Newspaper Page Text
The Military Bill.
That our readers may see, and understand
for themselves, the exact provisions of this
Bill, we publish entire as perfected and rati
A BI.L CREATING A MILITARY ESTADLISHMENT
FOR So0LTIT CAROLINA.
R i! 'nartad by the S",nate and House of
now met end sitting in Gen
i Assewnbty. That there shall he raised.
dimciplined and maintained for the
r gul!r militarv seivice 6f South- Carolina,
- otlier, and soldiers of different arms of
thii service as hereinafter provided.
SEc. 2. That thore shall be one brigadier
:la:: :.V. the ce-erd staff shall consist of
-* :.,:lwing, One adjutant-general, one
.1 iLrterii-ter, one paymaster and one com
isary, .. - taff officers shall be chiefs of
their respt . -,ureaus for the regular ser
vice, andl shiall have the rank and compensa
iion of majors; and the brigadier-general shall
n .tve t he authority to select one aid-de-camp
from thei li'ntenants of the corps of the line
he~revi!.fwr iiamed. .
SEc. 3. That there shall be one battallion of
l d.--rv. which shall consist of one lieutenant
o*.,nel. oie battallion adjutant, one battalion
quartermaster, one sergeant major and one
quartermaster sergeant, and not less than four
o:- more than six companies; and each com
piny shall con~sist of one captain, two first
lieutenants and one second lieutenant, four
serigvants, four corporals, two artificers, two
musicians, and not less than sixty nor more
than one hundred privates, and one company
oi arti!tirr wiav he equipped as a harnessed
battery of light or flying artillery.
SEc. 4. Tiat tuere shall be one regiment of
infantry, whici shall consist of one colonel.
one lieutenant-colonel, Untie mjor, one regi
mental adjutant. one regimental quarterwas
ter, one sergeant, major and quartermaster
seargeant, and of not less than eight nor more
than sixteen companies ; and each company
shall consi.t of one captain, one first lieuten
ant and one second lieutenant, four sergeants,
four corporals, two artificers, two musicians,
and not less than fifty nor more than eighty
SEc. 5. That there may be one squadron of
cavalry, which, if organized, shall consist of
one major, one adjutant, and one quartermas
ter, oie seargeant major, and cne quartermas
ter -ergeant, and two companies, and each
e..,n1p.ny shall consist of one captain one first
lieutenant, and one second lieutenant, four
sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, two
farriers, two artificers. and not less than forty
nor more than sixty privates..
SEc. 6. That the regimental, battalion and
squadron adjutants and quartermasters shall
be first lieutenants in their respective corps,
and receive pr-y and compensation as such, as
hereinafter-provided; and upon detachments
or special service, when regularly appointed
officers of the quarterniaster's or commissary
departments, art not present, the command
ing officer for the time being, shall detail
officers to perform the duties of such depart
SEc. 7. That the medical staff shall consist
of one surgeon, with the rank of major, who
shall be medical director, four assistant sur
geons, with the rank of captains, and not
more than eight junior assistant surgeons,
with the rank of first lieutenants.
SEC. 8. That all officers and soldiers named
in this Act shal receive the same pay and
allowances as have been given to officers and
soldiers of the army of the late United States,
and as defined in the general regulations for
said army, published in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven.
SEc. 9. That all the officers created by the
provisinns of this Act shall be appointed by
the Governor, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, bit should vacancies
occur or rema~in unfilled during the recess of
the Leuislature, the Governor shall have pow
er to fill the vacancy, by commission, to ex
tend until the close of the next session of the
SEC. 10. That all officers Created by the
provisions of this Act, shalt hold their comn
missions during good behavior, and the plea
sure of the Governor of South Carolina for
5ie time being. rand all non-commissioned
officers and privates shall be enlisted to serve
for a period of three years, unless sooner ds
charged; Provided, that nothing in this Act
shall be const/ued as making provisions for
the maint.enance of a military force of any
kind, cotmissioned, or non-commissioned, for
a longer period tharn shall be provided for
be- the Legislature, in its annual appropria
SEC. 11. T hat the inCrease of strength from
the minimnum to the maximum. as poie
for comnpanies and corps, shall I.-, made by
discretion of the Governor, ac. eling to the
exigencies of the service.
Sac. 12. That all officers created by the
provisions othsAct, wh salbe charged
with the disbursement of public money or the
s .fe keeping or charge of public property.
shall giv bonds for the faithful discharge of
their duty in sums as prescribed by the laws
and r.--ultions for the army of the late
U .i-e.l Scates, according to their respective
ranks amnd positione, and such duties shall be
nerformed according to such regulations, with
such modifications as may be ordered by the
Commnander-in Chief to adapt them to the
s.>rvice of the State of South Carolina.
SF.C. 13. That the oficeers and soldiers
which have been appointed and enlisted un
der the provisions of reso:lut ions and Acts al
ready in force, shall be considered as part of
the 'force authorized and~ organized by this
Act, the provisions of their enlistment for the
term of one year oily, being valid in such
cases. not withstanding the provisions herein
befo re expressed.
Se:c. 14. That th~e rules and articles by
which the army of the United States is now
roverned, and the regulations of the said ar
my now of farce. shall be the rules and arti
cle< and regulations for the army of the State
of South Carolina. with such modifications as
may be necessary to adapt the same to the
rService of this State.
TO RA ISE SUPP'I.i.S FoR TH . YF.A R Co.MMENCING
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of.
Representaties, now met and sitting in Gens
eva' Assembly, and by the authonity of the
.(wiet, Trhat a tax for the sums, and in the
m041ner hereinafter mentioned, shall be raised
aid paid into the Treasury of this State, for
the usc and service thereof, that is to say):
One dollar and thirty cents, ad- raloremn, on
every hundred dollars of the value of all lands
granted in this State, according to the exis
ting classificationx as heretofore established;
one hundred and twventy-six cents per head
on1 all slaves ; three dollars on each free nie
gro, tuulat to uor mnestizo, between the ages of
fifteen and fifty years, except such as .shall
ilearly be proved, to the satisfaction of the
Collector, to he incapable, from mains or oth
erwise, of procm: ing a livelihood ; twenty-two
cents, ad relorenm, on every hundred dollars
of the value of all lits, lands and buildings
within any city, town, borough or village in
this S:ate: one hundred cents per huindred
tdollars on factoirage, emaploynmen ts, faculties
and profes.,ions, including the profession of
dentistry, and including herein Clerks of
LCourt.. of Connnmon Pleas and General Ses
sl. Siti<. Masters and Commissioners in
yquity. Registers in Equiry, Registers in
Mesne Co nveyanice,. Ordinaries and Coroners,
whether in t he profession of Law or Equity,
the pirofits lbe derived from the cost of suits,
fees, oir other sources of professional income,
except clergy men, school masters, school-mi+.
tresses and muechanics; one hundred cents on
every hundlred dollars on the amount of comn
mis-.Ion, received by vendue masters and comi
mnis.,ion merchants ; forty cents on. the capital
stock paid in on the first of October, one
thousand eight hundred and sixty, of all
banks which, for their present charters, have
not paid a bonus to the State; eighty cents
per hundred dollars on the capital stock of
any bank of issue, not incorporated by this
S-ate, paid in on the first day of October, one
thotusand eight hundred and siuty, doing busi
ncsa by agents withiin the limits of the State;
forty cents per hundred dollars on the capital
toek ort all incorporated1 gas light companies ;
m.a 4 a hadf per c'entumi on all premiums
*. ., in this smate by incorporated insurance
..anie--, an by 'lie agenmci-s of insmuan~ce
1 .Jli and undlerwri tets without thme lini
,tt of th. S'ate ; twe'nty-two cents onm ' very I
undred dollars of the amount of sales of js
a'os was and merchandize, trmbracing all 2
Virginia's Proffered Mediation.
On another page way be found the Reso
tions passed by the South Carclina Legisla. a
re in response to Virginia's last attempt at ni
adiation. Ii, bringing the matter to the s
tention of that body, his Excellency the T
overnor, presented the case in a brief but h
,inted and conclusive wanner. We copy a
s message on this occasion
STAT OF SoTr CAROLINA, -
Executive Department, Jan. 28, 1861.
1the Speaker and Members S
of the House of Representatives:
GENTLE.NI: His Excellency, the Gover- 2
r of Virginia, has transmitted to me the
iclosed resolutions, passed by the Legisla
tro of that illustrious Commonwealth. t
It will be seen that their object is to induce '
ie Legislature of South Carolina to send on a
omnmissioners to meet Commissioners-from
irginia, as also from all the States that think
roper to send similar Commissioners, on the e
th February next, in Washington City, to a
:nsider, and, if practicable, to agree upon
e suitable adjustment of the great issues
iat have been made in the Confederacy. t
We are disposed to treat with the most I
rofound consideration every proposition that 2
.ay emanate from the State of Virginia, and 1
) yield to her almost everything, except
-hat may involve vital principles. More i
ban a year ago the State of South Carolina, <
ctuated by the most sincere desire to do I
verything in her power to avert the dangers
bat it was manifest then threatened the Fed
ral Union, sent a Commissioner to Virginia, i
rho made an urgent appeal to her to step t
)rward and devise some plan upon which the t
tates imtediately concerned might act to
ether, and save their peace and their rights, i
nd yet preserve the common Constitution as
blessing for the States. It was then thought i
nnecessary, on the part of Virginia, to take I
ny steps to act in concert with South Caro- I
na. If our sister States bad acted at that
eriod, perhaps something might have been
one to secure new guarantees by which our
eace might have been protected in the com
As far as the Northern States are concerned,
icy have, many of them, often violated their
bligations as States under the Federal com
act, and the compromises that have been
inde between the two great sections of the
bnfederacy have been wantonly set aside.
Ve have appealed in vain to their plighted
ith, and the integrity of the covenaut. We
are been traduced and denounced through
beir pulpits, their press, their orators and
beir statesmen as unworthy of equality with
bema as States, and even as their inferiors in
social point of yiew. Their people have t
nited in overwhelming tajorities at the ro
ent elections upon issues which openly in
olved our peace and existence, to put into
ower a party who entertain the deepest and f
lost nalignant hostility to our institutions I
Ad to our people. This is the greatest overt I
et of the people at the ballot-box, from
hich there is no appeal to any higher tribu
al under our system of government. They
ave agreed to place at the head of the army
d navy a President, not for the protection
f the rights and the peace of our people under
common inheritance, fixed and transmitted
y express charters from the very origin of
ie government, but with open and avowed
rinciples of deep and settled hostility, and
ith pledges made by him at the head of a
Dwerful party for the final extermination of
istitutions essential to our power as a peo
le, and to the peace of our society.
We have been forced to resume our origi
al powers of Government and to assert our
parate sovereignty as a State in order to
Aek that protection which we were compelled
) believe would not be given to us and to
ur people unwder the power of such a party
nd such a Chiel Magistrate. Under these
rcumstanmces, however much I might be dis.
osed to yield the most profound resp~ect to
de State of Virginia and to any suggestion
cum her, yet it is difficult to perceive upon
'hat grounds this State could agree to send
om:aissioners to Washington to meet Coam
issioners from the Northern States as well
sfrom the Southern States. It aight only ,
seult in deeper and wider difficulties and i
But I refer the whole matter, with great
eference to your wisdom and decision, ho
ing, in any event, that the kindest and mxost
spectful reply may be made to Virginia.
'erhaps it is riot improper to state that this
tate has agreed. through her Convention, to
ieet Delegates from the other seceding Stat es
SMontgomery on thme 4th of February. and
ir Conivention has actually apipointed Dele
ites to attend~ this meeting from these States.
Th'le object of this Conivention of States -:t
[ontgomery will be to form immiediatr'.y a
,mont governmmen:t foir the States that aave
iceded, and by an eflicient organiza' .on to
c:i re their pernmenit independence becyondl
c reach of any contitngency. It would oh
tiusly be impolitic for this State to send
elegates to a meeting at Washington, ap- a
u~inted fomr the same day, to meet States of'
e North with any view to preserve or to
construzct the Federal Government with t~
em, when we have agreed first to mtee't oura
ster secedingr States, to whiom we owe our
~epest obligations, and feel bound by every'
e to make no compromise with any other
>wers until we have formed with theta ar
parate and independent nation.(
F. W. PICKENS.
J. A. Spencer, of Wheeling, Va., addressed r
braham Lincoln a note with the foilowincg
iestions as to the John Brown raid and the ,,
red Scott decision :' r
1st. Had the jurisdiction of the crime corn
~tted by John Brown and others beenm sur
nderedf to the Federatl Government, and
dgent delayed until the Fourth oif 3larch0
~xt, would you have exercised the pardoni
2d. D~o you regard the Dred Scott decisionh
binding upon the people of' the Notrth ?
A few days thereafter Mr'. Spencer received b,
e following reply:h
Srnatso'mr.n. January 2, 1861. a
J. A. SPnscKRn, Esc.-Sir: I had resolved
my mind to reply to no letters addressed
e from any one, concerning the manifold 1
testions th'at have of hate gained a f'ooting mn
ir distracted country. But as I have fre
itently' had the same interrogatories pr'o- I
unded to ine by others, and as your letter
ems to be dictated in a spirit of kindness,
eking informaation only, I have concludeda
r the presenlt to waive myi resolve andh reply' t
ving yo pemsso to disptke of my an- i
ter as vout see fit.
You :Ek :" Ilnd the jurisdiction of the
ime conite by Briown andl others been a
rrenldere0d to the Federal Government, and
dgent thereon delayed uintil the 4th of
archi next, would you (I) have exercised I
e pardloning pow.er' ?" 1 answ'er: I hi: ye
refully reviewed the testiimony in said casa
d in miy opinion Brown conmmitted no of- t
nc against the Federal Government mnert
ag stich severe pui.mienct as lie received. m
a most lie comunitted against the Federala
uernm.ent was a i~russ misdemeanor. hand
have been the Governor of your State 1
ight have pursuedl the course lhe did. Yet
en then there were strong mitigating cir
nstances. Brown was no doubt a mono- e
anie on the sublject of negro slavery ; and a
sich, close confinement would have been h
are in accordance with the dictates of jus- ei
To your second, I reply in the negative, na
r this reason: said decision is hostile to thme
tvancement of Il-publicani principles, art'id
erefore attended with danger in a govern- a~
ent like ours.
Hoping the above will prove satisfactory,
I am, sir, your ob't serv't,
Signed, A. LixcoL.- k
A at WE -ro PAaT wivut MosTy itaos?- p.
>hing is more certain than that, reconcilia. mr
in failintr, Virgintia, too, will be out of the
cion befomre the 41th of' Mareb,. Oh' all oilher .
utes, we of the North should must regre(t f
rting with the Old D~omiinion, in wh~ose soil e
the bones andt dlust of' ihe Fathner of' his!
intry. Nu tst we civ.e up the grave of' Wash- i
tnI. s aimout \'ernon to b~e taken fromi 1h
? Answer', ye Itepumblitni patriots, whoip
cc a1 higher valiue iuon tihe Chicago plat. r
m that up~on U nion, conciliation and pecace f Ila
u-w vYo.k Jlrese. aill
WASINGTON, Jan. 31.--The Alabama Com
issioner, Mr. Judge, will to-morrow commu
cate with the President, with a view to en
r into negotiation for the permanent posses.
on of the Federal property in that State.
he President has determined not to receive
im, and will refer him for the present to his
etion in the case of South Carol na.
Gen. Scott was to-day before the select Con.
iittee of Investigation, on the alleged pro
,eted invasion of Washington. His evidence
as very lengthy, and some portions of it are
iid to confirm the rumors of an attack.
Col. Hayne to-day laid the ultimatum of
;outh Carolina for the surreader of .urt
oumtcir beforc the President. The President
not. expected to answer immediately, and
ie result will not be determined for some d ays.
'he President will probably seek to evade, or
t least postpone the issue, but escape is im
The coercionists begin to feel decidedly un
asy. Everything is pointing to the certain
Aid successful consummation of the great
The Toronto Leader, acknowledged to be
lie ablest exponent of English sentiment in
ritish America, is out in another powerful
.rticle upon the dissolution of the Federal
Jnion. It re-asserts, as a fact that cannot'b.e
loubted, that England will promptly recog.
kize the de facto Government of the South
irn States. This is a terrible blow to the Abo.
Despatches from Virginia represent the ex
:itemen there as intense and increasing. The
)id Dominion folks don't relish the idea of
he big Columbiads of Fort Monroe being
urned against them by the tools of Lincoln.
It is now said that Hayne will break off
tegotiations,and leave here on Saturday. -
The Secretary of State has declined to ad.
nit that the secession authorities, in posses.
iion of a commercial port, have any power to
rrant clearances or receive the payment of
luties. In a letter to Lord Lyons, he defines
he position of the Government. He declares
hat the laws of the United States will be re
rarded as in full operation. .
Mr. C. T. Haskell, of your city, reached
Washington this afternoon. He brought im
yortant despatches for Col. Hayne, the pur
)ort of which is understood to be certain res
>lutions passed by the South Carolina Legis
ature, on Monday, in secret session, demand
tng as the ultimatum of South Carolina the
nmediate surrender of Fort Sumter. The
nstructions of Governor Pickens are to the
diect that Col. Hayne will act in accordance
vith the spirit of the resolutions. Col. Hayne
vill comauunicate them to President Buchan
ma to-morrow. Col. Hayne, however, declines
o give any information of their purport or
\VAsUIcrON, February 1.-Tt is reported
hat Col. Hayne, having received dispatches
rom Gov. Pickens, has brought the subject of
he evacuation of Fort Sumter before the Ad.
Horatio King was nominated to-day to the
senate as Postmaster General.
From the New York Express.
England and the Southern Confederacy.
The news from Toronto to-day, that the
3ritish Government intends to acknowledge
he independence of the Southern Confedera
y as soon as it is regularly organized and
nakes application in due diplomatic form,
reates a profound sensation in the city.
The journal which makes this anndunce
nent-the Toronto Leader-is high official
Luthority, and of its correctness, in this case,
he most intelligent of our people here do
iot appear to have any doubt.
The General Convention of the Cotion
states, it will be remembered, assembles at
dontgomery, Ala., on the 4th of Fedruary.
6 morth in advance of Lincoln's inauguration,
L'he programme is, to organize a Provisional
overnmnent at once. wvith Pres5idlent, Vil~e
?resident, etc., and then dcspatch ambassa
lore to England and France for recognititm
.s an independent power. so as to he ready
:onsequences, whatever they may be, ur. Ier
lhe Republic for regime anby March 4th.
The cautious and very diplomatic speedl of
he British Premier, at the Southampton . n
'r-r, on the 91h, strongly sdv.erse to kor
-now unquestionably means much, in thais
onnection-and the meaning may be inter
cation--besides recognition--in case we go
a work cutting one another's throats, and
lowing one another's brains out.
rhe Louisiana Ordinanace of Secession.
tai Ordinance to Dissolve the Uanion between
the State of Louisiana and other States
united with haer uinder the Compact entitled
the Constitution of the Unmted States of
We, the people of the State of Louisiana,
Convention assemibled, do declare and or
n, and it as hereby declared and ordained,
hat ordinance ptassed by us Nov. the 22d1,
777, wherebay the Constitution of the United
tiale of Anmerica, and the amendments to
tild Coanstituitiont, wvere adopted, anid all laws
aid or-dinaances by which Louisiana becnane a
iemnber of the Federal Union, be and the
tine are hereby repealed and abrogated, and
bce uniotn now subsisting betweea Luuisiana
aad other States under the inme of the United
tates of Aamerica, in hereby dissolved.
And we furthoc. declare and ordain thatI
Lie State of Louisiana hereby resumtes the
ightsa ancd powers heretofore delegated to the
lovernanent of thte United State% -af Ainerica.
cad her citizens arc absolved froma allegianice
y' said goveritnment.
And we further declare and ordain that all
ghts acquired and vested under the Coansti
Ition of the Uanited States, or anty act of
otarcss, or treaty, or any law of this *State,
ut intcomtpatible with this ordiaance, shall
ntnaint in force, atnd have the same cifeet as
this ordintance had ntot beeni passed.
Tu: Tam.LEDY i. A t.AiaAA.-The suicide
r Wait. English, iai Bald wvini County, Alabanma,
rier killicng three of his chaildretn, on thte 14th
ast., has been ntuicedl. A letter iai the Pen
icola (Flai.) 4)/bsrrer, gives further partica
trs of the horrible affair. It says:
" He weaat to Mobile with a "draft on the
ink of that city, calling for $60,000, which
efailed to get. Supposing it lost forever,
id himiself and famtily iampoverished, he re
arned homie with a heavy heart. On the
rst eveninig after his return home, he ordered
ae nurse to asseaable the chaildren in the par-e
r, which she did cnot suspecting his nmurder
us initenttions. Asuoan as the nturse lad left
ec room lie apphroachied the cradle ini which
y htis younagest child, an iantntniune monthls
d, and cut its throat fronm ear to ear. The
urse happeneaed to look thrugh the windowt
rtd saw what. hec was doiaag, anid hastened to
ae gardeni where Mrs. Eniglisha was supeari. a
uding some work, anad gave the alarm. Mrs.
.started for the htouse ini all poissible baste,
.cd eantered the ptarlorjutst as ate had cut the
ruat of the tird child, aand was ini the net
cuatting bis owan. Rushing forward, she
:ized htim by the arm, tad castiaag a woeful
ok iat thte bleedinag and mangled forans of his
iildren, demanided hais reasoan fbr kilhing them. i
e gecatly pushed lier away, sayig at the t
mae that it was nll for the best. Before she
,tld get to himn agan he adne a lick at hje
roat, compalletely severinig thejucgular vetn,
td ihiliaig ianto a chair, gavg way by degrees
td fel dead up~on the floor, surrounaded by
ce bleedinag forms of his innocenat chaildren."
No Gou as 'rat Coss-rrtirncos.-Whten Al.
ander Hlamtiltont returned front Philadeholtia,
ier the foranation of the Federal Cotnstitutioan,
was mect itt the street by the Rev. Dr. hlog
-s, who said to him, " Cul. Hamilton, we are
reatly grieved thtat the Constittutiocn makes no
eantion of the Supreame Being."
" I declare," said Uatmiltoin, "we forgot it.'"
We hope, i liwe are to have a coanstitution to
Southern U ,nfederacy, that the existence of
Suapreame leintg atnd our depenidencee on himt,
ill atat be iganored ; for, if the powers that be,
e ordained of God, it becomes them to a':
towiedgelim as the grena Lawgirer in order
p secure his blessinags acid guidance, aind the
irmcanence and prosperity of the Govern-I
Ne, are neuthir Putrianaicnl taor sutperstitious:
ad vet we have very little doubt bitt the~ dowi-t
II mof the Amneriana Goveranment, ay be tra
al to Ithe fact that God anid his maoralGoern
eini ha ve been~t critnitnlly ignaored an!d dis
enied by a large pcatriitm of. thte A americann pe.o
U. Bth ri!eras ~and saubjects seemc to :hatve
acetic-ally discatrded the doctriane of at or I
Ii g Pr'o,. idenena. We t rust thic present ea
taitotus cotnditiona of the country will each If
a lesson on tis ubject.I
Lrticles of trade for 5ale, barter or exchange
'the products of this State, and the unmanu-|
ctured products of any of the slaveholding lu
states of the late United States excepted)It
rhich any person .shall have made from the
lirst of January, one thousand eight hundred I
and sixty, either on his, her, or their capitail, at
or borrowed capital, or on account of any G
person or persons as-agent, attorney or con
signee; ninety cents on every hundred dol- pl
lars of the amount of sale-, goods, wares and h
merchandize whatever, wlich any transient
person not resident in this State shall make
in any house, stall or public place, whether I
the said sale be made by sample or otherwise;
twenty dollars per day on all circus oxhili
tions; five dollars per day for representing D
publicly, for gain and reward, any play, com- ei
edy, tragedy, interlude or farce, or other em- ti
ploymeut of the stage, or any part therein,
or for exhibiting wax figures, or any shows t
of any kind whatsoever, to be paid into th.' C
hands of the Clerks of the Courts respectie- V
ly, who shall be bound to pay the same into p
the Treasuries of the State of South Carolina, 4
except in cases where the same is now re- L
qirued by law to be paid to corporations or a
otherwise ; one-tenth of one per cent, on all t
monies loaned, monies at interest, all monies
invested in the stocks or bonds of any other :
State, other than the bonds or stock of this r
State, and other than the stocks of the banks t
and railroad companies of this State; one dol. %
lar and fifty cents on every one hundred dol- t
lars of gross receipts of all commercial agen- a
cies within the limits of this State ; thirteen e
cents on every pack of playing cards sold in t
the State; fifteen dollars on every billiard ta- e
ble within ths State used to and for raking v
the revenue therefrom; one hundred cents on f
the hundre4 dollars of all the salaries, inclu- 8
ding publi offices, (except officers of the Ar- g
my and Navy, and wages over the sum of a
five hundred dollars,) from whatever source a
derived or paid in this State. u
SEc. S. That the President of the Bank of a
the State of South Carolina be and he is i
hereby authorized and required to issue, in p
the name of the State of South Carolina, four d
thousand five hundred certificates or bonds, .p
o1 the value of fifty dollars each, two thous- t
and five hundred certificates or bonds, of the
value of one hundred dollars 'etch-, and four t
hundred certificates or bonds of the value of 0
five hundred dollars each, to be signed by the i
said President and countersigned by the 1
Cashier of the said Bank, bearing interest at (
seven per cent per annuum, payable on the i
first day of July of each and every year, at f
the Treasury, A'nd redeemable thereat; that I
is to say, the four thousand five hundred cer- t
tificates or bonds of fifty dollars each to be t
redeentable on the. first day of July, which t
will be'in the year of our Lord one thousand a
eight hundred and sixty eight ; the two thous- u
and five hundred certificates or bonds of one c
hundred dollars each, to be redeemable on v
the first day of July, which will be in the p
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred r
and seventy, and the four hundred certificates a
or bonds of five hundred dollars each, to be s
redeemable on the first day of July, which v
will be in the year of our Lord one thousand n
eight hundred and seventy-two, and which I
said certificates or bonds shall have suitable a
coupons, to be signed by an officer appointed c
by the President of the said Bank, attached a
Sec. 9. That the said cer'ificates of bonds, t
and the respective coupons thereto, shall be p
received at the Treasury of the said State, as v
the same shall respectively become payable, p
in payment of taxes and other debts due to 11
the State of South Carolina. I
SEc. 12. That in case there shall be requir.
ed for military contingencies a larger sum of n
money than shall be raised by the taxes herein s
provided for, and the issuing of the Treasury ,
notes also provided for, it shall and may be t
lawful, opon the request of the Governor of c
the State, for the President of the Bank of a
the State of South Carolina to issue and put c
in circulation notes or certificates in the form r
hereinafter prescribed, of such denominations,
not less than one dollar, as the said President fi
may think proper; which said notes or ccr- v
tificates shall be receivable in payment of C
taxes and other dues to the State for the sums n
therein expressed: Prot'idsd, that the whole a
amount of such notes or certificates shall not r
exceed the sum of three hundred thousand c
dollars ; and the sai2~ notes or certificates
shall he in the following form, viz: "This d
note or certificate shall I:- received in pay- ,
ment of taxes and other dues to the State for r
- dollara,'' and shall be signed by the ,
President and Cashier of the said bank, orr
such other person or persons as the said Presi- n
dent and Directors may appoint for that pur- a
pose ; and it shall be lawful for any banks in
this State to pay or deliver out and circulate g
the notes or certificates issued in pursuance
of this Act, That the .Iresident of the Bank ~
of' the State of South Carolina shall pay the e
drafts of the Governor, countersigned by the
member of the Executive Council charged s,
with the Treasury Department, for any amount t!
not exceeding the anmount of' such notes or v
certificates issued and pu't in circulation j
by the said bank. That the twenty-first sec- I
tion of an Act, entitled "An Act to ratise sup-.
plies for the year commeuncing October onier
thousand eight hundred and twenty-three, t;
ratifed on the twentieth dauy of December,
one thousand eight hundred and twenty-three," d
b? re-enacted and henceforth declared of't
force in the words following, that is to say:p
" That the Treasurers of the State shall be e
required hereafter not to receive any tax re
turns which shall not be made in strict con
formity to the instructions of the Cornptroller
General. That the Treasurers of this State
be instructed to receive, in payment of taxes,
the bill and nmotes of' all the b'anks of this A
Sate, mnless, in the opinion of thi- Comptriol
her General, it shall become unsafe to receive 'I
the bills or notes of one or more of such I)
banks, in which case he shall he authorized
o issue instructions to the Tax Collectors to a
reiuse the notes of such bank or banks." r
From the Charleston Mercury.
Volunteers from Literary Institutions-- ir
The Governor's Views.
IIEADQtUARTERs, January 29, iS01. am
7o Hon. (. C'annon :
Sa: I have just received yours, in which 1
you say that "a number of the young men
a Wofford College have volumnteered and
oined a company in Spartainburg Village,"
and you " re.,pectfully suggest that they be in
released and permitted to form a Company of mn
Students, to be at the coimmanttd of the Goy- at
Lrnor." I mnoht cheerfally acce:'e to yo~ur m~
sugge~tion, and take this occasion to say that qi
it would be a deep itnjury to the State to p,
hase our literary institutions broken up by at
the young nmn going into the active military se
ervice oif the Staite. Their constitutions are f
uot sufficiently matured for either garrison gi
life or for field exp~osure. Bes'des, we are si
leeply interested as a State, in training our
youths in the paths of intellectual culture, ce
so as to prepare them to maintain the high 5t
position this State has ever held, in those Ji]
uoal and intellectual struggles, which are asM
ssential to our independence as is the pro- ti
resion of arum..C
The daiy is comitng 'wheni we will require am
he services of all ini diflerenit departments, fe
ad one is equamlly honorable with the other. ti
[t is a mistake to suppose that the y'ounlgT
nen of our Colleges must push forward now G
to the ranks of the ar my, or they may never I
igait have an opportunity. The day, in all rm
noability, is comning~ when there may be ei
ccasions, perhaps too frequnent, when they et
will have a fair opportunity for distinction ; mi
it any rate, the true road to permanent dis- as
:inetion in any pursuit of life, is thorough ft
repartion and~ education while young. ti
I have the honor to be,
. Most respectfully yours, fo
F. W. PICK ENS. a<
Mssissm' -rAKCs HEat Fon-r-he2 for t at in
ship Island, Mississippi, some twelve miles
'roma Biloxi, was taken possession of on Sun
lay, the 20th instant, by Capt. Iloward and
ibout fifty men from Jliloxi. There were at
he fort several United States officers and
ibotut ffty laborers, who offered no resistance. N
L'his is the only fort in Mississippi, and was tit
lesigned to be one of ,t be stron~gest on thme i
outhern coast. - St
Dv.:.ixo Hon-:1Eu iN:.-We rcgret to arn
lar of the burning of' the residence of \Jr.
tichard M. W hiiie, residing at the villay.: i'fi;
reenwod. The fire occurred onm Fridaym us
ust. and was purely accidental. We undler- ph
land that most of the furniture was saved.- for
.bnilln Banner. Elst Jan. _
ARTHUR SIMXINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 6, 1861.
pir- From severe indisposition Mis. Btmr, we
earn, wr.a unable to resume her sebo 'i exercises
s stateu a few weeks since. But her health is
iow much improved, and on Monday last she
pened her school near IHorn's -Creek Church,
rith a good prospect of quite a number of lupils.
The Edgefield Bar.
The proceedings of the meeting of the members
)f the Edgefteld Bar held in the Court House on
Vonday evening last, to pay a fitting tribute of
respect to the memory of Gzo. W. LA-nmux, Esq.,
ias been received, but too late for this issue. It
ill afford us pleasure to publish them entire in
Dur next, together with the eloquent and feeling
remarks of Jos. Aaxzv, Esq., and Col. M. W.
Edgefield Female College.
IT will be seen by reference to our advertising
columns, that the Fall Session of this College will
terminate on Friday next, and that on Thursday
and Friday there will be a public examination of
its pupili. Exercises will be resumed on Monday,
11th, the beginning of the next Session, at which
time it is confidently expected large accessions
will be made to Mr. G WALTNEY's present flourieh
Call on the Sheril'.
We have been requested by Col M. W. GARY,
to state that he has placed the money received of
the State funds, for the contingent accounts of
this District, in the hands of Sheriff Jones. Those
interested will call on Mr. JoNvs for a settlement.
REV. E. 11. IAKE, Universalist, will preach at
the Court House next Sunday at 11 o'clock A. M.
Feb. 4th, 1861.
J. J. SPInat.s, Esq., has been appointed Aid to
the governor of Alabama, charged with the special
duty of assisting in the direction of Military af
fairs at Head Quarters. No more judicious ap
pointment could have been made. However our
old College comrade has been misrepresented and
traduced in the late Presidential campaign, we
always know he would be in the right place it the
A Sad Accident.
On the night of the 21st January, Capt. DoVo
LASS ROBERTSON, of this District, bad a very val
uable negro woman burned to death. The unfor
tunate woman was sitting near the fire, when her
dress caught, and before the flames could be sub
dued she was so severely burnt that she died in a
short time thereafter. This is a sad misfortune to
A Large Hog.
Mr. ABRAM RrtLA4n, one of our oldest and
most independent farmers-one who invariably
raises his own bacon and corn at home-killed
recently one of his largest three year old shoats
which weighed fiee hundred and thirty-fiea pouid#
nett. This porker weighed gross 642. Who can
equal Mr. RUTLAND in the rearing of large hogs.
The following gentlemen have been elected and
installed Officers, of Butler Lodge No. 59, for the
present Masonic year, viz:
Dr. D. SumAnn, W. M.
M. W. CLAnY, S. W.
T. Bt. Bnow.Nzy, J. W.
S. S&ortsy, Treas.
J. IL. G oocxsi, See'ry.
3. R. SurvuI, J. D.
L. 13. HIAztLE. Tyler.
The State F'lag.
The Legislature Monday night (says the Chur
texton .Vkery. of the 31lst.) ngain altered the de
sign of~ the State flag. It now consists of a blue
ieldl, with a white palmetto tree in the middle,
upright. The white eresetit in thte upper Ilug
sta corner rem:sins as before, the horns pointing
upwa.d. This may be regarded as finail.
It appears that it wns a mtistake of the Wash
ingon Cvanfteuttin, to conelndle from any thing vet
oard that Englanid wi I lie tardy in acknowledlging
the indepiendent government of the South. The
ery reverse is thle piurport of intelligene fronm
that quarter. This correctiont is here madec, be
:ause we publi'ed last week thte Constitutfion's
-I .-.-- 4
Our Volunteer Comptanics.
We publish this week the roill of thet two comn
sanies furtmed iu the 7th ltegitment, . U. M., itt
rccrance with te req1uisitiona of thle Militairy hill.
Next week we will publish the list of the two
:omanties formed itt thte 9th Itlegitment.
The tjlieers of thtose two Coanpanties arc us fl
U,.jPrr I1attaion~r,, 9ith Regjiiinet. S. ('. if.
Capitai-i,. M. TA .nutur,
2ndu Lieutenuant-ll. G;. Siant.est,
L~ower Battalion,, thl ftegqi,net, S. C. if.
The Wect Season.
No cotntry was ever blesused with mnore copiouts
htwers than the South hus received duritng the
ast eight weeks. lt in a bslessiug atnd shiould be
et as such. Without it, our crop for the currett
year must have failed. Now, the uarth att last fully
aturated antd her dried foutnt~sins arc replenished.
ow, we mtay look forwardt with good courage to'
i ample return for agrienltural labor rightly bte
towed. laut in spite of this blessed a-surance the
reater is desperately gloomy, and all are looking
xiously for one of thto.ie "long intervals of
loudless .utnshine" whlich WisttniO-ro Intvis,
rnoutced a ebaracteristic of our Amnerican wiln
To Itaise Supplies.
Tie Act of thte Legislature to raite supplies for)
he year 186l is aL tmatter in which our people are
u inuch inaterestedl, that wre copy it in full upon
tother column. It will be seen that t.ttr ta xation
Ssomewhat increased ; hut who is he that will
sy, ,w'y The tuan1 it ot to be found in itll our
oatmmnwealth. haad it been tent titmes more oner
us, and had the circulustancees of our position
e;irehd that it should be so, not a mnurmnur would
ae been heard ;-For while we are skeptics antd
utidehs whenat cient is eznkedlfor tribu tle, we are the
rue believers when wili*n are an~ldfor defree.
The Iuhlowintg appointtnetts by the G;overnor
rere confirtmed b~y the Senate Mlonday night in
R. G. 31. Duanvant, L'rigaieir-General. 1
WV. D. Desaus.-ure, .Major of Cavalry.
N. G. Evatns, sr.. Cnyptniin of Cavalry.
Watlter tGwynnt, Major,
E. 11. White, Capltaina.
J1. 1I. Trttpier, Captaint.
F. I). Lee, First Lieutenant.
tG. WV. Earl, First Lieutenatnt.
John McCraidy, First Lietutenntut.
J1. W Gtegorie, First Lieutenant.
Joel E. Mathews has given the Governor of
Llabana 270 bales of cotton the piroceeds of which
re to be used for thte State.
This tiet is going the rountds int three short lines.
.et is tadd twice three thereto. Two hundred and
eventy Alabaa hales will weigh 13.5,0010 lbs.,
nd that , mnultiplied biy InI etS., will give $13:,50n. I
hree timeo~ thtree for Mr. Mrrui: ws of Alabama !
par- The Alhatma Cuonvontion in secret ses
in lil the night of thIe !!Sth utlt.. adopted a
e,,tntinl inlslructinlg the Diepntios to thle dohntht-t
rn Ciogress to e'tabtlishi a iouthert Contfederney.
irever preventt thte re-opetnitng of the African
Express from the Editors
ArU'STA, Feb. 5, 18t1.
IJear Advertiser : Your news envoy arrived here
'esterday evening by wrater. The river is very
igh,-all over Hamburg ;-as far out as the brick
mouse next to the old high-water-mark warehouse.
Lfter waiting sone time for it to go by. I plunged
a and drove through. Our good friends, Messrs.
toEnr BUTn.a and RoDERn LAuAn kindly its
isted me, the latter taking iy better half over in
. boat, while the former went with me in the car.
inge :s navigator. Maty thanks to both of them.
MNly wife not enring to try it agitin until the riv.
:r falls, I drop you this note.
Herewith I send you a Cour-er of yesterday.
[t contains the Executive Documents as to th<
Fort Sumter negotiation. They are very interest.
ing, and if you could give then in toto would b
very acceptable to our readers. But this is nexi
to impossible at the late hour when you will re.
ieive this. Suffice it to say that Col. J. W
IIAvs:'s delay was occasioned by an appeal fron
the congressmen of the other seecling Stater. L
T. WIrUFALL's name at the top of the list. The
deprecated action in the matter of Fort Sumter
and, as co-workers in a common cause, asked it
postponement. But the whole negociation, owia
to the indecision of Buchanan, results in nothing
Poor old fellow! he is almost an exemplifneatici
of the Latin phrase, "E.e inilo nih1i fit." I
declines to do any thing and shuffles the whole af
fair otf on the Congress. So the demand for th
Fort stands refused, to all intents and purposer
Our authorities feel it so. Col. HArxg is to be i
Charleston to-day, and it appears to be the con
elusion that Fort Samtcr msrat be taken. So loo
out for stirring news in a few days.
I send you a Constitutionaliet from which yoi
may get some interering news.
Yours, in baete,
P. S. Mrs. Gov:Rnon PIeCENs is expected her
to-day en route for Texas.
Freshet in Savannah River.
Fron the Augusta Conastaittionalist of Tuesday
we gather the following in relation to the freshe
in the Savannah River:
On Friday last, heavy rains commenced fallin,
in this vicinity, and continued until a late hou
Sunday night. These rains must have fallen ove
an extended vpace of country, as we hear of sorl
vns floods in the upper part of the State; whilea
this point the Savannah river was higher on SuE
day last, than we have known it to be for som
years. Indeed, for several hours, on Sunday las
there was much apprehension among our peop]
that our city would be overflowed; and every pr
paration was made to protect property, as much a
possible, front injury by the flood. Goods wer
moved out of cellars, and from lower shelves; prc
visions and water were laid in, in dwelling housei
for the etergency; and draymen and laborei
were employed about the wharves and elsewher
in conveying goods to places of safety. Fortunatt
ly, however, these timely precautions were not re
dered necessary, as yesterday morning the rive
commenced falling again, though it is feared tht
it mny be again swollen by the rain of Sunda
night. But we hope that these fears may prov
groundless. As it is, ii great deal of trouble hi
been cnused, and no doubt some loss occasioned I
the people both of Augusta and Hamburg.
The river reached its greatest height about darl
and was at thirty.one feet two inches above lo
water iunark. In muny places it overflowed il
banks, and in the uipper part of the city reache
Jones street, and on Marbury street came in as fa
as Springfield church.
In iaiburg, the water cawame in through th
back way, and yesterday morning several portion
uf the town were iuiundiatedl. In the vicinity
the hotels the water wras two or three feet deej
The track of the South Carolina railroiad was
mauch injuredl, a short distance from town, that th
eight o'clock train of cars did not go out yestei
day. The Edgefield stage was also detrainedi
this city, in consequence of th~e high water. WV
understand that the drainages to the railroad swi
lie repaired, ini a daay or two, nd that the trait1
will seen resume their regular trips.
Can We Forget Thecm?
Ma. BAn~iSInA tLC, ed itor of tire ./Ini4.rippier
and who was a zealous secessionist from Norther
Democracy in the Charlestoni Coanventionm, no'
turns his eyes towards Nurthern Democrats, anl
is maoved to speank of them thus:
"Whatever may haetide thre South, we will ale
ighat taa reamemb er the t rue unda grallant spiritsa
lie Northi whi ..t'.d upi to indlicrat e truith aiti
jusrtice iin our behalf, wihen thrift anid poipularir;
waould have hiddhen them join the aggressive mutl
titud~e. Ini nal paos.ible adivirions, imuatationis :ai
reaonastruecitinS, we vet hoape tab stand i~t then
iinder trhapier skies. IIenar haaw ione of thease lia
ble Noarthe raers tralks to the P'hiladhelpahia NortL
Amilerician, in airswaer to irs threat of airmis ragrains
the Soautth if it shraubll adare escenpe fraom its yoake:
- her us tell liae North Amierienn--andl we pa
fr saomaa ofi the thotae and .-itnew of ihe Northa-tha
when it faorces such a wrar, sio unmaacessary,, aini
jauitaous mnd criili, it will have a bhlady eam
aut hero ini thre North, beforu its bhrack hannrter:
cLnai irs Widle-A wake armay shrall rerach the Saoutha
I~lrnek Repubtlienna sesctiaona:isma and incerndiarisin
save as bitter anda determinead eneieis here na
they have thaere-mren ithei will resist negro guv
ariinment rnal a nregro war to thre last pgrsp of life
ishoul:f such terrible wrar comre. then every North
rn city will lbe tranisfrrned intoa enrta.'"
It is to be haoped that these Northern patriots
aludedl toa by the Jlutripan will noat ahuail be
'.rc rhe blast of Blacek Rtepublicanisma. Ouar tri
imuph will rassturedly Ihe theiar., haowever distinec
he govern::nenats of the sections may be. hlnel
Rpubrlicatdstu well kno~ws ihis. llence its deter
niriationi to use its -resent lower against th<
Au.ith. Drave the lack demaoni, irrue democrat:
>f the North, :and a litila while your feet will be
ilpuni hai nreck.
'Temp tin g.
Shlda war baatween the Naortha anal the Sooth
> the result of the rnetioni of the Southern States
thrat a telmptinrg field to baold advenrturers will bh
>fferedl to the tein thausrad spairits of plundae
verynhecre. The le.e ttrai,,aaa will have ineb ar
xemphlificaatoan as was scarcely ever befire wit
essed. llear the Mobile J/ercusry oin this tempa~t
A PiowiinlcL. Uart.w.nt rfn otn:ari~
Uvsrnias or M.rtges.t1ia lb:r-utsA.-Puriv.Lrsus
-We rare happajy tao Ih.: iniformedl that ini case rarq
ret aaf coeraionr is uattempltedt niainst iany Souttheri
irate, thrat :hu Goivernaars'af all the secedaing State;
ill hae prehairedl to grat letters .o Miarajne uni
tieprisuil to arnmed ad iannaed shipis, brigs. steam
rs, &c.. as privaitecrs, to wage w.ar ragainst the
L'nitedl Stares flag in evicy sea. The result of thi,
siil be, that the brave .. ahLlinations will be in
ritedl to aL feast that will liternally .,hnatter Yuinke
nieresas arid credit, ats their ship'paiang is rclhly th
iraini sprinig of all their intecrests. Notingra car
ni m..re effectural thain this; Minie rifles rana
sowie kirives are linocnt werapmns ini comaparisonr
gg Adlvices from Texas state thiat thre Hious
ras legalized the cornvention under fire hill
gg* JAs. Boi..t u, Esrj., of G riahumnville, 5. C.
ra senrt to Ihis Excellenrey, Gaoy. Pickens, a cheel
or $1 ,fttt to bje aplied toa the wants of the State
pd Gen. llarney, it is statted, will commrana
be military in thre District of Columbia uoan the
aecasion aof Lincoaln's inaruguration.
ES Thre Legislature adjarurnedl on Monda)
light, the 28th, after a long and laborious Session
p.0 Fort Nell, a inmall, bitt strong little fort
yinig on P'anmplico River, between Washinrgton
C. ., and Panmplico Sarunad, has been seized by
itiacuns of the former hplace, and thre pialmetto tlag
aised over it.
j'g Hon. R1. M. T. llunter decllies a nomnina.
ion for thre Virginia State Convention.
Elyir Torn Broock, the famous racing man, is it
p&~-A Liverpool paper naotices the shipmienat oi
wnity rifled cannaon for Chatrlestonr. Neiher thn
amar of tire vessel nror thre drates of thre shlipmarent,
owiever, re given.
pa- The smnal 11oax has entirely disappearea
ro Columbtia-no new erises in several weeks.
gg The citizens of Muonticellor, Frairfield Dis.
riet, hnrve subascibedl SI,5 fair the beniefit of their
-.aunater Comany~aa tnow oi nnhlivias Islanid
(raw muachr hrri the cit izenis aof IM-igeiehld conrtribu-l
:d towatrds thre relief of their Voalunrteer Corps
I.......y i-an ..aciveaervi-h of the State I'
MoN0roos)nar, Ala., Feb. 4.-The Southern Con
gress assembled here at noon to-day. All the
delegates are present, except Jackson Morton,
Esq. of Fleorida.
Jion. Robt. W. Barnwell, of S. C., was chosen
Rev. Basil Manley then delivered an impressive
On motion of Hni. R. B. Rhett, of S. C., Hon.
Howell Cobb, of G a., was chosen permanent Pres
dent of the Congress by acclamation.
Johnsofn J. Hooper. Esq., of the Montgomery
(Alin.) Xal/, was chosen permanent Secretary, also
The usual preliminary business was attended
to; after which the convention adjourned until
Latest Washington News.
WASINGTON, February 3.-I am reliably in
formed that President Buchanan has informed
Colonel iayne, in reply to his letter in relation to
Fort Sumter, that he has no power, express or im.
plied, to negotiate for the sale or transfer of any
property belonging to the General Government.
That all such applications must be made to Con
gress. who alone possesses the power to dispose of
In the Senate yesterday, Mr. Chandler, of
Michigan, presented a memorial, inquiring if the I
United States is defacto a Government, and if so
praying for the arrest and imprisonment of all I
Commissioners from the seceding States. Also
the arrest and imprisonment of the Commissioner
from South Carolina, and all who claim that she
is an independent sovereignty.
A Joint Committee has been appointed by Con
gress to count the Electoral vote.
February 4.-in the Senate to-day, Messrs.
D Slidelel and Blenjamin, of Louisiana, withdrew.
Mr. Clingman, of North Carolina, made a speech
in defence of the South.
The Peace Conference or Border State Conven
tion, assembled here to-day. It resolved to hold
its sessiona in secret in future.
It is thought that Ex-President Tyler, of Vir
ginia. will be chosen President of the Convention.
r The Convention then adjourned until to-morrow.
r Two more companies of Federal troops arrived
here yesterday. There i' now a military force of
about eight hundred men.
Lornsvs.a, Feb. 4.-TheSenate passed resolu
e tinns appealing to southerners to stop revolution,
and protesting against Federal coercion. The.
Legislature will re-assemble on the 24th of April,
0 to hear responses from sister States, and to make
an application to Congress to call a National Con
RUMORED FIGIIGTING AT PENSACOLA.
Nxw OR.5:AxS, Feb. 1.-(via Washington.)
There are flying reports here to the effect that
fighting had conmenced at Pensacola, in conse.
quence of the sloop-of-war Brooklyn attempting
to land troops at Fort Pickens. The reports need
Letter Fron Moultrie.
0 Our thanks are rendered to a member of the
Riflenen, for the subjoined interesting communi
: cation. We hope he will repent his valued favors
Sullivan's Island, Jan. 27, 1861.
DeAt COL: I presume you have heard, ere this.
r all of importance that concerns the "Eh.fleld
Rijleinen " since their departure from the Village
c up to within a very few days, and inasmuch a,
s the greater portion of what I should communicate
fon that head inns most probably been anticipated.
I apprehend a reiteration of the details alluded te
m night render this notice too wearisome for inser.
etion in your columns. Suffice it to observe, every
" Rfl/eutn "is willing-willed and heart-whole in.
athe performance of his duty. and rcalize to a
Sproverb Massinger's beau ideal of a soldier con.
1tained in Lady Aliworthy's admonition to Well
b iorn in the "New Way to pay 01.1 Debts:''
--- " andI, fur his country'fsak ~*
T-e run upae n th cannon's mouth undaunted:;
These are the essential elemuents maake up a
Not swearing, dice, nor drinking."
aOn thne 22d our Company wans ordered off to Hot
V sland to guard the howitzer which defends Peli
enn Po"int. This is a duty which the different
Ceemplanies dlisebuarge lby roitation. The Island is
Aitunted about three und a half mailes fronm tht.
.\Mloultrie Ilouse. our pnresemnt comufortule barracks.
lleow it came by the umm it bears (Ilog Island) ii.
past coi'jecture, unless it derived it from the por.
poises (hog-fish) that may be seen tumabliang alony
I he sh,'res, 'or mo're likely from its being perhaps
tormierly the resort of wild hocgs. Here the vol.
uteers are furnished with st-utnch, commodious
tensts, and everything wonts the appenrance of a
re-gular enap. Truesdale's mn;;::ient oyster
gardlens are conveuient tu the ezane j'ment, and
yo'u mlay eaLily imiag'nia that had the dlays we spent
there, viz.: thne 22ndl, 23d. 2-4th anad 25th, not
proved unusually rainy atI temopeatuous, all would
have went " merry as a mtarriange bell." We were
relieved by Capt. MEIItwLerIxn's Comaptny on the
25th, and returned to quarters.
It is reported that ini a few dlays ten of our corps
will be calledI upon to volunteer to assist in work.
:n; the guns of Fort Moultrie, in the event an"
emergency should reqguire their services.
I will indlicatte soine of the reasons why it is[
concludled that Fort Moultrie is not altogether un-|
prepared to compete with Fort Sumter. In the
first inlce, Major AYDnusoN's garrison is composed
of only about seventy-fire men. Many of these.
we are credibly tassuredl, are ripe for mutiny-n
smaall tnumbher have deserted (seven I think)-and|(
some have actually been thrown iuto chains in|.
conscriuetnce of' their retusenl to fire upon Feertj
IMoultrie at the er'ticeni jium.tutre the cannon of
F..rt Morris w ere let loose upon the Staer of the l
li'et. In the second ilace, it is the unmanimtous
opitnion oef etnginteers ittd artillerista thatthe lowerj[
tier oef guns in Fe'rt Sunuter cttnnot be brought tojt
hear upiona Fort Meoultrie tat all. In the third pIJnce,
it is nuuthentically sta ted thtat AsNnat:soy lears not|
tihe first sinegle maertur with which to cast a shell,I
a regiect in which we mnanifestly piomss a vast
ado::tage. in tihe fourtht plnece, Fort Sumnter ie
conantructedl precisely in the shape of atn octangonalt
spnitteoon, a foermn bi ich is peccu'itnrly unafanvorable i
'en aneun~t of the accumalntion of' stmnoke sad the
perooncedne'ss of thne concussietn, niaking it im
possible feor the guns to be plied mnore than two
houecr. at a time-the smoneke blinding and suiffoca
titng thne gunnters, tand the violetnce of the concus-i
sion peroduncinig free bleedinig at thne no~se. In the
fifth and ltast plaice, AetnEnsoNi is well nigh desti
tote of feol, ind his suipply of provisons unlcss re
plenieheed, will not entable hint to hold out for more
tha'en six months. When we contaider all these
thitngs, atnd that if we act consttanthy on the qui
aece every hoepe oef reinfortcemtent must hu preclu
deal, it will speeeily be ediscoverced on whaat a dlinmy
foundattioun all the twinedele with reference to the
unimp~regntability of Foert Sumater rests. tiibralter
too, forsootha, was unimpjregnable, and so was ther
Castle of San Junan d'Ulloa and Sebiastopol. a
In addition to the hprepatrntions for defense at
Fort Moultrie, there is likewise a bomab-peroof re
doubt thrown upi a short dlisttunee frnom tine Fort
feor the purpoese oaf casting shell. T'his redloubt is
sturrounded hby a moat filled with water for extity- ~
gtuishinag shells. Some doubts however, exists as C
to whether the moat will unnwer the purpose for ~
which it is inteneda. Major Rmran:v anirms that
instances hnave been known of shells ex ploding un
der water. If this be true, the taunk in the centre e
of Fort Sumter will not afford much protection.
Ian consequtence of its spittuon-shaape, every shell h
as soon as it desceneds rolls immiediatelv into the
tank ; but If the water does not extinguish the
shell aned prevetnt its burstitig, it had tas well inot
be there nat all, unless to supply the garrison. As
fort anythning else, Aytnensos oft contrse has the su- t:
perieority. his metnal is weightier-hnis columbliads
being 12 ilnch, Intn poundners--those of For t Maultric i:
heing 1,4 poeauders. Ihis compnlemetent olf guns is 1201
all miounted. The walls are repoertedI to be 1S feet t<
thick, the various interspaces being titled with con- '2
erte-at c'ompositiona of eement, shells, and rub. tl
ble.steone. Moe .-lan,. A. d
f1Y The Revenue Cutter Casa, has been Eur
For th' Advertiser.
A 'Mother's Prayer.
BY S. A. I.
e're had five darling boye,-but two of them
Dr first to 0God, we gave the three,-and now v e
ur all are gone, and none are here-prompt at
our country's call,
'e've yielded up our only ones-we've given up
ur manly boys-our cherished sons-for whom
we've wept and prayed,
o whom we every council gavo-on whom our
hopes were stayed;
or now life's meredian ire have gained, and age is
nd we had hoped on those to lean, when life was
on its wane.
heir honored sire, how oft has he God's holy book
rom its most treasured nook,-the lible that we
'he one that was our mother's gift upon our bridal
'he time we made the holiest vows that human
lips can say.
[ow sacred have those vows been kept, none but
our God may know,
:xcept our own united hearts, of all the throng
lut this I know of all things else, our doting hearts
uar children's mind as best we could to point to
God and Heaven.
'hough they are young In years, oh God! not
twenty and eighteen,
'hey still had given themselves to thee, and on
thy arm did lean;
or years ago with hands enclasped they stem'd
the yielding tide,
lo consecrate themselves to thee; Thou who for
them had died.
?reserve our sons, oh blessed Lord ! each precious
Che father's long expected stay, the mother's
Che sister's pride, the servants' hope, the sons who
ffould never condescend to do the thing to make
knd theu our country, God of hosts-on Thee we
)h ! may our banner stay unfurled with victory
We know that thou our rights can prove, that thou
art ever near,
rhou art the God of Battles-ever ready is thine
)h prove our rights, show to our foes-those rights
they would transgress,
rhe brand of Cain be on the brow of those who'd
rhe wrongs that we, their brothers feel, the sor
rows that we bear,
rhe long endured-the crushing pressed down
from year to year.
N'ot only has the cup been filled, pressed down and
Pregnant with ills and blasted hopes, and persecu
tions sore :
still would they taunt our trampled ions, with foul
and force our grieving hearts to unsheathe the
Fhe Holy word of God has said offenees need must.
But woe he unto those by whom thiey are to us
Ele will ayengc a nation's rights,-lHe has avenged
>hen to Hlis holy mandate we will kneel and Him
luTio ornat a ~ 1 i o
onr treasured ones
3nce little curly headed boys and now our manly
[t seems as if a vulture's beak was gnawing at may
But still I would not havc thenm back crc they per.
form their part.
Ko, rather wouldl I have them dead, upon the bat
V'ould have hsay darling only boys numbered among
the slain ;
['uan now to think they wavered once at Carolina's
Ees, let thema die for her, oh Goid-if needs be let
am no Roman matron, but Carolina's child,
(o trnitoruis ser-ent's tougue has charmed, or love
of case beguiled:;
for lethean draught hath steeped my soul that I
int ydet sit,
and thus ignore my native woit, its sovereignty
nud now I call upon ye all, the nmothers in the land,
ipon the altars of our rights we'il lay both heurt
l'e'll dedicate our sons anew to imn who reigns
.nd next to Him who dwelleth there, the country
of our love.
Ros.s Comoxt, .Jan. 8th, 1861.
For the Advertiser.
At a mneeting of the ci-izens In the vicinity of
loud Hiope Church, Edg~efield District, on the 18th
an. IS61, Mr..!. M. WarT was called to the Chair,
ud B. B. McCAtv reqjuested to act as Secretary.
On motion of Mr. Janxv MoaisA, the Chair.
iun appointed a Committee of three, viz: Joux
E. Ansiv, Jarntv Moais and A. RICE, to pre
are and replort a Preamble and Resolutions for
ie consideration of the meeting.
Th1e said Committee, through Mr. J. MORCAY,
ubmittcd the following, which was unanimously
WusmaAs, It becomes every Southern commu
ity to exercise the utmost vigilance in the pro
rction of their persons and property against the
aideous, dark anid dangerous deaigns of all ene
ies to our peculiar institutions. Therefore, be ii
Reaolred, 'That impressed with :.his belief, we,
he citizens of' this community, do hereby resolve
urselves into a Committee of Vigilance, for the
urposo of detecting and examining all such sus
ected and dangerous persons, who may from time
a time, be found engaged in any effort to carry
ut their evil intentions In our midst; and that
nech member of this Committee repaort to the Chair
san all such persons, whe, upon conviction, shall
*e dealt with, either by indlctment in the Court of
lessions, or in such summary manner by this Coin
sittee, as may he 11irected by the advisory Com,
tittee. That the advisory Comnmittee consist of
hie Chairman and four memubers, whose duty it
hall be to appoinit Patrul Complanie, within our
ounds, and to patrol as often as deersed expedi
nt, and that they shall meet at the call of the
hairman of said Committee, and determine all
uatters which may he laid before them by any
euber of this organization, and their decision
hall control our action In the premises.
On motion, the Chairman apmpointed JEnny'
!aaAN, A. Rica and Jonsx Rcsnvox, to nomi
ate Oflicers of the Advisory Committee, who re
urted the following gentlemen as unanimously
bosen to serve twelve months, viz: H. H. Mlav
ax, Chairman; Jonx K. Asv, DAvtW Mi'x,
ons Woovax, Joux5 Gi..tza.
Resohred, That we pledge ourselves to each oth.
rin carrying out these objects.
Res'dred, That the proceedings of this meeting
apublished in the Edgefield Adrerrieer.
J. M. WITT, Chairman.
B. R. McCanv, Sec'ry.
By reason of one of those little inevitables, a
:pographical error, an exchange is made to say:
" Among the novelties in New York Churches
a hydrawclc engine for blowing the organ.''
A plain drawl is bad enough, but when it comes
I a )igha drawl the thing is next to intolerable.
here are some dIrawlers in church music not a
tousand miles from this our sanctum,--Fomo low
rawlers, and some high drawlers,-the murderers
ad murderesses!I-we always feel like choking
emt a little. These will doubtless hear with d~e
-kIs of this by (high).da.wi huhl.-ve.-n