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rUBLtsnED IKvgAv WaoNaDAr MORNING.
1. SD1KINS, D. a. DU!RISOE EllJI KEESE,
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WAsiSHIiTON, March 4.
Owing to soni points of a punctilious inature.
betwee..n the Senate and House of R. presenta
lives, in regatrd Li the policy of raising reveie
from Ani increase in the rates for p.stages, all the
appropriations for the land and ocean mail ser
vice, for the coming year, have been deteated.
E -ery other appropriation bill was passed.
The Treasury note bill was passe..
The bills for the increa;e in th taritf-the
a',olition of the frunking privilege-and the bill
for inereasing the rates for pO.itatges, were all de
It is not brobable that an extra session of Con
gress will 'e called.
Both branches adjourned at noon to-day.
WASHiNGVoN, March 4-Si o'clock, P. .
Public opinion is divided as to the necessity of a
c J1 for an extra session of Congress.
All the Appropriation bills have become laws
eteept the postage bill and the post route bill.
The failure of tie latter to become a law wih
cause no inconvenience to the public Eer. ice.
The miscella..eous bill which was passed, con
tains a section extending the Treasury note law
fir two years. and there.)y enabling the Treasury
i)cparttnent to meet the notes now shortly falling
lue.-The section abolishing the franking privi
lege, and iucreasing the rates of postage, was em
In the House, among other appropriations
made, wa-s 440,000 for the existing mail con
tracts to California via Panama and'Tehuante
pee, to end in September. Butte:fields steamer
im:uml bill, for a route fronm Mobile and New
Orleans to the Mexican Gulf ports, was piassedl
1b: the S-onte almost unanimnously, but was
srik,-n oir with many other appropriations in
Mr. Jeuim M~arron, the Third Assistant to the
Postmaster GeneraI, died very suddenly this
morning. Mr. M. has for many years condmucted
the linance business of the Post Ollice 1epart
mnent, and was regarded by previj~in, as well as
by the present Administration, as an able, worthy
and reliable ollicer.
Rounwr Oem.m' has been appointed District At
torniey here, rice P. BI. Keyv, deceased.
DANIEr. E. SIeKLES.-Mr. Sickles continuos
in jail. He is confined in the otlice adjoining
-.-4htheguard-roomf, which is an-arched room (some
twenty feet square, with a fire place, one window,
and a door leading into the guard rootm.
He has been provided with a cot, bed, and
receives meals from his house, but no alteration
hhis been made in the furniture of the room, as
he says he wants no privileges not belonging to
any ordinary citizen,. it was proposed to him
yesterday, by his counsel and friends, to permit
steps to be taken for the obtainment of a writ
of habeas corpus, with the view of bringing him
before a judge to be bailed out; bat this Mr.
Sickles steadily refuses, for the reason that the
public might suppose that privileges were gran
te i to him because -of his othecial position, and
his friendly relations with the Ad ministration,
whicht could not be had by any ordinary person.
and which might compromise nis friends, and
he is determined to remain in jail, hoping for a
Mrs. Sickles had not left the city up to seven
o'clock last evening.-Washington States, 1st.
A Washington correspondenit of the New
York 11erald, writing on Monday. says:
At 9 o'clock last evening, Mr. Sickles was re
moved to his cell, where lhe was shortly after
visited by Rtev. Mr. Haley, who, in a Christian
spirit, camne to offer hinm consolation. Utider
the effect of his exhortations, Mr. Sickles gare
way to his emotions, and implored him to visit
his wretched wife, and let him know of her con
dition. He did so, and found Mrs. Sickles in
the utmost agony of mind. On her knees she
implored her husband's pardon, and bes iught
him, if be woulil save her from mnadness, to re
tun the wedding ring which he hadl previously
t.>n from her hand. The reverend gentleman
executed the commission, and carried back with
him besides a letter expressive of her despair.
It was somie time past midnight when the Rev.
Mr. 11aley returned to the prison, atnd commu
nicated what lie had witnessed. Under t he ad
vice of this gentleman, Mr. Siekles consented to
give up the ring, atnd was furthermore induced
to write letters to his wife of the most alfecting
Tuc Exr.osmoN or -ru PatNess.-The Nath
ville paipers countaini the following dispatch fronm
New Orleans, of Feb. 2$th, which gives some
particulars in reference to the reecent explosion
of the Princess, on the Mississippi river-:
A b~oat has arrived from the wreck of the
Princess, bringing a inmber of the wounded
and dead. It was fogjy at the time of the ex
plosionz. The Princess was be-hin.l time, arid
had too much steami gn. A Baton Itogue dis-I
piatch says the engineer is reported to hare said
that lhe would reaeh New Orleans by a certain
time or blow up. The engineer was cut in two.
About one hundred are wounded, many danger
ous and dying. It is impossible yet to ascer
tain the number lost. Several boats saved ma
ny. There is mush excitement here and all
along the river. Numerous unrecognised bodies
are being found.
Numbers of the Princess' sufferers are dying
from injuries. The forwardl part of the boat
wvas blown to pieces. But few ladies were in
jured in the after part of the .boat. The boat
was ruii ashore after the explosion.
Tmu g VANDER En.-The Savannah JSepmmbiean,
of the 4th inst., has the following items in refer
enee to the Wanderer, and the Africans known
asa her " cargo :"
"The JWaduerr."-This famnous craf-. thatt
has excited so mneh noise in thme world dur-ing
the last few mounths, has beena condemned as a
slaver, and is advertised by the United States
marshal to be sold at public outcry, in this city,
on Saturday, the 12th inst. Fast travellers would
do well to attend the sale.
Rumored Arrest of the Africas..-It was ru
mo~ed on the street yesterday, that as a lot of
Africans, of the WVanderer's cargo, and about
fifty in number, were passing across the country
a few days ago, they were arrested and taken in
charge by a largebody of the citizens of Telfair
county. By what authority the capture was
made, and what disposition the capturers tutend
to make of their booty, do not appear ;and then
the whole affair may be a hoax, though it came
te us through such a channel that we are ds
posed to think there is some ground for the rumor.
gg" Hon. E. A. Hannegain, formerly United States
Senator frota Indisana, died at thme Platers House
St. Luis, on th2thl." .
From the Dennettsville S. C. Son of Temperance.
HORRIBLE TRAGEDY!-THREE KEN POISONED!
On Thursday last the 2-lth our quiet commn
iity was startled with flying reports that several
persons had been poisoned on strychnine whis
key, at a grocery and confectionary, opened here
not tOlng since, by John C. Terrell, a young man
,f respectable connections in this District.
Among other articles on hand in this shop, it
was pretty wdll understood in the village, that
i-itoxicatinv liquors were kept for the necommo
dation of thirsty customers.
Between eleven and twelve o'clock, it seens
Mr. Ananias Graham, an aged and very respec
table citizen of our District, and h's son Mr.
John W. Graliam-the grand tlier and trnele of
Terrell-happened at the shop together. and a
young inan by the name of John D. McCollum,
who spent most of his time there, was also pres
Afte: the alarm was given, and the neighbors
rished inl, the Grahams were founil down, with
dreadful spasms, McCollum just beginning to
cxcrieniee the effects of the poisonous liqiuor,
aid Terrell himself, it was said, had also drank
with the others.
Some four or five Physicians happened t.i lie
near by and were promiiptly called in-probably
in less than ten ninutes after the liquor was
drank, but in spite of every eiort thus instantly
made to save them, the Messrs. Graham (cied in
s)iid twenty or thirty minutes, and McCullum,
after suffering the most exeruciating agony fur
some twelve hours, died about midnight.
Terrell was, soon after the occurrence, removed
to his father's residence in the village, where it
was reported he too was sulfering severely.
Of course such an occurrence, on the corner
of our public square, at mid-day, was well calcu
lated to startle our quiet village, and to produce
the most intense excitement.
Crowds flocked in to witness the extraordinary
spectacle-two highly respectable citizens, who
had been greeting their friends in good health
bat a few momei.ts before, now lay dead, the
ftther and son in a bw feet of each other-and
ymung McCollum evidently dying near by, all
from drinking a sintile glass f -whiskey
Imnmediately succeding the tragic event, no
h ,dr nppear dto suspect. f,ul play, but all won
d-red how 4o much dead'y poison could have
bien imbibed from so small a I(uanitity of what
is now generally tcrmied " str"yehnine whiskey,"
The question was discussed variously und ear
nestly, in numerous excited groups about the
Public Square, tfor several hours, when, as a inat
ter of course, a f-rmial investigation of the facts
-md circumstaices by a Corouers Inguest, was
uggestedl. Some deeimed sneh an investigation
unnecessiarv, and, satisfied that the whole affair
was purely aceiduital, were willing to dispense
with the usual f'ornalities observed when death
occurs thus suddenly. Others insisted upon the
propriety and necessity of an Inquest, and the
Coroner was accordingly sent for.
Just before sun set, a full and very intelligent
Jury was summoned, and being duly sworn, pro
.ceeded with the investigation, in view of the
dead bodies of the Messrs. Graham.
The Inquest collected from various sources
facts and circumstances, that led them to unite
in a verdict that required the Coroner forthwith
to issue a warrant for the arrest of John C. Ter
rell, allout 11 o'clock that night, and the Sheriff
iiniediate'y conititted him to the Jail, to await
his trial for murder at the ensuing term of our
Court, which is to sit here week after next.
The following day, in consequence of McCol
him's death, which occurred ab->ut an hour after
the first Inquest ended, another Jury duly sum
monel by the Coroner assembled, and in view
of the dead body, made still farthier iinvestiga
ti ins, and agreed upotm a similar verdict t- those
rendered the night before.
The Charleston Me-rcuriy gives the following
circumstances of the posnig
Mr. Terrel hiad procured a large stock of
goods by the fnl.ee endorsement of the names of
his gramihfa'ter un-I uncle upon hais pper. Thle
paper had been sent from a bank in tis city to
their agent in Bennettsville, who had eommuini
e itedh with Mr. Granham, senior-, upon the subject.
Mr. Grah~am denied all knowledge of the paper,
and visited his gi-andson, in company with his
son, for the purpose of remonstrating with him.
What transpiren at that meeting is not fully
known. But it does not appear that any alter
cation ensued. AasMessrs. Graham were about
leaving, Mr. Terrel directed his clerk, Mr, Mc,
Collum to go to a certain shelf in the store and
bring a bottle of excellent whiskey. This was
done, and Messrs. Graham partook of it, and
sooni died, as our correspondent relates. The
ek, Mr. M.cC.>llm took a private drink as
le returned the beottle to its shelf, anid thus fell
a victim. Mr. Terre denies all knowledge of
the poi.son, and avers that he never in his life
purchased tany. But, unfortunately, for the
truth of this statement, the books of an apothe
arv in Bennettsville show a charge aga'nst him
for'stry-chnine and arsenic, furnished six months
Drs. W. J1. Dav-il tnd TP. Jennings, of Ben
nettville, v~lho condniete!d the pasl mortern exani
nation, have brought the stomachs of the de
eased, the bottle ot' whisky, anid a package of
supieted poison to this city,. for the purpose of
analysis. Urs. D~avid and Jennings are at the
Rosurer os Lotris Nai'ormo.-In a recent
speech to his constituents, Mr. Rloehuck used
the following language regarding Englaud's
Emiland will find that she cannot touch pitch
withouat being defiled. One alliances ought to
be with freedom everywvhere. [Cheers.] A des
pohowever lie may have gained his power,
ought to be to us a despot still. [[[ear, hear.]
With France as a people, let tis be in alliance.
She is a gallant and great nation, and has been a
ligt t o manikind as we have been; but 8he has not
st ain examiphe of good governmenit. We have
seen constitutional go vermnment in France trod
den out by the hard heel of an uniblushing des
pt. Coiistituitioni-' governimnt has been lput
down. Englanxd hias been insulted, and every
po~ssible attempt has been made by that despot
to ally himself with the polvers of Europe, ty
ranical as they are. D~epend upon it, the pre
tence now made of aiding and assisting Italy,
is a mere pretence to march down his pr3etoriani
hordes on thaut great country. IIe will erect in
the place of the eagle of Austria, the eagle of
France. I have no faith in a mian who has perjury
on his lips. |Cheersi I recollect, when at Cher
bourg, seeing thme Eumpetror of the French visit
the Quoen of England, it was a great s'ght.
Evrythinmg was there to excite and rouse tho
buoyanit spirits of meni. I saw that matn mount
the steps which led to our noble Queen's vessel;
and when I saw his p'erjured lips upon her hal
lowed cheek, my blood rushed to my heart, to
think of that holy and good creature being de
filed by the lips of a perjured despot. [Loud
cheers and huzzas.]
We have beea informed that the body of the
unfortunate fireman, Mr. Wilson, who lost his
life by the late railroad accident at Bush river,
was found yesterday, within a few feet of where
the body of Mr. Poor was found the day before.
We are pleased to learn that the work of repair
ing the road is going on rapidly, and that the
trains will pass over in a few days.-Columbia
(S. C.) Guardian, March 3.
.LooK Oc-r !-Counterfeit $20 bills (re4 back)
othe Bank of Hamburg, S. C., are in circula
tion. WVe saw one at the Banuk here yesterday.
It will deceive nine personis out of ten. The
railroatd arch on the counterfeit is bold-otn thme
geuine not som. Thme counterfeit is not so bright
ii appeairance as the genine, but its whole is
ood, very. The plates amid lettering oni the
enine ball cani be seen amid read on the back,
while they do niot show through on the counter
feit unless you hold them up to the light. The
signatures are almost perfect. It is a very damn
gerous fraud to the careless.-Hfutacsille (Ala.)
A SnKooTING APFAnR.-The Baton Rouge Ad
vocate gives the following account of an affair
which recently occurred at Jackson, Louisiana.
One of the Professors of the College, Mr. Wiley,
having married i, Mrs. Magruder, whose resi
den'ee is niot far from the Classic Halls of Cen-.
tenary, the students resolved to) charicai the
happy couple. A knowledge of their intemtions
bavimg b cen obtained by thie Pro)fessor, the younig
getlemten wer-e cautioned against carryimg out
their de..,gns, as they were told it would not be
tolerated, JRejecting the counils of the Profes
sor, a marty of sendets mad4e their appear-anlc
in front of the residence of the bride, when the
discordant music of kettles and cow hours aroused
the inmates, who fired a few blank cartridges
upon the musicians, in order to frighten them
away. The students returned to the College,
arm'ed themselves with pistols, retraced their
steps, and fired several times at the house with
balls. The inmates (who they were we know not)
returned 'the compliment with .nall shot, wound
ing several of the students in the face. None of
the wounded are considered at all dangerous.
ARTHUR SlMXINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9, 1859.
lI'ar in mnid that the ladies of the Methodist Church
givo one of their delightful Suppers this (Tuesday)
evening. They afford a fine repastal treat at a moder
a'e charge. Their object being so good a one, let
every body attend. Go to the Odd Fellow? Hall this
evening in flocks.
.... .. . . .e . - .
A& 1 "Sripio's" article for the current week is
M. "CnAnr V" will appear next week.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
The Spring Term for this District opened on Mon
day last, his 1ionor, Jso. LELTON O'NEA.,LL, Chief Jus
tiee, presiding. It affords every one pleasure to find
the venerable Judge still capable of discharging the
onerous duties of his position with much of his wonted
energy. M:,y his health and strength be spared him
yet many years! Mr. Solicitor Owr'ss is at his post,
in prime condition for a week of labor. Our bar in
full feather, with Senator CAnROLL in the lead while
'thers are pressing up to his high mark of excellence.
The criminal docket is full, and will probably occupy
the entire fir.st week. Thus far, the turn-out of citizens
has .e=n respectable in spoiteof bad weatherand worse
ANOTHERI GOLD MINE.
Cot. Jou QUATL1.1un exhibits some very capti
vating specimens of gold-bearing rock taken from a
vein heohas recently dibcovered on Sleepy Creek in
this district. The vein is one of high promise so far
as te.ted. The Colonel estimates that the earth in
its immediate proximity will pan out at the rato of
$20 per Jics, to the hand, unless present appearances
are very illusory. We wish him an abundant golden
harvest. M:iy it be another streak of Porn good
BIGGEST RAIN OF TIlE SEASON.
Sundy night last and Monday following brought us
the most inundatory showers of the season. Many
hope it was the breaking-up demonstration of the
prolonged wet spell of winter.
Soi.oxoN ELLsnMERo, of this district, committed
suicide in the neighborhood of Mountain Creek Church
some ten d:ays ago. le hung himnself with a rope at.
tached to the liumb of an oak tree that stands near the
road leading from GEonG: OuzTs's to WILLIAX
LAxn's, and was found dead soon after the deed by
Major WILLAMS of that vicinity. le was nearly
seventy years old and had labored fur a good while
under some aberration of mind; had declared to one
of thme witnenses examined oni the inqiuisitlon that lhe
intenided to end his life as lhe did. The jury rendered
a verdict in aucrdanee.with these facts.
StOUTri CARtOLINA COLLEGE.
A catalogue of thme Cullege is before us, kindly fur
nished by our young friend T. L. W. The list shows
3 ltesident Graduate.', 40 Seniors, 32 Juniors, 55
Sophu, anid Ml Freshmen,--total 181. This looks
flourishing. From Edgefield, we find Jons BeAuron?
WA.Aes in the Senior Class, TuoxMis LAMAn WAnD
L Aw in the Junior, Joats M. BeI.L. in the Sophomore,
EawAa Jer'LIA Bertia in the Freshman Clas,-on
ly one representative in each class, but all of them
fne fellows, and who will, we doubt not, reflect honor
npon their district.
Teacbers preparing young -men for the College
wont'? do well to notiuos timnonition which we ex
tract anal aippend:
"The faculty have resolved that, except In very
peculiar and cxtrauor'Iinary cases, no youang nan shall
hereafter be examianed for ainy class who has not both
read and caretfully recieweed anlI that Is required for
auission. When the certilenate of lais teacher does
not distinmetly state this fact, the applicant will he
asked whether or not he tas done so, and in all cases
in which a negative answer is given, an examination
shall be refused to the candidate. Ilereafter appli
cants may expaet to be thaoroughly examained in Ar
nold's Latin Prose Cuampositiaon, annd teachers are re
quested to pay special attentlona to this regnisition.
A thoirough kniowledge of Arithmectic being essential
to sn""ess in allt thae classes of the College, applicants
mpist be prepared for a full and searching examination
in this sdy.
TIJE GEORGIlA 14tD5AD10 00LI4EgE,
Thae follwing gentlcemen froma this litatu gradlualtd
at the Medical College of Georgia lust week, and re
ceived their diplomas as regular M. D's:
D. W. Patton, 1B. Rt. Ildreth,
N. S. Mc'Cunts, M. M. Pitti,
P. 0. Sullivan, A. M. Settle,
L. A. Purris, J. H. Gover.
WV. E. Link.
The Cowrsitationlist, in allud'ng to the Commnene
meniat exercises, says:
" It may not be altogether inappropriate here to
emark tthat the Georgia Medical College is in a flour.
isinag cundition. It could no; welt be othmerwise; for
having stood the test of tIme, its reputation is now
fully evtaublishaed. With a faculty fuully gqialifted (anr
the higha and resp'onsibhu positinas which they hold;
and with essenstial facilities f'.r thes attentir'e studenat
to lrilsecute hais lihors in the stumily of his p~rafession,
its course us anid will lie onward and upwardl.
The numnber of' students in attendane upun the
course oif lectures which have just' clnsed, was olae
hundred ail fitty ; ot whoan ninety-seven were from
Georgia ; twoenty-one from Atabanma; tweanty-slx from
South Carolina: two f'rnm Florida; one from Tennes
see ; one from North Carolina; one from Texas; and
one from Mississippi."
OLD AUNT LIZZIE.
The oldest individual in alt these parts, is a negro
known as "O1.t, Auxv Lazzin'," the property of the
late Mrs. Gn at , of this village. Ausv LiazisE is thought
to be nearly oine hundred and twentyyears old. She
was a woman d f some years at the time of the fall of
Charleston during the Revolutionary War. She often
tolls of having boon then pressedi into (110 soryico
among nmany other negroes employed In throwIng up
breast-works, digging ditches, &c. She had then been
imported several years, and had been the mother of
twoe or three children before she left Africa. She now
walks occasionally from the ptace at which she taber
nacles to this village, a distance of nearly two miles,
and back in the same day. She Is stilt cheerful and
hatty. Shall not Old Aunt Linile bear off the palm
of longevity ?
TIlE CHARLESTON PAPERS.
We endorse the folLowing from our neighbor of thme
A midst the general dillfusion of news, the strife of
parties, the rage of politics, the indications of war,
the display of atdvertisemeuats, the publication of mar.
riages, of prospectuses of papers, &e., we would call
the attention of our readers to the Charleston papers
-the Mercury, the Evening News and the Courier
three excellent Journats, ably conducted, and which
desrvo the support of the State at large. Of their
poalitial creed, though there Is a differene in some
respect.', yet their policy is the union of the Southern
States in taauntaning their rights. They furnish
rprts of thu umarkets aand mnarinae, made up with
mnuh care, give the latest intelligence, have able and
complished corresponudents In various piartions of
the world, furnish literary notices frome lbs pens of
gentlemen who are accomplished scholarsg together
with everythaing else that is necessary to make good
Journals. The Evening News, by the by-also con
tains interesting stories and tales, which renders It a
pleasant and an agreeable fireside companion. These
papers published at our seaport, the centre of South
Carolina commerce, should be in the house of every
family and on the counter of every merchant, and we
believe, should supersede the thousand and one trashy
Northern Journals, that are now so liberally suppor
ted by Southerners, filled with hobgoblin, bloody
tales, murders amnd robberies, that exercise a corrup
ting influene on the minds of all who -read them.
There is nothing Impure,. iminoral, obscene, in the
Charleston Journals; but matter of a pure, whole
some charapter, that can npt but leave an impress of
gWr We are Ii4ebtedl to Soe phsR fo Cn
From the Texas Almanao for 1859 we cull a few
items that may not prove uninteresting to the general
reader,-cortainly not to those who are looking Texas
1. A brief artiele in the a is devoted to tlit
subject of the Indian Rose e in Texas. It will be
remembored that the State of Texas, by act of the
Legislature, set apart twelve leagues (55 728 acres) of
land upon which the Texa" ndians were to he settled
by the General Governme t, said precinct to be re
served to the United States for the use and benefit of
the Texas Indians exclusively. The Brazos Reserve
now contains about oleven-.handred souls, conbisling
of Caddoes, Waeoes, Anabdapoes and others. Six
hundred acres of land ar4in successful cultivation,
the crops being wheat anj corn. The Indians are
reported as having mado-.'stonishing progress In
civilization. A Aourishi school is in existence
amongst them, with incr ing prospects.-Tbe Co
manche Reserve contains at four hundred souls;
but the Couanches have +t progressed as have the
Indiana on the Brazos Reserve. They are however
By the way we observe, in a lato number of the
Galveston News, a statement which rajher neutralizes
this favorable account of "the Reserves. A writer
speaks of them as nuisances, and advocates the abo
lishment of them. Lately. it appears some of thote
Indians have been out among the white settlements
drinking and brawling. One or two murders have
been committed by them, and the neighboring com
munities were highly Incensed and would call for
Legislative action in the matter. Why not send them
further West at onceo? The Red man cannot abide in
such close juxta-position #th the White man.
2. Mr. Jo91 W. Ioassox contributes to the Alma.
nao the following singular account of the capture of
SAITA AssA after the battle of San Jacinto. We say
singular, because it differs from the usually received
version of the story. Still, the editor of the Almanac
does not deny its probability. Says the writer:
" On the morning of the 22d, the day after the bat
tIO, a party was detailed and sent out under command
of Gen. Burleson. This party proceeded in the di
rection of the bridge on Vince's Bayou. Our object
was to pick up any Mexicans we could find who tled
fruin the battle the evening before, and particularly
to search for Santa Anna d os. When we reached
the Bayou, we divided into sqads of five or six per.
sons in each, and went jb different diroetions. The
party I was with consisted of six, all privates, so far
as I know. Their names are as follows: Miles, Syl
vester, Thompson, Vermilion, another whose name I
do not recollect, and myself. From the bridge we
started down the Bayou.: After traveling about two
mile., we saw a man standing on the bank of a ravine,
some five or six hundred yards from us. He, no
doubt, saw us first, for when we started towirds him,
he sat down on a high place, and waited till we came
up. It proved to be Santa Anna. I was the only
Qge of the party that spoke the Megican language. I
asked him if be knew where Santa Anna and Cos
were. le said he thought they had gone to the Bra
zos. I aeked him if he know of any other Mexicans
that had made their escape from the battle. He said
he thought there were some up the ravine in a thicket.
I told him we would take him to the American
Camp. He was very willing to go, but complained of
beibg very tired. I aske'd if he was an officer. No,
he said he belonged to the cavalry, and was not ac
customed to being on foot-arthat be was run very close
by our cavalry the day before, and was compelled to
leave his horse. When we started with him, one of
our party dismounted and went up the ravine to look
for the Mexicans spoken of by Santa Anna, and Santa
Anna rods his horse some two miles up the road.
The man that wentlop the ravine finding no Mexicans,
then came up and told Santa Anna to dismount. He
refused to do it, and the man then leveled his gun at
him, when he dismounted and asked me how far it
was to camp. I told him eight or nine miles. He
said he could not walk so far. The young man then
wanted to kill hits, and I told him so. Hie then said
he would try and walk, hut would have togo slow; and
so we asarted for camp, and the man got behind him
and would prick him in the hack with his spear, and
matke him trot for some two or three miles. Santa
Anna thou stepped, and appealing to me, said if we
wanted to kill him, to do so, but he could not walk any
farther. I then took him up behind me, and carried
hm to cami., some tivo~r six miles furthter. After he
got up behind, we entered into a general conversation.
le asked me if Glen, Houston commanded in
person at the battle; jiow many we killed, and
how many prisoners ~e had takent, and when
they would be :.hot.r told him I did not think|
they would be shot-that I had never known Ameri
ans to kill prisoners of war, lie said the Amerieos
were a brave and generous people, and asked me what
I thought would be done with the prisoners. I told
him I didgn~kow, 14that the. Ameripcans would
like the younger ones or- servants. Hie said that'
would be very kind. lie asked me bow many were
in our army at the battle. I said some six or seven
hundred. HJe said he thought I was mistaken-that
thre must he more. I said, no, and that two hundred
Americans could whip the whole Mexican Army.
"Yes, said he, the Americans are soldiers." I asked
him if he was not sorry he had come to fight the
Americans. Yes, he said, but be belonged to the
army, and was compelled to obey his ofileers. I asked
him, if he was back In Mexico, if lhe would come to
Texas any more, lie said no, he would desert first.
This brought us to campa; when the Mexicans imme
diately announced his name. lie asked to be taken
to Gen. Houston, and was then taken to him."
2. Among the new counties, we find one bearing
the namne of McCuLtocII, so called in honor of Major
Bas. MCCULLOCII, who was a Texas Ranger of high
prowess, and who is now so favorably known as a
gentlgian in tl~js State, and indeed throughmolt the
4. Mr. RexnnAt.L continues to report favorably upon
his extensive experiments In Sheep raising. Our
editor remarks that another year's success will incon
testibly prove the fact, that no better sheep range ex
i'ts in the wide world than-can be found in the moun
tains of Comel, Bilanco, Hays, Gillespie, Kerr and
5. Among the statisties .of Texas, the curious entry
is made, of the money Lenders in the State, the num
ber of whom is put down at 2638; and the total of
their loans is estimated to be $2,745,493.
6. The Episcopal Churecq has now In Texas twenty
three organized parishes in union with the convention,
and some twelve church edifices. At the last conven
tion there were reported .twelve clergymen in the
Diocese, Etrox and U nLLTzm were the pioneers of
Episcopacy in Texas.
7. A brief accountof the U. S. Mail Service between
Texas and tbe Pacific Coast, will be read with inter
"In the month of June, 1857, the Post Office De
partment awarded the contract, on the above route,
(the route between San Antonio and San Diego) to
James E. Birch, of California, at a compensation of 1
$14J,u00 per year for semi-monthly trips in four horse
coaches. On the 9th of August following, the service
was commenced-the schedule time allowred for run
nig through being fixed at -thirty days. And, not
withstanding the great distance, anad moady over aj
trra incognsita, the tripm were made succesiully from
the first; and up to the 9th of August, j858, acing one
y'ear, not a single failure lla4 opettrre4 lit ofinte
a thing unegampled on any mtail route of any consid
erable length. Though thirty days are allowed with
in which to make the trip, it is seldom the mail is out
twenty-ftvc days-the average time being abouttwenty-.
"Mr. James E. Birch being lost on the ill-fated
Central America, in the Fall of 1857, the centract
passed into the bends of Mr. Geo. H. Giddings, of
San Antonio,.,Toxas, and Mr. IR. E. Doyle, <f San
Diego, California, by whom It has been eobrical outI
with great energy and success.
The mall leaves San Antonio and Sain Dieg., re
spectively, on the 9th and 24th of every month, at
o'clock in the morning, in fine, new, square-budled I
coaches, drawn by five mules-two at the wheels, and'
three abreast in the lead. This arrangement oh the a
team Is found to work exceedingly well, as, thus ar- I
ranged, one driver can command the whole, whie a
six mule team would require two drivers. The aser-t
age speed made over the Anee natural roads of the -a
West, is six miles per hour. The number of pasam-..
gers on this line varies, but hardly ever a trip is male c
without one or more. The price of a thlrough passage
is two hundred dollars-all expenses being borne by
the proprietors of the line. Respecting the acconmm.
datons, thtey are as good as circumstances will admit
the stages being so arranged that passengers can re.
edine in theta comfortably, and take their sleep' while.
traveling. The provisions are the best that the na- I
ture of so long ai, trip will allow. The character of the
country is that of a high, dry, and eminently healthy e
one, and a trip across our Centinent could hardly fail
to prove benefielal to the health of the traveler. I
"The Comnpany employ, In carrying out their een
tract, sixty-five men, fifty coaches, and four hundred0
nule. The offeers of the Company are: Mr. J. C.
Woods, Superintendent; Mr. 0. I. Gliddings, Agent,
San Antonio; M. B. Biramihall, jr., Agent, pro temn.,
San Antonio; Mr. T. S. Rogers, Agent, Fort Clark;
Mr. E. ilall, Agent, El Paso; Mr. It. E. Doyle, Agent,t
" The San Antonio and San Diego Mall Route Is,
without doubt, the meat practicable overland route to
our Pacific possessions, and, in this view, possesses a
national importance. That it will be extensively
used for travel and emigration, at an early day, we
have no doubt, while its chances of becoming the
route for the great Pacific Railroad, are believed to he
better than any route known to the country."
. Mr. Svzarne T. SisAwar.reports the successful
...lt... or a Isl.a Cnkou.. is..l.... Ho.. =~ P.
3xz, and others, not only on the island# of the coast
mt also on the mainland of Texas. The plant, he
isserts, attains a height of from four to six feet, and
aranches well. The limbs are long, slender, short
ointed, and full of small, long, sharp bolls, of a glit
ering green color. The yield per acre is from two
mundred and fiffy to three hundred pounds of ginned
otton, and the quatity commands between 30 and 40
mnts per pound. Mr. SAWELL estimates that there
re at least one hundred and fifty thousand acres of
and adapted to this growth, extending from Galres
on Bay to the Rio Grunde.
9. There are Salt Springs in various parts of Texas,
Lnd HAnDMAN & Co., of Burnett County, are succeed.
ng well in the manufacture of salt from them. Others
ire turning their attention to the business. Immense
mpplies of salt are yet to be developed in the lagoon,
hat lie around Corpus Christi.
10. By an act of the Texas Legislature at its last ses.
lion, the following expedientis adopted for therecovery
)f fugitive slaves who escape beyond the limits of
The law gives one-third of the value of the slave
hat has been brought back from beyond the slave
territory of the United States, to the person by whom
be is brought back. Such person may either deliver
the slave to the owner, who shall pay him the third of
his value; or if the owner is unknown, or in case he
prefers to do so, ho may deliver the slave to the
Sheriff of Travis county, and the third of his value
shall be paid him from the State Treasury, the negro
being appraised for that purpose, the money to be re
funded to the Treasury by the owner when he proves
his property. But should no one prove the ownership
in three months, then the negro Is to be sold at ane
tion, and the Treasury shall be re-imbursed from the
proceeds of sale, and the residue shall be kept subject
to the claim of the owner when found.
The Knickerbocker fur the present month has a va
riety of good things spread out over the editor's table.
Among them are the four or five we hero subjoin:
1. " The customers of a certain cooper in a town
out west," caused him a vast deal of vexation, by
their "saving" habits and persistence in getting aill
their old tubs and casks repaired, and bug*ng but
little new work. "I stood it, Iowever," said he,
"until one day old Sam Crabtree brought in an old
"Bung-)Iole" to which he said he wanted a new bar
rel wade. Then I quit the business in disgust!"
2. A young clergyman came on board in great dis
tress: he had been robbed-wallet, money, papers,
all gone: and he was " a stranger in a strango land."
He must go on; but howv, he knew not. Providental.
ly, almost the first man he met in the "caboose" was
an old acquaintance, a drover from the West, who
was passing down with a lot of cattle. His disaster
was soon explained, and he seemed much relieved by
finding one who could substantiate his story, in part
at least. By-and-by the conductor caino around: but
w'th a wav of the hand, and an " All right," declined
even to hear the story of the minister. And the
minister in turn appealed to the drover for an expla
nation. " Why," said "old Ohio," " this is it: you
see, I am entitled to carry so much "fretyAr," and
being short of my complement, I jest told the con
ductor he might " ount you in," as so much of my
stock !" " Well, well" said "his reverence," "I really
feel tranasported by the arrangement !"
3. Perhaps many of our readers may remember a
sketch, unmistakably from the pen of Dickens, in
Honniehold Worde, describing an inebriated young
man, "overcome with last night," who came before
the polico-department as a "complainant" for the
loss of a watch. "Where do you live, Sir ?" askei
the efficial. " Lamber."... " Oh! you live in Lam
both ?" "Ye-e-s-Lamber.".., "What is your pro
fession?" "Wha'-wa's'fesslon?" "Yes, whatis
your business?" "Solitrer." "Solicitor; ay: and
you've lost your watch, you say?' "N-o-o; 'tznot
mywar'-'tu'afrenzomi.' "Ah: it's not yourwatch, but
a friend o' yours? Very well: you come here to
morrow morning, at ten o'clock, and we'll have your
friend's repeater or you." (It had already been
found, hut he was not in a proper state to receive it.)
" T'morrcrmornin' ?" "Yea', to-morrow morning, at
ten o'clock." " Wha'-whu'--wha' is it o'clock noec 7--is
it to-morrowmnornin' or yes-s-terdamornin'?" He
was told that it was "this morning," and was bowed
out with: " There, go away now :'' and he sig-zagged
from the premises.
4. On board the steamboat " Belfast," bound from
Memphis to New Orleans, the captain was compelled
by one of those dense fogs, that sometimes happen
there, to stop and "tie up" at a wood-yard. In the
course of the evening the fog gave signs of clearing
off, and from the upper or hurricane deck the stars
were plainly visible. An impatient passenger forth.
with sought the pilot, who was in the saloon in the
quiet enjoyment of a game of euchre. "I say'," M4r.
Pilot, "ain't you going to art pretty soon 1" nYes,
a. soon as the fog clears up," Well Its star-light now
over-head. "Oh ! yes, but you see we are not goIng
tat wcay." Light presently dawned upon the mind
of the befoggjed inquirer.
5. One more only, of the mandlin kind. HIanny G
at least will agree with us that it is rather too rich to
he left out. Says one of Knick's correspondents:
I was sitting in my slippers the other night, before
a good sea-coal fire, (none of your hard, sulphurous
anthracite,) reading the "Naratire-History of the
Kniekerhocker ;" and when I caine to your remarks
upon poor Charles Hloffm~an, and ran over that verse
of " Hparkling anid Biright," which you have quoted,
a little occurrence came to tue stud enly, out of one
of the cells of AMeinery, which I do u'L suppose I
have thught of for seventeen yours. This was it:
tere were fuur young men of us--you know them
ill but one, at this moment-who were partaking of
me of Bunker's beautif'ul, quiet, recherche dinners,
it the blesse'l old Mdansin-.llouse in Broadway, on
NewYear's Eve. The riands were of the best; the
sines, which were of the fnest vintages, cheered but
lid not inebriate, and were " discussed without fuss
>r pretence, or want, or' waste." H--, one of our
ittle party, in a clear, ringing voice, sang " Spark
ing andI Bright," as, with goblets in hand, we await
sd the toast with which he was to conclude. It was
;ivea, honored, and our glasses set down; when a
lapping of hands was heard in an adjoining apart
ent, and presently a faint, timid rap "spiritualhzed"
it our door. It was opened: and there entered a
roung gentleman, hat In hand, and evidently in the
tate In which Wallack reprpeopts " Diok .Ilashall" to
,, when he shows the l'ul4 woman" the "min-min
athure." Looking apparently at some dozen more
;uests than were present, he said : " Gen'lemen, 'cx
use me. 'if you please : I heard that ex-guis-ite song,
,ea.ew-tflly sung: and I wish pus-pias-sonally, to
ank you, on behalf of mny-my.self and friend in
ex' room: 'S'be-eae-tiful sentiment :
" Like the swubbles that him
On the beaker's swim,
And bake on the ribs while eating !"
"QGen'leinen, do n't lot me intrude : I only wanted
o say, I thank you, gon'lemen: sincerely thank you,
i behalf of my-my-self and friend in nex' room.
ood evenin', gentlemen !-and the grateful fellow
ewed himself out."
Our friend adds, that " the young gentleman was
ubequently so extremely m',rtified at the ridiculous
xhibitlon which he had made of himself, that from
hat time forth ho was never known, even by his must
timate friend*, to be overcome Iiy wing,"
The K~nickerbooker XJthtly Jiagaune Is one of
he very heat literary journals in a' the land, and its
ontributors too are nearly always classic and truth
ul. But we must demur to a small portion of an ar
ideo in the March number, on " Street Songs." That
ortion runs thus:
Only one other of the street-songs claims our atten
on, because it is stated to be the production of " the
ighly popular author," so-and-so, whom we never
ad the pleasure of hearing of before. It is called
Gentle Annie," and it is farther stated, that " the
mu of this beautiful song can be had of Messrs.
o-and-so, In Broadway." This chaunt, If it Is
'beautiful," which we very much doubt, is frightfully
antimental. It opens with a painful regret, which
a only explained in the penultimate verse, where
re learn that the gentle Annie in question is in her
ob! The introductory stanza apostrophizes the
potheosis of the gentle Annie with the following
ailing mixture of affectionate agony and gratuitous
" Thou wilt come no more, gentle Annie;
Like a flower thy spirit did depart:
Thou art gone, alas ! like the many
That have bloomed in the summer of my heart."
Oh ! the rogue ! The man who could suffer so many
entle Annics in general to, bloom in his heart, and
'ho does not scruple to confess the fact to the shade
f the gentle Annile in particular, deserves to have
om all go from hinm. Indeed, who shall say if a
nowldge of the gentleman's depravity, prior to her
osthumous acquaintance with it through his own
nfesion, might not have led to the departure of
er spirit like the flower ? The chorus, too, is faulty.
Sis all vary well, at the end of the first verse, when
se real cause of the gentleman's grief has net been
eclared, for his friends, tho tenor and baus and alto,
a ask :
" Shall we never more behold thee,
Never hear thy winning voice again ?"
But after the young lady's tomb has been men
oned, the question above quoted is a piece of evi
it supererogation which calls the gentleman's ye
esty into question, or hints at a sham funeral.
i !" says he:
" Ah !_the hours grow sad while I ponder :"
rhiah we have not the smallest doubt of; and, it is
earl to think what a phuderous song we should
...ekad If be had 1ondered much lonarr.
What we venture to say of this criticism is, that Its
writer has overdone his subject and perpetrated fool
wrong to a very sweet little song. It is difficult to,
arrive at the purpose of his far-fetched distortions of
very plain thoughts and words, unless It was to 'COMO
around' to the ponderous pun which terminates his
Stand your ground, "Gentle Annie," against all
such hypercritical sneerers! How could the good
Mr. 'Knick' allow you to be thus .rudely assailedes.
his very premises ?-But accidents will happen in the
best regulated families.
Despite the. teahings'of that Divine Religion which
has brought life and immortality to light, there is yet
a proneness among men to doubt the realisation of an
immortal nature in themselves. It is indeed the great
mystery of man's existence, at which Philosophy stag
gers if unaided by Revelation. But even to the natural
mind, there are Irresistible arguments to prove the
immortality of the soul. Of these, we do not rmeom
ber to have seen the argumentum ad homisnem MOe
forcibly stated than in the sujoined brief but beautiful
"IxrosSaIBL! Am I tQ be told that the orations of
DEMOSTUENIS, the philosophy of Nzwvox, the pictures
of RAIrAIAL, the poetry of MILToN, are nothing Wore
than conceptionsof brute matter? Am I tbe toldthat
all this pssion and thought which animate my frame;
these deep transports of hope and fear, and joy and
sorrow, and hatred anddespair; these lofty aspirations
and vast desiree-these dreams of the long-gone Put
and Uhe distanifuture; thesewanderings of imaginaton
through the abysses of infinitude, are all produced by
the vibration of a few Abres of brain underneath t
skull? Am I to believe that pure Affection, and in
corruptible Honor, and heroic Courage, and fervest
Piety, and transcendent Goulus, have given to them
only a momentary existence, and then to sink into the
same grave with the frame which they informed with
their fire, and to dissolve into the same dust? Do we
not feel, in the Lova which fills our bosoms, a 0on
sciousness of a divine effluence, which will survive
every thing lIss durable than heaven and eternity?
Who that had a heart, ever doubted that he had a
And then comes that other grand mystery, the
future home of the soul-what, and where is it to be?
Even to the Christian the conception of that homie is
necessarily dim and undefined. The glimpses 'omeb
safed to Joni on the Isle of Patmos, make up no snoh
description as man can realize. The Evangelists and
Apostles were not inspired to instruct mankind al to
the locality and circumstances of this future hoes;
and the reason, doubtlest, was because its brightsess
and glory were inconceivable by man in his presnt
existence. An eminent Divine thus strikingly ilhis
trates the impossibility of realizing this change with
our present limited understandings:
" Ir a child had been born, and spent all of hialife
in the Mammoth Cave, how impossible would it be for
him to comprehend the upper world! Parents might
tell him of its life, and light, and beauty, and its sounds
of joy; they might heap up the sand into mounds, and
try to show him, by stalactites, how grass, and fowers,
and trees grow out of the ground; till at length, with
laborious thinking, the child would fancy he had gain
ed a true idea or the unknown land. And yet, thegh
he longed to behold it, when the day came that he *a
to go forth, it would be with regret for the familiar
crystals and rock-hewn rooms, and the quiet that
reigned therein. But when he came up, some.May
morning, with ten thousand birds singing in the trees,
and the heavens, bright and blue, and full of sun-light,
and the wind blowing softly through the young leaves,
all a-glitter with dew, and the landscape stretshlng
away green and beautiful to the horison, with dWat
rapture would he guse about him, and see howpoor
were all the fancyings and the interpretations which
were made within the cave, of the things which gtew
and lived without: and how he would wonder that he
could ever have regretted to leave the silence and
dreary darkness of his old abode I So, whm -we
emerge from this cave of earth into that land where
spring-growths arc, and where is eternal summer,
how shall we wonder that we could have cluing so
fondly to this dark and barren life!".
From an old plat of a part of the town of Edgseleld,
we discover that main street was originally dubbed
JJeer.on; the street cressing Main and leading off
opposite the Episcopal Church, BDaldsin; and the
one crossing above Dr. E. J. Mixs's residence, kadi
To think, moreover, that the present loblolly road
through Bluncomabe used to be styled the ApplaiWay
of Edgefield !-Ehu!
DE3IAGGUR a n mrnanGmet -
Our reply to the young gentlemen who haveeca
sulted us by letter as to the proper definition of these
two words, is this: A Jhenangegue is understoodbt he
a leader of the people,--some would say, of the rab
ble. The term Is derived from the two Greek words
demos (the populace) and ago (to lead;) and we re
memiber that Mr. CaLDnOUx used to have a way of go
ing a little further hack and deriving denmos from
dainion,, the devil. But we think there is often mmeh
more of old Satan's nature in the leader than in the
populace. So much Indeed baa there been of a mis.
cliievous tendency in these popular leaders, that the
term demagogue is now generally understood toasavor
more of wrong than of right,-more of pandesing-to
the popular voice thans of directing its enthusiaem for
goid. We hope we make ourself understood.
In regard to the other word embraced in your query,
we cannot do better than copy what Dr. Liua says
of it in his Anmericana Encyclopedia : " Pedagogue
with the Rlomans and Greeks, a slave who carried
the childlren of his master to school. Since slaves sad
freedmen .often made attainments in science, they
were frequenitly used as tutors; and the Greek irord
pedeagogue thus came, at a later period, to signify a
teacher of children. In English the idea of pedantry
is generally connected with it; but the Germans use
the word for any wan who studies and preecf ees
scientiiall3 the education of the young."
W' The commnunication of "Beech Island" has
ben unaccountab~ly delayed on the road, or it'should
have appeared hefore.
per-.12 bales of Cotton were sold last week at
pa Piccolomini replied to a serenade at Troy.--..
" Shentlemen, I am veer moeh obligee for dis em
plements. I am very poor speak Anglish, ant I feels
p~r The Savannah Republcana, of the 28th inst.,
says a countryman, having disposed of his predge
in that city, was returning home, when his horse was
scared by a locomotive, aud the countryman jumaged
off, when the wheel passed over his hand, eutting it,
and otherwise inflicting severe injuries on it.
pg- If you would have a sweet and pleasanteeho,
you must speak sweetly and pleasantly yourself..
This maxim is especially commendel to parents and
gg The Charleston Eceniung Netse, says: The
spring trade is opening in our city ofi a large scale
awl with much animation. The wholesale jobbqrs
are well supplied and hard at work.
g" The Constiturionaali'st has adopted the cash
systemn, and says It works well. And, speaking, f
the Consrituitionalist, we but reiterate the- opinien'r
mnany of our readers, that It is one of the mostvalua
ble and ably conducted papers in the whole country.
Any one wanting a reliable city psper can not'And a
better one than the Consrirtstonalist.
GusOn thousand bales of Cotton, ten theassed
ags of linseed, and three hundred and fifty bale ef
gunny bagging were destroyed by fire in Boston on
he night of the 28th. The loss Is estimated~ at
pa- Brigadier G'eneral W. W. Perryman, et-the.
1st Brigade of Cavalry, comprising the District. of
Greenville, Pickens, Anderson and Abbevll% has
esigned his comnmission. Col. Pickenas s ating
porarily in his place. An election has beenfordered.
to take place on the 30th April next.
g" By a resent letter from La Rochelle, Prance,
he State Department learns that the yield of ths
grape has been more abundant than drinkable,.ata.
oopers were employed night and day, hut being'
uable to supply the demand for casks, the wine had
o be converted into brandy.
pL- Hearingsa physician remark, that a small blow
ould break the nose, our Daniel exclaimed, ' eig
[ dunno .'bout that. I've blowed my nose a
any times, and I've never broke it yet."
p'- DirIDND.--We learn from the Yorkville ~
ruirer that the King's Mountain Railroad has
larcd a dividend of five per cents teh. paid om u
tite the 7th Instant.
3 The Admlaistratlon is la the receipt of let
term from a high official soure' in Europe, expressing
the opinion that a general war is slm&st certain.
Popular opinion In England Is opposed to war, but if
forc~d to takea pa, abe will break up the grand al
liance and unite with Russia.
t7 A writer, who dotes on children, Ares the fol.
lowing at those who don't: "Get ready to he afraid
of the man that children are afraid of, and be sure
'that he who hates them, is not himself worth loving."
IS The soarcity of grain in many parts of Cana
da is Paid to be such that farmers will And It impossi
ble to procure the necessary seed for spring sowing.
I Some Yankee, It Is said, has recently Invented
a poison which irould infallibly destroy every mad
who owes a printing o' a newspaper bill, but Jona
than refuses to divulge his receipt lest'the United
States should have become depopulated.
A&- Uxivan STras Dwsvazc ATvonaiv.-There
are said to be a number of applicants for the United
States District Attor'neyship of the Districtof Colum
bia, made vacant by the death of Mr. Key. Robert
Ould, Req., is likely, it is said, to receive the appoint.
For the Advertiser.
MR. Enzron.-Aa published in your columns, It
would appear as if all the members of the Committee
at the "Bouchello Academy" were opposed to the
African Slave Trade. Such, however, is by no means
the fact. Messrs JAcon LAGnoxv, TeOMAS MAyNARD,
M. C. BUTLRN, J. A. BLAND, R. G. HuL. and V. A.
HArLOXO, were not. Just now, perhaps, their posi
tion in the matter may be of no consequence to many;
still, the time will come when it might be benefieal.
At leas It is but fair to remove the erroneous opinion
that many labor under in regard to the Committee
being unanimous in their action.
March, 2, 1859. ONZ Or Tax CoxxTrsm.
For the Advertiser.
YR AFRICAN REFlAINI
Is berry sorry buera folks he make so muche fuss
Abount we niggersleavo we land, its better hero for us;
For now we's got a hat to wear, an "breeches" an'
At home we's only had, you know, we's native saule
If chief-man knock we's in do head nobody eber ery,
Dey hab so plenty niggers dare no matter If we's die.
Do ship him come like angel-an' all ob we's so glad,
To go an' lib wid buera; an' dam wots left is mad;
No moh we's fear de chiof-man-he nigger, same as
Doy tell folks we is slaves, but bucra made us free.
For we's all go fass sleepee while buera lie awake,
To study 'bout more money for he's poor niggers sake.
Dey say do constitushum don't want to let we's come,
Away from tropic suffering to dis more temperate
But bress dem true blue sailors, I often hear em swear
Dat same ole constitushum is nuffin but thin air!
For de peoples Is de chief-mans an' when day makes
Do fuss ting dat dey always do, Is, 1z him full of
An' when ole Uncle Sammy he blow and out he swell,
He cut he mighty caper, but soon he hab to fell;
An' de independ't surrins day wants we and we's come
In spite of Uncle Sammy wid all his looks so grum.
'Sides we's lib-a'most-forbber, an' nebber steal an'
We's pert as liszards ebber-do chary ting we's try
W~hile dare ole Virginny darkies is such golden g.
Dat wot dey ax for one of dein, of us would buy a lot.
For the Advertiser.
IEGAL AND ILIEGAL LOITEERg.
The Easton. (Md.) Star, In a notice of the celebra
ted lottery Arm of SwAt A Co., now WooD, EDDY A
Co., of Augusta, Georgia, speaks of these groat lot
tery operatiors in terms of just commendation. No
complaints have over been made against these gen
tlemen by any of the publie having dealings with
them. They have ocesIonally been thb object of
hostility of interested parties, who, unable to corn
"puE with them honorably,' have resorted to dishon
orable means to injure their business. The public,
having more confidence in their integrity than they
happen to repose In their opponents, continue to send
their weekly instalments of ten, five, and two and a
half dollars, and receive, in return, shares In their
magnifient lotteries, which pays them sometimes a
fortune, and hardly ever fails to ro-imburse them for
their outlay. Address WooD, EDDY A Co., Wil
mington, Delaware, or Augusta, Georgia. 114
For the Advertiser.
Ma. Entvon :--An article appeared in your paper
of the 16th Pebrfiary, signed "OxE Or vax Maxon~vY,"
conveying very erroneous lmpressipns concerning the
proceedings of a meeting of the citizens of Beecls
Island, Edgetleld District, South Carolina, in relation
to an importation of African slaves alleged to have
been made into that District.
The following facts will bear me out in the anser
tion, that ONE Or Tun MiNoMITY," has not only been
singularly unfortunate in his statement, but has in
flicted a serius injury upon the popularity of the cause
he holds so near his heart.* Ho tells you that it was
"a meeting of the citizens of Beech Island"-" that
sixteen persons met at .the Club House," of whom,
"one," he is very careful to say, "was a Presbyterian
Minister Mr. AXON, from soan. other section." and that
this gentieman, with several others voted in favor of
Lct us hero examine his statement, and see how far
he is correct. There were eighteen persons present
thirteen of them citizens of' Beech Island-one of
Banwell, nd the remaining four must be placed, as
'' GNU oF vuB MzxouzTY" has seen proper to locate
Mr. AXON, from some other section;" of this number,
ninae citizens voted for the resolutions, one against
them. The Rev. Mr. AxoN did not vote, neithe'r did
he express his sentiments on this occasion ; and the
writer, although present, is, to this moment, Ignorant
of his views in regard the question. Here, while
speaking of the Rev. Mr. A., we may be allowed the
liberty of saying, that " ONE oF vun Mrronr" was
oither not a citizen of Beech Island, but "from some
other section," or he betrays a most unpardonable
ignorance of the affairs of his own neighborhood.
The Rev. Mr. Axox Is by birth and education a South
Carolinian, and was, and is a citizen of Beeh Island,
in the capacity of pastor In charge of the Presbyterian
Church in this noighborhosd, and was, we are inform
ad, by mere accident at this meeting. Two other
citizens beside Mr. A., did not vote, and one voted
against the resolutions.
,Here then, we have thirteen citizens.of Beech ri
land as present at the meeting, nine of these voted for
the resolutions, thtee did not vote either aye or nay,
and one voted against them.
Now, Sir, "with a view to a proper qualificatiois of
-the proceedings of that meeting" we will simply state
the positive fact, that fo'ur of the minority of five,
were "from some other setion" to wit: the region
-round about Hamburg and have n'ever been regarded
citizens of Beech Island. The attendance was small,
it is true, because It *as not generally known'tsat a
meeting had been called, but, If it will afo'rd any
comfort or consolation to the minority, we can inform
them that we have heard several citizens condemning
the late "alledged" violation of the law in the most
suvere terms, and expressing their deep r'egret that
they could not be present. From the above enumer
ation of the vote, and what we have since heard we
'may confidently assert that the sentiment of this
community Is almost unanimous on the subject.
If "One of the minority" a'nd his confreres arc not
now satisfied with the notoriety they have thus no
quired, we of Beech Island do not object to their pub
lishing it as widely as they please. But we do object
to their cogstrezetion of the proceedings of our meet
ing, and to their putting forth resolutions and attribut
ing them to naca IsL.AND.
JOHNNY's IDEA OF A FAMIN.-" Little Jo0au
ny was the pride and pet of his parents-a
bright, blue-eyed "six year old." His father,
one morning after reading a chapter in the
Blible, asked him what a famine was. His
quick reply wan. "A cob without any corn