Newspaper Page Text
For the Advertiser.
REVIVAL OP THE SLAVE TRADE-NO. IX.
" The war est be carried into Africa."
From the beat data, I can collect, at the t'me
Serfdom or White Slavery was abolished in Eu
r-spe, the population of no State except barren
Switzerland and sterile Scotland was below 100 to
the square mile. In many of the States as Fran
and most of the German Powars, tI-e pi pulatin was
tauch above I00 to the square mile. BR or argu
0ment's sake let us take 100 to the -quare mile a.
the maximum of population; a community where
sla v e ry w ill p a . , ,t
uting our present popula
, free colored and slave at 30,000,000,
which is over the real number, we would then have
less than 10 inhabitants to the square mile, and it
would require 300.000,000 of people to give 100 to
the squaro mile of our whole territory, which is
about 3.000,000 squaro milev. Therefore, if negro
slavery could bo established in all our territory
(And I hold that it would be, except perhaps in
New England if the slave trade were revived) we
'would possess ample space for 150,000,000 of
slaves to an equal number of masters.
But for the present let us omit all consideration
of the question, as to whether' if the vlave trade
were revived, slavery would be established in any
Of the free States or in any of the territories. At
least we now have slavery in 15 States covering an
area of 851,448 square aniles to which must be ad
ded the Indian Territory west of Arkansas embra
cing a surface of 71,127 square miles, perpetually
set apart for the habitation of the red man. A
considerable number of whites are intermarrying
with those Indians. They have printing presses,
flourishing schools, prosperous factories, and are
rapidly advancing in civilization. They own a
large uumber of slaves-raise much cotton, and
there is a strong feeling at the South in favor 0l
admitting the territory into the Union as an India:.
or Mostizo slave State. We have then now, say
000,000 square miles of slave territory, which, at
the rate of only 100 inhabitants to the square mile
will afford land enough to .employ 45,000,000 ne.
groes as slaves to 45,000,000 white masters. But
inny striking facts could be quoted to prove that
half the entire area of the South would profital.ly
sustait.negro slavery when population had reached
200 to the square mile, which woull sustain 45,000,
000 more slaves and masters in equal numbers.
Sume of the European States support over .00 in.
habitants to the square mile, besides leaving a
large surplus of production over kubsistance fot
wages to the employee and profit to. the employer.
Whether the slave trade be revived or not, when.
over subsistance shall begin to press upon land
any where in the South, the slaves of such regiol,
will be transported to where good cheap land car:
to had. Either the master will einigrate with hi:
slaves, or he will sell them. Thu slave beint:
coined or capitalized will naturally float to wher.
ever there is the greatest demand for him, just a,
money circulates whero it is wanted, or as wate
finds its levels despite obstructions and rail-roads.
or steamboatr, will be the channel through which
hto will pass expeditiously and cheaply from a.
dense population to a'eparse one-from poor and
costly laud to that which is fertile and cheap.
Conseqently South Carolina need have no fears
about acquiring an over dense population in cast
the alavo trade should be revived. As she is a
Hca board State, let her import Africans for bei
sister States of tho interior. It is only one of thr
perfections in our labor system that an ignorant
negro has an intelligent master to judge for him,
ere and at what business his labor will pay bot.
and when that has been determined, said negro
* will also soon find a master pecuniarily able t.
pay for his transportation to the desired point
Whereas, at the North, the ignorant white laborea
has no one to perform the office of discrete judge
for him; and if he had, being free, there is ne
comtpulsion to carry him where his labor will b,.
most profitable, nor is there any one to pay hi.
way. H~e nmust therefore either live in ignorance
of the most profitable business he can undertake.
or of the most illegiblo place to whaich he can emi
grate. Or, if he possesses this information, leea
attachment, or poverty may detain him at a point
where his labor is net wanted, and he may become
a nuisance to society. The Know Nothingism oi
New England got its origin in this way.
I presume no one except Senator JI.4xxOsD will
occupy the position that slavery cannot thrive it
-.o ad Central America, which our race will
*dly appropri.mte, wht-n~ver they shall thinl.
~Consequently, population has not yet ano
ot begein to press upon subsistauce or subsis
co to pross upon: land until the Anglo-Ameri
ns shall have arriveul at the Isthmnus of Darnian
..ow when will our race extend its sway to Pana
ma, and after it gets there how long will it be, be
fore 100 inhabitants to the square mnile, will cxis:
in the broad tract streachinig from Mason and Dix
on's line to the mighty city which will one day b.
established on the Amnerican Isthmus-that future
highway of the world's commerce and of nationa.
anigrations, surpassing the exodus of the Jew,
from Egypt or of the Ctaucassians from Asia.
It is entirely a new doctrine, that negro slavcry
cannot exist in Mexico and Ventral Atmerica. Mr.
WEnsrk-a said the law of God excluded it fron.
North of 36.30, and now if Senator llAxxaOso wil.
not lot it thrive in -Mexico and Central A mericen,
the negro must indeed be becoming a very delicate
gentleman. What! a race born under the equatot
whose ancestors have dwelt there for a thousand
generations, cannot work and thrive 8 degree.
North of it which is the latitude oaf Panama. The
.)habitazt of the negro and ass is the same. They
are both children of the Sun, and reasoning fron.
fact, as well as analogy, it is tenable that wherever
the ass or his hybrid kinsman, the mule, will worl.
and thrive, so will the negro. I am at a less ever
to imagine thefts upon which Senator Hluxroat
bases the declaration that, " African slavery ap
pears to have failed there. (Mexico and Centre.
America) Perhaps, and nmost p;obably, it will
never succeed in tijose regibus."
All the authorities inform us that negroes have
not increased by procreation in the West Indies
like they have in the United States. But most o'
them also state that ui,.-acenthus of the Africans
carried thither, especially into the Islands owned
by the Spaniards (and nearly all the West In
dies once belonged to Spain) were males. The
severe Spanish masters on the American Mairi and
in the West Indies too have always prefered only
maaes for laborers, and the black masters in.Afriez
have likewise preferred to sell only male slaves.
partly to breed ether slaves by retaining the fe
meale~s at home, and partly to indulge in thte sen
suality of poligamy. The Spaniard is proverbial
ly a cruel master. ie exterminated Indian slaves
by the wholesale in the first settlement of Ameri
ca, and his prosent unnatural treatment of Afri
cans is but in keeping with the Spanish character.
But a very small number of Africans, or their de
scendants, were ever imported into either Mexico,
or Central America; and therefore it could not be
expected that many of them should be found there
now, since the negro has been left to govern him
self. The African is every where over fond of ar
dent spirits, and liquor kills in the tropics almost
as surely and expeditiously as poison does in the
temperate regions. Besides, civil wars have ex
terminated millions of whites, Indians, negroes
and mongrels in the Spanish American States.
Whether negroes have multiplied in the West
* Indies, Mexico and Contral America, in proportion
to the number of fe:utcen carried thither, as rapid
ly as they have in our Southern States, I am net
prepared to any, and although, I should thInk theay
had not done so, yet it is a fact, that in addition
to the dense negro population now inhabiting
Jamaica and other West Indies, negroes from those
Islaads are virtually in possession of all the Cities
and Towns on both coasts of the American Main
for an extant of 1500 miles sea line, with Panama
as a center. Only about 4,000 negroes were ever
taken to Niearagna a. slaves, yet free negroes are
as thick there now In the Towns as crews In a
river corn field during a November morning.
Jamaioa negroes are the chief laborers upon the
Panama Rail-road. It was Jamaica negroes that
cansed President Pierce to have Giraytown bom
barded. It was Jamaica negroes that got up the
Panama riot. It was Jamaica negroes that raised
the Virgin Bay riot, and it was Jamaica negroes
that whipped Walker out of Nicaragua. The gel
den bullet shot by British diplomacy captered
-W ker's forts on the San Juan and dIsabled his
S and Lake Steamers, bat It was the leaden
by the Stalwart Jamtaica darkies (net
Spaniards) that expelled Walker
9f ar Conntinent.
Whoever is Incredulous oF the negro's capacity
to thrive in the tropics ought to see the JamaicA
Squashee, not in his native Island, but still further
South on the-Main. Barring rim and freedom, he
is a most promising fell1w for the sug tr, coffee and
cor field, and has a special horror of the " d-d
ankco nigger driver," (I suppose his Qneon taught
him the oath.) He is exceeding proud of being
an " Englishman" and a' " freeman," and has a
Christian as well as a Surnamo like his compeer.
Ia is John Bull's especial pet on the Main-pays
b.it little passage money on the Government mail
a e ucers from his dilapidating Island to the eon
tinent, for which place, he has a mysterious par
Negr-oes do tolerably well as slaves in Florida
and Texas, and as those two States have a popu
lation of but one to the equsre mile. I should
guess they would like to get a few more Africans.
More than oic third of the territory of Mexico
lies in the same latitude as Florida and Texat.
Will not slavery "succeed in those regions."
The remainder of Mexico and all of Central Amer
ica occupies such a narrote portion of the Conti
nu-nt that it may be called an island constantly
f. Loured by the cooling sea breeze. At all events
the climate is very equible, and cool nights make
it bracing. Besides a vast section of Mexico and
Central America are elevated table lands, most
admirably adapted to the growth of wheat, corn
and other eerial'. Any how eleration has as much
to do with climate as ltoitude, and Senator HAN
iroxqD ought to ride over the plateaux of Mexico
and Central America, and sec'the wheat and other
grain crops before he pronounces judgment that
slavery " perhaps, and.most probably, will never
succeed in those regions." None of the greater
Anti las are further South of Florida and Texas
than 7 degrees of latitude. Why should slavery
lourish in our two most Southern States and not
prosper in the West Indies or on the Main, in the
same latitude, if other things were equal ?
But the distinguished Senator asks if slavery
should thrive in Mexico and Central America
.' what are we to do with the seven or eight mil
lions of hardly semi-civilized Indians, and the
two or three millions of Creole Spaniards and
nongrels, who now hold those countries ?" There
s no utility in quibling about the immorality of
mr exterminating those Indians. It will be no
preator wrong for us to ext.ipate them than it has
)eon to destroy the Indians who once inhabited
the present Atlantic States of this Union. No
!nore a crime to cut their throats than it is now to
I iv: the Indians of the West before our advancing
-ivilization across the continent, to meet the
'myonets and revolvers of our settlers on the
Pacific. There is just as little difficulty in dispo
sing of the Mongrels Spaniards. We had no
.uIlms of conscience in annexing Florida, Louis
iana, Texas, California, Now Mexico and Utah, all
>f which were once the birthright of the mongrel.
But where are they now? Can one of them be
found in Louit na or Florida? -Are they not re
eding, or perishing before themarch of our people
in Texas, New Mexico and California? Mexicans
.rho owned baronies of land in California and
roxas, at the time they were annexed, are now
either numbered with the dead, leaving a beggard
etimily of homeless vagabonds, or they have
3:nigrated penniless to Mexico and othor Spanish
American States. The Spanish mongrel cannot
iind face to face with the Yankee without fear
.,nd trembling. He instinctively knows that he is
in presence of his mortal foe who has a superior
strategy and physique to himself. Hence he must
retreat or perish.
Our people look upon Mexico and Central Ameri
ea as their lawful prize. They regard it with the
4amoe eye that a Southern planter does his forest
land-a plantation to be cleared whenever desired.
to make no account of previous dlemonstrations
igainst Cuba, Nicaragua etc., at thig writing a
:ormnidable illibuster expedition is red dezvousing
.&t San Antonio in Texas and at S.tn Dieago in
Southern California for the purpose of forming a
junction in Araxzana and then descanding upon
ionora.. Some of ourpopulation are too impatient
to wait on the tardy movements of our government,
.ut whenever a majority of the American people
shall say " take Mexico and Central America,"
.hen Mexico and Central America will as certainly
'e taken from their mongrel owners, as Texas and
t'e balance of e,ur Spanish territory was.
After our race carrying slavery with them ahall
maye reached the Isthmus, why not go beyond ?
Why not conquer all of South America which
Brazil may not want ? Or at least why not shake
atands with her on the subject of slavery and the.
dlave trade-Abrogate the Treaty of Washington
-Let her appropriate all the Southern Continent
and we all the remainder of the Northern. While
Northern Europe is emptying h -r surplus white
pop:.lation upon our Continent, Southern Europe
is seeding out her hordes of enterprising and dar
ing l'ortugese, Italians and Spaniads to LDrazil.
While our institutions based upon the Common
L iw of England is attraceting the people of North
arn Europe (the placo of its birth) socare the Institu
tions of Brazil erected upon the Civil Law of Itome
squally congenial to the inhabitants of Southern
E:.rape; and thus it is, that all Europe is being re
aieved of its redundant population. The only two
sountries In America where the slave to capital
ad the oppressed subject of despotism in Europe
:an find a welcome homae are the United States and
The heart of Ireland heats in the United States
and that of Portugal, as well as of many Italian
.tates (the descendents of the noble old Roman.)
hrobs in Brazil. The Great City of Genoa speci
illy has removed most of her capital and enter
irising merchants and manufacturers to Rio
faneiro. Ere two centuries more perhaps the only
.wo languages which will lbe spoken on the North
ir South A:nerican Mains will be the Englith and
Portugeso. 1 love nmy country-adore her inasti
autions and believe her invincible iu arms, hut I
.:annot question the fact that little Portugal has
:ounded as great a State in Brazil, as little England
a established in the United States. Theoreti
:ally, I should think the Brazilian Government has
nore elements of stability in it than ours. It not
,aly has the conservatism of negro slavery, but it
also has four negatives in legislation one of which
is an aristocracy of mierit confering Titles, Priri.
leges and Powers for lifemnly, which is perhaps
.no stole than either the six years tenure of our
ienate or the hereditary tenure of the British
tl')use of Lords.
Brazil also grants full toleration to all creeds of
religion as wull as universal suffrage to all white
enon after a brief probation for naturalization.
tier white population is likewise increasing faster
my emigration than ours is at this time. 11er
Army and Navy are rapidly growing into impor
tance. Heur commerce begin, to whiten every sea.
Sight lines of steam ships ply between her Ports
aznd Europe, yet we are without a single line of
steamers running to Brazil, and Southern men
seem scarcely aware of the existence of the Hercu
lean Portugese Giantess who will shortly force
herself upon the attention of England and France
by thrashing them into a reegnition of her right
to have more slaves from Africa whenever she
shall want them, and that time seems near at hand,
although she prohibited the slave trade herself in
IS51. She is not likely to samgyle negroes the
next time she visits Africa for Congoes. So we are
not alone on the slave trade question.
Let us therefore agree to leave South America
f.,r lirazil, while we monopolize this Continent
Let the mongrel Spaniard of both Continents die
appear as the Indian has in our country. Let the
Meatizeos, Zamboes, Q iadroons and Quinteroons
vanish from Mexico and Central America as they
have done from Texas, California, etc. It is very
doubtful if fifty pure blooded Spaniards inhabit
all Central America. They are more numerous in
Mexico and some ef the other Spanish States of
the Main but still they are so few compared with
the Indians and mongrels as hardly to deserve
notice. The old Caballeroes and Ilidalgoes of
Cortez and Pizaro, unfortunately for them, con
quered the civilized Indians of both Continents,
and instead of exterminating the Aboriginese, as
we had to do the wild savages of our country, they
crossed their proud blood with that of the inferior
race (as all conquerors of a civilized people had
done before them) occupied their houses-tilled
their farms-esed their macadmised reads-worked
their mines and nothing now remains of the heroes
erho were once virtually masters of all Europe, and
*s much its dictators as the French ares at this time.
2here are yet sereral larpe Indazz Tuibesla
every Spanish state on this, or the South American
Continent, who neither speak the Spanish language
nor acknowledge allegianco to the Spanish Repub
lic of mongrels who claim to assert jurisdiction
over them. In fact the puro Indian is a better
Warrior than the mongrel. In the petty state of
Casta Rica (which has more white blood than any
of the other quasi Republics) there is a large tribe
of savages, who have thrashed every expedition
which has been sent against them. The Indians
of Chantalles in Nicaragua have not only presbr
ved their independence against the attacks of the
mongrels, but they also beat Walker's chosen
troops in two desperate engagements, after which
he left them in peaceable possession of the finest
territory and climate in NIcaragua. An Indian is
now dictator of Guatamalm. But it were a booties.
task to particualarize. Let it suffice that either
pure Indians or Mongrels who occupy a still lower
scale of manhood, possoss all the territory known
as the Spanish American Republics. That territo
ry is all well adapted to slavery and why shall we
not take it? With a fertile slave territory at the
South, having a present population of only 12 to
the square mile-with Mexico and Central Ameri
ca ingting us to go.and take them-with Railroads
and Steamboats for cheap and rapid transporta
tion-with a capitalized, or coined system of labor,
how can our people have any fears about the sub
eistance or profits of slaves, if the African slave
trade were reopened. Shall we do every thing for
posterity and nothing fur ourselves? Ought not
charity to begin at home? Are we under as much
obligation to reserve land here for European etnl
grants, as we are to occupy that land with African
slaves to work for ourselves ? But it is useless to
apprehend the coming of many more emigrants to
the Unitedl States. The tide of migration is rolling
in other directions of which in the next paper.
ARTHUR STMINS, EDITOR.
THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1859.
Our New Dress.
The readtr will observe the changes and im
provements we this week institute. With consid
orably increased space and a large supply of new
type, we trust to give satisfaction to all our sub
scribers; and we hope to gain many mxore. No
one can deny that the Advertiser is, now, a cheap
paper at $2 per annumi. Our exertions will con
tinue, to fill its columns constantly with every thing
good and useful and instructive and amusing. The
regular increase of our subscription list is truly
cheering. Our advertising patronage, too, is large
and liberal. These together enable us to improve;
and we trust we shall continue to improve from year
to year. Our ambition is to keep pace with our
brightening prospects. The Advertiser is liberally
supported, and we intend to make it fully worthy
of that support. But we deal not in professions.
Let our labor speak for itself.
Hon. M. L. Bonham.
Oar representative will address the citizens of
Edgefield on salo.day in April at this place. It
will be an interesting occasion, and we hope all
will come out to henr.
0. McD. 'Warvma, Wx. J. REAiD, Esq., and Hi.
T. WROuIT, Esq., have been elected by the Quar
terly Conference of this Circuit as their delegates
to the Methodist Sunday School Convention at
A good exhibition of magic, fun, singing, dan
cing, &c. &c. The audience on Monday, at this
place, wore hugely delightly. Our up-country
nousins may look out for a capital thing or its kind,
in " ETRMaar's Vanzwrias."
Broom And Norrell, of Augusta.
An efficient and a reliable firm. Their goods
are always superior. They sell as cheap as the
cheapest. When Baoox tells you any thing, you
may rest assured it is so ; and with NOnr~RL, yu'il
never flnd(aue .to quarrel. See their card.
,A Fine Teacher.
Without intending to disparage any one else, we
wish to express an opinion about the teacher in our
Edgefield Male Academy. He is, in our humble
opinion, the best teacher we have had in Edgceneld
since the damys of SAxr. M1. STArrontn; and we
carnestly advise such of our citizens, throughout
the district, ais wish their sons properly andl
thoroughly instructed, to send them to our tcacher.
Those sons will thank you fur it all their days.
This is no idle comapliment.
Win. II. Crane.
CnAtI: is filling up again with a rich supply.
Close in his purchases and quick in his sales, he
can offer his customergreat facilities. Every bo
dhy knows the store of Wx. Hi. CRASS, just below
the U. S. Hotel, Broad Street, Augusta, Ga. Bet
you never saw it look as brilliant as it does this
Spring. May form a slight idea of it by reading
JAVES lEANCOCK committedi suiide on the 10th
instqut by shooting hinuself with a gun. He lived
near Curryton in this District; had been liable to
spells of mental derangement for some years.
The juries of our late Court brought in several
heavy verdicts. Among them was one of $5000Oh,
in " Jons~ W. McdK r:t.An cv. AmUnvar . G AsKINa."
In this case Messrs CAunoms. & JAnIY were the
plaintiff's attorneys. The offence was an assault
and battery, rcsulting in grievous injury to McKzt.
G. WV. Ferry.
To get a good, and fashionable, and pretty hat,
go to FEuRY's under the Masonic Hall. Ho is the
BEEBE of Augusta.
The Florida Home Cumpiaion, of the 15th inst.,
"We have just seen a veritable Cabbage stalk,
raised in this town (Ocaln) meamurinag near 9 feet
in length. What sort of a head it biare we cannot
tell, but it looks as though It might have furnished
yreens for a whole faumtily about six mouths."
Newby & Co.
This old and genuine Clothing Firm are receiv
ing a great and a glorious stock of goods; and
hey are great and glorious fellows to sell them;
and we wish them a great and glorious season.
Destroyed by Fire.
Ma. 11. 31. MAYEs, of this district, Informs us
that on last Friday he lost by fire his dwelling
house and smoke-house, with all his bacon, lard
sugar, coffee, household and kitchen furniture, lie
is unable to tell how the fire originated.
An articeo was copied in this paper last week
from the inwerly lMagazine, having referenee to
certain musical matters in Augusta. We did not
see the piece until the paper was out. The writer,
while truthful in the main, has embellished a little.
The young musician, alluded to in such flattering
terms,is of course very grateful ; butho is apprehen
sive at the same timnethat a wrong impression may
be made lby one or two of Mr. R EDFIELD's remarks.
le therefore asks us to state, that lhe never for a
moment thought of leading that gentlemnan to be.
1eve that he had been in Prussia and Germany ;
he never Intimated such a thing to any one, but
has often deplored his inability to reap that ad
vantage. Neither did he say to Mr. RazamrKL that
he had heard "all the great artists." lHe ha
heard nearly all of them who have been in this
country, and may have so said.
Having made these corrections for another, we
must make one for ourself. We are not a "ho.
pitable planter," as Mr. R. would have us to be ;
sorry that he is wrong in this particular.
fi' The lHon. Mike Walsh, an ox-member of
Congreas, and a prominent and active member of
the Arizona and Mexican Colonization Society,
was found dead In the Eighth avenue, New York,
on the l'lth March. It is mupposed lne ac0%dental1y
r.1n jizd kten him n.aL.
Abolitionists in Aiken.
SEE a letter which we publish this week, taken
from the Oswego (N. Y.) Tionee. It was written
by a lady in Aiken to her brother at the North,
and sent by him to the said Tiie newspaper for
publication. A resident of Aiken accidentally saw
it. Upon his making it known to the citizens
generally, considerable excitement prevailed. A
certain lady was suspected. A committee consist.
ing of W. P. FI.LEY, General J. It. WEVER and
Dr. S. LA4nLEY, waited on her Immediately. She
confessed the authorship of the letter, and wa
forthwith requested to leave the place within forty
eight hours. She left the next day for the North,
0 0 6
General William Walker.
The redoubtable "gray-eyed man of destiny
was to have left New Orleans, in the early part ol
this month for California. Simple as this an.
nouncement may be, it is probably fraught witt
important consequences. The new Pacific State
from all accounts, contains a largo amount of com.
bustible material. Let a Lucifer match, like WIr..
LIAU GYEYEYFD WAIKrin, be thrown in, and thi
result may be decidedly demonstratis e if not "con.
flagratory." We do not pretend to predict anything
more than than the death of a mouse after a rattle.
snake has bitten it; yet, we here venture to thinsA
that the GreatFillibuster is not reckoning without
his host in this visit to California. If he has gone,
as report says; and if his purpose really be a fillibus.
tering one; and if the Californians are such peopli
as they are represented to be; and iF the said WIr
LIAM WALItCR appeals to them after the fashion it
which he has hitherto done to others; and i
Nicarauga shall constinue to remain where it is, ani
as it is, some months longer;-then, and with al
these provisos, "we shall see w'aat we shall see.'
6 6 4
Wright & Alexander.
The spring advertisement, of this universalla
popular Augusta Dry Goods House. may be seer
on another column, and deserves careful attention
W. & A. are too well known to the ladies, t<
need any word from us in that quarter. We als<
advise the gentlemen to find them out, if they havi
not done so. It is a beautiful and amply-providet
The Steamship City of Washington arrived a
New York on the 10th inst., and from her advice
we gather the following Items:
The sales of cotton in Liverpool for the three day
previous to the steamer's sailing, which was on thi
2d March, were 32,000 bales, of which speculator
took 8,000, and exporters 3,000 bales. The ad
vance, in some cases, was 3 16d. since Friday, th4
25th February. Middling Orleans is quoted a
Tic. and for strict grade 71d.; Middling Upland
613-16d. The market closed active at firm prices
Advicas from the manufacturing districts wer
favorable, and the prices of goods and yarns ha
War rumors continued to circulate, and there up
pears to be less confidence in the maintenance o
peace than at the time of the departure of th<
Arabii on the 26th February.
The news is fully confirmed that the Pope ha
invited the yithdrawal of the French and Austria:
troops from the Papal States. It is not know:
what course will be pursued by France and Austria
Mr. D'ISRA.LI has introduped into the House o
Commons his reform bill. It is moderate in tone
and extends the elective franchise.
That " Federal Slice."
A correspondent of Jonx Mrrciata's Southien
Citizen labors, after the following fashion, to mak
something out of nothing. His allusion is, to
brief paragraph of ours in reply to a fling of th
Samter W~atchan, on the subject of a certain gov
"lBut what is this ? Somne of the country paper
are rejoicing over a certain "'slice of Federal pat
rosge," in the shape of an advertisement of mai
routes, which they have been lately favored with
Not being accustomed to the garbage they esteen
it. most delectable food, and " would like to get an
other slice as soon as practicable." One of they
re-assures his eonscience that a dozen such leave
could not "Interfere with his habit of thinking fo:
himself on all questions," and he is anxious to ex
periment with his conscience. Federal patronag.
does not interfere with the "habit of thinking.
however much it may interfere with the " habit
of expression of the thought. Any such experi
meton the latter habit might not be altogethe;
Such is the garbled rendering, of a playful para
graph, with which a Charlestonian entertains th.
readers of the C'itizen. Anonymous letter-writer;
are generally characters, whose censure is as con
temptibie as their praise. The present writer il
probably an exception. Whoever he be, we advis'
him to attend to his own conscience and let otber;
alone, Hie can surely earn his two or three dollari
per week from the Citizun without imapugning th
honesty of his neighbors and mis-interpreting theil
sportive expressions. However, we suppose th<
itter has to be written, or no pay ; And if muaterin
for its composition is lacking, a little moonshini
must be mnanufactured. If such be the straits a
the ('itizen's correspondent, we are free to forgivi
him, poor fellow I
The last report of the British Board of Trad<
speaks in disparaging terms of India Cotton, whicl
some writers are pleased to hold up as a scare
crow in the cotton competition of the world. It l
said to " excel other cottons onaly in shortness o
staple, in foulness and in slovenly package." I
formed but one sixth part of the supply of th~
British market even in 1857 when the crop wa
unusually large. American Cottons are inmmense
ly in the leadl whether as to quantity or quality
The raw material in: portedl into England last yeaa
am:tted in value to :;o,00tl,00,, of pou~tnds sterlitng
of which the Unitedl States received 21,50tfl,0110
Where, with these tigures, does there exist a groutm
of apprehenlsiont that wo cainnot continue to keel
far ahead of all the rest of mankind with our pre
sent resources ?
The Marriage Day.
There is a custom, which few persons observe
ad which is yet one of the prettiest and mosl
rational of all customs. It is that of celebrating
one's m~arriage day, at every returning anuiversa.
ry, by calling in one's friendls andI fellows to par
take together of a good dinner. We were of
party like this on Saturday last, and a delightfu
time indeed it was. Let us recommend the habi
to those of our friends who yet remain to be mar
red. Adopt it on your marriage-day and keepi
up with scrupublus puctuality. It will be a sea
son upon which to re-light the candle of your ear
ler connubial bliss. It will be a compliment t<
your wife, above the price of jewels. It will fostoi
the home affections and bless your hearth-stone
It is, in short, a species of social religion which al:
would do well to embrace and cultivate. So al
least thought we, as we enjoyed the feast o;
0i Saturday evening last, the fears of our her.
tiulturists and fruit-growers were raisedl to a higl
pitch b~y thu increasing frigidity of thu atmos.
phere. Cabbage plant-bieds were covered; snai
beans were protected ; nd~ we heard one man say
that he intended to go home and canopy some o.
his choice young fruit trees with blankets. fBu
the critical night cnme and went; and, althouglh
the mercury sunk as low as 35C, yet the real danm.
age amounted to nothing of consequence ; only
few Irish potatue tops were blackened by the
blighting influences. Sonme of the old weather.
prophets have been steadily predicting a killng
frost, to come off some time this Spring. We think
the chances, now, are against such a catastrophy.
A cold snap in March is not often followed bya
cold snep in April; we appeal to experience irl
support of this assertion. Furthermore, if March
tried and could not do it, how shall we suppose
that April will succeed,-the month of gentle andi
genial showers ;-the month when the buds all
open and when nature
--" Scatters o'er the living scene
Hecr richest, freshest, tendereat green !"
pa It Is rumioretd in Washington, says a tele.
graphic dispatch fromn that city, that the President
will call an extra session of Congress ; but at what
time is not known.
.0- The Boston Courier saf's that the crop of
ice in that vicinity has been unusually large thIs
year. The ice houses are filled, and a large quan.
thy or apius tae1stackad.
There is a little old book before us, printed by
order of Congress in the good year of our Lord
eighteen hundred andseventeen, being a "Register"
of United States functionaries high and low, at
tached to which is a report of our Naval strength.
One of the resolutions, by which it was directed to
be printed, savors of such different economy from
that which now prevails at Washington, that it
may not be amiss to reproduce it as a sort of curi
"3. Resolved, That five hundred c pi-s of the
said Register be printed; and that on the first
Monday in January, in each year wien a new
Congress shall be assembled, there be delivered to
the President, the Vice President, each head of a
department, each member of the Senate and House
of Reoresentativos of the United States, oyx (!)
copy of such Register; and to the secretary of the
Senate, and Clerk of the House of Representatives
each, ten copies, for the use of the respective
Houses; that twenty-five copies shall be deposited
in the library of the United States, at the seat of
government, to be used like other books in that
library ; and that the residue of the said copies be
disposed of in such wanner as Congress shall,
from time to time, direct."
Is there not a tone of refeshing simplicity about
this old-fashioned resolution ? The whole expense,
judging from the appearance of the volume, could
not have exceeded three or four hundred dollars:
And yet a special place is fixed by law for each
copy. Finding that some copies would be left
over, it is ordered that they be put away and kept
until Congress shall, from time to time, dispose of
them. Mark that, ye Congressmen who now vote
away so lavishly the public monies !
But let us see if we cannot glean some items
from this Register that may serve to carry our
thoughts back to other matters connected with the
1. J'Amas MomnoE, as every body knows, was
President, and Joux C. CALUIOUX Secretary of
2. Alabama was then a territory, and Wu. M.
BIBB was its governor.
3. Jonx MAuSHAL, was Chief Justice of the
United States; and Wr..IAM Jonssox of South
Carolina was one of the Associate Justices.
4. Jons DRATTON was district Judge for th's
State, and MORTox A. WAiao Marshall,-Judg's
5. TuoxAs SuxTER, of South Carolina, was
minister plenipotentiary to Brazi :-salary $9000.
0. Srmox Tuzus was Collector of the customs at
Charleston, his compensation amounting to $-,000.
TuoMAs CHAPMAN was collector at Georgetown;
and WILLIAM Joyrxt, at Beaufort.
7. The collectors of Direct Tax in this State
were as follows: RODMRT lHowA*nD, 1st district, at
Charleston; A. H1. Joxzs, 2nd district, at Colum
bia; JAMEs CALHOUN, Jr., 4th district, at Abbe
Villo ; FnAXcis AnAs, 5th district, at Greenville;
Jon- BecnAxAx, Gth district, at Fairfield; Jon
S: Ricz, 7th district, at Chester; TuoxAs P.
EvAns, 8th district, at Kershaw; and MottAs U.
Bnowa, 8th district, at Marlborough.
8. JAxS GADSDEN, of South Carolina was then
a Lieutennt in the Army, belonging to the Engi
9. South Carolina afforded the country at that
time only one mail contractor, JAxzs HANxAu;
and his pay amounted to the astonishing sum of
two hundred dollars. Stop-we are mistaken:
There is another; one of the firm of KIMBALL &
RANDoLPii, but which one of them is the Carolin
ian our book does not say; their compensation
reached the figures $5,500.
10. Our Navy numbered about 40, of which
number six were 74's; five were 44's ; three were
36's; one was a 32; two were 24's; eight were
18's; four were 16's ; three were 12's &c., &kc.
In 1857, our entire Navy afioat did not numbcr
30 ships Now there are a few more.
. 11. In those days the government of the United
States gave CnAnLES BrI.Pxten, architect of the
Public Buildings at Washington, $2,500, per an
num. Now, South Carolina alone pays an em
ployee of the same kind six or eight thousand dol
lars a year to plan and guide the erection of a
single public building.
Ta: Columbia Giusrdian, (Mr. PELHAM) has
this paragraph upon " Lnnvr."
"Au the idea of liberty is one of the first to
po.sap the mind, it is among the last to attain its
growth. At first it includes hut little more than
an impatience of restraint, a gratification of wants,
arude, personal independence and hardihood,
such as we see among the aucient Giermans, the
pnatidos of Northern Europe and Asia, and the
tribes of North American Indians. It is again
one of the n'ost tenacious, because identified with
the means of comfort, and the maintenance t,f
Ipersenal right and dignity. Lastly, it is suscepti
olo of indefinite progress and expansion, as, in its
highest state it emnt,races the niotions of justice,
and requires tlie nicest distinctions of rights,
which are themselves of s!ow progress. It involves
-then the highest reasoning, and the most clcvatedl
sense of duty, and reaches its perfections only with
the full development of thc powers of the soul in
the pursuit of truth. "le is afreemnun whom the
truth makes free, and all are slaves besides."
Slightly metaphysical in point of style, but
reaching at last a proper climax. Does the Guar
dian rememuber the beautiful simplicity of plan,
by which "~ One mighty to save" directed the be
lieving Jews to find a true freedom? Said lie:
" If ye continue in sty ,cord, then are ye my dis
ciples indeed ;"
" And ye skull knote the-trutlh, and the truth shall
smake you f'ree.
p2 The Presidential term of JAuiEs BUCNAAN
began its third year on the 4th lnst.
*g Syn.wnannrus is FEnRvARY.-The Ma
rianna (Fln.) Patriot, of the 26th nlt.. satys, Dr. E.
Pnll~rn oif that p~la'ce has had ripe strawberries in
his garden several days.
pr One object tof Mr. Coibden's visit to this
country is said to be to look into the affairs of tbe
Illinois Central Railroad, in which he is a large
pr GonOROA MEnToDzsT C~URtc.-The Min
utes of the Georgia Conference, re.ntly publish.
od, present the following gratifying exhibit:
The nct increase in Church members reported
was 4,500 white andl 3,01)0 bilacks; total, 7,500.
There was raised for Sunday schools abotut $3,000,
for the Tract Society about $3i,500, and for the
Missionary Society, including the anniversary col
lection, about $2,000.
*g Dn. WILI.rIur M. Doling, one of the oldest
and most skillful physicians, and otne of thme most
esteemed and respected citizens of Montgomery,
Alabama, died recently.
.p' The Cleveland (Tenn.) Barnner says :-The
warm and pleasant weather for the past few weeks
has had quite a salutary effect upon the coming
wheat crop. Although the winter was unfavorable
for a good crop, the present indications are very
promising. Where it was put in early and good it
looks very fine.
pr A Washington telegraphic dispatch says,
that the Treasury departzettt shows the circulation
of the bantku of the .Uited States, ini 1856, to bec
two hundred and fifteeni millions of dollars ; in
1857, one hundred and fifty-five muillions of dollars;
and in 1858, ab~out ninety-three millions and a half.
pr' The Newv York Jonal of cuommerce
says, there is a mtah up in the northecrn part of
Massachusetts, so f,.nd of bell-ringing, thtat lhe
pays ten cents a year for thte privilege of riniging
thu town bell at noon anid nine o'clock in the evo
ning. This Is genuinte punblic spirit.
2g!IThe Augustaliaputch says: "A counterfeit
$50 bill. on the State Bank of Sotuth Carolina, was
passed on one of our merchants this morning."
pr A young man, a member of an evangelical
church, advertises in a New York paper for board
in a pious family, where his Christian exanaple
would be considered a comipensation. Quite a
modest christian, that.
~'The Nashville Kerre of Wednesday, has a
a telegraphic dispatch from Honpkinaville, Ky., an
nouncing that Gen. Wmn. T. Hiaskell, died at the
Lunatic Asylum in that place on Sunday, the 13th
Inst. His rem'tins were plaed in a vault to await
the uerrival of his friends.
W' We learn, says the Newberry Consertratiat,
that the freight train ran over the trestle across
Bush River, on Saturday last, for the first time
since the recent accident. Since then all of the
trains hiave been ranning orer it inm conformity
MR EITOR:-As the transaction that gave rise
to this correspondence was public, it is deemed best
that I should request you to make the correspond
ence itself public. Moat respectfully, &c.,
EnCEFIRLD C. II., March 15,1859.
SiR:-On yesterday, during the trial of the case
of W. B. SA31UEL vs. MICAJAR DINKINS, I under
stood you to ask the witness, Mrs. NANeY FAVLK,
"who brought her up here ?" and on her replying
"Mr. Musco Samuel," I further understood you to
ask, " How much she had been paid for coming
up?" and "What sum of money Mr. Samuel (mean
ing myself,) had promised to give her to come ?"
Such questions publicly put to a witness pro
duced by myself, seemed to impute to me, directly
or indirectly, according to the apprehension of the
hearer, crime and dishonor.
Laboring under such an impression, I should be
false alike to the antecedcnts of my life, and to my
duty as a citizen and father, if I did not seek relief
by requesting a frank explanation of your course
of conduct towards me; and particularly, whether
you meant, by implication or otherwise, to cause
an inference prejudicial to me as a gentleman ?
My friend, Mr. AnNEY, will hand you this.
I am, respectfully,
Your obed't scrv't,
To W. W. ADAXS, Esq.
EDGEPIELD, C. IT., March 13, 1859.
Sin:-Your note of the 15th inst., was handed to
me by our mutual friend, Mr. Aanr.v, late this
afternoon. I learn from it that you are under the
impression that I, in the examination of the wit
ness, Mrs. NANCY FAULK, seemed to impute to you
something improper, and you request me to give
you an explanation of my course of conduct to
wards you, and particularly whether I meant, by
implication or otherwise, to cause an influence pre
judicial to you as a gentleman.
In reply to your note, I cheerfully state that in
the examination of the witness above named, I had
no intention, directly or indirectly, by implication
or otherwise, to impute to you anything improper
or dishonorable. When I began to cross-exafine
the witness, I did not know who brought her to the
Court House, and my purpose in the examination
was to test, as far as possible, the intelligence and
recollection of the witness. My recollection of the
questions propounded is, that I asked-" Who
brought you to the Court House ?" "Who is to pay
you forcoming to Court?" "What ishe topayyou?"
I regret that you supposed that I designed to re
flect upon you in any sense whatever. The ques
tions propounded were such as were suggested to
me at the moment, without any previous reflection.
So far from having any intention to impute to you
anything improper, I had not thought of the mat
ter since it occurred till I bad read your note.
I certainly did not mean by implication or other
wise, to cause an inference prejudicial to you as a
My friend, Mr. ADnSy, consents to hand you this.
I am, respectfully,
Your obd't servant,
W. W. ADAMS.
To Mcsco SAMUEL, Esq.
EDG EFIELD C. H., S. C., March 16, 1859.
Mv DEAn Sin:-I am happy to say that your
note of last evening, handoe1 to my friend Mr.
AnNEX, is entirely satisfactory.
It affords me great pleasure to feel a conviction
that no future interruption shall disturb our friend
'It miay h~o necessary for me to publish this cor
I am, as respectfully and truly as ever,
Your.s, 3MUSCO SA MUE L.
To W. W. ADAMS, Es'j.
For the Advertiser.
Mn. EDITORn:-It was charming to witness the
large assemblage of neatly-habited boys and girls
attendant on Sabbath School, at Harmony Church
last Sunday morning. This was the glorious oc
casion set apart for its organization; and at an
early hour goodly numbers of various ages flocked
in from every direction. An able and well-con
eived address was delivered by one of the memt
hera of the School. It manifested great interest
and zeal, and reflected no little commendation and
credit on the orator. He received the approving
nod of every gentleman, and the sweet smile of
every fair lady present. M1ay the audience be en
duringly benefited by the divine precepts therein
inculcated. HItamony Church is undoubtedly mna.
king a grand effort to advance the cause of God,
by instructing tihe young "ini thme way they should
go." It is a noble examiple,-a lively exhibitiom.
of fidelity and sincerity, and Elhould be followed
by her sister Churches. Let every neighborhoodI
buckle on its shield, and advance heroically to Its
duty in the Sabbath School cause; for great wi~l
be the reward in Heaven, of such services in the
Master's vineyard. W e9
Mareb 15, 1859.
Death of Col. Bond.
The sudden and violent death of Col.
Joseph Bond, one of our best citizens andl,
widely known as a pilanter of great wealth, is
looked upon as a common calamity-andsa l
dens every face we see. It fills our whole
community with gloom. The circumstanccs,
in brief, were these: a misunderstanding has
subsisted for some time, between Col. Blond
and Lucius Brown, formerly hmis over-cer, but
now empiloyed on., a neighboring plamntion
owned by Col. fleal!. Brownt had a shoirt
time before, unju.-tifiambly a-..ailed and severe
ly whipped -mn old and faithful servant of
liond's ; and on Saturday morning, Col. Bon~d
examined the injurieA sustained b~y the ser
vant, and finding them to be very severe,
became excited to phrenzy. lie mobnted his
horse and starting after Brown, found him on
borseback on Becall's premises, assailed him
with a stick and knocked him off his hor..e.
Brown recovering his feet, shot Bond through
the' body, whereupon Bond dismounted and
fired at Brown, as he ran from him, woun
ding him in the thigh. Bond lived but thirty
minutes after the rencontre. Another state
ment of the facts attending thme rencontre, is.
that after unhorsing Brown, Bond dismnoun teri
and was in the act of pnmumelhng Brown
with his stick, when the latter discharged his
The body was brought to town Sunday
afternoon, and the funcral takes place this
afternoon (Monday) from the Presbyterian
church. The precipitancy wirich'has resulted
in this terrible catastrophe, will be held more
excusable, when it is considered, that Bond
was in all respects a model planter, as well as
a most humane man; That Lis chief pride
and pleasure were in the beauty and order of
his plantations, and the comfort and happi
ness of his people. He was noted for his
great care and attachment to them, and it
was hardly possible to assail him in a more
sensitive point than the abuse of one of thenm,
especially an old and faithful servant. as in
tis case.-Macon Telegraph, Mar'ch 15.
Tum EXTRaEEPENAL.TY.-Yesterdny, James
Goingsm suffered the extreme penalty of the
law, for the crime of murder of which lie was
convicted at the last fall term of the Court.
About 12 o'clock, he was carred out under
military escort to the scene of execution,
near Potter's Field, and at about 1 o'clock.
was hung. le was accompanied by Rev.
Mr. Wightman. The sacrament, we are in
formed, was administered to him, prayers
offered up in his behalf, and soon the spirit
of the unfortunate victim of offended law
was released from its earthly tenement.
Te remains were taken in ocharge by his
relatives-many of whom witrnessed the sad
spetale.-South Carolinian, 19th inst.
BL'RsF. -rO DEATIH.-A negro woman, be
longing to Mr. Thomas Sealey, of Hlamburgr,
South Carolhna, was burnmed to death on
Wednesday. She was assisting a negro man
and boy in burning off a new piece of ground,
about two miles from Hamburg, when her
clothes accidentally took fire. The man im
mediately ran to her aid, and at once strip
ped off some of her burning garments, but
she was so severely injured that she died at
5 o'clock the same evening.-Augusta Chron
From the Oswego New York Times.
The following is an extract from a private
letter, by a New York lady spending the win
ter with an invalid daughter in South Caro
lina, to a brother in this village:
AIKEN, S. C., Feb. 2d, 1859.
My DEAR BaoTnuER:-We are in what is
called the Pine Woods District, 120 miles
west of Obarleston. Aiken is a small town
of not more than 1000 inhabitants, and the
dullest place I was ever in. All the work
that is done in this country is done by the
slaves, and they do just as little as they pos
The houses are open and not half made,
with the doors ofF the hinges, and the win
dows won't shut; you could put your hand
in the cracks all around the sashes. The
whole country has the appearance of as lazy,
shiftless, dirty, ignorant a set of beings it is
possible to conceive of. They go lounging
about the streets and stores all day, a moving
heap of rags, dirt and ignorance, looking lit
tle better, and often knowing less, than the
slaves-too proud to work, and too poor to
live-Mrs. Stowe's description, in Urncle
Tom's Cabin, of the poor whites of the South,
is in no way over-drawn, but ofton fails of a
description of their destitution and ignorance.
The slaves are of all colors and shades,
from the most sooty black to a perfect white.
There was a waiter at the Hotel at Charles
ton, who was as white as you or I, with blue
eyes and sandy hair, and not the least-ap
pearance of A frican blood that I could see.
I thought him an Irishman, jnd my husband
thought him an American; but from our host,
to our surprise, we found him to be a slave,
the property of a planter a few miles south
Aiken is quite a resort for consumptives.
It lies on high ground, and is surrounded by
a yellow pine forest. The climate is mild
and warm, the atmosphere pure and delight
ful. We have been out all the morning with.
out cloaks or shawls. And I ought not to
complainof acountry that improtesmy daugh
ter's health ; but, in spite of all my wishes,
the hours hang heavily upon me. We have
no company except the two young ladies
from New York-the one sick and the other
to take care of her,-and a gent from Ohio,
also sick and a testy old bachelor, which is
worse than being sick.
This monotonous life is occasionally broken
by a negro whipping. The other day, as I
was walking down street, I saw quite a crowd
of people, and soon beheld in their midst a
large, tall negro, with his arms pinioned be
hind him, who had been driven twelve miles
that morning by a white man: the man riding
on a horse and driving hiin before him, using
two long ropes as we use lines to drive our
The man said that the negro had started
to run away, and he had caught him and
brought him back. The negro said that he
belonged to a man a few miles south, and had
only lost his way in the woods, and if they
would let him, he would go right home. They
flogged him, put him in the Calaboose, (a ne
gro prison,) and what has became of him
since I do not know, but feel quite sure that
they had the ropes on the wrong man, for
the negro was much the smartest looking of
Last Sunday, just after morning service, we
heard a great noise in the street, and on look
ing out we saw a black man trying to get
away fron two white men. His face was
cut and bleeding profusely. They tied his
hands behind him, r-tripped his back bare,
took him into their store, which is nearly op
posite to our house, tied him down to the
floor, and gave him fifty lashes in the course
of the next half-hour, uno+, all at once. After
eight or ten lashes lie groaned most piteously
at every stroke of the whip. Anid all the
crime that we could learn that he had comi
mnitted was to prevent the black nurse from
taking a whistle which he had bought and
giveii to his boy, and giving it to his master's
boy. The slave and nurse were quarreling
about it when the master came honie from
church. Hie came into the kitchen, took a
moulding-board and broke it over the slave's
head, then struck him a heavy blow with the
roiling-pin. The slave rushed into the street.
and the noise began that attracted our atten
I have heard many censure the master for
whipping his slave on Sunday, but not one
that he was whipped so severely. While we
-poor, craven wretches that we are-.have
to see and hear such things, and dare not a
word-no,, not open our lips, in disapproval
of it. I alinost despise myself for being such
a coward ; but we could not do thu poor
slaves any good but ourselves much harm;
so we bite our hmps, and keep silent befo e
folks ; but in our own rooms, we feel as vali
ant, and crow as independently, as young
rosters when they get upon their own dung
And tis~ is life in the South. IHere is
Southern chivalry, the aristocracy of A merica,
thme constituency of a Butler and~a Brooks.
lhut give me miy Nortl.ern home, however
humble. I would rather be ahnuost anything
(except a doughface) in the free North, than
to be mistress of the best plantation in South
C'arolina. . *
j~i Ex-Glovernor Robinson, of Kansas, was
publicly caned in Lawrence, a few days since, by
Martin F. Conway, formerly of Baltimore, another
prominent Free-State man. The-ecuse of the dimf.
culty is not stated.
8." Why is a hen sitting on a fence like a
cent ? Knmze she hams a head on one side and a tail
on tho other.
Maure, on the- 110th inst., at the (Graniteville
ilotel, by liev. D. A. Bonin, Mr. JA COB MUlt
PIIY of Orangebur-g, and Miss ANN LANULEY.
IiAMBUI R1G, March 21, 1859.
Co~tto.-There has not,bceen mauchl doinug here
dluring the last week. In conIstquence of the very
light recipits. Prices hav-e adlv.mee-td *e.
The quotations now arc from U to U2j extremes.
On Saturday the 1th, the, river here was out of
its banks, and, for a while. more water than was
agreeabile was expe-cted in town.
A UGUSTA, March 15.
(ttfon.-The market was iu rather a quiet con
.liiion to-day. but sales to the extenmt of 7110 baler
have been reported to us. The heaviest sale.,
raniged from 112 to, 12 eta ; but 67 bales were sold
at 12* and 31 at 12* eents.
The receipts were 600 bales.
CHARLESTON, March 19.
Cotton.-The sales to-day are 1,000 bales, prin
cipally before the steamers account were made
public. Prices are full and holders firm.
Cotton Statemenmt.-T he Charleston Counrier, of
yesterday, 18th Inst., inakes the total receipts of
the last crop, up to the latest dates received. ,10n6,
2'19 bales; and the excess over last year 855.000 ;
thme total stoek on hand 924,942, or 139t,794 bales
more than last year.
NASHVILLE, March 18.
11aeon.-H~og round 8& @ 82 cents: Shoulders
7 @ Si eta. HIam, i 9 Uk eta; Clear Sides 10e.
Lurd .-G omd Lard, in suitable packages, reaidilyv
enimmands 10t) @a 19* eta.
An extra conmmunication of Coya-onnma Lona.
No. 50, A. F. M.. will he held on Saturdamy, the 2nd
of A pril, at 7 o'clock, P. M.
Take due notice and gov-ern yourselves aceord-.
ingly. Ey order of the W. M.
L.. R. Coantnxs, See'ry.
pirThe Friends of Capt. J. B. Gridlin
announce him as a Candidate for BRIG ADIER
GENE RAL First Urigade of Cavalry, S. C. M., to
fill the vacaincy occasioned by the resignation of
Bri: (len. Phnaraax.
Mar 9 tf 9
DR'. HI. PARKER, can generally
be found at the Offee formerly
occuopied by G. D. Tilluman, Esq., bAnd
will he sure to be there daring Sale-day week.
March 2, 1859 tf 8
ALL COTTON RAGSWATDfo
A which cash will he paid byWA TD fo
8.B. BOWERS, Ag't.
Hamburg, Feb. 2, tf - 4
FOR SATE-TEREE No.1 C0WB.
F Apply to W. W.000ODMAN.
Mar2 ts ii
I wish it understood that if I sell a GROVER
& BAKER SEWING MACHINE, which fails of
working well, it can be exchanged at my sales
room for one that ,till do good work.
Printed instructions for working the machine ac
company each one, but, if preferred by the purcha.
.ser, I will send a person to learn any member of the
family the use of it FREE OF CHARGE. Or,
if desired, will have a servant instructed so as to
work the machine well, if the owner will send
them to my house and let them remain two or three
The machines are very simple, and can be un
derstood and worked by children twelve years old;
but a little practice is requisite to do the most
dijieds work, as all who sew by hand must firest
20i Prices from $55 to $125.
I have also for sale cheap machine. from ten
to thirty dollars, but these I do not warrant, and
advise all who want a good and reliable machine,
to buy none but Grover & Baker's.
M. A. Rt*NSOM.
Hamburg, March 4, 1859.
WRIGHT AND ALEXANDER,
GLOBE HOTEL BUILDING,
A.GVUU ST.A, GEoneGI.,
A RE NOW opening their SPRING STOCK of
FANCY AND STAPLE DRY GOODS
waich for extent and variety will be found
SILKS, GRENADINES, BERAGES,
ORGANDIE AND JACONET MUSLINS,
in newest designs and richest fabrics.
in great variety of quality and style.
MANTILLAS AND SHAWLS,
PRINTS, GINGHAMS, BRILLIANTES, Ae.
WHITE GOODS, FAMILY LINENS;
Super TABLE LINENS of the best make;
PILLOW CASE and SHEETING;
LINENS, DIAPERS, TOWELINGS;
HOSIERY and 0 LOVES for Ladies, Gentlemcn -
SUMMER STUFFS for men and boys wear;
Bleached and Unbleached SHEETINGS and
SHIRTINGS of all grades.
TICKINGS, OSNABURGS and Geo STRIPES,
To.all of which they invite an examination and a
comparison of qualities and prices with any other
_"' Our Goods will be found as represented.
Augusta, Ga., Mar 21 3m 11
NEW S8IN& AND OMER G00S
WM. H. CRANEn
H AS commenced receiving his Stock of NEW
SPRING AND SUMMER DRY (000D'
in nis Stock will be found in GREAT VARIET
All the Novelties of the Season,
In the way of
Hie is also receiving, and will continue to re
ceive during the next two weeks, A VERY HEAVY
AND COMPLETE STOCK of Goods suitable for
FOR FA MTTY AND PLANTATION USE,
A large portion of' which having been purehased
FOR CAdli, he will be enabled to ofi'er them at
pri'es that wvill
He respectfully solicits a call from his manny
Being fully satisfied that they will find his prices
AS LOW as those of any house in the City.
87Additonal supplies received weekly by the
Call at the Granite Front Store.
Augusta, Mar 2 1 2t 1I
1859 Spring and Summer Styles. 1359
)Macttic Bull Bu ailding,
244 BROAD ST., -AUGUSTA, GA.
GEO. WV. FERRY has now in store the.
largest ad best assurtmnent of S1ING A.I,
.',.IlMERI (lOODS in his line, to he found in this
market. Consisting of'
Beebe A Co., and Trade Style Moleskin hATS;
Black and Fancy Colored Cassimnere "
American and F~rench Felt flats of cvery variety
of' Style and Color;
White, Black, Brown and Silver Leghorn HA TS;
"a ". " " Sewed Straw"
Panama and Palm Leaf HATS:
Youth's and Children's Fancy HA TS, great variety;
Ladies' Silk, Straw, Lace and Chip BONNETS;
Ladies' and Misses Leghorn and Straw BLOOM
ERS, every variety of style and color;
Shaker HOODS-all sizes;
Infant's T URBANS and HATS-new styles;
UMBRELLAS of all varieties--very cheap;
This stock for variety and beauty of btyles, is
unequalled in this market, and the prices cannot
but be satisfactory. pr Call and See.
Augusta, March 22, if 11I
There is nio use Talking after Sam!
H is friendla know lhe will have good things, and
sell them for ,mrall profits.
Nowv receiving a fine lot of PU-RE
DllEHER LlGER DEER!
VON HI. DECTJEN, in pints and quarts, for which
our .House nre the sole Agents for the importation.
Also, YO UNGER'S SPARKLING
Edinburgh .Ale !
St. Ann's Brewery, in pints and jugs; and R. B.
BYASS'-beststout L OND ON POR T ER,
BOUHIE FILS AND DROUET.
IMPEltIA L AND CABINET, in half pints, pints,
quarts andl magnums; with a variety of all kinds
of other WINES, BR ANDIES andi LIQUORS,
which cannot fail to suit the tastes of the most
fastidious. Also, a large assortment of
WOODEN WARE, viz:'
Striped and Plain Braus B~und BUCKETS, with
and without Covers; Cedar TUBS; Painted
TUBS; Painted BUCKETS; Do. Market BAS
KETS; Cocoa DIPPERS, and a large supply of
superior BROOMS, and every article usually
kept in a silnilar concern. Presh, and receiving
daily. 5. E. BOWERS, Agt.
Hamburg. March 22. tf II
State of South Carolina,
I N .O RDI5.tl Y.
Y W. F. DURISOE, Esq., riayo de
B feld District. ,Odnr fBle
Whereans, John C. Lanier and Jane E. Seigler,
have applied to me for Letters of Administtation,
on all andI singular, the goods and ehattles. right.s
and credits of David Soigler, lato of the District
These arc, therefore, to cite and admonish all
and singular, the kindred and creditors of the said
dleaensoet, to lie and appear before me, at our next
Ordinary'. Court for the said Distriet, to be holden
at Edgaelield U. HI., on the 25th day of March inst.,
toa show cause, if any, why the said administration
should not he granted.
Given under my hand anal seal, this 11th day of
March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and fifty-nine, and in the 83d year of
W. F. DURISOE, o.za..
March 15, 1859 21 1e
N OTICE--All persons indebted to the-Estate
of J. B. Talbert, deceased, are requested to
makhe payment at an early date, and these having
demands against said Estate, will reader them In
properly attested for payment.
B. M. TA LBERT, Admn'or.
Sept. 29, 1858 12m 38
A LL persons Indebted to the estate of Mrs. La'cy
SxnaL.. deceased, are requested to pay
the same forthwith; and those having demands
againet said estate will please render them In pro'
perly attested, as soon as possible. I desire to set
tie up the estate without delay.
. -B. I.TALBfRT,Adm'er,