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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIBERTIES, AND IF IT MUST FALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST THE RUINS."
SIMKINS, DIRISOE & Co., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, So Co, MARCH23,186'
The Fate of Count Ludwig Paulder.
On the 10th ot June, 1b-, an announce
ment. stating that an aeronant would ascend
in a balloon, startled the inhabitants of Mu
.;he first-in fact, the grand triumph which
Mtontgolfier achieved, had given to the idea
an impulse which, through the medium of
public journals, had spread over Europe.
This impulse was the great ruling princi
ple which had always governed mankind, and
which is called curiosity. The excitement
caused by this first great success in aeronau
tics, had set half the world as much in a fer
ment as the assumed discovery of the load
stone, of the South Sea bubble, or of steam,
or of California had or has done.
It had become a subject for lectures and
expositions. It was talked of in the college
and the cloister. Fashion made it a subject
of conversation, and those ignorant of the
laws of nature were in a state of the most
Young ladies and young gentlemen who
could make silk balloons, and aerify or rarify
them, from the soap-bubble blower to the nore
profound amateur in the art, were sendidg up
their fimsy fabrics into the heavens, when
this astonishing act of daring was first an
nounced as a thing that could be attempted
and done, as it were, by sound of trumpets.
It aroused the whole city, and by the appoin
ted time, and indeed long befsre, a vast con
course of people had assembled.
Much admiration was bestowed upon the
gaily-colored and elegant machine, whose ve
ry peculiarity of construction elicited their
astonishment, and whose strange interlacing
and wild purport roused every passion for th~e
wonderful and the surprising in their breasts.
It was one of the largest then made, and.
its improved car, deep and wide, capacious
enough to hold two or three persons with case,
became a source of much conjecture with the
curious. They fancied themselves borne aloft
into the space beyond the clouds, and shud
dered wita dismay at the contemplation of
trusting life to so appalling a height in so
frail a machine, subject to accidentA as it was;
and yet to him who could keep his brain cool.
and collect his faculties of observation and
watchfulness, n9thing could be more secure,
Ideas and thoughts such as these were ex
changed among the groups of well-dressed
people whom an overpowering sentiment had
drawn in large numbers. The profiessor of
the art had also become invested, in their
eyes, with marvellous attributes. He was
something more than human ; and as the time
approached when he should appear to conduct
the process of inflation, expectation had raised
itself on tip-toe, and the passion of the crowd
was at its utmost height.
A disappointment, however, or what was
feared would ultimately prove to be such, now
began to offer itself The noble gardens,
laid out in beautiful walks, above which arch
ed and overhung in many places the branche.
of stately trees, and -which now held half the
population of Munich, one would have at first
thought had assembled to enjoy music and
dancing instead of a balloon ascent-these
began to grow dark and sombre all at once.
The bright and glorious sunshine was sue
ceeded by a broad bank of threatening clouds
gathering in the .horizon, which grailually
overspread the heavens, and made the change,
by contrast, sad and dismal in the extreme.
A storm of wind and rain was expected, and
almost all came to one very unsatisfactry
conclusion, namely, that there could be no
Tfhe storm, however, did. not .appear, but
the long-expected protessor did. lie wasa
man of keen eye and intelligent face, with a
calm expression of concentrativeness about
his mouth, which indicated a c..mimnd over
the nervesthat must be wonderful, considering
how they were at times tried. There was no
pretension in dress, person, or manner, of the
blightest kind. He merely bowed his ac
knowledgment to the spectators, who saluted
him warmly, and in a quiet, unassuming way,
went on with the business of preparing his
Ini the meantime, there appeared going from
group to group a remarkably handsome -young
man, whose light, easy,-and lofty air, elegant
dress, and the somewhat haughty expression
on his fine features, indicated one of some
rank and pretensions. Such, indeed, was the
fact, for he was named Count Ludwig P'aulder
-the descendent of ain ancient fatmily, very
wealthy, young, ha::dsome, a libertine, aind
powerful at court. No wonder, then, that as
ats he gaily went fromi one to another, nod
ding ihmiliarly to one blushing beauty, and
bowing lowly to another of more aristocratie
paretenisions-no wonder, we say, that wvith
the prestige of his name he should have bud
denly becomeasubject for conversation among
the assembled crowd. Tne chief reason ot
this was, that he was going to asend in the
balloon wvith tbe professor ; and rash anad dan
gerous as the determination was, his daring
and coolness comum.aded admiration. -
Leaving Count Ludwig to swagr from one
to another, the group.s to distract themselves
with apprehensions absout the storm, which
yet seemed undecided, or to speculate stil!
more upon the presumptive fate of the bal
loon with its designed carg.-leaving, also,
the professor to regulate the filling of thi
machine-we must beg the reader to retract
his stess with us fhr a tew hours, in order to
relate to him what took place bet ween the
professor and anm unknown individual, more
important to our story, during the past norn
Tihe proicssor, who was staying at one o1
the principal hotels, while perusinig the news
paper after a late breakfsast, was itnormed that
a stranger was without desiring to see him.
len in the position of the aerotnant, hatve
6fsen e~speriened the ammyance of imupersi
nient curiosity, Thinking that this was somne
uclh mzatter1 the pirofessor was about to plead
business or a particular engagemnen t, wheni he
suddenly altered his mind, and desired the
waiter to show the stranger in.
A tall mans, elad in a vast cloak, with a
face and lfea tires the umost remarkably stri
king of anythe prore.ssor had ever beheld, was
theni ushered inito thme room. There was such
an air of majesty and commiami about himt,
that the aeronaunt received his unexpiecteds
guest with the most prolfiund respeLt. We1
will endeavor to sketch lhim as lhe appeared.
He was not mnure tanx live or six and twen
ty, but looke I in reality for-ty years of age.
His hair, which must have beenm magnificent
at one time, was dry and mntted, anid sprinkled
with gray locks. His bro~ad and massive fore
head was ploughed with furrows, his chieeks
white and sunken, the angles of his finely
chiselled mouth contracted, as ii with oft re
p'eated spasms of agony, and a sadness-a
deep unutterable despair-was so visible above
all, that he looked like a noble anid majestic
ruin. ?Iis great apparent grief coimmanded
instatit sympathy and respect.
" What miay be your pleasure with me, sir?'
demanded the professor, after an awk.ard
pause of a few inomnents, during which he
handed his visitor a chair, who declined it.
and remained standing.
" You are going to makte a balloon ascent
to-day, I understand," said the other. " You
io noura line So hinderedn
"Hindered I" echoed the professor.
"I mean," added the stranger, hastily,
"hindered by the weather-by the probability
of a storm."
" No, sir," replied the aeronaut, with a
smile: " unless it blows very violently indeed;
but my experience of the weather tells me
there is nothing to'dread."
"I am glad to hear it. You are engaged,
ram informed, to take some one up with you?
At this moment a spasm crossed his face, and
and writhed itefor a single instant, till it took
a dark and sinister aspect.
"Yes," was the reply. " A young noble.
man of this city, Count Ludwig Paulder."
"Ah !" said the stranger, "I knew him
once; an old friend, sir, till we were parted,
and-and years severed us. I should like to
ascend with you."
" It is almost, I may say utterly, impossible,'
was the quiet answer.
"I never accept that word as an answer in
dicating to me any meaning at all," was the
halt-fierce and moody reply. " Nothing is im
possible, sir; and I must repeat what I said.'
"It cannot be done."
"Sir! do not deem me insolent or rude.
Anything-everything can be done ;" and he
proceeded with amazing coolness to take out
a heavy purse of money from his vest. " What
is your charge ?"
The aeronaut shrugged his shoulders, and
a smile at the absurdity of the dentand played
on his l'ps.
"There is room for only one, in addition to
myself, in the car, and that one seat is en
gaged. as I have said-and as you know."
" What did the Count Ludwig pay for his
privilege ?" demanded the stranger.
" Di you not think, sir, that this is going a
little too far?" asked the professor.
" Your pardon; sir. I will give you double.'
The professor shrugged his shoulders again,
smiled, and turned away.
"Come," said the stranger, 'I must not
lose my object thus-"
"But, sir," interrupted the other, "if you
have so intense a desire to aseend, do so with
me to-morrow or the next day."
The stranger shrugged his shoulders in turn,
"No time like the present," said he. "1 have
an absorbing, adevouring thirst to go up, and
nmy desire must be gratihed."
"I have no objections, sir, to your having
what you require."
"Good," cried the stranger. his face lighting
up with a gleam of intense delight.
"But I must repeat, and I do it with regret,
that to day, and with me, it would be impos
sible. I say impossible I because I mysell
know a word which implies that a thing can
not be done."
" It shall be done-it must be done! and
what is more to th: purpose, it will be dote.'
The stranger spoke so calmly, so decisively,
and with such force of conviction, that the as
tonished and half oifended aronaut drew back
with an exclanatin.
" Your pardon, sir, once more. This is the
way which I propose to arrange the diliculty:
1 will give you your owi terms to take your
place. I have ascendedl before, and know
how to take the entire management of such a
And he forthwith began to explain to the
professor the whole structure and working o
the balloonl, in a manner s.i plain and perfect
in its details, that it was evi.i-ut the stranger
was no novice in the matter.
'rhe conclusion was, 'the-refore, that the
stranger should take the provfs or's place,and
ascend with Ludwig Paulder, the whole beinp
left to his care and gnidance.
We now return to the garden.
The noble machine was fully dist-nded. and
little more preparation was nece sary before i
would ~be loosened to so-,r lightly aIoft. Thc
crowd turn now and then an anxious and even
a hopeful eye towards th-tt quarter of the sky
which seemied to threaten most, and trusted b)
a few faint indications that all would blow%
over, and that the ph-nsure would not bc
narred. Count Ludwig Paulder had in the
meantime taken his seat in the car, and was
gaily bidding some of his friends "good bye,
when the stranger, in his dar-k anad amupl
cloak, strode out of the crowd, and-advancing
to the professor, whispered something in his
ear, to which the other replied assentingly, and
before any could recover their surpr-ise, draw
ing his eloak still closer aroundl him, he had
taken~ his seat opposite the handsome yong
count, who, momuentarily surprised, glanced
first at one and then at the other.
"I am to have company, then it seems ?'
asked Ludwig half haughtily.
The stranger turned his head. The profes
sor at the moment, all being in readine'ss
loosened the balloon, and having made a feint
to leap into the car, tailed, as a matter 01
course. Away it dartedl upwards like a vast
and brilliant rocket, amidst the applause of
thousanads upon thousands of .spectators.
Those who were nearest, however, and be
held the professor left behind, looking after his
fugitive balloon with a sort of drily humorous
surprise, were blind with dismay,nas they anti
ipated nothing but an instant and horrible ea
tastrophe, arising from the asstmed ignorance
of those in the car. and thme strange manuner in
which the aeronaut haimself hadl been left.
When thec excitement of the moument had
subsided, when wonder was gr-eater than cu
riosity, when every one thoughasand wondlered,
almost awve-stricken aind breathless, upotn this
marvellous mode of traversing through spa1ce,
and defeating the denizens of the air in their
ownt elemen--to all the eager questions of the
crowd, the aeronaut only replic 1 that "all was
safe, that there was nothing to fear, the stran
ger had- proved himself to be perfectly calm
and eol eeted, and that he ha' been able to
give one or two hasty pieces of advice, as re
.;arded the working of the machine, the using~
of the ballast, and the regulating the aseent
.tnd the descent-4hat is to say, the manaage
.nent oft the gaa within the body~ of the silken:
'Theoretically, nothing can be more simple
than the mnanagemenit of these thing4 Whetn
proper'y comnstrucated, balanced, fitte~I andl pro.
visioned, there is no reason to fear whatever.
In a-scenidinag higher, aill the aeronaut has to d
is to poufa out his b'allast in the shape of sand,
which oboviateA dl.Iget' to those below. a die
scndinag, he miust iuncrease the weight of his
vslby permittina toare e ce moa
which, b'y degre, retre tencache itgs
own proper gravity.
We must now :accompany the amateur aero
The bamllooni wont upward with an astonish'
ng swiftness; Count Ludwig had barely re
euvered his surprise at b. holding the bal oon1
boundinag away, andh the proafessor ~ ab~t. At
the first few mom~uents, a& terrible dismiay seized
him. .lie knew not ho~w to nmnage the ma
ehine, which was to hinut, s intricate as Aratch
n-es web.l, and lie suppts.-d his comlpanioni to
hi quite as ig.norant. He ventured to ga
below, and his brain reeled and his heart sick
eeud at the thioughit of ant accident whicb
should preci pitate theni both downawards.
As the bal looa', however, wvent onw.irds and
upwards with an easy and gentle, thouigh still
rapid mnti ona, hen becamne a~ little moure at ease.
though he still felt mnisgivings about their de
scent. It appecared easy eniough to ascendu;
bitt how were they to descend?- He knew ver-y
well that the gas within the balloon was hiighly
inflammable ; that electric currents were met
with in the atmaosphere, anad that thaey mnighai
cdtmet in contat. Hie shuddered as lie thuunuhl
of the resul. An instaiit explosion-the burn
ing of the silk bag woul I follow, and the aun
supported car would go instantly downward.
lah i how he shuddered at the thought.
He had not spoken. His companion, closely
wrpe pnhsckhdno ken either
Ludwir ws nta a deth. as ot a
coward in scarcely any sense of the word ; but
a firm man might well tremble when in such a
predicament or position. Ile was, therefore,
pale, full of doubt, but still collected enough.
His breathing was strangely light, free and
rapid. His blood becoming more oxygenated,
bounded through the arteries with greater ra
pidity, and increased the pulsation of the
A wild, terrible, utterly indescribable exul
tation began to fill him-to make him thrill
and tingle from the scalp to the very feet. It
was so singular that he almost felt terrified at
it. During all this time the ballon still con
tinued to ascend.
He ventured another glance at the panora
ma below, and found that 'he could endurs to
look now without shrinking; and the magnifi
cence of the sight was certainly striking in the'
IHe beheld an immense crowd in the gardens
they had just left, but diminished to the size
of pigmies. The city itself, with its white
structures and countless streets, was spread
open to him like a vast plain ; and the extend
ed country, with its woods, fields, forests and
streams, filled the eye with a picture of which
he had before no conception.
Going slowly southward, beneath a dark pall
of ether which spread above them like a vast
sheet, he beheld distant mountains, far off
cities, noble rivers, all white as snow under the
peculiar medium through which lie gazed.
They crossed slowly the Chiem See, a large
lake through which the river Inn flows.
Many towns which he knew, and many which
he did not know, also appeared, one after the
other, till he was dazzled and bewildered by
Soon the snowy peaks of the Tyrol began
to exhibit themselves, while dark chasms into
which lie could not penetrate revealed to him
the deep valley between the mountain ran
ges. Feeling the air growing cold and chill,
he turned to look upward, and saw the black
cloud above, stretching every way as far as
the eye could see, like a roof, which he could
touch with his hand.
They were sailing in the midst of light;
one moment more, and they would be, as it
struck Ludwig, in total darkness, floating in
a horrible gloom more tenebrous and opaque
than that of the bhndest night of Egypt.
The count, to his increased astonishment,
beheld his silent companion pouring out bal
last, and making the balloon, as a matter of
course, still lighter.
" What aro you about ?" be shouted, and
shrank back appalled at the sound of his own
voice; for the reverberation of thunder was
as nothing compared to the vast and resound
ing echoes which it wakened up. The next
moment they had broken through the cloud,
and were wrapped up in its bliignting chaos.
A sound, like the iingling of mighty sands
with tempest-wakened seas, assailed them on
all sides. A sulphnrous odor, almost over
powering, nearly deprived theni of conscious
ness. A coicu-ion, a roar, a tremendous
outlhurat, like the discharge of a thoisund
parks of artillery, followed and after the
whole space beneath had seemed like a bil
lowy sea of fire-blue, coruscating, and blind
ing-the whole space around them became
re.l-glowing ; and they were circled around,
above, and below with that sinister and tre
mendous outline of terror to ii bich neither
coulI give a iimiie.
A furiouis .t aw of. aiJ now follwe,
and tter the unnatural heat they had expo
rienced, they felt a cold s fl.-ree and bitter,
that the marrow seemed frozen in the bones.
In the mneaitime, the balloon ha-l began to
collapse and till in a umost fearful manner.
Once or twice this allowed it to fall witi bor
rible swiftness downward until it had passeii
out of the cloud. The next mnoment, with a
violent f1:ip, t..e balloon distended itself al
most to bursting again, This carriel them
once more into the horrors of the snow cloud.
aid once more were these portentous terrors
Ludwig conld not see, in the intense dark
ness whicn followed, that his taciturn fellow
voyager wa still continluinig with what ap
peared an insane temerity to lighten the ear
by casting ont stIll miore ballast. Th'le effe'ct
of this wvas ton c4)ntinue their aiscent, till all ai
once they bust forth cut of this hideons manss
of mete~ric vapor-s, and were in a region ol
such dazzling purity, beauty, and heavenly
radiance, that it was like a foretaste of the
blessed air which once breathed softly through
the foliage and amidst the bloonis of mian'a
Surprised and awed into silence, Ludwig
gazed around him, and was struck with the
scene-the almost divine tranquility which
reigned in that pure locality.
They were now at an altitude beyond any
ever rbcordled, and still they contined to
mount upward, They hadl losst sight of the
earth totally, anti below them they saw noth
ing but voluminous clouds, black and purple,
sometimes yawning horr-ibly, to show the
rifts 6f fire that issued for'th at intervals,
Ilshinig and streaming; and then caine the
terrible sounid bf the thunder toiling ini the
"For the love of God!" said Ludw ig, at
last, " do not throw away more bljlast. We
shall he in some awful peril it' yon do."
" We have been ini peril down below thr,
said the stranger, speaking for the first time,
and giving his voice an intonation that miade
the other shriink. "1I thought that the light
ning wvould have ignited the gaLs anid destroy
ed the balloon. Ini that case," lie added, with
a frightful calmness "our fall would have
been lhke that of P'hmton, for between us imd
the earth there iay at leastjfbur miles."~
Ludwig shook like an aspeo, "llorrible !"
he murmured; " and you are not afraid ?"
"1 ' the st ranger laughed. Ludwig feared
him ini spite of ihimself, fo thme laugh was so
mcking and pnarthly. " No, [ don't fetir,"
neC added, aeti sbiverlUg; i b-ut I begill to feei
the cold greatly?"
"'LThere ms seine bran ly In the flask here,"
said Ludwig, taking one f rom a sort of pock
et in the side of the car: " try a little of it;i"
and he oliered It to him.
" No. no" replied thbe stranger, shaking his
he'l, and drawing his clo:ik closer round him
as if to pirotect himself; " you do not know
what the consequience would be if I drank
any of that, It .would make me mad. I
sho'dld il~ng myself of you out of the car, or
cut the corits with my kiiife, or do some
trick still muire dreadlful."
Ludwig's diread was not by any mneansa qui
eted by thme cahn candor of the coiifession, the
the miore so as they yet comitiniued to ascendu,
aind wvere approamching a region of cold1 so
sve're whmere it umighit becuomen abislutely ne
eessar'y for him to have recourse to the reject
ed stimnatamt ; and then thought Ludtwig,
"Whait a position !--to be ini this car, rockinig
ive mmiles above~ the earth, or1 suspended over
the horrib!e peaks of' the Alps, perha~ps alone
with a madman. WVhat are you about'? Do
not throw any more out, I beg of you 1" ex
elamed die count eagerly, for another bag of
ballast, had beeni seized.
" Why'?" asked the stranger, paussing. " I
wish to go lip highler-do you nt love it la
ther, inot somiething awful thrilling, stupend
ous ini this solitary and silenit flight. Up! up !
tairefore, though the vessel burst
"Madman I" cried Ludwig, frantically;
"would you destroy us both-bring tipon us a
death so horrible ?"
" Ah I you fear then ?" cried the other, dis
dainfully. " Well, then, we will descend."
" Do you know how to work this machine ?"
asked Ludwig, a ray of hope darting inito his
breast, for a silent and unutterable dread had
been cregging over him.
uili .r.m an .werar the othere vasive.
" Let us see what this means," and hi sudden
ly seized hold of a slackened cord which was
suspended from beneath the vast gbbe that
carried them. The car began to rock and
sway most fearfully, and the balloonfitself to
swing to and fro, taking at last a fedful grat
ing motion that bereft Ludwig of alllower for
a few moments. He closed his eye~i, set his
teeth, and grasped the side of the cak with a
half frantic clutch. They were d"cending
like lead, and all the while e swihgin in.
creased, threatening at last to fling them both
out into the air. I
"For God's sake!" screamed Luadig, pale
with terror, " take care what you do. tWretch
that I was, to trust myself with yotl" The
stranger laughed, and loosed the corV After
a short time the motion of the ballootbecame
more easy-it ascended again, and st last it
moved on with the same ease as before.
" Shall I ascend?" asked the stranger coldly.
Ludwig, with his lips pale as as.1, said
faintly-" Oh I do not trifle with t.1 awful
danger, 1 beseech you." 4
"it is dreadful to die in some unusql, some
unaccountable way-by being predipitated
from such a heighth as this, for insnce-is
it not '
"Ve , very," faintly murmured L wig.
"I am always strangely affected ,en at a
great height," continued the stranger with a
ghastly smil. " I feel a desire to leap head.
long down; and you do not know -Li how
much trouble I am -suppressing the,-desire I
have te nut away the cords which suiport the
ear to the balloon; but," lie added gravely, "I
do not forget that in trifling with my own life,
I have no right whatever to trifle withi yours.
Eh, count ?"
" Yes-no-yes. I knnw not that I say,"
muttered Ludwig absently.
" We are approaching the Alps. Look!
look' cried the stranger, "the cloudt below
have all cleared away, and there is nothing to
obstruct the vision. Yonder is ltunspruck
do you know Innspruck?" added he,.beding
his keen eye on the count.
"I have heard of Innspraek," replied Lud
wig with a face so horridly white that it might
have been supposed fresh terror haO been
created ; but th.: balloon went on gently and
ma'estically, and did not rock and heave as
True enough, almost the whole of Tyrol, with
the city of Innspruck as a centre, lay beneath
them. They beheld the roaring waters and
the faaming cataracts of that wild land butt as
so many threads of silver and so manyspark.
ling jets. Farther south, the mighty range of
the Rhxtic Alps was towering upward like a
wall of white and gleaming marble. The west
of heaven seemed all one glow of golden fire
from the body of the flaming suni, which was
Iow hastening towards the horizon.
"I know Intnspruk very well," slid the
stranger; "that is, I did know it. 1 an tell
you a st ry or two about it-"
4 For heaveaas love I till ne whether we are
likely to dciend to-night ?
"Faith, I can't tell-.ikely enough," was
ihe reply. " Iii a Iinry, too, perlps." The
stranger laughed, and Ludwig was soriv that
he had askarl him. "Juon't )Ou like this? I
The gay recklessness had a latni inuta..
on Count Ludwig's hardihood. Ile ww pale,
nervous, and falht approaching a state of the
most deplorable prostration. He h %d always
beeni remarkable for his high spirits, his haangh.
ty carriage, his courage, and his nuuerous
adeels in proofs of such courage. He never
th-t fear before this day; hut this ian, who
was or was not insaiie, hadi at all events the
advantage over him. fbr lie could jest, grimly
with the nost atwf'ul kind of death. while in
proportion Ludwig's terror satnd desire. to dhe
scnad were momtaaiarily inacrea4ing. Bjesidles,
lie wa~s at the amerev of hais wild compamtona.
Aanther quaestiona nrose-Were they to ps
the night int this shiapless void-floatiang ona
and on ?
"1ow beautiful Innspruck looks," cried the
stranger; "who wouldl haive thimghat that blood
staias the grass which grows int the glade oat
der the shebier of thoise beeches--perhaps you
kntow them ?" Hie looked iat Ludwig as he
poitated to a pairticular spot, scarely vistibe.
" I don't know-I cannot see it," said Lud
" I wili tell you all about that blood," begana
the stranger, with a wild light in his eyes. "i
will amuse as as we travel oaa. Yes," he ad
ded, " I remaem~ber a str.Iage, bitter history be
longing to that spiot. Thmere was a yountg and
tiimid bov at the college some few years ago;
hi~s aname was-ah !-ah I-I forget. Well, lie
was remiarkable for his genmtle'ness of ni-atre,
for ahiauninig t he wild riots of his companaionas
-abhorring their deh~aucheries, tad retiring,
trembling, from their horrible gamaing tables.
There was at this college, also, a bold, brave,
hanidsomne boy,,somaewhat oldler than mny-thaa
this unoaufend~iag .yoanth ; sad flr seve-ralh re-.
sons the .stroanger hated the weaker, and soughat
to wreak his haute upon himu. It is ahnesjt an
credlible, is no't ?"
Counat Ludwig was as paule as a sheeted
corpse. lie glar-eud upoti the stranlger ad
made no0 rgely.
" Yes, this biold fellowv-this leader of all
the mischief-this yonag man, wh-> conl-l at
ford to love all the worhl, aud yet hated :hae
youth that shunined hiat-vowed to ruin him.
He forced hinm to the gaming table by an in
fernal plot-lie beset his steps in every way
he robbed him of his gold-he forced him, by
insuhing him like a bravo, to fight a duel,
an~d lbe kiled him !.'
There was .somethinig inexpressibly shioek~ing
ad hatrrowinig ha this wild tae toid int that
" This boy diedl with i.9 henrt cleft in two.
Hie had a imother who idolized hilm. Hie could
neither kiss her lips noar ask her pa~rdlea ; anid
she went mtad when she haurd that her beau.
tilful, her best-b~eloved chdad h:ad become a
brawler, a gambler, ad a daaillist. She did
not live loing.
" Theare was, however, an elder brother, who
was fighting in far off lands, and who knew
nothinig of this till both were buriedl, and dust,
manty a day goaie by. He loved his mother,
and he loved his brother. Imiaginie his feel
ings when he caine home to embrace thaem,
and found them departed-naught- left but the
miento of the gentle boy's assassination
the mothers death I It was n'eessary for him
to knmow thae truth, Hie dial so."
W~haile tile stratnger spike, he had let his
cloak for the first tinme ft!! hack, :and resting'
his facao penisivehy ian his hanal, exhibited t,
view the fine though tatded lineamenits of hais
oce muagnifilentt features'. An unneccounta
ble impulse-a vertigo--prompted Count Ltd
wig at the instant to start up and leap out ;
but the void which his eye caught made him
sit shudderinag where he was.
The gray anid ghostly Alps hegan to draw
nearer towards theta. G auntsolitudes, drearanid
hite, or black, like a bottomless abyss, met
the eye by turans. Nature, in the repose of
horror, had taken her seat here, after havinig
piled up, in splinitered and colossal propor
tionis, pile u poin pile, of driven but snow-crown-~
ed rock, which, in fact, were mountains up
wards of a mtile high. The stark atid rpuinud
grnideur of the scene below was painfully
vivid, inasmuch as thec balloon was not a mile
from their summits.
The air was k'een and bitter cold ; but wound
up to the' pitch of excitement in which both
were, this was not heeded. At all events,
Onnt Lundwig Pan1deP a hard that whn
made him think, and which lid not bring
back the color to his palled cheeks.
In the meantime, the stranger had begun
to empty the last and largest. bag of hallast.
The balloon, suspended over this Alpine re
gion, did not move horizontally but vertically.
Up! up! it went; and this time, light as it
was, the surface of the earth was dim and
" We shall see the night come on," muttered
"In the name of God, no!" cried Ludwig.
"Let me entreat you te cease forcing us up
higher, at least, if we cannot descend . My
God !" he added, "we shall be perished with
the cold before morning."
"Why do you not try your flask ?" said the
stranger; "and now that I am reminded of it,
let me taste it, for I too am cold."
"But-b t," hesitated Ludwig, "if you say
its influence upon you is so pernicious, will it
not be endangering us both if you partake of
"Perhaps, yes," was the careless reply.
"Shall I tell you another story about lu.
" Why do you dwell upon that, name so
much ?" inquired Lud wig,
sWhy! hum! I don't know, except per
haps that the things I speak of did not occur
elsewhere. I am going to make the balloon
descend now-look out!"
They were at a most fearful altitudle at this
present moment, and Ludwig, who rememi
bered the insecure position in which the ma
chine had once before placed them. felt a mor
tal terror alnost choking hi n, as the stranger
with a smile utterly indescribable on his
dre.dfully di.spairing face, pulled the! cord of
There was a sudden hissing heard, a st re.,n
of white vapor seen preceding a sudden col.
lapse of the balloon, and then as sud.len a dis.
tention followed with a loud and menacing
report, succeeded by a rending sond. which
threatened a peril of the most ininitent kind.
With a bre:rhless, an absolutely appalling
rapidity, the hug machine shot downwards;
and while the car was ruckins just as fearfully
as before, Ludwig, who in his terror hail closed
his eyes, to avoid the sickening sight of the
sounding void into which he was then, as he
thought, plunging, felt himself flung out of the
car, and had just time, with the instinct of
desperation, to catch hold of the side, to which
he clung with feelings of which it is impossi
ble to give any adequate idea.
The loosening o the cord h lud nga1i per.
mitted the valve to close, but it was too evi
dent that there wa-s some tattl injury done to
the balloon, of which the stranger seemed to
take no heed. Downward it went, till, at last,
the vastexpanse of thesilcufered a resist ance
to the denser air, and, on the principle of a
parachute, in some degree checked its fright
The strugglcs of him wvho hirug without
were tieientous, but unavailing. lis i
for help were piteolns, al wt.re -mwt with a
imocking1 langh. Tue ani te nOy appeared in
sane1C it his remor;eiess impas.iveness.
lie quiet!)' left the place lie had ocenpiedin
the ear, and went to the other .ide, where lie sat
face to face with the deathly-pallid man, whose
b'4. of the ancient Neinl-t, would
thing dretaiiui me tue) i.,..
spruk.' His sluiberia; couscieIce waS aiV
kened, and its pangs were awful.
la a voice sombre and sinister, and full of
inpressive meaning, th stranger addressed
his victim thus
Count Lud wig Paulder," saiHl lh sriitrer,
ben tlvei adt fixini:; opon the awft'l tacet!
of the m,1.1 who k iog supendledlt over the poro
,ound1 1yss below, with n, hope of being
a his col and merciloss ghniee. "I laive
vet a little matter to relate to yu tand1 whilie
~vucani hold on there, you can li.-'n or tot.
:s you choose. I procee.i. rThe hihtory which
[ hrst related tii you was oneC in whlich yeou
phaye~d the principal paIrt. You were the
hater, the gambler, the assassin-'he slatyer iil
the son, an'd the destroyer of the monther'. Look
at mec ! Alh! you knotw me not!-well, kn.,w
ime now, I am th~e brother who wias absent
the son who returned and tounid no imoiher to
emblrace! The villany of your conduct wast
nut yet completed, for there is yet ai st'gnel!I"
The man paused, tin I pressed his httn.l
against his head, as though to still the throb
biing of his brain. By thme ghastly expression of
hi~s coutenanice it was easy' to tell the strength
of his emotion, b~ut it counld not exce'ed the
gastlines of him who still, wirth the tenifty
ol despair and mortail terror, yet chtung to the
" Mercy !-pity ! For the love (1J the bless
ed God ! tak'e mi in," lie crtie..
lUut the stranger g ive his alppeal ito heed,
and, in measured wochL, went oni
"In the saime town lived a ('air and beatuti
t'ul girl, cousin to himi who wa~s shiin-ege'sin
to mie who have three lives toj ave:e, andi' for
whichi I have gone t rough incredible dhiilienl
ies to obitain. At last thle hour comes ! This
beautifil girl yoni propoised t> live-you se
ducedl hei. deserted her, awil killed he-r ! Youi
had no pity, not remnorsie, no tear. You b.,ast
edi of yo~ur work-you exiilted in the ruinr yo
worked. Be brave, and exult still. Pray to
Goid for pardoti, miiserabtle wretch that you
are. If you can yet cling and save yourscelf,
do so. 1 leave you to whatever fate ia point.
ed out for you I"
So saying, he roso, a grand and mournful
solemnity overshadowing his face, and seated
himsolf' on the other side, totally out of sigh~t
of the man on whom lie Was taktig so terrible
Dona i'o 1k, grey rntto-spher, dihriteniung
and gloomty, the tadloon was atil dlecemhnirg.
Looking over, the stranger f.,tnd h-it he wonidi
probabry descend amrongc the rugged pe:iks ot
probaib~y thme most ba~ld and frightfi mun
t.inousL re~gion,~ Pine foresits wav'el lfa ts'iwa
below., anid iabove them rose the white pe':.kk'
ereste'd with .unow, lookinig like the hcea:ls of'
so mtany grim and gibbering gho~nss
All this waile thaet awfid vciec- fhiit without
the ear rose itn pne and bilasphemties, in
entreaties amid reproaelies, hut all in vaini.
Th'le avenger had for many a year taught his
heart to becone stone-crashed, one by one,
the tender impulses of human naturc-weaned
himself from loves and friedships--dogged,
dy3 by day', and month by month, the steps of.
Coun it Lud wig, himself uniseen, unknown
raede~ hii invetionm to discover one meanis of
death mor'e efuli thani aniother ; le~r, to shoot,
or stab, was to kill hiim at once. Accidlent
liad aidedi hitm, atid lie was now killinig him a
thosandi times over. In is dreadful to een-t
tephte the sutt'erinig the wretched Ludwig
must have undergone.
Gotleeting alt hi-i energies together, it ap
peared thtat the count determined to miake on~e
tremendlous effort to save hims..If. By the
frequenit jerkitng of the ear, the avenger guess.
ed what his victim was about. A sombre and
melacholy smile, but cold as a moon-beam,
crossed his lips, but no word farther dlid he
Ini, ton, sh.ook from head to foot, from a
sense of unicoatrollable horror, when all at
once Luidwig drewv himself up, anid the hoirri
ble face, lined and dug as with a chtisiel, ex
pressedl how the passions hadl been working
within htis breast. Frightful indeed were the
ravages which a few nmomnents of such tretnen
dosdespairashe had experienced had written
deeply on his features.
O.h! the agoiy-ohl the an ish of that
int imineineleak. owr asd-h
vatne would then oe itr donars. He Womuiti
then hire prolm/sly for oiod anti raimient. This
would enable all our p-)or people, who are not
able to buy negroes at die present high prices,
to procure them, say some; and in that way
all would become deeply interested in Slavery.
It would enable the owners of the waste lands
in the older Southern States to reclaim and
enrich sedge fields and piney groves, say
others. But wouldapoor man buy a negro, if
that negro's labor was only worth fifty dollars
a year? lIe could not afford to feed him. And
indebtiedness, which would now only abso b
oae-fourth of a man's negrae4 would then take
all that he had, and thus many small slave.
holders, and o ot a few larger ones, would find
themselves emancipated by the Sheriff from
all further concern personally in the queadon
of Slavery. A breeding negro woman with
three or four children would be a burthen that
no one would be wiling to suppiort, unless at
tached by stronger ties th-uti interst to the in
stitution. This would strike at the very root
of our slave property. The east of raising and
maintaining an imfant negro, would consume
twice his value. This would tear up the in
stitution by the roots in Georgia, to say noth
ing of Vh'ginia and other States which raise
them for the West. It would be worse than
abolition in its worst forms. It would force
emancipation up:n us by the pinching "en
croachiments" of irresistiile necessity. There
would be no escape from the bainkruptcy of
holding and raising slaves but universal aboli
tion. Neither could the proprietors of tho3e
waste lands, which we desire to see reclaimed
and blossoming with the cotton pliant, afflord
to feed and clothe negroes, and employ them
in reclaiming worn lands if, when thos: lands
were reclaimed-which would require an ex
pensive process of several years--they could
expect only to reap as the fruits of the labor
of their slaves sch profti and income as
would correspond with the above valie. The
result would rather be, that' both the waste
land and the ivasted property ornegroes would
be abandoned by proprieto a as a meaanre of
self-defence. Ifow would this state of value
affect us, even here in Middle Georgia, (to say
n*>thing of Virgiuia) where women and chil
dren are now considered the best slave pro
perty ? It is needles's to pursue this view of
the subject into further details. Every one
can reason upon these consequences for him
self. Instead of this condition of thin~s
strengthening the institution, it would pull t
down with iron hooks. Iustead of inducing
an e xpansion of the ba-sis. of slave property, it
would have just the opposite result, bien
would iot buy nor hold slaves, if they were so
reduced in value as to he rather a burden than
a benefit. It is well known, that there are
many slavehulders in the older parts of the
Southern country who now make very. little
above the support of their slaves-their prin
Uipal accuImulation consisling in the increase
an4d growth of their negroes.
ut where would this procesa of the increase
or slaves, an-d over-supply ,I' pi'-.ltetions, and
lecreatse if price. ant1d jraiits end ? I have,
.argued it at. the poiint witere the .lavC popula
tiot was supposed to he doulledl. and then I
have taken it at the low figure of three hti
dred dollars for negroes. But have we any
assurance that it would stop at that? As long
as money could be nade by importing a wild
............... ...... ..
Leigressi'mal power to) pri teet her ngainst so
gr at an evil. Long ero this, some (if these
arguments I am makingagaiiist it would have
been more than speculation and theory. And
the effort (now) would be jut the reverse of
that which thu advocates of this policy atre
mtaking; inistead of getting niora negroes,
plans wunldl be devising to -colonize them
back itn Arica, or inl soine other way to get
rid ofl thei as a nuisance.
The oniy mnode of making the instittution of
slavery per-mtent, is to ke-ep it valuab!c an-I
profit-abe. Whent, fromt any cause or comibi
nation of causes, it is renidered valtless, slaves
will be emiancip'ated. Thfey never were emaun
Lipatted int any of the Northern States while it
was to their interest to keep them enslaved.
When that guaratntee failed, the institution
fell into decay-. When niegroes were useful, it
was right, religiously, morally and pulitientlly.
Butt whent negro property became a burden
instead of' a bentefit, and a tuisance instead of
a blessing, the religion, morality anid politics
of men chanted accordinmgiv. It was tnot aibo
lition societies, nor abolition speeches, nor
sermons thait converted the Northern Slates
into free States. it was the workings of the
highr law of self-interest. The law of utility
is the supreme law of nmandkind-it is above
ta other law ini its pratical intintence. Anid I
am mneh inclined to suspezt that the sanme
priniciples woutld work out the same results
everywhere. The tmintds of the Southern peo
ple are now firmly grounded upon the ques.
tion in a'mnoral, religions anid political view;
but it is fact, which thme history of the aqtrestion
even iii the South fully verifies, that our eon
vict ions have kept pJ.tee with the advancing
usef~ulness of slave labor. And if von could
r-ednee the value of our ne'grosrs to "dhlree~ bun
dredf dollars," ins.teal of twelve hundred, and
by them :Ltunet prcs bring about tha~t inievita
ble Ic:otn pantying coinsueglance of reducing
the ptrotue:ive v-ahre of slave labtor, you would
strike a li, at the security andi permanetney
of the institution; you woald pave the way for
abolitionism in the Southern mtiad. It is a
wyell known fatct, that many years ago, even in
Georgia, when negroes were worth scarcely
one-fourth what they are now, there was a
hooso stto of puab!ie tipinden on this subject.
Geo~rgiia tut-l t., receive the resotlulitin ofi the
b . .gis~oitr 1 i itr Sumte, vunei,tnendli-g
o,s.:etiptti.ml, with mnnel h,-.i istlig~t a
thtan Si." Vould ttom It wonldl i Sprikq nianit
who hatve not lo.ited i~nto j e hlistdf its
.pies.i m.t to sed~ how loo dud tlnstalble were
the ountdi. i..,o .'l t is chterishe.d imn,tirutioi
i:n tIntes 11tth itt the opinhmitt tf th Sup.-emne
'2.rrt of deorgi t, pronionne~ed by Jwigl~e Laump
siin, ini te. case of Glehantd vs. Water.,, v.ol.
xvi., page 5 14, the fl.lowintg allusi ii to this
subjet wits mtade by that disuinguished jurist
whtle reviewinig the history of otur policy and
le;;isiation upona the subject of emancipation
and the importation of slaves, &c.:
" In 1824, a resolution from the State of
Ohio on the subject of the abolitioa of slavery
having been laid by the Governor before the
Legislature, the report which was adopted
thereoni, alfter expressing regret 'at this un
nteessary interference on the part of a sister
Staite,' e'mteludles with this sentece: '(eor
giaL claims tihe right, with her Sotmthern sisters
whost: situattion itn this regard is simihar, of
mnovink this qluestion whent an enlarged sys
temt of benevolent aind philantthrolpie exertions,
in consisutncy wvith her rights and interest,
shall render t practicablIe.' Is it not appa
ren't that, up to this period, the true character
of thtis institutian of alavery had not beetn fully
understood and appreciateal at the South, and
thatt she looked to emancipation, in some un
delinted mode, in the uncertain future, as the
only eure for the supposed evil ? Thanks to
the blinad zealots of the North for ther un
warranatable interference with this institution.
It has roused the public mind to a thorough
investigation of the subject. Tho resalt is,
a settled conviction that it was wisely ordain
ed by a forecast high as heaven above man's,
for the goo-i of both races, and a calm and
fixed detertminatiotn to preserve and defend it,
at any and all hazards."
It is generally supposed that this change of
opinion on the subject has arisen iQom the
..... dr ittnal .nliekaaen and,
iron a snu -uuru" '
subject," caused to some ex.b -
ference of the abolitionists, as
justly observes. Now, that there
our country much intellectual 0
to be denied. But, on most quetioii
ral statesmanship we have not f "
the early patriots, even if we
the wisdom which distin
still yield a reverential acqin
judgment on most subject&-4ri
ject of slavery we have grown.
perince and time. And there
periment in the philosophy of -
time and experience alone cold.
which has thrown more light "
tion In all its hearings than,
all the' wisdom of our anc .
esperintent has done mucht6 b
"full understanding and apPre-M
true:qlaracter of this instiutiong
that experiment? It i a
the one which has been iad
ment of those great agricultu
of indus and labor, in w
been chiefy employed, and whic
in the exhibition of the wonderfu
and productive value of neg
utility and value of the instittti,1
ed and established; has are
understandingof the nature of the
and proven to the world and io on
it is a good institution. Thisdl
its usefulness, which renders it
ing "to both races," is by fhA
gument that ever was made tn
has been, both substantially -andI
leading' argument in defence o i
the theory and metaphysics all fol
wake. Neither is this the 2dkn w
a fact which ilaveholders or ther
slavery need be ashamed of. No stiro
gument can be had of the divine era
of the morul foundation of slao
fact of its great utility to Ma
maker and consumer (f itq prd
to the slave himself The faetIlii
descendants of African barb
the industrious producers of'
which add so much to the comforti
and so much to the progress of o
which itself has been the
zation, and the vehicle of -0 tZ
my mind, no small evidence oN
the "forecast" of that myteo
which transferred them hither,
argument of utility the a
take into consideration a
condition of the Southern sla, :
socially, as compared to the miseahi
of 1he opposite course of things itt !
which resulted in demonstrating theiiti I
and caused them to be emancipatedand
out to perish. 1 think, therefore,-that tdo
Injustice to the conscience of-Aho.netly
no violence to the defence of slvery~ ,i6
say that the vast increase of the usefulness,
value of slaves has something to dog.t
change of' opinion which ha taken pi
the South within the last forty yeais.'
If at the North, Slavery hid cmtad
gro.w more and more uiseftl and, auai
stead of becoming worthless, by-i
density of their population, and gap
of other furnus of laor mpmnid
fact tlat% - '- a
tsil..laiU tue motral 1aundation U W
stands; f.r an unprofitable Institution
never be defended in any ground. It I
ten, all its good qmivlities, and no logic.
sustain It. 'to all that can be said in Its
fence, on gt'ouds of political, iuoral, or
ligious economy, the reply would'beIt its
worthless thing. Tnat reply destroys all
fences and the motives of defence. It str
at the root of the institution itself. thus yo i
would weaken it in public opinion-you a
straight in our very midst the path oft
'ilitiionist-y'ou overthrow an institusg,.
you desire to fortify.
If you would defend slavery-if yogwid
strengtheni it in the wnind.s and h'eartso
Southern men -if you wouldt have theiot
to be united in its maintenance against al1..~
toes-keep the in.,titution foie.ver fiunije1~'
upna solid basis of useluinemu. The d.nam-*
for id ave labor, which is so serious uanoplaati
in the cstimnation of many, giows ouIo I,'
usefulness anid valu.-While'lt is pro~Un
that demand will exist. Satiate that d#aa
overstock it with such an unnatural, 3
as Africa would pour in upon ae, if
channel., oft hle "mddle passage" ~
ed1, and you will find, when yon heae
thecomplaint, you will have killed the pa5j~
Ton New PosrMS~TER-GENEuat -o on
seph Bolt, the new PostmasterGenerali a-,
native of Breckenridge .county, "Kentucy
and about 48,years of age. Heisarem'z
prol'essiion, and for a number of,yrspl
sectuting attorney for Laouisville city .us a.
son-in-law of ex-Postmaster-GeneraJ Wiek~~
anid a broth rin-law ot' Senator Yuleg~
Florida. Mr. Hlt re.'idedl foi~ about
year:, ini the State of Mississipp, iwhere he a-'
c'umulat.-d anm ample fortune.- He was a staog
suppjorter ot Mr. IPolk in '44, to w~hose adtnn
istr'ation lie gave a wacrm support. In 181''
he went abiroaud, and was gone about, the
years. He is a sound, able and supero
businesas man, and is perhacps the hestapp:V"'
ment Mr. Buchanan could have made. e '
is-well known in Kenoky, wher e hes
the utmost confidence of ex Secretary Gutli~.
and other leading Kentncky Democra~u
We haue no donibt he will be found a
un~'geo'of the able man woiIi~t~..
fi:Is,-Aew J,k 0kijlJ14k.
IA Wll!'rti U01:1..-.e MaW.Js-g
ifhite. rj'b. Which had bern seeil nbout tI
for -oe day~s. ,and Was sum~ just beydud.' I4
ouitskirti. Th.a -Wi'gs anal ba.fit w=r<-1*70
cream color, t'.e renm4'nd.-r perfLE ly*lai .
We'have seen it statedl tha.t white specin~es~'
of se'veral ki adls of hi dg aud quadespedsli.,b
b en seena thi.1 Winter, i:l var.o .s parsfta o
country, e--pecially in ti~e Nmthern paon
N'roROus Gor'o Socrm.-The We~d~
(North Carolina) Patriot says that'two
sand negroes passed through that plae I'
the month of January, and not less thesi
thousand, it is informed, went into thsed
regions during the last year.
We are pleased to have assuran
Washington S&ates,) that the Supree',
mien I to uphold the laws and the
by all means in its power. Bf'i ~n
eison in the case of~hermnaii W.
nally asserts the validity of the t
law and itsm authority withinmh~
of the State tribunals. -
*It remains for the Executive
to coimplete the work by a&praot
of the ent t~nent.
moat wonderful cure effected ~
icine.,mecorded, is the foling
A boy had swallowed a all
oif the faculty could deise.
whereupon the inventor orf
was sen't for. 'qt is evidmn
9o consderale a coin can.
any emetic known to se
him take this pill, and
will be likely to ensue.
blue lips now. They were pareied and (try.
The eyes, fixed and stony, with such a hag
gard and dreadflul language written on them,
glared upon the stranger -with so hopeless a
look that he wai softened.
"My Until" he said, casting his own eyes
upwards, " hath he not in his sufferings made
expiation and become peuitent? Shall I yet
save him? But, no," he added bitterly, al
most ferociously, "with his danger would deo
part his fear. With his despair would go his
sorrow and his remorse. Let him perish,
therefore, and let me be the avenging angel
that has naught to do with pity or with atred.
Let him die then; I can at least offer up a
prayer for his soul."
Gradually, as' the haggard eyes seemed to
rend all that p:ssed in the stranger's-mind,
the face sank-it lost hope-it was no longer
seen. The fingers grasped the sides, but it
was evident that they were relaxing, weaken
ing, anid would not hold long.
The gloom deepened below; the gray,ghast
imviuntains grew inore monstrous and spectral;
the fingers loosened; a shriek rent the air,
and the a tranger put his hand to his ears.
Down went Count Ludwig Paulder.
The nin knelt in the ear and prayed.
* * * * * * *
The next morning, in a. rude chalet, saved
from being dashed to pieces by the aid of hun
ters, on a rude bed1 or skins, wounded, weak,
arid bleeding, lay the dying stranger.
A priest of the Lutheran creed had been
lronght at his earnest prayer. To him he
m1iade the confe.4sion embodied in the strange
tale we have told, and when he had uttered
his last word, he breathed his last sigh. The
world had naught for him after his revenge
The Poor 3an's Book.
The windis have blown the smoke away
Cu!d is the forge and hush'd the nill;
The "t)oil-worn cotter" rests to-day
Traffic is mute and labor still.
The unlnrnesse'l horse feeds on the green,
The laboring ox rests in the shade;
A holy calm pervades the scene,
And beauty smiles from hill and glado.
The modest flwers that light the clod,
Like drops of sunshine from the sky,
1 w their sweet beads and worship God,
And send their fragrant praise on high.
Beneath his fg trec and the vino,
Doi'le the lowly cottage door,
The poor man real.s the precious line
Of proise to the humble poor.
Tile bible is the poor man's law,
Biei sed boon t5 mortnls given;
A bl,:1r eiu-h as Jncob sawl
With angels conting dot froir hearcn.
AN APlI!'IENT AGhIlT THE PlCY OF RE.
OPE..NG TIlE .AFIC.1.N Uh.VE TRADE.
IfY R. G. HARiiPER, L--.
Value of Slave L-abor--Extract No. 3.
liaving now ascertained the effect of this
policy upon the lprice of. our great staple, we
upon nuW j.. iW, aii 3t tar as p vosio is ue
paradloxical proposition put forth in the Report
of the Save .'rade COuimitte.:, as to the effect
of the imp.rtation upon the niegro property
;lready in the county. In reviewing the run
sonlinog of that Report also, up1on1 the subject
of populatiu and chealp labor, this sulject in
Iident,dlv caie to li-sht in s-ver:d points of
view, and some observ.ittions were made which
would be c'jtully just and uppropriate in this
conniIex'ion. Noiw the reduction of the. valu
of nie*.zro labor, by, rednetilt.: the prico of cot ton
and the value of the ne.gro's pro.aetive labar,
is a monre direct strokgt the interests of this
institution thani the mere ..ver-a.tocking of thu
m, urket, atnd it is a si roke fro,:n which it would
ne :n.,re dilihe,,lt to ree iver.
Tnue p~ricet of an arti,-le is its exchiangeable
value. Tihe price of those coimm~oliti..s which
perish inl thle use, cop-sisti f the cost of pro
diuctionm plus the effect of supply and demand.
The value ot real estate is estimanted by its
produetivencss i-ither'in rents or tlhn pjroceeds
of its fruits. And niegro property partakesi of
Ithe ntatuire of realty to Bi:,me extenit, and its.
price is estimated by its prodnetive value phis1
the utfeet of the anpply and demzand of' n~egro
labor; and the deiimnd, as has bieen initi nated,
is stimiuhaited or dereasetd by the valuie of its
lpro)l ier-ivllesi. fo resloicI ie price of Cotton,
thi-n, or othe1r prodlts of stave labor, is to
rednee to the val ue of thle negro. It is absurd
to 'talk ab itt cheaptl cotton without inrolvingr
the~ idea of cheap negro larbor; and equally
absurd to think ot' cheap ne.;ries withut thle
iietl of' cheapness in the products of their
labor. Thle moist:rk - male by somet in the
Somth -rnz Convention, who advocanted the Slave
T'rade upotn the grnaima that it would furnis'
cheaper neigroecs, wars, flhat they deniie-l that
lis produictiie vatlue would bet c-hiapeuu.d when
lie uwas mai~de.eheap. Thei~ one is ini.41.parilble
fromi the utiier. To'. talk abonut bttving nieptoes
at $:300~, wheni the. pr..daet ot' hislabor i.4 the
samte that it itow is. wouild be~ to udeal inl fala
cies anmd sopliistrie.s to.) apparetnt foir the most
illiterate tiller of Southern soil. The elemnenits
that enter ioto the value Qf a negro, the figures
by which lhe is bought and sold, are too well
uderstood and kniown froma exp rienice. Even
an inicreased~ supply would ho voni..4ttily
e'mmltertleted. i i(in acpsing UeL1elivb this
sitgr ca4nii, if thmat cause remnained the
.ise,~a tn.l was no~t itse!I(remt.uvdu be reduttion
of the prie of praduee, Anldi u~s tum va1l
prl,ita nre1ig f-rm time dif.;rtence io lho cost
of the Afrticansi itmporited and the puirchase
muoney here- wvould lie r.::tpa I bty thy~ ki lonp
per, and -I by.tl ther S.'mhercun pl.uit.-r w-ho 1.ur
cha~tsedi hiun. 11e wortld' lbe s-jhl here hiv thet
,uile of h i roihteiiti Vah :ulei, andl i say th..t
heC wed:M be. somet itheaper, biecause lie lpre.
seted "a cheapeur foirm of' slave labor,'' or, in
other words, because lie could do but pour
work, is to imiscoinceivetheimnp.>rt of the term;
tor a negro who sells for leaa than other negros,
only iAs piroportioni to his worthlessness, is no
chieaper', though you should buy him at $300.
It' that is the idea, there are cheap formes of
slave labor already ini our mnidst.
~t eaninot requlire mlor~e arguiientt to estah
lish this point. It is clear that thiose who are
.ioping for cheap slave labor, on the one ha~nd,
and high prices f'or their produicts on t heu oftier,
are hui ggimg to their bos-uis a delusive phai
toml of Souitherni prosperity.
Take~i it, thetn, that thiin'is true, andI let us
see what would be the consequeiice, reasonling
uont the hypothesis of S$0 as the price of a
ingr.a, which was the amuntt mentionted by a
gentleman in the Southern Conjtvention, asl a
resutlt desirable and itttainable hy the A frican
Slave Trade. The three anid a half million o1
iegroes we now possess are worth, at their
presenit valuation, more than three times what
tthey woul be worth after the reduction of
field hands to $300. So that, whenl six mil
lions arut added by that policy to our present
nuimber, the negro profperty of the Southern
State~s wold be worth no more than it is at
presenut upioa Ai. ,,lautiona. Would the South
ga.ini by the exchange in numbers?
Agatin, if a negro now is n o:th in Alabama
or Mississippi four hundred dollars a year1 he
would then be worth one hundred. It in
Georgia or South Carolina hie is now worth
e., 6-,~1An11m a)W un-.is nanade