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-0nwrofr Journal, Devotev to t4-e SLVUd) anv -Sout~exi igft~ t0ii~ Ad~ tuf~tie ~vii,~~vnc,~ix~r
6We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Prish nmidst the Ruina.
SHERINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. . EDGEFIELD, S. C., DECEMJBER 8, 1858. ..m.-O .
- rLINSED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
L 51118, D. 1. DURISOX &EALUM EESE
TERES 07 SUBSCRIPTION.
Two DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Twc
DOLLARS and FiTY CENTs if not paid within six
'months-and TERnE DOLLARS if not paid before thC
expiration of the year.
Subscriptions out of the District and from other
States, must invariably be paid for in advance.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
All advertisements will be correcty and conspicu
ously inserted at Seventy-five Cents per Square (12
Brevier lines or less) for the first insertion, and Fifty
Cents for each subsequent insertion. When onlyepub
lished Monthly or Quarterly $1 per square will be
Yich and every Transient Advertisement, to secure
publicity through our columns, must invariably be
paid in advance.
Advertisements not having the desired number of
insertions marked on the margin, will be continued
uxtil forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to advertise by the year, can do so
on liberal terms-it being distinctly understood that
contracts for yearly advertising are confined to the
immediate, legitimate business of the firm or individ
AU iommunications of a personal character will be
charged as advertisements.
Obituary Notices exceeding one square in length
will be charged for the overplus, at regular rates.
Announcing a Candidate (not inserted until paid
for,) Five Dollars.
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the Magistrate advertising.
W. W. SALE,
* o'r Olerli.
ROBERT D. BRYAN,
F. M. NICHOLAS,
WILLIAM L. STEVENS,
X W. LYLES,
0. A. HORN,
T. J.- WITAKER,
THEO US DEA
JOHN C. LOVELESS,
Wor Or .-2.narY.
W. F. DURISOE,
J. P. ABNSY.
V. L. TURNER.
J. L. ADDISON,
ATTOEj.1w2!3T AT XaAVW,
Will attend properly to aU business entrusted to
ITOffice, ovet B. C. Bryan's Store.
Edgefield, S. C., Dec. 1 ly 47
M. C. BUTLE R,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offid in Law Range,
EDOEFIELD C. U., S. C.
May 15 tf 25
TIEUndersigned having formed a partnership
in the PRACTICE of LAW and EQUITY
for Edgefield District, will give prompt and dili
gent attention to nil business entrusted to their
The residence of Mr. Ownxs is at Barnwell C.
H-that of Mr. SEIBELS at Edge~feld, S. C.
W. A. OWENS.
May 26 tf 20
E. U. YOUNGBLOOD,
I1LL attend promptly to all business placed
~Oice at Edgefield C. H., S. C.
May 19 tf 19
WVA aTErE4 'sIZT-T "
- P HY SICI ANl,
XTLL attend promptly to all business of the
WYprofession entrusted to his care.
OFFicE, Edgefield C. HI., S. C.
April 6 1858 tf 13
FJHE Subscribe? having furnished himself with
..a license to use this NEW PROCESS of
INSEETING ARTIFICIAL TEETH,
le now ready to serve all who may need such, with
an assurance of a more perfect adaptation, and a
closer resemblatice-to the natural organs, than can
be realize-d by any other method. its perfect pa
rity, cleanliness, freedom fr'm all taste, or galvanic
sensation, durability, comfort and security, are
among th'e advantageseclaimed for this SUPIltiOR,
mode of setting Artifieial Teeth.
June 24, tf 2
TH OS, .3. A C. H. lIO IS E,
SUCCESSORS TO LEE A MOISE,
No. 7,. Hayn~e Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C,
Jan 27 ly7
A. J. PELLETIER & Co.,
:Ea2n~,urg, B. C.,
Palnts, Oils, Perfumery, &c.,
AT WE10LESALE AND RETAIL.
Ilomburg,O0if 6, 8m 39
oot,.and Shoe Notice.
r 'IB Subiscriber continues td~ have
.1made, n the shortest notice, anad in
the b~est smannerS, th.- finest and mnost sub
uuantial-gOOTS 11114 SUOEN.
All orders kdit at his Siiop will be promptly at
tendei to. C- M- GR.\Y or myself will be foumt
si;all tiines in the Villag~e to attend to all orders
No work to leave the shop witho~ut th,- knowledgh
of the Subscriber or my A get, C. 14- GRAY.
ErShsop opposite B. J Ryanz Livr Stbl.
For the Advertiser.
Bright Autumn with its changeful dye,
Has thrown its mantle o'or us now;
Young callow birds no longer cry,
And feathered songsters silent grow.
For Summer's past-its funeral knell
Is hoard in every passing breeze,
And Autumns frost has cast its spoil
O'er herbless plains and leafless trees.
And still I love the Autumn best
The saddest of the seasons four
It speaks of pence and quiet rest,
And minds us of life's turmoil o'er.
The Sun shines with a mellow'd light;
The Moon now sheds her purest ray;
For lovely is the Autumn night,
And glorious is the Autumn day.
Young Spring-time with its vernal shower,
Is bright and passing-fair to see,
When birds give life to doll and bower,
And chaunt their sweetest minstrelsy.
But 0! the Autumn time fol- me
The gorgeous changeful Autumn time
When light winds blow o'er land and lea
In Carolina's sunny clime.
True, Summer with its fragrant flowers,
Enchants the sense where'ro we roam,
And swiftly speed the sunny hours,
While gleaners shout the " Harvest Home."
But 0! I love the Autumn brown, t
The time when sad sweet thoughts have birth; I
When brittle leaves come rustling down, 0
And sloep upon the frozen earth.
The Moon rides high o'er heaven's blue belt- i
No clouds disturb her peaceful light- 9
Ab! who has seen and has not felt g
The beauty of an Autumn night? I
Oft times mid scones like this I've pray'd, d
Should life's poor dream be long or brief,
To die in Autumn and be ILid
Beneath the sere and yellow leaf.
For the Advertiser.
WHEN O'ER TRY DARKENED BROW. a
When o'er thy darkened brow A
A shade of care is stealing, b
When the tempest and the storm 1
Life's billows are revealing; o
When friends, like vipers, turn ti
Anil sting lite hand they clasp, h
Deceive tie heart that trusted '
E'en while t'e palm they grasp;
r at inighe Athat wil 0
Still is that Arm stretched o'er thee
Though heavy storm-elouds lower;
Thus will Life's passing shadows
Bring Joy and IIpe to thee,
And even Death's dark valley ti
From fears and doubts be free. 01
"SIHE IS OUTLIVED HER USEFULNESS." d
Not long since, a good-looking man, in middle i
life, came to our door asking for " the minister." L
When informed that he was out of town, he ri
seemed disappointed and anxious. On being a
questioned as to his business, he replied-" I
have lost my mother, and as this place used to
be her home, and my father lies here, we have e
come to lay her beside him." t]
Our heart rose in sympathy. and we said, h
You have met wvith a great loss." o
"Well-yes," replied the strong man, with ni
esitancy, " a mother is a great loss in general; o
ut our mother has outlived her usefulness ; she ri
as in her sccond childhood, and her mind was o
gown as weak as her body, so that she was no 0
omfort to herself, and was a burden to every'- v
ody. There were seven of us, sons nnd daugh- i
ers; and as we could not find anybody who e
as willing to board her, we agreed to keep her
mong us a year about. But I've had more
ha my share of her, for she was too feeble -to e
e moved when my time was out; and that a
ias more than three months before her death. t
ut then she was a good mother in her dayv, and
oiled very hard to bring us all up." - e
Without looking at the face of the heartless C
an, we directed him to the house of a neigh-i
oring pastor, and returned to our nursery. We fi
gzed on the'mcrry little faces which smiled or v
rew sad in imitation of ours-those little ones tl
so whose ear no word in our language is half so t
weet as "Mother," and we wondered if that r
ay could ever come when they would say of t
s, "'She has outlived her usefulness-she is no
omfort to herself and a burden to everybody
ese !" and we hoped that bcfore such a day
ould dawn, we might be taken to our rest.c
God forbid that we should outlive the love ofr
ur children. Rather let us die while our hearts
re a part of their own, that our grave nmay be
ratered with their tears, .and our love linked
with their hopes of heaven.
When the bell foiled for the mother's burial,
we went to the sanctuary to pay our only token
of' respect for the aged stranger ; for we felt I
that we could give her memory a tear, even
though her own children had none to shed. I
"She was a good mother in her day, and,
toiled hard to bring us all up-she was no comn
fort to herself, and a burden to everybody else !"
These cruel, heartless words rang in our ears as
we saw the coflin borne up the aisle. The bell
tolled long and loud, untilits iron tongue had
ehronicled the years of the toil-sworn mother.
One-two-three-four-iveC, How clearly and,
most merrily each stroke told of her once peace-1
ful slumber in her mother's bosomn, and of her
seat at nightfall on her weary father's knees.
Si-ee-ih-nn.-e-rn out the tale
of sports upon the green award, in the meadowv
and by the brook.
-spoke more gravely of school-days, and little
house-hold joys and cares. Sixteen-seventeen
-.eighteen, sounded out the enraptured visions
of maidenthod, nnd the dream of early love.
Nineteen brought before us the happy bride.
Trwenity spoke of the young mother, whose
heart was full to bursting with the new strong
love .which God had awakened ins he'r bosom.
Arnd then stoke after strokes told of her early
womanhoodl-Of the love and c'ares, and hoapes,
fears and touils through which she passed dsuring
there lonig years, till fifty rang out harsh and
loud. Fr'om that to sixty eachi stroke told of
the warm' heartel mnothlr iad grandtmothier,
living over again her own joys anid sorr'ows in
those oilier children anid childreun's children.
Every family tof all the ,grupI wLated grandl
mother then, and the only strife was who should
ecure the prize; btut bar'k! the bell toils on!
She beins to grow feeble, requires some care,
is not always perfectly patient or satisfied; she
goes from one child's house to another, so that
no one place seems like home. She murmurs
in plaintive tones, and after all her toil and ear
nestness, it is hard she cannot be allowed a
home to die in; that she must be sent, rather
than invited, from house to house. Eighty
eighty-one, two, three, four-ah, she is now a
second child-now "she has outlived her useful
ness, she has now ceased to be a comfort to her
self or anybody ;" that is, she has ceased to be
profitable to ber earth craving and money grasp
Now sounds out, reverberating through our
lovely forest, and echoing back from our " hill
of the dead," Eighty-nine! there she lies now
in-the coffin cold and still-she makes no trou
ble now, demands no love, no soft words, no
tender little offices. A look of patient endu
rance, we fancied also an expression of grief for
aurequited love, sat on her marble features.
Her children were there, clad in weeds of woe,
ind in .an irony we remembered the strange
nan's words, "She was a good mother in her
When the bell ceased tolling, the strange
ninister rose in the pulpit. His form was very
rect, and his voice strong, but his hair was sil
ery white. Ile read several passages of Scrip
uie expressive of (od's compassion to feeble
nan, and especially of his tenderness when gray
airs are on him, Iand his strength faileth. le
hen made some touching remarks on human
railty, and of dependEnce on God, urging all
resent to make their peace with their Master
hi le in health, that they might claim his prom
ses when heart and flesh should fail them.
Then," he said, "the eternal God shall be thy
efuge, and beneath these shall be the ever last
ng arms." Leaning over the desk, and gazing
ntently on the coffined form before him, he
hen said reverently, "From a little child I have
Lonored the aged; but never till grey hairs cov
red my own head, did 1 know truly how much t
ve and sympathy this class have a right to
emand of their fellow creatures. Now I feel i
1 "Our mother," he added most tenderly,
who now lies in death before us, was a stran
er to me, as are all these, her descendents. All
know of her is what her son has told me to
ay-that she was brought to this town, from
far, sixty years ago, a happy bride-that here 1
lie has passed most of her life toiling as only t
tothers ever have strerigth to toil, until she e
ad reared a large family of sons and daughters I
-that she left her home here, clad in the weeds C
f widowhood, to dwell among her children;
rid that till health and vigor left her, she lived v
ir you, her descendants. You, who together
ave shared her love and her cre, know how n
ell you have requited her. God forbid that '
science should accuse any of you of ingrati- A
ide or murmuring on account of the care .lhe u
Las been to you of kite. When you go back to t'
ur homes, be careful of your words and your t1
cample before your own children, for the fruit t]
your own doing you.will surely reap from a
the gvra.' Te-rik ives totter.on..the.btink .t
ho has himself entered "the " evening of ife," ,
iat you may never say, in the presence of your
milies nor of heaven, " Our mother had out
red her userlness-she was a bum den to us."
ever, never; a mother cannot live so long as
,at! No; when she can -no longer labor for her r
illdren, nor yet. care for herself, she can fall v
ke a precious weight on their bosoms, and call d
rth, by her helple.,sness, all the noble, gene
ms feelings of their natures. t
Adieu, then, poor, toil-worn mother; there
-e no more sleepless nights, no more days of n
in for thee. Undying vigor and evei-histing V
jefulness are part of the inhuritance of the re
-emned. Feeble as thou wert on earth, thou b
ilt be no burden on the bosom of Infinite
ove, but there shalt thou find thy longed-for
ut, and receive glorious sympathy from Jesus 2
id his ransomed fold.
EDUCATION IV PaussrA.-.By a law of Prussia
rey child is required to go to school between
e ages of seven and fourteen, and to learn, at t
ast, to read and write. In 1845, there were
iy two persons in every hundred who could
either read nor irrite. In the sta.nding armiy
[120,000 men, but two soldiers are unable to
md and of 2,900,000 children betwen the ages
Sseven and fourteen at the last cenuas, 2,:328,
0 were actually attending the schools. Itc
-ould be difficult for any State in this boasted
ad of universal education, to make such an
Few are aware how frequently Publishmers arer
mpeled to insert among their advertisements,r
atements which they can neither sanction or
A pleasant exception to this disagreeable ne-r
essity are the advertisements of Dr. J. C. Ayer's
herry Pectoral and Pills, which will be foun d
our columns. We have published for him be.
re, and always with the feeling that in so doing
e in no wise lend ourselves to deceire or mislead
me public, for we have had indisputable proof
tat his words are strictly true, with abundanti
eason to believe that his medicines will do alb
icy promise, and all that can be reasoniably ex
ected from any medicine. His Cherry Pectoral
Stoo well k-nown in this comnmuniity to neeod any
omendation from us, and bzia Pills we are
reditably informed are not inferior to his Pecto
al.-Procidensce Mirror., 1. L.
Once a gentlenan who had the gift of shaping
.good many things out of orange peels, was
isplaying his abilities at a dinner party before1
heodore Hook amnd Mr. Thomas Hill, and sue
eded in counterfeiting a pig, to the admiration
f the eonmpany. Mr. Hlill tried thme same feat,1
nd, after destroying and strewing thme table with
he peel of a dozen oranges, gave it up with thme
xchmationi:-"~ Hang a pig! I can't make one."
Nay, Hill,"~ exlaimed liook, glancing at the
able, "yvou have done miore sInstead of one pig
rou have made a litter !",
OurE wAY TO UALcUL~aT--Anm impatient
Wlsliian called to his wife, "Comle, come,
sn't breakfast ready ! I've had nothing since
res-.erday, and to-morrow will bethe third day !"
L'his is equal to thme call of the stirring house
tife, who aroused her imaid at four o'clock,
svith " Come, liridget, get up ! Here 'tis Mon
lay morning. To-morrow's Tuesday, next day's
Wednesday--half the~ week g me,1 and nothing
one yet !"
MasownIY iN Tuit UJ~iren STurs.-From the
latest information coiitained in the proceedings
of the variou's "\asonie Grand Lodges of thme,
Uiiited States, it is ascertained that there are in
Ltme Unmioni about four thonsand two hundred aiid
two odges, and one hundred and eighty-thmree
thousanid eight. hndred and thirty-three Masons.
It is thiought~that there may lbe a much larger
numer than this, as many are not atiliiated with
MAnmi A MISTngs.-A little boy at the exlhi
bition ,,f North's Circus at Quincy, Mass., see
ing so many "side shows" around concluded lie
would steal into onte of them. pow:n upon bys
knees lie got and commnenced crawhing tunder,
and upon looking up lie imnmediattely discovered
his mnistake. Hie had been crawling under a
young lady's hooped skirts, mistaking them for
the canvass of the show. The little follow was
SATURDAY, Nov. 25.
Ix TH SENATE.-The- day was chiefly spent
in the reading of sundry petitions, notice of
bills, &c, &c. Two ballots were takcn for U.
S. Senator, the result ofvWhich we gave in our
Mr. Lesesne presented the petition of C.
Warner, asking aid to enable him to finish the
Palmetto tree in honor of the Palmetto Regi
IN THE IIoUSE.-Mr. Aldrich, from the Com
mittee on Incorporations' Ieported favorable on
the bill to incorporate the Columbia and I1am
burg Railroad. I t
Mr. Wilkes introduced a bill to provide for
the preparation and publication of a revised
edition of the decisions of -the Courts of Appeal
in Law and Equity in South .Carolina, and for
other purposes therein mentioned.
Mr. Buist introducecd ' bill to increase the
salaries of the Judges ai Chancellors of this
Mr. Yeadon introduced he following bills:
A bill entitled "a bill t loish estates in fee
simple conditional," a bilLpntitled a bill " to in
:rease and enlarge the j uadiction of the City
Uourt of Charleston, and or the better admin
istration of justice ther.iA and for other pur
poses;" a bill entitled a bill to establish a
eparate Court of Appeal ;" a bill entitled "a
)ill to alter the law in re tion to wills and tes
aents;" a bill entitled -"'a bill to alter the
aw in relation to witnes , and fer other cog
iate purposes ;" a bill en led "a bill to facili
ate foreclosure of mort ges; a bill entitled
'a bill in relation to qua itine in the port and c
marhor of Charleston."
Mr. Quattlebum introd -d a bill to alter and
Mend the militia systeim, o as to abolish ordi
iary beat coipany imuste Read and referred
o the Committee on Mil ry.
The attention of the I 'e was much engaged
n the election for U. S. ator.
The usual number of Is, &c., were read
,nd considerable work d .
ONDAY, 20th Nov.
ITH-r SEATI.--Mr. annon introduced a I
ill to repeal an Act, enti "d an Act to define 0
he terms u;on which the. tate will aid in the
onstruction of Turnpike oands, ratified on the "
9th day of December, 138. Referred to the s
'ommittee on Finance Banks. C
Mr. Porter gave lioti that, to-morrow, lie s
ould a.Qk leave to intro6 a bill to secure to
iclianics, tradesmen a material-men pay
ient for labor done, and terials and supplies "
wrnished to vessels o within the State.
LIso, presented a petition rom mechanics and
,orking-men of Charles -praying more effec
R a ti
ial legislation to preie slaves from hiring
iir own time.' Also, 1i duced- a bill to a-"
orize the Common -Co '1 of Charleston to
point inspectors of nay stores for Charles- a
m. Referred,to-the. ittee on Commerce.
Wirc- Mir RM ri WrU ILe -Mices-ienator,
ir six years, commencing on the 4th day of
farch next. The Senat6 then proceeded to the h
ion.se of Representatives, and joined the Ilouse
i a third'ballot for United States Senator which e
)sllted aq follows: J.-H. Adams received 45
otes; C. G. Momminger 27; J;L. Manning 21;
as. Chestnut 18; John McQnieen 19; It. B.
het t 1; J. P. Carroll 2. 76 being a majority,
icy declared that there was no election.
After the pre.;cntment of vari us other me
iorials, bills, &c., of an unimportant character, 0
be Senate proceeded to the flonse of Repre- c
antatives, and joined that House in a fourth
allot for United States Senator with the fol
wing result.: J. II. Adams, -44; C. G. Mem
iinger, 31; J. L. Manning, 2t6; J. A. McQucen.
2; J. Chestnut, 14; RI. B. Rhett, 10; J. P.
arroll, 3. 81 being necessary to a choice,
here was no election.
The Senate then adjourned.
IN TiE ITosr.-Mr. W. W. Adams, presen
ed the petition of sundry citizens of Edgefield. f
raying for the appointment of another magis
Mr. Miller presented the petition of a large s
umber of the citizens of Lexington 1)istriel, I
raving for thme aibolishing of the militia systeim. 3
Mr. Mullins pi-esented the petition of sundry
itizens of Mar-ion District, praying that the 8
*ners of slaves may be requir ed to pay the
osts of prosecution in cases of the conviction t
Mr. Simonton, of the .Judiciary Committee.,
eported favorable on a bill to increase the sala
is of the Judges and Chancellors of the State. Ia
Uso, a bill to pr-ovicte for appeals on bills of
xception, and to provide for the more accurate
eports of eases adjudged in the Courts of Ap
cal. Ordered for a second reading to-morrow. f
Mr. Yeadon offered a resolution that thet
30inhittee on Agriculture be instructed to in
ure into the condition and prospects of the 1
rtificial breeding of fish within the State, -andh
vhat legislation ifayb necessary forit
ytrencouragement and protection. Agreed to.
Mr. C. Pinckncy, gave notice of a bill to pr-o-c
ide for conmpensationi to the owners of slavesa
:xecuted, Referred to thc Conimittee on .
Mr. Ilser, gave notice of a bill to repeal, al- 1j
:r or amend a law, passed December, 1857, in
-elation to trading with slaves. Referred to
3mmittee on Colored Population.
'Tho House then proceeded to the consider-a
tion of several bills, which were read a second
time, and ordered to be sent to the Senate.
Aongst these were: A bill. providing for a I
ode of the Statute Laws of Sonth Carolina-; a
bill for the modificationi of the law pi-oviding
or the punishmebt of privily stealing i nom the
TussiuAv, Nov. 80).
TuK SusaTE met at 12 o'clock, pursuant to t
..4 nessage was received from his Excellency
the overnor, inviting the Senste to participatet
in the ceremonies on Commencement Day. And,
also, relating to the er-ection of, a monument to 1
the signers of the Declaration of Independence,
on rindependenice square. in Phliladelphia. I
Mr-. Zimmerman moved that a message be
sent to the House, pr-oposing to that body to go
into a ballot for Coinunissioner in Equity for
lharlingtonl Di-trict, to-day', atL 13 o'clock, wv hich
Wscnenrredl in by th Monse.
A t 1 o'cloclg, pursuant to orders, the Senate
proceeded to thme House of Represont alives, and
joined that body in a fifth ballot for United States 1
Senator, which bllot stood tims: J. II. Adaams1
eceived 42; C. Ci. Memiminger-29; J1. L. Man- 1
ning 21; John McQuecen 18; R. B. Rlhett :;
JaeCheanut 13; L. M. Keitt 19i; J. P. Car
roll 8; W- W- Boyce 1, .J. A. Wcoodward 1.1
No person having received a muajority of thme
votes east, there was no election..
Sundry memorials, bills and petitions were
At 1.1 o'clock, pursuant to:sprevious orders,
the Senate proceeded to the hi'ouse of Roerr
sentativpes, to 'join thq$ body ini ig bialgo for C~om
missionler in .squty for. Damrhnmgto~ istrictI
which resulted in the election of Mr-. J . B.
And ater the presentment of three oi- four
reports the Senate proceeded to -join the House
.. sit . ballont for United State. Senator, and
on counting the votes the ballot stood as fol
lows: James 11. Adams, 42; C'. G. Memminger,
26; L. M. Keit. 26 ; J. L. Manning, 24; John
McQueen, 23; Janes Chesnut, 7 ; R. B. Ilhett,
4; J. P. Carroll, :J. No cleCtion.
IN TIM I .E: the ui4ual business was done.
Messrs. Pre.ly. Whiting, Lucas, Seymour,
Richardson, and others presented sundry peti
tions, accounts, memorials, &c., which were
Special reports were then called for, nnd sev- i
eral Committees reported on the various pre
sentments referred to thent.
Mr. Wilkes, from the Military Committee,
asked leave to present without reading the re
port on the petition and bill of sundry citizens
of Lancaster, Lexi-igton and Edgefield, praying
the abolition or modification of the militia sys
tem. Ordered fur a second reading to-morrow.
Mr. Dearing, from the Committee on Agricul
ture, made a report on a bill to enable farmers
to prove their accounts by producing their
books in evidence. Also, a bill for the better
protection'of sheep husbandry.
Reports were made on the petition of Com
nissioners of Edgefield, Greenville and Lexing
on Districts, praying for- compensation for pub
ic services rendered.
At twenty minutes past 2, the balloting for
3urveyor Gencral commenced. The number
)f votes cast were: Senators, 37; Representa
ives, 114. Necessary to a choice, 76. Mr.
Iunt was elected, he having received 95 votes.
A ballot was held for Secretary of State, but
here was no election, in consequence of no one
eceiving a majority of the votes cast.
Mr. Quattlebum gave notice of a bill to in
rease the otlicial bond of the Tax Collector of
VIgefield listrict, to the sun of $40,000.
Mr. W. W. Ailamus gave notice (if a bill to
uthorize Clerks in the Court of Common Pleas,
o take the testinony of witnesses in writing,
nild for other purposes.
WunED.nAY, Dec. 1.
IN TE SRSATE.-Mr. Carroll presented the
etition of the citizens of Iamburg, praying an t
iendment of charter. Ordered for considera
ion to-morrow. Also, the report of committee
a the appointment of a Clerk of Cummissioners
I- Free School.
Mr. Carroll presented the report of the Com-i
ittee on Roads and Bridges, on potition of t
andry citizens of All Saints Parish, praying
stablishinent of new road. Ordered for con- t
The Senate then joined the Irouse in a second
allot for Secretary (if State, which resulted in
o election. r
The seventh and eighth ballots for U.S. Sena
>r were held but without an election.
Mr. Garlington introdueed a hill to amend ,
to Acts of this State for the distribution of 0
testate estates. t
The Committee on Roads and Buildings made a
-"iaereilie rt. a
"The commit tee appointed on the part of the 8
enate to count the ballots for Solicitor of the a
restern Circuit, report that Mr. J. P. Reid il
ad received 132 votes. iHe was declared c
The Committee allointed on tle part of the
enate to count the votes cat for Solicilor (if c
to Middle Circuit, report that Simeon Fair had a
!ceived 101 votes. ''Chat being :! majority of
10 votes cast, he was declared elected.
Mr. Marshall, from the committee appointed t
a the part of the Senate to count the votes V
st ftir State Reporter, reported that Mr. J. S. a
. Richardson ha1 received a majority of the I
Mtes cast, and lie was declared elected. c
The Senate then proceeded to join the House il
i a third ballot for Secretary of State, which c
stlled in the election of J. iI. Means, he
aving received 94 votes.
At 30 o'clouk, p. in., the Senate adjourned.
Tim IHoesn assembled at 12 in. The roll
-as called. The Speaker took the chair, and
oe journal of Tuesday was read.
The Senate joined the Ifouse in a seventh
allot for . S. Senator, with the following re
lt : James Adlams, 47 ; J1. L. Manning, 4'!;t
.M. Keitt, 30; .lohtn McQueen, 20; C. G.
Ieniminger, fi; J1. P. Cairroll, 2; Jas. Chesnut,
;R. B. RhIeit, 1; M. L. Bonhami, 1, blank 1.
2 beimi a inajority, there was no elec'tion.
Mr. W. W. A danms presented the ptetition of
heo T1own ('ouncil of Ilamburg, for~ an amend
ent to their charter. Referred to the Comn
ittece on Incorporations. Also, thme petition
f B. F. Landrmn, pray;ig to be ceded certain I
mnas in Edgefield District.
Mr. J. 11. Williams presented the petitieri of
inadr-y citizens of New berry District, ptraying
or a new election precint at Fr-og Level. Re
~red1 to thme Committee on Privileges and Elec-1
Mr. J. C. Whmaley, from the Commit tee on
ncorporat ions, madec a favorable report on the
etition of the Charleston Chess Club, praying
ar an act of incorpoIration.
Thme Senate muited with the Ihouse in the
ighth ballot for U. S. Senator, which resulted
follows: . La. Manning, 53; J.IIL Adamny,
; Li. M. Keitt, 20 ; .J. ?McQ'moen, 2l ; J. P.
~arroll, 5 ; U. G. Memminger, 2; -Judge Wither.s,
;IR. B. Rhett, 1; JudJge O'Neall, 1; Blank,
.Total 162. 'Nccessary to a choice 82. No'
SIE SLAVE TRADE IN THlES. C. LECISLITUIE.
On Fr-iday, the 27thm ult., the following Reso
utions, in relation to the slave trade, were in
rodur ed in the Senate by Senator Mazyck.
Rasol ved, That the Constitution of the UnitedI
tates contains no grant of power to regulate,
revent or restrict comnmerce amang (oreign na
awsi and, therefore, all Acts of Congress pur
orting to prohibit or intterfe-re with the slave
rado, between foreign countries, are unconsti
utional, and have no right ful force or effect. 1
iewoced, Thtat the Act of Congress declaring]
.he slave T1rade to be piracy, if it be undIerstood~
a affirming that it is piracy ini the nature of
;hngs and in the sense of the Constitution, af
irms whamt is not true ; and, inasmuch as it pur
orts and intends toe convert into piracy what
s not so in the nature of thiungs, and in the
ense of the Constitution thme said Act is uncon
utitutional, null and void,
These resolution4 comtig tip tbr debate under
ho spciial order, Senator Mazyck said
Mr. Pr-esident :-Of the powers delegated by
he Constitution to the Government othtle Uni
e States, there are- but three by which the
right to p~rohlibit any description of trade can
b iinferred. Onie is the power given to Conu
ress to rL'gulate comtmerce with for-eign States;
another is the piower to punish pir-acy and other
afences committed on the high seas; and the
third is that provisions of the Constit ution which,
is it relates in express terms exclusively to the
iportation of slaves itnto the United States,
has no applieation to the matter ntow lautore as;
T'he power of the (jo~frgpIaim t ofthe United
8tz~tes to dletnme piraoy, and to puish~i it as a
felony, I will proceed to notice when I consider
the se-condl resolution, and I will now conic at
once, Mr. P'resident, to the question oft the pow
r of~ Congress to regulate commer-ce with for
Tfhe plain initerpretation of the Constitution
appers.t inc to be the delegation to the Gov
erminent of the United States, of the power to
regulate the comnerce bet ween the United States
and foreiyn nations. If, therefore, we assume
that the power to regulate includes the power
to prohibit, it would confer on the Government
the power to prohibit the slave trade between
the United States and a foreiin country. But
the resolutions introduced into this body, do
not say that it is unconstitutional to prohibit
by acts of the General Government, the slave
trade between our own States and any other
nation ; they only assert the fact that it is not
Constitutional, nor within the province of Con
gre:s, to prohibit that traffic between two foreign
No commentator upon the Constitution of the
United States, so far as I have discovered, seems
to have taken up the question as to how far the
power conferred upon our Government to regu
late commerce between these States and a for
eign nation, includes the right to interfere in the
commerce carried on between two other coun
tries, distinct from our own. Justice Story,
however, does touch indirectly on this feature
of the question, when after stating his reasons
to show that the power to regulate commerce
included navigation, he sums up by saying:
" This power the Constitution extends to com
merce with foreign nations, and among the sev
eral States, with the Indian tribes. In regard
to foreign nations, it is universally admitted
that the words comprehend every species of
:ommercial intercourse. No sort of trade or
intercourse can be carried on between this coun
ry and another, to which it does not extend."
So that justice Story plainly understood this
lelegated power to refer only to the commerce
ietween the United States and foreign coun
ries, and not to the commerce between two
brigni nations. Now, there are acts of Con
ress which purpose to interfere with the slave
rade as carried on between foreign countries;
Lnd we have at the present moment a case,
raiting for trial in this district, in which the
dlicers and crew of a vessel are charged with
arrying on the traffic in slaves between the
*ast of Africa and the island of Cuba. It is
he constitutionalit-yuf such acts alone, that is
lenied in the resolutions before the Senate.
Mr. President, in my humble judgment it is a t
;rave question, and one that is open to serious
loubt, whether the power to regulate commerce
cludes the power to prohibit any branch of
rade whatever. But that is a point that isleft
nidisturbed by these resolutions, which simply
leclare that the power to regulate commerce
oes not extend to commerce between two for
ign nations, and, therefore, cannot include the
'rohibition of the slave trade between foreign
ations. While, therefore, I myself entertain
rave doubts as to the right it Congress to infer
he power to prohibit any trade from the Con- p
ti tutional power to regulate commerce between i
ur own and any other country, I shall suffer t
hat feature of the question to pass unnoticed p
t thistimeand shall confin MyqlJ t .MP1 -3
nd that, when the Congress of the United n
tates assumes to pass acts that interfere with
ny traffic carried on between foreign countries, t
assumes an authority it has no title to exer
se, and contuit4 an act of usurpation for which a
has no ConAtitutional justification.
I shall now proceed, Mlr. Pre4dent, to briefly d
onsider the second resolution before us, which
eiies the right of Cotngoress to make any act
n1 act of piracy whiich was not clearly embraced
s such in the words or the sense of the Consti- c
ation. When the Constitution of these States I
ms adopted, the slave trade was as legitimate
s the trade in wool, in coffee, or in tobacco.
t was a legitimate and an innocent trade, re
ognized as such at the tine by all men; and j
the power delegated to Congress to regulate 3
omnmerce, is to be interpreted into the right to t
2ake it an act of piracy now to carry on that
articular trade, between any countries whatev
r, then must Congross surely have the same
ight, at its option, to make the trade in coffbe, 2
root or tobacco an act of piracy likewise. s
Vhen the Cuntitution was adopted, it was well c
nderstood what constituted the crime of pira- 1
y. It was robbing on the high seas. The i
.onstitution, it is trae, conferred on Congress
ho power to define piracy. There must be,
toubtless, some certain rule or fine, for the pur
ioses of legal prosecution, to distinguishm what
Srobbery on the high seas, and it was pioper
hat Congress should have the right to point
unt what acts of violence and robbery should .
omne withtin the definition of that offence. i
But the power to dfnc, is one thing-the
iower to create, another. Can it be imaginedc
ir pretended that, under the power to define
'iracy, it was intended to confer on the Govern
nent the powcr to declare any act an act of pi
acy ? If Congress really possessed the power
o make the slave trade between Africa and
uba piracy, it would have the same power to
nake the same trade piracy when carried on
>etween Louiriana and Virginia, by way of the*
ca. If it has the right to declare it an act of
>iiracy to convey slaves bet ween the African and
Juban coasts, what is to deprive it of a similar
i-ht in relation. to the tapotof slaves be-1
,wen Chesapeake bay andl Mississippi? I am1
itterly at a loss to perceive how any persons
,an point out a distinction between the two
ascs. And not only does the exerciso of this
,ower imp~ly the right to male the slave trade,)
shen carried on by sea~ betwoen the States, an]
Let of piracy but it implies also the right to
leclare the trade in cotton an act of piracy,
rhenever that article is p~ut into a ship in our
morts and carried over the high seas to any oth
3r port in the world.
Let it always be borne in mind, Sir, that we
aave a right to consider the slave trade as inno
tent and legitimate as any othir trade. It was
nore so when the Constitution of these States
wa adopted thin it is now. If we concede this,
nid also admit that Congress has the power to
leclare this innocent and legititrate trade piraoy,
then mnust we yield to Congress an unhimited
power, an absolute desputism over the whole
:mwmerce of the, nation. Then must we hol,
that as soon as a citizen steps into a ship and
tails forth on to the high seas, he is at the mncsy
>f a Congress that can at its wil convt any
tet of his into the grime of piraoy and make a
elon of him, for Sh, it we once concede to
~he G'oyrinment of the United States, the pow
ars that are disputed arid denied in the resoln
tions now before us, thten we acknowledge that,
under the Constitution, it~s power over all men
rnud all things on the high seas, is unlimited.
With these remarks, Sir, I submit t!.e resoln
tions to the action of the Senate.
Senator Bryan. Mr. President:--I have no
robservations to offer at cLis time on- the merits
af the resolutions now beire us; but 1 am
opiitonl that the Senate is not now readly for t he
riestion, and I therefore propose .lhat the t'ur
ther consideration oif the .-pciald order be -post
poned to a fu~mtr day, to he named at the con
v~e enne of the Senate.
'enator UI. IL. Wilson. Mr. President :-Thae
que.ition involved in the resolution-s before us is
one of no little importance, involving, as it does,
our relations with ,the Federal Governmment. I
p refer that the resolutions should take the regu
lar course, and I therefore move their reference
to the Committee on Federal Relations.
The motion was put and carried, by ayes 5.
nays 13. The following is the vote;
Age-Messrs. Batron. Brownlee. Oannn.
Carrol, Dant zler, Deloach, For, Gist, Harrison,
Johnston, Lesesne, Manning, McCaw, Mellard,
Mohtgomery, Moses, O'Bryan, Palmcr, Porter,
Sharpe, Westmoreland, Wilson, Witherspoon,
Zimmerman and the President-25.
Na--Messrs. Blakeiey, Bryan, Fickling,
Fnrman, Garlington, Gause, Hampton, J. 11.
Trby, Charles Irisy, King, Mazyck, Rhete, Ses
jw A DOCTR up town gave the following
prescription for a sick lady a few days ago:
"A new bonnet, a cashmere shawl, and a pair
of gaiter boots !" The lady recovered immedi
ErIT seems to be so easy to be godd-na
tured, that it is a wonder anybody takes the
trouble to be anything else.
r:E" A FRIEND of ours thus eulogises his
musical attainments: "I know two tunes. The
one is " Auld Lang Syne," and the other isn't.
I always sing the latter."
T Wuar is an overloaded gun like an
office-holder ? Because it kicks mightily when
7 'The Louisvile Journal says: "A New
York paper is discussing the e.fects of the Ocean
Telegraph. We think it died without leaving
ER When success makes a man better
than he was before, he must be a good man in
.K Quite recently, cays the Marietta Pa
triot, several families have returned from the
rar West to old Cobb again, after an absence of
ome two yeys spent in search of a more favora
,9W The e-ditor of an eastern paper speak.
ig ut a drink he once had occasion to indulge
n, says he couldn't tell whether it was'brandy
)r a torch-light procession going down his
L "' Our "Devil," like ourselves, is in want
f the "needful," and thus laments his unfor
"The Circus is a coming,
And I know not what to do,
For to raise a quarter dollar,
To take me to the show."
' A speaker at a stump meeting out
!est., declared that he knew no North,.no
outh, no East, no West. Then, said a -by
tander, " you ought to go to school and learn
r W MARRIAGE OF KIDRED.-A bill has
used the House of Representatives of Georgia,
y a vote of firty-six to fifty-two, prohibiting
e intermarriage of first-cousins, under severe
nalty, and cutting off the inheritance of issue.
arrying with each other. -
Q "Jonathan, where were you going yes
rday, when I saw you going to the mill?"
Why, I was going to the mill, to be sure,"
Well, I wish I'd seen you, I'd got you to car
y a grist for me." "Why, you did see me,
idn't you ?" " Yes, but not, until you had
ot clean out of sight."
,E' Keep *out of bad company, for the
hance is, that when the devil, fires into a flock
C will hit somebody.
E2 IF your sister, while tenderly engaged
a a tender conversation with her sweetheart,
ks you to bring a glass of water from an ad
Aining room, you can start on the errand, but
ou need not return. You will not be missed,
bat's certain-we've seen it tried. Don't for
et this little boys.
jg&.A lady returned from a visit to the
"atural Bridge in Virginia, on being asked how
he was pleased with this stupendous specimen
f Nature's handiwork, replied " that it would
ea very nice bridge when it was done-but it
as'nt quite finished when she was there !"
LT The costume of the Spanish ladies has
tot changed for two hundred years. They ac
ally wear the same style of dress as their
Tcat grandl mothers did.
Er " I tell you wot, Julius, I had a men
rons 'spute wid massa, dis mornin', down in
Ic cotton patch." " Wa, wa, wat you 'sputo
.lont ?' " Why, you see, Julius, massa he
eme down da whar I was hoin', and massa he
.y .equash grow best on randy ground, an' I
ay so too ; and dare we 'spute about it for
or'n one hour 7"
Er The great chain of railroad- between
'bladelphia and Chicago is completed. The
ntire length of this road is eight hundred and
enty-four miles. The cars began their regu
ar passage over this continuous track on the
3- ""Miss Josephina," said a thick, cherry
oking lipped negro, to one of Afric's daugh
ers, "Miss Josephina, will you do dis nigger
ec anticipation ob dancin' a Wergina reel wid
im ?" " I doesn't assent to dance wulgarasions
ances ob dat sort, Mr. Casus," said Miss Jose
,ina, turning up still higher her well-rounded
p, " I dances only de porker I"
m'It was done when it was begun,' it was
onewhen it was half done and yet wasn't done
hen it was finished. Now what was it? Time
hay Johnson courted Susannah Dunn. It was
one when it was begun,. it was done when it
as half done, and yet it wasu't Dunn when fin
shed-for it was Johnson.,
;ui Thomas Govern and Thomas Campbell
re sentenced to be hung at PickensCourtllouse,
S. C., on the 31st of December.
gsirWhen you are whistling in a printing.
ilice. and they say. "louder," 4Un't you do it.
Mi " Terrible pressure in the money markiet,''
s th~e mouse said, when the keg of specie rolled
mr ra debating society, in Schenectady,
he other day, the subject. was: "Which is the
ost beautiful productin, a girl or a strawber
y?" after continuing the . unment for two
tights, the meeting finally adourned without
-oing to a conclusion--the old ones going for
he strawberries, and the young ones for the
ir As' Irishman called into a store, and
n-iced a pair of gloves. He-was told they e'ame
o ten shillings. "Och, byj my soul, thin," says
e, "i'd sooner my hands'd go barefoot, than
pay that price for 'em."
;gji'Fontecelle, when ilescribing the difl~r.
mece in the mental constitution of the sexes,
ays, "'Woman has a cell less in the birain, ad
a fibre more in the heart, than' man."'
gii The Rev. Uenry Ward Beecher, in a re
ent speeblh declared that he woud. rah4r a
aughter'of his should work as a doineatie ina
irtuous family, than to accept a ituitioii~
nanufactory or' store.
Zii' Said .Soatheys "My notionsabu
trotnuch the same as they ar about t -a
here is a'good desf or afnusement onatheia~
ut, after all, one wants to be at rest."