Newspaper Page Text
For the Advertiser.
RIVIVAL OF TEM SLAVE TRADE-NO. XIV.
"The warpmust be carried into Africa."
Lightly informed persons may hold that- no
great rise in the price of cotton since the slave
trade was closed has worked either to prevent
manufactures, ship-building and commerce at the
South, or to promote emancipation and free soil.
ism at the North. Who can gainsay the fact that
whenever cotton has risen high since 1808, all the
capital of the South has been consumed in getting
more laborers at monopoly prices to supply the de
mand for raw cotton alone, and that consequently
no surplus capital has been accumulated here,
either to develope a dicereified agricultural indus
try, or to build ships, or to engage in manufac
tures. Since then thSouth has lost her flax and
indigo culture to meet the requirements of cotton
culture. Since then the shipping or registered
tonnage of the South has actually dinaindshed to
a large amount (over 50 per cent) because the
purchase of cotton laborers at monopoly prices
has left no money wherewith to build ships. Man
ufactures at the South have lansuished from the
same cause. It may well be said that the South
lacks mercantile capital, as she really has not
enough of It even to conduct her own ecchanges,
much less to buill. ships or erect factories. The
merchants of the South borrowt most of the money
from the North and from Europe, which buys our
cotton. Senator HIAxsox admit< this want of
mercantile capital in his letter to Howell Cobbbn
diroect trade at the South. He says " the grand
difficulty," in the way of the South building ships
and having direct trade with the foreign world is
" Our mneans are -for the most part, in fact almost
entirely etuployed in setling fresh lands, subduing
the forests and furnishing materiale to cloth and
feed the world. In these we find full employment
for all our meane and all our entergy. But this
will not always be so; and if the owners of the
comrpartively idle millions in other parts do not
soon seek the rich harvest they may reap here our
own surplebage will enable us to occupy that ield
also. Nothing I think. is wanting in nlur Southern
country but riue. 0 4 Southern industry, this
inoment the most proisperous of any on tho globe,
resta also on the securest basis."
F-authorn industry (cotton culture) is " this mo
wtant the most pros rous of any on the globe,"
but how long will ireuain so ? How l.ong will it
be bef.,re another glut will occur In the cotton mar
ket, either by overproduction, or by interrupted
consumption? Was not Southern industry as
prosperous in 1837, iu 1825,. in 1815-'20, as it is
now? Why did nob the South, erect factories.
build ships and open direct trade then? If we
failed then to acquire any "surplusage" of capital
with which to "become free of all those provin
cial clog% which now encumber" us, how can we do
it in these only seemingly prosperous days ? Did
not Southern Industry rest on as secure a basis
then as it does now? In fact is it true that South
era industry now " rests also on thesecurest basis?'
Is not abolition more rampant than ever ? Let
the recent Connecticut election answer when the
last Democratic Congressman of the North East
went by the board,-Let ton thousand late aboli
tion demonstratione respond. I think myself that
" time'' is wanting to enable the South to engage
in manufactures, shipping and direct trade. So
lunch time that she will neter do it, unless the
slave trade be revived. The South has had oppor
tunities to " become free" before, if all her capital
had n'et been consumed in getting cotton laborers
at monopoly prices. Does not the Senator say as
iuanch when he remarkes that " all our menne'a "nd all
eur energy find full employment in furnishing ma
terials to clothe and feed the world." Are we likely
now to have any itirplus "means" after purchasing
c ,tton laborers at monopoly prices, sinee the de
mand for raw cotton has grown so heavy, any
wore than on former occasions ?
Those who sell negroes at the existing prices,
when negro labor occupies the abnormal positien
of being higher than white labor, may accumulate
some surplus capital, but it will be used as such
caipital has ever been used, to strangle slavery by
employing cheaper white labor. What- has given
such an tmpetna to manufactures, ship-building
and commerce In the large and rapidly growing
cities of Baltimore, Richmond, Louisville and St.
Lauis but the sale of negroes to the South. at mo
nopo'y prices when cotton was high, and then em
prtoyang cheaper white labor with the capital thus
r- acquired ? -Are no; those cities tieng in prosperi
ty upon the ruins of the cotton States ? Are they
hiot growing in population, wealth, shipping,
ma~nufactures and commerce at .the expouase of
since holders, as New York and Philadelphia fear
mtr~y did ? Are not all the great Cities of this
country extending Southwnrd instead of growing
Northward, as has been the case in all other Con.
tinents, save ours, and what produced it but the
absorption of all our surplus cotton money for ne
groes at monopoly prices ?
Why cannot Charleston, Savannah, Mobile and
New Orleans erect factories or build ships ? One
main reason is that they dislike to sell their ne
groes. Still they are now selling them rapidly
anad employing white labor. Many families in
those Cities have white servants. White men are
blacking the boots and driving the carriages ci
other white men in those Cities, and the negrors
who formerly did it are now In the cotton field. IL
Is usual to charge for the hire of a negro l5 per
cent upon his value. This is done to cover the
risk of his being permnanently injured, or dying
suddenly, or for the wear of him, as well a?
to get the prevailing interest upon the amount ot
his value. A negro therefore who tells at $1800
in the Mississippi valley, hires there for $270 a
year, and since 1852 they have oftener hired foe
$450 than $270, either to work on Steamboats, or
in the cotton field. This is the reason why cheapet
white labor has not only expelled negroes from the
border States, hut why it is driving negroes freus
several occupations in the cotton States.
.Desides, in many S *uthern Cities persons are
unable to spare the capital for purchasing a negro
at monopoly prices, when cotton is high, and a
they prefer to hire a cheaper whice laborer to
either hiring, or buying a negro in competition
with cotton planters. Henice It is that ,rb ire house
and body servants are takiaag the placo of negroes
in private families throughout the border States
are doing it in the :nountainous portions of the
coitton States, and are doing it even in the good
City of Charleston. I call upon the Chanrleston
papers to say if white servants are not expelling
negro domestics from both the Motels and Private
Houses mhere. I ask them also to say if such a
atate oaf things existed previous to 1850, or except
whenm negro labor has been higher than white la
bor by a great rise in cotton. Charleston and all
the Cities in the Cotton States are being slowly
but surely abolitionized by cheaper white laboi
casting tbe ncg.-oes. Our cotton Cities are going
over to the enerny liko Baltimore, Rtichamnd.
Louisille and St. Louis. By aecsing their ne
.groes and get ting all the cotton money of planters,
the cotton Cities may build ships and fatories
muay grow in commerce and engage in direct trade
in the course of " time," but will the institution of
slavery prafit by it?
White population in its efforts t-> go Southward.
will never easse to war on slavery as long us slna
labor shall continue more valuable than white la
bor, and the demand for more labor at the South
is so enormous, that without some unforseen ca
lamity, perhaps negro labor and white labor
will about remain on a par for the future, as a
'eneral ruje, unless we revive the slave trade. To si.
Lance abolition, either at the North, or South, negro
Jabor must hold its natural value of being cheaper
than white labor. That arch fiend 8eward is not
at fault when he says that two systems of Iabo,
are struggling for the mastery in the United States.
Those systems do have a terrible conflict every
time cotton rises, so as to make negro labor more
valuable than white labor. Negro labor is now
the higher of the two, and hence the crusade against
slavery. Nor will that crusade stop until the nato
ral relation of the two kinds of labor shall have
been restored. Yet Senator Hiaxoan says South
ern industry rests on the '-eeenrest buelia."
It would be better for the South if some other
country could make a large qnantity of cotton, it
she will net revive the slave trade, so as to chesppta
negro labor. Revive the slave trade, and then
even our cotton planters could get all the neeoded
ootton laborers from Afriea, whenever cotton rise,
and still have sufficient "surplusagce" of capital to
construct Rail Roads-build factories--erect ships
1with which to achieve the commercial indepen
dence of the South. But keep the slave trade
oleed-keep negro labor higher, or even as high
as white labor, and oh!I men of the South, what a
ibture awaits you. By degrees all the negroes of
the South wil' be inoentrated in the cotton Dis
tricts, until finally, both masters and slaves, will
be overwhelmed, either by a war of emancipation,
er by being driven into the Gulf of Mexicn, as
the last of a former white race who first inhabited
this Continent were driven into the Ocean near the
Bay of Biloxi, according to the tradition of the
Indians. Yet Senator HauxosD says Southern
industry rests on the "securest basis."
The following is only one of many similar News
Taper paragraphs, chronicling the movements of
negroes Southward, during the last few months:
' Nzonoxs aouso Soumn.-Thc Weldon (N. C.)
*Patriot says that two thousand negroes passed
through that place during the month of January,
and not less than fifty thousand, it is informedl,
went into the cotton regions during the last year."
It Is safe to predict that the present price of cot
pand resulting high price of negroes, will abo
litinise Delaware within twele months. Only the
-. 4xtreme Southern country of that little State has
.any negroes-about 2,000 at the taking of the last
Census, and the Richmond Virginia papers stated,
eluu,., the month aft 1ab.ray last, thatsrr
cr-loads of negroes from Delaware paused through
that City onl their way South. We are also advised
b the St. Louis papers, that the abolitionizing of
Katsa., and the continued tigh larice of cotton,
iaking n.gro labor more valuable than white
labor, have caused the rlaves of Missouri to be
thiliped Sauthiward. in stevambet- houds, either bay
in ester' emigrating te the c--tton fields, or selling
th ir negroes teo tite cottn planters. Yet, when
th, last Cen -us was tat en Missouri only had 87.000
slaves to 592.011 whites, anld sice that time it is
well known that cheap white laborers macrching
Stuthward have invaidelt the State in such large
numbers as to organize at ah-liti.nt party through.
out its borders. The question or eneauipatioan is i
now debated olpenly .in Mi.-6suri en every had.
It wais the issue ins tile last. linhernateori.I election,
an.t -everal abolitionistes were then ceh.aen to the
Legislature. still Senatar lAxxos s aye' Southeru
indei-try at this mtument, "re.te on the securest ba
In Western Virginia there were it tie last Cell
suer only 22,000 slaves to .25.1)10 whites. since
whiclh time nore chep white laborers have driven
the'high priced negen laborers to the eatte.n fields,
so that now many Counties of the u.d l.Dominion
have no slaves, anl many others have less than
100 for ,everal thousand whites. John Letcher,
the present Democratic Candidate for Governor,
A at an avowed enanciptiemist In 1.447. and be
has been nominated by the pie.bald DIemucracy
on account of his ablliion symnpathiee, ti catch the
votes of the free esoilers in the Western part of the
Stat- and in the cities. In the ltichmond District.
another avowed etiancipatienei,-t, by ties name of
Abenms. is neaw standing fur Congress. The lre.
sent Gov. Wise, wh., has mn-ore poplarity with the
as-es than any man Ie Virgniis alga a squatter
sovreignty man, and a Douglas Demoecrt. lie,
an Easteen man of Aceemeac e.uty, likewise over
threw tie old Constitutioan of Virginia and is the
fatther of the New Oee. und.:r which the pauper
Ahilition, ralble of Wtstern Virginia hens got ceen.
trol of the State. Yet Feneatar IIAMMoNP says
Sou hern industry this moment "rest on the s.
The great city of St. Louia, with over 170,000
inhabitants, was represented in the last Congress
by Blair, an infanous abolitionit, and the aboli.
timists have just carried the Municipal Elections
by a large majority. Louisville with its,70.000 of
population was also represented in the last Congrem
by an opp-asition (emancipation) member who
voted with the abolitionists up1on all measures
dfecting slavery in the Territories. The .ecent
.micipal Elections there have likewise resulted
in, the choice of a free soil Mayor and Counel
The word "- emneeipation" is aftener heard in the
order slave Steates than any other term connected
with politic. John Minor lMitts. a foul mouthed
Abolitionist, frequently holds forth at lichmond
-o attentive audliences. Several abolition :e rws
apers are published in ia -h of the tjorde-r slave
3tates. The ebolirlonists bave, beet invited to
nlai their next Convention for naam'na halg a can
didate f r tie I'resi leney in Wiee ing Va. A
talf free -o'l--alf .American par:y-.sve had
possession of Baltimore these ninny years, and all
:hese things have been caured by hAyA prieerl
cotton drawtng negroes Southward. Yet, Senator
HAMMOND says Soutlern indust y "rsts on the
securest basis," because cotton is high, I suppose.
ARTU-2. SIMKINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1859.
"Welcotme to May."
See the pretty verses of "DAISY," welcoming
this month of beauty and love. We also welcome
" DAlisy" back to our columns, and hope to hear
from her often.
The ex,-ellent story by 'Itt-va" is uavoidabhly
postponed to atunther numbler. It will keep well,
and shall appear property in due te.
'' mmorttlity,"~ by Kyox, must also wait a more
A Kaolin PItelfer.
E. K., of th's offiee, returnes his mzo't grate'ul
acknowledgment.' tao Mr. W. 11. F~utetAc for a
handsome pitcher oef the Kaolin ware. We are
all glad to bear that the Factesry is parosprring and
to prosper. It is an enterperiso of which our State
should be proud. and one which the people of the
State should patronize liberally whcrcver opportu.
That promise of a dozen subscribers is highely
A Newr Post Office.
We are grattifie-l to state that a new Peast Office
has been established in this District, to he called
West Creek, and Mr. Gico. Annyr, appointed Post
Mster. Setnd us a list of twenty five new sub.
scribers, fri.-ndl Aun,t-v-yoau can do it if you will
make the effart..
Mt Vintalge Oats.
Mr. FaAsers O'Coxson, tar Mt Vintage, exhibeits
a shock of oats. freslyl eut, mecasuri;somue five feet
in height. and he:cvily headled. Thecy senm te le
of an cxtra-superior kind, aned reflect great credit,
either upon the farnm that grew theme, or the far
mer that sowed theta, or perheaps (leetter still)
upon both. Mr. O'Ceasson will sell these nats at
2 per bushel, or w It gi.c in p., k to any one whza
wants to try the Seeel.
The Colunmbiae Bulletin.
We observe that the pero.pietors of this speritl,
little daily have concluded to nwove the mate ia:
ot which it is prinxted to Charlotte, N. C., anal
there continue its puliceati-..n. We lea, hee..me
attached to the "e Ilesllein", antd regret its dliston
tinance at our capital. We wish the Eeliteer nttal
Prprietora much hacppineena aned prosperity a'
h-ir new homes in the thla-ltip Vau Wintkie"
"A SIlure Code."
Find upon another ..eehnen ace article thu- .1.
sinaed, from the Eening~u Naeeas. If the Ner
be right, as to the extenet eat Congresui..teal actian
denandled by the Ineterenctis.ei..,--.na we tr.
glad to accord' to it tiae caetn~lientt oft elweea
speaking advisedly.--our n-oc of the term. Shen.
Code, was critically ineerreet. blut even granmineg
that a general law so provide fa.r a peculiar coenlin.
gency were all thai was contempie..tced by theemn,
we still ask : is n-e direct action ote a given ise
(Like that of Kaensas) ne.,re lik.-ly to ternuinate either
in success or in a Sutherna movernent, and conase.
quently better ?
Our former Inquiries were eanly threewn cant tea
elicit light and discuasion. Sn it is with the prep
.t sutggestieen. ft a.f . us setisfactaa.n tee hait
from the Newse on all t .pies, atnd especially whes,
o muceh is at stake fair the Sa.uthe.
"One Eyed Statl."
A dumb farce is just ncow peessing, before the.
eyes of many newspaper readers in South Caroli
na, hearing the Poelyphemic title of ' 0One Eyec'
Saul." Here come nearly a dozen of our country
otemporaries this week, half filled with a stoery
thus designsted, and only told in part, which is
published ha an advertiaueent at there. cents a line.
The New York Weekly Is the advertIser in the
presentnstance; and seeks thus to entr~p sub
scribers in South Carolina. We can't imagince how
such a trick ean take among our pae.pie, so trans
parent is the strategy. The weatder is, that it
does not disgust and produce the very opposite
effect from that desired. The New Y.erk Wleekly,
e.idently presumes uont abe seupplosed ignoeranece
and gullibility of South Caroline reader-; Anal
we are rather surprised that any ptirtion of our
press should incur the ulharge of sesemuig to second
the conceited metropsolitacn in lair vaneity and im
p-dence. We henwever coendemn no one in tie.
premises. Let every papeer jecd;.e of its own csuse
In such matters. The qluestion is beetween theme
and their readera. Still, we can hut laugh at the
farce of "One Eyed Saui," especially when we
think of inch grave old stagers as the Camden
J'ornal and the Spartanburg Spartans, consenting
to enact the parts of servitors and janitors therein.
Take no offence, gentlemen,-it is but a laugh,--no
disrespect. By the way, as somne of you said of
our government advertisement,--" coader cf it
New Mail Routes.
In coensequtence of the straightened conditioen of
th finances of the government, (says a telegraphic
despatch from Washitngton) the Post Master Lien
era! ha. decided not to open any of the new mail
routes in the States of Virginia. North and South
Carolina, Georgia and Florida, authorized by Con
gress in 1858. The old rouee will he continued as
W' A telegraphic despatch from Pheiladelphia,
of the 27th nlt., says: Bishop (George- W. Duane,
the Protestant Episcopal Bhishzop of the Diocese of
ew...Je..s nn a~dt Rlininn a w tot.nnen
The State Geologist.
Mr. OScAR MOxTGoeny LziIKR, the State
Geologist, is now in Edgefaeld District for the
purpose of making examinations in several neigh
borhoods. lie will be this week in the vicinity of
Doria's Gold Mine. We commend him to the at
tentiun of our fellow-citizens, as a gentleman of
worth and an otficer of merit. Mr. L. has soine
rich graound to look over in Edlgefield and will, we
trust. unfaali oatme truths of importance ad the re
suit of his researches.
Sale Day News.
A very respectable number of citi.ens assem
bled lat this place Monday last. for itusiness pur
poses and elsewise. The day was extremely
beautiful and very bracing: and all seemed to feel
the pleasn:t influences of genial May. All were
cheerful, all social, all friendly; would that we
could always have such sale days.
The news fronm the crops was rather indifferent.
Cotton, as far as up, was a little blue; early corn
had not entirely recovered from the frost-bite; and
wheat was looking rather rusty in many places.
Still, no one was at all dishe'artened. Every far
mer's hippes seemed bright, despite these adverse
symptoms. The truth is, all have confidence that
the beaming month now upon us (the loveliest of
the twlve) will bring every thing right. The cry
is-" to work, to work." How will our hills and
rallies ring with the inspiriting sounds of active
labor for the next six weeks. IflbI the plowhau.
dles and look not back. So, with the increase
from on Iligh, shall we reap abundantly.
Fire and Loss of Life.
A very distressing occurrenco is to be recorded,
from the Saluda side of this District. The dwel.
ling house of Zeasint HAVIND was destroyed by
fire during the afternoon of the 22nd April; and
in it periebed a little daughter of the unfortun
ate man. Mr. HAVran had lost his wife only a
few weeks before this terrible accident. Having
occasion to leave home on the day of the sad ca.
lamity, his children were placed in charge-of his
sister with si.lcial instructions to be very careful
of them. After dinner, this lady walked out on a
visit to a neighbor's house, in sight, and only a
few hundred yards distant. She had seareely
reached the place, when, on looking back, she dis
covered e-or brother's cottage already in a blame.
Ussile and help were unavailing. Before assitance
could canme, the building was wrapped in anmes.
Four little children escaped ; they seem to have
been playing in the yard. The eldest child, a
girl of seven, and very smart, would appear to
have been in the house asleep. However this may
be, her bones were found after the Are amid the
smoking cinders. The poor little girl is said to
have been uncommonly intelligent, active and ae
comodating. But why say wo "poor little girl,"
when she has only gone to jin the choir of little
angels above! Let the afflictod parent take this
balm to his heart.
The Wauderer Adrift.
A friend informs us that the Wanderrr and her
crew encountered considerable danger in the
pleasure-voyage to Cuba recently attempted by
Mr. CnAntLs LAkAlt and others. When in the
Gulf Stream, the vessel met a squall which dis
masted her in part and otherwise injured her to
such an extent that the party of pleasure had to
bail a passing Steamer and make use of her
accomodbations to get back iuto isvannah. A
steaan tug. or somerihing of thme cort, wan cent after
tile injurod vessel. At least, so says our infor
manat. He may have been quiszing us, but he
talkcd very much like a man in earnest. Perhaps
though, the said Waandcerer may be careering on
leer lprould way over the waters after more niggera.
She's a cute craft, anal tnay turn up where least
Post ollice Removal.
Fair the information of those of our country
friends who have not yet found out the fact, we
state that the Post Office in this place is now loca
ted next doer to the .aideertiser Office, in the room
recently occupied by Mr. D. W. Caatsvran as a
That Circua Again.
The Buckley Cireane of last week did pass over
our Plank Road (as we intimated) without paying
the requisite toll. It is evident too that they dbid
it designedly and! to cave a few dollars at the ex
pence of President Cenny and his Plank Road
Associatas. In psassing the gates, each driver
sang out-" I'ayunaater ine the rear--be along~ di
reet/y.". But the whole train passed, and no pay
mtaster yet. The toll-men loeaked in vain for him
to drive up. They rontinued looaking thus until
the Jlhekleyj Ciarens had crossed the Savanah at
Augunsta and were sate froiu the cla of our
offiers. What taext? There wats no recourse but
to grin and endunre the impeasitions. Mr. C. M.
Gniar. the toll-wan chiaefly instrumental in the
pursuit. f'outnd himaseif frustrated anal cheated.
Yet he resolved net to leave the vicinity of hi:s
recusant c'ustomters at "nce. lie waited on ilae
Hlamblurg side a day or twa., p.mnderineg the rir
e:aneven, ian that laid bett practicead upomn hime and
his brothecr-taflicials. L~uckily, the B~aurkle~y at
length conaecivedl the iadea of ruecrossinig the river to,
Live an exhibaitiaon at tiranitcville. "a.l Lthay ofe~.
C'supjmrnyi, .1," naaw dloerkeelaer of the Saanth t'ar'oli
aa.e llouase of lterresentatives, wa-. wi-le awake in htis
asmhuu.-:ade: aad no soon'ter had the Buckley
tuechorities eteured our realmn, than they were
n.bbaed by the- banilfandl threatenedl with the'sheril:
it was no use talkinag,-lhe tatom-y ha'! to cotme.
The fine's iaecrredl amounted t,, the h~andlsomee cutm
aaf twa, uloa,~rd anal si.rt1 el,..,ar.. of whicha Mr.
altnav rceivedl half. There were ensts tmoreover
to the eaaunt of sae- twenty dotllars. Soa that, to
save a little planak radt teall, the Ilaar'Iley f.und
themselves comapelled to deplete to the tine of
tico, humalred o,d eighty dollars., or thecreabouocts.
Pass them arounid ; btut diont forget t.. add, to their
credit, that thaey p'aid upa prompatly at the pinch.
The~ Columbia Iill.
Will our caannaeil sutfer us to oat) uattetin to
-he bhllaon thae rad leiadineg t'ut of teawn hunawn as
-hIe Caolumnbia road ? noet saa tuch to the hill as to
thie foaat of the hill. It is an exceedingly rough
place within the corporate limits anal should be
amendedl for several reoaans. 1st it is a very pubelic
rad,' trav- lied usore perhapc than any highway
:eaading ta aour village: a large portion of the pee.
ple use it to reach this plaece ou publIc days,
'!ndly It is a dangeromus spot for runaway scrapes
andibreakagos, as experience has proved. This
long slope of hard-trodden road has been the
scene oaf various and soametinmes serious accidents,
andl shoulad be always kept in proper repair. It is
dificeult to prevent horses from breaking Into a
trot before reaching the foot of the hill; anal then
to encounter a rugged level, is of all things most
aggravatinig to the traveller and dangerous to his
rehaicle. But ?.rdly, and not to be prolix, this is
the road the ladies use for riding out in the sum
tmer eveiainga. The aummtor eventinsg are coining,
.uind the ralay!e part of the road is abominable.
Will not this hitnt suffice?7
Dreadful Steamboat Explosion.
The steamer St. Nicholas, Capt. MCMUu.EN, ex
plodeud at Island sixty, en the Mississippi river, at
aen o'clock on Sunday night, on the 2t3th ult., by
whichl arcident faorty lives were boit, involving the
entire destruction of the boat said laass of the cargo.
In the various wants of the Cuicinec, times are
just now excessively tight haereabouts. Our good
frioud, W. Gi., gives us very lair latmb occasionally,
and once In a long while a chance at very nice
beef. But with all his exertions, the peat boils low
as a general rule, and the saver of the steam is not
the richest In the world. True, we have green
peas, and a few smetll beets, and Irish Potatoes
somewhat larger than a school-boy's marbles, 'and
artichokes ; and it may he that snap-heans are also
abaout to come to the rescue. But how much better
all these thitngs are when accompanied by a suita
ble escort of plump Spring chichens ! Ah, dont we
envy these lucky Lords of Creation in the quiet
coun try, whose beuerc Aaltecs always arrange to
give them these delicacies in due season and with.
oat stint,-andl, what is better than all, without
asking for the dimes to pay for them. That's the
beauty of the operation.--Well, we cnn't do better
than take ii easy, and after all, old bacon is a
very good thing. Oh, go to thunder with yeur
Rapiu= ohichens~-lhe are all loqgh
We suggest to the worthy President of our Dis.
trict Agricultural Society the propriety of naming
in AD INtirtNi FnUI CoXMITTZ, whose duty it
shall he to recieve and test specimens of fruit
throughout the season and report to the Fall Ex
ibtion. There are such committees in all the
)ther districts that have agricultural organizations;
and the Stato Society has also a standing commit
ee of the kind at Columbia. Indeed, it is impos
ible toi decide who raises the Guest fruits of all
leseriplions, without such a Committee. Plume,
uherries, apricots and peaches are out of season
befoore nur Autumnal Fair comes on. So are grapes
and melonsi, nearly. From the mneesgre showing of
fruit that can then be made, it is impossible (we
ay) to form any idea of the fruit-growibg capaci.
ties of our District. But with a Committee to
meet from time to time through the Spring and
Summer month., before whom fresh samples of our
fruit may be placed as they mature, something of
good might be effected in this department of home
industry. We drop the suggestion for brat it is
worth, mnd at the instance of several others who
think the thing desirable.
The Charleston Merceury copies the following
electrical language from the Albany (Ga.) Patriot
in regard to the disunion speech of SxYATont Ivrn.
sos, delivered during the last Session of Congress:
" The lato speech of Senator Iverson on tie
Pacific bill, prosentedl our rights in their true and
proper color. His thunder made the halls of the
Capital shake and the stroing frame of the mighty
foe falter and1 tremble. They still stand agrhast
and tremblue with fear. That speech was manfac
tured from solid granite-let us not be afraid to
erect a stupendous structure of Empire upon it;
an Empire of freemen which will prove as durable
as time Itself!"
Now we respectfully ask both the Xercury and
the Patriot to point out to the South wherein
Senator IvsnsxO has set forth any practical plan
of raising this " stupendous structure of Empire."
We read his speech carefully at the time of its
first publication, and thought the Senator very
confused in his suggested steps of Southern action.
He was certuiuly not more distinct on that point
than General BoNAMs and other Southern Repre
sentatives have been. We know there is a great
deal of good thunder and lightning about Mr.
Ivansox's speech. But what is his specific plan ?
His speech may be " manufactured of solid gran
Ite ;" but how far does it practically macadamize
the road to a Southern Confederacy ? We ask to
Delegates to Vicksburg.
From the Indications, we fear that South Caro
lina will not be fully represented in the approach
ing Southern Convention. If she is not, it will
not he for the lack of appointments. The Governor
has appointed quite a large delegation. Charles
ton has also; and so have many towns and villages
of the interior. Cannot the town council of Edge.
ield afford to send one delegate and pay his
necessary e.rpenses I It is this last difficulty that
"gives us pause."
The first number of the " Courant" will be issued
on to-morrow, the 5th May. Send on $2.immedi.
ately to W. W. WaLexrt, jr., A Co. Columbia, you
who wish to subscribe to this new Southern litera
#- A bill has been introdu'eed into the House
of Assembily ot Canada. "for the protection of
,1pendthritts, aned the custody and disposal of their
real and personal property."
Ig Thu Emcpress Eugenie shed tears on wit
nessing the new pelay "CUendrillon ;" and since
then all Paris hcave been buying embroidered canm
iric to display int the theatre, in ceceeetion with
their tears, as her imperial highness did before
pr Ax Arkansas paper gives an account of a
marriage in the jail of St. Francis county, of a
beautiful young lady, to one of the three brothers
who have recently been convicted of murder In the
frat degree, and sentenced to be hung.
g~' The learned Russians connected with the
college in Pekin lhave recently announced that,
according to the last censusa returns, China..con.5
tains a population of four hundred and fifty-five
2W' Iv may be a question not easy to decide,
whether an individual entitled to no sort of res
pect, has a right to respect himself.
pr I know of co manner of speaking so offen
sive as that of giving praisie, and closing it with
g~ A Nebraska paper says that slavery is al
ready established in the Pike's Peak region-that
the Mexicans are there with pceons, and that
Southerners are on their way with slaves, from
every Southern State,
pa Since 1830 SiX personcs have been conviet
edi of muroder ine Vermont, leut no executions have
taken phwe. Onee p~ersocn who was convicted in
1852, ua panrdoeds in J$50.
,*- AT a recent lestivity in Paris, ILouis Na
plea~.n wecre a sword whose scabbard and hilt were
covered with $30t.0u0 worth of dliamuonds, while the
Empress .displayed a million dollars worth of dia
p# He that places hiutself neither higher nor
lower than he ought to do, exercises the truest
gjt TnE worst feature on 'a nman's face Is his
noe-whenu stusck in othier pceople'a business.
pe Tisx Nicaraguane governmcent have de
creed a general amcnesty to, all political of'enders.
LgV News from Texas Is received to the offect
that more wheat will be harvested there this sea.
son than ever before.
Zg The War depeartment has beought tie patent
of Msurse's breach-loadling rifle for $l0,l0t, and is
adatiseg 10,000 rifles to it at the Springfield
pr- Letters fromt 1tah auf that Baigheam
Yongs health Is rapcidly failig, and that hso
means to fly the country.
g" Why,"' said a lover to his mnistress, "are
you like that hinge ?"' " Can't even guess." " Be
cause you are something to a door (adore.") Shte
ut his acquaintance imnmediately, (which, we
surmise, conesiderabcly unhingecd him.)
g" The Pendietuu alMeny~eer says in'that se
tion of country, farmers give It as their opinion
that forward wheat has been injured by the renent
frosts. Some thought to the extent of a tEfth.
Early vegetables have been nipped.
gSir Twelve, ear-loads of emigrants, with their
apprtenances, passed through Chicago on Wed
nesdaey of Inst week, en-route for Pike's Peak.
p-' Out in Calhoun county. Ill., a body with
the head severed from the trunck was found re
contly. A coroner's jury was empaenellod, and
rendered the followieng verdict:
Kxsagna'a VeLnrex.t-WVee, the jurore, mnde
the deseezed cum to his deth by the hands of sum
pursen unnun iih unlawful weeping naiimed ax.
ptg A few days ago a little daughter of Nelson
Conner, residing near Castle Fin post ollice, York
county, Pa.,. died from the effects of eating the,
ends of friction matches, which it got possession
of during the absence of the mother.
27 A georreshpondent of the New Orleaens
IMenynee, says Gen. Win. Walker has tured up
in San Francisco. lie travels under the modest
name of " Jaes Wilson." No one knows what
he is up to now.
For the Advertiser.
Never Dispute About Trifles.
Never I even though you are certain of being
In the right. The truth will come to light sooner
or later, and then your opponent will not only re
spect your wisdom, but admire your forbearance.
Therefore, whenever you hear any one disputing
upon the point of legalised lotteries, aned he denies
there is any ehance of drawing a perise, let hime
have his own way ; lbut you have the good sense
to send $16, $3a or $23, to Woon, Ennyv A Co.,
Wilingon, Delaware, or to the same responsible
and legalised firm, Augusta, Georgia. and you will
insure your chances for a capital prize, or its pro..
portion. Should you secure it, your dispcutant will
ackowledge your wisdom by following your ex
amaple. Woon, EnnY & Co., are the successors of
Gregory & Maury, and the old established firm of
aB...A n. 12L
For the Advertiser.
Welcome to May.
A song from my long-silent hate now, I ween,
Should welcome thy coming, most glorious Queen,
With towers and sunshine and bird-song so gay,
Th green-mantled, violet-wreathed, loveliest
Th glad cheering light, how it breaks o'er the
With its warmth and Its radiance sweet joys to
d how the bright beamings of thy sunny smile,
. sadness and gloom frow our pathway beguile.
All hail, thou sweet goddess, our own floral Queoen,
\Vith lap full of roses, anl mantle of green ;
Oashearts bound with rapture thy coming to greet,
As we gather the Bowers streowed under thy fett.
How good is " Our Father in Heaven" above
Thus to gladden our earth with Bis gript swile of
To light up our pilgrimage thus with a charm,
That-all the dull cores of earth-life will disarm.
Bright, winning and gladsome, thou Angel of
Unfold the soft light of thy radiant wing;
Let thy voice in its melody floating along,
Echo forth in each brooklet's low murmuring song.
Let our heart#, now so touched by thy beauty's
Be e'er chastened and mild,-so when life's darkest
The midnight of death, steals earth's sweetness
We shall wake to the bliss of dear Heaven's long
From the Richmond (Texas) Reporter.
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.
At a Regular Communication of Morton Lodge,
No. 72, held April 8th, 1859, the following resolu
tgn were unanimously adopted:
lntzBAs, We have received the news of the
death of our Brother, LAuv esC B. Wanvn, who
departed this life on the 26th ultimo.
. Jtesolved, That while we how with becoming
submission to the will of our Supreme Architect
and Ruler, we receive, with deep sorrow, the intel
ligence of his removal from anong us.
Resolved, That in the decease of our friend and
brother, the first haitiale of this Lodge, we are for
eibly reminded of the progress of titne. of the
reading asunder of old and pleasa..t associations,
of the passing aray to the silvnt chambers of the
dead of early frien'ls. anal of the obligations rest.
Ing upon us as survivors,
Recolced, That in token of our esteem and re
spect for the memory of the dead, who always
while living was a zealous Mason, a cordial friend
and an honest, chivalrous man, the members of
this Lodge wear the usual badge of mourning for
Reuolred, That a copy of these resolutions be
Published in the "Richmond Reporter."
GUSTAVE COOK, W. M.
Joni DILLARD, Secretary.
.For the Advertiser.
Scoovaa your hand! you're quite a dab at rhyme,
Your furrow deep has laid poor " TaAnsArT' low I
But having been my friend in olden time,
In his behalf I strike my present blow.
Thy iron beam, thy vaunted "1 Candenead,"
May have a flaw, that treacherous yet may be;
And when you think your furrow is well sped,
'Twill break, and let you down upon your knee !
Ours be a war of words and terms polite,
Nor to the smith repair too qluickly thou !
For well I know thy poilnt is keen and bright,
And deftly camn'st thou use it too, I trow;
Yet vain thy sharpness and thy point so keen,
For now old NUT-Gnass takes the vueant field;
On every side will gleaan his spears so green,
And scarcely to thee, Scooria, may he yield.
Long years have fled since first I took a stand,
Still am I hale and strong and green as then ;
I've driven plows from many a piece of land,
And tired the arms of many stalwart men;
In the attempt to take my life away
IDeep down beneath the loarm in reddest clay,
.If thou thy furrow not too deep will hold,
S,Th'u'lt find that I'm an overmatch for thee;
~deep-some root adowngneath the mould
ay snap thy "LCadeNlaecd' and leave me fr~e.
While village urchins gaping stand and cry
" Well, who'd a thought old SCOOTER'D come to
And Ntrr-Gaass, waving all his spires on high,
Must murmur,-"realiy this is past belief."
A Slave Code.
The article of tihe ElIgelield Adccrtiser, in
another coluin says, " may not the propriety
of pressing the questio~n of a Slave Code for
the Territories be doubted ?" Whlo is pres
sing it, and what is a Slave Code?7 The
cant phrase of Douglas shouldi not be adopted.
No Slave Code for the Territories has been
asked of Congress, althorah unader the Con
stitution it could pass such laws for a Terri.
tory, as the respective Soutbern Stamtes have
done to declare and protect the eacisunt and
rsted rights of masters, in their own limnits.
What is the intervention by Congress
which is now claimed ? To understand it, it
is necessary to revert to the fact, that the
Compironmise of 1854 (the Nebrasaka-Kamnsas
Act) transferred the dct~ion of all the conl
stituitionial and legal questiomns which might
arise eta slavery in contectioni wit h a Territo
ry, from tmhe legislattive to thte jnadicial denpart
tmnt oif the Giovernmaet-from Conagre'ss to
the Supretme Court. To'm etfect this, the right
of appeal to She latter was givetn. Tiwo other
points nust al.'o be under4td: first, that
te Supremae Court decided int tle Dred Scott
case, tihat Congress had nao power to interdict
Slavery going to or existing in a Territory,
and that when in the latter a slave remained
property ;second, that as Congress lad not
lhe power, it could not conler it or the right
ofr initeraliction upon a Territuriali Legislature
Now we claim that the non-intervention
policy insisted otn ihr Cong~ress, shall be en
force'd by it on the Territories-in othaer
words, that Congress shall by general law
prhibit Territoial Governments from legis
atting tagainst slavery. This will leave slave
proprty to go into thae Territories as all
other species of property do. If interfered
with there, so that a legaml question can be
raised. and an appeal to the Supreme Court
i taken, and that Court m'uttains the master,
and if it so happens that its decree cannot be
eforced by ordinary civil process, the inter
vention asked, is that Congress shall pass a
general law providing for enforcement in such
cases. Ii, however, it is intertered with by
legilative or official inimtical action, then that
Congrems hball proceed, if necesasry to correct
the abuse, as it did, on other mataters, against
N'ow this intervention is not passing a
slave code. It is but carryitng out the Uon
stitution; th~e authority of the Court, and the
esed tndividual civil rights. TJo passa slave
coe, would be to provide specially all the
miaute civil regulations in a Territory paroper
to protect the relations of mtaaster atad slave.
This is taot asked, and if slaves be regarded
andi estimatted merely ats property there, and
to comae utnder the gemneral laws asi to all
prperty, it would not lie needed. .In such
case a slave corle is no more desired than a
hore coude. It is only int the event that the
inabitants of a Territory discriminate be
tween thae species of property. anad to the in
jury of .slavery, that Congressionul Intervetn
ion should bet had. This has already been
done by te Kansas Legislature, by passing a
law prohibiting slavery in thtat Territory.
Iere is a case in poitnt. The lnterventionists
(we) require tat Congress shall abrogate
that law ; the Non-interventionists that Coat
gress shall not interfere. We say with the
Adrerisr, here is'a practical issue-let us
go before ite country on it.-Chaleston
TnHE LVGA RE MmNUMtaNT.-The monument
which maarks and honors the fttmal deposit of
the remains of the distinguishted Legare, in
tte Magnolia Cenmetery, will be completed
withint this week, or at an early day. rTe
tmonuent is now all in place, anad is await
ing only the finishing touches and~ cuttings
Ot thme base and pedestal.
It will be a fitting addition to the notable
monunents of our "silent city."-Charlestqn
Courier, A pril 29.
Closing Scene of the Sickles Trial.
In the N. Y. Daily Neo of Wednesday,
the 27th, we find the following description of
the joy, and excitement which followed the
verdict "not guilty," of the Jury in the
The retiring of the jury, at 1:50, was the
signal for throwing off the restraint which
had up to t he time weighed upon every one
in Court. Lawyers, officers, spectators and
all, seemed to think themselves at liberty to
talk as much as they please, and to give veni
to their feelings and iipressions.
All got to their feet and ndulged in con
versation. Many crowded around the dock t<
cheer and support Mr. Sickles in this the
pregnant hour of his fate.
Upon the return of the jury all restrain1
is forgotten. Benchies and forms and tablei
are mounted by the most excited or mos
venturesome. -1 H1ere they come," is heart
hurriedly spoken on all aides. Then there i:
a succession of cries of " Down in front,'
" Get oir the benches," " Sit down," " Silence
in Court," "Order," "Order." But it seem:
impossible to restore order till the Judge di
rects the Clerk to call the names of the Jury
The uproar instantly subsides, and as the
Clerk calls the jurors, and they severally re
spond, one of the officers calls out the number
When the twelfth name is called and respon
ded to, a pin might be heard to drop in the
suddeily stilled curt.
The jury are all standing.
Clerk-Daniel E. Sickles, stand up an<
look to the jury.
Mr. Sickles stood up.
Clerk-How say you, gentlemen, have yoi
agreed to your verdict?
Mr. Arnold-We have.
Clerk-How say you, do you find the
prisoner at the bar guilty or not guilty ?
Mr. Arnold-NoT GUILTY.
As these words fell from the lips of th
foreman, there was one loud, wild, thrilling
tumultuous hurrah sent up by the spectators
cheer after cheer resounded in the Cour
room, and it was taken up by the rnultitud
on the outside antrepeated. Hats and hand
kerchiefs were waved, and there was on
general rush towards the dock.
In the midst of the uproar, the stentoria
voice of Mr. Stanton was heard addressini
the Court in these words: " I move that Mi
Sickles be discharged from custody."
Marshal Seldon-Como to order, gentle
men ; come to order. This is a place wher
there should be no noise.
No one paid any attention to the Marsha
Mr. Stanton-(boiling over with excite
ment,) In the name of Mr. Sickles and <
his counsel, I desire to return thanks to th
Judge Crawford-(who appeared to be th
only person in Court not excited)-Mr. Sta
ton, wait till the verdict is recorded.
Mr. Stanton-Of course, your Honor, yo
must excuse excitement on this occasion.
Clerk to the Jury-Your record is gentle
men, that you find Daniel E. Sickles "No
The jury nodded affirmnatively.
Clerk-And so say you all. .
Another affirmative nod from the jury.
Mr. Stanton-I now move that Mr. Sickle
be discharged from custody.
Judge Crawford-The Court so orders.
Mr. Stanton (turning around)-Now go It
Judge-No noise. The prohibition wa
unheeded. Mr. Sickles amid the renewe
cheers of the audience was taken out of th
box by Capt. Wiley and another friend. Tht
former kissed him at the moment of his de
liverance, and held fast by him as they trie
to make their way to the door. Thoug
strong emotion was exhibited in the swolle
viens of his temples, his eye was calm an
steady, and the effort which he manifestl;
made to retain calmness and composure wit
successful. His expression betrayed no feel
ing of joy, but was rather that of a ma:
who felt conscious that he had run no risle
and that the trial through which he hai
passed could have no other result.
It was some minutes before Mr. Sickle
could reach the jury box, which lay on hi
road to the door. T'he jury evinced a desir
to congratulate him, and he stepped over th
forms to meet their salutions, which wer
-As 'Mr. Sickles stepped down thme ston
steps of the City Hall, surrounded and sup
ported by his immediate personal friends, b
was enthusiastically c;'eered, and loud call
were made upon him for a speech.
With considerable exertion, for he was fat
becoming faint, he was got into one of th
numerous carriages in waiting. Mr.. Sickle
was taken to the house of Mr. Mcllair, nem
door to his former residence.
As the cavaleade drove along at railroa
speed through the streets it was greete
with loud and enthiusia'stic cheers. Thotr
sds of people were gathered in front of M:
Mc~lair's house, and continued to come an
go throughout the evening.
It is said that Mr. Sickles will remaini
Washington for a week.
The counsel of Mr. Sickles to-night wer
copjlimented by a serenade.
THE NXr CaME CioP.-The Baton Roug
Advriser hears complaints among the pilar
tera of great damtage to their seed cane b
wet weather daring the winter. The eye
have rotted baidly in the stubble as well a
plant cane. If the accounts are as bad at
represented, it thinks we may look for a ver;
short erop this year, as it has .heard planter
put down half a croup as thie highest figur
that can possibly be reachel1.
H~oM1tgLE.-We~ are paiined to learn, tha
on Tuesday evening last, M. U. Jones, Atror
ney at Law, son ol Rev. lDahney 1'. June.
was kill by Darby Penn, ont thte Chatta
hoocihec River, a few miles from Palmiette
Campbell cii. The parties both lived in Pal
mt, were young men-both married-ame
were with a numbter of others otn a fishtinj
excurion. A difficulty occurred betweet
temi, and Penn struck Jonues on the hea
with an axe, which caused his death. Pemu
has surrendered himself t., the civil anthori
ties, and the case will utndergo a judicial in
vestigation-lience we refrain frm'at detailint
particulars as related to us.-A tlanta Intelli
rg"' Our neighbor of Edgefield inquire
into thme causes of the prosperity of~ Cuester
and wishes to know if H bilroad<4 have ha'
anything to do with it. lit reply we woukc
say that the prosperity of our Town anc
District is mainly owing to the constant ani
unweared industry of our people, anad t'
their habits of economty and frugal tharaft
Our Railroad has doubte4 been a very grea.
convenience rnJ blessing to us, and has addr d
immeasurably to our "general welfare," arc
our Bank too has also done ur "some .service
-but after all, the true secret of our succesm
Is to he found in the character anad comnposi'
tion of our people. Stout, hardy, honest de
termined and nyielding, they always deserve
success, and decservintg they always achiev~e it
Ttte Editor o~f the ,lderh~ser alsoc enquire,
for his friend and ours, Maj. N. R. Eaves
The Major is well and lively, and is looking
as fresh and vigorous as he possibly coule
have dune in his younger and greener days
Come over to Chester, Brother of E b~efieldl,
and aee us. We'll give you a cordial recep.
A SArE MAN.-The Memphis .Led6e,
speaking of the niominization of Douglas for the
Presidency in 1860, says:
" We have never believed that any othem
safe iman could be elected in 1860."
We should be pleased to have sonme one
failiar with the career of the little giant,
point out some of tI e evidences of his "safe.
ty" for the South. Does it conisist in his as.
sertion in reference to the Kansas Bill, that it
was time best measure for freedomi ever adop.
ted? Does it consist in hIs perfidious course
in the defeat of the Lecompton Constitution,
or shall we look for' it in his new mutmnmeery
about the right of territories to exclude slave*
ry by unfriendly legislation ? Verily if he is
the only safe nman at the North, thc South
may well despair.-Augusta Dispatch.
prThe Friend. of Capt. J. B1. (Griflih
announce hint as a Caniidat for B~lItADIERt
G ENJE AL *First Brigade of Cavalry, S. C. M., te
fll the vacancy occasioneod by the resignation ot
lrig. Gen. PanRxAS.
p;f Maj. BitYAN lDEAN is respoctfully nom
instoed by his friends as a Candidate for 00L0
NEL lOa-.lm.n, . C. M.
Dirn in thai District on the 19th April,
EPHRAIM WILSON, son.of J. P. and S. E.
POLLATTY. aged 2 years, 8 months and 24 days.
Little EPHtAaM was called to endure a painful
and protracted illness. Eighteen days did he
suffer; for sevoral days his system was paralyzed;
until the Messenger came to release his spirit.
when a heavenly smile lit up his countenance, and
his spirit was wafted away to that happy land
where sickness and death can never come. Let
Parents and friends submit, saying, " The will of
the Lord be done." "Suffer little children to
come unto toe and forbid them not for of such is the
kingdom of Heaven." C.
Dirn. on the 17th April, after a protracted sick
ness. Mr. JAMES ATTAWAY, in the 64th year
of his ago.
Mr. ATtwAY was a good neighbor, a kind
father, andl an indulgent master. Few men stood
higher in the circle of their acquaintance for
integrity of purpose or fair dealing with his fellow
For the lust three or four years he was sorely
afilicted with disease, which he endured with great
resignation andi fortitude. But he is gone to that
bourne where ickness and sorrow are known no
more. ONN wife Lo.o KRnw Him.
DRS. A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE,
P EG leave to inform their friends that they have
associated themselves In the practice of Medi
Vint in its different branches, as well as continue
their copartnership in the sale of Drugs, Ac.
One or both may always be found at their Store,
at any hour of the day or night. The patients of
one will be the patients of both, and will be at
tended by either or both without additional Charge.
A. G. TEAGUE,
T. J. TEAGUE.
April 19th, 1859 tf 15
CLOSING 0 U T.!
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS,
PERFUMERY, BRUSHES, &c.
AT AND BELOW COST.
. am desirous of closing out my Stock of DRUGS,
MEDICINES, &c., and will sell at a sacrifice
to any purchaser taking the whole stock, which is
small, but comprising saleable articles.
Any one engaged in the business and desiring
to buy, would find it greatly to their interest to
give my stock an examination.
pl- Everything sold will be warranted. Come
soon, you bargain hunters. I am determined to sell.
1W' Terms will be favorable to an approved
' For. further information, address me at
Hamburg, . C.
A. J. CREIGHTON.
Hamburg, May 4, 1859 I 17
8 -UNION C. U., April 20, 1859.
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 5.
'E following gentlemen hare been appointed
AIDS-DE-CAMP to his Excellency the Gov
ernor and Commander-in-Chief, with the rank of
Lieutenant Colonel, and wiUl be obeyed and re
e spected accordingly:
B EDWARD 3. FELDER,
'JA MES D.tT$IT,
JAMES ti. tJIBBESl.
1The above named Aidls-de-Csmp will report
I themselves in full uniform, in person or by letter.
on or before 1st July next, to his Excellency the
s Governor, at Union Court House. By order:
R. 0. M. DUNNOVANT,
Adjutant and Inspector General.
May 4, 1859 It 17
IF you wish to save your Stock, go to L. HOP
iKINS & CO., extensive Foundry and Machine
shop, in Augusta, and ace the
Yazoo Horse Power
at work, you will then oarder one. They have also
a new CUTTON PRESS, in fact any Machinery a
Plaiter may want.
--3J. E. MACMURPHY, Sup't.
May 4, 1859 Go17
s Supcrior Flour.
10b BBLS. FLOUR, Hiram Smit's Brand;
t 10~ lBbls. " Extra Engle Mills, fresh
3 ground and of a superior quality.
sAlso, keeps cons'tantly on band a good assort
t ment of the lJEST Georgia Flour, from the upa
country Merchant Mills.
S. E. BOWERS, Art.
Hamburg, May 2 tf 17
- TOTICE.-Tose wishing SCHNAPPS for
..L Medicinal use can get them, pure, and of our
uo importation, and with a guarantee attached.
8. E. BUWERS, Agt.
Hamburg May 2 tf 17
N OTI CE--I hereby constitute my son Clinton
e Ward amyAttorney in fact, to transact all my
bu,iness of every deseription, to receive and collect
all or any monies due, and to execute receipts and
Sacquitances theref..r, during my absence from the
SState. And I hereby ratify and confirm whatevem
'my said attorney may do on my behalf. And
i' hereby authorize him to execute all deeds an'
t bondis which he may deem necessary for me, and
s in my name. R. WARD.
Edgefiuld, S. C., April 25, 1859 tt 17
State of South Carolina,
IN O RDINA RY.
t YV. F. DURISOE, E.'1., Ordinary of Edge
. neld District.
Whereas, M:lledge B. Wever has applied to me for
Letters of Admninistration, on all and sinaular the
goods and ehattles, rights aind credits of Lawrence
SB. Wever, lato of the District afuresaid,. deceased.
-These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all
I anal singular, thu kindred and creditors of the said
deceased, to be and appear before me, at our next
Ordinary's Conrt for the saiid District, to ho holden
at Edgetield Court llouse, on the 16tth day of
.\fav, inst., to show cause, if any, why the said
Iadhninistration should niot lie granted.
tiiven under nmy hand and seal, this third
dlay of M:, in thme year of our Lord one thous
antd eight hundred and fifty-nine, and in the eighty.
third year oaf A merican Indlependlence.
W. F. D URISOE, o. n. u.
May4 21 17'
State of South Carolina,
J.5 COXXJIN PLEAS.
W. C. BEWLEY,)
es. Foreigna Attachmenat.
W. R. HUDSON.)
E B Plaintiff in the above stated case, having
J.this dnay filed his D)eclaraionm in may Office,
amnd the Decfendant having neither wife nor Attor
ney knmown to reside within the limits of this State,
oin'whton copies nf said Declaration with rules to
plesad can be served. On motion of Messrs. Ma
grath & Wright, Plaintiffs Attorneys, ordered,
that saiid Defendant appear and plead to said Do.
claration within a year anal a day from the date
hereof, or final and absolute judgment will be giv
en against him.
T11OMAS 0. BACON, c.c.n..
Apill 30th, 1859 ly 17
State of South Carolina,
IN COMMON PLEAS.
S. S. BOYCE,
es. Foretya Attcahmeaat.
TIq [E Plaintitf in the abhova statod case, having
J.this daly tiled his Decclaration in mny Oflice, and
tale Deftendant having neither wvife nor Attoarncy
Iknown to reside within thu limits of this State.
on whom copaies of said Declaration with rule to
palefad can be served. On mdiion of Messrs. Ma
grath & Wright, Plaintil's Attorneys, -ordeied,
That said Defenadat appear and plead to said De
elaration within a year and a day from tihe date
hereof, o'r finail aud absoluto judgment will be
given against him.
THOMAS G. BACON, c.c.r.n.
March 3rd, 1859. 1y 17
INOTICE.--All persons indebted to thec Es
tate of .John Hlamilton, dee'dl., must pay the
same by the h:lth .June next ; and those having de
maands agalinst said Estate will render them In,
legally attested, by the above dag, or they will be
debarred, na we intend to mnake a final settlement
of thu said. Estate on that day.
- W. M. A G. HAMILTON, Adna'rs.
April 13 2m 14
T o ALL INTERESTED--The Subscri
ber will be ini attendance at Edgefleld C. H.,
on the Wedlnesdanybefore Saleday in May, and will
remaiin until after Saleday. All demiands for his
services addressed to him at that time, personally
or by letter,-will receive due attention.
A. W. ATKINSON.
April12, 1 5 9tf 14
T IE Underigehin formed a Partner
ship, woulpd r~espctibily invite attention to
thuir LARGE and VARIED Stock of
SPRING AND SUIMMER GOODS,
Which they are now receiving at the Store Room
lately occupied by Messrs. B.)xD A BUTrLm.
'Their Stock embraces a variety of
LADIES DRESS GOODS,
MANHSLAI h eeONn,
A variety of Goode for
MEN AND BOYS WEAR.
A variety of Ladies and Misses
Heeled Gaiters, Bootees and Slipperse
A variety of Men and Boys .
HZATS ANZq3 61HOES.
A lot of
CROCKERY, HARDWARE &.JEWELRY,
All of which the trading public will do well to
examine before purchasing elsewhere.
They have engaged the services of Mr. Warcar,
and will do their utmost to please every customer.
I. R. DEAN.
April 27 tf 16
More New Goods!
T LIE Subscriber has just received a FRESH
supply of fine
BONNETS, BONNET RIBBONS,
MISSES AND LADIES HATS,
BAREGE SHAWLS, SHAWL MANTILLAS,
MUSLIN SLEEVES A COLLARS IN SETTS,
DOUBLE SKIRT MUSLINS,
Of the latest styles and patterns, which he in
vites his customers and the public to call and ex
aniine far themselves. B. C. BRYAN.
April 27 4 16
IN AID OF THE FUNDS OP TRE.
LAIEfS' tflQHD I MO~NEY[.N
Hall of the South Carolina Institute,
Charleston, B. C.,
COMMNC G MAY 10th, IM.
TIE Ladies of the CALHOUN MONUMENT
ASSOCIATION, will open a
At the Instituto Hall, In Charleston, on the evej
ing of the 1Uth May. Believing that the people
of the City and State approve and will sustain
their undertaking, they invite contributions of
HANDIWORK, FLOWERS, REFRESHMENTS
Ae.. either useful or ornamental.
They hope to receive the co-operation of all in
this patriotic work of rearing a suitable memorial
to Carolina's greatest son.
Donations may be forwarded to either of the
Mns. GEORGE ROBERTSON,
President, No. 1, BmitA-.t.
MRS. M. A. SNOWDEN,
Treasurer, No. 9, Church-et.
Charleston, April 26 2t . 16
POST OFFICE CORNER,
AMBRUTYPES CHEAPER THAN EVER!
ADollar sizes reduced to Fifty Conts, andl all
targer sizes and fine cases in the same proportion,
All who wish a first rate PICT UR E should vis!I
this estatblishtnent, where they can procure it equal
to the best and for one-half the price charged at
any other GJallery in town.
Come everyboudy and see for yourselves. En
trance to Gallery, one door above the Post Office.
Augusta, Ga., April 11 14 4t
N EW Orleans, Clarified, Crushed and Powdered
Syrup MOLASSES, Apple VINEGAR, RICE;
Rio and Java COFFEE, Extra fine TEAS;
SOAP, STARCH, Sperm and Adamautine CAN
Fine SEGARS, TOBACCO and SNUFF ;
All kinds of SPICES, Ac. For sale by.
J. B. SULLIVAN A CO.
April 20 tf 15
"If you wish to eijoy good Health,
Bide more oR Horseback."
MEN'S English Shafter and Kentucky SAD.
Ladles and Boys and Wagon SADDLES;
Imported English BRI.PLE LEATHERS-Bri
'lles. Girth;, Circingles, Saddle Bags, Whips, Ac.
Just opened and for sale low by
J1. ii. SULLIVAN A CO.
April 20 tf 15
Flour, Bacon and Lard!
T:IE Subscriber has now in Store and receiving
from the hest Packers,
5,000 Lbs. TENNESSEE BACONI,
Which challenges comparison with any BACON
in Town. It is a choice l'ot, and no mistake. Also,
73 SACES COUNTRY FLOUMI,
Of Dorn's Brand, which Mr. Darn himself pro
nounces excellent. Try it, Housekeepers.
GOOD COUNTRY LARD.
fn Store several hundred pounds Choice''Country
LARD, which has been nicely packed.
gg7The above I wish to sell, and will sell at
low prices for Cash
W. IL HARRIIS0O, Agent.
April20 if 15
LiGliTfor the SUiFFERING MILLIONSI
A CERTANI CDRE FOR CONSUMPTION
And all Lung Disensee-Shotne.; of B)reath,-Dys
prpsia ad Dynentry-Wllorst cases of Croup
*. and Vholie, &c., &c., &c.
TrlIIS medicine is purely vegetable, being comn
.Lposed entirely of beat Rye Spirits and West
iudia Gums, and other Extracts which are healing
to the Lungs.
far- It is a most pleasant drink.
rar- One bottle should be carried by every man,
woman or child traveling to mix with the water.
pair Price One Dollar Per Bottle.-sgr
If it does not give satisfaction I will refund the
per-For sale by R. L. GENTRY, Agent, at Sib
ley's Corner, with Messrs. H. A N. E. Solomon,
where I always will he found with a large supply
of the above VALLtAarLE PROPRnTY. Also,
I am also always in the market (at Sibley's Cor
ner,) for purehasing ootton,and will pay the highest
market prias for fine cottons.
For the above medicine, apply to
R. L. GENTRY, Agent.
Hamburg, Jan. 25, 1859. ly 8
HAMBURG, S. C., May 1st, 1859.
Cupy. Rt. L. GanTRY :-Sir, I take great pleas
ure In recommending " Dr. JInrtin's Greet Resse
dy," as I feel it a duty I owe to my fellow man to
tell where may be found a Remedy for ms'ny of
the ills that flesh is heir to. My lungs was badly
etl'erted ; and I also had, in connection with thin
.lirease, one of the worst cases of Chronic Dysen
tery. which one Bottle of the above Medicine, In
twelve days, effectually cured. I now feel as well.
as I ever did in my life.
WM. J. HARLING.
JUST received a full assortment of METALIC
BU'RIAL CASES, all sizes. Also, a new
style Case, full glass, full satin lining, and extra
fine. The Metalic Cases will be sold LOW FOR
CASH. We buy for Cash, and will be necessarily
compelled to sell on the same terms. Thirty days
is the longest credit that will be given.
Also, MA HOGANY COFFINS at Augusta pri
ces. Common WOOD COFF.INS made to suit the
order, both in quality and price.
- WITT k HUDSON
April 0 tf 13
PAiNT, OIL AND GLASS.
UNION and Croton Pure White LEAD;
Linseed OIL, TURPENTINE, Copal and
Paint, Varnish and Graining BRUSHES;
French Plate WINDOW G LASS, all sizes,
For sale low by J. B. SULLIVAN A CO.
April 20 tf 15
NTOTICE.-All persona desirous of employing
the Negr man JOE, belonging to Mrs. Sat.
1KL5s, may-do so upon complying WitIL the terms.
mentioned in a paper which Joe caes with hns.
Fek2, 1859 a