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ruBLsEND long* WEN yDL 3035G.
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EIVAL 0 TUELATE TRADE-NO. V.
Te war ust be carried inio Afric." -
The fact cannot be ignored, that a fierce and
uncompromising war is wagiug betweeb Europe
and Anierica for the supply of raw cotton. And
I i' attempted to prove that if we adhere to
existing plan of conducting the campaign,
ry will assuredly declare for our enemies,
before thousands mow living shall have quit
g of action. I have also maintained
revival of the slavo trade, would not
Id not depress the price of cotton, below
ng point for a great period of time-per.
t until one and half million of Africans.
landed here. I then contended that
ton had ceased to pay and cotton labor
cheap by oversupply, that we. ought
s Ins lbor in cultivating sugar,
e we need four hutpred thou
i a to supply even thr home
add that when negros might have
ss in sugr culture that the sur
uld be put to raising hemp. There
se waste of fertile hemp lands in
well as Kansas, and although it has
onstrated by repeated experiments at
States Navy Yards that our Western
best in the world yet we annually
$3,000,000 of raw and manufac
Instead of being thus dependent
States for so essential an article
of payi a duty of 24 per cent upon
d rope with which to pack- Southern
hy not import more Africans and raise
ourselves ? At least 50,000 more negroes
auted to grow enough hemp for our home
consumption. Let the yankees bear in mind
toa,.that they need cheap hemp for their ship
building, quite as much as we do for our cotton
packing, and that the only way they can get it is
to reviye the slave trade. White men will no
more labor in the hemp field than they will in
the cotton patch. --.
When negro labor should fail to pny in grow
ing hemp, what a business would still be open
for its profitable employ in Mining!i Iron, cop
per, cool, lead and other minerals extensively
used in commerce abound at the Sonth. Iron
which is far more indispensable for the comfort
of man than gold itself exists abundantly in
most of the Southern States. In two mines
alonea, Missori-" Iron- mountain and Pilot
lated that 600,000,000 tons of
o obtained-a sufliciency for the
world during a century, and a greater
at than the mines of Elba, Sweeden and
way together contain, yet, we import each
r about $10,000,000 of raw iron and over
$20,000,000 of manufactured iron. It is noto
rious too that our American iron like Amecricant
Sepis the best on earth-that American car
rails, will last nearly a third longer than imipor
ted rails and vet we build or rebuild 2,0)00 nwiles
Vof Rlailroad annually with fbreignz iron, while
our own superior ores slumber unmolested, in
nany places upon the very surfhee of the ground.
.ot less than 500,000 negroes can be prolitably
at to work in digging and manufacturing iron
1ir our home imarket. Any common negro has
serise suliicent to work in n-on ore, still with the
biest ores and abundant fuel for smelting at, our
ors, we pay a duty of 2-i pe cen:t Juon
a we 1wmport or e-.msumie, simply be
scarce and higk priced negro labtor,
lain that if thie cotton market were
tton laborers were depareciated as
-if the sugar and hemp culture
our negroes could find nso other
side of the cotton patch. If for
oought to desire a surplus~ of cot
rder to have our iron tues work
e could save the freight on iron
utriess andi save the tribute duty
'ennsdylvaniia protectionists and
veli as miake ourse-lvesi indlepen
e godd]L for snuplies of irn.
ad mak wa oentryj on their
that th:e South as havie imore
r labtor thtan she nov possesses.
suian I Arkansas hold the great
of the-.United States, nsot Pennsyl
over those States have a inilder
per fuel and a richer soil for the
more negroes to dig our copper
At a low estimate, the three miner
the South above named demand
y Africans merely to work their
nines. Can they get theme without a.
oh of the slave trade ? Do not tihe negroes
now engaged in the East Tennessee copper
mines pay handsome waes--say ten per cent
upon twenty-five hundroa dollars as each oaies
value ? Are not abolition foreigners and aboli
tion yankees, emigrating to Tennessee and Mis
soun, with the express object of working in the
ironand ceorminesascommonlaborersand are
they one wht superior to negroes for that pur
. pose? If the required Africans were impre
into thpee States to work the mines would not a
large number of other Africans have to be car.
ried thither to cultivate provisions for the miners
andhas not those States a fertile, unoccupied
soil sufficient to produce food for all the miners
of de whole earth ? Are not many of the gold
mines in our Atlantic States wrought by negro
labor and would not others be if negroes could
be'iad ? Is not the- profic mine of that estima
blhe Oirdliniian 'W. BDorn principally worked
with slave labor ? ' If negroes had not been so
high priced would caitalists have failed to make
slave tradewe nowOpnet, wou2h5il
resign without a struggle as she is adloing, the
'[s mines of Pike's Peake, of New Mexico, or Arizo
nia which has inexhaustible treasures of both
pild and silver, and which two last Territories
are in the same latitude as South Carolina?
ifter this showing of the demand for cotton
abroad and for sugr hemp iron etc, at home,
who can fairly say, tat if te slave trade, were
thrown open, the hire of negroes would dlepre
ciate below the point of payin agood intereat
upntheir value. The impotton of Africans
would be gradual, and on,their arrival here they
Swould pay best -whether it trire making cotton
adsugar, or digging iron and copper. Our rice
l y demand now, buti demand in vain. It is also
established beyond cavil, by .aii accumulation of
-a thousand lets and experiments that our South
ern-and Western State are as well adonpted to I
and that our wines r onwdies made from the
American grape palitable as those brought
fro ere. B ough the soil, climate and
ati. grapes ere, yet the labor is wanting
g-oas to sav e six million dollars a year,.
ihich we for Spanish, and French adultera
tion. cal hanpaign, Sherry and Cogniae.
.If w ad a suiciency of African labor, the
Ro , N Mbility and Gentry. of Europe would
n eh have a monopoly as they now do of all
real price of the grape. Nor would corn
-hiskey, diluted anl seasoned with logwood spi
ees, tobacco and such like-, there constitute as it
now does most of the wines which we drink.
Besides less " Pop Skull" would then be use ',
and the health of our people would be promoted
as well as the cause of temperance advanced,
ince all travellers testify that a wine producing
country has much more sobriety than a whiskey
making one. It could easily be made clear,
that half a million of Africans would pay their
owners a good hire if -they were set to making
wine at once. If it were done according to the
experiment of Messrs. McDonald.. Crawford and
otheys, probably vast trads of r r pine
land, out-of thetallest tree in w i you can
now knock a fox squirrel, with a light-wood
knot, would then become redeemed from sterility,
and the sand-lappern who can now hardly live
on huckelberries in summer and pine must in
winter,.*ould then have a chance for improving
their condition. Another view, which ought not
to go unpresented in that the older slave States
should begin right away, 'to engage in grape
culture, as offering perhaps the most lucrative
employment after cotton growing, which they
could undertake when the fertile lands of the
South West shall have monopolized the culture
of cotton, as must be the case in a few years,
whether the slave trade be re-opened or not.
North Carolina is already awaking to the im
rtance of largely cultivating her long neglected
cuppernone and Catawba. In fact the increas
itg grape efture of this country has contributed
in no small degree to bring about the present
scarcity of African labor.
But for argument's sake, let us admit that
every department of southern agriculture could
soon be over-supplied with labor, if the trade
were re-opened, would there still be left no profi
tab'e path of industry untrod among us ! How
many steamers have we for our Rivers? Or
Tesse's for our coasting and foreign tride ? How
many rail roads or factories have we ? If we
had the labor to do the grading and forge the
iron would we still be so far behind the North
and North West in railway accommodations for
our people ? Has a negro tbo little brains, or
skill to dig dirt with a spade ? The free states
have erected more rail roads and cut more ca
nals than we, only because they have had more
labor to do it with. They have constructed more
factories and diversified their industry more
from the- same cause. The demand for ore
labor with whibh-to erect and work our rail ads
is another business which can permanently em
ploy perhaps 200,000 new negroes. Brazil is at
present abnstructing a number of long railroads,
and the effect has been to almost double the
value of negroes in that thrifty Empire, within
the last five years. If wb had the negroes here,
which section would first build a Pacific Rail
road, the North or South ?
We also need about 40 000 more negroes to
manufacture Southern sait. With eve.y appli
anee for waking salt, we yet import annually in
the nei-hborhood of $2,000,000 worth. Moreover
the boiled Salt of Liverpool, whence we obtain
our supplies crystalizea very imperectly and
consequently its antiseptic properties are not
comparable to those of our solar, or evaporated
salt of the Mexican Gul. From its inferior
quality the Liverpool salt is now prohibited from
being'used in curing the Army and Navy pro
visions of the Federal Government. The meat
euring establishments of the North West anid
Lhe Fisheries of New England would also gladly
substitute our Solar for the Liverpool salt, if
they could but get it. Still we have to accept
the Liverpool article and pay higher foreiwn
freights, because we hav'e not the labor to ma e
ouf'wn salt. If the foreign salt trade were
discontinued, vessels coming hither for cotton
would compete with each other for rail road
iron as ballast instead of bringing salt, and there
by diminish freights. We have anumber of evapo
rating salt establishments on the Gulf coast,
which pay large profits, but they cannot supply
half the demand for Solar salt from the want of
labor. If the Yankees therefore would have
cbeap good salt and lower foreign freights, they
must let our Southern salt works have more A1
From the Abbeville Banner.
DEATH OP AROTEER P'ALEETTO.
It becomes our painful duty to announce the
death of Richard Watson, of this District, after
a short illness.
The deceased was a son of Mrs. Dr. J. P.
Barrett, and leaves an aged mother, two sisters,
a brother andi three little children to miourn his
loss, in connection with numerous friends and
In 184ti when the call was made upon01 A bbe
ville D~istrict to furnish a comnpaiiy of volunteers
for the war with Mexico, Richard, and his birother
Edward, were amoru..: the first to Volunteer from
thme White 11ll1neirhlborhioodl, in Capt. Marshall's
Compatny. Durning that brilliant Caimpignm no
private in the Volunteer or regular service, dis
played more undauintless heroism and couraxge
than liiebardl Watson. Wheii Col. (hlden,
thle day before the 'storinmig of Chia.pltapee,
called iupoii eachl coiipaniy of the Palnetto Regi
iimnt to furnish one for the fo'rlorns hope, Rich
ard Watson was the fri4 man to step out, and
offered te become one of that devoted band. lIn
the storming of Chaipultapec lhe was shot down
at the baise of the fo~rt, and although severely
wounded, he still kept cheering on his comrades
to the assault. For his galIlant services, and the
woumnd he received ina the forlorn hope, he re
eived a handso~ome pensm.ion from the Gouverun
HeIt will .l&na~ leo rnumetabor',l 'uy.Lt. mentlk
at-tra~rve-id Wat'ison, who nev~er desrte.d a
friendl nor feared to ftee a foe. his amine will
be ei-!mri.-he'd ini Ahheville ns long as thme gallant
servres of. thie I 'ahnstoR lleginmnt wvill be re
memubered, and his niamne handed dow-n as one
of Carolinia's bravest sons.
THE GREATNEss OF TITE UNITED STATE.
The Russian organ, published at Brussels, in
speaking of the President's desire for the acqui
sition of Cuba, ascribes to the United States a
position of some importance, as follows:
The war which might result from it would be
far more disastrous than the Crimean war, which
has cost so much gold and blood to the world.
It would be a war with a nation whose products
are the first element of industry in all parts of
the world, and whose commercial intercourse
makes an important branch of income for most
governments. It would bes violent rupture of
all the arteries of commercial circulation; it
would be a fatal separation between Europe,
which needs America, and America, which can
dispense with Europe. Take from England the
gold of Califor-nia ad the cotton of Louisiana,
and her industry will at once be stopped in its
prosperous action. We sincerely hope that such
a terrible occurrence will not take place.
How to GO TO Ban.--"In freezing winter time,
do it in ahurry, if there is no fire in the room,
and there ought not to be unless you are quite an
invalid. But if a person is not in good heahh,
its best to undress by a good fire, ,warm f~pd
bundle up, with head and ears under cover for a
minute or more, until y'ou feel a little warmth;
then uncover your head, next draw oflyour stock
ings, straighten out, turn over on yalur right side,
and go to sleep. If a sense of chilliness conmes
over you en getting into bed, it will always do
ou an injury ; and its repetition increases the
al-elects without having any tendency to "har
den" you. Nature ever abhors violence. We
are never shocked into good health. Hard usage
makes no garme.nt last longer"-Hall's Journal
RAILIIai Accnzsr--The -mail train from
Dhaleston, due here at one o'clock on yesterday,
lid not reach hers until four o'clock, P. M. The
etention was caused by an accident about
;wenty-seven miles from Charleston. A rail being
lisplaed,a passenger car was thrown down anl
mbankment some fifteen feet, rolling over twice,
ud beiing partly submerged in the water. For
of amberg was seriouly injured. A lady named
Hilstein, from Charleston, was burned, and
withher father, was badly bruised, and returned
to Charl-ston.-Augusta Dispatch 11th inst.
ARTHUi SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGZFIELD, 8. C.
WEDNESDAYFEBRUARY 16, 1859.
REV. B. E. 11AsaAU4M may be expected to preach
at this Church on Sunday next, (20th Feb.) at 3 P. M.
Rev. J. D. H. Conwix, Universalist, will preach in
the Court House at this place, on Sunday next, (the
20th last,) at 3 o'clock, P. M.
WO K IN WAX.
Some boautiful woik In wax, fruits and flowers, has
been submitted to our inspection. It is by the hands
of Miss MAnY SINCLAIa, a young lady skilled in this
art, and who Is at present in this village. Miss S. is
forming a class for instruction in wax-work and we
take pleasure in recommendidti her to the public.
She may be applied to at the-residence of H. T.
At an election recently held in the Lower Battalion,
Salada Regiment, Lieut. Taos. L. Bxiua was duly
elected the Major of said Battalion.
THANKS TO "C ARITY."
"Cuainy" has our thanks for the generous manner
in which he has come to our rescue against the extra
ordinary attack of "PRasnUTos" in the Southern
Baptist. Even if we had designed noticing the splene.
tic strictures of that writer, "CuAntyr" has saved us
the trouble; though, to tell the truth, we had no such
But we respectfully offer a word of complaint to
the "Southern Baptiet." You publish severe com
ments upon us, without giving your readers the op
portunity of knowing what we have written to call
forth those comments. Probably you do not know
yourself what It Is. This week wo enclose in an en
velope to you, the paragraph in which we have offen
ded, and ask that you will exhibit It in your colamns.
Plesso say, when doing so, that this is the paragraph
upon which " PaEsnursaos" poured out the vial of
his wrath In your issue of the 10th instant. We wish
no better justifcation before a Christian publie.
- CRESS c4,I). I. .
A beginidg bas been made towards iastituting a
Chess Club in our village. The attendance at the
first meeting, though not large, may be said to have
been highly respectable; and we had a One time of
it. The wish was generally expressed that more
would turn out next time. Those who do not fancy
the Royal Game, will be permitted to indulge in whist
or euchre. Brag and betting are under prohibition.
We have in our orchard at home a number of supe.
rior young peach trees,-trees that cannot be sur
passed; and we hereby offer one of the best and ear
liest of them to the first subscriber who will bring to
our books ten other new and paying subseribere.
This is an offer that should be caught at immediately,
as this month is a good time to set out peach trees.
The young tree we speak of bore last year for the
arsi time; and delicious indeed was its fruit.
pW Rurrx's story will attract the reader's atten
tion. Examine it well. Truth is oftin stranger than
fiction. Thanks to our fair contributor for her con
ig 8ee the communication to t'.e Abbeville Ban
ner, upon-page first, in regard to General McGowan's
address before the Palmetto Association. It strikes
us as being fully satisfactory on the point raised by
our own esteemed correspondent.
" OLD HIOSS" ON THE SLAVE TRADE.
In publishing this singularly forcible apsi clsssis.
production, we must beg pse 'gifted authefs pardona
for havlng slipped in a few comas and periods hors
and thero, and also for having capitalized various
lettors at the beginning of lines. Exoept in these
particulars, we have not dared to tamaper with the
unique composition, lest we might soar its fair pro.
portions. We take it for granted that the powerful
"rues" of Old Hoss, clothed au they are in the lovely
garb of " poitry," wrill settle the question.
Rev. Mns. PresrKTr has kindly furnished us with a
copy of the Minutes of the last Methodist Cimfercnce
for thc State of South Carolina, from which we col
leet the following items:
I. The venerable Bishop, Jauacs 0. ANbnres, I. Li.,
presh~led. The Bishop's address at present is Seu,n
2. A mong the msiniisters in the Conference who have
died dluring las year, appears the name of IKr.v. Jons
A. MisxK who h'as bieen labou.ring s', long andl so
succesefully in the Waceannw Neck Mission. Mr.
MI~iswas one of a worthy family now residlent In
our dlistrict. In noiticing his denth the .language of
the Rep-ort conveys no ordinary tribute to his excel
lence. A brief extract or two will suflice to show the
hiigh estimnation iss whsibho wa~s held by Isis br'ethrcn.
dasys the Re~port.
" ileeply impressed with the ismportance of hsis etn
tion, there wags nos shrinking froms its responsibilities;
a.ndl the vigor sad freshness of 1,is ministry-where
Ithere was so little of humnans applause to stimulate
Iproves that his bsenrt was in the work.''
" ue were too highs to be uninfloueced by his
. _ajyll~ life: none too luow to bo ,uvarlouke.d ini ii dis
enasr;; of iduty; lhe w.on the conlideunce of the suaster,
and the eliding alietio~n of the WIN ve."
3. The niuinbsr of whites in fusll connection with
the chsurche~s emubratced in thsis Conference, is given at
52,l08 fur the year 185B, being an increase of 554 on
the number of tihe piroceeding year; blacks in fuill
connection 39,720, an increase of 1501 upon 1857.
4. The South Carolina Conference Xissioaary So
ciety has tlurty-onec missionary stations in the State,
most of them for the benefit of slaves on plantations
comparatively rpmote from Gospel privileges. We
observe that Graniteville is also a station for this
kind of labor.
5. The Smuthern CAr-istiaen .Aeocate, published at
Charleston, was adopted as the organ of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, within the bounds of the
South Carolina Conference. The paper Is said to be
6. The Publishing House of the Methodist Beok
and Tract SocIety exhibits a balance of $300,100 in
Its favor after deducting all lIabIlIties.
t. The Conference has five collegiate institutions
under its supervision, viz: Wofford College, Cokes.
bury Institute, Spartanburg Female College, Davea
port Female College, and Columbia Feitale College.
8. The next meeting of Conference will take place
UNITED STATES.SENATORS ELECi'.
The following gentlemaap have been elected to the
United States Senate- for the term of aix years from
the 4th of March nent:
Steven A. DougleDemsaerat, of IlInoi,reeetedt.
Henry B. Anthony', Black Republican, of Rgode
Island, vice Allen, Demncrat.
A. 0. P. Nicholson, Democrat, of Tennessee, vie
Clement C. Clay, jr., Democrat, of Alabama, re
Willard Saultabury, Democrat, of Delaware, vice
James Chestnut, democrat, of South Caroliaa vles
William P. Fessendon, Black Republican, of Maine,
John P. Hale, Black Republican, of New Hamp
R- M- T. Hunter, Democrat, of Virginia, re-elected.
J. W. Grimes, Black Republican, of Iowa, vise
Governor Bragg, Democrat, of Nforths Carolina, vIce
Win. E. Sebastian, Docrat, of Arkansas, re
Kinuley S Bingh4- Black Republican, of Michi
gan, vice Stuart, De rat.
L. W. Powell, Domirat of Kentucky, vice Thomp- I
Robert Toombs, D erat, of Georgia, re.oloeted.
Henry Wilson, Bla publican, of Massachusetts,
J. W. Hemphill, I of Texas, vice Houston,
J. P. Benjamin, f Louisiana, re-elected.
Senators are yet e osen in place of Mr.
Wright, Democrat, of ew Jersey, and. General
Shields, Democrat, of ote.
h ENRY IUS NOT't.
A writer in the Cl Banner, -alluding to Dr.
LAIOnDn's fortheomin to of the South Carolina
College, expresses the that the lte President
Hux.av may occupy a spenoin plac in the pie
..are. It could not be'o IsI with one whose posi
tion was so prominen whose abilities were so
fully recognized b r aos scholais and
ro-laborro Drth i the plmy
Cdtdayh of his manhooth th? kboe of our State
otColler;" (We use bela& of one who gradua
ted under him;) Andofrse his rank in the i-t of
our College profossorlaut Cho in exalted oe.
There is another amie wt upon that list, Which
we trust will be embaheed ii hoiceatterms and placed
in the most clussie Ache 'f this literary gallery:
It IN that of the lamted tanny .Tujiua NOy,--a
name which we nevqrreca~llrbut dea old memories of
his lecture-room.cdmi crowding upon us, until we
agin see his planoudtho, and hem his persuasive
voice, and drink in hi words of chaste instruction
and affectionate counsi *i
It was in the winterof 1825-4 that the South Caro
lina College ofell sponthe drkest and aot critical
hour of its existence. W4 the oases were which
led to this strange depedo4 itis notourms to nqure.
But it was cortaitly e Amboon which approximated
rain. The Stats seeme to ae withheld its foaer
ing liberality, and the psp of the State to have be
come almost oblivious of th Institution which had
already done so much tod promoting the fair
fame of South Carolina. Tie two old College, build
ings (North nd South) we h"Ilapidated without and
defaced within, and h6o ordps ohand n stretched
forth to stay the progress of -y. Through the chilly
night. of that ominous wlate4 cO might havewalked
up and down the College Onejus again and sain, ad
sare have found a Sco xgstnc to cheer the gloom.
In the gray morn, Some io three dozen stdente
Bould have been seen conver i towards the chapi
from various points, like sentinels coming
to the call of reveille. E t old College bel-that
summoned thou, had be o ~aked and d41issonqt
as if in unison wltitis sdrouinw r.i ad
dead, every thing exto adep o the downfall ir
the South Carolina College was at this time that
Ixin( Jumu Not stoodbravelyat his post of duty
and assisted more than all hers in keeping perpetu
al the vestal light of litera.ure that still burned in
the bosom of his Alin waOr. A native of the State
and an alumnus of the Colge his virtuous Instinct
were all alive to the neceslgdes of the hour. Chosen
chairm of a Faculty of rer professors, he spared
no toil and neglected no opirtukity that might tell
in the cause of the CollegeTo his attached pupils,
he was all in all, ie cheed them by his elasticity
of spirits, stimulated them is industry by his unaffec
ted pride ie their progress, and Ired them with re
newed devotion to their Colege ly his almost chival
roothsb mino hrs Whea r.s conatied o the de
sernd tnelmnts unti the olge, hvrtous hescalmly
wpred the elrrortitho oneieing the setr phrse
thaem of. A Fcnsrtyo r ofdesor, amon thae
itnt hther wihnofwiu the College.-ohsatce bui
arhe was yet in air.tHeecheefadthembyli avte
agasiristlaterd thesind r yhi nfe
Ad thsdeid he prsegre indhi lareof ovem witnrd
duty, untion to brther dao y danesad amost reimel
hogast e inauurteauponWhe d.ieth mrostyh
eqal this ecmaer he nef backipton isbodi
tion ofhpofedsr. Ye a qitno the discone, wth
hoothinfgh aordod Whe reI conted ithe hpet
Tirt tnmentuti the wislema h~ouir t soamey
poe thgoe eor witorevr! conan reosethe
trathe ave Aiconervty ofad Theseu amon leas
sutwhether ihn or airoesor. Thes wll oin
usrins abea for hi truanchnd faitThefewul agrcae
witgsinstayingh worad hei.e. sol e rte
withu tt e ersofglonteere pngelao of e oond
bega toc beingurat upon e olithi modent
eqanl o tn hish meit, ae atnftwo eackitors. ps
tion Tin prfsisior Ytiwas is ntign the leslirfiha
ehad gugit a ood ( gt erte the chznsarlin a pleturn
lof t Aincito r i ufu ---le by t- rts
Thiassr milern theA.-.'.can stetion, ono suicomn
or them bri bence foraievr!)h a eons h
w joiny its n yng, hat pepaoy todssngr
ins neo crtheic brichtefornrets Becuse thle
whetras a man oeraisd bepfsor hehe will oin
u Tine earnn h rsis ulnhl at.hiede byl agre
with ur inur bryinght this~ aeour b tten
wiletr s f ol the fmrb~r airem pang e rcsfuntiebook of
thl Crolege.?nta asyb ~git gi4bt.
1W" Br en jirF. Braty pse fronjmi Corant
l, ell owniitntGoga, issedsc at ore SctKn
Tno he 1 ui., aged$70 Te-touilers. ie
gg The srAdmnst is ,lcb vs i estiang ea ndif
iuty oing auto tine ejiring menrefkingand burn
by o t hlee mercant that eufusold t the er-s
chantser Vnipeon ohe Alfan staionion ofuspicarn
worth y ofgos adyong elay prearatou lo desing
hop haeNo fraied berivlee heads i gain.
Eve theA Qunisnigdt paprer~ enny protae.
"TAnenty ofle thie "Waknderesa mfirrnsorr.e
pg The Aamsun Exress Compaorihas byncre
thnbe rarfo the stole frt thousland $45lars tce
the sver ofegrn boughtd dolthars.utybytem
t AtSe vnaro the pucara 2uigthe iensiiithe gran
aury proun true biny for piacyt ajanst apt. ..re
and Msrs Bronk asa padAsdufroao. The.s
Th pric. pA. Ha . Steheha epresie Chiseer
sation "ntri te be rnae fore CongAries aftrdh
eirati ont ofk hiesptin n f nlade
ights seeo fot te lat rahcdspths
tha Then Laadisn cerainl Viite readas oon asome
by suitableae ersonant ha elced spldyt h plae
hnts The Supisntoeralfamlo of thePubicrn
staesrth hood drning the ast 14eairoad loing
port no fkingres priilg co istse ~n Enland.
Eve thoQrn is caceine ti pi~ayo pnoy postagn.
baco rue aety uotainso the restfin ahrsved
nd sawlaso Txah ento ten 0gth Whrfthtt.'
goin The plant ' nothig eths yeany snweaiad
ththe ard, f(rith strong accetty the idolet
sytbe) ot en othan dashuk.ftepol ilb
othr m.Altnho th it ist.,ead twe asd
long asfought to be, fwr strain a istosCapt.aor,
aneighboris. mereothn ja, od aquere. The truth
thran ay body int suppose
fe-rop . the ipe Stepaneonsy asetpesd trick detor
whton ave to brnge ao oadfa four Cngesy ftrh
$' Weob s' fro the Ist teegraphneiopathe,
new es dmsueinat orifnl thldes Puied uProning
airtaen tham the r i of thiPn e RIlra
We tuned over the ink stand an blotted
>ut the beat item we had;wbieh ought to have stood.
a the place of this one.
v%% The hand back there is pointing the wrong
rasy, but that dont provint our pen frm doing its du.
ty in the right direction.
pl- The man who goes to bed sober is apt to on.
joy the next day aright, "froin dewy morn to rosy .
ve;" but he who goes to bed inellow is apt to suffer
the next day a-sight, "from rue-y-morn to dose-y
eve."-[C'opy tssrght secnred.]
" An old friend sends us a turnip to look at,
14hichweighs miiy-be two million of times more than
the Bed did from which it sprang. Sich is nati.
pa-/Week this of day last the is Edgefield for day
return. [Now read it backwards and seo where you'll
MP Th.Z~ d pindar r.ikpts at all the pindar
deposits on Bridge Row, Auguati, Ga., up to Saturday
night last, was 2761 quarts, being an exoessof 713
quarts over the receipts of the last season.
gg" Rabbit hunting being all the go just at pres
ent, some young Hopeful favors us with the following
If four hound dogs with sixteen legs can catch
twenty-nine rabbits with eighty-seven legs in forty
four minutes, how many legs should the same rabbits
have to get away from eight hound dogs with thirty
two legs in seventeen minutes and a half.
00- It aint true, as some have supposed, that the
Africans imported by the Wanderer have tails. We
have seen several of 'em, and we venture to say that
they have no more of this caudal appendage than
had the frog which the Western lawyer alluded to in
vindicating his client from hog-stealing.
p9Dhu GARDnNEn writes to know whether or not
it is time to sow radishes; our answer is that we never
have sowed the radishes themselves, and therefore
dont know anything abit it. But its high time, TIN,
to sow radish seed, if that's what you mean.
fi- Bynox, the poet, got off a good thing when he
called the stars "the poetry of heaven ;' But Moats
Annums of the Southern Literary Messenger get of a
better, when he said that between "the uppr and
under jaws uv wumman wus to be found the grait
sekrit of perpetshil mositun."
For the Advertiser.
Pursuant to adjournment, a meeting will be held
on Saturday the 19th of this month, to take'Into con
sideration the African Slave Trade.
JACOB IGHT, Ch f.
IJ. T. N16orLSON, See'y. t
For the Advertiser.
A meeting of a portion of the citisens of Liberty
HUI, and vicinity was held at Liberty Hill, on Friday
11th instant. The imeeting was organized by calling
Col. Jox F. Buaniss to the Chair, and appointing
Dr. Wx. T. WxsT, Secretary.
The Chairman stated the object of the meeting,
when the following Preamble and Resolutions were
W xanas, information has been reoeivedthat In.
guage of a seditious character has been used by a
man who has been working In this neighborhood as a
Bricklayer and Plasterer, named Tnos. Buaca; and
while we claim to ourselves. to be a law-abiding peo
pie, and allow to others the privilege which we claim
to ourselves, I e. the free exprasion of op;nioa, pro.
vided such expression of opinion does not contlict
with the interests of the comuuanity generally; And
whereas, from the information received, language has
been used by the said BUnCE, whieh make; it neces
sary that measures should be taken 'to rid this eem'
munity of one capable, as we believe, of doing very
great injury among our negroes, and to put other
communities on their guard against him. Bie it
Rteaoieed, That a Committee be appointed to wait
on Taolas BJuncs and inform hinm that having heard
of language used by him of a *editigus character, It
becomes necessary that hu should leave immediately
or take the consequence. that may ensue.
Reaceed, That said Committee see that the above
Resolution is carried into effect.
Resoleed, That a copy of those proseedings be
request that all Southern papers wi pass him round.
The meeting then resolved itself into a Committee
of the Whole to wait on Bunca and carry the 1st
resolution into effect. The meeting then adjourned
to mneet again at this place, on Saturday the 12th
instant, to report..
Desen'nox.--Duncn is abeut fifty year. of age,
five feet eight inches high, fair skin, light hair, some
what grey, a Bricklayer and Plasterer by trade, and
a good workman; an Irishman by birth, but raised
Lintart HuIr., Feb. 12, 1859.
At an aeljourned meeting held at Liberty Hill, the.
Committee reported that they bad waited on Buxw
ini secordance with the first Resolution and had car
ried said Resolution into efet
JO1I5 F. BURRISS, Chair.
W1x. T. Wzsv, Sce'ry.
For the Advertiser.
Proceedings of a meeaibag ofl Citizh Beeck Jlesd,
Edgefield District, South Carolilu, in relatiJon to
ans i~nportat ion of African Shares alleged g hue
been snade into that Diftrict.
On the 2nd day of February, 1859, pursuant to a
all upon the citizens of Beech Island, Edgefield Dis-.
trict, Sosath Carolina, to assemble .and express their
sopinien upon the subject of an importation of Africans
into their midst, sixteen persons met at the Club
Hoiwe'S, of whom one was a Presbyteran minister, Mr.
A xoy, from somne other sectian.
The meeting was organiaed and called to order,
and Resolutions expressive of disapp.robetioe.. were
introduced by a Cimumittee appointed for that purpose
In favor of the Resolutions were the minister above
mntioned and seroa others. Opposed to them were
five, andl three others didl not rote.
These Reusolutions so pass'ed by less thana majority
of said meeting will go forth to the world as the ex
pressiuns of feeling upon the subject entertained by
gentlemen in this vicinity, and with a view to a pro
per qualification to such proceedings, we the minority
then present and opposing whatever of censure was
contained in the series of Resolutions thus adopted,
have thought It proper to present the following Res
olutions expressive of the feelings entertained by us
upon this subject.
Resoleed lu., That we regard the Importitlon of
African Slaves into the Southern States of this con
federacy as a measure essential to the material pro
Lecu, Political power and social advancement of the
Resolred 2.1., That in eppositien to this meas
re there are no considerations of justice or hmmani-.
ty which are not equally applicable to the institution
of domestic Slavery itself.
Rlesolwed 3d., That the Laws in restriction of the
Foreign slave Trade are dictated by a false and
foreign sentiment, and are not deserving therefore of
or obedience as a Law abiding People.
Resoe ed 4th., That in the institution of domestic
Slavery are centered all our hopes and fortunes, and
as to due development of that institution there is a
necessity for an increase of slaves, we hail with pleas
u-s the announeement that F~oreign Blares have beeui
Thsse Resolutions and this statement of thecireugs
stances which have induced us to submit them to the
public, I have made in accordance with the wishes
of the other Gentenmen who composed the minority of
ONE OF THE MINORITY.
~3William and Mary College, located at Wil
lamburg, was burnt on the 8th inst., together with
the library and laboratory. This was tile oldest in
stitution in the country. There was an insurance of
$22,000 on the property.
Ut a sale of the estate of the late Godfrey
Geiger, in Lexington District, on the 3d inst., twenty
three negroeevare sold, at an average of 8832.
SThe notorious Dt. Nines was in Augusta last
'AT the match races which came off in Char
leston on Saturday last, Ps.axmv won thepy tue
thousand five hundred dollars
while TaR Rya took o-- "'.- srure In the
thuline mnile race.InCasto lstwe
a Tug AMuISsA.
e in the Bouthera Baptist of
'h. 8th, an attack onthe Advertiseer for its spposd
eresies in an editorial on "Christian MagnanImity,"
a whleh "PaSuivRanos" thinks hs has 4*ew3
on up, simply because you wished to spread
eace, good-will and charity among the diferent fe
ominations of Christians In the land.
I fel it a duty asoneof your readers, to assuri
'on that there is not a tittle of public opinion i the
ange of your circulation, which you would respect
or intelligeace and piety, but what applauds andeas
aina you; and the more so that you say in refense
o this same peles that you are a "Baptist-to the
ad of the chapter."
Your'position qualifies you to'shoir to the world
hat Baptist and Bigot are not. synpymous UPS.
rhis is fully shown in your "Christian Magaimi -
y," and in the extract headed " True Church." Big
>try is the bagts of all persecution, and this perPseAr
lon of you, Obr rebuking it in the modest, logieal,
:baritable and therefore Christian manner of the two.
articles noticed'by "PanxswAMnoI," ist3 illUtf
ion of my position. It is not the Arsttime that Ig
atry damns a man because he is Christian enough to
wish to save all and love all.."who have the pirit of
He says your course will "deluge our country with
blood." What, Charity deluge the country in blood I
iirabile diets I! I always thought Bigotry did that
the Bigotry which says there is no Church but ours,
o ministry but ours, no sacraments but ours, no or
thodozy but our doxy. This is the staf that perse
cates. John said "Master, we saw one casting out
devils in thy name but he followed not us, and we for
bade him, because he followed not us." Jesusrebukes
his bigotry by saying "Forbid him not." DQes
" Pasausnues " wish to teach you your devotilpv
the fellowing words:
Lord blest thy chesen in this place,
For here's the chosen race;
But confound all others faee,
. Ad-blat thir name,
All Churbes else are but disgrace,
And public shame.
If you will just allow me to point out the inoonsti
teney of his argument: He says there is no Church
but that which follows the "example" of that of the
New Testament. Now the Testament says that the
Church then was organised with Apostles, Prophets,
Putors, Deacons, Bishops, Deaconesses, gifts of Heal
ing, gifts of Toungesv Interpreters, Evangelists and
Presbyters. The Church having no Apostles, by his
showing is no Church.. An Apostle is- a man sent by
Christ to make, by inspired authority Scripture, and to
rowoint7 l Wich Church amongst all the
sets has this A osthip, either in fact or faney ? I
say none. The Aot being like the Testament er.
ample, there is do Church at all aecording to his
His trying to identify you with the "Mother of Har.
lots," " Jesuitieal Casuistry," glaing over, Uc.
will be laughed at by any man of your number el
pounds who knows, as well as yoe, how to boil youi
peu like a philosopher, (see last No. of Blackwsood,
er exercise a Catholic charity like a Christian. I
should join in the laugh if nay leanness, and bile, and
dispephia, and baldness, and wrinkles, and bachelor.
ship, would permit-But if I could not laugh witi
you for lack of these helps, yet in order to get tA
Heaven, I am bound to join you In CHARITY.
For the Advertiser.
TIE UAI TEADE EI MIT.
What is all this trubble
Maekin about I wunder,
We hardly sue a lide. bubbel
But we hear the thunder.
My vues about the matter
Ar from a good adviser,
So without eny more clatter
I wish to yut them in the Advertiser
Let them that dent want niggers
Rerews to bye or sell them,
But let them nott pull their triggers
Untill I tell them.
Your lause agiast the hizyness
In the head.
Why not bring en the darkys
And ssll to the hyist bidder,.
And if you giv eny beddy tha advantage,
Whay let it be sum old widder.
What we want is niggers
To make the cotton bile,
So send a long your riggers
And fetch another pile
Of them Africans.
Justis is justis and sense is sense.
But its mity hard to find
A way to make a seven rale fense
If the wurnalayer aint follerd behind
By a plenty of help of the rite kind.
The lawyer shall taulk a round and round
About what he knees
But his mause udont help to plow my ground
But a big nigger does.
If niggers sell frum 1,000 to 1500) dellers
Thar is no harm dun
But if we can maik themecheaper, say 500 dellcri
It is that mutch wun.
And now I lesave the argyment
Whar I found it
And thares no man but what heel say
Thare no gitting round it.
So bring umn along Captin kidnapper
Or whatover they callyou
I am a nigger sporritt rapper
.And.the hames sheatauo.
When lause is rung lause.
They aint to be obalyod
And he aint trew to his cause
W~ho nuckies down to be a fraid
Of any sutch lanse.'OL HS.
HAMBURG, Feb. 14.
Convo.-The market here during the past weel
has been unusually dull, and prices have declined t
lic. for the best grades. The prices now quoted arn
from 8 to lie, per lb., and no demand whatever foi
the lowest qualities. The receipts for the week bay'
been very light. ' .
AUG USTA MARKET, Feb. 1g.
Covrox.-The market to-day is stagnant, and vu
unsettled. Correet quotations cannot be obtaie
We note, however, a decline of half cent within the
last fifteen days, from highest point, and to efeet sale1
reely to-day, factors wouldl have to submit to sill
Sales this morning 94 hales; 7 at SI, 7 at 9, 3al
t 11* cents. Receipts, 753 bales.
CEATTANOOGA, Feb. 16.
Baco.-Sales of city cured, hog round, at IS cents
Choice city cured Hams retailing at 12& cents. Pei
steamers there have arrived several flue lots of Bacon,
and holders are asking I, cents.
LAno.-Sales at 11 cents, and in demand.
Coaxr-Beveral theusand busheli changed Itands
at 50 cents. Demand good.
F:.ou.--Stocks light-worth from $2 50 te $3 pa1
sack, according to quantity and quality.
Bacox.-The demand for Bacon continues good,
and holders have been able to dispose of their lots ai
full prices. We quote the market firm at 8 lie
for Shoulders; Hams 9 10 lc.; Clear Sides 10 11
10.; and hog roundl0 91.. from wagoas.
Laun-Continuss in active request at l0j @ 10ke
for prime, the outside fir for strictly prime, and Is
good sized lets; and 9 i0e. for No. I, put'ap is
good shipping packages.
CINCINNATI, Feb. 19.
Flour steady at $5 30 g $5 35. Whisky-sales el
1,100 bbls. at g61e. Mesa Pork-country $18 75;
city $.19. Bacon-Sides 91 @ 91. Lard-sales 304
bbs., at 11, @ 1le. -
JANGE, LM &c.
Also, frsh Suda al ,L CKBERS
hid IJM L~, H. IAIRS4, AgI.
Sceo g, N.sI0, la1F1
Comuimnication of i -
;rbe hldat their 1NR
in. tie Oddweuow* -
196inst., at 7 J4cock.
By OIdt the W. M.
16 .t 6
ads ToESttIDes 'oa,
-SUAWII AND CLI4
E Subscre being desir of elu o
his Stock of s$i4above, =od to MU "a
Spring 8toek,WHIi sell them at
jiey are al the latest styles and very
Et tof -bisAcademsy weM
r!..on the JnUL., uder.. the
ro echolat ar wi be divided Up. two
Seios ofl@ e*eths ch.
Ests of Tuitioa for th Tr fl10 loaUths
Fipt Clase--peing,.Reading an r.l.
sid NaturalPhilosophy,. 12
Oweabove Acadmy is i
of .66 Pine House. .
#id In yoar boys at once. Youabal r4sIw
fuU tefor your money. None asnt -
lesSiOJ Intend to b los e wlse -
tr dIscipline. --B. F. O LA .
,, the undersigned patrons, take
Amending the above Schoole
of pabhe' patronage.
Feb18 . ' 86e
faILsell -at Edge~ed C. H
aL 19th nat., at
Receintly pertaining to the Ca
which Is n good repair and valdshb
1. . NI
Feb 16 . t
BY Virtue of an order firm W.
diJ14nary, we wol lt to the'
WEDNESDAY, the 2nd of Mar'
late residence of Theophilus Bd,
A GANG OF 19. NEe*O
light head of Horses Mules, Stock of
Hop, Corn, Fodder, bacon, Onmeguums
Cart, On Carriage, One Bum Platd,,n
Househod and Kitchen Furniture, being
of th personalty of said deceasid, not prerIy
Purchasers will be required to give Bonds, pay'
able 1st January 1840, amply seured, bearing:In
terest from day of sale.
Feb16 ' 2 - . 6~
S and for sale at 10 Cents perpumib
F16 er 1 t 6
NORTH CAROLINA RACON,
JUST received 1,500 Lbs Choice North Osroll.
nBACON, and for sale low by
CHOICE NEW BACON ANDl J3,.
T H iC Subscriber has just receivedaslot of well
..cured country BACON, which Is fine and
Also, a small supply of A No 1 IARD.
W. H. HdRBISON, Agt.
Feb 16 tf 6
Private Enter-taiit !
T HE Subscriber respectfully informs his friende
and the travelling public. that he Is prepared
to entertain transient Boarders on reasonahietem
Being only an Agent he cannot afford to entertain
any without charging themi the modemate price of
61,25 per night for man and horse.
W. C. HALL., Agt.
Feb 14, 1859. tf 6
BY Virtue of sundry Writs of Fleri Fa
B sje directed, I will proceed to sell at
deldC. 1.,on heirst Monday apa
Mdarch; next, the, following property in
P. D. Thurmond vs. William King an
Frances King, Oane tract of land con
hmlbdred acres, more or less, adjoining
Wyett Holmes, P. D. Thurnond and othe
one negro guI by the name of Pally.
E. L. Whatley for another, vs Thou.
ley, One tract of Land conlain one
and ffy acres, more or less, g
Mrs. Marlak Atkinmon, Mrs. W d
A Tract of Land containing one h,
twenty aeres, more or less, adjoining'
.Jacob McCarty, Thornton Coleman and
John Coleman, for the. ue of P. J.0
Edward B. Coleman, Administrator of thf.
of Ilugh Dufy. dec'd., A Tract of Land
ing Two hundred acres. more or les
lands of Mark Black, Wesley Perry, k
man and others, and where Hugh Duft~r
lived at the time of his death.
Matilda Dobey, Adm'x,, vs J. 1. Wever
others; F. M. Nicholas and otherava ohn R. W
ver, A tract of land containing Ten acre, more .
or less. adjoining lands of James Swearengin, ar.,
G. N. Wever, S. McDaniel anid others.
Joha B. Griffis and others vs Scarborough
Broadwater, A tract of land contanigthree
hundred and sixty acres, more orle, jOig
lands of Joseph Bussey, Thomas Qre n
W. W.Adams and otbers vs Edward'T. DarI
A Tract of Land cntaining bihts ass,ir.
or less, adjoing lands of SaulBrooks,
Terms Cask *
JAMES UlDIONr s..
Feb Id,1859, 3:e *
StatE of senth Carilms,
Thomas R. Rhodes, Adm'or., Applicanht
-- Racindzand wlfelebecca and 3653se
K. Arrlngton and wife, Daeendants. 1
ITsparn emy satiflen bi --sn
ton and hisawIge,. two. of the neasaa In.this -~
case reside behmds the limits of this Stete:. Es is
therefore ordered that they doapi stdobeb
to the divisionier sale of the Real of El .
beth Walling.e'd., en or before te.14h~
next, or thercpnsent to the sama wil be'en'br
of record. W. F. DUR1808, oli..
Ordinary's Olies, Feb 14,1869. Smi 6
can ied theirNotes inme hamdbof G. W. Na
drum, Esq., for olecies.. Thesuulndebted to Mis.
Rosela Blaock,who fell sp yth an ual i
rest will find theirs inbl al'b e
Friday afternoem. P. R."
Feb 16 . it* - 6,
are requested tolaand'thems Is, prpryattested
by or beoTh day the 1tha f ay, a
Intend making a-&al sstdetilent o 'sttelI
Sthe Ordinary's O eaaddgedeld C; H1., oeas
days AIIIS (ouaMd-Nstate ate ex-.
petpa y brh 1h