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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIEERTI-ES, AND IF IT MUST FALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST THE RUINS"
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. -EDG FIELI, S-. G.- .LX 20, 181 -
The Precious Gift of God.
aY ANY AsRTM.
'Twa.ohristmas morn, in- parlor fair,
Three lovely sisters sat; -
Most pleasantly they spent the hour,
With music, song, and eIhat.
Finally, Blanche, the youngest, said,
With deeply thoughtful eyes,
Sister, of all the gifts of God,
WIhich one do you most prize ?"
The oldest, Maud,-a moment thought,
Then cast a look of pride
O'er all surroundings, rich and rare,
And quickly thus replied:
"Wealth, methinks, is Heaven's best gift
To mingle with earth's poor,
And dwell in wretched, squal!.' cot,
I never could endure."
Rose, queen flower of the three,
First in the mirror took
A glance at her rare loveliness,
Then said, with smiling look
"That, in my heart, most dearly prized
Is paid at Beauty's shrine;
There, thoughts arise of augels bright
Yes, 'tis a gift divine."
They now looked eagerly at Blanche;
A tear bedewed her cheek,
And with a trembling utterance
She answered, sweetly meek:
' The one most eberish'd in my soul
We recognize this day
God's gift of his beloved Soi,
To wash our sins acay."
The sisters blushed, and felt rebuked,
Then with a sweet accord
They gave a cordial kiss to Blanche,
Thus mindful of her Lord.
And, with one mind, they all knelt down,
And sweetlj there were given,
For that most precious gift of God,
Prayer, praise, and thanks to heaven.
tor others' weal let good men labor,
And not for fame or paltry pelf
And mind the maxim, lovo thy neighbor
As well as thou d9st love thyself.
Deal gently with thy erring brother,
Forgive, as thou wouldst be forgiven,
If here we love not one another
How can we dwell in love in heaven ?
And should thy feeble brother stumble,
And often fall upon the road
Though poor, despised, deformed and humble
Just raise him up and point to God.
Crush not the heart that's almost broken,
But light up hope and banish fear;
A pleasant word when softly spoken,
Will heal the wound and dry the tear.
Can we forget our own behavior?
Can we for all our sins atone ?
Let him who needs no blessed Savior,
Be first to scourge or cast the stone.
Oh, let us make the world better, .
Than t'was the day it gave us birth
By breaking ever yoke and fetter,
And spreading light and truth on earth.
And then we shall behold the dawning,
Of good times we sought so long
The light of that millenial morning,
Of cloudless sun and ceaseless song..
A SICK ROBBER ;
AND HOW TIM CURED 11IM.
nY siryLYsU coDS, Jn.
Tim Benson was a brave, kind-hearted man,
and had seen much of the world, and been
ixed up some in adventurous affairs. .I lost
sght of him when I left our native village,
nd shortly after that he wandered t3 the Far
fest. Not long since Tim called upon me.
Idid not know him at first, for he had grown
sout and dark, and his coarse hair had many
silver touch upon it. But I found him to
be the same warm, genial friend as of old,
ad I enjoyed the week through which his
isit extended very much. One day we wvent
ut upon our old trout stream, with our poles
pon our shoulders, and our dinners in our
ockets; and when it came noon wve sat down
nder some shady trees upon the bank, and
at our meal. Atter the~last crumib had been
ispsed of, and Tim bad lighted his pipe, I
iced up 'the old newspaper in which the
grub" had been dons up, and glanced my_
yes over its columns. I saw an account oi
murder in Missouri, and read it aloud to
" That's a great place for murders and rob.
eries," I remarked, as I threw the paper
"Yes-'tis," said Tim. "But 1 can tell
ou one thing: Wlien they catch one of the
villianis, they make him .suffer. I tell you a
an stands on his own merits there."
" But a great many villians escape,"' I
" True," he replied, " for they have more
hance than they do here. But once in a
while a chap gets jerked up when he leasts
xpects it. I caught one onee-about a year
go-and he was strung up without much
cremony. He was tried; but they wasn't
ong in~convicting him."
"flow did you catch him ?" I asked.
"I'll tell ye,'said Tim. lie knocked the
askes from his pipe ; then picked out an easier
seat upon the bank ; and then comimenced :
" About two years ago I took a notion to
go to Texas. I landed at Galveston, where I
staid six months. I was just getting ready to
o up the Trinity River, when I was takeni
sown with the small-pox. 1 had it hard, as
ye can see by some of the marks on my face;
but T come safely out of it, ank when I was
wholly well, I started off'. At Brownsville I
el in with a man I had known in Mississippi,
and I stopped there, and went into a sort of a
ekering business with hitai. Ilisuname was
mith; and I think lhe belonged to New York.
One evening he and I wont over to the taverun
where we used to sit someti mes to hear the
nws, and while we were there a pedlar came
along, and engaged ldings for the night.
He was a short, middle-aged man, and ]
shouldsay a German by birth. Hie had two
large japanned trunks; and after he'd eaten
is supper he opened 'em, and tried to trade
with us. He had a good many watches ; and
some jewelry, and some silver spoons; and a
host of other truck, such as knives, and pistols
ma so on. Ho sold quite a lot of stuff, and
hzn put his trunks away, and sat down. and
-- ..st about this~time a chap named 'uti
Mangle, who lived a mile from the settlement
main road by the river, sank forward in his
chair; and said he was taken very sick. The
landlord got him a glass of whiskey, but that
didn't seem to do him any good. Re said he
hadn't felt well all the afternoon. He was
dizzy now, aid almost blind, and had severe
pains all up and down his back. He said he
never could get home alone, and he. wanted
somebody to help him. One of the company,
who had a horse in the shed, offered to help
him, and Sutt got up to go out with him, but
he staggered and trembled so that he had to
help him out, and lift him onto the horse.
" This Sutt Mangle bad lived in that section
going on four years, but folks didn't know
much about him. He had a wife but no chil
dren, and earned his living by hunting. He
seemed to be a quiet sort of a chap, but as he
didn't seek anybody's company, of course there
didn't anybody seek his.
" About nine o'clock Smith and I went
home and went to bed, and just as we were
going to work the next morning we saw the
German pedler positing off down the main
road to the river. We went to the shop, and
along towards the middle of the forenoon we
saw a crowd gathering in front of the tavern.
I ran over and learned that the peddler had
been murdered and robbed I We found the
coroner, and off we went down the road, for
about a mile, where we found the murdered
man. His head was smashed to a pumice,
and his clothes all covered with blood; and
not far off was found the club with which it
had been done. It was a piece of locust, and
was daubled all over the heaviest end with
blood and tangled hair. The two trunks
were found in the woods, entirely empty,.
everything they had contained having been
"It didn't take long to find a verdict in that
case; and when they had decided that the
peddler had been brutally murdered by some.
unknown person, the body was carried back
to the tavern, and then the people turned out
to hunt up the murderer. They hunted all
that day; scouring the highways and the by
ways, and the woods in every direction; but
the object of their search was not to be found.
One of the first places visited was Sutt Man
gle's. They found him sick abed, and his
wife said she was afraid he had the small-pox.
She had seen nothing, and heard nothing, of
any stragglers about the premises ; and as
the settlers were anxious to get out of the
way of a man, who had that fatal disease, they
left as quickly as possible.
"ift was on the third day after the murder
that all hopes of finding the vil.ian in that
section were given up. As many as twenty
different individuals had been apprehended
and examined, but not proof enough could be
found to detain them. People wondered how
it could have been done-and well they might
-for the murder could not have been done
an hour before it was discovered, and in less
than another hour half the inhabitants of the
town were on the search. Inquiries had been
made upon ever.y way by which a villain euld
be thus gained. I had made up my mind
that the murderer had not left, the town at all.
I believed that it must have been done by
some one who lived in that section; though I
had no idea of where a suspicion could rest.
The third day after the murder was Sunday,
and in th4 forenoon Smith and -1 went-out to
take a walk. We stopped at the tavern, where
I learned that Sutt Mangle had the small-pox
of the worst kind, and that nobody dared to
go near the house. I asked if lie had the
"No," aid the landlord; "his wife says
she can fix him up, as she has been in a hos
pital in New Orleans. So the doctor thiuks
there is no need of his veNturing there."
"Of course I knew that I couldn't take the
small-pox again, soI made up my mind that I'd
go down and see the poor fellow, and find out
if he wanted any help. Smith said he would
go part of the way with me, but he wouldn't
venture into the cot. We set out, and when
we got within half a dozen rods of the house,
my companion said he guessed he'd stop, and
let me go ahead. The dwelling was only a
log cabin, and when I reached the door, Mrs.
Mangle came out. She was a bard looking
woman, though not so homely as I had seen.
" Don't come no nigher," she cried, when
she saw me. " Sut's got the small-pox awful."
" Never fear," says L. "1I aint afraid of it,
I've just dropped down to see if I couldn't
"But she declared that I musn't come in.
She said it would be the death of me. He
didn't want any help. However, I insisted,
and she finally gave way ; but she warned me
against going near the hed. 1 went in, and
there, in one corner, on a low bed, I saw Stt
JIangle. His face was'as speckled as an ad
der, and he seemed to be in much pain.
" How are ye ?" I asked.
" Awful!" said he.
" Can't I do something for ye?7" says I.
" Take care !" he cried. " Don't come no
nigher ! Ye'll catch yer death !"
"It struck me that the man could talk a
good deal better than I could when 1 had the
small pox, and I thought his eyes looked
rather bright and clear. And then his face
wasn't swollen a bit.
" Take care !" says he. as I went nearer to
" Never fer, says I. " I've had it ;" and
as I spoke I sat down on the r ide of the bed.
He trembled so that I could feel the bed shake
under me, and turned quickly over so as hide
his face ; and as he did this I saw two things
that rather startled me. In the first place, I
saw that he had his clothes on ; in the second
place, I saw that the spots on his face weren't
anyth ing but spyeos! They weren't pustules
at all, but only daubs of some kind of red and
purple paint, or berry juice.
" It didn't take more'n a minute for mte to
see quite an animal. I'd seen twenty men
sick with the smiall-pox at the same time, and
I knew that this chap wasn't sick any more
than I was. I'd come there to help him if I
could ; but the thought struck me that might
help him in a little different way from what'i
" Wel, says I, as honest as I could, " if I
can't help ye, I'll be moving ; but look out
that ye don't catch cold."
" He said he would, and I left him. When
I joined Smith, I told him what I'd found. I
told him that Sutt Mangle hadn't got the
small-pox-that he'd pretended to have it so
as keep people away from hinm, in which he
had succeeded pretty well. Says I--"he plan
ned to rob the peddler wvhen he first pretended
to be taken sick at the tavern. It was a
shrewd thing, but if' you'll go back with me
we'll show him that he hasn't succeeded.
" Smith was all afire now, and as anxious
to examine into the matter as I was. Of
course I wasn't morally sure that Sutt was the
murderer; but I waes sure that he had no sick'
ness ; and that was groud enough to work
upon. We got a couple of good clubs, and
went back to tbe cot-rawlhing along under
the bushes-and when we got to the open
Wrd we rushed in. Sutt was just getting out
of' bed, and when he saw un he caught a pistol
from under his pillow ; but before lie could
cuck it Smith gave him a rap on .the head
with his club which settled him back. The
woman turned to flee, but I attended to her
ease, though I had to knock 'her down before
I could secure her.
"As soon as Sutt was bound I took a wet
rag, and gave his face a washing that cured
all the small-pox in a very few moments. He
camne out as fresh as a rose bush after a
shower. The very first place we examined
was under the bed, where we foiud two bun
dIes done up in old quilts. We- pulled 'em
out and epened 'em, and found tho peddler's
whele stock. Sutt Mangle had snnposed that
a case of small-pox would be a sufficient safe
guard Against any outsidcr poking in under
that bed; and if it hadn't happened that I'd
had the critter, and so wasn't afraid of it, the
valuables might have laid there in safety till
lie got a chance to move 'em, which he pro
bably meant to do as soon as it was proper for
him to get. well.
"1 remained in the cot to keep guard, while
Smith went after help. Sutt swore and beg
ged, and offered me all he got if I'd let him
go, but I made no words with him. I waited
until Smith returned, which he did in compa
nv with a score of the villagers, and then we
carried the prisoners and their plunder up to
" Of course there was no lack of' evidence
to convict Sutt Mangle of the murder and rob
bery. It was as plain as day. The clothes
lie had worn that night at the tavern were
found all spattered with blood, and we found
the locust, too, close by his cot,. from which
the club was cut. But, the small-pox and the
articles under the bed were enough in t1 nm
selves. However, he was convicted .ad in
two weeks lie was hanr ' u' e he died
he not only confessed thathe murdered the ped
dier. but he said lie had killed and robbed a
good-many men in diffierent parts of the coun
try. His wife was convicted at the sametime,
and sentenced to imprisonment for life.
" That's the only case of small-pox I ever
doctored, but I think, all things considered, I
managed it pretty well. Don't you ?"
"Yes," said I.
"Then let's go at the trout again," said Tim.
And at them we went.
The Mechanic's Advantages.
-The following old story, which we may
have published heretofore, is a good one, and
will bear twice telling. Read it.
Not many years ago, a Polish lady of
plebeian birth, but of exceeding beauty and
accomplishments, won the affections of a
young nobleman, who having her consent,
solicited her hand from her father in marriage,
and was refused. We may easily imagine the
astonishment of the nobleman.
" Am I not," said he, " of sufficientrank to
aspire to your daughter's haud ?"
" You are undoubtedly of the best blood of
"Then having your daughter's consent, how
could I expect a refusal?"
" This, sir, said the father, is my only child,
and her happiness is the chief concern of my
life. All the possessions of fortune are pre
cario-us. What fortune gives, at her caprice
she takes away. I see no security for the in
dependence and comfortable living of a wife
but one; in a word, I am resolved that no
one shall be the husband of my daughter who
is not master of' a trade."
The nobleman bowed his head and retired
silently. In a year or two afterwards, the
father was sitting at the door, and saw ap
proaching his cot, wagons loaded with baskets,
and heading the cavalcade, the nobleman in
the dress of a basket maker. He was now
master of a trade, and brought the wares
made by his own hands, for inspection, and a
certificate from his employer that he was mas
ter of his business.
- The condition- being fulfilled. -n. .fmther
obstacle was opposed to the marriage. But
the story is nut yet done. The revolution
came, fortunes were plundered, and lords
were scattered lk, chaff before the winds of
Heaven. Kings became beggars-some of
them teachers-and the noble Pole supported
his wife and her father in the infirmities of
age, by his basket making industry.
PRETTY HARD ICE.-Deacon Johnson is a
great temperance man, and sets a good ex
ample of total abstinence as far as he is seen.
Not long ago he employed a carpenter to make
some alterations in his parlor, and in repair
ing the corner near the fireplace it was found
necessary to remove the wainscoting, when
lo! a discovery was made that astonished
everybody. A brace of decanters, a tumbler,
and a pitcher, were eosily reposing there as ii
they had stood there from the beginning.
The Deacon was summoned, and as he beheld
the blushing bottles, he exclaimed, " Wa'll, 1
declare, this is curious, sure enough. It must
be that old Bains left themi when he went out
of this 'ere house thirty years ago." " Per
haps he did," returned the carpenter, "but,
deacon, the ice in the pitcher must have been
friz mighty hard to stay all this time."
The Dying Inebriate.
What a spectacle is this ? What a lesson
does it teach ! The destr-uction of man's cor
poreal frame is not pleasant under any cir
enmstantces. The taking down his " clay
tabernacle," even when he hopes to enter a
" building not made with hands," in the upper
skies, has something melancholy in it. But
when we see a mortal streched upon his dying
couch, whose life has been spent in debauchery
and revelry, wvhat is there connected with him
or his, either past or present, or future, that
does not present the most horrible arid forbid
ding aspect I Life is gone, property wasted,
character blasted, wife and children, be"
ared-there he lies upon his bed of straw, witi
parched lips, bloated countenance, and blood
shot eyes, the very personification of ruin. Tos
sing upon his hard and comfortless couch,
panting for breath, and calling for help, but
all in vain. Death marks him for his victim,
and now, if for a while he is relieved from
frightful ghosts and demons which hitherto
haunted his disordered imagination, con
science, the sleepless monitor, with redgublei
vigor, assails hint every act of his worthless
life, to blast his still conscious soul, and brings
up bcfore all hopes, to plunge him in deeper
agony, and to hurry his affrighted spirit into
the presence of his God. How loudly
and bitterly does he complain of life, of
friends, of God I
ofHe prays, but it is the angry imprecation
ofa doomed.spirit, demanding of his Maker a
speedy discharge. The wiid glare of his
scorched eye, his restless tossing, his retch
ing hiccough, and his deep, hollow groans,
tell us how hard it is for a drunkard to die.
The very presence of once-loved wife and chil
dren, kindle in advance, the very fires of hell.
The soothing voice of mercy, and the plain
tive prayer of the man of God kneeling ,by
his bedside, but add fnel to the already raging
flame. He calls for water I water I water I
now, ere he takes his habitation where " one
drop" will not be allowed him; but ah!I the
cool draught only adds force to the devouring
firec. Friends gather around to take a last
farewell, and his tremulous hands are extend
ed to bid them adieu ; thoughts of -the past
and of the future send their withering arrows
barbed with the poison of death to his burst
ing heart; and with one strong, agomzmg~
struggle, his ruined soul staggers into the
spirit-land to receive its sentence. Pity, com
passion, hiumnanity would let the veil drop here,
cover up till the great assize the doom of the
deluded, misguided wretch ; lint divine truth
has said, " All drunkards shall have their por
tion in the'lake that burneth with fire and
brimstone."-Elnm Cottage, Va.
As Marshal, McMahon entered Milan, r
little girl of five years of age, dressed in white,
presented him with a bouquet of flower
nearly as big as herself. He raised her up,
and placed her standing before him on the
saddle. " The child," says a letter, " threw~
her little arni around the sun-burnt head o1
the conqueror of Magenta, and kissed himr
-repeatedly,~amidst the loudest cheers I ever
heard. The Marshal seemed delighmted with
the child, and fondled her most tenderly, look
ing frequently at her pretty features. And
so the both entered Milan amidst a showe:
of bouquets and applause. I saw many per
sons affected even to tears."
From the South Carolinian.
A Real Incident of. the Revolution.
Carolina's swamps and lonely pines
Can tell many a thrilling tale,
Which now only in tradition lie.
My venerable old grand-father, a soldier o1
the Revolution, in the last years of his life
was unusually free to talk of the "times that
tried men's souls"-scenes with which he
was familiar, from his having acted in them.
One winter evening, as the snow was fall
ing thick and fast, we had gathered around
the sparkling fire of the old hearth stone.
The usual cheerfulness lit up the old man's
furrowed brow, all encircled with his long
snowy locks. His conversation, as I well re
member, ran on the disgraceful acts of the
tories. His sunken eye, dim as it was, would
casually flash with indignation, as he would
recount story after story of their infamous
conduct. Although the good old man has
long since gone where
The tories' yell is heard no more,
Nor the cannon's deafening roar.
I was then but a child, yet one of his narra
tives was as vividly impressed on my youth
ful mind as though it had been told but yes
terday, which imports as follows
In the fall of 1781, Co."'ei .Chomas Polk,
of Mecklenburg, North Carolina, was sent
with a detachment of sixty dragoons from
Gen. Green's army, to harrass and drive out
the tories, who had infested portions of South
Carolina, and had been committing their
wonted outrages on the heipless Whig iami
lies, without molestation, save when sailed
upon by Marion's weak but spirited little
band, who alone for a time kept the spirit of
patriotism aglow in that ill-fated State, but
who, at that time, was so worn down by ut
ter misfortune, as well nigh to unnerve any
furthe' effort on their part.
But soon Polk, by his unwelcone intfusion
with his intrepid chargers, gay.- ite tories to
understand that there was "no rest for the
wicked." He pounced upon their midst, and
had chased them from their haunt, until a large
body of them, some distance below, had ta
ken retreat in the swamps of Waccamaw,
near Georgetown. And here, as they pre
sumed no danger near, would cowardly sneak
out and commit their usual depredations, and
again skull back to their boggy dens. But
the gallant Polk, with his fleet troopers, was
soon on their trail. Now, their swamp re
treat baffled the colonel's skill, for it was im
possible to penetrate it on horseback, and to
set quietly and await an engagement, would
be in vair.. The continued cruelties prac
tised by those pests of humanity on the help
less inhabitants, aroused the spirit of Polk to
further efforts. A general tory-hunt was in
stituted; and after scouring the cypress
thickets and the pine hills of the neighboring
country, not the track of a tory could be
seen. Then their ingress and egress to the
swamps were closely watclied ; yet no infor
mation as to their whereabouts could be
gained from any source; and from what could
be learned, it was concluded that the tories
had dispersed or .had moved their quarters to
had remained unmolested for sonie time.
Polk resolved to strike camp and wait further
issues. Accordingly, an encampment was
formed on an old field hill-side, flanked by
two extensive swamps, and 1ll caution from
further attack were suspended. The senti
nels were withdrawr ; and thus lulled in this
state of false security, the camps were qluiet
ly taking their ease,. when, suddenly, on a
drizzly, foggy morning, about the break of
day, their still slumbers were aroused by the
rattling peal of musketry pouring down upon
them. Bustle and confu.,ion ensued : but
those brawny-browed, stout-heairted Caroli
nians' were not to be unnerved by the smell
of gunpowder, or grow panic at the ruoar of a
little noisy kill-seed." .But they wer in
mediately al1 in front of thc colonel's tent,
ready for orders; and on the comm~ions for
parade, only eight appeared on horse-back
some of these without saddles, and some
even without bridles,. with only the halter,
as they hurriedly untied their steeds from
the limbs. The others had broken loose from
fright at the sudden firing, and were heard
scampering away at a distance.
With the eight thus equcippeod on horse,
and the remainder on foot, as soon as the co
lonel gave the word "charge," the~ firing
ceased, and the tories' heels were seen in the
distance, making tracks, as fast ns legs could
carry them, to the nearest point of t he swamp.
And our pursuing troopers rent the air with
shouts and bitter imprecations, as they saw
their prey escaping ini the recesses ot the
thick eypress swamp ; and could only give a
hasty farewell salute from the mouths ot
their old1 horse pistols-whzich did no execu
tion further than iriddle a few distended coat
tails of those not so well skilled in the foot
race-which wouldl probably give them a
darning job after the cour-se was over. Now
the pursuit by the horse could be pressed no
farther, and by the time the foot comipany
came up, it was deen-edl inexpedient. There
upon they returned to the camp ; and no loss
was foun'd to lbe su-.tained, save a few leak
holes in the top canvass of the tents, its the
tories had entirely over-shot them.
A few of the loose horses were picked up
round the skirts of the camp ; and after a
few hours' search, all the others, except eight,
were gathered up en the adjacent hills. And
after a hunt of several. miles over theo piney
woods, tio trace of the remainIng once conkli
Here a trick was discovered;i on examina
tion, a part of the horses had evident ly been
unloosed by hand. .Anrd as to what it imeant
or could import, was a question which placed
the colonel in a dilemma. Was it to prevent
his escape, in case of a meditated attack from
an overpowering force of tories? Or was it
erely and solely for the purpose of pilfer
ug? The latter was insbisted upon, as it was
more consistent with their debased natures.
And, finally, a diligent search was deter
mined. After leaving a small number to
guard the camp, squads were distributed in
different directions, in order to have the
search as thorough as possible. One of those
parties, late in the evening, having advanced
a good distance from the camp, found them
selves in a lonely, rugged low-ground, inter
spersed with swamps and covered with thick
shrubbery. At this place the party made,
what is termed in the hunters' phase, a " deer
drive." And just as they wero all converg
ing to one point, they heard the well-known
neigh of their lost steeds, and there discov
ered a tall, ragged.~ gaunt, tawny, pine smoked
tory, juat in the act of forcing the poor brutes
into one of thopse dangerous quick sand bogs.
He did not, in the least, detect his situation,
as he was busy " chunking" the horses with
heavy pine-knots, whoi seemed conscious of
what wa-s before them. The soldiers still
pressed closer and closer around him, being
shielded paitly fromi his view by the inter
vening bushes ; but on turning round to pick
up another pine-knot, he saw tlae men on his
rear. Hie instantly made a prodigious bound
frward, but finding himself so completely
surrounded-no chance for escape-he seem
ed fixed in his tracks; and rolled his white
eyeballs r-ound on his captors, then placed
them steadily on the ground. His physiog
nomny indicated a villain of the lowest grade.
He was interrogated as to his conduct; but
he remained sullen, -and would not so much
as raise his countenance. His hands were
thereunon ninioned behinr1 his back with the
rein of a halter, and he was thus conducted
to the camp. -
The other companies bad already returned,
land were anxiously awaiting the resilt of our
successful party, who soon made their appear
It~ice with the captive and recovered property.
A court-martial was utnmediately istituted.
The codipany then formed a .semii-circle be
ore the tents, with the ofileers and prisoner
imthediately in front. The examination was
conducted by the captain, the deepest anxiety
.pending 6n the issue. Hoping certainly to
gain soitie intelligence' of the party of the
ories who had so unceremoniously disturbed
heir rest that morning, the colonel made the
4he following proposition to the prisoner:
"Sir, you are an open enemy to your
country, as you evidently are of the same
party who so cowardly attacked us this morn
ing, and moreover you have basely attempted
to deprive us of our property. By our law,
.you should die; but I shall make this propo
iiti6n in your case: If you give me-the de
.ired iniformation as to the whereabouts and
situation of your clan, not one hair 'of your
head shall-be touched. -Sir, now answer the
question the captain shall put to you."
. The necessary interroations were made, to
*hich he gave no satisfdction -either in the
ffirmat':ve or negative. He finally became
*xtremely sullen and obstinate, which so en
raged the colonel; shat he impatiently turned
Jo the soldiers who were anxiously awaiting,
but were eager to to have some sport with
him first, and said, "he.is at your disposal
lispateh the rascal." - At the instant they
drew their swords and begun to advance to
*ards him, he made an extraordinary bound
from their midst; theu with tho agility of
the swiftest coarser,, took a direction along
the line of tents-rapidly leaving his puru
ers behind him. Volley after volley of pitol
hots.were fired after him, but without effect,
and as tfie swamp. was but a few yards be
tore him, and he was already - beyond the
reach of their shots, Lis escape now .seemed
certain.. But there chanced to be an old sol
dier, noted for his activity and muscular pow
i-, sleeping in the farthest tent on the line;
l-sprang to the door.of his tent, and dis
cerning the proble cadse of excitement, as he
saw the tory at full- speed, and his pursuers
shouting, "kill! kill! the villain!" and just
as he passed, the athletic old soldier, with a
tiger's bound, gave-him a pugilistic blow on
the back of the bead, that felled him pros
trate several feet-before him, which complete
ly-disjointed .his neck. But, nevertheles.=,
the infuriated-soldiers, to give the 'utmost
tent to their spleen, fell oh him with their
swQrds a'Ld hewed him in pieces.
After this, Col. Polk make a few more suc
cessful drives, completely scouring out that.
p6rtion of the country. le then returned
to his quarters, in the upper counties of
North Carolina, leaving his name a terror to
the tories; and esteemed. in the highest
sense of the word, a benefactor to the help
less Whig faminiies of that . distressed region.
D. B. R.
The Other Side of the Picture.
"'Most of the war correspondents give us
the pomp and paraphernalia of battle,
of the battle-field ; but thci picture has another
side, which is thus drawn by a correspondent
of the London Times, after the battle of Ma
" Th's station and the railway train i:self
were certainly the most shocking scenes of
misery which one can possibly conecive. It
was the darker side of a brilliant victory
looking behind the scenes by daylight : woun
ded in all stages of agony and pain, only half,
clad, torn. dustv n1.1 inuddy, inl their own
blood; the priests walking about with the
viaticum to adiniister the last sacran t to
ithe dying; tue glazed eye of death in sAnse,
showing that thierv had ceased to suter: the
working eyes of others and the kneeling priest
before them, showing that they were on the
point of sighing their laust,; near thiem were
oters. whomn von would bar.' thmou::t dead,
had it not been fosr the perceptibJle intuvemnt
oftthe eve, or a convulsive twist of the limb.
IYou became involhmtarily silent whenm ypu
entered and took oif' your cap at the sighit of
so much misery. FEven the livet y Frenen so!
diers, who administered to the wants of these
defaced specimenis of humianity, became, grave,
and this dead silenco was oinly broken iratu
time to time hv the solemun words olthe pia~,
a fainlt solh, a Irant ic shlriek( of pain, or a weak
sigh. You forgot. abiinst th~at there was a
victor" to redeemilis1. dark~ scene, an'd //:ese
m'en, Icho troul ote'ise~ hior- prwiullt. h!
loseed 1/heir. dumestic .ccueIrio~n.., lta'. a.
moeI ? to l.a9pfo.se themac~s~r.. to o!l this jis a
ca :Cv le.'ichl i.s w~i thir oucu, ,ei'ek theit kwuoe
nothing ullaut, nor' care for'. It was, intde-ed.
a hard hot.
'lBut it w~as above alhl, when the wounded
had to bec mou-ed to the cat riage-s that the
neighborhood becnme almost i~ndbtrabe.
Sneh shrieks, such pale lfaces, conitracte!d lby
paiu, 'such to)rn limbls! The s',hlier's ordered
to transport them seemed to fourget everythiing
Iin their anxiety to alleviate~ the pai of' the
sufferr. The phlilanthlroi~ist woubdl have
been touched by so much eare, and thme eyvnic
might have sneered at the idea that the very
men who had madec the wounds should now
try to cure the mischief, ready to begin again.
Before starting, a new distributiou of drinkm
took place, for which there was a crniving.
At laist the train was ofT and the nomi.e of thi
train drowned all othere, whiie a (iw tur~ns o:
t wheels took tus Out oi sig.ht of thea !sffie.
On our arrival at Milan a numiber of voluin
Leer nurses were already waiting with glassed
of lemonade to assunge the burning thirst
after a passage of more than a hour."
Socrtvzxmo -rHE h[AD.-T is bitt lately
that we understo'od the strange constructions
that are sometimes put upon a squeeze of tie
hand. With some it is entirely equivalent
to a declaration of love ; this is very surplri
sing indeed. We must take hold of a lady's
hand like hot potatoes; afraid of givinig a
squee'ze lest we should burn her fingers. Ve
ry fine, truly !-Now it-was our ancient cus
tom to squeeze every hand that, we got in
our clothes, especially a fair onp. It is no
wonder that we have never been sued foi' a
breach of' promise ? We would not give a
rusty nail fou one of yotur cold, formal shakcs
of the hand. .Every person who intrudes one
or two fingers for your touch (as if he were
afraid of catching a distemper) shiould go to
scho'ol awhile to a jolly old farmer. He
shakes wvith a vengeance; and shakes your
body too, unless you should happen to be as
thick as hinself. Well, there is nothing like
it ; it shows a good heart at any rate, and
we would rather a man would crush the very
bones of our fingers, a:J .shake our shoulder
cut of joint thani that ho should poke our
paw, as if he were about to comae in contact
with a hear or a hyena. The ladies may rest
assured of this; that a mnsn who will not
squeeze their hand when he gets hold of it,
does not deserve to have a hand in his posses
sioni; and that he has a heart7'I9'times smal
ler than a grain of tmustard seed.
The words " out of" are the worst in the
language when one is out of patience and out
of money; when his wife tells him she is
out of sugar one day, out of coffee the next,
out'of tea the next, out of llour the net, and
finally out of' spirits. Th'Ie words are very
good'when one is out of debt, out of trouble,
-and out ofjail. If a man has a smoky house,
and a scolding wife, eout of doors is no bad
' The Mail Service. at the South.
The sstem of niggardly economy which has
recehtly'been adopted by the Post Office Do
i partinent, at Washington, is beginning to be
seriously felt, bepecially here at the South,
where at no time the mail facilities have been
ndequate to the wants of the people, and where
,many mail routes have been discontinued al.
ogether, while others have been cut down
from daily to tri-weekly, and from tri-weekly
to seni-weekly and weekly mails. We con
rider this economical exjleriment of the gov
crnment even worse than niggardly-it is in
expedient and unjust, and can only be pro
ductive of serious inconvenience and evil. If
r-retnchment be necessary to keep the expen
ditures of the government within the limit of
ils revenues, there are innumerable leaks in
the treasury that might and ought to be stop.
ped before stopping the mails. It is, too, a
mistaken notion, that only such mail lines
should be 'maintained. as by their postages
pay their expenses. It would be just as pro.
per to apply the'same principle to the army
or navy service, either of which could, per
h.ps, be better dispensed with than the postal
service of the country. In fact, if either have
to be retrenched, the interests of the people
would sufler less if the government would
commence with the former.
We have been led to these remarks by the
co-istant complainti which reach us from por.
tions of our Sta'te of tfhe- inadequapy of the
mil service. We do not know that an ything
the press here can say will have any influence
in remedying -the evil so justly complained o,
I but we feel it to be our duty to call the att
tention of the.department to the subject, and
urge upon it. a more liberal scale of mail ser
vice3 in our section.
In this connection we refer to the proceed.
ings of a meeting of citizens of Darien, in our
paper this mornhig. In consequence of the
reduct ion of the Thail from Savannah South to
a semi-weekly mail, one of the steamers from
this city has been withdrawn from the line,
thu:: diminishing the traveling as well as the
mail facilities, to the serious injury and in
convenience of the people' of both cities.
The Price of Glory.
Marshal Vailant, in distributing the prizes
to Ue pupils of the -militry school, made a
fine speech. Here is an extract:
" Glory is achieved by study and persever
ance. Study, my young friends, will be the
arm by which you will triumph in the battle
of lire. In the same.manner that it is neces
sary in order to produce a flame to strike the
flint which engenders the spark by a violent
blow, so-it is indispeisable in order to become
trmian-I mean a useful and worthy man:
to make energetic efforti and to overcome
difficult obstaclds. .At that price only uill
the sacred sign shine on your' foreheads. My
friends, I am old; let me teli you what I
have seen. Moro than half a century ago I
was like you all, a pupil; like you I trained
mve.lf with numerous. companions for- the
trials of life. At that time the dawn of the.
lirat empire was shining brightly ; and also,
as at present, rumors of war and glory reached
the peaceful roof of the colleges. We ad
mired the great men whose deed.m illustrated
ud-Lenni -=ridun mniatea
with the desire of walking in their footsteps,
and f imitating, if not, murpassing, them.
We were all, I believe, animated w ith that
noble iambition whien we left our college for
our (itferent avocations in life; but enthusi.
a1m lves only a imoment, while diillculties
are ceidless, and at the onset many of us
were discouraged. Now. I can testify to
you, mity friends, ti it all t hose who remained
iiirm t. their plam id were ne':er disheart
ened by the difliculties of the pai, have
fimnd at the close nt their e:reer, it not.glory,
at least honor, as the reward of their perse
VOrace ad application. Bt why appeal to
ancient somuviris when a grand circurostance
fu nishes us with a recent and notable proot
of the success which crownts stubborn courage
and petrseverance ? The tiIfo of the illuistrous
capltalin who sirst.v ymy side (:dl eyes turned
towards Marsal Pehmsier) proves to y~ou
what ca be citected by study, ptielmee, te
niacity, and that rough vigor which fe.ar~s
neither fatigue nor privations, neither dlisea.e
nor dangers, nor rever~ses, but which bear,
with all and triumphs over all. Learn fronm
him how laborious is the conquest of glory.
and by what roads it is neces.wary to pass be
hore arriving at postcrity."
4. Tuic or Rumssian .1nslice.
A cumiotus story appears in t he St. Peters
iburgeo respondenmce of the [.ndo~m~'ieegraph.
andI inn iw bvich s.eds s.ome light uponi the
mnner in which jutiee i.. meted out in Rus
sia. (1ne lie day at the end ohf la~t winter,
as vi mna otlicer. wea ring the elegant u'niformn
of'.lhe Horse Guards, passed through one o
the mit-i freqjuent ed and fashlionable thorough
tire- of St. Petersbu'rg. As he was iidingr
by a milinery e-tabjlisittuent, lie noticed a
yontug gir! enterling thie .,hop, who -e appear
a tnce* r*atitv attirrtd himt. lIe di-miounted.I
Ibllowedn her in, and it onicce ll itn hove w~~Ei
the objec-t oh hi's pursuimt. She wiu of extra
ordinary beiauy, of graeful figuire, and the
rasy. oh ininocence be~iuned fromn her eyes.
Whe shi 'e leAr. the 3'iasino, he male ingni
ri.s abtoit her of' the attendtants, and wvas told
that she was the daughter of a needy and
subhordinate ofileial. But the most important
piece of intelligence vohmnt'ered to him was,
t~mt the objet of his attetntion wotnkd return
iit . i dhual in thet aft.rinon.
T ,je oiie re:paired! to hiri hott.i, rol i-.nt
for two ii f his b;oon com~panliim., likewise In
the armny. Over a battle, thu three concocted
a plan to carry ofl' the& girl that night, Ac
cordingly at the appointed hour, well fortified
wth wine andl having a carriage In hard by,
thrconceailed themiielves near the milliner's
IstoleP. The gill was late, and did not uwke
her appealrance until it was quite dark. As
sihe wv< -ibout to enter the dour, a cloak was
thrown over her head, she n as hurried to
to the cam riaige, anid with the utmost rapidity
the part:; was taken to the neighbouring town
of Czars'o Zeho. Here the oficers hired a
room in the hotel. They were in uniform,
though thieir faces wcre disguised, and no
one daredl to as.k-any questions. It is need
less to state that the three brutes were strong
enough to overcome the restance offered by
a weak anid gentle girl. The agony of her
parents, when she returned home, can be
better imagined thtan described. The father,
ater his first burst of vengeance, set abont
to) find the perpetrator of the crime. He
laid his ease before the Emnper'r, and the
whole machinery of the police force was put
into operation to aid him. The culprits were
at last discovered. The young offcer who
was the leading spirit in the outrage, turned
out to he no other thtan the Prince Galitzin.
His companions were Count Tolstoi and an
other young officer of rank. They were
brought before the Emperor. He-did not
take their heads oft; or shoot them, .as-Judge
Lynch undoubtedly would have done 'in this
country. He made the Prince marry the
girl, settlit one-half of [his immense fortune
on her, ard then granted her a divorce. The
two ubett'rs were deprived of their comimis
sions, red uced to the ranks, and sent to a
regiment 01n the frontiers cf Siberia. The
story was hushed up as much as possible, bt
the English correspondent g'ot hold of it, and
gave it to the world. ~
I-r is announced, for the .benefit of those
persons who did not get a sight of the comet,
that it will agairn appear before the public,
fr. a faw uimghta. in thao antumn of 2,147.
Constitutionality of the Slave Trad
Laws--Col. Yancey's Speech.
We published in yesterday's issue the repor
of Col. Yancey's speech, delivered in At he
unum Hall, on Friday evening last. We Ehal
make some comments on his views relative tc
he po ier of Congress over the foreign slave
.trade. The speech is up to-the alvanced line
of the advocates for a re-opening of the trade.
In this respect, it contrasts remarikably v. ith
Mr. Rhett's Grahaniville speech. and dispels a
delusion which Mr. RheL himself seems to be
laboring under. From that speech, he envi
dently considers himself, in advance of -his
party. But it appears to us that he is behind
it. This wing of it has moved forward to a
line of argument which Mr. Rhett does not
even touch. He passingly and deprecatingly
alludes to it when he uttered the following
admonitory remarks: " Above .all, let no
question not imtmediately connectqd with the
aggressions of the North divide us into par
ties against each other." Col. Yanco; and
his party regard this foreign slave trade e one
immediately connected with the aggres-.ions
of the North, and it is their intention to press
it forward. "Agitation" is the motto insci ibed
upon their banner, and, whether against
avowed opponents, or those- whom, occupying
the pcsition of I.r. Rhett, they regard as tem
porizers, they are equally arrayed. 01 .he
in re practical aims and designs of Mr. R::ett's
speech, its tendency to harmonize and unite
the South, we have already spoken.
The speech of Col. Yancey gives the South
clearly to understand that no iudiferei:.-e to
this issue is going to be permitted, and our
public men and public. journals must make
ug their minds at once.. The conflict of op
posing opinions is .now taking place. It is
useless to cry harmony any longer; harmony
will not probably come until the public mind
has been satisfied on this question. T1t Mr.
Yancey's speech we therefore call especial at.
tention. It is the bold, defiant peal froi the
artillery of the party of "agitation," and
opinions must now be formed upon the issues
In considering the proposition for a repeal
of the slave trade laws, two considerations
present themselves, either of which wouldj usti
fy efforts to effect it.
First, the constitutional aspect.- If it was
never intended that the control of the ques-.
tion should be given to Congress, then the
laws should be repeiled, because of their un
constitutionality, and this position might be
taken, whether the policy or expediency of
re'opening the trade - was entertained or not.
Next, -the aspect of expediency. There ii.
nothing of bargain in the chiuse of Cuistitu
tion n:.cing it; obligatory .upon Congress -to
prohibit the trade; it is merely permissive;
it means nothing more than that .Congress
may prohibit after. the year 180S. lhose,
then, who regard its re-opening as expedient
for Southern interest, may, with perfect.pro
priety, and without any violation oif constigu
tional obligation- or good flaith, contend for its
repeal. This leaves pretty broad ground for
tbat la'rge class whose instincts lead them to
seek the irres onsibility.and quietude 6e 'mid'
lie position in-the contest, and, with stich in
viting ground bhfore them, we -shaH not be
surprised to find this much the laier 'Party
' %6.ane t e expe iency
shall not consider, EsItt , , a
We have freqnently given arguments against
it, and ini that view of the question, wolid also
he opposed to it. %e turn, then, to the first
-has Cor-ress the right under the Constirti
ion to proltibit the slave trade ? Col. Tancey
contends not : here we take issue.
If we can demonstrate satisfactorily that it
was intended lv the framers of the Constitu
ion tat. tht control of this question should
he given to the Federal Government, then its
prohititn, under the acts coinplain.id of, is
consitutional, and the contest will be itarrow
ed down to on of mere exped-iiey, upon
which, ihdi no riide ground intervening,
men will be obliged to meet each other boldly.
For a cleair understanding, recanrse must
of' courV:e be hadI to the Conivention which
formned the Constitutini ; we must know the
op~iei)s of the menm who were members of the
Fedieral Conivention,. nnd of those who sub
squientiv wer-e membehcrs- of t! e State- Couven
tionis to ratify the action of the Federal Con
vention. They are the fathers of the Consti
t'tion, and as we appeal to the great founder
of the Christian religion, and to his apostles
and immnediate <lisciples, as the greatt authori
ties of die chureb, so mnust we appeal to these
as the fathersi ~ndf intr-preters oJf diat great
imontument; of' constitutional wisdom.n T 'he
Conve.nt ion to form the Constinttion, med in
May. The whole scheme of a Constitution
haid i~aen disc-nssed, and the sense of the Coni
ventiuon had bet-n ascertained on most '.1, the
im:ortant noints. when in .lulv, a committee
of five, of ishich .\lr. Rt h-ile,'of South Carc
ln., was. Chairman~n. was apspointed to draft a
Constitition, corduormnable with the r..solutions
already -agreed upon in Convention. Some
tent days afterwar-ds, the draft -a;s submnitted.
and in' this draft, for the first time, appeamrs a
reference to the slavec trade; this we shaill
notice, as the style of its appearanete, and
sbsqutent disposition. are iie suinificant.
Time clautse must hae hbeen inserted through
the nge-ncy of -. Rutledge, nudl is signtiicant
of liis opinion. concerning the rgtht of~ Con
gress to control the question undter the gena
eral grant of power celegated to it. In that
draft, article \ If refers to the powers of Con
gress. Se-ction 1 being grants of power, and
sections 2, 3, 4, 5, r, anid 7 being enervatins ;
the inference being that, wlthotnt tha reser
r.iin the 4j.:c to whi(ch they tn directedi
would fall under the control of Congr::ss.
The following is the er prensicn of the fourth
Sacion : " No ta or duty shall be laid by the
Lgislature on articles exported from ainy
State ; noroni the migration or imuportationi of
such persons as the several States .shall think
proper to admit ; nor shall such migtration or
importmiion be prohibited." The inferenice is
plain that it was thought necessary to make
this reservation,- otherwise exports, and Afri
cans would both be fatir subjects of' Congres
sional legislation. Th's iniference is fully and
thoroughly substantiated by subsequent rev
lat:.s. When this section camne up for coin
sideration, the first clause in reference to
exports was accepted. It was then proposed
to insert the word " free" before the word
"personis," which would havec reversed the
expression of the clause. The matter was
then discussed. The South Carolina delega
tion through Mr. C. Pincknecy, Gen. Pinckney
and Coy. Rutiedge, stating emphatically that
South Carolina would niever receive the plan,
if the slave trade was prohibited. It was
finallv- determined to cornmnit this clause of
section fourth, with sec~tiont fifth, referring
to capitation, and section six, reterring
to navigationi acts, to a special committee-of
one from each State. For this commitment,
both South Carolina and Georgia voted.
Some importance is also to be attached to this
fact, as tney were the two States that struggled
for a continuation of the trade. South Caro
lina was represented in the committee, which
consisted of one from each State, by Gen.
Pintkney. What was cdone in committee,
and how the conflicting interests were adjuts
ted, is not entirely unknsown. Luther Martin,
in hjistfamous letter, thus speaks of it. Hie
says, " ThuL committee-of which I also had
the honor to be a member-met, and took
under their consideration the subjecs comn
mitited to-them. I found the Eastern States,
notwithstanding their aversion to slavery, were
very willing to indulge the Southern States at
least with ca tenmoraryq liberty. to prosecute the
slave trade, ,provided the Southern' States
would, in their turn, gratify them, by laying
no estriction an navigation acts: and a~hsr a
.little time, the commitfhe, by a great mitjori-r-'
tv, agreed on a reporti by.. which the General
Government was to -be prohibited from. pre-.
ventizig the importation ofslavesfor acli Wt.
dt, and the .restricive clause .rektivpito
navigation acts was to be on itted." Tlie,
port of the Committee was wordedas follows:
'The migration or'importatioii'of .dch er
sous as the several Siate, o itig zshal
think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited
.by the -Legislature prior to the year'1800."
The change fron. the' original clause'wi be,.
apparent; the. insertion of thi words' ".now
existing," show* that they did notintend any ,
new State to take the benefit of the indulgence.
Gen. Pinckney moved to insert.1808,-instead
of 1800. Mr. Madison .strongly opposed. it.
He did not want an crtensi-n of lhe time.
Gen. Pinckney; by proposiig the. etensio
and Mr. Madison, by opposing it, both evinoeJ
that when the limitation epired they expec.
ted Congress to resiume and execute the power
temporarily suspended. :When- the qtiestionw::
then came up to amend-the Coestitution,Govi
Rutledge proposed the proviso, which was ac
cepted,.that no amendment which -might.be
made before the year 1808, thould inany --
manner affect the 1st and ^4th clauses'n the
ninth -e'etion of article 1. -Ccdael '.Ya* y
clainis from this that an-amendnient to'the
Constitution will be requiredbefore Congress -
can re-open the trade.- But the plain: objec.
of this proviso was to prevent any amendment,
by which the extension until the -year -1808
might be.reioked. The expression, "prior
to the year I 80b," is the same as that used -in
the clause for exteusion, and: show that the
proviso was limited to the particolar. case~it
was intended to meet. After: the y.ear 1808,
the limitation expired and the.pwerofCon
gress was revived. The object cf the proviso
was.to prevent the revival of .the apended-.
power of Congress before the expirationof
the constitutional liinitation. After the'vear
1808, the whole control over the trade, which
the framers of the Constitution aull conceded -
was inherent in Congress under the grants,.of-.:
power to it, revived in full force, andit then
required no amendment to giveit control. -In
accordance with this view, as soort as thelimita
tion expired, an act of Congress -p'ohibiting
the trade was passed, without any sinendment,
and without any complaint.or opposi.tion.. -
After the Constitution had been: finmed
it was submitted to conventions cof the'sever
al States for ratificatio.n.- Heroi' A.in, we
find the same opinions expressed alins.
Lowndes 6pposed the Constitution, because,
after the year 1808, Congress' wd-.d. have..,
the.power to prohibit the trade.-He brought
all the fe'rvor of his . dlpqtrence io bear upon
it; le usell tho following ep ressive lan
guage:in reference to'this cliuse: 'Why. con
line us to twenty. years,.. o rath.er-.why limi.
us at all?"., Hie'wsfully impressed..with-the
-idea that the trade was to be limited and
.that at thoexpiration of the tfinty years
coigress would prohibitit. (.en.7m ckney,
.Charles Pinckney, llsj. %tler, and Goe.
Rutletge, who .had been meimbers of the
Federal Convention, were all three members
.of Ithe Legislature, when.this assertion was
mado. - Yet not one of. thein reinduatedthe
asse'rtion that the trade *as confinedioIWen
ty years.' Gen.1 Piankney acnod'edgedihat
I ht be ut u nho;.trade-af
-ter the -year- 1807. fi~ '~ wel
Wiltu m re eren
question, be was "particularly pleased." Al
luding to the right of importing Africans, he
said, " Congress has guarantied this right for
that space of time, and at its expiration may
coutinue it as lonq as they please." In his
opinion, at the expiiation ot' the limitation
Congress was to continue it at ileasure. We
go to the North Carolina Convention, and
tuere we find the same interpretation placed
upon this clause. Mr. Spraight, who. had
also been a member of the Federal Conven-.
tion, stated1 "that the limitaiion of this trade
oi the krm of prcedty years, was a compro
mie I.between the Eastern and Southern
State-.." We might go on through the other
Conventions and give extrac_.1 but it would
be superiluous. In Virginia. in Massachusetts,
in New Hlampshire wherever. there was an
epeio o opinion (on the :-ubject, it was
an olpinion against the construction held by
Mr. Yancey. In the whole history of the
question, from its origin in the Federal Con
vention, throughout the debates there, and
in the State Conventions, wherever any opin
ion is express~ed by the Fathers of the Con
stitution, it is clear and explicit in favor of
the power andm right of Congress to prohibit
the trade uter the year I1808. Even those
in favor of the trade never pretended to deny
this. Nor can a single insta;nce be furnishod.
To whom, then, are we to turn for informa
tion, if not to these men ? What further
evidence can be required thtan the expression
of the Constitution, and the concurrent tes
timony of the wise framers? If none higher
can be given, then we contend that the right
of Congress to legislato against the trade is a
constitutional one, and that the repeal of
those laws can only be demanded on the
,rund that the trade would be expedient
for the South. To this, Mr. Yancey must
come. As he does not touch the questain of
expediency, any reply to hime on that point
wonld be out of place. Ii. then, the ground.
he stands on be not only questionable, but
constitutioniai y untenable, does he not impe
ril the State, .i. if cause of the South by
linkiig it therets ! Does his policy promise
greater hi ron-.th to n. e South than that de
fined by n..s lWiett ant:. 'Ar Southern lead
ers, who con. el the Sout, tm avoid all issues
not immedIately reunreeted with the aggres.
aion-' of the Nurth 1 It behooves those who
listened to hi s tirring appeale, and those who
read them in their living and enduring vigor,
when conveyed in print, to weigh well the
consequences, and to sound thoroughly the
ground upuon which, with more of intrepidity
than judeamnent and circum~spection, he in
vites t hem to folloW him.-South Carolinian.
I.MPORTs oF DaY GooDS.-The imports of'
foreign dry goods at New York for the month
of June are larger than for any previous June
in our history, the total being nearly three
times as large as for the corresponding month
of last year, thetotal being $7,280,060, against
$1.503,769 for June of 1858. The Journal
of Commnerce says:.
The total value of the goods entered at
this port for the fiscal year ending June
30th, is about the same as for the correspond
ing~ perio.1 of' 1857, but the total thrown upon
th:e market shows an increase of about twelve
million dollars. ____
EFFFrcTs OF WA R ON IllUMAN STA UR.
Dr. Bell says that if the curse of war be long
entailed on a nation, the physical energies.of
the people may suffer by the loss of its finest
population to such a degree that the suceced
ing generation will fall short of its former.
standard stature, as was the case withi the'
French youth drafted for the army after thei
general peace. Thus in 1826, out of one'
millhon, thirty-three thousand foui- hundred
and twenty-two young men drafted to serve
in the army, three hundred and eighty thou
sand two hundred and -thirteen were. sent
back because they felt short of even the di-'
miinutivo stature of four feet ten inches:
The NWordl, of Brussels, alflrmasthattho Em
press Eugenie has received an autograph let
ter from Queen Victoria, in whiich, the'
Sovereign 'of G3reat.Britian gives expression*
to the sympathetic feelings she ent&'tins
'towards her Majesty as a regent
the Emperor with high and rebp elo-',
tions, and as a wife whose. hsadIs running
aob. ik fttle.