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"WR WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF TRE TEXPLE 0 OUR LIDEETIZ, AND IF IT MIST FALL, WE WLL PERISH AXIDIT THE RUINS."
SIMKINS, DURISOE & Co., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C., FEBRUARY 27, 1861. VOLUME XII.-o. 8.
PUBLISRD EYnRY WaRXzsDAY MORNING.
A. SIXXIZS, D. I. DURISOE, & E. EEESE,
PR o PRI ToRs.
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RATES OF ADVERTISING.
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first insertion, and Fifty Cents for each subsequent a
Advertisements from strangers and transient
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a n.ilered due when callpd for.
Advertisements not having the desired number
of insertions marked on the margin, will be con
tinued until forbid and charged accordingly. r
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do V
so on liberal terms-it being understood that con- n
tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the I
legitimate business of the Arm or individual con. tl
tracting. Contract advertisements payablo semi
All communications of a personal character,
Obituary Notieos, Ieports, Resolutions or Pro
. eedings of any Society, Association or Corpora
tion, will be eharged as advertisements.
Announcing a Candidate (not inserted until paid a
for,) Five Dollars. -
Rough Beginning of the Honey Moon. n
On la-t Friday morning an athletic young a'
firmer, in the town of Woyne;%burg, t(ok a e
fair girl, " all bathed in blushes," from her a
parents, and started for the first town across a'
the Pennsylvania line, to be married, where b
the ceremonies could be performt d without a C
licinso. The happy pair were accompanied h
by a sister of* tho girl, a tall, gaunt sharp fea- s'
tured fenale of some thirty-seven sumners.
The pair crossed the line, were married and P
returned to Wellsville topass the night.-Peo
ple at the hotel, where the wedding party
stopped, observed that they conducted them
selves in a very singular manner. The hus- W
band would take his sister.in-law, the female to
aforesaid, in one corner and talk earnestly to
her, gesticulating wildly the while, thenI),!
tall temale would put her foot , s;W, and talk
to him in ar an ?r excited manner.
Then the i~Mt take his fair young in
5 corer, b 4ut euodld no -noontr ia
ence talking to her, than the gaunt sis- fr
ter would run in between them and angrily y
join in the conversation. The people at the tc
hotel ascertained what this meant, about nine d'
o'clock thiat evening. There was ant uproar f
in the room which had been aswigned "o the fQ
newly mayried couple. Female shrieks and
masculine " swears," sturt!ed the Icople at
the hotel, and they rushed to th'e spot. The
gaunt female was pressing and kicking against
the door, and the nowly married iman, mostly
undressed, was barring her out with all his
might. Occasionally she would kick the door
far enough open to disclose the stalwart hus
band, in his gentlemanly Greek Slave apj a- ti
It apmpeared that the tall fenmale insisted
upon occumpy ing the same room with tI e new- Li
ly marriedl jair ; tt her sister wa favoa ably b
dlispoAed to the arragement, andl that the m
husbatnd had agreed to it befo~r. the wedding tc
took place, and w as now indig .antly repudi
atinmg the contract. " Won't y ou g o away,
now, Susan, peanceful !" said the newly mar
ried man, s..ftening I is voice.
" No," said she, " I won't--so there."
" Don't you budge an inch !" cr ed her mar-g
ried sister within the room.
." Now-now~, Maria," said the young man t
to his wife, in a piteous tone, " don't go to
cutting up in this way, don't."
"i1'll cut up's much as I wanter ?" she ~
" Well," roared the desperate man, throw- 91
ing the door wide open and atalking out a
among the crowd ; " well, just you two wim- Ii
min put on your duds and go right straight I
home and bring buck thze old mana ain. woman,
and your yr .ndt.the~r who is nig5 on a hun- i
dred'; bring 'em all he:e, and l'il ni arry the a
whole caboodle of 'em ani we'd all sleep to- t
The difficulty was finally adjusted by the
tall fem:nale taking( a room alo ii. W. llsvil~e
is enjomyin.g itseh' over the sen-aton.-' levs
lanud Plaind1 aler.
The Ss-.J1:amininl2 St.ciety h .s .roposed
the folkuwi:.g .ensible que: ie. about this1
financial y.riod. to evezy body:
Does it coat anything to print at newspa
Ihow long can a printer afford to furnish a
pqap r without pay ?
Do printer.- eat, drink or weatr anything? ?
If .(o, ho.w do thecy get it ?
Do I u~we for may paper ?
Is not this particular time a first rate time
to call and l~ny up?7
A colored firm in Newak, New Jersey,
having sutffered sonic p.:euniary eimbarza-s
menat., recently eiuired business, ar.d thae sen
ior mnemb.-r gave. t., the pubic tie folk,winA:
" Nuti..-llo di--ser'ewtion ->f t o par..nji s
hteretofo resistin twxt moe and Mose .Jsnes in
de barber p.-. fesi.u am h~eretof. re-Olvedl.1
Pusson4 who ose usi miust pay in de scriber,.
Demn what (Ie furm (*0 miust call on .Jonmes, as
do farim is inifoledl.
A school mna'mn in one of our district
schools was examining a class ini orthography.
'Sp -11 aid deoie Iloweret," she said. a
" F-l:o.we i-e-', lioweret, a little flower," nent
off a tow-head, in a perfect streak.
";Wa-r-e-l eut, wavelet, a little wave," was
the promip'. return.
"1J-u-l.l e-t' bullet a li/lie bull." shzoutedl
urchin nimbler three, wh6 was innoceice
per.unilied. Schlool ma'amn caLved.
?2r To keep apples from rotting--place
-.hm ;,, a ,dy cellar with a family of children.
We have no confidence in, love or respect
>r, that religion which does not go into the I
eart and home-life of the man, there soften
ig, sweetening and, enlightening and lifting <
p into its own holy atmosphere of love and I
ith, all the business of his daily life. The I
eligion of our Lord is not simply somethig 1I
> stand us in the need of death and the judg- t
ient bar. While it is a perfect provision for t
bese appalling emergencies, it is something i
o live with and by. It must go into the I
eart, that fountain of man's daily life, and i
here control, as rith the spirit and rule of r
leaven ; and so, having its holy outcoming ip :i
is thought, speech and act, will make of his, t
s near as may be in a sinful and suffering t
rorld, a life of heaven's own beauty and bliss. a
L is not alone in great emergencies, not alone 8
i the dust and din of the world's public t
rork, that true religion has its lest exhibi- I
ion. It brings heaven nearest to earth, or e
ther makes this poor earth likest to heaven, %
rhen it come' into little things, of which I
ost of life is made up, and fills them with
eaven's oan spirit and temper. It is some- I
ing not so much for public wear tn high t
casions as for homo and hearth-stone the t
ely rule and kve of Christ at the fireside, q
ir the Lusband and wife, parent and child, y
ia.ter and servant, in the daily round of dai
F duty. In such walks as these the power
id blessing of a Christ-like life shines with
eaven's own light; the light of a character
aily fitting for residence in that better land, r
-here we shall see Ilim as Ile is. Oh! for
is temper and spirit! How it would sweet- o
i our own hearts! how it would iioften and &,
ellow our words, and how much of beadty b
id power it would give to our life! So, like ti
ril birds, should lie driven from our heart' t,
id homes all bitterness and wrath, clamor a
id evil speaking, with all malice. Try it r
at for a day; to live that day of yours like I
brint would live it, as you know le would f
ave you live it; and you will both lay your- C
If down in I.eace and bleep, for your soul ti
all rejoice in His light and Jove.-Southern h
All Sorts of Paragraphs.
Sir At a Christening, while the uinitter
s Makin, out the ceitilicate, he hmaippuned
" Let me si e-th:s is the 3( th."
" The t bhirdieth 1 raeWe
Ei ;" indet d, it is on
$S " Ax Aiuxitsr i t
oro mairied mnen you lav
WaO - 4UmWes rtarti Wia
ightf.d col mis . o ir cr
u will t:er- find la, n I
d fur one father of a fan
rs a maaa v'rti.ois un-I
ther of a fan.ily is not w
re his children.
," Let ach one strive with all his might
To be a deceut man,
And love his neighbor as himself, c
Upon the golden I la.
And if bis neighbbur chance to be
A .retty female wonan,
Why, love her all the moro-you see,
'That's unly acting hunan.
Za H .-Stich is the v.1.e of hoys at
is timo in E: gland, th-t the owners of the
all st--amier Saxonaai, wich plies betweon *
eW York aud Ilamburg, hswe j ast paisi the
stf .nding on the m ails gad pats~i g.-is
another ve,:el fr au Cowes to llamaburg,
order to conv..y a cargo of Anr.e:iean h .1
er What a glorious worl I th's would be,
all its ina,;bitants cou'd say, with Shaks-t
are's Shepherd : "Sir, I am a trae labor
-I earn what I wear; owe no man hates I
ivy no mans's happiness; gl.'ud of other mna's a
aod; content with my farmn." 1
gr One of Sir Boyle Rtochae's invitatiotns I
an Irish nobleman was rather equivocal. I
" I hope mny lord, if you ever come within a l
ijle of.~nry haouse you'll stay there all night."
g&- " Josey," said a little urchin of our se.
uaintane, as lie stood by the bedside of a
ek brother, " Josey, if you die, father wi'l I
ave to g~et up anid build the fires of morn
ag won't he, Joesy ?"
giir Great men never atfeet anaything. It
a your three cenit folks that put on airs, swell
ud act the pompt. TIle difference between
me tw ii as great as betwsonr a barrel of
inegar a .n angei's dispositi' n.
lTli iT: GA! sts CAsE.-Thris telebrated
ase came up again in the Suapremea Court at
Vashington, on the 13th inst. Mr. Pern
pened the argument by stating that Mrs.
;aines heretcofore app.eared as heir at-law,
ut now as devisee. Messrs. Curling and
lagruder are associated with haim. Janin
*nd lennin represent the city of New Or
gig To Paonaces PnatsraatAro.-Twelve
Irachms of a,.timon~ial wine and two drachms
if laudanum'. or this maixture eighteen drops
nay be taken in water every five or six hours.
gjiy aWhy didn't you jump of?" some
mc asked Pat, after Ihe had narrowly escaped
witha his life from a horse which had run away
cith lhim. " Arrath, be jabers, and wasn't
t as match as I c.>uld do to stay on ?
A Miaiir. Wuar.i.-The following is a copy
,a will keft by a man who chose to be his
,wn lawn r:--" This, the last will and testa
eit of me, John Thomas, I give all my
lngs to nay rels.tions, to be divided samng
hem the l,est way tl.ey can. N. B.-If any
,oy kicks up a row, or makes any fuss about
t., he idrat to have anything.
Signed b~y me,
Acnesor G.aums.-Trhe Montreal Ad
e~tiher learns from Upaper Canada that the re
:eipts or wheat from the farmers are greater
lan ever was knowna before. Trhe store-houe
as upon the railway lines are filled to reple
toa ad the anmounat accumulated at the vari
aus ports oar niavigattioni already will furnish
inany weeks' employmnent for all the lake arid
river craft. Farmers show much anxiety to
sell at present prices, itad latrge quantities
hae.., een dsed of on four and six months'
The Ceremony of Taking the Vail.
The aurnal du Loirel (France) relates the
M'le Blanche de Beauval, a wealthy heiress i
if Orleans, was about eight months ago to
iave been married to the Viscount de Chamoy, v
aut as the bri.egroom-elect was in delicate e
icalth he was recommended to go for a short ii
ime to Italy, and the ceremony was postponed I
o October last. The Viscount, however, J
iever reached his destination, having died on t,
is way thither, aid the lady, overwhelned I
rith grief, determined to take the vail. Her a
esolution was carried into effect three days I
go, at the Carmuelito Convent in the Faubourg
Lu Roule, at Orleans. At the hour fixed for d
he ceremony the chapel was filled with per- &
one who had been invited to be present, and ,
oon after a door leading from the interior of m
he convent opened, and Mademoiselle de h
eauval, in the prime of youth and beauty, a
utered, leaning on the arm of her uncle. She e
ras dressed in a bridal costume of white d
atin, trimmed with rich lace; a wreath of c
range blossoms encircled her hair, and a n
arge white vail wasver her head. She took g
he seat prepared for her, and the officiating n
riest delivered a aiiort address. She then n
uitted the chapel, which is divided into two c
arts by an iron railing, closed by a curtain. b
nt a moment after the curtain was drawn, b
nd she was seen on the other side. of the d
rating on her knees. The priest approached it
nd asked whether she still persisted in her m
esolutions to quit the world, to which she re- a
lied in a firm voice, " Yes." On this, one ti
f the nuns who were standing by removed u
bie bridal wreath and vl from her head, let b
er beautiful hair fall on her, shoulders, and v
hen with a scissors severed the tresses close it
> her ba 1. A murmaur of regret was heard
mong all the persons present when this sac- n
ifice was coimuencedi. Mademoiselle de ri
leauval then left chapel, but reappeared in a w
W minutes after, dressed in the garb of a ti
arnelite nun. She lay down on the steps of a
ti chapel, a furnaeral cloth was thrown over ,
er, the priest recited the prayers fur the dead, a
lid De Prfunsdis was sung while the persons
the chapel were retiring. it
Woman the Source of the Trouble.
A Patxrry SrUar, iter .A PRonAn.A Fieriox.
-The Washington correspondent of the Cint
'iiiaiti Comniercial, tL.us writes:
- :3;. aSo o
IMMI aas ?anP, Who has been doing the
onors at the White House. She has formerly
een with her tcle in England, where, of
Durse, she has had access to the court circles,
ins, necessarily becoming a little aristocratic.
Vh-o she ret .rnel i, thjis co:ltry, .h. 1 e
6:ne the pr.i inr hl.dy at the While House,
f course, considering herself the first lady
thle country, au1 expecting th.t all other
idies woul.l ho., to ler. li:.rly in 1.'57, she
et at a 1airty 31.s. Douglas, then only a
hrt time maarriedl, aid surrmi nded, not only
za acoun! ot the 1oitionZ of l.er husb~aud,
ut of~ her own b -auty and youthfuhnean
rhielh latter attributes Miss Lanie does not
osess to the samue extent-ly an admairingr
A gentleman paid Mrs. D.>ug: a very list.
Lering compimenat, wi ich unfortunaately of
ended tihe pridle of Miss Liane. She went
tome and told her uncle abiout it, who, being
ainatd by the samie feeling against the
usbaad of his niece's rival, iminaediately took
ier part. At anothaer party, the dislike be-v
ween the two ladies still increased, till it
aroke out ins open war. Mr. Buchana:a, be
ievisg that his niece ought to be the first la
Ly in the country, anad nout Mrs. Douglas, anida
inking that Mr. Douglas shaould naot play
o strongly the part of a crowniac to~ the
iing, concluded to let him knaow surnaething~
about it. The culdness existinag between the
w ladies, lay the by, pervaded the two gen:
emaa, and thus the war bietweena tbe red
1u4 the white rose begus, and enaded in the
l.<ruction (?) of the D~enm:cratic pa~rty.
maall causes are often fllowed by reat conl
T u Prscr ibe the .form of Pecrmaits for Sicare.s
t. be Absent from 1/he Ownaer's Premises.
1. Be it enacted by the Ser'ate and Ihouse
> Repreenmtatives, niow mect and sitting in
eneral Assembly andl by the authority of
the same, That no permit shall be considered
sa authoriing the altsence of a slave from his
3r .er mastem's pismises, nless maid permit
shaall designate thae place or places which said
dlave is allowed to visit, and the timec during
which ie oar she is j~erndtted to be absent;
Proided, That this Act aihall not apply to
slaves reaident in any incorporated city or
town, while within the corporate limits of the
same, during the hours when the municipal
regulations do not forbid the free passage of
Inm the Senate Ihouse, the twenty-eighth day
of Jaanuary, in the year of our Lord one
' ousand eig4ht hun-ired and sixty-one, and
in the eighty-fifth year of the sovereignty
an independence of ths State of South
WILLIAM D. PORTER,
President of the Senate.
Speaker House of Representatives.
gg"An old soaker being found in the
gutter one rainmy unight, the water mnakiag a
clear breach over him from head to foot, was
asked by a passer what he Was doing there.
iOh," said he, "I agreed to meet a uman
gg A Nsxw CO rTos Gnowaa.-Peru is
making her appearance as a cotton growing
country. She recently sent 1500 bales of her
ctton across the Isthmus, but the greater
rtin went to Europe.
Comes Beautifuly to the Music.
True cloquence is not often found in the
olumans of a political editor; for his business
s more to hash and re-hash, cut aud slash,
,urd and give point, in his way along the
rorld. But now and then even a political
ditor comes to feel the eloquent, and, feeling
t, nothing is more natural than for him to
en it. The following, from the New Orlears
icayune, now some weeks in our drawer, is
go good to be laid asie'a because a little stale.
t is that paper's giving-up of the Union ghost
ud going with the muaic " away down dar in
)ixie." Read it:-ED. Anr. t
"The deed has been done. " We breathe
eeper and freer" for it. The Union is dead;
nd with it all the hopes anL all the fears
rhich divided and agitated our people. It
ras a great, a glorious fabric; but its timbers
ad rotted at the heart. Without showing
ny symptoms of decay, it has fallen like a
edar falls. * No government ever rose as she
id-none has ever so perished. From the
radle to manhood was a single bound; from
malhood to the grave a shifted scene. It
rew up in the night like Jonah's gourd, and.
ext day withered as it did. It went through
one of the convulsions that marked the de
line of other peoples. It was not overthrown
y hostile invasions like Greece, nor overrun
y Vandal hordes like Rome was. Neithir
id it perish of inanition like Egypt, nor was
conqut red as Saxon England was. It was
,ithout precedent in its growth, wi:hout ex
miple in its fall. Peerless alike in its pros.
-4ation, it furnishes another memento to the
iany funeral monuments which give a som.
re interest to the highway of time, upon
hich history, in after ages, will write its own
But the world was made for the living and
ot for the 'lead. With the last chime of the
quivin, which tells the passing away of
h it was once the cynosure of nations and
e idol of the American heart, will end the
liegiance which invested the confederation
'ith the attribute of indlestructibility. It was
dream. It is gone ; the illusion is past, and
hilst every heart confesses to feeling, or hav
fek, a l.g at theoeparation, there is no
einorse to umljitter the regret. There is no
ain upo. our hands, there is no damning
roof ulon the escnteheon of Iae South. It
as not her deed. Let the Northern assas
articular star i< seen glitturing in the South.
'est, and other lihts :re pleering thriough the
lue vault, of Ileave,'. TheyV are the mneinbers
a new constelatio11n. which is to challeone
t gaze of the wurld. They are: beautiful in
icir isolation ; n;ty th,-r aPgregatiuto be
ronger thai the " hanls of Uion," atdi
icir sway heigner than the ".,weet inihni-n
s of :he Pleia.0es." T, Ihe bone tar of li
tate we transfer the duLy, all'etiUl and all1
lance we owed to the congregation of li']h
-hich panigled t he. ha:suner of the old confed
racy. I1:s course is outr cour-e. lInt.) whateve,
ofhinationa it may choose to merge its sa-pa
tto beams, we w ill igdl.., it faithfully, Mtedi
stly and lop dly. We bury all differences o'
pinion, ailI namhes whaich bet ok,-nz dhivi'def
iw, all questions of mnootedl policy, in thn
rave over which the llikcek it,pubicans hav:
aled a one.: honuOt I. ff4, ne.ver miore, pern
als, to wvave over that- Union as it Was.
hall do this chcerfally ; we shall not give t,
udepedent Louisiana, or the confederacy Ii
which she contsents, :. eluctant oar dividd
upport. The South says to every child f
er" "Son, give ine all your heart ;" and th
bouthi asks no more than she has a right tt
ud no mnore than aht will receive.
Thme Cotton Que.,tioni.
I ha' long been a pro~blem of~ deejiert inter
rest to P'hilosopspher Gseely-the Murat c.
he Aerican press-how it wias pios..ible fi
lie world to get ab.ng without the slav,
trown cotton of the Southern States of tk
Jnien. ~e tried Africa, India, Souith Amer
ca, by turns, pressed with zeal the expediei
y of substituting ilax grown by free lab
oar it. and set the ingenuity of all abolitior,
iom to woik to invent machinery whereb;
twas to be wrought as cheaply and as suc
:essfully as cotton. This plan exploded, an
.hen the philosopher ra lied upon providenc.
o develop some palan to break the league witl
:rinme in the Southern States ! But a prom
jiett Southern man conies to the relief of th.
puknopher of the abolitionists. This com n
birter x. resses the fear (fronm the tenor o
the languiage imploayed we might infer it t.
bW the wish) that the European demand fo
Southern cottoni will now fall off to nothinj
in con~seque.c of the subjugation of- Chins
The English manufacturers have been oblig t
to confess that no species of Asiatic or AC:
can cotton yet grown cana substitute the pa
ticular qualities of cotton derived from t
United States. " We need and consumae mt
byzs of this cotton for one of all o.th4
qualities put together," is their emphatic ar e
reluctant language. If India were to send
two millions of bales of the Surat cotton pt ,
annuom, the deinideratum would not be su1
pied, and our perilous problem would still
unsolved. We should be almost as depeir
dent on Amnerica as ever. That is th'e fif,
and confessed fact, and the crowsing featu ti
of the case is, that the more cotton theyga
fom the East, the more cotton the East
able to buy back manufactured into fabri~
Iideed, the purchases of India vastly excel i
er sales ; for, while in 1858 that coun t C
snt to Great Britain 132,000,000 pounds b
raw cotton, it purchased back 223,000,( G
pounds of the manufactuired article, the <ii
tr being derived from the Southern Unit al
S tates. The great fact is, that the labor '4
tm. of Chiina, India and Africa are ine b
ptent to produce sturpluses oI raw cotto4 al
to compet with machinery ia~ its manm t
ture. Their tendency, therefore, is always
to buy more in weight of the fabric than they
sell of the raw material; and the excess
comes always from the United Sttes. Thus,
the more cotton Europe buys from Asia and
Africa, the greater becomes her demand upon
the United States. Of all the regions on this
globe, the Southern United States alone af
ford a net surplus of cotton above the weight
of the cotton goods which they buy back ;
and so far from there being any indications of
a future decline in the dmand for raw cot
ton, it is estimated that the demand will con
tinue to grow until it reaches 4,700,000,000
of pounds, or 10,000,000 of bales, over and
above the present production. In fact, there
is an error in the calculation in regard to the
future demands of cotton from the South,
somewhere not very far ,hort of ten millions
of bales.-Richnond Dispatch.
Reception of President Davis.
MOTCoMERY, Feb. 17.-President Daviv
arrived here last night. le was handsomely
received. There was firing of cannon and
great rejoicing. He was escorted to his lodg
ings at the Exchange Hotel by a large con
course of citizens and strangers. -
LITX.-President Davis' journey from
Jackson, Misi'ippi, to Montgomery, has been
a continuous ovation. He made twenty-five
speeches returning thanks for the complimen
tary greetings of the crowds of ladies and
gentlemen who received him at the various
depots on the route. At some places he was
received by the military and with firing of
cann6n. Committees of Congress and the
Montgomery authorities met the Presidert
about eighty miles from the city, and received
him with gr.at cordiality. Two fine military
companies from Columbus, Georgia, joined
the escort at Opelika. The party reachaed
Montgomery at ten o'clock last night. Then
c.annonading commenced amidst the shouts
and huzzas of the large crowd assembled.
On reaching the depot, Mr. Davis returned
his grateful thanks for this magnificont dem
President Davis sauid: Ile felt proud to
receive the congratulation and hospitality of
the people of Alabama. lie briefly reviewed
the present positian of the South, and de.
clared that the time for compromise had pas
ej. He was determined to maintain our
A lfarge crowd awaitel the President's ar
rival at the Eze'.zangre hlltel. As he ap
pro cied a treinend..u shent, of wte-lcome waN
giv.-n. The luliee w..re vequally as entihuai
a-t e 1ar I l.vi'," -' Davi+." that the lrei.
d.-nt elect w-s copta.-lled tia .1hw himn.self.
sE:ECu .-r Tru E >:XCIAN. 111:nA..
'reient l).%vix slapeared on the balcony
Jbil iauen elhe Conjdeate . Iat.f a, er.
ie-t-For now we are brethrena, noat in nameac
merelyI, bmut eof one. ik-ha, one bone, one inater
est, 'lne puarpose, andl of identity int doinae:tic
iitie ntions. We have hen:cefortha, I trust, a
p~rosp~ect of~ living~ toga~e.ther in peac. with (our
inatituation< sihj--et to pruot-ctiona, ntot defa
miationt. [t ay be that our career is tao be
na eredl int mid-et a s trm ; it may~ be thbat as a
this mornlting aope:.e.l ith I cloudes, anist andal
raina, we shall have to enacoaunter inaconavenien-a*
~e at the heginaing ; bu-; as the suan ro'e aidI
lia eed the mgidt, di .paersed the clouds, anad l..ft a
uIS the. pur~e aun-baght of br avena, so w ill th~e
pro"-s of thae Soautheman onfederacy carry
u15 safe to sea, and safe tea the hcarbor eof co
atitutional liberty naldalia ical eqality. [Ap
plause.] Thus we. shall haave noethin.: to Lear a
it haoaae ; baecaetse at homae we have hcomoage-1
raeity. We lhave naothi:.g toa fear abroad, Le- a
:au-e at war siaould oame--at wej mau-t a~gaina
riaptize ian blood the parinceiple, for whaich o~ur a
~athera led ina the ltevolution-we sall sho~w <
thast we are not degenaerato ans ; but will re- a
leema thae pledges they gave to prteserve tl.e
macredl rights traaaait ted us, anid show that
Southerni valor still ahines brighatly as ina 1776,
n 1812, and every other conaflict. [Applause.]1
was inaformted, may friends, that your kind
iess only reqauired thaat I should appear be
ore you. Fatigued by travel, and hoarse, I I
tm unable to speak -at tiny length, andl came I
nerely to assumne the office you hcave hton- a'
>red me witha. I ten~ader you nay graItitaude for I
hese anifeantations of your good will. I t
:ome with diffidence, and distrust nay ability a
*a discharge the gaeat duties devolved on me S
ay your kindlneas, and the conftience of the s
Jongrescs of the Conafede rate States.
I thank you again, friendas, for the kiaad
nanaifestation of favor anad apaprobatiuon y ou
'rhibit oan this occasion. Throughout tznyi
ntire progree to thais city, I have received C
be same flatterinag demoinstrationes of genter- t
us support. I did not regard them personal h
n mayself, but tendered to ame as n huinable 0
epresenatative of thec prinaciples and policy of ~
lae Confederate States. I will devote to the
utieg of the high saflice to which I have been 8'
ahled all I have of heairt, of head aund of hand.t
f, in the progress of evenats, it shall become P
ocessary, uad my services be requmired in
naother position ; if, to be plain, neces.ity E
hall require thaat I shall again enter theb
ianks of the soldier, I hope you will welconme er
me there. [Applause.1 Now, frienids, again a
lanking you for thtis manifestationa of your b
pprobation, allow me to bid you good night. '
LiIoIN SUPPLIs.-The Cincinanati En- ti
airer states that Major Hayne, of the South w
arolinca army, and brother of Colonel Hayne, ea
earer of deapatches to Washington froan A
overnor Pickens, was in the former city and 1~
aSt. Louis last week, whaere he purchased ai
ad shipped for homae 47,000 bbls. of pork, es
)00 cansks of bacon, and several thousand tlI
ushels of corn, for the use of the Carolinian at
-my. Theso supplies were forwarded ria tl<
te Nashville and Chatt anooga 1Rnad.
An article in a late number of DeBow's
Review, from the pen of Judge Hlupkine, of
Mobile, directs attention to the injury which
the writer thinks is likely to be inflicted on
the South by. the system of instructing ne
groes in the mechanic arts, and employing
them as mechanics. He mays:
" If it be desirable to preserve the patriar
chan system of negro slavery now existing at
the Suuth, as the very best basis of social or
der and of moral and domestic integrity
which none may doubt, who has evoked wis
dom and virtue in pursuing the question,
slaveholders should allay this antagonimn in
their midst, by agreeing through legislative
action, to confine the negro to the soil, thus
to elevate and open the mechanic trades to
the non-slaveholding people around them.
Dignify the trade to the level with the pro
resions, in common acceptation, and idling,
loafing, lounging, fox-hunting, or in other
words, general di~sipaticn of health, energy
and time, among the young men of the South
would almost cease, and in their place be sub
stitu-ted general busy industry. By confining
the negro to the soil, the mechanic would be
at once converted from an open or secret en
emy of negro slavery, into its firm advocate
and supporter, because he would then feel
himself lited up in the scale of social respect.
ability, and maintained in that position by
the subordinated negro, confined exclusively
to menial service. Before the law and com
munity, all white citizens would stand strict
ly on a footing of equality, and be alone dis
tinguished by courtesy and mental superior
This we believe, as we have before said, is
the settled and determined policy of the
States forming the new Southern Confedara
ey. The suljoined remarks from the Presi
dent of the Alabama Convention, which sev
ered that State fiomn the Union, express ex
actly what we btlieve to be the detertnina
tion of the people of the States which have
thrown off the yoke of federal usurpation:
" We are free, and shall any of us cherish
any idea of a reconstruction of the old gov
ernent wLereby Alabana will again link
her rights, her fortunes and her destiny in a
Union with the Northern States? If any
..... .... 1..,, .. ...i r .. - on, let m e
. lesings of
tiuetion 1 LL. ju ...... . anu orever.
There is no middle cour.e, and hence we
have alwa, p-rnrmtirt d tlhe " Peace Confer
.-lee " a lailure- a delusion. When .ix States
d the late Unlion-tix Statesi xportng half
-f the whole t.pal.rts of that Union, have
a ithdrawn frotn it for good and sufficient
:anmse%, w Ler e is the hope (.f I tconistruction ?
Sink t-r >itti, live or die, " the Confederate
itates of1 An-cric.t " niu-t colatir.ul; free, iiove
eign and independent.-Southrr Guardian.
Wirr is A Ziot:vr:7--. felloiw with a red
ag having.-b eyces to it for a co:,t ;with two
cd baigs nithbout sl-eves to thema fo.r trow.
ers ; with an tinb'roidecred anid brai'ied bag
r a ve~t ; u itih a capj like a red woh-n*t sauer-.
an~t; with yellow boots like a four th rolbber
n a stage iay ; with a nmou-tache like two
alf pouniid paibru-sher ; and with a sort of*
word gtun ior guin sword for a weapon, thait
saks like the re.-ualt of a love alfair between
n atroua biroadl-.-word anid a lonely mru-ket,
ndi.screet aid tender-t hat is a Zouave.
A fellow wlhc cant pull tup a hundred and
en piotund dumbl.bell ; who can elimb up an
ighty foot rope, hand ever hand, with a bar
eliif flour hanigiing to. his heEl% ; who. can do
be" git. swinig" on a ho~rizontal bar with
, lty-six tied to each ankae ; who can wa~k
p foiur fli-;hts oif stirs, holing a heavy man
an each hanrd, at arms' lenigth ; amnd who can
limrb a greased pole feet first, carrying a bar
el oif pork ini his teeth--that -is a Zoitave.
A fellow who can jump 17 feet four inch
s high without a spring-board ; who can tie
is legs in a double low-knot round his neck
rithout previously sofrtenig hie --hin bones
.m a steem bath; who can walk Blondin's
ight rope with his stomach outsrde of nine
randy cocktails, a suit of chalh: artnor outside
is stomacht, anid a stiff North-east gale out
ide of that ; who carn take a five shooting re.
olver in each hand and knock the .spots of
hre ten of diamonds at eighty p~aces, turning
utmmiersaiultst all the time, and firing every
rot inr the air-sthat is a Zouave.--" Doe
icks " ini the Sunday Mercury.
Tnte RtoMAe or .r Cnn.esvaim. Kirvenr,.--&
harles Dickern' ini his weekly p~iper, is tell
ig cuirious andI cruel sto~ries about Chines.
Jokery. When anaxiousa to cook a lamb in
ie highest style of at, the Chinese, it is said,
cud a low mrud wall, inelosing a spnee two
Sthree feet across, anid another wall outside,
rmirng a circus of about two feet wide, in
hich they set pots conitainming wine, vinegar,
y.saucee, and so forth. In the inner apace
iey light a good fire, arnd int the circus thus
~epared put a live lamb. The lamb natural
becomes thirsty front the great heat of the
e, arid drinks what lie finds as lhe runs
eckward and forward in search of means of
crape. When thre drinks are all swallowed
d dried into thre aima~rl's flesh, the lamb
mcomtI exhausted, falls down dead, arnd in a1
ry short time is completely roasted. Turtle
ay be prepared, according to thre same au.
ority, by placing it over the fire in a pot ofa
ater, in the lid of which there is a hole large<
rough to allow the turtle to put out his head.
s the water becomes hot, the turtle natural- 1
thrusts Iris head out to get at the coolera
r, when he is fed with spiced wine arid soy
nree, which he drinks readily as a relief from
e heat. This goes an as loug as he has
rength to keep huis head up, and as the tur-a
does rnot part with life easily, he seldom
I. tog n .st,,fing h.i,mfilnh i..:.-oked.
INUiURIAL OF PRESIDENT DAVISs
MuXTGooERY, Feb. IS.-TLe Inaugural
ceremonies are just over. The procaulu was
the grandest pageant ever witnessed in the
. There was an immense concourse on Capi
tol Hill, consisting of ladies from all portions
of this and neighboring States, the military
President Davis com menced bis inaugural
at one o'clock precisely. Ile said:
TUE lXAUotUaAt. ADIaKaS.
Gentlemen of the Copngress of the Cnfid.
eraic States of A nerica-Friem:ul and Fellow
Citizens: Called to the ditlicult and responsi.
ble station of Chief Executive of abe Provis
ional Government which you have instituted,
I approach to the discharge of the duties an
signed me with an humble distrust of my
abilities, but with a suitable confidence in the
wisdom of those who are to guide and aid me
in the administration of public affairs, and
with an abiding faith in the virtue ahd patri.
otism of the people. Looking forward to the
speedy establishment of a permanent Govern
ment to take the place of this, and which by
its greater moral and physical power will be
better able to combat with many difficulties
which arise from the conflicting interests of
separate nations, I enter upon the duties of
the office to which I hnve been chosen with
the hope that beginning our career as a Con.
federacy, we may not be obstructed by hostile
opposition to our enjoyment of our separate
existence and of the independence which we
have asserted, and which, with the bleshing
of Providence, we intend to maintain.
Our present condition has been achieved in
a manner unprecedented 'in Ohe history of
nations. It illustrates the Atmerican idea that
the government rests upon the consent of the
governed, and that it is the right of the peo.
ple to alter or abolish governments whenever
they become destructive of the ends for which
they were established. Thedeclared purport
of the compact of Union from which we have
withdrawn was to establish justieq, ensure
domestic tranquility, provide for the common
defence and general welfare, to secure the
b!es!ings of liberty to ourselves and to our
posterity; and when, in the judgmnent of the
sovereign States composing this Confederacy,
it had been perverted from the purp.>ses for
which it was ordained, and ceased to answer
the end for which it wits established, and a
peaceful appeal n t A
The impartial and enlighteed verdict of
mankind %ill vindicate the rectitude of our
conduct, and lie who kuows the hearts of men
will judge of the Ainecrity with which we Ia
lbureil to prmer~e the Government of our
fathers in its si.irit.
The right uolenmnly Ir.claiined at the birth
of the Slat.-N, 1ad wLich has been affitired
anil reatfired in Btills of Rigliti of the States
sahl.<. g-intly admitted into tile Union of 1789,
uindeniialy re~iegnizrm in the peop'e the power
t.> resumei. the authority deh-gated for the puir
po~ses of Governn.ent. Thus the sovereign
Statex here n-j resented secedelI from thi'
Confe~racy. :.nd it is by an abuse of language
that their act has been denominated "revola
ion." They form a new alliance, but withiti
eneb State its Government has reninined. The
rights of rprsol5nsaid of |-roperty hive not
bie-n di,.turb-dat. The agent ihrough whiom
they conaamunicated -..th foreigna nations is
ebixaged, but ihis dloes not nece-sarily inter
ruplt thn-i r i nternat ional relations.
SuatrinedJ by then cohnsciousne:ss that the
tr.sn8;tio; en'a the former Union to the pres
ent Conift teracy, does not pr~ce-ed from any
disregard on our part of our just obligations.
or anay failure to perform every constitution~al
dluty-mioved by nao intereat or pa:nioni to int
ride the rights of ot.era-anixious to cultivate
pece andt emuimiere withI alt niations, if we
may not haope to avi.i war, we may at least
xpect thnt posterity will acquit us of having
need!e.-sly engaged in it.
Doubly justinedJ, as w.' are, by the absence
of wrong~ on our part a:.d by the w anton ag
gressionm on the~ part om uthers, heecan b
no cause to doubt that the courage and patri
otismn of the penpile of the Confederate States
will be found equal to any measures of do
fetee which our security may require. An
ariculttural peo(ple, whose chief interest is
the export i.f a commnodlity req1uired in every
manufacturingj~ comuniry, our true policy is
peace and the freest trade which our necessi
ties will permit. It is alike our interci-t and
that of all those to whom we woull sell, and
from whom we would buy, that there should
lbe as few restrictions as practicable upon the
iiterchange of comumodities. Thlere can be
but little rivalry between ours and any mann
racturinig or naiigating community, such as
blha Northern States of the Amecrican Union.
[n must follow, therefore, that mutual interest
would invite good will aiid kind offices.
If, howover, passion or lat of domain
ihould clotud the judgmient or influence the
ubitioni of those States, we must prepare to
:ecet the emergency and maintain, taT TUM
FIAr. AtiREITRAYENT or THEC swomD, THE Posl
ioN wHiCHe wE HAVE AssUMtED AMoNo rilE NA
We have entered upon a career of indepen
lence, and it must be inflexibly pursued.
hrough many years of controversy with our
ate associates of the Northern States, we
ave vainly endeavored to secure tranquility
mfd obtain respect for the rights to which we
yre entitled. As a necessity, and not from
~hoice, we have resorted to the remedy of
eparation ; arid henceforth our energies must
e directed to conduct our own affairs and
eure the perpetuity of the Confederacy which
re have formed.
If a just perception of mutual interests
hall permit us peaceably to pursue our sop
rate political career, mny most earnest desire .
Ill have been fulfilled. But if this be denied
is and tho integrity f rn taretinr and jn.. j
risdiction be assailed, it will but remain for
us, with a firm resolve, to appeal to arms, and
to invoke the blemaing of Providence upon our
Asa consequence of our new coniditiin,
and with a % iew to meet anticipated wanta, it
will bo necessary to provide speedy and eff
cient organization of branches of the Exe-u
tive Departmont having special charge of for
eign intercecrse. fitance, military affairs, an4
postal service. For purpoes - of defence, the
Ctdcerate States may, under ordinury eir,
cumtttstances, rely mainly upon their ailitis,
but it is devmed ndvisable in tLe present OOct
dition of afairs that there should be a well
iustructed d:sciplin ed army, more numeruu4
than would usually be required in a peace es
I also suggoat that fur the protection of out
harbors aud commerce on the higb seat, &
navy adipted for those objects will be requii'd.
Thee necessities have doubtless engaged the
attentiou of Cougress.
With a ConstituticA difering only from that
of our flthers, in so far as it is explanatory of
their well-known i4tent, freed from seotional
conflicts which have interfered with the pur
suit of the general welfare, it is not unreasona
ble to expect that the States from which we
nave recently parted may seek to unite their
fortuies with ours under the Government
whieb we have instituted. For this your
Constitution makes adequate provision, but
beyond this, if I mistake not the judgment
anti will of the people, A RE UXIOX WITU TUB
STATES FROM WUIeU WE MAYE SEPIATED 2S
NElITHsa raACTicARLE NOR D55!aABLE.
To increase the power, to develop the re.
sources and promote the happiness of a Con.
federacy, it is requisite tbat thete should be
so much of o.omogeniety that the welfare of
every portion should be the aim of the whole.
Without this antagonisms are engendered,
which must and should result in separation.
Actuated solely by the desire to preservi
our own rights and promote our own welfare,
the separation of the . Confederate Stated has
been marked by no aggression upon others,
and followed by no domestic convul-ion. Our
i-adustrial pursuits have received zo check.
The cultivation of our fields has progressed as
heretofore, and even should we be involve?
in wAr, tn-re would be no considerable dimS.
nution itn tl.e pri.duction of the staples which
have cois. ituted our exports, and in which the
colaner4 -- ' -
...: atan guide the action of the Govera
ment from which we have separated, a policy
so detrimuental to the civilized worl.d, the
Northern States included, could not be dis
tated by even the atrongest desire to indiet
itjury up r us. Iut if It shau'd be other.
aise, a terrible responsibility will rest upon It,
and the . f erin1 'millitns will bear testi.
mony to the folly and wickedness of our ag
gressors. In the meantiwe there will remain
to us, besides the ordinary remedies before
dng.estuL, the cell-knuwn resources for retal.
sti a san ith.- commerce of our enemy.
Exrieneuo in puba:ic a'ations of grads
subordinate to this, which your kindness had
conferred, has tau;;ht am-' that care and tol
and dianppoin~tment are :h: I rce of offieial
elevation. You will se0 many errors to for.
give-many deficiencies to tolerate; but you
shall not find in me either wint of seal or
flielity to the cause, that is to mec highe-t is
h-.pe and of miost enduring4 aslction. Your
generosity ha.5s eowed upon ine ,n tudde
served distinction-one which I neither sought
nor desired. Upon a continuance of that see.
time~nt and upon your wisdom and patriotism
I rely, to direct and support mee in the per
l'ormance of the duty regnired at my hands.
We have changed our constituent parts ;bet
the system of our Government, the C .sita
tion formed by our father.<, is that of these
Confederate States. In their exposition ef it,
andi in the judicial cotnstructin it has re
Celvei, we have a lipht which reveals its true
mneaning. Thtus instructed as to the just in
terpretattion of te in'trunz.ent, anid ever re.
membering that all oilices are but truats held
t'or the people, and that the delegate.l powers
are to be strictly construed, I will hope, by
due diligence in the performance of my duties,
though I may disappoint your expectationm, yet
to retain, when retiring, something of the
gootd will and confidence which welcomes my
eitranice itnto o c e. It is jon3%u in the
midst of perilos elmos, to look round upon a
people united in heart, where one purpose of
igh resolve animates and actuates the whole
.=where the rsacrie to he made is not weigh
cd in the balance against honor, right, liberty,
and equtality. Obstach-s tay retard-they
annowt long prevetnt the progress of the move
nent. SLnctiled by its justice, and sustained
by a vr:uom.s peopile, reverently let us invoke
the Grod of our fathers to guide and protect
us in our efforts to perpetuate those prinei
ptes, which, by Hlit blessing, they were able
o vindicate, to establish snd to trat.smtit ti
With a continuance of this favor, ever
rratefully acknowledged, we may hopefully
lok forward to success, to peace and to pros.
TitE DANvILLE Co.GN~cvioN SEcuRED AT
sr.-A bill to charter a road from the
'ompany's shops to Milton, In Csswell coun
y, with the right to connect with the Rick.
oud and Danville railroad, passed-its third
eding in the Senate on Monday. This Is
bhe " Danville connection " which has been
me much talked about.
The Wilmnington Journal, of the 1I2th, in
peaking of this, says:
This, or a similar bill, has already passed
he House, and will no dubt become a law
lowe may as well make up our mindsato it
t once. We thought, at <.ne time, that this
etion might have been stared of for a few
ears longer, but never doubted thzatit would
oner or later be forced through.-.Southera