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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS 07 THE TEMPLE OP O7 I IT MUST P
SIMKINS, DURISOE & Co., Proprietors. EDGET APRIL
Shall we now each other There?
When we hear the music ringing
Through the bright celestial dome,
- When sweet angel voices singing,
Gladly bid us welcome home
-To the land of ancient story,
. Where the spirit knows no care:
In that land of light and glory,
"Shall we know each other there ?"
When the holy angels meet us,
As we go to join their band,
Shall we know the frieuds that greet us,
In the glorious spirit land?
Shall we see their dark eyes shining
On us as in days of yore ?
Shall we feel their dear arms twining
Fondly round us as before?
Yes, my earth-worn soul rejoices,
Aud my weary heart grows light.
' For the thrilling angel voices
- And the angel faces bright,
That shall welcome us in Heaven,
Are the loved of long ago,
And to them 'tis kintity given
- Thus their mortal friends to knjw.
0! ye.weary ones and lost ones,
Droop not, faint not by the w:'y;
Ye shall join the loved and lost ones
I 1n the lan. of perfect day.
Harp strings, touched by angel fingers.
INMurmur in my raptured ear;
Evermore their sweet tone lingers,
We shall know each other t'ere.
My Childhood's hIanie.
I am sitting alone in my little room,
The sun shines bright on the floor,
The cat lies asleep, and the chickens peep
Before the open door.
The-clock's slow tik-the rustling leaves,
And the wind blowing s.oft and mild,-.
Are sounds that carry my memory back,
When I was a tiny child.
I can see once more the old brown house.
The mossy well ly the door,
The morning-ghl ries twining up
The chamber window ('cr:
I can hear the drowsy hum of bees
Among the flowers wild,
That clustered rouni the o1I brown house,
When I was a tiny child.
Far down in the meadow I se. the stream
Where I angled with pin andl thread;
And the water with pebbles brown und white
That dotted its sandy bed.
-By-the old log bridge grew cowslips sweet,
And the mt
-- Lhear the t
The cry of t
- But the sweet
Are of friet
Of the ones th
When I was
Years have fled
Has borne them along in his car;
Some lie cold in the dark, damp mould,
And some have wandered atar;
But I still rememtber the beaming eyes,
Autf the voices sweet and milll,
For I ue'er can, forget the one- I loved
When I was a tiny child.
For the Ativertiser.
*Voluntary Tribute to the M1emory of
G.eorgo WV. Laundruan.
In thme mnidst of thc discordatnt elements
pervading society, and the evils arising from
the desire of manny to assume characters to
which tiue merit igives them no title, it is a
precious, privilege to conteumplate the actions
of thqo who made the prinmciples of the gos
pel the-. inflexible rule of life. A life thus
snpuldedziani directed, is not only peculiarly
lovely intitself, but is a legacy bequeathed to [
the Church. Such lives are the tuore precious
because-they are few. Such lives exhibit thme
beauty'of virtue and the deformity of vice.
They standu as living incentives to the one,
and living rebukes to the other. In earth's
inaral drknaess they ajppeair as the moon
the snore lovely when bursting furthefromn
dark clo)udm. Such a life was that of Brother
LANIati. ltf actions be the exponienits of~
priniple-.4, we are compelled to regard him as
ouie of' earth's model men. What Cowenn
said of his Aspa-iio, is strictly true of Bro. L.
"Htepais a man among the few
Sincere on virtue's selu,
An.l lell hi strength frim Scripture drew
To hourly use appliedl."
My dejign in this phper is nmot to piraise
Bro. L., nor indulge in extravamg:int eih-;
for his life waus not so barrett of noble ac(tions1
as to remnder this necessary. I lhave a higher
purpose.~lmthat of pireseniting somte traits of
charactei- worthIy of .'tudyl and innitattion.
We aere~apt to consider effects without p~ay
iag.die~ reg rd to cauuses. We admire td.e
brilliant stat -snman without looking at that pa
rental eart whicb so moulded his votlhful
mind, and shaped his actions as to fit huim for
a noble p-ositionh. So we often admwire the
beautyv of' thle Christian life, without lookin-.
at tat wh:ich Smadme it beaut ifuml. Why w::s
Broe. L. so beloedi ? What nmad'e him the dil
igent studIen:t, thle sympahi ~izii g friend, the
can~dtd la wyer, thle c.ourteo'us geinthem.m ?
Why3 was l.: not Itound in the hunits of dlissi
pationl, or among the;~ voltat ites of sin fiuIlihas
ures and vils noi::settlett? I dii lie nt pies
sess a human nature ? Was lhe tnot surround
ed by those atlluremuents which so otrma nr.in
the b.:st uminds ?-wither the brighteda pros
pects; and bury th~e fondes..t hoipes ? What
latent seed produced such beautiful fi nit.?
The secret is, he wams a Christian-his life
ws go vertied by the prin:ciples of the Gospiel.
Urother L. umilerstooud t he purpose's for
which he lived, lie sought pleasure and hmp
p~iness, but he did not enibrace a cloud instead
o-JuniO ("utmbreni pro Junmtone.") l1iniourht
th.t which was true, substantial and unfailitng.
is will was, carried towards happiniss
not simtply as will, but as ntutre. lie Seems
te hnoe uinih-rstood the secret e-xpre~5Med lby
-oe f the fathlers (.' intellei:us coigit ahndus
reinipiumf omni3 bonif') -a thoughtful- tmiid
:i. te r otrcof neery good thing. Hfence he
he was not given, ever in his youth, to amuse
ments or pleasures SC, called, but he sought
those intellectual pleasures which refie and
elevaie the soul. Ife understood what Pope
said of the transient duration and narrow
range of man
" His time a n.ment, and a point his space."
Hence we find him the mode t, plain, re
fined and intellectual gentleman.
"Though learn'd, well bred, and tho' well bredI
Modestly bold, and humanly severe."
The duties of life claimed more of his at
tention than life itself. I regard him as hav
ing carried out the advice of Michael to
"'Nor love thy life, nor hate, but what thou liv'st
Live well, how long or sliort permit to heaven."
While Brother L. was a student I remember
spending a night with him. At the supper
table some one spoke about his eating so little.
In reply, he quoted the saying (of Quintilian
I believe,) " N'n ut edaim rico, sed ut ricam
dio-1.iterally, I do not live that I may eat,
but I eat that I may live.
While speaking of him as a student, I re.
mem ber a little circumstance, which, though
smnall in itself, exhibited his nobleneps of soul
and the kindness of his heart, (great minds
exhibit themselves in little things.) While
young L. was preparing for College, he and
his class were one day iii the grove of the
Acaeny reading Virgil. Several boys had
gathered around them; among them was a
joor orphan boy who happened to say some
thing about getting a gramnar and studying
latin. One of the class, (I helieve it was) re
plied by saying " you are a- fool, you can't
learn latin." LANDarI-, who saw that the
timid boy was killed off by this expression,
replied. " Why can't he, as well as you or 1.
I would advise him to study it by all means."
Then turning to the boy lie said in the em
phatic language of students, and with his
own peculiar emph2.asis, "I would learn latin
or die. You have a better chance now to
nake a great man than Herschel, Lympson
or Sherman." The boy will never forget these
expressions. A kind word costs no nore than
a harsh one, but oh how different tbeir ilu
ence upon the timid, the friendless, the aliliet.
ed. or the distressed.
Those acquainted with Brother L. know
that his life abounded not only with kind
words but with kind acts. I have known him
to make sacrifices, which fiew would make,
when lie had no interest to subserve save
rea.ize ie joys you i e o Uyd saw LUL
you were thei nearly ripe fur heaven, lut we i
knew it not. M3ay Gud grant that the others
may neet you there, and there resume tl.at
" Allur'd to brighter wrld., and lI the wa."
The tone of his piety is sen in the follow
ing extract of a letter datedf 10th~ May lit>9.
"My dear Brother: We have had a grievous
ailitioni ini our fam ily in the death of our
sweet little baby. 0 whaut a sweet little boy
he was ! and ho'w painful it was to our hearts
to give himx up ! Bjut I think I have be-conme
resignet.d to the good will of mty blessed Lord
ad Saviour, who has shown his goodness andI
mercy both to our dear little child and to us
by these ajpparently afliictive dispensations of
his providence. Pray for mei, antd -my dear
wife,. that the Lord, our chastiser, will give
us the grace ot resignationl to llis holy will,,
and that we may bi e .ale to .say in the spirit
uf our 1)ivaine Master, " the Lord gave, and
the Laord hath taken away, blessed be the
nme of the Lord." Pray for us daily, andt
especially for me, that thri Lord -will by- Ilis
loly~ Spirit grant unto .mne meekness and
rat hi:mnility. O ! Brother-, I feel and
eplore a want of genuine Christian humility.
Pray the Lord that I may have greater love
o deirist-mnore zeal for thme piromaotion of his
gorious cause, and the coming of his King
dnnm lhere on earth-that 1 mayv~ huger anumd
t~irt after righteousness, and that n.y soul
iny3 i'e 'illed. My D)enr Birother, ithuiut
clsinig meintion mec always in y-our prayers.
peradventure the hi rd unay heaur vonl al'l
ess mec. O let us hrasttid Inagifyt *hs
ol v namne."
The very desires here exphressed( show the
igh standaurd of Christian excellence to which
e had attainedu.
Urother L. toudied the Scripitures niot for
lue I r iisenis-oni. but ats thle da~ily spiritual
tad of h.is sunl ; lie lhad the lighfttof thc
knowledge of God ; and this ligh-t brought heat
with it, us one of the lithers expresses it
S.ne t ceLthilum~ cualoris." E ven i.is busi
ie-s letiers were often largely devoted to
A short time 1 e'tre his deaithi an agedl
fi ienid of mine b:.d becomue u~neasy about sonie
liuleI business mautter, anid reajuested tme to
write to himo about it.- I finally dlid so, but
lred an apology for troubling him withI so 1
-mail a niatiter,saim:g dhat, I di: so onmly on
:coi'ut of the aniicir/y of myv friend. I gnai~te
thei fllowing frorm his replyv dated J ainary
lah, 1%;1. *.* . *
" Whaut a b! se thing it ii to relieve thle:
wind furomi distrs and~:u' anlxietv. TIis is an net
f miere-v. ( what wouhi Ihe'inr coniditiin if
hltprived *.f the muerc and tihr tbearan::ei (itl
or God ! .\li-erauble indeed ! I it thainks he
o hle Lord for these tender mercies, ihr whieb
we are dlebtor to himt every day. I love to be
pensioner uipon our father in heaven. lIe
s so rich ini blessings and gives so freely to
hem that ask him i. Thent let us frust ini thet
lordl and (10 good ; so shall we dwell in the
land and ve-rily we shall he f d. Rtequest liy
-to join y.ou ji pryer- to God toI iln-.
rease my 1:dth and nuay Goid bless us all is
nyv pray-er." - t
Tfhis extract not only- shows his deep spirit
l~t: but the mild aund affectionate manne:
f his reproof. OI, that Christians could
drink in thi.- sp'ii it. When I read this letter
[ was ashiained thaizt I hiad offered utn apology
for relieving a troubled indo'.
' lie was ever thirsting iifttr ighteousness.
Nor did lie sultfer ti:e alliis of this lf to cen
aglec hint, lie .,oug ht to please im who
ta-chosen hitm to be a soldier."-:-2nd Tim.
While a candidate for the State legislature
ie attendcd (on Sabbath) a protracted meet- T
g t Mountain Creek Church. At the hour
or 10 o'clock prayer-mecting, a large con- c
:ourse of people had assembled, but were fe
nostly out of doors. On entering the house C
Brother LAxtntx was occupying a seat near C
Ihe pulpit with tV. o of his littl. ones by his
side, quietly waiting for the services to it
,onmence. This led oxe of the oflicers of the fL
Church afterwards to remark that " Bro. L., 1
without intending it, wi:l gain more votes by b
his regard for God's day and God's house, y
than the out-doors candidates will by all their
On another occasion, a friend was in his fc
law office, and the conversation turned upon
bribery. usury, &c. Brother L. said, " Well, t
here is the lair." And taking up a Bible, p
which lie ever kept upon his table, and within ]U
reach, he turned to the 15th Psalm, and when k
lie canie twithe elause, '-nor taketh reward t
a-gaiist the inlnocelit, lie said with his pecu.
liar. emphasis. " This law admits of no bribe- p
ry." Brother L. had the prime qualification tl
of a good lawyer-that of being a Christian. C,
A primary qualification not only for a lawyer, tl
but for men of all other professions or call- tl
ings. He regarded the law as a beautiful p
system for the promotion of justice and peace i,
and thus in harmony with the principles of i
the (ospel. d
Other extracts of a highly interesting char- y
acter could be given, but are withheld on ac
count of their personal character. But why
rive extracts or mention the incidents of his
life? His name is eibalmed in the affections h
of his friends. le knew not the high esteem
in which he was held by the people of his
Diistrict ; and yet, many of the noble acts of h
his life are unknown-veiled by his modesty.
lut thiese acts in which his left hand knew
not the doings of the right, shall bring forth
fruit unto holiness, having in the end ever
" His work (of piety and ledd' tI
temain befure the Lord vo.
Sweet peate un earth, a 's above C
ShIal l b his !ure re-n.: V ' ATTS. It
We admired Brother U;s... ,Jness, because p
it was not the stiff furmalities and courtesies I
of society. His oul was in it-he did it be- z,
cause he d-lighted in it. le went one step t<
farther than nobt Christians in kindness. le b
was kind to those on whom his kindness
seemiled to be thrown away. Hesowed in the
seed, without expecting a harvest. Dr. Jubb, ti
in ila1141 V1 11: . says: L
We admire his frindiship, beeaute it was u
without selfiishness; his humility, beciuse it e;
was free fron gloom, egotism and conscious- p
I IC eS. bi
When be was ripe for heaven God took
him. II is Savionr did not tee lit to allow him w
a protractedl and forwral separattionf from his e
affectionate family and~ friendts. Lik~e Enioch g
e wa'aked with Glod-and was not, for God n
Lok him. et
Larewell, D eari Brother ! Friend of my ha
larkeSt hours. 1 muiss thee. When death w
mteredI my little famnily, or sorrow bowed ci
lown miy soul, you werec by miy sidei as an ti,
ngel of' mercy, whisperinig I le consolations m~
f the Gjospel to cheer anid comfort my des- ri
onding soul. But now when gathering el
;baoim datrkenis miy pathway I shall miss your G
dud sympathies. Youur words of encourage- pt
nentt, the smile of' friendship. God grant p,
iat I may nmeet you agatin where there shall na
e no imore surrow- mi
'Why hioine'nt 11,1 Chrii.-tian dying ? Sr;
'Why inulIe in tears or gloin:i ? L
Calm'y on the Lotrdl relying,
He c'ant greet thei open-Iing totub. C
Whait if' deathii withl ic'y finger-, "
Al tth i n t o' tlif'e aconagenis ;li
' is not there thy baraather linge'rs r
'lis not dea'h his ,jpia it feels.
T'I~ tor hiri, thy soul is iinaauring in
Thoaa' with grief thly hearnt is r'ivenio
WIlek his tle.sh ito duot iis turisng
.Atl hi.' auul is tilled with hecaven. atl
Scenes scraaphie, high andn glorious
.Nowa fuirbidl his longer stny,s
Sec himu ri se o'er dera th v'ictoriouls a
Angels beckon lima awiy.''
AaattNsi Yumt(l ..A-The Ordinance Dc- *~
,arten~t is about caomijleting~ arranrgeimnts in
or the full equipment of 15,0.00 men, all of "il
vth will lbe prepared for' takinag the field at"
-o or three days notice.tl
Seeral hundred of1 thaose rifles which ha~ve
or years been stowedh away- in the armiory3 at h
i'hod, hatve l.eenl pecutssioned and sub- a
eted to a six proofst test. The re-construce.i
ion of the atrmory building, prieparatoary to
ett ing tup machinery for the~ miannfacture of
Lrms, is .sullicienitly' far advanced to shIow that
.he woile co.',t thereof will be contsiderably' tr
aSS thanil w~'as originnlly estimnated. Th'le ar- alt
n rr, w hen ii.,bi~ed, will lie one of tI.e fine.t d
n -euty anda will tturn out arms of a [
miost .u i nor ga~ tl ity. i
ZW The race of' miainkind would perisht, fo
ld they cease .t' aid each other. Froma the 80
rime the mother hindls thle chmild's bead ti.l Co
le moment that somte kind assisftit wiipes the Pr
eath datiip fromt the~ brow of the dyinig, we F
annoit exist withotut mutual help. .All, there- at
ae, that 'need aidl, have a right to .k it .1' li
heiru fellow imortals. No one wtho has th ite
ower of grantinig it can refuse it without eo
" obs printing !-Jobl prtiniting !" exclaimed d'
i o'l lady, the othe ldtay, as she p3epe di'
cr liar spectacl..s at the advertising page Il
fa coutr y paper. "' Poor .Job ! they have p
oat him printing, week after week, ever it.
e I larnat to read ; and if he wasi't the as
atintest man that ever was, he never could tei
...e sto.d it s iu, no how." tei
:Frota the Charleston Courier, I.,
'he Serenade--Gov. Pickens' Speec
In the evening about 10 o'clock a lar
'owd of citizens with a fine band of mu
ried in procession and marched to t
harleston Hotel, to serenade his Excellen
overnor Pick ens.
After the band had played several patrio
ines the crowd made long and repeated es
Ir Governor Pickens. The Governor
mgth appeared on the balcony, accompani
y his Aids, Cols. F. J. Moses, Jr. and R.
uryea, and was greeted with deafening a
lause. When the applause had somewh
ibsided the Governor spoke in substance
Gentlemen :-T am in very poor conditi.
ir 'speaking in this open air, in such a noi
lace with the passing of vehicles before i
ut I thank you, gentlemen, for the ve
ind manner in which you have been pleas
welcome me. It is indoed a glorious a:
Kuiting occasion that has called you togethi
is an occasion well calculated- to awak,
ic proudest and most glorious feelings th
in belong to any free people. The events
ie last day or two are well calculated to f
le heart with gratitude to a superintendi
rovidence for his kindness in protecting
any brave and good men from mnisfortur
cident to all. Although, fellow-citizent
o not pretend to say that the triumphant at
ictorious results are, in any degree scarcel
tributable to any skill of mine, yet I will si
iat there has been no citizen in this wid
read land, who for the last three month
as felt such a deep and intense anxiety as
ave. There has not been a single day, no
single night, which has passed over me tha
as not filled my heart with the deepest anxi
y for my beloved country.
When I reflected that so many brave
atriotic young men were called to the r(
f the State, were placed somewhat unde
are, and that they composed the flower
ie hope and the pride of South Carol
Onfess to you that often, often at nigh
eart has sunk under me wi:h the de(
Onsibilitics under which I labored. I
have been blamed by the impetuous a
aalous because I have not been quick t
y attempt an attack upon Sumter, an('
ring these young ien under her raki
But, fellow-citizens, believe me whi
n, I abstained because I clearly s
-e day was coming when we would
q,.,,..1 fk. - r.r ,nu n nnt ni
e were immnediately and at the first I
on0 the most scientific and expensive b
of modern warfare. We were then b
,epared to meet the sudden issues that I
: forced upon us, so that our cause h
-sent firmnness and decision on the one
ith great caution and forbe~rance.
re, in .fact, walking alone over a dang.
dlf. The least misstep or want of cc
ighmt have precipitated our great caus<
idless ruin. Withi the heavy ordnam~
ad to procure, and the heatvy batteriesi
e were compelled to creet, I felt unde~r
reutmstances it required time, exact cal
n and high re ince. anmd it would have
adness, it would have beenu folly, to
shed the brave and patriotic men ii
arge upon a work that was pronounece
braltar of the South. But when the.
r time haid conie, when I knew we
e'pared, there Was not a mnoment that
t preparedl and ready to strike the bhl.
y State and the independence of amy
y, let it lead to what it mnighlt, even if
blood and ruin. [G renit appldause.]'
oil the day has come-thank God the.
le, and we will conquer or perish.
wed-applamiuse.] They have vaunitin;
yed their twenty millions of men v
;they have exuhmingly also arrayed their
vy, and they have called us but a handful
amn, a weak and iholated State full of pride
d what they call chivalry, and with the ha
I institution of slavery, as they supposed a
urce of weakness, too, but which, in fact, is
source of strength in war, and they have
led us. But we have rallied ; we have met
em, and met them in the issues. they have
dered in their stronghold, b~y which they
pcted to subjuLgate our country. We have
t them and we have conquered. [Great
phause.] We haive defeated their twenty
Iions, and we have nu:ele the proud fing of
c stars aid'stripes, that never was lowered
fore to any nationi on this earth, we haive
wered it in humility before the Palnetto
di the Confederate flags, amid we have comn
lIed thenm to raise by its .side the w:,ite
g, and ask for an honorable surrender.
omig continued applauseJ
They have surrenudered, aind this proud fur.
as. thamt waLs attemnptedl to be a fortress for
spotismn, has now become, as its name in
uates, Ia fortress for' our indepenidence.
ontiinued applause.J BesidIea, one of their
st scientific oticers on the 20th o'f last De.
mbIIer escapedl from what lie called a weak
rt and untenable, and went over to this
rng and powerful position, because lie
uld maintain himuself, and because it was
oioiinced the key of our harbor. He left
rt MIoultrie because it was unteinable and
the mercy of Sumter. He choae Sumnter as
Sfortre'ss. We took thme one lie has deser
.1, and with it whipped him to iy. heart's
ntent. [Enthuisiastic cheerimg.]- Aiod this
ouid fort- of ours, so coinsecrated ini tlme bia~
ry of our country, has again, ou thir 13th
v of A pril, achieved our inidependenqe as it
ini the memiorable days of the revolution.
enewed aipplauise.) Yes, it was exu tingly
olaimned thart we hadl niot the powe to dc
We were ridiculed, and we were I eld up
the chivalry of this country, amid jbey at.
ipted to throw upon us even scoru a md con
4, the danger may not yet I)
d be the last man to counsA
r extreme measures. I nevei
ny fellow-citizens in the day
to anything e'se but a n'ble
a noble generosity. The
ed that Fort has many of tht
rave soldier. Let us not on
e are a brave people, but i
. magnanimous people, and
not use any extreme or exul.
in a manner unworthy of P
chivalrous race. [Applause.]
the danger is not yet over.
lay have just commenced the
.nts that may not end in our
.tion. Remember that there ii
fleet of seven sail off your har
y bitter and malignant foes.
me here proudly scorning and
-our position. They may at
r, but I say to them this night
3t them come, let them come,
though we may not wrap then
we have Sumter, we will wral
raves and sink them too deef
ched by pity or mercy. [Greal
nonths ago I was ridiculed foi
fortify the Channel on Morris
was ridiculed for attempting tc
>ultrie under the fire of Sumter
:ed for attempting to keep oul
I the United States Navy. Ma
ough our best men, thought i
s undertaking. But in the short
-e months we have the Channe'
hat at this moment it defies the
Af the United States.
tad a great many delicate and pe
ons since the 20th of December
ok the lead in c'oming out of the
nd in forming this new Confeder
therefore, had certain relations tc
were to come out and stand by our
owed a great deal to those whc
2cted to comae with us. We werc
consult their feelings and their in,
Old it was due that we should b,
as well as free. We are.now onc
nfederate States, and they have seni
-e and scientific officer, to whom tl
this day's triumph is due. He ha!
.o victory, and will lead you to more
)n ofi'ers. [Great applause.]
1 on to-morrow, Sabbath though it
under the protection of Providence,
or the orders of General Beauregard,
der of our forces from the Confeder.
s, you shall have the proud gratifi
seeing the Palmetto flag raised upon
tre.s, and the. Conederate flag p1
ce and independent States side by
.h it; and there they shall float for,
defiance of any power that man can
tainst them. [Applause.] We have
I the fing of the United States, and
as I have the honor to preside as your
:.gistrate, so help ine God there is n.
on this earth shall ever lower fron
tress those flag, unless tLey be low.
d trailed in a sea of blood. I Vocife
plause.] I can here say to you it is
time in the history of this country
. stars and stripes have been humbled.
triumphed for seventy years. but, to*
the 13th day of A pril, it has beeun
:d before the glorious little State ol
Jarolina. [ Applause.] The stars andi
have been lowered before your ey-es
,*, but there are no flames that shall
wer the flag of South Carolina while I
te honor to pre.side as your thief mag.
.And I pronounce here, l.efore the
3d world, your :n'lepenidence isi baptized
a, y-our indepemlenice is won upon a
us battle field, and you are free now and
in, in defiance of a world in arms.
:have gone through, under the guidance
ovidence, so far successfutlly and trium
ly1. We have met the dange: and the
amid the stortm and the bouomi.tr of can.
and yet, wonderfiul to say, triumphant
;lorious as the result has been, there has
.een a single hmuman being sacrificed in
cause so nmuch identified with the liberty
:he independence of our country. This
must be the finger of Providence. We at f irat
oiod alone, but we are now in a new Confed.
-acy of States, calculated to piotect the pence
and independence of our country, at d at the
same time to exercise a wise tforbearance atnd
enerous and manly con uet towards all other
All we ask is plain justice, liberality, honor
and truth fronm others, autd all we shlol ever
submit to is, anid, I trust, we ever shall extend
t all others, the liberality, the justice, the
frbearance and tmoderatiotn which become an~
ilightenmed and a great people.
In the events which have develope:1 thenm
slves itn the last few days, we are at least
ithout blame. Tihis fort was held up as the
frtress by which we were to lbe subjugated
ard kept permanently under the control of a
overnment we had repudiated and that was
oious to us. We made every advance that
rasonable men could make to ask for its
pssessionm, and there was nothing but thme de
re to subjugate that could at all nmake it an
bject of such importance to lbe possessed by
aGovernent from which we had withdrawnm.
Iwas peremnptorily refused, and I wras in
frmed frotm thme highest quarters that it was
obe supplied, and that those supplies should
be sustained, if necessary, by force.
Under these circumstances, there was no
ternative hut to make the last sad appeal to
ams, amnd the God of Battles ; and this day
as triumphantly shown that we were right
ad our opponents wrong.
Now, fellow-citizens, go to your homes. Be
oderate and abstatin fromt every act and
eery sentiment, of extreme lanmguage or un.
orthy violence. Show that you are not on
lreally free, but that you derserve to be
fee; keepi cool, keel) firm, keep united. A
rave pe'ople are always generous and alhways
agnanimous. We can tmeet our foes clad ini
eel and make theum feel the weight of out
etal upon any field of battle, but at the
unao time we can treat theum with that liber
ality that always belongs to a generous and
I said on the lith of December L.st on an S
occasion similar to this, lhat tru-, South Car- a
olina stood alone, but in this there wasi noth
ing to fear, Ihr she had on a memorable ocea- i
sion previous to the Declaration of Indepen
dence itself, stood alone and fought the bat
tie of Fort Moultrie, where she had sunk the 1
ships of one of the proadest nations of the
earth. [Great Applause.] And I said to you c
that on the bloody battle field of Churubusco r
our noble regiment had marched across that
field under a firey storm such as has seldom t
been seen. and that if need be she could now e
stand alone again and fight alone for her in
dependence and her liberty. And now, fellow- i
citizens, on this, the 13th day of April, 1861,
she has again fought a'one and defeated an
arrogant and assuming power, and she has
gloriously triumphed alone, and thus again
Fort Moultrie, which was so dear in our inde
pendence of 1776, has again answered, and is
consecrated and baptized over again i our
independence and freedom of 1861. LAP- 2
I studiously declined receiving volunteers,
who so nobly and so gallantly offered them
selves, from other States, because we had so
many among ourselves who desired a place of
danger and of peril, and demanded it as a
right. I besides desired, as we had begun it
first and alone without consultation, and as
some said, rashly, I desired under these cir
cumstances, that if we had to fight for our in
dependence again that the battle should be
fought and won by South Carolina alone, upon
the same bloody field where she had fought
for her independence in the days of her first
revolution. [Great applause.] True, true, we
owe much to science and to the gallantry of
Gen. Beauregard, who was sent to us by the
President of the Confederate States. We do
owe to him all honor and all gratitude for his
high and manly bearing and noble conduct ;
but as far as our own companies, our battal
ions, our regiments and our men were con
cerned, the triumphs of this day have been
due literally to South Carolina troops alone.
[The applause was so great at this time that
it was some moments before Gov. Pickens
could proceed.] I do not mean to say this
(said the Governor) by way of exultation, but
as due to the truth of history, and I say it
because South Carolina has been pecu:iarly
singled out and abused and traduced and
sneered at as being too weak and too small to
deflend herself, and was accused of arrogance
and presumption. But this day shows that
weak as we were supposed to be, we have de
fled the power of our enemies, and defied
them upon their sought and chosen battle
State in tl
too numer< -" . J
I return the taanks and the gratitude of the
State to those brave and true, and patriotic
young men who have, left their business, who
have sacrificed their greatest interests to come
forward and to seek eagerly to defend their
country when it was supposed that peril, dan
ger and even death were inevitable. It is in
deed to them not only a glorious day of tri
umph, but I, too, with feelings of deep graiti
tude aum enabled to return them back to their
fond homes and kindred uninjured, and with
the proud consci'Jusness that the honor of
their State has been unstained, and that their
gallantry has beeun shown by the heroie mnanr.o:
in which thwy haive manned the batteries for
their country's independeuce. It is to those
men and those ollicers that we owe every
thing; and 1(10 not pretend to claim anythingI
myself, except that my heart has been iilled
with deep anxiety, and I have spent may nights
ini painfuil and cosatant examination of all
the details atnd all the points that might lbe
necessary not only to save the lives of our
brave men but to defenud the independence of
my country, and when the day had come, at -
the prepe-r time to strike, and to atrike for her
independience, at any and at every hazard, let
the consequ~ences be what they may. [Pro
We have now taught a great lesson to this
Confederacy. It is now clear that fir all pur
poes5 of justice, of equality and of common
liberty, our American inltitutions are as strong
as any that have ever been offered for tie gov
ernment of man. But when they are perver
ted to the purposes of injustice amnd lianati
eisim,.of insult and wrong, that those sanme
institutions aire powerless; and that whe.
they lose that power which comnes from right,
that, as far as the Amecricatn pecople arc con.
crned, they are impotent and itnbocile, be
cause the heart, the great heart of the A meri
can people ini reality, beits for what is right.
(Immense cheerind.] We then stand uipott
the right. We ltand upon the intalienable
rght of a people to choose their own institu
tions, and that all just government rer-ts upon
the consent of the governed, and that any 1
govern iimnt that attempts to exercise ptower
without this consent nut only is unjust to ae
brave, true, and patriotic pleople, but that"
people can defy that power, and they can
conquer, and they can triumph. [ Apphause.]
But let ate say again, fellow-citizens, that 1
ant itn rather a poor condition to speak at this
time of night, under the confusiona that comes
from a noisy street, anid I return you my )
thank.<, and hope that there may be no eventsr
to sadden the future, but that the present glo
rious day will ever be remembered and shnk
so deep into the hearts of a grateful people as
to show that by virtue and firmness, they not
only can he free, but prove to the world that
tey deserve to be free. [Loud and prolong- I
Trho Governor then retired.
Loud calls were made for General Beaure-e
gard, Prmyor and others, but those gentlemen
were not to be found, oflicial duties requirintg
their presence elsewhere.
Georgia's New Constitution. 1
The Georgia For-ester, in an article of ad-,a
mirable tone, glances at the New Constitu-e
tion of our neighboring sister state. We c - i
py p~ortions~ of the piece, that our readers may a
see what they are doing in Georgia in the c
w.aro politica imprmemnts It will be s
a dtoetrr, a merchar.t, a planter, an architect
-while sprincing from other soil we find a
vivorous growth of mechanics intermingled
with all the other profssions. This is the
rule, and is nearly universal. But the State
or nation has zrealer need of varied aid from
her sons. Politic4l inde.endence may be a
mere shadow u. less nccompanied with all the
accessories whirh ghe pmwer.
New York :nd New England care lese, at
this :mtment. fhr our political se uZratiwi than
for that cumin.rciai ii:dependence which ie
hope for, and they fear. They would doubt
less cncent cheerfully to a .eparate nation
ality if they we-re pertitted to remain our
faetors ; they would even put their new tarifX
into the fire. and redpce duties instead of in
creasing them, if we would consent to " play
second fiddle," and allow them to do onr
manufacturing, earrying, and importing. We
shall uttempt to show, in a few short articles,
the importance to the Con!ederate States of
The War Declared--Proclamation by
Whereas, Abraham Lincola, the Pr, 'dent
of the United States, has, by Proclamation.
announced the intenttion of invading this Con
federacy with an armed force, fir the purpose
of capturing its fortresses, and thereby sub
verting its independence, and subjecting the
free people thereof to the dominion of a for
eign power; and, whereas, it has thus become
the duty of this government to repel the
threatened invasion, and to defend the rights
and liberties of the people by all the means
which the laws of nations and the usages of
civilized warfare place at its disposal:
Now, therefore, 1, Jefferson Davis, Presi
dent of the Confederate States of America,
do issue this my Proclanation, inviting all
those who may desire, by service in private
armed vessels on the high seas, to aid this
Government in resisting so wanton and wick.
ed an aggression, to make application for
commissions, or letters of marque and repri
sal, to be issued under the seal of the Confed:
erate States. And I do further notify all per
sons applying for letters of marque to make a
statement in writing, giving the name and a
suitable description of the character of the
vessel, the natne and place of residence of
each owner conc. rned therein; and the in
tended number of the crew, and to sign saia
statement, and to deliver the same to the
Secretary of State, or to the Collector of any
port of entry of the Confederate States, to
be by him transmitted to the Secretary of
State. And I do further notify all aanlien"
t.eu auen vessel, in the penal sum of at
least five thousand dollars; or if such vessel
be provided with more than one hundred and
fifty men in the penal sum of ten thousand
dollars with condition that the owners, officers
mnd crew who shall be employed on board.
such commissioned vessels shall observe the
laws of these Confederate States and the in
structions given to them for the regulation of
their conuct, that they sh1all satisfy all dam
ages done contrary to the tenor thereof, by
sneh vessel, during her commission, and de
liver up the samte when revoked by'thePresi
dent of the Confederate States.
And 1 do further specially enjoin on all
perscons hoeli diciles, civil aund military, un
dier the ant h ity of lhe Confederate States,
that they be vigilanmt aund zealous in discharg
ing the duties icident thereto.
A:.A I dlo mo:reovrr soilemnly exhort the
good people of these Confederate States as
they love their country, as they prize the
blessings of our government, as they feel the
wrongs of the past, and those now threatened
in aggravated form, by those whose enmity is
more imp!aeale, becanae unprovoked, that
ther cexert themselves in preserving order, in
prmoin concord, in ma~intiaining the au.
thoty iad <tiiecac.y of the laws; and in sup
poin~mg and invigrating~ all the measures
Iwhich may be adopted ihr the common de
fence, and by which, under the blessings of
Divine Pro.vidence we may hope for a speedy,
just, anid honorable peatce.
In testimeony wvhereof, I have hereunto set
my hand anid caused the seal of the Confed.
crate States to he aufir this lith day of
A pril, A. D., 1861l.
By the President:
Rt. Toom$, .Secretary of State,
lFM~lits Vo.Vt:hyss.-The Holly Spritig
lierald Iearnr that tbc county of Chickasaw,
.Mis han ten companies of to!unteer soldietrs
tcady to be mustered into the service of the
State. 11. adds that, in addition to these:
" The county has a regularly officered and
drilled company of young ladies, who have
pledged themselves, in the event that the
men are called -nto service, to protect their
hoimes and families during their absense, and
se that the farms are properly cultivated,
and full crops raised not only for the support
of the county, bmut of the army of Mississippi."
Tcmair. CHsEuns FORt TnaI WnDows-The
first two subzscribers to the Confederate loan,
offered yesterday, were widows, in the re
sbective sums of three hundred and two hun
dred dollars ; one of them a Catholic in spirit
as well as religion, God bless her I-sent us
word to pt her name on our list of subscri
bers to the two hundred dollar fund, to be
paid during the war, saying she had no sons
to send, but would contribute her means.
There is the true spirit for you. Who will
doubt that this fund will be raised ?-Savan
nah Republican, 18th inst.
T7Si-rat Now.--A party of belated gen
tleman, about a certain hour, began to think
'of home, and their wives' displeasure and urge
a departure. "Never mind," said one et
the guests, " fifteen mintutes will make no dif
ference ; my wife is as mad now as she can
ET A~ young lady out West is chanrged
with putting on airs because she refused to go
to a ball barefoot
een tbst a juilicious conservatism is m tne
,4ccnldnt. After alluding to the reduction
if the Senate and IIouie mnade by the Con.
ention, the F1orester- proeetda:-ED. Aim'.
" The provision transferring the tielection
t Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts
a)'d Solicitors General, to the Governor and
;enate, did not entirely commend itslf to
ur judgment. The system of electing Supe
'or court Judges by the people bps worked
rell, and so far as our observation extends,
he people are satisfied with it; still, there
annot be a doubt, but the change will &e
'ate the judiciary, and place the tribunals of
ustice above and beyond the intluences of
>arty and the prejudices of favoritism. It is,
Perhap, after all the best system; and, yiel
ling to the superior wisidom and experience
if the overwhelming majority that differed with
is, we are prepared to vote for its ratifica.
ion rather than reject the whole Con titution.
" The provision in relation to the organi.
ation of new counties was a blow aimed at
he sparsely populated sections of the State,
nd formed a part of the general scheme of
tripping those sections of pow er in the Leg
slature, and its transfer to other and more
opulous sections. We opposed its pasage;
)ut it is not likely that the formation of a
tew county will become absolutely necesiary
'or years to come, and therefore the question
s not one of sufficient practical importance
o make a fight upon.
"No donation or gratuity shall be con
erred, except by a vote of two-thirds of each
louse. Thi. is a good provyston, and one
.hat is recommended by justice and economy.
" No citizen shall be compell d to become
stockholder in any railroad enterprise, or
ther internal improvement, without his con
ent, except the citizens of a corporate town
ir city. This forever precludes the Legisla
ure from authorizing counties to levy a tax
or bnilding railroads, and puts to rest the
loubtful question as to the power of the Leg.
slature to pass such a law.
"Thu importation of negroes from foreign
ountries, except the slave holding States of
merica, is prohibited. We do not subscribe
o the principle or the policy of this provi
en, but we have ai abiding faith that time,
nd the progress of events will unfold the
ecessity, and ripen public sentiment for the
opening of the African slave trade. Till
at time arrives we are 'content to let the
" The Geieral Assembly is also prohibited
rom passing any law for the emancipation of
"These constitute the most important nhn
titution, thus amended, is to be submitted
D a vote of the people. Those who favor its
doption, will endorse on their tickets " Rati
ication," and thtose opposed to it " No Ratl
" We have now discharged our duty, and
inve no more to say on the subject. The
eople have the matter in their own hands,
uid we have confidence in their good senke
.nd patriotism. Their verdict will be right,
nil as a 1oa'l subject, we shall abide it what
vr it may lbe."
From thte Charleston Mercury.
3mmrcial !ndependcuice of the Con
The relation which commuerce bears to the
rgress and strength of a nation is intimate
nd vital. Lookingto ngriculture as the basis
f property, the structure must be composed
f industry and etgiploymnent of labor ila those
aried forms which tend to enhance the value
f agricultural products, and that nation in
reses in strength in piroportion to the judi
,us applications of the means which are
,t its commnandl. All perso)ns in a comutniityV
annot, ins the nature of thing~x, be planters
ir farmers, as all of these cannot raise cotuon
r rice ; so all cannot be merchants er me
anics. But the wants of a people demand
he agcncy of the factor and merchant, the
kill, ingenuity and learnting iof the architect
, mechanic, thet ship builde.r, the lawyer,
e schoolmaster anid mini.,ter. The planter,
rith his capital inivested in land and slaves,
inds full nccup~ation for himself and his. force
that round of' superintenidence and labor
hich a well tnmagd plantation inex'irably
emands, lIe aimas to secure fond for his
ands atnd to fiurnmish to the manufacture-r the
rest anmount of cot toni his land is capable
Iaving accomplished this, he looks to oth
rs to aid hita, In the most econotuical nmnet'
o furni.,h such other supplies of' lnxury ot
eeity as he may choose to buy. It. is niot
onenient or economical f'or hitu to make all
hats lie conlsumes. He requires the services
f mechanics and mierchiants to convert his
ottoni into money, andh into such supplies as
re consumed upon his estamte. In doing this
e calls into use the material around him
'ther products of the soil are consumed, oth
r citizens are employcd, a larger demand is
nade for food and el-,thing, prodlucer's are in
remasd-mnere cust'omers are dimniished, and
be body politic or commonwealt~h becomes
obust and vigorous. It is sometimes said
hat, as the family of the planter cannot make
,11 the articles required tor its consumption,
heref'ore a State or nation should be satisfied
a produce '.a single great staple, if blessed
rith the ability, and le wce all ulse to, be sup
ilied by others. This position is unsound.
the first place, the postulate is incorrect ;
d in the next, it' it wee correct, the appli
ation from the lamnily to the State is illogical.
There are few families in the Confederate
sates, and fewer still in the United States,
n which some division of labor does not exist.
t is true in small families of great wealth and
idoubted property, therc may be an entire
tagnatioun and complete idlenesA, but these
ases are rare, and the can~ker-worm is gnaw
g at the root--they soon pass away. In a
majority of instances, even among the afflu
at, there is a division of labor or employ
,eat;. one is a clergymn, anothe a lawere