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From the Chaileeton Courier, 13th int.d
Boubarimeint of Fort Sumter!
-0- . a
a t atbut 2 oilock, on the afternoon of
Thursdav. Generai Beaturegard made a de
mii: td o . Maj or anderson for the inaediate I
su:r:der of. Fort S:manter. through his Aid<,
CeA. JaOe. Chesant. Jr., Col. C:;i-olim and c
cay. Major Anderson replied that such
a -woIhi be inacnasistent with the duty
he wn re-tireil by. his goveriment tao peir
f - t. The aver was coamtmmented by the
G% to.in-Chitf to President Davis.
T.1ik vi-it. antl the refusal of the comimants
aut of it I mter to acc.'de to the demiind 9
ma b9y t,:ineral Beatiat-gard, pa.sead from t
T. ew !tonWgIue, aIl soon the whole city
w . o..(asoif t he tartling intelligence.
It wir b ::, want to do, shape the facts
to -ut ter purposes, enlarged their ditmten- C
lianS, and gave them a complhexioa which
therv had aut worn when fresh fremii the pure
ati artl-s hanads of truth.
A italf an hour siter the return of the or
de !ie, it w:-. confideitly believed that the
b tter w.u il 1i opean tire at eigh t o'clock, and
io e. :ation of seeig the bginang of the
eO .a !.umlreds e.more-.ted p tar h bat
t i l the whla aaves, .oking oaat ona tb~e bay.
T.;*- thaev ai. str.ainai. their eyes over
tLe dark a:pxiansea; ad wazter, wa.itiang to -cc tie 1
1:h and hear the botm of the first gun.
The clock told the hour of eleven, !nd still P
they gizcl anad liitened. but the evelids grew
wear-. and at the noor of the night the Luger e
p .r:i'an of the disappointed spectators were
p! dding their way horeward.
At#bout niv. o'clock, General 13auregard y
received a reply from President D)avis, to the
telegram in relation to the surre der of Son-aa
tar, by which he was instructed to inform 0
3faj r 'Anderson t hat if he would evacuate the
foart hea held when his present suaply of pro- f
vide.ns was exhausted there wauld he no ap
- y peal to arums. Tais paropoasitioni was bgrnte to
31.jar Andtersoan by the Aids who had deliv- C;
eredi the first nmessatge, and lie refu-eud~ t c
Cept tiue conidita. Thle Genaeral-in-Uni~eI
forthwith gave the .ader that thea lbatwariesi e 1
opeaned at half-past fauar aacioak aan Friday
m oti .1no nesn reply wasp de- ti
cisve f he uoentusquestiatn, andl Gieer
al Beauregard determained to apply the last
T'he stout soldier had resolced to make a
desperate defence, anad thri blaoody trial of
st.rength must be essayed. -Tr~isd~ rnnst
Scut asunder. the: re-7 1''tie that boaund ta
us5 to a peopIe. whom, in spat e of wroangs and
in;itice wantorniy mia!teaeu .a a -ng
s. ra-s of years, we had not yettutiterly hared
anal despIsad. Taheat expairing. park of af f
f--etiont amust hie quenebhedla in. blom Saome aof
t he moist asple.ndidl pages itn oura gliar~ au, tisfa
t1r musant he buried. A blhaw mutst ie:,tratck
tha'at would tuake the ears aof .very IL.,ibha- t
cta faniatiC tamgle, and who-e dreadful ea'ects
wilhl be telt by generations ye~t to comen. We~
must tranismint a heritage of ranikhnag and oan-th
dyi .: hateL to our children.
We paumsed to caontmplaite the ierraiblapos a
peci. hluirried onm by dhe rr.a.d cor~e ~
avemaa, vexeud and auisraced by iiaraea-ama ir-.
ritattionls. astou:aaled lby the giaringtr-chr
ad aour er~imies, lo.,t in waonade~r a:t ihair egreg
iaaus stuapid ty, we had not fually emn;airehiena ial j
thea naturate of thle work wet were abaoami to he-.
gitl. Now , 'ahil the ear wvia w ; rti
raatr of cannon wo sa learly thae amagmatud;er
if thae crisi,. Whiile thoase saoleamun hi.slas were
pa,,iaag silenitly away, We. Conatenapidtedl thi
t raimedndos un~d.rtakinga in all it-:. aamt.
bea.;riags anal cons.:qaueaia-.
We pau-ed, buat it was tnot the pause of lies
itatiota or d.atubt. We had~ loaag ince naiade
or.elves famuillitar with the dlan;:ers tTaat dark
ened oaver our pathway, and had they been
t-lald greater we wojuld ha~ve darra d ado whtat
we hauve done, with the sarnie steady conlrage
and immaouvable resolut ioni. We. had marked
out a way far otur feet antd we* would pa-rriat
t his rad~a Ie: whIat mtay oppo a ou llr jpo~Css.
Tlie paatihway was tiraed by the fin.:er ofl hau
i, andl Ua o... oawn hagut reats i'pona .
ljdn tha:e dark ha. ur-. avy' wit th an-.a
gih ali' mtothers, sisters atnd wives. -ud wa-I
vith thteir teats, w'.e paused toa refl at ad
hrav. We refreshaed our spirits wtas, glorioust
mettaore-. We felit the inspiratian hla just
iad hly cau-e anid a iaaim larp i a, :,p
disgu~ed with childi-la t aiil~th :mdi~ sim
.ertid-:.- ,we lo.oked to IIlaven faaal I.h Ii
;ttd iQes-iag, atal tturned our backs fibreve~ r
upon outr formner brothters.
The crisis hrtd arrivead, atnd we were full- itt
prepred to meet it. The work that'awaidted
the moarrow was of a miometatonts ehairacter.
but we hadta counted the cost, ad had resalv
c1 to do it or die itn the attemplt.
At.t-he gray of the moarnaing of Friday the
roar of ano broke tipoan the ear. The alx-a~
peted sound was ia.'a..ed by thoausandas. t
The houses were in a few minute, emptied or
.'heir excited occupatts, and the liviza strama
poue44'-g all the streeat5 leathi::g to tha.
warves and 13attery. On reachiag ou~r beau-u
tful pr.om~enatde we fountd it linead with ratnk,
of ea:,rer spe.ctators, :ad all thet wh:r.e ca*om a
mdnag a view of the. battle wv a e criwdle:
thickly w-ith hutman fora. Ona aaog:da ocea
sini have we ever seen naearly so l-rge a ;mmn
er o.f ladieas Ott our B3attery as gr'ace'l the I
breezy walk en this evetatful rmornwtg. I here
they 'stood with palpiit:uting hear:.s un- linhdt
fac~ , wa~tchintg the whli~a tetmakas It r*e m.Lh
wre:thtam apn the saoft twihaght a*r. maa li re itth
in: out fervenat prayers foar theair gaant kt'an
.4 at th-- cli.-. ii! whaat a cantther raaaeda
in ,:.a h.-avi g h saomiS bet ween lov .ra
un-andas :a'a I auons, :and love f'ir 'a- conaanat
tmaahlar. whaaae iaasiirtail ."1.m tim ar. a
aet ta..l eadhh tier fIthalaai chydma toj 1:
.\-titmintmeS pint, f.ar .'clae te t.
e.aaiet wa'< ap-ned lay athe ,a.,rge t of a
. ia-h lr..mt the llowiliz--r laa.-- .n aaya,. ::
a a t.anader the cm'and tia a. .ia a raa i
h-at- a tifLn. lalwa ait at -alb -Ia 'l a.n ae"
'i ba ..anaiib aof tlba - arlalaa! ,..:a.-a.;:gr t.a
up of a.i Ia :n v uat aie : 1 .t ofa h ta
r~ the tl,;I:: whai on.i a-a faati. aw y tr
'.i'a th' air t' a anoah a she, . w'iht :e. W.aI
.t.. a. the tal af Iku! ad. a~ ino-~ a.
skillful of artillerists, no injury has b en su
tained by a sinile i one of our gallant soldier
The result of tile coinfliet strengthens an
confirms our lith in thejustuess of the can:
for whose achievinenzlt we have suffered ob!
quy, anid dared perils of vast magiitude. 2
the ioutset of tie strugle we invoked ti
sancetionl and hid of that God whmin we serm
and U1is hand has guided and defended us a
through the nionienteais conflict. His I4v
was mdst signally, we had al ost said niru
uiousiy, manifested on this eventful day. U
call the roll of those engaged in the' bati
and each soldier is here tw answer to his nam
No tomb.:one will throw its shadow itpon th:
bright trinmiplhlmt day. It so it setnieth goc
in the eyes o Hin, in whose hands are ti
issues of lifue, we fervently pray that our brai
sons may pass unharned through the peri
of the day now dawning.
From the Charleston Mercury, 15th inat.
The Bombardment of Fort Sumtel
Surrender.of uMajor Anderson--Evacit
ation of Fort Suniter.
We closed the report of the grand islitar
diorama in progres oil our Bay amid ti.
clouds of gloota and threatening perils <
Friday idght. The firing, abated in tb
early evening, as though for the concentri
tion of its special energies, coninenced agai
at ten o'clock,. aml aiid gusts (if rain, an
clouds that .irept the heavens, the red bi
shet and lighted shells, again streamed frot
tile girt of sat ter es around, and conceitrate
in fearful inport over Fort Sumter. Of th
eflects lit sde was visible, of course, and an
ious citizens, who from bttterv, spire an
housetp, lia bided the peltings of the storn
ninte ,lieators of the splendid scene, cont
olily wait the opening of the coning day f;
confirnation of the hopes and fears wit
which the chtiames in the scene successivel,
A-; 'iaia appr..ached. the firing again abi
ted, and vheln tie riming sun threw its 11o
of light over the sparkling waters from
cloidiess sky, it was but by random shot
from outlying batteries, with scarce an an
s-.%er fro:n Fort Sumter. that spectators wer
awired the e-.ntest still contiued, and tha
hnuman f.-elin was not in hariony with th
grace and .r-y of the scenle. It was but
lttle while, however, before the' etiergy c
act ion Was iet(red, and as the work of dez
trilctiol still went on, it was feared that stil
anoth-r dav (if expectationt and uncertaint;
was i-efore us. But at 8 o'eei-k the cr:
aroe f-iomi the wharves, and rolled in on
ciintinu-us witve over i he city, " Fort Sumite
is oil Fire !" The watchers of the nihL be
fI-re. who had retired fur a few nonents. wen
aronedl, oCeeui-aiios were instantly suspond
ed. and". oldt and young, cit her mounted t
their points of olb-ervation. or rolled in crowd
Upion the Baitery. to look upon the last an(
me-t impo iirg act i1 tlhis grett drama.
The- h-arrackz to the south had been threi
timlite-s Set 1n fire during- the bomisbasrlmient. t
the davy bielbtre, but eceh tillie the llatie
wert* i neitely'cxtingiuished. Subsetpiet
ly. however, a red-hlot s-hot fron Fort Moul
trie, or a sheil from elsewheit,' fuid a lodg
muent ni hen the fact was not Apparent, ani
the fire. :inusmldering for a tiuo. at lengtl
broke fort h. and flasniws and smoke rose it
v-alumews frinm the crater of Fort intittiler. Thi
wind was bilowitng fron the west, driving tii
stinoke aero., th: irt and into the emobra
sires, where the guiers were at work, ant
pourini it voinnes through the port holes
the firing of Fort Sunter appearedi to be re
newed with vigot. The fire of the Fort. lon;
firce and raplid, however. was gradialls
abated, and alt iuph at distant intel vals I
gutn was fired, the necessity of preservinh
thiri magazines and of avoiding the Ilatiles
left the tenants little leisuire f..r resistance
But the firing from without, wa-s c-.nltiml:e(
with: redoiled vigor. Evecry battery pouret
in) its ceasa-lers r- mni of shot and shell. Tb:
enthy:siasm of pSirled their coit:aa(
anud gave pireci -acti-n ;and thus
as in the oipin closing' scene. uin
dir the beamn ., in view of 1hous
anU< erowdedl wharves anu houist
tip., an-l ambi'il' Ofs I5i1'
in vm * ri~i .en .y th
ts. lyinig idly just
OUou ' u ..this first fort rest
ifdespotte power fell pros~trate to the caus
of Southern Indepcndence.
A t abrout 9 o'clock the flhmea appeared to
he abartinig, and it was apjprehde~lld that ne
irrep'arable injusry 1.ad been2 sustained ; but
near 10 *ielock a column of white smoke rose
hig~h abiove tlChaeb-aements, followed by ai;
exploi~sion which was felt upon the wharves,
and gave the assuraurce that if theC iaga
zines were not exploded, at lease their tems
pa' rarv ammulnnition were e>'posed to lie cle
mnn till raminig. Soon after thle barracks ti.
the east and west gra~s is: flames, the sinioke
rn.,e in tedoiubled volme fromn thle whtole cir
ele of the fJrt. anld rolling from the embra
sures, it sreemied searcely possible tha:t life
coulid b-e r-ustainedl. Soon after ails:hIer col!
unmli of smloker arose as fearful sas the first.
The1 gunis flaid 1 ig bi-en comp: ~letely silenlced,
and the only opjtioni left to the tenaints of tin
tort res .-eilned to l1e whether they would
pieri -L, or surrender.
A t a quarter ti rune o'clock, the stall, friiin
wideh ithe flag still watved, was 5hot aLway
and it ws lui -r in di.nhlt wither, if the:r.
wtxe the~: purpo-e, thlere was the ab i!v toi re
creet it. But at the. expiration of ahboui
twentIy iinutes, it danini a peared uplon the
estern rampaisrt, and aniiounc~ed that resist
at:ce was niot end--d. In the mleantimue, 1hm1w
ever, a .,mall boat started-i frotm thle c-ity whart
if pechaniutce the: .nirrison .sil,bo h e unale ti
forti the Il-g appeared, and, s she firiing frii
ourl batteries wa.: unabated, t hey .startedi t(
larg..r poirtions of tine way wh~en ai abou~tt atrei
from:s the wieh.le ircle of spectautors oni thet
i,!amols andl~s timiain hadtn, :umiuinc-ed thats
ihie white lig iof tra-ie wats waving froms dii
ramp arts. A smasll boat hail alIreadly bees
..eeni to shoiort liut fromi Ci:mming'ms Poin t, is
th.. idirecti-m oif ithe fornt, in: which stoi'd at
tfie--r wit? b :a wi'te flag huponi I le point of hi:
silr. Ti -lieer prtoved to lie Co~l. Wig
eme: ring Ithrough a porit. ho le, demtanided ti
surrender, in: the inaime if hlis chbiet. HeI re
puled toi the~i~ nquiry ' what t erm~svwoulid h<
grante-l..s5:4I ing that Msti-it .\nide-r.cmi coih
imi . m:1:ke ii'., ow ti -rmo. buit t hat tGenera
Bcairegarid, at Sldier ind a genitlemnai. kneni
how to treat a gal.mt einmy .l1ijor -An
derson. tus:. le.ave the dletails of -the suren
di- to Gien.:fBeatiregardl. Major1 And-.:rsor
the-i nreid fi. surreider to Getneral Beaure
garin-. ill th ln'amuue oft the Conufidertet Statea
anid hat till. I-el-.ek andh live muiueS strtuck the
Unu.il Smie it'f!.iz whsich! had been: standiin;
iii .-,m pany wit i lbe whil:e la. Thle Sullii
van-us b-hmi'l1, trutri--s ce-asei hring, aiid Col
\\'ssrail siarted to report to Gieneral Heaure
gardl in Cha~e'cton.
\\'ien tlim irepoirt was made of what. hai
ici-ni'eth. .\iio .1Iones, tile t-iet ot (Gieera
Ib--i'ur-grd'.,iat ralf. ace :2iusiied byv Coloniie
Ch-irl.l~tion, w:iS senit writhl aiut hority ti
::sranr.. iti,- term<i givet:. Theise were to: :h:
A j'i p oper fIt-litie< will bei a!hiirded fer thIi
r..mol5 -f .\iinj. .\nderns'on andi e: ,niiunand
. n all-- ; i i v atte1 p e rltf a i y . ii i - s i l h i~ l
' lie l-nm wo-iich hie hia- nyhdeild so long, anm
withi ni m:511 fir: itudie, undehir the mtsuL trys
' iten ishme. mayCS :1: be sa:duted by h-im 01
::wpr. is tie of yielii..: ip the p;-,t, ats
Is p..rnii te d io gi hy seau or land, aconha;~
i i-i, -Ie- tion.
lii-the :afiersioo: .i-,r .ini.:, C'.b. (2he-s
no't ind M~nig, wi:h Iitther edic.-rs andi tt:
!Chi:-i of;the Fire ilepi i:t und the i Pa;l
u ni:tt'i h-ir.- Compan~~iy. -went dl-,wa to -- Sotilln
teir, andl t he d.-itilis were citoah:-hid. \\e hiav
nit ii-eor the time11 to niiikie a: detailed descip
tioni of th for-t. it is ea nngh to state: a
pre-sint thaut the walk. are uinnijin rd. Upr~
i-tm: 4: ite faes (m- the we-tI). i-xp1os-d in til
55 .Ine 1: ii.-ter . i had nr-icii-d i-i:ly sh :
to Fort .ianr:', hau ictiuvedi 5ior &. :5b n:
or ,the ,.-.t en anbrane..es had b,.t
ient the guns from the redoubtable Gu
sattery on Cumming,' Po-nt, from Capt. Mc
:read) ' Battery, from Capt. Jas. llarikonl's
hiating Battery, the Enfilade Battery, and
:her fortifications spit forth their wrath al
he gria fortress rising so defiantly out u
M <jor Anderson received the Abot and s!-cl
n .,il,::ce. And some excited lookers-on, ig
ioratt of the character of the foe, were fluen
ritb cojectures and predictions, that revive.
he hope ta-t dying out of :heir hope:'ul an
ender Learts. But the short-lived hope wa:
Lte:ly extineui-.e whe- tihe dk'e incg tw.
itlt reve:ede the Stars and sr pes Ilnati
>roudlrl in the breeze. The batteries contin
id at regalar interia s to belch iron ven
;emnce, and still no an-wer was returned by
;e foe. About an hour after the boomning
legan, twu balls iuled hissing through the
,r, and glanced harmless from the stuccoed
ricks of For: Moult re. The emnbrasures o:
he hostile fortress gave forth no sound again
ill between siX and ,iseven o'c!ock, when, at
I wratliful !rom enforced delay, from cau
azate-and p:arpet the United States ofilcel
imrel a storm of iron hail upon Fort Motl
rie. Stevena' Irlt Battery aud the Floatin.
lattery. The broadside was returned with
pirit by the gallant gunners at these impor
The firing now began in good earnest. Th<
urlig white smoke hung above the angry
rieces of friend and fo-., aid. the jarring
>ooir rolled at regular irtervals oan the anx.
aus ear The atmnosphlere was; charged with
he snell of villai ous .altpere, ani as if in
vmpathy with the tuelancholy scene the sky
i-as c.>vered with heavy loauds, and every
li:ac. wore a sombre tspec:t.
A boat bearing di-yatcle<c to Genceral i.onn
e-grd ftom Morris' Iland, realched tte city
bout nine o'clock, reported that all tho bat
eries were working admirably ; that no oe
ras injured, and that the muec'were wild with
A shoitrt time after that happy niews w'ts
eceived. the schooner .Petri, fromn loil
nd Channel, reported\ that the shot f'om
tevens' Iron Battery ladj toll upon thae walb
I Fort Sumter. And al that Fort Moultrk
. sustained no d.iamagef
About halfpast nine lock, Capt. R. S.
'arker :reported from - Sllivan'i Island to
lo.unt Pleasati that everyt ing was in fine
omiitioni at Fort Moultrie, and that thle so:
ters had escaped unhurt.
The same dispatch stated that the embra
tires5 of tne leiting Battery were indam
ted byr the shock of-the shot, aind though
hat formi.!able struture had been struck
leven times. the balls had not sarted % sin
le bolt. Aider.,on had concenitr.tel his fire
pen the Fioalitig Battery, and the Dalhlgren
Ittery. under commactcnd of Lieut. Haumiton.
L iynber of st-ells had uro;pped i-nto F. r:
utnrer, in- o ,w gaa en b.albette h1ad been
The following cheering t idings were brought
> the city by CoL Enncwuc!dil Yates, Actiag
ieutepant to Doz:er, of the Confederate
lates Navy, from F. rt Johnson. Stevens'
atterv has amade considerable progress in
rea-.innig the South :,,(I Snt hwe-t. walls of
ort Samiter. The N.orthwevst wall is mlajfnr
g freom the Well aimue-1 firte of the Floating
..ir.wh:e sho.t have di-Smo.unte, "everal
f ti' gtin.. on the par:.pet. atd made it in
o-s:ie to im-. the remaining ones. The
lwitzer Battery connected with the im
renaible Gun Battery at Cumming's Point,
mxcanaged with consumnute and terrible
Eecen o'clock.-A messenger from Mfsrris
land brinigA the giorions news that the shot
ance firom the iron c.overe.l batter,' at Ciami
ing's Point, like marbles thrown by a child
n th he bac.of a turtle. The upper portdIon
the 8 .uthwest wall of Fort. Sumter shows
lainlv the eflect of the terrible cannonale
un the fortidable product of Mr. C. H.
tevetfn' patriotistn and ingrenneityV.
A half an hour later the glad.~omte tidings
cme that Stevens' Battery was Jast darna
ng the Southcwe~stgall of' Sumter.
A buat reached th~e City froin the Floating
attery about half pa-t twelve o'clock, and
ported that a shot from Focrt Sumiter pene
aed the top of thae structure, antd three
ots struck the aand batgs in the rear of the
Tictelce o'clok.-We hava just learned bcy
arraval fromu Cnaning's Point, that the
teries there are douing good service--Ste
a. -ita-rr m suaccessful. Not a sicngle
At acne o'clock the following was received
ma .\:arris' Island. Two gunts in Stevencs'
tteorv tenmporarily di-abled. Andersona's fire
vicng injnred the doors of the emibrasures.
tw dcanage wiill be repaired spcedily. it is
ught that Ft. Sutmter will be breachted in
-o laur.,. The steam vessels of war were
o of the bar, one of thett supposed to be
e Hartriet Lane.
Capt. R. S. Parker reachtad the city frot
rt Mordctrie at half-peast t wa c'clock, and
kes the following repmrt Capt. P. visited
rt .\oultrie ad the Enfil-eling Battery near
end foun~d all well and in haigh spirits.
left the Mortar Battery, Lieut. Hi llin
ist, att ten mnintes p~ast~ two. The sohelie.rs
u' 'aed theare are givan a good account of
.ielve's. 'lhe Flceating~ Bat teary had beti
'ci-k eaeyhteenc timtes, atnd received no mttaec
Te venereble Edmnede Ruaffin, who, as
.a as it was knewnt a Liitt-- war, ianeitable,
-te.''d eever t' .\el--c ris' I -Ittm andi wa.- elect..
a iembttet: .of thce Pnin.eat:<. .anard, fired
e: tirst Ctl enn io Stevenst' I ret Bau:e'tj. Al
ir teo 'he chcivalrie Vi rghe.iarn ! May h~e
temany yarsi~ to wear t he facdele'.s wrea:thc
aet honoeer placed uapin hi* brow otneaur go
.o ruheckategtly remnind.< her cit her j'a-t glo ry.
e p oint e (n Gen. DeB r.:cctard' Stall ''n
,i::.day., bhe as-ict'ene teelo theeneral i'a
e:cc~mc. froma ling~. !cn. -..am.e- Sacette inc
cutn:a:d eef .\ltrri~ lhi l dting thte thick
t ofl the ileht. and in thec faeu oaf at mrde
efire frneta Foe rtS Satmter. Col. Roger A.
v .r. thei elminenat youtng \irgincian, inh
.-ention 'ef that dangerouas contnaicsseen.
-ed withic 1pe:.king distan ccetof the an~gry
sI l:l 'le fortr'es'.
I :--pit' the liece and con centra:tede lire
lmFit Scitcter, theO riva1l fertillerntion onl
al!van's lneeei recivel l but slightr chan.ce.
.: Merlons stood torneved. acnd are this
r;:in ats god. ae condcii in as theyv we.
. -re their stren;..th was testeud by the rne
eecks of tie ee a.
Th~e hFletiin:: l:it tery Cfrafn' ott of the ireon
crm with-'ct I-i'" a plate tf 'a ir ocvet'
a I;.linter of at' ;.im-.
A brik fir"e ws '--p up byic all thte hat
1ices until abc clt Tc 'i..cek in a be evnig
tr which hceug the~ ills beozndi al. regubair
tevals ad tw'emav n ~tes.
All the hauter. ii 'IM ,rr Tsl'aud~ becan;
.a t::e eh:.na ael, kepet tupl stidadv fire focr
nu. timce at ti' e. t of d'. Ia i.; rep'rt'ed
ey trew t!:.-ir shoc at cinto h'farreI li,co
el lhat that stc"amecr, hcavinegndvatteecd as fr
a .e rcecwct!c .or ofc cth le W~est iBaery,
5 cripph:d icr a well aci aced shot, aef'ter wV iech
lt4aldeee it prcueb:nt to jive up thte '.aanger
Sattemnpt. ancd turned her shacrp bow to
St cvensa' Iron BIktte'ry playved a eCsienicccn<i
el :amportanct paer in the brilliantt, ae~el as. iar
'ae no-n'I care ecncerne':cd, lc'cllecss ecnflie'.
bile hasi piacedc~ thc' I -ch of April. 1 ISc;I,
wamtg the metcabl'c days. Thae calibn- c'.
C geunts. its ia-arnaeu< ao F'orat Sutir, it p.
t hn~peneatrabiclity, th co'Ice ande -kalb I
.g :liant g-ecaner . t .cle thit aercii.:a'tti-' e
rble oppoeen'sa . Thce effect of ci' ts 1Ii
,ecs and II e4 p acrs waes distttierly visible
atc e rly' st.ac'e o thce cecnfliet. (hc:) e oef
: wail 'of lt"e' I rL as a It.e sdct li-M cc l te
ai carr aed eef dleca h. Shoet nitecr shoct telH
Ia a... .-rid .e,-I ec'i t'ne: .Strmcig.wall. a:t! 'at
.mt Ihrse e' 'h. .'aj..r' Andaerson~a c'eaecd tee
tccre thisc naoe'e'rd -- lit '. lea t'i eaoursc ocf
ca en the' joyvfcl tidingj-. ihat at bcrc'cab
I been',' "il;-eed in t hat pcortion of the ihr
's, wae-sc hri: teo the city.
W e r' not c l'ose thcis brief' anad hnirriede
-ratv -1 theL first ?tengaeent betwenc thce
td t.e anid chec Coa~federaete Stateat,
thouti rec i tki to Ahncighty Omce
t: .' gr. at .ce: i:at has thonufar crownaedl
a *t--. ae..i 1'.r lth-- e:xtraerdiarya peervac
a:,. ..*a :i.: ;r:n ecectvietd dlent;h.
:cLe :1!. C"c IturS 'I' eaaint iric'atet firiang,
..l .... . o..e ,.r the ,or.. ,x-. .L.- id.,
driven 'n. but the permanent injury was slight
the bafls penetrated but about 8 or 10 inches
d removing about a half bushel of materied
e The cornice of the parnpet in many plae
was knockled off, but all the papet guns di
t mlOuttd had been restored to their )ositiu
e and their carringes seemed then but little in
jured by the llaies. The wa I was most dis
i figured by the balling frot CominiNgs' Poitil
r but then there was little psrogress to a breadb
Some of the casement gulls were dismounted
e and the devastation within the fort was great
the gunners were covered with fragments c
j- she.. The barracks were swept entirely away
Ri nd there wa nothing left but a loose w1as
d1e b4 rick anid mtortar.
e' The Battle of Fort Sumter is a inmrvelou
e affair in the loodlessness of an enga*ge:nen
Is of thirtv'two hours and a half. It is surdly fth
imiereibdi finger of God. But to no humal
ageicies entraged in the business is greate
praise due than to those who conceived an
planned our defences, and who have erecte
them in so faithful and substantial a mannei
To these causes-the admirable ellicielev f
. our defensive preparations, and the .
naucr in which the guis have been used i
annoy and cripple the enemy-is the wonder
ful, mprecedented result due.
At noon, on Friday, during the heat of th
engagement. Maj. Anderson made a signal o
distress to the men of-war lying off of our bar
y and on Saturday again, while under fire frinu
e all the batteries, and troilbled with the her
if and smoke of the burning barracks, again low
e ered the flag of the United States, as a'signa
for as:sistance to his naval allies ; the ship
a were only from three to live miles off,11l
d day was bright and clear, the water smooth
But di-cretion was the better part of valor
The Northern officers in command, haviij
d been so carefully selected, for their fidelity t,
e their section and superior trtistworthiness it
- a hostile crusade against the South, wereg.
I willing to incur the risk of running ,theii
, ships into the. arbor, and engaging our bat
1 teries. They thougrht it prudent not to A.
r tempt reinforcements in launches. 'rhe sto
j diers of Abolitionism were left to their fate
F without an attempt to relievo their'peril n.
condition. Their idle allies had the pleasir.
- of seeing them strike their colors to the ('em
I federate States. They are commenable not
their gallantry, and we trust that these bimu
s mariners will receive a snitable coinmenda.
- tion from their no less gallant Jackson thi
Second and his magnanittuious Cabinet.
t We understand that a detachment of regu
lar's from Sullivan's sland, and a detachnen
i of Major DeSaussure's command frot 3orri:
f I'latid, have been detailed by Col. ipley t<
occupy the captured fort.
Tie Scene at Fort Suiter.
An officer who visited the -fort suon4"
the ter:s )I* evacuation were nade, statestha!
Ohe .eAeethere presented is beyond corcop
tio::.Withoit. the walls have the appearanc
at a distane, of having been covered with at
itmiense itumber of brick poultices spattetet
in every direction. This iK-he shatteri' 1
feet of the shot. Within, th'ientire fort
an aspect as if the hand of tiar'destroiying
gel had swelt rutlessly by Aid not a solitar"
jotject to relieve the general desolation. '!.
blackened walls of the oflicers' and soldier'
quarters weire yet smoking, ashes and ember
met the eye at every turn, while the shot am
shell which had been rained upon the strong
hold lay in great quantities upon all portiotn
of the parade ground.
The appea:mce of both Major Anderson
his oflicers amid the men, indieatted the terriblb
nature of' the ordeal from which they' had jus
etmerged. Deprived of sleep for many hours
fatigued with their labors at the gun, ami
prostrated by their battle with an elemetm
which raged b!vond control, they lookel
worn, halgga'rd and ready to drop with bheei
Whien the lire was at its greatest height Ma
jor Anderson stated that the only mnanni-r it
which they could. breathe was by lying Ui
upo~n thle ground wvithiti the e'.,emam~tes, iti
their faces to the earth, while, added to th<
danger,- wats the occasional explosioni of thn
piles of shells collectetd for service at diflferent
pointts within the foirt.
it is to the fatct that sio few men were itr
the flife ntion, that is duie lhe preervat iot
oflie..injir Anderson hinm-elf stated that
had there been two hunidred mnor'e, nut h%
the circumstmance's, for their prot.ct ion.
As it-uas, tlbeir-ptrovisions-wvould have gic
en out in two days more, when an uncondi'
tiotnal surrender would necessatrily have re
Ie also rem~a~rked that yesterday was one
of the prondtest ays of Hs life, for while hec
had endeavored to do, dis duty a's an officer,
Le ha'. not t aken the life of a fellow being.
TIJE L AT E ST.
Th'Ie Evacumationi of Fort Sumter--Em
batrkatiott of Major Anderson.
We clotsed otur town report in the extra of
ye stenlay' wv it the surrendmer of Fort Sutmter,
andm withI a burief aceount of its battered alp
pe'rarnce, atnl give this morning the scene and
Cciemitanices of its evacuat.ion. A t half-past
12 o'elock his Excellency Governor Pickens.
wvith his Aidls, and Messrs. Jamison andh Me
grath, of his Executive Council. and Genmeral
I a~ure'gard, with his Aids, Messrs. Miles,
P'rvtr, Maninintg, Chiestnut, and Jone3, and
miaty distinguisedl gentletnen, invited to be
;n e--'m:, took their departture in a steamer
fromt Soul hern wharf; atnd we-re borne in this
dlirection of' the Fort. As we advanced it was
atppi:rentt, however, that the evacuatio~n wa~
ntot comipletetd. Though the steamter Ihalie,
at the requtest of Major Anderson, hadl beer
preent from 9 o'clock, anid the expectatiori
had been occasioned' that very soon thereafter
hik commuand would be under way, still can
se'S of delay h-'td inter-venedt. To avoid the
embharassmei~ n of' a pr,-mtuittre ariv~al.- tai
Avl'ing thlemiselvyes of the opptn it't ties thbus
all'o rde.d. t hey vi ited thle tioat ing battery,;
the I )ahilgreeni bat tery, the einfihlinmg battery,
and were ascendling the mtortar battery, when
t he bom~iing of the guins upon01 the parapets of
Flor't Snitowr,' atumounced'L~ the lowering of the
Sstatrs and str'ipes." In t he termsi of ca'pitti
latio~n, it wa alluwed to Matjoi' Aniderson to
. raltnte his flhbtg. atnd it was perfhlaps e!xpected
that he w olthI fire thle tuua! cottpletnenit oi
twemy...m'oe gus ; but reachinig that ntumtber,
he~ still wenit on to lire, and the apprehension
was that lie unight exhtibit the di..courtesy ol
nun'iering thirty-four. But lie conttinue'l
still to lire up to fifty, and theni slowly low'
orinig his flag, the shouts from assemnbledi
thotnsands uponil the shores and the steamers,
aml every spec'ies of water craft. announced]
that t he mauthority of the late United St~ates
upon01 the last foot of Carolina's-soil wvas final'
ly wvithdrawnu. . *,- -.
Tt ha:1.. b'een noticed, that t the firing ol
the senteetnth gun, there- was the somund as
of' two reports, atid thme imnpres-siotn was that
two guns ad been fired together ; but, a< the
palrty, re-emtbarkinig, were ont theim' way ti
.FortSumter, they we're tmet by a botat, whiich
.:announced-that, one of the easons had exllO
- ded, antd made the eanest r'equest that the
boat woumld return to Sulivan's Islantd for
I lime ag~a rom the applrehiensi' nm that tht
tmagazi ne mnight b le in dattger. 'This obtained
Ithme party again starrted for the f'ort, amnd mmadu
TIheu Flag iof the Conitfederate, St ates and the
P .d n-t to, were rai-ed on Foirt Sutmter sitmil
.f G en. -li-a tnegard'si Smt:ds, ant Col. Ferg w
s .ti. 'Thie lFlat of t'he Guml'dera;te S-ates was
lm:mitiaenli eid in t his city. It was5 the initeni
I tin t'o hiane mtade use o f time fling t hat was
f- in-t hi iste t'lni t he caittil, at .itnlg intery
haot iinf-ri tnaltly it ha'd beent mishddi. Thez
II istaiff. weire abiout fifteemn fe'it. high. tant
I 1''e:ishedl to two of' the big g:mtz by Cum
I miid..r ie IIlatsteml'.
!miAnd 'htn lie deafei'tntg shoist arioi' l'ron
Ih m1 lasseS ehistrel tupon boituaiti ill nit
li- sh.re--. andl when the biatte'ries aronsiii
- he enitire 'mreui t shot,-lk the hf'orres withl thll
-iithul r., of the-ir sau!utationm, the f't ling tha
.Iioid inideed b~ee't vhilirated-i, amnd thiat ti
c State hail establi.,bed. her chtm to m le sk ii
'aid c'ourtae neessary to the canse she ha<e
the' mi hintet ual hitrepidity toi avow, i hbrille,
I Smirth fle hr tho arrival, tu teaErtilsol in.re I
ed out, and were received on board the 1sabel:
which, however, from the condition of the
ti..c, Was unable to move o(1, and it wat a
somewhat unpleasant cirenmtance that Nlor
tnlerson and his command should have been
I Made unwilling .I'peCtators Uf the exultations
Iinspired by their dell-at. -
Of those snulering froni the easualty we
ifiiemetid, oneI~ waI killed upomi the
spot; two were wountdcd, it is supposed inor.
tally, and were left lor niedical treatment ;
and two (4ther-i " adly wouiled, also, at their
earnest solicitation. were carried off'.
The occa-ion was niot without the chrmn
aIInd inllerest allan-' di'l by the presenC of the
ltir. The la-iy of ~if El xellency (;ovebrnor
Pickens, and the wile and diaughter of Attor
ey-Geieral Iayne, wiLnessed the ceremony
from the boat, and Mrs. Henry Wnnetheau
has the distinction of being the first in the
fort under the flag of the Confederacy. Sie
was down to attend the sister of Lient. Davis.
her guest during the period ol her borother's
confinenment to the fort, and with the eye and
Iius of an artist. it was doultless with a
(f' especial pleasure that she was fa
vored with the opportunities of this occasion.
Although during the thirty-four consecutive
hours through which the bombardment lasted,
not a man was in any way injured upon out
side, it cannot be said that our men altogethei
,'escaped Major A nderson's balls. As Captain
I loties was stmaiding inl the Point Battery v
spent. ball, which hid struck the sand bapg
J- bove, rolled over striking him upon the back
f the neck, hut not with niflicient force t(
.h.:rt hiin. The ball-a 32 piounder--wa
-; preservd as a memnto of tie occasion.
- The first gun tired froni the Iron Battery
-at Ctmniming's Poitit was discharged by th<
venerable Edmund Ruflin. lie stibsequento
>shot all the guns and mortars used during tim
South Carolina State Convention.
'The State Conveition adjourned on tbi
oth, subject to the call of the President.
A resolution wap piassed approving the re
cemit conduct of General Twiggs, in Texas.
The following ieslutions, adopted in se
eret session, have-been made public:
Ui motion of Mr. Brown,
JPes!ved, That the people of Sonth Coro
lh-a, in Conventiou assembled, cordially ap
prove of the election of' Jefferson Davis _t
be Presidency, and Alexander H. Stepiet
1o the Vice Presidency, of the Coifderat
states of Auterica, and have entire confidene
U their experience, patriotism an I ability U
gaide the destinies of' the new Republic.
On motion of' Mr. Read
Resolced, That a copy of the foregoing res
':utiotns, expressinig our couiidence in th
President and Vice Peiident of the Conled
W#rato . Statel be 'tiwarded to each by thi
tdent of this body.
Ot motion of' Mr. Read
Rcsolced, hat time Convention approves o
the action of the Governor iri placing the f'or
ces for the military defence of' Cltrleston ur
lr the c-.mimand of Geineiral Beauregard. a
that he lie authorized to call into the fiel1
immuetliately ucch numier of the volunitee
6egiments raised under the Act of' the A
sembly as Ceneral Benuregard nny requir
'or the operations under his control, the whol
f ret to he placedf under the command c
-nerali eaungard. or such other generr
eIlieer as may b,- ordered to Lihe same con
namtl by the nauthorities of jIe Confederat
tates of' America.
Oi motim of Mr. 1). L. WIardlaw,
lKcmdred, That the Convention highly al
:eeiate thle generosity and pmblic spirit t
tLose citizens and friends of the State vi
hive contributed money and labor for the ben
eft of the Siate, and 'take pleasure in not
eing partieularly the liberality and patriotist
of Benjamin 3Mordecai, Esq., in making th
first, atnd it very gmmerous, flonotion.
. J,txcot.N's P'aou:AMt..--T'he Wa'sliintat
coirrespoindenit ofl the New York E.rpr'eswh
speaks with confidetce, thus lays down thi
siews mand intentions of' the Administ ration
Thie progratmme, as I now procee'd toin)
it here. you may strictly r'ely tipon-all othie
ruttors. reports, statements, etc., to thte cot
"As heretofor'e stafedl, the Ad miistrantio
h c~e. after much dec~iheratiojn and conasultamtion
Iresolved to evacuate all the Sothernt f'orts
but'-lmv a!'eer bloor I has bec o std-enoutgl;
\iontgoeryi Con federacy. . .
to further p.rogrammne is, to r'eco.,nizt' Ii
treati, the- zmkpende'nec <f the Southl. 'fha
rtcognititon cannot taka. place nmow, v iithot
sacrificing the power of the Reptilicanm party
it is argues by .Chase, Blair amid 'die Presi
deniPhitnsjlf; and hence the U tioni is to be
given up in order to save the par'ty.
"The-nltimate result of this desperate limt
of policy ths:sinitiated, the caleubition is, wi!
be the perinanent estab~lishtment of' two Cotn
federaicies-free atid .dave--thius realizing the
idea Mr. Iincolnt long ago ettutnciatled, tL':
9 the Governmnt eannot etndure pa:rt free an
part slav#: It tmulst becomne at lamst all oni
titing or tlie othier."
Sto:rtr~its ~ thrisr Cov xvi.:mo.-We ant
intiitied .that the~ 'eerpt plishedii'i ini oiu
last, fromi am exchan mge. ini regar'ito lhe Ii
enuial M itig ofl this b >dy,. nieids corr'tect ion
The nmotice shoul he 'as fbilws : " The tGen
eral Convntmion of the- Ii ipti-ts of' thle South.i
era States'wiill hioldI it-sam nxt sessiioni at Savau
nah, Ga.0:on the l0th ofi May n'text. It ha,:
charge oftthe Boards of Mission. the A-ignt
ated the'Domietie; anmd, also, of' the: lhihl
Board. ]t wim ll briing t-gemther imanty ot' th
l-eadinmg ineni f the d-'nomintamtion froin all thtn
slavebhlding Stamte. It session tismialy emt
braces about four' day--. ineumtig thme Salbbath.t
T he Presidenicy'. whiiebi is filled aminua~lly, was
last occu'pied by' Rer. Dri. f1-'uller, omf JIahlimore.
The Boards or thlis body ailvre loca:mtd ait Marion,
Als;~ i elnonid, V*a.: matl Nash ville, Tef'nm.
the Iiia ti bes of thme frounmi.r; also, in tra.
l- , China, Lmiberia, a mii CentrialI Af[rica. Tlhe
miteethimg will lie onte of un 0usual intterest.
Chatrleston Lourier'. A pril fit.
U "roaRetA-r m: Areinom-r.--lt is with re'sref
that we learn the tact liat Mr. II. .Al. Oar
Itingtmn, fpulishier of' thet (A:e//', wva: acciden
tally 'otunded itt fthe right l-g, on Sit.' i'lam
last, k' tite discharge of' a pistol ini man uinie.
pa'ctc.i iutal'. fIr wams visit lig his flatully at
Dud" est wmhena the accidlent occured, anid is
stillionfined t here beenuiis.: of' the wouttl.
WehLIope for huitm ai sfpedy r'ec(veryi antd re.
tutrr to the discharge of his duties.--Ander
hi ie pre~ ' goof timthority to anmntonnmee fliat
so 'a. Mrs'r. lim-oi shlml .ive immiiistaika
'4e.0' 'e'r of' co'erc'-ion again'st mthe Souitherm
St .I '.z mtnmh:rn Coinfederne:my wvil. aitone
~gala! Idiers of mmairqa :iml ripi'sal. ~'Wishming
welol t)ur tmerehiamuus. We'i :ntii thin-m, i-re
form', ii'.riefully wali(tc te igiis inf the m timem.
Th fi'e o'f w'ar is onme thiait twmo eainn ' hivt,
ano e capitalists who have'm furn',ishiei Ime
G.ov ent withi amin.-v' ti inmaagiate a warni
agaipthrIf.jt, -th amny 'intd iout, cit t hem' nr.
taab, t-at they ha~ve pilacced a unmi e in; thei
han~ (if ani enmivm to cut theimr ownt thIroats.
--i '. Dmay ilouk.
()-':'t or 'JTaoi'rs.-We fearna frottn the
ei I '''ttit thfat ofllirs of v'oliitteers,
ni I 'w of' ibe exigenciecs of' thme tiames, armm
petng itt wi th as ti nishing~ raiity . The
unpr'ie fronm te Confederia':t, Sitates is over-i
r.1 i ou.ld aitooumt ini the ag-t.'e
IU t morei thtan doiutble the imunbera of
ttK1a th it moimmb' be, ni'eie itn t hliehl'i. A
- a ht ini conntli on wit hi this s-ibjct,
is litwo th fousanmd indi~ians livinig on: thle
Iwes'ter'gfr'oiitier, have tem leredl the:r serviices
lint easi of miemd, :.,,i amvofed thleir ittiioni
1oftlj in,. uI iif a'lt'e :igain.,l the t'niteid
Sinp' t hi' resut. of I tt C.mtmei-eni'mt ele
tion.,id th e z-t rangtl probi~ity t hal. tm heco
eri iits lii y prevail~' mn ihe conil,mi am Wi~-I
ingto uote t hatt seventt itousal vtianmt eer.
fronttde border- $::ater havem aike. t' lie en-:m
r olle4t thle P rv i-iinaI A rtny. TI'his is a
voice irect fromu theii pla e, anmd shtow that
they mm wit uls i feehnmg, atlthiingh heblt
acm.k y thyIr piart y I'leader. Thle wholit
duih th~ le 3;pitoifihiy i-f' anm 1:rn:y fein
qu I all hr w. nt . ::.n e he iorh~:- i .ti
se~mej nm ithin oneuL tilott h:.---.' omii;nery
.(rAlma )ufriu Aporil 10.
ARTIHUR S1IKINS, EDITOR..
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17,1861.
pr- The highly appropriate " Vnouzanry Tri
bute to the Memory of Gro. aa: W1'. L.ayttt ast,"
from the able pen of Rev. B. j. Cou..:v hats been
received and will appear in ouir next issue.
" Dew Drops," by " V:nITAS" will receive at
. re retriiestead to nmli.nttcer that the
Rev. A. .. 31.trurs will prenria in llaaitaLmaurg on
ntext Saluth vening, (211.) or I u' lock.
The renider is referred to ths detajis of that
wa~ulerful iteievemenit. the taking >f Fort Suiu
ter without h.ss (if blotnl. I'Jere is aibuundant
cause for gratitude to Giod, in --ontcnplating this
first act of the war that nor seemas itevitable.
The re:aler i.s likewise referred to various inte
resting iteins Of lattet dote, which we have pro
cured by special arrangement.
Col. Bacon's Regiment.
This line Regiment is in Ch.rieston doubtless
to-dalty. In respon tiet the cull .al reaehi-d iheni
Sunday, they were nearly all offl v different routes
on Mund:ty. They will makl- u pcrly and hon
or.ible repoirt of thenselves.
Our thanls are due, stow ant always, to Mr. J.
L. Mits,of Augusta, for his kindness in forward
ing news from timne to tinme.
Orderly It. W. A untsos, of the 9G RiGemen,
was also good enough to bring us piapers from
which we gather iiot of the exc iting intelligenee
on this page. 31any thanks.
I'Is:ttni:sT DA.1s has issued his 1'rielanation,
-,callin, together the Cougress if tha Contfederate
States. The dlay fixed for their aaetu1blitg is the
29th of April.
Off to the W~ars.
At the outset of the present troubles, one of
Our biest printers Mr. Cai.ts L. Dutmso:, left
for the seenteof aetion with the first company sent
by Edgefielh District. Now, another, and a main
help at that, Mr. Etamm If. Cov.in. is gone to
devote his life to the good eatse. The blessing of'
Heaven )u with them ! They are both g;aine and
hate Black Republican Aesh-utai-lod as they bate
nothsing else. We ehatll be much mtistaukett if that
comnodity does not suffer vatme at their harnids, if
tpportuttity offer. There is a growing restleesauess
itning those of us who reinaina bhslinal, in view of
our cotparative inactivity ; but somebody must
disacharge tie iaprtant ttity of properly and
speedily ,preading the news ss it esna before an
eager andil.expretattt pul-. T.nlt duty he ours
r for the present.
We are reque.sted by the h.na-firm of foitmAs:
& AnnisoN to say to all hvin-g busines with
themi, that one or the at-er of thtm w ill endeavor
to get back from Ciar!eston lit a few weeks to
attend t, tuch loartions of that 1.tsines. =s is ed
We trust it is unnecessatry to ld! a word. Thes
f ;etilenen Itave gone into tictive service to defend
>our niiainn rights. The war is tln us. We
dlubat wlether the -June Tern i(f Equity occurs
this year; fat if it shoul, it i6 no tituse to giu iii
lic tat delays whe. -ur very all in all is tat stoke
Just in Time.
See the alfer aof negraies to hire. This is tabot
the last ebtance aof the seasoan,-wtah it.
-lPlease refer to the advertiseanet thtus hteaded.
ft there lie any% schooaal withain our circutlation thtat
net ab a teacaher, here is one whout we know to be
excedingly elever. The niame andi ather partie.
talars will be given, to persatns applying with a
view to seenring the asdvertiser's services.
L Ba m &Kaf' ...l.....- .
sified e apply of dry goods, and are sntUTpOI3
eCiall sej it nd .get goode before the.. .u-hTr-ee~
'to the fauli.
lIora. 11 isae A Co.
Tha' god all plaee whaere th:., elethe humtaatni Iy
dl.eet.tly 1 na ren.i..nabale ternas,-.a p'!:wo exactl y
satiteal t thte titmes. the Iirianei~ at a:-ir h-!:n be
tibl well kniown Stan-il.
Tlhae Chiarlesto~n Prte-s.
ry dhay aft.:r dlay :anda rotht wll aare theyv aIs.
cha.:r;:ing thae iasak. We quoate :..r::ely fri-m themat,
reailers in thte countaary as the' iie r-.i::ig aletails
Demonstastioan ini .authtnrgr.
On hea~aritg thae newsv trona Fertt sutiter the
atire, were oinsedl ini iur goid t..wna if imabutrg.
uitil it:a* ch.a'ihha waett ilt: :a ita'acrIl rta.ta'iete..,
aate' Arta, &ca.. A.-. A cairresp i:.i aet s:ays: " A!!
jiiached' ina,.ct Jew '!-al entil'.. ::riatoaal :all."~
Thea~ editoir oaf the lbte Ri. i. //cral antd a
wvriter itt the Andea'r~itn Uiw. *- a: a te ain reeoiu
mtetndin:; thecir regiion, ial the. tnnutttains fithter
itn. its a resert for suitninear trati.tr. They urgae
thaat it is dleli;.htfua! in teaaaperauare, grunda ina
seeaiery, tan!. tat to nakt:a aula :titi 'liinaax, teael
lst-t in, rainds. Willitit gait I riatls iii tr-Ha.Iter
enuj. ys a jiturney', haiwever putra th, ..ir ar f1i thae
i i:w. They' tare inia.atensaie ta thte li.puaraity
oh' ntlyt ragiil :tsn :i sut iiter re'sort.
lint: thtere is an1a.tile'r ialportlatt i:etaa ina tt.: buati
td,--gouitl :anert!aol:a tinis fur Iite waiyfaarer. Ulaonr
ti pointtt oaar f'riiends aabave d i:er. Thte wri ter itn
thte V?:i'eatlplains thaat t haiy tare i:tdihferet:
awhil~e thea //rro'ilda inasists thtat titere.li hn:-een gretat
iaaiimrovement itn this resipet thar'itgh atll th~at
caatuntry. We htope thet //co", is in thea ri,:hz of
it. Wero ti:re einaougha gut.i rad ,iide itats at,
lhat mouinattaian regiatn, we do tnut sete why is sloid~
nott baeotmt a favoi ite locality fo'r laeuntginag away
the Summneatr sidst ice. Thte //ero/da announces thiat
thte Ulnte Rtidlge R. lt. is tot be icimpjleted to Wathatli
in a fan w eeks, whaicha will enaabae traavellera to rceh
that poin tryticly , thencee tat visit anya lp:tees aof
iterest ini the euraraittnlin~g ionatry ;tand there
tare unainyt .aeh, to faar as ntaura's gr'.aan.Ieur goes,
at not contsidler'ale di' tanctae frain thae lit'ale G3erat
ttwnt. Is it noit sao, nteighbior /hra,,ald
Setveratl exchantages itn thte Nartib Eatern paurt
of thisa Strtin eiemt to' havte Ilakett the .bleert,..~r
taP 'Iite cuartly itn rigard. to aa resp' tful htit, itn
tlede itt kiiiness, at- ta critiisinag ouir State itu
taharit ias wtith:.utt ia tn't ktniw led ge if the facets of
theair It.. ition. Thet ilitors seemai toa hate' atsttued
that ni' itaterfereid ina the mtte~tr with a tatae of
adict;ato. We are atoatnawtare tha;tt we Itat ye either
exprtesed tar felt :any snteh arraganat pretension ;
andl oura friema I -s f thae prtess tare dinitg tas intjuistice
ti sanppoise the caste. Thecre is suach a thaintg its bie.
in::" a'er ,tensit ive."
A Possumt $taory.
Althlaiugh we sty "sa ary." it is tneverthlees::.
fact. A tg.-ntinnm it, thais ditrict tsont hai. sons
a whtat : at.\irtnoi.?) thtree mt.aumaaies, andl thirty-six
tta a alen juirpolmt-alhat t'tic"ra idI' tyt. ats ttd
l6d tin nuthaier .tanae. It is lure uwhite. with hank
ryt'as. It is ttndikae athier ptt'sttmst in its hnh~lits,
wt .l ttit bee'imai .-nlet.-tigts a.t w iteout ering
ang. --will aent bird-t ha.efore io-. wiatout thte lenet
I htute-eftnaed'atae-. ju:st ts ta ttq;cehlaltdg wouhtla
dla.--:nati a- aevery waya au.rae a tnta-t thtait hais sutr
r..undinga.-. wartitnt. Whlaat ia it We ho~pe aour
friendit. i. I wtill 'tubmtit the. -Ipecimtett tat thte tnt
irailists.---uni-a ita!'.ed Ihe ina'' t aarimi
's ' t i t .- yr :!: . ' l- o h-. pach .
htwttt up ir our rA~ Ure -,erla h
The Ninety-Six Riflemen gone to the
Os 31;nany this noble Company tuok leave of ,
their fr:nds, rnd at an early h-sur, ittarted for
Charleston. They received their orders on Sun- F
da*y, aild such was their promptitude in pieparing to
ftr their departure, thr.t bad it not been for a linp
py ineurrence of circumsnauces, the citizens of he
the village and the surrounding country would
lae been deprived of the sad privilege of bidding
them farewell. ph
Soon ufter breakfast. C:.ptain EJ.aYnT Bl.Abn,
with Lieutenants Sry.w.RTv IARnRIsoN, J. A.
Tl...:ol uitil J.Au. A. Dozin, assembled their it:
C0Aiompany on the public square, when the Captain
presented :he " iitlmien," accompanied by some ei
very appropriat.e remarks, with a beautiful stand
of coliors, wrought by the fair hands of a most d<
p.striotic lady of the village. ' he banner was of
the richest material, and bore the bfended ensigns
of South Carolina and the Confederate States.
On one side was the Palmetto tree on the blue
field, and on the other the real Confederate States'
Flag, with an addition only of the crescent amid
* .. k
At the request of the fair donor, the standard P
was placed in the hands of C. M. GiAy, a sol
dier whose erect form gave no tokens that just h
forty-two years ago he first enlisted in the armies
of his country. The veteran received the pro
cious trust, with streaming eyes, and vowed to
bear it aloft to victory or to fall with it on the
Josicit AmNay, Esq., then advanced, and ad
dressed this farewell to the brave fellow:- .
Ojliers and 8ldiers of the Xinery.Si.x Rlencn: a
In bidding you an affectionate adieu for myself
and this vast concourse of the men and women of
the village and District, I- am not oppressed. as
sotme might suppes, by any such desponding o
thoughts as that we. may not meet again, or that -
some ill-luck tr disgrace may overtake you. I
an really gratified atiol elated to see you entering
upin the (tischarge of your perilous duty with 1
such undaunted, erect spirit. It is beautiful and f<
glorious to fight for one's country, and it is hardly
melancholy to (lie for it.
if I deemed it possible, in the ordinary course
Sevents, for you to lie defeated by your enemy,
fito ignobly retire before his conquering.armns,
then indeed should I be overwhelmed with grief, t,
and filled with the most fearful forebodings. But
inen and officers, I see iff your ranks, the very
best material of the District, young men of the 6
most honored and respectable familie,-young r
Whose blood is fit from fathers of war-proof!
Father, that, like so many Alexanders,
Have, in these parts, from morn till even fought,
And sheathed their swordi for lack of argu- .1
and 1 know that you will not "dishonor your i
That those, whom you call'd fathers,did beget you."
Your .inudard bearer, whose beurd is white'with
honorable service, is a soldier of nore than forty
years suanding, and was trained in the school of
the gallant Gen. Twiggs, a warrior of 1S12, and
the hero of the pass of Cerro Gordo; and in your
chivilrous Captain and other members of your
Comp-any, I recognize my own companions of the r
Mexican war. whose courage, I know, has been 1
tried by fire, nnd whose only watch-word on the
terrible hattle (if Churulbuseo, to enkindlo the
soul, was ' Reiember South Crnrolina." All that
T have furtbor to remind you oh, is, to remember I
douth C.arolina. In the dreadfLl wreck of battle,
rencinber South Casrolina-reme:mber the proud
old District of Edgefield-remember whose sons
and fathers and hurhands and borothers you are,
und your back will never be turned upon your
enenmy, or your face turned from your friend.
G;,oil s'ldiers, coopanione and friends, I need not
add, that our hearts are with you-our affections
are entwined about you, and our prayers and as. I
pirations shall follow you wherever you go. You t
are our kinsmen, cousins and brothers, the de
fenders of our lioies and birthright-you are our
' coiuntry-s stay in day and hour of danger,"
but its inuch as we love you, as is shown by the
sufused cheeks of this dense throng of sturdy
men and devoted woomen, I must warn you, that
we cotuld bear to heair of your glerious death, en
the field of honor, but we could not hear to read f
of your defeat and shame-we could welcome
bacik your hallowed remains sent by the :nissiles
of the enemy, lot we could never greet your re
turn with the brand of ignominy written on your
birtws. G',ood beye, and maty our God accompany I
and shiehil you from harnm.
The Company lft amid deep feeling. They
wt-rc conveyed to Hlumlturg in various vehicles
providedl by citizens; an~l we learn by the Coni
scttienoala of Tuesday that theyilyft.fm~
salutL was fired-for thenraoathe t innmoed- ff..
. Pcace and War.
It is for the So'uth to illustrate the cotubination
if Peace andI War: Peace in the agricultural
wiorld,-Wair in the politienl ; Peace along the vale
of ruraul industry,-Wiar til the outpo'.sts of militai.
rv idefence: Penice in the firm, the school-room
and workshop.-War in the cnmp.
With or domestic systm uninterrupted, this
can~ be uionie at the South, more sticcessfulty per
haps than ill any other contry. We have o.ne
elines of Tlpopulatio~n eminently adntpteud to the pur-.
suit-of war,-that class~ which ctmbtines comnpara
live vyoth with enthmusinamo and honorable :imubi
tion. We have atnother class fitted siolely and pe
cui~'riy for tilling the earth,-ior negro s!aves:
Andt we iave still a thirdl chass, heals of families,
mun aboive iddile age. anid even mainy aged men,
nti' hotltget her, afford ample materialI for the pitr
po'ses of a home gua.rd as wecl as for thte supecrin
tendanceo and diirection iof our fartming, pilanltinlg,
ediu'en ional nindianufnecturing in terests. Thesei
ele ments of strength, properly put forth into active
dluty, will enable (is to dlefentd ourselves against
anIy expected hostilities and1 att the stame time pre.
serve 'our iupirtance as prdcr for the markets
.Just at this time we present the speetacle of a
peoplpe prepairinig for war on an extensive scale,
and~ also for thin largest cotton atnd grain crops we
1have ever producedI. All seemis to wiark wvell ton
at the outset. Our troops flock to the southeirn
sli:,.lard v'lu.ntarily and in bsattallions; While
thie tillers of the earth, amid other wirker.- for the
p:i od:u re biaring their armus with stalwart
tui iht t Io th~e dut ies they firiid iefo're thenm. Though
he rattling drumn of iinfantry aini the bugle note
of cavalry indicate war 'on the one ban.1, we arc
erected oin thme othier by the dista ut song of the
plw-n and the call of thle college bell,-eviden-i
eintnltnirabtle :ittenitiuon to thec pursuits of It ntee.
And ais It utr uarms have b'eent thius far viectj! btuS ini
Laitile. st t'o are the Prosp~ects buright for un~ex
almilled suicess to our ind'ustriaul exertiiu. There
wa5 nevler p'erhnpsl' so full :a crtp phnntedl att the
Southi, nor b'etter auspices for the renpinig of
mu mj- it c'Iratinuie. AndI, to thi, endl, let every
nmti le aetive in his vocation. If it comne to the
very woerst, nnd more men be drawna fr'om hotme
uhian enni well be spared, let our nible wunment (as
we know they will) come to the help, especially of
that good piursulit uplonl which the prosperity of
or cause so largely depends. In mnatters of the se
farm they can be (of essential service at a pitneh. eC:
We wotihl alao sinii suggest, thiat some motre ei
etfetual police orgarizat ion be instituteil, 'r at gr
lenst that the preserat "ne h'e enfo~rcedl by the ctma- ii
f.e:enit muhiorities in .such maniner as that or liar.
mloios 'domestie system shall uot run the risk oft
a i'mmenlt-5 interrupltioni ini its qu:ot nied eniefriil
A Noble Spirit Gone. ni
The Darlitigton paupers annunice thes death of
Col. Tuos. 11. Itvysswulnvu. We ask the sitd
privilege. if laying o lie cyrs i-prig upon1 his
hooredl lier. Cul tivated in hiis Uastes inhd senti
mernte, lie was l'csidcs onie of llature's mtohbleie.
liinrale, pure, generots.--he was ever the vrnme.
We knew himu in College life, where muen kniw
eacht thmer test ;undt w.el l'd we remtembiler the
in variable deference spointaneoiusly ''tfered tin his
unn):.-umintg n:anllineSs. 'That I.e ha.s tbeen the th
samtie eiiprte'us gentlemo~an,-!b e samoe true heart
lie wis ini eariier dlays-ill hear reco.rd who have ~
known hitm. 'Te loss of such a man~i is a caimtii- hir
ty to tany commtuntity. Let the willow glow green
above his grave,
"|Iao *y te I'ne ofs 'ife, cIh'idriienrno
5' Tfhe thovernior "f Penntsylvani.t asks for mu
hall iniion'i d''llars with wlhih tI liy armtis.
z-The ihbile Til~e.no ,n::s '- We learn (tt
ai pu-se of SInt'.e 0 hais been. r:,ised lby sonic 0
wealthy gent Itnu- iof 3Iiissi''ii which niill lie
.vet' t" tito: ir-t mlis ers 'if the +- MlissisAwippi
liiiles"' whot utts hsis feet on Fort Pickens in timep
The Coufederate Flag.
On Saturday last we had the honor of I resent
; to the Town and District of Edgetield, through
r patriotic Intendant, a handsome Coifederate
ag. It is now flapping its lrilliant folds at the
p of the staff in the centre of our plaza, and
mmands the inv'.liunttary homage of all -ao
hold it. This Flag is a contrihiution frotm the
leertiser 011ce ; and, as we remarked nit the
casion of running it up, is intended pro bnfno
iblico :-that all uay become accustomed to the
nuer under which we hve confedcrated with
r si-ter States to assert our inlepenlenee and
aintain our groutid as original sovereignties.
r. B. C. BnYarx, the Intendant, accepted its
arge in terms of devotion to the good cause
'er which it waves. Eloquent addresses were
divered by JosEr'n Anx~z and 11. W. AnDisox,
Mr. ADNEY has kindly furnished us with a copy
'his eloquent remarks, which we append.
Sin:-I'am thankful to the Intendant of the
awn for conferring upon me the honor of ac
sowledging, for the oitirens, the reception of your
Thia Flag has no history-no associations of
to past, and inspires no recollections to fill the
tart with gratitude for the services of the men of
her days. It is the child of to-day, and - as,
erhaps, hardly receive4 its first baptism of fire
rid blood. Oh, that the. Lord of Ifosts, -the God
r armies and of battles, may.protect it in fight,
ad save it from dishonor. Though encircled by.
o halo, enkindled from a thousand ensanguined
elds, it is yet, to us, a sign of hope-of deliver
nee from the yoke of bondage, and- from,, the.
*on rule of worse than Egyptian task-masters;
nd it shall be our " clon'd by day, and our pillar
f fire by night," to .lead us to the promised rest
-to the beloved Canaan covenantedlto our fath
r., when pilgrims and exiles from their native
omes, they soaght those wild inhospitable's'ores
>r the love oftliberty and law, and for " freedom
a worship God." If we are sojourners still in a
tad of doubt and trouble, the hand of the Most
ligh is with us, "again to recover the remnant
f his people," and it shall guide us in the end,
) success and triumph, and to a happy issue out
f all misfortunes. We "shall set up this ensign
>r the nations, and shall asseni.e !he outcasts of
srael, and gather together the dispersed of Ju
ah front the four corners of the earth. The envy
lso of Ephraim shall depart., and the adversaries
f Judah shall be cut of': Ephraim shall not envy
udah, and Judith shall not vex Elphraim."
When I contemplate thefuture of this banner,
iy heart swells with such emotions, as only a
usband, a father, and a brother can feel. Its ap
ropriateness, and heraldic significance, beautiful
ud striking as they are, is nought when I con
der it as the standard around which your cLil
ren and mine, when we shall have finished
nr course and "fought our last battle," are to
Aly and bleed in the defence of their national
ights and national honor, and of those sacred
rinciples of government, which side by side, my
riend, through good fortune anti bad, we have
teadily labored to maintain, for long years of
iope deferred, until, at length, we have seen them
iahodied in a noble Constitution, and become
ules for the government of the seven most chtv
Irous States in the South, typified on these col
rs by the seven bright stars glittering on their
eld of blue. This standard is to become the
eacon to light our sons, and our children's clil
Iren, on many a hard fought field, to victory or
o honorable graves. It is to become the symbol
,f union, purity, and' power; and wherever it
"ats, it shall be the signal of the independence,
irosperity, and glory, of a great, a free, and an
Needl I pledge you then, for the people of Edge
ield--for the gallitnt spirits- so eagerly crowding
rountd It. that we will cherish and preserve it un
ullied in life or in death, as a religious duty we
tee our potterity ? Nay, more-we will guard it,
s representing the cause of our wives and mao
hers, our sisters antI daughters, and the helpless
nfents of our love. We will defend it, as rep
esenting the cause for which the big beast of the
viholo South now beats' it h e sand
told'dear on earth is ineicquicabaly involved, and
or whic.h we offer up the richest teasures or otur
slood. We, will uphold it, as the last hope of
rreedom on this continent, and rather thnut see i-a
rurning stars pale before rnother lighe, we would
'ee the ttand we love hest stink in the graive of
%domt and Gomottrrtth. and ob'literatedl frcitt the
'Lm-e of the earth.
liut I indultlge no d eponding thoughts otn t.is
'v',ts occatsio'n. I believe that " our seed shall.
'issess the gute of their enemities." t ean already
:niicipate the S'u:hern Confederney, full of
,sealtht, vigomr, and ma~gunniu~it y, triumiphing nlike
at the arts of peace and war, nai spreadinig the
dlersintgs of her boundlless prospherity amtong all
he rations aind tribes of man. Anid I nt bold
Spredict. ithat, at no diitant tfuture, this htumtblo
"1h. now withoutt a solirtry remuini~een--e, will
' the mu'st gluriotus ensign thtat shtrdl wave over
an andl seai.
Mir. H. W. Attumsos~ n!so spoke feridly, and
-!ased amni'd the cheers tof the niesembly.
A mo'ng other thtingts. we n~k"d in rn i: s' n to
oral the followinig venecs aid pted to a plain and
Ol:R FLAG IS THERE.
On.- flng is there,
Otur flag is thtere,
The ensign of our Southtern host;
Ouir iltig is there,
Our flag is ther,
Unfarl its famie froutmaiost to coast.
That flag is raised to guide the bratve,
To Freedomt's hecightts t'r F reeduim's gr..ve ;
Oh !i'oag as Ocean's waters lave
Otir hiappsy shutrs,-still may it wave !
(C/wrnte: tOur flag is there,
&c., &c., &.te
'Tis ours to guar.i thatt banner bright;
'Tis rours to, bear it to the klast;
May Trrth uplift its foldls of light !
Mayv tid protect it to the last!
And thus, when W1isdomti's warnings fa'l,
Anid War's loud discords freight the gale,
Thtough till the [powers ct' Earth assail,
That tdag shall ntetver, never trail.
Oiur flaig is there,
Our flag is there,
We hail it with three loutd huzzas,
Our flag is there,
Our flag is there,
Beltold the glori'ous Scuthern stars.
Th le " Ninety-Stix Riflemen" anid quite an as
atbinge of citiacns manifested, 1by their pros
ec anti appinuase, itt once a g'rualemntly appre
tion of the gin,. atta a pa~triotie intere~st in the
etut etnuse ofT which thart flag is the rcepresenta
"Theo subject is otne of great vauriety," as the
low said in the deb.uting society ; hut of all we
ye ever heardl or read, the following htits the
il onl the head:
Of' all the charms denr woman wears,
Of all her nmany trttps atnd snares,
For real c'ffeuct there's ntaughit comnpaes
Will, i truly pretty b'nnt:
Four whri utr whier'ver yotu'lchance t't meet
(13ge that is perfectly modnest tand nesat,
You~t maylepend 'tiA a p'roof comp jlete'
That the hteiad has tmore in, thtait "nit.
Shooting in Chitna.
Amtotng the guns tof the Cthiinese, one kind is
Snuiir' U css wtitu L~oNG flAnnet.s.--IThe short
ni- h'ut'ted in t he handti. let int.o tie lontg barrel,
,icei. t'eintg on a pivot directs its cours,,, anid is
edl with a martch. We hatve tnothting like this.
Ntt. 'The mtan who wantted a guni that would
hout 'roaur.dl a corner"' canl ntow be .itup; lied.
Two'c dayts aftar the battle of Fort Stumtcer, with
istile fleet in the alitig, thte market report of
tinrestoni stoodl thus:
ly au baltes. at prices rang.inig front 1 .7 to 13}
:,ts. The m1111ket was 'luiet at unchtnuged prices.
2r0-Ex -t;.v. P'rice, 'of New .T...rse~y, takes the
Sition:. in a recent letter, that thatt State should .