Newspaper Page Text
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
IVEDNESDAY, APRIL G, 1859.
(wING t'. It pIe of ioliLi.-al and no-ws matter.
" 'onsit:it.'.u" and " Cu1mAt! 'Y," al-tg with several
new nttvert'itteumnti are necesaarily yoUitponed un
til next week.
Those of our citi.ens who are incredulous upon
the .ubject of horse taming, can have their doubts
entirely removed by applying to 31r. Ananz Av
xtssus, a professor of that art now in this place.
31r. A., as many of our readers know, is a native
anl a resitlent of this District, and maty he relied
upon in all respects. lie has purohased from the
celebrated L-tten the sole right to practise thir
singular art in Edgefield and Barnwell; and is
prepared to indoctrinate all who desire it, at the
m.,der:ite rate of ($10) tn dollars for a course ol
lesons,-no pay requiredi if the pupil is not satis
f-ed. Having attended Mr. ATxaIsos's instructive
exhibitions with a number of other gentlemen, we
take pleasure in saying that the thing Is no bum
bug,-but, on the contrary, a practical good, which
all country gentlemen, and especially such as art
f-.nd of horses, should thoroughly understand. Mr.
A. can put you through easily and elegantly.
James Heney, of Augusta.
On- of the tuost inviting Stores in the City of
Augusta is that of Mr. JAmrs ll:xey. Besides
his superior assortment of Dry Gools, he has a
Millinery department in fine order immediately
connected with his other business, under the su
pervision of Mrs. 11., where may he found the most
clegant an.l fashionable array of Bonnets, La.
dies' and Misses' Hats. Mantillas, Shawls, Rib.
ljons, Trimumings, &c., &c. This Establishment
ought to be a great attraction to the Ladies.
Steamer Augusta Burned--Loss of Life.
WE aunounced very briefly in our evening edi
tion of yesterday.(says the Augusta Ouneitution
oUet, of the 3d inst.,) the destruction of the steam
1uat Augusta, by fire, on the Savannah river, about
firty miles below this city.
The Augusta left here at half-past four o'clock
on Friday evening last, and was on her way to
:avannah, with a very valuable cargo, consisting
of some seven hundrod and eighty bales of cotton.
five huudred and thirty-five barrels of flour, a lot
of bran, and other articles.
About eleven o'clock P. M., while laid up at
Eagle Point, fire was discovered in eumo c.tton
in the fore part of the boat. The progress of the
tire was very rapid, and the boat was soon envel
oped in flames. Most of the hands were asleep at
the time; and it was with great difficulty that
Capt. FRAssn, or any of those on board could be
Mr. Ifenry Day, the first engineer, was drown
ed; and three negro men wore also lost-two of
them drowned, and onc-the cook-probably
The boat was burned to the water's edge, and,
with the cargo, is a total loss. We have been in.
for-ned that the cotton was insured, a portion in
New York, and a portion in Boston; and the flout
in this city; but there was no insurance on thie
'The origin of this unfortunate and melancholy
affair is unkn~oan.
Hion. Jats. P. Carroll.
The Newberry C'o,.erat4, in waking mention
or the late term of the Court for that District,
thu.s allud'es to Cul. JA~uxa P. CattotoL.:
"The pirincipal tcase, and the most initeresting
of the week. was that ot The State, vs. Caper,
Counntj, Katy Couts and Levi Uroober, for the
murder of Elzey Morris, on Christmas night last.
Solicitor Fair and lion. J. P. Carroll,1 of Edlgefield,
conudu d the prosecution, while the defence wa
ab~ly s mtained by Messrs. Garlington, Baxter and
WVilliam 's, of the Newborry Bar. For the first tint
we had an opportunity of hearing Col. Carrolt
speak, and were delighted with his calm and do
libnratei manner, no less than by his clear, concise
end logical roasoning."
W ~ e are gratified by this complIment of the Cont
eratiet to one of our first and best men ; espe
cially so, as the Colonel had expressed himself,
since his return, dissatisfied with his effort on tihe
occar-ion alluded to. Hie had undergone two weeks
of great labor at our own Court immediately pi e
ceding. was actually unstrung at the tine of the
trial, and felt that he had not done himselfjustice in
his argument. We are glad to know that this was
all in his own imagination.
Witt and Ihudson.
Persons In want of furniture would do well to
call at the furniture roorns of Messrs. Wiii &
H enosos in this village. Their supply is large and
well selected, embracing all such articles as are
needed in the bed-room, the dining-room, or the
parlor. Messrs. W. & Hf. are determined to sell
at prices that cannot admit of grumbling; And~
they ask an examination of their stock. You wili
scarcely go further, if you call on them.
A Notable Invention.
We h::ve seen a capital imnprovemen- at the Car
ria.;e Store of Messrs. Cumtnir & lHt;ar~azar. in
the shape of a " Spring-back Buggy," invented by
Mr. N. Cowr.s, who is now engaged in superin
t.:nding its construction at the workshop of the
above-named firm. Hie has been here in fact on.
that basi~e-n for a :nonth past. The invention i
(on0 which ii not fail to please every m;:in con-.
versant with the :uanufacture o'f this favrite ye
hiele. It rueure great addlitio'nal comfo.rt to the
traveller. It is a recurity against breaka;::e in
two essential places; first, the driver's back, and
next, the buggy's coupling. Go and see for your
selves, and you wiil understand the matter much
better than we can tell you.
-4I *- -
Deming and Day.
SEE the advertisement of this enterprising Dry
Goodsa House. Its members arc among the most
active, obliging, and relialIe merchants of Augusta
Tuss estimable dcaler in Clothing, &c., has
opened as rich a stock of goods in his line as wa.
ever exhibited in this place. Mr. L's. f.teilities.
experionce. and fiue taste enable hinm to Isy in his
suppllies with a peculiar adlaptedness to the wants
oft his many customers. Call and sea his Goods.
Never saw ye a more beautiful or a mnore valuable
array. Besides clothing, he has pretty pictures,
pretty fixings of various kinds, and certain other
et cctera which it will do you good to sample.
G recian Painting, and Wax Work.
Miss Betz, an estimable lady and known very
favorably in this District, asks us to invite the at
ten'io'n of the ladies to hercea'rd in another column.
The Augusta Consuitutionalast says of her work:
We have been sh.,wn some very tasteful and
we!!f exe.-'ti-1 Speriments 'if Greciau paintting, ami
a i. of 'iwers ant fruit in wax wo.rk, froma the
hands .'f .Miss :.. A. lien:, of this city.
We kn:ow "f no p::stimec more elegant andl refined
thin -:an bie fnd. ini the art., of Grecian painting,
anet working in wax. t:m:ghit b~y Miss Itrms:; we
take pletasutre in invitinig the attuenuion of the ladies
of our city to her cardl. Let thos.e who cannot at
tend' her lessonts. sendl their yoiung duaughter~s to
learn theso leasing' rud easily anequiredl artts.
.Mlss lien~: is an interestling andl estimable ladty.
andl we are glad to hear that shte las large clases
of ladlies and children, att her room, No. &M Augus
Plank Road Improving.
Passing over the EdIgetieldl andl Haimburg Plank
Road the other day. we found cause to h~e truly
delighted at its manifest improvement during the
past few months. Deaspite wind' and weather,
and we have had a great deal of both,-the work
of repairs hac goneo on steadily an'd cheeringly.
Rteturninghbotne the nexat dlay. late in the afternoon,
whorm s hould we fir~d with the hanods emp~loyedl on
the road butt the ioderiatigable P'residlent of tl-e
C'.npany him::elf, with coat thrown olfar~d leves
rolled up,. directing and helping the laborers. It
was inspiring of hope,-h'ope that the most useful
pulic enterpritao ever accomplished in Edgefield
is not to be allowed to rot in the dust. Nine cheers
to Mr. CL-aar ! Let the people foster on to sue
cems his assiduous exertions in their behalf. Let
us all do our duty in the matter, and the Plank
hoad will soon be renewed, and a great instirstltoa
tmer prsred to the district,
Remarks of Hon. X. L. Bonham.
On Monday last quite a number of our most
intelligent citizens were in attendance at this place
notwithstanding the heavy rains of the night pre
vious and the swollen condition of the creeks and
branches. At the hour of 12 M, it wits announced
that our immediate Congressma, General Box
tAM, was ready to addre.-s his constituents on the
political matters of the day ; and in a short time
the Court House was thronged.
General BJuMAU said that he found pleasure in
being able thus early to comply with a call that
had been ma.le upon him to address the people.
lie responded readily and cheerfully. The events
of the past Session of Congress were of great mo
went to the country, and he deeply regretted that
the indieations were of that inauspicious character
which prevented his replying with hopefulness to
the inquiry addressed to him as one of their senti
nels- Watchmian, what of the night ?" le could
taot say, with the sentry ton his lonely round, -All's
rell!" Duty compelled him to declare that it was
not a time of security with its, but that, to the reverse,
the rights and interests of the South have never
b)een in more peril or in greater danger. Nine
years ago Mr. CALHnOrS predicted with his aWcus
touted forecat, that if this shtvery agitation were
not arrested i its mad progress, it would end in a
lissolution of the Union. Were he now alive, he
wYould find but too much cause to realize the force
of his predietion,-to be convinced, in fact. that the
events he foresaw in the distance were almost im
mediately at hand.
Thero were many matters of intercst before Con
gress at its recent Session, but that which towered
in na-gnitude alove the rest was still this ceaseless
question of slavery. Reference to the later de
bates of the Session will indicate with sufficient
clearness what we are to expect in this connection
from the Federal Congress.
General Bos.tx then reviewed the progress of
the anti-slavery agitation and its repeated en
croachiments upon the South. He spoke of the
legislation of Congress begun as far back as 1784;
af the famous ordinance of 1787, by which Slave
States ceded to the anti-slavery demand extensive
and invalualle territory; of the Compromise of
1S20 and its adverse effects upon the power and
trell-being of the Slave States; of the California
swindle, by which territory purchased largely by
Southern treasure and Southern blood was yielded
to the craving appetite of a rapacious anti-slavury
majority. It had been said that. to compensate
for these frauds, a repeal of the odious Missouri
Cumpromise had been effected. But what will be
the value of that repeal, if the dangerous positions
of Senator Dovsw..ts are to exercise a controlling
influence in the direction of affairs? It will prove
to be but a pliantom to allay Southern indignation;
.tud instead of resulting in her benefit, its advan
tages will rather accrue to the North, opening to
her citizens yet more available means of occupying
even the Southern territories and of banithing
slavery from their borders.
The speaker next proceedel to combat the dan
.crour views of the Illinois Senator. The mischief
nan with a real or affected midunlerstanding of
the Kais.ias Nebraska Act.
By thenon-interveution of Congresi, nomore nor
less was ever meant than this, that Congress should
not Legislate slavery into or out of a Territory.
Abolitionists said Congress had that right. Both
wings of the Democratic party denied this. The
Southern wing nmaintained that the question of
ilvery or no shivery, is to be decided by the Con
.cntion calledl (whenever the nunnber of the in
abitants justified i: ) to f..rm thu Conastitutiona of
.he new tte, prep.aratory toa samision into the
.uonfederar~y of State5, and not bieforo. Squnatter
Seivereignaty, whilst it admliits thae right ot' the
daanholder to go with is elaves itto the Territu
:ies, stays, that tho power to dutermninu whether
.lavery shall or .batll not exist in the Territories.
is in the Territuorial Legislatatri: and if the Leg
islature, as hits been donte in Kanisias, any sluimery
shall not exist in the Territory, athiongha it adumits
the action of that Legislature mtust be subordinate
to the Constitution and the Supreme Court, still it
further says, Congress can not interfere to enfore
the rights of the slave holder in the Territory. If
this doctrine be true, it is as bad as the Wilmot
Proviso, and renders the repeal of the Missouri~
Compironmise a dead letter. It is the idlest mnoeke
ry to tell the slaveholder, you have as much right
to take your slaves into the Territories, as the
northern man his horse, but if the Territorial Leg.
islature, backed by a handful of Squatters, say
slarery shall not exist, that there is tao remedy.
Wherever there is a right, there is a remedy.
The Kansas Territorial Legislature has under
taken to prohibit slavery. This sets at naught the
Constitution and the deision of the supreame Cottrt of
the l'nited States, and whenever a case arises of a
slave holder hbeing deprived of the emjoyment of
his prtoperty by sutch Legislation, it will be the du
ty of Congress to pass rsuch laws as will carry in
to effect the trite intcnt anid meaning of the Con
stitution. Any otlier doctrine will prove adestruc
tive of thte rights of the Sotthern pe:'ple in the
comnnuan Territories. The cretaure can not he
greater than the creator. Congress has nao right
to Legislate slavery into or out of a Territory.
Can its inere creatures dlo it ? But Congress has.
pssed a ftugitivc slave law, to carry otut the prei
viions of the Constitutioan even in Sovereign
States. How much more then is it compectent fair
Congress-ay, its duty, to 1pass necessary Laws to
protect the rights of the citizen in the Territories
whent the nmere creatuires of Congress not or.ly re.
use that protectiona, bait legislate adversely.
No-ther view tha this w:a' cotertnine.1 anyv.
where. ior ;at lenal nt d.'elar.'d. atan tii .\l r. 1 b)ix t. ys,
l adin:g it taecs-ary to .scurte hai.sen! ina the~ tl'aiteid
.'qu ittesr ,ovrei:tyt.-viewrs at onace antagt.tiri
to the K~antsas Neb~ra..ka Act tandl at varianace wvitha
he demnocratic pilatformn announced biy the inctina
.tti Conaventioin, which Mr. Docom.Ass is understoo-1
to have cordially approved. But ho has gone
against us, as the declarations of his Freeport
speech unamistakeably prove. His ntew-Iledged
principle is dangerous to our republican systemn.
and especially dletrimnental to the interests of thte
Southernt people. It prepares in our territories an
invitiag resort for the dlocks of emtigratnts datily
rriviaag at Northertn ports, antd for thae surplus
population oif te Northern States, tmatny of them
lrwnm fraom the vilest purlieus of their cities. Int
tts operationa, it presents the startliung spectacle of
a few thousanad such settlers gifted with thte extra.
riaary power of exclu.ling eight millions of
freemen from the common property of the pecople of
these States. In the latS Congressionial debate,
Sentors, MAsosc, DAvts, Blaowy, and others, met
this view of the Illianois Senator with the declara
tion that his doctrine is not, was. not, and cannaot
~e the doctrine of the Souath. But for this danger
ons developement by one who has occupied so
prominent a position in the democraticeranks, there
was ground for hope that our territorial organiza
tions might have proceeded peacefully in the fu
ture; but ntow that Kiansas has undlertaken to
abolish slavery in heur bordern, now that thais doe
trine of squaatter suvereigntny is being enmbraredl
op::nly by the Northa, anid at least by the D~ocur.As
fation of the democracy. thec question is upona us
and w tare oiblige-1 to m~eet it.
Thea speaker then followed Mr. CA.not:s int tra
itg tiate gadulial severtance thtat hail beetn l..nag
goiag on bietween the North aind the South, thec
reding~ asuntler aof the linaks of the churches
staning piromainent in this maanitfestation. Ilo
wol~l foilow up that train of thaoughat. The politi
cal parties of the ciunatry are also going by the
board. The Whig party is already gone; and the
Demoratic party, he feared, was also about to lose
the prestige of its greatness and success. No man
had anore to do with bringing this about than
Senator DrotGtAs, by hais combahination with theo
llack Republicans against theo Lecotnptont Con
stittion. If lie was th"n aspectedl of unsoundi
ness, what cani we say of lhhat now, that he has
pulpatly gotne iver to the enaemy.
tenteralh Bosnt~s thena proiceededl ti tourba brief
ly tp-n the Taii, deehtarinag his~ telief tlait we
wiold lie speedily callead oat to look this qauestioan
fully ina thae face. Ito outtured inato a critical
analysis of the present tatrif, showing its unequaal
bearing on the South. IIe feared ate division otn
this point in South Carolina. Even in 1833, when
diferenes existed amongst us as to the mode of re
dress, her people were a unit In hostility to the
protective system. To this day, their hoatility is the
.m.n .. ihsen it was first flly eunkindled by the
natchless eloquence of our own McDuIFFvK. Hap
py for us, that it is so; fur that battle is again to
)e fought. During the iast winter, we of the
iiouth had cause to realize the coming on of the
ttorm. Upon the very first day of the Session, a
lemocrat succeeded in suspending the rules of
the House, anel presentedi a resolutiou to revive
this abomination. Tho object had in view was
mificiently clear; indeed it was not sought to be
liogulised. The aim aul purpose wasi protection,
by increasing the duties on articles at present
taxed, without reference toa any abridrement of the
piresent free list as was hited. Dy great exertion
the measure was smothered for the so.ssion ; but it
will in all probability come upon us next winter.
With the falling off or the democracy to be expoe
ted in Pennsylvania and elsewhere upon this t-ub
ject, we cannot well hope to avert the measure
longer. It will be forced upon us, if we are pre
pared to submit.
' The speaker next alluded to the Homestead Bill,
spoke of it as a pet scheme of the abolitionists,
well calculated to assist the emigration societies of
the North in filling up the territories with free votes.
With the allurement (f a homestead in the distance,
free of cost, the operations of these societies would
he increased tenfold. Bring, then, into successful
llay, the infamous doctrine of sqjuattersovereignty;
and we of the South, and ours. are forever exclu
ded from all participation jn the benefits of the
public domain. In this connection he would ten
der a deserved tribute to the manliness and virtue
of President BuenASAM, who had boldly vetoed
this insidious hill.a The present administration, he
thought, had come into power under rather unfa
vorable auspices ; and up to the time of WALKri's
dismissal from Kansas, it could not be said that
the President was altogether acceptable to tile
South. Some of his principles were not so now.
His recommnendation of specific duties in lieu of
ad ralorents, stood prominent among these. (Here
our representative drew a lucid distinction between
these kinds of duties.) Uis Pacific Railroad project
and his suggestion of a Mexican Proteetorate were
likewise objectionable. But Mr. BUCHIANAS has
yet stood the friend of the South on many ques
tions. anl he deserves the gratitude of our people.
His veto of the Homestead Bill, his ardent support
of the Lecompton Constitution and his present un
flinching advocacy of the restrictive clause of the
English Bill, form a part of his course which calls
for our unstinted approval. He (General B.)
whilst ever opposing the administration where he
thought its policy incompatible with the interests
of his section. had ever given it his most cordial
support when right.
In regard to the Publie Expenditures, there was
ample cause for dissatisfaction in knowing that
sixty millions of dollars were now called for to de
fray the expenses of administering the govern
ment, whereas thirty millions were sufficient for
that purpose only sixteen years ago. This rapid
increase of expenditures could be rationally ne
counted for, in part, by the necessities of our
growing country. The increaseo still was enor
mous, and presented a fit subject of reform. The
Democracy was not altogether responsible for this
state of things. The Republicans must bear their
share of the blame. The former had already com
menced the work of retrenchment.
"Thus," said the speaker, "have I brieily ad
verted to some of the dangers that beset our path
way in this Gtoverninetit. You will now naturally
ask me,-what is the renmedy ? The question is
one of omomnentonms ltnterest, and neither to be asked
nor aniswerc.1 lightly. I 'rrepilyinmg to it, I enn on
ly sprask fir miysell; and I utter what I wounld sayv
if myl voice were pote'nt In tihe Soutth. Sincue the
tne when yo'u hono'red mec with a seat in the $tyte
Conventioi '.f 1S62, I have ever b~een a 5CecSsU'in
ist. amnd a sepiei ate sucessionist ;lbut thu events ot
that p'eriu.l sho.wed tbut t''u clearly that no Souith-.
ern Stamte is likely to make a great n,"vemneuit, like
this, ale. M.y auggstion is, that the Southi stand
upl as uone lmanm in defence of her rights in thme
U'nion, having for her first great object the control
of the Democratic party. But if that party shall
refuse to stand with us, then will it become neces
sary that we take our own position as a section.
If our while people, Denmocrats, Whigs and Know
nothitngs, will layv aside their differences andl unite
for this work ; if we shall resolve together tso avoid
all distracting issues new or old; we can than
make the democratic party of th'e country feel
that we intend to have our rights in the Union or
otut of it ;-and then there may be hepe. But.
faling In this, what rhoutld we do? Stand still
and have the chains of slaves forged upion us?
Every true Southern heart will answer, "lierer."
Some movement maust then be hegun, if not by all,
by some portion 'if the sluve States at every hiaz
nrdl. We have the example of the OMd Tiir'teen
to cheer us, itn the history of their nlovemient to
wards the war of the Rtevolution. T1hat moire
ment was not a simultaneous one ; and so may
ours not lie. Like themn. some two or umore of the
slave States may be counpelled to take the lead;
and like thenm, all the rest will follow and consu
mnate the great achievement, lBut in the initiation
'f ineh a movement, there are tw~o or three steps
it will be right in us to take. First, let us idrup
the existing Compact. Secondly, let us form a
new Compact with new guards for our safety and
equality in the Union. If this be not accepted.
then what is left us but to flitng to the breeze the
banner of a Southern Republie ?"
The speaker here cloisedl amid the applause of
his gratified auditory. We regret that, owing to
his indisposition, we have been dependent for our
reponrt npon a few mesgre nuitcs taken during the
!livery of thie dprelh. We hnve nevertheless ofn
dloavrd, ams fair a- w.- hiave rrpirtedl. to ndisern t''
hr- subtan~tce o.f isnt was ep''ken. and sy.,ken 5"
forihvy nudt elwptnent ly.
o Ti'ii is a immi.-a ke inl our report. It was the
Agrenitura! College Btill which the President ve
A Word to Surveyocrs.
We have great pleasure in complying with the
request of an old friend, who is now a Diretress
of the Mt. Vernon Association, b~y publishing the
sujoined appeal in that b'ehalf to the Surveyors
of Georgia. It is hopedl that the intelligent Stur
veyrs of South taroina will also tamke it home to
their hearts and hutior the druft thuns made by
lovely womnan upon their liberality and patriotism.
Accesva, GA., 1st Jan. 1S59.
To Lihe S'irreyors of the~ State of Georgiu :-As
Surveyors, I aa cure it is not necessary to "ccupy
much of your time with pireiliinary reumarks. I
therefore proceed at once to aldresn you, trusting
the cause will be sufli.:ient apology for the liberty
I have taken in submitting this to your favorable
consideration, as an appeal for aid to the Ladies'
Munt Vernon Association.
You are aware the Ladies of the United States
have undertaken to purchase Mount Vernon, the
Hose and Tomb of Washington, with the view of
conerating them as a monument to ' The Father
of his Country." You are aware, too, that the
Ladies of Georgia participate in this undertaking,
and from time to time have called Open gentlemen
to aid theta in the accomplishment or their pur
The object is uneluestionably worthy of attain
ment ; it is also woirthmy of encouragement, for it
is a pur heart-offberinag of American women.
Are we to lhe piruna of Woomen, mand approivu
their erffurt to ereet a shrine ut which our souls and
tlose ol surceeoding genecrationas suny gather the
isirtionsi of pure p atriotismi, and neglect to
hly' thecm ? I trnet not. Tiherefore I enlt upon
you, as a brother surveyuor .ori ernftman of Wash.
ington, tui contribute s'amethini to, the success or
this eunterprise of Americnn Ladies. Do niot hit
the craft tbe charged with derclietiomn of the patri
otim and gallantry of thme Hlero who has given so
much digniity to the profession.
Ini the absence of organizationa. the Surveyors
of the country are -nut recognised as one of its
institutions, and they do not stand as prominently
before the public as a class, as others of equal
merit. This movement, however, if it is accow
plisied with tolerabile unanimity, will show their
strength, and in conneetion with the occasion, will
give thuem the rank to which they are entitled.
Gecorgia has about one hundred and fifty 8urrey.
r,, anid the United States about five thousand. A
onall contribution from each would naake up a
bm of such niagnitude as would ensure the Sur
reyors an honorable place in th~e archives of the
With the above as "stations, pinlters andl cor
gers," the "' linies" of yoiur regaid fo.r Washinigton
od tie Ladies enn1 easity lie " run" to your satis.
action. lt.ngjmetfully yours,
A Com~sry Stiaravon.
Cotrihutions should ha addtressedl to Mrs. Philo
lca E. Eve, Vice Regent Mount Vernon Associa
ion, Augusta, Gas., or to any ,of lher Lady Assis
anta ini yeur respective countis.r
W A down east Poet thus immortalizes the
eautiful river, Connecticut : " Roll on, love4
Donnecticut, long hast thou ran, giving shad to
ou.,h tral a r e.,tm to msn "
A respected and cherished correspondent en
guires of us: " Why is it that you have not given
an opinion about Dorcs.Ai's inf.:rnal doctrine of
squatter sovreiguty. If that thing is to be tolera.
tod, all constitutional lanmliarks might as well be
A word or two in response. Many weeks ago,
this paper did denounce the opinions of the Illinois
Senator, upon this very point, as "heretical."
Since that time, we had been induced to think
that those opinions wero by no moans so extremei
as newspaper reporters had represented them ; and
we were inclined to modify our judguent of that
statesman's political soundness accordingly. Thus
impressed, we penned this brief paragraph in our
issue of the 2nd March:
"By the way, the "Little Giant" is narrowing
down his notion of squatter sovereignty to a very
small point. lie declares that slaves are proper
ty: and that slave-holders have a perfect right to
take theut into any territory while it remains a
territory: and, furthermore, that no territorial
legislature has a right to inhibit slavery or to leg
islate against it, for thatany such legislation would
be uneonstitutional. He declares though, that it
is entitled to no more special irotectiont than any
other species of property. Now, if this implies
that there is, under the organic act or elsewhere,
any general ptrotection of all hinls of property
(slavery included) the Illinois Senator's political
mal-feasauce is not so heretical as was supposed."
By developments which do not admit of doubt,
it now appears that Mr. DOrOLAS was not misun
derstood as to the extent of his opinions on the
subject of popular sovreiguty. In other words,
his Southern friends and would-be-supporters have
failed to give any such coloring to his doctrine as
can at all recommend it to Southern approbation.
When Mr. Dovot,.s says that the people can
drive slavery from a territory by unfriendly logis
lation, injurious enactments,& c., and that Congress
cannot interveno to prevent them, we hold that he
is subverting the principles of our government in
a most dangerous point. The doctrine ofons-in
tervention, as estalblished by the Kansas-Nebraska
Act, had directly in view this vital question of
slavery, and iras understood to be an agreement
that all citizens of the United States, with any and
all kinds of property, should enter the territories
with equal rights and remain there with equal
rights until such time as the people, emerging into
life as a State Sovroignty, should be recognized by
Congress as the proper power to decide for itself
this and all other questions of domestic polity.
Then and then alone does there arise, on territori
al ground, any authority of equal power with that
of the Federal Govrnment,-any authority, in
fact, which is not the mere creature of the Federal
government and amenable to its controll in all
cases of unconstitutional legislation. Then and
then alone, does the authority exist tany t-here to
legislates for or against African Slavery. If such
be not the doctrine of non-intervention, then have
many of us at the South sadly miscalculated the
progress of sound principles as held forth by the
Democracy of the Union.
But others do not go qnito to the Doror.Ap ex
treme of squatter sovreignty. They maintain that
the territorial government has no power to legislate
against slavery, by acts directly prohibitory; and
yet, that it can withhold protective legislation to
such an extent as will offectually exclude or ban
ish slave-holders from the occupancy of the terri
tories with their peculiar kind of labor. It is
matter of deep regret to observo that even a few
Sothern jnnrnals arc looking upon this position
with somse dlegree of toleration. Hlow is it p.oeible
that they caolo so ? Wha tever it be of gov ernmsien
ssil influence that mnilitates n~rainst slavery in the
territories, whether the actlion or the non-action of
he territorial authosritiec, whether the enmity oir
the neglect of the territirial otliciasls Z.-, do e iual
insticed to all, it is alike violative of Southerni rights
and in contrarention of constitutional justice. The
South asks no special piritoetiont for thu property
of' her citizens in the territories-that is, no fur
ther protection than is vouchasa'.md to every other
kind of property against injuries andl trespasses.
But thsis last degree of protection she does claim
under the broad aigis of the Constitution, and that
son of hers who would yield this claim- for a mso
ment is surely deluded by some strange infatua
tion. We neither need nor ask that any new
regulations or laws be instituted by the territorial
overnments for the safety of our slaves. But we
demand that our property in themt shall stand
securely under the pirotection of the Courts and
the oficors of the Courts. We insist upon our
right to as prompt redlress in the tcrritories as we
can obitain in the District of Columobia. We fur
ther insist that any obstacle thrown in the way of
this redtress by the territiarial legislature,-ay,
more, that any omission of theirs by which this re
.ress many be inmpared, demands the intervention oef
Congress in our behalf; if an obstacle, it is ain
unonstitutional act which ('ongre's is b~ound to
reverse :if an omission, it is an unconsstitutional
refusal of justice which Co.ngress is bound to reme
dy. Admit that our appeal to the Couarts will he
sulicienit in suchb cases. and Consgrcss many rest in
pece. But if it be ntot soi, then Coingrres mutist
intervene to mnake it so. If this be inconsistent
with the boasted discovery of nun-intervention,
then down forcver with the stupid delusion. Sure
ly the South will stand ftc one man upon an issue
invnving so clear a pirinceiple as this. Surely our
Suthern delegations ini Consgress will be reqjuired
by the peo~ple of the Southern States to holdl fast
the faith on this vital point with a tenacity that
shall know no flinching. Let the Densocracy bie
blwnt to the four winds if this concession is to lbe
theonitiinof its preservation. If tis shall prove
to b~e the irnitig pioint of that ;.nty's existen'eo.
ies, is it tinme th..t it- sranks he dissiol asmi sitne
.thr ,iritln:osme be lifted fur our poilitical sal
But we hos.ii yet for b~etIter things. We trnst
that the "1ld guard" of the Conssti5intion iSs not to
e demoiralized and destroyed by any such judlicial
b~lindttess. We trust that the mere asubeitions of
party success will noet be suffered thues tot stasin its
tite-hetored bansner. Rasther let it "cling to the
psillars of the tesmple of unsr liberties, and if it nut
fall, let (the party) 1.erish atoidst the ruins."
Peishing thtus is better than victory on other
ems. Ileenuase, peri~fshig thtus, it mnay arise
again into a yet brighter and smore glorious being.
lut, conquering with false eelors, its victory will
terinate in the loss of hsono'r, and then will it
*fall, like Ls'.'tran, never to rise agin." We ap
real thsens to thse party' to steer clear of this abomni
nsable Dot-cs.AS heresy. If it will not, we utnite
with those who urge the Souath to come together
at once and breast the storm that gathers around
and above us.
Joe Iladden's Trick.
Jos was belated in Augusta the other night.
Returning to Hamburg, the bridge-keeper refesed
to get up and let him through the gate. What to
do now ? was Jor.'s perplexity. But he was not
long troubled. Seeing an engine convenient on
the South Carolina Railroad track just above the
city bridlge, Iho took possession, watered her, fired
up assd drove over the Railroad bridJgo in grau'l
style on his owns boouk. Thsis freik will seeom qnsite
is the 'sturso of th ii. whsest the reader is informs
ed that Jos Iti. Y is Said to b'e tho ensgineer
who first cartio'd ans essgine tharishi ott the tCnro
lina Riadl. l'oor fellow ! Ito is still a g;;ood etn
giteer, buit by reass.si of a certains bad habit has
lest esmploynment, at last so far as lInilroadt en
gins are eontcernsedi. Considerinmg his anttecedhenmt,
the Cotipany's oillecers didi not thsink proper to
notice his trick with te unginse.
A Liernvy It'aper pubilished ut G'reense.',o, N. I'.
This is a very ereditablo publication,--creditable
to all concerned, editors, psublisiher and contribu
trs. The Times is a weekly journal of eight pa
ges, and contains a great variety of matter. It is,
to us, a very pleasanst visitor; and we commnnend it
to general favor. Alt, ha! Messrs Rditors! CoL:
& A.nnwtv! Signsifmcant natmes ! With an absun
dance of good cool and she machinery all l..iyAt,
wtat enigise ever failed to work well ? We observe,
too, at the head of your editorial colun a enphital
ungravitg of LosuF.'s.Low's Excelsior ysouth.
I~ood miatto! Clitmb nhlile you can, on earth; and
when you eats climb no wore, then may
" Your voice fall, like falling star,
From ths hisno sky, serene and fir,
it A man can "get alotng" without adverti
sitng, and so can ma wagon wheel without greasing,
t. it pj Jsdt AndI that's a fat'S.
;ray & Turleys' Extensive Dry Goods
In a conspicuous place in our papor. (says
he Augusta (m,1untitutionaist of late date) will be
'und the somi-annual announcement of this popu
ar and enterprisin; dry goods house. Their ad
rertisement is consIlieuously inserted, in orler to
ceep their large business and popular house rully
and fairly before the peoplo. They do not simply
ifer attractive and well selected stocks of goods,
aut they are prepared to coulpate successfully in
riees with large dry gools establishments in the
arger cities, and bence the rapidly increasing
iusint-es at GnAr & TrUn.ErS.
Their present stock is the most attractive, varied,
ind valuable, they have ever offered in our city ;
and they have polite, intelligent and gentlemanly
eurks to attend their customors.
This favorite hotel is now in fine condition and
under excellent managuent. Mr. WUxLOCIc, the
proprietlar, is a gentleman of easy manners and
bliging disposition. His assistants are equally
iuiet and agreeable in the energetic discharge of
their duties. A Carolinian can but feel at home
in Mr. W1aCLoCK's establishment; for there he
lways meets Carolinians, the proprietor himself
having been long and well known in our State as
a skilful and judicious landlord. The Augusta is
convenient and comfortable, atmplo and well-ap
pointed. The rule of the house ia, that every guest
shall be satisfied in every point of his entertain
ment. If this happens to be deficient at any time,
apply at the bar and your unsatisfied want will
be supplied. We speak from pleasant experience.
Hard Ware Varieties.
(In to the store of W.. H. SA.LIStItIT & Co.,
257, Broad Street, Augusta, Ia., if you wish to
inspect an interesting and almost endless variety
of good and useful articles in the Iard Ware line.
Ifouse-keepers and Planters should not fail to see
this exhibition of SAL.isarnt & Co. Metals for
the million! Take.a chance.
6 0 0
For the Advertiser.
REVIVAL OP THE SLAVE TRADE-N0. XI.
" The tear nust be curried into Afric."
Having disposed of the general question as to
the ability of the prosedt slave States of this
Union, either alone, or in conjunction with Mexico
and Central America to profitably subsist and em
ploy millions more Africans for thousands of
years, or until population shall have attained 100
or 200 to the square mile, let us now consider
whether if the slave trade were revived, the insti
tution of slavery could be established in our terri
tories, or in the Free States. As heterodox as the
followigg propositions are, I ntaintain,
1. That if the slave trade had never been closed
none of the old Northern States, except may be
those of New England, would have ever abolished
2. That perhaps none of the New Free States
would have failed to establish it.
3. That if the slave trade were now revived
slavery would be established in all or nearly all
of both the Territories and Free States.
As all the issues hero raised naturally run into
each other, it would be better to examine them
colleetively instead of in detail.
In the first place, social ?henomena are governed
by as fixed laws, as those of the physical world.
Man with all his god-like faculties and fierce pas
sionssa as tnuch an eveu quanutity as any other
mobile element in nature and if left free to work
out his happiness in his own way, he will seek it
in the most obviaos paths, according to the rules
proscribed by the 1)ivinu Creator. llence it is
'mnly in obedience to the laws of elimnatv that poipu
lation is always impelled ouithward1 unless re
strained, or direrledl by soime adverse itnfluence.
The sp.ecifacatiun of a few simple facts will suffice
to deotnnstrate this. Less labor ean be plerformted
in a Northern latitude thana itn a Southern, because
snow and extreme cold exist for many months of
each year in high latitudes. The &amoe labor pro
duces much less in a Northern climate than in a
Southern one, on account of thme variety of pro
ducts being stmaller and the season for their growth
being so touch shorter in the North than in thoe
South, atnd fromt many aother facts which will readi
ly oeeur upon a little reflection.. Labor also cona
sumes much more of what it does produce, in the
North than in the South. It requires more food
heacase a larger quantity is neco'vary to supp!y the
fuel for animtal heat. Any one ents more during
winter, than in, sutmner, even in the same latitude.
The people of the tropies take hut two very light
and mostly vegitalble taeals, in the twenty fuur
hours. Labor neds thicker and warmer cloithing
In a Northern climate. It also demands tnore
fuel and better shelter against the unfriendly ele
ments. In addlitio~n to all this man forever dcsires
to inhabit a coutiry, where h~e cana fuel cenforta
ble at all timos against inhospitable weather. The
result is that although mtust iner- itn emigratin'g,
theoretically, prefer to get a new hotme in the same
latitude as their old oano, yet they uncoinsciuusly
drift southward. i
Thten as the time for labor is shorter, as the
yield of laibor is le's-as the subasislanice of labour
is monre expunsive-ais thte eletmenits urn more ut
pronitous in a cohal climate than in a wrarmn,
it is (only natural that poplulation.,houbl gravitrate
Southward. Accordingly we find thtat the densely
pupuus Entpires of iblontezumma and Atahualpa
were neither of them niore than 21) degrees fr'om
the Equatoar, and that the *'neaheirn parts iof Europe,
as well as of Asia are now andl have alwnaa been
thickly peopled, mueh tmore so than the Norilherna.
.s man canniot sublsist except b'y time sweat of siae
body's brow-as he strives to subbist, na well as
enjoy theluxuries of life without any sweat oif his ('Wit
brow-as power itself is sweet. andi slavery there
fore the tiurial relatin, which lie will Impoee
upon all thme labor be enn conitrol, it folloiws that
population will nut only move $,;nthwarid hot that
it will als'. e.-tabli.-h and' preserie sinvsry there
outil the inittutioni ceases to bie profitabIlce-dlnft
the excess of pir'ductiuiu ovar :tlsista~nee is soi
small as to make the sthavo vaineLle~s, when, emaei~.
pation will either taike phlare or the slaive will bec
carried Northward where his labor will produce
more pralit in a less thickly se'tled ciuntry.
It was by) the operlati.'n of thecre enuises that
emianciptation, air abo.lishmont of whFite slavery
comimetnced in thu South of~ Euriope and tmioveid
Northward. But in the Utilted Stas-this nats.
ral law of mtigration-this law of slavery in oilher
words has beeti reversedl by enmancipatioln en
mening in the North, whence it is muovitng Sooth
ward with ailiost irresistable piressuire, which
shows that thtero is somecting wrong-thtat the
laws which have governedl slavery from the earli
est recorded time have b'een derainged in some
way, and I cootenid that thu deranging cause has
been the closing of the slave trade in 18sS.
But while slavery and emlancipiation have boith
heen umoring Souithwardl, white pp'ulation lit least
as far as forcign enmiration is euneiurned may be
said to hiavo bein motiving X',rthcoird, again rever
sing the universal law oif moigraltion to countries
where land is bo:h cheap and fertile. Not only
has the huge wave of the European Exodus rolled
into the North to swell her population, but the
nautices of the North have also been driven back
or damned up, in face of the fact, that if only eual
pecuniary and palitlcal inducements are offered
in a Northern and Southern clime, the latter will
always be preferred, on account of its greater ge
nility. I contend that this anomaly in the move
ments of white population In the United States
has likewise hber- brought about by the abolish
ment of the slave trade.
Previouas to the political explosion known as the
French Revailution, foreign emigrants, eleted to
sttle at the South, bieenuse they could thien get
nt only a geniiil cliate~, but amo rich and cheap
lsaud, together with cheapi etore lut~or. The white
poulationi ot the Noirthi di ifre. Southward tor the
aie reea'oins. hucry white mnil who thena settei
at thme South iconh'! hiy neigrles lit imlipnrter's p'rice's,
aijil thean it was that thet a hile Sauch blussomdi a..
thle ruse-thla Uhairlea'toni flourishied i~s theC Queent
t.'ity of the We.-r. She hadl mo'r' eoumerce thiaii
B~ltimoirai, liladlphiza, New Y'ork or .listni.
After the Freinch li eyolut ioni snummouned all Europ1e
to irmls, euiigratiiin th~o-ce to our shores alnost
cesed, as muon remained at hotmo either from pnc -
triotisma or c'implutsioin ti tigiit their country's hat
tIes, nor did it revive until after the fall of Niapo.
leon. But iin the lututimne tihe slave trade at the
South had been closed. Still, up to the timie of its
:losing and fair somne years subsequent, Northern
men had eointinaued to cotne Southward, eithler
with their Slaves, ini search of a better climate and
better land, or with their skill anal capital to get
Sgood climate--good land and ceap slave labor
m the spot.
But when the wars of Europe endead, white ei-i
tiationt to the South from either Euroape or ~ie
oirth enided also. The slave trade had then been
losed sev.en years anad withm its llaing, closed alsio
be prauplrity of the South and the pirolsperity of
.harestaon, 11er Shiipp.ing inad tiomee fleid.
tIr inlanat muaufactures dcliie'l. 1ier whaarves
yre deserted. .11cr ,,upply of capaitnl, of white
nasters and artizanas from Eurnape and the North
eased. EvenI her suplply of African lahorers for
lie Agrieiture~ of the interior cen-i no more.
babar being the sourse of all wealth and the
treamt of European labor which then flowed into
ho United States all touehing the continent at the
orth, remasined there, in defiance of thle ec'ntroll
ng law which makes population move Southward,
f left free to obey its own impulses, and the blight
f stagnation feli upoa the Palasetto City, while
ln u.o. beca.me.91 ..stlad .......r..:m ar.N ...Xa.
Lioston amd Philatdelpla. Professor Maury has
accounted for the sulddn and entiro transfer of
,Nanufactures, hipping und commerce from Char
edton to the North, by Dr. Franklin's discovery
)f the Gulf Stream, as a means of bhortening the
"oyage between Europo and New York, but with
,l dellfrence to the Great Geographer of the Sea,
[ must be permitted to say that I think it was
:aused wore by the closing of the slave trade than
by the opening of the Ga.f Stream.
If the closing of the slave trade or some other
great disturbing cause did not produce it, how else
inn the anomalous fact be explained of large Cities
like Now York and Boston springing up in the
North before they exist in the South of a country
aving the same laws inhabited by the samne race
evury foot of whose territory in North of all the
great Cities in Asia and whose Southernmost isnth.
Drmal line on the Atlantic coast is nearly the same
as that of the mighty Capitals about the Meditera.
nean Sea. Where were the Mumuatnoth Cities of
Europe and Asia, when history first mentions them?
Were they in the South or North ? In Italy and
Greece, or in Germany and Russia? In India and
Asia Minor, or in Tartary and Siberia? Where
were the Emporiums of this Western world, -hen
Coolumbus discovered it! Were they in Mexico
and Peru, or in CsanydaL a'nd Paataglonia? BOston
has no better harbor than Norfolk, New York no
better one than Beaufort, Philadelphia no better
one than Charleston, Brunswick or Fernandina.
Then why should white population nmove North
ward here, instead of Southward? Why should
emancilaation move Southward here, instead of
Northward ? Why should Metropolices rise in
the North here before they appear in the South,
contrary to every precedent. if there has not been
some all powerful agency at work to reverse the
laws of uature-to distort the normal novenients
of society in aggregating population and in organ
izing labor ? The suppression of the Plave trade
has not only transfered the scepter of numbers and of
diversified industry to the North, but it has like.
wise begotten the abolition sentiment of this coun
try as wall as the sectional protective Tariff policy
of our Government. Let us trace a few if the
land marks which the closing of the slave trarle
has produced in working out these deplorable re
suits. The evidences which I shall offer will not
be far fetched. They are within the comprehen
sion of the simplest mnind, which can follow the
most obvious connection of cause and effect. I
respectfully ask the people of Charleston particu
larly to lend me their attention upon the commer
cial bearing of the subject. SCIPIO.
For the Advertiser.
A Correction--Revised Translation.
MN. EtrIon :-I have been asked several times
during the past week many questions concerning
the Revision of our translation of the Bible now
in progress. I have answered as best I coull.
But when I have been assured that the Methodist
Church, of which I have the honor of being an
Elder in the Ministry, has a part in this work, I
deem it necessary, in this public way, to proclaim
that this is not the fact. The Methodist Church
has nothing to do with it.
It has been urged that we have men engaged in
the work who are our members, to which I answer:
We may find, if we were to look closely, I have
no doubt, amongst a million and half of members
in our Church, some in the Penitentiary for ma
king counterfeit money-or in Mason lodges-or
in the Cabinet of the President of the United
States ; but the Church did not send them there
no more to one than the other. A connexional
Church like ours can only be compromised by her
Reprosentative, and she has none in any of thcse
distinguished places, for good or for evil, of her
The above I hope will give decision to the ques
tion in the bounds of your circulation with emjha
sie, I hope, and not offence, which is the desire of
Yours, respectfully. J. R. P.
31.amrnf, oin tihe 30th nlt. bay flenj. Baird Esq.,
at the residence aaf A. M.cEinmarrcy oft Jkench 7<
land, Mr. M. 11. McEL31CRIAY anal Miss ML
A. E. llO0LLEY.
MAIuniEaa. aan the 27th of .MIareh, lay i.'v. d- II.
W. Wertz. Mr. ltENl'Y P'. WIlITinlt1 Enaollis
iUt'LClNIA CORt LEY, all of this Djistri- t.
MSanio. 17th March last, lby Rev. HI. T1. flrt
ly. Mr. DiLED WAflttENia Miss MARY LA
GILO00NE, all of Edgetield liistrict.
MAinaen, on 2Sth ult.. in the Granitevilb- Hletol.
by Revr. Di. A. Bodio, .\r. H ENRY MOltGAN
unad Miss P'ER31ELIA A. EARIGLE, all of this
Dir-.n on the 1-lh at Alareb, at the reside- cet
her bunshand, J~tansu Anosaas, Mrs. ELIZAILfT
ADDISON, in the 30th year or her age.
The deceased was baptized by Rev. W. B. John
son, D. D. on the 9th of Oct., 1842, and continued
a membier of the Baptist Church until lher denath.
'Though lher sickuness wias short, ad her death very
unexpected tao her friends, the messenger didl not
fnd her unpreprared. "I heard a vaoice fr-na
haven, saying unto mec. Write, blessed are the
dead which die in the Lord."
Mrs. SUSAN T. SEIGLER, wife of Capat Hra.s.
nv SEIoL~an, and yaaungest daughter of Caat. WrAvY
lorYxs, diedl oan the miornin i f the 24th March,
1859, in the 31st year of her age, leaving two, lit.
tie children, a husband, and niany friends to amourna
The dleceased possesso.1 a mnast even anal lively
teinpjer, which inate tier the priade and ornament
af the famaily circle, aus well as a shininag light in
the Church. It may he saiad of her that she wais
aways cheierfutl buat never vain. She miade a paub
ic parofessioan of religimn several years before her
death, which shae exemaplifieda "'not wiah braidead
hair, or gold, ar pecarts, or costly array ; hot wit h
shaerfacedlnuss, suaba ioty, and goaoda wur hks, which
etneth women profesning gaadiiniess."
Now thatl she is no more with us, bait present
with the Liord, it becomes us to how with hiumble
sumnision to the Divine will. D). D.
COMMER CIA L.
Corros-The nmarket has been fiuetuti; tile
past week. In thme fuormer part of the week lanes
avanccd toa 13 ets., buat at the close thecre was a
deaeli.: eqwdat to the0 aadvaaneo. The p~rices anow
quotaeda are as formerly. 10 toa 121 extremes. IC.
cilATTrAN000tA. Marcha :1.
lit aeas.-Stoceks fair-naies of raaunatry enared
fronm the bantiks :at 9.1 (g 9J1 ceants, ao raaund. Sales
of city eured :at I10c.
Lan.-.d~es 11 ceunts-suppatly lig.ht.
Cons.-Sates at 55ec., withaout ,acks-supply
ight. iemnand goaaa.
Ft.oeau.-Lighit stock--wouldl commiaand $3 if ta
W ar~ar.-Sales at $1 18 @~ 1 30, sacks included
and deliveredl in dpo.-Adlvcrtisr.
CTNCINNATL. Maarch 30.
Flour dull; rquotatiionas noaamal. Whiuk
sales 1:;o barrels at 24e. Lard dull at lie. Sugar
-sales 1att0 haagaheaads at flic. @ Sic. Mohaises
salest tI0 baurrels at 34e. Coffee l!rm at 12c. @
CihA RLESTON, April 2.
The sales of Cotton, this furenaoon, reach 500
bales. It was soald principally by one house, at
about i cent decline from the highest point of the
NEW ORL EANS, April 1.
Sales of cotton to-day 500 bales, with an unset
ted market, Middling 12c, Sales during the
week 37,000 bales, and receipts during same time
25,500, against 45.5010 same week last year. The
exports reach 65,500 bales for the week, and the
total exports are 1,250.000 hales. The increase iai
the receipats is 204.3100 baes, andl at all poarts
91,000 hanles. The stock of cotton is 4110,000 batos,
caginst 4;;h,000 baled last year.
NEW YORK, April 2.
There was~ a bettecr feeling~ in the tCotton zmarket.
ail sales lta the'exitntaof 7.00011 haules were madaie.
Flaair wr.as dualt, with sale, oft 7.000l barrela. Whenat
was very adult. Corin was inuactive. with s.:les aaf
t;.tata husheals : eboaaica wit .: 9:1 cents. Sp.irics 'at
Tfaretine heavyv. ut 5:.i enatai. lItosin was im
AU'tiUSTA, A pril 2.
Covro.-There is ino dlispassition ona the pcart of
sellers taa realuce thecir rates, nor lauyars to pay the
prices askead-hatace thae limuited buasiness. Thme
saes reaebaeal onaly 191 bales, at prices ranging
fromi 1U) to 12ie.
Thne retceipts were S05 bales.
27 Miss Buie respectfully inaforms the
citizens of Edlgefld, thtat she buas taken room Nao.
55 Augusta Hotel, Augusta, (Ia., where ahec will
give lessons to) pupils in ORNAMENTAL anad
FA NCY W OR K. She feels connafdent that shbe will
ae able to render enatiro satiefnetion to all pesn
that favor her with their patronango. Her terms
are very reasonnable, and wiltlabe mada kntown upoun
applicatiotn to haur at thne Aangtista Hotel.
Augustn, March 30, 1859 5t0 12
DRiS. BLAND & HILL, will piractica Med
i in ini its various branachos in this village
and vicinily. ELBERT 11LAND,
J. W ALTER HILL.
Maarch.'30,1859 tf 12
WRANTED--Two stout NEORO MEN for the
Vremainader of the year. Apply at this OBico.
E. II. YOUNGBLOOD,
Attorney at Law and Magistrate,
W ILL attend promptly to all business placed
inl his handls,
Z', Office at Edgefield C. 1., S. C.
April 6, tf 13
New and Handsome Goods.
T IE Subscribers are now opening a rery Large
iand irell nuaorted stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
Selected with care in New York, and bought at
such prices as will enable us to SELL HARGAINS.
J. B. SULLIVAN A CO.
March 301, 1859 tf 12
I-I. A. GRAY.
UAM8, MORS AN JEWIR,
CAREFUITLLY REPAIRE D.
Oifice over E. M. Penn's Drug Store,
* Near the Court House.
Aprii 4, 1859. Im 13
W OULD respectfully call the attention of all
W perons in want of FASHIONABLE and
Fine Marseilles and new style Boyadere
A large and beautiful assortment of
GLOVES, CRAVATS, STOCKS,
Also, special attention called to the following gar
Fine Skeleton Cassimere Suits,
Coat,, Pants and Vests to match.
Fine Black Skeleton Sacks,
A beautiful style of Coat.
Fine Marseilles, Linen, and~now style Nankenett
BOYS &YOUTH'S CLOTHING
OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS.
The above articles I had manufactured partly
t. my own taste, and are warranted to give satis
faction. My supplics will be replenished weekly.
I have also a fine, full and varied assortment of
the latest and most approved style of
Trnks, Valises, Carpet Bags, &c.
ALSO. A CHOICE STOCIK OF
QfAITERS & SHlOES.
T have in Smorea collecti.mn of COI~CE STEEL
ENORJAVI Nt; , of excellent framing, biought
froim the first Importer, complrising the Likeness of
Washington, Calhon, detferson, Nap..leon, (Cal
in, "Chotico Studlies, Emnprets and Son," "La
lies on Horseback." "Mount Vernon," "The
Seasons," " Jourdan," Ae.
A pril 5 3t 12
CHOICE WINES ANDP LIQUORS8,
SELECTED FOR FAMILY USE,
A ND putt up in Cases containing 12 Bottles
each, and asso'rted as folloiws:
3 Bottles Old DOU1RN WX~'iISKEY:
3* *'" CIIAMPAGNE BRANDY;
2 " " TOPAZ SIIFERRY:
2 " " SOUTH1 SIDE MADEIRA;
2 " " HOLLAND GIN.
Thexe Wines and Liquors are of the finest qua!
ity, pure anid unadunlteratedl, and selected especial
ly for famnily or muedicinal use, from the noet es
teemne-l importaitions of the well known anal highly
respectable firm of Messrs. A. ltlNINGER A Co..
2 a& 94 Libecrty St.. New York.
ge-For sale, one oar more ens at Wholeaale
prices, by M1. LEE ECHlUL~T.
p,, N. B.-Also, Havana SEGA RS, of f-avo-,
April 4 ?,t 13
T :[E Suh.aeriber respectfully offers his services
to the citizens of E'lgefteld andl Barnwelt in
he practice of the NEW and USEFUL art of
He has pturchased the right to this practice for
the Districts of Edgefieldl and Barnwell, and i2.
preparead to give instruction or to subdue vicious
hores foar all who desire it.
Upon the formation of a Class of five or more in
any neighborhoodl ho nsill. upnn no'titication fromi
the parties, atterit at any pinace they :nay appuuiur.
a:.d ins'truel tthemt in the thloSnudt ulplicationJs of
this A rt.
p~-drsat le T...land' lo't tlfice.
A. W. ATR(INSON.
P. 5.-Tn conetioan witht the above I have tin
hanl LANI l-:R ' ATENTI JB tItLE. thu right
to u~se whaich is given to each scholar. A. S. W.
Auiril 5 ;nm 13
.r-Barnwell S'entinel paleas~e copy for three
months, anal frward neconuut tio A. W. A. as above
J UST received a full ass.ir:nent of METALIC
1tt!RIAh CAES all cis. Also, a new
tyle Case. full ;glas. fult sat in liing, and extra
in. 'The Mestalie Cae wil he sold LOW FOR
IASH. We biny foar (.,bl. and will bec necessarily
copelledl t,, .cIl on the .emaae term:s. Thirty days
is the inngest crodhiz that will be .riven.
Alo. MA110(tt A NY t'ttFFiNS :ut Augusta pri
r. Comm-m' WtOOD t'UFFI NS mrcde to suit 1he
order, both in tinality and p'rice.
WITT & HULDSON.
A pril 6 t f 13
L OST--Froms the subscribecr's waggron. on the
Road leadling from Hamburg to this Village,
on the 31st of March, one lot of
Locks, Hinges and Screws.
Any inforamation of them will he thankfully re
ceived. L. 8. JOHIN8ON.
April 6. It 13
F oR SALE--THRUEE S0WS and PIGS, of
'lne stock. Apply to
W. W. G OODMAN.
A pril 5, 1859 . t 13
1, AUTION--All personis indeb'tedl to the Es.
tate of Nichoh'lie McEv'ay, deceeased. mamt p"y
n.e same, by the lat of May, if not, they wilt be
sued. Those havinr lh-inandu' will present them.
hlICIIA RD FLANIGIAN, Adlm'r.
April It, .'t 13
NOTICE--By a resolution of Council. all
.kprsons who do not compo~uundl for str'et duty
sere the first dlay of Muy next, will be assessedl
25 pe cent upon the original amn'unt.
Snec'y. A Treas'r. T. C.
April 6, 3t la
State of South Carolina,
I5 0kIDIX.-l IRY.
Thomas R. Rihodes, Adm'or., Apiplicant,
W. N. Rnaines and wire R'eec~eail '
Jamecs K. Arringtonu and wife. Dief'ts.j
Ir appearintg to, my satisfaction thuat W~illiam N.
Ruaines andl his wife Rebecca. anal Jesse K. Ar
angoni anal hai wife, two of the Deofendants in this
case reside lbeyond thu limits of this State: It is
therefore orderred that they dla appear and object
to tihe diviriona 'r sale of tihe Real Estate of Eliza
heth Walling, dlecasedl, an or before the 14th, May
:ext. aar their consent to the samea will be entered
on recoard. Wr. F. D)UR ISOE, a. x. D.
Ordinary'. Office. Pob. 14, 1S859. m 6
A SPLENDID BARGAIN.-ThmeSubsri
ber offers for sale an entirely new IRON
SAFE, with Hall's power proof loek-shiped by
mIstake. It will be seld for esib, at New York
cost, and warranted. Bize small.
S. B. BOWERS, Agt.
Br...s.... r.aI*,Bb e re a s
SPRING AND SUMMER
MILLER & WARREN,
OPPOSITE GLOBE HOTEL,
W E return our thanks to our friends generally
for their liberal ptatronage, and reapectfully
iolicit a continuance. We have received an unu
sual large supply of Cpring and Summur GOODS,
compriing an endlest variety of new and hand
some DR ESS GOODS. which we will take great
pleasure in exhibiting to our friends and custo
uers. All we oak is for them to give us a call,
and we will show them something in the way of
Rich Silk and Grenadine ROBES A'LES;
Grenadine ROBES A' 2 JUPES:
Organdle anti Jaconet ROBES PRINCESSE;
English and D'Angletero BAREG ES, newAtyles;
PINE APPLE CLOTH, a new article;
Solid Color Bayadere BARE0ES;
Plain and Fancy Colored SILKS;
Black Rips and Bayadere SILKS;
A new and beautiful article'of Silk MUSLIN;
Mourning BAREGES and GRENADINES;
Plain and Striped Black Twisted SILK;
Rich French and Chantilly MANTILLAS;
Plain Silk and Barege "
Barega and French Lace SHAWLS;
Vals Lace COLLARS and SLEEVES;
Embr'd Swiss " " "
Marseilles " " "
Fancy CASSIMERES and CLOTHS;
Plain and Fancy Linen DRILLS;
Domestic GINGHAMS, DENIMS .and COT
OSNABURGS and Factory STRIPES;
Marlboro' PLAIDS and STRIPES;
Schley's Negro PLAINS, and wool filling;
Together with overy article usually kept in our
Augusta, April 5, 1859 3m 13
W Me H. CRANE.
STAPLE AND FANCY
No. 222, Broad Street,
IIAS RECEIVED FROM NEW YORK A VERY
LARGE AND FULL STOCK OF
SPIIIN6 AND SmMER GOOK
Selected with great care, and bought on very ad
vantageous terms, consisting of rich
Of all kinds and varieties.
With an unusually large variety of Goods suitable
MEN'S AND YOUTH'S WEAR,
All of which he will dispose of at as LOW P'RI
CES as any other House in thiu City for CASil.
.20-Platnter, and their famsilles r.re respectfully
invited to cnll andt' examine his assorttment.
Aug~usta. A pril 5 4t 13
FIRST CL A SS
WEare pirepared to furnish Piano
FVIortes from the followinag Cele
brtedc .1inufactories, viz:
JACOB CHIICERING, Boseton.
H AL LET. DAVI ES A CO., 15oston.
A. WV. LADJD & CO.,"
NUNNS A CLARK, New York.
L'ENNETT & CO., ""
And of other New York Makers. We furnish In
strnments exclusively tn ORDER ; and as we pay
ii'. Store rent, no Clerk hire, no City taxes. we ure
abl' tea supply any kind of Instrument., troum the
Jew's Hlarpa to the Chutreh Organ,
C 2" 33A'P23"4
Than any Retail House South .of New York, not
excepting Charleston and Augusta.
jpfr- Orders adldraessedl to us at Augusta, or
Rome, Ga., will meet wi'th promtpt attention.
A. A. CLARK & SON.
p!W P. S.-T htave had twenty years ,-xperiene
in the art of TUNING nal BEPAIR ING P'IAN.
0S, anal I can conscientinusly recommtendl the In
strumnents of the aboave mankers, as being at least
egnal to any muanufacured in the Unitedt State-.
At all events. I challecnge~ any p'ersona who wants a
P'IANO to try one of them six iutnibts.
A. A. CLARK.
Augustit. A pril .1. 1.e59 tf 1
LiGiTfor tile S(TFElI.IW MILL1ONS!
A CERTAN CURE FOR CONSUMPTION
And? ael? Aug Dienes-hortcese of Brceth-D..ya.
pepsia uand Dysentery--U'orst enece of Uroupj
ande Cl~olle, &c., e&c., &tc.
T~posed entirely of best Rye Spirits and West
Ind'ia G nim,, and other Extracts which are healing
to the Lungs.
.R.0 I t is a most pleawant drInk.
j3?- One bat tle should he ca rried by every man,
woman or child traveling to moix with the water.
s'e Price Onec DJ)ilar Per Bottle.*
iffit dloe~s no~t give ,atisfacionu 1 will refund thd
p'r Fr :ala lay P.. L. G ENTRY. A gent, at Sih
lj's Caorner, ilth Mr.srs. Hf. A N. E. Soloma,,
whtere: I always will be foundta withs a large supaply
of the atla~yo V.iAi.rn~ Pntoe'-trv. Also,
I tam allsa alwatys in the market (at Sibley's Cor
ter.) for putrchasing cotton, antd will pay the highest
market prie for flme cottons.
R iezroyre Co., Ga., March 8, 1859.
Capt. R. L. Gr.stui--Dear Sir: I take great
pleasure in recommnuending your Cough Rtemedy,
(Dr. Martin's.) I moust snuy its the hest I have ever
used in my famnily, and don't think any family
shold beo without it. Yours, with respect.
W. T. SHAR. PLEY.
For the above medicine, appaly to
R. L. GENTR.Y, Agent.
Hanmburg, Jan. 25, 1859. ly 3
SH A TTE RFIELD, P. 0., S. C. )
9 March 3I1, 1559. j~
Capt. R. L. Grgyrny-Deaer Sir:-I take great
pleasure in recommending your Coughs Medicine
to the public, as being one of the best Medicines
ever offered to asuffering worlad. One bottle elected
a cure in my family which I thought incurable.
No family should be without this valuable Medi.
ene. Yor sale by my friend R. L. Gzxmr, Ag't.
Hamburg, S. C.
J. P. QUATTLEBUM,
Edgefield District, S. C.
L OST OR MISLAID--A note dlrawn by
R. T. Mimns, payabile to the Subscriber or
bearer, for t wo htun'ired and t wenty-six dollars and
twelve cente, tlatedl Oct. 21, 168 anti peayable
.nn. 1. 1t859. I warn all perro!s against trading
foar tanitd note. , AS. SIHEPPARD).
A pril 5. 1.a50 Jit 13
FAiNCY NOTE~ & LETTrER PAPER,
- & c.--Siy st'tck of L.ETTER andt NOT E PA.
Pi.R is small but very ceap, and from the beat
Also, Fancy and Buisiness Envelops. Together
witht a flue lot of Pencils. Stead Pens, Ac.
Marcha 30 tf 12
S UPERIO4R SOAPS--Now in Statre a Nao.
I lot otf Fancy and Ilomnestic SOA P'S, whichb
will vie. btoth in price anal quality, with any ever
before offered in this market. Call aund lotak.
W. HI. HIARRISON, Ag't.
Mareh 30 tf 1!
F ISHIING TACKLE, &c.--.anst re.-eivtad
a first rate asasortmenat of FISh l 100KS,
T ACK LE, &c. For stale clhentp foar cauh by
WV. HI. IARRISON, Ag't.
March 30 tf 12
V IOLIN, GUITAR AND) BANJO
STRINGS--In staore and for sale cheap, a
lot of sup~etiaor Violin, Guitar and Unanjn Strings.
W.11. H ARRISON, Ag't
March 30 tf 12
P ORT MONIES, PURSES, &c.--If y.-u
wish to save money, call on WV. I. JIA R R .
8ON, Ag't., when you wsnt to buy a gooda Port
Money, Puree, or Pocket Book.
March 30 tf 12
F INE PERFUMERY, BRUSIHES,
&c.--The Subscriber has in Stsare a fine sup
pty of superior Cologne, Extracts ad other per
fumery. Also, Halr andt Tooth Brushes, Combs,
A. Alof whlebis ofuredat lowfi refor esal
by W. I. HARE ON, A's.