Newspaper Page Text
- 8BS6'WI.f.%ID4~at14E WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TERPLE O OUR LIBERTIA AND IF IT MUST PALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST THE RUINS.
SIMINS, DURISOE & co., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. J VOLUME IIIV.-4No 22.
Fer the Advertiser.
3ITALO TEEAVE TRADE-NO.XVD.
I "ne war mst be carried into Afric."
It Is no assumption of fact to say that a large
section of clear.sighted men in the North West,
and on the Pacific slope especially are desirous of
remedying the anomaly of hireling sogiety in a
new doentry, having a thin .population-fertile
soil and genil climate. They know that slavery has
been the normal relation of common laborers tc
capitalists in all such countrjes as ours throughout
the broad vista of historical time. They appreciate
the logio of nature's laws, and more partlcularly
the one, which declares that man loves power and
that therefore he will impose slavery upon all the
labor he can control, because it pleases him-be,
cause it is better for the laborer-because slaven
gives repose and stability to society. They feel
the full force of what Alexis Do Tocqueville, the
subtilist political philosopher perhaps of the pres.
oat age,says on the tendency of modern society,
"All the men of our day are driven, sometimes
slowly, sometimes violently, by an unknown force,
which may possibly be regulated, or moderated,
but cannot be overcome, toward the destruction oJ
Yet that ! Among all human societies, those in
which there exists and can exist no aristocracy are
precisely those in which it will be most difficult,
to resist for any length of time the establishmireni
Bbeause "When men are no longer bound to.
gether by caste, class corporate, or family. ties,
they are only too prone to give their whole thoughts
to their private interest, and to wrap themselves up
In a narrow individuality, in which public virtue
Is stifled, ***. In societies of this stamp in
which there are no fi.red landmarks, every man is
constantly spurred on by a desire to rise and a
fear of falling. And as money, which is the chief
mirk by which men are classified and divided one
from the other, fluctuates incessantly-passes from
hand to hand, alters the rank of individuals, raises
families here, lowers them there, every one is
forced to make constant and desperate efforts to
acquire, or retain it."
These extracts apparently involve a contradic
tion of terms, by stating first that all men are em.
ployed In the destruction of aristocracies; and
second, that freedom cannot long exist in any gov.
ernment without an aristocracy. Yet every obser.
var of the world in this day, must acknowledge
the truth of both propositions. Aristocracy as
among white men is crumbling into fragments every
where. The revolt of the United Colonies against
Englandand of other European Colonies in America
against their mother country struck a death
dealing blow to aristocracy,."nd it has been fol.
lowed up by other strokes of equal import. At
this time a sweeping Reform Bill, proposing to
extend the right of suffrage to multitudes who are
now nfranchised is being fiercely debated in Eng
land, and Lord Derby's Ministry has been over
thrown because it was not Democratic enough.
The next move of Messrs Bright and Cobden, or
of their successors, will perhaps be to change the
hereditary tenure of the House of Lords to only
a life tenure. Indeed it was proposed a few years
ago, in the British Parliament, by even a Peer of
the Realm, to.Inaugurate life peerages. Being
Premier, he was doubtless eager to conellite popu
lar favor, because he snuffed the breeze of the
present storm in England, demanding in tones of
thunder, the white man's equal right to political
The Czar of Russia comprehends so fully the
growing sentiulent of his white surfs in favor of
the white man's equality with other white men,
that he has liberated his own white slaves, and re
quested his nobility to do likewise. They object
now, but a second French Revolution will some
time roll over the Muscovite Empire, crushing
white aristocracy as it did in France. The sole
object of the French Revolution was to destroy
white aristocracy, and it did destroy it in France
forever. There is now no French nobility, not
evew any French Royalty. Both the King or
Emperor and the merely titled aristocracy hold
their tenures only at the pleasure of the wchite
eguale. The Duke De Malakoff has only a name
earned by merit like the Dukes of the elder Napo
leon's Battle Fields earned their empty titles.
The only aristocracy which exists in one half
of Europe now Is but an arristocracy of merit-sn
aristocracy of title, without power and privilege or
anaristocracy of the bayonet. The old Napoleon
was the child of destiny to accomplish the behests
of the liberated slaves. Before his time large
standing armies were unknown in Europe; but
since he appeared on the stage, over 2,000,000
men have been organised into a grand police of
soldiers to sustain tbe artrocratic interest. Even
those mighty armies failed to preserve the aristo
. cracies in 1848, and now the papers say that Louis
Napolean is preparing only in self defence to guide
the storm of another coming Revolution against
the hereditary aristocracies. One half of Europe
cannot much longer be kept in arms to hold the
other half in slavery. The aristocracies must fall
either by the army fraternizing with the people,
or by the burden of Taxation becoming so heavy
as to drive the people to rise in despair and crush
the army, the'aristocracy and themselves in one
common vortex of ruin. The public debt of some
of the States of Continental Europe has quadru.
pled even sine 1848. Noblemen formerly made
war upon Kings which oaused Shakespeare to say
"Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown."
But now the people make war upon both Kings
and Noblemen In which conflict numbers must
The princile that one half of the Caneassion
world wus bornready booted and spurred with whip
In hand to ride the other half, has had its day.
The new principle that white men are all equals,
potically, and that the colored races shall be the
slaves is. the watchward of the age. Our own peo
ple, or at least the reflecting among them, wish to
apply that principle in all its breadth. While De
Tocqueville admits that the tendency of the age is
toward the destruction of aristocracies, and grants
also that freedom cannot long exist in any country
where there Is no sristocraey, he yet fails even to
suggest a remedy for the want of aristocracy as a
conservator of civil liberty. In his first great
work entitled "Democracy in America" he actual
ly deprecates th'e existance of negro slavery at the
South. Yet Southern Society is the only one on
the face of the earth, organised upon a basis to
meet the requirements of Dc Tocqueville's posi
tions, that all men are employed in the destruction
of arIstocracies, and that still freedom cannot long
exist in any community where thereois no aris
Here we have no class of aristocracy among
whites. Therefore the South has no aristocracy
to be destroyed. Yet every white man at the
South is an aristocrat as regards the negro, and
all Southern white men are " bound together by
casts, class, corporate, or family ties," to preserve
each others liberty, and hold the negro laborers in
subjection. Consequently we have an aristocracy
of caste and class, contra-distinguished from the
individual interest of hireling society, and so we
need.,not fear the establishment of despotism
among us, which reflecting Northern men see in
store for them. The despotism of a mere numcri
cal majority in hireling society is quite as Injurious
as the one man desp6tism .of Russia and China.
Tyrany is tyrany, whether It be practised by one
,mn,orvehndred,asone uknovn hnd wrote
in the night time. Recall the tyrany of the many
beaded monster in France. Observe it now in
New York and Massachusetts, which States must
in a short time fall under the one man power un
less prevented by the conservatism of the other
States in the Union. A strong centralized hand
is sadly wanted now to curb the licensciousness of
the mobs in those two States. The same lack of
ballast-of a sheet anchor-of a conservative ele
ment is deplored throughout the North.
If the slave trade were revived there is hardly
a doubt, but that at least the North Western States
and the whole Pacific Slope would adopt slavery,
as surely as " man will always act from the center
of his own individuality." Chinese slavery al
ready practically exists in full force on the Pacific
Slope, just as negro slavery substantially exists
in the hereling States of the Atlantic Slope. This
will not be controverted by any one who is in
.formed upon the present state of things in our
Pacific possessions. Although California and Ore
gon prohibit slavery, or involuntary servitude in
their Constitutions, yet over 60,000 Chinese reside
there most of them as the virtual slaves of the
white man, and so our countrymen on the Pacific
are "bound together, by 'elass and caste ties"
against the Chinese, which produces an element
of conservatism very promising for constitutional
liberty in that quarter. The aristocracy of "c aste"
and "c lass" does prevail there under the patron
age of public opinion, as emphatically as if it
were established by law and that Chinese slavery
will soon be permanently established there by
Constitutional enactment, admits of but small'
The moment Gold was discovered in California,
the Chinese crowded thither in thousands. They
could not be naturalized, as none but "white'
foreigners are allowed that privilege under the law
of Congress, yet they persevered in resorting to
California in face of the bitterest hostility of the
whites. Congress had no power to exclude them,
because the Federal Constitution not autbori.
zing it and expatriation being an inalienable
natural right, debars Congress from excluding any
person, of any oation, of any color from the
States, or Territories of the United States. The
matter of admitting, or excluding persons of i.
particular class, or statue, belongs to the faculty o;
State Sovereignty. Hence by the time California
had become a State, she reckoned almost as many
Chinese as whites, within her borders and although
she might have confered local citizenship upon
the Chinese at the adoption of her Constitution a
some of the abolition States have done in respect
to their free negroes, yet she declined to do s
then and has persisted 'in that drtermination.
Nor is public opinion tie only potent agency
for treating the Chinese as slaves on the Pacifie
Coast. Apprentice laws look to the sanie end and
those laws are becoming more and more stringent
at every emendation of them. In the Convention
which adopted the Constitution of California no
effort whatever was made to establish negro slave
ry under it, because nearly all white miners- were
opposed to the institution upon the ground mainly
that large capitalists, or slave holders would havt
an undue advantage, by being able to introduce
so'many slave laborers, as to exclude the powt
-minor from .ither.wleldIggings on .his owa.-ae
count, or from high wages, while at work for
others. It will also be remembered that in 1850
negro labor was higher than white labor and that
therefore poor miners in California could not have
sanely hoped to purchase many slaves at the
prices then obtaining. Cotton had risen so high
that its producers were enabled to drive all
other competitors out of slave market. As the
cotton crop of 1851-2 exceeded the previous one
by near 7000,000 bales, at least 200,000 new slave
laborers must have been put to cotton culture in
1850-1, allowing 3J bales (the usual estimate to
the hand) at the very time, when negroes were
most wanted to plant slavery in California.
Therefore to have established negro slavery in Cal
ifornia then it was requisite not only that the stan
dard value of negro labor should be abore that of
white labor, but that the envy and jealousy of the
poor white miners, should also be overcome, a tssk
which the South could not parform with the slave
trade closed. She was - consequently beaten, as
she had previously been beaten, under precisely
similar circumstances in Indiana and Illinois and
as she has since been defsated in Kansas. But
Chinese slavery has been steadily working its way
in California against all obstacles in accordance
with the laws of nature-the laws of demand and
supply. An Overruling Providence has been car
ing for the South on the Pacific, while she has been
slumbering over her rights. The Chinese at first
came to California either voluntarily or as appren
tiees to Chinese Mandarines who enforced their
right to the labor of those apprentices under
Chinese laws even in California. But at the ex
piration of such contracts only a few of the ap
prentices returned to the Celestial Empire. They
have prefered even slavery to the white man to a
return to their Fatherland with its tyranical laws
and crowded population..
The' society and legislature too of California
have interfered several times to expell them but
all to no purpose. The white miners have ever
had peculiar cause for hostility to the Chinese in
the fact, that the latter have monopolized and al
most exhausted, the entire "Surface Diggings" of
the State. The work in such mines is far lighter
and more agreeable than in the "Deep Diggings,"
although it does not pay so well. 'I'he Chinaman
las seleoted the surface DIggings-becanse of his
constitutional inertness-hIs bodily weakness his
inherent dread of danger and because of surface
mining being a stirs business, while the deeper
and sometimes muich richer diggings often yield no
return for many month. of hard, expensive and
dangerous labor. As a natural result, all the white
miners who prefer a safe surface mnine, to a doubt.
fuil deep one-who prefer light labor in the open
air to hazardous severe an-1 not Infrequently un
profitable labor in the bowels of the earth, have
a special cause for opposing either the ingress, or
residence of Chinese in California. Such white
men have times without number made riotous war
upon the Chinese and they have occasionally got
control of the Legislature so as to pass sever penal
lamil against the importation of any more Chinese,
s well as to prohibit the return of those who leave
the state. B~ut the larger part of society have
protected the Chines'e and either the ballot box
has repealed the obnoxious laws, or the California
Courts have declared them unconstitutional.
From a communication forwarded to us last
Summer by our friend and co-proprietor, E. K.,
which we have not been enabled to publish until
the present, we cull the following passages. Be
sure and read, as E. K. invariably writes interest
.PICKCEXs Diavaler, Sept. 1858.
Mla. BD:Toen: It is said that no man will ac
knowledge himself guilty of ingratitude. Ag a
general rule, this Is no doubt the case. That man
who could receive btenefits andl favors without a
feeling of gratitude towards the donor, would never
have the magnanimity to own it. I do not suppose
that individuals are always prompt enough to ex
press thankfulness even when it is heart-felt and
profound. A. a nation, I am afraid we often come
short of our duty in this regard. Are we blessed
wlth abudant rons Do our looks inoease and
grow fat? Instead of boasting and exultation,
let thanks ascend from the alter of our hearts to
the Great Disposer of events. " The earth is the
Lord's and the fulness thereof." How dependent
we are upon the will of our Creator!
In Jackson County, N. C., on the Soco and the
Oconee-luff-tee, waters of the Tuekasisgee River,
-about twelve hundred of the Cherokees yet have
a " local habitation and a name." Col. Wm. H.
Thomas, for the last twenty years, has been their
agent, and their particular friend. In the "Schem
erharn treaty." by which the Cherokee nation
agreed to emigrate beyond Arkansas, that frag
ment of the tribe, known as Thomas's Indians,
was not represented; and as a matter of course,
not one of the provisions of said treaty could have
any binding effect on them. It was mainly upon
this ground, I am told, that the Government of
the United States allowed them to remain in the
country. As might be expected, they acknowledged'
themselves subject to the lairs of North Carolina,
and also to the Constitution of the United States.
But " Uncle Sam" persisted in having their landi
surveyed and sold; and consequently the Indians
claimed all the benefits arising from the famous
treaty. After years of negotiation, Col. Thomas
at last succeeded in getting about $93,000 from
the General Government for the use and benefit
of his red brethren. This sum was in considera
tion of their lands. Moreover, sixty thousand dol
lars ($60,000) were appropriated for their removal,
and subsistence one year. They are now in the
annual receipt of the interest on this amount. But
after all, it is not yet definitely settled whether or
not they are to remain permanently in the "good
old North State." They may be compelled eventu
ally to go West, as the other tribes have done.
Nearly all of " Thomas's Indians" have bought
lands and improved them. These people, once so
savage, seem now to be pretty good farmers. I
saw corn enough, and to spare in some of their
cribs, and their growing crops looked fine. These
"Ishmaelites," as they are sometimes called, are
thought by those who have the best opportunities
of judging, to be, on an average, about half civil
ized. Many of them are consistent members of
the Christian Churth. Some 9f them can spell
and read our language with considerable fluency.
Others read well and uNderstandinyly in their na
tive dialect. The Rev. J. W. Bird, to whom I am
greatly indebted for information concerning the
Indians, and also for other favors not to be forgot
ten, is the Missionary, who preaches more or less
every week fur his " Cherokecfriends," mad in the*
winter season he instructs their children in the
elements of English literature. Thus much for
the general history of these Indians. I desire
now to give a few sketches in which reality and
not fancy, shall guide the pen.
The Missionary and E. K. were on the way to
the place appointed for preaching. Stopping a
few minutes at the gate of a stalwart hunternamed
Stoo-kee -stau-ek (Standing-in-the-door,) the fol
lowing colloquy ensued.
. Miesionary.-" What do you ask for that bear
skin in the piazza?"
Indian.-" Two dollar, and a half."
Jiseionary.-" That's too much."
Indian.-" Him berry cheap."
, Wistionary.-" Where did yqu kill that bear?"
Indian.-" Tennessee, twenty miles, ti e
JXieeonary.-" What did the bear weigh ?"
Indi'n.-"Four hundred and fifty pound. Me
tote home two hundred and fifty pound, and de
skin; and daddy tote de rest."
E. K-" Were you not almost broken down by
carrying such a quantity of bear meat so far
through the mountains?"
Indian.-" Mo sick tree week !"
Indin.-" 1io" (meaning E. K.) "preacher?"
Indian.-" le drunk ?"
Jfiseonary.-" I reckon not."
And then we went on our way swiling, if not
rejoicing. Stoo-kee-sta'a-geh seems to think that
there are but two characters among the descend
ants of Europeans,-preachers and drunkards.
It was a pleasant hour in the morning when we
arrived at the first ford on the Oconee-luff-tee.
The waters of this purling rivulet were so clear
and stainless that even the poet could not wish
for a better emblem of purity. " The King of
day" with his glorious disc peered down upon us
from an arch of living sapphire. On each side,
and not far in the distance, the green tops of high
mountains overlooked the smiling vales. Halting
a moment to let my horse drink, I looked up the
stream and saw two Indiana fishing. Their canoe,
a light and graceful thing, was turned directly 4
across the river, and it floated along like some
beautiful swan. In etcoh end of the tiny vessel,1
the Indians arrayed in picturesque costume, stood
erect and motionless, their heads uncovered and
their halr streaming long and black in the bree.
t was a scene to he admired and enjoyed. Ta
king it altogether, this view presented one of the
inest pictures I ever beheld; it was a most deli
ate and graceful grouping of the romantic and:
And now,'I will give you a snake story. An
Indian, Se-la-la (Stpirrel) by name, was out in 1
the mountalns hunting for deer, and by chance
ame upon a horned! rautlesnake. Wishing to cap
ture this strange looking ceature alive and not
knowing how to accomplish his end, he hastened
back home for his squaw to cme ad assist hIm.
On returning, they saw the horned enske agaie,.
Two heada being better than one, the followingj
abeme was devisod: they tore the bark from a tree,
and tielog up one end, they got the ratlesnake to1
rawl In at the other. Turning up this novel trap, I
the Inside of it~was too sleek for the serpent to
rawl out again. Having carried their prize home, I
they soon had It secured In a cage. Se-to-la was
offered $250 for his snake, but being superstitious,
and thinking that all the other "sarpents" might
get after him, he refused to sell There is another
version of the matter. He dreamed thatif any thing
should happen to the snaike, then the Cherokees
would pass away like mist upon the mountains.
Be that as It may, Se-la-la carried the rattlesnake
back to its den, and there set It at liberty. Icon-(
ersed with two intelligent and respeotable gen- a
tlemen, who saw this freak of nature, and gave it 1
a careful examination. They told me thatthe top 1
of the snake's head was shaped like that of a cow;
that its horns were as long as a cock's spur, but
more slender ; that each of them branched out so
that there were four points to'ita horns.
I accompanied the Missionary to one of his In
dian meetings. His audience was quiet, attentive 'C
and serious. The Aborigines seem to have music
in their souls. I was affected almost to tears on I
hearing them sing some of our good old Congre
gational tunes. The Missionary addressed his
red bretharen altogether through a lingiuist. He
gives a sentence in English, and then Charlie
Hornbuckle, the interpreter, expounds it in Indian.]
The religious meeting, which I attended, was heldt
at the house of a venerable old Cherokee, whose
name is Wru-yak-can-tan-yak (Sianading Wolf.)t
He has been a member of the Chureh for 23 years. 1
The expression of 10s countenance is benign,
pleasant and cheerful. He is loved and respected1
by all who know him. I observed that he still
wears the moccasin, the hunting-shirt, end the
belt with a big butcher knife in it.
By the way, the history of Standing lf is.
highly interesting, well authenticated, and also.
proves that the prayer of the righteous availeth
much. In the Summer of 1838, the United States
roops were engaged in removing the Cherokees to I
he Indian Territory West of the MississippL One
)y one the Indian families are torn from their
vig-wams and thograves of their forefathers. -In: C
-vine and cove, from hill to .hill, was heard the
roice of lamentation, and of plaintive outcries.
At length, it came to the turn of Standing Wolf to
)o ordered away to the Western wilds. When the
ioldiers arrived, he told them, through 0. W. a
Flays, their -interpreter, that he had been trying
o serve the Great Spirit, for a long time, in that c
2ouse, and that he wanted them to allow him to I
iold a family prayer meeting-there once more.
Permission being granted, he began to pray with
inch fervency, faith and feeling, that all were
leeply affected. The inmates of the house wept
ike " whipped children," to use the word of my
nformant. Hays was stkioken down in the floor
ander conviction, as it is supposed. My informa
tion is that Hays tells this himself. But when I I
interrogated Standing Wolf particularly as to the I
iffect his prayer seemed to. produce, he -touched
ipon the matter very delicately and with Christian
Ike humility. He simply replied through our in-. I
xrpreter, that "they had a good time." That the
iympathies of Interpreter -Hays were. stirred to t
lheirtowest depth, the sequel will abundantly:
?rove. It seems that the whole of the emigrating
xribe stopped a few weeks at a little Town not far i
this side of "Ross' Landing." Hays then and I
lhere set about devising ways and means for the 1
secape of Standing Wolf and family. As the
ndians wore collected together in vast numbefs,
md not very strictly guarded, this was easy of no-*
omplishment. After all the preliminaries had
een arranged, Hays told the gool old man, that
io'would have to slip off in the night. This part
if the arrangement was objected to, because he
bought it altogether wrong and dishonorable, C
leanwhile, several of his children died from ex- 9
osuie and for want of proper food; this circum- C
itanco.conjoined with the persuasions of his friends r
Lt last overcame his conscientious scrupi'. and he 4
Lvailed himself of the chance to retutia Lo "the
alue hills he loved so well."
In returning oiome, he encountered neither acei
lent nor molestation of any kind. And now, for
wenty years, Standing Wolf has been permitted j
:o reside uninterrupted in his own native land,
where he can hear the Gospel preached in its 3
urity, where his posterity may become not only
:ivilized, but enlightcned, and where the sweet
lumber of his eye-lids is not broken by the mur
lerous assaults of tribes less-scrupulous and more ?
avage than his own. All thuso blessings and
>riviloges have resulted, under the blessings of a
leaven, from that memorable prayer, to which ref
rnes was hal in the foregoing narrative.
Yours, ingenue, E. K.
The Long Ago.
)h I a wonderful stream is the river Time, C
As it runs through the realms of tears,
Vith a faultless rhythm and musical rhyme,
Ld a broad'ning sweep, and a surge.sbllmo,
.That blnd^ th-thano.aM4d:-d a
low the waters are drifting like fiakes of snow,
And the summers like buds between,
ud the year inthesheaf-so they come and they go
)n the river's breast, with its ebb and flow, a
As it glides in the shadow and sheen.
rhere's a magical isle on the river Time,
Where the softest of airs are playing; I
Mhere's a cloudless sky and a tropical clime, b
Lnd a song as sweet as a vesper chime,
And the Junes with the roses are ptuying. e
Wnd the name of this isle ia the Long Ago, 4
And we bury our streasures there;
here are brows of beauty and bosoms of snow- t
here are heaps of dust-but we loved them so ! t
There are trinkets and tresses of hair.
here are fragments of song that nobody sings, U
And a part of an infant's prayer,t
here's a lute unswept, and a harp without strings, c
here are broken vows, and pieces of rings,
And the garments that shte used to wear.
here are handsthat are waved when the fairy shore
By the mirage is lifted in air ;
Lad we sometimes hoar, through the turbulentroar, ,
weet voices we heard in the days gone before,
When the wind down the river is fair.h
)h ! remembered for aye be the blossed isle, h
All the days of life till night
ihen the evening comus with its beautiful smile, j'
Lad our eyes are closing to slumber awhile, I
May our " greenwoo.d" of soul be in sight.
THE SOLDIER'S RETURN.
Seven or eight years ago, I was travelling e
ietween Berwick and Sallack, and, having b
tarted at the crowing of the cock, ILhad left a
felrose before four in thre afternoon. On ar
ii1g at Abbotsford. I perceived a Highland a
odeaprntly fatigued as myself, leaning i
i nwligstiek, and gazing intensely on
e fairy palace of tlie mnagacian whose wand b
since broken, but whose usaiti still remins. e
am no particular disciple of jLavater's, yet i
he man carried his soul upon hii face, and ii
re were friends at the Brat glance, He wore e
lain Highland bonnet and a cOse grey a
reat coat, buttoned to the throat. .His dress fj
espoke him to belong to the ranks'; but there e
ra a dignity in his manner,. and a Bre, a
lowin~ language in his eyes, worthy of. a g
hieftin. His height might exceed five feet -
ine, and his age be about thirty. The traces a
f manly beauty were still upon his cheeks ; u
ut the sun of a western hemisphere had tin- u,
:ed them with a sallow hue and imprinted ti
timely furrows. '* v
Our converaation related entirely to the
assaic scenery aiouind us ; and we'had pleas- b
utly journeyed together for two or three a
ies, when we arrived at a little sequestered I
rlal-ground by - the way-side, near which a
here was neither church or dwelling. Its nm
>w wall was thinly cover-ed with turf, and we
at down upon it to rest. My companion be- h
ae silent and melancholy, and his eyes o!
randered anxiously amnoing the graves.
" Here," said he, " sleep some of my father's i,
hildren who died in infancy." t
He picked up a small stone from the ls
Tound, and throwing it gently about ten
ards, " that," added he, "is the very spt. k
lut, thank God!I no grave-stone has been h
aised during my absence ! It is a token I a
hall find my parents ILving--and," continued n
e with a sigh "may I also find their love. h
t is hard, sir, when the heart of a parent is d
urned against his own child." t
He drooped his head upon -his breast for a ir
ew moments and was silent; then, hastily kc
ising his fore-finger to his eyes, seemed to
lash away a solitary tear. Then turnmng
ne, he continued: " You may think,.
his is weakness in a soldien; but humn, - I
tearts beat beneath a red coat. My father, ei
vhose name is Campbell, and who was brought kt
'rom Argyleshire, while young, is a wealthy h
armer in this neighborhood. Twelve years u
Lgo, I loved a being gentle as the light-of a t;
mummer morn. We were children together, .a
m she greu in besaty on'mg sight,sthq
of evening steals into glory through the
ighlt. But she was poor and portionless,
h -,daughter of a -mean shepherd. Our at
"ment offended my father. He comman
me to leave her forever. I could not, and
turned me from his house. I wandered, I
w not, and I cared not, whither. But I will
detain -yon with my history. In- my ut
tiieed I met a sergeant of the forty
ndrwho was then upon the recruiting ser
andin a few weeks I joined thatregiment
ud hearts. I was at Brussels when the
tions to the wolf and the raven rang at
night through the streets. It was the her
I of a day of glory and death. There were
ee Highland regiments of us-three joined
ne-joined in rivalry, in love and in pur
e ;.and thank Fate! I was present when
Scots Greys, flying- to.our aid, raised the
tric shout, "Scotland forever!"-" Scot
forever1" returned our ,tartaned clans
- "Scotland forever I" reverberated as
-the hearts we- had left behind us; and
tland forever!" re-echoed "Victory I"
tvens I" added he, starting to his feet, and
paping his staff, as the enthusiasm of the
qt rushed back upon his soul " to have
cned in that shout was to live an eternity in
b.vibration of a pendulum!l"
4[n a few moments the animated soul that
p eloquence to his tongue drew itself back
r" the chambers of humanity, and resuming
iseat upon the low wall, he continued, "1
my.vn regiment with the prospect of
motion, and have since served in the West
kies; bat I have heard nothing of my father
inothling of my mother-nothing of her I
'While he was yet speaking, the grave-digger
fh a pick axe and spade upon his shoulder,
ntered the grouuid. Ile approached within
fw yards of where we sat. He measured
I a narrow. piece of earth-it encircled the
ne which the soldier had thrown to mark
Vt the burial place of his family. Convulsion
ushed over the features of my companion ; he
vered-he grasped my arm-his lips quiv.
6cd-his breathing became short and loud
is .cold sweat trickled from his temples. He
prang over the wall, and rushed toward the
O" Man I" he exclaimed in agony, 'whose
ave is that!"
" Hout I awa' wi' ye," said the grave-digger,
brting back at his manner; " whatna a way
4that to:gliff a body 1-are ye 'aft ?"
" Answer me," cried the soldier, seizing his
ad; "whose grave-whose grave is that?"
." Mercy me l' replied the man of death,
y are surely out o' your head-its an auld
gdy they ca'd Adam Campbell's grave-now
re ye any the wiser for spierin ?"
" My father ?" cried my comrade as I ap.
ioached him, and clasping his hands to
ther, he bent his head upon my shoulder
ad wept aloud.
/I will not dwell upon the painful scene.
uring his absence, adversity bad given the
unes of his father to the wind ; and he had
pd in his humble cottage, unlamented and
anoticed by the friends of his prosperity.
At the request of my fellow-traveller, I ac
Pmpanied him to the 'house .of mourning.
Wo or three poor cottagers sat around the
L. The coffin, with the lid open, lay across
able near the window. A few white hairs
over. the. ~wl.iter face of 'the deceased,
eies4d-o -inditaltat he diad from
rrow rather than from age. The son press
I his lips to his father's cheek. le groaned
a spirit, an i was troubled. He raised his
ead in agony, and with a voice ahuoct in
rticulate with grief, exclaimed, imploringly,
the wondering peasants started to their
et, and in silence puinted to a lowly bed.
[c iastened lorward, and fell upon his knees
y the bedside.
"My nother! 0, my mother 1" he exclaim
, "do not you, too, leave me I Look at toe
-I a'i your son-your own Willie-have you,
o, forgot me, mother ?'
She, too, lay upon her death-bed, and the
de of life was fast ebbing; but the renem
ered voice of her beloved son drove -it back
r- a moment. She opened her eyes-she at
tmpted to raise her feeble hand, and it fell
pon his head. She spoke, but he alone knew
ie words that she uttered; they seemed ac
nts of mingled anguish, of joy, and of bles
ug. For several minutes he benat over the
ed and wept bitterly. Ho held her withered
and in his; he started ; and as we approach
I him, thehe hand held was stiff and lifeless.
[e wept nolonger-he gazed from the dead body
E his father to that of his mother-his eyes
andered wildly from one to the other, he
note his hand upon his brow,- and threw
imself upon a chair, while misery transfixed
im, as if a t)innderbolt had entered his soul.
I will not give a description of the umelan
bolv funeral, and the solitary mourner. The
Lthers obsequies were delayed, and the son
d -b~oth his parents in the samec g:nve.
Several months passed away before I gainied
aformation respectinig the sequel of my little
orr. 'After his parents were laid in dlust,
illianm Camis1bell, with a sad-and anxions
art, made inquiries after Jleamnie Leslie the
irl of his early affection, to whom we have
luded. For several weeks his searched
roved fruitless ; but at length he learned that:
nsierable property hnad been left hear fathe-r
y a distant relative, and that he now resided
ymewhere in Drumfries-shire.
In the same garb whigh I have already de
ribed, the soldijer sat out upon his journey.
ith little difficulty he discovered the house.
Sresembled such as are occupied by the
ighest class of farmers. The front door stood
peHe knocked, but no one answered.
epasseid along thes pasagetu-he boqard yoices
an apartmrent to the rightL--'again hc knock
I, but was unheeded. He entered uninvited.
group was standing in the middle of the'
or, and among them a ministel! commen
*ng the marriage sei'vice of the Church. of
cotland. The bride hung her head "sorrow
dly, and tears were stealing down her cheeks
.it was his own Jeanie Leslie. The clergy
lan pansed. The bride's father stepped for
ard angrily, and inquired, "what do ye
ant, sir ?I but instantly recognising his fea
res, he seized him by the breast, and in a
>iee half-ohoaked with passion, continued
"Sorrow take ye for a scoundrellI what's
rught ye here-an' the mair espeecially at
time like this ? Get oat o' my house, sir I
say, Willie Campbell, get out o' my house,
never darken my door again wi' your
'er-do-weel countenance 1"
A sudden shriek followed the mention of
a name, anid Jleanie Leslie fell into the arms
" Peace, Mr. Leslie !" said the soldier, push
g the old man aside ; " since matters are
us, I will only stop to say farewell-for- auld
g syne-yon cannot deny me that.
He passed toward the object of his young
e. She spoke ne-she moved not-he took
r hand, but she seemed unconscious. And,
he again gazed upon her beautiful counte
nce, absence became as a dream gon
tr face. 'The very language he had acquu-ed
rng their separation was laid aside. Na
r triumphed over art, and he addressed her
the accents in which he had first breathed
ye, and won her love.
" Jeanie I" said he, pressing her hand be
ren his, " its a sair thing to say farewell,
sat present I'mann say it. This is a scene
never expected to see ; for oh, Jeanie 1 1
md have trusted to your truth and to your
ye, as the farmer trusts to seed-time and to
s-vest, and is not disappointed. @h I Jeanie,
oman I this is lika separating the flesh from
o bones and burning the marrow I But ye
an be another's now-farewell l-frewell I"
"Nrm. n ....:. Wlle alnask ezlaimad,
recovering from the agony of stupefaction;
"my hand is till fret, any my heart has aye
been yours-save, Willie! save mie!" and she
threw herself into his arms.
The bridegroom looked from one to another
imploring them to commence an attack upon
the intruder, but he looked in vain. The
father again seized the old gray coat of the
soldier, and almost rending it in twain, -dis.
covered underneath to the astonished compa
ny, the richly laced uniform of a British officer.
He dropped the fragment of the outer garment
in wonder, and at the same time dropping his
wrath, exclaimed, " Mr. Campbell !-or what
are ye ?-will ye explain yourself?'
A few words explained all. The bridegroom,
a wealthy, middle aged man, without a heart,.
left the house, gnashing his teetlk Badly as
our military honors are conferred', merit it is
not always overlooked even in this country,
where money is every thing, and the Sdttish
soldier had obtained the promotion he deser
ved.. Jeanie's joy was like a dream of heaven.
In a few weeks she gave her hand to Captain
Campbell of his Majesty's - regiment of
infantry, to whom long years before she had
given her young heart.
The following article from the Wisconsin
Chief contains so many valuable suggestions,
and such pithy advice to our Young men that
we publish it. and hope that every person both
old and young-male and female-will care
fully read it and then ent it out. to re-read the
next time they are afflicted with the blues.
Every word of it. is true, and by remembering
and practicing its injunctions, you will lie
greatly benefitted thereby ;
" That never'll do young man! No use to
stand on the side walk and whine about hard
luck, and say that everything goes against
you. You are not of half the consequence
that your talk would lead us to believe. The
world hasu't declared war against you.. You
are like all the rest of us-a mere speck upon
the earth's surface. Were you this moment
to go down in the living tide, but a blubber
would linger for a moment upon the surface,
and even that would vanish unnoticed. The
heart is full of hope and ambition, but is iot
missed when it ceases to.beat. One such as
you would not leave a ripple.
"You are a coward-a coward-in the bat
tIe. There's no fight in you. You have sur
rended without a struggle, and now whine.
because beaten! You are not worthy of it
triumph, for you have not yet earned 'it. In
garret, hut, and dripping cellar, are ten thou
sand heroes who would put you to shame,
They must toil orstvrve. The strife is a desper.
ate one with them, for they wrestle with want,
whi!e ragged and despairing ones watch at
the lone hearth the fearful contest. Strong
men look death in the eye when their sinews
are strung by the wail of hungry childhood.
"Shame on :.ou I In the full vigor of health
and manhood, no niouth but your own to fill,
and no-back but your own to cover, and stil
you grumble and call this the scourging of
adverse fortune. You know nothing of the
storm, for you have seen but the summer.
One cloud bas frightened you, and you think
you are hardly dealt by. You will be lucky
if you find no darker shadows on your path.
" Stand up, young air, pull your hands from.
your pocket, throw off our coat, and take
torwnethe gsma -be- tA
again and again bbang oi. t away dt e
nonsense that the world is all against you.
Taint so. Your destiny is in. your own
strong-arm. Wield it like a man! With an
unbending will, and honor and truth for a
guide, the day is your own.
" No capit al, ch. You have capital. God
has given you perfect health. That is an im
mense capital to start oii. You have youth
aid sirngti all invalunbie. Add a will to do.
put sinew in motion and vou win. A man
in full health should niever whine or despair,
because fortune does not pour a stream of gold
eagles into his pocket. if'you have no money
work anI get it. Industry, econmy integrity
will do wonders. From sucli beginning for
tunes have been rearsd. .They can he agaiu.
Will you try it ? Or will yomu wait for the
str.'atu to run by so that you walk dry-shod
into thme El Dorado of wealth? Or will you
meet the waves defiantly, and be the architect
ot'vour own fortune'?
"'Try-it is glorious to conquer in the
0ol. King, of Gonzales county, in Texase,
who is an equal enemy of' I arzd money andi
gramnmer, having a proper contempt for both,
and who lives, as lie says, " down to the foot.
or navigation." near Oozls a little creek
which runs diry itn sitnmmer, rieentir dlelivered
himself of the f.,llowinmg emphlatil: reniark:
"F MI owe a tian an onjust debIt. andr I make
him a litwle'ss tenider of a blanmk bill and he
infuses to incept it, but persons oumt at writ for
to level ott mty property, et' I dotn't make a
sacrament oft /dm I li e dl-d."
Soerm'' -ro 'rotcu 'rtt.: Hla.wr.-Col
bride sotne whmere relates a story to thtis
" Alexander durimig his march into Africa
camei to a peoplle dwel~iog in peaceful Iun,
who knew ineither wvant nor (ouquest. Gold
beioiu otfered to hitn lhe refused it, saying thmat
bis sole object wits to learn the mantt-rs amnd
eutstom:is of thme inhabitants. " Stay with us,"
said the chief ". ma long ats it lehasethi thee."
Duritng thtis interview with the African chief,
two oft his subjects brought a cae:I before him
for jttdgmneit. The dimte was this: The
one' had bought of the other a piece of' ground,
whieb after the putrchase was~ ftuntd to ennlatin
a treasure, for whIch lhe felt himelif hoitti to
pay. The tother refused rnny thintg, astting
that when lie sold the grounid, lie sold it with
all advantages apparent anid concealed which
it might be f'ound to afford.-Said the chief,
lookcing at the one "you have- a sont," and to
the othter, "you have dt dautghtr-letthemz.
be married. anid the treasure be given as a
dlowry.-Alexander was astotnished. " And
what," said the chief' " would have been the
decision in your cou-:try 1'" " We should have
dismissed the parties?'' said Alexander, "and
seized the treasure for the king's use." "And
does the sun shine on your country ?" saId
the chief; "does the rain fall there ? are there
any cattle there which feed upon herbs and
green grass ?"~ "Certainly," answered Alex
ander. " Ab," said the chief, it is for the
sake of these innocent cattle the Great Being
permits the sun to shine, rain to fall and the
grass to growv in your country."
SxoBnERY.-"A snob is that man or woman
who is always pretending before the world to
be sonmething better, cspecially richer or more
fashionable than they are. It is one who
thinks his position in life contemptible, and
who is always yearniig or striving to force
himself into one above without the education
or characteristics which belong to it; one who
looks down upon, despises and overrides his
infeiriors, or equals of his own standing, and
then is ever reitdy to worship, fawn upon and
flatter a rich or titled man, not because he is
a good man, a wise man, or a Christian man,
but because he has the luck to be rich or con
Such snobbery is to be foutnd every where ;
in the humble village as well as in -the great
city, it always has existed and probably always
will exist ; and all the sermons that can be
preached fromi itow until the day of final
reckoning, will not eradicate it from the land.
It is afixed institution, arid though hated and
despised by all sensible people, whether rich
or poor, there are thousands in the land who
seem to have no iiiger ambition that to move
temptible class Ot snos in Lme woru are uun
who from the humble wa!ks of life, by acci
dent or chance, are suddenly ushered into
what is termed "upper-tendom." Forgeting
the " pit whence they were digged," they are
sure to forget and despise their humble
friends, who, in the characteristics that go to
make up a lady or gentleman, are incompar
ably their superiors.,
SMOKING A CAUsE or INsAiIT.-The terri
ble ravages which tobacco is making on the
bodies and minds of the young seems to be
attracting the attention of medical men in
various parts of the world. In a pamphlet
just isqued by Dr. Seymour, of London, on
Private Lunatic Asylums, and the causes of
late years, the Doctor denounces with empha
sik as one of the producing cauess the practice
of immoderate smoking indulged in by boys
and young men at the universities and " lar.
ger schools now called colleges." The Doc
tor's remarks are as applicable to the youths
of this country as those of Europe. No one
conversant with disease can doubt that ex
cessive smoking, especiolly in the case cf
young people, must be highly injurious to
both mind and body. Its effgct is to depress
the circulation-the heart becomes weak.
irregular in its action, and the pulse is scaree
ly to be felt. The victim. becomes irresolute
and nervois, his appetite fails, and his mind
fills with imaginary evils. This may continne
for years, but at length the smoker dies often
suddenly; then examination has shown that
the muscular structure of the heart is imper
feet in its action ; the left side is thin, and in
some cases, in which sudden death has occur
red, there has been found little wore than a
strip of muscular fibre left on that side. - The
question of restraining boys from smoking is
rather a difficult one to deal with, but the
grave interests at stake seem to demand that
some action should be taken in the premises.
MURDEROUS PLANTS.-It is a perplexing
matter to reconcile our feelings to the rigor,
and our reason to the necessity, of some
plants being made the instruments of destruc.
tion to the insect world. There are not a few
so constructed, which, having clammy - joints
aub calyxes, entangle them to death. The
sun.dew (doserm) destroys in a different man
ner, yet kills them without torture. But we
have'one plant in our gardens, a native too,
than which none can be more cruelly destrue
tive of animal lire, the dogsbane (apocynum
androste milifolium,) which is only conducive
to the death of every fly that settles upon it.
Allured by the honey on the nectary of the
expanded blossom, the instant trunk is protru
ded to feed on it, the filaments close, and
ctehing the fly by the extremity of its pro
bosics, detain the poor ptisoner withing in
protracted struggles, till released by death
a death apparently occasioned by exhaustion
alone; the filaments then relax, and the body
falls to the ground. The plant will at times be
dusky, from the number of imprisoned
wretches. This elastic action- of the filaments
may be conducive to the seed, by scattering the,
pollen fro-n the anthers, as is the case with the
berberry; but we are not sensible that the
destruction of the creatures. which excite the
action is in' any way essential, to the 'vants or
perfection of the idea of a wanton cruelty in
the herb; but how little of the causes and mo
tives of action of created things -do we know I
QUESTIONS FOa -DEDATINo SoCIrETl.-If
the traveler who took the course of' human
events, hai ever been heard of since ?
If the hollow of a log can be heard ?
If tin will make a can, what will make a
If twelve inclies make one foot, how niany
will mwake a leg?
If five and a half yards make one pole,
how manny will it take'to make one log?
Do potatoes ever wear out, as we often
hear ot' potato patches?
If pig pens will do to write with?
Wi ,ithe Cape of Go::d Hope fit a lady?
C.u.-onT X A TRAP.-.Not long ago a person
convited of somte subordinate crime was sen
tenced to the whipping-post in Ohio, and was
brought out of prisoni to undergo the sertence
of the law. lIsteadi of a drearl and horror of
the punishment, he laughed outright when tied
up. anad enraged the executioner by a sub
stantial laugh at. every stroke of the lash, and
and a yet more hesarty one when the ceremno
nywas over. "Now, d-n you,'' said the
exeutiner, " what made you laugh so at the
whipping-post?"' "Why,' said the fellow.
wih a& yet longer protracted fit ot' laughter.
" vont have beena woipping the wrong person!
Iin niot the man. lie is in the next cell to
A chair has been made from the w. ol of the
hairter ()ak, in H artford, called " the Gover
n~or's chair," to lie plac -d in the Executive
Chamber. The Hartford Times describes it
Thle chair is six feet high, and capacious
enogh to hold a Jianiel Lambert. The top,
o enchi post is ornamnented with an acorni
springinag from a coronal of nak leaves, whtile
the posts'and arms are entwined with branch
es ol'oak, with h-aves and acorns. The back
is surrounded by a spread eagle, and the
ceter is a medallion containing the State
coto-arms, surrounded by a wreath of oak.
The seat is composed of pieces of oak iu
blocks, showing the different grains, and
making it a beautiful specimen of mosaic.
A group of flags ornament the front of the
seat. The chair is massive ; all the carving
being wrought from the solid wood. The
deign andl execution is beautlf'ul,
Mrs. Swisshelm, in her letters to tha; young
ladies, says that " every Counitry girl kttows
how to color red whitih madde'r." This we
believe to be an ethnological fact, as we have
always noticed that whiih all girls the madder
they get th edrthey arne.
Mlany politicians bonat that they can't he
bought, when they are really so worthless
that they '.au't be sold.
Oors IN TuxAs.-Fa am our exchanges It
would appear that the rain of the 8th was gen
eral throughotit the State;i and though in cer
tain looations it sent the streams booming
and did some little damage, yet, as a general
thing, it was in the highest degree beneficial
to. the growing crops. The wheat already
harvested has shown a yield quite as large, if
not larger than usual; corn is doing finely,
and cotton has bolled, defying the ravuagesof
the supposed disastrous frost of the last month.
We are now enjoying fine growing weather
and every thing looks properous.-Galves
ton News, 19th.
FEEDIxo RUsTED OTS" 'TO CrE.-The
safety of allowing stock to feed on rusted oats
and other grain having become a mooted
question7 and, in most instances, decided ad
versely, it may not be amiss to give the ex
perience of a friend on the subject. He had,
last year, a beautiful field of oats that was
taken with the rust; feelinag unwilling to lose
it entirely he turned in his mileh cows and
kept them there until it was entirely consumed,
withot the slightest unfavorable effect upon
them. To the contrary, they thrived and
grew fat; though it is but safe to say-for
without it the case mtight have resulted other
wise-that a large boulder of rock-salt- was
tured nightly. Hie is so thoroughly convin
ed that the rusted oat is harmless, that he is
now repeating the experiment, hispresenterop
being in the samle condition as that of l@st
year-as, we regrettd learn, is generally 'the
e throughout the low country-avannah
We find -the following in the lat issue of
the " Colleton.and Beaufort San :"
WATE.BRoO', May 21st, 1859.
b Wm. H. Barrnoel4 Esq:
My DzAR Sit--Your letter to meiand pub.
lished in the Mercury, I had not the -lesure
of seeing, unil the reprint of it in the oleton
and Baufort Sun was placed in my hsads by
the publisher. I
I desire simply to correct a mistake Into'
which you have fallen: I never advanced the
propo4ition of " farming out the public roads."
My idea was and is, that it would be a great
improvement "t the road-law, if instead 6f
twelve days labor by every mald inhabitant
liable to work the roads, 'ho commissioners
were a'thorited to levy on each said male in.
habitant, a small capiLtion tax, to be paid at
the option of the tax payer, in money or labor.
And furthrr, that a superintendent of -roads,
in each District, should be app inted with a
moderate salary, who should direct t work.
ing of the ronds, and the application of. the
capitation tax, whether paid in money or work.
This superintendent, I would select from
the working men of the country, always pre
ferring those who have given evidence of sill,
industry, and perseverance.
. I have flattered myself such a modification
of the road-law would ensure good roads, at a
less expense than the present system,, and
weald prevent the exposure of hands to a sum
mer's sun, or to the temptation of intoxicating
drink. Most res ectfully yours,
JOHN WELTON O'NZaLr.
TnE ExPaaon oF AUsTaxA.-The following
beloi gs to the foreign gossip of the day:
" The war upon which the young Emperr of
Austria is now entering has been neither.sud.
denly nor rashly advised.- It seems, that
from tl-e very first the Emperor's mother, the
Archduchess Sophia, has entertained a de'ided
repulsion towards the Imperial fainily of
France; and has even- been sometimes perse.
fled, by her own family, for what haa. been
called her old fashioned prejudice. The Arch.
duchess is a woman of the most powerful
intellect, and still holds her rule over her son
as firmly as in the days of his minority. Her
penetration is p overbial; and sheatill consulta
with Metternich'upon all subiects coi'ected
wi'h the interests of the Aiust'in Crown.
Eve: since the marriageof Prince Napoleon,
the suspicions of the lady have been aroused ;
and at length by dint ot artiflce-and money,
of faith in themselves and the want of it in
others, the experieneed'pair have succeeded
Li obtaining the full copy of the letters of
Prince Napoleon and- the Emperor-of the
French to the King of Sadinia, by which it
becomes clear that the var in Italy is but a
secondary object-that the ultimate end is the'
bistowal of Lombaridy on King Victor, Rome
on Prince Napoleon, Naples on Prince Murat,
and the .overthrow of Austria; which leaves
the road open to Russia; and then, hurrah
for the long cherished idea of* the attack ca
England--the deed which is to render his
name imartal as that f Cesar, and efface
that of the great Napoleon, by performing that
which even he never dared to 'do, and aveng
ing him !"
Paorwv.xr:.. Es'PEY.-Yesterday as .
R. W. Gibbes' and Mri H. -. Brownj the
sculptor,.were ri at
wagon belonging to Mr Henry Davis, close
behind, became frightened aid ran of. Dr.
Gibbes bearing a noise, turned to see, what
was the matter, when the tongue of the wagon
was driven with great violence against the
buggy. Striking Mr. Brown in the back-one
of tl'i, horses actually reared upon the buggy
and struck it with h's fore feet. In the col
lision the buggy was upset and a wheel knock
ed off, Mr. Brown filling under the wheels of
the wagon. Dr. Gibbes' horses ran off, and
he fell and became wedged between the fore,
axle and the spring, but he had presence of
m'nd to call to the horses and jerk the reins,
when the well-trained animals stopped sud
denly, and thus probably, his life was saved.
His bruises are not serious.
We regret to say that Mr. Brown's injuries
are more serious. He has several severe cute'
upou his head, and the force of the wagon
tongue upon his left shoulder blade caused a
violent confusion. It was at first feared that
the bone was broken. He was immediately
taken to the house of Mr. Randolph, in the
vicinity, where he received the kindest assis
tance, and as soon as his wounds were dressed,
he was removed to the residence of Dr. Gibbes,
where everything that the kinidness of friend
ship ean suggest will lie extended to him.
The sympathy of the whole community is
with him and his esteemed lady; and we trust
he will soon be able to resume his valuable
labors.-Carolinian, 29th nIt..
Tan Wu.Ums~oM SnalNcs.-The Ander
son Gazette gives a-flattering account.f th ,
preparations that are being made for the open
ing seaon, at this watering place. .It'says:
4 We had the opportuniiy lajt week of'
noticing tho preparation that is being made
at this celebr'ated iratering place for visitors
this summer. The proprietors of the Wil
liamston Hotel are neither sparing pains or.
expense in providinir tijr' the comfort and en
joynent of visitors, amnd will have soon corn-'
pete'd their entire how:s' in the beat manner.
One of them, -Mr. Tu..t.-, &. s oh'arge this
season, and will do all is hia puwer to make a
" Our friend Hudgens, of the Central Hfouse,
keeps it in adinirable style, and his also beent
fitting outt new indlu~utaints to persons visl
" With the adlvantage oi' superior hotels,
added to the curative properties of the watet'
and the plessantuess of that detdghtful village,
we are quite sure 'that the invalid or the
pleasureseekcr can find no place of the kind
hereabout where the time will be spent more
pr~fiably or agreeably; And we confidendly
expect, from paresent indications, that a large
number ot' the low-couuuy folk -will avail
thtamselves of the- op' rtunmty presented, and
that Willimaston wilbe tLe "gayest of the
gay" this season.''
DoN'-r Use A CaECE B~rr.-"T'he New En;
gland "Farmer', spdaking on the subject,
" Any person whos& attention has been cialb
ed to the subject, agd who still persists in the S
use of a light check reit. ought to have his
own head placefI in a similar position to that
to which hehaseruelly subijected the horse. If
I were the " Grand Sultan," every man who
torments his horse with a check rein should
hold his arms at right yngles with his body,
for an hour at a time, onice in 24 hours ha long
as he continued the cheek rein.- The practice
of drawing in the heads of team'hreb
means of this penicious scrap, .isi~ci
ruel. The horse, is enaevrn1C pel
his strength, needs the free natua u&fhis
head and neck. The csiam~ipoi t now
enforced is alikeseve .in t~9tohorse
and in any businesa,. ppd'. . a .eased .
off till nature is at fres play."
Ceors an Noan-rxaN Mssspl-The'
Granada Republican of 'auaylast, says:
The planters of this anid adjoinig counties'
are jubilant over theiIr' .pects frn rops
f co n and cotton. ii.past week hah been
admirably adapted to the'growth and halth of
both plants and,- if it coutinis'Ahere esa
beo case for regrets ait thelateneus of the
,ssnthiEthey'Uro ut it'?Me: ire
oruis8'tat inet hmae 'its'piaanue
again ii t11/oat fllkbnt froserpt,
re do not isjn