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hataf the corn la
'-.tr supported withoutst
'hn exc'ept'slave traders could'seweten i't~.
wis ed o. The same negro can do as much
work for me, whether he costs six hundred dol
lars, or twelve hundred, and he could do as much
labor if there were eight million negroes in the
United States, as he can now, when there are
but four million.
Thererure, as to the manner in which revival
affects the value of negroes, it is a question, not
of what our civilized negroes 'will bring at sale
but of what they will bring at hire. The fallacy
of the objection that revival would diminish the
hire of negroes, as far as the cotton States are
concerned, lies in the assumption, first, that the
supply of cotton is as large as it ought to be ;
and second, that a neoro can do no other work
than raise cotton. I Tiave shown that the pro
duction of cotton lacks much of being equal to
the demand. One of the profoundest writers in
America on public economy lately estimated
that the consumption of cotton has increased
about six per cent, per annum, since -1851-2,
when our productjon attained its maximum.
Taking three million bales as the average crop
of the South since 1851-2, and adding anan nual
increase for seven years of six per cent, which
is the accumulating rate of consumption, and
we should have say four million three hundred
thousand bales, as the supply now wanted from
the United States by the world.
Omitting therefore all consideration of the
prospective demand for more cotton, in view of
the usual rate of increasing consumption, and
especially in view of the heavy demand, which
must soon spring up in China and Japan fur
cheap power loom cloth, to supercede the costly
hand loom article, we see that at a yield of three
bales to the han4 it would requ've about four
. hundred and fifty thousand more able 1odied
cotton laborers, to meet the present unsatisfied
demand for the King Staple. Allowing one
such laborer to every three of the African popu.
lation, which would be within the mark, if we
aceunted for the ineJliency of savages as cot
ton laborers, it needs an importation of at least,
thirteen hundred thousand wild negroes, to fill
the existing demand for cotton alone. If we
could supply this supposed defcit, it is not pro
bable, that the price of cotton would then fall
below eight cents per pound, which will pay ten
per cent on the value of a negro, at one thou
sand dollars-a very good profit on the invest
We cannot reasonally hope long-to make very
much more profit by our labor than other people
make by theirs, because whenever a laborer in
e another country, finds that he has to give two
days of his work, in exchange for one of ours,
he will abandon his business and engage in the
pursuit we are following. As an evidence of it,
look how the high price of cotton since 1851-2
has induced the inhabitants of other States, to
give up the occupations they were pursuing and
takdi to planting cotton. Hence, if we do not
produce more cotton, other States will. We
have our choice either to import more labar and
preserve the monopoly or exclude the labor, and
lose the monopoly of supplying mankind with
The ability of India.- and Africa to compete
with the South in growing cotton was dwelt upon
inaina tim nbidactionl to reviving the slave
trade, that it might lower the price of cotton.
Another formnidable competitor could enter the
field against us, and if cotton shall continue to
hold much longer at present prices, we may ne
prepared, to look for large importations of the
staple froth Austalia-that Island continent
larger than the United States--rieher than Cali.
fornia in precious metals and the seat of a fu
ture Anglo Saxon empire that will- rival even
ours. By recurring again to the Patent Office
Report of 1856, it may be seen that Messrs
Mitchell and Williams, two other of our Consuls
" The cultivation of cotton in Australia, has
been successful, though small for the last few
years. Sea Islands have done well and have not
deterioted. Only agricultural population is want
ing. The cotton plant stands the heat and
drought remarkably well. The product of an
acre at Ipswich, Mdoreton Bay, was 920 pounds
of Sea Island cotton in the seed, valued at 25
cents a pound cleaned. Fo'r ten years, the fall
of rain has been nearly fifty inches per annum
on this part of the Australian coast. From 200
to 500 miles further North it averages about
seventy inches. But the climate all along the
coast is remarkably dry notwithstanding and to
this is attributed its great salubrity. The allu
vial land is too rich to require manure for any
branch of~ cultivation. Nothing indeed is as yet
known of physical influences adverse to the cul
tare of cotton. Not only is it true that the frost
is harmless, but that insects of any kind do not
-affect the crops. The plant is perennial. It is
picked five successive years from the same stalks
and in some cases the yield was largest the fouirth
year. The climate as has been stated is extreme
lypropitious, the picking season extending over
four of the coolest nipnths. Nnture seenms to
have designed this portion of the world for a
cotton field of the most gigantie dimensionms."
.M~rk !jhiinlbe lanrifeOur ownuoflicials..
to our own government, that Australia, needs no
manure-no irrigation--no renewal of seed
lbnt " only agricultural population is wanting,'
to make it a " cotton field of the most gigantie
dimensions." WVill such a country as this re
main neglected of being supplied with " agri
cultural population," if England shall continug
to need more cotton than she can get at presAt
prices ? Is not Australia a fertile and unsett.e
country like our Western States? Can the dig
ging of gold, or the graizing of sheep alwayi
pay better as a permanent business, than the
growing of cotton at ten, or twelve cents per
pound upon rich landl costingr alnost -nothingr,
with African apprentice- likew~ise costing nioth
ing. Is not the stream of Anglo Saxon popiu
- lation, now pouring itself exclusively into Aus.
tralia ? Has not Australia tripled her popula
tion in ten years and guardrupled tier commercee
with Europe in less than five years ? And if
the disciples of Exeter Hall shall progrees for
the next two or three years as rapidly as they
-have lately done, in working out the problem of
how to get more cotton, will not a stream of
African population also set toward Australia ?
These are questions which must be answered by
Southern men. Tbe civilized world will have
more and cheaper cotton than the United States
can possibly produce,- with their present labor.
Cotton factories are rising as if by magic, in
every State of Europe from bleak Russia to
tropical Sardinia, and the continental powers are
begining to import their own raw cotton direct
from this country, as well as to occupy their o.wn
markets with home made gmtton fa.bries.
listi about five thousand bales cotton wee.
ported into Europe; nowo nearly four mijion bnles
are imported thither. WVC1 the conmsumption likevy
diminish, since All .wropn have comnmenced
manufacturing am.d aintee China anid Japan with
their fiye huwnd'ed zuilliomna people have been
opeined rp tcosaern
'It has not been half a century, since Turkey
exported mnore cotton than any other nation of
either ontinent. But the low price of cotton
in the United States, between the years 1840-50
compelled the discoinjinuance of cotton culture
. i the Levant. Turkey is a slave holding com
munity too. She is also a close neighbor to
Africa. May she not resume her former cotton
raising with present prices to stima~late her ?
Probably she can be successful without Dr. Da
vis' assistance. Cotton is now worth double
what it was when he went to enlighten the Sul.
tan's subjects. There never was a more simple
self deception, than the Southern planters are
practising upon themselves, in supposing that
their past monopoly of cotton growing has been
from some peculiarity of soil, or climate, exist
ing only in the United States. Cotton -was once
enItiated throughout Sonthern Europe and is
consumption in the penin
at our monopoly of raw
upon our system of Afri
do not extend that sys
'- of laborers, Australia,
'eria and other parts
pentral America, one,
(ought pto-sugly. It
that cotton 14 long
-'and that our cottbu.a
3erable time earn the enor
getting. Cotton must go
a in price, slaves must fall
do not import more negroes
nted by the people of the
the Africa 'and raise it
. re doing now and so
" i '. 'te trade, or
we 1a60. them from
proeniliigs many negro6s as -U'$aut, let us
not deny 6ur people the saMe privitege-let us
place all upon the same footing-let demand and
supply rellate the slavitrade as it does every
other kin~ of trade.
Pertait even a single other country than the
South to raise much cotton for exportation and
then will the price of cotton as well as our mon
opoly of it, go down to rise no more-then will
the price of our negroes go down to stay down,
until we shall have embarked in some other pur
suit than growing cotton- For once let other
States organise the necessary A lrican labor and
acquire the skill of directing it in the cotton
field, so as to compete with us successfully and
they will adhere to it to the end of time. No
one denies but that our slaves have been degra
ded much in value ere now by war, by commer
cial revulsion, or by a glut in the cotton market
by overproduction. But the chances are a
thousand to one that our civilized negroes will
never be able to glut the cotton market again.
Still although we may not glut the market any
more, othor States can and will unless we import
more negroes. Cotton must fall in price and
our negroes must fall in value do as we will.
The only question is whether we will sacrifice a
great and permanent good for a splendid, but
merely tempory advantage. We musts elect be
tween having a high price for cotton and a high
price for negroes during a few years, but finally
lose the monopoly of raising raw cotton forever,
or we must import more negroes-keep eotton
at a paying price and keep negroes at a reasona
ble price also for an indefinite period, as well as
preservo our monopoly of furnishing cotton to
the world. This is the (ilemmar-the fork of
the road at which we havearrived. Which route,
will ye choose, inen of the South ? You cannot
evade the question will you have more laborers,
or not? and if 1ou will where ct you get them?
Not in the United States, for if they could be
had here, the present price of cotton would have
them forthcoming. They cannot be had in the
United States else why is negro labot so seat ce ?
Why is it so high ? Why is a negro worth one
dollar and a quarter a day to work upon Texas
Rail Roads ? Why does a common farm negro
hire for three hundred dollars a year in the Mis
sissippi valley-as much, or more than is paid
for an Irishman? Why are the Irish driving
the negroes off the Steamboats on the Mississippi
and its tributaries by underworking them ? Why
are white servants displacing negro waiters in
nearly all the hotels of the Southern Cities, by
working for cheaper wages than the slaves hire
for? Why is it that white operatives are ex
pelling negroes from all the factories at the
South? IN hy is it that the present fabulous
prices for negroes cannot get a supply equal
to the demand for more slave labor in the
cotton fields ? WVhy is it that the South, arc ag
gitating a revival of the slave trade ? Why is it
that the question of selling free negroes into
slavery is being seriously discussed int every
State of the South ?
Simply because there is a universal demand
for mtore slave labor in every other pursuit as
well as in that of raising .cotton. The rice cul
ture can spare no labor-the sugar culture can
spare none--the tobacco culture-can spare none
-the hemp culture can sphrc e-Lte tur
pentine culture can spare none-the stock cul
ture of Tennessee and Kentucky can spare none.
Indeed no department of our present limited in
dustry at the South, whether agricultural, or
other kind can spare any of its labpr, to assist in
the growth of cotton. In place of being able to
spare labor, outr sugar enulture.- particularly de
mands more labor than even the cultivatiotn of
cotton does. Having countless acres of inex
haustable sugar land, in Florida, Louisianna
and Texas, we might profitably export large
quantities of sugar, if we only had the necessary
habor, but althoutgh we have heretofore aspired
to raise our own supply of that article and have
burdened it with a Tariff for that purpose, yet
we have not succeeded in growing more thtan
about one third of what we ourselves constume.
As a consequena, Cuba by smuggling negroes
antd importing Coolies at a notninal price is ena
bled to pay an export duty upon sugar at home
andan import duty upon it here, amounting in the
aggregate, to over five million dollars annually
atnd supply us with the other two thirds which
we consume. Nearly all our imports of sugarj
$22,000,000 worth come from Cuba. A laborer
itt Cuba, costs on the average, but half, what lie
:does in the South. flow then can our sugar
planter contend with the Cuban ini the fereign
Markets when he catn hardly doe it at home to
the extent of one third the sutpliy with a Tariff
of twenty-four per ccent ad caloreum to nssist him.
l'he remnedy for Cuban contpetition in the culture
of sugar, is tiot to oppose the annexation of that
Island atnd inflict a high Tariff umpont our own
people, but to re-open the Slave Trade, so as to
give our planters an equal chance for procuring
At the lowest calculation, we need four hunt
I-cd thousand more A fricans to'rgjise our ownm
sugar. Because as the present nunmbe-r of nec
roes employed ini the sugar culture, is but about
H~o~hshmeads anmd as otne anuiital c2onsumptjtiont
reaches near 800J,000t Iloghasheads, whent high
ptices altmost prohibit sugar toebe poor,'we may
assert that chteap sugar, grownm at a living rate to
the producer, would increase the homte consunip
tion, to nine, or ten hundred thousand Hoghis
~heads, weighing a half a toni each, which is the
size, I have in mi d. From this it is plain,
negroes would yield a hi'e of ten, or fifteen per
centt, upon thcir saleable value in the cultivation
of sugar, wh~en the cottont market might be glut
ted by the imnportatiotn of too inatny cottotn
laborers. Is it not desirable to have the price of
sugar so low, as thaut thme poor may enjoy it?
Without mtore lab~or atnd cheaper labor, how cant
thme planters raise either umore sugar or ceeper
sugar? Is it not muotre injurious to the South, to
drain her border States of elaves, with which to
grow cottont and sugmir thtan it wonuld be to i
port them frotm Africa ? Which i.; the worse,
to inmport Africans to make sugar in Louisiana
or to cat the sugar after it has beetn raised in
Cuba, by newly imported negroes ? Are we not
doing the same thtng, fob which we denounce
the Abolitionists? They consume our cotton
and are particeps crimini, to our slavery if it be
a crime. We consume the sugar of Cuba and
are a party to her slave trade, if it be a crime ?
As we must have thte sugar,. why not import the
negroes and raise it for aurselves ? Were it not
for the slave trade still beitng carried on in Cuba,
we should have either to do without sugar, or be
left to the merey of our producers in Louisiana.
Iikh ankees make a tnote of it, that if they
undance of jheap pgar, thtey must
con t o a revival of til slave trade. Sorghto
hat mighty instrument of A bolition according to
'ther Giddings will not do--it will not gramnu
gg Adams' Express Company was robbed one day
at week on the Rail Road, between Montgomery
nd Atlanta, of $40,000. An arrest has been made,
says the Montgomery Adrertiser) but we forbear
frther particulars until a judicial investigation of
he matter takes plnee,-ss we have no reason to be
eve the arrested party guilty. On Friday the com
any paid to the Banks in Augusta, their respective
osses by thme above robbery.
pm3 The Yorkville Enaquirer contains a correspon
ence between Messrs. Win. A. Latta and S. W. We!
on, by which we are pleased to learn that a serious1
iefulty pending between those gentlemen has been
honorably adjusted " by the interposition of mutu
gg The Abbeville papers are advocating the build-.
g of a Rlail Road from that place to Washington,
Ga.,a ditanc offort mils.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEJIELD, . ..
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9,1859.
A vary large number of our good citizens were out
on Monda last. The 'weather was bright and cold,
and all seemed to be in fine humor. The day passed
off pleasantly, with but little noise or rowdyism. The
three gallon law is again of force within our corporate
limits,-to the decided improvement of rueh ocea
sions, as It thus far appears.
Was that jar of limes (almost transparent) sent us
the other day by our neighbor Hanarsex.
Burned to Death.
A nogro boy, the property of Ma. WILLs L. STONSE
of this District, was burned so badly some ten days
ago as to die from the efects of it. He lingered near
ly two weeks. Another warning.
- . ,- . - __
The Homestead Bill has passed the House by a
large majority. The Bill provides homestends for
actual settlers in the Territories. Any one who is
head of a family, over twenty-one years of age, and a
citizen of the United Status, or who has filed his de
claration to become such, would be entitled under the
Bill to enter one quarter section of land (180 acres)
without paying any price therefor. The South Caro
lina delegation all voted against the measure.
The Senate has tacked on to the Indian Appropria
tion Bill an amendment changing the Indian Bureau
from the Interior to the War Department.
It was said that the President was annoyed by the
decision of the Senatorial Democratic Caucus on the
Tariff question, and that he meant still to press the
recommendation of his message upon Congrees. We
hope this is a mistake.
The Bill appropriating $70,000 for the instruction
of the Echo Africans in Liberia, has been defeated.
On this question our immediate representative, Hos.
M. L. BosuiA, addressed the House in some pertinent
remarks which we this week publish, on page first.
Happening to have received two roots of the Sil
tzaa Jaktuiix Grape, we offer one of them to the sub
scribir who will #ist bring us a additional j
scriber. The variety is extremely and said to be
peculiarly ' choice' as a table grape. The roots are
put up with a degree of care which warrants their
" PLAN TRUTH," IN THE MERCURY.
The writer who is assailing SXNATon HAXxOND in
the Charleston Mcrcury over the signature of " PLAix
TauT," seems to meet with but small commendation
from the press of the State. It is not difficult to pick
faws in the political course of any statesman,-we
mean seeming flaws of inconsistency. Tempora Pu
tantur, and men's opinions change with them. 'This
sort of inconsistency is, often, true wisdom. Have
we not board the supposed author of " PLAix Tauv"
tear the political consistency of JoHN C. CALHUNO' to
tatters by this mode of criticism ? "PLArx TRUT'
as we suspect, is one of the irstand purest sons of our
State. We regret that his patriotism has been .so
much alarmed by the present conservative politics of
SENTOR HAMMOND. It was the politics of Ma. CA.
uous to the last day of his life, and is now the politics
of every Southern statesmnan of any position.
W. L. D. will please accept our thanks for his sub.
scription, accomnpanied as it is with such terms of
handsome compliment. There are some men, of
jaundiced hue, whose praise we regard as slightly as
their censure. WV. L. DI. is net of that complexion.
His. ioral and mental education constitute him a
4sa whose approbation we shall always be happy
This paper has assumed a semi-weekly garb and
status, and comes to us in its new dimensions as umi
ling as a basket of chips. Success and happinas to
CUBA AND THE PRESIDENT.
Doubts have been expressed, whether or not the
Cubanese are really opposed to Unceo Samuel's pro.
position to buy their country. And yet it appears
from Cuban journals, that protests against that con
summation have been sent to the Queen of Spain from
twenty-one cities and towns of the Island, besides the
bishop and ecclesiastics of Havana; the governor and
celeuastics of Santiago de Cuba ; the ladies of Ha
vana, Matannas and Ilejucal; the University of
Havana: the economical societies of Havana and
Santiago; the battalions and squadrons of volunteers
of Havana, and the army of Cuba; the Bank of Spain
of Havana; Professors in the preparatoryand special
schools of Havana; the colleges of lawyers and no
taries of the same city, and tribunal of commerce of
Attention is directed to the towni ordinance on ano
ther column. Its restrictions are wholesome, and we
trust they will be rigidly adhered to threughout.
The farmers and lalnters iu the vicinity are par
ticularly requested to read this ordinance and give
their negroes fair warning of the penalties attached
JUST FROM CIlARLESTON.
Our Charleston visitors bring back Intelligene of
a very delightful race week. M'.st parts of the State
were representedl, whiether as to intelligence, b~eauty,
wealth. .m;plianm.v., urracehc.. T hj r.w..sl -was
unusually large,-h..tels tilled to overflowinsg-treets
aimated by the rush of vehicles,-" old King's" side
walks nearly impassible from tihe quantity of hsoops
and erinoine,-theatre uproarious,-race course glo
rious,-every thingoonspiring to make the week one of
the most joyoum Charleston has known in many years.
It is pleasant to hear all this. May it be but the in
troduction to a heavy Spring trade for our noble city !
And may her Springs and Autumns never again bring
a reverse to her prosperity!I
THE RtOAD PRLOM '90.
A correspondent sends us an account of a terrible
ride lie lately took in a buggy from '90 Depot to this
place. If we can not find room for his communica
tion, it is not because we do not Fympathize with his
A western exchange exults, as if he had found a
mare's nest, over the word "mnatriarch," which some
one has just put in print. Why not also say nutriot,
when speaking of a woman who died for her coentry ?
or nutrimaony when one gets an Inheritance by his
mother ?-but this last would come into collision with
a meaning already attached to those interesting syl.
Your method of manufacturing words, brother chip,
reminds us of a proposition which WkL.:s, or some
other victim of the word-mania, recestly suggested.
t was, that words onght to be :made to express the
gender by an alteration of eithne the first or the last
yllable; and to illustrate, he asked why not let.
"sAepistle" mean a lady's letter and "(he)pistle" a
man's. The result of WVILLuS's notion (if adopted)
would be quite as beautiful as t le one you squint at.
here would be " heathen" and SChe(s)then," " hero"
nd " shero," "heliotrope" and ' sehlotrope," &c.
Go on, gentlemen-literati; yotr. are in a fair way
e make still purer the winters t bat issue from "the
well of English undofiled."
Gone to T4,'ma.
Oar co-proprietor, businese superintendant, and
roreman, Mr. D. iR. Duarsoc, leaves to-day on a trip
o Charleston. In year ear,, kind reader: we ar-e
hout to make some handsotoe improvements in the
We commend our co-labiver to the kind offices of
he craft in Charleston. 'They will And him a true
searted brother and an snflinching devotee of our
~lessed black art.
$7 Read GouAxy'a advertisement. And he sure
nd have a representa jive at the Market House to
MR. McCAnvUr, the blind piauit, is again with us
or a few weeks. WeVrtily commend him to the
ublic's favor as a piano-tqner. If 'we are capable
)f forming a correct opinion in the natters, he thor
mghly understands the business. Mi. H. A. GRAY,
L first rate judge in musical affairs, also bears testi
nony to MR. McCARTY's superiorakill and accuracy
a tuning. If au one In this place, or its vicinity,
wishes work of the kind done, they can be accommo
lated by applying in pers.,n or otherwise at the
"Edgefild Advertiser Office." Bear in mind, that
uless your pianos are kept in tune, they can give no
pleasure to yourselves or to yourgisitors; another
bad effect is the serious isjury they do to the car and
taste of your children or pupils. It is said to happen
sometimes, that a family,) omes so much used to a
piang out of t re, ib But
when in tue. I A l o -
Lion, and keep four 'I MUiays in- fiMon
DR. SHUDEL BLANDING.
The Columbia papers spoke out last week in terms
of deep regret in regard to the death of this estimable
old citizen. Having long known the good old Docvon,
we would respectfully add the tribute of our humble
testimony to his goodness and worth. He was a vete
ran Baptist and one of the most charitable of men.
Many there are thuoughout the State who will miss
his cordial recognition in their future visitsto Colum
bia. His church have published in the Southern
Bapiat resolutions warmly expressive of their regret
and sorrow at his death. In tranamiting them, Ry.
J. L. REYNOLDS speaks of the deceased in the follow
ing terms of deserved eulogy:
Many hearts will be made-sad by the intelligence,
that our beloved and venerated brother, Dr. Shubel
Blanding, is no more., This day, we committed his
body to the earth. The large concourse of persons
that attended his funeral solemnities, evinced the high
esteem, in which he was held by the whole communi
ty. To the church this is a most afflicting bereave
ment, and his loss will be mot sensibly felt. He was
a rare and admirable man. An acquaintance of more
than twenty years, and an intimacy which gave me
access to his more private views and feelings, have
impressed me with a deep sense of his high and vari
ous excellence. le was, emphatically, a good man.
Nature had endowed him with a heart of extraordina
ry kindness and sensibility, and grace had sanctified,
and elevated it to the highest stage, attainable, in this
le used the office of a deacon well. Wise in coun
sel, prudent in action he was the judicious adviser,
and the steady siipputer ind helper of his brethren;
and such was the uniforaintegrity, frankness and
benignity, whlh diltinatded his intercourse with
theworld, th a. he ' =. A
Baptist in prineipl .u ion, he yet cherish
.a cordial esteem for n of other denomina
tions; and there were, piobably, none, among the
multitude that followed him to the tomb, who more
tenderly lamented his departure. . We shall all miss
him. We shall miss his venerable presence in our
church meeting, In our public worship, and at the
table of the Lord. We shall miss him in every walk
of Christian activity, faith and love.
The first serious steamboat disaster that has occur
red on the favorite Chesapeak Line, has just. been
recorded by the presaQf the country. The Da. CUR.
Is of South Carolina, who-was lost, is not Dr. CURis
of the Limestone Female High School, but, as is cor
retly stated, an Episeopalian minister of high char
acter who has for some months been in charge of a
church at Chester C. H. The Petersburg E.rpress
says of him:
" The Rev. Dr. Curtis, D. D., who was one of the
unfortunate victims to this melancholy catastrophe,
left acquaintances is this city, who refer to him in
the most commendable terms. Hie Is represented as
having been a gentleman of ,deep piety, exalted tal
ents, great kindness of heart, and an ornament of the
denamination to whIch he was attached. lie was
reputed to be one of the most accomplished Botanists
in America, and contributed largely to the recent
work on Botany, compiled by Grsy. lie was Rector
of the Protestant Episcopal Church at liillsborough,
North Carolina, for many years, but subsequently,
and up to the period of his death, had charge of the
Episcopal Church at Chester, South Carolina.
The South Carolinian, in copying this extract, ac
companies it with the ornmarks: .
That all of the p amegrs and crew should have
escaped, save two, ~is almost miraculous. That of
those two, so belovjd_ and estimable a man as Dr.
Curtis should have ten one, is as lamentable as it is
inscrutable. The teasure of his usefulness was still
full. Soon again ia death claimed another from the
small band of Epi lergy of this diocese.
pD-- After all t ra zabove said,t it'appears pro.
bable by later accounts that the deceased was Dr.
Cumtvs of the Limestone School.
The Democratic Senators have determined in caucus
that it is unnecessary to modify the Tariff during this
session. This settles the point for the present; and
the President's recommendation is thus quietly di.
posed of until the Revenue necessities shall become
more pressing or the Revenue arrangements more
defective. It is probable both that our necessities
will become lighter and our arrangements mere
THE $30,000,000 DILL.
The Washington .histes gets off the ainnexed psra.
graph upon this subject, which, barring its slight
show of irreverence towards our honored President,
is worthy of general consideration. What the States
may cheese to say however, should be taken with
seone grains of allowance, as it seems to be now set.
tied that its tendencies are at once Anti-Buchanan
and Pro-Douglass. But "hear hIm for hisecause"
whether you " blehim for his honor" or not:
" It is perfectly well understood among all parties
in this city, that the Thirty Million b~ill is a aham
demonstration. Everybedy admits the utter absurdi
ty of an attempt to purchase Cuba in the present pos
ture of affairs. A distinguished Southern Senator
emphatically expressed the universal sentiment, when
he declaredt that Mr. Bluchanan mnight as "~ well essay
to .tunt' himself from the White llouse to thme Capitol
by the seat of his pantatloons, as undertake to acquire.
Washingtonm understands that thme Thirty Milliun bill
originated in thme desire e.f dem-igogues to propitiate
the public sentiment, by an ap~parent zeal in a popu
lar enterprise. Now,.for our part, we do not intend
to be instrumental to the success of so discreditable
an artiffce. And, besides this repugnance, we have
sense enough to understand that any overture ror the
purchase of Cuba nt the present moment,. will only
result in postponing its acquisition to an indefinite
period. That is the opinion of every man at all con
versant with Spanaishm politics. We do not believe, for
instane, that Mr. lBuchanan is so stupid as to atterupt
to buy Cuba. lie will not use the money; but the
ere movement will provoke the Spanish people to a
declaration of inexorale resistunce to the cession of
th island. It is for this reason we op~pose the Thirty
TO THE ICALLY.
The North Carolina Democrats ring out the signal
for a rally of the Democracy in the resolution which
Reaoled, That we extend our New Tear's greetings
to all Constitutional Democrats, whether being in the
East or the West, the North or the South, and con
sider all anch as belonging to the great brotherhood
The fight for the Presidency will soon be begun ;
And some think that Messrs. Doia.Ass and Oaa will
be the nomination of the Charleston Convention. The
Raleigh Resolutions smack of something like this.
What shall we say in Southi Carolina?
" GEN. McGOWAN BEFORE THE PAL
An article with this eaption has been laid aside for
publication in fia7 sd~1er. It apfeIced a few
weeks ago in the Abbeville 11aNer, but we have not
yet found convenient'spJace for its insertion. The
article maintains the correctness of G E'iEAr, McGow
A.'s Palmetto speech, against certain doubts thrown
out by a correspondent of the Adcertiser.
THE SCOTCH AND THE YANKEES.
Ma. PBTnanU responded eloquently to a sentiment
given at the late Burns Celebration in Charleston. In
the course of his remarks he said:
It is not a hundred years since the Scotch were to
the English what the Greeks were to the Romans,
and what the Yankees are to us.-the subjects of
bitter invective by those who envied their superior
addrss, management of affairs, and great success in
the acquisitive art.
With great respect for the distinguished speaker,
we venture to suggest that he is wrong in attributing
the feeling of enry to either tihe Rtomans, or the Eng
lish, or to Southerners. English contempt for Scot.
tsh worth almost went into a proverb; The greatness
if Rome was of that towering and self-sufficient kind
-uich ....cl..es the ide.a o her hayvinge.nv ied are.ce.
And surely MR. Pcyranu's proposition is still wider
of the mark when applied to the proud people of our a
po Negroes are bringing remarkably high prices c
is North Carolina this season. Two women, sold at a
Townville, brought $1149 and $1200 respectively;
and a boy brought $1127-all young negroes. C
g7 The Carelina Ralletin says its circulation is
rapidly increasing. We are not astonished at this,
for the Bulletin is a very cheap paper, and a most in
teresting little sheet. See prospectus on another
W The Literary Casket, is the title 'of a new
paper just established at Fayetteville, Ga., Messrs. M.
H. A G. C. LooN.EY, Editors and Proprietors. The
" Casket" is a well-filled and handsome weekly, and
our brother Georgians and the South generally shou
maintain this enterprise of the Messrs. LoonzY i
manner commensurate withgts merits. We hope to
read the " Casket" regularly, and accordingly have
placed It on our exchange list. Send on $2 if you
want this paper.
BB "Ba content with what you have," as the rat
said to the trap, when he saw that he had left part of
his tail in it.
fk- TnE Charleston Courier, of the 2d inst.. an
nounces that the once famous race horse, Shoeco, died
on Monday evening last, in his stable adjoining the
race course, in that city.
p8 Tue Charleston Mercury notices a sale made
on Monday last in Charlestonof South Western Rail
road Bank Stock, which brought $117 per share.
pIo Thos. Downing, a wealthy merchant of Salem,
Mass., hung himself on the night of the 28th ult.. in
the Unitarian Church.
,O A young man of the mature age of nineteen
years, who was employed in the Pike House, atBloom
ington, Ill., not long since, eloped with his step
,IM A lawyer at Lowell, having found ninety-five
dollar', and returned the money to the owner, one of
the papers says the act may be honest and honorable,
but it is exceedingly unprofessional.
M Win. Hickling Prescott, one of the most fa
mous of modern historians, died suddenly at Boston
on Friday the 28th Jan., of apoplexy.
For the Advertiser.
'Pur!Ji ' urnment, a meeting will be held
o aturday I9th of this ionit, lkintn
sideration theAfrican Slave Trade.
JACOB WRIGHT, Chairman.
J. T. NIcnoLbos, See'ry.
The undersigned, believing it to be right and prop.
er that each community'of the South should speak
out for itself on the momentous question of the Afri
can Slave Trade, unite in the call above made for a
meeting, to bo held on Saturday 19th inst., jt the
JOHN -LOTT, JOHN WRIGHT,
TILMAN WATSON, M. B. JOHNSON,
A. RUTLAND, I P. F. REECE.
THOMAS BARTL', Sr. J. M. EIDSON,
B. F. SMITH, J. L. TAYLOR,
WILLIAM PARKER. 1.J. R. RUSHTON,
TILMAN JENNINGS, JACOB WRIGHT,
B. T. JENNINGS, N. BODIE,
BAZEL PETERSON, B. RUSHTON,
D. R. CROUCH, R. W. BLEDSOE,
IRA TURNER, - J. 2. RUSHTON,
JOHN JENNINGS, Sr. E. PERMENTER,
JAMES EDWARDS, JAS. EIDSON.
W. S. JENNINGS, W. W. DUFFIE,
HENRY JENNINGS, WV.S. H.WALLINGTON
E. S. NOBLY, WV. R. FOREST,
A. J. SMYLY, J. N. POWELL,
S. WV..NICHOLSON, ABNER BOLTON,
ENOCHT JENNINGS, V. H. BLEDSOE,
G. L. BUT LER, WM. H. TURNER,
S. B. GREGORY, WM. MOBLEY,
JESSE JAY, G. M. SPERMAN,
M. EVENS, BENJ. EDWA RDS,
B. JENNINGS, M. N. PA DG ET,
JOSEPH JAY, MARTIN EIDSON,
LEWIS MOBLEY, JOHN H. BERRlY,
ANIDREW CROMER, JOHN P. -BERRY,
JAMES H. LEOPARD, H. B. RABORN,
NATHAN GREGORY, A. W. ~ENNY,
B. W. CROUCH. JOHN ~ENNY,
JOI(N RUSUTON, G. W. ~ENNY,
J. Rt. EIDSON, M. A. ~1DG ERS,
WADE MILLS, W. M. RDG ERS,
J. Rd~TTON, F. M. ~ODOERS,
JAMES ROTTON, J. N. SA LTER,
JACOB HARLING, E. WILLIAMS,
J. L. SALTER, IHENRY VANSANT,
J. R. POW, I A. VANSANT,
J. C. SALTER. G . BELL,
JOSIAHI RODGERS, LUKE RODGERS,
J. M. YARBROUGH, .Dr. J. C. READY,
JOHN GILLEON, ELIJAH WATSON, Sr.
JA MES P. DENNY, 0. W. A LLEN.
G. 4A LTER,.I
For the Advertiser.
KEETING IN BEECH ISLAND.*
Pursuant to a previous call, a portion of the citi
zens of Becch Island, held a meeting at the "Club
House" on the 1st inst. SAN UEX. CL.A n, Esq., was
called to the Chair, and W. H. ATIrsoI, Esq., was
requested to act as secretary.
The object of the meeting having been explained
by the Chairman, at his request the R1ev. Mr. A xsoM
addressed the Throne of Grace.
On motion, Dr. H. Rt. Cook, Maj. G. B. MrILLs and
J. N. MIrerirt, Esq., were appointed a Committee to,
draft Resolution. for the meeting.
The Committee having retired, after a short time
returned, nnal reported the following Preamble and
Resolutions which, after discussion, were adopted:
WnsREAS, much has recently been said in regard
to the importation of Africans into the country, and
we belive It to be proyer that an expression of public
sentiment should be made in regard to the matter ;
lleaolred 1st, That we look upon the Institution of
Slavery as it now exists atmong us, as beneuvolent in,
its tendency andi calculated to, develop hoeth races by
'an oppo.rtunity fur the cultivation of the higha..r pow
ore of the master, thus elevating both in the scale of
Jte,,lred, 2nd,, While we entertain these views in
regard to the Institution, and pledge our lives to
maintain it, believing it to, be Constitutional, of itm
memorial usage, and sanctioned by Holy Writ Itself,
we at the same time desire to see the supremnacy of
the laws, upheld, and deprecate their violation from
whatever source the infringement comes.
Rtesolved 3rd, That we of the South, having de
nounced the violation of the laws in other sections,
do not desire to stultify ourselves by conmitting the
same ofence, but prefer that " higher law" doctrines
(if acted out anywhere)-should prevail in a more con.
genial latitude than our own.
If entered, 4lth, That we lo'ok upon the importation
of A fricans, undlel- existing circumstances, as having
a mischievous tendency, calculated to produce discordi.
at home andu increased opposition abroad-a state of.
things mooch to be regretted, sincee it is thme true policy
of the South to present a united front to the worl.
On motion, the proceedings of thme meeting were
ordered to be publishedl in the Edgefield Adrertiser.
SAMUEL CLARK, Chairman.
W. H. Avrnsox, Secretary.
For the Advertiser,
I have received from Rev. Joni TntArr, the follow
ing money subscribed for the Baptist Church in Co.
lumbia 8, C.,
* Rev. D. D.Brunson,, ,..,....$0,00
Mrs. 8. M. Brunson,, . ..a. 10,00
D. Brunson,................. 2,50
John Brunstm................ 5,00
R. Lanier,................... 10,00
Mrs. M.-Lowe,............... 10,00
F. N. Nicholas,............. .. 5,00
5. Walker.................. - 5ib0
John W. Philpot,............. 5,00
0. GJalphin,................. 500
T. Buckhalter,................ 5.00
Arthur Simkins,.....,......... 5,00
Dr. C. Tompkins,.............. 3,00
Mrs. Traylor,................ 5,00
J. F. B. NAYS, Agent, C. B. C.
DE.6TH oFPaEsL'oT, THL E hISTOal.lA.-The lte
tary world everywhere will hear with regret of the
sudden death ot Mr. WuIL .3 H. PasscowT, the
historian, at Boston, Massachusetts, on Friday,
January 28. Mr. PaEgScon wase a native omf Salem,
in that State, and was, at the time of his death,
a few years past sixty years ofage. He wvas grad
uated at Harvard College in 1811, end was among
the earliest ofAmerican authors who have achiev
edaEurpea reutaionwithin the last twenty
feva. Europeas uthe eat histories of Ferdi
nandi and Isabella, the conquest of Mexico, the
Conquest of Peru, and the now incomiplete Philip
II, Mr. PaRsconT published a volume of miscella-:
ny which added to his reputation.-Charleston
A SUn CURE FOR CHILBLAINs.-Take a piece
r unslacked lime of the size of a hen's egg, make
as fine as flour, take as much hog's lard and
aix together. Soak your feet in warm water.
nd take the mixture and rub it on the bottoms
f your feet, toes and heels, and put on your
tockings when going to bed; repeat this rew
y for four nights, and your feet will be entire
hAMBURG, Feb. 7.
Our Cotton Market here has been quite flat for the
ast week, no quotable change in prices. Recelpts
ery liglyt. K.
AUGUSTA, February 5.
Cotlto.-The market continues depressed and un
Dttled, with limitedesales at irregular quotations.
CHARLI ON, Fob. 5.
Couo.-Tbhearket is quiet and but few buye
re out. Salesil,500 bales, at yesterday's decline 0
cent. We quote 11 to 11l clt.
r HE Undersigned having formed a partnershiO
in the PR %CTICE of LAW and EQUITY
6r Edgefield District, will give prompt and dili
tent attention to all business entrusted to their
The residence of Mr. OwEvs is at Barnwell C.
I-that of Mr. 8EInBLs at Kagefield, S. C.
W. A. OWENS.
Feb.1, tf 4
GOODS AT COST,
r 11E Subscriber. expecting to enlarge his busi
ness early in March, and wishing to maki
oom for his Spring Stock, which will b., muc
arger than usual, proposes to sell his ENTIR
Stock of Goods
Lt Cost for Cash, and Cash onl
My Stock is almost entirely new, having
bought within the last three months.
I again call on persons Indebted to me previo
o the year 1858; and feel It but justice to
hat those who fail to Fettle with me, or make
isfnctory arrangements with me between this a
he firBst of March, will find their Notes and
:ounts in the hands of an attorney'for collectit
Duntonsville, Feb 9 8t 6
rHE Ladies and Gentlemen of Edgefeld, to
lge:her with the Misses and Youths, an
" Young America" generally are respectfully in
formed that the Subscriber has on hand a choic
assortment of VALENTINES, both Comic an<
Sentimental. Also, ENVELOPES to mitch.
W. 1I. HARRISON, Agt.
Feb 9 it 6
I HAVE on hand and will continue to keep
supply of the latebt and most select MUSIC
such as Songs, Marches, Waltzes, Schottlaches, &
Feb 9 2t 6
HE Subscriber having taken charge of thi
THOTE L, respectfully informs the public tha
he is prepared for the accommodation of Regula
and Transient Boarders; on reasonable terms.
lie intends to make this House a UlOM E for al
who may patronibe him; and hopes, by strict at
tention to th, wants of his guests, to givesatisfac
tion to all and receive a liberal share of publi
patronage. D. A. BODIE.
Feb 9 3L* 4
To my Paying Patrons.
I TAKit Pleasure in infforming you, that oi
TIlURtSDAY MORNING NEXT, I wIll havi
butchered and ready for delivery, one of the
Thiat hi ever exhiblted in this Market. Th1l
Beef 'ilarge, fat and in the best killing ordet
th e prezliumn eef.
To mny Nea-Paying Patrons.
All who are in arrears will do me a favor t
pay up in a short time. Come up, gentlemen, an
pay the Butcher to-day ; and on to-morrow yo
will be prepared to appreciate a delightful Bee
Stake from the Premium Beef.
W. W. GOODMAN.
Feb 9 'it 6
W ILL be sold at E'lgefield C. H., to the higb
cst bidder, on FRIDAY, the 18th day c
Februnry inst., commeneing at 10 o'ciock, A. MI,
a portion of tihe personal Estate of P. F. La
Borde, dec'd , viz:
NINE LIKE LY NEGROES.
Consitng of two women, one extra likely girl 1:
or 14 years old, two boys, 9 and i t years old, ait
four smaller children.
Corn, Fodder, one Two H~orse Wagon and THar
nssq, one Cow, liousohtold and Kitchen Furniture
with other articles not enunmeratedl.
TERM8.-The Negroes ont one and two yoear
credit. The other personalty, all sums of suc
BI0 on one years credit, interest from date. Pay
able annually with note and two approved secuti
ties. .All sums under $10, cash.
Purchasers failing to comply, the property to te
resold at first purchaser's risk, on the Court Hout
steps, on saturday the 19th, at 11 o'clock, M1.
To approve securities-Vol. 3. P. Carroll a
John Hluiet. .J0HN llUID.T,
Acljing for M. LaBorde, Ex'or.
eh-' Cut ose
eq~jour T go Slaves to wit
-AM ANDA, a like'y yonog woman, about. twent
years old, and FANNY, a valuable woman abot
thirty-five years old. Said slaves are b.,th ver
valhable, namd will be sold under a Mortgage, whic
has beeni assignted to mte, executed by Lewis Coval
on the 27tha Decen,ber 186.
C. BRUCE WALKER,
Per E. 8EIBLEas, Agent.
Feb. 9 4t5
ALTL AND SINGULAR, the Creditors of th
Lilate R. P H Altit.-ON are hereby notifie
that they are requ ,<iTt to preent their claims duli
attessed, to the Undersigned, on or before the lot
da.i of May next, and all thoase indebted to th
said Rt. P. lIharrison's estata., are re.quest. d to malk
payment to the Undersigned lby tihe time abov
specifed-as a settlement of said Estate must 1
made soon. CIIA S. M.IFRES'IA N,
Assignee of Rt. P. Harrison.
Feb 8, 1859. 3m 6
Onion Setts & Planting Potatoes
01 BLS ChicePlanting POT ATOES;
Wht nd Yellow Onion SkTTS;
Also, choice Smoke Beef, j..st received ad fo
sale by E. M1. PENN.
Feb9 tf . '6
ClONYCENTR AT ED LYE.-Waranate
'Jto make Soap, without Lime, and with littli
or no trouble. Jlust received and for sale by
' . -. .M-.-PENJl
Feb9 ~ tf 4
J UST RECEIVED via Charleaston, pe
USteamer Isabella, 20 Dozen Dr. Miartinm's werb.
renown COUGH MEDICINE. For sale at Sib
ey's Corner. it. L. G ENTitY, Agt
Hamburg, Feb 9 tf 5
ERISH POTATOES-NOW IS THE TIM
I N Store a few barrels superior Planting an
Eating POTA TOES. For sale cheap fur daai
byW. H. IhARRISON, Agt.
Feb 9 * tf 6
S TR AWBERRIES preserved in their owvn jice
which are as fresh and delicious as when usi
plucked from the vine. If you wish a plat6 og
itrawberries nndl Cream,or a Str.swberry Pie, An
o H A RRISON'S, where may be found 'nmhn
f the Luxuries and Necessaries of Life, and al
or sale at low figures for cash.
Feb~W H. ARRISON. Angg
an fic ieth t e utos it h Rv . CT
MURRAY acting as Principal.
In the death of Mrs. DANIrar, In the fallof 1867,
thre Institution is known to have sustained a grier
cus loss. But we trust that loss hits been repaired,
as our hopes have been re-animated, from having
secured the services of Miss. F. P. CHAPLIN,
who comes to us with testimonial. from distin
guished gentlemen and scholars, that leave no
roomr to doubt, but that her qualifications are of
the highest order.
-In the person of Miss COTE, wo have satisfao.
tory assurances of ahighly competent Instructress j
in the French Language. A descendant of French
parents, and accustomed to the use of that Ian
rguage around the fraternal freside from childhood,
pust have given her a knowledge of its original
Itructure and a fluency of pronunciation seldom
-attained under different circumstances.
- The Musical and other ornamental branches it
Sis believed are all equally well provided for, as
well as the Juvenile or Preparatory iFehool, now
In charge of Miss WVALLER, in whom the comn
' unity have high confidence.
The charges here. are too well known to need a
Srecapitulation. The Institution has been endowed,
Sand the cost of tuition in all except the ornamen
tal braenches, has been reduced by the scholarship
plan, to sIx dollars and a quarter per annum, for
5 - The price of boarding .is 10 dollars per month
.In the moat genteel families. Our town is emi
r izrnoar.-quie,1muI5ionasad healtky.
With arrangements thus fully consummatod,
.iohnson University has again spread her canvass
-to the breeze, trusting alone for that patroasgo on
which her prosperity depends, to the faithful dis
charge of all her duties.
Acting Pres't B. of Trustees.
Anderson, Feb 9 2t 6
E GEFIELD HOES~
I HAMBURG,8S. C.
iS NRW & SPLENDID HOUSE
ilr Liquors, Lunches and
R eshauents, is now kept by the
und igned in a sty le heretofore unknowa in thi ,
Is WINES. LIQUORS, SEGARS AND TO
B3ACCO are or the most choiee gualities.
Ha g, Feb 9 W 8T m 6
SHAW ANTSHIS DUES!
A LL, prsmns indebted to the iSubscriber are
i m t a'ectionately invited to call on him and
pay thr same.
To s many kind patrons he returns his thankv',
a'rd e takes occasion to inform them that he
still co tinues the CA RRIAGE aiid WAGON BU
SINE in all its branches, and warrants allwork
execu d by hIm to be done In a workmanlike .
manne . STKEPHIN SHAW.
Feb S, .
NO IC E.--AlI persons are forewarned from
tding for a certain Note aiven by me to .
MIaj. J. H. Hughes, for $300, as the considerations
for wh h said Note wee given, hay. proven n
JOHN TBRRY, r.
0FebO 9 t* . 6
SWARRANTED TO VEGETATE ?
I UST received a large collection oef GARDEN,
d SEED, of every variety, which is warranted of
last year's growth, anud a superior article. These
SEED will be sold low. Call and get your supplies
in time. W. H. HAtRISON Anv.
.lan 25 tf S.
a 1inn BUSHELS 0001) DRIED PEACHES
i UvUU for which the hlghest market price will
i be given tobe paid ingoods.
a We have now in store and are daily receiving a
a fine lot of
which will be sold very cheap for the ready Rhine.
' Come to New Mariet and buy your yearly sup.
plies ere It be too late.
We have also an assortment of D. Landreths. L
celebrated frerb and genuine
GARDEN SEEDS. [
Price 65 cts. per paper. Also a large lot of those
fine Northern raised yellow pink eyed IRISH PO
TA TOES. Come soon and get some to plant for
.early table use, and to have a few floe early Po
tatoes to send the Editor a mess. earlier than any
of your neighbors.
APPLETON & R. M. PERRDIAN,
INew Market, S. C., Feb. 2, dt 4
NOTJCE.-All pesons having claims against
the Efstate of illiamr Logne, dec'd., are
hereby requested to present them properly attest
edi; and all persons indebted to said Estate must
maske immediate payment.
E. H. YOUNGBLOOD, Adm'r.
Aug 18 tf 32
Iam now receiving a large supply of MA CK
r H ELL, No 3, in i bli., and No I and No 2,
in Kitte, &c.
I Also, a good supply of the Pink Eye Plan'lng
r POT ATOES. They are Fresh and very prolific
in yield. " S . E. BOWERS, Agent.
hamburg, Feb. 2, if 4
. TRESE SODA CRACKERS, MAC
CARONI and CHEESIE. A supply of the
above juet received and for sale bcy
' E. MI. PENJ.
Feb 2 . f A
N TALENTINES? VA LENTINES!-..
V A Ane supply of Valentines for sale at the
POST OFF IC&