Newspaper Page Text
For the Advertiser.
REVIVAL OP THE SLAVE TRADE-NO. XV.
" The war must be carried into Africa."
Much capital has been accumulated by Yankee
merchants in Southern Citi'es but most of such
capital has been removed to the North to start, or
enlarge manutactures there. The explanation is
obvious. Those Yankee merchants at'ibe South
have generally been either partners of Northern
houses or merely Agents for Northern capitalists.
For the last 40 years the Yankees have regarded
the South as a dependent province of the North
as a rich section filled with barbarous and idle
drones, among whom it was easy to make a fortune,
but not at all desirable to live as a retired million
aire either to enjoy wealth (as Southerners have
justly been prejudiced against Yankees since abo
litionism and protective Tariffism were inaugura
ted).or to gain the greatest profit upon capital.
Moreover manufactures are sociable, and all kinds
of handicraft flourish best together, or at least in
close proximity, and as the chief occupation of the
North has bean shipping, or manufacturing, a bet
ter field has offered itself there for the retired mer
chant (utiacquainted with cotton culture) to find a
partner, or artisans skilled in the mysteries of
machinery and manufacturing science.
A few native merchants have accumulated f.r.
tunis at the South, in the retail, or commiesion
trade, and have then erected succoisful factories,
but the porovincial clog of the South has been that
it cunsumed all her capital to get cotton laborers.
laving no surplus capital, she could not employ
European artizans who have been e.rcludcd from
her limits, since 1808 on that account and emi
grants without trades have also been c.reluded, be
cause they could not find employment here except
when negro labor has risen above the value of
white labor and then our own poor white populs
tion have been on the ground to reduce negro labor
to a level with their own, which has generally ex
cluded all competition from abroad. Still as pepu
1Ltion will press Southward, there has alwayb ieeVn
an excess of idle white labor here, since the s'ave
trade was closed from the fact that there has been
no surplus capital at the South either to start fac.
torles aud build ships or even to develope a direr
s.fied agricultural industry, so as to give employ
leeut to second olass overseers, or to the auxillar3
ileuce not only have European artizin, and ceu -
mou laburers ra le I to obtain emjploysmeut heie,
but a multitude of our own poor white laborers
have heretofore and do now lack " pportutnity"
for profitable business. Therefore graunting that
we have drafted no negroes from the present free
States during the great rises in the price of cot.
ton, it is still sound logic that the e.clusion of cmi.
grent artisans and common laborers from the South
lis depressed manufactures and ship-building
here-bas stimulated them at the North-hos
transfered all the increase of population by ior
sign emigration to the same monopolizing region
and produced both. the abolitionism of the free
States and the emancipation tendency of the pres.
ent border slave State,. By excluding European
emigration and forcing it to settle at the North,
we cheapened skilled white l.Lbor there and com
pelled tt in self-defence to engage in manufactures
nd shipping. That cheap white labor when once
settled at the North, necessarily precipitated eman
ripation-because the white man will no where
work pearefully in competition with the slave and
Northern masters fountd an inducement to emanc:
pate their negroes by having cheaper as well a.
more skilled white labor ready at hand for manu
lactitring and ship-building.
But it is a historical fact that we also furnishetl
the ipital forfiret employing that skil!cl whi.e
labor at the North by purchasing their negroes at
monopoly prices when cotton was high. A supei
ie.al reader of Legislation at the North in respeo
to emnancipation may contradict me, but before do
ing so let him study that Legislation carefully and
.sean extraucous hiatory also. Our own and ti~e
French Itevolution which were both sereile wnm a
ior the political emancipation of white slaves did
o~nce beget in all this country, except in South
.Carolina and Georgia a universal sentiment that
all men are born free and equal which was favoran
b'o to negro emancipation and accordingly all the
present free States that belonged to the " old thir
teen" passed laws, at an early day, for the gradual
abolishment of slavery.
But most of them postponed iteso long that prac
t'e.dlly it was no emancipation at all and it is a
laughable commentary upon the sincerity of abo
litioniism that several of the Northern States after
having fixed the time and conditions of final
emancipation within their limits extended that
time and enlarged those conditions by many sub
sequent enactments. If I am not mistaken ,there
are uptuliber slaves in No Jersey even now, .l
J..-a' 4ythe actbf-1 svry was to be for
ever at an end there after 1820. New York did
not ultimately abolish slavery until 1827-that ii
not until she had sold slaves to the South at mo
nopoly prices'diring two great rises in cotton to
wit 1815-20 and in 1825. Pending those great
rises in cotton and resulting high price of slaves
many thousand statuliber negroes as well as slaves
were sold by the North to Southern planters. By
getting all our capital fur her negroes-by getting
all European emigration on account of our exclu
ding it, because we had no "means" to employ it
--no cheap negroes to tempt it Southward, the
North has not only monopolized mdnufactures and
shipping-has not only got untold wealth, since
labor -ia the only wealth but she has also got rote,
to impose the Tariff to control the Revenue--to
inflict the navigation laws upon us excluding for.
oign vessels from competing with hers in our coast
ing trade, as well as to give away the public land
-ppropriate all the New Territories-abolish
elavery in her own midst, which would not otL~er
wise have been done, in at least some of those
States and also to drive negroes from numerous
pursuits at the South-ah !to beget a d arnmant
feeling of abolitionism in nearly every Southern
State. If the slave trade had been left open
Northern population would have moved South
ward so rapidly and European emigration would
have resorted here so largely that the North would
have been compelled e.e-Naecestate to retain slave
ry in order to get a supply of labor; probably
most of the Northern States would then have
ohanged as much for slavery as they have since
'changed against it.
The question now is and the question has ever
been since 1808, not whether slavery would pay in
any particular section of the United States, but
where would it pay best. The high price of ne
groes during a great rise in the price of c attun
will not permit the realizing of a good per cent
upon their purchase money except when their labor
is employed upon the very cheapest and moat fer
tile land, as wall as in the fnest climate of the
entire South. But because a slave costing $2,001'
can make 20 per centt on his prime cost each yeat
by working tne choicest land in the 31issiisippi
Valley, it is not a fair deduction that his labo,
would be unprofitable in South Carolina, or in
Virginia, or in Illanois, provided that labor could
be commanded in these States, at a reasonable
price. If Centtal Amerie'a were annexed to the
United States, without re-opening the slave trade,
Louisiana herself would become depopulated ot
slaves, by reason of the richer soil, better climate
and spontaneous productions of that Paradise om
king slave labor, so much more profitable there,
than in Louisiana. But if the slave trade were
open, although Central America and Mexico too,
might be annexed, slavery would still be preserved
in Louisiana. Nothing but local attachment to
the country or affection for their negroes or devo
tion to the institution of slavery or a preference
of dear negro labor to cheap white labor, will pre
vent slavery from being abolished in South Care
lina within the next half century if the value ol
negro labor shall continue equal to, or higher than
white labor. Every time the North and South
have struggled for the mastery in a Territory since
180S negro labor has been higher than white
labor on account of high priced cotton and hence
the cause of the South's defeat.
During that period ever memorable to the South
1815--20 five States were admitted into the Union.
Totvit Indiana, Mississippi Illano's, Alabama and
Maine. They were admitted in the order here
named, from which it may be seen, that they came
in first a free State, then a slave State. Missouri
another slave State also applied fur admission in
1819. But the North under the lead of Massachu
etaand New York opposed it most strenuously
and succesufully upon the ground that two slave
States should not be admitted before another free
State. They said to Missouri in emphatic terms
"you must exclude slavery, or wo will exclude
you." In 1820 however Maine came in andi then
the North consented to admit Missouri if the South
would consent to exclude slavery from all the un
organised Territory North of the Southern boun
dary of Missouri. The South ignominiously as
sented to it. Let it therefore be marked down as
an epitaph upou the suppressed slave trade, that
it was in the same year 1820, that cotton fell in
price, after its first rise subsequent to the closing
ef the slave trade that~ the South first heard not
only of a sectional protctiwe Tarif but of a sec
gj.aael Abolitiona Party.
During the same 5. years above named, the
-slaves of the North and or the non-cotton growing
States, were rnshed into the cotton regions in such
nmbers, that barely enough slaves, were carried
into Missouri to makeit a slave State. So,nec slaves
however had been taken into the Territories of
r Indiana and Illanois, notwithstanding the inhibi
tion of the celebrated Ordinance of 1787 which
excluded slavery from all the Territory lying be
tween the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Probably,
yea postively I may say but for the high price of
cotton between 1815-20 although the slave trade
was then closed; both Indiana and Illinois would
have been admitted. as .shave States. Prom the
' operation of econoii Jaws-from the exceeding
'brtility of the soil, as well as from the adaptedness
of the climate to slave labor, slavery had not only
taken rout in Indiana and .Illinois, but if the slave
'trade had not then and since been closed, it would
have also established itslf In Ohio. The feeling
*In Twdila was very stsang ln'favar ofuslavery,
...IaT...... 10 n9 e nd11.4 sad i t a .9,
$1,000 and $1200 to grow cotton at the South, so
Indiana by a small majority excluded slavery.
In Illitois the popular sentiment, in behalf of
.lavery wits still -tronger thou it hd previously
been in Indiana, but negroes were still too high
in 181t4-toio many of thetu had beets and were
yet being carried to the cotton fields sad Illinois
excluded slaxvery in the A,.erubiy of her Repre
sientatives by A losjurity q:I* only one vote.
In the case of Missouri (na it, that f California
and Kansas) the South protested and protested,
against her ill treatment at the hands of the North
but Is it not worth repeating that no amount of
Speeches, or Resolutioni, t.r Political Letters, or
windy Editorials, or Metaphyiical Exhaslations,
about the abstract rights of lave holders in the
Territories, could propagate negroes in 1820 any
more than in 1S50, when California was admitted a
into the Union and negroes selling at $1400 and
$1500 each, or in 1S55-6-7-8-9 when Kansas has
been knocking at the door of Congress fr adomi
sion while nehroes are rating at $1,40 and $2,100
in the valley of the Missis.-ippi. Nor will words
furnish negroes to plant slavery in either New
Mexico, or Arasona, or any where else. Texa" is
actually afraid to divide her huge Territory, leat
abolition may appropriate it and there is hardly a
doubt, but that it would do so, if such division
were made. Who will risk a purse full -of gold
eagles where it may be stolen ? Yut Southern Mets
physicians contend for the abstract right ot placing
a negro worth 150.eagles where an envious abolI
tionist may steal him as if a slave holder could be
such a fool or an atbolirionitst such a saint us to do
the one or not do the other.
Capital is timid and so it will not venture where
there is dangor of almost certaiu 6u61. Self-initer
est is stroug-tho pridu of clas and or race is AWtil
stronger and so the poor white moan of the tree
States atriviig to move 8..uthward tu a nore fruit
ful roil and nore genial climate, will not brook t
the presence of a negro slave whose labor is worth
more than his--is etuployed in preference to his,
thereby cutting him out of wages or forcing him
to labor side by side with the negro. Envy and
jealousy are likewise controlling passions. which
regulate the actions of men in thousands of in
stances and an agrarian or leveling principle in
tensified by the monoply price of negroes on ac
count of the slave trade being closed and cotton
being high has done most of the work toward ex.
4lu.ling the South from Indiana, Illinois, Culifor
iat. Kansas and tother States, or Territories.
The only preictical way to break up the cordon
of free States which eurroundsl the South and to I
brottle abolition is to revive the slave trade-iake
it to the -interest of the abolitionist to becomie a
arogslavery man. Only tender a free-soiler the
neuns of getting subsistatoce and luxuries with
the labor of a chcaj negro and he can understand
you as susceititily as usanty other onte free-negro
ioving Yankt-es who have tuarried a slave holding
wife at the South. The higher negroes rie in
Value, the louier abolition ,hrieks for freedom.
rite chief argumuent presented by. Norti e-n mem
bers of Congress to sustain the mectional Protective
fariff, which lead to Nullification in So&h Caro
linit was couched in terms to this effct
" You of the South ought to give us a High Ta
riff to protect our industry, because we have to
L abor for oursolvos. You have slaves to work for
ARTHU.T SIKINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 11, 1859.
-Pa- " JsrtCr" will appear in our next.
Gold Mines of Edgefield.
Read the letter of Mr. OSCAR M. Lisnat, State t
Geologist, upon the gold mines of Sleepy Creek,
rhe many readers of this paper will thank Mr.
Lincita for a contituation of letters upon this
interesting sulbject : and ie will thereby place us
under special obligations.
At an election recently held for Brigadier Gen
:ral of the Eilgefield and Abbuville Cavalry
!!.rigade, Capt. .1. 15. ti attis was chosen without
oppisition to that c-onmmand.
Admissions to Law and Equity.
During the p-ast week. the following applticauti
from Edgefield wore admnittedl to Equiry before the
Court now rsitting in Colnumbia: hiessrs. J. L.
Antsoy, J. A. Doztrax, J. P. Moowe, W. J.
RxAwr and E. H. Yornaatsoon.
Also, Miessrs. WV. HI. A a'i'.v, WAx. Mi finsaTI and
BP.stAts F. A1tra were asimtitted to practice in
the Law Courts.
More Fresh Groceries.
Mr. E. T. Davin'new adaertisemnent announcing
the reception ofwa large rupply of Groceries, ,tc-,
was received too late for this issue. Mr. Davis
has now In store an unusually flue assortuteut of
Grocries, Liquors, Confoctionaries, Segars, Ac..1
selected by himself, front the first houses in Phil.
adelphia and Baltimore, which he is selling at very
reasonable prices. Call on Mr. D. when purcha
sing in his line. e will treat yiiu politely and
" The Couraunt."
.The first nutuber of this new pubilicationt has
reatched our sanctum. It bears a bright and in
citing air, and promises to bee all that bas been
anticipated for it. Thei nutbler in hand contaiin.
a leasant variety. mauch of which is original mat
ter of excellent quality.
Another Verdict of not Guilty.
The plrosecuttion at Savannh against Selva.
and Mares, charged with fitting out the Sptani.l
barque Angelita for tiio slave trail.-, was concludleat
-,n Friday last. The jury returned a verdict of!
The Crops ini Florida.
A corre-spondont writitng us from Madison, Fla.,
dated the 27th April las-, says: "The rust baa
msade its appearance itn thte Oatj, andl this crop, it
this country, I fear wili prove a comnplete f~siture.
We havo quantities ot' r.i-, foll.,w..d by cold
weather, with occasiontally slight frosts. ('orn
andl Cotton is backward foar the time of year.
tOur best Corn is nott maore thant knee high." <
The Cavalry--Proposed Tournament.
On Saturdlay the Edgete~ldl Squada'ron ol Cavalry
p'artaded at this place; tantd althtough the turn-out
was smalkr than useual, the npearance of the
troopes~rs was admirable.
The ladies will be dclighte.l to learn that the
" Erlyefield IKnes.(rs" are coantemphlaitng a tourna
mient, to take place (if agreed upion) during the
plsasaut, bracing days of the Autumn. The lists
will be arranged in this immediate vicinity. Look
'tnt for "stout October" andl the Tiouranament!
GJ.dlants and Itadies fair ! bo on the rgni rice!
-' Who shaull bie the aistor-ndIht,
Wh'/o, the Queena of Loes nntd Beauty|!"
The Southern Field and Fireside.
Behold another newspaper entterprirze of rare
promise, soon to he inaugurated: " The. .S'otlern
Field and Fireaide," to be published shortly in
Augusta, Georgia, under the all-.sufficient proprie
torship of Mr. JAttss GAnrnmen of the C'onaitu
tionnalist, and to be edited by Dr. Lax and other
gentlemen of tried ability. The Southern people
may safely expet in this sheet, a publication of
high grade in every respect. We look to it, as to
the appearance of a new star of the first magni
tude in outr literary tandt scientific heavens. It is
to display a happy combination of the agricultu
ral, the literary and tis scientific, with a due ad
mixture of miscelltaneous intelligence,--just the
paper for the fanter's flr.-sidec. Let every one
watch its advent.
The Darlingtcn Flag.
This paper's conastructio~n of its cosne totwara
Aiken, is satisfactory toa a.. We wounld send the
copy of the Adrertiser asked fo'r, did we not regard
it unnecessary to have what we sai'd re-published.
now that the saidl affair has blown over.
Methodist S. S. Convention.
The Columbia papers contain accotunts of the
meeting of the Methodist Sunday School Convention
in that city. A very large numbler of delegates.
lay and clerical, were in attendance. Thse body
was organizedi by electing 11ist Excellency, Gover
nor (liar, President, and A. 0. Stac'esoiln T. J.
WAnaEN (of the Camdnten dIaurnsal) Secretaries. The
President delivereaj an eloquent addiress on taking
his seat, and business was begun with ispirit and
We take front the eoluntns of the Southern Lite
ry Gazette for April, a pretty little poem of the pen
sive east, by our somnetime eontribetor and Char
leston (winter) correspondent, "CzAtunx." It
certainly entitles Its. author to one sprig of latel;
a number of such sprig. mnake up a poet's ohaplet.
W5Ir has been aseseained that the sean whe
"e M n.1. a? mannmans..
Fish No 2.
This, being perhaps the best Fish of the season,
hall be told in seven consecutive chapters.
CHAPERa 1-Arriral at the Pond.
At 6 o'clock Thurday morning, tho5th instant,
'our of us met at the Pine llouse en route for
ArSxaxrr's well-kown Mill Pond. We were B.,
., S. and W., with promise of reinforcements from
he rear,-which reinforcements by the way never
amue up. With hopeful thoughts and cool nod
les, we trotted merrily on down through the
?iuey Woods beguiling the way with song and
horus, and the tinkling of the light guitar, until,
at 8 o'clock precisely (as near as B. " could guess
within an inch of his life") we drew up and halted
iefore the old Mill Pond House. To unharness
he horses, depotit our goods and eatables in the
siazza, "1 dake a trink" of cool water or schnappe
tecording to taste, arrange our fishing tackle,
ight cigars, and sing out "all ready," was the
work of the short half-hour immediately subse
juent upon our arrival,-and which conclude@ this
CuA'rSn I1 -Cl. Bauskett's kindness.
Often have fishermen,-aye, fishermen by the
tundreds,-availed themselves of Col. BAvsxvT's
ixtensive Pond and sundry conveniences thereto
ypurtaining for their piseatorial sport; and yet
tow few of us bare ever acknowledged, or even
oet, the obligation we are under to that liberal
roprietor for tlie kind indulgence he has so long
xteuded to us in this respect ? This circumstance
was a subject of conversation with our small and
elect fishing partpon the present occasion, and it
Resolved let, That our warmest thanks are due
ad are hereby tendered to the estimable old
OLo0L for his lordly forbearance towards his
nterloping fellow-citizens of Edgefield, who have
o frequently and so largely encroached upon his
Resolved 2nd, That we view without murmuring
be late locking-up of the Dwelling House at the
aid Mill Place against these numerous interlopers,
'or causes amply sufficient (as we doubt not) to
ustify the worthy proprietor or his agent in taking
Resolced, 3rd That we are thankful for the
>iazza and shed-room facilities still left open to
our enjoyment, and ask no more; and lastly,
Resolved, That we ugitedly wish a long life and
iappy days to our quondam fellow-citizen, and
iope that an abundant success will crown his
ndeavors in his new home at Columbia.
Upon further motion by W., it was "resolved
hat this expression of sentiment be published in
he Edgefteld Advertiser along with anything else
he editor- may choose'to say of this trip."
CaArTvr~ 111-Our firet cforts abortive.
High as our hopes were and beautiful as was the
lay, our first eff'orts were nearly abortive. In
rain we sought the spot so highly reoommended
>y that crafty old angler of the Plantere Hotel.
En vain we fastened huge writhing t'urrums upon
our books and slung them far out into the water.
:n vain we launched the batteaux and essayed to
upture a trout or two to eke out our meal at
ioon. The wind would blow and the ish would
iot bite. First went W. to take a nap and prepare
'or mere effective work in the afternoon. Next
vent L. to mixa " glaret bunch" pro laono puldico.
Ihen followed S. with a single jack-fish swinging
o his line. And lastly caie B., with a little trout
and a few perch, but also with a bright courageous
ye as he said-"XNever mind, men ; remember the
dId saying-" A bad lbeginhing makes a goodl end
lag." Just then our conk came in with several
inc fish he had pirocuredl fruin one of the wnill-pond
siggers. All right. Another slight glass of that
' glarct hunch." Now for a brief snooze. " Touch
ap the old guitar,"-says one. " Oh, do sing us a
goodl song" urges another. " A little more bunch,"
l1eepily remarks a third. And while 8. looks up
tt the b'lue, blue sky, and thrums and hums an
ancient ditty, the rest snooze off' beneath the tune
'ul sucression of accords. But they have not long to
dlumber. Directly comes the cook and his atten
lants ;-" Dinner ready, sur, want to set de table."
All in good time. Up jumps the party, at that
welcome sound. One more "glaret bunch," and
at it we go. Plenty of fish graces the hoard. And
'till as we cat, the cry is still they conme. Luck or
ao luck, saw we never a finer display of hot
Ish than was then and there developed,--by what
nysterious agency we did not think it worth while
CnmaTI. IV-Our aaffernoon'a u'rA'.
As we are now getting ina med ine ree, we must
lisi'nleh nmatters with business brevity. The aumt
ning up then of our afternoon's work is briefly
~his: B. 2$ noble red-bellies; L. 8 of the same
ud two jacks; 5. 12 black perch, a small trout
and three red-bellies; W. 14 of the liveliest red
jellies ever drawn out of that piondi or any other.
rand Total of afternoon's work 68, fish caught lby
he party, becsidles eight or ten uothers taken lby the
'ervants of the expedition. HI'ua!-but we do
er jubilati.>n to its propler place in the next
CUAu-run Y'-Soun-te of Tdin,pjh.
It is 6 o'clock in the evening. " Tho suit has
neale a golden set, and, by the bright, track of his
'wry car, gives token of a goodly day to-miorrow."
sight is closing in. The fisherman's task is ae
somplishe. A shout of victory bursts from the
ips ofr L. far up the western bank of~ the 1.ond, as
ac winds up his tackle and prepares to return to
'amp with his tinny p'lundler. It is caught up,
,ehaa-J, und re-echneod, by L. and W., who are in
,uwut5 upaon the water. S., who is quietly awaiting
heir arrival at the house. seizes a little yellow
ictave flute, rushes upon the mill-dam embank
nont, and trilis a tra-la-laof welcome in re'ponse,
tgain shouts B. at the top of his big vuice ; again
cream W. and L. in glorious discord ; and again
ho shrill octave alumost pierces the skies with its
harp notes of recognition ud welcome. But see
here ! The two baoats are approaching at furious
poand. White nman anal nigger are padd'ing with
night and main. What can it moan ? Aby! A
ace, a race. Gho it, boys. W. has named his
,mat the WIanderer; L. ealls his the Echo. Here
hey come. "Rail to the chief whAo tea trinnmph
rdennerw," peals wildly from the lIttle old yelluw
ietauve flute, as they drawr near the shore. Shout
ipon shout makes the welkin ring,.as each boat
nau strives for the mastery. The Wanderer has
tat last, by something like an inch and a half.
L'he Echo Is not satisfied and will "try dat over
'nin udder time." And now toe comas B., and
ye count the fish ; and oh ! what a sight of scaly
plnudor ;--but we drop the description at this
nterestlng point, lest we completely craze the
ishing gentry by a too true picture of our spalen
Cu Aev2R Vt-No,. nwe did'at sleep that night.
Well, the supper of that evening exceeded any
:hing of the kind ever seen or heard of. The fish
were excellent as princely caterers could find for
royal palate in any waters and at any price ; and
hey were done up as brown as princely cooks
an ever hope to perform that culinary function.
['he corn hoeciake, the whe'at ditto,thefiresh better,
mu the clear coffee wern in keeping with the
suparior qualities of the great dish-in-ehief. And
to we drowv up 'aur stools to the table, and we ate,
* * * * Supply this elipsis with any
ixtra-ragant ideas of fishacating that may occur to
ron. They cannot exceed the reality of what
we accomplished at that long-to-be-remembered
But after suiper, bed-time. And to bed didi we
to, like orderly disciples of G ansnAL. W AsuItsn
rms, at 9, o'clock. Who was it that said fish Is a
oporilic diet ? Whoever it was, he told afia, at
east so far as the red-bellies In Col. BAusacatvl's
>aand are concerned. Certain it is, that none of us
alept that night until the we sma' hours that come
net before day-break. What with a big grasis
aopper that got amongst us on our pallet, and the
euggested possibility of rattlesnakes frequenting
;be old shed-room, and the actual attacks of ticks
and fleas, and B's inimitable drollery in taking off
rarious personages of his acquaintance on Cloud's
3reek and elsewhere, and L's anecdote in Dutch,
and WV's practical jokes upon the party, and 'war
ins other articles too tedious to meutlon,-what
with all this, we say, and a great deal morn, there
was no sleep for the Quartette of the illustrious
ifth of May, matil Morn was gettinsg ready to
....a~u.. ..... 11b~ s. . Za ?em....
by one sank we into the land of dreams, and
Silence brooded over the shed-room.
CuAPrTen vi-TA e concluston.
Our space admonishes us to close with precipi.
tati6n. Suffice to say, that we woke the next
morning refreshed by a full hour's deep and calm
repose,-snatched up our inplements of sport,
caught forty or fifty more fish of the finest kind in
a couple of hours,-ate a breakfast scarcely in
ferior to the supper of. the previous evening,
hitched up at half past 9 A. M.,-drove home in
four or-five hiours,-earried lots of fih to those we
loved,-met at the Court House next day tu com
pare notos,-nover felt better in all our lives,
and never, by unanimous consent, had a more sue
cesrful or a more delightful expedition of the
kind than this which we have felt impelled to putup.
on record(in hurried style) out of sheergratitude for
so much luck and harmless enjoyment.
That Game of Chess.
It will be seen, by the following extract from
the Newberry Coauseratief, that the Horse Mail
game is actually in progress:
To EDUrIELD.-Before we " promulgate" our
irst move in the impending onslaught, we have
to suggest some regulations which, we have .no
doubt, you will instantly ratify. We agree, how.
ever with much reluctance, to yo'ur interdiction
of the lutroduction of Dutch in the construction
of our gamie; Dutch being inch that itgives much
succinctness to expresion, especially 'in the pro
mulgation of Chess-moves.
Have then thy wish,
But at the samne tinie we must insist, as we are
contending with our contemporaries, that assistance
is not to be called.from those ancient knights of
of the parlor " most famed of famous ancestors."
1st. There must be no taking back of moves:
not so much because it would be a violation of
one of the cardinal laws of Chess, as on account
of the immense loss of time which must result
from such imbecility.
2nd. In addition to the horse porver agreed upon,
for intercommunication, we propose that any other
opportunity, which presents itself, shall be em
braced, for the transmission of moves. Thus:
during your Court weeks, we will send you over
a "s ly thurst" or so, by some member of our har.
Your opportunities will be more abundant than
ours, and we expect to receive many a check I
brought by Chanticleer or dame Partlet, as
Knights of the olden times were wont to tie their
messages about the neck of Dove or Carrier-Pigeon.
3rd. The party failing to move at least once a
week by the Iorse-Mail-elther by Jetter or
through their respective Newspapers, shall be con
silered vanquished. We will not object to the
Advertiser, because its title is printed in Dutch
4th. From recent manifestations we think Edge
field is justly entitled to the Black#, so we take
If you agree to the above propositions, our first
move is K's. P. 2.
Upon the reception of this, our Chess champions
immediately met and agreed to each and all of
The game now stands:
( Whites.) (Black.)
1. K's. P. 2 K's. P. 2.
2. K. B. to Q. B. 4 K. B. to Q. B. .
Some of our brethren of the Press are laughing
at the idea of such a game. Good. Laugh on.
We intend to finish it by Christmag at all hazards.
Watch, and be edified. These long.games are the
most exciting of all Chess matches. You have
heard of " lengthened sweetness long drawn out."
Well, this is something of that nature, though dif
fering in kind. Ours will prove a fleet enough
gamo compared with some that have occurred.
Read the two instances we append:
" A story is told of the young officers in the
army, residing at W~ashinagtona, who were playing.
a game by correspondaaenace, when one of them was
ordtered tu Now Orleans, and, although every pus
jible despatch was used to forward the muvus, the
game was not cuoncluded until both the players
were aged men.
'Two paersonas of distinction, the one at Madrid,
the other at Rtome, played a game of Chess at
that distance. They began when they were quite
young, and though they lived to a very old age,
the game was far from being finished when one of
them died. He appointed his executor to continue
the game, and when the other player died his ex
ecutor also did the same, lint the game was not
even concludedu during the lives of the executer.,
and was abandoned at their deaths."
Old Pottersville andi Dr. Landru.
A clever writer in the Sourh Carolinian
courses of old Potteraiville and Dr. LAXDnUX in
pleasant terms. See his effusion copied on another
piage. We cheerfully allow the old ville all the
ancient glory claimed for it. Although not quite
aged enough to go back distinctly to those stirring
days when she was thei C..icinnartti of Edgefield,
we can yet vividly recall the time when she was
the Juggery of South Carolina. The first sight of
that furnace near thirty years ago,-ean we ever
forget it ? Have we ever been able to think of
any ether kind of furnace when reading of Shad
rack, JMeachuck and Abednaego 7 Do we not still
mind how the boys and girls used to think it a
fine Saturday frolic to walk to old Potteraiville and
survey its manufacturing peculiaristics ? to watch
old DavE a.4 thu clay assumed beneath his magic
touch the dosired shape of jug, or jar, or crock, or
pitcher, as the case might he?-No, we are not
unmindful of the old times of old Agefield; And
we would not have old Pottersville omitted when
our hiistaory comes to be written out, nor Dr.
LAxwtrx. nor the Hire, nor anything good or
clever that ever adorned that once prominent
locality. But read the piece we copy from the
"Ihard Shell Whiskey."
An article from the Columbus IJorner Stone,
under this bead, will attract attention. Without
endo.rsing it in all respects, we cannot refrain
fronm presentinag it to our readlers on areount ci
its pungency and goond sense in several particulars.
Thu liad Shells are a znehb-nbusedl class of rli.
giosus thinkers, sndl we piublisha this half-playful,
half-serious defence of them with pileasnre. If a
man never guts to he any waorse than a genuine
Jiasrd Shell Baptist, he nteod not be in mutch fear
as to the GJreat Unknown Future. lie will lie
very alit t hiolad his grip oan lleaven as socurely
as any of his neighburs. Of course, the ,chiskey
part or (V.xxxnaL livint'yi:'s article is all fudge.
Read what be says any how,-it can't hurt you.
Liberal, Though Politic.
All praise to the town council of Columbia for
the appiropriatlon of $;i,000 just mads fur the bene
fit of the tate Agricultural Girounds at Columbia.
The money will be applied to the construction of
an Ampahitheatre, for the exhibition of stock and
for the awading of premiums. It will be bsilt to
accommodate two thousand persons at least, and
the seats therein will be sheltered from rain. This
is liberal and praise-worthy. The Carolinirm cor
rectly Intimates that Columbia is promoting her
own best interests by thus aiding the.State Society.
Still, her donation is a generous one. We have
no doubt it is but the precursor of mnany similar.
instances of liberality.
The Chess Question.
The Southern Bapti.: has a etiriotus article upon
the game of chess, which we publish elsewhere.
Is it wrong, or not, for Christians to indulge in
that game ? seems to be the burden of the Bap
tist'. roeetions. Our religious cotemporary, as it
appears to us, would like to draw out discussion
upon the subject, regarding it as a point not yet
settled ; and we accordingly extend his remarks.
There are religiionists amongst us who use this
game as not abusing it; and,-thus used, it is difll.
cult to see wherein its evil consists. .We should
like to hear from some one better able than we to
solve the Baptisr's doubts.
.APropos, here is a p~aragraph from the Dnte West
Telescope on this subject. it is, we presume, the
voice of Presbyterianism in relatio'n to thia matt
ter ; but, like the Southern Baptist'. reflections, it
is hard to tell whether tho Td:ew-ape's inuendos
amonat to condemnation or ntot. Thus spake that
oracle, ex tripode, on the 6th instant:
CHriaa.-"Chess is all the rage at, this p'resent
timde. The papers are full of the exploits of our
man M'.rphy, who it seems has takena the shine off
all Europe at this game. His suaccen has excited
the ardor of the smnall fry, andl new we have games
of ehess playedl by Telegyraphs between New York
and Philadelphia. Augusta andl Charli'ston. and
there is a banter between the towns of Newherry
and E~dgefieldl to play a game by Hoarne mail! A
good burlesque ! This chess furor reminds one of
School-boys. To-day townt-ball is the exciting
amusement, to-morrow It is flying the kite, hut
the seal for that soon sbates. So It is with the
larger boys of our world. To-day crowds rush to
the prise fight in New York. To-ulorrow the ex
ulting crowd shouts over the laylig of a cable
across the oceasn; the third day itis Chess! Chess l
Bo we go, sme. and boys. *' Vanityof Vanities
-aiShe 14.ase. All isVailty. N.
ggf.The Charleston Mercury informs us that
on Tuesday last D. L. McKay Esq., was re-elected
,President of the People's Bank-anl Daniel
Ravenel Esq., was elected President of the -Plan
ters and Mechanics Bank. Both were unanimous
gR Ix the U. S. Circuit Court in Savannah on
the 3d Inst., a true bill was found against Capt.
W. C. Corrie for importing Africans. But the case
has been deferred until the fall termnin consequene
of the non-arrest of Capt. Corrio.
.9r- The Dysentery (says the Lexington Flig)
is now prevailing to a considerable extent in our
D'1riet. Persons cannot be too cautious about the
did they partake of.
,pir- The death of James P. Porter, the " Ken
tucky Giant" the tallest man in the world, is an
nounced in the Louisville Journal. The coffin in
which he was buried was 9 feet in length and 2
feet across the breast. He was 7 feet 9 inches in
height, and weighed near 300 pounds. He was
said to be strong in proprotion to size.
- pa- Richard Ballenger, a gentleman much
esteemed, died at his residence in Spartanburg on
the 30th uiLt.
$p&-The Charleston Evening Xerc says:
" When Doctors Differ &c." We should be glad
to learn what the "&c." is in this instuneo.
g The Foreign Advices announce the death
of MADnAxz Busao, the celebrated Prnia Donna
Aoesluta; which event occurred at St. Petersburg
on the 25th of March. MAnAxa Bosro was justly
*a great favorite in both Europe and America.
She died at the age of thirty, having conquered a
prominent position both by her talents and her
O' MRnS. MAODALEx G. BLANINO has be'n
appointed Vice-Regont of the Mt. Vernon Associa
tion for California, by Miss ANx PAxxLA CUN
xwoxAx, Regent in Chief. Mrs. B. is, we take it,
the wife of Wx. D. B.Anixo, Esq., formerly of
South Carolina and a Captain in the Palmetto
SW There were ten steamers burnt at the wharf
at Pittsburg, on the 7th inst., about noon. One
boat, having steam up, towed out four others, and
prevented a further spread of the Are. The loss is
heavy, but not yet estimated.
p - The fourth game of chess between Augusta
and Charleston is now being contested.
zi% A very destructive Are occerred in Rich.
mond, Virginia, on the 4th instant. The loss is
estimated at $50,000.
For the Advertiser.
Gold Mines of Edgefield.
Mx. EDiuT :-Possibly a few passing remarks
,on the Gold Mines of Sleepy Creek, culled from
my Aeld notes, may interest some of your readers.
The diferent mines of this vicinity are so simi
lar and so closely connected as to locality, that it
will be most convenient to describe them under
the head of the Sleepy Creek Mines, than to sepa
rate them according to the various proprietors.
The chief mining operations have been carried
on at the Gold Spring Mine, and latterly also at
the immediately adjoining mine of Col. Jonx
QuATnLaux. Here consequently more may be
learned of the peculiar occurrence than would be
observed at other points.
At first the distribution of the veins is exceed
ingly perplexing; for they are seen striking and
dipping in every possible direction, sometimes per.
fectly horizontal, then curving like a saddle, then
a'gain vertical-here swelling to a diameter of sev
eral feet, there again thinning out to a mere thread
-unow cutting straight aeross the slats country
rock, or now again conforming to the strike or di
rection of the latter. An examination of the large
workable veins alone, leaves us therefore without
any satisfactory conclusions as to the true mode of
occurrence, and we must turn to the minor veins
for an exrplanation. These are the models. We
may inspect them without fear of the obscuring
,ects of greater bulk, and the solution is then an
The country rock (the rock traversed) of these
veins is an argillaceous slate-sometimes so little
altered as still to merit the term of a true sale.
This rock Is exceedIngly tissile. Crevices have
consequently formed in all directions, curving and
ramifying through the slate in every conceivable
manner. Some of these fsasures, more immediate
ly-dependant upon the same powerful forces, to
which the Alleghanies and all their parallel ridges
owe their origin, were extended downwards to a
sufficient depth to become channels for these solu
tions which contained the materials now tilling the
space of the crevices. The lateral cleft, conducted
oWlf ortions of these solutions ; so that, in reality,
notwithstanding the apparently anomalous charac
tr of these veins, their origin is the saume as that
of all persistent veins.
The solutions referred to birought up silica and
copper. The gold is probably due to the country
rock. These mines show in a very clear manner
that the latter metal cannot be infused by the
ehioritic soap-stone dykes, which so abound ; for
while the selvagesof these or rather the slate along
their selvages may be profitably worlied for gold,
the mass itself contains not a trace. But this is a
discussion not likely to interest many of your
The majority of veins visible at the surface have
a north-westerly strike, but those of a north-east
arny or east and west strike are more likely to Ibe
permanent in depth although it is quite povsible
that the mnst impo'rtant andI reliable of the latter
are cuvreed up and do n,,t show at the surface.
With a view to determining this important question,
Col.-QUATTLERUX is now driving a tunnel into the
base of the hill. Should the present one not be
favored with satisfactory results, another, driven
at right angledto it, would scarcely fail to be cue
These teins will undloubtedly at some future pe
rind beenme more remunerative for copper than for
god ; but in the meantime-a perid by no means
confned-they will be able to furnIsh a valuable
supply of the latter metpl. This is indeed liberal
ly diffused through the veln-stone, and some of the
more choIce samples yielded panning. equal to
the very best which I have as yet seen in our
State. The vein-stone of some of the veins ave-r
ages about $1,00 per bushel, of .othere 80,75.
Others again yield a less average, but still may
furnish much valuable ore. The gold is exceeding
ly fine. Indeed, there is but one mine, with which
I am acquainted, which has a purer geld (the
Brewer mine in Chesterfield) and that only exceeds
this by 41.100th. of a cent the pennyweight. Two
assays made at the Dalunega nmne, gave a fineus
of 980 and 988, or a 'rains of $100 x 99-100 eta..
and $1,01 x 59-100 eta per pennyweight respective
Ragular work has barely been commenced as
yet, but judging from that which we now see, It
is a sober and reasonable expectation to anticipate
the happiest results.
OSCAR N. LIEBER,
Camp at Sleepy Creek, 4th May 1859.
CHARLESTON, May 7.
The Cotton market is very quiet, except chance
sales. The bqsiness this forenoon reached only
300 bales, Middling Fair 12* cents.
IlacoN-Primo Shoulders have been selling
freely at fic., and Sides from 10 to 104c.
L tAn-We note sales of 200 kegs at 121 @ 12c.;
and 200bs. at 11 @ 12e. -
A UG USTA, May 7.
Corrog--Thore was very little done this fore
noon, and dlealers are disposed to wait for further
developments. Holders are firm.
NEW YORK. May 7.
The cotton trade was very dull to-day, as deal
era are awaiting further foreign advies. Flour
closed firm, at an advance of 5 to 10c. per barrel,
and with sales of 15,000 barrels. Wheat buoyant,
with sales of 28,000 bushels.
NASHVILLE, May 4.
BACO-Receipt s light-stock slender--demand
fair. Hog round 8i cents ; Shoulders 7c.; llama
S.; Clear Sides 10e. , Those are the prices paid
to wagons ; from store, packed, Ie., advance.
LAun.-Good Lard, in suitable packages, readi
ly commands 10te.
piMaj. BRYAN DEAN is respectfully nom
inted by his Mends as a Candidate for CO,0
arar- san. ..s.... n
2W We invite our readers to the perusal
Df Da. Ayca's advertisements which appear
in the columns of our paper. They deserve
attention as treating of what interesta us all,
and from a source which all have long respect
Ad. The Doc'ruia is well known as one of the
leading Chenists of .this country, who de.
votes his acquirements to the discovery and
manuracture of remedies for popular use.
The unparalelled success which has followed
his labors is too well known in this com
munity to neel any elucidation from our pen.
Washington C. Odserver.
MARtiOvi, in Charleston on the 3rd inst., by Rev.
J. 11ACUMAN, Mr. H ENRY M. TOVEY and Miss
EMMA C. SCHIRMER, all of that City.
MAnIx, on Thursday the 28th of April, by the
Rev. Mr. C. McLSoD, Mr. V. F. BEARD, of Hele
as, Newberry District, to Miss M. E. 1OIT, of
MAnRKIn, at the residence of J. R. Breare, Esq.,
in Newton, Alabama, on the 28th April, by Rev.
T. S. Dew, Mr. GREEN S. EASON and Miss
CATHARINE E. McKAY.
Dzi*AnvsD this lire on Thursday 28th of April,
in the 11th year of his age EDWIN HAYWOOD,
eldest son of Mr. A. J. and Mrs. S. R. AvaRY, of
Columllia County, Ga.
Uncomonly amiable and affectionate, this lit.
tle boy was an object of the nost tender attach.
ioent to his pa. sots, and his numerous relatives.
Obliging and playful, he secured the sincere es.
teem of all the little playmates with whom he was
associated. Taken away as he has been from the
evil to come, let us "rest in the hope of a better
time coming," when the re-union in heaven will
far more than compensate for the distressing sep.
erations of earth.
" Oh the hope, the glorious hope
The hope through Jesus given;
The hope when all life's troubles passed,
We all shall meet in Heaven."
The fifth Sabbath Union Meeting of the fourth
Division of the Edgefield Association, will eonvene
with the Mount Zion Church, on Friday before the
fifth Sabbath In May Inst.
Rev. L. R. GWALYTNBY to preach the Introducto.
Rev. D. D. BaUNSox, alternate.
SUBJECTS FOR DISCUSSION.
It. What is the best mode of conducting Sab
bath Schools and the benefits arising from them.
2nd. What is the best means to he used to secure
the efficiency of the members of the Church.
J. S. MATHEWS, Moderator.
J. L. ADDISON,
Attorney at Law & Solicitor In Equity,
EDGEFIELD C. H., S. C.
May.11 tf 18
M A.S O I C.
REGULAR Communication of Concordia
Lodge, No.. 50, A. F. M., will be held on
oaturday evening, 21st inst., at S o'clock.
By order of the W. M.
L. R. COWBURN, Bee'ry.
May 11 2t 18
MORE FL OUR I
JUST RECEIVED FRESH FROM THE MILLS,
40 Sacks of Durn's Brand;
30 " Bouknight's Brand;
5 ". i Reedy River Brand ;
14) Barrels do do.
This Flour is all represented as being FIRST
QUALITY COUNTRY FLOUR-and I warrant
it to be good.
W. 11. HARRISON, Agt.
May 11 if 18
Normal and High School for
T ~HIS SCHOOL, ESTABLISH ED BY ACT OF
Lthe Legislture, will be opened for PUPILS,
ou Monday, the 9th of May. Girls from the city,
who desire admission into the High School, will
make application before that day to the Secretary1
of the ihoard, at the Public Sehool House In St.
Philip-street, near George, between the hours of 9
and 11 o'clock, a.. n. Those who apply from the1
country, under the provisions of tbe Act allowing
fifteen from each Congressional District, may applyI
on or before the 9th of May, or within one month
'The following are the requisitions for Admission
into the Normal Scheol:
1. Applicants must be at least fifteen years of
age, and not over twenty-Sve, of unquestionable
moral character, and in sound bodily health.
2. They must be able to sustain a good examina
tion in the following subjects, viz:
Oavrnon~trmy-Oral and Written.
RAmINO-With facility, either Prni'e or Poetry.
G x OG Ri A PR v-Geographical Defnidtions, with
GaAxxaan-Definitions and Roles of Syntax,
with ability to parse plain English sentences.
AaRIrs~avc--Numeration, Simple and Compound
Numbers, Reduction, Commun and Decimal Frac
tions, Simple and Compound Proportion, and Coin.
putation Of Interest.
HrsTony-Of United States, with some knowl
cdge of Genecral History.
A legible handwriting will he required, wIth some
practice in English Composition.
In addition to the foregoing, the applicants for
the State appointments most declare their desire to
mnake themoielves competent as Teachers in this
State, and on their appearance at School mnust pre
sent a aertitieate signed by a majority of the dele
gatinn from the election district in which she
C. G. MEMMINGER,
Chairman of the Beard.
May 11, 1859 * 4 18
"Freight as Cheap as the Cheapest."
T ilE Excel L~ine baving hbeen thnrughly organ.
ized on the 291th April, P. L.. Wadei. appointed
l'residlent, T. 11. Johnson, Secretavy. R. Juhnse'n,
Agent at Savannah, and H. F. Russell, Agent at
Augusta ; the Steamer Eccel will in future run in
connection with New York, Phihedelphia, and Hal.
timore Steamships at Savannah aridl Georgia Rail
lRoad at Augusta, leaving Savannah on Satusay
Evening. andl Augusta on Wednesday MornIng.
All Goods fur Northern and European markets and
the Interior, should be addressed to care of Agents
Excel Line at Savannah and Augusta. Forward
ing of course free.
With men so perfec.tly argquainted with the f.'r
warding and shipping business, it is needless t, as.
sure the public that p'romptness will ebariieteriue
all operations of this Company.
R. JOHNSON. Ag't Savannah.
H. F. RUSSELL, Ag't Augusta.
May 11, 1859 3m 18
BAKER COUNTY LAND8
F O B, .&L E O N TZIl'.'E 1
T HE Subscriber offens far sale
EIGHT or TEN PLANTA
TIONS, Improved end unimproved,
of the best quality, selected by him
self. These tracts contain frnm FIVE H UNDKED
to TH REE THOUSAND A CRES in a body. and
are among the very beiat bodies of land In Baker
Reference-Capt. Robt. Merriwether, Col. Jam.
C. Brooksa, Mr. Allen B. Addison, and Dr. J. W.
Stokes, President of Bank of Hamburg.
gy Col. W. WY. CsEVR will shew the above
L~ands in my abuence.
My address Is Columbus, Ga.
May1 8 18
PLANTA TIONS & NEGROES
For Sale in South-Western Georgia.
THE following described property
has boon placed in my hands for
sale, by one of the most sucessful
Cotton Planters in South-Western
Georgia, who desires a change of rosidence and
Three open and highly improved PLANTA
TIONS. situated in the heart of the ' Limo Belt,"
convenient to Railroad :
One containing 3,500 Acres;
One containing 1.750 Aceres; and
One containing 1,250 Aeres ;
Toguthier wvithi all of the Stock complete, Plant
ing Utensils, and an abunndant supply of Provisions.
Also, seventy experienced, and A No. I, Cotton
making NEG ROES, the moest of whoml are work.
ing hands, will be sold with the Plantations if de
sired, hut not separately.
Terms, as follows, can he made: A small amount
of cash, and the b~alance in instalments of one,
two, three anti four years, well secured with inter
eat payable annually.
Persons wishing to see the property, will please
notify mc a few days before visiting the country,
that I may Ibe at home on their arrival.
For farther particulars Address me at " Bonds4
Mills," Baker county, Georgia.
W. W. CHEEVER.
May 11, 1559 im 18
L OST OR MISLAID at Edgefleld C. H.
or on the road to my residence, a BUNDLE
of ACCOUNTS on numerous persons. All in
debted to nme are hereby forewarned not to settle1
with any one except myself. Any Information
coneerning the above Accounts thankfully seeied
L. 0. LOYVELACEL
trA se as
1.200 Dozen Linen Cambric HANDKERCHIEFS.............6 14
1,200 Dozen Linen TOWELS............ ......... . ....8 14
5,500 Yards fine French BRILLIANTS........................... 12 1-2
2,560 Yards fine French MUSLINS.............................. 12 1-2
),550 Yards fine Merrimac CALICO.......,..................... 12 1-2
5,250 Yards fine colored MUSLIN, warranted fast colors, or the money
will be returned............................. ............. 6 14
Y,500 Yards fine .Madder CALICO.........................6 14
3, 100 Yards fine White HOMESPUN....................... 6'1'4
$,.175 Yards fine Brown Sea Island HOMESPUNS.................... 14.
1,100 ,Yards heavy Linen CRASH............................... .6 1.4
5,100 Yards fine English CALICO.........................12 1.2
100 Dozen Gents fine colored Bordered HANDKERCHIEFS....... 12 12.
150 Dozen Muslin NECK TIES............................... 12 1.2
5,150 Yards fine French Organdy and Jaconet MUSLIN.......... .25
t, 100 Yards fine French BAREGES, plain and figured.......... .. 25
1,100 Yards fine French GINGHAMS, black and Colored............ 55
1,200 Yards Apple CLOTH................................. 37
1,100 Toil de Paris MEXICANA................................ 37 1-2
1,200 Fine LAMARTEESE, new and beautiful Dress Goods......... 37
15 Pieces fine 12-4 Linen SHEETING......................... 75
75 Pieces fine Double Table DAMASK...................... -75
4550 Pieces Fronting LINEN............................ 37.
500 Dozen Dainask NAPKINS................................ $1 50
100 Pieces Planters' Linen DRILLING......................... 12 1.2
100 Pieces fine Planters' Linen DUCK........ ........... 25,
100 Dozen fine Eleven-Hoop SKIRTS....... ............1 00
GRAY & TURLEY,
UNDER THE UNITED STATES HOTEL, AUGUSTA,
and 115 Congress Street, Savamak
May 11, 1859 tf 1s
MDICAL CAIN)I MATT
DRS. A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE, INDIA ATTING
BEG leave to inform their friends that they have OF SUPERIOR QUALITY,
associated themselves in the practice of Medi. m Ag 8
ine i its different branches, as well as continue
their copartnership in the sale of Drugs, &c. AS just from New York, a large sup.
One or both may always be found at their Store, H ply of
it any hour of the day or night. The patients of 4-4, 54 and 6-4 Plain White and Checked
me will be the patients of both, and will be at. INDIA MATTINGS, of very superior quality.
anded by either or both without additional Charge. ALSO,
A. G. TEAGUE, Ingrain, Tbree-Ply, Venetian, EnglishBrussels,.
T. J. TEAGUE. and Velvet CARPETS, at very low prices.,
April 19th, 1859 tf 15 ALSO,
Embroidered La.e and Muslin CURTAINS;
DROUGHT TO THE JAIL of this Dis- Curtain DAMASKS; WINDOW SHADES;
itrict, a Negro boy who says that his name is CURTAIN BANDS and CORNICES.
LAURENCE, and that he belongs to one Pem- All of which will be sold at very low prices; ad
broke Bond, of Augusta, Ga. Laurence is about persons wishing those articles are respeety re.
L2 years old,. weighs 85 pounds, of a copper 0om- quested to exainine them before purehasing ese.
plexion, and quite intelligent for one of his years. wbere.
His owner is requested to come forward, prove Augusta April 11 tf 14.
property, pay charges and take him away, other
Prise he will be dealt with as the law directs. OSING O U T
T. H. CLARK, J. E .
May 10. if. COIG UT
LIGHTfor the SUFFERING MILLIONS! DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS,
DR. MARTIN'SBATANEBLO CS.
GRE AT IRE MEDY!1 mdsru fcoigotm tc fDUS
A CETAN CURS FOR CONSUMPTION ~IEIIiS cadwl ela arfc
dAd all Lung D)i~sees-Shortneua of Breath-Dy.-s- al u opiigslal rils
pepaie und Dqetey-WoIQrat caee of Crvup Ayoeeggdi h uiesaddsrn
and ULkolic, e., &c., &c. t owudfn tgetyt hi neett
T1HIS medicine is purely vegetable, being com- 1Um tc n9aiain
I posed entirely of best Rye Spirit. and West Evrtigslwllhwaane.Cm
lndia Gums, and other Extracts which are healing so~o agi utr.lmdtrie osl
.o the Lungs. .,Trswlhoaorbetanprve
p!O It is a most ploasant drink.
3150- One bottle should be carried by every man, Frfrhrifrain drs ea
roman or child traveling to mix with the water. HabrSC. A .RIHT,
d-Price One Dollar Per Bottle.-sT~
[f it does not give satisfaction 1 will refund t h mug a ,15 a
nanc or sale by R. L. GENTRY, Agent, at Sib- nrnsu Au7VEUIAA I
ey's Corner, with Messrs. H. * N. E. Solomon, i1IIb& UM II VII
where I always will be found with a large supply
>f the above VirAArLn Paozar.- Also, --
I am also always in the market (at Sibley's Cor- H P N ,Agn, -
ser,) for purchasing cotton, and will pay the bigheet
maarket price for fine cottons. HA utrcie n fesfrslams
For the above medicine, apply toBEUItLLAGADDSRAE
R. L. GENTRY, Agent. ooko pigadSme
Hamburg, Jan. 25, 1859~ ly 3G O DS
IIAM DURG, S. C., May 1st, 1859. HsGoshv enslce ihgetcr
CArr. R. L. G anTRY :-Sir, I take great pleati h e orPia-pia atmr n
are in recommending "Dr. .rlin Great Rem.- Calso akt;adwl esl tpie
1ty,"-as I feel it a duty l ows to my felluw man to atwlnofilogvenirstsfco.
tell where may be f.'und a Remedy for many ol 4rl1 f 1
the Ills that flesh is heir to. My lungs was badly
effected; and I also had, In connection with this
disease, one of the worst cases of Chronic Dysen- J~r e od
tery, which one Bottle of the above Medicine, in 1 usrbrhsJutrcie RS
twelve days, effectually cured. I now feel as well Le ffn
as Ilever did In my life.py
W M. J. HARLING. BNES ONTRBOS
State of South Carolina,BREESALHWL ANLAS
EDGEFIELD DISTRICT,DOLESITM LI,
BY W. F. DURISOE, Esq., Ordinary of Edge. O h ts tlsadptenwi-h n
B feld District.d ,.rtshscsorsadtepbitoalanox
Whereas, Robert Quarles bath applied toC m ief.rtesls. BC.RY .
for Letters of Administration, on all andl singulA prl7,t1
the go..ds anid chattles. rights and credlit, of Mil
Ilroud Aiten late of'the District aforesaid. deceasesi
These are, theraere, to ci:e and udmanish all S DLY
andi singular, the kindred and credlitors of the said 'I oiws oejygo elh
Ieceased. to he and alppar before me, at our nex: . Rd oeo osbc.
Drdinary's Court thr the said District, to be holde,
it Edgelield C. HI., on the 19th day of May Inst., uE' nls hfe n etcySD
to show enuae, if any, why the said administration jJ LS
thould not be grianted'.de ndBy n agnSDLS
Given under mny hand and seal, this 5th day of poedElihBDLLATRSr
M1ay, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight tla,(its icnls adeBgWis c
bund~red and fifty-nine, and in the 83d year of Jutoedanfrsleowb
&merican Independeneo. J .SLIA O
W. F. DURIS0E, O.L~n. Arl2 f 1
May I1. 1859 2t 18
10ns REGIMENT, S. C. M., ) ~ yuws osv orSok ot .HP
Mxamox Svaazv, April 14th, 1859. ISACexnsvFodradMche
IVIE Upuper Battalion is hereby commanded t, ~o ,inAgsaadseth
.1assemble at Branavv's on Saturday the 21st aehosPwr
,f May, armed and equippedl a the law direct. awokyuwilteorron.Tyhvels
The Lower Battaliun will assemble at MountaneCOTNPESinfcayMchera
iVlling on Saturday the 28th day of Mlay, armedPltemawn.
tud e.quippaed as the .law direeta.J.EMA UPYupt
The Commissioned and Non-Cnmissloned Off Mai- 159St1
ters will assemble the day previous for drill and _______________________
Xaj. SWIrr Is charged with the extension of S E .R u -~ T
Dy order of
Lieut. CoLA. B. DEAN. WOEAEDAESI
W. A. Rrtv.Ann, AdJft. nvhlo
;g Trnssa and MCCARTY will please attend Dht8 n~n~
Pany ivsin,2dBRIAD. . . . DENTAL AND SICEL PINTUMENTS,
EdgflldC.IL Mrc 2th 159 } PERFUMERY,FC B RUSH LESc
jN prsunceof n oder ssud fom ri I amn desi1, ro ocoStg oust. tekoRUGS,.
.rciatsinte 0t egmet S Ct.,o any. Apr se t1g1h whl 1tc, 4hhi
Elgien, o il te aany.ocasendtyoh buwol.fn B R ItA. gra S tei nES.t
Ignit~on ofiCol my 3.ocktan .Themmanagers o
ount the votes andhreporfothetresultdofetsemelae
ion to lien.mburgg,,Moy Mondy859e-18th1May
By rdr f te ri. neal ' E.IA CAEN, alse.Aent,ane
H. W ADDSON Bri. Mn. yH CAS . fultreeie g ass ofull s l , a ext
PAINT, OIL ND LASS.AWUyforUL , AnE wAND benESsarly
compele o selln ondth smeerms hrydy
U NIN ad Cotd Pur Whto EAD is oogadt thate wllce iho gvean. ar
Linse~lOIL TUPENINE Co n th Also MAorkN CFINSpha atimr gtandr
Pait, 'anis an GaiaingBRCha; rdebthn qarkety; and priclesl tpie
FrencPlattWIwill tnoAtSfalllstosg iveeTT a SfaON
Suprio Flur.. F oreao and Goo d!
BBLS FLOR, Hram mithBran; mIE Subscriber has nowiStorn receivFRSt
Also kees costanly o han a god asort ply ofC ine
S. E. OWERS gBONNETCS, BONET IBBONS,
OfEG DorA WLBan , hich MoANisLfLAS,
Lf ttateatfstostyHamiatonpatterds, must payethe
'aae y he13 un nxt ad hoeiavngdo his cusomersadteblict lland.ex
ans aant sid stae wll endr tcm in e Sor tselve hude .pud Ch.c B nRYN
lebrr~l a weinen mae fna setlmet Ifh ayov Iwish toeo god Heslalt
tfhe ai Esat entha dy. ouRides ore h osbc..
dies, .GirtThshises ~ Cicigls dle ag3s, ip,
Just om54 pendan o sal g.o by .
W. M. A 6. WA Mif.TON, Adas**sa
IIE Subscriber has now in Store and receivinf
from the best Packers,
6,000 Lbs. TENNESBEE BACelt,
Which challenges comparison with any BACON
in Town. It is a choice lot, and no mistake. Also,
is sAcus COUNTaY FLoma,
Of Dorn's Brand, whieh Mr. Dorn hisaself pro
nonnees excellent. Try it, Roasekeepers.
GOOB COUNTRY LARD,
In Stese several hundred pounds Choice Country
L ARD, which has been nicely ked.
gg The above I wish to se an em"seR at
low prices for Ca'sh. -
A..a as ma M