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Dlemtratic 3otrnal, .Dex e~ to te Sout) ani Soutlern fUigto, pa c, Caufst Uewa, Citerature, fnoraity, Eiprance, 9gricuLtur &
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our ties, and -if It must fall, we will Perish amidst the Rufus."
SlYIKINS, DURISOE &CO., Proprietors. EDGEFLELD, S,, C,5.. (TOBER 27, 18,58.VL XII.IO4
The Natches Courier re-prints the following Ode,
which first appeared some thirty years since in the
Escritoire, a Magazine of Albany, New York:
- ASoNIC PROCESSION.
I saw a band of brothers move,
With slow and solemn tread;
Their hearts were joined in ties of lovei
In charity were wed;
And types of lights illumed the ray,
Shone on the chastening rod,
And in the midst, wide open lay,
The Gospel of our God.
I asked a man of four-score years,
Why ifter them he ran;
He said-and melted into tears
' They feed the poor old man;
Ile. said, I once was sick and sad,
My'limbs were racked with pain;
They came, they comforted and clad;
The old man rose again.
I asked a weeping widow wiry
She followed those before;
She said-and wiped her weeping eye
They came unto my door:
They came when all the world beside,
Had turned from me and fled
They came my wants and woes to hide;
They gave my children broad.
I asked an orphan boy why he
His eager footsteps bends;
He said, they smile on all like me,
They were my father's friends;
Defore he-died, they clothed and fed,
And all our gifts they gave,
And when we wept for father dead,
They threw gifts in his grave.
And such I said are Masons all,
Friends to the needy poor;
They never view a brother's fall,
They never shun his door:
'And though 'tis said they are not " Fr'ee,"
Virtue und love are twins,
And the blest grace of Charity,
Hides multitudes of sins.
They worship in the Lodge of God;
Secret and solemn there;
They bow beneath his sacred rod,,
And breathe a heart felt prayer.
Free Masonry, like woman's love,
Is taught by private rules,
So deep, that should it public prove,
It would be sport fur fools.
All day I list for voices
That do not come to moe,
And vainly think I hear them
Along the evening sea:
They come not in the day-time,
But every night it seems
That I can hear theim speaking low
Around me in my dreams.
All day I think of faces,
And through the open door
I look to see them enter,
As in the days or more:
'They come not in the day-time,
- ut every night it seems
As if I saw them smiling down
- Upon me, in my dreamt.
All day my soul remiabers.
Whila fiast before my eyes
The forms that I have loved so
In other days arise:
'Tis sorrow in the day-time,
But every night it seems
As if their souls were with me still,
And loved me in moy dreams.
. Written for the Adv-ertiser.
Ma. EDITOR :-There being several of these
strange visitors sailing about in our firmament,
I have thought that a short article in relation
to them might- not be unacceptable to your
Whatsis a Comet ?
To give a dictionary definition of the word
would be very easy ;-to answer the question
with reference to the physical constitution of
the Comet, and the office it is designed to per
form in the economy of nature, is something
which science, in its present state of advance
ment, is incapable of doing.
That these mysterious things .are material
substances, it is reasonable to supp ose, and yet
the matter of them must possess a degree of
variety, to which nothing on our earth bears
any analogy. Sir Isaac Newton estimated the
teuuityt of a Comet's tail to be sucht, that it it
were compressed to. the dimensions of a cubic
inch, it would not then be as dense as the air
we breathe ! Just imagine an inch of air to be
so expanded as to occupy thousands of miles in
thickness, and millions in lengh ! A very thint
cloud,-amoke or* vapor othsny kind will ob,
scure the stars, but the light from the stars
shines through the tail of a Comet without
even having its rays refracted in their passage.
Indeed it is said that the nuclei of some of thte
Comets present little if any obstruction to the
transmission of lhght.
Again their density is so smnall that they do
not appear to affect other bodies, however near
they may approach to thtem. The Comet of
1770 got entangled among the moons of Jupiter
but it produced no effect on the planet or his
satellites. On the contrary, the Comet wasi
thrown out of its orbit and has not been seun
nior heard of since. Such is the account which
the sarwas give of the mat ter, and if it be true,
there would seem to be no just ground for the
apprehnsion about a Comet's coming in cont
tamct with the earth,-so far at least as any dis
astrous consequences would be likely to result
irum the shock. How far we might be affected
1.y the commingling of the Comet's elements,
.rt atmosphere, (if it has any) with that of our
..wtn, actual experiment could alone determine.
The question then, " wh~at is a Comet ?" most
is. ansmwered by science when it has reached a
higher point in its progress, or be left to the
..wleitjens of a future cispensation.
While it is highly probable that Comets, eveni
those of longest periods, belong to the Planeta
ry or Solar System, they differ very greatly
from the Planets in their motions. The latter
revolve in orbits nearly circular-Comets move
in orbits very elliptical. Planets have the sun
near the center of their orbits,-Comets are
very excentric and have the Sun'near the end of,;
their orbits. Planets in revolving around the
Sun, move from West to East; they are con
fined within the limits, and move through the
signs of the Zodiac-Comets come from and
move towards all points of the compass. They
come up from the vast abyss below the ecliptic:
they come down from the Zenith of the uni
verse, double their perihelion about the Sun,
and are gone upon their long and often un
There is also a prodigious variation in the ve
locity of some Comets, (and considerablein all
of them) in different parts of their orbits.
When at their aphelion, or farthbst point from
the Sun, their motion is comparatively slow;
when at their perihelion, or nearest point, they
go with almost inconceivable swiftness; some
as fast as a million of miles an hour. The
Comet of 1843 moved with amazing velocity,
and almost grazed the surface of the Sun, ap
proaching nearer to it than any other on record.
We might very naturally suppose that it was
exposed to a degree of heat exceedingly intense
when so near the Sun, but the laws of both
Light and Heat are far from being perfectly
understood, and the approach or recession of a
body to or from the Sun may not makerso great
a difference in this respect as we imagine. This
was the Comet cotemporary with the Millerite
excitement,and was probably the cause ofno little
pseudo piety in some whose chief motive to do
right was an apprehension of impending judg
ment. This visitor is expected again in 1865.
Another feature pertaining to Comets is the
great disiarity in the extent of their orbits and
consequently in their periodic times. Euche's
Comet, which is said to be now visible, revolves
with the orbit of Jupiter, and comes once in
little over three and a half years.
Beila's Comet, which I think is due this year,
comes every six and a half years. These have
very litlc if any tails attached.
Halley's Comet goes 3,400,000,00 of miles
away from the Sun; a long, long way beyond
the most remote kuown planet in the Solar
ystei. and requires seventy-six years to travel
nce around its prescribed path. And yet this
is called a Comet of a short period. There are
>thers which take hundreds, nay thousands of
years to perform one revolution. But we are
still confined to the Solar Systeii. te have
not yet reached the starry heavens,-the stel
lar system which is sketched upon the canvass
, space. But we are anticipating.
Comets are generally composed of three parts,
riz: the nucleus, resembling in appearance a
tar or planet,--a hairy like envelope from
which it derives its name,-and a brilliant ap
pendage, streaming away against the sky called
the tail. There is however no law of uniformni
ty in these particulars. Some Comets have no
ppreciable nucleus, some have no tails, while
thers have several,-that of 1741 had six,
rhich appeare. and disappeared in a few days.
'he Comet of 1823 had two tails, one extend
ng to'wards, and the other flowing away from
he St-. Generally the tail of a Comet is in
,direction opposite to the Sun,--following thme
~om.et as it app-oaches the Sun, and going be
re it as it recedes.
A variety of causes have been assigned for
hese caudal appendages, but they all amount
o the merest conjecture. Kepler imagined
hem to be the atmosphere of the Comet driven
ff by the impulse of the Sun's rays. Sir Isaac
fewton conjectured that they were thin vapor
rising from the heated nucleus. Dr. Hamilton
hought they were streams of electricity ; while
ir John Herschel contended that they were
omething in the nature of a smoke, fog, or
loud. These names embrace the highest au
hority in astronomical science, and if with
hem the subjg~t was involved in such uncer-1
~ainty, a mere amnate'ur may be excused for not h
enturing an opinion at all.I
These strange appearances, have always been
pectres of terror and alarm, and they continue!
o be such to the "great majority." Ini 1456
n appearance'of HI:dley's Comet threw all Eu
ope into consternation. The Turk at that time
ad crossed the IHellespont and threatened to
iant thme crescent in the land of " the Church,"
sd to avert the danger, to the " Ave Maria"
as added, " Lord save us from the Devil, the
urk and the Comet," and once a day these ob
oxione customers were formally excommunica
ed. Even during the past year in enlightened
Protestant America there was no small amount
f excitement about a Comet that was coming
o pilay destruction with our guilty old planet.
Doubtless we deserved it, and the knowledge of
his probably increased, if it did not originate
he fear. During the ferment, an intimnatecac
uaintance residing near me, and the Principal
f our Male Academy, moved rather by his
love of science than a participation in the ground
ess apprehension, addressed a letter to Prof.
Mitchel of the Cincinnati observatory, and re
ieved for answer that "no Comet was ex
We may probably attribute much of the un:
easiness about danger from Comets to the fact
that they are supposed to be lawless wanderers,
ranging without control though the heavens
and as likely as not to come in contact with
any of the planets, the earth not excepted.
But it is well ascertained that they are subject
to laws of motion, and move in pr'escribed or
bits as other bodies do, directed by hlim whose
mmanence confines all things to~ -Iimself and
whose Transcendence keeps every thing at its
prper distance. . These terms will perhaps not
be appreciated by somne of your readers. Your
correspondent claims no originality in the pse
of them, but has adopted them from another,
as better expressive of the true state of the
... than the " centrinetal" and "centrifupal
forces" which are found " in the books." These
convey the idea of blind, unintelligent power,
originating no one knows where and exerted no
one knows how. More than this, mere gravity,
of which these are the dcvelopments, never
could produce the motions of the heavenly bo
dies. There absolutely must be some directing
wisdom to originate and sustain the kind of mo
tion which they exhibit.
Iut perhaps enough has been written for one
lesson, though the qubject is by no means ex
hausted. We have alluded to the vast distances
to which some of these erratic bodies wander
from the Sun, and still are within the Solar
System. But suppose we have reached and
exploredithe stellar universe-all the bodies
encircled by the rings of the Milky way which
belts the stars as with agirdle of Light,-what
then ? Why away in the " Great Beyond" lie
telescopic nebular, which may be equally exten
Eive with the visible heavens, but contracted to
their apparent dimensions by the intervening
distance. - And yet these must end somewhere.
It is God alone who fills iimensity with His
presence-who transcends the bounds of space
and extends to Infinity.
" When I consider thy heavefts, the work
of thy fingers, the moon and the stars which
Thou has ordained, what is man that Thou art
mindful of him, or the Son of man that Thou
But a greater than David has said, "Even
the very hairs of our heads are numbered,"
and that not a sparrow falls to the ground
without our Father's knowledge.
E. L. W.
The world renowned traveller, Bayard Tay
lor, recently visited the race course near War
saw, Poland. In describing the cbaracier and
ppearance of the assembled horses and humans,
What more interested me than the speed of
the horses was the beauty of the Polish women
)f the better class. During two years in Eu.
rope, I have not seen so great a number of hand
ine faces as I saw in one hour yeiterday. It
would be dillicult to furnish a larger proportion
romni the acknowledged loveliness of Philadel
phia, Baltimore, or Louisville. licard of an
American marrying a Polish lady at Dresden
he other day, and I must commend his taste.
rhese maids of Warsaw are not only radient
onde, whose eyes and hair remind you of
orn flowers among ripe grain, but also dark
fyed beauties, with faces of a lull southern oval,
ips round and delicate as those of an Amorette,
md a pure gulden transparency of complexion.
rhe connoisseur of woman's beauty can'no
vbere better compare these two rival styles, nor
inve so great a difliculty in deciding between
Now, it is perfectly natural for all women to
)e beautiful. If they are not so, the fault lies
n their birth or training, or in both. All or
anism which is perfectly healthy in all its parts
vill be harmoniously developed, and, whether
nale or female, it will be perfectly beautiful.
ence there can be no true beauty without
ealth, and there can be no permanent health
n the future man or woman unless the child is
>roperly cared for. We would therefore res
)ectfully rt mind American mothers that in Po
and, a period of childlhuioil is ree;ised. IlThere,
;irls do not juminp from infancy to young lady
oo1. They are not sent ruim the cradle di
-ectly to the parlor, to dress, sit still and look
retty. No, they are treated as children should
e. Dunring childhlood, which extendrs through
Speriod of several years, they are plainly and
oosely dressed and allowed to run, rompl, anid
lay ini the opini air. They take in sunshine as
loes the flower. They are not loaded down,
irdled* about, and oppressed ever way with
ountless frills anid superabundant flounces, so
LS to be admired for their much clothing. Nor
re they rendered delicate and dyspeptic by
ontinual stuffling with cands and sweet cakes
s are the majority of American children. P'lain,
imple food, free and various exercise, and abun-H
laut sunshine, during tihe w~hole period of child-:
mod, are the secrets of beauty in after life.
Mother, would you raise up to woman hood a
eautiful daughter! Then, give her plenty of
un in the days of her youth. Sunshine, which
housands of American females seem to fear
vorse than the "hake of fire and brimstone" is
he greatest cosmetic in nature-indeed, the
mly ones Beauty of the complexion is asmuch
lependent on its influence as are the tints of the
-o or the fragrance of the peach.
If womenl would cultivate beauty of person,
w preserving health, all other graces would be
lded. They would sooni have their " rights,"
-or all p~ower. would be in their hanlds. A man
n the normlal state, as naturally bows dlown to
truly beautiful woman, as5 he adores his Crea
:or. Probably 110 man living has gazed upon a
treater number of beautiful female faces than
Bayard Taylor. But here familiarity does not
>red contempt. He is as easily charmed now
Jya vision of female loveliness, as he was be
ore one of the visions charmed him into matri
nlony. lie says:
"A t Granitza we were charmed by a vision
f perfect loveliness, which shone on us froml
~imle to time from the upper window of an ad
oining mansion. It was a womnan of twenty:
~wo, of ripe and yet tender beauty-features
xquisitely regular, complexion like a blush rose,
Large, soft eyes, rathler violet than blue, and a
ripping crown of mnagniheiet hair, ' thrown in
hadow and gold in the sun.' I confess to
watching this beautiful creature for -half an
bour through the window blinds."
DoMES'rle hIrrfN sS.-Depedid on it, tllere's
a great deal of donmestic happiness in a well
ressed muttonl chop, or a tidy breakfast table.
Men grow sated of music, are often too wearied
ror conversation, however intellectual; but they:
can always apyreciate a well swept hearth and
smiling comfort. .A woman may love her hus-.
band devotedly, may~sacrifice fortune, friends,
ramily, country for him-she may have the ge
nius of a Sappho, the enchanting beauties of Ar
mida, but, melancholy fact, if with these she
fail to make his home comfortable, his hleart
will inevitably escape her. And women live
so entirely in the affetions, thait withouat love
their affeictions, are a void. - Better submnit, then |
to household tastes, than doom yourlself to a I
lo~veles~s hlome. Women of the higher order Elf
mind will nmot run this risk; they knowv that.
their feminine, their domestic duties, .are their
" I wish," said a beautiful wife to her studi
ous husband-" I wish I was a book" . -
"I wish you were-an Almanac," cteplied
her loving lord, "and then I would get a new
one every year." Jubt then the silk rustled
and the Crinoline screacheid.
The period for seeding moat important
crop, has again rolled aro We have often
called the attention or o inting friends to
the importance and ecof0. of raising their
own wheat at home, herete South. There
is no crop more certain, 'or pays a bette:
per cent. on the land ' bor necessary to
grow it. We are to be -tood; then, to say
that it is a certain and rem erating crop, prop
erly managed. This we ui . from persopal
experience, and assertion he fact we predi
cate upon the following - ntial conditions:
Deep plowing in tife pre tion of the land,
thorough manuring and ein ff sowing. In this
way, twenty to thirty bush*e per acre may be
as certainly expected froin tr land as a fair
yield of cotton. The plant, -that is satisfied
with seven to ten bushelsir acre, will very
soon loose his seed; and, lift he planter, who
plants cotton for from thW'to five hundred
pounds per acre, in continpi disappointment,
laments the unce, tain and q*favorable seasons,
and rails out upon the uiafavorable climate.
Three to five acres will p uce an ample sup
ply of wheat for almost an -family in the coun
try. This may' 1.well-pre ed,-when the pro
duce will be from sixty to o hundred bushels.
The cause of failure in woat raising among
cotton planters, consists mamly in sowing twen
ty to forty acres on corn st4zbble annually, and
that late in Nov: iaber or firt of December, and
plow in with plows worn dut in cultivating.the
cotton crop! Lot every plabter who can, coin
mence now and prepare by deep and thorough
plowing, some three to five acres, then spread
on it five hundred bu.shelp per acre of good
compost manure, and then, if you have no har
row, prepare your Feed wheat, a good variety,
by brining either with- salt or bluestone, and
drying with lime or plaster of Paris- sow the
,ced, one to one and a half- bushels per acre,
and plow in with a scooter, after which brus) it
over evenly. A good harrow super.<edes the
necessity of the scooter, plowing and brushing.
Who of our friends will try this for the Ala
bana Stato Agricultural S6ciety'sprenium next
year?--Coui Planter and Soil.
A SouTH CAROuNIAN INDOINANT.-WO took
a seat last evening upon.one of the iron benches
in Jackson. Square, near a-seedy, gaunt,' tall
looking man, auout fifty, who, dressed in a shab
by suit of blatk, ;,at looking, on at the children
unjoying their ruinp6 on the shell walk, con
tintedly. On the farther eid of the bench was
a sailor boy, in his rough-lodIng sailor suit, who
bad lain down and fallen aleep. A policeman
who had strolled over froasthe Second District
Station house, approacieqthe bench; but be
lore taking a seat, woke the lad up and told hini
Lo " leave, and nut be sleefing in that square
again." The boy picked up.his cap, which had
allen off, placed it on his head and started off
lown aboard of some one ofithe schooners lying
it the Picayune tier.
The old fellow next us, go up at thesanme in
tant and walked off ae.e ; butsuddenly
urning, he advanced to icer, and
ow whol am?" The officer ainlvered rather
;ruilly in the negitive. " Well," said the tall
iestioner, "I'm from South Carolina," aid
lacing his thumb. in his arm-holes, he surveyed
.ne somewhat puzzled officer fur a few moments;
id then reacuing out his.right hand until it
iarly touched the latter's nose, said: "I do
hink that was the d-t coolest, most iuiputent
Aiece of business I ever heard tell of," and
'heeling around, went oft exclaiming, "I'm
rom South Carolina, I am." The astonishment
>f the nonplused oflicer can be better imagined
han lescrbed.--. U. Della.
WART.-If they give you no special incon
enience, let them alone. But if' it is of essen
al importance to get rid or them, purchase
ialf an ounce of nuriatic wcid, put it in a broad-.
>ottomned vial, so that it will not easily turn
,ver; take a stick as large as the end of a knit
ing needle, dip it into the acid, and touch the
op of the wart. with whatever of the acid ad
ires to the stick; then, with the end of the
tick, rub the acid into thme topj of the warit,
vithout allowimg the acid to touch the well
kin. l)o tuis night anid morning, and a safle,
ainless, awml ehlfectua' cure is the result.-HIr/h
"GA n."-G eneral loratio Ruibbe'lI, of Phiila
lelphia, has replied to a circular from his aIbe,
natr at New Ilaveni, asking mnoncy for a society
>r club instituted to train younig men to pre
neditated or extemporaneous speaking or dis
:ussion, declining to contribuite. ie sa.ys:
"Gab is the fatad epidelnic-of republics. What
listracted Greece? Gab! What factionized
1,me? Gab! What anarchized France? Gab!
What will dismember the Union ? Gab! The
ternal propensity of gabbling, umponm all occa
lions and at all tirmes, is the curse of our country."
VER Y CoNsIDE.RAT.-Anl Irishman being re
~ety on trial for some offence, pleaded "not
uilt," and the jury being in the box, thme State
oliLtr proceeded to call Mr. Furkisson as ai
itness. With the utmost innocence Patrick
urned his face to the court, and said:
" Do I underetand, yer hotnor, that Mr. Fur
dsson is to be a witness forenenst-men again ?I"
The Judge said drily, "it seemsi so."
"Well, thin yer honor, I plade guilty, sure,
mn' yer' honor plaise, not because 1 am guilty,
'or i'm as innocent as year honor's suckling
abe, but just on account q[j saving Mister Fur
The editor of the Hlaverhill Baiwer' tells the
eollowing story of one of his hens : " Our rose
ushes having been inifested with rose-bugs, we
aled an old yellow lien, who was very tame,
imd shooks the bushes for her benetit. This
was twice repeated, and toe other day we saw
ir reaching up to get the bugs which were on
1he leaves. But finding them out of her reach,
mhe very deliberately took thme hush in her bill,
hook it with all her strength, and then picked
p the rose-bugs that fell in large numbers."~
NAKLED TRiUT.-The late excentric John
lolmes, used frequently, in his addresses to
different juries, to explain the meaning of the
'naked truth," by relating the following fable:
"'ITruth and Falsehood, traveling one warm
day, mie. at a r'iver, and both went, iu to bathe
at. the sanme place. Falsehood coming first out
of the water, took his companion's clothes, and
left his own vile raiment and then went his way.
ruth coining out of the water, sought in vain
his own proper dress-disdaining the garb of
falsehood. Truth started, all naked in pursuit
of the thief, but not being swift of foot, has
never overtaken the fugitive. Ever since he
has been known as Naked Truth.
GotLaTu Or GArrn.-The following account
of this ghant is extracted from " Malcolm's Bi
ble Dictionary :" "Golitith- of Gath was eleven
feet four inches in height; his brazen helmet
weighed fifteen pounds; his target or collar
affixed between his shoulders to defend his
neck, about thirty ; his .sgiear was twenty-six
feet long, and weighed fifty pounds, its head
weighing thirty-eight ; his. sword forty ; his
graves on his legs,.thir'ty; and his coat of mail,
oe hundred and thirty-six I Making in all,
wo hiuudred and twenty-three pounds."
Anasv.Lr..-Retrecentatires : S. McGowan,
Thoma< Thomson, II. H. Harper, J. N. Cochran,
Dr. J. J. Wardlaw. ,
AXDRaso.-&nattr': J. W. Tlarrison.-Rep
resentatires: II. I. Vandiver, J. T. Broyles, J.
L. Shanklin, S. M. Wilkes.
ALL SAINTS.- Senator : Charles Alston, jr.
Sresentatires: Peter Vaught, sr'
BARNW EL.-.-Representatires: Messrs. H.
Hammond, J. J. Ryan, A. P. Aldrich, D. H.
CIssTia.-Rpresentalices: W. T. Gilmore,
J. S. William, S. Wade Douglas.
CLAREDorN.-Senator: Col. Richard I. Man
ning.-Representatires: J. P. Richardson, jr.,
W. J. McFaddin.
CanisT CHURCH PARIsH.-Representatires:
ClIFSTERFIELD.-Se?1aor: James W. Blake
ney.-Representirres: John A. Inglis, Allen
DAR LINGTO.-Representatire*: T. P. Lide,
J. E. Byrd.
EDGEFr. LD.- :XEnator : Jas. P. Carroll.-Rep
resentatires: J. Ila'nden Brooks, John Quattle
bum, Abram Jones, James Tompkins, A. L
Dearing, W. W. Adans.
FAIR~no.-Repreeuaivns: Henry C. Da
vis, R. B. Boylston, J. B. McCants.
Gn K xvnii.r. .-Reprsenitaires: J. W. Stokes,
J. 1. Sullivan, B. F. Perry, W. II. Campbell.
GEoR.a:Tow.- Srnator: 11. II. Wilson.
Representa~/ires: 11. Dozier, J. IT. Read, jr., J.
II. Tucker, jr.
Hon Rv.-.Senator: - Sessions.-Represer
iatires: - Ilarrell.
K SiIAw.-Represeulaices: W. I1. Shannon,
A. 11. Boykin.
LA NC.w0rEit.-Representatires: J. Williams,
G. E. Rut!edge.
Ly:xiatrox..-Rcgrescntatires: J. C. Hope,
Dr. G. Muller.
LAla0:N.-SCnata'r: James II. Irby.-Rej.
resentatires: S. J. Craig, W. D. Simpson, Juhn
A. Metts, James II. Ware.
M.iR iox.-Rpresentatires: I. C. Howard,
- Evans, W. S. Mullins.
MARLDOnOnUn .-&nItor: Chas. Irby.-Rep
rese,itatices: C. P. Townseud, J. 11. Hudion.
NwBaY -epr~esentticas: d.II. HWilliams,
C. II. Suber, L. J. Jonies.
PicxENs.-Senator: Elan Sharpe.-Repnrsen.
latice8s: George I. Cherry, Robert Maxwell,-A.
PRixcE W[LuAs.-Senator: James E. De
loach.-Representatires : George P. Elliott, Wm.
R4iCuLA N D.-Stnor: Wade I1am ,ton.-Rep
resenalices: W. 11. Talley, J. P. Adam-, W.
Wallace, A. J. Green.
SAitRTANBURo.-Senator: Gabriel Cannon.
Representatiwes: 0. E. Edwards, B. F. Kilgore,
J. W. Miller, V. M. Foster, James Farrow.
SUMrza.-Senator: F. J. Moses.-Represen
talices: J. D. Blanding, T. B. Fraser, R. L.
.Sr. MATTiIEwSs.-SW'en r: 0. M. Dan!zler.
Represcuatative;.Dr. J. A. Kellar.
Br.- Awnasws.-Represue -JA*ines 3L.
Sr. JonN's BJamK,.av.--nator: .. Sandford
Barker.-Re~iresentatire: Philip C. Kirk.
Sr. JoHN's CoLI.E-ro.-Senaltor: Edward B.
Ilryan.-RepresentahLces: E. C. Vhaley, Wd
ST. GEoRGE*'s .PoRcH sTEit.-Senaor: E.
Brownlee.-Repjresenltalica-: Thomn J.Sistrunk.
ST. PuILLPrs .ND) S-r. MIeuAu:js.-Snaiwr:
1I. 1. Lesesne.-Representatices : T. Y. Sinions,
F. D. Itichard.ion, 1). amsay, F. Lanneatu, II.
Buist, C. 11. Simonton, 1i. W. Spratt, It. W.
Seynuir, M. P. O'Conn.r,' J. J. -Lucas, U. 01.
Meminiiger, IL S. Duryea, Win. Whaley, R.
Yeadon, J. Johnson, jr., 11. L. Pinckney, jr.,
E. 31. Whiting, .James Siions.
Sr. S3ri- :s 's Ia.-R en'.Wentaie: Phi
lip E. Porcher.
Sr. llsarnom.oarew's.-Senator: - O'llrvan.
-Reprcenualtices: D. L. Smith, 0. P. William ,
Dr. Charles Pinckney.
S-r. Jsui es Goosu Caa.-R -presculatice: J.
8-r. TuoJisOI ANDi Sr. DPexsts.-Senatur: Dr.~
S-r. l'Am.'s.-Pr.Rroutaire : J. C. Whaley.
S-r. .Jsn-:s' SA ii:.-Reyresentatire : A. .J.
Rerespl.natiec: Josiephi D. Pope.
8Sr. Lex'i.--Sen-,tor : Francis W.'Fickling.
Reresenu'tire: .Johin II. Screven.
Uso x.---Represcula"tires: Robert heat ty, .
3. Gadberry, W. Jieffries.
W n.rL!orsiiLizt.--&natlor: S. J. Montgmnery.
-Representaiicesv: J. 0. Pressley, W. M. Ilelser,
Yon K.- Represen/alires: D)aniel . Williams,
Edward Moore, W. U. Black, A. S. Wallace.
/- From the Ch'/arleston Couurier.
IlE LA TE SENITdIIA L ELECTION IN EDGEFIELD
Messrs. Editors :-You are requested to state
that, at the lute Senatorial election, in E lgefield
District, there were polled 344 votes more than
were ever before given in the District, at any
election, atnd 407 votes more than were given ini
the Djistrict at the excited Senatorial election
in 1854, in which the Hon. Tihinan Watson wa
elected over the ion. James P. Carroll.
At the late election, William Gregg, Esq., re
ceived' 1412 votes-five more than sufliced to
elect Mr. Watson oiver Mr. Carroll in 1854. In
the recent contest, Mr. Carroll received 1770
votes-a majority of 358 votes over Mr. Gregg.,
Old Edgefield is to be congratulated on her in
crease of population.
-AN bIroANT VER~icT.--In the Philadel
phia Couirt of Quarter Sessions, on Monday last,
a man namued William Nixon was pronounced
gity of manslaughter for havmig left his lyorse
and cart standing, unattended, in a pubhe street,
by which negligence a child was killed. The
verdict in this case, the Inquirer says, will be a
warning to those, and they are nmuberless, whoj
are in the habit of leaving horses in the public
streets unwatched and loose, and liable, from
many causes, to start off and do mnuc. mischief.
Such a verdict as has been rendered shows that
the public voice censures negligence of this kind,
and we rufer to the case with the hope that the
example may be an impressive one, though the
law probably will not exact a heavy penalty tin
der the circumnstances.
A LL SwePT Away.-Anong thie mnany sad
inicidents, says the New Orleans Delta, of the
pireent epidlemlic, which have comne to our
knowledge, and whlich we have generally ab
stained front publishing, is the following, per
haps unsurpmassed in afflictive interest:
" A German, who came to this -t" many
years since, had acquired a large proper y, and
last spring lie sent over to "faderland" and re
moved to this city all the members of his im
mediate family, in number seven or eight
father and mother, brothers and sisters. Not
long after their arrival, the prestilence entered
his household, andl ceased not its work of death
until every one of the newly arrived relatives
were carried forth to their graves in a strange
aad. which.ithey had conie so far to fill."
A HIENEaRY.-A Mr. DeSora, of Paris, having
discovered the secret of -making liens lay every
,lay in the year by feeding them with horse
flesh, raw and minced, bethought him of going
into the fresh egg business on a large scale. le
began his experiment with three hundred hens,
and found that they averaged the first year
some twenty five dozen eggs each. Last season,
he had 100,000 hens at work, with a fair pro
portion of male birds, and the proportionate re
sult was the same. To supply the great con
sumption of meat, the numerous disabled and
worn-out horses in and around Paris are depen
ded on. They are neatly and scientifically
slaughtered at M. DeSdra's own abattoir. The
blood is sold for art purposes. The tanners buy
the skins. The glue-makers and manufacturers
of Prossian blue get the' heads, hoofs, shanks,
&c. The button-makers buy the larger bones.
The average consuniption of hores per day is
twenty-two, and so-well arranged is the system,
that the proceeds of the sale of the hides, bones,
&c., make a profit on the original cost of the
horses. Another item of profit is the manur'e
from the fowl yards, which is eagerly sought
for by the gardeners in the neighborhood.
About one hundred persons, mostly females,
are employed in the various departmentsof the
henery. The expenses of the establishment,
including repairs, interest, &c., amotnt to about
$75,000 per.annum. The sales of eggs, last
winter, were 40,000 dozen a week, at four
aines for six dozen, or $5,000 per week, which
i-; $250,000 per annum. So that Mr. DeSora
can both cluck and crow over his hlens, that
bring him in a clear revenue of nearly $175,000
a year. -
A Fr.EAK or NATeu.-Mr. Vestal yesterday
requested us to go to the Commercial Hotel to
see a rare luin.v naturce. lie has a girl who has
four legs and fiet, and two heads, four arms and
the upper parts of two bodies, perfectly forned,
with the excption that the heart of one qJ
these bodies is in the right side instead of the
left, but though it is double as to its heads, arims
and legs, yet in its spinal and pelvis arrang
ments it is one. Its two heads are very intelli
gent and answer and sing together. In an.
swering questions asked by any one, both answer
together and in the same words, or if different
questions are asked, each answers differently.
In walking, the girl uses twd or four legs, whieh
ever happens to be most convenient. In eatiig
she uses both mouths, though it is supposed
that one would answer the purpose as well, as
there is but one sot of digestive organs. It is
the most remarkable creature we have ever seen.
It is more wonderful than the Siamese Twins
they were two p. rsons joined together by a men
brance. This girl is two persons with one body
-.<pidily in unity.-Xasliville Banner.
TUE Pas'r ANn 'THE BRI0ANns.-The Opin
ione of Turin has the following story:-" The
parish priest of Varostica was called up a few
nights ago to administer the sacrament to a dy.
ing person, and as he was returning home, ac
com panied by tWo villagers, he perceived, to his
suraprise, a light ia..a cottage. Having, with his
companiois, entered tho house, they were aston
ished to perceive the occupier of it, his wife and
daughter, hanging by the neck to a beam of the
ceiling. They cut them down and found that
the mnami and the woman were dead, but that the
girl, though senseless, was alive, and they sue
ceeded in restoring her to consciousness. She
then stated that a punm'er of brigands, headed
by the servant of the priest himself, had forced
their way into the house, broken open nil the
drawers and closots, possessed themselves of
everything of value and then hanged her parents
and herself. The priest full of horror, went
home with the two men, and ordered his servant
to go into the cellar, fur wine. The man made
somC objection, but the priest having insisted,
]own I wont, and the priest locked him in. Ie
thOn rang the toesin. and nearly all the inhabi
i ant.s of the village having assembled, he caused
tile cellar to b- entere.d. There were fmind
there, including the servant, six bandits, with the
booty which they had taken from the peasants
house. Al the six vere immediately secured."
IReMsas~Tre 3Ma tai; -A rormant ic marririge
cae off at lieaiifoirt, N. U., on WVednesmlay eve
nng. A coasting stembhoat put into thannt port,
and thne capltain, hbeing taken sick, took rmoims at
ine of the hotels. TIhe landlord, it .seeums, hadl
an interesting daughter, who, from symnpathy,
womnan- like, took an interest in thbe captain, and
imrobably administered to his wants in his dis
tress among strangers. The gallant captain was
not callous to such dhivinie uttributes. Sympa
thy ripened into friendship, friendship into love,
and. as above stuted, on Wednesday evening,
while the parents of the fair Samaritan were in
blissful ignorance of what was about to take
place, they wer~e married after an acquaintance
uf but a few days. A "nattive" who had long
wooed the fair one in vain, hearing of the good
forune of his rival ,got gloriously luw comne yIou
so; broke all the glasse- in thne bar zoom of the
hol, tore up things generally, and it wias feared
would commit suicide.
The origination of the termn, the "First Famn
ily of Virginia," is thus explained by an ex
change: In the early settlement of that State,
it was found impossible to colonize it uinless
wotnen went there. Accordingly a ship load
was sent out, but no planter was allowed to
marry one of thetn until lie had first paid one
hundred pounds of tobacco for her passage.
When the second ship load came, no one would
pay more than seventy five pounds for the mat
rimonial privilege, except it were a very supie
ior article. Conseqnenmtly, the descendants ofn
all those who were sold for one hundred pounds
of tobacco were ranked as the first families,
while those who brought but seventy-five-pounds
are now ranked as the second families: and the
reason, why no one can ever find any of the
second fanmilies, is because you cant get a Vir
ginian to admit that his mothcr only brought
seventy-five pounds of tobacco.
Tu BEArrY Foni. i:..-On the Norfo~lk cIrcuit,
Barriter Lee wvas retained for the plaintiff in an
action for a breach of promise of marriage;
when the brief was brought hirn, he inquired
whether the lady for whose injury he wvas tc
seek redress was good looking. " Very hand.
some, indeed, sir !" was the assurance of Helen's
attorney. " Then, sir," replied Lee, "I- beg
you will request her to be in court, and in a
place where'she can be seen." The attorney
promised compliance; and the lady, in accord
ance with Lee's wishes, took her seat in a con~
spicuou-s place. Lee, in addressing the jui-y,
did not fail to insist with great warmnth 'on the
" abominable cruelty" wvhich had been exer
cised towards " the lovely and confiding female'
beore them, and did not sit down until he had
succeeded in working up their feelings to the
desired point. The counsel on the other side,
however, speedily broke the spell with which
Lee had enchanted the jury, by observing that
his learned friend in describing the graces and
beauty of the plaintiff had not mentioned oe
fact, namely, that the lady had a trooden leyj.
The court was convulsed with laughter, while
Lee, who was ignorant of this circumstance,
looked aghast; and the jury, ashamed of the
influence that mere eloquence hail had upoi
them, returned a verdict for the defendant.
)I,,nn~g' Law and Lauctrs.
From ite Anderson Gazelle.
COL. JOH P. 185MORE.
The gentleman whose name heads this arti
cle has been cho-en by the people of the Fifth"
Congressional District to succeed our present
able and distinguished Representative,.the Hor.
James L. Orr. And, it is not for the purpose of
enlightening our citizens, to whom he is most
favorably known, but - to give to the whole
country our estimate of his eharac'r, that we
indite this article. We have taken no positiom
in our paper during the reeent campaign for Col..
Ashmore, becaude we regarded the contest en
tirely on the personal imerits'of the candi'daes,
and think that Editors, at least, should keep
aloof from the public advocacy of- mn, when
there were no practical measures' involvdd.
Moreover his-competitor, Maj. T. 0; P. Vernon,
we regarded as an honorable and-worthy pen
tieman, entitled to the confidence of an intelli
gent constituency. if they saw' proper to place
him in office. For these reasons, then, we did
not wield our pen in behalf of our fellow-towns
man. Now, the people of our Congressional
District have selected him as their future Rep
resentative, and it is proper that we express onr
gratification at the result, and' accord to Col.
Ashmore the just meed of praise.
Col. Ashmore, as the majority of our readers
know, was born in Greenville Distict,'and .
lived there untill about the age of 14 yearis,
when he went to Pendleton, and hecamea clerk,
we think, for a firm still existing there. le :
afterwards left this District, anti lockling in
Sumter Diatrict, pursued the study.of law.
Soon after being admitted to the practice of
law, he married.' At an early age, the citizens
of Sumter sent him to repre'ent them in the -
lower brinch of the Legi.<lature, which positien
they repeatedly assigned h'im, and which he'
filled with marked and consummate, ability.
For several years, although a young member, he'
was Chairman of Ways and Means, the most
imgprtant Committee of the House. In -1853,
he was elected by the Legislature tothe respon
sible office of Comptroller General otfthe State,
the duties of which he discharged with admira
ble exactness and- correct understanding. In
1854 he removed his fimily to our town, bought
lands a few miles in the country, and whilo
completing the terunof his ofike, pursued at the
same tine the vocation of a farther, in which,
we have heard his immediate neighbors he
was most successful.
As a politician he has ever upheld the ;;uw i
ples of pure, eonsistent, Jeffersonian De:.. :mw.
In 1851. he was a co-operationi.' *d nd .
recent canvass, he has repeatei .
self a States Rights Democ at:
support the present organizati.
cratic party, believing it to be t.
party in the Union. In all r.
we have heard his speeches, w
once. between his political c:.
our present Representative. C
in the expression of his views,
and possessed of that energy.
acter which foreshadow the .-- wi
In person, Col. Ashmoslre is ..
black piercing'eyes-affable --m,
m-turers, he speedily wins the -
low-men, and their admiratf a
best known amounts to eith.
lic speaker, he has a gallant,
interests the hearer, and assc a
bued with the Irue graces of
We predict for Col. Ashm
reer ir the Federal Legislatu
BnOAnyST AT TIM BAsE.
the fir. t things you ought to
build up a character. Allov
fact about it, which we hav -. h
servatinn. It must be built I
firm and lasting-broad at t
funndition inst be good,
would crack and fall to pie. -
tion from early boyhood, e
industry, obedience to parec
above all, piety. By and bi
be as firm as a pyramid; a:.
could not overthr."w it. Usje a
life is bad, to buil a cha!
ginning, would be abnuo4taf -a-~.
and poi-:e a pyramiid on its , .
A x A wri'm Donosa,.-A late. English . paper.
relates that one evening a young. man hmd just
fitteil oni a patir of newv boots in ab sho~e store,.
wh'len a rough-loo~nking 'fellow stepped ini and
strnek hinm a blow ua ion the bead.'
" Would yoiu stand that T' saidl the- eustomer
to the storeheep~er, wvho, by the way, is known~
to be fond of sport.
"That. I wouldn't"' he replied.
The youn! -~man, thus enucouraged, started.
after his assailanit, and he must still he in full
chase, as noiaher he iior the hoots have since
been recognized in Nottinghain. It is needless
to say that the new boot~s were not paid for, and
i pair of old ones were left behind.
Tfie latest novelty from Germany is a musical~
bed, which receives the weary body and immedi
ately "laps it into Elvsiumi.!' It is an invention
of a mechanie in Bohiemia and is so constructed
that by mneanus of hidden mechanism, a pressure
upon~a the bed causes a soft and gentle air of Au-.
ber to lbe played, which continues to lull the.
moost waketul to sleep. At the halal is a clock,
the band of which being placed at tI e hour the
the slerper wishe~s to rise, when the time arrives
the bed plays a march of Spontonii, with drums
Iand cymbals, andI, in short with noise enough to
to rotisn the seven sleepers.
"You have lust your baby, 'I hear," said one
gentleman to another. -
" YeA, poor little thing! It was oply .five
monthbs old. We di-l all *e couild - for-it. We
had four doctors, hii.,tered its -bead and feet,
put mustard poultices all over it, gave it nine,
calonel powders, leeched its tempkle, had -it
bled, and gave it all kinds of nedicies, and
yet, alter a week's illness, it died."
" Our "Imp," seems somewhat pleased
wvitu the following little paragraphi. which he
says is an " uncontrovertable fact,' an~we pub
lish it at his request:
Woman has found her true "sphere"~ at last.
It is about 27 feet round,ad-is made of hoops -
and crinoline. - ...
AN Irislanan fighits bfore.h esos
Scotchnan reasons before he flghzt, an Enghish
man is not particular as to the order- df pr'ebe
dence, but will do either.to acedmiddtehls
eustomers. A modern generall hasald'thit
the best troops would be as follows: 'An Trish. '
man half-drunk, a Scotchiman hialf-starved, had
an Englishman with his belly fulL. -.
"Whose pigs are those, my lad 1".f Why,
they belong to that there big saw." -1 13ntf -
mean who is their master?" " Whf t litle'
un, air he's a grand un to fight." .
7 Two pairs of' shoes. were late. mae y'aehoe -
manufuteturer ia Lynn, to tlswI ir~ 'Bouthera
patim.They are I~ who .
also a negrodero ove rk ad netpa
and nshalfinehes lineugt~ tl