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0I . ................... - - - W E W IIL$L.CL.IAN.G....T H.E..I.L.L A6-4 OF4T aE.T E .0 4L1E0O460 UR4L-IE94 T sEoSAlND.IFol.U I TosA Lto ,o&E&W I L40P-E R11 a.A 04IDA T4TAHlE R U IN44
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liv .1:5. Gait.
The lark sits high in the walnut-tr-c.
And it rain.i. it roins, it rains ;
A joilly hilt.-her sure is he.
Wtile it rains. it rains, it rnins
Ulithel y he Io ks at tlte Ieailowr be...
Where the nest will be v lien the graiss blades grow.
Ani pour out his song in a lini-. il -w,
While it rains, it rains, it rains.
The crotiuses put up their little heatlg,
While it rains, it rains. it rains :
Ardl the pink spires spring from their chilly beds.
While it rains, it rains, it rains ;
The liaela bi.ssim whisper within their cel:
1- we wili ..wi.n our eyes and peep fr 'in our Inls.
Whjile it rains, it rains, it rins."
All nature seems lvippy as happy can be,
While it rains, it tains, it raiie:
But restless m-r-tal.'. like you and mne,
While it raiuas. it rains, it rains.
L >ok out -f the wiidoiws in oliscontelt,
And w aier why .ifwrs to-daty are sent,
Our lans and ioleasure4 to, so preveit
W >g1 it'ri t-rdd rrifit !
The lar:h knowy well that Gott kni.w- l.ec
The need lot the grt.ing-time rail
That the sutin:r sunshine will warm his.nest,
After the spriti-titme rains;
The grass in the nea-lows more greeiy row,
And the corn-bla 1es wave in the valley L.:IoW.
At:r these spring-time rains.
Let us. like him. look ciheerfully on,
While it rains, it r:ins, it rains;
WAiting with i..i-. till tle storm is glne.
W hile it rains, it riirs, it rains
-We kiiow tha'. loive the cliu. 'ti.,i ri-rbt.
Anad the heatvets are shtin-ng in becatny tbri.'h
W i.'iuue it rauins, it rai:ns, it ratins.
Smotker~. Will Punished.
L-ivers of ~thtec are afte'n .rti'ty- ofi rt
bsreatches of detcecy: ais well as p i1 teni. . We
have ku ,w of e~ergyme:9 alend:.e reh tt: . oulS
kind hoc.;:s withl ~~:.b~tec smnoki.5 wht; ed r
remained for ii iu' thi.. We lay.- .es w elI
dressed mnt 1l.dmtin. t >be gt m i tun n. who
nausatedL!t th~e imre air I,; smokingi in stagec
co) tteheA and on si, at-boats, ma;king liemuselves
filthy wee. . ltere i.s a :o >d .-t ni y of' a coim
plyof these'. dis.'i. 0 S srtrokers, whlo r'e
e.:ive I a les.;:n they n..ver fojgot:
A kt,:Vtyears slice., b .. ont tr.:'tn: bust
ness eas.t, :m td th.- rir..r in rather a~ n t-ertain
stte. I en:ter.-id m:,e'C - pass n e: in t:.e of'
.Nei .i >r.. .\ C'... st:.'sto C fit d'.u andil
Win:.~ i~ A par.:t u;- y .g li *.t in.
eip2Li l r -.. m . --1 ! tw-a a elrs. .\ ; t so
maty fo *i a: . : w . or thr o he;-r
the refulr.e t' u..i.- it.5cought ..as wnd.
S icth et-s. Th., w~::'in-r Wa; t x *-s-ive'ly
c ill. andl th-- ::tartins hittl been tt:r -idly bit
thee.i f th..se hutt:.n, I cont~trivei to d. .-u'::
of ttrt~ttrst, and by~tttl' stin tat I; (n il as~i
w".e v y, :tiult ll -.- um eluteb' tett wiltv
I s-eL~.. in g. ig ''tlhe nex o:7 v.!tth-n-t
b rr ntith- enran 'o -tht i e. . i till
ti .it h !. a t. ru. . s d -a t, i ti.:m thet
tun-ae.-dg y t5itit t lir tenJti m irl iiand
eve:-,n t; ti- cti'e -h:!..hin on hilt i;ho t he
Obrf hi: wt:nt -. by rtnin i tits j.r towa
the cb..:- lr's di-.op ~ceIslc<dalu
tuay, pi-- t .,fta:.af:--i-ia of the siz.- tf a Ii
s ttha-.If.u inie. : a. no pw hIS:of dat) -~~t
theI dasij ten shrtthe entin L 01t hits
agin tfas1t. -ned, dingi imylu rahm t.. A mett
iiiha it wa' si'it i ,na rditidodge t :hi
the i ~b stasonthe it i or i~ci',show
eiver, tuadid n calr, btdbetting coi~lmthtte
pa s ot thepeiu. eea fot airsivln:l Sits
ianishen the oudors, alike of the tobac o a (
lie ding, and fbr sone time the whole party
njoyed the luxury of a pure atmosphere- 0
tfter ridin. half an hour in the cold air, the e
uirtains were put .down again, and again the
erfule fille- the stage. Two of the passen- o
er5 no1(w made for the roof, and the curtains
eing, once more rai-ed, were kept up all the b
ay to Xenia. 1I-re a fresh supply of cigars
as prOuril. and the smoking, as soon as 1
ve started. was rezuned. All-alas for themi t
-to no purpose. My principal ditliculty, du- e
ing the last route, hald been to preserve my e
:ravi :: WrI my past indignation had now he- tl
ome swallowed up in other feelings, and I i
sked one of ly neighbors it any thing was1
liturbing him, as I observed he could not i
'! p. -ft
"Yes, replied he. "there is disturbance
not:.:h. I can neither sleep nor beathe. There e
eems to be a parcel of rotten eggs or oions i
1n the sta::. Don't vou smell any thlng'' o
Nothing." I coolly replied, " it is this Iump
If -.safietida, which I always carry in travel- c
ng, as a remedy ,oIr six stomach, which the d
noking eigars is alwvs sure to give me. S)
The taurder was out. I qpku With so i
uteh simplicity and naturalness that the twinh
lid not know what to Fay fir a tminute tr so.
,y way of reply. At laa4 one who had been k
nay chief tormentor with cigaus, said it wa si
. traordinary that any gentletan would use tl
ihat he must know wo-dd make every body tl
ick who was present, and annoy tie wilide t
tae In this way. If the cigar smoke was
mpleasant. why didn't you say so ? I im
dfl replied that it ill-Iecaine thfoe to talk of
Uiomim .,di 11- ithers, who kad violated all the r
uh-.s of travelinig by filling CfI. se coach with o
4)bac o ,111oke, withoult carin. applaretaly, o
hether it a:;reed with the re-t of the pasem.- b
-.rs Or not. e
Ife imwle som itirtieiate atteipt to rc- 1
vy, but. as ; juded, felt that he was 1i.t f
ikely to gain iieh by a pvrllal quarre1' in
sith a imm -o mumiien lWer than hiisel.
erhaps, also, he felt that Ie was in the wrong.
i, after a brief pause, d
" Well." says he, " i m..- eigir a:nys you t
o. I stall throw it away." 1 his e uid-his t
*1im pinions doing the saile.
, In p
Then." said I, I have no further occa
in for the asa''i tida," and threw it away
,y way of, 1.-ae, oftei ing. p
We all rodi a few u:i!Cs fu -I cr in silence, s
l-n enouivgh. i supposed, oi their part. At C
at I was %tartled with a succession of hear- 1,
V. Lut involuntary peals of latighter Ifrotm ny11 f
te antag uiit, to wl.uze mind tie whole dif
ult v i.ow siemed exkeivelv diverti:ng.
length lie so:.ght reliet in words. renrk- c
dThiIs IAthe f'nmie.,t thing I erer Uni sec ;
ii4 :W ittervals -*: tt-r.m h the da.i, wiu ur.-t
., Ierrinent a~n - mp -rSse-'i atten,:-g as
- l:l around the t: :. r
A -ion :; we li an.::.d stazo.. I wta of s
rea tr:.t from the '. ivhnifil to o.l:.in I e
:m. r.n ri.::ia'e; por:i a e.I t ein I, l.p rit
, t. it : -t yI a .r . it 1 am ion;
m-ul 1 "'n: "1, U!-I ;*for.:e: !: e w ick I Li
,ba. l.. :t.r ed at ; :n bus. est ii
;., '-:'., . -etiu
\fe dysi -hI ':4 lere .av-the ifta.' -
aiuk :.:ndu m-o datery :: gr < f il ha tcit
-s Iid:t yoiteer b.-tI y':. t th::t htt :a
Sc Thev fkllowin ianovih~ toh iai'tewi
t. wrim I:. h p. " ou are inilt a t 18 ti'.i.-tg
h Iy :tli b:.itr. was a. t.ie, wher lw: utnd1
A era~tnt dPrpyiia eel t
iho . t a i :c o Pro i t ce ,i'tt. the ife i
1:0.A dy o tw afer r tding twah pai
viied the num.i of Ii n:eie amim.iogc
\VDoer tlt;,Dor," ad h.at.r reed te.:n Inl-r
viues whih er mIn- ey teid anntiamnr: le
ogto y~out IIv to tuhtyuihthe w : itu
to n liept ithi r 'e.:t nk. whico hae myuc-it
elf t em itttu d, t as : nt.o tri i t .iietnom
-- jtan-,"r tr in icil f E ua
h' i .-yen rud n . " gttt' ine pr::ese oit m? h
''2): is~ n iot- .te' 40 --n:mnt "T.ei
moe..." and wei ex~tsfl ifr ti.e~ to be iaid
f tt ia e:ihci . Pegcithiutmi,y i.rvle til
ote kmie a cot' ti houhe ing -t tt c
4 "~ t hen, Docor,' repliedlaiat i~, ha tih i.'-y
o.td nor-li tomells the corn . hh o
Lilcoil's IIlairilral Add'r0tes
F1lor-Citjizcns <f* ie: Unied Stufcs:-In
)mpliance with a custom as old as the gov
-nment itself, I appear before you to addre.s
ou brieflv. a.d to take in ytr lesence the
ith prescribed by the Constitution of* the
nited States to be taken by the President,
efore he enters ox the execution or .ik ofice.
I do not con,ider it necessary, at presein,
r nite to discuss those matters of Adminis
-ation, about which there is no special anxi
ty or excitement. Apprehension seeni to
ist among the people of' the Southern States,
iat by the acco ion of a epublican Admin
tration, their property, and their peace andi
rsonal seeuity are to be endangered.
here has never been any reasonable cause
ir such appreien.ion. Indeed, the most am
!e evidence to the contrary, has all the while
isted and been open to their inspection. It
found in nearly all the published specclies
him, who now addre.ses yotu. I do but'
lote from one of those Fpcelches when I de
are. that I have no purpose directly or in
iretly, to inte; fere with the instiution of
avery, in the St::tcs wit rei it cxists. I be
eve I have nw lawf:.l right, to do so, and I
Are no inClina1itionfl to (10 W. ThOSC wlio
..milnate'di i eleeed mrle. did io with full
.ieenl edge that I hid :nvle tli'a idl many
Mdhir dech1irtions, :u~d hlad n-ever recanited
psm. A'id iuore than this tl.ev piaced in
ie Plat iiii Ihr my accepnt e, and as aa
I lh.:1niel'ves and t. line. the CleAr an'1 ean
!:atie re-olitionl i'hic1 I nw real.
Resol ha. That the nludtenanc'e inviolate
r te rights of States. and especially thu
::It of each S'.te to order aid control it.
.vn dente.tie :i itutions accordinig to its
wa.u.!ueint ixclu'ively. is es-enti:.i to that
alLitlce of' power in which Ilthe p r'ee:. ion and
ald'iranice ( f 0ur political fabric de;.-Il, amd
'e denimee tihe lawlec5 in va.i ), by ia.
irce of the soiil of anyi' S:ate er Terri tr'. tI
ttter uider what pr1et ext, as aune n'g the
ravest if crii's.
I now reitrate ihene $enti:nins. nd in
ig sO I Mlye upon1 the m1.1biiC atel
il the Inmost Vemeluiie evid'e" c(f which
Se case is susceptible: " That the property.
eI:ind secuity of nr setion. ae to lie ith
nwise enlitu:.rered by the now i:c .ming
AIn I;i trat!i on." I ; d, too,) that all the.
rotection which.. ".isiLentl I with the Con
itution and the hws, can be tiveni, will be
erfully given to all the States, whein lIwev
illy demandel for whatever cause, as cheer.
ilv to one section as to anotlie
There is mneh controversy ab
ry of fu;.itives froin ser vice or
laiise I now read is as plainly v
lonstitui ion as :ni.e otlhe". of its
No pecrson held to service ir'
tate, unler ihe laws theretif.
noth(r, shall, in consee(iice of anly laW or
eglation therei-i. he dischrged front Such
s, vice or labor, but shall I.e delivered up on
airn of the party to whomit .tue .ervice or
Jir may be due."
It is searcelyv quest iO that tilts provisti
,as il:endge-1 i thoe '.vh in:ale it, fir the
eelnaililg uf what we Call fug"itive slaves,
d tle i.tentlicl of the law-giver is th - l:w.
LI; ineWibers o Cor.'gress swear tbeir support
up'p ,rt tie this prov.,iin a: tnuch as I tin
hose cat's coin:ih within the terms oif' thi
nhii~u'. N.,w i' t hey wouheldl malmi the e..
1'.;. IhV meu.imt' hhf' wehich! teo keeph yh'hd tl~a:
m,:'niiniem.. t'h ?~hf Ther i. a '.ae 1i:-ri
a el!e th::t. e' . i-w::'a' s niot a very1 liuer.:'
e. f' t he shire'.. is t : .e .-urr'e.ii'red, it in
- if' icui li the coinse'iflewl:e to hient or t., ath
r*'by hiIihl~ ati''ty ; ~'i.,li doi. hnd i'l''!
-ty ~e. n ay eilib hh..:litn tha:. is ath
ree~.as to. howe it 'lah:d! 1tim ? Ag~an
:i an i 11. thi- ulj-cI, itg ': ne I
in 1 iinanh:iriip i eb.:n:ie ti e nr5~e
. thi ' t li' ee ai.a:;e I-. r an'-'y e':l-e l.oT -
thnl e:.O ul fll' that el a t in th(i~e .'.n ti su
Ie'.luL: r wh ie e f :at:-an : I thI, 11teg'~ thl a t it
-: ii h Sht t t .,b fe' ird U i -~ e! it lih fpril t.a
i tak the' it . - i .1th $t. day i thluL n. tmen
; ,hnevati'ns a::l wlei b t:'i iora to co lllh
rt3incavinges All hilet be d aott chtote
Ia to s.''ift pyt i"'var nt liehi. oft in.:re
pir:.perto e elt:iee.gId ge that lae ite if
eet:ill' muchsafe l 6 ri al, t i n ..iiicia' l et;cl Iin'e'
riate ii'at ions,'C~ t'nform to, and hid ce y
ldll that c~i swhich sfitandlt nree''i'. lhan
iio vioae any~ of tuei teig to liad o inapu-e
liaty i hv'linthem P'het to ie unied it
ii tis eveenty-t ', ler s ince'i ti'hifirstinau
'rton ofli a't't Prtidell 1nd.- our''s nt'inal~O
a .ui:1e.: adoi'f iii eed i hilpexe -inive
iiluted I t ithrtu'd an peil, hand genall
erii~ I h' pceet, I nit enteupo te sate
.n~ th attC in contpat in ''ofy anivr a
i contract be practically unmade by less than
all the parties who made it? One party to.
i contract may violate it-break it, so to speak
-but does it not require all to lawfully re
cin it? Desciniiang from these general
principles, we find the proposition, that, in
egal contemplation, the Union is perpetual,
yonfirmed by the history of the Union itself.
rhe Union is much older than the Constitu
tion. It was formed, in fact by the articles
>f association in 1774. It was matured and
>>ntinued by the Declaration, of Indepen
lance in 1770. It was further matuced,
mid the faith of all the then thirteen States
was expressly plighted, and engaged that it
hould be perpetuaal. -By the articles of Con.
'ederation, in 1778, and finally in 1787, one
>f the declared objects for ordaining and es
ablshing the Constitution, was to form a
nore per'ect Union. But if the destruction
f the Union by one, or by a part only of the
4tLates, be lawfully possible, the Union is less
erfect than before the Constitution-having
onit the vital clement of perpetuity.
It fellowg. from tle~e views that no State,
apon its own mere motion, can lawfully go
)ait of the Union-that resolves and ordinan
:cs to that effect are legally void, and that
icts of violence, within any State, or States,
igainst the authority of the United States,
tre insurrectionary or revolutionary, accor
ling to circumstancvs. I therefore, co-sider
hat in view of the Constitution and the laws,
:ie Union is unbroken. and to the extent of
ny ability, I Ahall take care, as the Constitu
ion it-elf exp:'cssly enjoins upon me to do,
hat the laws of the Union .,ball be fiaithfully
xecuted in all the States. Doing this I
lcin to he onaly a simple duty on my part,
and I shall ierform it so far as practicable,
iniess my righfil na-ters, the American
people, shall withhold the requisite means, or
it, soie anthenative matnner, direct the con
irary. I trit that this will not be regarded
VSa me eULC. but o'l x a the d!clareil iurpoe
,f the I'i . tiat it will cons'tituti'intalvy de
)Ind amnd n n itself.
In dh.ing ILi.. tlere i eids to be no blood
-.1 d. or vi*..!etce, ani the:e shall lie none,
mn;::s Crrel un. te Nati .inal aithority.
'l.e power cial i h- to me will be us-ed to
hah! en'cipy. and p the property and
hice.., belonaig :f, t he Gover.aani-nmt. and ti,
a t !t Ihe nIha:is an I inilorfs ; but l 'ieyond
1h1t m ..y l nece-sary ;11 these ol9.0:s.
here will lie no invasion, no using f force
: it tr amngi the peoi.le anywhere.
ernnent ito enfor:ce the exercise of these olli
Cet, tle at niemipt to alit so would be so irrita
tin.. and! so clearly impractie::ble wit a.
tLhat T d en it lie! ter to forego fir lie time
the uses of:,ue.h olie--.
The n-tila. uiless rep.led, will c intianue t,
furni.:e-1 in1 a!il part< ('f the( Union. So
I'li as li".ilie, The pe1op110e eve:rywhere shall
have th:at se-se of pervfect security, which is
ingf~v.rah-to cahn t~Ough tanl rt flectio~n.
T'he:' c.,irse hetre it-licated will Lie f',1hnved.L,
unle .s cur'n t evets and'expeiencwne :-hall
sn'iw a mednitinitionm or ebnan;:e to be proper
a:a'l int< v:-ry cao.'e atndn xitetncy amy bmest is
eetioni n iii in-. nxreised accinag to circun-a
.d am. r.a-: nille ex.i-i::. ,ttnd withJ a view
ail a l.,i:,t oif a p~es:. fml solmtion of the nm
tjonal 1i llean tnii- the a-st.antiiin iif fa'nter
nal .mp:ntiies airl tiditn. Than't the
ni:e per 'lIs i:a olne .stol iou ano ttiter who
.nee tio de-rl th3 Ile I'aiiaaniat all everals, and
ar. .:a'l of ny. itren-x: t.. do0 it, I wdlI neither
:dfitrm ut' dieny. bunt ii 1.'r. lie sucht, I nteedl
a~desno wordI to them'na. TCo ihonre, honwev a',
whno r'ealh'. lo-.-e the I.niot n.'-y I nit --peak.
I efoa'e en ttit.. upn ttso pranve a aantter as
thne ale-::ntaiim in:-'u n'nalti:,ai liri with all
its m..narins.:to I-ilh,.ps, naoulh it not be
wa-e to a.-ees :.i t nnreci.ely whvni we do it 7
\Wd youvi hnaz~.trdi si de>p.-r:nte a step whaile
:h-eis :nay'~ piis-itihay i thty portion ol'
iit ilk vI f !b-'nrtn haave tn) retai i stence.
\\li v n.a w nl., tin'' n'-rt:au ii j1 y--n Iiy to
ar ar~~e t ta!ilm~n ral oini's yon ly
fran'nn? '\\'ili vou arisk commtt. :nttn iof s., fear-"
a'ul . an m-ttake -: I .lnrprofess to lbe cn.ntent in
thne Unint. if' all C2n:.s:i:;:ti..nal righn.. t an bne
nm.intaitned. Is it :r'ii' tlinan tha inn tiy right,
phiilny wrnitn'n inn the~ C .atitanthi nt. Las beean
deanea? I think :n, ..Il liply thne huan
aninad is son cine' a en! thItat tao p.irty c'all a'each
to the audacity3 of' din thnis. Thinak. if' you
cta, an.- a .i ngle inatstanacc itt nhich a plainly
wita(1 ten proisioni of the Ct'itu~ttiolnhais ever
In lay the ne ihre ntae o: tnumbertlsl' a nmetjori'
ty shnould dep iv e a niiynority of' auny cleanrly
w. ittean const i tut ioInal right~ it amiglht, ian a mnor'
al poiant ot' view, junstify a'evolutina. It e..r*
tainly wouhll it' snaeh r'ight, werte a vital one.
hDutt suchl is nmot iinl r au.., a-' I he In it~1d .igIts
n,' amiinrit ies tand if' i ndividuals tare so plainly
seetrn1 to themn by, nflirantinas andai negaliona,
guaant.n'fs, iail pr'oihbitiotns in thne Conastitna
tiion that coattr'oaer.ie's never anise conernag
hman. Butt no oranie law can ever lie Irtama
(d with tan nrvisiotn spnecifi:ally apliciable to
every' pnstin nihieb ayn occur' ian praetical
tadminiist rat iona. No foresighft cain anticipate,
n inr anny dlocumnant of' reasont.Lile leingth cola
t.iii e'xpress priionms for all feasible ques'
.Shal' f'ugitivn's from labonrbe suarr'ndered by
aat ional nar lb'. St-iti aauthoa'ity ? Thne coansti
intion does not expresslny say'. Must. Coat
tess parotect sh:i..ery ina the Territories'? The
C'onnsiitnt ian does niot express'5ly say. Fr'om alles'
tions of thnis class spaing aill our conastitutional
controvers'ies anal we divide uaponi them into
manjoriies lanai mtinorities. If' the minor'ity
will waill not acquaiesce the majority nmust or
the Goveranent muanst cease, there is no other
talterantati vc for conatinutiang thne Glovernmeant,
buat, acqnuaiesce on onie side or the other. If
a maintority in snaeh etase will secende rather
thana ann, niesCe!, theay mnake a parecaodeint wichl
n tura'n wiiliv'inde nindi rauian Item, fonr a man
non ra V f ii'h.- ir aowan iil rencedne fraoan thnem
w.'never na mnrjarily refuases to he controlledl
by such mninnrityr. For instance why may not
any portion of a new confederacy a year o
two hence arbitrarily secede again ) recisel
as portions of the present Union claim to at
cede from it? All who cherish disunion ser
timents are now being educated to the exac
temper of doing thi.s. Is there sneh perfec
identity of interests among the States to cow
pose a new Union and prevent renewed sece;
sion. Plainly the central idea of secession i
the essence of anarchy, a majority held ii
restraint by Constitutional cheeks and limito
tions and always changing easily with delibet
ate changes of popular opinions and senti
ments of the only true soverign of a free pec
p'e. Whoever re-jects it does of necessity fl
to anarchy or to despotism--unanimity is im
possible. The rule of a minority as a perm:
nent arrangement is wholly inadmissable, a
that rejecting the majority principles anarch:
or despotism in some form is all that is left.
I do not forget the position assumed b)
some, that Constitutional questiona are to b
decided by the Supreme Court, nor do 1 den
that such decisions must be binding in an
case upon the parties to a suit as t. the objec
of that suit. While they are also entitled t
very high respect and consideration in a]
paralled cases by all other departments c
the Goverument, and while it is, obvious'
possible that such decikions may be erroneon
in any given cases, still the evil eflect follow
ing it being limited to that particular cast
with the chance that it may be over ruled an
never become a precedent for other caseo
can better be borne, than could the evils of
different practice. At the same time the car
did citizen must confess that if the policy c
the Government upon vital questions allectin,
the whole people is to be irrevocably fixed b
decisions of the Supreme Court, the instanl
that they are made in orditnry litigation b<
tween parties, in personal actions, the peopl
will have ceased to be their own rulers-ba1
in- to that extent, practically remigned thei
Govertiient into the hands of that cminwei
tribunal. Nor is there, in this view any i
sault uipon the Court or the .1 udges. It is
duty frum which they i:iy not shiriink, to d1
eide caics pr -perly brought before them, an
it is nfo mult of theirs if, others seek to tur
their decisions to pitlieal fpurposes.
Owe section of our country believes tha
slavery is right, and out to be extended, whil
the other believes that it is wrong, and ougli
,?ot le b. extemed. T1zi6 is the only subistat
tial dispute. Tue fuigitive slave" clause of th
Coils: iutioen, and [he law fUr the suppressio
ea es afler lie si itrati.n of te s:ctions tha
- Th. F. r, S;ve' Trh.., now imi.erfectl
-.ppr1-s1 e 1, w1.uhi he tiftimahe-ly revvved with
out reotrictin il lne .w:in, wl.iIe tfugitiv
. s ow tnily partially surrmbVf2:red., wtOul
niot Ibe surr.nderel at all by the other. lhys
cally speaking, we cannot s. p trate. We cat
it reniove our rl.-lect.Ve sections i eae
otlr, nor b .ii.f 111 inaf;.isilem wall be'tiwee
hemn. A lhu-b and atnd wiifea lmyie divorce
..nd go otut of the piresence andl beyond thI
reich of each oilher. buit the diffe'renut paurta i
our conr canniot do this ;ltey canno bi'
remuaiun th'e to faee, :ad intereot.rse, eithe
ruicabhai or hn.stih-, most ,i tiu bet wee
:hemn. I.- i p. s.,be thlen to mamke that ite
e; trse more ais anitag..ous5 yr imore sat ifaetoi
after ,-ej-arationt I I: i betfore ? t.Lin a: ne
maike treaties enier thano frienid eaam imal,
Iaan.s'? C2an t reaties b~e umore hithlfully e'
oriced deiweeni aliens than I laws cani amnon
Supp.,use you go to war, you cannot figl
aways, and who~n, aller mnehdi loss on bol
.ie~, ad no gain on ither, youn ense ligh
iaug, the idlenticai old queiastions as to t ermis
itetrcouirse are ag aint up~on you. This con
try. with its inlstittions, bel onigs to lie teoph
weary of' the existing goven'.nwn~lt they' a:
exercise their const itutitonal righit of' am n
i it. or tI . cir revoltutionary right to dismnet
her or* vtwihro it.
I cannlot bc ignorant of the fact that ntali
wrthiy anid p atrioile ciitize s are desirmous
hain'g the inationali Conttitut ionl amen'ide
Wh'lile I make nio remeiindation oif amen~i
ment, I fullhy recog .ie lhe right Iii autmhori
of the peofide over the whol; sub'jcti, to I
eXL'1'ised in either of the mlodes prescribed
the inistrumetit sel f, :il I shoul, under c
isting cicmtne< faivur riather than oppipo
a fudr opportunity bemag o.ffered theu peop'
to act upon it. I will venture to tddl, th:
t.) me the Conmvenmtion mnode sents pureferab]
in that it allows auemenents to originate wi
the people themselves, iastead of. only pernm
ting item to take or reject propositionis orii
nated by others, not espeiucialfy chosen for ti
purpose, and which might not be precise
such as they woutld wi.,ht to either accepit
refutse. I understantd a piropotsed amnendme
to the Conmstit ationm, which :tnendmenat, ho
ever, I have tnot steni, hiaS passed Congress
the ell'ect, thatt. lie Federal Govermnment sha:
never interfere with the dotmestic institutio1
of the States, inclading that of' personms lie
to service. To avoid mnisconstructioni of wht
I have said, I dep, art front my purpose inot
speak of' particular amenidmenits so far as
say, thtat holding such a prov'ision to now I
implied constitutionald law. I have nto ohij
tion to it. beitng made express anmd irrevocibl
Th~e chie f Magi strate derives all his authioril
from the people, and thtey have coniferred am
upon hint to fix terms for thti sepauration t
the States. The people thmetuselves can
this also if they choose, but the exectutive
such has nothing to do with it. Ihis duty
to administer the present governiment as
camne to his hands, and to transmit it untin
paird by htitm to his sucecessor. Why shon
there not be a patienit cotnftidence in thme tult
mate justice of the pieople'! Is there ami
better or egnal - hope in this world 'l In ot
presenit differences, is either party withoit
aith of being in the right, if the Almight
Ruler of nations, with his etornal truth, an
r justice be on your side of the North or on
r yours of the South, that truth and justicn
will stirely prevail by the judgment of this
-great tribuinal-the American people.
t By the frame of Government under which
we live, this saine people have wisely given
their public servants but little power for mis
- chief, and have with equal wisdom provided
i for the return of that little to their own hands
Iat very short intervals. While the people re
- tain their virtue and vigilance, no Adiniis
tration, by any extreme of wickedness or ful
- ly, can very seriously injure the Government
in the short space of four years.
My countrymen, one and all, think calmly
and well upon this whole subject ; nothing
valuable can be lost by taking time; if there
be an object to hurry any of you, in hot haste,
to a step which you would never take delib
erately, that object will be frustrated by tak
ing time, but no good object can he frustrated
by it. Such of you .as are now dissatisfied,
still have the old Constitution unimpaired, and
, on the sensitive point, the laws of your own
t framing, under and when the new Adninis.
) tration will have no immediate power if it
I should change either.
f If it were admitted that you who are dis
satisfied, hold the right side in the dispute,
s there still is no single good reason for precipi
- tate action. Intelligence, patriotism, chris
tianity and a firm reliance on Him who has
I never yet forsaken this favored land, are still
, competent to adjust in the best way all our
i present difficulties.
In your hands my dissati.-fied friends and
f countrymen, and not in mine is the momen
; tous issue of civil war-the Government will
r not assail you. You can have no conflict
t without being yourselves the aggressors. You
. have no oath reistered in heaven to destroy
i the Gtverninent, while I shall have the most
- solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it.
r I am loth to close. We are not enemies, but
t friends, we ust not he nenmie., tholmgh pas
sion may have strained it must nut break otr
bonds of tifection. The mystic chords of
memory stieteling fronm every h~a tie field and
I patriot's grave to every living heart and
I hearth's tone, all over this broad land will
yet swell the chorus of Uiion when again
t touched as surely they will be, by the better
angels of our nature.
The Corpus Christi (Texas) Ranchero of
C January 12 has the following singular state
a a diseases Glieh is 1:cir I-; rt-stors ;ivht. to
tihe blimd ; in tarct. pert.,rims :ell ki:u ,l mir
V avles. N.. mt:e can tll. his name or where lie
'i cam r.m. 1hsay- thin he %ill be khled iii
Me i. I e ques:. thl:at hiii niird!erer mayav
1 iot h.e pui..:l. I I, Ca'ms h.- iks .ent on an
i- e.<pewcial m1ii.1ion tos the .i-xienl 1--olh.:
hiat lie Abll p1rf.:rmn many wa.m'leil thing.
ibi iak e :avy diel..ur. s hApprae Ihe cle s e
ii ble~ er er. App1 ar'antly hut s'xeen, or seven
d tena years of agu, lie hats a gre:at L.-ai of
e : riar chal lengt hi ;ad as ait evi'Ih-nee that
if lhe is noi ilh;pausm-r. it is re~ported'a that Gen.
.t 'i-baturri bi .i haa ileban' y shav en, :Id a thena
r tl Linm if hea was really a man of Ga d, as lhe
lu is fuee. Th'le .maint teon iested his intetrre g
yat *r to turn his back fir a few mnoniets.
s which lhe dida. awd :a:'m-r ma!.i :.: apr:a-. amui
e going throug'; some my sterious (:ereamny,
i- prest' his ace was coavere I vaith beard the
g snune' as be.fore.
Thsth tory "oce, an.1- if1 m..t trac, ei r
at tan t, is that the 1e'.ieams of ti. i- atal ad.
ha joining e. .nnties atre swarmimI'r tiihl--r in
lt lagei numl.aers, and so me A merium.s are pe
"c~.Ioti:'s Yoii . lK a: m."-Son;e : ears ag
anbIl sga nidatir, wvha' Wzas very. ern vtery
rolaal', at.dl a little deiaf, was e::nzar-da ton I-n~ t
1htie ten comnaanizi.bne-is 'en a lct ina a churezi,
not live maila from, ha1:T.I.. I.. worl.aid twao
ays a% t it. and at th len alit uthe: Sicond dt.1a
thea .ato~ir 'If the eborebl enm te toi see how th.'
mkini . hilrt h.ilt ., :is tha e rred gentiLe
Inuni nai: hii. ees *over thea Ia' h-.t.
"- Iah !"i s-I the p:ast r. nis his fau:,na- ey
detected~ somiethain.! wrong ini the waordi!. of
the parects; .1 whyv, vyou en.reless'~ abl persui,
you have left a part of one ofi t h~ e tntnand'
mnts ent irely (ant; doni' r~t : ?
"N.. , no snh tin g," satid thae old man, put
tinag on his sp'euacles; io, nothizag left out
".Why there," paersi-tedl the pastor, "~ look
at thiem in the liible ; yotu have left somie of
the comntuma nments out."'
" Well, what if ] have ?" sad oldI Obstina
ey, as lie nran his eyes5 comaplacenitly over the
work. " Whaat if I have ? There's inure oan
there nowjl thanU you'll kea'p "
N t:w l'sa: roun . SA m:.-It i-s rumzored diat
Sierrinag hias received an order froma Wash
in tgtotn city fur otie of lais largest and best
pdlatenat iron safes, for the White llouse, it is
undlerstood to be for Mr. Lincoltn's personial
use, not oniy four r'etra at to in tinme of danger,
w shen assassins are stiuoed to be about, but if
lie should desire to t ravel, it is baelieaved it
wCaill be safer to tranispaort hinm fromi lhace to
e-plice in it, thau in a S cotehi capa anal military
elchik ! Gecn. seutt is to carry the key
y . 444
>f prvt letter from an extetnsive, ianufacturer
*o of Providenice, R. I., to a getlteman in this
is city, has the following :
is " The contdition of affairs lucre is awful.
it No sales of goodls or anything else-no value
a to personzal or real estate. Confidence ex
dI tinguishied; everybody waiting for the -Ith of
i March. It' relief does iiot comle their nuill.,
v must Ihe stoppeiad ;labor muist be uniemployed;
hiusintess meni moust sutctumba; universal des,
it lation must prevail. What terrible responsi
y bility party maen have assumed in plursuit of
4 iom ,,in...,.~cainm.~. "
The Southern Congress.
The suljoineil acts of ile Southern Con
tresa will be scanned with interest by all
:lasses of icaders:
7P raise moneifisr the .mipart / the grr
ment!. and to IIlidIe I;,)r /te feinlice ' el
Cnfol/erate States o/f America.
Smrt;. 1. The Congires i ' the Cm'upderatIe
/ates do C(nuci, That the Presidrnt. of the
jonfedlerates States be. anu hIt i- herehy ntit
1hrized, at anV time witiLhinl twt1ivV months
ifter the passage of this act, to borrow, on
ie credit of the Confedurate States, a sum
aot exceeding fi.ee n milli.s of dollars, or
to much thereof as in his opimon the exigen
:ies of the public service may require, to be
ipplied to the payruent of appri-priations
unade by law for the mupport of the govrni
ment and for the defences of the Confederate
Src. 2. The Secretary of tl:e Treasury is
erchby anthorizel, by the consent of the
Preoident of the Confederate States, to cause
to be pirepared certilicates of -.tock or bonds,
n such bums as nire hereinafter mentioned.
?r the amouit to be borrowed as aforesaid,
to lie signed by the Register of the Treasury.
m(1 sealed with the seal of the Trea.,ury ; at.d
he said certiticates of tock or bonds shall b:
nuade payable at the expiration of ten years
rom the first day of September next; and
he interest thereon shall be paid semi-annu
ily, at the rate of eight per cent per annunb
t the Treasury and such other place as the
ecretary of the Treasury may designate.
knd to the bonds which shall be issued, as
foresaid, shall be attached coupons for the
memi-annual interest which zhall accrue, which
:oupons way be signed by oflicers to be aip
inted for the purpose by the Secretary of
le Treasury. And the faith of the Conifede
-ate States is hereby pledg':d for the due pay
nent if the principle and intersst of the ,aid
tock and bonds.
Six. 3. At the expiration of fiye years,
'rom the first day of September next, the
donfederate States may pay up any portitin
f the bonds or stocks, iiun 6 g three
nionths previois; publie notice, at the seat o)
rolverment, of the p-irticuLar :,tocks or boni,
o be paid, iid the time and place of pay
nent ; and from and after the time so appoin
ed, no further interest shall be paid on said
tock or bonds.
Si:c. 4. Thu certifneates of'stock and bond, I
iall be i-iued in sumh form and for such
ill expense- attentng the san.
Si:i. 5. From wid after the lir.t d iv o.
Anu %.t:r Lad e eoed e!;-eed
ati pI:.i-., a1 duity of one-cigtL min m:ne LeC
;pe:r poundl. on !ll cot-ni in thet raw s-tate ex
otdfr..m1 thle S-d:a:t 10ae 1 w:ch
.iIty k-,h...nby i ei.111y. pleieu.l o the .'lil
pa:nenit t' int ere.--t and pri:,eii-al, 'S the loan
i.r1Ivalei- fur di- A.:, ai the Sertary it
Ohe 'iea.-iry is h.r..bv anth illr nd re
unto lfeet the proivt---iitns of ti -tertion:
.i-edti under u:.e see:.mdi sectlin ul thi, a:
w t lben iiue, .:-h1al e reicivable itt pairtcttt ol
I he expir rinuuty ott cotlton.
/>r,.,e.,,?u. ab-o., t hat wv. ent t ute de li in
uate to thfat emi;, thec said~ expiort dutty sht:d
Adapted, Feb. 27. 18st1.
A N AtT
S .c. 1. The Ciuarrt. r.f iheCie, ra
Ituetiio i ne te:: -hi. :ii to ; : . t ! to e ie
tii. t;-nu. of~ tiLe :,tW iti i al-- tate s ita .
pen eiii n- w:. a n hi itt pn~~.ih tor :**eim trot,
esert te r.-.r.nut :ttu t.0 io.- i 'it
onoi d u.d -,liw--'t~ e tow .-tr...e c.rt'. e
al:mit'5ttiry ti erava:d. in every saitate..
reference tthcr e tn :uto a ti bieins b~ r -z
t-rta (hl ti) turn ..r ando tem pharerb
f.r ito tlk 1.crtti.
Sic. :'. .ind i/f r--r c erd, That te.
wart whic aerii ben rei:ird ifrom the str iG
t o Stas. a,itwti.ii:h a res it t ie r
arsenitand .vontiy aodse of the ir State
ind at~ll othr arms andh mui ion ih they tt'
innt esir t turn tve n makes charebs
Seci.: . lie iif /hewenctr, hat tres
re tii benthcrized th ive into theer'.iby
Co iths attrnmensne orces~~r :nowt n t~
crucen so reaid tat- a t ay betnerd or i
wrovi miIAy vouttib. csn of th.leir State.
nd the rnesn ashd be 'it b mine f ir an
timeavc ntt esst oflv ittrmonts, unil e.-s
pe .4 Be it /iurther e'miir/ d, That said
forces mayhen received ith theirvoficerf dby
Companet, Bataline ort ...int ,a and
wh ers recieid thel fevor f ~tor ther
PviinAmy of the Confederate State hllh
accrdlijc to t ate trit tle iid goeritinet.
the advicme a rulnt of Congempinh .ren
benceta fo he feroice.
my ~rs of the Counfederate States hl of
decrica do enact, That the exemiption from
ditic. allowel by tihe " eim to exempt from
dluti(.S certain commodlities theit-f natnlell.
al for other p.::rpm, pmand on he lolh
daw of F..bru-nrv.i. Fhll e-xiend1 oly to
Mi"Ih o!A- ln .i a . m a n;-d on or .ire
the -'(.hd y (Af l a r.C inC: t.. s shall h::'
actinl vbeenr 'abn laJU On b '. a th exportin-g
vesel or (onve4 arve dsi:.e. i fOr any port in
this tineere to r h1,4,r tl.e 15.h, iilyC
March in tIe r [Sent F. ar.
.\ . Ah T.
try alid! delirer. m a !oi ( Tlesn' :here
Scr. 1. Ti. n ;rrss 'f tie ('en:diert,"
Slaitx rf Amiericado inl.I That the Scre.
tary or the Tresary b-s, :d lie is herlv ::n
thorizet.d and emtpoaweried to estalblishei inch
port.s of etry ad delisery ot gis , warcs
and merchamlize as in hi. j:;dmgient. may ie
iece.stry i,r the proper collection of tf l e.S
Lonms and the ett.ree ;-(it Owh r(-venn
lawis of the Canfeuderat Stat.'s ; :i:d that he
he power to M ha:g. dulhtr nid alish suIcII
ports. p'aces er entry -td delivery. at at-y
time whe.n the public ert t:-y reJ'pUite Wt
W.;e. 2. A1; i/furio r ewic/ed, That the See
retary of the Treasury be and he is Iri-ey
atithorizved and eipowerA to a-ppoint suita
he rer.sons as collecters uf the customs at
such ports and place of u entry and delivery
under such regnlations and with such salaries
a he nov from tine to time prescribe ani es
Far ite estal.,.:I unel erc;vj:.iain a
(icncral Slall'*.;;r th:. arm;;y of MheCom
er ie S!:les If .I merica.
St.:c. 1. The Culltrl.: I|'||:e Clii'derule
S:ules f ..rnel icl do ruw:/, That frii aal
afer the passtge of 1 his act, ti:e ;-neral -;.iff
off the arnly of ihe ConfIdrate taeS el.all
Con.i.st of In Adjat;Sat and linpvctor Gen. r
als DApartment, Qarteraxts aeneral'. I
partment, Suri-ee Loeiawr:e.t, aud tLW
Medicald Ds partme:.t.
Sec. 2. B-, itfrr7i:er enarhl, That the A -
itan~t and- linspecttor Genewrai,' DepaIrttinea.t
sh:dl a consist t't 01:x A.jutant at.d inspaetor
J:Itieed tih the riatk ut Colnel; four As
sistant A-ijntant Genianls vi:h the r;tak ut
Mjor, and I na:- .aur..istalat .dj.a...-t GieIS
with the ranik of Cn-plain.
SrE. 3. Be U further enueled, That ihn
Quarier Master Generais D partment sbhll
pay in the line, shall r, eive mwent d.1: 1-4
per thahi e en;:tiE'a. il: s. hat -n . T; a
I uawrter N1awner. herein pn -IiA;led f.rih:!.
.Il tiiIage the d .ties Cf P..-,n '. ia e
suc rea''Ctic~ lOSs u::CV C;.s a oreihen: by" t hea
: lecrct-I of V: r.
. . . Gi. WOL at 1,- .1 litC. - m
m 1isr !z:a e in.r.a's Departs.w u sh:. ee;ua
a.. t I.e Con a:-.':a y la..ne' d 'I . d:- 1.e r:i h af
t:..h,.aa!--1 Irl' L noCiCal i, CCC I.! e ih '!..':;. lk :.1'
ris'-a, mayC*1 1;u '11 ::.a: to tini..' he I iairad
by t hea~ .>eri'ce, m;1ty ibe d.-t ald by (l 'ae War
D) -patt:Icat, 1r<.CaI l-'.-l.habe~rns ofth lila I , 0
woI:: atd.mina taa thir pay inl tt!he lne s! a.1
ree.ive I t: e.v duIIb.rs pcr nC-tC il v.hile. en.
ter f.:s:ears :nld A~.,stant Canmi:.-ari... .sh .1
h: subljaect to diIe's inl hotC h .i- laIl llmC.mC Id.
the samne tie, but aball nourt recti m4 theV a hi
S;:c.5. B.la ,//,rIr: na--I,/oa, Tht ihe .I.. -
adl Departinent .-1.ali cot..si-t ICf one:1 Sr.:. on
ah~nerall with t!.era:. of Ca'!a'.e!-fai~r .ur
..nsvih the rant.k af .\i. j- ao is.
-tant 'l Surgea:. ~ -.I:h i r:0a k fa ':l :
-"ice mna r.ICqi'. tas:' y t be jmial. ad byvh
Del)partu~m-'t If W~ar, :amIi' rteve the pa.1 i.1
ta'r Ge::a'a' and LC m mi-..:ay lsai aer' ! 0.
p Ir:ments.! thi'm;;:h <1:ih!e' t-> C e~:~ a m I. -
.urdlina to the rank they' hldal inl thle uan oft
the Confederate StaeI.of Amera'Cic.a. shCad .at
assum c10(dal aIadI If trop C unib~' eI IAe p:. en
dutyi under a oarder whh IC peCra' i:,11y. l .lo':reet. by
abrICItIh y af :I.e Pre-Wet. I he a.h:ars it'
the M[. fical 1)-par'talent s'i-al rlat exe.,'* "a'
31cman~d 'ecpt in tI cir ownl )crasrlalnt.
Sr~c. 7. Be~ i/Jurtn.w ca'.-!r-l. Tlha& ila h :~n'
Ofitcers herein pr'.vaided aor :,hai' he y pC..imdI~
by the P'r::.-idhent, by' t:. an with he Ladvic and
conCsenIt ofI thel. ConIgreaa, Uad .ChaI1 rle;a.:
sneh pahy an. lla wanaCces a:bal Ibe herra.~ r
est;ali.he 1 by Ilaw.
tain l)emnoesrat is Iaaaonible! for th.e faollow
A disIappin'CCted canCidja t' enlled f'or an
,.layearajpaIm r - i: tha' )rla:ms1 I hat e!. a rnn -
to. ahe blarkeaaa; er spe !!!yaco ph-ted r. cI C
tail. anld was n( ppina it a! wfth l ch.anth I.
" WhI:o's te; I ?--wha:.t':, that ?' adeCnanIAed
ir: it'il give ya'' C a good app~C at." ":p -
ite, hi- V;! ;ake that "I :Ji old; takeit aout!
I don'Ut wat noC liapp.titae-n' hat's a failea~r na ant
ofan) :l appc-tite wC 'a,-n~ hel hai:.'tL fm..t mem-yI~a
enoCnC;;h to p-ay fat r i~ h i ' .ak i.-t.
lI w r'a' Wo- .ar Paast:1.-Thea St. I.ontis
Kr~in./ Yo., ay that ont34CI Tu a' niht
par(y ad gflablr' er upe in phnvingj.
at t alal a-)1o Laenst stra et, when1 olne uf the
The host money of the losing gambler was
placedl uponl the table, anld his opponent,
reaching tihe cards to himt, told him to "' cut.''
ie immlediatly aid so by sticking- his kni~e
through the gamnbler's hand, and pinning it
to the table. He then grasped the motney,
and in the excitement escaped.
An eastern editor is delighted at having
nearly been called "honey" by the gal he
loves, because she saluted him at their last
--ting as"a Old Beeswax 1"