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Uenowri 30-u;id Jtavtdr to fly Scull) an soutljeri 'il J)ItcCt~ Tur,(ieftt, ~ ii ~iprne duir c
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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Llbertles, and if it naust fall, we will Perish amdst the Ruins"
SIMKJNRDURIISON& CE E E ProPrstLD, s. VOL. iiiV..1I23
TEY TELL IM
They tell me that this world of ourp,
That seems so bright and fair,
Is full of woe and bitterness,
Sorrow, and blighting care;
And that this cup of life is filled
With many a bitter draught
That mingles with each sip of joy
That weary mortals quaff.
They tell me that a smilling face
Oft-hides a troobled soul,
O'er which the floods of sorrow
In angry billows roll;
They tell me that this heart of mine,
That beats so gaily now,
May break with grief, and shadows fall
Upon my sunny brow.
But oh! I will not head their tales,
I will be gay and free;
And then, if sorrow ever comes,
If it must come to me,
I will bear it very bravely,
And put my trust in God,
And though he smite me sorely,
I'll kiss the chastening rod.
For thoro is much that's lovely
In this fair world of ours;
The sunshine, birds, the running streams,
The trees, the grass, and fowers;
And if there was a woo or grief,
To mar life's happy hours,
We might forget to seek a home
In Heaven's immortal bowers.
TIBPROPER KIND OF TREES TO PLINT OUT,
A gentleman, originally from New York, but
now a valuable citizen of South Carolina, who
bids fair to become emihent as a pomologist,
and who has instituted experimpents in various
fruits, far in advanco of general practice, thus
sensibly writes to us:
"I desire trees of uniform size, one year old,
from the graft or bud, as the came may be, and
fitted, as regards the conditions of the roots, for
immediate and vigorous growth. I am quite
averse to buying large fruit trees. Ist. They
cannot be systematically trained; and 2d, They
require to be shortened in so much, to compen
sate for mutilation of roots, as to present a wide
surface of wounds. Trees, too, should be of
Southern propagation, and thus, in some meas
h av e our eli . -We t no
merits, until we cease to buy Northern trees." I
Maiden trees of one year old, we always pre- I
fer, from the reasons given so clearly by our.
friend. But how different is the habit of per
sons ordering trees, and how much fallacy ex
ists in notions which prevail in this matter -,
Some persons wish an orchard in full bearing c
the next year after they plant, and accordingly
order large trees, with spurs and buds, all ready
formed for the immediate producion of fruit.
For these men disappointment lies stored up,
and their labors are never to be rewarded. A
tree is like an infant, it must be taken young;
nurtured and trained by the proper rules: in
fact, it must be educated by proper culture to
fit it for bearing perfect fruit. If left to the
uncertain results of natural action, it will be
come wild and rampant in its form, and degen
eracy in the size anl flavor of its fruit is certain.
We say this in order more clearly to fix the
idea in the minds of our I eaders, that too uuch
attention cannot be paid to the preservation of'
the roots in transplanting trees. We may as
well stop up the mouth of a child with cement
and expect it to live, as to plant out a large
topped bean-pole looking tree, with a lank body1
exposed to the sun's rays, and suppose it wou~ld,
tiourish. When the tree planted has the pr
er kind of roots, then feed it--yes, feed it
ountifully, and our word for it, your labor will
As the time for top-dressing mow lands is at
hand, we have a word to say on the subject.
As to the question of fall or spring, we do
not believe any body can answer it for all cases.
If, the manure is old and well composted with
muck or other decayed vegetable matter ; if the
ground is such, that there is no danger of hard
washing from it; and further, if you will work
the manure down finely and evenly to the sur
face, we have no objection to fall top-dressing.
It h'as its advantages. The effect on the first
year's crop will probably be greater, and the
permanent eil'ect may not be less.
For spring top-dressing we prefer the follow
ing mode, having often practiced it an. found
-the little extra labor implied, well paid, as we
believe. It is, to carry out the manure, (stable
or barn yard) early, to lay it in somewhat lar
ger heaps than would be most easily spread, say
six or seven to the large load; then to carry
and throw over each heap a few shovels full of
well cured muck, or, in want of this, of any
rich soil; and to let it lie in this c',ndition till
a good time for spreadling it. That time is,
when along, cold northeaster is brewing. When
the indications of such a storm are strong, we
would spread the manure, but not before. Let
it be spread evenly, and worked in among the
gasroots. A bush harrow may in somse cae
bused to a-Ivantage, and we would commend
its use, provided you will go after it with a
many-tinted rork, or a rake, and. regulate the
Inequalities which the harrow may have left~
drawing the manure f'rom place ; that haverq
ceived too much to others that have receive
The muck or soil with which the heaps were
covered, will render the manure more crunmbly
will enable you to spread it maore evenly, an4
will help to retain the ammonia, if your r
calculations of the weather should fail, and yoq
Sshould have sunny instead of rainy weather
ter spreading. -
To see manure carried on to mow landethr1
about in lumps, and left in that 'state tr~
successive sunny and windy days,i ~h
with its odor for miiles, is suggestive of-- 7I
.it economy. If 20 loads of manure applied
in "at way would give two tons of hay thn
first a.4 second year over no manure, we be
lieve it "old give more than threw tona, ap
plied as we2.ave suggested ; and the whole ex
tra labor for &- applying it, need not be mor<
than from one taw dollr. - '
With r'egard to -oreading manure on fieldi
to be plowed in, mucamay be saved inss'simi
l.sr way. It should not be -thrown labout ir
lumps to lie a week or a fortnight polluting the
air. If for any reason it is to be carted lonj
before being plowed under, it is well worth th<
labor to over the heaps over withrsoil, and thes
let them bosplowed or harrowed -izhes soon a:
:Would it not pay well to harrow it in first,
then plow, and then harrow again ? We believe
it would. Much is lost by nct incorporating
manures sufficiently with the soil.-Farmers'
WHEN AND WHERE DEEP PLOWING IS BENE
An English paper .discusses this subject at
some length, and the points brought out will
interest and instruct American readers. We
condense them in the paragraphs belgw:
"Deep plowing is most effectual in autumn,
exposing the soil to the influence of frost, rain
and air, during the winter, which act upon the
mineral ingredients of the soil, rendering them
available for succeeding crops; also, pulverizing
tho soil, and thus facilitating the passage of the
roots into the subsoil. As regards the period
of the rotation, it should precede root crops,
(or, in this country, Indian corn,) or may be
the first plowing for fallowing preparatory to
the wheat crop.
" Deep plowing is most beneficial to stiff clays,
and as a rule, we may plow deep when the sub
soi! is of the -ame character as the surface, if
both are tenacious, or when the subsoil is comi
posed of good clay, only requiring atmospheric
ri luences to sweeten it. Deep cultivation should
avoided in nearly all very light soils, and in
owing for crops after large applications of ma
tre, thus burying it too deeply; or in turning
Ider clover or other green crops. Deep plo*
iug in autumn, on most clays, is equal to half
diessing of manure. Clay from which the air
is excluded exhibits a blueish color. After
dreaning, it is not advisable to bring to the sur
face more than 2 Behes of clay subsoil ata time,
otherwise more is brought up than the frost,
&c., can fit for growing good crops.
Honss S'rFr.NED AND Hoor-DoUx.-A
horse that is driven on a hard road is liable to
get stiffened. I have seen valuable horses driven
on our plank roads a few days get quite lame.
[reasoned to myself of the cause, and produced
a remedy which proved effectual. I have since
tri'd iton foundered, or hoof-bound horses, and
with good results. I made a solution of salt,
wd water, and applied it three times a day, by
ashing the legs and pouring upon the bottom
>f his feet, and holding them up a few minutes
o let it strike in, and saw the wonderful effect
n a few dayr. I account for it in this way:
'alt will extract moisture from the atmosphere,
rhich keeps the feet moist all the while; it acts
carly like melted grease upon the foot. The
ioof becomes tough, but yet pliable. Like a
hunk of wood saturated with salt or brine, it
; tough, yet moist; and so with a horse's foot.
nd here let me add, the habit of rasping the
racked hoof to toughen it is all folly. Apply
our brine, and it will effect a cure. Try it,
ad blane mae if it does not.-Ohio Cultivator.
FoR CLArIFYING BLAQIKBLRRY WiE.-To
no gallon of the Wine, dregs and all, add a
B- , d t e white
oil-taking care not to stir it after it is put on t
e fire, lioil a few minutes; then pour into
>lly-bags-pouring it back into the bags repeat
dly, udtil perfectly clear, as in making jelly.
The xpemnen I send you was made from
Vst the (kegs of all my bottles, after pouring p
ff the-clear Wine. I think it important for
he ladies to know this, for we have always had
o throw it away.-Farmer & Planter.
THE Maine 'Frmr says, (what can hardly
a said too often, and what there is some time
et left in the Southern States for reducing to P
ractice the present winter:)
"It is impossible to keep animals in good 1
ondition, unprotected from the cold, especially t
oung and growing ones. It is well known that s
niials in cold countries require more hearty
bod than those of warm climates. A certain ?
mount of food being necessary to keep up the
matural heat of the system, the greater the cold t
he more food required, which iot being sup
lied, the animal lives upon itself, or grows poor,
nuch less food being required when the animal.
s protected from storms and cold. When pro
eced,. all food not required to maintain the
matural waste of the system goes towards in- 3
:reasing the animal. To obtain perfect form,
mimals should be kept continually growing un
il they arrive at maturity. They are often
turned out in the spring so poor that it requires
alf the summer to make them as good as they
were the fall before,..a loss of three quarters of
Irowth of thme animal."
I THlE TEXAN BRluVJ.
fany years ago there lived near San Antonio
a mily by the name of West. Emigrating to
T as from North Carolina, just previous to the
olution, by which Texas had gained her
edomn, they had'gonme throughm all the trials
ident to the-stormy period, and were, by ac
C mnation, conceded to be the bravest among
brave. Shortly after the conclu.sion of the
r, John West, the yvungest of the three
thers, returned to Notth Carolina, taking
th him on his return to Texas, one of the
t beautiful womemn of that state, rendwned
and wide for beauty. For some three years
n West seems to have realized that ideal of
ppiness dwelt upon so unch yet' so seldom
haed-i this world. Ihis vine clad cottage,
Ak<, h34 issuble hut honorable avocations, his
set wife andi infauit daughior were his world,
d he st'ghed for no other. There can bn no
radis. on earth without thec slime of the scr
pont being visile on its flowers, ane'l titis one
Wanotexeptionm to the ccaninonl lot. The
Revolution ha.I indeesl gainme foxrT: xas freedo'm
fromni exie'n tyranny, but had left her overrim
with scoundrels of every dye, w bo reve*Cli
tiesof all kinds, unuchecked t-ithier by law~ or
phat thing stronger than law--public opimnn
tOge bands of these "Free Conmpanlions'
dJainedifr place to place levying black mail
.sohI.who were able to pay it, not. unfrequenit
mYQ3iitting the most waniton murders.
~""the few who were opposed to these
aWleugroceedinigs Johnm West stod conspicu
~ieno5Ituncing theun openly withoutt fear of
heosequences. As must be expected, his
muanfenduct brought to fiim the threats olf
~ei from the vicious for miles around his
Th* wconhli not long remnain thus
m ' out comm~ig to a crisis and
dtorlm - ight a band of imen knocked
aloir rem nesting admittance. his wife
* 4 his lunng the do.,r, but the soul of~
- k fea -, and, without knowing
-fth haracter of his noctunal vi am
admit them. Souse ten or twelve
of the ni oat repulsive stamp entered the
'nd witha lorud curses demanded liqnor
* We4,'still not suspectinig anftling
-t before them what the house afforded
o turning to go inito the other apart
*i: feiled senseless to the ground by a
m behind, anid immediately gagged and
TheA sickening scenes w inch tollowed
iotattempt to depict. The suil which
-be at the morning before on a scenle
of primeval happiness, now lit up, with his firs
rays, smoldering ruins, blackened walls, twi
charred and grinning skeletons, sad memorial
of yesterday's happiness, two flowers breathei
upon by death ere they were faded or soiled b
the simoons of a hot and pestilent world.
Ten years have flown by since that night c
horrors. Ten years of sorrow, pain, joy; tei
years of stupendous change. In that time hav
been enacted some of the most sublime drama
of Time; -the Lone Star of Texas still shine,
brightly in the firmament; but ominous cloud
seem to threaten its brillancy. Mexico agair
asserts her right to that beautiful provinc<
wrested from her grasp by the heroes of Sat
Jacinto. The tocsin of war again resounds ove
the rich praries; and everywhere the peoph
are eager to " whip Mexico." Recruiting officei
are everywhere opened; and into one of thesm
let us stop for a moment, reader, and study the
rich variety of originals which we shall find
there. As we enter, a fine manly voice is trol
ling some fine old ballad, commemorative ol
American prdwess by sea and land. Here, sit.
ting on the bare floor is a party of hunters,
looking on at the strange doings-to them-ol
their more civilized companions. Suddenly all
are huhed still as 'deatli, for they instinctively
know that some deed of blood and violence is
about to be perpetrated. "Liar!" shouts a tall
commanding man to a co*ering and frightened
man at his feet; "you are one of the villaifis
who burnt my house, murdered my wife and
hild, and would have servetl me the same way
i I had not got out of your clutches; you are
the last of 'em. but it shall never be said that
Jack West ever'took the life of his bitterest foe
without a chance; your mustang is a good one;
nount him, and if you can get away you can
ave your life, but if I can catch you, no mercy,
or you infernal gang showed ine and mine
ione. Go, fire minutes. start, and the Lord
iave mercy on you if the mustang fails you."
rhe speaker turned, and walking up to the light,
:ommenced putting fresh caps on his revolver,
ad arranging his arms. The man to whom he
Lad been speaking arose, and casting a look of
atred and fear at West, rushed precipitately
rom the room.
" What do you intend to do to him, Colonel ?"
sked a pompous, portly individual coming up,
nd laying his hand faumiliarly on the shoulders
"Send him to hell," was the instant reply,
nd the large man shrunk back into the crowd,
r all knew the character of West, and none
ared te arou-e him.
Without a word to anyone, he left the room,
nd in a moment the furious beat of his horse's
oofs told' that the avenger was on the track of
is victim. For milei and miles the prairie
,retched out like an undulating sea, terminating
s waves of verdure in an immense cypress
ramp; and toward this swampthe -wretch who
as then strangely afterded a chance of his life
as now hastening with frantic speed. It was
strange race. The. moon, full orbed, rode
igh 'n the heavens shedding a flood of silvery
.a al et I aIm
igned around, broken only uy-"U LII&If
amp of the pursue( and pursuer. Nearer and
arer does he draw to the loomed wretch, and
ith a shriek of despiir does the hopeless man
e that it is impo.-able for him to reach that
lace of refuge. Evei now the breath of his
emy's steed coues lke fire into his face, and
ith one more bolind they are side by side,
"Spare, mo 1 0, for -Gois sake, mercy!"
elled the terror stricken fugitive.
The only answer was a sharp, quick flash ; a
unning report, and the murderer stood in the
resence of that God whom he had outraged by
is crime on eaith. Gone! unaneled, unan
ointed, with his white, ghastly face unturned
) the sky, and the red blood dabbling the
veet white flowers, the last of that murderous
and which ha.l mai red forever the happinees
f the cold stern man sitting on his horse, look
ig inpassively on the face of the dead man,
sinking dreamily, perhap<, of the dear home
nd its dearer inmates, lost to him in this world
Reader, this is no fancy sketch. John WVest
inot the namue of the man, one incident of
rhose varied life we have endeavored to give
ou; but his name is iniscribed high on the rolls
f fame. Should thi< ever meet the eye of a
exan Ranger be will, peCrhaps, remember the
ight before the walls of Monterey, where he
old this story to his companions, and a stripling
rho formed one of the group of listeners.
COLI.n TE NOT WATCH WITH 3ME ONE HoUR ?
-Night had enwrapped the lofty mountains
rith mist-wreaths, and gathered its sparklinig
nantle around the vallies. It was night on
,be Mount of Olives, and the silver sailing moon,
ooking down into the garden of Gethsemane,
mile.1 softly on a picture whomse limner was the
almighty. The Son of God was praying. And
sho-what mortal shall attempt to conceive the
leep earnest godlike fervor of that prayer? What
mortal ever prayed thus? Great drops of
wea stood quivering on that noble brow; that
neek form bending lhke a bruised reed in agony
>f spirit; that face turned upward to heaven,
while those sacred lips breathed the swveet,
brilling words of husuble submission: "Father,
ict my will, but Tfhine be done."
Repeat that prayer, feeble, erring, sinful man,
school your heart to such submission, and you
uay well say,-" I am perfect." You cannot
lo it ; there is no such feelin;; in your heart.
Exhausted, weary, spirit-worn, the Saviour
rose from his knees and slowly turned away
from that spot forever hallowed by his presencq,
to where he had left his humble disciples watch~
ing anid wailing for him. Tuey are sleeping
Christ was hun lhoni his heart we saddened
as ho stood and looked ulponi thsi'e slumabering
disciples. What a gentie, thriing rebuke wva
tismur: "(Oogid ye uot, watch With m0 one hour ?
One hour-while t heir fneicl, their b'eloved
ma-tr, wre.4 eed wvilath Gd, they could not
watch, but i,,rgetlting their symmpathy, theit
,iftion, ever~y tsing, their heavy eyelids droop.
el, and they Jept-eept while he was but m
little way off pouring. out his whole human
soul in agonizing prayer.
"CGould ye not watch with mec one hour?'
Te immaculate Christ-the Sun of God was
grieved; and, perchance, there were tears ii
those eyesa, beaming with heaven's own lustre.
Iow much of pain, anxiety, and silent reproach
those few words contained. Did not thosc
weary, fasting disciples feel howv poor, ho~
weak, were al1 their at tempts, when they coul
nt watch one-hour with him who had led thenu
to drink of the water of everlasting life ?"
Do re not feel rebuked, poor, feeble man, fo
who amnong you has ever watched one hour witl
your Saviour ? J. H. ELLo'er.
A cuIALar, to skate was given by Mis
--, of Salem, a Di Vernon young lady, whi
saucily gave out that if any of the male gende
could catch her, she would forfeit a kiss. The
osmn Ierald -says .hat an athletic negrc
hearing of the challenge, gave chase, and sooi
his arm encircled her waist. H~er brother, ho~
ever, averted the impending smamck by presem
ting thae fellow with a five dollar bill, tellini
him to "slide." The African started on:
bender" with thb funds, remarking audibly
"that he wouldn't give five dollars to kiss, an;
white gal libin.".
t NOLE SENTWNTS.
' The Governor of Georgia embodies the fol
s lowing in his Annual Me*i'ge:.
No monarch rules here. And it is the pride
of our system, of our gt.erment, that each
citizen at the ballot-box oases equal rights
f of sovereignty with every other one. Thanks
be to our Heavenly FathAt the popular voice
cannot here be hushed in.the silence of despo
tism, but the popular will dictates the law. May
it thus ever remain! Howlaportant it is, thero
fore, that the masses of the people be educated,
so each may be able-to rise and understand for
himself the Constitutiond history of his
country,- and to judge and decide for himself
what are the true principleo and policy of his
government. But how miih more important
it is, in my opinion, that every person in the
State be enabled to resft:,for himself in the
Holy Bible, and to compreWend the great prin
ciples of Christianity., in the eternal truths of
which, I am a firm, though humble believer.
Educate the masses, and inculcale virtue and
morality, and you.lay brod and deep, in the
hearts of our people, the ue basis of our fu
. UTCIY A ED.
An old, plain-looking aind plain-spoken Dutch
farmer, from the vicinity ofg the Helderburg, in
pursuit of a dinner the othr day, dropped in
at a restaurant. Taking 4..teat alongside of a
dandy-lissimio sort of a fellow-all perfume,
moustaches and shirt collatour honest Myn
heer ordered up his dinner ,
"What shall it be, sirt. asked white apron.
'-You got corned beef, h y' says Dutchy.
"You got sourkrout, hey ?"
" o yes.".
"Vell, gif me some botl."
Off starts white apron on a keen jump, and
presently returns with thi desired fodder. The
sourkrout was smoking hit and sent forth its
peculiar flavor, evidently Jatisfactory to Myn
heers nasal orgais and vice'-cersa to that of our
dandy friend, who, after the-dish had been de
posited'on the table, andifynheer was about
commencing an attack upo it, exclaimed:
"I-a-say, my friend," a-are you going to
eat that stuff?"
Mynheer turned slowly round, and looking
at his interrogator with tonishment, says he,
" eat it ? Vy, of course eats it."
"Well," says the dan.y, "I-a-*ould as
lief devour a plate of guaso!"
"Ah, vell," replied M nheer, pitching into
the sourirout with an evident relish, "dat do
pends allogedder on hoto ron vas prought up."1
Dandy looked kinder caved in, and we left
with the opinion that Dutchy was one ahead.
WiiEE DID THAT MAN)(i TO ?-If a certain
hotel in a village in Alabarnia, there is employed a
bartender, who is in the ha~litof taking his "tod "
pretty freely, but always Ia'is it a point never to
drink in the presence o employer. A few
days ago, whil ie drawdin his
Finding him e ca-ight i the act, as
tumbler and iti -ontents on the counter he east
his eyes a ound with a look of surpri.se and ex
claimed : "Where. in creation did that ian that
ordered that drink go to I"
NoT BA.-A story is told of a doctor in the
goodly town of D--, liot a hundred miles
from Vermont. The docler kebt missing his
wo:d, and set watch. As was expected it proved
to be the work of a near naighbor, who soon ap
peared and carefully cullirg o -t all dry wood,
started off with an armful. The doctor hastily
gathered up an armful of green wood, just as the
man threw down his arnfil, the doctor- did the
" There, you must burn reen wood a part of
the time--I have to," and epartezd. leaving the
thi-f to his own reflections
A, O.) STouRY WITH A sEW. A rLCATio.
The following we copy fros one of our western
A Yankee speculator wo had an immense 1
tract of land in the ir Wet, used frequently to
say that a gent'eman wh< had been traveling
there saw a very old man ,tting at the door of a,
log cabin, weepinig bitterly
"M.\y friend,' inquired 2e gentleman, " what<
is the matter with you?"
" Why," replied the o daan, "daddy jist give
me an awful ickin',' cos Ivouldn't rock grand.
daddy to sheep."
The gentleman rode oil fuliy satisfied witht
the salubrity and healthiinis of the district to y
produce such unparalleldnstances of longevity. e
THE PILLr TRaDI.-Wi could dream of the
magitude of such an undeaking as the manufac- ~
ture of a Purgative Pill aumes when it conmes
into general use ? And >W painfully do the C
follwin numersspelik *the amnotmt of hiu- r
man sickness and sufferin that little morsel of a
a remedy goes forth to chbat and subdue. Dr.
J. C. Ayer, of Lowell, mnfactures in his labo- a
ratory forty gross per em of his Cathartic
Pills, through all the yea This is eight boxes
a minute, or one dose a and. We thus find c
over forty-three thousantpersons swallow this a
pill every day, or one mion two hundred and t
ninety-six thousand a mdh! Physicians, think
of that ! forty-three thoand patients a day
who seek relief from theiedical skill of one
man. Surely that man puld be, as he is in
this case, one of the firdntelligence, and of
the highest character. I occupation entailsa
upon him a fearful responility for the weal or
woo of his fellow man.-nsville Courier.
A HousE-OoiNo MuiN.--There is a Charm.
in the weck-day servicef i parih milnister, t:~
Which has not bien dulpliated, either by '
philanthropists or patrioul4lis oflcial and re-j
cognised character furniglilm with a ready
passport to every habita ;:and hie will soon .,
find that a visit to thu hoNf a parishioner is I
the surest way of lndin~edess to his h'earts * C
Even the hardiest and ~t hzopL'less in t'ice,
can not altogether wItmnd this influeice;
and at times, in their domestic history, p1
there are opportunitie, ther by sickness, or
disaster, or death, wthic rord a weighty ad- I g
vantage to the Christian ness that is brought Ish
to bear upon them. Hi eak-day attentions Iti
and their Sabbath attoen e go hand in hand-.r
It is thus that a house-gr minister wins for a!
himself a church-going le.-Dr. Chalmers. t;
R Es'T AD DiGEs'T h- i no doubt that
moderate exercise prom~ digestion, but too t
active exercise retards i$sn experiment was
once tried by some 2phy giuts in England to
test this theory. Two. hounds were fed iS(
with a full meal. One |:em was taken andsi
put on the trail of a forirun for a few hours- he
The other wa-s left to-e: is leisure at home. an
At the same time, botl killed and opened. ea
The food of the one . taid at home was a
nearly all digested-thf the one that had ne
been exercised violentlighe chase, only par- bra
- A farmer' on the Wa nade four hun- ily,
; dred gallons of molsssti the sugar cane rel
i grown on a single acre: ound the past sea- lig
, son. The molasses sehi aily at fiftyieents fir,
per gallon, gives hii dred dlollars as the sr
etun of hi croan a acre. .I Ba
AN APPEAL TO TIlE CITIZENS OF TiE UNITED
It is well known to you, that on the 0th of
April, 1858, a contract was signed between John
A. Washington, proprietor of Mt. Vernon, and
th.e Regent of the Mt. Vernon Ladies' Associa
tion, by which the Mansion and Tomb of Wash
ington, and 200 acres, are to become the pro
perty of the nation. The title to be held by
the Association, and the property to be trans
ferred on the payment of $200,000. All inter
est on said sum to be remitted should the whole
amount be paid on the 22d of February 1859.
the anniversary of the birth of the Father of
The assumption, by woman, of so vast a,re
sponsibilisy as the collection of this sum, and
the additional one of $300,000, necessarry for
the repairs, improvements and preserration of
the Estate, was hailed with joy, not only by the
millions of this great Republic, but by the mil
lions across the sea, in the fatherland of the
children of Washington.
This solemn obligation was assumed when the
Association had scarce extended beyond the
Southern States in which it had its origin, but
woman had fith in the depth of love and rever
enee felt for the illustrious Paltiut and courage
to dedicate herself to the holy work of develop
ing it to the height of the generosity required
to secure the possession ot his sacred ashes.
And now, when that Anniversary approaches
an Anniversary to which others, than our own
nation, turn as the fitting time for a grateful
people to reward her labrs-I place before you
'the result of the devotion of the women of the
land, and call upon you to judge between them
and the nation in whose patriotism they
By their exertions, the Association has en
larged from ( States to 2G. Its boundaries ex
tend from Maine to Calfbrnia, from Minnesota
to Florida. Twenty-four Vice Regents have
entered upon their duties in their respective
States. Through their indefatigable efforts, and
those of their generous ally-the lion. Edward
Everett-the Treasurer of the Association has
been enabled to pay to Mr. Washington, in ad
dition to the $18,000 paid on signing the con
tract, the flrbt instalmeidt of $75,000. due on
the 1st of -January, 1859, -with the interest
thereon ; 10,000 on the 14th of December, the
58th Anniversary of Washington's death; $5,000
on the 5th of Feb., and $10.000 on the 11th of
Feb., instant, making $25,000 on the second in
stalment of $41,666,60, due on the 22d of Feb
ruary, 1860; which, in addition to the $15,000
invested by the Association, makes upwards of
$117,000 reported to the Regent up to date.
Additional sums are known to. be collected in
various parts of the country.
The purity of their patriotism, the zeal, ener
gy and self-sacrificing spirit, wkich actuates
them and their co laborers, are best shown by
the moral influence already exerted, and which
is so eloquently described in the words of
I he present awakening of public feeling
pure an )uga Mot"
if angels. We may point to it as a mark of
lheaven', favor-a sign that Providence has not
deserted us in punishment of our national sins
-a timely revival of the religion of noble
thoughts-a blessed touch on the electric chord
>f sympathy which. ought oftener to thrill a
ountry possessing such an origin and such a
:ommon experience as ours. Let us hail it as
n auspicious omen, as the inauguration of a
ew telegraph of the liart, deep laid and love
raught, like that new bond of humanity, which,
f not now, must ere long awaken the pulses of
he continents-and seeing things, let us bless
3od and take courage."
But prosperous as the Association has been;
ntering upon a new year with high hopes and
enewed zeal, determined to press onward until
be goal is attained-it is evident from the state
nent now made, that Mt. Verron cannot be se
ured by it to the nation. on the day auticipa
ed, without immediate and simultaneous action
y the whole country. The appeal-s of the offi
ers of the Association ha~ve been scattered
roadcast over the land. Official reports each
onth, have reminded my countrymen how I
pidly time was passing. Andl now the day
raws nigh on which it is so confidently expec
ed that the great American people will redeem 1
be pledge made by confiding woman. But ten
ays remain, before an Anniversary to which all
yes are turned as the expected and appropriate
mo when she will reap her reward in tri
mphantly vindicating a nation's honor, and in
gurating the birth-day of Republican grati
de. Shall she fail'? Willa people possessing
told wealth, numbering over ten millions of
iults, from whomi the contribution of threei
mts each, would bestow .$300,000, consent to
~cord on the Annirersary oif his Birth that we.
e unworthy to have received a WVashi..ton ?
Let men remember that the record they are
out to make on the 22d of February, 1859,
r this mighty Republic, is one which can only
effaced when the memory of Washington
ases to be revered among the sons of men, r
~d that will be-when it is proclaimed-" that
ume shall bor'no more !"
ANN PAME LA CUNNINGH AM, -
Regenat Mt. V. L. A. of the Union. s
PniELrnuPtm, Feb. 11th 1859.
CoMPLTED.-WitIh pleasure we make the
nouncezient that the " Keowee and Tuchas
ge Turnpike Road" is completed. It connects
unel Hill with (3ashier's Valley, N. C. Here d
connects with another road reaching as fair as g
ebster, N. C. There is in course of construc' tI
'n a third road, runing from Franklin, N. C,
d hitersecting with the tir4t namezd road a
iV miksa abv the Tinneh. This tter' turn'- 8
e passes 1Iorne CJoie and through the Jiack ol
>k sEction. Te[~r adlvanitages of opening Upth'eee
portant a'renues of trade are nlot to be lightly
imatd; an,1l, whilst they are of incaleniable T'
nefit to the people of thmesli setions, we trilit Si
y may prove profitable to the enterprising
~jectors-Keo wee Courier. -
'o CURE CoxsUMPTImoN--Hall's Journal df
~alth, for February, has an admirable article
>wing up somne of the new cures for constmp
n, The article concludes with the sensible a
nark, that ' he beat things to take in any and fe
cases of consumption are exercise, substan
i food, and out-door air in large but due pro- gt
tions ; and that without these no case of con-fr
nptive disease has ever been successfully
ated by any man living or dead. .7
S LE or NEcns.-On Tuesday Messrs. liar- .g
n & Pitts sold at public auction in this city n
y-ive negroes, of all aghai and both sex, senit gr
e from Charleston. Thme sixty-dive brought in
aggrega~te of $47,521 -an average of $74I2,63
h. Among them a family of 7 sold for $ii,2i0; to
an, his wife and child 2 years old, $2,765;5 tr
roes in one family $4,560. Two ordinary mn
nght $2,165 .--Columbus (Ga.) Enquirer- nc
[Axm.-Our village, which is growing rapid-n
is one of those pleasant, quiet and delicious
reats that t1ie author of the Sketch Book de
ted to write about, full of warmai heart, pleasant th
sides,~and happy faces, wh'ere every well-bred Itit
amger isuie of a kind receptiou.-Crenmdon Ire
z,"' WHoEvd is open, loyal, true; of -
mane and affable demeanor; honorable hi Velf
and in his judgmentfof others;'faithfu his
word as to law, and faithful alike to -,ni
man-such a man is a true gentleman.
3' A tall fellow persisted in standi
ring the performances, much to the annoyani
of an audience, and was repeatedly requested to
sit down, but would not; when a voice from
the upper gallery called out: " Let him alonei
he's a tailor, and he's resting himself!" He im
.j HE who, with talents capable of being
employed in the service of others, r-itq down
with views that centre solely in himself, and
neglects to employ them further than his own
necessities require, is guilty of a breach of trust,
for which he must one day be accountable.
Or him that hopes to be forgiven, it is
indispensably required that lie forgive. It ii
therefore superfluous to urge any other motive.
On this great duty eternity is supended; aid
to him that refuses to practice it, the throne of
mercy is inaccessilie, and the Saviour of the
world has been born in vain.-Johnson.
LF Thomas IIodgson, a white man h-is set
the colored gentry of New York almost crazy,
by declaring that he has a p-atented discovery
for taking the kinks out of their hair.
E Timber cut in the Spring, and exposed
to the weather with the bark on, decays much
so-ner than if cut in the fall.
Z HARD SI.EErPn.-An advertisement
lately appeared in the ])ublin Evening Post,
headed, "Iron bedsteads and &ddhig." We
suppose, according to the latter term, that the
linen is sheet-iron.
Z-~:' Goon WrFEr's Won.-J. C. Tlartman,
a compositor in Lnisville, set up 90,100 ems
l.h.t week, for which he was paid $30.03.
E RIc WIDow.-The New Orleans
Delta mentions under the head of "Rich Freight,"
the arrival of a steamboat from Red River with
several passengeWs, among them eight widows,
whose aggregate wealth amounted to$5,000,000.
One of the ladies is the owner of 000 slaves
and the others made a crop of 300,000 bales of
Er The most valuable span of horses in
the United States is said to be owned by Com
modore Vanderbilt of New York. They are
matched horses. They cost him 07,000, and he
has been offered $0,000 for them.
&r Drr CTTOx.--ThC Memphis Eagle
of the 20th ult., says a bale of cotton was pur
chased by a home manufacturer in that city a
few days since from which 117 lbs. of dust was
whipped in the attempt to clean it for spinning.
&E THE END OF THE WORLD TO BE THIS
Ypn~m.-Messrs. Abram Flavell and J. Decker,
second adventists, have issued a circular called
"The Time Messengers, . containing twenty
ei ot qlumns of a
E" TioSE that are f4ithful in -well doing,
need not fear those that are spiteful in evil-do
ing, for they have a God to trust to who has
evil-doers under the hand of his restraint.
f# HIGi-PRitcED IlorsE.-The English
thorough-bred stallion "Flying Dutchman," has
been sold to the French Government for $21,000.
EW Rev. Dr. Spring's new (Presbyterian)
ahuren in New York has just received the fin
ishing touch. Its entire cost is $23,000.
ZZ The several firms of De Rothschild
have a capital or sum at their instantaneous
:ommand amounting to $200,000,000.
A subscriber to a moral reform paper
:alled at the Northampton post-office the other
lay, and inquired if the Friend of Virtue had
" No," replied the post-master, " there has
>een no such person here for a lung time."
$48" PUT outyour tonigue a little further,"
aid a physician to a female patient, " a lt te
urther, mza'am, if you pleae-a litle furti~ee
"Why, doctor, do you think there is no end
o a woman's tongue 1" cried the fair invalid.
Er THE Loan's TABI.E.-In illustration of
lenry Ward Beecher's liberal style of invitation
o the communion, the anecdote is quoted of an
Enghish Judge, who, on being refused the breadi
nd the cup, because he was not a member of 4
is dispensing church, quietly remarked;
"0O! I beg your pardon, I thought this was
he Lord's table; I have nothing more to say if
is only a private little supper of your own !"
EK "HIIvE you any limb-horn'bonnets ?" I
iquired a very iiiodest miss of a shop-keeper.
" Any what'?"
" Any limb-horn bonnets ?"
" Any-you don't mneani leghorn ?"~
The young lady was brought to by the proper
ET A L.A o sent her servant (we will not I
ention where lie was from) for a new velvet 5
iantilla which was at her dressmaker's. ".John,"
~ys she, " if it rains, take a coach ; I had rath- j,
-pay the hack hi.-e than have my mantilla i
'et. When the man handed her the mnantilla u
was ruined, the paper which covered it being fi
turated with water. "Why, John," she said,
I told you to take a cab if it rained." "So I
d, mamn; but sure you wouldn't have your ;
otmnan a ridin' inside. I got on the box with d
5A cAr"T AL! joke took, placero00enil y, in c
cot-rCoom. A.Wloman Wit. ittf, itm hi beuhailf I
'hrr s.il, anmd eWore that he WUrkgd on a fa~wim
'er imiec he Was bern.
The Jaw yer who esaumined her1 said--' ou ri
etIt that your son has worked onm a farum ever th
iee lie was born ?" [ l
" What dlid lie do the flu-st year-7 hr
" IHe milked."
The lawyet evaporated. I
Mr A sAILOR dropped out of the rigging4%
ship of war, some fifteen or sixteen feet, and '
I plump upon the head of the firs't Lieutenant.li
" Confounded wretch !" said the Lieutenant, hi
therinig himself up, " where did you come
" An sure I came from the north of Ireland, 01
r honor." 0
ET A x editor downeast thinks children's 1
mes are becoming popular wvith older persons ti
w-aalays, as he has seen recently "several full
invn men chasing hoops in our streets." IC
Er Mr. Prior, editor of the States, is said f
be writing a history of the Pierce Admniis- 11
M& In Dayton Ohio, a favorite actress an-P
unced her benefit, and promisedl to give a CI
w hat to the gentleman who brings the greatesti
Ember of ladies.
gg"Taking the one with the other," said d
e Rev. Sydney Smith, I believe my congrega- b
>n are the most exemplary observers of the
igious ordinances: for the poor keep'all the
it. and the r.icht all thea fast is
FAcTs FOR TH E PEOPLE.-If slavery is good
for the slaveholders, it is equally good for the
non-slaveholders of the South.
If it is right for the few to have slaves to wait
on them, and perform menial service, it is equal
ly right that the laboring white man should
ajoy the same-privilege.
-ff the lia*s of Congress against the Slave
Trade ar/Aglit, then slavery is wrong, for these
laws are based upon the assumption that slave..
trading, slave-holdiig, and slave labor deserve
alike the execration of mankind.
If the Captains of the Echo and Wanderer
are pirates, then our fathers were pirates. If it
is a crime to bring slaves now from Africa, it
was so at the beginning. and the sooier ve
give up the institution the better.
If, under the doctrine of Free Trade, th.
citizen should be allowed to buy where he can
buy cheapast, and sell where he can sell the
dearest,-what right has the Federal Govern
ment to forbid my going to Africa to buy cheap
Ise it right .that the few who own slaves sLou!d
object to the importation ofmnore, upon the sel
tish fear that the price of their own slaves wa y
be lowered? Will not the poor nun who ow.s
a slave, feel a deeper interest in the institution,
than the poor man without one ?
Is it not remarkable that the main opposititn
to the re-opening of the Trade comes from those
who are our largest slave owners ?
Dues it come with a good grace from the de
scendants of those whose fathers formerly made
money out of the Trade, to croak over t lie prc
position to re-open it. NAwUn TRUT.
MonE TruF. ]IUT.S.--Ve clip the followirg
from the Savatinah Republican, 6f the 15th iin
stant. It will be seen th:it they are deteruined
to discha-go their dn4y:
fiu adlition to the bills found Saturday, the
Grand Jury also reported a true bill against
Reuben R. Mansom, of Irvin county, for trans
mitting false papers to the office of the Com..
nissioner of Pensions.
The Grand Juiy in this Court seem.defer
mined to do thier part towards the puiishment
of infractions of the law against the slave trade.
fn addition to the Wanderer eases, they yester
day returned true bills against Unarles Mares
& Joachim Selvas, a commercial firm of this
city, and J. Jeranimo Casaueras, charging them
with fitting out the Spanish bark Angelita as a
Da. A. G. MACKEY-A TEsTMONM..--The
Annual Convention of the Grand R.-. A.-. Chap.
ter of South Carolina furnished a fiitable occa
sion for a Masonic presentation of an interest,
ing nature, and a token of continued and long
tried esteem and affection towarda distinguiihed
and active offi-Jer, fiom those who have enjoyed'
the fullest opportunities of testing his yorth and
services. The presentation was made to Dr.
Albert G. Mackey, whose Masonic services and-.
credentials need no additions or titles.from his.
brethren and officiakassociates of- the Chapter.
Americani Freem'asonry. 'From th rado,
a! Arch ChApter o t r n J
Thejitcers sgn ncanm_____my-n-ruyr
ous devices, insignia and symbols, of its design
and purpose, but these cannot be described
without a view.
The presentation was made for the associated
donors, by G. C. Rev. B. Johnson, Grand Chip
lin of the Chapter, in an appropriate and elegant
address. The recipient replied with expres'ive
utterances of feeling and heartfelt emotion. It
was felt by all that the testimonial was merited,
well bestowed and worthily received.-Char
A NEw TRIAL ORDERED.-The slave Jef,
the property of John Weodiman, lately con
demned to be hung fbr the murder of Reaon,
slave of J. J. Kibbeler, has been granted a new
trial. The trial will take place on Tuesday the
15th inst. J. S. Reid, Magistrate, and five out
yf the following eight. freeholders will compose
hle Court. E. S. Bailey, S. Merchant, J. Y.
[Iarris, S. Langford, W. G. Mayes, Z. L. White,
W. B. McKellar, and H. 11. Bllease.--Newberry.
LoulsTAN'A oN THE STAVE TRADE.-The follow
ng bill, relative to the purchase of slaves by the
>eople of Louisiana, has been introduced into
be legislature of that State aund referred to the
jommittee on Federal Relations:
JVereas, The Federal GSovernmenthas no pow
rto prohibit the buying of negro slaves by the
itizenis of this State ; and whereas the right of
he people of' Louisiana to p~urchase slave pro
erty in any miarket, whether domestic or for.
ign, wherai negro slaves are sol, has noeer
ceen alienated from her sovereignty, or graaited
a the control of the Federal Government:
Tcre/oire, be it enacted, &c., That any citizen
r association of citizens of this State be and
liy are hereby authorized to parchase negro
laves from Cuba, Brazil and Africa, and to
ring the said slaves so purchased into this
tate,; and to hold the samte in full right and
tIe. for their proper use, benefit and behoof
rarided, said slaves, so purchased and importe
ito the State, shall be subject to the same reg
lations and tarift' of duties as other species of
>reign property or imports.
Dnm. IlmEs AG.UN..-Dr. D. T. Hines, alias
tlaton, alias HI -yne, reached Macon on Satur
ty moriting, at 91 o'clock, antU proceeding is.
,ediately to the office of a gemntlenan in that
ty, introduced' hinmself s CA, i'ickei5, of
i'flh Camroliinia, wh'io fid aet-yed witih the aflho.
Id gemilemni l:i uCs~re~s amd siter convere
ig .fi half aun hour a1bott theili' c'mttnqora.
as in Lanigrcs.a ai proteinent inwudent~s in
iir plic~~j seri'T', asked anid of:tined -the'
in of lifteen dt'lla.4 tiapevs.'ic e hi~s Journef
EJ:,at'luetunWm F.'e imiimties, -tthlr the doctor
id left a 'gentleunan steppe~d into the ofce
ith a copy of the Constitutionalist, containing
paragraph about him, which wrould have been~
urth fifteen dollars if it had been seen a little
oner. The gentleman who was "sold") is
mething like the elder Caxton, and a gooda
me Uncle Toby, and made no effort to recover
a money.-'Augusta Constitutionalist.
D ESPERATE AFFRAY.--TheO upper portion of.
ir District was-a few days ago, the scene of
me of the most horrible deeds that has been
rpetrated for nmany yers The following are
e circumnstances as near' as..we can arrive at
em at the present time: H~illiard4 Young, ini
mpmy with Wmn. Sibley and Wmn. McQuar
r.<, repaired to th~e plantation of Mr. Girafton,
r whom the victim of this ba utal act, Manse!
ulli'. was overseer, and inflicted such severe
Dunds upon Hollis that his fife is totally dis
lired of. The impleme~nt used-.was a stick,
it for'the damnizng deed for which it was used.
uung, together with the two 'others who ac
mpanied him, have fled, and having~elusded the
meriff are now striving to make their way, zp
subt, beyond the ;imnits of thie State.--W..inn:.
?3.An object of intert Agilwho~e
iome is thiro thousand doflars a year."