Newspaper Page Text
ARTHUR STXKTNS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, 1859.
0wiso to a prees of political and news matter,
"CousaIL 0( and" CuiArTY," along with several
new advertiernents aro necessarily postponed un
til next week.
Those of our citizens who are incredulous upon
the subject of horse taming, can have their doubts
entirely removed by applying to Mr. Asa~n Ar
xissox, a professor of that art now in this place.
Mr. A., as many of our readers know, is a native
ani a resident of this District, and may be relied
upon in all respects. He has purchasod from the
celebrated Lamit the sole right to practise thit
singular art in Edgeteld and Barnwell; and is
prepared to indoctrinate all who desire it, at the
moder.ite rate of ($10) ten dollars for a course ol
lessons,-no pay required if the pupil is not satis
fi-d. Having attended Mr. ATvstsoN's instructive
exhibitions with a number of other gentlemen, we
take pleasure in saying that the thing is no hum
bug-but, on the contrary, a practical good, which
all country gentleman, and especially such as art
fund of horses, should thoroughly understand. Mr.
A. can put you through easily and elegantly.
James Heney, of Augusta.
Ona of the most inviting Stores in the City of
Augusta is that of Mr. JAuzs ltmeY. Besides
his superior assortment of Dry Goods, he has a
Millinery department in fine order immediately
connected with his other business, under the su
pervision of Mrs. H., where may be found the most
elegant and fashionable array of Bonnets, La
dies' and Misses' Hats, Mantillas, Shawls, Rib
bons, Trimmings, &c., &c. This Establishmct
ought to be a great attraction to the Ladies.
Steamer Augusta Burned--Loss of Life.
Wz announced very briefly in our evening edi
tion of yesterday.(says the Augusta Consitution
alset, of the 3d inst.,) the destruction of the steam
boat Augusta, by fire, on the Savannah river, about
forty miles below this city.
The Augusta left here at half-past four o'clock
on Friday evening last, and was on her way to
Savannah, with a very valuable cargo, consisting
of some seven hundred and eighty bales of cotton,
live hundred and thirty-five barrels of flour, a lot
of bran, and other articles.
About eleven o'clock P. U., while laid up at
Eagle Point, lire was discovered in some c-tton
in the fore part of the boat. The progress of the
fire was very rapid, and the boat was soon envel
oped in tames. Most of the hands were asleep at
the time; and it was with great difliculty that
Capt. FRAssn, or any of thoso on board could be
Mr. Ienry Day, the first engineer, was drown.
ed; and three negro men were also lost-two of
them drowned, and one-the cook-probably
The boat was burned to the water's edge, and,
with the cargo, is a total loss. We have been in
formed that the cotton was insured, a portion in
New York, and a portion in Boston; and the fon
in this city; but there was no insurance on the
The origia of this unfortunate and melancholy
affair is unknown.
Hon. Jas. P. Carroll.
The Newlberry Coarrariat, in making mention
of the late termn of the Court for that Distriet,
thus alludes to Col. JAxxS P. CARKOLL:
"iThe principal case, and the most interestiny
of the week, wais that of The State, vs. Caper,
Cont, Kat~y Counts and Levi tjroober, for the
murder of Elaey Morris, on Christmas night last.
Solicitor Fair and Hon. J. P. Carroll, of Edgefield,
c'ndemd the prosecution, while the defence wa
aly tained by Messrs. Garlington, Baxter and
laliamws, of the Newberry Bar. For the first time
we had an opportunity of hearing Col. Carroll
speak, and wore delighted with his calla and do
li'borete manner, no loss than by his clear, concise
and logical reasoning."
-We arc gratified by this compliment of the Cox-.
cereat iet to one of our'first and best men ; espe
cially so, as the Colonel had expressed himself,
since his return, dissatisfied with his ef'ort on the
occasion alluded to. He had undergone two weeks
of great labor at our own Court immediately pie.
ceding. was actually unstrung at the time of the
trial, and felt that he hadnot done himselfjtistice in
his argument. We are glad to know that this was
all in his own imagination.
Witt and Hudson.
Persons in want of furniture would do well to
call at the furniture rooms of Messrs. Wim &
Ilcasow in this village. Their supply is large and
well selected, embracing all such articles as are
needed in the bed-room, the dining-roorn, or the
parlor. Messrs. WV. & H. are determined to soll
at prices that cannot admit of grumbling ; And
they ask an examination of their stock. You wili
scarcely go further, if you call on them.
A Notable Invention.
We have seen a capital improvement at the Car
ria;;c Store of Messrs. Cearsr & HIuKLaxar, in
the shape of a " Spring-back Buggy," invented by
Mr. N. Cowcas, who is now engaged in superin
tending it. construction at the workshop of the
above-named firm, Hie has been here in fact on.
that businesa for a month past. The invention is
one which widl nott rail to p'iense every inun coti.
ve-rsant with the :mnnufacture or this favorite ye
hiele. It 'ecures great additional comfort to ther
tra&veller. It is a Fecurity against breakage in
two essentisl places; first, the driver's back, and
next. the buggy's coupling. Go and see for your
selves, and you will understand the matter much
better than we can tell you.
Deming and Day.
SEE the advertisement of this cnterprising Dry
Goods House. Its members are among the most
active, obliging, and reliable merchauts of Augusta.
Tuis estimable dealer in Clothing, &c.,. has
opened as rich a stock of goods in his line as was
ever exhibited in this plae. Mr. L's. facilities.
experience, and fine taste enable him to lay in his
supplies with a peculiar adaptedness to the wants
otf his many customers. Call and sen his Goods.
Never saw ye a more beautiful or a more valuable
array. Besides clothing, he has pretty pictures,
pretty fixings of various kinds, and certain other
et cetera which it will do you good to sample.
Grecian Painting, and War Work.
Miss Burz, an estimable lady and known very
favorably in this District, asks us to invite the at
tention of the ladies to her ea'rd in another column.
The Augusta Const itutonalist safs of her work :
We have been shown somo very tasteful and
well excutedI specinmens of Grecian painting, andi
a~lsoat oflowers andl fruit in wax work, from the
hands of Miss M. A. liei, of this city.
We know of no partime more elegant and refined
than can be found ini the arts of Grecian paintiing,
an-t working in wax, tiught by Miss liria; we
take pleasuru in inviting the attention of the ladies
of ouir city to her card. Let those who caunot at
tend her lessons. send their young daughters to
learn theso pleasing andi easily acquired arts.
Miss Ert. is an interesting and estimable lady,
and we are glad to hear that she has large classes
of ladlies and children, at her room, No. 58 Augus
Plank Road Imnproving.
Passing over the Edgefieldand Hamburg Plank
Road the other day, we found cause to bes truly
delighted at its manifest improvement during the
past few months. Despite windl and weather,
and we have had a great deal of both,-the work
of repairs has .gone on steadily andl cheeringly.
Returning home the next day, late in the afternoon,
whom should we find with the bands emp.loyedl on
the road but the indlefatigabie President of the
Company himself, with coat thrown off'and sleeves
rolled up, directing and helping the laborers. It
was inspiring of hope,-hope that the most useful
public enterpritee ever accomplished in Edgefield
is not to be allowed to rot in the dust. Nine cheers
to Mr. Cunar ! Let the people foster on to sue
.cess his assiduous exertions in their behalf. Let
us all do our duty in the matter, and the Plank
Road will soon be reewed, and a great inustiutons
*khbyrptervd to th. district.)
Remarks of Hon. N. L. Bonham.
On Monday last quite a number of our most
intelligent citizens were in attendance at this place
notwithstanding the heavy rains of the night pre
vious and the swollen condition of the creeks and
branches. At the hour of 12 M, it was announced
that our immediate Congressman, General Box
uAw, was ready to addrers his constituents on the
political matters of the day; and in a short timo
the Court Houso was thronged.
General BoNHAm said that he found pleasure in
being able thus early to comply with a call that
had bon made upon him to address the people.
lie responded readily and cheerfully. The events
of the past Session of Congress were of great mo
ment to the country, and he deeply regretted that
the indications were of that inauspicious character
which prevented his replying with hopefulness to
tie inquiry addressed to him as one of their senti
nets-" Watchman,what orthe night?" He could
not say, with the seutryou his lonely round, "Air
well!" Duty comp ellil him to declare that it was
not a time ofsecurity with us, but that, to the reverse,
the rights and interests of the South have never
>een in more peril or in greater danger. Nine
years ago Mr. CALHOUN predicted with his accus
toued furecast, that if this slavery agitation were
not arrested in its mad progress, it would end in a
lissolution of the Union. Wore he now alive, he
would And but too much cause to realizo the force
of his predictio,-to be convinced, in fact. that the
events he foresaw in the distance were almost im
mediately at hand.
There were many matters of interest before Con
gress at its recent Session, but that which towered
in magnitude above the rest was still this ceaseless
question of slavery. Reference to the later de
bates of the Session will indicate with sufficient
clearness what we are to expect in this connection
from the Federal Congress.
General BosNAx then reviewed the progress of
the ainti~slavcry agitation and its repeated en
croachments upon the South. He spoke of the
legilation of Congress begun as far back as 1784;
of the famous ordinance of 1787, by which Slave
States ceded to the anti-slavery demand extensive
and invaluable territory; of the Compromise of
1820 and its adverse effects upon the power and
well-being of the Slave States; of the California
swindle, by which territory purchased largely by
Southern treasure and Southern blood was yielded
to the craving appetite of a rapacious anti-slavery
majority. It had been said that, to compensate
for these frauds, a repeal of the odious Missouri
Compromise had been effected. But what will be
the value of that repeal, if the dangerous positions
of Senator DOUGLAS are to exercise a controlling
influence in the direction of affairs? It will prove
to be but a phantom to allay Southern indignation;
and instead of resulting in her benefit, its advan
tages will rather accrue to the North, opening to
her citizens yet more available means of occupying
even the Southern territories and of baniehing
slavery from their borders.
The speaker next proceeded to combat the dan
gerous views of the Illinois Senator. The mischief
began with a real or afected misunderstanding of
the Kansas Nebraska Act.
By thenon-intervention of Congress, no more nor
less was ever meant than this, that Congress should
not Legislate slavery into or out of a Territory.
Abolitionists said Congress had that right. Both
wings of the Democratic party denied this. The
Southern wing maintained that the question of
dlavery or no slavery, is to be decided by the Con
a'ention called (whenever the number of the in
:mabitanuts juetified it) to form the Constitution of
.he new State, preparato.ry to admission into the
Confederacy of States, and not before. Squatter
Sovereignty, whilst it adlmits the right of~ the
dlaveholder to go with his slaves into the Territo
aies, says, that the power to deterinn whether
slavery shall or aball not exist in the Territriis,
is in the Territorial Legisla~tureo; and if the Leg
islature, as has been dune in Kansas, say slavery
shall not exist in the Territory, athough it admits
the action of that Legislature must he subordinate
to the Constitution and the Supreme Court, still it
further says, Congress can not interfere to enfore
the rights of the slave holder in the Territory. If
this doctrine be true, it is as bad as the Wihmot
Proviso,'an.l renders the repeal of the Missouri
Compromise a dead litter. It is the idlest mocke
ry to tell the slaveholder, you have as much right
to take your slaves into the Territories, as the
northern man his horse, but if the Territorial Leg
islature, backed by a handful of Squatters, say
slavery shall not exist, that there Is no remedy.
Wherever there is a right, there is a remedy.
The Kansas Territorial Legislature has under
taken to prohibit slavery. This sets at naught the
Constitution and the decision of the supreme Court of
the United States, and whenever a case arises of a
slave holder being deprived of the enjoyrnent of
ais property by such Legislation, it will he the du
ty of Congress to pass such laws as will carry in
to effect the true intent and meaning of the Con
stitution. Any otlier doctrine will prove destruc
tive of the rights of the Southecrn peoiple in the
common Territories. The creature can not be
greater than the creator. Congress has no right
to Legislate slavery inro or out of a Territory.
Can its were creatures do it ? But Congress has
passed a fugitive slave law, to carry out the pro'
visions of the Constitution even in Sovereign
States. How much more then is it competent for
Congress-ay, its duty, to pass necessary Laws to
protect the rights of the citizen in the Territories
when the mere creatures of Congress not only re
:use that protection, biut legislate adversely.
No 'ther view than this was entertainedl any
where. or al least not d~cared, until .'sr. U),rom..s.
finding it necess~ary to secure hissent in the U'nitedl
States Senato, pronmulged hais erre'nes view. oaf
Squ:tter Sovroignty,-views at onceu antagnistic
to the Kaunas Nebraska Act and at variance with
the democratic platform announced by the Cincin
.tti Convention, which Mr. Docosass is understood
to have cordially approved. But ho has gone
against us, as the declarations of his Freeport
speech unmistakeably prove. His new-fledged
principle is dangerous to our republican systemn,
and especially detrimental to the interests of the
Southern people. It p'repares in our territories an
inviting resort fur the flocks of emigrants daily
rrving at Northern ports, and for the surplus
population of the Northern States, many of them
.raw:: from the vilest purhicus of their cities. In
its operation, it presents the startling spectacle of
a few thousand such settlers gifted with the extra
ardinary power of excluding eight millions of
freemen from the common property of the people of
these States. In the late Congressional debate,
Sentors, Masox, DAvis, Bmtowx, and others, met
this view of the Illinois Senator with the doeclara
tion that his doctrine is naot, seas not, and cannot
be the doctrine of/the South. But for this danger
ous developement by one who has occupied so
prominent aposition in the democratic ranks, there
was ground for hope that our territorial organiza
tions might have proceeded peacefully in the fu
ture; but now that Kansas has undlertaken to
abolish slavez'y in her borders, now that this doc
trine of squatter sovereignty is being embhracedi
openly by the North, and at least by thu DOcerLas
faction of the democracy, the question is upon us
and we are obliged to meet it.
The speaker then followed Mr. Carmmousx in tra
ing the gradual severance that hadl been long
going on between the North and the South, the
rending asunder of the links of the churches
standing protninent in this manifestation. -Ho
would follow up that train of thought. The politi
al parties of the country are also going by the
board. The Whig party is already gone ; and the
Democratic party, he feared, was also about to loss
the prestige of its greatness and suecess. No man
had more to do with bringing this 'about than
Snator DosoeAs, by his combination with the
Black Republicans against-the Locompton Con
stitttion. If he was the'n suspected of unsound
ness, what can we say of hhn now, that he has
palpably gone over to the enemy.
General BoYUAM thean proceeded to touch brmief
ly upon the Tariff, declaring his belief that wo
would be speedily called on to look this question
fully in the face. Hie entered into a critical
analysis of the present tariff, showing itai unequal
bearing on the South. Hie feared no division on
this point in South Carolina. Even in 1833, when
differences existed anmongst us as to the mode of re
dress, her people were a unit in hostility to the1
protective system. To this day, theirhostllity is the
satchless eloquence of our own McDUFyiK. Hap
y for us, that it is so; fur that battle is again to
e fought. During the past winter, we of the
louth had cause to realize the coming on of the
torm. Upon the very first day of the Session, a
lemocrat succeeded in suspending the rules of
he House, and presented a resolution to revive
his abomination. The object had in view was
afficiently clear; indeed it was not sought to be
lisguised. The aimu and purpose was protection,
oy increasing the duties on articles at present
axed, without reference to any abridgement of the
,resent free list as was hinted. By great exertion
be measure was smothered for the aussion ; but it
vill in all probability come upon us next winter.
With the falling off of tho democracy to be expec.
ed in Pennsylvania and elsewhere upon this sub
eet, we cannot well hope to avert the measure
onger. It will be forced upon us, if we are pre
?ared to submit.
The speaker next alluded to the Homestead Bill,
spoke of it as a put scheme of the abolitionists,
well cLlculated to assist the emigration societies of
he North in filling up the territories with free votes.
With the allurement of a homestead in the distance,
rree of cost, the operations of these societies would
be increased tenfold. Bring, then, into successfuli
play, the infamous doctrine of squatter sovereignty;
and we of the South, and ours, are forever exclu.
led from all participation in the benefits of the
public domain. In this connection he would ten
ler a deserved tribute to the manliness and virtue
of President BUCnANAN, who had boldly vetoed
this insidious bill.* The present administration, he
thought, had come into power under rather unfa
vorable auspices; and up to the time of WALKzRf's
dismissal from Kansas, it could not be said that
the President was altogether acceptable to the
South. Some of his principles were not so now.
His recommendation of specific duties in lieu of
ad valorcno, stood prominent among these. (Here
our representative drew a lucid distinction between
these kinds of duties.) His Pacific Railroad project
and his suggestion of a Mexican Protectorate were
likewise objoectionable. But Mr. BucRiANAc has
yet stood the friend of the South on many ques
tions, and he deserves the gratitude of our people.
His veto of the Homestead Bill, his ardent support
of the Lecompton Constitution and his present un
finching advocacy of the restrictive clause of the
English Bill, form a part of his course which calls
for our unstinted approval. He (General B.)
whilst ever opposing the administration where he
thought its policy Incompatible with the interests
of his section, had ever given it his most cordial
support when right.
. In regard to the Publie Expenditures, there was
ample cause for dissatisfaction in knowing that
sixty millions of dollars were now called for to de
fray the expenses of administering the govern
ment, whereas thirty millions were sufficient for
that purpose only sixteen years ago. This rapid
increase of expenditures could be rationally ac
cointed for, in part, by the necessities of our
growing country. The increase still was enor
mons, and presented a fit subject of reform. The
Democracy wars not altogether responsible for this
state of things. The Republicans must bear their
share of the blame. The former had already com
menced the work of retrenehment.
" Thus," said the speaker, "have I briefly ad
verted to some of the dangers that beset our path
way in this Government. You will now naturally
ask me,--wihat is the remedy ? The question is
one of momentous Interest, and neither to be asked
nor answered lightly. In-replying to it, I ean on
ly speak for myself; and I otter what I would ny
if mny voice were potent In the South. Since the
time when you honored tne with a seat in the Stgte
Cornventioti of 18! I have ever becen a secession
ist, and a sepeiate secessionist ; but the'events of
that period shorwed but too clearly that no Sioth
ernr State is likely to nmake a great movement, like
this, alone. My suggestion is, that the South stand
up as one mean in defence of her rights in thre
Union, having for her first great object the control
of the Democratic party. But if that party shall
refuse to stand with us, then will It become nees
sary that we take our own position as a section.
If our whole people, Democrats, Whigs and Know.
nothings, will lay aside their differences and unite
for this work ; if we shall resolve together to avoid
all distracting issues new or old; we can then
make the democratic party of the country feel
that we intend to have our rights in the Union or
out of it ;-and then there may be bhlpe. But.
failing In this, what should we do? Stand still
and have the chains of slaves forged upon us?
Every true Southern heart will answer, "icer."
Some movement must then be begun, if not by all,
by some portion of the slave States at every ha:
ard. We have the example of the OlM Thirteen
to cheer us, in the history of their movement to
wards the war of the Revolution. That movo
ment was not a simultaneous one; and so may
ours not bre. Like them, some two or more of the
slave States may be compelled to take the lead;
and like them, all the rest will follow and consu
mate the great achievement. But in the initiation
of iueh a movement, there are two or three steps
it iiill be right in us to take. First, let us drop
the existing Compact. Secondly, let us form a
new Compact with new guards for our safely and
equality in the Union. If this be not accepted,
then what is left us hut to fling to the breeze the
banner of a Southern Republic ?"
The speakcer here closed amid the applause of
his gratified auditory. We regret that, owing to
his indisposition, we have been dependent for our
report upon a few mecagre notes taken during the
,!elivery of thre spchl. We have nevertheless en
*lenvorel, ars fair as we~ have reportcd, toi adhere to.
theo -ubstance of n but was ,ir'ken, and spoken so
fircibly and elo-iiuently.
o Ti'i is a mnidake in our report. It was the
Agrienitural College Dill which the P'resident ve
A Wo rd to Surveyors.
WE have great pleasure in eomplying with the
reqluest of an old friend, who is now a Directress
of the Mt. Vernon Association, by publishing the
subjoined appeal in that behalf to the Surveyors
of (Goorgia. It is hoped that the intelligent Suar
veyors of South Carolina will also take it bomne to
their hearts and honor the draft thus made by
lovely woman upoan their liberality and patriotism.
A toesta, (JA., 1st Jan. 18591.
To the Surreyors of thte Stole of Georgiu :-A,
Surveyors, I aom sure it is notl necessary to occupy
much of your time with preliminary remarks. I
therefoire proceed at once to adidress you, trusting
the cause will be suffieient apology for the liberty
I have taken in submitting this to your favorable
onesideration, as an appeal for aid to the Ladies'
Mount Vernon Association.
You are aware the Ladies of the United States
have undertaken to purchase Moeunt Vernon, the
Home and Tomb of Washington, with the view of
onsecrating them as a monument to - The Father
of his Country." You are aware, too, that the
Ladies of Georgia participate In this undertaking,
and from time to time have called apon gentlemen
to aid them in the accomplishment of their pur
The object is unquestionably worthy of attain
ment; it is also worthy of encouragement, for it
is a pure heart-offering of American women.
'Are we to he proud of Womeun, and approve
their effort t.o erect a shrine at which our souls and
those of succeeding generations boauy gather the
inaepirautionas of piure patriotism, arnd naeglect to
help. them ? I trust not. Therefore I call upon
you, as a brother surveyor andl errnftsmnan of Wash.
iugtun, to co.ntriburte p..tmething~ to the success of
this enterprise of Ameurierrn Ladies. Do not let
the craft be charged with dereliction of the patri
otism and gallantry of tire Hero who has given so
much dignity to the p~rofesion.
In the absence of organization, the Surveyors
of thre country are'not recognised as one of its
institutions, and they do not stand as prominently
before the public as a class, au others of equal
merit. This movement, however, If it Is accom
plished with tolerable unanimnity, will show their
strength, and in conneetion with the occasion, will
give them the rank to which they are entitledi.
Georgia has about one hundred and fifty Survey
rs, anid the United States about five thousand. A
small contribution from each would make up a
sum of such magnitude as would ensure the Sur
rers an honorable place in the archives of the
With the above tas "stations, pointers and cor
ur," the "line," of your regard for Wasshington
ad.thae Ladies can easily he " run" to your satis
action. Respectfully yours,
A Ctousvr SUnvEroa.
Contributions should be addressed to Mrs. Philo
dena E. Eve, Vice Regent Mount Vernon Associa
Ion, Augusta, (is., or to any of her Lady Assis
anti In your respective counties.
W A down east Pet thus imumortalises the
eautiful river, Connecticut: "Roil en, loyed
Connecticut, long hat thou ran, giving shad to
A respected and cherished corrcspondent en
luires of us: " Why is it that you have not given
Ln opinion about DovosmAS's infernal doctrine of
iquatter sovreignty. If that thing is to be tolora
od, all constitutional landmarks might as well be
A word or two in response. Many weeks ago,
his paper did denounce the opinions of the Illinois
3enator, upon this very point, as "hereuical."
Bineo that time, we had been induced to think
that those opinions were by no moans so extreme
as newspaper reporters had represented them ; and
we were inclined to modify our judgment of that
tatesman's political soundness accordingly. Thus
impressed, we penned this brief paragraph in our
issue of the 2nd March:
"By the way, the "Little Giant" is narrowing
down his notion of squatter sovereignty to a very
small point. lie declares that slaves are proper
ty; and that slave-holders have a perfect right to
take them into any territory while it remains a
territory; and, furthermore, that no territorial
legislature has a right to inhibit slavery or to leg
islate against it, for thatany such legislation would
be unconstitutional. He declares though, that it
is entitled to no more special protection than any
other species of property. Now, if this implies
that there is, under the organic act or elsewhere,
any general protection of all kinds of property
(slavery included) the Illinois Senator's political
mal-feasanco is not so heretical as was supposed."
By developments which do not admit of doubt,
it now appears that Mr. DOULAS was not misun
dorstood as to the extent of his opinions on the
subject of popular sovreignty. In other words,
his Southern friends and would-be-supporters have
failed to give any such coloring to his doctrine as
can at all recommend it to Southern approbation.
When Mr. DOUGLAS says that the people can
drive slavery from a territory by unfriendly legis
lation, injurious enactments, &a., and that Congress
cannot intervene to prevent them, we hold that he
is subverting the principles of our government in
a most dangorous point. The doctrine of 4ion-in
tervention, as established by the Kansas-Nebraska
Act, had directly in view this vital question of
slavery, and iwas understood to be an agreement
that all citizens of the United States, with any and
all kinds of property, should enter the territories
with equal rights and remain there with equal
rights until such time as the people, emerging into
life as a State Sovroignty, should be recognized by
Congress as the proper power to decide for itself
this and all other questions of domestic polity.
Then and then .alone does there arise, on territori
al ground, any authority of equal power with that
of the Federal Government,-any authority, In
fact, which is not the mere creature of the F.ederal
government and amenable to its controll in all
cases of unconstitutional legislation. Then and
then alone, does the authority exist iany schere to
legislate for or against African Slavery. If such
be not the doctrine of non-intervention, then have
many of us at the South sadly miscalculated the
progress of sound principles as held forth by the
Democracy of the Union.
But others do not go quite to the DoroLAs ex
treme of squatter sovreignty. They maintain that
the territorial government has no power to legislate
against slavery, by acts directly prohibitory; and
yet, that it can withhold protective legislation to
such an extent as will effectually exclude or ban
ish slave-holders from the occupancy of the terri
tories with their peculiar kind of labor. It is
matter of deep regret to observo that even a few
Southern journals are looking upon this position
with suomie degree of toleration. How it it possible
that they can do so ? Whatever it be of goverunen
tal influence that militates against slavery in the
territories, whether the actiona or the non-action of
the territorial authorities, whether the esnity or
the neglect of the territorial oflicials to do equal
instice to all, it is alike violative of Southern rights
and in contravention of constitutional justice. The
South asks no speial protectioin for the property
of her citizens in thse territoris,-that is, no fur
ther protection thsan is vouchsafed to every other
kind of property against injuries and trespasses.
lBnt this last degree of protection she does claim
under the broad sagis of the Constitution, and that
sun of hers who would yield this claim,- for a mo
ment is surely deluded by seine strange infatua
tion. We neither need nor ask that any new
regulations or laws be - instituted by the territorial
governments for the safety of our slaves. But we
demand that our property in them shall stand
securely under the protection of the Courts and
the officers of the Courts. We insist upon our
right to as prompt redress in the territorics as we
can obtain in the District of Columbia. We fur
ther insist that any obstacle thrown in the way of
this redlress by the territorial legislature,-ay,
more, that any omission of theirs by which this re
.reus may be imupared, domands the intervention of
Congress in our behalf; if an obstace, it is an
unconstitutional act which Congress is bound to
reverse ; if an omission, it is an unconstitutional
refusal of justice which Congress is bound to reme
dly. Admit that our appeal to the Courts will be
sufficienst ina such cases, andl Conagress may rest in
peace. lint if it be not so, thena Congress must
intervene to make it so. If this be inconsistent
with the boasted discovery of non-intervention,
then down forever with the stupid delusion. Sure
ly the South will stand as one man upon an issue
involving so clear a principle as this. Surely our
Southern delegations in Congress will be required
by the peole of the. Southern States to hold fast
the faith on this vital point with a tenacity that
shall know no flinching. Let the Democracy be
blown to the four winds if this concession is to be
the condlitions of its preservation. If this shall prove
to h~e the turning pofint of that party's existence.
thetn is it time' thr~t its ranks h~e dlisso.lvo'd and stone
ohier aorillshame lbe lifted for ousr political sal
Bunt we hopep yet foer better things. We trsust
that the "old guard" of the Conistitution is not to
te demoralirzed and destroyed by any such judicial
bliudness. We trust that the mecre amubition of
party success will not be suffered thus to stain its
time-honored buanner. Rather let it "eling to the
pillars of the temple of our liberties, aud if it must
fall, le.t (the party) perish amidst the ruins."
Perishing thus is better than victory on other
terms. Beccause, perishing thtus, it may arise
again into a yet brighter and more glorious being.
hBt, conquering with false colors, its victory will
terminate in the loss of honor, and then will it
" fall, like Lsucsvasn, ne ver to rise again." We ap
peal then to the party to steer cle:.r of this abomni
nable DocLAN heresy. If it will not, we unite
with those who urge the South to come together
at once andl breast the storm that gathers around
and above us.
Joe Haddena's Trick.
J'o, was belated in Augusta the ether night.
Returning to Hamburg, the bridge-keeper refused
to get up and let him t'hrough the gate. What to
do now ? was JoE's perplexity. But he was not
long tronlod. Seeing an engine convenient on
the South Carolina Railroad track just above the
city bridge, he took possession, watered her, fared
up, and drove ever the Railroad bridge in grand
style on his own hook. This freik will seem quito
in thse 'ourse of things, whent the reader is infornm
d that Jon HIanasy is said to be the engineer
who first curried an engine tharoughs on the Caro
lina Road. Pour fellow ! lie is still a good en
gineer, but by reason of a curtain bad habit has
lst emuploymeont, at least so far as Railroad en
gio',s are concerned. Considering his antecedenits,
the Cosmpany's oficers didl not think proper to
notice his trick with the engine.
A Literary Pauper pusblished at Greensboro, N. ?'.
This is a very oreditable publication,-ereditabloe
to all concerned, editors, publisher and contribu
tors. The Times is a weekly journal of eight pa
ges, and contains a great vasriety of matter. It is,
to us, a very pleasant visitor; and we comnmend it
to general favor. Ah, hat Messrs Editors! Cota
& ALsasnniGT Sigiiicant names ! With an abun
dance uf good coal and the machinery al l rightI,
what engine ever failed to work well ? Wo~cbserve,
too, at the heed of your editorial columnas a capital
engraving of Lox0Fs'.ow's kxcelsior youth.
Good motte! Climb ahile you can, on earth; and
when you can climb no mere, then may
" Your voice fall, like falling star,
1!rom the blue sky, serene and far,
po"* Apan can "get along" without adverti
sing, ad so cane w agon wheel without gresulin5,
s..ut itno. ard. Ad that's a faut,
,ray & Turleys' Extensive Dry Goods
In a conspicuous place in our papor, (says
he Augusta CounasitutionalUst of late date) will be
ound the semi-annual announcement of this popu
ar and enterprising dry goods house. Their ad.
rertisement is conspicuously inserted, in order to
teep their large business and popular house fully
mad fairly before the people. They do not simply
dffer attractive and well selected stocks of goods,
out they are prepared to compote successfully in
>rices with large dry goods establishments in the
arger cities, and hence the rapidly increasing
,usineas at Gnat & TtCnLEYS.
Their prosent stock is the most attractive, varied,
Lnd valuable, they have ever offered in our city ;
Lod they have polite, intelligent and gentlemanly
.lurks to attend their customord.
This favorite hotel is now in fine condition and
ander exevllent managemuenL Mr. WErKELOCK, the
proprietor, is a gentleman of easy manners and
Abliging disposition. His assistants are equally
guiot and agreeable in the energetic discharge of
their duties. A Carolinian can but feel at home
in Mr. Waan9Loca's establishment,; fur there he
always meets Carolinians, the proprietor himself
having been long and well known in our State as
a skilful and judicious landlord. The Augusta is
convenient and comfortable, ample and well-ap
pointed. The rule of the house is, that every guest
shall be satisfied in every point of his entertain
ment. If this happens to be deficient at any time,
apply at the bar and your unsatisfied want will
be supplied. We speak from pleasant experience.
6 0 0
Hard Ware Varieties.
Go to the store of W., H. SALL93snnn-r & Co.,
257, Broad Street, Angusta, Ga., if you wish to
inspect an interesting and almost endless variety
of good and useful articles in the Hard Ware line.
House-keepers and Planters should not fail to see
this exhibition of SALLStBRY & Co. Metals for
the million! Takc.a chance.
6 0 0
For the Advertiser.
REVIVAL 07 THE SLAVE TRADE-NO. XL
" The war must be carried into Africo."
Having disposed of the general question as to
the ability of the presedt slave States of this
Union, either alone, or in conjunction with Mexico
and Central America to profitably subsist and em
ploy millions more Africans for thousands of
years, or until population shall have attained 100
or 200 to the square mile, lot us now consider
whether if the slave trade were revived, the insti
tution of slavery could be established in our terri
tories, or in the Free States. As heterodox as the
followigg propositions are, I zlaintain,
1. That If the slave trade had never been closed
none of the old Northern States, except may be
those of New England, would have ever abolished
2. That perhaps none of the New Free States
would have failed to establish it.
3. That if the slave trade were now revived
slavery would be established in all or nearly all
of both the Territories and Free States.
As all the issues here raised naturally run into
each other, it would be better to examine them
colleotively Instead of in detail.
In the first place, social phenomena are governed
by as died laws, as those of the physlal world.
Man with all his god-like faculties and fierce pas
sionsis as much an even quantity as any other
mobile element in nature and if left free to work
out his happiness in his own way, he will seek it
in the most obvious pathsa, according to the rules
prescribed by the 1)ivine Crentor. lience it is
onily in obedience to the laws of climatec that popu
lation is always impelled Southwcard unless re
strained, or diverted by somne adverse influene.
The specification of a few simple facets will snffice
to demonstrate this. Less labor can be performed
in a Northern latitude than in a Southern, because
snow and extreme cold exist for many months of
each year in high latitudes. The same labor pro
duces much less in a Northern climate than In a
Southern one on account of the variety of pro
ducts being smaller and the season for their growth
being so :nuch shorter in the North than in the
South, and from ninny other facts which will readi
ly od'eer upon a little reflections Labor also con
eamee much more of whant it does produce, In the
North than in the South. It requires more food
because a larger quantity Is neceasary to supply the
fuel for animal heat. Any one eats more during
winter, than in summer, even in the same latitude.
The people-of the tropies take but two very light
and mostly vegitable taeals, in the twenty four
hours. Labor needs thicker and warmer clothing
i a Northern climate. It also demands more
fuel and bettor shelter against the unfriendly ele
moents. In addition to all this nnn forever desires
to inhabit a cocuntry, where lhe can feel eanforta
hle at all times against Inhospitable weather. The
result is that although mrost men in emigratirig,
theoretically, prefer to get a new home in the same
latitude as their old one, yet they unconsciously
Then as the time for labor is shorter, as the
yield of labor is less-as the subisistance of labor
is mnore expensive-.-aa the elements are umore un
profitous in a cold climate than in a wrarm one,
it is only natural that population, should gravitate
Southward. Accordingly we find that the densely
populous Empires of Montezuma anid Atahualpa
were neither of them unore than 20 degrees from
the Equator, and that the S'outhern parts of Europe,
as well as of Asia are now sund have always been
thickly peopled, much mnore so than the Northern.
As man cannot subsist except iby the sweat of sume
body's brow--as he strives to subsist, as well as
enjoy theluxuries of life without any aweatuf his own
brow-as power itself is sweet, and slavery there
fore the normal relation, which lie will inmpese
upon all the labor he can eontrol, it follows that
population will not only mnrove Southward hut that
it will also e..tablish andl preserve slavery there
until thne institution censos to he pirofitabnle.---until
the excess of prdtuction over subsistaneo is Mo
small as to mnake the slaive vaiinees, when emunci
piation will either take place or thne ahuvo will be
carried Northward whecre his labir will produce
more prolit in a less thickly settled country.
It was hy the opieratsion of these cnuses that
emancipation, or abolishmoent of white slatvery
commenced iu the South of Europe and moeved
Northward. But in the United States--this nate
ral law of migration-this law of slnvery in other
words has been reversed by emancipation coin.
maeneing in the North, whence it is moving South
wsrd with almost irresistable pressure, which
shows that there is somnething wrong-that the
laws which have governed slavery from the earli
est recorded time have been deranged in soume
way, and L contend that. the deranging cause has
been the closing of thne slave trade ini 1808.
But white slarery and cnmancipation have both
been moving Southward, white popaulanion at least
as far as foreign emigratioln is concerued may be
said to hnve been moving Xorth wurd, again rever.
sing the universal law of migration to countries
where land is both cheap and fertile. Not only
has the huge wave of the European Exodus rolled
into the North to swell her population, but the
nad4es of the North have also been driven back
or damned up, in face of the fact, that If only equal
pecuniary and politIcal inducements are offered
In a Northern and Southern clime, the latter will
always be preferred, on account of its greater ge
naeldty, I con tend that this anomaly in the move.
ments of white population In the United States
has likewise been brought about by the abolish
ment of the slave trade.
PrevIous to the political explosion known as the
French Revolution, foreign emigrants, elected to
couttle at the Sooth, because they could thnen get
not only a genial elimate, biut a".o rich and ceap
lauod, together with cheap slore lab~or. The white
population of the North drifse-i Southward for the
same reasonis. Every whmite unn who thnen settlerl
at the South cicubl bucy negrce. ait importer's prieer,
andl then it was that the winnle S-nsh blosinuicd na
tihe rose-that Chasrlenston floprished as the Quieen
City of the West. She hind r.oro commnerco Slan
lialtimonre, Phciladeclphia, New York or Blostuo.
Alter the French lietolution summnoined all Europe
to arms, emigration thlnece to our shores almost
ceased, as mn remnained at hnimie either from pa -
triotism or comnpulsiona to light their country's bat
ties, nor did it revive until after the fail of Nape.
leon. But in the mentiume the slave trade at the
Sooth had been closed. Still, up toc the time of its
closing and for seome years subsequent, Northern
men had continued to come Snouthward, either
with their Slaves, in search of a belter climate and
better land, or with their skill anid capital to get
a good climate-good land and cheap slave labtar
on the spot.
But when the wars of Europe ended, white emi
gration to the South froma either Europe or the
North ended alan,. Tihe slave trade had then been
closed seven years amnd with Its nhosing, closed also
the prosperity of the South and tihe prosperity of
Charleston. Her Shippinag anid cmmoere 'led.
Her Infant manufactures declinedl. Her wharves
were deserted. 11er supply of capital, of white
masters and artizains from Eurmope and the North
ceased. Even her supply of African laborers fur
the Agrieulture of the interior came no more.
Labor being the source of all wealth and the
streaw of European labor which then Sowed into
the United States all touching the continent at the
North, remained there, in defiance of the tcntroli
log law which makes population move Southward,
if left free to obey Its own Impulses, and the blight
of.astagnation fell upon the Palmetto City, while
inh.po. bec..., bstlaat... r .......:..ar..z
Boston and Philadelphia. Professor Maury has
accountod for the sudden and entire transfer of
,Ianufactures, shipping and commerce from Char
eaton to the North, by Dr. Franklin'd discovery
>f the Gulf Ssream, as a means of shortentag the
royage between Europe and New York, but with
Lll defferunce to the Great Geographer of the Sea,
[must be permitted to say that I think it was
mused more by the closing of the slave trade than
by the opening of tho Guif Stream.
If the closing of the slave trade or some other
great disturbing cause did not produce it, how else
ian the anomalous fact be explained of large Cities
like Now York and Boston springing up in the
North before they exist in the South of a country
having the same laws inhabited by the same race
every foot of whose territory is North of all the
great Cities in Asia and whose Southernmost isoth.
erual line on the Atlantic coast is nearly the same
as that of the mighty Capitals about the Meditera.
nean Sea. Where were tho Mammoth Cities of
Europe and Asia, when history first mentions them f
Were they in the South or North ? In Italy and
Greece, or in Germany and Russia? In India and
Asia Minor, or in Tartary and Siberia? Where
were the Emporiums of this Western world, when
Columbus discovered it I Were they in Mexico
and Peru, or in Cangda and Patagonia? Boston
has no better harbor than Norfolk, New York no
better one than Beaufort, Philadelphia no better
one than Charleston, Brunswick or Fernandina.
Then why should white population move North
ward here, instead of Southward ? Why should
emancipation move Southward here, instead of
Northward ? Why should Metropolices rise in
the North here before they appear in the South,
contrary to every precedent. if there has not been
some all powerful agency at work to revorso the
laws of nature-to distort the normal movements
of society in aggregating population and in organ
izing labor ? The suppression of the slave trade
has not only transfored the scepter of numbers and of
diversified industry to the North, but it has like
wise begotten the abolition sentiment of this coun
try as well as the sectional protective Tariff policy
of our Government. Let us trace a few of the
land marks which the closing of the slave trade
has produced in working out these deplorable re
sults. The evidences which I shall offor will not
be far fetched. They are within the comprehen
sion of the simplest mind, which can follow the
most obvious connection of cause and efct. I
respectfully ask the people of Charleston particu
larly to lond me their attention upon the cotniner
eial bearing of the subject. SCIPIO.
For the Advertiser.
A Correction- -Revised Translation.
Mn. EDITOR:-I have been asked several times
during the past week many questions concerning
the Revision of our translation of the Bible now
in progress. I have answered as beit I could.
But when I have been assured that the Methodist
Church, of which I have the honor of being an
Elder in the Ministry, has a part in this work, I
deem it necessary, in this public way, to proclaim
that this is not the fact. The Methodist Church
has nothing to do with it.
It has been urged that we have men engaged in
the work who are our members, to which I answer:
We may find, If we were to look closely, I have
no doubt, amongst a million and half of members
in our Church, some in the Penitentiary for ma.
king counterfeit money-or in Mason lodges-or
in the Cabinet of the President of the United
States; but the Church did not send them there
no more to one than the other. A connoxional
Church like ours can only bo compromised by her
Representative, and sho has none in any of these
distinguished places, for good or for evil, of her
The above I hope will give decision to the ques
tion in the bounds of your circulation with emlha.
sie, I hope, and not offence, which is the desire of
Yours, respectfully. J. R. P.
M~AnIura, on the 30th ult. by Bienj. Baird Es1.,
at the residence of A. McElmurray of Becach I<
land, Mr. M. 11. McELMURRLAY and Miss M.
A. E. IIOLLEY.
Mitnuten, on the 27th of Marchi by R.:v. J. HI.
W. Wertz. Mr. IlENRY P. WIllTMOltlE and Miss
DULClNIA CORLEY, all of this Dlistri..t.
MARRIE.D, 17th March last, by Rev. II. T. Bart
boy. Mr. DitED WA RREN andl Miss MAlLY LA.
G ROONE, all of Edgefield District.
MInen., on 2Sth nIt., in thme Granitevilk leel.
by Rev. D. A. Bodie, Mr. HENRY MORGuAN
and Miss PERMEL[A A. EARGLE, all of this
Dia-n, on the 14th of~ March, at the rcsidnuu-e of
her husband, Jtan~a Anaossos, Mrs. ELIZAIJETII
ADDISON, in the 310th year of her age.
The deceased was baptized by Rev. W. B3. John
son, D. D. on the 9th of Oct., 1842, andI continued
a membier of the Blaptist Church until her death.
Though her sickness was short, and her death very
unexpected to her friends, the messenger did not
find her unprepared. "I heard a voice fresni
heaven, saying unto me, Write, blessed are the
dead which die in the Lord."
Mrs. SUSAN T. SEIGLER, wife of Capt lrax
ny SaoLt~n, and youngest daughter of Col. WrAvY
Hlot.s, (lied on the morning of the 24th March,
1859, in the 31st year of her age, leaving two lit.
tIe children, a husband, and many friends to mournm
The deceased possessed a most even and lively
templer, which made her the pride and ornament
of the family circle, as well as a shining light in
the Chureh. It may he said of her that she was
always cheerful hut never vain. She made a pub.
lie professio~n of religion several years before her
death, which she exemplifned "not with braidedl
hair, or goild, or pearls, or costly array ; but with
,hamer.facednoss, sobr ity, and good work,, which
becometh women professing godliness."
Now that she is no more with us, but present
with the Lord, it becomes us to bow with humble
submuision to the Divine will. D. D.
HAMBURG, Apiril, 4th, 1859.
Conroy-Theo market has been fluctuatin.; tl-e
past week. In the frmier part of the week pries
advanced to 13 eta., hut at the close there was a
declin4 equal to the audvane-e. Thme prices now
,tuoted arc as formerly. 10 to 121 extremes. K.
CIIATTANOOIA. March 311.
BAcox.-Stocks fair-alnes of country cured
fronm thme banks at 94 @ 91 cents, hog round. Sales
of city cured at 10c.
LAnnt.-Sales 11 cents--supply light.
Coins.-Sales at 55c., without sacks-supply
light. Demand good.
Fr.oca.-Light stock-would command $3 if to
WVmr.-Sales at $1 18 @ 1 30, sacks included
and delivered in depot.-Advertiser'
CINCINNA TI, March 30.
Flour dull; quotations nominal. Whisky
sales 130 barrels at 24e. Lard dull at 11e. Sugar
-sales 100 hogshendls at Cle. @ 83e. Molasses
sales 600 barrels at 34e. Coflee firm at 12c. @
CilA RLESTON, April 2.
The sales of Cotton, this forenoon, reach 800
bales. It was sold prineipally by one house, at
sbout * cent decline from the highest point of the
NEWV ORL EANS, April 1.
Sales of cotton to-day 500 hales, with an unset
tled market. Middling 12c. Sales dttring the
week 37,000 bales, and receipts during same time
25,500, against 45,500 same week last year. The
exports reach 55,500 bales for the week, and the
total exports are 1,250.000 hales. The increase in
the receipts is 204,300 bales, andl at all ports
791,000 bales. The stock of cotton is 410,000 bales,
against 411,000 bales last year.
NEW YORK, April 2.
There was a better fueling in thme Cotton market.
and sales to, the'extent of 7.000 btales were muade.
Flour was dull, with sales of 7,000 barrels. Wheat
was very dull. Corn was inactive, with sal.:s of
6.000 butshels: clhoico white 93 cents. Spirits of
Tuorpentine heavy. nat 5:;) etnts. iRosin was firm
er, at $1,60 @ $1,61.
A UG USTA, April 2.
Covox.-There is nO dlisposition on the part of
sellers to reduce their rates, nor buyers to pay the
lrices asked-hence the limited business. The
sales reached only 191 bales, at prices ranging
from 101 to 12&c.
The receipts w-ere 805 bales.
27 Miss Buic respectfully informse the
citizens of Edlgefield, that she has taken room No.
58 Augusta Hotol, Augusta, Ga., where she will
give lessons to pupils in ORNAMENTAL and
FANCY WORK. She feels confident thst she will
be able to render entire satiefnaetion to all persons
that favor her with their pbatroinago. Her terms
are very reasonable, and will be made known upon
application to her at the Augusta Hotel.
Augusta, March 30, 1859 5t0 12
DRUS. BLAND & HILL, will practice Med
ic7 ine in its various branches in this village
andl vicinity. ELBERT BLA ND.
J. W ALTER HILL.
March 30,1859 tf 12
WI7ANTED--Two itent NEGRO MEN for the
remeader of theyssar. Applyat this~fiie.
a.- ia 1.2
I. -. YONGBLOOD,
Attorney at Law and Magistrates
LL attend promptly to all buuiness placed
in his hands.
95 Office at Edgefield C. I., S. C.
April 6, tf 13
New and Handsome Goods.
I iE Sub'scribers are now opening a very Large
and ,well ussorted stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
iolected with cire in New York, and bought at
ioch prices as will enable us to SELL BARtGAINS. s
J. B. SULLIVAN A CO. 99
March 30, 1859 tf 12 cc
H. A. GRAY.
WTHES, CLOVIS DM JER,
Office over E. K. Penn's Drug Store,
' Near the Court House.
Apri 4, 1859. Im 13
SUERB BEIDM-1H ROTHG,0
W OULD respectfully call the attention of all
W persons in want of FASHIONABLE and
Fine Marseilles and new style Bayadere
A large and beautiful assortment of .
GLOVES, CRAVATS, STOCKS,
Also, special attention called to the following gar
Fine Skeleton Cassimere Suits,
Coats, Pants and Vests to match.
Fine Black Skeleton Sacks,
A beautiful style of Coat.
Fine Marseilles, Linen, and~now style Nankenett
S UIT S.
BOYS &YOUTWS CLOTHING
OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS,
The above articles I had manufactured partly
to my own taste, and are warranted to give satis
faction. My supplies will be replenished weekly.
I have also a fine, full and varied assortment of A
the latest and most approved style of C
Trunks, Valises, Carpet Bags, &e.
ALSO, A CHOICE STOCK~ OF
G-AITERS & SHOES. I
I have in Storea collection of Cl101CE STEEL li
ENG RAVINGS, of excellent framing, bought
rom the Girst Importer, comprising the Likeness of
Washington, Calhoun, Jefferson, Napulcon, Cal
vin, "Choice Studies, Empress and Son," "La
lies on Horseback," "Mount Vernon," "The
Seasons," " Jourdan," Ac.
Mf. LEBESC'HULTZ. 2
April 5 3t 12 ,
CHOICE WIXES AND LIQUORS, "
SELECTED FOR FAMILY USE, -1
A ND put up in Cases contahinn 12 Bottles
each, and assorted as follows:
3 Bottles Old BOURlBON WH ISKEY I
3 " " CHAMPAGNE BRANDY;
2 " " TOPAZ SHEFRRY;
2 " " SOUTH SIDE MADEIRA, i,
2 " " HOLLAND GIN.
These Wines and Liquors are of the finest qual- s
ity, pure and unadulterated, and selected especial. e
ly for family or medicinal use, from the most es. .A
teemed importations of the well known andl highly l
respectable firm of Messrs. A. ItINING ER & CO.,
92& 914 Liherly St., New York.
pgFor sale, one or moire enses at Who'lesale
prices, by M. LEBESCHIUL TZ.
pm N. B.-Also, Havana SEGA RS, of favo
April 4 St 13
TIESuhbscriber respectfully offers his services ~
to he itzen ofEdefildand Barnwell in
L-he practice of the NEW and USEFUL art -of
HORSE TAMING, - r
He has purchased the right to this practice for
the Districts of Edgefield and Barnwell, and i:t
prepared to give instruction or to subdue vicious
horses for all who desire it.
Upon the formation of a Class of five or more in*
any neighborhood, ho will, upon notification from
the larties, attendi at any place they may apipoinet, ,
andi instruct themi in the thousand applications of
this A rt.n
pAddlress, at PBeach Island Post Office.
A. W. ATKINSON. I
P. S.-TIn conetion with the abiove I hare on
handi LAN IERL'S PATENT BIRIIDLE, the right 0
to use which is given to each sebolar. A. S. WV.
April 5 3m 13 n
pfBarnwell Sbntinel please copy for three a
months, and forward aceount to A. WV. A. as above
J UST received a full assortment of METALIC u
BURIALJ CASES, all sizes. Also, a new a:
style Case, full glass, full satini lining, and extra
ine. 'The Metalic (csoes will lhe aold LOWV FOR
CASH. ~We bny for Cash, and will be necessarily
compeliled to soll on the same termas. Thirty days
is the loongesot credit thant will lbe given.
Also. MA lOt ANY COFFINS at Augusta pri
ces. Common WOOLD 'OFFINS madle to suit the
order, both in quality and lorice.
WITT A HUDSON.
Aprnil 6 f 13
L OST--From the subscrib~er's waggon, on the e
Road lealing from Hamburg to this Village, ~
on the 31st of March, one lot of
L'ocks, Hinges and Screws.
Any information of them will be thankfuilly re
eived. L. 8. JOHNSON.
April , It 13 -
F RSALE--THREE SOWS and PIGS, of ]
-Sne stock. Apply to bODMN
A pril 5, 1859 . 1
CAUTION-..All persons indebted to the Es
tate of Nichols McEvoy, deceasced. must pay .
tue suae, by the 1st of May, if not, they will be
sued. Those having odemandse will present them.]
RIICHIARD FLANIGAN, Adm'or.
A pril G, St 13
NOTICE--By a resolution of Council, all
. persons who do not compiound for street duty '
before the first day of May next, will be asesed
25 ier cent upon the original amnount.
oe'y A Treas'r. T. C.
April 6, 2t 134
State of South Carolina,
IV ORCDIX.-RR Y.
Thomas R. Rhodes, Adm'or., Applicant, 1
Wm. N. Raines and wife Rebeccn, and I
James K. Arrington and wife. Def'ts. J
IT'r appearing to my satisfaction that William N.
IRaines anid his wife itebecca, and Jesse K. Ar- I,
raugton and his wife, two of the Defendants in this
case rejsidle boyoud the limits of thIs State: It is
therefore ordered that they do appear and object
to the division or sale of the Real Estate of Elisa- 1
heth Walling, deceased, on or before the 14th May J
next, orn their consent to the same will be entered
on record. W. F. DURISOE, 0. 3. D. I
Ordinary's Office, Feb. 14, 1859. Sm 6
A SPLENDID BARGAIN.--The Subsseri- -
her offers for sale an entirely new IRON J
SAFE, with Hall's power proof boek-sbiped by y
mistake. It will be sold for eaib, at New York ?
oost an waraned.Bissmall.
.B.LO3W3BS, Agt.. 3
Eramb.... arama Iua Vee e lB
) RYG OO DT~
PRIN G Al D SUMMER
IILLIER & WARREN,
OPPOSITE GLOBE HOTEL,
E return our thanks to our friends generally
V-for their liberal patronage, and respectfully
lieit a continuance. We have received an une.
aI large supply of rpring and Summer GOODS,
mprising an endlest variety of new and hand.
me DRESS GOODS, which we will take great
easure in exhibiting to our friends and eusto.
era. All we ask is for them to give us a eall,
id we will show them something in the way of
Rich Silk and Grenadine ROBES A'LES;
Grenadine ROBES A' 2 JUPE8
Organdle and Jaconet ROBES PRINCESSE;
English and D'Angletere BAREGES, newstyles;
PINE APPLE CLOTH, a new artick;
Solid Color Bayadere BAREGES;
Plain and Fancy Colored SILKS;
Black Rips and Bayadere SILKS;
A new and beautiful artieloof Silk MtSLIN;
Mourning BAREGES and GRENADINES;
Plain and Striped Black Twisted SILK;
Rich French and Chantilly MANTILLAS;
Plain Silk and Barege
Barego and French Lace SHAWLS;
Vals Lace COLLARS and SLEEVES;
Embr'd Swiss" " "
Marseilles " "
Fancy CASSIMERES and CLOTHS;
Plain and Fancy Linen DRILLS;
Domestie GINGHAMS, DENIMS.and COT
OSNABURGS and Factory STRIPES;
Marlboro' PLAIDS and STRIPES; -
Sehley's Negro PLAINS, and wool filling;
Together with every article usually kept in.our
Augusta, April 5,1859 3m 13
W M. H. CRANE.
STAPLE AND FANCY
No. 222, Broad Street,
AS RECEIVED FROM NEW YORK A VERY
LARGE AND FULL STOCK OF
PHlIN AG i - tIM B (GQQJJ
elecied with great care, and bought on very ad
vantageous terms, consisting of rich
Of all kinds and varieties.
rith an unusually large variety of Goods suitable
PEN'S AND YOUTH'S WEAR,
11 of wbich.he will dispose of at as LOW PRI
ES as any other House in this City for CASH.
pa-Planters and their families are respectfully
vited to call and examine his assortment.
Augusta, Apiril 5 4t 13 -
- TE are prepared to furnish Piano
VVFortes fruom the following Cele
nated Mfanufactories, vis :
JACOB CIHYCKERING, Boston.
HALLET. DAVIES A CU., Boston.
A. WV. LADD & CO.,"
NUNNS A CLARK, New York.
BENNETT A CO., " "
nd of other New York Makers. We flurnish In.
ruments exclusively to ORDER ; and as we pay
SStore rent, no Clerk hire, no City taxes, wo are
>1e to sup.ply any kind of Instrumtents, from the.
ew's Harp to the Church Organ,
han any Retail House South .of New York, adS
ricepting Charleston and Augusta,
piO- Orders addressed to us at Augusta, or
ome, Ga., will meet with prompt attention.
A. A. CLARK & SON.
p!O P. 8.-I have had twenty yeare e~xperience
the art of TUNING and R EPAIR ING PIAN
8, and I can conscientiously recommend the In-.
ruments of the ab~ove makers, as being at least
inal to any manufactured in the Unitedi States.
t all eventis, I challenge any person who wants a
IANO to try one of them six mnthnis.
A. A. CLARK.
Augnsta, April 41, 1859 tt 1:3
IWiTfor the SUVFFERING MtILLIONS!
A CERTAN CURE FOR CONSUMPTION
und all Lung Diea-Shortness of Breatzh-D ye.
ypea and .Dysentelry-WlIoret caece of L'roupj
and C/,o/lec, &c., &c., &e.
flII8 medicine is purely vegetable. hecing comn.
L posed entirely of best Rye Spirit. and W~eet
adia Gums,.and other Extracts which are healing
a2i- It is a mast pleasant drink.
"g' One bottle should lbe carried by every man,
omnan or child traveling to mix with the water.
f.r Price One Dsollar Per Bottle.-at
it does~ not give ,atisfaction I will refund the
pe For sale by R. L. GENTRY. Agent, at Slh
y's Corner, with Messrs. H. & N. E. Solomon,
here I always will be fo.und with a largo supply
the abovo VAr.caur.a Putor.avv. Also,
I amn also always in the market (at Sibley's Cor
ir.) for pu~rchasing cotton, and will pay the highest
tarket prIce for fine cottons.
R tcuzoxcn Co., Ga., March 8, 1859.
Capt. R. L. Gzxtav-Dear Sir: I take great
easure in recommending your Cough Remedy,
Pr. Martin's.) I must say its the best I have ever
ted in my family, and don't think any family
tould ho without it. Yours, with respect.
W. T. SH[ARPLEY.
For the above medicine, apply to .
R. L. GENTRY, Agent.
Hamburg, Jan. 25, 1859. 17 3
SHATTERFIELD, P. 0., 8. C.1
* March 31, 1859.
Capt. R. L. G EaTrv-Dear Sir :-I take great
leasure in recommending your Cough Medicine
the public, as being one of the best Medicines
rer offered to asuffering world. One bottle elected
cure inamy family whieh I thought incurable.
o family should be without this valuable Medi
ine. For sale by my friend R.I. Gaurar, Ag's,
[amburg, S. C.
3. P. QUATTLEBUX,
Edgefield District, 8. C.
OST OR MISLAID--A note drawn by
R. T. Minis, payable to the Subscriber or
iarer, for two hundrted and twenty-six dollars and
relve cente, dated Oct. 21, 1858, and payable
an. 1, 1859. I warn all perruonh against trading
r saidl note. JAS. 8HEPPA RD,
A pril 5, 1850 lt* 13
~ANCY NOTE & LETTER PAPERI,
&ec.--My stock of LETTER and NOTE PA.
ER is small but very ehoup, and from the best
Also, Fancy and Buisiness Envelops. Togethee
ith a fine lot of Pencils. Steel Pens, Ac.
W. H. HARRISON, Ag't.
March 30 tf 12
4UPERIOR SOAPS--Now in Store a N..
1 lot of Fancy and Domestic 80APS, which
ill vie, both in price andl quality, with any ever
efore offered in this market, Call and look.
W. H. H ARRISON, Ag't.
March 30 t f 1 2
18ING TACKLE, &c.--Just received
a first rate assortment of FISH1 HOOKS,
ACK LE, &c. For sale cheap fir cash hy
WY. H. HARRISON, Ag't.
March 30 tf . 12,
V IOLIN, GUITAR AND) BANJO
STRINGS--Ia store and for sale cheap, a
>t of suplerior Violin, Guitar and Banjo Strings.
W. H. HARRISON, Ag'S.
March 30 tf - 12
[) ORT MONIES, PURSES, &c.--If y,-u
wish to save money, call on W. H. XIARRI.
ON, Ag't., when you went to buy a good Port
loney, Puree, or Pocket Book.
Marcbh30 tf 120
PINE PERFUMERY, BRUSHES,
&.--The Subscriber has in Stors alms eup.
iy of superior Cologa., Extraets and other pr
amnery. Also, Halt and Tooth Brushes, Cms
e. -A~ot w h s eed a t e~efer~
W..U. W AIRIfON Age
Maak88 . .