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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR L RTIES, AND IF IT UST FALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST THE UINS."
SIMKINS, DURIS@E & CO., Proprieters. EDGEFIELD, C., APRIL 18, 1869. VOLUME IXIV.--No. 14
For the Advertiser.
LETTER FROM OAKLEY FARM.
How I MANAoED TO GET TO CUARLESTON, AND
O.'s on Two Tui:as I sAw Tnitm.
Oakley Farm, March, 1859.
Sit down, mont chee aiti, and suffer us to talk
awhile ; and if you do not listen to us, we will
tell some one else,
"And there's an end on 't."
The sun never shone brighter without, and never
flowed our thoughts more pleasantly along than
this afternoon. *Good humour, and old fashioned
Saxon cheer, seem to smile from everything around,
making the time, and the place, most propitious,
and deliciously inviting to a fete-a-tete.
Would you believe that it was our fortune, either
good or ill, to take our first jaunt to old Charles.
ton a few .veeks ago! And it was somewhat im
pressive, I assure you. Remember, moN cher an a,
that we were born and reared a country girl, jind
that we love every thing in and about the country,
too, most emphatically; and that, though we ha've
been now and then into the merry circle of your
little village, and have there found much fun and
frolie, in the way of Concerts, and in looking on
whilst the handsome Court House boys showed off
in Theatricals and the Lancers ;-though we have,
perhaps, in our whole life, taken half a dozen turns
in Columbia, to see the College fellows receive their
diplomas-and to see and hear the big men of
State, who go down to make laws and eat parched
pinders for those of us who have to stay at home;
and though we have even been as far out of the
State as Augusta, to attend the Fairs of the enter
prising Georgian,-yet, it was never intended, in
some way, that we should see so large a place as
Charleston until February 1859.
And would you not like to look at the City, for
the first time, with the eyes of a young girl fresh
from the Country-of one who has all her life
been under the free sway of the good old quiet
ways of primitive days and people, and who bath
but little acquaintanca with anything, save with
the great green forests of oak, the old fields, and
the little thickets of piue, the old-time monthly
roses, yellow marigolds, and prim maroon-colored
-Bohelor-buttons which bloom before cuntry
doorways,-with the MAnys, Lucs, and JAN FS
of the immediate viciuity,-the handsome well.
built farmer lads whom we encounter at the Church
parch on Sunday and at all the pie-nies and bar.
becues that are given in Summer time? Well then,
"hoar me for my cause, and be silent, that ye may
Ever since we wore "sweet sixteen" we have
been thinking of going to Town, but when we were
fixed up, and could go, some ill luck would be
sure to fall upon our masculine helps; and when
they were ready, we were out of order. Thus
we have managed to keep always pretty near our
own fireside, until we have grown-acmt I, dre I
tell it ?-to be a etaid, sober rnd doirarijht .,l
ble umideaa of twventy-jire year* and three aonthe
or more!! But one morning, not many weeks
sineo, as we sat in oar own little chamber at OA .
LCY, contentedly hemming some ruflies for little
JENNIE, thinking how tidy they would look in tfie
neck of her new blue merino, around her white,
white throat-" thinking of this and nothing more"
-in popped the veritable little Jzxxzu, all of a
sudden, with a note, from one of our early school
friends containing the following startling news:
"Well, my dear CoEr. ysu will scarcely be
lieve me when I tell you that wo are po.)sitively
oif for Charleston, to-morrow morning before the
dawn of day. And I write to beg you to go with
us. Papa is going down on some law business.
and will take with him sister Mzssie and me, and
as you arc desirous of going, nothing would utfordl
us more pleasure than to have you accompany us.
Yes, Coaxsy, you muost go by all mneans,-wes will
stay one week only-you can get ready. I know,
to meet us at the ears in timne-P'apla wilt get out
at 69U station to saset you-and we will have such
a nie timno. Only think of our seeing JeC.CA DeAx
---of going to the Opera-and then toos, mnay be,
we will meet some certain Charlestoninus again,
whom wve met at the Springs last Summer. Wtonat
it be glorioua I
I.t was so fortun-ite that this should be your
winter for getting a new bonnet, and that yosu
should get such a nice one of velvet, with such
lovely flowers in it. B~ut I verily believe every
thing happens for the best. Poor me, I shall have
to wear the same old white chip, with the lavender
colored ribbon and feathers on it. It's shocking,
but than I cant hellp it. And then that new cloak
or yours, with tho~o heavy tassels dlrooping so
gracefully behind, and that exqluisite green silk
robe which you got in. Tie fall will lbe qluite the
thing and perfectly ". una, as the French iaoad
say. Yes, they are plo.amy good for Charleston or
any where else, so dont goa to any unnessary ex
pense about the matter. I'm sure we will all- look
well enough. Cazuir Mauis, tmy interesting
young fgiond, has been persuaded to accompany
us-?he is a romantic young girl who somatunies
writes for the newspapers, you know-so you se
we will have one person of note in our party.
0, it will all he glorious, mny dear C'onser, so do
get ready in time. We will take no excuse from
Yours devotedly and in wedding haste.
Now this is a grand chance, thought I,-to go
with Col. Foo-re, and Min~txnA and Mzsy, and
CAnnY Minrix, why its the very time. I'll go
straight and ask Papa. But Papa being out or
the way, just then, ana.l no timue to lose, for morn
ing would soon come-I went to my ward-robe
andl after much rummaging amidst a maiden's vs.
rious Sunday paraphernalIn, and by dint of griandl
larceny frow other meutburs of the haurehold, and
after borrowing a ribbon frome hg'xt, and a
hond-dress from FAnmx,--a rulie here and a hand
kerchIef there, I eucceeded at length In gettIng
up the necessary equipage, anad in the course of
one or two hours rolled nmy trunk to the door all
duly packed, and labelled fur Charlesto'n. And
now I'll to my ratber, and make himu yield a
s reet consent.
There is a worthy old dime of our vicinity who,
whenever any one of the " goo~d Metho~dist breth
ering" comns reound to her Church begging for
help to build school-houses, et -ce-a, always gets
up immediately after he finishes his sermon, anmy
lng, " It's a mighty noble undertakin' brethering ;
you ought to subscribe, and renug I would give a
leetle something myself, if I only aw the awee
wia. And, now, sulppose Iea pa's nmoney-drawer
should be empty ju;, at this timoo, and)1 he sh',ul
say most emuphatically-even alter I've pneked
nmy trunk to go,-" No, Const,-no, yoau ennot
go. I havnt thze a.Ieredth to send youa.' Would
it not be too bad ? Let mec see, thought I, solilo
qraiizing and nmaking a rew pecuniary calculati'one.
Tranzsportation there .-.ud back will cost S2S at
least-board &c., will amount to about the same.
Then, I want some new mud'-, books, and a a.ew
shawl for the spring; somie prett;, head gear for
the evening and a now silk robe, and same pres
ents for MInaYanA, and Mmssie, and for all the
children at homne. No ! I cannot do all this with
less than two' hundred dollars. even with a country
girl's ideal of economoy-anid I will go at once and
ask for my Papa's consent, and the two hundred
as a pecunary help.
. Forth I ran towards the sitting room, feeling as
if I had courage to take even Cuba by main force,
-bat some how, the nearer I approached the door,
my heart began to rise in my threat, as It were,
giving me a most uncomfortable ehokingisensation.
So [ went back to amy room agaIn, paced up and
des. and leeked at,y labelled trunk, bathed my
iasesfornIfes If I bad been ner a galaanIe
battery and had too much electricity in my sys
tem,-smootbed back my hair, refastened my broach
and cuff pins again and again without the slightest
necessity of such a thing-and out I sallied once
more towards the sitting room door. Stopping in
the piaza to clear my throat, I espied a hole in one
of the sittlag room window curtains, and peeped
through in order to have an idea of what was go
ing on inside, and to see what sort of countenance
my Papa wore just at this moment. There he lay
before the brightest and most crackling hickory
fire in all the world, stretched full length upon
the old sofa, conning leisurely and in gentleman
ly ease and comfort, the columns of the last Ad
rertiser. Could you, dear Papa, thought I-could
you know how much your daughter wanted of
you-and did you dream of the heavy draught
she contemplates making on your purs Aor pocket
money, you would not look so very gracious even
on the editorials of the worthy Colonel. I'p rose
my heart again to my throat, and I began to pity
my poor. dear Papa, and to feel sorry that lie
should have a daughter with such .tvagant no
tions: but just then the thought O at last going
to Toacu-with all its alluring accomp:aiments in
the way of gratified senses of sight, hearing, and
feeling, so infatuated me, that I resolved boldly
to approach the door, and to ask his consent, and
to sue for th!e necessary peuiniiary help. Oh! my
poor little sister maidens! have you never wi.-hed
that money grew on trees. and bloomed all along
your path instead of roses ?
But, softly I went to the door, pushed it suffi.
ciently ajar to catch a glimpse of a corner of the
newspaper anl one of his hands; straight way, at
the sight of which. my courage was gone. "s.
though it had never been." Ask for two hundred
dollars ! Toro loared dullnar!! I can't do that:
and I wonder if one hundred and fifty would not
do? Thcn I counted it all over again, tht- expen
ses going and coming-the robe, shawl, presents
and all. Yes, one hundred and fifty rll d,-he
will grant i that much, I know.
Once more I stole to the door-opened it a little
Vider, and caught sight of him in a full length
portrait. At once came o'ut before me, with all
the terror of Hamlet's Ghost, the money-the
troublesome ,eherercith,-and I began to wonder if
one hundred would not serv' my purposes. On
again-I pressed the seige with somewhat of deg
peration. Wide open flew the door this time, and
I managed to say " Papa," reryfiintly.
"Who is that ?" asked he, raising up a little to
look around at the door. " Well, Conirct, did
you call te ?"
- Yes, Papa ;" and my voice trcmbled as if I'
was about to utt.er oose little ror l in i lever's ear
and I fell back btehind thu doo'r and sail not an.
othersyllalble for full firo iniuaate-. The dioreringel
uon its hinges negain an.d I managed to say-a little
ltouder. - Papa, I want"
- Wunt what ?" said lie a little louder than .
Why dount you speak out and be done with it ?
Want to go down to Edgetield, over these bad
roads, to attend that Concert to-morrow night, I'll
be bound !"
" No, sir, I dont !'' said we, looking him full in
the face and steppin;; out before him in laio relief, a
IA Domisu: SAlie'soN. " I want to go to Charleston
to-morrow morning"--(and the money stared me
in the face again, and down came my figures to
the freezing necessity of merenty.rce instead of
two hundred)-" and I want, if you pleure, seven.
ty-five or eighty dollars to defray the expenses."
"The-r-r mischeif you do"' exclaimed tny
very christian Papa, looking for all the world as
if be was-omecelwt cc-priwc'l
Niow. I asstre you, it took me a lIong. long while
to explain to this very dear Papla low very anx
i.lus his altgetionate aml devlOted little daughter
w.as too go to the City-that she had never h-cen,
anl that all the rest of the neighbours' daughters
had; that she could go so caiveniently with COl.
Founer:, and M1:i tN aand M1Iis:.aaand (Linan u
MAIumI ; that it wasc a rare iope.eortuneity, an-'l was
Sthe very last time'," that we woeuldl ever acsk him
for so much ; and it really seemcedl thaet he would
never take in eitheer the necessity or the pcleasuare
f " the foolish jaunt." A t length, however, a
sweet consent," far sweeter thean was ever brcathed
in a lover's ear, wad granrted., inde just before re
tiring for the night, I was suunnonced to a privante
rawer, andI, then and theere, received the ncessa
ry ,rhceruit/c for a week hta the City-even the long
sought for senylr gfullare. A nd, in accord ance
ith thinuppeormost cdesire of my heart, we wend
cc our way, at early da~wn next anorninag, towiardls
Sttion ?9, on the lIail Rad, ina order toa meet thec
-ars ian timea. A numbiler ot' the lades oef twI were at
their usual stand~s on -the pelatfoerm oef the lDepeet,
whoseeiag me with trunk ad hat-box enme ter wardl
to ciger their iadieus, .enying : " where anow. Niis
CounsKY ?-to Chapll's, or to Newbserry, 1 su~p
"Noe, I go a litle farther duwnt to-day. I'am off'
for Chearlestoen," said I,
"/e':d!" cried ther, ad thecy one itnd all fell
ack aghcst, and peerfectly dumbaatudedelc. Leacviaag
them to fix up thecir eunjecturesas beat they might,
we soeon seated oeurselves in the cars-along side
ca the worthy Col. Focere, his daughters, and Caen
ntr ManvasN. Aan aecession was meade, to the Toiwn
party, somaewhat uinexpectedly te mte, in the leerson
of Mintaos Lass-rrm, the peculiarly smart. shere wd,
ut rather utrrvel midl cef the roanaatie yo'ung
lady, C~nunr .\1.Uwri. Lisette was nut one of that
most common type of paluinp and good humoured
lass of servants-but, as I hare already insinua
ted, peculiarly sharp, ad rather bIting int teaanper,
which showedc It self inm her long, thein loeokinag via.
age andI tallt, galnut, long structure. Livette was
nt inuch travlledt, 8:10 Ilke teufalf, !md ntimf
bento Towne befosre
It was half' prt eleveni at slight bnfere We featvh
ed our destination-and tho rain thec pouring in
torrents whena we started ofT iaa the Oimnaibus.
"Jiet look at thema lighats all down the e treets,"
cried Lciette. "~They surely cant beuraa andic it a
rai:a as fast. as it can. nad jist loock at them white
lenc, grate greewn up men with brics tixens oan ema,
staaadian' out lhers st'.ck still in all the crners of
the streets; they're thec stupidaest thligs I ever
seed-a standin' in the rain and starne' act peole
as if they neve-r seed anay body afoere. MAnd jist
loeok at the houses too, Missis. If they aittturnaed
nd fore.amust.-the chiamnaey s'ide toc thec streets-'
"Mushc ! hush ! Lisette" cried Carry Martin. the
r.,matie yaitoy. peulling and tagg-ing at leer
sleeve vehemaentty, "-thoese lucin are Plecice Ollcers
anal will lent y-ou in the gu:ad lac'ese if vain talk in
-Whlare naow." said MaBAsNiA tee leer Father,
" to the Charlestea litel, icr toe the 21 ills' Il-cuse ?"
"'-e ac eitheer e nacr the o.ther." replied'c thme UCelc
nel, "-I have nao idea ot' takiing such a hery ofci
gret, groawn-up counltry girls tce cth iaiaenzse
places as theose', withoeut ye-ur Muterc icr vyour
school Marnas to overlook ycou. We will stip at
a more perivate houuc,-the WV--hoea at the
bend of K- street, wherm you will havo ccs
much fun as you can possibly digest."
Ina rain we protusted, but no-stout and tail gen
teen will leave their way the world over. The
W-hlousee on the bend, indeed prored very
plesant, ad of one of its personages of note, we
preserve thu most interesting and grateful remaim
brnce. Just ask our stout Colconel if he does not
do the same, if you want to have a fight on your
hande. Just ask him if he dent retain a very fe
lii tons remembrance of one Capt. Poatomr-a pe
enialy round, plump and jolly personage who
graced the bead of oar table-ad of whose ample
....,.. or conerse on gnetr7 and ergs: muttar
politic and the beef of the up country ; the Drama
and Washington and Bonaparte,-of all which, I
have no doubt, the worthy Col. -' could a tale un
fuld." The contest three times a-day, between the
love of talk in the Capt. and the equally Insatiate
appetito for hot beer stake, buckwheat cakes, and
cod-fish in our worthy Colonel, whilst a source of
infinite amusement and mirth to the junior mem
bors of our party, proved a matter of such desper
ation to our senior member, that long before we
left the City he bad fallen from his seat of honor
on the right hand of mine host to the remotest
distance possible. But even MIRANDA, and Mix
si, and CARRY, and our own portly self, who
had in the mean time fallen between them, proved
exceedingly shadowy fortifications, such marvel
lous affinity did the Captain discover in our stout
gentleman. But we will leave our senior member
to make a report of these things, and take ourself
to another department of view.
From a host of very pleasant private entertain
m-nLt, it was our privilege to go one evening to
the Theatre. The house was pretty full of very
handsome looking people, and the play wits " Ad
rianne or the Actress/' in which we saw Julia
Dean for the first time. Some cynical persons
told us that she was no longer what she once was,
and that we would find her cadaverous; others
said she was e.xquisitely apitel-but we found
her all that we had imagined her-ft per:fectly
lorely wonan,. Her voice was too low perhaps
and may not have been what it once was-but
then her soul spoke in her-face, her every move
ment; and in aetion she was so graceful, so true,
so winning. And, to support such a woman, there
was the most miserable set of stock actors. The
great booby of a Count do Saxe was stupid enough
throughout the whole play, but in the dying scene
he was perfectly insupportable. There he stood
like a poor mummy, .not an e n in his face,
either of pleasure or of displearT at her death,
looking for all the world as if he was merely at
tempting to keep her from-falling against his per.
son lest she should spoil his ruffles and furbelows.
It is lamentable that Julia Dean, or any one else,
who has the slightest idea of what soul and action
are, should have to appear on such a stage.
Julia Dean excepted, by far the best scene and
the best action of the evening happened from none
othdr than our Lisette, the maid of our romantic
young lady. On starting to the Theatre, to the
consternation of all, the opera glasses of Carry
Martin were no where to be found. We had not
been long in the Then re, however, and were
scarcely interested in the Play when, on looking
round, whom should we see, perched up near us,
but tihe veritable Lisetto-:he thin, brawny,. and
shadowy Lisette, voluminously dcairated with
crimson, and yellow, and blue--her criumped hair
all turned back in huge puffs--tinsel pendaints
dangling around her shoulders, and with all the
airs of your City folks, looking intently, with
head up-raised, at Julia Dean and the Play through
her .Vfiutress's eye yanses. It was sometime before
we could recover from the shock, but poor Lisette
was not long in seeing us, and soon left for other
Oa reaching our rooms there sat poor Lisette,
looking so distressed-thinking she had dune soee
great evil when she " only meant," she said, " to
fllow us to the theatre in ord'er to give her y.,ung
Mistress her glassees which she found after we had
" Oh ! well, Lisette, dry tip your tears," said
Carry Martin, " and tell us what you thought of
the Play to night."
" Why its the foolishet thing for sensitile white
peoleig to look at ever I Poee," said Lisette soime
wh.it relieved. " Twasn't nathin like-nir, half
en intiaresting nather, w' the daays( of i#G, which the
circus nen actedl upo at hnie. That M1iss Julia
Dean was a perfec' vishun of loveliness to aehold;
but take her out. and I wvouldln't give a copper far
tie balance f 'um. They sail that nir ig m. -
.exe somiielbody. was haerlaover-mut lie was a miighty
st'pidl andl aleeply looakiing old baicheloir to mc. I
cever wauld a tell in loive with hinm, sartiin."
And .l.iwette wasj quite right.
lunt byv far the most dlelightful feature in our
tiy was that l'aItsant visit one clear, genial
mnoring to the Carolinma Art (Iallery. Tbe llall is
a large handlsum room, opposite the C'ircutlar
Caurceb, ad furnished already with matny ver
beatiful paintings-anal some esquisite specimens
f statnairy. We saiw there for the first time Len
ty's greait national picture, thne " Recstoramtion of
thc Flag" lay Sergeatnt Jaspaer. It is the painting
f the Assaeiintiaon, andl the Her., of Sullivan's
blandl 1:tamah out baeforc yaou in accoardlance with
Vaoir hai;;hest anal mosat implroavedl conteplt iaon. I canl
:till seea biefore me ditincth the oldI flag-statl
which waves triumplintly nhloave him-the strong
inal rneuare graspi of thoase oald Palmoetta logs, lay
that magnificently paintead banal anid the liring,
uaaite upn his face occasiaoned lay a graitifiedl Cense
of brave anad noble dlariung for his country and
liaertv. The deced lives in the paicture, and the
Artist has alone well.
Among many very fine pieces of statuary, I sin
gle out at this momnent, as the moast enaj'.yala'e, a
iiinutive statue of a little child in its/fir-'S n'oaaw
over the doath' of its own little pet bird. It is
eminently impressive of ailenae and yet is full of
exuisite grace, and a touching and sorrowful ex
It is only pleasures such as thee that ever cause
us to desire a home in the City ; and we feel some
times afasn'je willing to exchange our Ilamwrs, and
our birds, our leafy waaods andl murmuring streams
andit pure caoutry air for them, Surely, turely,
patromage will niot be wanting, eud all Ihra'e, who
biats in (biri aottis a love fr the l14autiful, will
foster with Iovins care1 thisl Art Iluie .in our
Dnar olal Charleston !--I still see it before me
and very happy anad bright seems my first visit.
Thu Antique City in the arnis of the sea, and the
grat lire-oaks all dlraoped with abundread festoonas
f long gray moss--theecrowded thoroughfares and
the clumps every where of strange faces---the Art
Gallry and the old, old Chaurchee-thme " City of
the silent" and its little flower plos-that pleasant'
sail one clear sparkling morinig to Sullivan's Is
laia, and the quaint little Ie-its ugly Soldiers
anda tall Palmnetto trees--the pleasant stroll up and
dwn the smooth sandy beach, anal the kind, kind
wods thena anda there ut turead,-tle noble an d love
able peopale, anal the sweet woards every where spao
ken to, /,-r l'etite L'trunzaiere-y,alI, all is with me
still, and ,.a much pleiaar do I fid ini recalling
them. that I an 1ed to exclaim :.gmini and sagmin,
ti Itemesambranace forms the imat beautiful part,
a'f astr-lives. In memory of plait events, such as
we dwell uponi with pleasure, wea sepiarnite the gold
from tihe dross and subliamate ail spiritualize tbeum
as it were. Thus beautitied, indl set apart for
pleasant remembrance, is Charlastun and its kindlly
peopl, by Your little frienl,
ter A pretty woamiin is like a great truth, or a
great happiness; and hits no nore right to bundlle
herself unader a green veil, aorammy sitmilar aboami
natiaon, thinu the sun has a right to put green spec
5.y A school-buy, on b~eing'askeda by the teath
er how ho should flog him1 replied: "If you
please, Sir, I should like to hive It done upon the
It1an system-the heavy stitkes upwards, and
he sbunnesna tiehi "
For the Advertiser.
My Cottage Hosme.
There is a spot where lore doth dwel,
Unknown but to the few,
A place where hearts responsive sweld.
With throbs as strong as true.
'Tis there, affeetion warms the cheek,
There joy's bright halo shinos;
'Tis there where hearts in action speal
And love its garland twines.
In a sequestered, distant glen,
Where Fairies love to roam, :
Apart from the abodes of men,
There lies my coUage home.
The Ivy climbs the front wall high
And arches o'er the door,
The Jessamines, like. rivals, vie
To shade the poreh's floor.
The 'gudo wife,' therr, in peace presid
Iler lord in smiles to greet;
With sweet maternal care she guides
The baby's falt'ring feet.
She meets the good man at the stile,
Her arms are round him east,
And joyous children shout the while, -
"Dear Father's come at last."
As twilight's deep'ning shadows fall,
And stars light up the sky,
They circle in the rural hrall,
To pray to One on high. -
Methinks a well-plensed God looked dla
From Heaven's starry dome,
And blessed, and kept it as hisown
Aly own dear cottage home.
J . C.
For the Advertiser.
REVIVAL OF THE SLAVE TRAD-N.
" The gcar mutst be carried into Afrie
TuE year 1815 found the world at peacefter a
bloody and exhausting war of 25 yearg d-ition,
in which all Europe had participated. also
found cotton selling in the Southern markuat 21
cents a pound, from which figure it farther ad.
vanced to 34 cents, and never fell below 2 ents
per pound until 1820. The same year (161- like.
wise found the slave trade closed. Well tton
culture, during the five years between 1815 a 20,
paid much better than any other business ' the
United States. A heavy demand conseq ently
existed in all that time for negro labor. Theprice
of negroes accordingly rose to a very high point.
Within 10 years after the Slave trade hiAd been
closed common fid hands sold at public out
cry for $1.000 and $12100 eaah, for the truth of
which I appeal to the reurds of the timis, sa to
the mcmiory of the ul. ar now living. -As no
rore negroes could he gottcn f'rom'Afries they
had to be brought fromu thu North, where slavery
then existed, deeplite the crude notions of universal
liberty and equality, which had been en dered
by our own and the French Revolution. j.
Northern slave holders, after making thoialcn
lation, discovered that they could hire a IFiat ha
borer for touch lees than the it,:rcvt on Ihe Pur.
chase money which they could get for a.' slave in
the Southern market.- Negree. were;4hea&&P
shipped Southward, and white emigrants from
Europe were employed In their stead. The wars
of Europe being over, emigrants sought an asylum
here in large numbars. But they came very pour,
as the paralizing strife of 25 ytars had bankrupted
not only most of the Government but also most of
th6 individuals in every State of Europe. They
therefore had to work for ,rayv, ami many of themr
being skilled artizan,, trainecd in thu factories and
workshops o' Earolp, naturally preferred to work
at the trade which they under.tooil. They could
get little or no employnment at the South, as Euro.
pean artizans hnad previouly done, hecause the
attention of Southern cxpitalists was then diverted
from manufactuires to cotton culture.
To lhave a complete Idea of the immense profit
oF cotton culture at that time, it is necessary to
remember that monley was then worth much momre
than it is now. Since then the treasures of the
U'ral, of California oF Austra~iii, andI of other places
have been disemboweled, andl 1200 or 1500 Blanks
of Issue; have tahed the circulation of the specie
basis in this country, aid the piresent incased
facilities of commu mnientiona have chespenedl money
by credit alone to pruhnbly elonde tihe amneunt of
both the specie rnnd batnk bill basis. Consequent.
ly, mnakinig all paroper allowiine for the incereaese of
populatioan, andl thu new celIs fur the prtecious
metials, it is nao cxngem atiun to say that one dllh.r
in 181',-20) most haive been worth two dorllars now,
in exchangeable vaue. So) that cottonm wicih thein
sol for 28 cents a pind would now bring 56;
ents, if all oilher things were equal; and lhesides
thre direct profit oef cottu enlfuro in those hraleyon
days, the neatura~l increase o'f shaves and the appre
cation of land umust also be taken into the aecount.
Moreover, ras the people of Europe then wanted
clothing innell 4,~y untiil they' ciuld revive their
lax, woul and silk cutrure, which had bees sadly
neglected duirinag the Naepuloonic wars, they be.
came competitors with each other, for the sails of
alt sorts of manufuctured articles in exehasge for
our cotton, which depressed the prQfits of mianu
facturinig at the South while it exarlted those of
cotton culture. Keeping these facts in mind, it is
easy to apprehend what an overpowering tempta
tion was then held out to capItal For deserting
manufactures and every other kind oft bnuiness to
dig the wealth of tihe cotton fii. hibt ir tha slave
trade bad thenr breen opn, the~ Wants of Eries Fur
cottenl ceuld trays bemn rupiled, and Southern
wrnnufactunres wt'uld hiare also beenu hlrederred and
enlarged, Men are stow to .qtit one business and
angage in another, requiring an entire change of
habits, and wholly differet qualitications.
European artizans then could no loinger get em
pyment at the South, because capitalists here
would no longer unite their money with the skill
of thre artixan in manufacturing, which gave so
much smaller return to capital than cotton culture.
It consumed all surplus capital at the South to get
more cotton laborers froam the North. No money
was left here for engaging in new manufactures or
fr preserving the old. As the North then had a
monopoly of the slave trade, they dictated their
own prices. Although a negro at $300 or $500D
might him profitab'le, ina New York or Pennsyhvania,
yet, it would riot pay to keepa himn there whmen his
owner could sell him in the South for twice or
thrice that sume, anid then hire a white emigrant
fromi Europe for less theru the interest on the plur
hase maoney. Such emigranrts as were not arti.
zans, but merely commeon lborers, could then no
inore get eimployment at the Souath thnan the artin'
themselves, hecaeuse the planters of thre South did
not want white cotton laborers,.. and such laborers
did not care to work in the cotton field as-the com
petitor of the negro for wages.
The result of all which was tha't a mighty wave
of negro population swept Southward, -1md Euro.
penn emigration Alled the void therebay creatod in
the labor market of thne North. Trained artisans
came to the South no more, and those already
domiiled here fled fronm Southern cities as though
they were infectedl with the plaigue. Thus it was
that rmanufactures, shaippaing and commerce quiit
the South, their natural home, anid took up their
abode in bleak, rocky, sandly New England.
" The grass is now growing in those cities of the
South which originally monopolised our colonial
commerce and maintained their asendency in thes
arlier yeara af tha Vnlean?
"Cities have been expande-I anal multiplied ir
the Paime favored regiou, Railroads and Canai
have been constructed tnd education has delighte
there to build her Colleges and Seninarier."
Manufactures, Ship-luilding and the Arts havs
nearly tll gone to the North in preference to loca
ting at the South, all hbecenue the closing (if th<
slave trade in 1808 kept the Yankee populationi al
.home-diverted European emigration from th<
South to the North-drained us of all our cottor
money to pny for Northern slaves, and thereby
prevented any addition to either our white oi
negro blabor, except by natural iricrease.
That the native white population of the North
ern States tended Southward before the closing ol
the slave traile, in compliance with the natural
law of migration, is well known, since anthentic
history tell us that many of the Districts in Soull
Carolin. and many of the Counties in (ieorgin,
North Caroplina, etc., were o'riginailly settled ly
emigrants from Pennsylvania, New .ersey. New
York and New England. That European emigra
tion also come South for the purpopsa of' engnging
even in agriculture. before the slave traie was
closed, is evidenced ly the fact (aImonltg many
others) that. numerous neighborhoods, of the older
Southern States, were first settled by large colo
nies of Irish, Scotch, French and tiermain fatuilies,
whose descendants now hold the very land which
was originally granted to their fiathers. That the
South Wisak the lead of the North, in bIth com
merce ail mtamufactures. previous to the closing
of the slave trade, and even lrevious to the grent
rise ine cotton in 1815. which caused the fient
anaiMOlou.4 movement ini the blaek as well 'as in
the white population of this country, is likewise
an undisputed fact.' So late us 1,811; thie exports
of the Southern States amounted to abiout $:tti0,
ful0, which was $5.001,0110 more than the Nortb
era. At the same time Sith Carolina ind New
York were the greatest exporting States of the
Union, South Carolina exporting more than
$10.001.0011 and New York over $1.,t100,000 (what
a difference between then du -sore.)
"In manufactures the South also excelled the
North in proportion to their respective 1;opulations
up to 1810, in which year, necoriding to the re
turns of the Marshals of the United States, the
fabrics of wool, cotton anl linen manufactured
in the Northern States aiounted to 40,31 1,274
yards, valued at $21,001,525, whilst the South
fabricated 31,7S0197 yards estimated at $10,771,
724, yet the population of the South was then
much less than that of the North, in conseiuence
of the Southerin States haviug been settled so much
. Jt is in proof then. thliat white populajin iI
coeic Stouthwaril previous to the clsinig (if tle
slave traile. It is also in irooif that ti Soiutl. ex
celled the Norih inl bAh Comim :rcu an.l .M.tjuae
tures previou ts ti the clsing of the shire tr.ile.
Why wats Lis ntatiral state tif Iacts reversed seo
suddenly ? Wity has that reverse oiperation coi
tinued till now, if suine nitnatur.d disturbing cause
has not produced it? Most Southern nuen trace
the South's decline; in pIopulatiou, iiuf.ectures
and commerce, as comp.rd with tle North, to
the Tariff. But they do unot go far enough back.
The Sectional Protective Tariff itself is the legiti
-mate offspring of the uegresse&*~s trade, ly
Triff i'Vecondaiy 'of odf ileelitre aird-thin
North's aseendency, but the suppression of the
shave trade Is the cause of the arelietl Tariff and
the prine cause of our unnmeittlired woes.
Previous to ISI6, the Reveue of our Federa
Govertment was a mtised one as to the source
whence it was derived. It was raised upon e.
portl a well as upon imports, antd ly iirect taxii
tion as well as from ptlblie hn1d. This ini14ide of
taxaiioni Wits in aialogyll tic the mlllehlds now nul
Iirierly v use ftr raisii; reveinue inl Engltn,
France. iand1 in every rivilize s.eite if ntiolern
titiesi. except oi:rs. But inl 1816 (mne year after
the trtemenu.-e rise ini cottot) iiur emiadelo tat ion~ et
was chatngedi so as tic deri Ce the hulk oif the hlere
unee fream Imiports alonte, auili the poelicy of the
North ever since has been to ittilose the whole
burden tf ttaxatiion uponi li Imports. TIhey lhave
utniformliy endenevired ticgive ewaey thie piuedie liindis
either to the States or toc Atlers, toe uttract ~Ero
peanl white laborers aend voters to get politlenl
power feir controlling the hoenord ande emoliumteails
of the gocvernmtett its well as toc imtpoisi ia high
Tariff' fior the protectioni oif Nocrt hern M .icnificetures.
It hts bceeni their sleepless poli~y, tnot only to pro
reet Niartheni macnufactiures l'y ais high a 'Tarif' :us
Icesible. bitt toa hasve as much f'veniuc as l.os-ibile.
with which to, erect Northern J.ighit lloes. ihn
provle Noirtherun lIarb,,rs. l,akies andit tiver-, tntd ti
give aeway the publhIie lands (ig u ivaicent to monley
from the ' Tresury) to bueihld .Nor:hern Iadiradis
aind cut Niorthern C'anals, ti piromonete facilities fear
Niart hern meanufactures neite cincteree.
At thce timte, the Tariff oft tislI was adop~ltedl, the
South slid tnt regardl it as a a#etioa ien.,ure.
M\r. Calhoun even suppJ~ortedl it with all his usually
convincig logic. The great arguments adlvancedl
in its favor, were to sustaint the Factiories which
hasd been erected in thcis country during the wtar
with Eneglandi, atni to meet the indebitednoess in
curedl ie the proisoeueiatn ef that wnr, by taxintg
foreigien manufactiures, partly in retaldtin fur (lie
high duties which the jeaeleusy tmnd ho~stility eo
European States to our Democratic Institutieons
imposed upon our products, including raw eotton,
andl partly to foster all Ameriean manufactures, of
which the. South thent hail more than the North,
In propeortioni to populatioin. The Legislature '4
Seouth Carelina, In paerticuilar, were so mitre that
the mnanuf~aus of uthe Ptehntetto States weumld
cotailtiinie tic hltetridh, exprilly uenaer the Sfimneilet
oif tis Trcri'teof I1tlii thlat ini 11 sil hey eetscmeeer
learing'sti lRivers uted cittlitig C.'nnah! ect a mag
niiceithllplan t' fuerniahe tranispuortationt tnd Weatsr
power for all kindselof inaenfietuirea. Stht Care
lin'never eencedl makinig appelroriationsi for suchl
purposes to the amtoeunt of $i25i0.0t0 te year, nuttil
ablotit $l,700,til0 had' beeni spenit uphotn CanazlS ande
Rivers which captalists wouiled neat use because
cttoin culture then letad sic tmuch beetter than mun
ufacturitng. Tihus, while the Legislature was doing
every thing for maanufactures, etepitalists would do
nothing by reason of high prniced cotton laborers
consuming all the money in the counutry on account
of the slave tradoe ljelng cinseed. The, Southern
members of Congress thought the Teiriif or 181l0
would benefit their sectione even mtore than thu
.lut haow idi theat Taritf opeaite with the slave,
trade cloiseil, andi cat teon selliing tl 25 andu :0 ('enis
a poicde, and the lrice uof inegres in paropertioni ?
The average price elf cotton in Chatrleshccn duerinig
4I entire yeaers etf the 5 years, between 18l5--20),
was 28 cents itipeond. let tll that time. the drain
uponel the Niarthi fur slaves contintued unlinterrup-.
tily, but if the shave tratde hradl then hbeent oplen,
Africa weould leave suplpljiled our cttn laborers as
she had doijo Lifure wheni cotton tick a sudden
and great rise-the slaves, of .the North would
have been kept at home-the white population of
the North ivould have held on comning Southward,
anti Eureipean emigration would htive done the
soae, seesking eur mild climnate, fertile soil, cheap
landl, cheap slaeve laboer, the great profit acening
fronm cotton culture, anid the goodl wages which
could have bein pail European artizans.
The capital we then paid the Yankees aend non.
cetton growing States for their negroes, would
have not only purcha~sed the needeed cot ton laborera
in Africa, hut it would have also seutleed to com-.
mene. new manufactures, as well a to preserre
thoso thern in existence among usn, and the cou on
.....i wsuld ae been alutted no soner than it
eras glutted. Indeed, it would not have been
glutted so ioon, heeause capital would not have
been so much tempted to lesert other pursuits to
engage in it. We siniply drafted negroes from the
North intead of from Africa, until the glut came,
just is we no(1w draft them froin the border slave
States, or fromt the mountainous and comparative
ly unproductive sections of the cotton States, or
from other pursuits in the cotton States, until we
pull down the price of a day's labor in the cotton
fiebi, to an equality with the profit of a dny's labor
in other business. It deserves to lie repented
again and again that the money which we had to
pay for cot:on laborers alone between 1815 and 20,
would have bought us the laborers in Africa-still
preserved our manufneinrem, and that the cotton
market would have been glutted no sooner than it
was glutted if the siave trade had then been open.
It also deserves everlasting remembrance that the
Nortl, by having control of the slave market bea
tween 1:15 aiel 20 not only roblied us of our com.
merce, and manufactures, and shipping, and
Europe:in nrtizans. but also despoiled us of the
very cit-iol wherewith to do it.
None of these things could have oceureil, even
till now, if the slave Irale lail never been closed,
according to the teachings of all history. which
awarls empire to the South before it does to the
North in the civilizatiion of any continent; and
the civilization of this contiieut is aow only dawn
ing in a historical .wnse. If the slave trade h1l
never been vtippeil, many Lowells :0: ti aranite
rilles would now exist in South Cariliia. and Char
leston wiuld he, what she once was, but that
New York now is. The Carolina .Juries seem to
have an instinct to guidle them to this conclusion.
Let the decayed but still prioud and hosieitalble
old Metropolis see to it. that Conium does not suffrer
aidst the ruins caused by the Slolores-ion of the
' Let Columbia survey the allent canal under her
blutif, before she endangers the life of a ;Jnve trade
A Chapterof Wit, Anecdote, and Humor.
To laugh well is the true philosophy of
life, provided always that we do not laugh at
or aigainst our Iriends. A laugh catnot be a
true laugh that has even the slightest dash of
I miialice in it. To be thoroughly enjoyable it
mius.t spring fromo genil and' heart feeling.
Te atugh of a had man rings out coldly and
has no correpolndlnce w Witt his eye; it is a
nuscular conutortion assuined to hide some- i
thinig worst, and generally bursts out when
lie '0god-liearted world sigh or sympathiie.
This chapter is not ad-lresoed to tho~e who
have I hligh with a sneer on) it, but to the
.1vo and truehearted, who can enjoy ajoke
and lAgh with us in hearty good-humor.
Too LAzY ro LiVE.-A short time
since a society was furmed for the laudable
purpose of di countecnancing those unnecessa.
ry exertions of body and mind which those
who wish to be considered cleverer than their
ineighbors are accustomned to undergo. It
wa., named the "Lazy and Idle Society,"
.andiihuiigdlta. regultioni-jt.aras .provided
that if any member rose before seven o'clock
in the mninriitg he should be excluded. After
a while it was more than insinuated that one
of thie. mtost Conu.picuius of its nembers had
been repeatedly seen in an arm chair in front
of his house as early as five o'clock in the
morning. Tlie.'e runmors cauiseil no little stir
1amlion1g tie fraterlhity, who innediately call
el a special meetinig, at whicin the acused
wa< summiiiionie-l to lie dealt with according to
his deserts. The evidene wa< clear, and no
doubt remained that lie hail been guilty of IL
flgrant breach if lie rules of the society.
When c-adled fr his di-fence, however, he re
pe lled iniatim e aspersin against
heid che, indgavione himself a true cilm
vert to the pi i.iciples he prof'essedl. "'Tis
t:n, adhe, "I have been found in the
conition .,tatedl, but the reawn is this: I aum
aceniatomied to tatke that poisitionl after supper,
aind whent be d1-timie comes I feel too) laz/y to
,tir, anid so remain there through the night."
37 To . precegt most constantly im
pr~e.wed.( upon the mem;iory of a child should
he "nevercr to speak in omtpanmy." Thle most
atwkwarid ,ituatio'ns have becn broughit about
by the 10.; great inigenuousness of some for
watid child. In the following casc, "imamma"~
miust have beeni consideraibly tiled:
TOo T tai-r I i a. itY li..-Th le qiuestionm
att ai tea:-party unringi. uponm theo impropriiety
of' imakinig cakes andmi takinog sinalf at t he saime
timei, feainfg somie might be scattered in thle
dongh, at lad r'emar~ked thaLt he had seen his
mother mix cakes with a pinch of snuff in
her fiingers and. not scatter a bit. " Why,
I Ily13," rej.liedl the olkndeed lady, "how you
Ido lb !" "~ Well, mother, I don't know but
I dlo," innocenttly replied the urchin; " I
don't. know but you did scatter a very little.''
E Tu v lawyer's profession is as hardly
dealt with by witty writers as the ladies'
dresses. Thme " witticismi" below is certainly
libellous. Who'll prosecute the ease ?
Roo~it FOR AN INFREa~tcE.-Lat'yer (.
(enter-ing oflice, speaking in a hoarse whisper:)
Frted, i've got such a cold this morning, I
can't speak tho ' truth. Dr. NM. Well, I'm
glad it's nothiing that will interfere with
your bnisinmesw. (4'. tinda enough of his voice
I. li ttter s.eet tlt:humed~t remark1s abo.N t dco
off~ to meet 411 enggemout1)
djy- MACAIt.AV tells a god story of a
gentl-man wvho was proived tie be an Egih
tman lby speanking Frentch, and found otut to
be an Iritiiunan by spiaking Eniglish. The
cas~e us enrione-:
A certain Tipperary gentletaan, whbose namte
is too fahmliar for mue to print, once called
upon a countryman in Paris, and after ring
itng stoutly at the bell, the door was opened
by a very stmartly dressed " maid," whose
grisette cap and apron immediately seemed
to prbtootnee her to be Frentch.
I' Est CJaptain--est Monsier O'Shtea Ici ?"
asked lie, in considlerablo heeitation.
" Ah I sir ! you're English," exclaimed the
nmaidl, in a very Londotn accenmt.
-Yes, my little darhin' ! I was asking for
Captain O'Shuea !"
" Alt! sir ! you're Irish !" said site, with a
very significant fall of the vi'ce.
"So," as hte afterward< said, " my Frenmch
showed that [ was }imglish, and miy English
that I was irish."
gr WisE men do not know everything,
but often betray the mtost lamentable igntor
atnce upotn simple - matters. The following
quiet rebuke tmust have struck home. When
the cotumittee of thte French Academy were
employed in preparing a well known acade
my dictionary, Cuvier, the celebrated natur
alist, cemne into the room where they were
holding a session:
"' Glad to see you, Monsieur Culvier," said
one of the forty ; " we have just finished a
definition, which we think quite satisfactory,
but upont whtich we would like to have your
opinion. We have been defining the word
crab, and have explained it thus: " Crab, a
small red fish, which walksi backward."
" Perfect, gentlemen," said Cuvier ; "only
I will make one small observation in natural
hisory du cas anot a h...it&s ot red
-and it does not walk backward! With
these exceptions, your.definition is excellent.'
&!" Tnouan we have no sympathy with
the troubles of the miser, we cannot but
laugh at the low cunning lie often exhibits to
compass his ends. The fullowing is at least
A gentleman called on a rich, miserly old
man and found him at table, endeavoring to
catch a fly. Presently he succeeded in en
trapping one, which he immediately put into
the sugar bowl, and shut down the cover.
The gentleman asked for an explanation or
the singular sport. "I'll tell you," replied
the miser, a triumphant gin overspreading
his countenance as he spoke-'- I want to as
certain if the servants steal the sugar.'
*"' Rvi ENEss is freqnently assumed by
lirofesional men in the belief that it adds
importance to their manners. It sometimes
succeeds, but it meets with a rebuke now
and then, as in the following instance:
A lawyer driving throngh a town, stopped
at a cottage to inquire his way. The lady or
the house told him lie must keep straight on
for some time, then turn to the right; but
said that she herself was going to pass the
road he must take, and that if he would wailt
a few moments, ske would show him the way.
"Well," le said, "had company is better
than none. Make haste." After jogging oi
five or six miles, the gentleman asked if he
had not come to the road he must take. "Oh,
yes!" said she, " we have paised it two or
three miles back; but I thought that had
company was better than none, so I kept -
you alung with me."
g TIER arc imore ways than one of
get tig a di ink without paying for it, but we
think the cool impudence of Blinks is posi
Blinks was thirsty, he had no money, and
could not drink cold water for fear of a sun
stroke. But he had to drink, and so boldly
entoring the neareAt bar-roum, he called f% a
glass of ale, drank it, and asked the bar
keeper whose ale it was, "-.----'s ale,"says
the man. " [s it really," said Blinks; " a
11riend of mine, a particular friend of mine.
I'll take another glas. By Jove, friend
- makes capital beer; I'll try a mug of
it this time, and mind there is-not too much
froth." Having deliberately finished his
" mug," lie coolly said as he walked out, "i I
shall see - in a day or two, and as you
said it is his beer I'll pay him."
t-r FRAG.mET FROM . Love LETTER, t
Docuicl C0i.%VLi;.IN.---1tow I wish, my I
deur Adelaide, mty engagements would.per
it ie to leave town aid go' to eC you. It C
would be like visiting some old ridss hallow- I
.1 by time, and fraught, with a~thousanl I
Aj I gave her a ruse and gave her a ring, a
and I asked her to narry me then; but she a
sent thei al back, insensible thing, and said
she'd no notion of men. I told her I'd oceans c
uf money and goods, tried to frighten her with I
a growl,'but she answered she wasn't brought i
up in the woods, to be seared by the screech i
f ait owL .1 called her a, ..baggaga,. and :
everything bad ; I slighted her features and 4
iurm ; till at .ength I succeeded in getting her I
mid. and she raged like the sea in a storm. i
And .then in a moment I turuned and smiled,
and called her my angel and all; she fell in
mV arm like a wearisome child, and exclaimed,
"We will marry this fall.'
si- Boarder-" What large chickens these
Landlady-" Yes, chitkens are larger now
-days ihana they ue.d to be. Ten years ago
we could'at pretend to get chickens as large
B.:'rder (Inite innoentl. )-" No, I .ny
p.se inut ; they must have grown sonie in that
Th'le landlindy looked as though she had been
gg llow Tntg Rhuxt'.\iisi AFFueTED PAT.
-Well, P'atri ck, asked the doctor, how do
yoi feel ty'day? Ucii, doctor, dear, I enjoyv
very poor health enitire:ly. The rumaties as
very distre~ssina' indade ; when I go to sla pe I
lay awake all night, and nmy toes is .swiled -as
bi-v as a goose heni's egg, so whina i stand up I
faft dlown immediately.
A Voice riuoM Fama; Rivsa.-The Belfast
Ag. says that a young mtan, inamed F~oye; ul
Palernmo, whio has seen all the beauties of the
raser rivetr, arrived hiomea by way of Califor
nia lately, Hie gives a hard deseription of the
fare of the Fraser miners, while ho wvas in
th t- region. Many ol them died ofstarvation.
Himself and anotoer vouii" wan sneceeded
ii purchasing a few pounas of hurse flesh
frmn the carcass of a horse, poorer than any
seen ini thmese parts, at $3 per pouind, and thus
were kept from starving~. He says gold is
plenty, h~nt dilienilt to get, owiing to the state
of the rivers and the inability, to procure sub
sistence. He describes the Inidians there as
but l~ttle dilferent t'ro:n wild beasts. They go
eitirely naked, aiid live ini caves and in the
gip No-r flC a Blussiso Hvnon.-As thei
polite omnibua agent of the Lexington and
Lonisille Riailroad wasq going throngli the Ia.
dius' ear, checking baggage, hae aske a very
pretty young lady if she had any baggage she<
wishied iaken to a hotmil. Thes ryihied "No,
sr." The iaint they asked lier if sht would
tehi a 'busj. 'ibe, U~mset;l gavm.liN'm a ver,
net slmiin, and1 replie~d, No, air I am JiL isIi
i bumsing hutmoir this eveninig." Th'le agentI
dropevd his memorandum book and rettirlmitig
to the bangage earl said he felt nw~ibI
lAst:uin or CA'rs SLsEPImd IiTII CitL
aiiK.-A snmil girl, seven or eight year. ,
olon tIre night of the 27th nlt., caei pretty
ncar losinmg her lifec by a cat. 11er mther
hcard a stranige noire which awakene~d her ;I
she hastened to the bed! where the child was
lyig, and found the cat with her mouth close<
to the child's mouth. At first they took the
child to he dhead, but they sooii pereived It
eeed to catch for breath occasionally.
After two or three hours she wa restored toi
conciusness, bitt las been very stupid and
unwell since. Parents shonld beware how
they trust their cats to sleep with their ohil
drnm.-Galeshnrg (Ill.) Democurat.
Mr. Grattan, ini his work on America, s'ates
the following as a comnversation that occurred
betwen .John C. Calhaoii ad himself:
" Now. let mue ask youa." said I, " what were
the feelinigs of the laist shave you liberated ?"
" I liberaite a slave I" he exelaimed: " God
forbid that [ should be guilty of such a crime.
A, you know little my of character if you be
lieve me capable of doing so much wrong to
a fellow creature l'"
A GooD InEA.-The English druggists are
about adopting a hexanugular bottle wit.h deep
Outings, to put poisons in which are sold ,by
retail. This is to -prevent persons making
mistakes by getting hold of the wrong bottle.
As an additional security, the neck of the
bottle is so contracted that but a drop at a time
can be poured out. The very deliberate -and
cautious action thus produced, will, it is be
lieved, deter any one from taking oger-doses
o medicine, wh'ile it is digienlt to imagine a
caseit which a person could pour out and
take the whole contents of ones of thes bottles
t. -iatake for somethuingr ,ls
A man in his carriage was riding along,
A gily-drossed wife by his side;
lo satin and laces she looked like the queen,
Aud he like a king in his pride.
The wood.sawyer stood on the street as they
The carriage and couple be eyed;
And said, as he worked with his saw on a log,
A I wish I was rich and could ride."
The man in the carriage remarked to his wife
" One thing I would give if I could
I'd give my wealth for the strength and the
Of the man who sawed the wood."
A pretty young maid, with a handle of work
Whose face, as tihe morning, was fair,
Went tripping along with a smile of delight,
While humming a love-breathing air.
She looked on the carriage; the lady she saw,
Arrayed in apparel so fine,
And said, in a whisper, " I wish from my heart
Those satins and laces were mine."
The lady looked out on the maid with her work,
4o fair in her calico dress,
And said, " I'd relinquish position and wealth,
Her beauty and youth to possess."
Thus it is in tihe world, whatever our lot, .
Our minds and our time we employ
In longing and sighing for what we have not,
Ungrateful fur what we enjoy.
We'welcome the pleasure for which we have
The heart has a .vold In it still,
Growing deeper and wider the longer we lire,
That nothing but heaven can Ill.
From the Constitutionalist.
Not Contidential to the Ladies.
Ma. EnTroa: I was truly pleased to see and
ead Miss Sallie's confidential letter to the Ia
lies. She gave a good report about the splen
id stocks of goods nowt offered at our very
:tensive dry aid tancy goods houses ; and I
an bear willing testimony to the truthfulness
f her statements.
My last " hopping day " was spent among
h establishmeuts for supplying the substan
sla among housekeepers, such as sugar and
d cuf'ee, rice, tea hams, &e., as well as
tchen appurtenmees; but as there are so
any places where articles in time grocery
ie cane be obtained, I will not stop to par.
icularise the namnes at present, but may do so
I was delighted at the extensive assortment
housekjeepiimg articles I found at W. H.8alis.
try & Co.'s, and at S. S. Jones & Co.'s.
5ery thing' that is necessary or convenient
bout housekeeping I found at those storesi
nd I call say, with sincerity, that their prices
re'lower than I have ever paid f;r similar A
I am gratified to notice that the merchants
Augusta freely advertise their goods. They
are, it appears to me, just found out that
here are hundreds ofiouse-keepers in our city,
pd in different portions of the country, anid I
ay say in this State as well as in South
arolina, who'seldom or never go-shoppmig on
roftd steet. They now employ the Conafi.
tionadi4 to convey to us, at our homes, tile
Ileasing fact that theyhavereceived their spring
Lad summer styles of goods ; their supplies of
Prueries 1 their houseguruish'ng commodities;
ld, in fact, infurm us of all matters connected
ith onr every-dnty %ants. 'The lxilicy of ad
ertig, ill your papver, is a sensible view of
he merchant. intercst, as well as a Lindness
those who desire to buy.
But, I have mot time to write more at present.
10 amnd notice Wim. 11. Salisbury & Co's stock
'r ,pool. amnd also 8. S. Jones & Co's, and you
.iI, without doul.t, be as much pleased as I
as.TusE OLD IaDY.
Krsa's MouYTAIY MIITnarY ScuOO.-The
it quarter (of~ 1859) of' this institution is
w drawinag to a close, and we are gratified
ibeing able to r.cordl its continmued success
zd proisperity. indeed, at nmo former period
fits existenc'e has it e.dhibited more unmis
akable signs of inereahing vigor and useful
ms. From reliable authority we learn, that
utof near one hundred cadets who have en.
ered, but fimr have left the institution during
he past three months, and that tbeir places
re being speedily filled by new* applicants.
om~ining the advantages of an excellent
ituationl with adumirable educational facilities,
itis not wonderfuml that the Kiing's Mountain
Military Schmool has attained a high position
nong tile literary . institutions of thme State.
Lut its popularity seems not to be confined to
et limits of South Carolina, many other
>utern States having their representatives
vithin its wails. Relying upon the pat as an
ugury of the future, we confidentl predict
'r the school a long, ueuad ooal
tareer.-Yorkville Enier.adhoo l
BIUITSu Surent.t-.in the great coal mess
res of E-ngland the seams are so thin in some
ollris that several of them have only two
et headway to all the working. They are
orked altogether by boys from eight to twelve
Fears of age, on all foure, with a dog belt
d chain. Fire-damp wildfire, sulphur and
vater, at all times menance instant death to
he laborers in these mine?. In calico pii.
ug it is by no means uncomuln, in all the
srity, for children five aor six years old to
c kept at work from fourteen to slsteeR
Ti4 esrly atd terr'ie -eytrralp oq the
niscular rysi~lai prtitces imch ?il!'LtR Ott
ind mand bodty thai by the see of thity; if'
e live .su love, one-thlid of liie1ke hie
laves lIodoefoime.s or-idintici
Atica TO LAss.-W~e have been ad.
onihed by thme royalu p~hilosopher of the Jews,
imat theO SUt should not, go dlown upon our
wrath ; but had Solonmn penetranted half thnm
nysteries of the female breast, he would have
idditionally interdicted a sunset upon our
oohess! Anger is of brief endurance, andi
on raves itself to rest ; but coolness as es
ug lived ais other cold-blooded animals:ilt is
isthe toad whech exists for a thousand years
nthe heart of' a rock I Were I, like Dr.
3regory and other moral tacticians, to de
eath a leiracyv of counsel to my daughters, I
would say: 'ever alee p upon a lmunfder'
tanding withm those you love ; if you feel less
indly toward's them than usual, the chances
'n that you are in the wrong"-Empson.
Tta ExaRv Is FrILLD WIflu Vlot.ENCE.
e rarely opena all exchange, which does -not
hock uis with some bloody horror. These
eeds of violence seem not to be conhned to
may particular section of country or sp|here in
ie. Witness the late awful tragedies in Waslt
ngton city, Kentucky, South Carolina, and
lsewhere. What these fearfully incesn
natbreas of evil psion porten-I, is ol
known to Him toviw a~ vengeance beloet
and who alone is able to restrain the wrat
man. We confess the rapid inorease of licen
ouness, lawlessness and violence in the land
iswell calculated to awaken veygloomy ap
prehensions in regard to the saety and per
petuity of our soema- system. We commend
this subject to the devout consideration .%
patriots everywhere.-Macon (Geo.) Joursnal
; Messenger. . ...
A bill to prohibit thmitb de whI* a
ithlack. persons has paes the iscondi