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Proclamations by the Governors of Vir
ginia and North Carolina.
The followinig proclamation was istued on
W.dJneslav li Governor Letcher. The ei
t're militaiy toree of the Commonwealth will
re..poud with alaeritv to :he ordet:
By the Guoccrnor of Viryinia.
Whereas, seven of the States formerly coin.
p:,sIg L part of the United States, have, by
b athurity of their people, solemnily resumned
the pouers tranted by them to the United
Statei, and have frained at Constitution and
(.rganized a (overnment f)r then.e!ves. t>
which the p-wople of thost States are yieldfing
wiiig ob-dience. and have so notified the
President of* the United States by t'l the for.
malities incident to such action, and thereby
become to the United States a separate, inde
pndeut and tireign power; and whereas, the
Constitutioni of' tile U nited States has invested
Conlgreis with the solo power " to declare
war," and until such declaration is made, the
'resident has no authority to call for an ex
traordinary force to vwage offensive war
aaisllt any foreign power : and where'as, on
tie 15:h illstalnt. the President of the United
States, in plaill violation of the Constitution,
has issued a proclamation calling for a force
of seventy-five thousand men, to cause the
laws of the United States to be duly execnted
o-:er a people who are no longer a part of the
Unin, and in gaid proclamation threatens to
exert this untisual foree to compel obedience
to his mandates ; and wherea-, the General
Assemtbly of Virginia, by a tuajority approach
ing to entire unanimity, has declared at its
list session, that the Slate of Virginia would
consider such an exertion of force as a virtual
declaration of war, to be resisted by all the
power at the command of Virginia ; and sub.
seqnently, the Convention now inl session, re
presenting the sovereignty of this State, has
reatlirmled in substance the same policy, by
almost egnal unanimity ; and whereas, the
State of Virginia deeply sympathizes with the
Southern States, in the wrongs they have
suffered, and in the position they have as
sumed, and having made earniest efforts peace-'
ably to compose the differences which have I
severed the Union, and have failed in that
attempt through this unwarranted act on the
part of the President; and it is believed that
the influences which operate to produce this
iir.m - m mi'"ainst the seceded States will
.>ear upon this Commonwealth,
exercise her undoubted right
- power. granted by her people,
- a the honor of Virf~i'tia that aa
se of force against hrpeople1
:Therefore, I, John Lete'n.
he Commonwealth of Vsir
.st proper to order all armned
cuts or companies within this
.to hold themselves in readi-1
...ediate orders, and upon the re
ception of this proclamation, to report to the
A Ijutant General of the State their organiza
tion and nu-znbers, and prepare themselves
for efficient service. Such companies as are
nlot armed and equipped will report that fact,
that they may be properly supplied.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my
band 'st.l caused the seal of the Common
wealth to be affixed, thlis the 17th day 01 A pril,
h&1, and in the 85th yesar of the Conmmon
wealth. JOIN LETCHER.
By the Gorernor of YNrt Carolina.
Whereas, by proclamation of Abraham
L'n-:oln, President of the United States, fol
lowed by a req(uisition of Simon Cameron.
Secretary of War, I am inf'ormecd that the
said Abraham Lincoln has made a call for
75,0.10 men, to be empljloyed for the invasiomn
of the peaceful homes of the Sou th, and for
the violent subversion of the liberties of at
free people, constituting a large part of the
whole populationl of the late United States ;
and whereas4, this high-handed act of tyran
nical outrage is not only in violation of all
constitutional law, in tutter disregard of every
senltimnent of humsanity and Christian civilirsa.
t~on, and conceived in a spirit omf aggresionl
unparallelled by anly act of recorded history,
but, is a direct step towardls tile subjugation
of the whole South, and the conversion of a
free. Republic, inherited froma our fathers,
into a military despotism, to be estabisohed by
worse than foreign eniem~ies on the ruins of
our once glorious Constitutionl of equal rights.
Now, therefore, I. John W. Ellis, Gouvernlor
of the State oef North Carolina, for thse ex
traordinlary causes, do hereby issue this my
proclamtation, notifying andi reg nestinlg th.
t-o:iators and nmem~bers of the .. ouse of Comi
ImIons of the General Assemlyv of North Car
olinla to mleet ill special session, at the cap~itol.
in the city of Raleigh, 011 Wednlesday, the firs~t
day of May next. And I furthsermeore exhort
all good citizens thr'oughout the State to be
mindful that their first allegianmce is due to
the sovereignlty which protects their hlomies
and dearest inltere-ts, as their first service is
d.:e for the sacred defence of their hearths, an~d
of the soil whlich holtus the graves ot'our glo
United action in defence of' the sovereignty
of North Carolina, and of the rights of the
Sbnth, becomes now the duty om all.
Given under my hand, and attested by the
great seal of the State. Done at the city of'
Rtdeigh, the lit1. day of A pril, A. D. 1861,
andl in the eighty-fifth vear of' our inhlependI
eneeC. 'JOHN W. EL LI[S.
Byv tile Governor.
G'nAUA3t DAves:, Private Secretary.
Governor L.etcher's IReply to Secretary
En :ce-rtit: I) Pan Ir nr,
RIICIItosI), Va., A pril 16, I86l.
lon. Simon Cam,,erou, Secretary of War.
Six: I received vour~l tt-legram of I le li>:h,
thie genuineness of' whi'h I d.,,htel. Since
tiaat timle I have r:.-c.ivetd y'Lnr e->(I. mnica
t:on, mueiled the -ame day,.i in whicha I am, re
qjuestedl to dettach froml the mIn1iia It' the
Stte of Virgini~a "the quta th-.-ig-tted inI a
table," whlichn appendthiC,- to serve ats !nlfnt
try or ritlleme'n for Ite period of thlree tounthIS,
In reply to I his communti:catiloll, I have only
to. .it r, that the illil a of Vt;r:.:inia wil lnot h'e
fur,.',bedl Xii the p .wers at W ailjhinton. !r
a y .-e tic' o10tr p:: o,.- lit tieys halve in vi. ~w.
Your uhsj-et is to sn -ju;gnte tl.e S..u'hrnl
Sma:es and a r.lluititi .ni tiadel ulpon nll- for
such anl ol .. t -un tob,.t. in myl jnlegnl.nlt,
not1 within the pu'r' i -wv of the Con.-ti-union, or
th :~t net f 179.-... ilnot be1 complijue.1 wfi Ih.
Y'ou ha~ve 'eh. en to in.::0:rnltie c'vil wta r, :d
h' iv ng donle sea, v e aiil meet it. in a -pir'it as5
ised t.rirds the Soth R- p ,'i!uiir.
JOJu LE'Iirrma. I~
MoNTcoERY, ALA., April 19.-A prolong
ed Cabinet session, on Virginia affairs was
President Davis has received official notifi- 1
cation of the secession of Virginia, and that
she is in entire accord now with her Southern I
Vce President Stephens leaves this evening
for Richnond as Commissioner from this gov
ermnmint to Virginia.
Gen. Winfield Scott has resigned his post- I
tion as head of the United States Army, and 1
tendered his services to his native State- I
The Treasury Department has thus far I
heard that the bids for the new Fivo Million i
Lo:n have reached eight millions. The smal
ler towns are yet to be heard fror.. 1
Montgonerv has taken two millions, of I
which four hundred dollars is taken by two <
negroes, belonging to Gen. Hardaway and
The defences of Texas and Louisiana are
engaging the especial attention of the Govern
MMM-r;.%otitiy, April 20.-Mr. W. F. Gor
don, the bearer of a copy of the Ordinance of i
SeeeN-i-n passed by N irginia, I-as arrived in
Viee'Presidrnt Stephens hes left fur Rich- I
m11on1d, and will be alscent a week.
Hon. Roger A. Pryor, of Va., has been ap- I
pointed Colonel in the Army of the Confede
It is runored that Gen, Henningsen will le i
appointed Leutenant Colonel. I
Colorl-1 Pryor leaves this city to-night for i
Virginia, to organize a Regiment. V
Senator Wigfall is expected to-night. A t
large crowd is gathering to receive him, and
to hear him spaik. -
The Army Appointments are being rapidly
The requi.sition upon Alabama for three t
thouisand troops has been coinpleted. f
Governor Moore has left the city for a few
From Montgomery. r
We clip the following paragraphs froin the s
Nlontgonery (Ala.) Confederation, of April t
ArroNTistunTs.-A. G. Hudgins and John fi
F. llohlen, esqai., resigned cadets fitoin An- t
iap'ilis, have been appointed nidshipmen in
h1tU navy of the Condfederate States. Lieut.
[nerahiam, of Missis--ippi, has been appointed t
,y the Secretary of War to a First Licuten
trncy in the arumy. Mr. I. belonged to the i
United Svites army, and is a relative of Coin- u
WE AWMIRE Iis Pixec.-The 1Icn. Alex
mnder H. Stephens said, in a speech at Atlan
a, ott Monday morning, that it woud take
evettty tines seventy-five tltousand men to
ntimidate t'ie Southern people, and that all
he force old Abe could bring against us could g
tot make us afraid.
This is true pluck. The people of the Con- r
ederate States have at the hea-l of an'airs two e
rave, fearless, prudent statesmen, in the d
ersous of Davis and Stephens.
GIs. Pi..ow.-As we stated in our issue a
>f yesterday, this gentlernan arrived in our
ity on Monday night, and took quarters at
he Exehange. Being a thorough, full blooded C
ecenionist, whose sympathies are fully with
he great southern revolution, he has visited
ar city for the purpose of tendering to the
?resident ten thossand gallant Tennesseeans,
vho are now ready to take up the line of
narch. Gen. Pillow is accompanied by John n
3. Burch, Esq.,' the able and talented editor
f the Nashvillo Union and Anerican.
" Look OUT FOR THE ENGINE WHEN THE r
Vitisrt.E BLows."-A telegraphic dispateb, C
ent froan this city a night or two ago, rela- d
ive to the intentions of Pr-esident D~avis, if L
'such and4 such a thing" happens, hasaroused ti
le Blacks to such a degree that they -are e
izlly on the lookout for the great Southern a
n~comnotive, Old Abe has telegraphed the d
dassachusetti and Rhode Island chivalry- to i
tay at hiome, or else they niight get run over. c
trange things will happen..-stratnger things f<
Ts" WumT HousE."-The President and
tis good lady, and family, have remnoved tot
he new " White House."p
SHOr LANDED ON SASTrA ROSA IsiAND.-It
s authoritively stated that a large number ofr
hot were landed on Santa Rosa Island, for
~crt Pickens, a night or- two ago.
RlEINFORcEMENT OF Preanss.-It is said f
hat only one hundred additional soldiers haveu
,een placed in Fort Pickens. Major Towerst
ucceeds Slemmner in command.
News from Washington.
WVisuio-roN, April 19.-The Alexander
(juelte of this morning confimm the rumor,
>reralent here yesterday, to the effeet that a
>iody of Virgitnia troops were marcl:ing upon
:arper's Ferry this morlintg.
A bout 400 Pennsylvania troops and Shor
nan's battery of-flying artillery arrived here 1
The Proclamation of Gov. Larm-naa, of Vir
inia, denouncing Liscor.N's course, acknowl
~dging the independence of the Confederate
ta.tes, c-lling out the whole volunteer force
~f the State to be ready fur itnitnediate ser
ice, and refusing to furnish any quota to
Aco.N's coercion army, has caused a great
ensatiun here. f
T;:e rapid increase in the number of the
sotherna resigniations is very perpilexinig to
.isniiiN-roN, A pril 20.--The Pawnee and
knocosti:a left Washingtont City last night,
on I their probable destination is Norfolk.
The mail steamer-s on the Poutomnac have
,emn temporarily detained, by . rder of the
S overnmenat, for prudential reasons.
Preaidenat LiNeorms has issued his Procla
nation decl-aring a blockadeyof all the poirts
> the seceded States.
We haye nao mails to-day beyond Balti
nore. The reason ussignted is, the destruc
~ioni of a railroad bridge near Baltimnore.
A large body of troops, destineud thr Wash
ngton. are detained at Ilavre de Grace.
CoNceFunR IunTL~a Ot.aR a .-Tliis corps,
~omanaidedl by Capt. Edwamrd J. Walker hatve
received ut-dets, upon very short notice, to
Wave for Rtichmonmd on to-tmorrowv morning.
ruey have had but little time for pireparatijon,
,at we are conifidetnt that otir citizens will not I
permit them to leave in wanit of any comfort.
We predict ta good report of their prowess
spon the field of battle.--Augusta Republic,
A Hii so~t ia o rIo.-We underdtand
lthat (our fellow-citizen, Thomas S. Metcalf,
Eqont yesterday, -athorised Capt. Blodget
ii have- his comtpanmy promptaly uniiformeiid and
uiiippedi, and draw ent hint for the expense oft
loinig so. .It is probable the atmounit will be 1
sJout twelve or fifteen hundred dollars. (
This is prompt atnd patriotic action on the
part of Mr. Metcalf; atnd we trust twill be fol-.t
lowed by muen of wealth anid piatriutie impulse,
i every portion of the Confederate States.-e
S- C.1Rs t:r.ttx:D.--News reached this
city yecsterday -r,-itning that the steamship RI.
R. Cityler had been detained at New Yot-k,
for what reason we- have z-et learned.
ShortLy after the ret~eapt of the dispatch
annoumncinig thIe detention of the Ciuyler, the
stamship Potonmac, about to leave h.er wharf
fr Raltimo~re, was tiaketn prsie~.-iun of byou
author ties.- Savamn.ah News-. -ou
T As~::. U,.r.I--t the frien~ds of the
South evern wherea be aasure-d that in the hoari
i trial whlic : is now upon u<, Trune.,.ec will
.:, is1 ,.,ri to duy, 'a uit . All pa.-t dli~senions t
tire husied-. TIhere is but one voice. Do)wnm
wilht he,. ty rant and up with the 11.a; of South -
rn hotnor ,andi Soutthern. indeapend-ece. Such
s the voicea of s-very patriiitic tan, woman
ndh c-hil., diy in the~ towni ef Nashvaillve,
w ich) rave to thae Ut'ioni evia'd.ate sin t he
'atu of Febhrua:ry last a tnimory of Ox to m:.e. I
:And so wvillI it be- throug thef ls w huh. l..nigthI
iad br.. d h if the S.a~t.. lie thast hi..1 s is
Thei I/lot lag~s~., a y taall .antd ne.at s-hee t,
wtich madie its Grst aippearance about two
w,-eks sIice, wits pitt to, deattih by a Philadel
ria in..h on thle ,:ight o~f the 1.5:h of A pril. n
I:. Siiuthecrns pr ielivitie~s drew downii tpjitn
:hi: hun thn rg t he wvratful v-engente rof thi-iv
l-pu he~n it eaxpiredi while the Msior was
siteStaris andm .Stripies and the croawd
Important from Baltimore.
BALTIMoiti, April 19.-This city was to
lay thown into a perfect fever heat of excite
ment, occasioned by the arrival of Northern
troops on the way to Washington. in obedi
3nce to the call made in Lincoln's "eoercion
proclamation." When the first part of thc
Nassachusetts Regiment was being transport
.d through the streets of the city from the
Philadelphia depot to the Washington depot
1e horse-cars were riddled with stones and
niisives of every character. The windows ol
.he conveyances were almost completely de
nolished, but, luckily for the soldiers, 110 onie
Nas injured seriously, though many were bad.
y cut with broken glass and bruised with the
The remaiing detachment of the regiment,
,vhilst attempting to march through the city,
n order to arrive at the depot and proceed at
>nce to Washington, met with a great deal ol
,pposition. All along the route they were
iooted at by the populace, and at the Pratt.
;treet Bridge they came in contact with a
lense crowd of reckless men, who opposed
il further progress. Here a fight was corn
nenced, and the assault was so vigorously
nade by the citizens that the Massachusetts
oldiers tired upon them. On the part of the
3altitnureanis pistols and stone were plentiful
y Used: so that many on both sides were
dLled and wounded, but it was impossible to
earn the names of any of the parties.
Four or five of the Massachusetts troops
vere killed on the spot, and others are badly
vounded. Several dead bodies are now being
mauled through the streets. The excitement
s most intense. The whole city has flown to
rins. Martial law has been proclaimed, and
he Southern flag has been raised. The en
ire- city has declared itself for States Rights
fnd for the South.
[Private advices estimate the loss in killed
n' wounded at about one hundred and thir
y. Among the killed is Mr. Davis, of the
irm of Davis, Painter & Co.-Eds.[
Later in the day an immense crowd, num
iering ten thousand people congregated
round the Camden street depot (depot of the
ailroad to Washington,) and the Massachu
etts troops were forbidden to depart. No
roops will be allowed to proceed further.
Soon after this the tracks of the railroad
roni Batimore to Washington were partly
urn up by the people in order to prevent the
eparture of any force of men.
Jiohn W. Garrett, the President of the B-d.l
imore and Ohio railroad, has determined to
hlow the passago of* no more troops over the
ne. Other railroads have come to the same
No more fighting for the present. All our
iilitary force is under arms, and order will
From the Mercury of Thursday last, we
ather as follow.4:
P:nsosA.-William 11. Russell, the cor
spondcnt of the London Times, arrived in
lie city by the Northeastern tram on Tues
ay, and is now at the Mills House.
T. R. Davis, the artist of Harper's Weekly,
rrived at the same timo, and is also at the
Hon. Roger A. Pryor, of Virginia, left
harleston Tuesday night en his way to
SEnRNADr To JUous: McRA.-Judge Mc
,ae, of North Carolina, arrived in this city
uesday. A large crowd of our fellow-citizens
!renaded him at the Charleston Hotel that
ight. In response to repeated calls, he made
is appearance, and pledged his State to the
onfederacy. He said, in explanation of the
-quest of Gov. El!is for guns, that North
arolina had taken her forts without an Or
ince of Secession, and wanted guns that
ad been victorious. South Carolhna inight
ike the lead now, but North Carolina would
ndeavor to be up with her, and gain a length
head in fighting the battle of Southern In
ependence. Judge McRae was fregnently
iterrupted by vociferous applause. At the
onclusion of his speech, loud calls were made
>r Pryor and Rutlin, but neither of these
entlemnen were present.
RnarrseT To TH E hlRAvr.-We are informed
hat when Major Anderson and his command
assed out of' the harbor on their way to join
me fleet of the United States, the Marion A r
dilry, a company which, according to high
iilitary authority, contr buted very materi
Ily to the reduction of Fort Sumter, in testi.
inony of their appreciation of his gallant de
ence, formed on the beach and stood with
ncovered heads until the IhambeL had passed
Tuxa WIn Sunrs.-The steamship Isabel,
~aptain Rollins, has returned from outside the
ar. We learn from her that Lincoln's fleet
alt Monday afternoon, and it is thought that
bey will all go to New York. The steanmtug
FGmkee, which was to accompany the fleet
,nd bring in provisions for Fort Stumter, did
ot reach the bar until about 8 o'clock on
fonday evening, when she came up and spoke
he Isabel, thinking that she was the 11dllic,
put goonm fiading out the mistake and learning
omething of the position of things, and that
hie fleet had left, she put about and went off.
'he Yankee reports having experienced a se
ecre gale which carried away her smoke
Tun Coi~NsO oa Mountis Is1.A~n.-The
iurees on Morris Island have hee,. constituted
ne division, to be cormmanded by General
3onhamn, of the South Carolina Volunteers.
L'his division has been divided inlto two brig
des, the first to be commanded by General
simons, of the South Carolina mailitia, con
isting of the regiuments of Col. Cunningham
,d Cot. Hlagood, and the battallion of ar
ilery under Lieut. Col. l3eSaussure ;and the
econd to be commanded by Gen. Charles H.
selson, of the South Carolina Volunteers
onsisting of the regiments of Col. Gregg and
o01. Kershaw, and the battallion of artillery
mader the command of Col. Rion. The firit
rigade will occupy the northern portion of
he Island, and the second the Southern
Still Later Charleston News.
From the Mercury of Saturday we obtain
lIh:.me Faox T,:NN Ess EE.-G cv. Pickens has
erived from lion. C. G. Memminger, a dis
,atc~h stating that Tennestec hats (ffere~d fift3
hosaud troops to defe.nd the South, and not
mae man for Lincoln. TIennessee is aill a-blaze.
l'ennecsee is arming.
Tntoors raeou Sot-ru CanotrN'.-The Pres
dent of the Confederate States has made a
'juisition on South Carolina for eight thou
and troops from this State.
T'ine Cosyr~:.nr L~O~A.-The .subscrip
ion was continued Thursday with great ac
ivity. The total amount subscribed in
sharleston is two million two hundred and
ixty thousand dlollars. In New Orleans, on
he first day, two millions seven hundred thou
and dollars were subscribed. These two
ities alone will take more than the anmount
die~red. On Wedlnesday, Savannahm subscribed
1l67,txxi, and llambiurg, S. U'., $72,000,
eirrs from other places will exhibit a large
xcess. of subscription.
~1~TmAnrist: S-romr.wmd: or -ruh ~ml~ut.
'apers are said to he now in course of~ prepat
atiomn at the United States P'oatothee De
uartmuent, ordaring the mails in South Caro
na and the other seceded St.ite~i to be cut
Moni : SoL'run R~t I:smuNsrioss.-Among
he furither re'signamtionis troun the United
~tates service, which we heiave noaticedl, are
Cot. 1h'-njminini lleg.-r, ini comnmanad of the
aiary iad St ate A r.-enal.
Majmir Ander-.on, in commandl of thme Comn
ma of t: e Unimted State., troops at the Arse'
gal at Fsy',tevilb-', N. C.
Ju-eph P'rice, of Wihingtoni, N. C., 1st
..i'intnat ini thle Rtevenueg set vice.
Cot. Charles ,ee Jlonei', Adjutanut of the
)i-trict oif Ciiilumiag M'ilin a.
Geormge lsyal, Naival Agent att Norfolk, Va
M.jar (;kor.:e U'. flitter, of Virgir'' , pay
uaster ign the late United States A rmyr.
i,:m.ra' l 'b rst~A.-South Carolina will
idl Virginaia w.*ith two regiitmnts of he'r vic
[,riousi troop's toa mintain the buddl position
chfieni she has' :'iassumedl agatinst Federal usur
;:ion. Wc undetrstandi that lie regimient of
xJ, Maxcey Gregg, and thme regiment of Cot.
'tti..r.w, ha.e been seleted fr, tis. e...,,..
Of course these regiments will have an oj
portunity of voting for or against the service,
but no ene doubts the result. Both regi
ments will be en route, in a few dayseor the
scene of their future laurels. -
Proclamation by Mayor Wood.
Mir on's Omyice, N. Y., April 15, 1861. -
To the people of the City of New York:
As Chief Magistrate, representing the whole
people, I feel compelled at this crisis to call
upon them to avoid excitement and turbu
lence. Whatever may be, or may have been,
individual positions or opinions on questioni
of public policy, let us remember that ou
country now trembles upon the brink of a
precipice, and that it requires a patriotic and
honeit effort to prevent its final destruction.
Let us ignore the past, risingsuperior to par
tizan considerations, and rally to the restora
tion of the Constitution and the Union, as
they existed in the days and in the spirit of
our fathers. Whether this is to be accom
plislied by fratricidal warfare or by conces
sion, conciliation and sacrifice, men may differ,
but all will admit that here at least harmony
and peace should prevail. Thus may we, un
der the guidance of Divine Providence, set
anl examtple of pence and good will through,
out our extended .country. In this spirit, and
with this view, I call upon the people of New
York, irrespective of all other considerations
or prejudices, to unite in obedience to the
laws, in support of the public peace, . in the
preservation of order and in the protection of
property. FERNANDO WOOD, Mayor.
Tnn CHARLERSTOJ FLEET.-We have al
ready stated that two steam-tugs accompanied
the Balte in her late voyage from this port. ,
One of these little vessels was the "Yan
kee" and it was so well understood she was go
ing to Charleston that her regular captain gave
place to another, who had been under fire and
who volunteered his services. The opinioil
prevailed that the Yankee way to be first sent
in with provisions, unaccompanied by any war
Before sailing her hose were so arranged
that all the boiling water in the steam boiler
could be thrown at a great distance in any
direction. This was intended as a measure of
defence, and if the Charlestonians attempted
to board and capture the vessel, the Captain
avowed his purpose to give them the contents
of the boiler straight in the face.-N. Y. Eve.
ning Post, April 13.
Tue MILITARY Foaca iN WAsMINGvoV.-The
Washington correspondent of the Petersburg
" Certain it is, that there are over ten thou
sand secretly well-equipped gentlemen in the
city, and the surrounding cities and country,
ready, at a moment's call, to flock to the
standard of a certain military man, whose
name I had rather not mention. This is no
surmise, but certain knowledge. When to ex
pect the call to be made, or what will be
deemed sufficient cause for making it, I do
not know. But should this secret force be
called out, there is danger of there not being
much bloodshed, for the city force will make
scarcely a decent resistance. The oath re
quired previous to the enlistment of volun
teers has occasioned much difficulty. NtA
only have two of the finest companies in the
Disiict been completely broken up, but there
is scarcely a company whose number has not
been greatly reduced by this requirement.
Besides this fact, there is great dissatisfaction
manifested in the ranks of the Federal troops.
Scarcely a day passes without an instance of
desertion. Over two hundred men, from the
nine hundred that have been stationed in the
city since the inauguration of the revolution,
have deserted. A day or two since twenty
marines left at once for the South, and the
ornieors privately assure the citizens of their
real intentions and dletermnination not to carry
out Lincoln's policy."
Mt LITAR T FOIa iaINIA.-Lient. Detaigl~
of the Georgia Army, received a dispatcht
morning' from Goy. Brown, ordering three
hundred and fifty muskets~ and a quantity of
cartridges, to be delivered at the South Caro
lina railroad depot, to-morrow (Sunday) morn
ing. Four companies of troops are expected
to arrive to-morrow niorning on their way to
Virginia, and these articles are for th.
SoLru CiAor..-The State of South
Carolina has proven herself as disinterestedly
-patriotic as she has been successfully brrve.
She has gone to all the expense-amounting
to near a million dollars-of the bombardment
of Fort Sumter, withlout drawing a dollar
from the Treasury of the Confederate States,
and is now in full possession of the last men
acing fortification on her own soil, all by the
valor of her own sons. Truly has the Pal
metto State illustrated the practice as well as
the theory of State Rights.-Montgomery
.Bu.-ri~oas:, A pril 18.-Capt. Pearson, of
the Norfolk steamer, just arrived here, reports
that the mtain entrance to the harbor of Nor
folk has by order of Gov. Letcher, been ob
structed, so as to prevent the U. S. war yes
sels frcm leaving, as ordered, upon their nis
u ion of coercion. This was etfected by sinking
boats across the mouth of the channel.
Capt. Pearson was obliged to come up across
Noavoi.x, April 18.-The U.S~. Custom
House was broken into last night, and a large
qjuaint'ty of gunas, ammunition, etc., stored
there, was taken out. The Federal Revenue
Cutter was also buarded, and her guns seized.
MAJOR Axt,;asoN.-The New York Jew-rnal
of Conerce says :
"'The gallant conduct of Major Anderson
elicits praise from all lips. His position has
been one of great delicacy and danger, re
quirin~g constancy and courage. He has ac
quitted himiself well, and deserves the public
approbation- We notice that the chivalrous
Soutm Carolinians expressed warm admiration
for his gallant conduct.
We met on Wednesday one of the laborers
whlo had been quartered in Fort Sumter for
some weeks, a resident and citizen of Char
lestcn, and he spoke in emphatic terms'of the
chiarieter aiid worth of Major Anderson.
Yet. for surreniderintg after ain obstinate de
.fence.'after having exhausted all his cartridges
andi with a fire raging wit hinm the fort render
inig access to the miagatzine or making cart
ridges, even hiad thmere been inaterials, fatally
dangerous, Major Anmderson is branded as a
traitor by the Wech and Greeley tribe of war
Major Anderson's greatest, or only error,
was in leaving Fort Moultrie-Charleston
Courier, A pril I8.
CuoMisstostas YitJ TiHE SOUTHERN CoN
reiencAy.-A5 we announced in our previ
ous number, the lHon. Mr. Yancey and Judge
Rlost--recently appointed with Mr. Dudley
Mannu, as Conaunis.ioners from the Southern
Conifederaevy to Great Britain, France, Spain,
and other 1-uropean Powers, arrived here last
Wi:nesday son board the clip;.er st-uamer H-a
bani:, anid wi.l leave to day for Nouthaampto,
bv the Blritish Mail stuame-r Clyde. Mr. D)ud
Iey Mann was to leas e New York for Europe
last week, and the three Commaissionsers will
ms. etL in London to organise their- movemnts,
and proceed to the differenat courts to obtain
a speedy recognition by the European nations
itterested in commnerce with the Southern
United States, of the ta-wly organised Repub
lie of the Confederate Stats..
Messrs. Yanic-ey and R~t called on HI. E.
tI-e Captasin-eerah, who received themi with
his n.<ual affability, a distingui'lhed gentlemen
who have heenm entrusted with highly itmpor
t..tnt cosmmision's from the Provi-ional Goy
rtiment of the Coinfetderate States. Several
sf our prncLipal citizens called on Messrs.
Vancey and Rt.>t, and they were invited to
di e with sonie of theom ditig their sojourn
nong us.--Cuban Messeng.-r, A pril 7.
A i.m:a sim n A ihu.1oN on 1nx Coss-rrri-'
rio s- Tri-rn Uxrren rnns.-The followinsg
propetic lan~guacge was held b'y Alexansder
If amilton,, on his resignsation oft lhe -flic of
ecretary of the Treasury ins 17%. Hioldinag
.n hils hand a small book, containing a copy
of tihe Fe-deral Constitution, he said:
"Now, mark m~y word.' ! So long as we
are is younsg and virtunous peCople, this iatJ u
mnt,. will hind us tog-ther in mtutual interest,
mutaal tme-lfarso, and uinsal happiness ; but
when we become old and corrupt, it will bind
us no longer.
4t ' tim.t
ARTHUR SINKINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24,1861.
The Advertiser in Camp.
The soldiers from Edgefield, whether at Charler.
ton, Norfolk, or elsewhere, will be supplied with
the Adccrjser at 50 etc far 3 nonths or $1 for 6
months. It will be to them a reyntasr letter from
home, a: we -ball mail tMe packages to Captaine
eoumaandin;. We shall have an eye to such local
information as may interest them.
_# See the call of A. Pnnix aad others. It
is eminently right and proper, and we hope the
undertaking will succeed.
At the request of several gentlemen, we take
pleasure in announcing that a meeting of the citi
zens of this place and vicinity wi)l be held in the
Court House on Saturday next, at 10 o'clock, to
take measures for the relief of any families that
may be left in difficult circumstances by the vol
unteering of their male members. So good an
object cannot fail to bring together a full meeting.
Transfer of Troops.
Says the Charleston Courier of the 20th: " The
Secretary of War, Gen. D. F. Jamison, leaves to
day for Montgomery, to make arrangements for
the transfer of the troops now in the service of
the State to the Government of the Confederate
Col. Bacon's Regiment.
The Seventh Regiment of Volunteers, Cl. Tho.
G. Bacon (says the Charleston Courier of Friday)
has for the present established headquarters at the
German Shooting Ground (Schutzenplala,) near
Col. Bacon is recover;ng favorably from the ac
cident which lately made him a cripple, but as he
never entered the service or accepted office for the
purpose of retreating, he is now ready- for duty
and at duty.
Packages or communications designed for any
officer or company of the regiment should be ad
dressed to the care of Caldwells, Blakely k Co.,
Gen. X. L. Bonham.
We are pleaed to observe in the Courier of
Saturday, that Gen. M. L.- Bonham. has been ap
pointed by President Davis Brigadier-General in
the Confederate States Army.
The store of Mr. JAcK CUKATRAM, we learn,
was broken into during Thursday night lass and
goods abducted to the amount of $300 or $400.
Dr. SAM. BaRcsoa's smoke-house was robbed
on Saturday night,-also Mr. E. L. BAntTLY'S,
but to what extent we do not learn.
Is the patrol system abandoned Y
MAt. O'Coxxon, of Mt. Vintage, plaoes across our
table a sheaf of green Oats, with heads nearly full,
measuring more than four feet in length. He has
about fifty acres like this. The grain crop gener- a
ally is very fine. A gentleman trom the Cam- t
bridge lands told us yesterday that the Wheat and
Oat crops were never better. Such is the intelli
gence from every quarter. This fact, together
with the slight decline in the Corn market, holds
out a cheering hope of the begining of easier timos
in the business of living. We therefore hail 3r.
O'C's sheaf of Oats as an olive-leaf of promise.
Goods from Charleston.
Mnt. E. Paxx~, Sen'r, hau bought a fresh stock of
goods in Charleston. They were purchased under
thae full inluence of the triumnphant cannonading
of Fert Sumter, he having witnessed the whole of
it;-And they are now being sold under the in
spiration of Virginia's aetion, which has opened
the old soldier's heart wider than ever. Call
while he is in a good humor, and examine his Ta
-The Augusta Concerts.
The young amateurs of Augusts, under Mr.
ifxrhave been giving some acceptable concerts
in that city. We had the pleasure of attending1
one of themi last week, not however as a deada
head ;-we are therefore quite at liberty to criti
ize. But this is not our wish. We would only
remark that the boys did credit to our old friend.
Uhaw, and that the ladies, who assisted, enacteda
their roles very gracefully. She who sang in the
soprano and tenor duo was the " bright particu- I
lar" of the erening.
It is quite pleasant to see a community enconra
ging the divine art in this manner. It can butr
'xorciee a refining influence. Bait, by all means,
let the ladies lend their aid in every instance. It
is chiefly uder their auspices that music truly'
ministers to taste and sentiment.
The Governor's Speech.
The reader will find on first page the glowingi
and truthful remarks of Governor PICKxxs on the
eve of the victory of the 15th April. H~e rings
the changes on the complete success of our despised
Carolina against the mighty arms of the govern.
ment at Washington. It was indeed a noble tri
ump~h of perseverance, valor and skill, and it was
natural thus to throw it in the teeth of our insult-.
ing adversaries of the North. The Governor also
properly accords the highest tributes of praise to
General BMAL'nxoAnD and the forces under his3
command. The history of the four short aad
stormy months that led to this brilliant feat of
arms, will assign to the Governor himself a dis-a
tinguishedl place in the memorable developmentsa
of the Spring of 1S61.
The Battle's Importance.
The Battle of the Forts is of much importance I
in several points of view. It will partially open i
the eyes of mankind to the ability of SGuthern I
troops to defend their shores at short notice. It
serves to clear away the mist which has prevented
our immediate enemies, the abolitionists, from re-1
cognizing the truth,-..hat Southeran chaivalry is a
stern reality when exerted in behalf of Southern I
institutions. It gives the soldiers of the Souatha
the morale of a successful first engagement. But,
more than a'l, it has educated soume thousand or
two of artillerists for our cause. That thirty hours
cannonading has made veterans of those who ac
tively participated in it. That battle, superadded
to the drill of the few preceding months, has
created fit material for ofacering forty eorps of
artillery. Who can estimate its importance in
this light, if the war is to become general.
The "~ Agis " on Sam Hloutona.
The Texas P'olk County f.yaa, inlview of Ho us
ton's recusancy and downfall, "does justice to
the subject " in the following style :-" Governor
Houston's darling aiream has fled like mist baefore
the morning sun. He hoped to Aigure largely in
Texas, when she set up an " Independent Repub
lic " But alas ! Texas cast her destiny with her
sister Southern Status: aand Sama Houstauu hears
ringing in his ears, the death knell of his political
areer and military prowess. Hlouston's ambition
has been great, perhaps haighier than any man's
who, has ever figured in Texaas; to the political
sun he aimed, and thus lofty endeavored to make
his fight. But corruption within has darkened
his passage without, and he is whirled to the dust,
from whence he took his upward fight, anad <cll
there be labelled
The asn'uldaring ruinas ofJ ~a .pendId rurse."
Important from EutropeL.1
The new steamship Kear arrived at Haalifaax1
on the lith, from Liverpool with dates to the 6th1
Tbe aippearaince of matters on the Continent be
tokenedl speedy waar.
The rrenca Armny, hy directioan of the Empefor,
'as drilling caunstantly for active service.
All thea Ma-s'halat ,f France were summaoned to
sitend a Council of Wa~r oan the 5th ianyt.
MJilitsary opecratioaas were about commnning in
The KagaUre took out ?i5 d200 In coin.
The 'ale of Cotton at Liverpool on the 6th,
ere N,0'0 bales.
IThe aaarket wan ,auoyant, and advancing. Thei
nws by thec stesahip Arnerieau caused I-8d ad.
v nee. Breadstuffe and provisions steady. Oon-'
3.l Ol. nu l~lact I
A Place for the Cavalry.
This arm of the State service has been dormsa
hud far, because there was an duty suited to thei
But there is a place For themi now, and a vel
iadiome place,-and we respectfully sugge
,hat the eavalry corps of South Corolina sheou
jave the opportunity of entering the feld. T1
tate is sending infantry to Virginiia. They a
aid to be particularly destined for Norfolk. Hl
d it not probable that in a little time the war w
mocome general on the Virginia border? And
t not to be expected, that rhre will be the po
)f honor as well as of trial? If so, South Car
ina will be represented in that strife; and th
:an 6Aet be done, under the circumstances of h,
iresent situation, by her cavalry. Many of t
soblest spirits have been held back by their dew
ion to this branch of the service and by the ear
at desiro of serving the country in this capacit;
Fhey expect that'they will be called on as could,
Lt the first hour of need, and they according]
told themselves in readiness to move at short a
ice. Why not then open a door to them, no
hat "trumpets are sounding" and " war-stew
re bounding" in the direction of the free hil
if Old Virginia ? If the State desires to be rel
esented on the new fIolds of glory that Lie b<
rond, it can not be more effieiently, or readily, <
ravely done than by our cavalry. We know thi
outo urge the inutily of cavalry in modern wa
'are. But we believe nevertheless that they wi
io just the kind of troops to assist materially i
cattering arrzies mado up of Northern Black Ri
ublican new recruits. If our Stato authoriti
re to have any discretion as t, the character 4
he corps they may send to Virginia, we respoe
ully urge upon them the claims of the cavalr,
:n regard t6 the 2nd Regiment, composed of Al
eville and Edgetiold, we maj truly say that I
ore heroic soldiers will enter this war. Wi:
rave officers and intrepid men, it will cut its wa
there any living r.giment can do so. We ai
ware that it is said in Edgefield by some, th:
he drain upon us has already been heavier the
lsewhere. But remember, we vote 3400 ; an
here are perhaps six hundred more males betwe
he ages of 17 and 21. And although we hai
ent some seven hundred men to the field, y4
bree of the companies will return by expirativ
if their term of service in July. This is no goo
eanon, therefore, agninst giving this Reg
aunt, or at least four of its companies, a place I
he first cavalry duty of the war. If we are righ
t should be done quickly. Otherwise, we fus
hat, in despair of their own peculiar service, the
ill volunteer in some other, and thus (it may b4
lisband their present organization for all purpos
f benefit to the cause.
General News Items.
prEx-President Buchanan It is said expres
a his determination to sustain the Lincoln gol
|The Legislature of New York has pass
bill appropriating $3,000,000 to equip 30,0(
olunteers, in addition to the present State fore
loy. Morgan has issuod his proclamation acee:
piaA now Volunteer company has been fort
d in Wilkes County, Ga., Rev. Mr. Green, Bal
ist clergyman Captain. This is the third compi
y in that county-two of them commanded I
_SO- The Louisiana papers report the crops
orn and cane were never tinrr, and the promist
ield cheering. Fruit of all kinds in abundane
p1 The Boston Commercial Bulletins's reguh
reekly list of failures and suspensions for tI
reek, gives eleven failures and suspensions i
iw York. seven in Boston, five in Philadelphis
wo in Detroit, and twenty-ono in other places
tal of forty-six fur the week ending April 12.
dil the Northern fanaties say there is "Nobod
p~r " One of Andersen's forty pounders Is sal
Shavo sntawhed a piano forte in one of the hiouse
n Sullivan's Island. The ownter, an individue
f uncommon fortitude, merely remarked that
ras 'a clear case of the ifrtyer in re cowning int
isgraceful antagonism with the a'auriter in el
and about that time the f,.rtitication fell. 1N
The merciless pnsir whoipends the above (an
-ho, by the wasy, signs himtelf IFortimnore,) has tl
udacity to add,
" Accept this nut fromt me,
'Twill do to crack ;., t,t."
We must be excused for saying that neithe
ew-bone nor digostion is adequate to the task.
g'Among the Sabbath amnuements at S
,ois, on the 7th, was a tight at Arsenal Parl
etween a Brazilian tiger and two bull dogs.
p0-The piublisher of the Chester .Staoard hi
educed the size of that paper and will for a whi
sue it semi-weekly in order the hotter to furni:
is readers with the latest; news.
peThe Doy Book newspaper oflice in the cit
f New York, is comapetlled to have a guard tof p<
ce officers, in consequence of poputlar dlemonstri
pOOur Hamburg friends tired a salute
'hursday evening last in honor of the secessic
parAn immense and enthusiastic meeting wi
eld at Louisville, Ky., on the ight or the l6:1
tesolutions were uaanimously adopted approviti
loy. Magoffin's refusal to furni-h the qiuota
oops demanded from Kentne~ky hy the Federa
overnmenot, and assertintg that in the event
rar, Kentucky will go with the South.
poA'special dispatch to the Consitut(,od'ii
ated Memphis, 17th April, says: " A tremendo'
seeting was held here last nigt, at which it wi
esolved that Memphis war, out of the Unido
There are no Uttion men bere now. The Cil
'uncil appointed a Military Boerd, and app'r
riated fifty thousand dollars for the defencei
heo city. Citizens are arriring antd equippi:
3g The Madison Rifles, one saf the compani
rum Mississippi, lhave the niee little sum of wene
ousand dollars in their treasury, besidles sis: n
yro men, all of which have been piresented to the
y the citizens of that county since their eulis
paMr. John W. Nixon, of Louisiana, has r
ived the appointtment of Paymraster in the Co.
ederate States Navy.
pa A young man by the name of Samuel Ba
er, from Washington, D. C., Is raising recruitsi
erre Haute, Indiana, to jotin the Southern aria
p@ The Memphis (Tenn.) Appeni, of the 181
nt., says: A "flying rutneir" upont the stree
his morning gives the following as Govern<
tetor's last reply to Lincoln's call for voluateer
Yours received calling for a regiment of volui
ers from Arkansats. Nusry one-see you d
pe- It is said that ten Irish regiments in ti
tolition States have offered their services
90- It is said that only one hundred addition
oldiurs have been placed In F,,rt.Pickens. Maj.
rower's succeeds Slemmer ina commnand.
pa- tiy. Brown of Georgia, has received a r
uisition from the War Departnment at Montge'
ry calling for 5,000 more troops tnr immedia
g" President Davis call" for thirty-two then
ud meon. The impression is genterai that Pres
ent Davis will take cornmantd of the army.
99 Arms and other nmunitions of war lhai
een shipped to Alugusta, Georgia, front New for
a Havana, an~d it is highly probiablo that nto
rilt follow suit.
p. lists were freely offered yesterday, sa
he Charleston LCor'ier of the 1tth, that tte Lii
.i-.. Congress wouttd ns .an'-l i.. '-'angtonc
he 4th of July. and that before the 1st of Jul
'resident Davis would issue orders from Was]
pfr The steamer Habana has been purchase
>y the 41overnment or the Canfederate States.
will be transformed into a war vessel. She wi
arry eight guns and one pivot gun.
pO- A V'olunteer Aid Society has been orga
icd in Celumbhia.
EF There were slight frosts int this vicinity
Chursday, Friday end Saturday ofthe past week.
to..,.erial da...aa done to tegrongn crops.
at That great commonwealth of freemen has at
R. length severed its connection with an oppressive
ry majority and united with the Seven Stars of the
at South in vindicating the principles of republican
Id libterly. Make room for the Star of the Old Do
i0 minion ! And welcome, welcome, a thousand
re tinas welcnme be her sons and daughters to the
It new Southern fold!
A It is an event which many of us have never
is coased to expect with !till abiding faith, however
ot adverse the political symptons of her delay. And
)- it is surely one for which we have hoped on with
is the deepeet solicitude. After a, it has perhaps
sr occurred at the auspicious moment. It is certain
ir ly a glorious moment for Vinginia's ancient re
nown ;--ot when security beckoned her to the
- work;-not when a vacillating administration at
F. Washington seemed about to fall to pieces from its
Y own incuoberent counsels;-But when, the first
y confusivu braved, that administration had bar
)- dened its face and bared its insulting arm for the
W subjugation of the seven sisters;-when its blind
Is devoteei had been summoned by tons of thou
Is sands to the rescue, and when all its powerful ap
:. pliances had been set in motion with fiendish seal
to ensure our downfall ;-then it was that Virginia
or threw herself into the imminent deadly breach
it and said: "If this be your purpose, you can
r- only come to it ovor the crushed bones of my
11 children." And to these children, in the language
n of one of her own bards, she now exclaims:
"Can you forget my glory,
e My valiant sons of old ?
Names chronicled in story,
Deeds blazoned in bright gold?
My enemies assemble
To scorn me and disgrace:
Go, make the invader tremble;
Go, scourge the tuaacherous race.
h "I gave them broad dotainions;
y I gave them liberty;
And now the ungrateful minions
Have turned to fetter me.
Long years have I been pleading
n That they should grant me peace;
d But they, my voice unheeding,
n Yow war shall never cease.
"Leave then your peaceful labours;
at Unfurl your banners high;
n Bring your rides and your sabres,
d And go prepared to die.
To die for me Is glorious;
So died your sire. of yore:
n My suns, come back victorious;
Or never come back more."
r It was to be expected that the intelligence of
y Virginia's action would be hailed at the South
) with delight. It has been so, and even more ;
a enthusiasm, ecstasy has marked its reception in
all quarters. Even the late Cotton-States theori
ters are joining in the chorus jof rejoioing. And
how natural, how righteous ! For where is the
district, or town, or hamlet, throughout the South,
that is not all the more hospitable and true for its
intermingling of Virginia blood ? And what re
d fecting man can fail to rejoice, that the good
0 commonwealth which acted so distinguished a
part In the Revolution of 1773 is with us in the
Revolution of 1861 ?-with us, for weal or for
woe, now and fsorever?
I- Neat Cavalry Flag.
Our friends, Fisk & McLaughlin, who are be
- becoming celebrated for their skill in that line,
y have just finished a company gag for the " Edge
field Rangers," which is to be presented to that
>f corps about the first of May. On one side is a
d Palmetto tree, with the name of the company.
. On the other is a horseman, with the motto in
r scrolls above and below-" Liberty we love-Jus
ties we will fight for." The Edgefield boys will
n stick to their text. So says the Augusta Dirpatch,
a Responses to Lincoln.
- ftead again these capital responses to Old Abe's
Y War Department:
FRaixVOInT, Ky., April 15, 1881.
d To the. Secretaerr of War :
'Your dispatch has been received. In answer, I
Lsay emphatically, Kentucky will furnish no troops
o foir the wicked purpose of subdaing her sister
.'Southern States. .
(Signed,) 'n Mov
Governor of Kentucky.
e RAab~son, N. C., April 15, 1861.
To thse S'ecretaery of War :
Your dispatch has been received, and if it is
genuine, which its extraordinary chararter lead,
rme to doubt, I have to say in reply that I regard
a levy of troops for the purpose of subjugating the
t. Confederate States of the South, as in violation ci
r, the Constitutin, and a usurpation of power. I
can be no party to this wicked violati.on of the
Slaws of the country, and to this war upon the lib.
rerties of a free peo'ple. You can get no tro.'ps in
h North Carolina. I will reply more in detail when
your call has been received by mail.
(Signed,) Joex W. ELLI.s,
7 Governor of North Carolina.
Governor Iharris of Tennessee, has also rep~lied
to Lineeln's Secretary of War, that he will not
furnish a single man for coercion, hut will furnisL
n fifty thousand, if necessary, for the defence of on:
rights, and those of our Southern brothers.
Govi. Jackson, of Missouri, replies to the Scere
5 tary, -.hath his requisition is illegal, unconstitution.
.al, revolutionary, inhuman, diabaslisal, and cannot
g be complied with, for Missouri will not furnish a
>f man for such an unholy crusade.
ii Now turn and look on the picture of a drivelling,
>f snivelling submxissionist:
"UGov. h.icks has informed the Secretary of Wa:
t, that Maryland will respond to his call with the
, quota assigned to her."
sTwo or three weeks ago the Edgefield Adlrsti.
rer accused the Hosae Jaaural of " tosdyisn it
y the direction of Lincoln." We had failed to see
. thie, although we read the )Iuame Jaurneal usually
with a grea'. deal of attention; yet, knowing the
A deesruieer to he un e f the closest readers amoangal
g our exchanges, we concludedt it was so, and re.
solvedl to, keelp a bright lnok-out to see if thi:
hitherto high-toued Journal, the delight of South.
era ns well as Northern literati. was stooping tr
n the low and vile filth of abolitionism. We do not
-. yet know that the -tdeertiaer was mistaken. It
has. hiawever, been contradicted "distinctly and
e~nlphatically" by a $uuthaern writer (?) tea the
- Washington .S'treand U/nion. We sinceroly ho'pe
feor the honor eaf letters it for nu higher or moere
practical ronsieratio~n, that Morris andie W1illis,
Sboth of whisse namues are welded to Atuearienti
-. lite'raturu, will keep the Humca J,.,ruuls where il
has always been heret.,fore, entirely above suspi.
eion. Let us have amidst the unbrotherly anad
reuantemptuous depareciatinn so, universal at the
n North, at least ono paper that " tueate to us sim,
Sply upon the breast-deep current of human sym.
:i Thu above is from the Yorkville Enguirer, and
te we copy it mainly to agree with it in its apprecia
,r tion of the IHom~e Jou mrnal. There is no psaper it
: America for which we have a higher regard. And
- we believe its distinguished editors are pure men
d and patriots untainted with sectional error. Thoiu
paper too Is as remarkable for its fairness as it ii
e for its excellence. But the "dist'net and em,
o phatie".conftradiction of the said "Southern writes
'to the contrary notwithstanding, we did see a five
line paragraph in one numbaer of thu Joernael thai
seemsedl to us to " incrlinae to tondyismi in the direc,
r tf the Lincolna." It was a notice of thou
after the fashion of allusions somnetimes made t<
'Royal personages,-s. smasll anatter, to be sure but
SiNelinaide, as we thought and said, to court bobbe.
te ry. It is with regret, however, that we find out
brief eomment maade so much of, North as well
-as South. With this single small exceptionb, andi
i- which we may have construed amiss, we bave
seen nothing in the columrns of thu Iuee J.eer'ad
e that cosldl.prejudice the most sensitive southern
.o Will the Mobile Regleiter, Yorkville Enguirer,
Washjngton .'warte, New Y'.rk Day B0ok, and
ether papers that have no'ticed this matter, plea'e
give room to our explanatory rem arks.
n Ihow They spell?
y Much is boasted of the educational facilities ref
a- forded at the Noarth by their public schools. But
thue Schlool Committee of Winchester, Mass., ve
d posted the other day an examination of some of
[t their pupils who gave the following words varn
Ii ously, thus:
Infinaa,,etorart-.. initoy- uInatory-lm
fiantr-Inanitory7. (Nost spelled right on a sin
nglo paper.) l.:ath,-IstmnsImusth-Iimus
The Company of Capt. Spaxa, received a fag
on the 10th inst., from the fair and patriotic ladies
of Hamburg. It war presented in camp on Mor
ri6' Island, and was-accompanied with the follow
Corporal P. 0. RANsu, deputed by the ladies
to that duty, presented the tag in brief but ap
propriate terms, as fellows:
CA.PT. Spiass :-It becomes My pleasing duty,
in obedience to the behests of lovely womana,.to
make known to you and your gallant men a gift
of priceless value. I say priceless, because no
price will induce you to part with it when once
deposited in yuur keeping. It Is this bright Flag,
gentleman soldiers, that awaits your proud accept
ance-a Flag which I am Instructed by the ladies
of Hamburg to prisent to you in their bobalf.
With It go the approving smile# to which -no
brave spirit is eve. indifferent; and for the safety
of those whose common badge it now become,
ascend the warmest prayers of glowing hearts..
With this grateful assuranco, take IL That you
will cherish and defend it to the death no living
man dare deny. It is yours I
, Ensign Joux D. REXILLY received it in behalf
of the Company and said:
CAPT. SPIRZs,-I am proud indeed that I have
the honor of receiving this beautiiul Flag in be.
half of my Companions, the Hamburg Volun.
teers, and truly gratified that It Is my happy privi
lege to return their sincere and heartfelt thanks to
ihe Ladies of Hamburg for the tasty and magal
ticent demonstration by which they have bea
pleased to assure us that their hearts arq with us
in the cause in which wo have enlisted. We are
proud of the confidence they have exhibited in
entrusting this standard ro our protection, and we
assure them their confidence is not misplaced, and
shall never'be abused.
The custom of carrying the Banner is as old as
civilization, and the various designs have marked
the times and the manners. In the classic ages it
was made of drapery suspended from the Cross,
and usually bore the image of the object of ado.
ration; that of the Romnaps was a single s'quare
cloth of crimson, bearing t6e inscription s.-P.
Q. R." (Senatores, Populus, Quo Romanus,) sur
mounted by an eagle for the legend, and an open
for the Company. The famous banner of Con
,tantine was surmounted with a Cross of Goldand
Jewels. In the expedition of Cyrus, the Persia
King exhibited a Golden - Eagle, and from the
Bible we learn the different devices borne by the
children of Israel. But in those days of glory
and pride the banner was a mark of distinction,
while the American Banner, with its simple Stars
and Stripes, was intended to denote its equality.
In all ages, and among all nations, the banner
and inscription has ever been cherished with a
feeling akin to reverence, and they have felt it
thtir duty to place the motto of their rights upon
its folds that the breezes of Heaven might bear It
to the bounds of the earth, and proclaim like "
Constantine, In hoc signo VCCes."
It was indeed painful to every American to
give up the'old Stas and Stripes; and it is still
painful that our duty calls upon us to regard it
with hostility as it Boats over the walls of Sum
ter-hallowed as it is by the holy association of
the past, and the days and deeds it commemo
rates; for beneath its folds have been gained vic
tories more glorious than ever furaished themes
for Grecian eloquence or attuned the lyre for
Grecian long. No nation has ever evhibited a
greater regard for the ensign of their rights than
ibe American people. In the days of 1726, on
Sullivan's Island, now under our eyes, when the
veteran Lee ordered Gen. Moultrie to abandon the
.iefence of the pass, (terming it a slaughter-pen,)
:he. '.Aezible Rutledge told him to stand firm.
The British attacked hie fort with a fiereeness
mzore execrable with hatred than Xerxes ever en
:ertained against Greece.
"Like leaves of the forest when summer Is green,
That host with their banners. at sunset were seen ;
Like leaves of the forest where autumn bath blown,
That host on the morrow lay withered and strewn."
It was then and there when the American Plag
had been carried down from the walls of the fort
'.y the ball. of the enemy, that Sergeant Ja
-.u g=a eanin aarnnaer.ry
leaped front the walls, regained the flag, fastening
it to a sponge-ranamer, replaced it amidst the
diercest of the firing. This and many other In
-tunees mnight be referred to, to show the devoting
.if the Americans to their standard; yet they
would but terve to renew the pain we felt in re
signiug that glorious old Flag. But a higher and
helier principle compelled us to lay it aside. We
could not insult the meniory of the heroes whose
-leeds5 imumortalized it by longer serving under it
in brotherhood with thore who for years have
truddena under foot the precepts those heroes left
to gui.le ut-who for years ha're disregarded the
holiest injunctions they, in departing, have left
behind thema-who for years have proved ree.
ant to their oath,, and indlulged in every specie.
of iaiscreaney that infamy coald suggest to de
prive us of our rights and equality in the Union ;
and not content with aiming a deoath-blow at our
institutions, thereby seeking to derive us of the
chief means by which we are to attain tbst pomi
tIon of honuor, weal.:a, and importatnee.which the
Crcator designed when aiding our forefathers in
becomning masters of the loveliest .soil beneath the
sun, but they were seeking to redue eour mother,
.mur sisters, our wives, and our daughters toshame;
for if allowed to go on as they commenced, our
progeny would eventually have been forced to a
level with those creatures upon whose brow the
.Uwighty placed the signet of Inferiority by which
they were to be known as slaves for man.
But it is useless to enumnerate the long cats
logue of grievances which forced1 us to the posi
tion we now occupy. Enough ! " The die is east !"
We must stand the hazard of the turn. The woak
being well begun is half complote-yet there is
inuch to do, and it is for the eons of Carolina,
and of tho whole South, to emulate the exaingle
of their forefathers, and do it at.oned/ang-iobly
it shall he done. With their wrongs crying for
-vengeance, the daughters of our soil asking us to
avert the shaft which the vandaliuing hordes of
Northern fanatics arc aiming at their dignity and
..nr honor, if aught be wanting to fire the true
Southern heart to a sense of just indignatie'i for
our wrongs and a determination to disinthrall
-ourselves entirely from the shacklfls Whlherude
phbilanthropilsts are seeking to throw around us, It
is the aippruving smile of lovely woman,
" The goddess from whose inspiration Sews
The toil of patriots, the delight of friends;
Without whose worth divine, in heaven or earth,
Naugtht lovely, naught propitious, comes to paes
Nor hope, nor prai.se, nor honor."D
Her's has been a celestial mission -mid corrctly
has it been fulfilled. Her ear ever open to catch
the sound of distress--her voice attuned to the
chords of sympathy, she is ever present when In
suffering she can aid, e'nd ever heard when her
gentle voice can command to deeds of honor, or
whisper consolation to the drooping spirits of
man. And as it has been truly said of her " tho'
timid she be and so delicate that e winds of
heaven may not too roughly visit her," when she
can assist by her counsel or presence,' "she losaea
all sense of danger, assumes a preter-natural oour
age which knows not and fears not consequences.'
" Not she with traitrous kiss her Savior stung;t
Not she denied him with unholy tongue;..
She, when A postles shrank. could dangers brave,
Lust at the Cross, and earliest at thb grave.'
And now, that I have before us this "bright
flag,"' from their hands, with the pleasing asse
ace that their feelings are with un,' and that the
" warm prayers of glowing hearts" ascend for our
protection, is there a manm who would hesitate to
march to the grave de'eming his life a smaall sac
riace at the shrine of his- konor? If there be,
you can assure the Ladies of Hamburg, to whom
we are indebted for this lovely symbol of our
rights, that he shall never be found beneath Its
If permitted, like the Olive Biranch. it shall be
thu insignia of peace to mankind, but if assailed
or insult be ofered to the soil over which It gloat,
its inscription shall prove moe dreadful to the
!aggressor than the fierce Netvs on thumc.
walls of Babylon to the dIj~ieied vision Th'eis
Tell them therever daty eommadr
beckons, wheto'year segs way point
awoatt aidst mtsifp thai eakst. l~a