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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OP OUR LIBRETIES, AND IF IT XUST PALL, WE WILL PERISH AXIDST THE .
SINKINS, DIRISOE & Co., Proprietors. -EDG -EFIELD, S. APRIL 27, 1869.
Farming vs. Planting.
Which will pay? This is a disputed point.
Agricultural writers on both sides have exaust
ed all their argumentive force, in sustaining
their respective positions ; and yet the subject
still presents an open field, not only for specu
lation, but for many practical suggestions.
There are many persons who have never
thought upon this subject sufficiently to per
ceive the distinction which is justly made by
writers in our agricultural papers.
Farming is that system of management on
a farm, which, without regard to present cost
or profit, aims at perfection in every particu
lar, and is satisfied with the mere success of
Planting is that system of energetic indus
try which stretches every nerve to its utmost
tension for pecuniary profit, with apparently
no concern for the future.
Now the question is which will pay? Will
not some of our farmers give us their views
on this important question? We know that
many take the middly ground, and by com
bining the two systems, their labor is crowned
with abundant success ;-but we would like to
see the question fairly discussed-Farming
against Planting-and Planting against Farm
ing. Who will write first?
Several farmers, not long since,- were dis
cussing various subjects, when we joined their
company, and the following conversation oc
Mr. SHOvEL: I tell you gentlemen, you
may all do as you like, bat I am determined
to raise my own bacon, and I want to know
what is the best grass to sow in lots for hog
Mr. BULLToNGUE: Well ! tell us first what
sort of a lot you have, and then we will tell
you what sort of grass to sow.
Mr. SHovEL: It is a woodland meadow,
with the undergrowth cut out, and shade trees
left standing, and the soil is a light sandy
Mr. BuLLToNGUE: On such a lot as you
describe I would sow blue grass, and white
Mr. WOMBLECROP-: 0 shaw, BuIltongue!
Who ever heard of blue grass and white clo
ver down in the piney woods where Shovel
Mr. SHOVEL: I'll let you know, sir, if we
do live in the piney woods, we are progr. ss
ing in our farms now; for we buy Guano, and
take the Farner & Planter and the Adverti
er too-and can show asmuch good farming
as you oaky woods folks can; and since you
lknow so much, can you tell me anything
about the Bermuda grass ? It is said to be
fine for hogs.
Mr. WomBLEcRoP: No, I can't; nor do I
want to know anything about it, for I'm told
that all who have ever got it on their phlnta
tations have to move to the West or some
where else to get rid of it.
Mr. SHOVEL: Well, Mr. Bulltongue, where
can I get the seed of the Blue grass and clo
ver, and how am I to sow it?
BULLTONGUE : You Can get the seed at the
seed stores any where almost, and when you
sow the Blue grass seed, do not cover it, but
merely rake off the leaves and trh from the
surface of your soil, and scatter the seed, and
I presume the clover seed sown in the same
way, will do as well.
Mr. SHOVsL: I do not like to risk the seed,
Sown in such a slovenly manner. It looks too
Mr. BULLTO1NGUE : Yes, it looks so; b ut you
must remember that the most scientific man
ner of sowing seed, especially grass seed, is
to copy nature, and you know that the seed
that fall naturally, from the grass beads upon
the ground always come up and flourish.
Mr. WoMBL~zenoP: Well, Shovel, I'll tell
you what I think you ought to do.
Mr. SHOVEL: Well, I will be much obliged
to you, for I really am asking information.
Mr. WOxBLEeROP: Well, do you go home,
manure your land well, plant more corn, make
more cotton, and quit your durn foolishiness.
(The farmers adjourned Sinse die.)
The Cadenhead Plow Stock.
This is an improvement on the Foreman
Patent Iron Stock, and is to farmers the most
valuable invention which has appeared upon
the stage for many, many years. Any far
mer who is at all acquainted with the laws of
tnechanism, can see at a glance that this
plow-stock will run deeper with less strain
bpon the horse than any plow-stock heretofore
invented; and simply because the draft is
brought nearer the point of the plow. We
have seen a medium sized horse turning over
the soil as deeply as it is usually done by two
horses with a large turning plow ; while the
horse walked along with as much apparent
ease as though he were only drawing a com
It being made of iron, it is always ready,
and is constructed that with the same stock
the farmer can work any kind of a hoe or
plow that he may fancy. Any kind of work
can be done with this stock that cnn be dlone
with any other invented plow. We would ad
vise every farmer in our District to get this
plow stock. It may be had of Messrs. Fti.
voN & Garrrs, Edgefield C. H., S. C.
Why do our farmers not get this valuable
grass? Because they are afraid that when
they get their fields set with it, they never can
control it. This objection would be a valid
reason for not getting it, if it were a fact ;
but those who have tried this best of grazing
grasses, assure us that they can, with but lit
tle attention, keep it in its own proper place.
This grass is very much in its general appear
ance like the common jointed wire grass, so
much deprecated by farmers ; but it is of a
finer texture, more tender, and after running
its jointsyupon the surface of the soil, it shoots
up a tender head of very fine fodder, soe
ten or twelve inches high, and is green and
flourishing for the most of the year. It is
. ee of the maast beautiful yard grasses we
isam.01 amen;. awl from n.r limited esenr
ence with it, we have found it easily confined
to its proper place, by merely cutting the
runners, as they commence running into the
walks, &c. This grass is often confounded
with the "Means Grass" the "Cane Root.
Grass," the " Wire Grass" and other grasses
which, when once set, can never be extirpa
ted. Hence, farmers very often never know
what they are trying, and being afraid of
humbugs generally, they let it alone.
FARMER's CREED.-We believe that the
soil loves to eat as well as the owner, and
ought, therefore, to be well manured.
We believe in going to the bottom of things,
and, therefore, in deep plowing and enough
of it. All the better if it be a subsoil plow.
We believe in large crops, which leave land
better than they found it-making both the
farm and the farmer rich at once.
We believe that every farm should own a
We believe that the best frtilizer of any
soil is a spirit of industry, enterprise and in
telligence-without this, lime, gypsum and
guano will be of but little use.
We believe in good fences, good barns and
good farm houses, good orehards and chil
dren enough to gather the fruit.
0 - t
Those who have the care of horses are fre
oueutly very negligent in the manner of dis
caharging their duty. There is no animal in
existence so susceptiWe to the effects of dirt,
impure air, bad bedding, &c., as the horse.
All excrements in a horse's stable, however
small in quantity, should be removed at least
once a day, and a clean, dry place left for the
animal to stand or lie down upon. Many a
horse when stabled for an hour's feeding, is
placed in a close, filthy place, without a breath
of pure air-there obliged to make his meal.
We would almost as soon think of eating in
such a place ourselves, as of compelling a
horse to do it. If you have no windows in
your stable, by all means make one at once
or knock off a board, to let in light and pure
air. When you have removed the droppings
from the stable at night, strew the floor with
dry straw or muck;-the value of the manure
will more than repay the expense-besides
rendering your horse healthier.
Horses take cold very easily; for this reason
they should never be turned from a warm stall,
whe e they have perspired for an hour, di
rectly into a damp pasture. Neither should
a horse ever be left to lie down over night in
a damp pasture where there is no shelter, but
let a shed be built, to which they can retire
at night. A horse will never lie down in an
open lot when lie can find a place of shelter;
and if there is nothing better, they will always
get near a fence or tree at night.
A CnFAP AND GOOD DRINK FOR SUMMER.
Careful house-wives will cut out the following
recipe for making a pleasant, palatable and
wholesonde beer, and past. it in their recipe
It is made of honey. First, press and
strain your comb so as to obtain the clear
honey. Then soak the, remaining wax and
-honey in hot water, and press it again. Boil
and skim the sap so obtained. To every
twelve quarts add one pound of dried apples
and half a pound of hops. Boil again. Skim
and strain the mass through a cloth. Then
take a small portion out i add to this a little
yeast, and keep it in a warm place until it
works. Then pour it back into the main li
quor, and let the whole work three or four
days. Then draw it off into a clean tub ; let
it stand twenty-four hours; draw it off into
bottles, and place these, well-corked, down in
the cellar. A few corks may fly, but the re
mainder will pay for the trouble.
HOGs vs. Docs.-" What a dlog lives upon
will keep a hog." If anybody doubts the truth
of the saying, let him lill his useless dog, and
puat a pig in the pen and give it the d'.g's al
lowance. He will fiud in a few months that
he has a fine, fat porker, fit to be eaten-a
use the dog could not be possibly applied
to by any Christian man. There are too ma
nv. If they had all been killed a year ago,
thiere might be 200 lbs. of good fat pork in
the country, to balance against every dog so
et aside, which would be no inconsiderable
item in the present scarcity of supplies. Dogs
are a nuisance, and should be taxed. While
every farmer ke'eps his dog, and every free
negro his two or three dogs, sheep stand a
poor chance to geCt throug the world, anl
yield their annual' fleece wi h untora throats.
The increase of the dog population accounts
for the scarcity of sheep.-N. C. Planter.
"Snrouw 'rHE SticKERnS BE IREnovED FROM
CoRN ?"-Not unless you have plenty of
boys, with nothing else for them to do. The
argument in favor of removing the suckers
from corn, I suppose to be this: The suckers
rob the stalks of nourishment necessary to
their growth and perfect development, and
appropriate it to their own use. They never
have but little if any corn upon them, conse
quently are of no value except for fodder.
I think it will not pay to remove them,
unless, as I said above, there is no other
work for the boys; and perhaps not then,
unless it be to keep them out of mischief.
Stckers are not often thrown out from corn
on poor, hungry soil; and when they are,
it is conclusive evidence to me that every
thing is as favorable ss it can be to the growth
and percection of the crop ; that it is growing
as fast as It can; that the roots are taking up
the necessary food for tbo plant as fast as It
can be manufactured (so to speak) into corn,
and perhaps faster;i and that, as a natural
consequenco, these new shoots or suckers are
thrown out bcause the sap or food for the
plant can go in no other direction.-Glenesee
A HARD AN DURABLE goAP.-A patent
has been granted in England for an improve
ment in the manufacture of soap, by the ad
dition of sulphate of lime to the usual ingre
dients employed in its manufacture. The
sulphate may be added with any of the usual
ingredients emloyc~ed in thme manufacture of
soap.- The proportions of thme sulphate which
it is best to employ, vary according to the
article manipulated upon, and the quality of
the soap to be produced. Thug, about twelve
ounces of dry sulphate is sufficient for one
ton of the best soap, whereas, in ciomon or
highly liqnored soap, six or eight pounds
may be used with advantage. Soap, made
with the addition of sulphate of lime, be
comes hardenedl, keeps dry, and is not liable
to shrink while in water, its durability is in
creased, and it dues not wear or waste away
before its cleansing properties are brought
CiuiRsrAN CiiitiRuE.--Nothing is more
beautiful than piety in a child. A few wveeks
snce, an interesting little girl was brought to
te Masahuseus Hospital, ini Hkston, to be
sujcted to a very severe surgical operatiou,
the only thing that could save her liIe. As
the medlical p~rofessor, in thme presence ofC his
class, placed her ont the surgical talhe, she
lay dnwn, and clasping hetr hanuds together
andl liftinmg up her eyes, exclaimed, "() Jesus8, I
know thounJmovest nme, and if I die, I shall go
right home to heaven.' The goo I professor
Iwas so much affected that he coul niot pro
ceed immediately, and nearly aU were moved
tn twarn-Zion's Herald.
A TEMPERANCE SKETH.
DY CLARA AUGUSTA.
"Young man," said the late eminent Judge
Halliston, at a fashiQnable party where wine
flowed in abundance-"young man, put down
that glass! there is death in it !"
Harry Gordon dropped the goblet upon the
table, startled by the abrupt exclamation of
the Judge, and the ruby wine flowed in a
bright stream over the Persian carpet.
" Sir! what mean you 7" he cried, his face
flushed, and his eyes brilliant with excitement.
"I mean," said the Judge calmly, and
drawing up his noble figure to its full height,
"I mean to discountenance always, in every
place, at every time, and in every available
manner, the use of intoxicating drinks! My
young friend, you were about, thoughtlessly,
to place an infernal poison to your lips-you
were doing it gaily, carelessly ! Would you,
if you stood at the very gate of Death's do
main, dare, in the face of God and the angels,
to quail the draugbt which but a moment
ago filled yonder shattered glass ? Would
The young man's brow grew paler-he
shrank before the solemn, penetrating gaze
fixed upon him, and his deep voice was slight
ly unsteady, as he spoke the single word
"Sit down, my friend," said the Judge to
the gay company that had been smitten to
stillness by his portentous wcrds, " and to
you, Harry Gordon-I have a little story to
relate to you, which will possess double in
terest when I tell you that I know it to be
strictly true in every particular. Thirty-five
years ago there resided in the township of
Milan a happy family. There was a father,
a mother, and three children, two boys and a
girl. The father, whom I choose to call John
Wood, was a lawyer of high repute-a man
of brilliant intellect and solid education.
His wife was a beautiful woman, richly gifted
by nature as well as art, and well worthy to
be the companidn of her husband. I said
they were a happy family-it was true.
Peace sat all day with folded wing by their
hearthstone, and happiness was contented to
John Wood stood very high in the opinion
of his townsmen; and by-and-by his name
was whispered abroad for the nomination of
Senator from the Milan District. He receiv
ed the support of his party, and the election
proved him the successful candidate. It
would have been difficult for him to have
ben otherwiie than pleased with this testi
nonial of esteem; and his hitherto quiet
home was thrown open for the reception of
political friends. It was fashionable then-as
in some circles at the present day-for every
table to be freely supplied with wine, parti.
cularly if there was company; and it requir
ed a great deal of moral courage to break in
upon the usage. Of course, the successful
candi late could not refuse to treat his fiends;
and intoxicating liquors became and every
day accompaniment upon the dinner table of
John Wood. At first he did not sanction
this; he only suffered it-but habit accus
toms us to all thinge-and in time he grew
to think that meal very in..ipid which lacked
the crointg charm of vie !
" Time passed on, and having discharged
his duties at Washington to the satisfaction
of his party, he was re-elected for the ensuing
term : His talents fitted him for the highest
rank in society, and at the busy capitol no
party was deemed complete without the pre.
sence of the %itty and accomplished Senator
from the Milan District. He drank the high
est flavored champagne which was offered
hin-first, because it would not do to seem
" odd"-afterwards from pure love of it.
Wine became almost necessary to his exis
tence; luxurious living had vitiated his tastes,
and enervated both mind and body, and to
prevent reaction and consequent remorse, he
endeavored to cure the disease with the very
cause which had engendered it. [low many
others have done the same, until the God
given intellect has set in blackness, and the
light of life been quenched in the eternal
night of a drunkard's grave !
John Wood, at the expiration of his term
of office, came home to his family a confirmed
inebriate. Promise after promise he made to
leave forever the tempting poison, but appe
tite always triumphed. The serpent was too
strong for the seed of the woman. Friends
entreated-temperance votaries did all in
their power to save him, but they produced,
atbest, but a momentary feeling of self-re
proach in the breast of the miserable man.
John Wood was stayed once in his course of
sin by a terrible discovery which made even
his besotted soul shrink with horror ! His
wie-his beautiful and accomplished Mary,
had yielded to the temptations of the spoiler,
and following the example of her husband,
was fast becoming that thing of which no one
can speak without loathing-afemale drunk
ard. For a time, John Wood retreated in
affrighit from the yawning abyss of intemper
ance which had opened at his feet ; he shun
ned the tavern, and abstained from the daily
glass ; his footsteps left the slippery places
and took hold upon the adamantine path of
truth, but, alas ! it was for a time!i No gen
tle wife to keep him in the light of the Tem
perance Star ; but only a creature, to add
her temptations-her example to thestrength
of the Wine Demon. He could but illy re
sist the double fascination, and so they drank
together until intoxicated. Their youngest
child, the precious baby Mary, was quieted
by the mother with wine, and one day, when
the child had tried the patience of her moth
or, she became angry, and poured down the
infant girl's throat a large quantity of brandy.
Mary was soon thrown into convulsions from
which naught could save her, and in three
hours tho helpless child was taken home to
her heavenly Father,
" The two boys, Arthur and William, for
awhile stoud aloof from their parents' bane of
life-but at last the younger, William, got
the habit of tating occasionally, "out of
curiosity," he said, to quiet his brother's ex
p'stuatior. By the goodness of D'vine Proyi
deuce, Arthur was enabled to resist the fas
ination of the accursed cup; but William
went on and on, even unto death. After ten
months' career at the gaming table (the in
separable 'companion of strong drink,) he was
shot by a comrtade of a drunken brawl. To
the deadened faculties of the father and
mother this circumstance was not an affiic
tion ; they scarce looked upon it as anything
for which they should grieve, and when they
stood together over the silent cotlin of that
dead boy, the cup was there to comfort themn.
They wvent to that beverage which has been
strongly but not inaptly termed "the drink
o hell," for the comfort which is [Heaven-born,
and ti-at cometh down from God alone !
" Their handsome property was long since
squandered ; their beautiful house and furni
ture passed under the hammer of the auc
tioneer ; and a lowly hovel received the
drunken couple and their wretched son. Oh,
the scenes of horror which the eyes of that
son were forced to witness ! A father-his
nole manhood prostituted to a vile appetite,
his intellect ruined', his soul wandering in the
shaes or infidelity, and cast out from the
good to the coumpany of sinners! A mother
-her gentle love turned to indifference, her
nature wrought upon by the foul viper she
had taken to her bosom; her whole hmfe but
a series of quarrels with him who, at God's
holy altar, she had sworn to love and honor !
11r child no lunger regarded her with that
mat hallowed of all enimnts untia
love. His heart no longer- gladdened with
her smiles or led into the paths of Right anc
Truth by the light of her Christian counsel.
Worse than orphaned-the child of shame
and contempt! Judge of his life! Men may
cry out against the usage of strong language
in speaking of this demon which yearly lays
in the grave its thousands, but think. you the.
child o those miserable parents would call
any expression too strong ? No; language is
too weak and inadequate to convey to you
the loathing, the utter detestation and hatret
which Arthur Wood bore in his heart for in
toxicating drink. Would that every mani,
woman and child throughout the length and:
breadth of our land felt the same! .
"But, to return. Five years passed aw*yll
during which gaunt Poverty established him.
self at, the fireside of Wood. Starvatioll
paused often before the door, and want and,
suffering were the every day guests. Broles
and domestic strife began at sunrise, and?
ceased not at going out of day. Oh, 'tis a.
black memory to the soul of Arthur WoodL'
In a fit of drunken fury, the miserable h
bind struck down his wife with the fragmen
of a chair which had previously fallen
sacrifice to his rage. Sobered by the sigh
John Wood stooped over the body of o
who was once dearer than all the world, an
sought by the long forgotten endearments
their early love to call her back again
unconsciousness. In vain! she lay thep.s
before hiaand still and white-.adark streu
of blood gushing from-her temple, and clottin
the long, dark hair which fell in a neglec
mass over her shoulder. She was dea
murdered by her own husband!
" Stung by remorse and fear, as he saw he
cold pallor of death setting over her featu
the wretched man drew a razor across his
throat, and fell bleeding upon the floor be-J
sides his lifeless victim. And there was only
a brief struggle, a little calling out for mercy
and John Wood had gone to his account.!
And Arthur Wood, over the corpses of hit
murdered parents, took a solemn wot i-never,
so long as the spark of life burned in hi
breast, to swallow one drop of aught that wil -
intoxicate! Could that son be blamed fo
the vow I
The Judge paused, and the awe-stricke
company broke not the silence. He won
" Harry Gordon, I have loved you as my.
own son-you are soon to stand in that n
relationship to me-and I wish to warn yon
against an enemy which walks the land alike
at midnight and at noonday, an enemy that
is found in the homes of the rich as well as
the poor. Will you be admonished 7 Oill
you beed my counsel ? Shuu more-nay, a
thousand tines more than you would de'athb
the wine-cup. Hell itself lurks in its dept
and eternal torment burns in its crysta
brightness! Harry Gordon beware !"
There was a brief pause, during which th
face of young Gordon alternately paled an
flushed. There was a strong influence at'
work in his soul. Ju4ge Ialliston saw the
impreson he had made, and bending to-.
ward the company, he said
"If anything more is needed-know, the
that John Wood was my father, and the wif.
he murdered, while under the influence o
ardenplmritsbwaathe. mother. whio..bhus
, Arthur Wood Halliston, was that son who,
beside the dead bodies of my parent-t, took
the oath which, by God's grace, has never
Harry Gordon stepped forward, and] took
the hand of the Judge reverentially in both
"It is enough," he said, while his noble
brow gleamed with a new light; "1I solemn
ly declare, in the presence of my Creator,
and these witnesses, that henceforth I will
shun everything that can intoxicate as I
would Satan hinself-and imiy ily Great
Father deal with me as I keep my vow!"
Judge llalliston threw his arms about the
young man's neck, and kissed him.
"May God sanctify your promsise, Harry
-and your life bear. testimony to your
Reader, it was even so. Wine was ban
ished from the home of Harry Gordon, and
pure, beautiful water, rich from thbe sweet
fountains of the earth, was his daily drink.
The fair face of young Ellen Halliston never
had cause to blush for the conduct of her
husband-and, when, in after years, the peo
ple made him Governor of his native State,
and his talents brought him abundant gold
he forgot not the life-experience of his step
father; and accursed to him forever was the
EXCET.LAE M-tXMs--Among the victims
of a steamboat explosion somne years since, was
Stephen Allen, a man (of high and excellent
character. formerly Mayor of' New York, be
loved and esteemed by all who knew him.
In his pocket-book was found the following
collection of admirable counsels to all, and
especially to the young:
" Keep good compainy or none. Never be
idle. If your hands cannot be usefully em
plyed, attend to the enltivationi of' your min~d.
Always speak the truth. Make fewv promises.
Live up to your engagements. Keep your
own secrets, if you have any. When you
speak to a person look him in the face. Good
company and good conversation are the very
sinews of of virture. Good character is above
al thingrs. Your charaeter cannot be essen
tially injured except by your own acts. If
any one speaks evil of you, let your life be
nch that no one will believe him. Drink no
kind of intoxicagng liquors. Ever live, mis.
fortune excepted, within your ineome, When
you retire to bed thinkt what you have been
doing during the day. Make to haste to be
rich, if you would prosper. ,8mall and steady
gains give competency, with tranqmttlity of
mind. Never play at any game of chance.
Avoid temptation, through fear you may not
wvithstand it. Npever run into debt untill you
see a way to get out again. Earn money be.
fore you spend it. Never borrow, if you cani
possibly avoid it. Do not mtarry until you
are .able to support a wife. Never speak
evil of any one. Be just before you are genier.
ous. Keep yourself innocent, if you would be
happy. Save when you are young to spend
when you are old. Read over the above
maxims once a week."
RAriTY OF A TRUE GENTL.EMAN.-Perhaps
a gentleman is a rarer gentleman than somse
of us think for. Which of us can point out
many such in his circle -men whose aims
are generous, whose truth is constant, and
not only constant in its kind, but elevated in
its degree, whose want of meanness makes
them simple, who can look the world honestly
in the face with ant equal manly sympathy for
the great and the small? We all know now
a hundred whose coats are very well made,
and a score who have excellent manners, and
one or two happy beings who are what they
call in the inner circles, and have shot into
the very centre anid bull's eye of fashion, but
of gentlemen how many? Let us take a
little scrap of paFer, and each make out his
Coxnnxx no man for not thinkinig as yen
think. Let every one cnjoy the full and free
liberty of thinsking for himself'. Let every
man use his own judgment, since every man
must give an account of himself to God.
Abhor every approach, in any kind of degree,
to the spirit of persecution. If you cannot
reason or pursuade a maa into the truth, never
attempt to force him into it. If love will not
compel him, leava him to And, tha jnde d
Bury me in the Morning.
BY MRS. HALE.
Bury me in the morning, mothcr
Oh let me have the light
Of one bright day on my grave, mother,
Ere you leave in alone-with the night:
Alone in the night of the grave, mother
'Tis a thought of terrible fear
And you will be here alone, mother,
And stars will be shining here.
So bury me in the morning, mother,
And let me have the light
Of one bright day on my grave, mother,
Ere I am alone with the night.
You tell of the Saviour's love, mother
I feel it in my heart
But, oh ! from this beautiful world, mother,
'Tis hard for the young to part!
Forever to part, when here, mother,
The soul is fain to stay,
For the grave is deep and dark, mother,
And Heaven seems far away
Then bury me in the morning, mother,
And lot me have the light
Of one bright day on my grave, mother,
Ere I am alone with the night.
Never unclasp my hand, mother,
Till it falls away from thine
Let me hold the pledge of thy love, mother,
Till I feel the love, divine;
The love divine-oh ! look mother,
Above the beams I see
And there an angel's face, mother,
Is smiling down on me !
So bury me in the morning, mother,
When the sun-beams flood the sky
For death is the gate of life, mother,
And leads to light on high.
- Chapter of Wit and Humor.
3; WE have heard it asserted "that
there is too much fun in the world fur a poor
maan." Now we hold an entirely contrary
opinion, believing that rich and poor alike re
iqire a great deal of fun to season the inevi
able solemnities of every day life. Now fun
isdemocratic ; the poor enjoy it and the rich
'ay, if they will unbend and get out of the
mrele of precedents, conventionalities and
(buine, A hearty laugh is a great medicine
id it does our heart good to see the face of
ei hard-worked mechanic literally expand
14ato a broad grin of mirth, and hear the loud
guffaw of irresistible laughter burst from his
ealthy lungs. This is well worth seeing and
.earing. Laughter is a time honored institu
ti-it was deified by the ancients and its
worshippers never die out. Long may they
bINOEXoSLY PiT.-" A good house
Wife should not be a person of "one.idea,"
it should be equally fanqiliar with the flower
arden and the flour barrel; though her les
:ai.should be to lessen expense, yet the scent
fa rose should not be less valued than the
eit ?n the till. She will doubtless prefer a
rpq. of shrubbery to a yard of satin. If her
Tusband is a skillful sower of grain, she is
'a"All skillful as a sewer of garments; he
8 I'oohoes bright by use; she keeps the
ose 6lie whole family in order."-Southern
t" I Kv.zw su. Wour.-Deacon W.
was a staid and honest Baptist deacon in one
of the interior towns in this State, who had a
vein of dry, caustic humor in his composition.
The deacon had a boy of some dozen sum
mers, who was somewhat inclined to be a
it:.le ugly when-not under the parental eye.
In school especially, John was a source of
constant annoyance to the teacher. One day
the mistress punished him for some nisde
neanor, and John went home, crying, to
etor his complaint, and told his father that
the mistress had whipped him.
" What!I" exclaimed the deacon, elevating
is eyebrows, " been whip ped ?" "Y-a-n's,"
obbed the boy~. " And did you let a wsman
hip ye ?" shouted the old deacon. " Y-a-a-s.
[ couldn't help it." " Well, John, you little
ascal, you go to school to-morrow, and f
is-- undertakes to whip ye again, you
est pitdh-in ;don't let a woman whip ye if y
:a elp it. Don't take any stick to strixe
with, but you may strike, scratch, bite, and
ick as much as ye're a mind to."
'The next day the boy went to school, and
mboldened by the permission given by his
father, was soon brought hefore the tribunal
f violated rules. The teacher undertook to
orrect him, and he did as his father had told
im. The result was that Johni gnt a most
umerciful tronning, and was thoroughly
mbdued. When he went home, he went to
is father crying. " W ell, dad, I got an awfuli
ad licking to-day." " What !" said the old
eacon, " have you let that woman wvhip ye
agin ?" "Y-a-a-s," whimpered John. " I
icked her, and struck her, and fit all I could,
ut she lammed me orf'ully." " Aha !" chuck
ed the humorous oldl deacon, "you tarnail
little fool, I knew she would, and she'll give
e a trouncing every time she undertakesi it,
nd I ndvise you to behaLve yourself in future."
John began to have some perception of his
father's miotive, and ever after was a sadder
ad wiser boy.-Aroostook Pioneer.
Sir COOL, Iurunwo.-"Will you oblige
e with a light, sir t"
"Certainly, with the greatest pleasure,"
sas stranger, knocking off the ashes wIth his
little finger, and presenting the red end of his
igar with a graceful bow.
Smith commlences f'im~bling in his coat
pocket, taken o'ut his hmndhrerchiief;i ahakes. it;
rflish in his vdent with a desperate energy ilooks
"IWell, I do declare, havn't got one, true as
the world. Have you another you could spare?"
" Certainly," *says stranger with a smile,
"ud I beg you will accept it."
There is a puif, puliling till the fresli cigar
igites, when they separate with suave bow
nd wave of the hand. Smith chucks his friend,
ho was near splitting with Iaughter, under
the ribs with :
" There I didn't I tell you I would get it ?
That's the way to get a long in this world.
othing like cooi polite impudence I" We
hought so, too.
& A N EDnTR'S DEFEIVoE-The editor of
I ne of our exchanges, betig charged with
runkeness, thus defends himself: "In
opying these slanders, our cotemporaries for.
get that some of the most celebrated nien of
anient or modern times have had a weakness
for wine. Was not Noah drunk ? Was not
kark Antony given to late hours and his cup ?
Did not Horace drink ? Did not Charles Fax
drink ? Did not Daniel Webster love a glass
of brandy and water before breakfast? is
Kossuth niot fund of lager ler ? And finally,
was nyt a Senator in Congr as reported to have
been drunk a short time since ? The names
of all whom we have mentioned are house.
hold words, and looked up to with reverence
by high and low; but whenm we are reported
at all elevated, sucha hue and cry is raised that
one would thinik the circumstance would bring
calamity upon the State."
&' AN IlONEsT THECFT.-Fred. Douglass,
the darkey orator, tells the followin:
" When he was a slave in Maryland, he
observed that an old negro, named Sndy, had
the appearance of being always well fed, and
looked very fat. Heaskd andy if he would
explain howit haggened so.
" Wall," says Sandy, " I steals it."
Douglass remonstrating with Sandy on this
point, Sandy replied (pointing to a pig) "D'ye
ye see dat ere animal dere ?"
"6 Ye' . '
" Wall, dat dere am massa's property, an' I
am massa's property; derefore put dat dare
property into dis property, an' its all right."'
49- A FATALIST.-A western paper pub.
lishes the following:
" I know an old man who believed that
"what was to be would be." He lived in a
region infested by very savage Indians. He
always took his gun with him, but this time
he found that some of his family had taken
the gun out. As he would not go without it,
his friends tantalized him, by saying thatthere
was no danger of the Indians; that he would
not die till his time came anyhow.
"Yes," says the old fellow, " but suppose I
was to meet an Indian, and his time was
come, it wouldn't do not to have my gun."
A happy pair, in smart array,
By holy church united,
From London town in open shay
Set off, by love incited.
The day was dull as dull could be,
So (dreaming of no puu)
Quoth John, " 1 hope my dear, that we
May have a little Soon."
To which his bride, with simple heart,
Replied ('twas nature taught hur,)
"W elif! I confess-for my own part,
I'd rather have a daughter !"
A MANY a woman who continually abuses
her husband won't let anybody else do it.
She thinks it such a luxury that she must
needs monopolize it.
SW Cicero was of low birth, and Metellus
was the son of a licentiQus woman. Metellus
said to Cicero,
"Dare you tell your father's name ?"
"Can your mother tell yours ?"
f3*CLEVERLY TUXED.-At Oxford,
some twenty years ago, a tutor of one of the
colleges limped in his walking. Stopping
one day last Summer at a railway station, he
was accosted by a well-known politicipu who
recognized him, and asked him if he were
not the chaplain of that college at such a
time, naming the year. The doctor replied
that he was. " I was there," said his interroga
tor, " and knew 1ou by your limp." " Well,"
said the doetor, 'it seems my limping made
a deeper impression on you than my preach
ing." " Al, doctotr," he replied, with ready
wit, " it is the highest compliment we can pay
a minister to say that he is known by his
walk rather than by his conversation."
& " Sam, why am lawyers like de fishes ?"
"I don't meddle wid de subjec, Pomp."
" Why don't ye see, nigga, because dey am
so fond ob debate."
So STANING aBY His Fa RIFis.--In the
flush times of Vicksburg, when the phrase
"hard case" meant something more than it
does now, Harvey Jenkins was admittedly one
of the hardest. By soime strange accident
Harvey found himself at church oie evening.
The sermon being over, the preacher reques
ted all who were friendly to religion to rise
and hold up their right hanils. The whole
audience, apparently. were on their feet. After
they were seated again, the minister con
" Now, if there is a single one here who
desires to see Satan anil his kingdomn prosper,
he will rise and hold up his hand."
Harvey, with some diliculty, got to an
erect position, and said :
" Hal the vote been leis unanimous, I
should have retained inmy seat ; but I imake it
uspohd* ofhonoir never to abandon at friend
under adverse circumstances.
Catalogue of the Various Miodes of
1. The pump-hwudle shake is the first which
deserves notice. It is executed by takh~w
your friend's hand, and working it up ana
down, through an area of fitty degrees, for
about a minute and a half. To have its na
ture, force, and character, this shake should
be performed with a fair steady motion. No
attempt should he made, to give it grace and
still less vivacity, as the few instances in
which the latter hats beeni tried, have uniform
ly resulted in dlislocating the shoulder of the
person on whom it has bieen atttempjted. On
the, contramry, persons who are partial to the
pmphalel shake, sihould be at some pains
to give an e~quablle, tranuil movceent, to the
operati.,n, which should on no account be
continued after perspiration on the part ot
your friend hias comm ienced.
2. 'The pentdudum shake may be mentioned
next, as b.ing somewhat similar in chiaracter ;
bit movingts thme name indlicates, in a hori
zontal, inste. d of p~erpendlicular direction. It
is executed by sweeping your hands horizon
tally towards your fiend's, and after the june
tion is effected, rowing with it, from one side
to the other, according to the pleasure of the
parties. The only caution in its use, which
needs particularly to be given, is not to ist
on performing it in a place, strictly parallel
t. the horizon, when you meet with a person
who has been educated to the piump.handle
shake. 1. is well known that people eling to
the forms in which they have bhen educatedl,
even when the subistuneie is sacrifat~,d to ad
hring to themi. 1 ha 1: two un~cler., buth esti-~
mable mien, one cf' whmi had beenu bruighit
up' in the pump-.phandle shtakie, anid anothmer had
brought homte the pendulu~m from a foreign
voyage. They muet, joined hands, and at
temptedi to put them in motion. They were
neither of them feeble men. One endeavored
to pumnp and the other to piddle ; their faces
reddened ; the drops stood on their foreheads.
And it was at least a pleasant illustraition of
the doctrine of the composition of forces, to
see their hands slanting into ain exact diago
nal; in which line they ever after shook ; hut
it was p lain to see there was no cordiality in
it ; and, as is usually the case with comipro
mises, both parties were discontented.
3. I'he fouraguei shake is the next in im
portance. It derives its name from the in
strument made use of by surgeons to stop the
circulation of the blood in a imib about to he
amputated1. It is performed by clasping the hand
of your friend asi far as you can m your ownl,
and then contracting the muscles of your thumb,
lingers, and palnm, till ycu have indluced anmy
degree of comipresslonl you many propose in
he hand of your friend. Particular care
ought to be taken, if your own hand is as hard
and as big as a pingia-pan, and that of your
friend as small and soft as a young maiden's,
not to make use of the touriqiuei shake to
the degree that will force the smtall hones of
the wrist out of the place. It is as seldom
safe to apply it to gonty persons. A hearty
young friend of mine, who had pursued the
study of geology and acquired an unusnal
hardness and strength of hand and wrist by
the use of the hammer, on returning from a
scientific excursion, gave his gouty uncle the
"tournigneit" shake withI such severity, as had
well nimgh redluced the old gentlemn's lingers
to powder; fee which my friend had the pleas
ure of being disinherited-as soon as his uin
ele's fingers got well enough to hold a pen.
4'. T he cordial grapple is a shake of some
interest. It is a hearty, boisterous agitation
of yoni- friends hand, accompanied with mod
mia nfani smalad cea eIlmn
of welcome. It is an excellent travelling
shake, and well adapted to make friends. It
is indiscriminately perform ed.
5. The Peter Greivous toitch is opposed to
the " cordial graple." It is a pensive tran.
quit junction, followed by a mild subsItory
motion, a cat-own look, and an inarticulate
inquiry after your friend's health.
6. The prude major and prude .minor are
nearly mon6polized by ladies. They cannot
be accuratel described ; but are constantly
to be noticed in practice. They never extend
beyond the fingers; and the prude mqjor al.
lows you to touch them only down to the see.
ond joint. The prude mueior gives you the
whole of the fore finger. Considerable skill.
may be shown in performing these with nice
variations, such as extending the left hand,
instead of the right, or stretching a new glos.
sy kid glove over the finger you extend.
I might go through a long list, sir, uf the
grip r the saw-mill shake, and the shake
wit muaiceprepeuse; but they are only facti
tious combinations of the three fundamental
forms already described as the puimp-h.,ndle,
the pendulum, and the tourniquet. I should
trouble you with a few remarks in conclusion.
on the mode of shaking hands, as an indiea
tion of character ; but as I see a friend coin.
ing up the avenue, who is addicted to the
pump-handle, I dare not tire my wrist by
Conservatism of Free Masonry.
The New Orleans Bdletia remarks, con
cerning the Masonic fraternity of the United
" Here is a body of men, composed of all
classes and professions, entertaining every
kind of opinions upon religion and politics,
and existifig in every State of the Union,
who come together and exhibit anonig
themselves the utmost harmony o' feeling
and action. No word of opprobrium escapes
from the lips of any one to insult and wound
the feelings of another. No fierce anathema
of sections is heard. No extravagance is in
dulged in. Everything is done decently and
in order. Everything is quiet, gentlemanly,
respectful, dignified. The bitterest political
enemies meet face to face, and you shall
never know by their actions or words that
they do not belong to the same party. Re.
ligonists, the most opposite, embrace each
ther in the arms of an exalted charity.
Fanaticism finds no entrance into the society
of the brotherhood. Nut a wave of discord
diturbs the waters of the inner temple, no
plunge into the abyss of atheism, rant, law
lessuess, shocks the moral sense of mankkind.
No revolutionary hydra comes up from he
neath to break up the foundation of order
and send thu tornado over the fair face of
It then asks why itis the Christian churches
do not profit by the example afforded them 1
by this philanthropic fraternity ? Quote the
" But what is the secret of their unanimi
ty, of their harrkony, of their brotherly love,
of the conservative front which, without a
tremor, they maintain, and the general com
mot ion, hatred, and fanaticism exist ing around
then? It is found, it seems to strike us, in
A Virtuous Life.
" The soul'. calm sunshine and the heart-felt joy
Im virtue'S prize."
The man whose early life has been charac.
terized by a love of virtue, and whose actiont
ever borne the imtpress of a pure and mar.
naninmous mind, is indeed enviable. What a
store of joy is treasured up in his memory.
Though grief may bend his form in old age,
and the overflowing cup of sorrow may spill
its poison round his heart, in memorr a balm
is found to restore the vigor of the mind and
destroy the venom that breeds dispair.
Hope is written upon every page of a well
spent life, and may be recalled whilst memory
lasts. Peace beasin forth from every vision
of gileless childhood, and sheds its genial in
fluence o'er each rettection upon childhood's
hours. The presentt mamy seem ominous, anid
the future be filled with the gloom of dreary
freboding's yet will the rays of hope steal
from the dark of oblivion, soothing the sorrows
of the present, and shining through its gloom,
cheer up the uncertain-dark of the future.
Thus will the present atrect futurity. When
he who treads the shore of tims shall feel its
footst'pa dampened by the waters of death, its
waves will not wa h out the traces of his past
pilgrimage, as the Letheani tide, but dash the
shades of largetfiness from the footprmits al
r eady tr ,d. Happy is lie who thena can look
back'tapon a profitable life', for the beams of 1
hope reflected from the happy past will shine
over the dark waves, and piercing the gloom
of the tomb, light up the shores of eternity.1
Sue WOs'-r HxaR Mi-.-"I wish that you
would talk to my daughter, sir. You know
all the cirenmstances of her case, and per- 1
haps, you can have some influence for good
over hie r. She won't listen to anything that 1
can say." W(hnt words were these to be wrung,
by a daughiter's conduect, from the lips of a
mother. "She won't hear me." Alas I who,
then, will she hear ? She will not listen to
her whose eyes were the first that watched
over her infancy, and which have grown dim
with many tears shed for her sake-she will
not listen to her whose heart has never beaten
one throb that was not truth to her and her
real interest-to the mother whose bosom was
hr eradle, and her home in her helpless
years, and which yearn. over her now with
unuttrable love, pity, and anigulish ; will not
istn to her who labors fr lher by day, and
drLreams of lher Ity inighit, who prntys for her,
with one nneieasing prayer, Thils is thme friend
to whom the infatuated girl wili no1t listen.
And why not? -What beiug has she founmd
that is to be regarded in preference to her
H s DiDN'T Rean Tns Parsafs.-In the trial
of Doyan brothers recently, in Michigan, for
murder, much difficulty was experienced in
o~taining a jury free from prejudice. .At
last, after a large number had been rejected,
a man from the back part of the country was
called, who, in response to the questions pro.
pounded, said that he did not tae or read a
aper, and had never heard of the murder.
'This was too strong a case, and Mr. Terry,
one of the counsel for the prosecution, said:
" We object to your sitting on the jury ini this
case ; a man that don't take a paper, and
never heard of this brutal murder, dunt know
enouh to be a jurymanl We doiit want
as HUzml.mTY OF A QaUN.-Mattd, sur
named " The Goiod," daughter of Malcolm
Canmore, King of Scots, and wife of Henry
the First, King of England, was so affable,
pious and humble, that she condescended to
relieve the poor with her own hands, dress
their sores, and wash their feet; and being
reprimanded for it by a courtier, as not agree.
able to her royal dignity, she made this an
swer: " That she followed the example of
our blesseid Saviour, and the precepts of the
Gospel; andl that the brightest jewel in the
crown of majesty was affability and courtesy."
-Noble deeds of Women.
[3 A SANaar genius, in describing a
lake ini Minnesota, satys it is so clear, that by
looking into it you can see them making tea
A great mind may change its objects, but it
cannot relinquish them ; it must have some
tingto purue; variety is its rolaxation, and
For the Advertiser.
The Lamb in the Fold.
By EDwix Hauior.
Tread the room lightly; let no rude jest,
Nor faintost whisper disturb her rest ;
Watch, with each motion the lingering breath
'Ti. her last sleep-the slumber of Death.
Press the brow gently, lifeless and cold
The Shepherd has taken our lamb to His fold.
Angels are waiting to bear her away,
While rays of Glory around her play."'
Breathe the prayer softly, ascending - to God,
That theio stricken ones may bow to the red;
lie who has taken the treasure onee given,
Has sairl that "Of such is the Kingdom of
Speak the w.,rd kindly-words of Peace,
That tell of the spirit's glad release;
That whisper Hope to the mourner's heart,
When the chor's of Love are riven apart.
Tread the turf lightly, where the loved sleeps,
Saorod the spot where Affection weeps;
Innoceuce lies bereft of its bloom
In the precincts of the silent tomb.
Strew the flowers freely, over her grave,
Let the green willow over her wave;
Long will fond Memory linger here
With its sad tribute,-the sorrowing tear.
Our Town, Morally Considered.
From a correspondent of the Southern Bap.
ist, over the signature of " J. E. R." we ex.
rct the following items in allusion to our
Nessrs. Editors: It is always pleasant for
he followers of Christ .to hear of the pros
erity of Zion; and as I am a wanderer, and
e a'nd hear a go64 deal, I thought I would
ounimunicate with the readers ot your paper
regard to the affairs of the Church at Edge.
ld Village. Edgefleld contains four meet.
ng-houses: oie'Baptist, one' Methodist, one
tholie, and orie' Episcopalian. The Catho'
-es are buildig'"quite a large and expensive
The Baptist Church here Is the largest, and
mbraces the moral strength of the place.
s membership is intelligent, and greatly d.
ted to the cause of Chrirt.
They are benevolent, and contribute nobly
aid in the extension of the Gospel of Christ,
L spirit of' deep earnestness seems to charao.
rize most of its members.
They have a large Sunday School, over one
Ldred in number, and It is in a very pros.
ronls conditioa. They have raised about
e hundlred and fifty -dollars to procure for
en a ilbrary; and it is selected with a view
o its harmonizing, ih its literature, with the
Yord of God. They believe it is right to
each "our principles" to the children, with.
ut the propoundimg of such a silly query to
l Assolciation. God demands the pure t-uth,
Lad the supremacy of truth over every mind
hat has the Word of God in its possession;
vud as we believe our principles' are of God,
tmixed with the traditions of men, we car.
inly are responsible to Him and to them to
.e that our work isane right in the instruc
ion of infant mind'
Great is the responsibility of Baptists as it
elates to the rising generation ; and it is del
iirabla that every parent and teacher should
Rev. L. R. Gwaltney, late of Virginia, Is
heir Pastor. I spent several days with this
ruther, in his hospitable house, and found
im a man who had only to be known in or
er to be loved. Bro. G. is a man of educa.
iou, courteous in his manners, kind in heart,
ud greatly devoted to the work of his Mas
er. Re is greatly beloved by his people, and
steemed by all. The church under his labors,
nuot help becoming strong and ellicient.
Prof. J. R. Gwaltney has charge of the Fe
le Seminiary, and has purchased the build.
ngs, and is the sole proprietor of the School.
t has greatly increased since he has had it
his possession, andl lhe is determnined to
ake it a first class Female Seminary. Bro.
. has all the qualifications of a good teach.
r, being a man of liberal edneation, and has
ade teaching his profession, aid expects to
o so for life.
An Important Decision..
At the late session of the Court, says the
arlington lP/ag,, an action-against the Wil
ington & Manchester Railroad Company
r ai lost trunk, was tried. The value of the
mients was proved to exceed five hundred
ollars:a this company have an endorsement
upo their tickets which, among other things,
Ielares that they will not be responsible for
st baggage to an, amount exceeding one
mdred dollars; this endorsement was re
Led upon to limit the liability of the Company
i this particular case.
His Honor ruled, and so charged the 'r,
hat common carriers could not thus limt
heir lialbilities ; he dwelt upon the injustice
rhih would result if the endorsement upon
e tickets referred to, was taken and consid
red as a co~ntract, to which the passenger
es p resumed to have assented. The jury
ound for the plaintitf to the amount of the
>ntets of the trunk, as proved.
We learn that the defendants have appeal
d. If we may presume to express an opinion,
e think the views taken by his Honor are
>orrect, and have but little 'donbt as to what
sill be the decision of the Appeal Court. This
an important question, both aead the
aveling public and Railroad companies, ad
e are glad an opportunity has arisen for the
Inal adjudiecation of it by the highesm tribasal
no our' laws.
Srat.ar B M'r-Wn copy fo'r the thea I
ormation of our ladIv readers, iha an~le2e
lescriptive paragrapli from the New York
xpress: "The bonnets-for these are al
evs the most striking feature-are tilore in'
ined In fi'ont a la Matie Stuart, aind hats
~rowns a irifle }atie or ith idi-io~er oapes,
e trimming a little less plrol'n.e, and there
ire in better taste; consists of flowers, thread
tud blnnd lace, and ribbon, with cord tassels,
c. The material are light and mrial; straw
d chip are in favor for Spring and country
wear ;dress hats are composed of crap. and
nitl. The exquisite effect of these soft and
lelicate materials, especially for eveninug toilet%
idapts them to alleonmplexions. Blonde too
isfreely used in puffiags and edgings and
Lhread laee incol fferes, harbes and medllons
rr ornamenting the outside."
W.JrA -rar C:nAsI ExP'ECT.-A ,c rreeprn
ot of the Harif u i Times, writing fram- San
i.-ardo, Cobs, F'ehruary 28, says: " A gen
enan nmed Buchiuan was in Cardenas a
ow days since, and the S3paniards, Oa l earn
Lg his name, crowded around, starig ist him
as if he were some wild animal, d'-~some
asked if he had really come to buy.a)liand."
The Dons appear to'be in a hurry, probably
nticipating mischief from :sle mmeCaban
revolution whic'h has broken out violently ai
the office of the New York Sun.
A NourLs LAwra.-A short time.. ago a
~entleman in England, worth ?d0,00Q was
indignant with his daughter, an only~ld~l,
e marrying. Hedisinherited her, agli left
the whole property to his attorney ad;,ther
gentlemen~u. . His attornfe'. went to lisa co-leg.
atees, got them tou sag'nieir claisis over to
him, anid then pail the whole L-I0,OO0 to his
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