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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of on rties, and-it it must fall, w i eihais h un.
81%1114N, DVITESOE &CO., Proprietors. 9EIJ~rF D *o *C VE E *, -8,
LIVE FE 80EImInG.
Live for something; be not,id1e
Look about thee for employ;
Sit not down to useless dreaming
Labor is the sweetest joy.
Folded hands are ever weary,
Selish hearts are never gay,
Life for thee hath many duties
Active be, then, while you may.
Scatter blessings in thy pathway !
Gentle words and cheering smiles
Better are than gold and silver,
With their grief-dispelling wiles.
As the pleasant sunshine falleth
Ever on the grateful.earth,
So let sympathy and kindness
Gladden well the darkened earth.
Hearts there are oppressed and weary;
- Drop the tear of sympathy,
Whisper words of hope and comfort, *
Give and thy reward shall be
Joy unto thy soul returning
From this perfect fountian-head;
Freely, as thou freely givest,
Shall the grateful light be shod.
THEB' JOY 2O YOU AND NE.
BY JoS GEOonG WATTS.
The sunlight gilds the mountain top,
And glows upon the plain,
The tall corn undulating plays
Before the breeze again:
_J The. hedges are bespront with blooms,
Most beautiful to see,
There's life and love in everything,
And joy for you and me.
Come from thy chamber, let us seek
Some quiet sylvan nook;
Where we may undisturb'd pursue
Sweet nature's mystie book:
Where holdinasilent intercourse
With bird, and iow'r and tree,
Our fancy's b6k may glide adown
The stream of poesie.
Come forth and bring our now-born boy,
Where wantonbreezes play,
And gain rare odors rambling through
Wide meads of the fresh-mown hay;
Come forth and bring our now-born boy,
Where Zephyra may greet
The dear one's dainty dumpling mouth
With kisses soft and sweet..
Come forth, and leaning on my arm,
A gentle stroll we'll take,
Where the fox-gloves hang their strings of bolle
Among theforest brake
.Whlinotlak, and, lae bird food
There' ilife ana love in everything,
Anli joy f4r you and me.
DRESDEN. Sept. 25th, 1858.
My dear Colonel: I have it in my mind to
entertain you with some slight mention of the
great singers and actors of Dresden. What
say you thereto? The Theatre is kept up in
the most royal style, apparently without regard
to expense, and the Corps, both histrionic and
lyric, is the best in Germany, not even except
ing those of Berlin and Vienna. In the lyric
corps are four Tenors, four Barytones, two
Bassos, five Sopranos and one Contralto, the
Chorus and Ballet in proportion. The histri
onic company is well nigh endless, and counts
among its members the two greatest dramatic
names of Europe-Davison and Devrient.
Lately I forwarded you a sketch of the noble
opera of Rienzi, and now, with your permission,
I will tell you of the perform'ers who figure
therein. The role of Rienzi is filled by Tichat
sheck, th'ric of Tenors, and the idol of
Dresden. This wonderful singer is t~y birth a
Hungarian, as his intolerable name indicates,
and has had a long and triumphant career, being
now an old man. His voice, unlike most tenor
voices, they being generally weak and lasting
but a few years, is perfectly gigantic, and at the
age of fifty-three entirely unimpaired. As an
actor, he is also very highly gifted. lie sings
anything, and in any stylg, and all in the most
faiultiess manner; looks as well in the role of a
hero of twenty or twenty-five years as if he
were really no older, and embellishes less than
the younger actors. He bids fair to hold out
until the final day ! So great is his reputation,
that were he to appear before the footlights and
mew like a cat, the people would probably go
into ecstacies. . n addition to his other accom
plishments, he is terribly extravagant, and the
king is in the habit of paying his debts. lie i.4
*an intimate friend of Wagner, who, I am told,
composed the part of Rienzi expressly for him.
Iren#, the sister, is played by Fraulein KralI,
a young-Soprano, whose voice has the freshness
of the early spring, and is capable of expressing
.any feelings or executing any flights. She is
small and very white, and looks like an angel.
Adriano di Colonna, the noble young Roman,
is portrayed by Madame Krebs Michalesi, the
Contralto, the wife of Herr Krebs the Maestro
and mother of several children. Her voice and
acting are very fine, and being exceedingly tall
and thin, she is much betlter looking as a dash
ing young fellow than as an elderly dame.
To Herr Mitterwurzer, the star among the
Barytones, falls the villanous part of Orsini. He
is a large, imposing looking person, with a voice,
mien and gesture befitting Jove, of whom I
always think when looking at him.
The rest of the performers in this opera,,and
upon the Dresden lyric stage in general, are of
the first class in their different lines, but the four
above mentioned have a European reputation.
In addition to these, comes the greatest of all,
the match to Tichatacheek, Mad Burde-Ney.
'jThis lady in better known under her maiden
iamne of Jenny Ney-she Is now married to
Herr Bsfrde a prominent Dresden actor,. The
jm.e-.ey i. the anufiian ad cnutaan in En
rope to speak of great Prima Donnas, Actresses
and Dancers not as Madame, Miss, Mademoiselle,
&c., but as " the,") is in every respect a great
singer, tragic and lofty. She is also the Court
singer, and has some tremendous title; the sum
and substgnce of it all is that she sings at the
private soirees and entertainments of the royal
family. For two months she has been in retire
ment, studying the role of Judith, in anew opera
of that name by Naumann, the royal music di
rector in Berlin. This work is to be produced
on the first of October, with Madame Ney air
Judith and Herr Mitterwurzer as Holofernes;
it is very highly spoken of, and Dresden is again
on tip toe.
Speaking of actors and actresses, let me again
revert to the evening of which my former epis
tle treated. Before the rising of the curtain,
all eyes were directed to a box, in which sat no
one but an elderly lady-a woman of apparent
ly sixty. This turned out to be Madame Schro
der-Devrient, the immortal Schroder-Devrient,
who fifteen or twenty years ago was the great
est singer and actress in Europe. She was also
the most beautiful and most dissipated woman.
Time has dimmed her naughtiness, but alas it
has dimmed also her voice and her beauty!
Between the first and second acts this lady was
joined by Madame Unger-Sabatier and Joanna
Wagner, two Berlin stars of the frst magnitude,
after which the box in question disputed with
Rienzi, Irene and Adriano the attention of the
Of the actors, I will mention only two, and
they, without tny manner of doubt, the greatest
living, Emil Ievrient and Bogumil Davison.
Who could s'then without deploring the want
of a universal language ? Devrient is of a fami
ly distinguished for ages past in the dramatic
annals of Germany, and like Ticha~hcck, now
an old man, but as elegant and youthful in ap
pearance as was ever D'Orsay. He plays only
in tragedy, or in very serious and elevated parts.
Davison, on the contrary, plays in every thing,
from Richard the Third and Faust down to the
veriest farce, and equally well in all. The latter
is a Polish Jew and one, who, in "sifting oLt"
of his tribe "among all nations," has fallen into
a wonderfully convenient berth. His Richard
11, Shylock and Mephistophiles are personations
which not only rise above all criticism, but
make the spectator question himself if he be of
the same species with the sublimely gifted man
before him. The acting of Davison and Duvrient
is not acting, it is the impulse of fine genius, of
mubtle intellect, of noble soul.; They are men
o venerate! VeF) IatelI, theyaplpeared ther,.
bJhon Carlos," one of the most powerful and
popular of the great poet's works. A drama
lounded upon the sad and interesting history of
Don Carlos, son of Philip Secofd of Spain, who
after being betrothed to the beautiful and virtu
ous Elizabeth of Valois, whom he so ardently
loved, saw her become the wife of his hoary
father, and was forced to dwell beneath the same
roof with her and to call her mother. Davison
played the morose, bigoted, superstitious Philip,
noble however in some respects, ever struggling
between his good and evil impulses, and ever
yielding to the evil. And Devrient, the young
and. enthusiastic Marquis Posa, high souled
knight of Malta, without a selfish thought, and
burning with plans for the good of his fellow
men ; he dies for his friend, the unfortunate and
blighted young. Carlos, and even at this price
cannot save him. What roles and how rendered !
I will add in closing that the plays of our
revered Shakspeare, those at least whiuh are
brought upon the stage, are translated into Ger
man in a minner which leaves nothing to wish
for. Indeed the translators arc Schiller and
Schlegel. J. T. B.
Written for the .Edgefleld Advertiser.
POETS AND NETRtY.
BY JENNY wooDDINE.
While some nations, in the days of their
greatest prosperity, could only boast of one
Poet-our own State can proudly show forth
its thousand and one, and as to our Republic at
large-Ugh ! we dare not enumerate all the
poetasters who infest its cities, mountainr,
groves, and vallies. Every village has its news
paper ;' and every newspaper has its dozen, or
more contributors who prate eternally of love;
and who, not content with sighing '"like a fur
nance," chant in dismal numbers the tortures
which their poor breaking hearts are doomed to
Now, we do thinks, good wholesome criticisrm
would be of service to these unfledged bard
lings; and, as no one seems bold enough to
handle the scalpel, we will seize it ourself, al
though by so doing we expose ourself to the
wrath of every one of the "dear little ca
It is a very common error, for persons to im,
agine that whatever interests them, interests
the whole world; but it is a most egregious
mistake. The sentimental verses which Julia
Ann dedicates to her " darling friend, Angelina,"
in which she speaks of the congeniality of their
souls, and fondly calls her, " spirit mate," may
be highly entertaining to the lady in question,
and yet awaken no throb of interest in the
huge pulse of the reading public. The love
sick ditties with which Sallie Sassifras Root
tortures her poor Harp, and which she entitles
" To Tommie," " To Charlie," " To Sanimmie,
or to some other fortunate biped, who may have
smiled at her through his moustache, may be
deemed divine by the aforesaid individual;-yet
it does' not follow that the worl should be
enlightened, or interested by 'the disjointed
rhymes in' question. It is very well that as1
occasional " pome" of this description should fill
a stray corner in some paper or magazine; bul
when all our papers are deluged with suei
trash, it ceases to amuse and only disgusts.
If " Aramninta" is deceived by " Theodore,'
instead of setting him down as a villain in he,
own mind, unworthy the regret of a woman o:
......-and ifistantly dismissing him from ha
thoughts-she flies to the nearest book store,
buys a ream of fools-cap, and a box of pens,
then straightway seats herself in her " bower,"
(which is often a liuter-ary room with an un
made bed in it) and proceeds to tell " the moon,"
or "the breeze," that her "heart is sad," or
"her spirit disconsolate,"- and winds up with
somethihg like this: a
Come back to me, and I'll forgive
The shadow thou hast cast,
* Upon the heart that loved thee well
Forgot will be the past.
Which piece of nonsense not only keeps away
Theodore, " the false one," but effectually keeps
away every body else; for what sensible young
man cares to address a maiden who is mourn
ing a lost lover ? It is astonishing too how
" gay" these broken-hearted ones contrive to be
in order to deceive the world, as if the world
cared anything about the matter. On every
occasion we hear them say
The world shall never know my woes,
Or gaze upon my deep despair,
I'll shine amid the festive throng,
And 'mid the gay, be gayest there.
A deal of trouble they put themselves to, to be
sure, for a matter of such small importance, es
pecially when they take so much pains to let
the same world know that it has been deceived,
and tell it that while they were smiling, and
jesting with the mirthful, " Theodore's" image
was with them, and their hearts were breaking
with hopeless love.
It is astonishing too the amount of pork
which these "broken hearted ones" consume.
I have seen many a one who told " five thousand
readers" weekly that she was " dying of love,"
and yet, strange to say, have never yet found
one who lived so entirely on love, or poetry as
to* lose her appetite. I the "dear readers"
could see the dinners which these fair ones daily
consume, the veil of romance would be rudely
torn away, and not one of them would be un
easy about the health of these sighing Ara
A reformation is needed. The world is tired
of "Come back, false one,"--" My heart is bro
ken"-- I love thee yet," and all such stuff,
with which emancipated school-girls, and ro
mantic spin.ters, who have looked in vain for
the individual in search of a daughter-in-law
for his mother, addle the brains of silly maid
ens, and disgust elderly persons who have out
lived the age of romance.
Poetry is a high, and noble gift, and has its
uses-it was given us to beautify the common
incidents of life-to puriffour souls-to develop
our kindly emotions, and make us wiser, and
every simpleton who has an ambition to shine'
in " the Poet's corner," it ceases to be regarded
in its really divine light, and becomes a theme
Now, my dear littlerhymn ers, love Earnest, or
Tommie, as much as you please, ant tell him
of it occasionally-through the papers if you
will,-but not ercry week. Do give us now and
then a dish of something more palateable-we
surfeit on sweetmeats, when' set before us al
ways. Remember that variety is the spice of
life; and if your muse does not inspire you on
any high and noble theme, 'grind out' of your
hand-organ-I beg your pardon-your Harp,
a stanza to your canary, or a sonnet to your
pet kitten. h will be a relief, for almost any
sort of change is better than continued mono
THlE QU ER S COMl~CRIB,
A man had been in the habit of stealing corn
from his neighbor, who was a Quaker. Every
night he would gosoftly to the crib aiid fill his bag
with thme ears which the good old Quaker's toil
had placed there. Every morning the old gen
tleman observed a diminution of his corn piles.
This was very annoying, and must be stopped
but how? Many a one would have said, "Take
a gun, concealed yourself, wait till he comes,
and fir'e.'' Others would have said, "Catch the
villain and sen'dl him to jail."
But the Quaker was not prepared to enter in
to any such severe measures. He wanted to
punish the offender, anid at the same time bring
about his reformation, if possible. So lhe fixed a
sort of trap close to the hole, through which the
man would thrust his arm in getting the corn.
The wicked neighbor proceeded on his unholy
errand at the hour of midnight, bag in hand. Un
suspeCingly he thrust his haiid into the crib to
seize an car, when lo! he found himself unable
to withdraw it I In vain he tugged, and pulled,
and sweated, and alternately cried and cursed.
His hand was fast1 and every effort to release it
only made it the more secure. After a while the
tumult in his breast measurably subsided. He
gave over his useless struggles, and bejgan to
look around, .A11 was silence and repose. Good
men were sleeping comfortably ini their beds,
while he was compelled to keep a dreary, dis
graceful watch through the remainder of that
long and tedious night, his hand in constaint pain
from the pressure of the clamp which held it.
His tired limbs compelled him to sustain his
weary body, which would fain have sunk beneath
him, and the weary eyes would haveeclosed in slum
ber, but lo I there was no rest, no sleep for him.
There lie must stand, watch the progress of the
night, and at once desired anid dreaded the re~
turn of morping. Morning came at last, and
the Quaker looked out of his window and found]
he had "caught his man."
WVhat was to be done ? Some would say, " Go
out and give him a cowhiding, just as he stands,
and then release him ; that'hl cure him." Butm
not so, said the Quaker. Such a course would
have sent the man away embi~ttered, anid mutter.
ing curses of revenige. The good nman hurried
on his clothes, and started at once to the reliel
and punishment of his prisoner.
" Good morning, friend," said lie, as he came
in speaking distance, " How does thee do 'I"
TJhie poor culprit made no ansawer, but bursi
"0 fie I" said the Quaker, as he proceeded tt
release him. " I'm sorry that thee has got thy
hand tfat. Thee put it in the wrong place, os
it would nmot have been so."
The man looked crestfallen, and begging for
iveness, hastily turned to make hi. retreat
SStay," said the prosecutor, for he was now be
coeming such to the offender, who could have re
ceived a blow with much better grace than th<
| idwords that were falling from the Quaker'.
lips ; "stay, friend, thy bag is Dot ShIed. Thei
needs corn, or thee wo ' ot have taken so
much pains to get it. Co -us fill it." (And
the poor fellow was- to'st ad hold the bag
while the old man filled it,. persing the ex
ercises with the pleasautes nversation imagi
nable-all of which wer. daggers in the
heart of his chagrined ortified victim.)
The bag was soon filled, tt ring tied, and the
sufferer hoped soon to be' of the presence of
his tormentor, but again urpose was thwar
" Stay," said the Que as the man was
about to hurry off, havin red once more
his apologies and than !fStay, Ruth has
breakfast ere this ; thee ni not think of going
without breakfast. Com ' th is calling.'
This was almost une ble. This was
"heaping coals" with a ve: nee. In vain the
mortified neighbor beg be excused; in
vain he pleaoed to be rel from what would
be to him a punishment. Quaker was in
exorable, and he was obli ield.
Breakfast over, "no the old farmer,
as he helped the victi. , der the bag, "If
thee needs any more corde in the aytime,
and thee shall have it.
With what shame and rse did that guilty
man turn from the dwelli the pious Quaker.
Everybody has to say thatt never again trou
bled the QIkker's corn I have something
still better than that to ou. He at once
repented and reformed, ived and died an
AIW&YS 8 0.
While talking with a hbor, I heard a
sweet, plaintive Toice g 'the beautiful
"Jesus, lover of m i",
The child was up S knew it was a
child's voice from its si* ftness; I listened
awhile, and then said:-"
"That child has a aweet. ice."
"Yes, she has," said m iend ; "she is al
ways singing. 1
Always singin Sw ppy child! Bird
of angel wings! Who.' t" d not envy thee,
that gushing flood of bap within thy soul?
A soul strong to wil! iid do; a soul lighted
with the smiles of Jesuh . anchored on the
surest hope; a soul th ith more than a
ehild's strength, shall pirt o dark waves as it
goes down the surginggtid death.
Always singing! I that way -aga'n.
Summer was here in her I ess, strewing the
earth with flowers, and the y with stars. The
same sweet voice was thril on the air:
Oh ! had I the wii S a dove !"
This time, the little si was in the yard.
r gazed upon the spiritu ftness of her fea
tures-the sweet eyei lik rown birds flying
to the light," the fine,-e ive lips, the dark,
silken curis; I felt :that would soon have
he'r wish answerl,;Qa, d a refuge in
Always singing! Au --came; the wild
swan was turning toward outh; the leaves
were dropping from the . s, and 'peairs of
frost 'glittered aumon t rass. A strip of
. ..gj!L_.. '.*'c t ed fro't .b'; tle. of the house
clothed i death, lud -tremb ing hands had
bound those truant tresse's around her white
brow. By the great while throne-by the
river of eternal gladness, she was striking her
golden harp, and singing, in the gushing fullness,
of imperishable glory !-Slatf/'er.
CURING IIAfs.-As the time is at hand r
preparing useful stores of rich and savory Hams,
a few words will not be out of place.in regard
to them. The legs of hogs; short in the hock,
are the best for hams, and should be chosen in
preference to lanky legs. They. may be salted
by immersion inl a clean pickle containing a lit
tle sugar and saltpeter dissolved, or they may
be salted by rubbing ground solar evaporated
salt over them, turning them every day, and
giving them a good rubbing. A little sugar
and ground pepper added to the salt will much
improve the flavor of the meat. It requires
about a month to salt hams by the wet process,
and three weeks by the dry system. At. the
end of this periodl, they should be hung lip for
a few days to drip, and theni they are ready for
smoking. Much depends on the kind of matc
rial used for smoking them, so as to secure a
sweet flavor. Whatever fuel is used for this
purpose, one condition should never be over
looked ; it should be perfectly dry, or else it
will be liable to impart a bitter taste to the
meat. Dry cor-n cobs, and some dry sweet hay
are superior to all other agents that we have
seen employed for smoking beef and hams.
.Mutton hams may be prepared in the same
manner as those of pork, and'they are excedinig
ly palatable when the meat is good, and care
exercised to smoke them slowly.-&ienific
Many a glorious speculation has failed for the
same good reason that the old Texas Ranger
gave, when he was asked why he didn't buy
land wheni it was dog cheap.
"Well, I did coins nigh onto taking eight
thousand acres on it," said old Joe :nournfully.
"You see, two, of the boys camne in one day
romn an Inidian hunt, without any shoes, and
offered mo their titles to the two leagues just
blow here for a pair of boots."
" For a pair of boots l" cried one.
" Yes, for a pair of boots for each league."
"But why on earth didn't you take it? They'd
be worth a hundred thousand dollars to-day.
Why didn't youp'ive them the boots?"
" Just 'cause I didnt' have the boots to give,"
said Joe, as he took another chew of tobacco,
quite as contented as if he owned two leagues
A MOST ExcELL.NT TI!ING IN WOMAtN.--In
a recent address, Mr. Slaney, M. D., said;
There is one part of a woman's educationi
often forgotten or neglected-the culture and
formation of a geiitle voice. It is a great gift
of nature to be aided by culture-an instrument
of powerful influence for good. I speak not of
the singing hymns now, and the culture of har
mony and musical purposes, though these tend
to God's praise, or to give innocent amusement:
but this gentle voice will be able to guide and
persuade to good the nianly heart of a faithful
husband ; will mitigate sorrow, lessen trial, and
speak of hope and joy to her dearest friends
and connections in accents at once powerful and
pleasing. Let us, then, be careful in our schools
to cultivate this most valuable acquirement.
Iow different, in all respects, to a family, for
friends and neighbors, are the kmnd,tentle, per
suasive accents I have, described,, from soundm
we sometimes (alas! too often) hear in the
close abodes of poverty and trial-.high, harsh
female treble tones of bitter import, scolding
and reproaching, and driving away from th4
harth and home (perhaps to sorrow and sin:
the husband and the children.
MaR-&hiaGE ExaxonnAn.--The Tren
tona fndependent Journal chronicles the follow
ing: We do not remember to hiave heard of snel
disparity in ages of anyr couple, as that relate<
to us a day or two~sinice as hating taken plact
in this county. It beats January and May a~l
Married in Gibson county, on the 10th uIl
Mr. Dennis Thqmpson, aged 93, and Miss Saral
F Knoonee, aged 13 years-only 80 years diffei
E: " WHAT has brought you here?" said
a lone woman who was quite " flustrated" the
other morning, by an early call from a bachelor
neighbor who lived opposite, and who she re
garded with peculiar favor. "1I came to borrow
matches." " Matches !" that's a likely story!
Why don't you make a match yourgelf! I
know what you come for," cried the exasperated
old virgin, as she backed the bachelor into a
corner, "you came here to kiss me almost to
death! But you shan't, without you are the
strongest, and the Lord knows you are !"
Z ANOTIER CHALLENGE.-The pugilist,
Ieenan, has published a challenge to Morrissey,
to fight for 85,000. He asserts that at the last
battle he was " out of conditiongfrom sickness.
E3 SLANDER.-Let no one suppose that by
acting a good part through life, he will escape
slander. There will be those who hate them
for tke very qualities that ought to procure es
teem. There aro some folks in the world who
are not willing that others should be better
Er The more a man accomplishes, the
more he may. An active tool never grows
rusty. You always find those men the most
forward to do good, or to improve the times and
manners, always busy.
E." Cmsar," said a planter to his negro,
" climb up that tree and thin out the branches."
The negro showed no disposition tb comply, and
upon being pressed for a reason, answered,
" Well, look heah, massa, if I go up dar an' fall
down and broke my neck, dat'll be a tonsand
dollars out o' you pocket. Now, why don't
you hire an Irishman to go up, and den if
he falls and kills heself, dar won't be no loss to
L- A TaVaLr..n, a resident of England,
once, whilst exploring an African province, came
across a greasy, flat nosed, long heeled negro,
living under a palm tree. A lut stood in the
distance, and his accoutrements conisited of a
breech cloth and poisuned arrows. " Who are
you 7" said the traveller. "I am tie king of
dis province," said the'colored person, pointing
to his hut and weapons. " Do they talk much
about me in England 7"
ES CunA .IN TI NoRn-r.-At a recent
Couresional Convention in Albany, New York,
a resolution was adopted inl favor of the peaceful
acquisition of Cuba, on the ground that the
slave trade would be thereby effecLually stopped,
the border s ire States made fre Stales, and last,
but not least, a more extended market opened
for the wheat, cori, pork and other prodcts of
the North and West, in exchange for cheap
bg A IlnaomxE.-TheDanville Republican
tells of a lady named Butler, in Caswell Co.,
N. C., whose child recently fell into a well sixty
feet deep. She seized hold( of the rope attached
to the water bucket, went to the bottom of the
well, took the child in her arms and then as
eended the rope, bringing the child along with
S The New York Express seems to be of'
opinion that the only difleretice between slavery
in the two sections iA, that in the South, the
inasters own the bodies of the negroe4, and ill
the North, politicians own the voters, both body
E A G.%v L0rrnAnto.-They have under
arrest inl New York oie Samentl Morris, who
has obtained it lvelihood fur some time by
" boarding round," and marrying some female
boardpr in the house he happened to be patron
izmng, and after cohabiting with her a few weeks,
disappearinI with such articles as happened to
be lying around loose. iHe is under arrest for
bigamy, as well as for snapping up unconsidered
a AN UssYarrrrinzic JUnY.-A lady
in Mississippi recently sued a young man for
breach of promise of marriage, laying her dama
.r at $10,000, but the jury, being married
ien, returned a verdict for only $10.
gg It is estimated that each of the princi
pal hotels in Saratoga has this season realized1 a
net p)rofit of $25,000.
Eg A Frenchman being about to remove
his shop, his landlord inquired the reason, sta
ting, at the same tune, that it was considered a
very good stand for business. The Frenchman
repiedl with a shrug of the shouhler, "0O, yes,
he's very good standi for de business; me stanod
all day, for nobody comec to make me move."
gg Co-rrosc IN Escu .--The consumption
of raw cotton in England has increased, in the last
eighty-eight years to the remtarkable extent of
three hundred fohdl.. Even in the fifty years of
the -present century, it has increased more than
sixteen fold, and since the ret toration of peace
in Europe, in the year 1815, moure than eleven
?r PLccoLoMrINr.-The " Princes-" has
sung in New York, and the papers have discov
ered that while she is a first, rate actress in
comedy and the higher drama, site is not a good
singer. The only vocaliaation she excels in, is
what the French calls " tears in the voice," and
in this isvery touching. The London papres, when
she left there, announced that she was " played
out," and the New York papers call her a "lhttle
ffr CHARLEsTON AND SAVANNAH RAIL
RoAD-The Charleston Courier of Tuesday
says: " There is now every assurance that this
road will be opened for passengers as far as the
Edisto River-a distance of thirty miles-on
or before the 10th November. We learn from
competent authority that arragements are con
tempated for a connection at the temporary
terminus by Blount & Sunpson's line of stages,
which will take passengers to Grahameville, or'
perhaps to Savannah. An official announce
ment will inform our readers in good time."
Ef A clergymen was lately depicting, be
fore a deeply interested audience, the alarming
increase of intemperance, whenm he astonished
his hearers by exclaiming. " A young woman
in my neighborhood died very sudldenly last
Sabbath, while I was preaching the Gospel in
the state of beastly intoxication !"
g-|- Why don't you wash the bottoms of
your feet, Johnny ?" asked a grandmother of a
boy, when he was performing the operation be
fore retiring for the night, to which he gravely
replid-" Why, granny, you dosen't thinig l's
gon' to stand up in bed does ye ?"
5mi It was Cobbet who said-and he told
the truth, too-.that a woman is never so amia
ble as when she is useful; and as for beauty,
though a man may fall in love with girls at play,
there is nothing to make them stand in their
love like seeing them work, engaged in the use
ful offices of the home and family.
gg Come here, Master Tommy. Do you
know your A, B, C's ?" " Yiz, zur~, I know a
bee sees, and makes honey too."
gr Some writer has compared friendiship
to our shadows, and a better comparison was
never made, for while we walk in.the sunshine
of prosperity, it sticks to us, but the moment
.- enter tL. .adae of adversity. it deserts us.
DEN. McQUEEN AND THE NOMINATING CON
Gen. McQueen, for whom we have the high
est respect, both for strength of character and
independence of utterance, made a speech in
Cheraw, the other day. The Gazette contains
an abridged statement of it. We notice it that
we may express dissent from an opinion uttered
by him. It will be found in the following para
'" He briefly referred to the approaching meet
ing of the National Democratic Convention in
Charleston, and emphatically announced his op
position to our State participating in it. He
insisted that if we went into the Convention we
would be bound in good faith to abide by its
platform and nominationq. That by standing
aloof we would occupy a far better position. If
the platform and nominations were satisfactory,
we could give them our support; but if other
wise, we would be free to oppose them." .
We cannot asstdit to the proposition, that by
going into Convention there will be any obliga
tion to support the nominees, should they be
distasteful to our political views. We under
stand Gen. McQueen to be a States Rights Dem
ocrat. iHe approves of the cardinal principles
of this party, and when it acts up to these prin
ciples he isior giving them support. Such we
believe to be his position; we are certainly jus
ified in so defining it from his long and consis
tent public career. He has acted in the main
with the Democratic party, and has sustained
its nominees. To go any farther he is unwil
ling, b'ecause he regards going into' convention
as involving a surrender of all self-determina
tion. Ie is of opinion, that to go into conven
Lion involves a committal to its nominees, and
that to refute to support them, would be a vio
lation of faith. Could we agree with him in
this, we could not resist the conclusions to which
e at rives-and would oppose the Convention.
As far as the State is concerned, it needs no
argument to prove that the sending of delegates
to the Nominating Convention by a party in
the State, imposes no obligation upon the mem
bers of the Legislature. There can be no differ
ence of opinion on that point. But, we go even
frthcr, and say that -it imposes no absolute
obedience upon'the members of the party who
send the delegates, nor upon the delegates them
selves. A citizen owes no obedience to any but
the supreme power in the State. To a mere
party lie owes none. This is the prerogative of
a citizen. Ience, we see constantly the most
stonishing changes exhibiting them.elves in
the relative strength of parties. If a citizen
entertains certain politic.al principle.s, and tl ese
principles are made an iss'ue, and candidates are
bronght out to represent them, then there is an
rbligation. But the obligation ji due not to
party, nor to the candidates, but to the princi
ples. If the party deflect from these, the obli
gation is,- of course, cancelled. The Convention
being but the creature of the party, can, claim
no.more than the party.
If the Convention lays down any rule of ac
tion, or embodies in its platform of principles
pnhing inconsistent with its past career, and
om , es. candiddat. who do not
favored the Convention, or lie even who partici
pated in its proceedings, would be as fully enti
tied to exercise the privilege of self-determina
tion, as he who stood entirely disconnected with
it. In all public meetings, for the purpose of
organiz.tion, a committee is generally appointed
to nominate suitable officers. If that commit
tee nomiifate unsuitable persons, t.ac meeting
would be guilty of no violation of faith in re
jecting their nomiations. The same with ref
erence to these conventions. ' We make these
remarks, not with any view of affecting Gen.
McQueen, but for the purpose of liberating our
own position fram any improper.obligatiin which
may be supposed to attach tc it. Gen. McQueen's
position % e freely admit from his premises,
could not consistently be otherwise. As far as
the surrender of individual action is concerned,
we do not see that the opponents of the Con
vention have any advantage of the advocates
Is each will ratify the nomination if it be ac
ceptable. The only practical dillference is that
the latter exert themiselves to make a nonmna
tion acceptable to their States Rights predilee
tin3, while the latter do not .-Suth Caruliniun.
"Ten do you tink the world will come to an
end?" asked a German of a Millerite. "Oh
probably in about three months," was the an
swer. "lo. yell; I no-cares for dat," exclaimed
Ians with a smile of satisfaction; "I pe going
to Pulalo dis spring "
The editor of thbe "Sunny South" says that
the disposition to spend shillings for drinks has
been handed down to him " through a long line
of ancestry." Tlbe young rogue should re-menm
ber that it is a suflicient stigma upon his unfor
tunate ancestors to have such a dhescendenit as
himself, without his publishing them as hard
drkers and enumecrating all ther other vices.
If their ghosts are aware of his offences against
them, they cannot but reflect, in the imnmortal
language of Shakspeare:
" low sharper than a serpen't tooth it is
To have a thankless child."
LIQIon LcNsE.-One of the boldest hype
cries of this age of shame and show, one oh
its completest stultifications, is exhibited in the
legal perinissioni of the sale of intoxicating
drinks, Our city authorities, our judges, our
lawyers, our legislators, are in the main, a time
serving, fawning, unmanly r-ace; knowmig the
right, they fear to enfore it, and prostitute their
high intelligence to the meanest of all purpo
ses, party aggrhtnditemlent.-gIaWs Jornal vQf
Ocia S-toaes.-Atigns~ta can not only boast of
her large and well fitted stores, some of themi
100 to 150 feet in depth~, but we doulet if' there
is another city where goods are more tiastdully
and attractively displayed. Nearly all of our
Dry Goods, Fancy and 'Jewelry stores haye had
their inidows enlarged and the display o: goods
in them is very attractive. Other br anches of
business sem to be catching the infection. In
passing down Broad-street, yestesday, our atten
tion was attracted to the windowof Mr. A. Ihatch's
Saddlery Wareimouse, in which lie has a good
sized white pony, lifelike, and fully caparisoned,
standing in a restless positioni and appjarenily
chafing his bit. It is well got up and but few
pass by- without stopping to take a look. Such
displays look like prosperity in busmness.-Au
FA RICATION OF DImAsoNDS.-One of the most
curious sights in Paris is said to be afforded by
a visit to the vast work-shops of M. Bourguig
non, where'the whole process of transforming a
few grains of dirty, heavy looking sand into 6
diamond of the purest water, is daily going on,
with the avowed purpose of deceiving every
body but the buyer. The coloring matter for
imitating emeralds, rubies and 'sapphires is en
tirely mineral, aind has been brought to high
perfection by M. Dourguignon. Many oper-a
tors are employed, whose business it is to polish
the'colored stones and line the false pearls with
fish scales and warx; the scales of the roach and
dace are chiefly employed for this purpose.
They must be stripped hirom the fish while living,
or te glistening hue, so, much admired in the
.reel perl, connot be imitated.
SENATOR HAMMOND.-The lancaster Ledger,
in an article commenting on the position of this
"Senator Hammond lad been for a-number
of years in retirement, but his namo was'asso
ciated with the high and determined -position
which he at one time took upon the slavery,
question, when our institutions were threatened
with immediate, danger and abolitionism was at,
its zenith. The ultra party in this State-erro
neously argued from this, that he was the man
to carry out their principles and hasten a disso--'
lution of the Union; but the aspect or affirs
have changed within the last ten years and Sen
ator Hammond now sees no cause for blustei
and strile and indignation speeches. lIe. has,
not, however, lowered the tone and the sentjlk
ment which gave hhn the character of astaunch.
Southern Rights man, and when the,; danger
whicr some apprehend and 'anticipate really ap
proaches, we venture he will be fund'Iamong
the first to buckle on the -armor of defnce -and
the last to yield a point where honornandprinci
pie are concerned.*'
CHEAP DLANKETs.-Newspaper blankets are
coming into vogue. They are no joke. A cor- -
re.spondent of one of our exchanges-thus refers
to the -matter: "I have recently heard much
about the yalue of newspapers as a substitute
for blankets, and have considered the statenments
to be apocryphal. But last evening I was in
duced to make the experiment. I tqok four
full-sized newspapers and pasted them together.
ut the edges, making 'one large sheet the size of
a blanket. I then removed three blankets ftdin
my bed, u d and p1 iced the newspaper sheet
between tie one remaining blanket'and the
counterpane. The result was a comfortable
night's sleep, without. any feeling of cold. I
pledge my word to you, gentlemen,. that ths is
literally true; and my object in. making .the
communication is that, through the iiedium of
your paper, the fact may begenerally ciru'atelj
ibr it is no trifling matter to the poor to know
that for an outlay of a few - pennies they' cin
supply themselves with a comfortable bedeover
ing through the winter. One of the printers
connected with the Advocate office has also
made a trial of the matter, and says it works to
HOrrsG AGaNsT llopr.-Tlhe Phailadelpbia.
Press says:-A curious circumstance connected
with the unhappy losses- which all so gre.ntf
feel and deplore is the "hoping against hops
which some of the survivinig relatives eiteitain.
The wrife or Mr. Tlieodore Gernk,of'Baftlinore
is now visiting her relatives in Philadelphia-and
while they have no doubt ft, his ros', Ohe alone.
has a deep conviction thit he is not dead. that he
either was not oniboarl the Atintria,(tlongh he
wrote to her that he bad actually - paid for his -
pass-age) or, it lie -was- that be-must have been
among the few who -were rescued. It may- be'
within the knowledge of many.-yf our readers
that a clergyman of this city was aMona. those
who left for Europe on the ill.fatedPresident
and was never again heard of.. 'His. wife, who
remained in Philadelpi and.asdeepyat
,hed io hil, 'A'virh
.teen years have paised away, ahd yet t
trusting lady--we cannot speak of -her ~as wife,
as she repudiates the name of wdowl -continues
to expect his return. Every day a cover is'
placed for him at the the table where still stands
his accustomed chair.. Every ring at the bell,
we are informed, awakens the cherished convic
tiou of her heart that.the loved one will return.
THE QUAnRFL BETWEEN FRANcE AN) Pouru
GAt,.-TIc Liverpool Mercury thus states the
curr ent difliculty between France and Portugal:
" The statement that two French ships of war
have been sent to the Tagus, to suppoit the de
mnand of the French Ambassador at Lisbon for
compensation for, the seizure of the F.rench
s'aver, Charles Georges, is now said to be per
fectly true. A Portugue.<e court of justice has
pronounced the seizure lawful, because the.
Charles Georges, a merchantnman of Nautes, was
in reality transporting slaves, contrary to the
provisions of. the international treaty. The
French government says that it was nwrely aid
ing the laudable scheme of popuilatipg the French
West Indian colonies with 'free blacks.' This
fradulent scheme the French government, ou't of i
the expresed indignation of thre civilized world,
has tardily promised to renounce. But one of -
the points now insisted upon is that the Charles
Gieorges wa~s seized by the Portuguese before
this promi-e had been given, and the French
government professes now to be thoroughly re
solved to exact the compensation. A Paris
journal remiarks that the difficulty will be very
easily settled if Portugal is not backed in her
resistance by' some foreign power. It is believed
that Portugal is countenanced in her resisjance
by England. .
COTTON CULTIvAviO' rx TrUnRK.--A parcel
of' Amecric ai seed1, 'or warded by the Manchester
Cotton Supply A-sociation to Turkey, has been
turned to good account. The seed was sown,
and the product looks very far superior to any
cotton previously grown in the Levant. It is
estimated that 50,000 bales of the superior arti
cle will be exported during the present year,
and it will be extensiv:ely planted next year.
Tihe area of cotton soil is very extensive. The
writer says the Districts of the Dardanelles,
Salonica, Volo, Cavalho, the Isles of the Archi
pelago, the coasts of A..ia-Minor, and especially
along the Syrian coast, will yield large and ex
cellent supplies of cotton for the future, if prop.
er means are taken to promote its cultrire.
Some of the best districts-fur cotton are -also
very favorably situated, of comparatively -esdy.
access, and well supplied with labor. Evenin
the vicinity of Con.nitinople there is abun
dance of landl suited to, the growth of this pie
cious commodity. The writer who supplies the
information, adds that fro:ii personal observation
and the infor-mation lie has received, he is con
fIdent that we may loonk forwvard to haung at
no distant day, a supgly of' cotton from the Ot
toman empire -second only to that of the United
S-rwr FinE' ENGINE routNaw YoRE.-The
corporation of New Yor'k city have had a steam
tire engine built at the Novelty Works, which
has" been tried with perfect success. The ma
chine has 71' Inch cylinder, 14 inch strokej'and
her cspacity of steam is 500 feet surface-100 -
pounds of steam to the square inch. She is a
self-propeller, and steered by a motive pbwer on
board. She has one oh Cary's rotary punmps in
her, which is capable of throwing 1,00 gallons
of water a minute over 200 feet, and'is-conisld
c red capabe of performing all that-ia chlanmed
MoRE CAMIns.-The New Orleans Pica'uno
of Saturday, states that the ship Thomas Wat
son; and the bark Lucerne, the formershaving -
eighty camels .on board, and the -laterfrty,
-have arrived off the.Southwest pass, and have
been ordered to Galveston. Thme camels ,are
imported by the Federal Government .and are
no dousbt intended to join'those al doirig.
so well at Camp Verde,-above 'Sanl ntonio,
IOne of tepablic squares in Sobiastol- "~