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jemorafic 3ournal, 130i to *i5 tj 9 l janb Sout yrn ?Iii 4tS, attei euvs, Cihfraure, iR'rALil, 4enmptrace, tLgricdture
"WVe will cling to the Pillars of the Templefe Will erish amidst the Ruins."
SIMKINS, DIJRISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C. SEPTEMBER 29, 1858. VOL. -
LETTERS FROM DISTINGUISIJED GENTEMEN
TO THE BONHAM DIlNER.
MARSHALL, Txs, August 25, 1858.
Gentlemen: Your invitation to attend the
dinner to be given to my old friend and school
mate, MILLEDGE L. BONHAM, has just been re
ceived and I hasten to reply to night so as not
to lose the morning's mail. I can not be with
you in person, and yet I would not be altogether
I gladly embrace the oppetunity, which
your invitation offers, of expressing my appre
ciation of the moral courage, unselfish devotion
to principle, and pure patriotism exhibited by
your immediate Representative in his vote upon
the Conference Committee Bill. The question
presented was one, in the decision of which, the
most unerring judgment might have been at
fault. It is only on such an occasion thataligh
moral courage can be shown. Under such cir
cumstances unflinching nerve and unselfish de
votion to country act upon the dictates of rea
son without reference to the opinions of others.
The Kansas question had become one of dif
ficult solution. If she were rejected it was
clearly because of the slavery clause in her
Constitution. A wrong would thus be done to
the South. That we might bear, or not, as we
saw fit. But a principle was involved; and a
wrong was done to the Constitution by her re
jection. Congress can not reject a State apply
ing for admission because she has institutions
similar to those of States in the Union. The
people of a State can not be converted, by an
act of Congress, into inhabitants of a Territory.
But, on the other hand, if Kansas were admit
ted two Black Republican Senators would at
once take their seats in the councils of the
country. How long would Slavery be protec
ted in the State? Modern Statesmadship has
discovered that a constitution not ratified by
popular vote, is no Constitution. Ergo none
of the " old thirteen" had Constitutions-South
Carolina has none now. It has also discovered
that the doctrine, that organie Law has binding
effect, even for a day, against the will of a ma
jority, is a doctrine odious and obsolete. In
other words, that Sovereignty does not reside
in the people.:'in the whole people, but in a
part-that is in a majority. Sovereign power,
it says, can.only be exercised at the ballot-box.
Yet it admits that laws passed by a Legislature
can only be repealed by the Legislature, and
in the, mode prescribed-and that, till so re
pealed, they are binding. But organic law
the law, by the authority of which the Legisla
ture acts, may be repealed - at any time and in
any manner the majority decides. The Declara
tion of Independence was made by the Conti
nental Congress. The members of that body
were not elected by the people, their act was
never ratified by the people at the ballot-box.
Therefore, we are still subjects of the British
crown. "A Daniel has come to judgment" in
the person of .Rbert J. Walker. In the bet
ter dtk . the Be ubli1 it. sup pse
even calling in the military and naval power of
the Federal Government against domestic insur
rection. Now, Governments are supposed to
exist by permission of the majority, whenever,
and however, ascertained.' But had Kansas
been admitted, would the State Government
have attempted to sustain itself against a Tope
ka movement? Entertaining the views Mr.
Buchanan does on this subject, would he have
responded to the call if made? Was it not a
foregone conclusion then that slavery, and slave
holders would have been expelled the country,
had Kansas been admitted? Was it our busi
ness then to ugge the admission ? Cui bon o ?
Non-intervention was the Kansas doctrine. Was
it observed? Did not Walker intervene ? He
was removed it is trze, but not till he had done
the mischief. After we were badly bitten the
dog was called off. But for the difficulty of
converting a State into a Territory, I have no
hesitation in saying the South could, with pro
priety, have objected to the admission. The
laws have never been enforced there. Men
guilty of murder and treason have been par
doned before conviction-prosecuting officers
have been ordered not to prosecute-out-laws
have been allowed to live at large. Men who
were allowed by law to carry property into the
Territory, had a right to expect that they, and
their property, would be protected by law.
Until the laws are enforced, and all kinds of
property protected, no fair experiment can be
made in the settlement of the Territory.
.But " there is a divinity that shapes our ends
rough-hue them as we may." Kansas has been
refused admission. We did not do it. One of
-the conaitionis is that it shall remain a Territo
ry till it has a population of nincty-three thou
sand. That is in tlhe bond. The past we can
not control. We have only to do with the fu
ture and the present. " Let the dead bury their
dead." Leaving the past to take care of itself
we should say that slavery now exists by law
in the Territory, and demand that it be protec
-ted by law. Treason should not be pardoned
but punished. Those carrying property of any
kind into the Territory should be secured by
the Federal Government in its peaceable and
quiet enjoyment. If this is done and it is found
after a fair experiment that the Territory is not
adapted to shave labor we should be content
but not till themi, When the requisite popula
tion is in the Tiirritory, it should be permitted
to adopt a State Constitution, and be admitted
into~the Union with or without slavery-but
not till then. Let the United South make this
reasonable demand, and no Administration dare
be derelict in the performance of its duty. We
are not yet so low.
I am answered the battle las been lost and
won-the verdict is already rendered-Kansas
will be admitted by the next Congress with a
free soil Constitutiog without reference to popu
lation. I say, Congress will do no such thing
if we are true to ourselves. Let South Carolina,
- Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi say with per
fect good temper-coolly and deliberately
*that out of this blessed Union they will go
* upon the happening of such an event-and such
an event will never happen. I say to the Union
savers that the Union is in no danger but from
them; and that, but for them, it would never
have been aught but a blessing. Their timidity
has, heretofore, invited aggression. Hereafter
it may induce the North to commit some act of
rash folly that will precipitate dissolution.
Never will the North knowingly and deliber
ately force such an issue. Let Kansqas bleed if
she has a fancy fur it. Northern Manufactu
rers will never leave their looms to rot, and
their spindles to rust to staunch the bleeding.
If we can but to ourselves be true, neither wve,
-nor the Union are, or will be in any danger.
"lMen at some time, are masters of their fates;
The fault, dear Brustns, is not In our stars
Dut in ourselves, that we are underlings."
That "time" is now, - We are yet masters of
our fates, and the fault will be ours if we are
longer underlings. Nothing practically was lost
ini the last contest. Our haonorp it is true, was
slighatly damaged. We will look to repairing
that in the next. Kda is necessary to pre
-serve slavery. in Western Missouri ;-Missouri is
nlecess'ary to protejst it in Northern Texas, and
a and inlfnitum.
The twaddle of National Conservatives to
the contrary notwithstanding, K#anat is as well
adapted to slave labor, as Kentucky, or Virginia
Let the Government do its duty and it will g<
there. But that the Government will never do
while we are content that it shall neglect it. It
all depends upon ourselves. Let us then make
an effort. I have great faith in an effort, and
have thought Mrs Domby's sister no bad philos
opher after all.
My watch tell, me I should conclude. I write
under a press of business, our Court beginning
next Monday. I feel that I am writing to old
friends, and have written currente calamo,-my
pen has guided me-not I it. Offer for me the
Milledge L. Bonham-A worthy successor of
McDuffie, Pickens, Burt and Brooks. His bold
and independent course in Congress should en
shrine him in the hearts of his constituents.
His brother's blood has endeared him to Texas.
LOUIS T. WIGFALL.
Messrs S. S. Tompkins and others, Committee.
BARN WELL, S. C., 31st Aug. 1858.
Gentlemen: I have had the honor to receive
at your hands, an invitation to be present on
the 2d proximo, at your District Court House,
at a dinner to be given by the citizens of Edge
field, to their immediate Representative, the
Hon. MILLEDGE L. BONHAM.
It would afford me very great pleasure to
participate with you, and them, in the libation
to your distinguished Representative, my for
mer classmate and friend, and by my presence,
to have contributed to the numbers, that will
doubtless appear in honor of the event. I had
expected up to the present moment, to comply
with your very kind invitation to be present,
but now surrounded as I am with unexpected
ssociations, I must decline going to your
charming village, and hastily write this note,
simply to acknowledge the reception of yours.
Edgefield has always enjoyed the position, of
contributing largely to the talent and genius of
the State, whilst her soldiery have ever been
esteemed equal to any of the best the State
ever rallied to the defence of her principles, or
the maintenance of her glory.
Your present distingiilshed son, has served
her in her "councils and in her fields," and she
may well be proud of him, as her champion on
I have known him long, and loved hirm well.
You cannot place more responsibility in him,
than he will be equal to.
I congratulate you on his return among you
in good health, and hope to see him long wil
ling to serve you, for under no circumstances
could the general suffrage select one of more
popular and amiable manners, and at the same
time, possessing more ability or dignity of de
I hope to hear that your festival, has passed
off handsomely, and that no dissatisfaction may
occur to the humblest individual composing an
integral part of your auditory, in the free ex
ercise of that great privilege, under our Fed
eral Constitution, " at all times peaceably to
assenb2.-.. -- .:
Thanking you for the invitation as a testi
monial of your regard, I remain with senti
ments of respectful consideration,
Your fellow citizen,
J. D. ALLE1.
To Messrs S. S. Tompkins, Emmet Seibels, J.
B. Griffin, London Butler and J. W. Hill,
IHnATIMooR, Dougherty Co. Ga.
Gentlemen: Yours of the 10th inst., inviting
my presence at a dinner to be given by the
" Citizens of .Edgefield'' to their immediate
Representative, the lon. M. L. BoxIIAM, was
duly received. I thank you for giving me the
opportunity to mingle with you on that inter
esting occasion, but I shall lave to deny myself
As a Southern rights man, I feel a deep inter
est in your festivity, and the occasion which
produces it, and as a native South Carolinian,
I have a feeling of devotion and attachment
beyond my power to express. I am not a poli
tici in. and in no way connected with places of
plitical promotion, and it is not expected that
[ should, in accepting your invitation, enter
into a discussion of political matters. You will
permit rme however to say a few words touch
ing the present condition of the South.
I regard the so-called Conference Bill as vio
lative of the Kansas Nebraska act, as yet an
other surrender of Southern rights, as full of
:deception, sustained by legislative trickery, and
us a blemish upon the reputation of every South
ern man who voted for it. After that vote was
taken, I regarded the Southern rights party in
the Democratic element as reduced to two men
out of our entire delegation in Congress. One
of these was the noble and gallant Quitmian who
has iince gone to receive his reward "of well
done good arid, faithful servant"-for after so
mzuch fidelity-in the midst of so much deser
tion-Heaven cannot close itw gates on his im
mortal spirit. The other was your true and
noble BosnHA, wrho now stands alone, among
Southern Representatives, but is surrounded
andI sustained by nearly all the South; and her
gallant people feel that he is dear to their hearts
and to their homes! You cannot, within the
purview ofaour Republican simplicity, and in
dependence, honor him too highly.
While I am so elated with your immediate
Representative, you must not consider me did
respectful, if out of the abundance of my South
ern heart, I say Senator HIAxxosil has disap
pointed the just expectations of his warm
Southern friends. That he should have voted
for the Conference Bill is a small matter com
pared with the motives which influenced him,
as exemplified in the report of his late speech
at Beech Island, That speech is erminently
Union, and transcendentally pacific. Coming
from the man who was to wear " Calhoun's
mantle," it advises me that South Carolina
must look elsewhere, for the man to keep
alive and active the principle of that great States
It is the more mortifying that the Senator is
not alone, in his lowering of the Southern
standard, and which is not to revive again un
till a Black Repuplican shall be elected Presi
dent, and " there is a repetition of the offence."
We see Senator Hunter, through the " Rich
imond South," and Jefferson Davis, in his own
proper person, joining in this cry of Union
that "masked battery from behind which the
rights of the South are to be assailed." And
even the distinguished author of this latter
sentiment, seems to have his ponderous brain
opiated with the same delightful recreation,
while old Buck pats him on the " back and callb
him my friend Tombs." I do not include in
this category, Gov. W~iso, for " from him, the
good Lord deliver us."
This sudden change of political phrase is tc
be ascribed to the game of President makingi
and it is pretty well settled that the next can
didate of the Dlemocracy will come from the
South. As one of the renunciated, I will ven
ture the assertion that it is unnecessary for these
gentlemen to look in that direction, for the dis
tinguished head ot the Treasury Department,
backed by the Cabinet and eighty millions ol
patronage, has the "inside track," and will
likely keep it.
We would all be grateful to have a President
from the Cotton States, but unless ho can reacd
that exalted position without detriment to his
State Rights principles, there is more safety in
one of those " Northern men who is supposed
to have " Southern principles.
In conclusion permit me to give you this
The ambition of our public men promises the
ruin of the South, and we are suffering for
Respectfully your friend,
U. M. ROBERT.
To Messrs S. S. Tompkins, Emmet Seibels, J.
B. Griffin, Loudon Butler and J. W. Hill,
AUGUSTA, August 21st, 1858.
Gendemen: I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of an invitation to attend a dinner
to be given on the 2nd Sept., by the citizens of
Edgefield District to the lon. M. L. BoN1A31.
Private business of importance to me will
take me in another direction about that 'tme,
and will necessarily prevent my being with you
on that occasion. This I regret extremely; for
there is no gentleman now in public life that I
would greet with more pleasure than I would
your distinguished Representative. With no
constituency could I mingle more cordially than
with his, to extend the hand of welcome and
bestow the word of praise for faithful public
service. In doing this, I would express my ad
miration for the character and deportment of a
gallant, high-toned Southern gentleman and
leader, in whose care the honor of his constit
uents will ever be safe, and I would at the same
time gratify feelings cherished from boyhood,
of warm personal friendship and esteem. In
the companionship of our youthful days, when
the ingenuous heart knows neither guile nor
reserve, I learned something of the sterling
qualities and genial nature of MILI..EDGE BON
IIA3, that have since ripened and borne good
fruit. In the field, in the forum, and in Leg
islative Halls he has made his mark, and real.
ized the best hopes of his best friends on both
sides of the Savannah. In his serene fearless
nes..-in his firnness of purpose in the discharge
of duty, regardless of consequences merely per
sonal, we have a fine exanipl' of political
chivalry-a worthy successor of the ever to be
lamented Preston Brooks.
I remain, Gentlemen, with much respect,
Your obedient servant.
To Messrs. S. S. Tompkins, E. Scibels, J. B.
Griffin, L. Butler, J. W. Hill, Committee.
COLUMBIA, August, 30th, 1858.
Gentlemen: I have the honor t6 acknowledge
your invitation to be present on the occasion of
a public dinner, to le given your immediate
Representative, the Hon. M. L. BoxNHA, on
Thursday the 2nd if September next. I regret
I shall not be able to be with you on that day,
but try to assure you nevertheless, that no one
can more fully appreciate the high worth of.
your gallant Representative, than my humble
self. To the confidence and intimacy engen
with him, I have now to add my admi-ation,
for that sagacity which could frustrate the dis
guisers of the "English Conference Bill," and
for that manliness which could know no com
promise of justice or of right. I congratulate
you then upon the possession of a public ser
vant, worthy of all confidence, and of the high
est honor. le has not forgotten tho ancient
prestige of his State for scrupulous devotion to
principle ;-he has not forgotten the teachings
of the wisest and purest.statesnan;-he has not
forgotten the regiments of his own gallant con
stituency,-and the escutcheon of South Caroli
na has suffered no tarnish at his hands.
It would, I am aware, be a great presumption
on my part, to question either the wisdom or
motives of the rest of our Delegation in Con
gress, who thought lit to differ with Gen. BoN
AMt on this bill, (and with regard to one at
least, I cannot entertain the slightest doubt as
to his faithful adherence to the cherished doc
triue of the State)-yet, without committing
his presumption, I may be permitted to say,
hat, to one brought up under the glorious
States Rights" principles of our beloved Comn
onwealth, it sounds stranger indeed to hear of
o much compromise for the sake of party, even
hough it be the all triumphant Democratic.
And even at this point, I fear the evil does not
est, for, South Carolina-that South Carolina,
hich so delighted to honor the great Calhoun
-is not only claimed as Democratic, but as
"Ntionally" Democratic, since we are gravely
old by those who "sit in the high places," that
here is no difference between the "State
Rights" and "National" wings of that organi
ation. Is this so indeed? Ihas our State so
oon forgotten by what party, was stricken every
low against her most cherished doctrine of
Free Trado," "States Sovereignty," and "States
Rights ?" Hias she forgotten, alas ! that wealth
f memories, which clusters around the names
f her Calhoun, her McDutie, her Hamilton,
and her Hlayne ? In the fourth Congressional
District, you at least can answer no! for a BoNx
mi is your standard bearer ! I
I may be indulged here too perhaps if I ven
ure to tresspass further upon your patience, by
ouching a subject, which despite of its having
een denominated "impracticable," " visionary,"
ad " foolish," does nevertheless occupy at this
time, much of the attention of the South.
There are many amongst us who recollect the
ot distant past, when our Institution of Slave
ry, was held by no stronger tenure than the
bated breath" of concilliation ; when, indeed, it
was considered the mere scaffolding, necessary
perhaps, for the erection of the building, but
still, to be stricken away when the edifice was
.opleted.- Yet how does it stand now ? Driven
to combat with the fierce fanaticism of 'the
North, reason and research have alike leagI us
to an impregnable rock of defense. No longer
apologists for this condition of things in our
midst, but finding it sanctioned by Iholy Writ,
and sustained by the precedent of wisest an
tiquity, we boldly proclaim ourselves ready,
if necessary, to defend it with the bayonet, and
determined to transmit it to our latest posteri
ty. I say such is our present position on the
subject of slavery, and he who gainsays it, is
a fitter associate for Giddings and Greeley than
for the people of the South. Is It unwise,
visionary, or foolish then, with this determina
tion on our part, and with the wrorld arrayed
against us, to devise means by which this Insti.
tution is to be upheld and strengthened ? Mr.
Giddings tells us, Indeed, that his party watch
wordl of "no more slave States" is no longer to
be the rallying cry for abolition hordes-; but
mark youL why ; the whilom silenced, but never
abandoned WVilmnot Proviso, is to be a condition
annexed to our territorial governments. Admi
rable concession l Glorious "moral victory" of
the South ! No State without the chrysalis
territorial condition-nio territory without the
Wilmot Proviso ! What matters it that we
now stand as fifteen Southern States, including
Delaware, to eighteen Northern ! What matter
if Kansas is to swell that numbet at the next
session of Congress to nineteen against us, des
pite the Conference hunmbug and its requisition
of ninety-three thousand inhabitants? What
matters it that the territories west and north
west of us are rapidly advancing to that condi
tion when they, too, shall demand admission as
re..ou States'? Has not Mr. (Giddinge told us
his party abandons,..the position that "no more
slave States are tobe admitted 7" And even
if the3f do insist ipon that Wilmot Proviso
(Wilmot, by-the-by was a "National Demo
crat!)-what of that? Clearly the Abolition
party has backed diwn from its audacious posi
tion-and has not the South gained a "great
moral victory?" What matters it that the
great high pret Of Abolitionism, Freesoilism,
and of elack Republicanism (if there be any
distinction among the three), Mr. Seward, tells
us the battle has been fought, indeed, but that
they have gained the victory! What matters
it, according to the' same authority, that the
Supreme Federal Court is to be re-organized ;
and that a great States' Convention to alter and
amend the Constitntion is to be called ? Have
we not gained a vib-.ory too-and are we not
most unreasonable men. not to be satisfied with
its "moral worth ? Seward Giddings, Wilson,
Sumner, Hale, Hamlin, Wade, Chandler, ed it
omne genus, owe their seats in Congress to their
implicable, unrestiy hatred to slavery; and yet
toe-we who belive this Institution to be
morally, religiously, and politically right-we,
who declare ourselves ready to sustain it at the
hazard of our livesi are callcd upon, forsooth, to
signally rebmke any man amongst us whose
greatest fault may. be his extreme decoiion to
this very interest.
I am, fellowicitizens,
Your obedient servant,
ALLEN J. GREEN.
To Messrs. S. S. l'ompkins E Seibels, J. B.
Griffin, L. Butler, and J. W. Hill, Committee.
GREENVILLE, August 18th, 1858.
Geatlemen: You kind invitation to a pub
lic Ainner, to be2 given your distinguished
Representative in (Congress, the Hon. M. L.
BONHAM, on the 2nd .of September next, has
been receved, and I sincerely regret that it
will not be in my -power to accept the same.
Nothing could giveaeme more pleasure than to be
present and officiate in, honoring one tj whom
all honor is due for his many high and noble
qualities. I have $ad the pleasure of knowing
General BoNHAM fromU his youth; and can truly
say that no c6nstituency ever had a Represen
tative more devoted to their interosts or the
interests of his Stato. If he ever err,, it will
be, as Senator Hammond says, on " the right
side." Old Edgefield may well be proud of her
Representatives ii Congress from the organiza
tion of the Federal Govermpent to the present
time. Harper, Butler, Calhoun, Simkins, Mc
Duffie, Pickens, Bart, Brooks, and Bonham are
a bright galaxy, of; whom any State would be
proud. To have bden represented by such men,
and onlv such meuqis an hon6r which few Con
gressional Districts in the Republic can claim.
I am, with much respect and esteem, very truly,
B. F. PERRY
To Messrs. S. S. Tompkins, E. Seibels,' J. B.
Griffin, L Butler and J. W. Jlill, Cummittee.
19nza .0., August 31dt, 1858.
ments for the gratifying compliment of your
invitation to me to be present on the occasion
of the Dinner proposed to be given by the citi
zens of Edgefield District to their immediate
Representative, the lon. M. L. BONHAM. I
regret that existing engagements will not allow
me the pleasure of enjoying your generous hos
pitality, and 'of te'tifying my hearty concur
rence in the commendation so well earned by
your Representative. All who have a'hy perso
nal acquaintance with Gen. BOsnAMz must be
pleased to see him honored. The separation,
which the most momentous issue of the late
Session of Congress, occasioned between him
self, and all his colleagues, gives a peculiar value
and significancy to the proposed expression of
your approbation. It is fitting he should
know that such isolation has, at east, not im
paired the confidence of his constituents and of
the State in hum. If it were admitted that he
erred in judgment, the moral heroism of his
position, in daring to be singular, and, therefore,
to incur the risk of being misunderstood on a
point, about which his section is so sensitive,
would win for him admiration. But it must be
confessed, that, although the contrary action of
our other able,, watchful and patriotic rep~resen
tatives in both branches of' Congress may well
make one doubt his ownt judgment, while thie
proposed mode of adjusting the Kansas difficul
ty was pending, it seemed to some of us, that
an acquiescence in it dn the part of the South,
would look very much like an eagerness to es
cape from, rather than directly maintain an is
sue which we ourselves had made. Kansas, it
is true, scarcely afforded a fair occasion for such
an issue. Whenever a territory left to the ope
ration of the ordinary causes that control im
migration and settlement, without.abeing sube
jected to any forcing process, upon application
for admis.sion, is flialy rejected with the con
currence of all branches of the Government
that can have a voice, merely and distinctly be
cause of the existence therein of negro slavery,
it is difficult to see how the Southern States,
can any longer continue in' thme Confederation
without di.,honor. For then it will be mani
fest tha~t hostility to an institution, the contin-.
ued existence of which is essential to the pros
perity of the. South, and indeed a constituent
element in the highest type of civilization that.
has yet appeared, has gained the control in the
administration of the General Government.
Doubtless, this issue will not be met directly,
so long as the same 'object can be accomplished
indirectly ; and, therefore, it must be expected
that ingenuity will be exerted, as such occasion
arises, to contrive some bye-path whereby to
reach the desired point of excluding the apply
ing territory. It is difficult to see how any
one, at all informed, can doubt that a bitter'
hostility to negro slavery and a consequent de
termined opposition to its extension beyond its
present territorial limits is almost universal in
what are called the Free States. The progress
that this sentiment has made'in extension and
in intensity and effectiveness within ten years
is wonderful. That it will be satisfied with
nothing short of the entire abolition of slavery,
and that it is moving steadily toward that result,
there seems abundant occasion to fear. No
Southern man would consent to such a consum
mation. It may be regretted that, in a case of'
such doubtful propriety as that of Kansas, an
effort was made to force the issue upon theI
country, Yet wheii the issue was, in fact, pro
sented, we may not wonder at, nor condemn'
Gen. Bo6xuM, because he rofused to seem to
evade it, by consenting to be diverted to a col
lateral issue, under cover of which escape from
apparently Impending defeat might be effected.
Such could not have been the true attitudec of
affairs, as the course of our other representa- I
tives in the Senate 'and House assures us, but itI
might well have been mistaken for it.
Permit me, in concluding, to offer the follow
African Slaeery-aa it exists in the Southern
Statesa important constituent in the best
form o? social organization yet known to the
world. The highest interest of civilization and
humanity plead for its perpetuation.
I am, with great respect,
To Messrs. S. S. Tompkins, E. Seibels, J. B.
Griffn, L. Butler, and J. W. Hill, Committee.
THE USE OF FLOWERS.
Y MART noWITT.
God might have made the earth bring forth
Enough for gre it and small,
The oak tree and the cedar tree
Without a flower at all.
He might have made enough, enough,
For every want of ours;
For luxury, medicine and toil,
And yet have mido no flowers.
The ore within the mountain mine
Requireth none to grow,
Nor doth It need the lotus flower
To make the river flow.
The clouds might give abundant rain
All dyed with rainbow light,
All fashioned with supremest grace,
Up-springing day and night.
Springing in valleys green and low,
And on the mountain high,
And in the silent wilderness,
Where no man passeth by.
Our outward life requires them not,
Then, wherefore had tlpoy birth?
To minibter delght in man,
To beautify the enth.
To comfort man-to whis'er hope,
Whene'er his faith is dim,
For who so careth for the flowers
Will care much more for him.
ROE IS WHERE TEE'S ONE TO LOVE US.
lonie's not mecrely four square walls,
Though with pictures hung and guilded;
Ilome is where affection calls,
Filled with shrines the hearth hath huilded;
Home I go watch the faithful dove
Sailin*'neath the heaven ab.,ve us
Home is where there's one to love. us!
Home is where there's one to love!
Home's not merely roof and room,
I-needeth something to enlar it;
Home is where the heart cmi bloom,
Where there's sume kind lip to cheer it!
What Is home with none to meet1
None to welcorme, none to greet us ?
Home Is sweet, and only sweet:
Whore there's one we love, to meet us!
The following little incident from Ramsey's
History, we have already honored our columns
by once publishing, but everything of its kind
relating to our great and glorious Washington
will bear reputation time and again and will
Iways be read eagerly by every American.
" The ho ur now opproached in which it be
ame necessary for the American chief to take
ave of his officers, who had been endeared to
im by a long series of common sufferings and
angers. This was done in a solemn maniner.
'he officers having previously assembled for
he purpose, General Washington joined them,
nd calling for a glass of wine,' thus addressed
em: " With a heart full of love and gratitude
now take leave of yon. I most devoutly wish
hat your latter days muay be as prosperous and
appy as your former ones have been glorious
and honolrable." Having drank, ie added, "I
annot come to each of you to take my Ieave,
ut shrill be obliged to you if each of you will
amo and take ine by the hand." General
Lnox, being next, turnoed to him. Incapable of
tterance, Washington grasped Ihis hand, arid
nbraced him. Thre officers caine up success
vely, and he took- an affectionate leave of each
hem. Not a wor~d was articulated on eiher
de. A manjestic silence prevailed. Tire tear
f sensibility glistenedl in every eye. The ten
erness of the scene exceeded all description.
When the last of thne officers had taken his
ave, Washington left the roomi, and passed
arough the corps of light infantry to the place
f enmbarkation. Thre officers followed, in a
lemnn, mute procession, with dejected counte
ances. On his entering the barge to cross the
orth River, he turned towards the companions
[ his glory, and, by wvinrg his hrat, bid thern
silent adieu. Sint of them answered this
nit signal of~ respect and affection with tears;
md all of themn gazed upon the biarge which
myneyed Urn from their sight till they could
10 longer distinguish in it the person of their
A SNAxI CrrAstura.-A correspondent of thme
ichmond Dispatch thus writes of a snake char
'ner wvho, at piresernt, is armusing~ the visitors at
2e Montgomery (Va.) White Sulphur Springs:
"Mr. G. F. #dirsen, as I am informed, a
wede, a snake charmer, has been amusing thre
isitors at tire Springs. H~e hails from Califor
iis, and is on the best terms of peace and friend
rip with all sorts of snakes. His countenance
icords well with his vocation, Hie adorns him
rolf with rattlesnakes, aird diversifies the drape
y by intertwinning with it an adder, a black,
r a few copperheads ! There are some men so
~orribly like them that they (the copperheads)
re the more detestable for the resemblance.
ur snake charmier, however, seems to have no
Fvorites, but bestows the fondest caresses upon
bem all l
"lHe kisses alike the copperhead, the rattle
nake, and the adder, and hides them in his
osom ars affectionately as he does those that
re not venomous.- It was deemed that ho had
xtracted the fanga of thne death dealing ser
ents; but, to prove that this was not so, he
ook charge of two that the barber had in a
age, that had been recently caught in the
roods. Hie soon reduced them to submission
nd took themi to his bosom, placing then uni
ier his vestments as precious things. A kitten
ras produced, arid onie of his pet rattlesnakes
ras made to bite it for thne gratification of the
pectators. P'oor Kitty soon sickened and died,
rhereupon the charmer was voted no humbug,
hough he was regarded as a sort of mroinster.
shall hereafter put mere faith in what I read
bout the snake charmers of India."
NEW CARPE-r S-ronr.-WVe are gratified to
earn that our friend J. G. Bailie, proprietor of
he New Carpet Store," in Charleston, is prepar
irg to open a store ini this city, 1st October, and
as leased thre store fo~rmnerlyr occupied by Messrs
Sherman, Jessup & Co., Broad street, next to
atk of Augusta. From an acquainrtance of
ome years with Mr. Baiilie, and with his store
in Charleston, we predict that he will give our
itizens a fine stock from which to make selec
ions. H~e is an enterprising gentleman, and
will be an acquisition to the business circle of
ur city.-Augusta Dispatch.
INDIANS AS 4ATTER OF FACT.-A man who
had been West, and had been chased by an In
" Much has been said by poets and romantic
young ladies about the picturesque aspect and
noble form of an untamed, untamable warrior
of the prairie, and far be it from me to gainsay
them. An Indian is a noble spectacle-in a
picture, or at a safe distance-but when this
'noble spectable,' in company with a dozen other
'noble spectacles,' is moving his moccasins in
your direction, and you have to do some tall
walking in order to keep the capillary substance
on the summit of your cranium, all his 'nobili
ty' vanishes, and you see in him only a painted,
greasy miscreant, who will, if you give him a
chance, lift your hair with the same christian
spirit, composed and most serene, with which
he would ask another 'spectacle' for a 'little
more 9f that baked dog.' 1 used to think like
the poet;-niow the sight of an Indian gives me
a cramp in the stomach."
TIE DRTNrs.-IIow ominous that sentence
falls. How we pause in conversation and ejacu
late, 'It's a pity !' How his mother hopes he
will not when lie grows older; how his sisters
persuade themselves that it is only a few wild
oats he is sowing! And yet the old men shake
their heads and feel gloomily when they think
about it. Young man just commencing ,life,
bouyant with hope, don't drink. You are
freighted with a precious cargo. The hopes of
your old parents, of your sisters; of your wife,
of your children-all are laid down upon you.
In you the aged live over again their young days;
through you only can that weary one you love
obtain a pos.ition in society; and from the level
in yvhich you place them must your children go
into the great struggle of life.
AN AiEaICAN DEsERT-TEii.UE SUFFERING
FRom TmRs.-A long letter appears in the
Dallas (Texas) Herald, concerning the passage
af McCullough's emigrant train across the staked
p lain to California, from which we take the fol.
From Fort Chadborne we travelled South to
the Choncho river (old Camp Johnson,) then
followed up the Choncho to the edge of the
great American Desert. The grgkt American
Desert is a barren waste. Soil, light and alka.
line nature, producing mostly salt grass and a
few mezquite bushes and cactus. 1his kiud of
country extends from the Colorado to the Rio
Grande, is-250 miles in width and extends
through our continent, being narrower in some
points. There are but few watering places on
the route from the Peace to the Rio Grande.
The herd had no water for seventy six hours,
and traveled one hundred and thirty miles. The
herdsmen were without water or nourishment
Their exercise was very hard, riding and hol.
lowing at the cattle, and was calculated to bring
on thirst soon. The men suffered extremely for
want of water and -sleep; many shot down the
famishing bullocks on the road, stuck, pulled off
their boots or shoes, canght the thick, hot blood
and -drank-iteely, nd'b so-doing saved tlieir
lives. The cattle were all very much excited,
and any of them would fight, and the men were
compelled to shoot many. ,
We went into the Sand Hills with 1000 head
of cattle, or struck the sand with that number,
and left with about 1058, many of the missing
having died for the want of water. On arriving,
the men were all excited and hardly knew their
comrades. Dan. Murriy, Wheatly, Celton, and
Collier would neier have got to water had not
wome of the herdsmen been sent on after water
and returned to them. They had stopped by
the side of the road.
Stm Acem)RXr-A WARnING .-We regret to
announce that a little child, a daughter of Mrs.
Sarah Allen, of our town, was drowned by fall
ig into a well onl her premises on Tuesday last.
The child being missed, probably some time af
ter the accident, search was instituted, when the
listressing discovery was made. She wias found
loating upon the surface of the water. Medical
ssistance w~as immediately summoned, hut the
pirit of the little innocent had taken its flight
~o fairer and happier climes. We leartn that it
ras an interesting and attractive child, and the
-oungest of the faimily.
The curb of the well, we understand, was bro
:en or deficient at or near the groun-d,- which
nust have beenrso, as the child was very sm.dl
robably b~etween one and two years old. This
nelar~choly occurrence should serve as a solemn
varning, and prove an effectual lesson to all
>ersons who have wells.-Sumter Watchman.
Hioxiems.--An affray occurred on Saturday
ight last, about ten miles below this place, be-.
~weenm John Fowl&' and Felix Rogers, in which]
he latter was struck by the former with a gun,
md mortally wounded. Mr. Rogers died on
unday, about noon. Mr. Fowler is confined in
ail to awvait his trial. We are not informed of
he particulars, hut understand that whiskey was
robably the exciting caus.-Greenville Moun
Cators mN -rus Urre'a Dis-racs.-A corres-1
>ondent of the Winnsboro' Register writes to
hat paper as follows:
"I have just passed over the Charlotte &
southi Carolinia Railroad, and from my observa
~ions and frorg inqniries made of th, cotton
r~op of Fairfieldl, Chester and York D)istricts,
mnd of the cotton region of North Carolina, 1
am satisfied that the crop of 1838 will not equal
hat of '57. 1 would therefore advise farmers
not to press their cotton upon the market,,and
he more especially as thie yellow fever is in
(harleston, and there are but few buyers in that
lace. The corn crop will be sufficient for the
upply of the country,"
hi(IATARY SL.AVERY.- Whipping Soldiers in
England.-A iore mnonstrous infliction of' pun.
shment than is noticed by the Brighton Guar
ian, has never been recorded in the history of
nodern civilization ; anidit is not surprising that
he police of England should receive notice of
wo hundred and fifty desertions from the army
n one day. Here is the story:
A private of the 35th Royal Sussex Regiment
hving been found guilty by a district court mar
ial of stealing a 5s. piece belonging to private
Dougherty, of the same corps, wps sentenced to
receive fitty lashes, and to he imprisoned eighty.
four days, with hard labor. The punishment of
logging was inflicted on Saturday, at Ghatham,
and was very severe, the cat having nine'thongs
o it, thereby giving four hundred anid fifty
stripes on the man's back. Some of the young
soldiers, who had never seen such punishment
before, dropped from the ranks and fainted.
PREYENTIvE OF YEU.ow FEVER.-A corres
pondenit of the Charleston Courier sug'ests
that smoke might be the means of banuising
ellow fever from that city, and proposes the
Let Council pass an ordinance requiring a
ire to be kept burning in every chimney in the
city, from ann-rise to' sun-se5t, on such dlays as
may be determnined upon, for four or five days
at least. The fires to be made of the most smoe
kyimaterials, such as soft coal or lightwood.
Fires might'also he kindled in the public squares
and streets, so as not to endanger the dwellinga,
WVe might thus succeed in purifying the atmos.
L A LITERAL WITNEss.-"Did lbe de
fendant knock the plaiitiff down with malice
"No sir-he knocked him down with a, flat
"You misunderstand me, my friend; I -want
to know whether he attacked him with an evil
" Oh, no, sir-it was outside of the tent?'
"No, no, 1 wish you to tell me whether the
attack was at all a preconcerted affair?" -
"No, sir, it was not a free concert affair-it
was a circus."
ZE THAT P1r.-As many seem to have
doubted that there was a Pig in the District
with two heads, two bodies, eight legs and two
tails, Mr. J. G. Jones, of Bamberg brought it
up on sale day last and exhibited it to the crowd.
It is now at this office, where it may. be seen
by all who are diAposed to doubt. The mother,
of this wonderful curiosity, is the property of
Mr. Joshua Rentz, and the pig was the last of a
litter of 13. We defy the world to procure any
thing to beat it.-Barnwe Serdinel.
ZL A PARDoN.-It is announced...in the
English papers that Queen Victoria has granted
a free pardon to a young man named William
Craft, who was sentenced to six years'. impris
onment -at hard labor, for an assault in kissing a
young lady against her will.
'The Lee Gleaner says that the girls in
the High School have caught the contagion of
Frenchifying their aanes by the substitution of
ie fur y, and asks
Whatie is in a namie?"
Z4 A roguedown soutlfstolea lot of news
paper accounts, and upon being discovered was
sentenced to eat all which could not be collected
as desperate debts. Guess he would have a full
stomach for once.
Z:"" We were sot ry to learn, on our recent
trip to Elberton Court IHouse, that a young man,
hailing from the Abbeville or Edgelield side of
our State, was arreted for stealing a horse and
a watch. He, however, made hi* escal1e froi -
those who had him in charge, and' is still at
large. le gave his name to be Pinckney Davis.
He is :epresented- as being fine looking, about
18 or 20 years of age, and has light'sandy hair.
' VFRY CALTious.-A young lady, on
putting on her veil to go to narket, remarked,
"I must veil my beauty."
To which waggish Frank jocosely replied
"You had better, or you may be taken up for
EtW SuooTriu nxa SEDUcER.-At Boston,
Dn Wednesday evening last, a young woman
named Mary A. Douley, shot one Patrick Can-'
ney, a grocer, whom she alleged had seducet
her under a promise'of marriage.. The weapon
used was a pistol loaded with two balls, each of
which produced a wound, nither of them how
aver are likely to prove fatal.
Z3"' A Western Baptist paper has received
vn article advocating the duty of washingfeet,
is an ordinance of the church. The writersaya
-"If they ueed washing, they certainly ought.
to be washed."
jE"SHOCItNG MURDER.-Last Wednesday
veniug, Mr. Wade, on returning to his home at
Iait's Creek, Madison canty, Ky., found Wm.
B. Margrave, whom he d reason to suspect of
too much intimacy with his wife, closeted with
that lady. He ordered Margiave to quit, which
the latter refused to do, when a tussel ensued,
md Margrave, aided by Mrs. Wade, beat the
iusband with barrel staves to death. The guil
Ly couple then fled, and had not been arrested
it last accounts.
E_ The Indians are now doing a smashing
>usiness in manufacturing hoops for ladies'
lresses our of basket-stuff. The red ladies have
Llsoadopted the fashion in its gi-eatest.amplilide.
ZW Tm RIGHT UsE OF THE ErEs.T-An
talian bishop, who had endured much persecu-.
ion with a calm,'unrufled temper, was asked
ow he attained such a mastery over himself.
Bfy making a right use of mny eyes," said he.'
I first look to heaven, as the place where I am
~oing to live forever. I next look down upon,
lie earth, and consider how small a space of it
vill soon be all that 1 can occupy or want. I
hen look around me, and think how many are'
ar more wretched than 1 am."'
LT A celebrated divine, wishing a large
o'llection at the conclusion of a charity sermon,
hiscoursed in the following style upon the beaue -
y and efficacy of that chartdhich works si
ently and unmheralded to the world:
" I have often remarked, as the contribution
Sbeing taken up, that the silver pieces tumble
ato the box with a great noise, while the paper
noaney drops in silently as the fallig of a snow
ET A man, traveling with his wire, saved
aimseif in a railroad collision, but she was
Lilled. When lie reached home, he udssed his -
nnbrella, and applied to the directors for it;
,ut it was not comeatable-none of them had
een it. And now, in speaking of the accident,
ae always says,
" Yes, on that day I lost a bran new umbrel
a and my wife."
3T Let not thy will roar, when thy power
lan but whisper.
Er When day breaks, what becomes of the
EF "1f you wish to make a shoe of durable
naterials," said the facetious Lanesburg, "you
hbould tuake the upper part of the mouth of a
ard drinke4, for that never lets in Water."
$7 A Yankee who lately removed to Wis
onsi, writes to his brother in Massachusetts
hat the section where lie resides is in a highly
>rosperous condition. Ho says but one failure.
ver occured ina his county, and in that case the
nan paid one hundred and twenty-five cent. on
gr Always prepare your table neatly,
whether you have company or not.
37 A faraner sowing his ground, one or
two dlandlies canme riding aldng that way, when
me of them called to him with an insolent air
" Well, honest fellow, it is your business to
mow, but we reap the fruits of your labor." To
which the eountryman replied,
" It is very likely you maay, for I am sowing.
Exit dandies each with hand upon neck. " A
hempen cravat!" as Baillie Jarvie would say.
Z3T One of our exchanges gets slightly
excited, and piles on the "highfalutin" in this
" A grain of carmine will tinge a gallon .of
water, so that in every drop the color wilt be
perceptible: and a grain of musk .will scent a
room twenty years. Just so if~a man cheat the
printer-the stain will be forever visible on the
minute atoms of his minute soul, and will leave
a scent of rascality about an individual strong
enough to make anhonest man turn up his
nose in disgust,and kickhlm outof hispreec,
if hecan't get ridof him any otherway."