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- ~~~"WE WILY. CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE 0F 0UE LIEEERTIES, A -?IT XUST tALLW ILP'S AIO H UN.
SININS, DURIS0E &CO., Proprietors. EDuxEFIFELD, S. C.J E2,189VLMEXI-N.2.
He comes not-I have watched the moon go dow
And yet he comes not. Once it was not so,
He thinks not how the bitter teard do flow
The while he holds his riot in the town.
Yet hi will-come and chide, and I shall weep,
And'he will wake iMy infant from its sleep,
To blend its feeble wailing with my tears.
0! how I love a.mothey'd watch to keep,
Ovii those sleeping eyes; that smile which cheei
My heart, though sunk in sorrow thick and deep
SI had a husband once, who lved me-now
He ever wears a frown upohl his brow.
And feeds his passion on a wanton's lip,
As bees from laurel Rowers a poison sip.
But yet I cannot hate. 0 1 there were hours
When I oculd hang forever on his eye,
And Time; who stole with silent witness by,
Strewed, as he hurried on, his path with Rower
I loved him then-he, loved me, too. My heart
$till finds its fondness kindle if he smile.
The memory of our loves will ne'er depart;
And though he often sting me with a dart,
Venomed and barbed, and waste upon the vile
Caesses which his babe and mine .should shart
Though he should spurn me I calmly bear
His madness: and should sickness come and la;
Its paralyzing hand upon him, then
I would with kindness all my wrongs repay,
Until the penitent should weep, and say
How injurediad how faithful I had been.
Good Spirits are Abroad.
*. Good spirits are abroad !'
We can trace their shining wings
- By the impress they have left
On all loving human'things;
By the rising against wrong,
And the struggle for the right,
And the.dawning of the day
- That shall chase the People's night,
They are bearing mortals forward,
On progression's rapid stream;
bey-are marshalling the brave ones,
And leaving drones to dream.
Good spirits are abroad!
- You may hoar their muster roll
- It ringeth through'the land,
Like alarum to the soul.
%they are speaking in a voice
- ..That grows stronger as they plead,
For the guilty and misled,
For the'little children's need.
With a bold and strong endeavor
They are acting out each scheme,
They are marshalling the brave ones,
And leaving drones to dream.
They have still some holy task
For the humblest of the land,
Foi the feet that cannot tread
The busy walks of life,
For the gentle hearts at home,
For the daughter, for the wife.
Oh! each can help-his neighbor
In the universal seheiae;
Lat us mingle with the brave ones,
And leave the drones to dream.
Aa iuntcrttin . io
THE INTREPID MOTHER.
The diligence from Paris to Chalons stopped
one evening, just after dark, some miles be
yond the little town of Rouvray, to set down
an Englih lady and her child at a lonely
roadside auberge. Mrs. Martin expected to
find a carriage ready to take her .to the Cha
tean de Senart, a distance of some leagues,
whither she was repairing on a visit, but was
told that it had not yet arrived. *The landla
dy, a tall, coarse looking woman, who showed
her into the-vast hall that served at once as a
sittingroom ahd kitchen, observed that the
roads were so muddy and difficult at night
there was little chance of her friend arnvman
"You had 'better, therefore," she said
"~make up your mind to sleep here. We hav
a good room to offeg you; and you will be
more comfortable between a pair of clean
warm sheets, than knocking about in on:
rough country; especially as your dear chil
-Mrs. Martin, though much fatigued by het
journey, hesitated. A good night's rest waI
certainly a tempting prospect, but she felt sc
confident that her friends would not neglec
her, that after a moment she replied: " Thanli
yon madam, I will sit np'for an hour or so
se is not late, and the carriage ma come afte:
all. Should it not, I shall be gldof youi
room, which you may prepare frme at anj
The hostess, who seemed anxious that het
guest should not remain in the great fron
room, suggested that a fire might be madi
above ; but Mrs. Mi. found herself so comfort
able where she was-a pile of faggots .wa
blasingon the vast hearth-that she declhne'
at first to move. Her daughter, about flvy
years of age, soon went to sleep in her lap
and she -herself found that whilst her ear
were anxiously listening for' the roll. of car
risge wheels, her eyes occasionaly closed, ani
slumber began to- make itsnsidious ap
In order to prevent herself from giving way
she endeatored to direct her attention to the
objects around. The aartment was vast
and lighted more by the gare of the fire thar
by the dirty candle stuck into a filthy candle
stick that stood on one of the long tables
Two or three huge beams stretched acress
half way up the walls, leaving a space filled
with. flitting shadows above. Froma these de
p~ddeda rusty gun or-two, a sword, several
-bags, banks of onions, cooking utensils, &e
There were very few signs that the house was
much visited, though a pile of empty wine
bottles lay in one corner. The landlady sai
at some distance from the fireplace with he:
two sons, who laid their heads together and
Mrs: Martin began to feel uneasy. The
idea entered her. mind that she had fallen inte
a resort'of robbes; and the words "C esl
edl," .(itis she) which -was: all she heard oi
the whizpere' conversation,' contributed tc
alarm her. The door leading into the road
was left ajar; and for a moment she felt ar:
inclination to start up and escape on foot
But she was far from any other habitation
and if the people of the horise entertainec
any evil designs her attempt would only pre
cipitate the catastrophe.. Soshe resolved or
patience, but listened -attentively fer the ap
proach of her friends. All she heard was th<
whistling of the wind and the dashing of the
rai n, which had begun .to fall just after he:
-About -two hours passed in this uncamfor
table way. At length the door was throwi
opcn, and a man drin'g wet came in. Shb
breathed more freey for this. new' come,
might frustrate the evi designs of her heal
ifhe entertained any.. He was a red-haire<
ovial Iedlooking man, and inspired hea
-:a ..01 bthalaka aesad ese
. "A fine. night for walking," cried he, shak
ing himself like a dog whohas scrambled out
of a pond. "'What have you to give me?
Salide messieurs et meadames. I am wet to
the.skin. Hope I disturb nobody. Give me
abottle of wine."
Thehostess, in a surly, sleepy tone, told
her eldest son to serve --the .gentleman, and
then, addresiing Mrs. Martin, said : -
"You see your friends will not come, and
you are keeping us up to no purpose. You
had better go to bed."
"I will wait-a little longer," was the reply,
which elicted a kind of shrug of contempt.
" The red-haired man finished off his bottle
s of wine, and then said:
" Show me a room, good woman. I shall
sleep here to-night."
Mrs. Martin thought that as he pronounced
these words he cast a protecting glance to
wards her, and she felt'less repugnance at the
idea of passing the night in that house. When,
therefore, the red haired man, after a polite
bow, went up stairs, she said that as her
friends had not arrived, they might as well
show her to a bed room.
"I thought it iould come to that at last"
said the landlady. " Pierre, take the lady's
trunks up stairs."
In a few minutes Mrs. Martin found herself
.alode. in a spacious room, with a large fire
-'burning on the hearth. Her -first care, after
putting the child to bed, was to examine'the
door, which closed, only by a latch. There
was no bolt inside. She looked around' for
something to barricade it with, and perceived
a heavy chitst of drawers. Fear gave strength.
She half lifted, half pushed it against :the
door. Not content with this, she seized a. ta
ble, to increase the strength of her defence.
The leg was broken, and when she touched
it, it fell with a crash to the floor. A liong
echo went so nding through the house, and
she felt her heart sink within her. Buti the
echo died'away and no one came; 'so she piled
the fragments of the table upon the chest of
drawers. Tolerably satisfied in this direction,
she proceeded to examine the windows. They
were all well protected with iron bars. The
walls.were papered, and, after careful exami
nation seemed' to contain no visible signs of
a secret door.
Mrs. Martin now sank down into a.chair to
reflect on her position. As was natural, after
having taken all these rrecautions, the idea
suggested itself that.it might be superfluous,
and she smiled at the thought of what-her
friends would say ihen she related to them
the terrors of the night. Her child was sleep
ing tranquility, its rosy cheeks half buried in
the pillow. The fire had blazed up into a
bright flame, while the unsnuffed candle burn
ed dimly. The room was full of pale, trem
bling shadows, but she had no superatitious
fears. .Something positive could alone raise
her alarm. She listened attentively, but could
hear nothing but the howling of the wind
over the roof, and the pattering of rain
againt the window panes. As her excitement
diminished, the fatigue-which had been* for
Her heart leape inlo -t f4 and
moment she seemed perfectly paralyzed. She
had undressed and put out the candle$ when
she accidentally dropped her watch. - -Stop
ping to -pick it up, her eyes involuntarily
glanced towards the bed. A -great mas of
red hair, a hand and a gleaming knife,,were
revealed by the light of the fire. After the
first moment of terrible alarm, her presence
of mind returned. She felt that she had 'her
self cut off all means of escape by the door,
and was left entirely to -her own resources.
Without uttering a cry,. but trembling in
every limb, the poor woman got into the, bed
by the side of her child. An idea-a plan
had suggested itself. It had flashed through
her brain like lighting. It was the only chance
Her bed was so disposed that the robber
could only get from beneath it by a narrow
aperture at the head without making a noise ;
and it was probable that he would choose,
from prudence this means of exit. There
was no curtain in the way. Mrs. Martin,
with terrible decision and noiseless energy,
made a running knot in her silk scarf, and
held it poised over the aperture by which her
enemy was to make his appearance. She had
resolved to strangle him' in defence of her
own life and that of her child.
The position was an awful one ; and pro
bably, had she been able to direct her atten
tion to the surrounding circumstances,' she
might have given way to her fears, and en-.
deavored to raise the house by screams. 'The
fire on the hearth, unattended to, had fallen
abroad, and now gave only a dull, sullen light,
with an occasional bright gleam. Every ob
ject in the vast apartment glowed with a-rest
less emotion. Now and then a mouse ad
vanced stealthily along the floor, but, startled
b~y some movement under the bed, went scour
ing back ini terror to its hole. The child
breathed steadily in its unconscious. repose ;
the mother endeavored also to 'imitate slum
ber, but the man under the bed, uneasy in his
position, could not avoid occasionally making
Mrs. Martin was occupied with only two
ideas. First she reflected on the extraordina
ry delusion by which she had been led to
see enemies in the people of the house,
and a friend in the red-haired man; and
secondly, it struck her that, as he could fear
no resitance from a woman, he might push
away th~e chairs that were in the way, re
gardless of the noise, and thus avoid the snare
that waslaid forhim. Once, even,she thought
that, whilst her attention was atrongly di
rected to one spot, he had made hisexit, and
was leaning over her ; but she was deceived
by.a flickering shadow on the opposite wall.
In reality there was no danger that he would
compromise the succes of big sanguinary en
terprize; the shrieks of a victim put on its
guard might alarm the house.
Haivp you ever stood, hour after hour, with
your fishing-rod in hand, waiting, with the
ferocious patience of an angler, for a nibble ?
ff you have, you have some faint idea of the
state of mind in which Mrs. Martin-with
Ifar other interests at stake-passed the time,
until an old clock on the chimney-piece told
oneafter midnight. Another source of aux
iety now presented itself-the fire had nearly
burnt ~out. Her dizzy eyes could scarcely
see the floor, as she bent with fearful atten
tion over the head of the bed-.the terrible
noose hanging, like the sword of Damocles,
above the gloomy aperture. "What," she
thought, "if he delay his appearance until
the light has completely died away?7 Will
it not then be impossible for me to adjust the
scarf-to do the deed-to kill this assassin
to save myself and my child. Oh, God !
deliver him into my hands !'
A cautious movement below-the dragging
of hands and knees along - the floor-a heavy
suppressed breathing-announced that the
supreme moment was near at hand. Hecr
I white arms were bared to the shoulder; her
-hair fell wildly around her face, like the
manes of a lioness about to leap upon its
-prey ; the distended orbits of her eyes glared
down.upon the spot where the question of
life and death was to be so soon decided.
Time seemed immeasurably lengthened out,
every second assumed the proportions. of an
-hour. But at last, just as all lines and, forins
began to float before her sight thtengh an
indistinct medium of blende liht and dark
ness, a black mass interpsdbetween'her
eyes and the floor. Suspense being over, the
Itime of action havig arrived, every thing to
pass with magical rpdty. Thbber tirust
his heazaniously fow r s.'a Martie
bntdAm., The sena kab'aaa.
the sound of a knife falling on the floor.
convulsive struggle. Pull! pull! pull! h
Martin heard nothing-saw nothing but
scarf passing over the head of the bed.betwi
her two naked feet. She had half thro
herself back, and .holding her scarf with b
her hands, pulled with desperate enei
for her life. The conflict had bezun; i
one or- the other must perish. The rob]
was a powerful man, and made.furious effo
to get loose, but in vain. Not a sou
escaped from his lips-not a sound from h(
The dreadful tragedy was acted in silence.
*. * * * * e
"Well, Mother Guerard," cried a yoI
man, leaping out of a carriage that stopj
before the door of the auberge next mornir
"what news have you for me ? Has I
mother arrived ?"
"Is it your mother 7" replied the landla
who seemed quite good-humored after I
night's rest. 1" There is a lady up st&
waiting for some friends; but she does
speak French easily, and seemed unwilling
talk. We could scarcely persuade her to
-"Show mo the room ?" cried Arthur, rt
ning into the house.
They soon arrived before the door.
"Mother ! mother I" cried he, but receiv
" The door is only latched, for we have
robbers in this part of the-country," said t
But a formidable obstacle opposed tb
entrance. They became alarmed, especial
when they heard the shrieks of the little gi
and burst-open the door.
The first object that presented itself v
the face of the robber, violently upturn
from beneath the bed, and with protrudi:
tongue and eyeballs; the next was the for
of Mrs. Martin, in the position in which i
had left her. She was still pulling with bo
hahds at the scarf, and glaring wildly towar
the head of the bed. The child had throv
its arms around her neck, and was cryin,
but she paid no attention. The t6rror of th
dreadful night had driven her mad.
An Amusing Letter.
Ilev. Francis C. Johnson, well known
this community, now residing at Micanop
East Florida, writes the following lacon
letter to the Editor of the Marietta (Ga
Advdcate, in which the reader will find mut
that is original and interesting.
MicAxory, EAST FLORIDA, May 3d, 1859.
MR. Hu.T-Dear Sir:-I have been thin
ng sometime of sending you two things, 1st,
:wo-dollar note, in payment for your excellei
ournal. This I know, will be acceptable-il
leed-what man is there, that eats and wea1
thes. who is not pleased when he receivf
aving a vocation im ' t I ai
in none more than in this,"that they are ofte
badly paid; laboring, as they are for the pul
ic d, are often the last to let 'd., f<
as it i,-n-some---r*r
"whatever is, is right," which certainly is ni
true, or if it be true, why then I wish sever
'hings that are right (since they are) we
ivrong. However, this is a very abstruse at
anprofitable subject and is not at all what
started to write about. The other thin,
which I have been intending to send you is
communication tbout Florida,-1 mean Ea
Florida. But before I come to said con
unication-now I know you will think th
is a very rambling, incoherent and disjointe
piece to print-(you can just not print it, yc
know if you please.) Grant it, friend, but
am a preacher, and an extemporaneous preac
or, a poor preacher and poorly paid preachei
such: a man may be allowed to wander, and
not, who may.?-I was going to ask you
you ever read Persius, that witty fellow, wi
declares in his prologue, that it was not fro:
the Muses-and Parnassns &c.,-that he dre
his inspiration. No, indeed. -Well whei
then '1 Hear him:
MAagister artis, ingenluiqu~e largitor vente
negatas artifex seqgu coces.
The note upon this excellent passaget sail
itmeans, " A hungry belly giveth s iii .at
power, which nature had denied.- "and illa
trates the meaning ,by the proverb "MuJ
docet fames," which also. te Greeks ha
" Pollon o limos, gignetai didaskcalos." I
commentators then understand Persius to as
that lack'of victuals produceth a superabui
lanee of knowledge and genius. He thi
lacks money must therefore lack somethingi
eat-Editors and Preachers ought to ha'
knowledge andabilities in great plenty. Dot
pay them; then they will be starved ; at
then they will be full of knowledge and poi
er. Now I think this horrid interpretation<
Persius,having become widely diffused throua
the community, has been the cause why ,
are neglected, when pay day comes.
There never was a greater mistake the
" empty stomach, full! head," " weak stomacl
strong brains,"-I know it jall history provy
it is a mistake. For see: civilized nations ai
better fed than savage. Compare the Englia
who eat beef and the French who eatfrop
Which nation hath better laws, relig'on, art
morals ? which stronger men ? et Agia
court, Cressy, Poiceera, Waterloo answt
Compare the Revolution of the Hun~
French, with the Revolution of the Beef E
Compare our glorious Republic in any re
pect and every respect with any and all con:
tries, ancient and modern. Sir, tvictua
abound in this country, good substantial vi
tuals. Hence a religious, a ensible, a goc
people. No sir, Persius hath been misunde
stood. If I could think he meant what :h
commentators make him out, I should bm
him, I should. Examine his words; he sait1
enter, i. e. stomach, magister artis, &c., thi
Deans is master or teacher of art, gua, ani
argitor, bestowcer, ingenaui, of genius. Whi
ort of aventer t Yacuus aut plensa I s
plainly afull stomach, a full stomach-the
an a'man think, or work, or write, or apes
-not an empty stomach, from the cavernoa
lpths of which issue low, muttering, -gra
bling voices, as much as to say " fill me."
Let me conclude then by exhorting thepal
lie to amend their ways in this thing. Is;
lort thee, oh' good (not so very good, M~
Editor) public, which readeth the paper, at
isteneth to the sermon ; Pay the editor ai
pay the preacher, and you will have less faui
Sfi d with them. But enough.
East Florida. What about it ? Why it
ne of the best countries in the world.
1. It is healthy, remarkably so. In tb
respect I find the country to he what I did ni
xpect it to prove. But Mr. Editor, this is
wrg healthy country. I do not hesitatei
say that it is a healthier country than upp
georgia and that Micanopy is healthier thei
2. Why do we hear so muecl then of chi
ad fever ? Answer, because you are so fa
aff. When I lived in Marietta I well recollel
hat a gentleman from near Augusta, wi
fo.red by his business te vtsit Marietta a ce
ain summer. Now sir, this gentleman we
la trepidation for his health,. and had bee
warnpd by his wife to mnake his stay as sho
s possible, becanse of the great siekliness
Niarietta. He thought it dangerous to I
there. Nowrsir I lived there, and did ni
M.. aiktnanh. uaUqnI yoauat1
-a hear about a place, or a man; get far off. If
[r&. you lived here you would rarely hear of any
wen -3. This country is still a new country, but
wn rapidl filling up and improving.
)th d. this communication I wished especi
-gy ally to speak to poor men, who have no ne
ind groes, and to small farmers.. Many think a
Jer white man cannotlabor in Florida, and others
rts think, they ought to have a large force to'make
nd a move here profitable.
rs. 5. It is infinite folly, and a most sad mis
take to think a white man cannot labor here
and enjoy health.
There aremanyexamples in this ve2' respect,
og of families, who have not a sin le ave, wio
ed raise cotton, corn and sugar. They are the
g HEALTHIEST people, just as they are the
ny world over. . God inade man to work-10,000
curses and woes are decreed to him that will
not work, and God- made the world and East
er Florida for man, aye white man to work in it
's all lawful works. He who ploughs and hoes
tot all day in Florld, will be as healthy for doing
to so here, as he that does so in Cobb. I liave
90 hoed-an entire day here and expect to do it
many a d yet. I wish Mr. Editor you were
in- near enough that I might send yo"a sample
of my splendid Roses, and Strawberries. The
surest sign of an incorrigible fool, man or wo
od manisto thinkwork, divine workandthatin the
Sun--glorious day's God-under the magnifi
no cent cope of heaven, will kill the
he Let the poor man come and get im a piece
. of land and work it, and let his children work,
nr and he will have peace, plenty and health.
SA poor man can dig more out the ground here
rl, than in Cobb. Let me tell you. A man
living rithin three miles of Micanopy, who
as now owns slaves and is rapily getting rich
d -started some years ago in this county.
0g Himself and wife (a man, Mr. Editor, ought
m to have a wife i. e. a woman that can work
ve and will work. N. B. when a man gets a
th preacher to marry him, he ought always to
da pay him a fee, as good as he can.- I married
n several while I lived in Marietta who never
t pid me. I never knew a man to do well who
at d not pay me for marrying. I ha mar
ried several in Florida, all have paid u., and
$10 is the least fee I have r.eceib d.)
This man and his wife started, with no pro
perty but themselves. That man one year
sold cotton $500, corn and potatoes $200;
$700 he made by his own unaided labor, dug
it from the ground; can a man do that in
i Cobb ? I saw that man this past Winter on.
his way to market; three four-horse wagons
were carrying a part of his cotton to market.
ic I could easily explain why you sometimes
) hear accounts differing from mine. I wvill
wte Again- F. C. JOHNSON.
. A crabbed acquaintance of ours has -just
a repeated to us, "Frailty, thy name is woman."
it We were trying to get him to call with us o,
2. a very beautiful lady of our acquaintance
o He is a scholar, a wit,. and.a gentleman, an.
s yet dares to repeat that villainous line inot
n hearing. Alas for him! we fear he is pa.'
n 'jlaimininiu. We cannot conceive why - t' -
t Woman is not more variable than r
I Her constancy has stood the test of fire,
e blood, and torment, in thousands of instai
d and shall she be called fickle ? We verily
I believe that woman's friendship is infinitely
more disinterested, infinitely more pure than
a man's. She will follow her lover through
st weal and wo-through evil report and good
i- report-through poverty, through sorrow,
is and misery, and death. She will love him in
id his sin, and in his glory, and in his shame,
u and in his degradation ; and she will bind
I him the closer to her heart, as lie falls the
h- lower. Will man do so ? No-let but the
*; breath of evil report din the brightuess of
if the pure name of that being whom he loves,
if let her sin but once,.and he will forsake her
io forever. Will he love her in abuse and ill
m treatment ? But suppose she'- coquet, and
w trifle with the affections of the worthy? 7IHas
r she not been taught'by example ? Howv
many hearts have broken and bled to death
r, when forsaken by man l How many women
have given their whole affections away, and
th poured out their whole hearts upon a lover,
Ld and then been forsaken! How often have at
- tentions been offered to gratify vanity, and
la to please pride! How often? Alas! who
id shall answer the question?7
tyA Genuine Document.
n- The following letter from an Igishman in
it this country, was handed a few months ago
t to the editor of the Batavia Spirit of the
re Times, by a venerable Irish gentleman, with
t permission to make it public. 'The letter is
d superscribed as follows:
To my wife at
h - In Ireland.
e If gone to be forwarded
.May the two-1859.
SMy dear Judy
I commenced this letter yesterday. If it
a does not come to hand you. may allow that I
am not bere but gone to Quebec. '[ell Barney
hthat his brothers family is all dead entirely
'barrin the cow. God bleea her-IPd write
syou more but as there is no way of sending
:thia I will just let it go as it in-Remember
me yur prayers, and to all the Flather.
Sty's. No more at present from your husband
if' alive Thady O'Riley, and If dead, God& rest
his soul,..P.8.--It this letter docs'nt r-each
:you just let me know by return of Post and
dmne agait for another until you hear from
C- kno aghobu rite me immediately and let
d kno howyour coming on.
N. B. I have altered my mind and won't
-send this letter after all, so you can answer
ior not at all just as it plaze you-Give my
'love to the children-When you come to the
enad of this letter don't read any more of it,
Sbut just answer, by the first office yours until
Sdeath, and after, if not before
tYour own ThAdy O'Riley
As in duty bound I ought to be.
k " THE Or.n PaxNRz.-We were guilty of
aa grave omission; last week, which we regret
very much-we omitted to mention that we
had been visited by that very eccentric and
Ssingular old man, Mr. Stephen T. Singletery,
one of the oldest printers in the United States,
r' and, perhaps, the meet indefatigable pedes
d trian in the world. As far as constant tray
d eling is concerned, he is the " Old Mortality"
It of printers. He never stops longer thian a
few days in one place-he will not stop lon
is ger--and is the guest of the craft -wherever
she sojourns. -*He has traveltld thronigh nearly
ievery State in' th'e Union-perhaps alL of
t them-and mostly on foot.~ He was in Caha
a bain 1851-2, and since then has lost an eye
O in Indiana or Illinois. He is anative of South
ir Carolina, and is 67 years old. We believe
.n he has kept a journal of his wanderings, and if
the old man should die before us. (and long
11 may he live !) we would lhke to be his litera
ir ry executor. In 1836 or '37, Professor lHen
t ry Junius Nott, of South Carolina, wrote add
is published a work called the "Adventures .of
r- Thomas Singularity," of whlchMr..Singltr
s was the hero. - ltr
in The " old man" left us last Mondaf week.
rt for Selma.-Cahaba-(Ala.) Gazette,10th inst.
a "rm particularly uneasy on this point" as
at the By aidwhenfhhe boystack. him An the
C leston Normal School.
As this 'e hope, destined to be a fixed
and valu institution, anything relative to
it will be resting, at least to those who
may, if t so .desire, be .the recipients of
its advan and benefits.
The fo. wig letter from its chief prop and
support marked. ".private" by its distin
gmshed' hor; it contains information on
Na' im at tubject, and bence we take the
liberty d' enting it to our readers, trusting
that the thor will pardon the liberty, when
he reme that it is taken in order that
the caus of education, of which he is so
warm an nerous an-advocate, may be ad
. We -no further comment except to
advise ev one to a careful perusal, for
which th will be amply repaid.- Winnsboro
CHARLESTON, June, 1859.
MY D iSm: You are quite right in say
ing that are engaged in an experiment of
very grea interest to the community. For
your ormation as a friend of education,
I will: you some additional particulars
which m .interest.you.
For ast four -years I have given myself
to theim ment of our State and city edu
cation, 'Southern man, with all my'inter.
eats and lings with the State, I desired to.
see her ople well educated. With great
difficlty . made a fair start with Charles
ton; tiu 'ith 'reat mortification I found, af
ter weep the children and the money
to edu them, we could not .procure the
teache ur girls are so badly educated in
the. midd walks of life, and our young men
all consi teaching a mere employment by
the a t we were much embarrassed.
Tor y the difficulty, we opened a school
to teach r teachers on Saturday, while they
taught . ir pupils the rest of the week. But
this was slow that our pupils overtook their
teachers, nd itis a singular fact that some of
our best achers now are those who have
been t 'in our own school, under two
ladies w i we brought from New York.
This led to. perceive the absolute necessity
of reari teachers; and our Normal School
has bee 'iuded for that purpose.
More. an one-half the money which built
it, has n contributed by our citizens. Now
the qu on came up, how was it-to be con
ducted?'If -we could have found a person in
the Sta willing and competent to take charge
Of. it incipal, we would gladly have elected
i a NormalSchool is unknown aiuiong
e needed some one acquainted with
its ement. There being no one here,
[ we land canvassed every city from Rich
inond,; h, and found the man we wanted
in a a in Boston-a man who has proved
himself ery way fitted for the situation.
.Your rrespondent seems not to be aware
that B a contains various setts. of men,
some o hom sympathize with us as much
--in who are born out of the slave re
whoi we have selected
prpose. We are a free trauu .--,
complain that we are compelled to take inferi
r or dearer commodities by' Governirent ta
rilfs. Surely it would be best to make our
selves as speedily independent as possible by
raining among ourselves the best teachers i
the shortest time.
It seems to me your correspondent might
as well send to Florida or New Orleans for
ice, instead of Boston.
I writeyou this long letter hoping to inter
st you i:1 noble cause more full , and offer
ng you any further information in my pos
Very truly yours,
C. G. MEMMLNGER.
GEN. GAiRIALD.-Tbe portraits of Gari
baldi are in every window and at. every print
stall in -ardinia, generally seen placed be
teen those' of Napoleon III and Victor
EmanueL. The favorite costume of the
guerilla hero is a cloak worn a a.I Byron ; but
instead of the Calabrian visage which one
epects to see, with swarthy skidn and~ long,
flating locks,.Garibaldi is said to be almost
fair inceomplexion, and of a aom what dreamy
xpression 'of coutenance. His popularity
s as unbounded as his brivery is indispu
able. " All who have ever visit'ed him," says
ne writer, " pronounce him to be every inch
a gentleman. His soldiers follow him with
nbounded confidence, and lie is himself al
ways the first under fire. All are anxious to
serve wiih him, but Garabaldi is nice in the
hoice of his men. Such is the prestige at
ached to his name that 4000 young men of
Brecia are enrolled and ready to march and
join him the moment he-appears. His integ
rity is unquestionable and his loyalty perfect.
He wil not permit the smallest breach of'
:iscliline, and his severity in this respect is
such that, when organizing his little army at
Savigliano, he was wit~h difficulty prevailed
pon not to order a volunteer to bo shot for
stealing a ring worth three francs."
Tnttct og A Hoasa Tatzv.-...-An old inan,
who gave his name as Moore, stopped in 'this
placet a week or two ago, putting tip at the
Mladison House. After a day or two's stay,
e gave out that he wished to pay a visit to
some relations, whom he said lived in Frank
in country, Tenn. With this seeming inteni
tion (and his age did not permit of suspicion
f rascality), he applied at the livery stable
f Mr. W. B. Lloyd, for a horse and buggy for
the purpose, stating that he would return in a
few days. -The vehicle was promptly furnish
d him, and he left on his proposed trip, leav
ng, we may add, a week's board bill at the
hotel unpaid. His return was delayed day
after day, until his absence began to excite
sspicion ; and at last it became evident that
e did not intend to return at all. Mr. Lloyd,
with a party of friends, then started in- pur
mit, and they traced the old rascal to Decherd
on the N. and C. Railroad, at which place he
ad sold the horse~ and -buggy to Is resident
here, and himrelf' made off to parts unknown.
he property was proved and brought home.
-Huntsville (Ala.) Independent.
IDOL, WoasHIP IN CAL.IFoRNIA.-The Su
rmo Court of California has decided that
dol-worship is not forbiddlen by the Consti
ution. Tihe case was that of Eldridge vs.
he See Yup Company, wherein the plaintiff
attempted to get possession of the Asylum
rected by the Chinese Company. Among
he plaintiff's averiments was one that the
rusteeship under which the Company holds
was void, because the building was erected
or the purpose of being used partly for idol
vorship. The Supreme Court says: There
s no force in the objection, that a trust, cre
ted for the purpose of idol-worship, is void.
[nder our Constitution, all men are permit
ted the free exerciseof their religious opinion,
rovided it does not involve the commission
f a public offence;- nor can any distinction
b made in law between the Christian or
Jew, Mahomedan or heathen. The Courts
ave no power to determine that this or that
rm of religious or superstitious worship
'- yaa prhibited bylav-is
~sis ' .ram a. -
' Hard Luck. -
The Charleston Mercury (a responsible
journal) is responsible for the followinig ac
count of a fishing excursion recently enjoyed
(?) by some of our Hamburg friends:
FIsHING.-A party of gentlemen from Elam
burg projected a fishing excursion to the Ed
isto river a few days since. Lines, books, bait,
e c., were duly provided and packed, with a
reasonable allowance of liquids to wet the
bait, in a champagne basket. The liquids
were in square bottles. Square bottles pack
snugly and a champagne basket is precisely
the most conven ent receptacle fur their de.
posit. Nothing had been forgotten and the
party looked forward with the most pleasurea.
ble,emotions to the excitement of the excur
sion, loads of fish and a good time generally.
Without delay, they entrusted themselves to
the care of Jim Meredith, the popular and
widely known conductor on the South Carolina
Railroad. Especial charge was given the
baggage master with reference to the basket
in which all their hopes and future fish were
stored. Meredith is a model conductor; none
more attentive, more polite and accommoda.
ting than he; and he took this party particu
larly under his care. He attended to their
basket personally, placed it in the most se
cure spot, and, being informed of their desti
nation, made the trip of the most pleasant
character to the excursionists. The best seats
in the train were allotted them and the latest
newspapers brought for their entertainment
while the cars sped swiftly on.
At the depot nearest their destination, they
were bidden farewell with every wish for their
success. The precious basket was deposited
behind a carriage in which the party had ta
ken passage to the river. The distance was
short, but they were none the less impatient,
for the heat of the day was approaching, and
they longed to prepare for fishiing by testingthe
quality of their stores. The river was reached
and carefully the basket was unlashed from
the carriage, and a clean, grassy spot, shaded
by a magnificent tree, selected for the bironac.
The basket was opened, when sfeterunt
comae, et vox faucilms hesit, no tackle was
there, no square bottles, none of their treas
ures; but the cold and uninviting body of a
dead baby, and a negro baby at that! In their
haste they had taken the wrong basket; had
seized, taken and carried away a basket in
transitu for burial. They had added to the
grief of disconsolate parents, and instead of
stanching had increased the mourners' tears.
Slowly and sadly they drove back to the
depot, a heavy pall resting upon their spirits
to think that their fish were en route for Char- 1
leston with their basket.
They despatched the basket in their posses
sion to Charleston, and took the first west
ward train; first ascertaining that it was not I
Meredith's train. Upon their return to Ham. I
burg, they told not the tale, but quietly separa
ted, each to his several quarters. Nevert:e
less the story leaked out, and Las been told in t
ot public printing, fur malfeasaneu i.
Tire District Court has adjourned till Decern
ber, and, meantime, a process will be issued
fur the arrest of the accused.
The contract for carrying the mail- between
New Orleans and Key West, and a semi
ruonthly service, has been re-let to the
Southern Steamship Company. They receive
sixty-nine thousand dollars per annmni, or
eleven thousand dollars less than'heretorbre.
The comnpanay agree to extend the trip to
Havana, the postage to be the only compen
The Post office Department regards the
story of~ the use of fraudulent stamps as one
got up to create a feeling in favor of the use
of stamped envelopes. It is not believed that
any fraudulent stamps hive been imposed
upon the Department; or can be.
The Department is engaged in lopping off
the wor.t cases of non-paying mail. routes
but the partizan charge that certain Southern
States are exemipted froni the retrenching
process, is denounced as unfounded.
WHIAT OUR Fourr.N MrIISver~s Trxg.
It is stated that despatchies have been receiv
ed at the State Departmient, Washington,
brought.by the Asia from our ministers at
London, Fratnce and Spain.
Mr?. Dallas states that great activity pre
vails in Enigland throughout all the various
departments, and wvarlike preparations of i
mnense magnitude are being prosecuted with
vigor and urgency. Never, he says were such
preparations made by any power as are now
going on. Every thing that can float upon
water is now undergoing repair and will soon
he in readiness for active service. Unparul
kledl activity prevails in all the British dock
yards; indeed, it is the opinion of leading
statesmen that, should the war continue,
England will not long remain neutral. She
fears France, and looks upon the Emperor
with a jealonA eye.
Mr. Mason says that the Emperor has a
stronger hold uipon~ the affectione of the pee
ple of Prancc thian he ever had before, and
they evince a determination to stand by him
at (Ell hazards, and .prosecute the war to the
Mr. Preston states that considerable feeling
was manifested at Madrid growing ont of the
belligerent aspect of affairs throughout Eu
rope. The sympathies of the people are with
Sardinia, and the Emperor's course meets
with the hearty approval of the people.
TH-E "AFRICAN SUPPLY AssocIATroN."
In the course of some very wholesome re
marks upon this new invention to disturb
the peace of the country, the New Orleans
Picayune very justly remarks:
" Perhaps it is wise in the present state of
Southern opinion and the unpropitious aspect
ofSouthern questions before Congress and
the country, to miake a new issue of this sort
among ourselves, to array conflicting opinions
against each other on a question which in
cludes so many opposite interests among
Southern men, and which will array States
against States as well as classes, against clas
ses'; but it is not generally thought to be so,
and the conflict to which we are invited by
these preparations to carry on a crusade of
prosely tism and dictation, will not drive that
opinion out of the minds of the great body
of reflecting men of the South. It is a fire
brand for domestic contention, thrown in
when we most need a united public opinion
and a consolidated front against the common
ANinAt SAOAcIT.-A gentleman removed
from this District last Fall to Florida, taking
with him a dog on the Cars to Charleston,
where he kept him closely confined for a wveek,
and from there on board a steamboat to Flori
da. After remaining in Florida for a week or
ten days, the dog left, and made his way over
land back to this District. This is the most
remarkable instance of animal sagacity we re
member to have heard of, and is fully attested
ka entleman oiafhahighant reantahiiy.
English Cotton Supply Association.
A meeting of this body took place at Man
chester, on the 10th ult., Mr. John Cheetham!
President, in the chair. He stated& that the
exports from India were not very encouraging,
and lie depended greatly on the supply from
the West Coast of Africa.
The executive committee's report was to
the following effect:
Upwards of two thousand communications
have been received, including correspondence
with various departments of- Her Mlajesty's
government, the Indian Council, Her Majes
ty's consuls in foreign countries, the depart
ments of government in India, the chamber.
of commerce and the agricultural societies ii
the three presidencies of Iudia, the Kandi
Agricultural Society in Ceylon, the Gold
Coast Agricultural Society, the President v:
Liberia, the government of Greece, and .a
large number of persons either promoters of
companies for the growth of cotton, or landei
proprietors in various countries, all of which
communcations have been considered and
Grants of cotton seed, from one bag to tw<
hundred each, have been made and forwarder,
chiefly to Bombay, Madras, Calcutta, Hydera
had, Ahmedabe , and Malabar, in India;
Ceylon, Singapore; Sydney, in Australia:
Savanilla and Baranquilla. in South America:
Sonsonate, Belize and San Miguel, in Britisi.
Honduras; Guatemafa, Cuba, .amaica and
Hayti, in the West Indies ; Tunis, Lagos.
Fernando Po, Sierra Leone, Cape Coast Cas
tle, Cameroons, Bossessame, Monrovia anm
Natal, in Africa; Macedonia, Aleppo, Jalffil
Sidon, Kaiffa, Broussa, Salonica, Serres, Con
stantinaple and Messina; and also to Attica.
Argolide, Messinie Laconta, Arcadi , Achaia
Phthiotis, Eubma, Cyclades, and the Agricul
ural School in Greece.
Grants of cotton -ins also have been made
md forwarded, chiefly to Bembay, Hyderabad
tad Ahmedabad, in fadia; Kandy, in Ceylon.
Batavia; Singapore; Sydney, in Australia.
he South Sea Islands; Peru, in South Ameri
:a; Sonsonate aud Belisle, in-British Hondu
as; Tunis, Morocco, Abbeokuta, Lagos, Cape
3oast Castle, Cape Palmas, Sierra Leone an'
"ameroous, in Africa; Dardanelles; Larnaca;
3roussa and Athens.
Cotton presses have also been sent to Cape
oast Castle, and your committee are under
romise to furnish cotton gins, presses and
nachinery to a considerable amount to Lagos,
'ape Coast Castle, and other places.
The Government of Liberia having taker
ip the subject of cotton cultivation, your com
ittee have offered gold and silver medals
aid prized, amounting to ?25 per annum, for
btr years, to the most successful cultivators
ii that republic, gold, silver and copper medals
ave also been provided, as grants to other
It is gratifying to observe that tho action of
his association has stimulated the formation
f companies for the groAvth of cotton in dif
rent quartess of the world. -Public .c
o tbir deputation when in Lonoon, II
-lairy last, that the plans they have in pro
ess for increasing our mupplie. of Indian
ottun, in spite of the varied obstacles to be
onteided with, will not only be the ineans of
nereasinig our imports, but will greatly im
rove the staple.
Fronm the west coast of Africa, your com
ittec? are of opinion that the export of cotton
rill very rapielly increase. * * A frica
ids fh'ir, in a few years, to rival our best
UreCs of suplyV atnd your committee would.
irge upon every nierchant and cotton-spinmer
he importance of giving the utmost encour
gement to this rapidly rising commerce of
~he West Coast. * * * *
The last valuable communication with
hichi vour committee has been favored -idi
~ates tihat the cotton fields of the world may
e regarded as almost illimitable. Her Ma
esty's Consunl to the Fejee Islands has arrived
ni this country, bringing witti him samples of
nost excellent cottoit, rangtug in value from
.;d. to 12d. -p'r pound. Ttiis cotton, which
as been senit by the goverinment for the mn
pection of this isociation, grows indign. is
y inl wildl luxuriance, and its clearnes,, length
ndl strength of staple commend it as admira
ly adapted to the spinning and manufactura
ng wants of this district.
The Mobile Regist'r condemns the wihole
f th~e Kansas agitation as useless nonsense,
nd defines the true pulicf of the Slave pow
r as follows:
"Whben a new tropical territory is to be
ettled, and the South has got the slavesi to
ettle it with, all the powers of A bolition,and
f Exeter and Faneuil Halls, cannot prevenm
t. Until that time comes we are wasting
oder on a man of straw and making our
elves and our cause ridiculous. We have
lid bombast enough on this :-ubject, and it is
ngh time to take practical and comnmon-Pxense,
iews of it. Nobodly denies that we have a
ri/#4 to go into the territories with slavee,
bt it is a right that, under existing circum
tances, is not worth a puff of cigar smoke.I
We cannot avail ourselves of it, and this for
easons forever aside from A bolition theories,'
ongressional legislation, or absurd and false
issues of "Squatter Sovereignty." Our policy
s to increase our supplies of negro labor, and
o look to tropical regiors as the arena of
Ur future struggles for industrial extension
nd politicalstrength. All the rest is 'leather
ad prunella'-mere words, words, words.'.'
CAPT. BoNAPARTE~, or BALTJiOR.--It 1s
eorted in Paris that Capt. Jerome Bons
arte, formerly of Baltimore, was in command
f the Chasseurs at the battle of Montebello,
;d did wonders of valor, cutting down two
ungarian hussars of the regiment of Prince
harles, of Bavaria, with his own hand.
ut no official confirmation of this fact has
ppeared. It is not, however, improbable, as
:he captain was on redonnoitering service in
:hat part of the country at the time of the
SLAVE TRADE ON THE Cc'a OAST.
eferring to a " rumor," mentioned by the
ampa Peninsular, that a cargo of slaves-had
ecently been landed on the Florida coast,
:he Mobile Tribune, of Tuesday, says:.
We are informed that Madame Rumor has
old the truth in this case. A cargo of
tfricans was recently landed on the coast of
rorida, and some of the barbarians are at
his moment not far from Mobile.
TrHERE appears to be a growing feeling in
outh Carolina, in favor, of the establishment
if a Penitentiary in that State. The public
tentiment there is-becoming aroused against
be barbarity of applying capital punishment
crimes other than murder. We hope that
oblio sentiment will be respected, and that
h legisateire will obey the voice of the peo
Prom the Carolinian, 14th inst.
Death of Chancellor Dargan.
At length the long, lingering, hope of the.
State for the recovery of this disting'ished
citizen has been termninated by his.death on
Sunday night, at the residence of Mrs. Quig
ley, of this place. . Last summer while. the
State was in solemn consultation, loo~dng
around upon her distinguished sons from
whom to select a worthy successor to. the a
mented Judge Evans, Chancellor Dargan's
name was prominently mentioned. The idea
had taken fast hold upon the public mind,
and there can be little doubt that nothing
would have prevented his election to the United
States Senate, but the consideration of his
ioss to the Chancery bench, and the difficulty
if finding a successor equally competent.
.About the latter part of October, in the midst
,f this indecision, while the State was hesita,
ring in its choice, and deliberately pondering
the relative services of suc-u a son, first its
known value on the bench, then its probable
value at so important .and responsible a po
litical station as that of United States.Sena
.or, the sad and startling intelligence was an
nounced that he had been suddenly paralyed
oy disease, and that his solid int'llect would
tever again constitute a portion of her relia
ble resources. From that time his condition,
chbugh often inspiring the hope of restoration
to usefulness, was never such as to enable him
ro discharge his duties. His disease still con
tinued its attack until on Sunday night, when
he spirit was disengaged from its earthly
enerent and returned to its Creator..
Chancellor Dargan has long occupied posi
tinus of responsibility and trust. For a numr
er of years he filled with great credit to him.
<lf and satisfaction to the public, the office
,f Commissioner in Equity for Darlington
District 1838, he was re elected; but having
ieen during the summer of 1842 clectedState
ienator to fill the vacancy created by the re
iignation of the Hon. W. H. Cannon, his ii
:ellect was brought more conspicuously before
the State. His career as a Senator was states.
nanly and dignified. His clear and sound
udgment. combined with- his legal acquire
nents, soon nrahieved position for him in the
senate as-the Chairman of the Judiciary Com-.
nittee. In December, 1847, he wak elevated
>y tie Legislature to fill the vacancy on the
3handery bench, as the successor of Chancel
or Harper. This office he held to the day of
lis death. He was born in 1802, and there.
bre was in the fifty-eighth year of his age.
Chancellor Dargan has been intimately
onnected with the history of our State Col.
ege, being for ye.ars, in virtue of his office of
hancellor, one of its trustees. Being a grad
ate he was animated by all the devotion of a
rue and. dutiful son. He was* of the gradua
ing class (f 1821.
In politics, he was of the strictest State
ights school, having been an active partief
nator in the famous nulification contest. His
e th is a public calamity and diflicul, indeed,
ill be the task of supplying his place. Death
as again visited our high places and exacted
hne .n!.W Uonwmuon meets at Yortville, on
Puesday right before the first Wednesday in
lugust, it being the second day in the month.
It is de.sirable that all the Bible Societies in
:he State should be represented. Will you
i!ease have a meeting of your Executive Com
ittee called at an eariy day, and appoint at
ast live dt-legates to the Conveition; and
rge thema to attend, and donme with brief
eports. All the railro'ads in the State have
greed to pas delegattes to the Convention,
o and fro, for one fare. There is an arrange
nent by which the clergymen are passed
'ver the South Carolina Railroad for one fare
wen they are officeially engaged. A com-.
nittce of arrangements has beeii appointed by
he Yorkile Bible Society, and ample pro
ison will doubtless be made for all who may
tend. Thbose who live below Yorkville- had
etter comec up on the 1st, so as to be pre
ent on the, 2d of August.
Timpormant miatte'r will be brought before
he Convenition. iamse t ee that- your Soce
y Is repirt-sented it hout1 sl.
E. A. BOLLES,
PRIvTr. ELROPF.Ax Anywc~s TO GERMAN
IARcHNTs.-It is said That Germnan mner
hants of the city of New York &mre in -poe
essin of private advices which render it
ertain that Prussia and Germany will im
neiately join Austria in her struggle with
rance. Theso advices, it is asserted, are
roma persons in the confidence of the govern
nent, and are regarded as trustworthy.
Perhaps, savs the New York Evening Post,
t is largely duo to thepr traditional hatred of
he Blonapartes that t Ibe *ympathy of tho
Germans of the city ini hia-a, Austriaseems
o be general and coru~ida. A. - n instance,
oe of them, a young and a. ' ay merchant
isa already made arangements n. ag.' by -the
mxt steamer, and enlist in the ,srvice.- He
~ays his family were massecied by Napoleon
, andl lie will have revenge upem hikeuccessor.
A VENERAJIJlLE PEDEsaTA.--YTesterday
mn old man fell doivn npon the~ pavement in
te upper part of Broad street. A gentleman
a.iig by took biam into a house near, and
ent for a physician, supposing him -to be
ying. Hkeoon recovered;~ andr being refresh
d by a cup of tea stated that his name Hirant
Shultz, brother of the late Henry Shultz, of'
amburg ; that he had walked fourteen miles
hat morning, carrylng his trunk, weighing
ixty-five pounds, and h~ad been prostrated b
eat and fatigue.- lHe stated that he belonge
n Kentucky, near Lexington, and :had been
o Florida with an idea of settling, but found
Florida too hot, and 'was on his way back to
Kentucky. Hie had been injured by. a rail
oad accident a few weeks since, and conse
luently, preferred to walk rather than trust
is life in a- rail road car. Hie said that he
ad money enough, though looking so old
elt young, and that lie had a brother living
oe hundred and four years old. The ap
earance of the old man was very respectable
ad truthful.-Augusta Dispatch. -
"What are you talking about?" -asked a
nember during the debate on the money
"Telg-"was the reply. -
" Theology!I why, I thought it was the
oney question I"
"Well money is their deity, and they are
liscoursing about it."
A .IUnlcloUs PaEMUu.-The last number of
the Winnsboro J!egister contains the premium
list of the Fairfield- Agricultnral iSociety.
[nder the head of shee~p there is- a premian
f ten dellars offered for the largest number
f scalps of dogs killed by one person" durin
the year 1859. We areglada to see so decide.
demonstration of syniathy with this impor
at feature of dondtic economy and &tate
welh. t ~ ivi fair plyad a