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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS O THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIDERTIEBi ND I7 IT MUST PALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST TEEUINS."
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGE IE D. Ss C, 4UGUST 811
The Contented Man.
FROM THE GnRMAN OF JOHANN MARTIN MILLER.
Why need I strive for wealth?
Iris enough for me
ThatHeavenhath sent me strength and health,
A spirit glad and free;
Grateful theso blessings to receive,
I sing my hymn at morn and eve.
On some, what floods of riches ntow!
House, herds, and gold have they;
Yet life's best joys they never know,
But fret their hours away,
The more they have, they seek increase;
Complaints and cravings never cease.
A vale of tears this world they call,
To me it seems so fair;
It countless pleasures hath for all,
* And none denied a share.
The little birds on new-fledged wing,
And inrects revel in the spring.
For love of us, hills, woods and plains
In beauteous hues are clad;
And birds sing far and near sweet strains,
Caught up by echoes glad.
"Rise," sings the lark, " your task to ply ;"
The nightingale sings "lullaby,"
And when the golden sun goes forth,.
And idl like gold appears,
When bloom o'erspreads the glowing earth,
And fields have ripening ears,
I think these glories that I see,
My kind Creator made- for me.
Then loud I thank the Lord above,
And say in joyful mood,
His love indeed is Fnther's love,
He wills to all men good.
Then let me ever grateful live,
Enjoying all he deigns to give.
THE CAVALRY OFFICER.
Col. Eugen-e Merville ws an attache of
Napoleon's ,taff. He was a 'soldier in the
true sense of the word-devoted to his pro.
fession, and brave as a lion. Though very
handsome, and of fine hearing, he was of
humble birth-a mere child of the camp, and
had followed the drum aud bugle from boy
hood. Every step in the line of promotion
had been won by the stroke of his sabre, and
his promotior. from major of cavalry was for
a gallant deed which transpired on the battle
field bener.th the Eiperor's own eye. Murat,
the Prince of Cavalry Ofliters, loved him like
a brother, and taught him all that his own
good taste and natural instinct had not led
him to acquire before.
It was the carnival season in Paris, and
young Merville found himself at the masked
balleY in the French Opera House. Better
ada pted in his taste to the field than the
bondoir, he flirts but little with the gay figures
that cover the floor, and joins but selom in
the giddy waltz. But at last, while standing
thoughtfully, and regarding the assembled
throng with vacant eye, his attention was
suddenly aroused by the appearance of a per
son in a white satin dominoe, the universil
elegance of whose figure,-manner and bearing
convinced all that her face and mind must be
equal to her person in loveliness.
Though in so mixed an assembly,still there
was a dignity and reserve in the manner of
the white dominoc that rather repulsed the
iaea of familiar address, and it was some time
before the young soldier found courage to
speak to her.
Some alarm being given, there was a vio
lent rush of the throng towards the door,
where, unless assisted, the lady would have
materially suffered. Eugene Merville offers
his arm, and with his broad shoulders and
stout frame wards off the danger. It was a
delightful moment ; the lady spoke the purest
French, and was witty, fanciful and capti
"Ah ! pray raise that mask and reveal to
me the charms of feature that must accomspa
ny so sweet a voice and so graceful a form as
" You would, perhaps, be disappointed."
" No0, I am sure not."
" Are you so very confident ?"
"Yes, I feel that you are beautiful. It
cannot be otherwise."
" Don't be too sure of that," said the domi
noe. " Have you never heard of the Irish
?oet Moore's story of the veiled prophet of
IKhorassan-how, when he disclosed his coun
tenance, its hideous aspect killed his beloved
one ? How do you know that I shall not
turn out a veiled prophet of Khorrassan ?"
" Ah, lady, your every word Convinces me
to the contrary," replied the enraptured sol
dier, whose heart begun to feel as it had
never felt before ; he was already in love.
She eluded his efforts at discovery, but per
mits him to band her to her carriage, which
drives off in the dark.iess, and though h~e
throws himself upon his fleetest horse,0 he is
unable to overtake her.
The young French colonel becomes moody,
he has lost his heart and knows not how to do.
He wanders hither and thither, shuns his
former places of amusement, avoids his mili
tary companions, and in short is miserable as a
lover well can be, thus disappointed. One
night, just after he had left his hotel, on foot,
a figure muffled to the very ears, stopped him.
"'Well, monsieur, what would you with m.e ?"
asked the soldier.
"You would know the name of the white
60mninoe," was the reply.
- I would indeed !" reylied the o~icer hasti
ly. " How can it be done ?"
" Follow me."
" To the end of the earth, if it will bring
me to her."
" But you must be blindfolded.'
"Step into this vehicle."
" I am at your command."
And away rattled the young soldier and his
strange companion. " This may be a trick,"
reasoned Eugene Merville, " but I have no
fear of personal violence. I am armedl with
this trusty sabre, and catf fake care of my
But there was no cause for rear, since he
soon found the vehicle stopped, 'and he was
led blindfolded into the house. When the
bandage was removed from his eye, he found
himself in a richly furnished boudoir, and
before him stood the-dominoe, just as he had
met her at the masked ball. To fall upon
his knees, and tell her how much he thought
of her since their separation, that his thoughts
had never left her devotedly, was as natumral
as to breathe, and he did so most gallantly
" Shall I believe all you say ?"
" Let me prove it by any test you may put
"Know, then, the feelings you avor: are
mutual. Nay, unloose your arm from my
waist, I have something more to) say."
" Talk on forever, .1ady. Your voice is
music in my ears."
"Would you marry me ? knowing no more
of me than you now do." .
" If you were to go to the altar masked,"
" Then-i will test you?- -
"For one year be faithful to the love you
have professed, and I will be yours-as truly
as Heaven shall spare my life 1"
" 0, cruel, cruel suspense ?"
" You demur."
" Nay, lady, I shall fulfill your injunctions
as I promised."
"If at the exiration of a year you do not
hear from me, then the contract shail be null
and void. Take thi3 half ring," she ,contin.
ned ; " and whenI supply the broken portion,
I will be yours."
He kissed the little emblem, swore again
and again to be faithful, and pressing her
hand to his lips, bade her adieu. He was
conducted away again as mysteriously as he
had been brought thither, nor could he by
any possible means discover where he had
been ; his companion rejecting all bribes, and
even refusing to answer the simplest question.
Months roll on. Col. Merville is true to
his vow; and happy in the anticipation of
love. Suddenly he was ordered to an embassy
to Vienna, the gayest of all the European
capitals, about the time that Napoleon is plan.
ning to marry the Arch Duchess Maria
Louisa. The young colonel is handsome,
manly, and already distinguished in arms and
becomes at once a great favorite at court;
every effort being made by the women to cap
tivate him, but in vsin, he is constant and
trae to his vow.
But his heart was not made of stone; the
very fact that he had entertained such terider
feelings for the white dominoe, has doubtless
made him more susceptible than before.
At last he met the young Baroness Caroline
Von WAldoriff, and in spite of his vows she
captivates him, and he secretly curses the en
gagement he had made at Paris. She seems
,o wonder at what she believes to be his devo
zion, and yet his sense of honor was so great
thatthough he felt he really loved the young
Baroness, and even that she returned his
aff'eetion, still he had given his word, and it
The satin dominoe is no longer the ideal of
his hearl, but assumes the most repulsive
frm in his imagination, and becomes in place
cf his good angel-his evil genius.
Well, time rolls on ; he is to return- ia~
few days; it is once more the carnival season,
and in'Vienna, too, that gay city. He joins
in the features of the masked ball, and what
wonder fills his brain, when about the middle
o' the evening the white dominoe steals be
fore him, in the same white satin dress he
had seen her wear a year before at the French
Opera House int Paris. Was it not a fancy ?
"I come, Colonel Eugene Merville, to hold
you to your promise," she said, laying her
hand lightly upon his arm.
"Is this reality or a dream ?" asked the
" Come. follow me, and you shall see that
it is a reality,'' continued the mask, pleasantly.
" I will."
" fav you been faithful to your promise ?"
askcd the dominoc as they retired into a
3Mon.t truly in act, but. alas, I fear not in
"1 is true, lady, that I have seen and
loved another, though my vow to you has
kept mne from aying so to her."
" And who is this that you-thus love ?'
"I will be Frank with you, and you will
keoap my secret ?"
"It is the Baroness Von Waldoriff," be said
with a sigh.
And you really love her?"
Alas! only too dearly," said the soldier
'-Nevertheless, I must hold you to your
prominise. IHere is the other half of the ring;
you can proluee its mnte ?"
Here it is," said Eugene.
Then I, too, keep my promise I" said the
dorminoe raising her mask, and showing to his
astonished view the face .of Baroness You
'-Ah, it was the symupathy of true love-that
attractedl me, after all." exclaimed the young
soiicr as he pressed her to his heart.
She had seen and loved hima for his manly
spirit and character, and having found by in
qui~y that he was wvorthy of Ihem love, she had
managed this delicate intrigue and hmad tested
hint, and now gave to him her wealth, title
They were married with great pomp, and
accompanied the Arch Duchess to Pans.
Nasoleon, to crown the happiness of his
favrite, made him at once General of Division.
First anti Last Visit to a Dram Shop.
Timothy Truesdell is the name we shall
assign to a very worthy, industrious, and
thriving mechanic of New York, who became
a burden to himself, a curse to his family,
and a nuisance to society at large. A writer,
in strong language, says of lhm, that during
his devotion to strong drink " he would have
uncorked the bottle amid the quakings and
thuniders of Mount Sinai, and drained it by
the crater of exploding Vesuvius."~ Yet this
miserable and abandoned drunkard was cured
-cured by a woman's love mingled with a
Timothy Truesdell had a wife and five
beautiful children ; yet he neglected his work,
squandered his earnings which daily grew
smaller and spent his time at the put-house,
till the night prostration all his faculties, or
the distasteful words "nto more trust !"
waraed him to seek the shelter of his wife's
care and protection. His children could not
go to school because learning was dear and
rum was cheap; the landlord dunned for his
rent, Mrs. Truesdell was obliged to keep at
home, as she had no dress fit to appear in
having pawned the last day to pay a fine im
posed upon her spouse by the police court.
Misery, utter destitution, and famine, stared
the unhappy family in the face. It is impos
sible to exaggerate the picture, even if we
had room and inclination. Mrs. T. was a
heroine, though not of romance. She loved
her worthless husband, and had bone his neg
lect.,.thc tears of her childron, the gripe of
famine, and the railing of the drunkard, with
out repining. Never had her exertions slack
ened-never had a harsh word escaped her
lips. At night when she put her children to
sleep, she wept and. watched for his coming,
and when he did come, drmunk, as usual she
ua dressed and assisted himt to bed without a
murmur of reproach. At length her courage
well nigh exhaust ed, she resolved upon one
last, desperate ef fort.
A t nightt having disposed of her three old
et children, she took the two youngest by
the band, and bent her steps to the groggery
her humsband was accustomed to frequent.
Sie b~oked into the windlow, and' there he
sat, in the mtidst of his boon companions,
with his pipe in his month and his glass in
his hand. He was evidently excited, thvnghm
not yet drnnk. Great ws the astonishment
of that bad coumpany, and enormous Mr. T.'s
dismay and confusion, wvhen his wife, pale as
narble, leading two tattered and barefooted
babes, stepped up to the bar, called for three
glasses of brandy toddy, and then sat down
by his: side.
" W~hat the devil brings you here, Mary 7"
said he, moro.sely.
"It is very lonesome at home, and your
business seldom allows you to be there," re
plied the meek wvife. " There is no company
like yours, as you cannot comte to me, I must
come you. *I have a right to share your
pleasures as well as your sorrows."
"liut to come to such a place as this !" ex
aN plae cmn be improee urhar my hue
band is," said poor Mary. " Whom God hatb
joined together, let no man put assunder."
She took up the glass of spirit.
"Surely you are not going to drink that ?
asked Tim, in huge astonishement.
" Why not ? You say you drink to forget
sorrow and if brandy -has the effect, I am
sure no living creature has so good an excuse
for drinking as I. Besides I have not eaten a
mouthful to-day, and I really need something
to support my strength."
SWoman I woman! you are not going to
give the children such stuff as that !"-cried
Tim, as she handed each of them a glass of
"Why not? Can children have a better ex
ample than their father's? Is not what is
good for him good for themselves also ? It
will put them to sleep, and they- will forget
that they are cold and hungry. Drink, my
children; this is fire, and bed, and food, and
clothing. Drink-you can see how much
good it does your father."
With seeming reluctance, Mary suffered
her husband to conduct her home, and that
night he prayed long and fervently, which he
had not done before for years.
The next evening, as he returned home
ward with a steady step, be saw his oldest
boy run into the house and heard him ex
claim "0 mother here comes fathei-he is
not drunk !" Tears coursed down the parent's
cheek, and from that hour he has not tasted
strong drink. He has never been vicious or
unfeeling, and as soon as his emancipation
from the thraldom of a debasing appetite be
came known, friends, employment, and pros
perity returned to him. As for Mrs. Trues
dell, she is the happiest of women ; and never
thinks without joy and gratitude, of her first
and last visit to the dram shop.
From the Richmond Christian Advocate.
Do you Teach Children to Pray ?
During the Summer of 1857, a glorious re
vival of religion commenced in the town of
C-, Tennessee. Never before, in the re
collection of the oldest inhabitant, was such a
scene witnessed in that section of the country.
Business houses were closed, and the usually
bustling little town wore a sober aspeet. Min
isters and christians of every name united in
the great work ; and the great Father looked
upon the same and smiled and sent down
" showers of blessings" upon the assembly
which daily met within the walls of his earth
ly sa etuary. There was an influential gen
tleman, who had attended the meeting for
several weeks but his proud heart rebelled
against bowing in such a humble manner, to
request the prayers of God's people. One
evening while sitting alone in his chamber,
his only child a bright-eyed boy of seven
summers, entered and seated himself upon his
father's knee, looked earnestly into his face,
and asked : " Pa, what is a Christian ?"
" One, my son, who speaks the truth, reads
the Bible, and prays." ' Well, Pa," replied
the '"-.." ."" ..""" M1i. anil tell the
his prays a,..
house of God. When the invitation wa.
given for penitents to approaeh the altar, be
arose, and with a calm resolve depicted upon
hs thee, walked firmly to the altar and knelt.
Many eyes unused to weeping overflowed to
see one so loved and honored bowing so peni
iently among those holy me-i of God asking
direction to the fountain of life. Before the
mieeting closed, lie arose with the glad cry of
a new born soul, and among the hosannas of
Go'1s chosen ones, told what a "precious
Savior he had found." Ali I methinks the
angel of Love that hovered over the sleeping
couch of that lovely child, sped its way back
to the courts of glory, and wrote Willie's name
along the side of his papal's in the Lamb's
book of life.
Upon awakcening from the sweet sleep cf
childhood, the ensuing morning, little Willie's
mother hent over his crib and whispered,
"Pa's a Christian now, darling." " Oh I i'm
so very glad," he exclaimed;, " why did'nt
you send for Willie to see God make Pa a
Christian ?" And again in that household
there went up a thanksgiving to God for
bringing the father home to Him. Oh may
the light of Heaven beam lovingly upon the
head of that sweet child, and may angels
weve an immortal crown of Heavens flowers
to deck his brow when he enters the glory
Mothers, do you realise the responsibility of
training an imnmortal soul ? Are you prayer
ful ? Do you, when the sunlight fades away,
and the little eyes grow sleepy, follow the
little ones to their couches, and there bend
your knee with them, and teach them to send
up their pure devolions to the God, who has
given such jewels to your keeping ? If so,
you too may one day know of a truth, that
" out of the mouth of babes God has perfected
Just here let me relate an incident that oc
curred not many days ago. A lady sat in the
dim twilight, in her home. By her side was
her oldest son, a boy of eight or nine years.
She had been relating a circumstance relative
to a prayer of one of his little schoolmates
who had recently died. The boy asked why
his little friend prayed, and the mother ex
plained ; then, looking into her face ,with an
earnestness and seriousness beyond his years,
he said : " Mother, vou never taught me how
to pray." " But I will now, my son," she re.
plied; and going to the stand, she took down
the family 7Bible and taught him the Lord's
prayer. 0 I what a reproof to that mother I
Her son never saw her pray ; he knew not
what it was to pray. A prayerless mother I
0 there is no sad der sight on earth. Think,
mothers. think what you are doing; for if
your children do not soudd the reproof now,
the day is coming when your heart will be
rent by the awful cry, "You never taught
me to pray, mother I" Do no~t think it is
enough to'pray for your children but teach
them to pray.
What Should be Taught.
The Scientific American thinks our common
rchols would have done a great deal more
good to the people if they had paid more at.
tention to the physical and mathematical
sciences. There is a great deal of truth in
the observation. Probably fourfifths of the
pupils of our common schools are destined to
make their living in some of the mechanical
arts, or in the workshops of the country.
Yet how-very little does the practical train
ing they receive in our schools fit them for
euminence in their professions. Natural phil.
sophy is ignored just as much us if no such
knowedge existed. Boys leave school te
work at trades, knowing nothing at all of the
principles of riiechanics, which lie at the
foundation of their professions. Great care
is taken with thema in elegant and ornamien
tal penmanship, but not a single hour is de
voted to the drawing of mathematical figures,
or to making practical draughtsmen of- the
pupils. Geometry is scarcely touched, gram
mar and geography being considered more
important. Hence much of the informatior
which the pupil spends the earlier periods of
hi life in leasning, is of but little use to hinm
when he leaves school, and is fo. -- en en
tirely, unless his after pursuits rernmre hina
to keep up an intimate acquaintance with it
That which would have been practically use
f..1 hii- .ndwuhinhwun havn made hii
labors in his profession a source of pleasure
and of solid acquisition, instead of being a
task to be got rid of as soon as possible and
never thoroughly comprehended, is not learned
at all. The true value of education is the
uses to which it can be put, and that would
seem certainly to be the best education, which
enables the pupil to put the knowledge gained
at school to immediate use in maintaining
himself respectably and independently in
society. . Not simply himself, but the world,
would receive the benefit of an educational
system which would substitute physical and
mathematical science for a great deal which
is now taught, or at least divide the time of
study, so that the most useful should have a
least as fair a share of attention as that which
is less so.
From the Laurensville Herald.
Capt. Robert Cunningham.
On Thursday, the 7th July last, this ex
cellent citizen of Laurens, at his residence,
Rosemont, closed his useful life, after four
months' suffering from Dro
He was the third son of 9a. Patrick Cnn
nuingham, and was born at the residence of
his father, on Saluda River, in Laurens Dis
trict, on the 18th of October, 1786; he died,
therefore, in the 78d year of his age,
His father was one of the 'st and most
aimiable citizens of Laurens, and although a
ioyalist in the Revolution, his hans were
unstained by plunder or blood. Like many
other good men, he was mistaken in his duty.
The people of his section showed their sense
of his virtues by returning him to the Legis
lature, as one of their first membeis under
the Constitution of 1790.
Capt. Cunningham received the benefit of
a good.classical education under the teaching
of Dr. Abner Pyles; he too possibly was for
a time a pupil of Elisha Hammond, the father
of Gov. Hammond, at Mount Bethel, -New
He studied law for a short time in Charles
ton, under the direction of Judge Cheves.
On his return home, he pursued his studies
in the office of the Hon. John 0. Celhoun, to
whom he became much attached. lie fin
ished his legal course at the Law School of
Reeves and Gould, Litchfield, Connecticut.
He was-admitted to the bar in 1810, opened
his office at Laurens, Court House, and, as
the partner of Benj. James, Esq., attended
to a few cases. He did not, however, reside
at Laurens Court House, but, as was then
usual, at his paternal estate.
In June, 1812, came the declaration of war
with Great Britain, for "Free Trade and
Sailor's Rights." Capt. Cunningham, anxious
to remove what his sensit.ve nature regarded
as a blot on his name-the loyalty of his an
cestors-applied for and obtained a Captain's
commission in the'U. S. service. His com
pany was filled in an incredibly short space
of time; and in August, he and Capt. Robe.
son, from North Carolina, reached Columbia
with. thpir renective comDaniei, and were
der Col. Newnan. This campaign of hardsup
and difficulty, prostrated' Capt. Cunningham.
He suffered a violent attack of fever at St.
Augustine; his heilth was by it and previous
exposure much iml5aired. His company was
enlisted for eighteen months; at their dis
charge he resigned his commission, and sought
the restoration of health at his paternal
On the 22d of February, 1814, he led to
the altar Miss Louisa Bird, youngest daugh
ter of. Col. William Bird, of Ogeeche, Geor
gia ; and in this union sought and found that
happiness which matrimony and home can
In the quiet pursuits'of agriculture on his
ine estate, called Rosemont, at the mouth of
Reedy River, on Maluda, he enjoyed the bles
sings of retired hospitality until 1820, when
the people of Laurens claimed his services in
the House of Representatives in the.General
Assembly. During his term, John Cunning
ham, Esq., of Laurens, was a candidate for
the office of Treasurer of the Upper Division.
Some malignant ones whispered that he was
of the Tory family of Cunninghams, of Lau
rens. It came to the ear of Capt. Cunning
ham, and he arose in his place, and said the
candidate, John Cunningham, is no relation
of the " Tory family," in Laurens. Hie said,
"I am of that family." Mr. Cunningham
was tiumphantly elected, and Capt. Cunning
*ham was honored and respected by the House,
much more for his manliness and nobleness
of character, than effected by his desdent
from a loyalist.
This, however prdyed so much upon his
noble, sensitive nature, that he determined
never again to hold public offie; and accord
inhe never did.
e a nUnion man in the storm of
Nullifiation. Owing to a very .ungenerous
fling at him, in a speech purporting to have
been made by Col. W. C. Preston, (but
which [ know he never uttered-it woas one
of the embelishnents of the reporter,) he call
ed the Colonel to meet. him in the field of
honor. Fortunately, friends interfered and
prevented two noble and generous men from
attempting to spill one another's blood. He
was then a member of' the Presbyterian
Church, and as such was opposed to duelling
for personal objects 'but he thought ho would
be as justifiable in fghting one where the
cause of his country was concerned, as he
would a battle.
On account of the health of isa excellett
but afflicted daughter, Pamela Ann Cunning
ham, the Regent of the Ladies' Mount Ver.
non Association, he had for years traveled
and sojourned much in the Middle and East
ern States, and had found so much bitterness
and intolerance on account of slavery, that
he became Secessionist ,in 1851.
Of late years, he however took little in
terest in politics. He was preparing for his
latter end. He joined the Presbyterian Churcn
in 1828; it 1881, he became an Elder, and
no more consistent Christian was to be found.
He was the friend of the poor and the dis
tressed within his reach. No kinder man, no
better neighbor ever lived in Laurens Dis
From his youth, he was known as a high
spirited, chivalric man. The Scotch motto
of the Order of the Thistle, " Noli me Tan.
gere," might well have been set down as his,
as applied to the touch of his enemies; but
as a friend, he was one " who sticketh closer
than a brother."
At his death, he left surviving him, his
wife and two children--Col. John Cunning
ham and Pamela Ann Cunninghain. To them
this sad event carries irremediable affliction,
unless it ho in the well-grounded belief that
the husband and father has exchanged Earth
and Mortality for Hleiven. and - Immortality.
Still, the painful thought must be present,
that the kind husband and the fond father is
removed forever. O'N.
QUSna EVrmcE.-P.'Yousy has been os
trial for horse stealing in Kentucky. One
part of the evidence was a piece oFhis finger,
uat before he stole the horse his finger wan
taken off by the knife of a cutting box, and
Mr. Young got possession and has kept it foi
more than ayear. At the trial Young pro
d.ae i pia.ni of auner and isfitted exactly
.I he Barbecue at Tunnel Hill.
had the pleasure of attending the bar
bee ;at Tunnel Hill on Friday, 19th inst.
It ' spirited affair. Persons were in at
tendce from different portions of the State,
the Aovernor, Representatives and citizens.
Theffwere also citizens from Georgia, Ten.
-ness~ and North Carolina. The number
present- may be safely estimated at three
tho d. In the village all was life and
aui on. Flags were suspended at various
po'n whilst banners with mottoes were nail.
ed the shafts.. Hundreds of persons visited
the Trance of the tunnel and the different
a . fom 1 to 4, of which number 2 has
bee unk the deepest, it is two hundred and
fifty t.deep, and the tunnel driven like the
letT inverted, six hundred and seven feet.
Sha umber three has been sunk two hun
rd& a thirty-seven feet, but the tunnel has
bee ven only thirty feet. Shaft number
ibeen sunk two hundred and ten feet
and,' ).-tunnel driven a distance of nineteen
hun *and fifty-three feet. -At shafts num
ber and four persons were continually
des g and ascending. At the eastern
Onde tunnel. where the work has been
commenced, the mountain has been cut to a,
im ee of 87 feet in height. The exca
va ents a section of 20 feet in height
by et in depth, and has been driven to a
ditif 1570 feet. At a distance of 700
feet rin the commencement -siaft No, 1
ds flood of light into the tunnel; depth
180 - -
8tmp House Tunnel 'is 5,864 feet in
len 4,163 feet of which has already been
driv 1- ing, therefore, 1701 feet to be
now lked. The tunnel is cut to a grade of
60 I the mile. The middle tunnel ano
th on the line of the road is completed
and Saddle tunnel is worked one third
thro Fifteen months work with a full
com ent of workmen, we think would ac
con all the tunnels and the road ready
.one appeared anxious to gratify his
curi The Governor visited the tunnel in
the ',tart of the day.
A. ng came off about 11, a.m. Col.
A. 6 ihoun presided over the meeting.
HoniBA, Perry, of Greenville, orator of the
daydea forcible address and wAs listened
to miarked attention. Hon. J. F. Marshall,
of .beville, J. F. Allen, of Barnwell, T. C.
Pe Presidentof G. & C. Railroad, J. Reed,
of Ade"qn, also respectively addressed the
asebii -armly espousing the enterprise.
AAdrthfe speaking was concluded the crowd
rep9&WNo the barbacue ground. In the
eveanthere was a - bountiful supper to
whii -tose who remained were invited.
Thuiclodsed the proceedings of the day which
we iopewill be attended with success. We
havno:space at the present, to offer our
vieisipn what we heard and saw, but of one
thing~we'are fully satisfied, no opposer of the.
measurea, reasonable being, could visit Tun
nelilllsee the amount of work that has
FUS) ?r, &.-,.......
men in business, and much of the discontent
and disappointment that renders life uncom
fortable. It is a very common thing for a
man t, be dissatisfied with his business, and
to change it for some other, and which seems
to him will prove a more lucrative employ
ment; but in nine cases out of ten it is a mis
take. Look around you, and you will find
among your acquaintances abundant verifica
tion of our assertion. Here is a young man
who commenced life as a mechanic, but from
some cause imagined he ought to have been
a doctor; and, after a hasty and shallow pre
paration, has taiken up the saddle-bags only
to find that work is still work, and that his
patients are no more profitable than his work
bench, and the occupation not a whit more
Here are two young men, clerks-; one .of
them is content, when his first term of service
is over, to continue a clerk until he shall have
enough to commence business on his own ac
count;, the other cannot wait, but starts with
out capital, and with a limited experience,
and brings up, after a few years, in a court of
insolvency ; while his former comrade, by
patient perseverance, comes out at last with a
fortune. The young lawyer who became dis
heartened because briefs and cases did not
crowd upon him while he was vet redolent of
calf-bound volumes, and had'-mistaken his
callinw, and so plunged into politics, finally
settleY down into the character of a meddling
pettifogger, scrambling for his daily bread.
There is an honest farmer, who has toiled a
few years, got his farm paid- for, but does not
grow rich very rapidly, as much for lack of
contentment mingled with his industry as any
thing, though he is not aware 'of it-he hears
the wonderful stories of California, and I ow
fortunes may be had for the trouble of picking
them up ; mortgages his farm to raise money,
goes away to the land of gold, and, after many
months of hard toil, comes home to commence
again at the bottom of the hill for a more
weary and less successful climbing up again.
Mark the men in every community who are
notorious for ability, and equally notorious
for never getting ahead, and you will usually
ind them to be those who never stick to one
business long, but are always forsaking their
occption just when it begins to be profitable.
Yodang man, stick to your business. It
may be you have mistaken your calling. If
so, find it out as qjuick as possible, and change
it; hut don't let any tineasy desire to get
along fast, or a dislike of your honest calling,
lead you to abandon. Have some honest
calling, and then stick to it; if you are stiek
ng type, stick away at them ; -if you are sell
ing oysters, keep on selling them; if you are
at law, hold fast to that profession; ;pursue
that business you have chosen persistently,
industriously, and hopefully ; and if there is
anything of you, it will appear and turn to ac
couit in that as well or better than in any
other calling ; only, if you are a loafer, forsake
that line of life as quickly as possible : for th*
longer you stick to it, the worse it will " stick"
to you.-Hunt's Merchant's Magazine.
Advice About Teeth.
AN eminent surgeon-dentist, residing in
London, gives the following useful hints about
the care czi teeth. They are simple, timely,
nd deserve attention:
In the first place, the teeth should be fairly
used. By this I mean, not made to perform
the duties of crackers for huts, experienented
on to ascertain their strength, Cr, by ladies,
to rival scissors in cutting thread ; for, rest
assured, in every case, more particularly the
last, the party having recourse to suc~h prac
ties will surely some day rue them; the
teeth, so unwittingly injured being always
first to part company with their fellows.
Those who indulge in such or similar habits,
may truly be called the dentist's friends.
Cleanliness is absolutely essential for the pre
servation of the teeth, and they should be
well brushed at least morning and evening,
that any feculence which may be attached to
them, either during sleep from the stomach,
or by day from meals, may not be allowed
permanently to adhere, causing,. firstly, dis
coloration, then-tartar, and subsequently, if
I may so exress myself, undermining the
oanstinin 01a ne@ morej as (imm their post
tion they may be more or less liable to cor
rosion. . In order that the teeth should look
natural, that is, retain their natural color, a
dentrifice, free from the smallest particle of
acid, should be used at the matin hour, and
the mouth rinsed with tepid' water, for ex
tremes of heat and cold are most highly pre
judical not only to.. their color, but also to
their durability; and I know no method so
simple of converting a really useful and orna
mental set into one of pain and subsequent
extinction, than the use of washing in either
one or the other. The person who habituates
him or herself, to any extent, to hot soup,
tea, or other drinks, assuredly rivals the
friend to the dentist just named. Brushes
for the teeth should be of medium substance
of bristle, and those made on what is called
the penatrating principle are best. I would
also observe that children at an early age,
should be instructed in the use of a tooth
brush, and taught the value and. importance
of the teeth, in order to inculcate . habits of
cleanliness, and a due appreciation of the or
naments of the mouth. A brush properly
selected. (not too hard) may be used by
children of five years of age, every morn
ing; and by being part and parcel of the
general ablution, nad thus directing habitual
attention to the teeth, a useful and cleanly
habit will be engendered, which will proba
bly insure for them proper care through life.
A Heartless Creditor-Mournful Suicide.
The Chicago Journal records the suicide of
a baggage master on the Central railroad,
named Griffith. He had failed in the drug
business, and was somewhat involved in debt.
The Journal says:
Soon after he obtained his new situation at
a salary of sixty dollars per month, one of
his creditors, .who held a note against him to
the amount of one hundred dollars, .iought
him out and requested a settlement, proposing
to accept monthly instalments of twenty dol
lars each, until the whole could be cancelled,
thus leaving him forty dollars per month upon
which to live. To this Mr. Griffith would not
accede, and no arrangement appears to have
been effected between them.
Subsequently his creditors sued the note,
and getting judgment garnisheed his wages
for the past month, so that when pay day
came he found himself penniless, and utterly
without means to support his family for the
oining month. And to add to his difficulties,
he received notice from the company that they
would not be annoved with garnishees, and
unless he could make- some arrangements to
prevent their recurrence, they should fill his
place. In this dileuima he sought out his
creditor (or the attorney) and requested him
to be content with $25 of the money, and
leave him $35 balance to support his family.
To this the creditor, in turn, refused to asseut,
expressing his intention to keep what he had
got, but offered to accept $10 per month for
the balance, and not trouble him any more
A a~. int.. new he anneared very des
The Administration ann u. ...
WAS1IrGTON, Aug. 23.
The administration has bestowed upon the
subject of the African Slave Trade its earnest
attention, and, with a view of suppresaing, as
far as possible, this traffic, has initiated meas
ures more efficient and extensive than ever
before for that purpose.
The squadron for the Coast of Africa, as
arranged by the Secretary of the Navy, will
consist of the following named vessels :-the
steamers Mystic, Sumter, San Jacinto and
Mohican, and the sloop-of-war Conistellation,
(the flag ship) Portsmouth, Marion and Viui
eennes. The most oflicient oficers are as
sined to their command. Those of the
stic and Sumter are, respectively, Lieut.
.E. LeRoy and i:eut. J. F. Armstong.
These gentlemen were, at their own requost,
ordered to this service. Their vessels, being
of light draft, can penetrate wat'era too shallow
for those which have heretofore been on that
coast, besides having the advantage of steam.
Hence slavers will be more closely pursued.
The joint treaty with England requires that
the United States shall keep there a force of
eighty guns ; but, by the recent arrangement
on the part of the Administration, the number
of guns will be one hundred and sixteen.
Mr. Birney, who succeeds. .Mr. Morse as
Naval Storekeeper. went out in the Consteila
tion, with instructions to remove the naval
depot for the African Squadron from Porto
Praya to San Paul de Loando, which is three
hundred and -thirty-six miles South of the
Congo river, or about twenty-five hundred
miles distant from Porto Praya. This new
depot will, consequently, bermuchi nearer than
the former to the principal points of traflec on
the Coast, and will in a great measure, obviate
the necessity oflong cruises.
On our own coast, too, there is to be an
efficient naval force, composedl of the steamers
Crusader, Lieut. Moflit; the Mohawk, Lieut.
Craven the Wyaridotte, Lieut. Stanley; and
the Fulton, Commander G. G. Williamson.
They are to cruise in the neighborhood of
Cuba, for the purpose of capturing any slavers
which may by their expertness, escape the vigi
lanc of our naval .pohece on the African coast.
These arrangements will soon go into full
op s.tion, and the Secretary of the Navy is
no .v hurrying the preparation of such o f the
vessels as are yet in port, for this important
FGHT oN A HoUsE ToP.-Two masons
who were employed in building a chimney on
top of a new house on Congress street got
into a quarrel yesterday,, in consequence of
too free indulgence in intoxicating liquors.
Tiiey maintained their precarious footing and
carried on the dispute by holding td the half
finished chimney and striking at each other
with trowels over the top of it. This method
of fighting being rather slow, one of them
snatched up a brick, and, heedless of conse
quences, hurled it at the other's head. The
unfortunate individual who received this sa
lute toppled over and rolled off the roof,
while the victor coolly resumed his trowel,
and added a few more bricks to the chimney.
Hearing no noise below, his curiosity induced
him to slide down to the eaves and look over,
when his gaze was greeted by the sight of
his late antagonist scramnbling up a scaffold
pole, with vengeance in his eye and no signs
of a broken neck, whereupon he took to llight
and slid down on the oppoaite side, believing
his enemy invincibl aftr undergoing such a
tusmble.Detroit Free Press.
The brine in which pork and other meats
have been pickled is a deadly poison to horses
and hogs. This was urged several years ago
by Mr. Reynal, a distinguished veterinarian
of France, and last'week, says the Kentucky
Turf Register, we were a personal witness to
its practical demonstration. A gentleman in
the village of. Lawrenceport, Ind., emptied
brine froma pokbarrl into slot. Afock
of hogs, as also oie horse, partook of it, and
the result was the horse and seven hogs out
of nine, died in loss thipn six hours from the
tm the harml'werumtied.
The Culture of Ruta-Jsaga Turnips
We n.ote with pleasure in the June number
of the " Farmer and Planter," Columbia, an
interesting article on the culture of Ruta
Bagas-the important adjunct to plantation
economy-and in- the same connection .re
cbmmend the use of genuine Super-Phosphate;
which advice we heartily approve of, and, in
deed, emphatically endorse, as it was owing to.
the extensive cultivation of turnips and other
bulbs in England, and to the truly miraculous
effect of Super-Phosphate on this kind of crop,
that this manre so soon won the favor of the
English farmers, who are now quite familiar
with its chemical character and mode of ac
tion on different crops, as recommended by
Baron Liebig in his great discovery of ren
dering phosphoric acid (the indispensable
nutriment of plants) soluble.
To planters who are not already aware of
the fact, we have pleasure in noting,.that
Messrs; Rhett & Robson, of this city, are sole
agents for South Carolina of Rhodes' Super.
Phosphate, a manure which is attracting the
attention of dhe agriculturists of the United
States ; and'being a southern enterprise we
feel, naturally,'a greater interest. Hence wn
extract from the report of' Prof Samuel W.
Johnson, of Yale Analytic- School, made last
year to the Connecticut State Agricultural
Society, on the subject of artificial manures,
in which he says of Rhodes' Super-Phosphate:
" Making comparison with four best English
samples according to Prof. Way's analysis:
" The only specimen of such a Super-Phos
phate that I have analysed is that made by
B. M. Rhodes & Co., of Baltimore." He far
ther says: " The mechanical condition of
Rhodes Super-Phosphate is unexceptional."
The same eminent authority says: " Super
Phosphate scattered on the surface is unatfec
ted until a rain falls upon it; then the Super.
Phosphate dissolves and trickles, or soaks
down into thd oarth, meeting here with a par
ticle of potash, and depositing a particle of
bone phosphate, travelling on a little way and
depositing another, and so filling the whole
soil to a certain depth with this precious
We are. confirmed'in our own opinions by
observing in the June number of the South
ern Planter, Richmond, Va., a highly lauda
ble position the manufacturers have taken, in
which the editor of that journal takes part,
and which we subjoin:
ro THE PLANTERS OF VIRGTNIA.
"After several years' experiment with our
manure, we are fully confirmed of its value
and importance. The only difficulty appear
ing to exist in the minds of planters is for its
continued good quality. Now, with this view
of removing this impression, and making
Rhodes' Super-Phosphate a-standard manure,
we do now warrant and agree that Rhodes'
Super-Phosphate shall be of a unifoinm stand
ard, fully equal to that heretofore sent into
market, and give warrantee to this effect, and
make the same legal and binding upon us;
V hue traveing througu tue IaId1a W u.j
on their way out, one of the company, a
young man of desperate character, from the
vicinity of Grayville, named Haynes, declared
his determination to shoot the first Indian he
me.t ; and unhappily,. during the day they
overtook a defenceless squaw, when he in
ere wicked wantonness, leveled his gun and
shot her dead.
His companions were horror stricken at
the blood-thirsty deed, but felt that 'they
had no power to punish him. The tr-ibe to
which the squaw belonged was not far distant
when the deed was perpetrated. They dis
covered her lifeless body, and saw at once
the manner of~ her death. They pursued'the
p arty of Illinois Pike's Peakers, and in a few
hours overtook them and demanded to know
who had comnmitted the murder.
The company of five or six Peakers found
themselves surrounded by nearly two hun
dred enraged Indians, who threatened to im
molate the whole party if they did not pint
out and give up the murderer. To save their
own lives, they gave up Haynes to their ven
geance. He was taken by the Indians to a
distimee, while his companions tarried on their
route to see what would be his fate.
After a while the I- 'lians returnedl with
their victim literally flayed alive. they had
skinned him from head to foot. The wretched
being was still alive wheai bro'ught back to
his companions, but ill to~rment. He -lived
in agony long enough to tell how he had
been tortured, but was soon released by death!
from unspeakable sutferings.
From the Orangeburg Southron.
The Southern Field & Fireside.
This most excellent paper published at Au
gusta, Ga., cornes to us as regular as it is
issued, and never fails to find a hearty' wel
come awaiting it. In a former number of
the Southron, we took occasion to express
our admiration for the Field & Fireside as an
admirable family paper, and feel now that- to
speak again in its lavor, would be but the pay
ing of tribute to merit where IL is most rich
ly deserved. As a paper for the general
reader it cannot he .surpassed. A number of
our friends whom we induced to have their
names entercd upon its mail book, and who
have expressed themselves as greatly pleased
with it will bear us out in our estimate of its
value. Its aims, to use its own language, are
to refine, to enliven and to instruct in litera
ture-to bring out much of the now hiddevn
wealth of Southern intellect and cultivation
--to shed the light of agricultural sCiene
upon the waste and desert-places of the South,
and cause them to teem with renewed fertili
t'-.and to open up to view sources of agri
ultural wealth hitherto undeveloped and
unnoticed. That they have been so far fully
accomplished, none will deny after. reading
the Field & Fireside. Should any of our
readers desire to become subscribers to it.
and we advise them by all means to subscribe
if they have not already done so-we will
take great pleasure in sending on their names
together wi+.h the otlier thing needful. Sub
cription price is only two dollars per an
RELIEF OF NEUaAmLGJA.--As this dreadful
disease,.says an exchange, is becoming more
revalent that formerly, and as doctors have
discovered no method or medicine that will
permanently cure it, we aimply state that for
some time past a member of our family has
sffered most intensely from it, and could find
no sure relief from any remedy applied,, until
we saw an article that recommended the ap
plication of horseradish to the face for tooth
ache. As neuralgia and the toothiehe are
both nervous diseases, we thought the remedy
for the one would be-likely to give relief to the
other ; so we made the application of horse
radish, bruise, applied the sides of the body
where the disease was sealed. It -gave also
inst.nt relief to the severest attack of neural
gia. Since then, we have applied it several
times, and with the same . gratifying result.
The remedy is simple, cheap, and may be
within the reach of every -one. So says the
" SIGNS OF THF Tim'.IM."-Und6r the avovo
caption, the Darlington Flag names the fol
lowing journals published in South Carolina
as being opposed to the nomination and elec
tion of the Hon. S. A. Douglas to the Presi
demoy of the United States:
"The Charleston Mercury, Charleston
Evening News, Southern Guardian, Sumter
Watchman, Camden Journal, Pee Dee Times,
Cheraw Gazette, Unionville TimesNewberry
Conservatist, and Walhalla Banner, have
spoken out in opposition to Senator Douglas,
candidate for the Presidency, and have no
idea of trying -even one Black Republican
We doubt very much whether the Flag, if
it were to push its inquiries, could find one
decidedly in favor of Mr. Douglas, against
all odds. Some niay be willing to accept him
f nominated, but those even would prefer
that'tlie Democracy select a gentleman less
objectionable to the South.
However, the opinion of the iress in South
Carolina is not a fair interpreter of the will -
of the people. In 1852, the entire press of
South Carolina, (ave, the Charleston Stand
ard, the Greenville Patriot, thbe Columbia
Republican and the Columbia Transcript,)
were in favor of and urged the propriety of
dissolving the~ Union; but when-the vote was
taken to ,end delegates to a Southern Con
vention looking to action, with or without
co-operation, the party was routed and was
shamefally defeated. Does the Flag wish to
see the second act of that farce performed?
Dxru.-The article on "Death" in the
New Cyclopedia has the following:
"As lite approaches extinction, insensibili
ty supervenes--a numbness and: disposition
to repose, which-do not admit of the idea of
uffering. Even in those cases vihere the ac
tivity of the mind remains to- the last, and
where nervous sensibility would seem to con
tinue, it is surprising how often there has
been observed a state of happy feeling on
the approach of death. -"If I had strength
enough to hold a pen, I would write how
easy and delightful it is to die,"-were th last
words of the celebrated Win. Hunter, during
his last moinents.
" Montaigue, in- one of his essays, describes
in accident which left him so senseless, that
e was taken up for dead. On being rettored,
owever; he says: " Methought my life only
hng upon my lips; and I shut :y eyes to
felp thrust it out, and took a pleasure in lan
;uishing and letting myself- go." A writer
n the Quarterly Review records that a gen
eman who had been -rescued from drowning
leclared that he had. not experienced .the
lightest feeling of suffocation. " The stream
was transparent, the day brilliant, and as he
tood upright he - could see -the sun shining,
rough the water, with a dreaniy conscious
els that his eyes were about to be closed on
itforever. Yet he neither feared his fate nor
ished to avert. A sleepy sensation, which
oothied and gratifled- -him niade a-luxurious
e seen in tcne newspa s. .
cricket matehes, base ball playing, and other
ausements, he wonld take it fbr granted that
ors is a country wherein people can live
without labor, or that one-third of our popu
lation toiled for the other two-thirds."
This is very true, and if to these we add
yacht and horse racing, picnics, military and
firemen's excursions, musical out-door festi
raLIS, processions, and all the other various
modes of spending time in amusement, we
ertainly cannot with truth declare that we
ave not eungh holidays. Some mnay nout
:ave as many holidays as are healtuful, but.
v far too many spendl a great deal more time
im.reration than, is either protitalel to them
selves or their families.
TnH Lossms zN TH E LATn WAn.-The Paris
Debts publishes a table showing the respec
tive losses of the Allied armies and the Aus
trians in the different combats and battles
high tock place during the campaign in
"& At Montebello: Allies, 7,000 engaged,
850 killed and wonnded ; Austrians, 13,000
engged, 1,150 killed a,d~ wounded, and 15U)
prisoners. Palestro: Allies, 21,000 engaged,
1,400 killed and wounded ; Austrians, 24,000
engaged, 2,100 killed and wounded, 950 pr'is
oners, and mix *pieces of ecannon. Magenfta
and Turbigo: French, 55,000 engaged, 4,4C00
kiled and wounded, 200 lprisoners anad one
cannon; Austrians, 75.000 engaged, 13,000
killed .and wounded, 7,000 prironers, and
four cannon. Malegnasn; Fremich, 16,000
engaged, 900 killed and wounded ; Austrians,
18.000 engaged, 1,400 killed and wounded,
000 priaoners. Solferino: Allies, 145,000
killed and wounded, 350 prisoners ; Austrians,
170,000 engaged, 21,000 killed anzd wounded, .
7,000 prisoners, and thirty cannon."
According -to this statement, the total loss
in killed and wounded of t! e Allies was 24,
350, and of the Austriaus 30,650, making a
difference against the~ latter of 1.4300.. The
nuber of French taken r"-'oners was only
300, whilst the Austriana I 16,000. The
French took forty pieces of cai;>m and the
Austrians only one..
How To Tswr Esos.- -A <orrespondent of
the Springfield Republieni: says:
" There is no dillieulty whatever in testing
eggs; they are mostly examined by e. candle.
Another way to tell good eggs is to r ut them
in a pail of water, and if they are good they
will lie on their sides, always; itf ~ad they
stand on their a nall end, the large end al.
ways uppermost, wnles they have been shaakeil
considerably, when they will stand either end
up. - Therefo~re, a bad egcan be told by the
way it rests in water-awasend-up, never
on its side. Any egg that lie flat is good to
eat, and can be depended upon. An ordinary
mode is to take them into a room moderateiy
dark, and hold them between the eye.. and a
candle or lap. If the egg be good-that is if
the albumen is still .unaffected--a light will
shine through of a reddish glow;, while, if
aiected, it will be opaque or dark."
A cERTAnr official connected 'with -the cus
tom-house did not hesitate to availbhimself of
the advantages offered by-his position.- The
master of a merchant vessel, heivin'gneed of
of his good offices to reduce some heavy fine
to a nominal one,.sent in to him a bag of
cofee. The servant ~laced it before his mas
ter. " What is this ?'-"A bag of -coffee, of
which Captain A- asks your acceptance."
" Good,"? replied his master; "leave it here,
and go tell Captain A--that I never take
my coffee without sugai-." The captain took
the hint, and at once despatched some sugar
to sweecen the'coffee.
A TRAVELER says'that if he were aked to
describe the first sensation of a camel ride, he
would say: "rTake a music-stool, and having
wound it up as high as it would go, put it in
a cart without springs, get on top, and drive
the cart transversely across a plowed field,'
and you will then form aoine notion- of~ the
terro- and uncertainty you would experience
th first time you mounted a'eamne!.'