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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR LI 39TIES, AND IF IT MUST FALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST THE RUINS."
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C. NOVEMBER 28, 1859. **
Has just received additional supplies of
Among which are
J. CROSSLEY & SONS'
LATEST PATTERNS OF
Velvet and Brussels
Of rich and splendid styles, which cannot be found
in any other Carpet House in the city. Persons
wishing to purchase
Are respectfully invited to examine the assortment
before purchasing elsewhere, as they will bo sold
at LOWER PRICES THAN EVER BEFORE
OFFERED IN THIS CITY, and at lower prices
than they can be ordered from the Northern cities,
adding the expense of freight.
Carpets Cut and Made to Fit Rooms.
Also, a very largo supply of
STAPLE & FANCY
Embracing the Latest Styles of Ladies' DR ESS
GOODS; Ladies' Cloth and Velvet CLOAKS.
EMBROIDERED LACE AND MUSLIN
Cirt ain s,
CORNICES & CURTAIN BANDS
Also, a large supply of English and American
N E G R 0 BLANKETS.
With almost every article of DRY GOODS re
quired for Family or Plantation use, and which
will be sold at the lowest prices. The public are
respectfully requested to call and examine the as
Augusta, Nov. 9, 1859 tf 44
TO THE LADIES
OF EDGEFIELD DISTRICT:
W E respoetfully invite your attention to our
LARGE AND SPLENDID assortment of
Staple and Fancy
Among which you will find the latest styles of
Silks and Worsted Dress Goods,
Very ehe Also, a most inji ent Stock of
CLOTH AND VELVET CLOAKS.
We also invite the attention of PLANTERS to
a very large and cheap assortment of
Blankets, Ne'gro Cloths,
AND ALL-~STYLES OF GOODS FOR FAMI
gWJust givo us a cali and you will be pleased.
HICKMAN, HILLS & CRESS,
No. 242, Broad Street.
Augusta, Ga., Oct 19 6t 41
A SUBSTITUTE FOR PERUVIAN GUANO,
L, S. HOYT'S
THOMAS PA STOVALL~ & CO., Ag'ts.
258 Broad Street, Augusta, Ga.
THlIS Super-phoaphate of Lime is a Chemical
..combination of the most active, durable, and
valuable Fertilizers, mixed in the proportions that
science and practical experience hare proved to he
the most beneficial to the Soil, and consists of
M~(,SU Pli - IC and P HOS PI[OR I C
XCID.S, AMa OM A, SQp)A, and POTASH. It is
of liNIFOR QUfALITY.
We are permitted to refer to the gentlemen
named below who have used HOYT'S SUPER
PHOSPHATE of LIME upon their crops of Cot
ton, Corn, 6be., the past season.
T HOS. W. W" JIA TLEY, Esq., Beech Island, S. C.
THOS. S. MILLER, Esq., " " "
GEO. B. MIL LS, Esq., " " "
H. R. COOK, M. D., " " "
J. M. MILLER, Esq., " " "
0. P. FITZSIMMONS, Esq., Burke Co., Ga.
R. F. CONNELLY, Esq., " " "
J. A. SHIVERS, Esq., Warrenton, Warren Co., Ga
J. F. KINSEY, Esq., " "' " "
GEO. V. NEAL, Esq., " " " "
HON. I. T. IRV'INE, Washington, Wilkes ""
E. M. PENDL ETON, M. D., Sparta, Haneock, Ga
WILSON BYRD, Esq., " " "
D. DICKSON, Esq., Oxford, Newton Co., Ga.
JOHN A. JONES, Esq., Vanwert, Polk Co., Ga.
H. J. OGILBY, Esq., Madison, Morgan Co., Ga.
Price in Augusta, 850 per Ton of 2000 lbs.
A discount madle to buyers of Five Tous or more.
Packed in STRONG BAGS of 1501 lbs. BAR.
RELS average 275 lbs. each.
For Directions, Analyscs, etc., a Circular, or
Pamphlet, is sent free upon application, or further
information' may be obtained from the Agents.
Thos. P. Stovall & Co,, Ag'ts.
258 Broad St., Augusta, Ga.
Augusta. Nov. 9, 1859 tf 44
The Cheapest, Safetest and best Light
in Use !
K E ROS$ElNE O IL
Will not explode, and is safer than Candles.
KJEROSENE OIL gives a light eleven thousand
1.six hundred and sixty-four (11,684) times
more intense than Sperm Oil.
* 'To produce the same amount of light as from
one gallon of Kerosene Oil at $1,40 per gallon,
-S Gallons of Burning Fluid, at 75 ets. 6,00)
21 Gallons of Sperm Oil, " 1,50 4,13~
33 Gallons of Lard Oil, " 1,25 4,68
is Pou'nds of SpeLrm Candles, " 47, 8,ltI
45 Pounds of T'allow " " 10 4,5))
We have also in Store at moderate price., Ker
osene L amps, which will produce a light equal
to'three Sperm Candles, at the cost of one quarter
of a cent 't'r hour.' Call antd see them.
"U. & N. E. SOLOMON.
Hamburg, Oct. 12, 859 1t 40
Te World's RenoWned Weutder!
No South, North, East or West !
BILAMES 5O SECTION!
But Stands on the mighty Watch Tower
of the Universe to give Relief to
the Snifering Wo.crld!
Doctor Martin's Great Remedy!
pg- For sale by Capt. JAMES CALLISON,
Shateriel, S C. 11. L. GENTRY, Agt.
_Hamnburg, Aug_15 Gm 32
L3i OUR---A lot of superfine NEWY FLOUR
FE. frum ichardsOn's and Dr. Andlrews, Just
ground, and for sale at $4 per ack, cash.
Aq=at 3IL 89M
SELLING OFF AT COST!
LEATHER, &C., &C.
H AVING made arrangements to return to Co
lumbia next January, I offer my ENTIRE
BOOTS, SHOES, LEATHER,
HOUSE SERVANTS SHOES, &c.
And in fact every kind of a Shoo that is usually
kept in a Shoe Store,
To the first of January next, when the unsold
Stock will be disposed of at Auvtion. Also, a
LARGE LOT OF OAK, TAN AND HEMLOCK
pE*Farmors, Planters and the oitizens gener
ally are invited to call and examine for them
selves, as everything will be sold at
Least Thirty per Cent.
under former prices.
TERMS, STRICTLY CASH!!
tVTo any person wishing to go into the bu
siness, the inducoment is great, as can be seen
from the amount of business done. Terms made
As I will be compelled to retain my workmen
to first January, I will continue to MANUFAC
TURE until then. My prices will be considera
ble less than heretofore.
All persons indebted to me will oblige me very
much by calling at once and settling their ac
counts, either by Cash or Note, as I will be com
pelled to leave by the usual time for settling.
Oct 26 tf 42
FALL AND WINTER
CLAYTON &; KENNADY;
ARE NOW RECEIVING
A VEi LABRGE
Well Selected Stock
MEN'S & BOYS' CLOTHING
Hats, Caps, Trunks, Valises,
Carpet Bags, &c.
A FIRST RATE ASSURTLENT OF
SHIRTS, DRAWERS, COLLARS, STOCKS,
CRAVATS, GLOVS. SUSPEND
ERS, AND OTHER FUR
BV GREAT VARIETY.
We are prepared t Sell on the most
And Ig4 agrr &aW uUg1Wper&Wrallv.
No. 173 Broad Street,
Under tht Augusta Hotel.
CLAYTON & KENNADY.
Augusta, Sept. 21 3m 37
For Planters Purchasing Manures!
Cotton,. Wheat, Corn, and
BESIDES ALL ROOT CR9PS.
T HlIS celebrated and Standard Manure, which
is fully warranted and sold under a LEGAL
U UARANTEE, can bo had of
3. A. ANSLEY 6: CO.,
Agents for Manufhoturers,
At No. 300 Broad Street, Aupnta, Ga.,
Who will el at Manufacturers .Vriees, Fosty-tivo
Dollars per Ton, with shipjping expenses added.
Pamph~lete, giving directions for use, sent by
mail, if desired.
Augusta, Aug. 31, 1859 tf 34
SPEARS & HlIGHT,
'WHIOLESAL3 DEALERS IN
Paints, Oils, Varnishes,
DENTAL AND SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS,
PERFUMERY & FANCY ARTICLES,
OrroSit FLANtTERS' HOTEL,
No. 318, Broad St., Augusta, Georgia.
April 11 ly 14
LOOK OUT FOR MUSIC.
T H E Subscriber has just returned from the
3Cities of New York and Boston, where he
purchased a splendid stock of
Fine Piano Fortes,
which hre wishes to sell out as quick as possible,
and to do so, will let them go at low rates. Per
sons in want of a first class Piano, can be accom
modated without delay, by addressing me at Au
gusta, or A. A. CLARnx & Sox, Rome, Ga. These
Pianos are warranted to be as representeL .
Augusta, Nov. 9,1859 2t 4i
Something Nice for the Ladies
PURE HAVANA PRESERV ES,
-Co'nsiing in part of
DULCE DE PINA S,
" " MAMEY,
" " N'AR ANJAS,
" " JUEMONCILLOS,
U "' H10ACOS.
Also, thre Fintest Extracts, viz:
S. E. BOWVERS, Agt.
NovT i' If ' 44
Creckery and Glasswaree
HAVE taken thie Agency of one of the L ARG
EST and MO.~i IELIABLE' Cr'r.kery Deal
s in connrection with tha Pordeli- ..re manu
fctry in Edlgeft'Oh! District; and *iil fuln'wh
aiy 'krrnd of
CROCKERY OR GLASSWARE,
Either by Wholesale or Retail, as low as they can
be had North or South. Samples, with a small
Stock, can be seeu at ray StornOER. At
Hamburg, Nov 7' tf 44
T: E subrseliber begs leave to inform the plan
ters of this and the adjoining Districts, that
e as on hand a superior lot of CADENIIEAD
IRON PLOW I5TOCKS, with which overy Far
re would do well to stock his farm before coma
menciug the winter plowing. J. B. GRFFN
" Jesus Wept."
A human grief-an early gloom,
The Saviour's spirit swept!
And by the cold and silent tomb
Of Lazarus, He wept.
Yes, "Jesus wcpt"-and lo! on high
The angels ceased to sing,
While every seraph in the sky
Low drooped his shining wing.
The Son of God with grief had striven,
Had mourned o'or mortal ill,
And every voice was hushed in Heaven,
And every harp was still.
The Saviour's eye grew moist and dim,
And sad with human tears,
And all the angels wept with Him
Through countless glittering spheres.
Oh, holy grief! that thus could move
The God whom saints revore,
An'd concentrate a boundless love,
Within one human Lear.
Bright, viewless watchers bore away
That spiritual gem
To beam-one more immortal ray
In God's own diadem.
When many a deep and crushing wrong
Was heaped upon Him here,
He mourned o'ver the misguided throng,
But shod no selfish tear,
The cross to Calvary He bore,
Within a manger slept,
The torturing crown In meekness wore,
But only onice He wept.
But once the waves of sorrow rolled
Above His sacred head,
And awe-struek gazers cried, "Behold!
How Jesus loved the dead !"
He who but truth and wisdom spake,
Had said that Lazarus slept ;
Oh! was it strange He should awake
When Chrirt above him wept?
What wonder, if the stars of even
Had wandered from their spheres,
To tell the startled hosts in Heaven
Of their Redeemer's tears?
If burning sunF, which have grown bright
In Gled's perpetual smile,
To see Him weep, had veiled their light,
And paused in grief the while?
And was it strange th' eternal Choir,
Amazed, should cease to ,ing ?
That tears should steal o'er every lyre,
And dim each golden string ?
Woll might the roses of the sky
In their immortal bloom,
Grow pale to hear the Saviour sigh,
Beside a mortal's tomb.
Perchance where unknown systems blaze,
Of which we can but droa"
Still chant this wondrous them;
Perchance, with sweet and mournful thrill,
Forever onward swept,
Eternal echoes murmur still,
"The gentle Jesus wept."
A Wise Chinese Emperor.
The Emperor Khang-Hi was, in his youth,
remarkable for his sincere love of his subjects,
and his strong feeling of justice ; and he
never failed to protect the innocent and to
unish the prevarications of the mandarins.
eing one day engaged in hunting-the fa
orite diversion of the Tartars-he had left
is attendants, anid, proceeding along a lonely
oad, saw an old mant sitting on the ground
nd weeping bitterly. Thc young Emperor
lighted from his horse, went up to the man
ithout makihig himself known, and asked
the cause of his sorrows. The old man re
lied that it was of little use to tell him the
ause, since he conld. not remzedy olt. n,
" 3e of god courage,veraeolmn,
aid the monarch. " Perhaps I would be of
ome use to you. Tell me the subject of
"Since your good heart disposes you to
cquire into the cause of my misery, I will
tll you,. master,' was the reply. " I had a
ittle prop.erty in the neighboshood of the im
erial residence ; the governor of -the place
fond my estate to his liking, he seize upen
tand has reduced me to beg my bread. I
ad a son, too, who might have been the sup
ort of my old age jbut the governor has
tken him to make him a slave. These things
re the cause of my tears."
The young Emperor took the two hands of
he unfortunate man in his, and said :
" Calm yourself, venerable old man. This
mperial palace-is it far from here ?"
" Five Li, master."
"Very well-let us come together and ask
he governor to restore to you your property
nd your son."
" Ah, master I" cried the old man in a
one of despair,'" have I not told you that
his wicked man is the governor of an imperial
>alace ? It would not be safe either for you
r me to go to him, We should get nothing
bt insults and ill-treatment."
" Take courage," said the Emperor, "I
m determined to. take this step, and I hope
t will lead to good."
The old man remarked the frank and noble
eportmzent of the young unknown, and began
o feel more confidence, and he then said that
e was ready to accompany the prince to the
mperial palace ; but, he added, " I shall de
ay you a long timie, master, for I am old, and
I cannot follow the steps of your horse."
"].That is true," said Khang-Hi, " you have
ttained to a venerable age, but I am young
ad strong ; sc you shall inoung my horse,
and I will wal?'
The old man, however, would not accept
his offer, and Khanig-Hi, therefore, had re
ourse to the expedient of taking him up be
ind him, and they were proceeding in this
anner when some mandarins of the imperial
snit came up. The sovereign' addressed to
hem a few w.rds ini the Tartar language, an"
hey retired,"though not witbo.ut often retu-.
ng tobserye the singular sitLnation of their
oung Emperor. When (he p air arrived at
he imperial palace, I~hang Hi demanded to
see the governor, and whenA he appeared, the
overeign stripped olff his hunting-dress, anid
howed the iniperiql dragon that he wore em-.
roiered on his breast '.rTe governor fell on
his k'nees, and the old' man tremblingly 'threw
imelfiat the ilet of hisprotctoi', who was
aising him withi great 'affahility, when the
rinces of the blood and granid dignitaries
who had been following the chase issued from
a valley, and came to range themselves round
heir imperial master, and Khang-Hi deter
ined to make this brilliant throng the wit
esses of the punishment of the wicked man
arin. After having reproached him bitterly,
e ordered him to be beheaded, and then,
addressing himself to the old man, who stood
s if petrified, the Emperor said:
" Venerable old man, I restore to yon the
son and the estate which were taken from
ou, and from this moment I appoint you
governor of this palace; but take care that
-roerty afrects no changa in your feelines
Earn money before you spend it.
Never borrow, if you can possibly avoid it.
Never speak evil of any one. Be just be
fore you are generous.
Keep yourself innocent, if you would be
Save when you are young to spend when
you are old.
SPEECH OF WM. GREGG, ESQ.,
At Edgefield Court House, 7th Nov., 1859.
BEcEC ISLAND, Nov. 12 1859.
DEAR SIR: having understood that you
have recently delivered a speech on the Blue
Ridge Rail Road, at Edgetield C. 11., and
knowing the prominent part which you took
in the discussion of this subject, while a men
ber of the Legislature, and fully appreciating
the.importance of this question to the whole
State, we are anxious to know what your
views are at the present time, and therefore
request that you will oblige us, and doubt
less the whole State, by allowing your speech
on this occasion above refered to be published
r.-- - tenment.
pectfully, yours, &c.
11. R. COOK,
T1HOS. J. DAVIES,
PAUL F. HAMMOND,
GEO. B. MILLS,
a and Gentlemen: This is a
-. question, a subject of more
- any one that has ever been
people of South Carolina
I be discussed in every part
istrict-and that each and
secome informed on the sub
ves increased taxation by the
avy debt for public improve
is matter by subscribing or
ribe the next million to this
icide whether the State shall,
age in a great branch of it.
aking to own, and manage
-ail Road, the most complica.
f all branches of industry to
Road to extend over three
tuth Carolina. The gentle
:ton have tried to relieve us
ie Bank of the State is able
ay the bonds. That is no
a favor of the Blue Ridge
forefathers wasted nearly
lions of dollars in building
bich took the Bank many
at the Bank should he able
n why we should anticipate
-nt on works of doubtful
State capital will alone be
.er sour '
ney for a
tp. In order to illustrate
requently occurs between
.ieory and practice, I will
-hich may be considered by
we*. But low down its it
arison to great Rail Road
. ipply to the subject before
strate how the wisest men
I led astray in the results
magnitude. Some years
tt gentleman came up to
tarleston. He had recent
:ted to settle down and
He consulted with me
of a very poor piece of
that it had a cabin on it,
.t were cleaured. I unhesi
bat he could not make a
ie would starve if he had
.I thought the land too
peas. His reply was, that
3 could raise tour hundred
5 to the acre, and that hie
~hel for fifty cents in Aikcn
s from eight acres would
verU Uood couno-y income.
2ie picture. The samneseason
planted three or four acres
:t potatoes. I spent consid
culture, and thought Ishould
- -i crop. In the fall, being
'to Charleston-my then
was ua..L nared a number of men to
dig the potatoes for mec. The turnout was so
small, that when the gathering was finished,
I asked the hands if they would take the pile
of potatoes in payment of their wages for dig
ging, and they refused to do it.
Now this may seem a very small matter to
bring into so important a debate, but it ex.
amplifies the difference that 'ery frequently
exists between figures and facts-theory and
pract'ee. It will apply to common occurences
through life, and to cases in every departmnt
of human occupation-and I trust 1 shall be
able also to apply it in illustration of this sub
ject. Some years ago there was a great ado
about connecting Charleston with Nashville
Tennessee. Ap plication was made to the
city corporation'for aid, and a deputation sent
from Nashville to Charleston to set forth the
claims which that Western region had on the
people of that city.
Some hundred or more mnonled men of in
fluence 'vere invited to meet and hear the
deputation at theC city council chamber, where
they were addressed by a citizen of-Nashville,
and perfectly captivated by his eloquence and
ingenious arguments. He coinmmceed by
enumerating the various articles of agricul
tural produce that would be drawn from that
vast valley for hundreds. of miles around
Nashvill. lie set this forth in glowing
colour, showing that et ch article would yield
milliions to Charleston if shle receivwed nothing
more than commissions and pay for storage
aul drayage.~ He named Corn, Wheat, Bar
ley, Rye, Flour, Bacon, Pork, Becef and live
stock, ea-ch .ad every one of which was to
yieW# its millions-and we wt e to gr9w sud
denly rieh by the trade to be derived from~ the
Nashville and Chattanooga, Rai.1 Hloadl. The
city corporation auhamibed laltf a tmillion,
an~d what was the result ? Why Nashville
madae immediate inroads on Charleston trade,
cu~d instead of sending hzer agricultural pro
Mets to us, de took away a valable grocery
trade fro-r. Charleston with the country about
O4attanooga and beyond it ; and it wa~s found
that corn would nut bear transportation, ex
cept in times of great scarcity, fo.r a long dis
tance this side of Chattanooga. Before the
people of Charleston discovered their error,
application was again made to thema to assist
in building another Western Rail Road, which
was to bear the namne of C/wurleston. The
Memphis and Charleston Rail Road. The
city subscribeda to that work two hundred and
ifty thousand dollars. That road has taken
from Charleston a valuable cotton trade, and
is nmow connected with the Virginia and East
Tennessee road carrying throngs of passengers
by that shorter route to New York that used
to pass by Charleston, and she has the morti
fication of seeitng her half million of Nashville
Rail Road -toek now reduced in value to less
than two hundred and Gliy thousand dollars
or your conduct or another may one-ay
profit by your injustice."
Such, according to the annals, was'lhe
young Emperor, who, at the period of which
we have been speaking, had just commenid
his reign, and who was soon to become the
protector and the friend of the preache .of
the gospel in China.
Not e Mimute to Spare.
"The ca:.- are leaving, and you have nda
minute to spare-hurry, run; you have nota
minute to spare." But it was too late. - The
cars had just quickened their speed when the
unfortunate loiterer arrived, breathless, exci
ted, surprised and out of all temper, to fid
himself left behind. The grin and ill-sup.
pressed laugh of the bystanders; the quizzi.
cal and amusing comments on 2.40, &c., and
sundry suggestions to try the " wires" and
catch the cars, di4 not serve to sooth his irri
tated feelings. Apart from the mortification
of being left, it was too serious a matter i6
make light of in a business point of view. The
result of being just one mmute too late, was
no less than a life-long embarrassment and
pecuniary trouble both to himself and "a
widowed mother. What would he not have
given, had he not stopped to light his cigar
Many a fortune, dear reader, has been ma
by always being ready at the very minu
when it was to be made, and lo
minute behind. Many a man
his new Western home at the lat.
being just one minute ahead of th
Many a successful voyage has
around the globe, by beng ready -
to make the most of every wind,
rent. Many a great battle has bi
the improvement of the very minu:
the crisis hung. There is many
living, who can say of some event
his life, "A niinute more, and I 1
been a dead man."
When we take into account the i
of time, in itself considered, it m
phatically said, "there is not a
spare." When we realize how ofi
constantly, momentous results d. -
fullest improvement of the present
one and all must say, " there is not
to spare." Much more, dear read
we know that the present is given I
pare for eternity to secure a heaven
tance -to save te immortal soul froi
ruin--and that this all depends on
present moment of life, because, fort
know, it may be the "last of earth,"
the worst of folly to lose it. to waste.
trifling ? What eternal mockery
upon us; what remorse and self-upb
will consume us when, alarmed by
proach of death, we find we have nc
minute at our command, to secure ou
Ought it not, therefore, to be it
upon us at every turn of life, as we ar -
to eternity, "there is not a minute to
-San Francisco Pacific.
Seeing the Elephant.
A friend relates the following ciret
It seems that on the day in 'qt
menagerie was expected in the city,
people w6-,' Bitizriniy 2n the alert fa
proaching signs-an interest i wl
sequel s;.ow., his honor, the Judge
participated, notwithstanding the c
held on that day, though not exactly
In the progress of the morning' b
case of continuance arose, which t
was not at all inclined to favor. TI
in charge having urged his plea wi
ingenuity and ability at his comm:
at length in the act of yielding the
despair, when a brother lawyer,
up to snuff, rose and whispered in
that the menagerie had arrived, an.
phant would swim the river! Br
with hope, the witty lawyer at o
himself up deferentially, and addri
" May it please your Honor, I
moment learned that the Great
Menagerie lias reached the city, an
plant willi immediately swim the.
river! The people, I am informe.
ready thronging upon the banks
this extraordinary feat."
The hit was palpable. The inte
Buchanan's electioncould hardly hait
a more wonderful change in the
his honor. His stern countenan
relaxed into the most genial co:
and in a generous excitement he
" Gentlemen, I grant this conti
adjourn the court. I never hi
elephant swim a river, and I am
-it isn't likely Il ever have a b
tunity. The court's adjourned l'
The last thing our friend saw. ..-.
it was making for the river at a speed never
contemplated by the Life Insurance Company.
Verily there's no resisting the elephant !
A "NIGGER Sroar."--Two darkies had
bought a mess of pork in partnership; but
Sam having no place to put his portion in,
consented to trust the whole to Julius' keep
The next morning they met, wheni Sam
says: " Good mnornin', Julius, any thing hap
pen strange or mysterious. down in your
wicinity, lately ?"
" Yaas, Sain, a most strange thing happen
at my house yerterlast night. All mystery
-all mystery to me."
" Ah Julius what was dat ?"
" Well, Sam, I tole you now. Die morn
ing I went down into the cullar for to get a
piece of hog for dis darkey's breakfast, and
I put my hand down in de brine and felt all
round, but no pork dare-ail gone. Couldn't
tell what bewent with it, so I turned up de
bar'!, an Sanm, as true a preachin, de rats had
eat a hole cler frue de bottom ob do bar'l
and dragged do pork all out !"
Sam was petritied with astonishment, but
presently said :
" Why didnt de brine run out ob do same
" Ah, Sam, dat is de mystery-dat is de
Hon. Stephen Ale'g ocket.Pie.
AmLAg the victims of the "llHenry Clay"
disaster, was Stephen Allen, E-9., an aged
man, formeply a tngor of I~ew Yoi-k, beloved
and esteemed by all who knew him.. In hia
pocket book was~ found a printed slip contain-:
ipg ?he following advice.
Keep good, company or none.. Never be
- If yotw bands cannot be use.fully employed,
attend to the cultivation of your miind.
J~lways speah; the teg~ith. 1gake few pro
iv.u oyour engagements.
fhen you speak to a. rnan look him in the
Good character is above all things else.
Your character cannot be essentially in
jured except by your own acts.
II any man speaks evil of you, let your
life be such that no one will bl.!ieve him.
Drink no kinds of intoxicating liquors.
Live within your income.
When you retire to bed, think over what
you have been doing durinig the day.
Make no haste to be rich if you would
Small and steady gains give competency
with tranquility of mind.
Never play at any game of chance.
Avoid temptation, through fear you may
.ot be able t ercoanme it.
leston in those two instances planted her
Ipotatoes in poor suil which did not reproduce
I have resided in Charleston for many years,
and am much attached to the place and people,
amongst whom I have many valued friends.
No two gentlemen stand higher in my esti
mation than the Charleston citizens who have
visited Edgefield on this occavion, to be heard
on this great and important subject. I be
lieve them to be truly honest in their zeal in
behalf of the Blue Ridge Rail Road. They
are both distinguished gentlemen-one known
to the people of the State by his public ser
vices, the other a highly intelligent merchant
of Charleston. who has, by his own exertions,
raised himself froi a poor boy, to wealth and
eminence. But while I award to these gen
tlemen the purest motives, may I not be al
lowed to suggest that they may be a little
icild and liable to fall into a great error in
regard to the Blue Ridge Road, as the gentle
man did in his potato calculations.
But to return to the subject. I repeat that
this is a fearful subject to a pproach. Its
magnitude demands that it should be gravely
and thoroughly considered, and well under
stood by all who are to be tared to pay the
first outlay, as well as that which may follow,
in order to keep tip public works nut able to
sustain themselves. The sentiments of the
District cannot be ascertained at this meeting.
I therefore suggest that a box be opene I at
the next District election, that each one, by
his vote can say whether he is. for, or against
further aid to the Blue Ridge Rail Road. A
majority voting for it, will be positive instruc
tions, that no meiber will disregard by voting
against sentiments so clearly expressed by his
One of the objections to this enterprise
which ought to .trike thinking men, is, that
State capital, and own-rhip, will so far pre
dominate, that the State will necessarily have
the control and mnaagemaent of it. This, I
think, anl insuperable objection, and will, in
my opimion, prove disastrus. I have no idea
that any State could take the best Rail Road
in the United Stuates--L-xcepting the Western
and Atlantic Road in Georgia-and so man.
age it, as to render it profitable, or in many
instances self sustaining.
The South Carolina Rail Road is one of
the best located concerns :n the whole coun
try. It receives froni passengers and mails,
over five hundred thousand dollars per an
num, and carrie-about four hundred thousand
bales of cotton. The receipts from passangers,
mails and cotton do not pay its current ex
penses by many thousands of dollars. Nnne
of these sources of income will be enjoyed by
the Blue Ridge Road, except to a very limited
extent. The South Carolina road hns an im
iense carrying trade from New York, Phila.
delphia, Boston and Baltiniure. and in foreign
and domestic goods from Charleston to supply
our own State, Georgia and Alabama, and, I
may say, a large portion of the South West,
with merchandise-from which branch 3f
carrying trade the Blue Ridge Rail Road from
its location will of necessity, be precluded.
The Blue Rilre Road will be a more costly
Any man who is at all informed in suen
matters will at once see that the Blue Ridge
Rail Road will -not bear a comparison, in
point of location, with the Western and At
lantic Road, which belongs to the State of
Georgia. That road is an exception; no other
road has been successfully managed by a
State government. It has an extentive travel,
and is one of the great mail lines from East
to West-and has a large cotton carrying
trade besides. The great commercial chan
nels, as well as mails and travel, run East
and West. The Blue Ridge Road runs across
the country, and cannot form aliink--therefore
these are sources of income it never can have.
The Western andi Atlantic Road may be comn
pared to afunnuel. At one end it is fed by
the Memphis, the Nashville and the East
Tennessee and Georgia Roads; at the other
cnd by the Georgia Rail Road, West-Point
anid Lagrange Rood, the Macon and Western
and the Roume Rail Roads. Besides all the
other disadvantages connected with the scheme,
we mamy suggest that our State will labor uin
der that of working the portion of the Blue
Ridge Road lying beyond her limits. All
nersons conversant with Rail Roading are
aware of the thousands of perplexing law-suits
that annoy the managers of our Roads in this
State, as well as others, and how hard it is to
get justice from our own juries residing
amongst us and sympathising as they should
do with the owners of our Rail Road property.
If it is so diflicult to get justice at home what
may we expect from juries of other States
where it is known that the State of South
Caroliua is principal owner and is obliged to
pay most of the damages for loss of life or
limb, o~r any species of property. A hog will
be valued at $20, a cow at $100, a man pro
bably at $IU0,000t. Of what advanitage will
the Blue Ridge Rail Road be to the uipper
Districts of the State -t When this question
is asked the most common reply is we shall
get a cheap supply of Western bacon. This
idea has been prominently set forth by the
honorable gentlemen from Charlestoun.
Bacon is now brought to Hamburg from
East Tennessee, for forty or fifty cents a
hundred pounds. The Blue Ridge Road
might possibly deliver to half the District
ten cents a hundred cheaper. We will sup
pose the population, white and black, to num
ber forty thousand, and that one half of them
from the upper side of the District wvere to
get their bacon ten cents a hutndred cheaper
than by the Georgia roads, and that each in
dividual, man, woman, and child, consume
seventy-five pounds of bacon more per an
num than is raised at home,~ That would
save the peopl of hat portion of the D'sti iet,
one thousand tive hundred dollar4, a seven
and a half cents a piece.
We will suppose further that all the bacon
brought iinto the District came over thse Blue
Ridgelail Road, and let it have all the benefit
of the freights on bacon, say forty cents a
hundred. The aggregate un bacon for all
Edgetiteld Di4strict would amount to toul thou
sand eight hundred dollars ($IO,800) not
enough to pay for the annual wear and tear,
and running enpenses, on four niles of Rail
Road, and we will have a hundred and ninety
five railes to keep up.
If we pass with this bacon idea to Barn
well, and the Districts below, we will find it
cheaper to get it by the Georgia Roads. On
the other ,,ide of the State we are to have
the French Broad Rail Road tosupply that
quarter-and the Ea-tern and low country
Districts will be supplied through Baltimore
so that the bacon idea .inks into insignifi
cance comipared with the enormous outlay ne
cessary to be made~, in order to obtain this
miountLain Road, besides the great expense of
keeping it up.
Bacon also seems to be the prost prominent
and protitable article named in the catalogue
of imports from Tennessee. The location of
Blue Ridge Rail Road is such, that it cannot
be a thorough-far e for passengers, and if it
has to depend on the carrying trade, confined
to our supplies, it is bound to be afailure.
How can it be otherwise ?I The fact ought to
bo'kept in view, that, it is not the distanee
fronm inoxtvile to the sea-board in 8.0 Othat
i to dtermh.. d.. vaise .t the Eta ' ~.
Rail Road, but the comparative dimance by
that route, from Knoxville to New York.
We have nothing to exchange with the
people of Tennessee in that direction. It ii
well known in commercial circles that the
jobbing trade of Charleston import to a very
limited extent. That city gets her supplies
mainly from New York, where the village
and large country merchant of South Caro
lina and Georgia go to purchase their sup
plies also. And what is to prevent the mer
chants of Knoxville and East Tennessee fr..mn
doing the same-.'inco they have the Virginia
and East Tennsee Rail Road to carry fur
them ? They cll make their purchanes in
the Iforthern cities and we cannot reasona
bly look for a carrying.trade of merchandise.
Therefore it would seem that the Blue Ridge
Road must derive its support mainly by car
rying agricultural articles for our homne con
sumption; and as I have already said-ind
the gentlemen from Charleston have said
bacon is tho principal article. We do not
want Tennessee flour-we raise wheat enough
for our home use-and we cannot inimport
wheat to grind into flour to export to New
York-neither will the wheat come this way.
It will go by the way of Virginia.
. Previous to the opening of the Virginia
and East Tennessee Road, the South Caro!ina
Rail Road md the central Georgia l-.ad
ever crowded with thousands of busblA u
wheat, sometimnes thirty and forty tbouand
bushels a day by each Road. Flouring Mill.
were erected at great expense to grind1 up
Tennessee wheat for the New York market.
Very suddenly this flood of wheat changed
its direction, and we now .ee no wheat on
our Rail Roads, and the flouring mill, are
running half time for the want of wheat,
while the Richmond millers are coming on
fifty miles this side of Knoxville, purcias.-ing
wheat and taking a trade fromn us, that we
once thought secure -rond all cont ingencies.
It will be seen that 19e Blue Ridge Rou-l, is
:o have little or no travel, mo cotton, it is
not a great mail mute, and running in the
wrong direction to be a line for carrying mier
chandise and its distribution. Now htt mne
ask-where is it to get the business that wi.3
render it self sustaining 7
I am a Rail Road mai-am now pledged
to subscribe ten thousand dollars to a Rail
Road in this District. I offered to subs.Tribe
$20,000 to the Savannah Valley Road, pro
vided others equally able and am much inter
ested would do the same, and begin the Road
Rail Roads, as comrnercial avenues, are
blessings, but they may be managed so as to
be of lit~le value to the couutry through
which they pass.
If we had a Rail Road Ironm Ninety-Six to
Aikenu--the cotton along its line, in my opin.
ion, would still go to Hamburg. The fact is
exemplified in the thousands of bales that
are carried from along tho line of the Green
ville Rail Road in wagons to Hamburg, where
it has a cheap transit to the sea-board, and
where heavy goods are sold cheap.
I repeat that if you had a Iail Road from
dred pounu, ....
C. Road for a distance of ten mile-, an I they
think they qught to get- eighteen wenits.
I came here not to talk for myself, but for
the people at large, and edid niot intend to
advert to taxation-for it savours of dema
gogism-looks like throwing the tub to the
whale, and catering to the prejudices of men ;
but the gentlemen from Charles- n have in
troduced that branch of the subject, which
is indeed inseparable from it.
All the Northern cities have spent their
millions in building commercial avenues. Our
commercial city shrinks from that duty, and
expects the State to do it by taxation.
Charleston is still wealthy notwithstanding
the millions that are accumulated there, and
transfered to Northern cities, to England and
to Scotland. If Charleston had been imbued
with the same spirit of enterprise that char
acterizes other cities, her surplus capital
would have been engaged in enterprises simi
lar to the Blue Ridge Rail Road.
If the State mdertakes to make Raiil Roads
for her, the mercantile capital .will always
continue to shrink from such investments.
And it will leave Charleston as hereto ore,
each year carrying away its million.
One of the great leaders of the Blue Ridge
party has stated in a speech, that a debt of
a million will add to the tax on negrues
eighteen cents a head. Aecording to his cal
culation a debt of two millions will add thir
ty-seven cents-four millions seventy-five
cents-eight millions one dollar, tifty cents
and teelce million.s (my estimate fo)r the cost
of the Road) two dollars and twenty-five
cents a head-and everything else in the
same ratio. Is it right ? Is it just ? That
the country people should have to work the
roads that lead to commercial points, where
men grow rich on commercial traffic, and
then to be called on to build commercial
channels from our cities to other countrica
and through other States.
Youi all know how much labor we bestow
on our Roads, and still have the worst wagon
high ways in christendomn-almost imnpaasa
be at certain seasons of the year, for a half
loaded wagon with six mules. Good com
mon Roads are what we most want, ditched,
graded, and graveled Roads-l4urnpikes. Ma
terials .may be found within two or three
miles of any public high-way in thec District,
even in our sand-hills.
If we had good turnpikos we would not
stand so much in need of Rail Roads. Onr
share -of the monecy that the Blue Ridge
Road will cost, would build us turnpikes
from IHamburg to every neighborhood in the
Distriet. The estimates for the completion
of the Blue Ridge is very low. Why is the
machinery and rolling stock left out alto
getier ? Who ever heard of a Rail Road
commencing bnsinests without machinery ?
That is ordinarily part of the co-t of a Road.
The rolling machinery of the Baltimore and
Ohio Road cost five millions.
I have no idea that the Blue Ride Road
will be completed without running the cost
very far over the estimates.
Major Gwynn the chief engineer of the
Blue Ridge Rail Road, stands high as an en
gineer, and so much do I appreciate him that
he would be my first choice were I going to
build a Rail Road. But still I think, that
every prudent man ~should make allowance
for under estimates ina so complicated and
difficult a job-and I for one, have made up
my mind to see the work, if cafried en, cost
eleven or twelve millions of dollars.
Major Gwynn, was the chief engineer of
the North Carolina Central Road, which cost
about twenty five per cent more than hi4 es
timates. The discrepancy was explained by
Gov. Morehead, so that it did not detract
from the character of Major Gwynn as an
able and reliable enginmeer. Thero is cer
tainly room for similar extra outlays that
may, before this work is completed in all its
parts, run up the co.t-as I am confident it
will-to a point beyond the .expectations of
all concerned. I don't wish to see the State
put into the barids of any man, or set of
..... when ha wmrk in half dans we will
not be willing., to stop-our pridewill urge
u< wn to a ruinous expenditure.
Look at our State .papitol. The first esti
mates were five hundred thousand dollar., it
was then raised to eight' hundred, thin aspin
to.twelve hundred, and lastly to twomiioris
-and although we have as able an architect
as may be found In thia country-the build.
Ing is now likely to exceed even the last es
tinates a half, if not 0 million rof dollars.
I consider the Staie Capitol one of the
most gigar tio follies gf the age. But after it
is paid for, our children's children Will look
on it with pride, as a monument of our taste
and liberality-while the millions expended
on the Blue Ridge Rail Road-if it prove to
be a failure-will be'astandinig monument of
wa-teful miismal a!ement, and entail a heavy
debt on our posterity -
Many are trouble- about the million we
have already invest.-d n the Blue Ridge Rod
-to such, I would bay, the money will not
be entirely lost-we'will have an'additional
Road in S. C. But sipposo it is to be lost,
better so, than to do: worse. The State of
N. York-loaned her: bonds to the Erid Rail
Rnad. That company applied for additional
aid. It was proposedto give her the four
millions that the State might wipe her hands
and be clear of the conrern. By some uteana
the anount nu.-oeary to build it was raised.
The Road coat thirty-three millions, and the
stock is now only worth five cents in the
dollar. You will all agree with we that the
State of New York made .a lucky escape by
giving up as lost the first four millions she
What is life? It is merely a happy dream
of pleasure; a drama- in which the actors
know of nothing but blissful hope and par
ticipa:ion, and where their happineas is shown
in every genture? Where every fiotstep is
guided by the mild and heavenly radiance of
truth, to the blest haven of everlasting re
pase? Is It the harmonious blending of vir
tue, love, religion, and unalloyed pleasure ?
Ah. these are not all the characteristics of
-Let us cAt a glance at the care-worn, al
tered mni, whose Lhildhood was filled with
boyish pleasure<, knowing naught of care;
his you-h a d'eligi-tful dream of love and fu
ture felicity. -Look at him as he *:ts beside
his merchatdise; his waking- hopes and
nightly fears are of'money and its losses;
rarely is the laugh seen upn his cheek, ex
cept in bitter scorn at his foolishness of
of heart, its romance of counting lbye a treaa
sure. His talk is all of stern realities, chill
Ing unimaginitive facts, the dull material ac
cidents of hid unhappy life. Duty strugglos
with him unrewarded 1 the value of a fancy
he measures by the gan it brifng. Thus he
toils day by day, a cold and joyless man.
But there certainly is something more ex
alting an-i bliseful in life than can be traced
in such a character.
We may look at the man bf years who
leans uMui the staff of true religion; his
-0"n -t ;a mlie.. to feel for others: it is a burat.
aeeps 1as treasme, a noble and loving heart;
he Iflfills the great duly of life, he truly
lives; yet how few there are. that d ,-.they
merely breathe and l.bor. They are en
slaved to a daily routine of labor and habit.
One man truly lives where tbousands exist
as in a torpor. They never, have a feebly
-tru;gling sense of a more celestial realm;
their aifections, fancies, and feeli.ags dead,
imagination, faith, a'id conscience are et
Life is indeed a strange mixture; it is as
an avenue of various trees and flowers, that
is lightsome at the commencement, but dark
nesi towprd the chu.e. It begins as a little
path edged with violets and primrose', and a
mossy carpet for tiny feet to tread upon; but
thistles soon spring itn the way, vipers'hide
among the gras<, and briers are woven in the
At the Gibson (Ead.) County Fair, quite s
novel exhibition was made. The Clarion
thus describes it:
About three o'clock Mr.*tephen Meade and.
his wife entered the ring,. Ibllowed 'by their
twelve sons and two daughters, each on a
fine gray steed, and in the order of their ages.
They proceeded around the ring, while the
band struck up " Hail Columbia," and drew
up in front of the Executive, when the Presi
dent made some very appropriate remarks,
after which the mainahoth family- was mnost
vociferously. cheered from, one side of the
grounds'to the other.: We give a brief state
mnt of this family. Theold gentleman was
born ini 1798, and came to this country in
1819. Mrs. Meade ws' born in 1803. The
two were married in 1821,: The oldest son
is thirty-six years old and the youngest four
teen. The older daughter is nineteen end
the youngest seventeen. Eleven are marriedi
and have twenty-two children. The fourteedn
children of Mr. Meade were all born in Gib
son County, and all now live hero but one,
and are the best of citiz.ens. None of the
family have died, anI., lt -'now look hale and
hearty.-Madisonl (lad.) C.--!'4r.
ErzC-rs or Catoonorban wn ilmvs-The
other afternoon Mr. Annan, bulie,. Down
field, wishing to have the honey takar un
a hive without killing the bees, and having
before heard of chlorvforma being used, felt
anxious to try the 4xperiment. He fist
closed the doorway, then covered the hire
with a cloth to shut out the light as much as
possible, after which he commenced to blow
chrofortm into the hive. When it was dis
covered that the bees had fallen sleep, they
were easily removed to another hive without
harm to any one', and next morning were all
awake and in a lively ,,tate, hunnen around
their hive, no doubt wondering wha had
happened. Tis beIng a. sneeseful and use
tful ,-xperiment in keeping the bees alive, we
think it right to make itI gnown for the hene
fit of others.
THE SEaVANT as His Isona.--" It is enotrgb
for the disciple' that ho be as mn:Lter. and the
servant as his lord."-Matt. x. 25.
When the Mexican Emperor Guatimozin
was put upon the rack' by the soldiers of
Cortes, one of his nubles..wlio lay in tortures
at the same time, comi,1 dined piteously to
his sovereign .ot the pain he endured.
"Doouj think," sai& Gautimozin, " that
The nobleman ceased moaning, and expired
in silence. - -
" When a Christian," addls the pious Bishop
Hone, athinks his sid'eriugs for sin, in atck
ness, or pain, etc., ifatoldrable, let him re
m ember tho~ce of hia Lord;jetndued patiently
on that bed of sorroa the :ross, andi le wil
think sono longer."
SavEtD 'rnE 'odt -RtowT.-Five years
since a farmer in -IlhlinoisL notwitsanding
all his neighbors' insited he was playing the
fol, set out on his faimi ontthousand prao's
trees, and this easotn h.:was s.fesedl ten
thouand dollars for :the crop, which he ar
terwardziiold in the lot for ferteen thousansd
dollars. Any man that will be foul enqn.h
to ...3e rruit ought to be served tus: so.