Newspaper Page Text
* outhCFu Postage Act.
T i.mot iuni"-t ant ac'tin of the Southernm
Cingress, on the 24:h in4t., was the renoal
of.,ercy fromti the i lowing report and bilh:
.Ir. Ch.ltln fromn Ihell ite o. Pos.tal
A :s p .1t:
c>i Wdend :41 i :1 Wna-:e them, bate
b O.: ih ibl,o.-in~greot
an e .. all'.he i the S n.
a~ te.- e..~- imai. I. lirected their
ill(. g ...ii whthevr, ui.1houl
ui.-r '- .v Vei--.ee lo t.e ;u'Ilie: t!.e P.uist
Otli .. i.are o is confederacy ca:i be
m le -elf1:t.'istaini.
T. e Co mlilittee inl fron the latest ant
mno-t reliable tient or iii' .rnation of which
the: have i tb to r~vail them-elf, that
the :e .f nl: are over the receipts
of thi.; ileptt tini in the six States cunpri
in . 'u; tr:-,. :'r Whe tieAl vyer vin
deu r :Di June, Wa.was6.; .9.3
T int i''fe ntbena to t olitain the report
of S rvee-us aln expenditures for thu last
fi.zcal :.-rim . pre.,une th.e abovo fur
nik'hei :in appr,!oxi*-i.. uliiny accurate
t . thOe pr- ,h . -it -.r ree t:.etion.
- :%, v or lol his *tlell'it. p ni Coinlttee
would "*' ;t th:th ili ras of pa.tage inai
be icre eJ. as pri..ue'i by the accumiinny
in. !i11. BV th:- i tiIey e-simiiate an in
C..ac *1Coft re'it:..: -:ppox:iating $8578 874 8::.
1The believe that a Saving caln be etfected
by ehane An the mwide f letting out mail
curtracts, Aopting what is usually called
'We wr i's:l e. Proividing ':AI duec
s:'e- orus fo: t! .e eutkl'rity, et-rfainty, and
s:.itv of the :: it. but without other rms
ttON a, to tv hemnd of transpirtat ion. In
t a.- V. ur C .:'nitl! Ure satisfied that
ti~~~1 exi-ne O ne transpoirtaO tiuma be
r I y :1:'.1. per cen.t. u1po tihe present
T'I'll nur, urthr (if olinion that there
sliuuld fbei. t': 'inuant::ce 'f tnmeroius rouite.
t v e1t. or wh'is ra:ly diproleortioned to
.re eiw ldt L. in! .' r, ciptsf We pst
.'i e. u !. - ti .em. I thi Way thel
b - e-. .. 0V t 4&=.ri 1t f te presni eo o
tt-- .-,..t i.,1 :nrv he. 'andsy$206 344
S u- 1 Imay I& tHe Iroties way.
v. l : h u:ciud ,dtri:m-nt, he change, da.1
, n- ) ok i : kly. &., at
l? i i ::ole rum Aito f say SAM,44
TI;:.. w l o rel.o.nmend thie abolihing
.: a. : . :i r p >st ,: wich oc a
.,: - : . expen.e %iihout corr-pon
. or convenhanee. In this Way a
'ht. . itr hir st uiA.' h e r o-ill
i: S:'.s w l say by it
ii re *.-,ie- epte b raiing p~.'ost-n esio
S .. . ,i b'es in a te.hdyS.
: ! ..... . .. ........ ..... 1. .721 00
T .a .......... .....1, 0 9
p .,a . Ii 'it Iis.: ef ex: .ligitretls ~i~ it
irr r t .... ......... .c i59 a :
1 :. ' 'i.:n ' 'art cIt:i opinuon that step -
si.. . h in: tn di aeyi ket tit proclitrle Ios
la:n : a. P .I:- :it n.,1nin1atiol (if t wo. five
ti! es-- o t:-; puhili il.-- reanya will et
.'.o wail s of the 1)a r:
. . e t t im i at
so . - : i.. ake fr prooirin, a .niiply
e.-- ,.1. :: t : 1:6.. Servicetu ; and
i p: .in i - : siuch ao4 art.. nowv in u se.
:--..40 fr-r r.einninendl that all the
i e hr -::wtinv this Cfte ofederay be re
I(-: :is eariv a day a thrc:icable. and until
th - .- ry . Ole eiin coitracts relah
tf .0r1e.11 ilius h e n l of nz responl', t
Yiout'r enery arnle unle tse et, any
kp'dau an ftenratiogenens.all eaet
::rn oad oruicte irn-::itein or' bnyi at-t
t o agns romydi othe goarinefrntsy -
bati.2 et -weer, p h-sithu-it pth tfdrate,
ca et; ndo axemnit ariig c nte ne-dtt dO
.mies dofbl that prahe wiand eediluett or
shall ~e deaned in et aneat'ycadr. L
d~t~na weght iilf n once-' additioteadl
teilor friti~d natte-ati i iil pakter
:u~e tiett'V~lii th5 clas-s~itlExraes by
wvt~e :s eter oe atdan dsal he aag
ed oube he ate ~posag 'onleterand.
At dtoA lerTtor let:.s.. pla... i anrPost
scin' : nt~ f ot.' aisii m: ~ IN ut: orm n-iver
shahe . The Cha-ress ofithe onedatehe
Stae- of Amerenso enact hat iro allth fe
gtrg sn'hperid the ote Possteprenrai ei
mtanwi bypo; to a nnounlttrwhc , hleresalr I
b-:..:~redu a thetnoinig ruer or pnosta.:eto
w'rit:fo eiver osingle, ltte cagead forth
ktnd upotm whch informaition shaolte redot
jo' signs. conveyed to the maitil fo.r any dis
tan f b tenpacswtnsh Confedera te
iits d.oubl e t re n eryt lete orll
parceli notr exc eedigal n three in wie iht ;
d.tional. we.oig the tali nune oor publictional.
wai:uht anf less tide half anibunc, shall be
chared with anst~ additoalosnl tostage;.ll:
pa or. ptcahes conainingotero ta newrit-t
pe r rinteisd mater--andth hu mon e p-wkaee
areioeue i , thi clant--hl ber urted aynd
wip't as lietltr r a ed, and sall obe hatg
edblbe tha ae r atesf postageo ulletterd d;l snd
al drop. ette or ltte plaed oin any Po'st.
( ;uip.uint o trLL5'andsmr~is:n sbut fro delie
o'ih-, shal ie charged with postage ash
fn'ing .e. oesi the -tige mte re.ab
nuber dv aertig a rmiingt uot e rcled I
Wttt in an postii ofillc ililel shall li e ith
two ent ueach t i aditionii to te reuitlr
ut0. 2. ~...in /, ::/ fur/te enacey haltall
nep~ssit exceeding' iiittturl hre uiounce miy shl
actual ' i' ''i :tou~ and ba iesbcies tshallsb-a
cha .e ~it I j stgetas fotlows, to w:the Ste
p -rpublhedweel i tin he Stte wheruie a
pulitd..-hllb Gruir'ents p-rlh utr. d
Ia-r limbli * be q-:mi-wekly dither ithat
e tht ra~; andpaper published hdbill six
tinfs th'. ate 'aw th postage o all newa
papersltoiu ' a a~a sub'sc o tribr wihut the tateci
vi;i'i ''f pniena t i t aual and'' hona fulide
to!' io.<- ,l wit :i theo-tag on:C ': the eguar
tonj:, i'' -.-.e'*ght, .f publ 'i ''d . u ntly, li.
wihin the Stat a h -e uthished, ha beI3
e *'. ;. sp re ; i fP ? . p b ifed seii-tnot l y l
,*t.:he..rie;:Utrree;t:adnyor every sditiopao'
-4d-d or furnished under te provisions of
his or anv l'ribrer act, whether the same are
inpressed or printed on or attached to envel
ties or not, or any die, plate, or engraving
herefor, or shall make or print, or knowingly
tie or sell, or have in his possession, With in
ant to sus or sell, any sA: f1LaS, forged, or
,oxaunterf'eited dics. plato, engraving, or post.
. aUnp. sir who shall make o0r print, or
r . hu be mzale or printed, any p.ostage
tIamapS of the kind provided and. furnished by
le PGunaster ura! as aforesaid, without
he eejci:m aitority and direction of 'the
P0stolilee Dp.artment, or who, after such
iostage taipis have been printed, shall, with
nc:t to detraud the revenues of the lost
Dice Department, deliver any postage
tamp to any person or persons other than
uch as shall be authorised to receive the same
>y an instrument of writiig, duly executed
itder the h:and of the Postmas:er General,
mud the seal ot' the Postollice Department,
Whatl, on convictioinI thereof, lie declmed guilty
It* :Ionv. and be p':nished by a ite not ex
:eding'$-00 or by iliprisontent not exceed
lg live years, orby both such fine and im
,zisoInient ; and the expenses ot procuring
Lad providing all such p. s-aye %taimps and
eIe r(. en velop s as are provided far or an
horised by this act, shall be paid, after being
rljasted byr the Auditor of the Posto cc De
mrtment on the certificte of the 1:'ostmaster
.jeneral out of any money in the Treasury
riWing from the revenues of the Postollice
Jcpart men t.
Si:c. . And be it further enacted, That it
hall be the duty of every Postmaster to cause
-> be deface !, in such manner as th#Post
aster General shall direct, all postage stamps
of this Co:feder:aey, attached to ltters de
,siti.d in his .lice r delivery or to be sent
>y mail; and if any Postmaster sending let
ers in the mail with such postage stamps
ttthed, shall omit to defiwc the same,
t ,hall be the lu v of' the Postmaster to
rhose oflice such letters shall be sent for
Ielivery to dtefice the stamps and report the
lelinquent Postmaster to tie Postmaster
71eneral, and if any person shali use or at:-.
empt to use, in the pre-1-ayment of postage.
nmy potaze stamps which sanl have beeni be
ire ued for like purposes, such person shall
e subject to a penalt. of fifty dollars for
very such offence, to be recovered in the
ame of thc Confederate States of America,
n1 any court of comipete:A jurisdiction.
S -. 5. And be it ihrther enacted, That
rom anI after the day'when this act goes into
feet. the franking privilege shall be abolizh
d, procided that the Postumastr General and
is chief clerk, andl the auditor of the Treasa.
'vtaor the Paost'flice Department, shall be
ud they are hereby authori.-hed to transmit
rough the mail free of postage any letters,
ackages, or otlr mAtters, relating exclu
ivelv to their oficiad duties, e~r to the business
af tie Postallice Department; but they shall,
n every such case, indorse on the back of the
etter or package to be sent free of postage,
er their own siginatures, the words 4 0tfi
ial Busincss," and for any such indoirsemuent
selv talet the personi so oullending shall for
it and pay $:300 i maa prorided /fioe', th2
everal Depttty Postmasters throughout the
ounlederate States hall band hereby are
uthorised to send through the mail fce oi
nastage all letters amnd packages which it may
IU the;r duty, or they may have occ:asiot to
raisiit to any person or place, and which
elate pxclusivelv to the busintess of their re
pective ollices, to the business of the Post
Ilice Departmu'ent-btit in every such case
lie depttty post master sending any such let
-r or package shi;adl in lorse thereon. over his
.vnl signature, the words " Postotice Busi
ss," and for any and every such indorse
1-nt lsely a -le tle persan making the
ame shall ho.: .L and pay $300.
Sec. 6. And bec if furthera enacted, T hat the
iird scetion of an act enttitledl an act further
> amenud an act entitled an act to reduce and
.ioifv the rtes of postage itt the United
rates, andl foar other putrpose<, passed March
, 15l, approved March 3, 1855, whereby the
ter registration system was established, bue
d is hereby repealed front aitd after the day
len this act goes inato en'eet.
Smo'. 7. Amd b~e it fiertser caacted, itc., That
o letters shall be carried by the Exptress or
ter chartered companies, unlss the same
all be prepared lay beinir endorsed in a
tam1ed envelope of this Coinfe.deracy, and
ty conmpany violating the provisionis of thi~s
et shall forteit atad pay the sum of live hun
red dollars for each offence, to be recovered
y action of debt in any court of this Con
-derur having cognizsance thereof in the
ine mi'nd for the use of this Confederacy.
Scc. 8. And be if fJhehr enacted, That the
'ostiaster General of thte Confederate States
e, ad is hereby authorized to make all ne
essary arrangements for the tratnsmission of'
mails betweeni the Territories of' this and
Lther governments, subject to the approval of
e President, until postal treaties can be
Passed February 21, 18t11.
AxKAssas Am.!. RmiciT.-WXe were in receipt
n vesterday, from the Ion. RI. HI. Johnson.
liior oif the True Democrat, and late candi
ate for Governor, of the following glornous
ispatch. for which attention Mr. Johnson will
lerase accept our thanks.-..Memphis Ava
Lrr-rI.E RocK, Feb. 21, 1861.
To the Editor of. the ..-ralanchae: News
avorable to Convention. About thirty oar
birtyfive Secessionists. T wenty-five condi
onal Secessionists. Fifteen or twenty-Sub
mi~iionists. Think Arkansas certain to se
ede. R. 11. J0IlNSON.
.zcots T1sivs CoNsctEss.-A deSpatch
I he 25th, in the Charleston Courier says:
'"Mr. Lincoln visited Congress t'o-day.
l-ssrs. Johnson, of Tennessee, and Kennedy.
f Maryland, were the only southern Sena
irs who noticed him at all. Ile was also
'i(lly received in the H~ouse by southern
A Paosr'erm vrz Sv4~ttrem: .-The Richmond
:minireriC hats private advies fromu different
arts of the State, which inaformn it thant a
rge number of the largest slavehtolders in
'irginia are already making preparatioais for
i exodus. We have ourselves reliable infor
iation to the same effect. When this pros.
ctive stampede shall once become present
d actutal, none can predict the extent to
haiht it ill be carried. Some opiate that
Jme of 'our largest and most flour'ishing agri
ultural districts will be left as desolate as
he wilderness of .Jamaica. Evena if' it shall
il far sltort of this, it will still involve iyecal
uhable damnnmge to all our inuterestsu. These
urge slavehtolders comprehend a large quota
I' the very flower of otur population--repre.
uating naauh of the wealth, taletat, virtue
id conmmiandintg inafauence of thte State. They
'ill ear. y away froma us mnillions of property.
'ae will carry' awvay f'romn us, whlaat is fat'
aar valuable to thme State than paropierty,
ousads and tens of' thtousanuds ofl busy
ads, whii'b now coanstit tte thea productive
daar of thle Statte. -htichamond I Jispatch.
Pia': lin.-TJhae Newt York Eveniiang
>o.;t undettoak to conatradict thae repiort that
ld A be's sota atad heir was rather a " fast
-oumr~g mtan." Thae lRoehestusr Umi:>n tells a
li'erent stoiry' about Prinee litb'ls habits, and
lhuastret s its renmarks ns hollows:
- whte ld A lie started from Sparingfield,
t gave 13ob a carlpet hag, and told him that
t was hIis especial ad sode dty to see it
ehy de'ive'reda in Washinagtonm. Thae bag
:tained somae piriv'ate papers oaf thea Presi
Icait elect, anid the Intauagural Message. At
zudianhy-dis Itob giat tight anda lost the carphet
stg. It wa tnt, taaunid, atad the Presidenatial
a tt left w ithtout it. It is ye't miissang.
l'.-t'e is, haiwa'ver, antother ('opy of' that ines
ag' inm existence. sao thatt Mr. LIincob i will
tot e comipelled to re-write t hat or write a
e' aone. .\lr. Iim.,il was vexed at the
ta.lt'sness of' his sont,-bumt liobl alid ntot aap
, -ar ta - erer iine tab~ jout the mtat t r, iad re.
a 'i d t htat the it1.m1 minatniig! t as well t'euld
lsahiat- that taSs smitet hinag .else."
-em .*-.-T -4ivn appolitmes- h-.
..uen tma-le lby G;iv. P'iakens:
Ca tain N. G. Eranas, late of thae Uni'ed
tas Armay. Adjiatant Genteral of the regulatr
breaea' ad Somaa h t',araolina...
Cata'a Noarthtrop, la'e of thae United .State's
Smitt. P'.i:naamUr-th ral of he regulaar fat'
,~f . at'h Ca'rolinait. (':1.ttnit Normthrop
vtis a ciaa.mite of' President Davi<a, anad a
.tuateor' w...t Puint
MorrcosTiGV, Fob. 27-Mr. Wright 01
Georgia, offercd a resolution that the discus
sions on the permanent Constitution, which
will be up for consideration to miorrow, be ir
Mr. Chilton, of Ala.. ollered a resolutio:a
instructing the Committee on Naval Alitiri
to inquire into the propriety of constructinD
eVe-ral iron tillated frigates-which was adop
A n act was passed to raise provisiongl force
for the Con-federate Stittes, and for other pur
poses ; the act directs, aiong other provi
sions, that the President .shall take charge of
all inililary operations between the Confede
racy and other powers.
An act was also passed to raise the money
for the support of the Governinent: it author
izes the President to borrow 15,000,000,
dollars, payale in ten years, with interest
at eigL per c.ent. The iast section directs
that on exports a duty of -c. per pound on
cotton shall be levied on all cotton exported
after the 1st of August next for -tho purpose
of creating a fund for the liquidation of the
principal and interet of the 15,000,00 loan.
Fbruary 28.-An act was pas:ed to-day,
providing until stamps were obtained that
the Postmaster General may order pre-pay
ment in money ; also authorizing contracts tc
be made with steamers to convey the mails.
A bill was introduced providing in case 01
a conflict o( arms. between the old and new
governinent;, or the refusal of the old to re
cognize the independence of the new, that
the Confederate Courts not take cognizanet
of civil suits of States or citizens of the old
March I-Congress was in secret sessiou
The notnination of Peter G. T. leauregard,
late Major of the United States Army. to be
Brigadier-General of tie army of the Provi
visinal Government, was conlirmed.
General Beauregard is a native of Louisiana.
Ile entered the West Point Academy in 18341
and 'as regularly pronoted until, at the
breaking out of the Mexican war, he was a
brevet Captain. For gallant and meritoriens
c induct at the battle of Chapultepec, in which
he was twice wounded, he received the ap
pointment of Brevet Major. Ile was lately
c-lled to the command of the West Point
Acadeny, but declined the honor, and apon
the secession of iis State resigned his con
March 2.-The Congress aduitted the Tex
as delegates to hail privileges as members to
th. After a short discussion this maorning
about a reduction of the Tarif.i the Congress
went itito secret session.
The Couigress were several hours in secret
Was"ittHtroN, February 28.-The Border
States are )Ow 'rgrded as fixed. In the
[louse to-dav. Stanton, of Ohio, the author of
the Force Bill, moved its reconsideration, and
advocated the motion in a wily speech.
Ile said that he would recoynize the iue
.unidene <.fthe Coulrderale States, sooner
fhan iuke war upon them ; that their object
now should be to keep the Border Statts in
tile Union, and that the Repubnlican party
otght to make sacrifices to setain theni.
Corwin's pacification report was then ta
kIen up, and passed by a two-ihirds vote.
The Senate, however, will reject it, a:ind will
pass Seward's resolution calling a general
Convention. This will then be passed by the
louse, ts it is understood that Lincoln fa
vors it. People here are getting very anx
ious for compromise. Whten Corwinm plan
was carried in the House to-day, there was
the most tutmultuous applause in the iall,
both from the floior and the galleries.
Trhe War Department to day receivetd des
patches from Major Anderson, in which he
flatly coutradicts the ab~iurd report, started
by a Charleston paper, to the effect that he
was ill. ie declares that lie ntever was ill
'etter health, and professes to be ready for
anty emergenicy that may arise. Speaking oi
the battery ott thte sandhibts of Ctnning's
Point, he says that the work is still rapidly
progressing, but thbat when the occasion re
quires it, he can, in a very few tuintutes, with
his heavy guns. sweep away the bomb proof
battery on the Point.
Both Ilouses of Congress to-day :rather
snubbed thme elaborate arrangement which
the fossils tf the Peace Conference have been
so long patching up. The nmajority of the
Abolitionisi.s are now acting on the princile
that a bird in the hand is worth two int the
bush. They say that the Cotton States may
go out and stay out, provided they can keep
their grip firmly upon the Old Dominion.
Tute following~ resignations are reported at
the Navy Departtment:
Capt. Nathan G. Evans, U. S. Cavralry,
Lieut. S. W. Ferguson, U. S. Dragoons,
Lieut. George A. Cunningham, U. S. Cav
Lietut. Ihorace Randall, U. S. Dragoons,
Lieut. Thomas Jones, U. S. Infantry, Ten.
The President has determined to strike the
tatnec of Gen. Twiggsm from the roll of the ar
tny, on the ground of treason.
WAswtoo, March 1.--The fight of the
Abolitionists over the spoils is becoming des
perate. It is understood to-night that Chase
and Camneron are for peace. Both will gc
into the Cabinet.
Lincoln spoke last night at a serer ade.
ie was very prodigal in his blessings, freely
promnising peace, happiness atnd equal rights.
The leading Abolitienists are beginning to
talk caluly of the Southern Confederacy, and
to view it as a great reality. Nevertheless,
a large mnajot-ity of them are for- war.
Linceoln is evidently backing down since
his arrival here. -
The light draught war steamer Pawnee
has just arrived at the Washington Navy
Yard. It is expected that she will be ordered
to Charleaton itn a few days.
Messrs. Montgomery and Buily, of the U.
S. Artilery, and both of Georgia, have throwrs
up their commissions.
The following, it is now believed, will be
Lincoln's Cabinet : Seward, Chase, Came:on
Montgomery, Blair, of Md., Smith, Wells and
Wigfall and Ilemnphill will retire from the
Senate to morrow.
WVAsimsc-ros, March 2.-A large numbem
of. the late G overmtnent cemployces, Sou therr
Senators and Congressmen are preparing t<
The Ilon. Dudley Mann, leaves for Mont
The Secr-etairy of War issued a general ot
der this mnor-ninug, dropping Gen.- Twiggs fron
the roll, for trcehery.
Thousands of Northerners and Westernere
ate pouring in every day, and the city is al
readly full. ____
Pat ssm n -rIA . Re:-r.-The Monttgom rj
corresponidce of the Chark ston Eveni ng
News says that the conmmittee of' citizenms to.
day obta ined-i for P'rnsidlent Davis the hand
solue reside-nce of Col. I larrison, its thme futort
WV hite lionse. Th'le grounuds sturrouniding -
an' extenshive andl tastefuly laid out, butth
extrbitant retnt of S'>.000, demanided nt
giwni, does not refleet very credlitably upo:
the patritt ismi of .the ownert. Thiriy- rbret
and athird per cenit. on an inve-sitieti :
pic of good fortmtne rarely met with, but n:
Lorr-y of'fellsons's would say*, it is "' bustness.'
1ossessionm will be givenm next week.
Powntsat ron Cnt.uutr.ES-o.-The Montgo:n
ry .iertiser of Sunday has the followig
" Yecsterday there were forty-ninet thm~nsant~
one hunitdred piounds of powder shipped fron
te Motntgonn'ry an~d We'st Point Rtailroat
Depot for Charlestotn. It was intended foi
tlIe use of the South Carolina troops, whet
that the Euroi-pteat anid Soihern Direet'"'r-a
ding Comapatny of Newy( rleanshas matea
piientions5 to nergotihate tlhe saile of .tighlt nmil
lins of t honds of t he Co n felerate States
of A mier ena. We~t anre glaid to see the dlireel
trade- inilluence thus comniaj foteardl. The
siv Vt rg:t ti:-iin in theo Milssissip~pi \'a~fet
un- r,-'a tmp-'nta solil baisis of ced-sit ini I
r<p. WVe ate coutilidlent tha,:t it eani id mate
r~ially ini futrnishting the sinews of wvar.-'Mouat
ARTHUR BIMKINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESI)AY, MAR. 0, 1861.
M We regret th:at a commsaaunticntion from "W.
11. A." was not received, owing to our Uon-appli.
e..tion at thu Po.t Ofiee, until too lato .for this
Our Law Court fur thu .Spring is in Pesio
Judge Wini-sn presiding. Solicitor Paluti
present, and also 31esars. Ai.nnien, of Iarnwel
Jones, of Newberry, and MoNT-ronsny, of Au'
gustw. The Edgefield Bar is in full force. State
cases will probably occupy this week.
By authority wo announce that Rev. L.
GWALTNY, (Providence permitting) will preach
at H1orn's Crook Church on Sundaly next, at:
()'clock, P. M.
* -+-- .
anj. S. 3. BLoeKxa wits a few days since clec
ed Colonel of the 9th Regiment, S. C. M., rice
Col. VATr Moss reAgned.
Dr. R. C. Griffin.
We learn through the Southern Ganrdian, that
Dr. Gitarsis has resigned his post in ono of the
Departments in Washington, and returns to his
native State to share in her destiny, whatever it
may be. To the Doctor we extend a cordial wel
Death of an Aged Matron.
Our village has Leen hereft by death of one of:
its:most aged and devoted mothers,-a woman ini
whom there was no guile ;-wo have reference to
the dcease of Mrs. PATIEN-n ADDisox, relict of
the late ALLEN B. AnmisoN. She was one of the
last links connecting the past of Edgefield Village
with its presnt, nul was revered as a landmark
of life's vieissitude.<. She was moreover so full of
kindliness and warm sympathies, that our rever
once was ever mingled with love. Her presence
was indeed as the sunshine of true charity; and.
in her church it naay well be said, "a mother in
Israel has fallen." Farewell, Christian muothor!
Thou hast but gone to re-unite in Heaven with
the friends of thy earthly youth ! But thy plre6
amongst us,--ow shall it be supplied
Pronise of Spring.
Murch has entered the arena with all the geni
ality of .lAy; and the promiso is, that we shall
have an early Sprinrg. Accordingly :many farmers
are planting corn. We wish them mituch luck. I
may be well however to consider, that the full
moon occurs this wonth about the 26th. At that
time more or less frost may be expected. Now, it
the curn (being planted) is then just fully tsp, and
the frost should be at all tevere, may not thb
young plant be set back a week or two ? Suppose
tuther corn to ho slanted shount the 20i1h, and to to
ready to como up issirediately after the probable
frost.of the full moon, which is likely to do best?
We incline to the latter idea. Yet mny-will take
the chances, on the correct ground, too, that a
week gained in the Sp iig often saves a crop in the
By a letter received front Capt. J. CAraosU
Simicss of the S. C. Regulars, dated at Green
ville. Feb. 27th, we learn that he hits succeeded in
i enlisting 58 Inen. le adds: " I am now organi
rzing say Cumpasny, asid we will leave this plaice
for Charleston on Fridaty. I mat~y be .?tationsed at
Fort Johnson. We expect ha-rdi fghtinig."
Pretty near the enemny's gunss toss. Well may
he say, arid mnany a patriot sorn of the Suouth cont
say the sanme :N' It is a gresit triasl for nse to- lea e.
ray wife and children, hut my country ansd duty
call, and I hope I shall not he found wantinig."
We mast. be pardoned for taikisng the libserly of
quotisng thiu remark. We give it ats but one in
stanice out of thiousansds illustrating the uneaile
haing devotion of Scutbu~animen to the great e~mee
-Asn Appeal to Parents.
Upon a sinagle pioint we desire to make a brief
appeal to the psarensts of Edgefield. We under
stand that in thsie village, and elsewhere in the
District, maere boys, ansd achool-boys at that, are
permitted to wear upjon their persosns concealed
weapons. In this place particulsirly, we iarn
fronm g-od authority that this fatal error prevails,
and that it results in unnoryanco to the coummunity.
It is the intentian saf the trustees of the Edge.
field Acaidemny to snake this othrence a cause of ex
pusion without appeal. But this will only reach
the correction of the evil itn the school, and even
there only to a limiited extent. It is to parental
authority and influentce alone that we cart look for
acore of this andI other grievous faunlis in the
generaitiosn groswing up sround us. Unless fathers
arnd guardianss will tako ste sulject under earnest
supervisiso, no school or police regulations will
suficee toa remove this wrong and danagerous prac
To them then we appeal, tos stop it at oncee and
completely wherever their rightful constroll can
reach. W~eralpeal to their sense of civil duty, and
ask this much of thema as good citizens. We sap
pad to their parental affections, arid beseech thems
to have a care over the true happiness of those
who are committed by H~eaven to their nurture
and admonsition. We appoal to their religious
hopes, and entreat them to beware of the retribu
tiona of an over-ruling Providence. We appeal to
their eherishesd yeasrnings for te future advance.
iment of their boys, and beseech them to cut short
a misc.hievous priviloge which can onsly lead to
rowdyisum and bloodshed.
Will psarensts anid guardians reflect arnd act ? Un
less they do, thu evil must grow apnece to the dis
grace of our age anid cosuntry. We have felt ii
our duty to msention the matter briefly, in the
hope that the citizens of a Christian land will
need iso more than a suggestion on a point of such
vital importance to the happiness of individuals
and the good order of communities.
All nature proclaims to the vegetable gardener,
"lJie 1/auy.", Almost- the entire list of gurden
products will conmo in for a shatre ef your atton
tions this month. To do fell justice to the entire
party, you must look with all your eyes, think
quick, iad do what your hanwds tinid to do with all
yossr maighit. P'repaire every nook andl cornier of
your gardein. Sow peas, beets, carrots arid rad
ishes, if you wish more in aiddition to those pust
in last mtonth. P'lant soap-beans but keep planks
ready to cover thsemt ; plant fsor your full open-air
rop about the 25th. For early corn, Adlasm'a tE
ly is said to be the best. It is as smasll tlinaty grnsin,
but very sweet, and mat sres very raipidhy. LAN.
rnus & others cosnsider it the best early variety;
it ruay ho planited 21 feet each way. Go largely
san Irish potatoes this year. P'ansat a pastch to
sace, besides Osno to eat fronm. Itesaember they
are sc~are-y ever now below $1,501 per bushel. W1e
think the plani of coverinrg with pin straw best;
but paray3 put on she strasw s soona us yu Issse
p/naed,, nud cover sit least two feet sleep. Other
wise, you'do inijustica to this modaso of culture.
Als'., do not forgot to mnuro ,saasinted/3- Covered
deep, staible msanure, hog hair, coton-sued, gunao,
and all other muiures cominedacs, will never cause
alse liants ta "ir,-noever sla iiught but gasud.
Nevertheless, there would ho in" sense inr ovor-doa
ing the thing.
Of coaurse gairdeners, anad farmuers too, ni-e pro
parinig their sweet-poatata lantt bests. If niot, they
had heter get upl out of that larzywid split-bottin
and go at it.
Malans of all1 kitnds will suggest themselves to
you. lBut doas't ruah too fasst ini this rogar.l. Msay
if the heist melotns, thu wataermetsions chief of sill.
musst wait faor Apit. Yt-t thearo is oummgh to ido.
aid niaoru tos,. - Anal-rgain we adhviso, " 'li //ay-"
;e.l The bill to, di:econtino the Mail srvice ins
thas Conafederai.e States Ias-inssead both houses of
the Conigress at Washiugton, and onsly needs the
signatuire of:rthe Presiateaut to hecomsae a law.
'[. Johnaa A. Kennseady, t be~ .su erinitendent of
New b"rk Poalice, anal notorious in e'onnesctiona
-with the rhbbery of Southern~ arms, canme to Wash
ingrin-0 Jaincolns'd "suite,"
The Oficers and mucn of the %ch Iegiment S
C. Volunteers will do well to observe the follow
STATE OF SOUTII CAROLINA,
HEAII QUaaRxns, Mar. 1st, 1I6. j
Special Order, Xo.2.
TO THOS. G. BACON, COLONEL:
Having been duly elected and Comnmnissiuned
Colonel 'if the 7th lteginent of Volunteers raised
under and by the authority oif an " Art to pro
vide an Armed 3Militarv Force," with ROBE'ltT
A. FAIR, ns Lieut. C..nel, and E31.EF SE
BELS, as Major, yiu wi'l iungdqli:ately take Comri
mand of said liegiment, and drill ard instruct it
at such I imes ani p.aees, and in such mtantier and
form as may he prescribed ly Orders from h1end
Quarters. When not otherwise iordered, each
Company should he drilled at least once a week.
As soon as the Regimental Staff is aippointed
you will report their names, &c., to this Office.
You will require each Captain to keep an Or
derly Book. ea-h soldier to tie enrolled, and take
auch other measures as way be nccessary for the
proper condition of your liegieat.
Dy Order S. R. GIST,
Adj't & Insp. Gen'l. of S. C.
Captains of Companies are required to drill
their conmands in squads as often as the forego
ing nriler indicates. The entire Order so far as it
affects the duties of Captains is hereby extended.
. T. G. BACON,
Col. 7th Reg't. S. C. V.
The Abbeville Banner gives the following re
suIt of the late election held in that District for
Officers of the new 'Regiment made of the Edge
field and Abbeville Brigade.
BA3,co ......................................... 16
M o nA Akx................... 109
BAT R.......................................... 1
1'Ent N................. . . .............. C
A ......................................... 180
ToMrPKt s ...................................... '6
SE1an st. ....................................... 51
In justice to Gen MionAasr. We would state that
though announced as sEuch, he was not a cantdi
date for Colonel, having declined. Minj. Ilodges
also received 2 votes for Colonel in Capt. Fair's
C%)mpany, but was not a candidate. This will tc.
count for Major Bacon's small vote in this Coot.
We have not been tble to get the returns in full
for Edgefield, but they show B.tcos, elected Colo
nel; F.itt, Lt. Col., and S-inut.s, Major.
Sword 1resentattion in I anbu rg.
On Thursday night the 21st ult., the citizens of
llamburg met in the Town Hall for the purpose of
presenting to Lieut. G itonas Ronsos, tt mag
nifictt sword ts a slight token of their high re
gard for this spirited officer now in service in Col.
GaEGG's Regiment. Mr. A. J. PELLEJTI-n, on
behalf of the citizens, presented the sword in a
few appropriate remnarks, its follows:
Lz'UTr. Itonissos :-Allow me the ht'nor to pre
sent to you ii ulialf the citizens of 1.mitturg,
this swor-d, Its a tit token of their high sppirecia
tion of you as a friend and a soldier. For your
taany sacrifices for your State, and for your pa
triotic devotion to your country's cattre, you de
serve the pride and adiniration of us nll. We
leave it, sir, in your keeling, with the asstranre
that should the timie for action arrive, it would
not trail by your side, but that you would prompt
ly wield it in defence of Southern rights and
On receiving the sword, Lieut. Rt',trssos, spoke
with much earnestness, manifesting the highest
appreciation of the estimable gift or his fellow
townstnen, and assuring then, should the rights
and interests of his country demand, he would
wield it well in their defence. Ifis remarks were
warmly applauded and were in these words
Sin:-I accept this token of regard and confi
dence on behalf of tty felloaw-eit izens, witha etmo
thins too great for utterance ; reelings that till thec
hart, but piarailyze the tontgue. Suchl at t'iken un
der :any circutustanices mni;;it seal the lips of one
like myself, unnccustomned to speech-makitag. But
sir, when I loaok around and mark the invoir of so
many of myv oldI and well-tried friends, the thicught
of a soldier's duty springs in my bosotm and re
moves the seal from mny lips. In acepjtitag this
bright blade, sir [ aim taut unmaiandful of the heavy
respotibility it phlices mue unider. Yottng, as at
soldier, and but little skitlel in the arts of war, I
fear I ny fall short iaf thec expiectattions oh my
too partial frienads. All I catn now do is to pledige
soldier's honoir to wielid this blade with all the
skill I have "in defence if Sainthern rights and
Southern honor." Never shall it trail tiy mny side
while an enemy invades our righats, utaless it lbe
ny fate to full, anid this armo ho pait.,lyzed by
death, in which evenat I task of amy trienads a sol
dier's burial on yonder baill.
A correspondent of the Augusta Djieatc is
pleased to tatake flattering atllusionTs to Lietnt.1l10n
tssox, which we take pienasure in endloasing atnd
pireentintg t or readers:
"Lieut. Ro'binason is a younag atnd promaisinag
officer in the lla'msborg comatnyaa of vuolunteers, uit
taeid to Col. Gregg's regimenat of the South
Carolina Armty. Such uccuarrencees are at all times
iiteresting in a couantry lhke ours, nihere the piei
le are thae solidiers, each onec capable of thinkinig
tor hitmself, anad of' appreciatng inacrit, antI ever
ready to rewarid the brave. rut in the present
ause circaumstancs comnoine to rendaer the occatsion
n of mure than ordinary interest. Lieut. Rob
inona made snerilices in jaoining the army that
would have been tmade only troum the haigha sente
o patriotic du ty that huas otn othaer iicca,iiuts oif
less anote. distoagntished' him as one of those citizenis
ever ready to serve hiis neighbor or his counttryi."i
Trade and thec Tarift'.
There are apprehensions that the Tarilf iposed
y Congress, ona ilanportattions of tdry goodls &c..
fron the United States, will work somne hardship
in respect to the suipply of that class of articles.
In other words, it is thaouaght that thte effct of it
will be to raise the prices of thonse goods very con
s:deraly. Of courise this must occur, if we imo
p irt Northernt.implortedl goods, or Northern-pro
teted goods. Bunt will this be necessary to arty
very appreciable extenat? Fur the Spiriaag Trade,
the merchtants in our cities areo (tmany oif thenm)
largely supplied alreatdy. In thec city of Auagusta
re remark that there has bieen greaut activity int
ef'ectitg this dlesideratuma. The elfort to do so
has doubtless been general. Anda so it tnuty result,
ttat durinag the first haalf of' tl.c year there will be
aplc provision for the people ound/a thetimba int
all the taixed articles of wear anal tear upion (ur
Southern Tariff List. 'This is the umore likely,
when it is borane itt wind that Ecoaaoumy will forbid
any but really needful purehtases in that depart
ment of trade on the part of our piopulation. Thus
the wants of all may be met at current priaces.
Yt we decidedly advise our friends to go utnd buy,
what they uat buy tand cilan buy, at once;b
cause it is not absolutely certain but that prices
will advance as the Spring advances. In saying
this, we do not maeatn to inatimiate that the Ttaritr
is a thing to he disapproved or shairkeid. It is
good and right, because esseti al to, thec further
atco of Sotuthcrn indlepenadence. Still, we can
see ntothing wrong in atvoidintg a dloutble Tariff
while we tway.
By thae openting of the next witer, it is toi be
hoped thiat undur thte incititng operaatiion of this
very Tariff, direct trado with Eaurope will lie fatirly
set a going. And then the coffers ot aiur Southern
T Ireasury will be r.alpidly tillead anad tnbody hurt."
It the mteana titme, if we tmustt pity a little extra
ton a few articles, let its rceemb'er it is itt thec
new order of thaitags aiut of which te blessings
of at Trade comparatively free nuill uituately llowv.
Tis gaillant Officer oaf the Southt Carinua A raiy,
(s~as thte Spatrtanburag .%portan,) wtill leave tts itt
i few days. tatnd pitch hiis enmp at Unaion C. II. on
.onday naext: Lieuat, lu.ocar.nt hai displatyed
tuch eanergy itn his recruaiting service, nadai will
carry mtany a ytiung mant froma his homte toi thu
arty of the State. Let Untitn be pirepiared with
ter youtng maetn to jin thec Lieuttetntut in Ite ser
vice of the State.
Adieu To Wintter.
In parting witha thte season of haonr frosts and
b~raing winds, it is tat us,. always, like hiiddhing a
good friend adieu. Thte Winter jutst palst lhas been
at particularly betneficenat one int any respects;
and takitng it all toguthaer,-abuantaat raitts. htardl
freezs, comttfortale fi res anid triumttphiat southllertt
acetiot,-when s.ha'l wae see its like aigaini ? Btt
everyeasoin has its joys. Witha a grateful obeci
sance theta to Old Winater, let us turn tat pring
and say with Solotmona's plnaeid siong: " Thte W~in
tor is past-thte rain is over attd gonae-the~ Iloweri
appear tin the eatrth : lhne timue of thto siginag of
iris is ciime ;atd the voice oif thc tutrtle is heatnd
in t the land."
ft||* It is thoughat Auagustat will be contintued a
Port ..f neli..y netdcry the new r,'sc
It is the time norw, if ever, for Soutierniers to
encourage domestic manufactures of all kinds. I
is the timi, too, for Southern capital to be inveet.
ed in the means necessary to the production of
uch manufactures. The thought is an obvious
one in our present condition as a people. It is
brought to view in tie present instance by a notire
we see in the .luaippion, of a SOUTi ERN
AG ITICULTU'RAL IMPLE1ENT FACTORY in
that State. This notice is apiended in the hoplime
that it will not only be read. but that it may serve
as a reminder to val1e capatalist of our on it State
ho could (if they would) easily take steps in. a
SOrrnens AanteCUtUraA nIi. Tsts-r~l FACTOnY.
-It is with pleasure as wel as from a sense of
luty that we cnli the itenltion of tihe pubik to
too t'his imiritmmt it- well ai deserving entirt-rise.
It is ain inour ti the State, ll implortait element
in our in.klterdcimec-turuzi out work etumnt t-j 1a
f any other Faetry. at prices nio higher than
similar estitalishementts in the N-,rths or in the
South. It is conducted by Col. Z. A. Philips, the
sole owner. a gentlemnan who thoroughly under.
stands the practical wits(i of the Southern Plan
ter.: aid. indeed. it is just the thing which Mis
sisippi planters shoull give pretfrence to over all
others amad incourage by patronage commensurate
with their agricultural witts mud necessities. We
therefore urge our readers, if they wish steel plows,
scral.ers, sweeps, elveis, as we: Is wIgons, carts
or wtheetharroiws fo4r plitmation use of time best and
most reliible qualiiy, to fornard their orders to
Col. Z. A. Philips, Jackson, Miss.
p0- When merchants begin to take their signs
down in the newspapers, it is generilly regarded
as an indication of their retirement from business
or failure, by the sensible.And discerning.
H- on. RoIbert J. Walker, by tile decision of
the California Almaden case in his favor, is worth
four millions of dollars. His friends ar, profuse
in their congratulations.
p- We learn frot our Mongoniery Exchanges
that the Hon. Win. L. Yancey, in view of his ap
pointment is Minister to Enugland, has resigned
his seat in the Convention of Alabama. Col. J.
C. b,. Ilitchell is suggested as his successor.
ti A largo indignation meeting was held in
lUchtnond, Vi., on the night of the 26th tilt., in
consequence of the remarks of Mr. Moore, of
Rckbridge, inimical to the rights of Virgiain and
the whole South, as well as the people of Rich.
imiond. The demniotnstration consisted of speeches,
groans, music, and bannmers, but no violence was
gW" The existing troubles have told severely
oi the bonnet businets. This is the seuson when
the lrgest utine-s is done in this department of
trado, and the number of employecs are two-thirds
les than have been egaged itn 11manmy years. It is
the opinin of prominent manufacturers that not
more thatn otne-sixth as many botinets will be sold
this year as were so-ld last year.
g The Charle.tutn J/rriiry of the 28th uit,
says tiit Gen. Dunovant was, the day previous,
sumituoned by telegraph to the scat of the Provi
simal (Joverntncet, to confer with the Secretary
V- The New Orleans papers announce the ar
rival in, that city of Mrs. F. V. Pickene, the wife
of his Excellency the Governor.
pr- 'The r..mantie -ite of Mount Dearborne on
the Catawha River. near the line between Fairfield
atnd Ches ler District, has b:.en namied as a slita
ble locatin for a West Po'mmit, for the Southern
piI* Do good unto all men-especially the
pr Samuiiml Rtodgers said: " Those who go to
heavemi wilt tbe very miuchi surprisedl at the people
hey timnd there, anid very much surprised imt thomse
they ito not tind there." Rodgers wams probably
!g'' The Charieston J/rreury, of the 1st inst..
has the filowitng, whiich it regarids mis "not im
piroale:" "It wais entretntly rutnoredl upon the
vis i:.d Tailh<., of time gairri.-on of Fort Sunmter,
would, on tihe -tih imat at, resigmn their conatni i~iOn
inm te' Utited State. Armiy,:titd retire fromn the'
- g Letters fro~im Dresden represent the iiinter
ii Germtany as onec of tmnumsua~l severityl For .eev
ernldanys in Dresdeni thme thiernmotneter had been
frumm tenm to ninmeteeni degrees heimiw rero. The
Ee is frenm iiver, atid the iadhies haive their curls
,overedi with frost, while the meni's whikers freeze.
pc-r Miiujr A tilersitn has ropenedl m. .whirt corres
pond~ece with ]tetury Waird Ileecher. lie sug
etsto the reverentd genitlm the piroplriety omf
retrinig mime nom.ney colhlected for t hi. wives amid
cidtrenm of the ,mldiers nmow immiuprisned ini Firm
Sumter, as the governiinenit has pirovided fimr them.
But Reeeber is beat on givinig them the umney,
whether they need it or not.
QV An unpfrecedecntedl aimount of snow havintg
falleni in the Nmorthmwtst. this wimnter, serious apre
h ntsimits tire enitertainled tha t ati the bireaking upi
in the Spring, time Missouri tml M isi'.pi rivera
wilt beO swulilen far abimve the caipaciity of their
baiks. A gemneral inundaution of time 31ississiplii
outtry is expectedl.
:- Col. (regg's Itegiiment-the first-is comii
osed of eleven Comnpanies, with a tutal of I0:".t
gr Time Aiigmmsta (ouiaionamui.ilir piresenits
iring grounmds for makitng Augusta thme Capital mif
time Sothemrni Cionfederacy.
pa A yoiung; man in New Orlceans nmameid Thous.
Ulhlort. attemptedl to cowhidle another named
Engene II. Levy. when the laitier idrewa: pistmol amid
shut his assailant deaid. Both were cottmn factor's
Or A cimntraetor ont time Miubile amid Ohmii rail
r ioadm monmmiuicates tim the Mimbile Ti.iie thatt lie
s ioid, otn time 5thi, his force of sevenity odd~ tiegrues.
(hich tie has hadim itn the comn tract of ti-- riad)
mei, women~i, anmd boys, at amn nyveragru of oneO
touisad thiree hundtilred iinmd seveny dolltars mnd
tity cents, ait twelve muonths tredit, with interest,
fur ils mn 3iobile.
Si Time weekly statenmnt of the New York
city bnmks shows a decrease in loar~s of $-157,000
n increase of 82..1t,355 in >ptriie ;S2.iSd.7 in
de tosits, and a decrease ot $r..-165 ini circuhi lmn.
gg .lenry Clevelanid, E-. of thte Anmgus'in
C on thitiomalierh, ntowi a First Lm~tietinut ini the
Army of Georgin, huas left the "sanctum " umnd
one a "lsmgering." Gloid ltm.k to you, otel fel
low. If he wields the swoird as well mis he does
he , he'tl be a host within hmiimself.
p - Gen. Samuiel Mct~owan, lately aippinitedl
BrigadirG eneralm nrriveil imn Chtarlstont Wednmes
imy evening, amid is stopping mat the Chareston
p- Genm. T wiggs is terribily detnouncedl by time
N mrtierii press mnt piuilde on acouni~it itt his stir
re iderig thte tmiliary pirimpermy mif time United
itits t., TVexas. l(e is pileasamntly enmpammred to
B emeit Arnold. hhianginig is the rewaird which
they propose tmi bestoiw ott him as noon as ho gets
nitii thmeir reach.
gy-Thic Secretary of the Treasury of Sot
Crolina. acknoiwledge, the receipt if 2,6511t, dim
n ~tions mif several persons to the defemnse iof the
Stite. Atmng the domnurs is a getntlemian of New
Y ork who contribunted $5,t10 mot the ammot.
fr An m* Unlucky tinm" is amamde by his
pmeti parenit in the t. me ./.,nenii/ to remark:
"Whenm the nhmles of Comtmittees.
Tim wvhichi I beotng.
y time piress are repoirtedl,
linite's alwiiys spielt wrmng."
A very comsmonm eumlalint exicept wsith Uno~mwsm,
Sn mst, i~t 1.1. tttnd a few mit hers.
Whetre the Crecencit Cameu Fromt.
Tme aninexed extract, fromi " Baneroft's llistory
tt Unmitedh Staites," will pirmobabmly explint thme
presence of time crescent on tihe new tlag of Soutth
mm aiulrie wus ilhsirted tim devmse a blanner, and
as thme iunifumrt of thle coluny wits blue, andim tihe
irst attd the secomnd regimemnts witre ott the friont
airthmir cm is ai silver erescenmt, hmi ganve dtirectionst
for mherge blute flag, withm ma creuscmnt in the right
h imi cimrner."
I t. immistakm noii. th.- lhn tt'e oif Fain-r Sr .t.mtv.u r
n 17: was famnghat undelr this flag. The erescent
toy wve, within a week, over another victory by
n...uhi..n.... tho sanaclouity .
the Ace.lcny of m3..ic on opera-nights. So mu' h
elegance and lendaor have never before been seen
since the first white man landed 'on old Long I.
land's sea-girt shor.'"
The New York Times.
Mdark the stalesiant-like and ceuiciliatory tone
of this redoubtable chmlion of L;acoliu,,n. He
is comnmenting upon Preaident Daims's Inaugural:
" 31r. DAvis, in the nasual style of Southern ex
travaigance, tells us that nutbing is to be feared
from abroad, bectase they astand prepared, in im:
tatiun of their lIevolutiouay fathere, to bnyItize
their principles in blod. We think he will hardly
have .uch all opportunity. There is a much bct
ter way oif dealing % ith Secesioll thal fighting it.
It will be found to bi manageable by far milder
meaus. Under any circumktunces that can arite,
the North must continue to lie the factors and car
riers for the South. They can hardly put a scow
atloat, on the ocean. By the command we have of
the ie, we hold the whole issue in our hands. No
one proposes to tight them, or coerce themn. If
they do jut Waint the benetits of Government, se
can well dispense wi:h what it costs to extend
thcum. Uut, unlese niatters are settled to our en
tirn satisfaction, we shall collect revenues at South
ern ports, as we have done since the formation of
the Government; after we are satisfied, the new
Confederacy can levy as large a duty as they
choose for their own necessities."
So much to exhibit the political wisdom of this
Northern wise-acre. Now to show his skill at con
"Oi the whole, we accept Mr. Davis' address to
be, as most addresses on rimiar occasions are,
nothing more or less than a bit of Southern ex
travagance, required perhaps by the audience a-d
the occasion. In a speech delivered a few days
ago, on his way to the Convention, he tells us that
if there are to lie hostilities, they must Le on the
enlenfly'A soil. This is something of a honst for &
people who cannot feed, equip or clothe a regiment
without obtaining every article required at the
North. We are a nation dealing in hyperbole;
but this trait is always mere pronounced under
a hot than a tempered sun. In genuine gascon
:de, the people of the extretue South are every
way a match for Mexicans. Extravagance of as
sertions is always in ratio to impotence in exe
ction. So long as the Confederate States cannot
bui'd a ship, construct a gun, nor manufacture a
pound of gunpowder; can neither clothe nor feed
themselves ; nor levy war upc.n us unless we fur
nish the munitions, fill their conmissariat and sup
ply the means of locomotion, we may quietly pur
sue our avocations. Their internal affairs we do
not al present propose to meddle with. We want
their trade, and we do not wish to disturb our
own, and waste our means at the same time."
The Old Gander at the Opera.
In all the ridielous straining of the New York
Black Repuldie.in papers, to make it alpear that
one Au LiYcOLx reated a seuesation in that city,
we find no item mire intrinsically laughable thaR
the following from the Tine-:
-' Ma. LINCOLS AT THE AcAiEMY oF MUSIc.
The President elect, accompanied by his lady and
suite, visited the Opera last evening, and enjoyed a
very excellent performance of Verdi's new opera,
-' Un Ballo in Masehera." The p-irty occupied a
large proscenium box on the right-hand-side of
the house, anud entered shortly after the perfor.
maflnces had commenced. There was no demon
stratioln until after the first act, when the Presi
dent elect's presence huving be n discovered by a
few persons familliar with his appearance, (there
was nothing whatever to distinguish the box in
which he sat, or attract the public attention.) a
round of applause brought hiam to his feet. The
curtain then arose, and the artists sang the " Star
Spangled lianner "-at least Lcsdaames Philips
and Hhickley did, for the Italians, although they
have been here for many years, have not yet mas
tered the difniculties of the language, and could
not, of course, cundescend to sing it. Intrusted
to two American girls, the anthem received the
best of treatment, and was vehemently applauded.
The President elect howed h4is acknowledgments
rq,.m the box. an'. whenu at large flag descended
from the totp of the stage, he ioilted to it with
evident satisfaction. The performances were very
Imagine AnE cjoying Verdi's most elaborate
And they entered "shortly after the performnan
es had commuenceil," their appreciative Majesties!
Yet there was "mno demonstration until after the
irdt act,"-going to show that the good people of
New York are just the Iet Idt mo're tasteful than
their Mat. & Mus. Pntr.stans'r.
Then that "Star-spangled Banner" which thme
[talian Artists would not " cotndescend " to sing!
:rely, in trying ta make something out of noth
ng the reporter became bothered for the right
wotrd just there.
clearly in tiating that It was a sickly nafall'.
And to climb the cap-ax, " when a large flag
descended from the top of the stage, he (.olt Abe)
poite to i r;,ll eroldent ittifafctiioni," liow eve
rv heart in thaet vat assemb'age must have thrilled
at the aulgust sight.
Then. as a fGnale to his eloquent description,
ihe fiaddled scribeL itnform~s the w'rldl that " thle
.erformances were very saitis!fnetary,"-le-avinlg
tat world in the miist suSpensive uncertniinty as
Sawhether Abe's P.ent'.miime or Verdi's Opera
n"rc the sub'ject of his somewhat nervous commen
- --+.- - --- - -
Uont Lose Tlhe Cornectionl.
Our delibecrate and p.wsitively tunsolfish advice to
the Augusta Merchain:s is thi' : Cniiue ynur
e-irdls b~efore the lPiCe.l o.f Ed.;eld'l "adj"ii"iaE
iriets whether traile Ihe dull or bri.k,-!"fore
./I'd :i./t :'li events. In nd'vert.ing throu;;h
.r cilunn von reach lat h' ,at twenty live hun
r-d retalers in this di.-trict, very matny 'f whomi
.re e'czstnt traders at .\u-.;ns:n. when tL~ey tradte
,t all. Acpresent, it ise.t.u -,~ t'e t'mtes are string
int andl moneyiC scums to be seare.- it maevur
:nch fur tritles. A higt cro;, ul.i ys ar.-ulhich is
ext to certain after the riaii:res of aLe two Inst
cars,-will mak~te the fartners all flush agn,
ad!, ill pi..int of fatI, tnnmy oif them have nioney'
.,w, whaich thety :.re ki-eping ch-se tao enppily thecir
:urrent wan ts. 'The'y will spend it too u hcre they
cn get tfuli value receved. Uploni the whole there
ifre, it is thae very timne for business mni to adlver
tise with particularity. Shiov: your hknds firmly,
ia you would not loise the coni etciuin in your raun
of tr.ade, and thereby forfeit mnahy parufts now and
A coirrespondenat if the N. Y. .J..irual of ('.in
erce, after travellinig through a large portion of
the Sounth, thats remaits his entdid opinion iand tde
lierace advice. It agrees exactly, we may add,
with thec present poisition of that PuloTEtUS, the N.
Y. ii'rald :
'-'The suaming up of all these (observations) is
:h:.t thec timne has come whent the only reas' mtble
wtfors whicha we in the Norih can make, ~.nold
he, l.cit to sur' lthe Union (tor that i, gone.) 'ut to
indneliat,'t pieaceale sepiaration of the, States with
.u t bloojdshed anad disaster.
"All othaer hipes are futile. Thpse who believe
1 at Boirder Conventions tf State Convenutins, or
even natijotnd Cpny'eptioans, gant fe-cepnent the lbro:
ken fraigmnats, are dreaipura. Thmose who proposp
a'. coerce the Souath jil.' a return to the Union, arp
maad. Neithaer will avail. The o~ne is powerlesS,
the other is simple itnsanity. What thena? Why,
he simple remedciy ol parting in peace ;of striking
hians lby treatty to live in kindtly brotherhood,
tacht branch tof the old! famaily pursuming their own
iusiness, atntd futlilling their own mission as best
thecy tiny. TI) this en.! every true f'riend of his
e..unatrv shoi'ald htllis enttire energies. It is our
,t ia'd tonly hope't. .\mndl~ i.aur alen itn p)ower at
Wlaingoncu.'tldh only~ rensise this, the dlark cloutds
abt'ove uas wouald s.oona break."
litit the~v c'an.t realirse it, hecaiuse thae " lighat
ini thema is dlaakness."' They rush to their doom.
.ay the Fa'ttal sisters speed! them!
For the Adve'rtiser.
'-'he.y atre PI'tssin;: Away.
'. t; an V . lIttr. tt aai'ember oaf thec late Pal:
met t" 'egimntI ant a!lso of the Ct'mapany of '968
,,s. ala .'anned in the Canal at Augusta, op
I!he Ia!, Pau-ni'. whlilst engagedl with uothers, in
ret'ih ing i~s new wat.-r-works in that City.
1'., , l".'.ensed ac'ted well his part as a soldier in
all th.'e .itingu i'hied got~ tiets in whticha his lRe;. I
metici wias eniegra. in Me'aico,, andti received on
his ~rtuan.me, te'edal awiardled for gallantry
byv his generotas Stnuta.
A t tht' tarit~a de. Ihehin,. in the heat oif thme com
hat, itnd. whilst thec me'n of Drutin's llattery wt re
being anuntihila teid by the enemny, ho several timtes
costitutedl one of a numnber that vohuntecred
fromn the South Carolitna Rieglnent to aid that
gallant tOlieer in manning lisi gusn ; and when
tae last maan of thae Blattery, and the heroic Cap.
tan himtself had falle'n, and several of the Pat!.
mettocs besides, th:ontoe W. Dehstv was still
stniang at the gun.
lIe leaves a wife, and five children, and many
relatives antd friends to mourn his sad and untme
ly end. . A
p.-- Thte Sultan of Tuirkey, it is said!, in view of
his faanihy 'expenses and empty treasury, prOoose
to "get up a loan." He had better go to hied
LATr EST NEWS.
The Core;ee of the 4th publishues the following
ipurtant announcement frow State Head Quar
ExI:('cTcVi: OrriteF, DEPiARTME-T O WAR,
Ci.ut.sro, S. C., Mareh:,, 1861.
1s:I-rs (. T. lir r.nin having been appoint
dl llrigadelkr-eneral rof the Confederate States of
\nericn. and having been ordered to assume com
ntul oif the trools in and near Charleston ur.
)or, will be respected and oleved accordingly;
nl .1ll State ffic'ers of the Volunteers, enli.-ted
nen auI Militi::, (in duty. nre cownianled to obey
Lil orders etanating fron him.
D. F. JAMISON.
The same paper says : Cadet J. If. L~AN, a
(.n of C.0e. .JosPI'i LA.V:. passed Kingsvilte a few
lays since on his way to Montgomery, to offer his
ervices to the o2onfederatu States.
Just as we go to preis, we are furnished by Mr.
t. M. Owa's of Hamburg, (and to whom we re
urn our tanks) with copies of late papers. In
he tuorning edition of the Augusta Diopatch of
he 5th inst., uippears a report of LINcoLNss Inau
Ile commences by declaring that the Republienn
Ahninistratiun will not interfere with slavury in
Ile next argues that the rendition of fugitivo
aves is absolutely obligatory under the Constitu
ion, and tays it is immaterial whether State au
hority or Federal authority enforce the provision.
lie then asks somewhat vaguely : "Again. in any
aw upon this subject, ought not all the safeguards
f lilerty, known in eivilised and hum-ane juris
prudence to be introduced so that a free man be
iot in any ease surrendered as a slave? Anl
night it not be well at the same time to provide
Ly law for the enforcement of that clause in the
ontitution which guarantees that the citizens of
each State khnll be entitled to all privileges and
immunities of citizens in the several States."
Ie reasons upon the nature of the United States
lvernment thus: "I hold that in contemplation
f universal law, and4 of the constitutioin. the Union
if these States is perpetual. Perlietuity is im
pied, if not exprcssed, in the fundlamental law of
national governments. It is safe to assert, that
no government proper ever had a provision in its
urganic law for its own termination.-Continue to
xecute all the express provisions of our national
otstitution, and the Union will endure forever,
it being impossible to destroy it, except bfy some
actioin not provided for in the instrument itself.
Again, if the United States be not a govern
ment proper, but an association of States in the
nature of a contract merely, can it, as a contract,
be practically untmade by less than all the parties
who made it? One party to a contract may vio
late it-renk it, so to speak-but does it not re
quire all to lawfully rescind it ?"
lie says the history of the Union confirms these
views, and then announces: "I therefore con
sideLr that in view of the constitution, and the
laws, the Union is unbroken, and to the extent of
my ability, I shall take care, as the constitution
itself expressly enjoins upon me to do so, that the
laws of the Union shall be faithfully executed in
all the States. Doing this I deem to be only a
simple duty on my part, and I shall perform it so
far as practicable, unless my rightful masters, the
American people, shall withhold the requisite
means, or, in some authoritivo manner, direct the
'ontrary. I trust that this will not be regarded
is a menace. hut only as the dlelared ltIpurpos of
the U'nion, that it will constitutionally defend and'
Dseclaring that he means no blood-shed, he pro.
-eds to exiplain : "The power confided to me
eill he used to hold, occupy, and possess, the
property and ptlaces belonging to the government,
Led to collect the dutiesjsud inpottrts ; lbut beyond
ahat tmay be necessary for these oblje'cts, there
il be no invasion, n'o using of force ztgninst or
among the people any where. W~here hostility to
. great and so universali us to prevent comopetent
esidgt citizens row holding federal offices, there
till be no attempt to force obnoxious strangers
sunong the peslple for that object. While the
strict legal right may exist in tlte govertnent to
ntforce thte exereise of these itlices, the attempt
to eh, so woulid be so irritating and so nearly im
Iprneticabhle with tall, that I dleem it better to fore
u, for the time, the uses ot such ofliees."
l1e taddresscs an) appeatl to the counotry and calls
on-hern Secesien " aji-ate'l/:e."
I Ie artgues that Seceanien rem the present Union
will be a precedent for Secession rown any future
lie endeavors to show that the South will be
wrse oti, Fepaurted from, than renining in the
'nio. TpIe Slave Trade will be re-openedl and
thee Fugit ive Slave law gone..
After 'toe further trashy sttTt, lhe conenu.les
wi: h a dleluaration of his Blacek liepublicaen liigh
nec's ntl'ectiotn (! !') for thte South|
Liscot.N favors a Convention to consider the
dangers that enceompess the ol'd Gover..tnenet.
V.tsu-roY. March :3.-Thu crowdl of stratn
gers, visito~rs andt ueft'ee seekers here is itmonse.
A l-.rge crowd are attendig the session of the
Sente to-night. IThe thoeusands peres'et gives the
Chanber a brilliant aperance.
Mr. Ltscot.Y received a few visitors to-day.
lie was tup alt night ont the Cabinet qluestio~n.
'he f'ollowinsg appoinments hnave b~en agreed utp
en: State Deptartmeent, W. II. St.:innt, of New
York ; Treasury Depaerttmetnt, .S. P. Cu m:K, of
Ohie'; War Department, :sttos C m anos, Of P'ennm
svlvnia : Initerieor lt-partment. En~w. lU.vrs:tc, of
issnri. tnov. IItet~s of Maryland. is urging
eelpon Ltis ot.x th e elitns of' 11 Es.at W IY-r.n D).t
its. The pressure for Cabinet ap'pointmnents is
President flten.sYAs received a barge naumber
of visitors to-day. lie leaves the Executive matt
liion Meutday tenornineg, tie1 rides with LuscoLs to
Wtsnis-roN, Macrch :.-A nttnber of conser
vaties from the Vir;;inia State C'n ventioien aere
here endeaveorin..t tee gain inftormtat ion toucheinog
the posture oef aflfairs to rs'eort to the Convention.
They return teo Rt~icmod toe-mtttrrowv. It is re
psrted they are somtewh'10 deperesscel at the pres
et aspect of t hitngs, lbut arc noet withou~tt hepes
that Ltscoi.x waill be conservative as well tes his
Rctuxosp, March .-On Saturdlay t resoltution
was intlrodluced into the \'irginia Legislaeture, tee
the ellfect that Virginia hleed itttmtediate'ly re
sume the powers slht devlegateed toe the Fedlerenl
t.ivernmtent, for the reamsons that the proeele it ionts
d ietated bey the Levgislantre as thte itnal uhtit-.tum,
of \'rinia lhave beent rejected by the Neir.
Anoit her yeeolutioni was otteree dlppee.ing tene'r
negotiate for thes transfer oft Focrts Stemter ane
Piekens to the Confederate States.
In llrooklyn, as itt Edlgeileld antd every whettre
else, the petople gee erazy. tierst abouet cne thmineg.
then anthler. Rleadl a elever writer's aceretmt eel
tte opera-~mnania new lerevalet itn thec formaer
", irett eitemetet ha heen createds in the fa'ht
ieentable. w..rled by the weecnderfutl r'eorts5 that coe'et
aross the Euest Rtiver front llrecoklyni lieightls tneeut
e perta. The nristeerey, thle w'ealthi. th talentt,
the beatu ty, the fah~tieen of Pereioklynt. it see'mts, rucsh
three nights ottt eef the week t the Aca'demyv of
Music cet N entttgue Plaee' dlre's.ed almtnost to de'ath.
hae saele of white kids has beetn tretnemdouts ; say
rnt tutilors whet were cet the peoindt oh' bantk rupteyv
have bentt putt upono their feel bey the dletuned for
d lres- c'eeis : the detalers itt btouqutets have real izeed
fertnes thaek-drivers are toll of orders, andI theo
m uilliners nntd mnttua-tnkers ttre half will. It is
e'ttatetd thtat all the ny~er:.-elake that lhave bien
mauatuttredl in llroceklynt sinets the Aendleny of
Muasic eepetned wotuld cover the whele of leong'Is.
la. Whatt will beteome of the popuetlar preachers
v'r al.o iver, ttew that Ite relicioeus fe'rveer of
Itrok lyn hats taken n teurtn teeard the ''pert, it is
d ifiuely t rTey Ihnt fcer the present theiro
is tthing theeught oef. t alkeed ef, edreined of, or
hardl ee, ict lireeklynt. butt thme opera. Peopple go
over tere f'romt New York ott pttrpose to enjoy a