
a private citizen, I am not without a deep inter
est in the welfare of the State aid the South,
It belongs to those of greater ability and moro
familiar with politics to adviso with you upun
the events now agitating the country. Upon
your public men, whose course necessarily in
fluences the issues before us, devolves the re
sponsibility of telling you how to meet them.
You have committed your interests to their
keeping, and theirs is the duty of preparing you I
for the conflict. It would be very gratifying if I
I could share the hopeful feeling lately exhibi
ted by many public men and presses of the
South. As an observer, removed from active c
participation in current events, I am unable to a
perceive that improvement in public affairs by
which others are Inspired. If the fanatics are I
less aggressive-with energies less stimulated c
by the public sentiment around them than for
merly-if there are any stronger grounds for
expecting Constitutional guaranties to be re
stricted hereafter, than they have heretofore
been, I can not perceive them. On the contra
ry, I think this aggressive spirit will be more
fully put forth in the Presidential struggle of I
1860 than it was in 1856, and with greater pro- t
bability of success. -We are in the miqdle of
he sulentimi'term T" p b qqopagatiYe cali, t
inotig preparation, may lull us into a sense d
of security-but it will deceive us. Not an
element of strife heretofore present, will be
wanting Many not before known; or else iiii
perfectly organized and little felt, will be added. e
In the accumulating tide of public sentiment at i
the North, a tide which has had no ebb, we
wjill enounter perils which no party can resis n
Such at ast are miy opinions. I acted upon
them in 1851, and many acted with me who
seem hopeful now-but were hopeless then. I t
have ceased to hope for redress in the Union- C
and those who are of my opinion and are un- ~
willing to be recognized as unequal--must louk
for redress out of it. I can then but deplore the
policy which counsels'io much patient phuiloso
phty in our difficulties. It is calculated to lower
the tone of our people. To convince a man
that his position is inevitable, is at once to set
him about making it as endurable as possible.
To persuade cur people that the Union must
last-nay, that their wrongs may bepedressed in
It,'is to familiarige'them to its contmiuance-thie
pelt and pasy stpp is to bp recqnciled to it.
w~iish nq symph trgep. I prefer a egrdjal responsp
'to the Macedonian cry " come over andl help us,",
of our young Sister Alabama. Ddlenda as Car-|I
thagro. I know no other motto for the South. i.
1' have the honor to be gentlemen, with the v~
highdat respect, your obe't serv't.(
WM. E. MARTIN. i
Messrs S. S. Tompkins, Emmet Seibels, J. B.s
Griffin, Loudon Butler, J. W. Hill, Commit
CuAnzrLs-rON, August 27, 1858.
Gentlemen: Your polite invitation of 10th
inst., to attend a public dinner to be given to
lion. M. L. Bosun, on 2d Sept., reached me
two days ago. I pray you will accept my cor
dial acknowledgments for the courtesy you
have extended me. Circumstances of a domes
tic nature prevent me from leaving home at
that time, and will debar inc from attending at
Most cordially concurring in sentiment with <
your immediate Representative, lion. Md. Ls.
BoMHAM, both in his expressed views, and in his
vote upon the recent Bill in Congress, I do feel
that from the people of South Carolina lie hasi
earned the meed of " well done good and faith
'Thaf, others, of our delegation in Congress
differed frord him in vote'and dpinion, does 'miot
surpi-ise me-our delegation isI believe, eirnest
ld 4voted to the interest and honor of the
tats, bmlt men honestly 'differ in theip opinions
lw that is best to be expressed; and I respect
the honest Alifterence from mry confidence pa
their opinions and honesty. Concurrig'however
in the sentiments of Mr. BosnIAS, you wvil'
please permit me to express it in the following
Hion. M. L. Bonham.-His expressed views
and'vote'on the late Kansas Bill make his a it
exponent of the old Nipety-Six District. H~on
estly diffefiog (rgr'n hnest colleagues-his vote
ineilts the oilinIons of those devoted to Stt
Rights and Southern views. liis colleagues
diilfering in their views as to policy, yet agree
ing with him in principle, are also entitled to
the warm sympathy and confidence of their
constituents. Their principles are one, their
views of policy differ. Conf idlence in the integ
rity of the delegation and forbearance to differ
ing views of policy, entitle the whole delega
tion to the confidence of their constituents.
To those agreeing with Mr. BosnAx in his views
of policy, his principle award him the meed of
I am gentlemen, with much respect,
Your obe't serv't.
* WILMOT G. DESAUSSURE.
MessrnS. S. Tompkins, Emmet Seibels, J. B
Orifina, Loudon.Butler and J7. W. Hill, Corn
UNIoN, C. Hf., August 23d, 1858.
Gentiemen: Your polite invitation to be pres
ent on the occasion of a dinner to be given to
IIon. M. L. BouN IIAM, at Edgefield Court House,
on the 2d September next, has just been re
ceived; and I regret exceedingly that business
engagements, which cannot be postponed, will
prevent me from being present, and participa
ting in doing honor to your distinguished guest.
There is no man in South Carolina, I have a
higher regard fur personilly, and whose whole
public course come nearer meeting my approba
tion. Lately, Gen. QUrrAN and himself, had
a proud pre-eminence in the South-. Now, Gen.
BoNita! stands alone, u-pon a principle, self
poised, with conscious integrity of purpose, and
above the shafts of ciluny and detraction.
You do well, gentlemen, to honor your Rep
resentative, especially when we behold on every
side, such "ground and lofty tumbling," such
great love for the Union suddenly springing up;
and suoh new born zeal to serve the iational
Democratic partlj. Think God! we have afew yet
who have not bowed the knee to Baal; and, as
a noble specimen of that nuniber, allow me to
name in the subjoined sentiment,
Co'. Maxey Gregg-The College boy, " with
out fear and without reproach"l-the man, high
toned, chivalrous and just-the soldier, brave
and generous-the politician, honest and incor
ruptible. May he live to be properly apprecia
ted and suitably rewarded.
With great respect and esteem I remain,
WM. iI. GIST.
To Mes.srs S. S. Tompkins, Enimet Seibels, J.
B. Griffin, Loudon Butler and J. W. Hill,
Cutninr.ss C. II., Ala., Aug. 26th, 1858.
Gentlemen: Your polite favour of the 10th
inst., inviting tne to be present at a dinner, pro
posed to be given to the Hon. M. L. BoxrNirA,
on the 2d Sept., by his immediate constituents,
was received a short time since.
Were it in my power, it would gye ine great
pleasure, to accept the invitation, and joh with
you in doing hofiol to yogir ablp, trgep and faith
ul Iepresentative, whoi so highly Psteem,
pid regard well worthy of the conti4ence re
piused iin hitw by an intelligent constituency.
Xot being able to be present with you on
thbat occasiul, you will neverthless permit tie
tie pleasing privilogo of bearing testiniony to
1 e.Xcellency of charncter, ability of in4,
mOd faithfuless o' conduct on the part of your
Representative duiing tho past Session of Cou
I am not naistaken, in the belief that he pos
esses those high qualifications which eminently
it him for the discharge of the duties of his
ost, and which well merits your continued con
In public life, he ill meet fully, the just ex
,etations of an intelligent constituency, and if
untinued in yuur service, do honor to himself,
nd the people he represents.
You will please accept of my thanks for the
tonor of your invitation, and believe me sin
erely, Your most obe't serv't.
J F. DOW DELL.
S. Tompkins E.qr., and others, Cominmittee.
Aenirr.x, Miss., 25th August, 18.58.
Gentlemen: I had the honor to receive your
etter of invitation to a dinner to be given by
e citizens of E.lgetield District, of S
arolina', to theii-' immediate Itepresentative,
he lIon. 31. L. BoN.r, on Thursday the :21
ay of September next.
Now, gentlemen, this invitation flitters ine.
nid if it were possible, I would honor it. 1
iould very much like to attend sonic such oc
tsion in the gallant State of South Carolina,
where deeds are nobly done;" and it would
e especially pleasing to in to contribute, by
ly presence, to do honor to your talented and
igh-souled litepresentative, for whom I have
[e highest appreciation. Business eingagenment ,
f anl imperious nature, will prevent ine from
For this kind notice of mec I shall ever feel
Accept imy highest considerations and regardI
I have the pleasure to be,
Your obue't serv't.
o Messrs S. S. T1omnpkinis, and others, Comnmit
Ti~inar, hiNus Co., Miss., Aug. 21, 1858.
Qentlemen.: I am sorry that the great dis
ace will prevent mo from being with you on
ad proxr. in doing honor to Geni. Boxniit. lHe
worthy of the distinction you are giving him;
~orthy of being a Representative of South
arolina; worthy to be the successor of the
trepid and high-souled Enoors. I could not
ny more if I wvrote a long reply to your polite
ote of 10th inst., inviting iie to be present at
dinner to be given September 2ud, to Gen.
IOxNII, at Edgefield Court House.
Very truly, your friend,
A. G. BROWN.
o Messrs S. S. Tompkins and others, Commnit-.
PIN SWOOD CoTrAGE, Aug. 30th, 1858.
Gentlemen: I had the honor to rcceive your
ind invitation to be present at a dinner to be
~iven to your immediate Representative, the
Ion. M1. L. Bosunt!, at Edgelield Court House,
m Thursday the 2nd September, and earnestly
-egret that it will be out of my power to accept.
t would atford me very great pleasure to meet
he citizens of your District, as well to form
~heir acquaintance, as to mingle with them, in
loing honor to their distinguished aind faithful
Representative, but circumstances forbid me,
md I must deny myself thme pleasure.
-It is not my purpose in this, to dwell at length,
spon the public matters of the country, inure.
~specially asI have but recently writtein a let
r to an assemblage of a portion of niy' own
~onstituents; which I have'see puhlis~ed iti
ome of the newspapgrs of th'e 'State ,and
which, althougli somewhat mutilated by typo
~raplicicl errors, gave my humble views, on such
sbjects of National affamirs as I thought most
uportant ; and howevem' much others may dif
er with ime I have yet seen no cause to change
my farmer opinions; I then adniitted that the
ecompton Constitution of Kansas, althog~gh
ot directly, yet in effet, was submitted to the
people of the Territory, to deterine whether
they would come into the Unioni with that
Constitution alone, or remain in a Territorial
rodition until they had ninety-three thousanid
inhabitants, and Ifarthmer admitted thati thought
it likely they would not conme in by their vote,
under the provisions of the Eiiglish or Confer
ence Bill; and in their refusal to do so, I am not
at all disappointed. Still without infringing the
motives or judgment of those who differ with'
me, I am free to conifess, that under the same
circumstances, I should feel constrained to vote
for the last Kansas Bill, precisely as I did.
I believed then as I believe now, that the
South would not have resisted in a single State ;
the rejection of the miserable Sonate Bill; and
that the very effort to do so, would have ended
in sad and humiliating defeat; and that many
of the truest Southern men we have, men who
have not, and cannot, under any temptation, bc
induced to betray the South, would have beer
hurled from their places of public confidence
and those put in their places, who would muel
longer eling to a Union, with our worst enemiec
on earth, which I have long since been con
strained, however glorious it might have been
to look upon, as a Union of death, rather than
life, to our honor and prosperity. It is easy I
know, for those who look on, to find fault, and
censure those who are obliged to act, often un.
der the most painful apprehensions and diffi
cult circumstances. But it is for the pa
triot to give to the subject involving the hon
or and safety of his country the most compre
hensive and faithful consideration that he can
and upon his judgment cast his vote regardless
of consequences to any individual; and when I
allow myself to contemplate the South, divided
and torn to pieces upon any issue with the
North on the subject of Slavery, and especially
so thin an issue as the rejection of the Senate
Bill, which would have resulted in nothing but
the admission of another free State, with Lane
and Roberson in the Senate before we got home
aid a failure to resist, with imbittered feelings
remaining, that would utterly forbid the possi
bility of harmony until it might be forever too
late, whilst a common enemy were advancing
with re-doubled contidence and energy to our
entire dostruction,--I can hear the taunts of those
who have so little regard for propriety, as to
charge a whole Delegation from the South,
(with the single exception n4o of your honest
and distinguished Representative) with having
ignomniniously.betrayed the confidence of their
constituents, and their own beloved South; bet
ter, far better, to have a consciousness of having
performed your duty-honestly, than attempt to
follow those who readily find fault, but do not
effect anything useful. The truth is, that it
seems to me the Southern Representatives in
Congress, although I take nocredit for it to my
self; effected a great deal in removing fromn our
Statute books the great error of our Ancetors,
so long acknowledging our inequality in the
Union. and (ening the Territorv so long closed
4gainlst Us, anl that too, at a time when the
puwerl of abulition was never greater in tho
land, and well may they appeal to thoso who
now ienotince them, to know whether they
have done their duty ; why did they not secure
the advantagp thqs afrorded them ? Did thpy
prmploy mea~ns, perfectly in their power, to set
tle up tle cuontry with men who would sustain
the institution of Slavery ? How much money,
and how tmany mon did those who now sweep
ingly denounce a whole Delegation, send to the
T1erritory? Did they iot know that tie Nortlh
were sending their hundreds, with tmoney and
arms to crush out Slavery 7 Was the Territory
not more convenient to them ? Were they not
allowed ample time while their Representa'ives
were upholding and maintaining time Law in
their favour, to have thus shown their superior
patriotism in a practical way ? And did they not
fail to do it while every one knew, that that
course alone could save the Territory to the
South ? But they have lot the time pass, and
when there is a majority of thousaids in the
Territory opposed to Slavery, they denounce
their Representatives because they have pre
rented them fron coming into the Union until
they have a population fully twice as 'lrge as
was ever required. Nor will it do to revly that,
that prohibition will amnount to a nullity, b':
eause the North will 4iot rdg' ih ard will
bing le 5'm'ta in witles;dte )eprescnta
Lives can but make the laws, and it is for the
people to see that they are executed, and it
loes seem to ie that upon the violation of this
aw, the South will have a much better issue
efore the country and one which ought to unite
hem in resistance, much more unanimously
haln the rejection of the miserable Senate lill,
vhen all those who now condimn the last ''li,
'ay ha:e fN;il (q.portimuity o vin to the
South their fidelity aoni patriotisim, anil when I
Ir one, if a singlte Southern State outside of
ioitl Carolina, will agree to act, will be found
unoing the foremast, taking any consequences
that may follow. I have no faith now, nor
iave I had for some time, in any party in the
Uion for the safety of thle South ; anid tihe be
lief that I hatd that the North would violate the
late Kanusas act, and~ give us a better issue than.
ve had, was one of' the reasons which imade me
rote for the Bill, and if my judgemnent could be
:arried out, the day that witnessedl the violation
:f that law, should wit ness likewise, a disslum
pion of the Union, neyer again to be united,
uyjthout the most amnple guarante.. no.t opily
for the protection of $lavery, bmsat for tlie pg
tctio~n of thp Soglth, .ggaimnst pabbey and plun.
]ler, to which she hatssubmtitted for many, many
years. No National party are going to vinuli
ate our honor and our rights in this Union;
there are mnen at the North who would aid uts
in sustaining our rights, but they are falling ini
every conflict, and we tneed not expect from fas
naticismn, eithrer reason or justice. Tihe sooner
the South make up their muinds that they must
protect themselves, the sooner will end our tur
uoil and stmife. There are now in fact biut two
parties in the Union, the Democratic and Black
Republican; if the Kansas Bill is violated it
must be over the heads of a prostrate Demo
cratic party, and although the subject of Kansas
itself, may not have in it, ta insically, enough
to make the great issue upon, coupled with all
that the abolitionists have done, both in Europe
and in this country, together with the almost
cerain prospect thatt a Bla'ck Republican Pres
idet will be elected in 1860, when we will be
required to surrender up tihe purse and the
sword to their unpritncipled cohorts, it seems to
me, the time will have come, when if we ever
do any thing, we should set about it, or if Kan
sas be admitted in violation of the present law,
and the South should not be ready to act with
tat unantimity which inight be desired, then it
can but act as an incentive too powerful nrot to
have effect; and an organization formed under
its influence, can bunt be ready to strike, and
strike at once, so soon as a Black Republican,
or arty one under Black Republican power, is
elected to preside over the destinies of the
p'esent confederacy. Let that tinre slip,, and in
my jundgempnt wve are slaves ourselyes forever,
and that too, slat'es to tire worst men who ever
obtained dominion in a Christian country.
In the mean time, while we should not con
sider ourselves of, or in the National Democrat
ic party, we at all times, can but support such
measures of the party, as are in accordance with
the Constitution and the jrriniphes Whiph wo.
naintain, as tire only party with whom 'we gnt
at all co-operate. If threy are sustained by thie
party, then thre difficulties we apprehend may
be postponed for a season, or possibly avoided,
until reason may Assume the thrrone once mote.
But althioughr in the old world, there are some
indications of it on' the subject of Slavery, I am
sure threre are none in this, and it would seem
to me to be wisdom in us, to prepare for the
worst. There is no cause for disunion among
ourselves ; and I trust in this State we shtall
have none; no good can come front it, much harmt
may. I am not one of throse who has despaired
of resistance by the Southm to the arrogance of
the North. It seems to me that although the
power of fanaticisjm is increasing, yet the feel
irng of resistance at the South is keeping good
pace. Ton years ago to talk of a dissolution of
the Union was almost treason in the opinion el
.i. tenths of the people outside of South
Carolina. Now you wil ,iiany fontheri
State thousands who do b'sitate to declar
their belief that it is n' nl. inevitable, bu
desirable at the earliest kable moment; an<
although there may be Wthe South, wh<
from political aspiratio .d .endure a grea
deal in the present Un ther than sever
yet we have too much a both in propert3
and honor, to allow a fe iring nien where
ever they may be, to m much longer, thal
spirit which is mani creasing in everj
State South of the Pd' -Our people ar
neither ignorant or co and when once
satisfied it is ue&essary, rok cr long they
will bq, I do not despair they will do in
their ancestors did.
I have made this alread' uch longer than ]
intended, and will concluIby expressing the
hope that nothing I have tn will be con
strued into the slightest tion upon thevotc
given by your distinguishK nd faithful Repre.
sentative who difflered wit e on the Kansas
Bill. le exercised his jud ~ent honestly,
but claim to have done the ' ',-and I make nc
allusion to him as one who censured those
who voted as I did. He h right to vindicate
his courso,-I but claim ther e. le deservet
your confidence, and I rejoi see you do himn
Allow me to offer the fo wing sentiment:
The Rderal Union-Wh ever it becomes
SBlack Republican, let the sever from it,
and remain while Republi V
Please accept fur yourselv d for tiose you
represent, my sincere than y your kind invi
tation, and my sentiments of ighest regard.
Your obedient ~vant,
To Messrs. S. S. TompkinsA. Seibels, J. B.
Griffin, L. butler, J. W.1, Committee.
Rosis, GA g. 8, IS
Geleinei : Your lpt tr 4r vitatiun to a din
ner to the lion. M. L. Bos , at Edgefield,
oin the 2di of Sept. next, is ju received. I am
sorry that I cannot be with-yu in rendering
honor to your faithful and acciplished Repre
I did not find in the last gf e of Represenq,
tatives, inorv. courtenus gebl)oman, a bet tvr
Democrat, or a truLr man to $Ue National inter
ests, than your li4tingnishod rIlow-citixen,
Whatever may be may opini of the correct.
ness of his course, I could but. mire the Roman
lirmaness, and Anglo-Saxon courage with which,
sido by ,ide with the unyielding Quitman, he
voted against the Coipromiseill.
To those who believed he , he gave an
example of patriotic heroism, at argues well
for his country's welliare. Cgo~lina never had
a truer son, nor the Union a bQter democrat.
With highest consideration,'_';
AUGUSTUSIL. W RIG IIT.
To Messrs. S. S. Tompkins,.,E. Seibels, J. B.
Griffin, L. Butler, J. W. Hill,'Committee.
WrxNsnoRo, jAuig 31, 1858.
Gentlecnen: Owing to my teiporary absence
from home, your letter of invi Iin of the 10th
inst., was not receive in titi,.- a1Ube me.to
indulge my real dispoition to be present on the
occLsioii of the Dinner in honor of the Rouu l.
The regard I p.ntgqtzin. (or Qgn. Dwox;, ax
%yell qs my almpp.yal "I big vote on the "test
huestiouni *of t e last Session of Congress, would
have made it inure than agrecable to unite with
you in honoring him.
Regretting very much that I cannot partici
pate in your festivities, I submit the subjoined
T/w South-With Democracy for her theory,
and Slavery for her pratctice, she can ;u.l.4 mily
to the inscrutable 1o.ripnge of .frovidence for her
Qgliyemunc had iavatLon.
J. A. W)iUJWA R).
To S. S. Tompkins and others, Couinittv e.
MARumTeGA . 21st A ngn.,t, 185.
Gen/kmen: I iave the honor to inknowledge
th~e receipt of your invitation to a dininer to be
given by the citizens of Egelivld District on
the 2'k day of September next, to their immoe
diate Rtepresenatative in Congress, the lIon. MI.
L. B~oxum. I regret that circumstances will
prevent moy being present at an occasion so that
terinmg to your lRepresentative, anid so honorable
to his approving constitumency. Such nmanifesta
tions of regardl anid confidence by z comumunity
sustaining your relations to your Representative,
wyill give him additional stfength and power in
the Federal councils for enforomg your Uonstitu
If every Representative, in executing his Leg
islative functions, would guard with patriotic
vigilance against infractions of the Constitution
and the rights of the States-; and, at the same
time, would maintain, with firmness, the honor
and intcrest of the cohntry, political c inmes
perpetrated in the name of "coniarratiri,"
wouldl cease; the Government,State and Federal,
would move on in harmony, each one in its own
appropriate sphere, and there would he no longer
clamour about Union and disunion. Such a
Representativ-e deserves the meed of the pub
licly-expressed approbation of his constituents.
I regr~et that I cannot be present to witness
this expression on your part to your distin
guished-and honored Representative.
I have the honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
To Messrs. S. S..Tompkins, Emmett Seibels, J.
IB. Griffin, Loudon Butler, J. W. Hill, Com
DrxNEa TO Ma. BonHAM, OF SOUvH CAilL
wa.-We are obliged to our friends of old Edge
field for their kind invitation to attend the
diiiner which they propose to give to their
immediate represenitative in Congress, the Hion.
M. L. B3onham,; on the 2d prox. To have miot
our old classmates and school-fellows upon the
soil where our eyes first saw the light, and to
have recurred to the hal loied associations of
other times,would have been a pleasure indeed ;
but other engagements, which will control us,
We are pleased to see this demonstration to
Gen. Bhonham. It shows the good sense and
causervative views of the peolile of South Caro
lina, not to attempt to ostracise any one of her
sons for a supposed error in judgmient. Ham
mnond, Orr, Boyce, MoQueen, Keitt and Inon
hamr have all alike been honored and feasted
sipce their return~ ho~pgd, guid they reciprocally
speak l' ei ach' olher with the utmost kindness,
personal and political.' Therne we hear of no
such denunciations as "fraud, "trick," and
"swindle," a "sale of 'the South by the Confer
ence bill," &c. But there, there is no such hank
ering after office as we wot of in other locali
Gov. Hammond made a speech, and was re
ceived with the utmost enthusiasm, not long
'since, but a few miles from Mr. Blonham's home;
and now the same thing will be repeated for
Gen. Bonham. This is all as it should be. It
cultivates that unity, harmony and good feeling
at the South that is so indispensable to her suc
The New York llerald says that the cost of
transmitting oiie column of news from Englanid,
Iby the telegraph cable, will be two thousand dol
THE COUNTRY GIRL.
The red rose bloometli on her cheek,
The mode-st violet inl her face;
The one dotli of her beauny s;peak,
The other telleth of hor grace.
Th.- one an index to her health,
The other to her heart (rich pearl !)
But speaketh clear, the priceless wealth,
And sweetness ol the Country Girl.
Thei e's happy joy within her words,
And music in her merry song,
Which like the warbling of the birds,
Alone, to woodland wilds belong;
No plaintive lay of bird confined,
Amidst the city's dizzy whirl,
Or saddened note was e'er designed
As music for the Country Girl.
She wears no gaiy attire, 'Lis true,
Or gau-ly trappings tought with pelf,
No precious stones of emerald hue,
But then she is a geni herself:
A pr;neely pem, iore rich, by far,
Than that possessed by Count or Earl
A beauteous, bright and shinning star
Of virtue, is the Country Girl.
THE WAY OF WOKEN.
Few of our dlry goods friends will fail to recog
nize the following familiar picture:
Ship stood besida th counter,
'116 day he'll ne'er forget;
She thought tlw iii-slin de.ir. r
Than any she'd seen yet;
e1 watched ht r pliyful fingers
The silks and satins toss
The clerk; look..d quite iteasy
Anti noddcd at the boss.
' Show mii soio velvet ribbon,
Barece anud s:at'n turk,"
Bhe said, " I want to pareluase,
Then gavo the goods a jerk "
The clurk was all of edience,
IHo travelod " on his Phape,"
At longth with liesitation,
Hie bought a yard of tape !
1W AN OLD MAID WAS MAIIIIIED.
I is generally the ease that the more .onuti
fill and the richer a young female is. thei ior
dillicult are both her parents and herself in the |
choice of a husband, and the more offers they
refuse. The one is too tall, the other too short,
Meanwhile, one spring passes alter unother, nd
yei-. qIer y.ar erries away leat after lear of'
ihio i'loui ofi youth aind opprtuniity.
Miss Harriet Sellwood was the richest heires
in her native town ; but she had :Llreiady comple
ted her twenty-seventh year, and bebehl most all
her young friends uniled to ien whon she had
at one ti-.e or oilier discarded. Harriet began
to be set down for :i old mai-l. Her pare ,nts
becaie really uneasy, and she herself ltmenied
in lprivat a pOSitionl whlieh is not a iatural one,
and tw i.ii-h thoqe to whom Nature and Fortune
1 1A ho.n niggardly of their gifts, are obliged to
submit : but Harriet, as we have sail, was both
handsome and verv rich.
Such was the state of' things whine iuch'.
a wealhby me,'rchaint in the North of l' uland,
came on a visit to her parents. Ile was a jovi.
al, straight-fiorward mani, ieniistomued to attIek
all dlifliculties hold lV aid PMlly,
" You see," said, her f Ioa io him oe day,
" Harriet gntihmes sinagle. Tlhe gir'l is haind-.
ome;t wthat .dhe is to have for' her fortiime yon
know ; even in this scandal-iin~ig town, not ai
creature can breathe the, slighitest. impuitattitm
against her; and yet shte is. gettinug to be an old
"True," re'plietd the uncle ; 4 but look y(ou,
brother, the erandl point in every auliiir in this
wrld is to sey:'e the tightl nmoient ;ithis yon
have ntot dine it is a misfortiine, lint let the
gil go along with meiu, and before the end .of'
three mounthas I will return her tio von as thme wi e
of a young nmn wtvmdhy as hierself."
.\way weiit the nii(ce'with the ncle. Oin the
way home, lie thus addrecssed her':
'You aure niuloniger tl iss Scllwoodl, bot Mrs.
[L mnim-y, moy niece, a ynig, we'althyv, chiild.less
widw ;' you lhad t he ii miortme to lo se yotur
husband, Co l. Lii nley,:di'er a happy: union of' a|
q~uarter of' a y'ear byv a fidi firni huis horse while I
''nit, utcle - -
" Let me mnage if' you plecase, Mrs. Lumiley.
Your father has invested ime with full powiers.
Here, look you, is the wedding ring given you
by your late husbanul. Jewels and wbir.tetver
else y'oiu neced, your aunt will supply yotu with
and acctustonm jourself to cast downi your eyes."i
Thme keen.witted unek inutroduced his niece i
everywhere, aind everywhere the young wi~dow
exitd a strong seiisation. The. yrnug 'gentle
men thronged around her, anud .sh soon had the
choice out of twenty suitors. Hecr uncle advised
her to aeeept the one who wvas deepest in love
with her, and a rare chance decreed that it should
be precisely the most amiable anid opulent. The
match was'soon concluded, and one day thme uin
ele desiired to say a f'ew words to his future
nephew, in private.
"My dear sir," lie began, " we hiac Wgld yonn
"Nothing of the kind, my niece is sineerely
attached to von."
" Then her fortune, I suppose, is not equal to
what you told tme?
"On the contrary, it is larger."
"Werll, what is the matter then ?"
"A joke, an iinnoceiit joke, which, ei~a unto
our hieads one day wheii L wess in a good honor
-we could not reegli i~t a~fterwards. My miece
is not a widow."
'.'\'lat!, is Col. Lumley living?"
" No, no, she is a spinter."
The lover protested that lie was a happior
fellow than he had ever conceived hiimself, aind
the old maid was forthwith mietanmorphosed into
a young wif'e. .
Mr. Smith you said that you onep ofliciated in
the pulpit-did you mneaii by that, that you
" Noisir, I 'held the light i" the man who did
prAh," tlie court understood you diff'ereintly.
They supposed that the discourse caime fromn
"No, sir, I only thirowed a litUtli ligt up
" Mary, where's the fryinug-pan?~"
Jcmimy's got it, carr'yig mdadose
sesupthe alley, with the eatud an hoser
"~ T~he dear little fellow, whiag genuus'he will
make, but go and get it ;' we're goimg to have
-ony and niiist I'ry some fhfor dinner."
What a strange Providence, that a mother
should be taken in the midst of life from her
children!" Was it Providence ? No I Provi
dence had assigned her three score years and
ten ; a term long enough to rear her children,
and to see her children's children; but she did
not obey the laws on which lift- depends, and, of
course, she lost it. A father, too, is cut off in
the midst of his days. le is a useful and dis.
tinguished citizen, and eminent in his profession.
A general buzz arises on every side, " What a
striking Providence!" This man has been in
the haIbit of studying h:lf of the night-of pas
sing his days in his office or in the courts; of
eatiti luxurious dinners, and drinking various
kinds of wine. Ile has every day violated the
laws on which health depends. Did Providence
cut hinm off? The evil rarely ends here. The
diseases of the flther are often transmitted, and
a feeble mother rarely leaves behind her vigorous
children. It has been customary in some of our
cities for young ladies to walk in thin shoes and
delioate stockings in mid-winter. A healthy
blooming young girl thus dressed in violation
of heaven's laws, paid the penalty-a checked
circulation, col., tever, and death. "What a sad
Providence !" exclaimed her friends. Was it
Providence, or her own folly ? Look at the mass
of diseases that are incurred by intemperance in
eating and drinking, in study or business, by
neglect of exercis-, cleanliuess, and pure air; by I
indiscreet dressing, tight lacing, &c.; and all is t
quietly imputed to Providence. Is there not
impiety as well as ignorance in this ? Were the c
physical.laws strictly observed, from generation r
to generation, there would be an end to the 1
frigltful diseases that cut life short, and of the 0
long list of maladies that make life a torment or F
a trial. It is the opinion of' those who best un- 11
derstanod the physical system, that this wonder- d
ful machine, the body, this "goodly temple,''
would gradually decay, and men would die as if u
falling asleep.-MinS &dgwoick. a
....- - n
A SHORT PATENT SERMON.
BY DOW JR.
At the request of brother S. Ml. Kerr (Phu:- t,
nix Rancho,) I will meddle with the following: c
'1WHAR DE IEN scRATcH, DAR SHE SPEC' TO n1
FIND D BUG. " $.
My Hearers: I am informed that a dark com
plexioned preacher, in Columbus, Ohio, once
look the above for his text, and proved from e
it that our First Parents fell out of an apple
tree into a mtudhole, which caused their first
born to be as black as your hat. I am afraid ti
that my colored 'co-laborer has i made nuch "
more out of it than I can, for, turn it over set c
it upon end, lai it down antd sprawl it open- t
ater all, this old rooster don't find a great deal
to pick at.
In the first place, my brethren, I will pro- t
pound a pions conundrum. Why are men like
watches ? Because they must look inside of
them for their good qualities, and judge of
them by their " works."
Well my brotLren, the work of men and wo
men in general consists, for th o most lipart, in
cehttive. Yohr iotieebr n tfwM 7
ever a hen makes a scnatch, she always gives a w
pick; but whether she gets a bug at every dip, It
is very uncertain. I imagine not. Neverthe- ai
less, where she tcratches there she expects to p
iiul a hug. t
Expecting is one thing, you know, my friends, A
and tindiig unLher. You may turn over many if
Sstoie in this precaiulots world, atndt find nto 6V
bug, after all. Phrenologically speaking, the e
hIuiman head is one vast bumtp of expectation, st
and nothing else. w
There are various soirts of bugs, brethren, in w
this buggy sphere. There are big bugs. little i
bgs, strahle-luigs, ihumbugs and bug-bears.
lst yotu ii-e.lh't cralch about much to find
my t[ tIhese, ihr they are everywhere thicker e
than skippers in a seven rear old cheese. re
To liil file bug you 5o) arl ne-ly de.ire, re- et
qutires diliigent Fcraiting; and if so (oilig youn at
ilon't hall-ni to entch it, you can comiurt viur- ri
e-IfC with Ithe re'fk-etion tha~t yon lput Iin the nm
liks for it, and it ought to havre beeni *yours. A
If a vuntng man taukes a girl abo~ut to, see the c
haviiw, feeds her with tit-bits, and butys her ei
pretty calicoes, his title to a kiss ie clear ait) ti
ndputabl...for " where the hen scratches wi
there site expects to intd a htug." iv
The bug that you are all after, my brethren, it
s the gii hug ; but. ahack-an-day, how miany oif
yo scratch in vain ; yet it is found in mannre
eaps, :as well as in auriferous places. The far- pt
ter turns it up with 1i plo0w, and thte gardener
with his spade ; anid yet thousands keep scratch- as
ing here and 1there without finiding 'ary bug.
A few years ago hiundreds of you fell to jj,
~crathing at Kern river, expecting to find a y
mighty hig bug. Well, you scratched, and
cratced~ ; aund whamt did 3 ou turn up at last?
tinmonstrons. hiumblug ? Got frightened and
scrabblcd for hotme, a vast sight more buggy than
you wvent-for " where the hen scratches, there
she expects to find a bug. y
And now you all wantt to go to the Frazer
River country ; but there are so mtany different
w~ys to get thiere, you are itn quanriary whtich
to chtoose. It is like getting to Ueaven. The
L'atolics insist u ,oga gob:g straight through
Puruatry-the Baptists go a round about way, hi
but kecep' where there is plenty of water; as
they belong to the class known as amphiba
the'Presbyterians think their road the safest er
althought rather hot-the Universalists declare ca
theirs to be the most pleasant-while the as
Mthodists shout "UHalleluyah," and scare up
rabbits, as they journey upon1 the good old at
Jordan route. But when you are once there he
(at the diggings I me~anu.-for I am not sure that
you \ill ner* ;each the other place) one stands
iout as good a cebance as anot ber-afnd I don't- aj
know but a little better. You all have about pi
tn equal amount of hope, if not pluck, andl each al
will probably pitch in andl dig with all the en- T'
ergy of a terrier at a gopher-hole-for " where if
the lien scratches, there she expects to and a i
bug." * T
Let me make angher application of text, my G
brethr?.. Beware of an oily tongued, syco- Ri
phautic friend-who is ever too ready to do ga
youn a small favor,-who professes a willingness af
to serve you at all times-who praiLks you as g
the fox did the crow; for, while he is thus :11
"qui7zling" himself into your good graces, he sE
hasta sly eye upon your purse-yourself foret of
ting for the moment, that " where thehe
scratches, there she expects to find a bug." I
My friends: how uneasy is the immortal ~
mind in its pent up pr-ison of clay ! llow ito
seets to exult in its freedomt while winging its 0
way to yon azure fields of light and glory, or
wandering amid the green old bowers of the
past, where nonte but itself is permitted~ to
raml! What, then, must be it's tlyMu \rhen
forever released fromu itgh tudoin 9;-h, and at
to longer d? -.ien, on1reati, teef, and po- es
as 'hd day Will come, when liberty, such y
as mzortals' have never yet kntown, will bo bliss- ,
fdlyrealized in an eternal sphereo, wher-- 15
where-" where the hen scratekes, ther-e she
expects to find a Ig.u" So mote it be !-Gol
A SNUG Blesxss.-B3y the law of the United h
States, " for such cases nmade and provided," the 1
capturers of the slave ship Echo are entitg '
ionty-frte doulars prt hea (og each Afdicai do- Il
livered to the United States authorities. This
will amount to souething near $8,000 ! Add to
this the value of one-half the captured ship and
whatever was found on board of her-(which,
by the same law, belongs to the gallant and
daring crew of 4he Dolphin)-and the product
i< a sum iot to be winked at these hard times.
Uncle Sam is lavish of his means upon those
who do aught to detect those who do aught,
unlawfully, to extend our institution. But it
is an important matter, and Northehn philan-,
hropy must be gratifled-el.e it would howl its
nost hideous tones throughout all Free-state
Join, and probably demolish the Administra
.ion itself.-Sumter Watchman.
TuE CAPTURED NEGROES.--SCome of the Free
soil papers are endeavoring to raise an excite
nent upon the subject of the captured Africans
a Charleston harbor, on the pretence that the
;outh Carolinians will take bodily possession of
he negroes, and that the crew of the slaver
vill have no chance of justice in that latitude.
'here is no cause for their benevolent appre
tension. The people of Charleston and of the
;outh are not in the habit of stealing negroes.
.he underground railroad is an institution which
clongs exclusively to another part of the coun
ry, and the proprietors thereof need have no
ear that their patent will be infringed. In re
ard to the crew of the slaver, whatever opin
ans the Carolinians may entertain of tte ex
reme rigor of the act of Congress, which makes
lave stealing piracy and puntahes those who
ommit it with death, they will carry out the
equirements of the enactment, as the "higher
Lw" has never yet been adopted in any State
f the South. We trust, therefore, that the
erturbed spirit of Abolitionism will compose
:s agitated feelings, and bear in mind that it
oes not follow, because negro-stealing and law
reakingeare considered virtues in its own code
t ethics, therefore the same ideas and practices
re recognized-as proper by just and honorable
MAY A Seoo.x1?sTERn Kiss A ScHoOtmrsTREss.
-This question has been np for decision in the
>wn of Palmer, Mass. It seems that the prin
ipal of a leading school undertook to kiss a fe
tale assistant. She, like all ladies that want to
tow a proper shyness upon such occasious, and
take folks think that they don't like to be
issed. resisted the gallant attack just long
iough to make the victory more-sweet, and'to
ive fomdation to the story that the whole thing
,as against her will. The story of the transac
on got out, and the straight-laced school com
ittee took it in hand. They declared that they
)uldn't stand it, and they forthwith expelled
ie teacher. The people of the town, however,
ith enlarged views of the fallibility of human
sture, intend to keep the teacher employed at.
teir expense, and have petitioned fpr a general
wn meeting to see whether the voters are un
illing that a school teacher shall continue t'6
ia man. We await the result of the meeting
ith soine little curiosity.
To MIKE ToMATo Fics.-Pouiboiling.*-a
.e'tett - *G toti
en 6_ cmpin, ~ n~mii&o
ith as much sugar os you have tomistes *'
t them stand two days; then pour off -he
id boil and skim it until no scum rises. 'en
mr it over the tomatoes, and let them stand
ro days, as before, then boil and skim again.
fter the third time, they are fit to dry, if the'
-ather is goodl; if not, let them stand in the
rup until drying weather. Then place on large
rthen plates or dishes, and put them in the
in to dry, which will take about a week, after
cich pack them down in small wooden boxes,
ith fine white :ugar between every layer. To
atoes prepared in this matter will keep for years.
Ax EDIroR Tfu'nr.-We believe it is rare that
itors indulge in a drop, but when they do, their
aders are sure to find them out. A Syracuse
temporary wns called upon to record a " mel
wholy event" at a time when his head was
ther heavy, aid did'it up after the following
aniner : Ye-sterday morning, at 4 o'clock P. M.,
man with a lhee in the heole of his stocking,
'mitted arsenie by swallo~wing a dose of sui
le. The inqJuest of the verdict returned a jury.
it ahe deceatsedl camne to the facts in accordance
th his de.aa h. Ile leaves a child and six small
ve's to lament the end of his untimely loss.
death we are in the midst of life.
SFIAtu Snoors.-"Father, what does a
inter live otn?"
"Live on ?-like other folks; why do -you.
" Because you said you hadu't paid anything
r your papepr, and the printer still sends it to
" Wife, spank that boy."
" I shanmt't do it."
"lBecause thero is no season."
" No reasonm i-yes there is ; spank him, T tell'
"I won't do any such thing."
"lHe's too smart."
" That comes of marryi'nig me."
" How so ? What do you tnean ?"'
'- I mean just this--the boy is smarter than.
s father, and you can'I deny it."
" That's quen ak, and I wish-"
"I don't ca what you wish. The boy know.;
or'gh to. see that a man, printer or no printer,
n't live. on nothing t I should think you'd be
hanmed to client the poor printer, and then__."
Bank goes the door, and out goes the father
d husband, grumbling like a bear with a sore
"WaIrTE For.ES GETTNG SAS5.-A feiw days
o, while conductor Woodalls t'ain was stop
:ng at Xenia, three" "euflard gemmen" got
soard and attempted to enter the ladies' car,
de conductor stopped them, and told them dles
they wished passage they must go fuirtier-for
ird. Rather thant do- thes they stepped off,
mc conductor spoke to the brakemnan, a stout
uliah sort of a tellow,. who never objects to a
ua. and iold him to see that the trio of colored
untility did not enter the ladies' car before or
ter starting. The brakemamg eyed the trio,
to evidently ittended to ride in that car and
other. Tigy did not like the looks of the
ntinel, however, and after growling awhile, one
" Conme on, gents ; let's go take dat fos'ard ear.
Thite folks ydetingy so tass, nlotc-days, dat
'mmen have m> respect :shown 'sin."
They took the forward oar, muich to the regret
thme brakeman, whteae huge fsts just then be
nI to itch (w (n~ feney strokes.--Cincimnati
QL'TE SPUNiY.-" You ealled me a scoundrel
id liar, you have spit in my face and you have*
ruck me twice. 1 hope you will not attempt to*'
trry this any farther, for if you do, you. wilR
mae the sleeping lion in my breast." That is
hat mnight be termed a spunky man if sufficient
HEFAvY DAMAG Es.-A soit is pending in Bris
>l, Eng., in which Win. I. Maganm, a m'ember
f Parliament, from Ireland, is sued by Miss
[ies for $5,000 damages for breach oftpromise..
'he letters which passed betweet the pes
rese so numeaous. that, the. plaip ' thew *
rinted and baund in a book.