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for. Five ) iiars.
Arrival of Presiilent Davis in lichnold,
j' ..sidet:,t Invi, accomplaniedl by lion. I.
'T. i.--igt~, C. -"-'.. '}J' I:- l''vis, and< Col
,rthro .. airrive :y th 1'ershing rairoa
in anl etra t rain. at u 'Clock yesterday nor:;
inf. ad::i pr lcr'd 1" 8 he S18tswoo4 I [81el
wuieere apl rtmnt had 1been provided ilor ;hem
Ti' r1siiunt h iad1 been exipected. byeag
1raid. '~in ': lvi 8a~ ltat. auiil it 'wa ; known it
the ci;r* ve. 'erd- t hat ie woDuldl be here it
t he i:rtili.g. A r :rent t:rowl co&ll-'eted at the
ralir-,a-l dejl1.t early in the morn:..:, and,
;Uon as they-anltInon ani:oti888ea'1 his arrrival
there. t"t: a run.h of p8eol, to met and wel
co:; 8i1. T-Jere iinnSt irve b>een sevor:
thun.dstl prn at theIl depot and attrwar.i
at the Spot,0wod I I.tel. lresi.tent Davi.,
wat enve "Ced inl an *pti carriatge with itm
h.r.t. an8d ac:companie by Gov. Letcher.
Mav.,r .\vo :hid Mr. ligeanni.er, the matna
._-r .1 tllit b-(iel. 'T here was no parade cr
ivr.:ai,i on..ervedl. as here was none desired
,lm.diva of1 :his distinpih.dt man,: hi~t"
tr. w a s-inneulJUS tatherin:g of our
-iti-'inS.. who :ece:vird liin with he:rtfe t
( i ' apphi:u-;e. 'irm the time the car:
:i-.'e'l. ito when be LIetired ito h is apartmnent
at -e liot'l. i:e was greeted with continu:J
e(.-r : f8,.:,a thIJe mnen and w-;;in of hand
k -reiief. br the wmiitWen. ie people il
lichL8t~l, .lir.ceiatiig the :iaanitiinth. of t1i'
.r riuirle (.,:n n itired ol 88 t:he Steil oft
all ! l~nving c(initi.i8n1c in the ab ility if Pre
i *tit 1).8v!s .u ri.:n:I :lhe Confederate Sate.,
wi!l-: t hr. iii: I, ich. as they express(..
I .i.e nse.t: h hiliteI it see hi:. lie. too.
aLppreiLated tis s saa- LS and warl I
e -Ii 1.8.
.' e,,n a: thea 'rs..ideit enteril the ho
t..l. thiel was a loud call thr him 1y the
er.,wl .. ;ieoprle outsid ie. lie went. to tihe
wrindow. and. th:o:ilh greatly fatigued by con
tinual travel bhr three days and nights, h88
a idre8..5' ,ih.-m t.,r about tenl iiinnites. Mt
her b~a1,ing th~anked them20 for the very warmz
r8.eepti 88 lhe had receivedl, ha remarked that
it was i8.st a1 time for talking. but for action.
ai, being so flitignled fr,>m travel, lie e08uh8
niot then e.> i:o part ienhir statements or de
tails. lie exj':..ee I his gratifientioin at the.
un.ited voice of Virginia fbr secession. ' he
)l I) D .minion andi mtlher of States in tht
-wit hadl revived the memtlory of the past.-.
Si was the cradlle which rocked W~asington,.
.letfersonl, .l:tlisJIn, .\l81ur.,e and a galaxy o
other statesmen0: ini the ear'ieg and~ purer days
of the republic. We inherited a beautiful.
mo let Governlmet, coming from the hands
of thesegreat statesmen and patriots, .but I:
1jinsieen, pervertea by a faction, whose par
pose it is to deprive us of the constitutionai
rights bequeathedl us by the fathers; and
thesae are l he rights we are nlow vtidicating.
Asking to be ex.:nsed. on a1ccounIt of phy.si
cal inab-lity, he retired amidst loud cheers.
Mter President Davis retired, amidst en
thusiastic applause, a call was inade for Mr.
Wigfall, but he not being present at the timi'.
Gov. Letcher was called for. He responded.
and briefly said the State had been iniva-led,
and was threatened both by sea and land a
differen8t points, but that the enemy would 1h
repeiled. He was gratified nt the manner in'
which the President had been received by
thle citizenls of Richmflondi, for lie destervedl
t heir warmjest ho.'pitality and contlidence. 118.
c:oncludled by sayinig this was not a time for
mnakinlg speeches, butt for action.
After Gov. Letc~her retired. Mr. Wigfali
was called ibr algainl. He was war:.ly cheer
ed on appearing~ at the window. lie Tid hi
woUld addfress them~ now as fellow-enl~i..
hoiuglh when he was in Richnond several
weeks ago and addressed them i.-omi this placev.
he coal.l not call themi so. Lincoln was your
P restident then. Datvis is niow; anad your Pe
ident has niot come8 secretly and88 dhignised inl
a1 milit-tr* (cloa:k and88 Scot ch enp8. 11, is nic:
at manti olf dI~isguises,but b:>h. birave a8. d op :.
meni of' the c.'tten States by aeserting that
t.'hey only de8?5tred toi drag the bord. r Stat.s
iJut'8.8 t lie l.'ionii, so that the brunt of tin
war might fall on themv, and that the Coittuin
States might escape. Do, noit the legions~ ii
brave mna now here. an:d 8on their way frin:
tihe far Sothl to8 light 888 Virgi::ia soiil. iv
t he lie to th!ese ala :l. ' 1 1'we2 C".j! haro
been specially noti,:ed: by thes: Nor,rn tra
ducer-, a:;d he hats thrie., 58m: enili5cel as i
vates in8 the arm88v comin;: to light in our8 i,:n8
mioni cauls'. Tu'e petople ofi the: cottoni: Staitos
are not seilish in ti grand ioivemenc~t for ini
depenidence anti in deh-nii of it ts, norw ii
they withbold their nilmiost eniergies ort mealns
for the conli;et, when-rever it any~ conie, ori
however great it may be. Th'le bo->ming o
cannonl0 and18 tue shout8s of menui that echioe
lram~n town to towni, andl villag~e to village
throughout the cottonl S:st.:., wheun the new.
arrived that Vir'gin8ia had~ united hier destinyl
with the Coniederate Stawa,. shoiw low v~e
rejoiced in that great act of the ild Ioinij;
i.8n: and~ not f.,r o8ur bakes only. but for the
principles that we are readyl to'die8 in nain
taitling, anil for which we ha~ve Comie to fight
.-81de by side with vii. At the cmnchuion e
Mr. \figfaf!'s retn.auks lie was enit ha-inastit alb
At half.na;st 5 o'cloc~k yester I~a y eveniu8
Prcesidenit I ayis visited the Caillp of 1luistrue
tion, Central Fair G.rouinds. accoimupaniied by
a numerous retinne, and inspated the ur
ranigemlints made.1 for the accoimmoida:iioe
the.~volu;nteetr., wi th wieh lie expir.ed him.
self higi.ly gnratifi;l. liis receptioun at the
camip was en8thuSmate in the extremie.
A large c:oncourse of eitizenls, amlong whom
were mniy ladies, assemibled last eveniing. he.
fore the Spiotswood liotel, to get a view of
the Presidlent, or to he-ar a spech. liy half
piast nline u.'-lock there were s veral thou
sands presenst. They seemedi14 to have somei
consideration for his excelh acy, whoi, it i:
known. has not hadl good heathhl, aund was
much fatittued; but they were determiined,
t*) have a speech, and calh:d repeatedly for
C .l. Wigtfal. Tihat gentlemuan appearing at
the window to spe.ak, was received with great
applause. H~e said he had comle simply to
thanik them for the honor conferred on him:
anid not to speak, but rather to ask themn to.
excuse him from speaking. Hie had travelled
three days and night<, made speeches at al
most every station on the way, atnd had spok
en three tinies to-day. Cries of go on, go on,
at this point, compelled the orator to proceed.
He said when be was last in Richmond, there
was some necesaity for speaking ton them, but
since that time they had all been converted,
and, as far as he could see, there was not the
least sign of backsliding. (Cries of no., no!
none none !) It wasl not necessary, therefure,
to make any argument, for thecy were all
right. Hie was proud of Virginia, the land of
Washington, Henry, bladison, Monroe, .Jef
ferson, the Lees, Pendleton, and a ho4t of
others, who fought for the principle of self
three-quarters of a century, are contending
for the same great principle, and they will
succeed. He would not go into any detail of
his views of the war, but would say that if
the enemy proceeded to cross the border, very
minky wedc:ld never return. (Here there was
voiciferous cheering, showing the speaker
had touched the popular heart.) After apolo
'izing :gain for the absence of the President,
and excusing himself, he retired amidst loud
cheers. The people, having had a speech,
appeared satisfied and dispersed.
We learn that the President and the Hon.
L. T. Wigfall made brief speeches at the
Caunip of lustruction yesterday evening.
The Richmond Inquirer, in noticing the
visit of the President to the Fair Grounds,
gives us the following report:
"On leaving his saddle, the President was
t surrounded by an eager crowd ofsoldiers and
civilians, whom he indulged to a hand-shak
ing performance until the pressure became so
great that he was compelled to retire to the
balcony of the Executive Department, where,
i response to the demands of the assemblage,
h( dlivered the following brief and pertinent
".Mv friends and fellow-citizens : I am deep
ly impres.sed with the kindness of your moan
lhstation. 1 look upn yuti a- the hast best
h'vce (fi liberty ; and in our liberty alone is
our co:stitut owar cgovernmewnt to he pre served.
I'p.,m your strong right arms depends the sue
cess of your cotintry, and, in asserting the
birth- i'ht to which yon were born, you are
to remember that lily and blood are nothing
-as compared with the immense interest you
-have at stake. (Cheers.)
it may be that you have x:ot long been
l trained, and that you have mitch to learn of
the art of war, but I know that there beats in
the bre:ast ot Southern sonic a deteincinat:on
never to surrender-determinationl ncever to
go houne but to tell a tale of honr. (Cries
of --never !" and applause.) iThough great
msay be the di-pa.rity ' nuusbers, give us a
iir field end a free light, and the Southern
hanne r will float in tinumph everywhere.
(Cheers.) Th e country relies upon you. U'pon
you rest the' hope; of our people ; and I have
only to s;a, my friemls, t hat to tiel last breath
of nir life'1 a:i: wholly your own. (Treinen
T11 . Bei-rain 1[ipsvElt ON T ilE BLoCK.A E.
Ti'e tallowi:ng is an extract from a letter by
Lord Lyo:s to the British Consul at Mobile,
.rated May 8:
'The bes't advice you can give British ships
i to get off as fast as possible without seriour
inconveniecee. After the eflec:ive blockade
ehas .een commenced, they wili be allowed
fifceen days to take their departure, but they
will not be allowed to carry out any cargo,
car part of a cargo, taken on board after the
effeti'c blockade was actually begun. In.
deed, accordipg to the rules of blockade5 I
helieve. they will be liable to coenfiscatior. for
attempting to go cuti with a cargo shipped af
ter the eceneeeinenit of a blockade. But.
the effective blockade does not begin until the
blockading sqmdclron actually appear ol' the
p'rt. The President's proclatiation is only
the declaration of an intention to blockad'e."
Death of Chancellor Wardlaw'.
It is with the deepest regret that we an
Inounce the death of Chancellor W~ardllaw, who
dfie- in this city yesterday, about 12 u'clock.
We are sure that the eciire people of the
tate, and especially the 'Bench and the Dar,
will receive this intelligence with the tiro
foundest emotion. Without intending to de
tract in the slightest degree from the well
earned ime rof the great men who preceded
hii, we venture to aflirm that is uniform
urbanity, his dignified courte.y, his iremit
tng eaiiece, united with his concprehecnsive
inteleet, his profouned learining, and his conh
iteieutious5 love of ju-,tice, place hime amioing
the briighte'st ornamnents of our judiciar.
Colcubia Cacolinin, 30th inist.
From tin. Richcinoiud Examcinser.
Trhe lieroismi of' Jackson.
The butchery of Jackson, 'the first patriot
martyr of' 'ir'gir.iu, reveaels the true obje'cts
and design~s of the V'aiedals who hav~e invaded
our soil. The leader of the thieves and
buglars of New Yoerk, when he violated
the house of a respectable and quiet citizen
of Virginia,. was merely initiating a campaign
w'nch is desigtned to t~e the most takless and
brual of muodern times. The wretch fell, it
is t'rne, by a hand as brave and fearless ats
ht which smote the gigantic G;aul, who
dared to touch the heard of the Roman Seua
teer, in the Senate Chamber; butt wvhile the
incidenet icmmortalized a hero, and ecnded the
existence of a runliant, it also) teaches us a
most imnpressiv'e lesson.
The inevasion of Virginia is to be conebled
by the Ellsworths, the rufiians, the thieves,
the vagaboncds of'the Northern artiies. As
the "dangerous clases" leave driven Ape L.
co commcence this uniholy and infernal war,
so are they to direct aned control it!I The
edctdojileer acid the honest fanatic e a
pian1 the camtpaignl, beet they' will not be able
t conitrol the lawiess wretches of' whom Ells
wothl was a type
'he violationc of JTacksoni's house shows the
elvenc hooi of' thce itnvader'. It will be idle
hereafter for the it' aceheroues, cantcing hcypo
c'ites ce theeSewanrd sc'hool to talk about "re
p>eion of the forts, clock-yards acid arse
ceal-." as the obJljects ande iede of the war. It
will be equally 'idle fore the e'necmy, by '- proc
ieatnts '"and~ genelrail or'de'rs,'' to attempt to
Icul into a sense of' tidse seen~rity thle people
of V irginiai, bcy perating about thecir sacred
r 'cepeatt fir "'priate proerty'i and11 the pirotoe.
tion~ of tihe ''unae:lild citizen".
Alt beoughe live thwnsancd seoliers, ocn T1hurs.
day13 nighit icnvaded V'irginica uneri th~~ecom
i mand~ of min, all of wihome nre not as ncoto
c'iously vile as Eliswoi'th and his Z-'acves, we
inevrtihless tiad the mnost latwiess aced infa
m os rtegimet'ts of' thce forty thocusaned neow ini
acl cecar Wa:sheintgton: proeceeling at onceto
act' of violence. Whfy was the wor.St of all
L ~ regi'ents cf' the eenmy nhalloed tee f'ornm a
p oct eof thle i nvaelin:g force, if pillage and
in.,neitLwee no iut c'o~mmplatted as ii tal .steps1
ae te cont eplated subj ugation of \'rgncia'.
L c'ie' a l-d wisely whe'n Ice shoet eade
lee rnc c ic wh, sought to di-gratce ande dlis
honor hcim aIlthoughi he' knecw tha~t inc uloineg
o be (.lfered his owne life as the saeecifice.
Le.t everv Vir'gineian reasoni and atee as .Jack
n l e, an'ed very son the Ellsworthes (If the
in'adng army' will find thaet pillage acnd vio
:enee will neot l'ay.
As the theiCees anld otlaews of the Nor~cth
eave incvaled V'irginiat, let every 'shot gem,
rfle, boewie-kife', spear anid otheer deadly
weapon be puct ici readiness. Let every' heorse
beI tainede toc stande fire. acnd evei~y farmner
et his weapone r'cedy for the: most terrile
eerilla wvarfarce which a brave people e'ver
crriedl on in defence of' theier wives and their
chiledren, aend theeir sacrl'ted liber'ties. Lcet it
ie the bcoast of' ever'y citizten thati hce is eitheer
a veltinteer or a mnemcbei' of somce comcpany
ready for every exigency.
Te Broloks Troop, Capt. JIxn. F. Ltrse:.m,
of this 1dce~, and the IDa~vis Gucardes, Capt. Wt.
L. M. A 's-ris, of this 1)istr'ict, leave beene ae
ce~ted inito IIA~i'ros'5 Legin, acid aire await
Iicng ac~rching order . Te Brooks Troop is a
lie caevar'y corps, comlpceed~ c f as good ema
teril as there is in the District. Th'le Daevis
Gna~rus is an infantry company, and1( is talso
cimpesed ot' fine, clever meni. Gr eneville
D~istrict, as well ne the State, will lee we'll re
jreetd in .the Legionc of ColI. Wte II~uw
-re.-Greenevill - Enterprise
A Rton CoscKeNst Esot.Ao.-A late
Wasigtonc despatch says:
A ruumor is afloat here to thce eff'ect that
Secretary Seward has just received despratchces
from England declar'ing the inetenetion of theat
Governent not to recognise the Code of the
oigress of Par'is, of 1850, which dlenioucees
p.rivteering as pir'acy, end allegieng that this
Code wacs the act of' all thce great powers of
Europe, in Congress assembled, and it is mian
festly noat in her' power as onee of' the signers.
of that compact, to accept, at this leate daey,
the tady acceptance of the United States.
Death of a Respected Citizen.
Daniel Mixer, Esq., for many years the
acomodating host of the Charleston lHo
tl, and one who was weell anti favorably
known thrrengbotet our entire communeity,
hid this morning at 2 o'clock, at Columbus,
Georia. His disease was cholera mnorbus,
ad was quite uudden amid unexpected.
harlstn Nem 27th milt
WASHINGTO, May 31st.-Captain En
reports Sewell's Point as impregnable.
says there are 4,000 troops there. Gen. I
ler's plan now is to surround them and sta
An official letter to General Butler, spe
inog of slaves who may escape from their t
ters to his camp, says: " You must refr
from surrendering to alledged masters, 1
sons who come within your lines. You t
employ such persons in tie service. to wh
they are best adapted, keeping an accouni
them and their labor."
Gen McDowell has infornlation that G
Lee is advancing upon Alexandria with :
000 Southern troops. That McDowell
ticipates an attack is very evident from
activity with which lie is fortifying the
proaches to the city.
Butler was reinforced by 2,000 men yesi
The Times says that there are 8,000 Sot
ern troops at Ilarper's Ferry, and 1,000
the Point of Rocks ; and that they are I
tially demoralized, but that they will ti
The sime journal says that there is no tr
in the iunored evacuation of ilarper's Iel
but that, on the contrary', the troops there
peta atack nightly, and skep on their ar
The gos-ip of the New York 'I'rihune, s
it is rumored here that (Gen. Lee, of the C
federate States Army, is approaching A.
andria with (0,u00 troop.;.
Gov. Banks favors putting an army of 3
000 men in the field, so that the dillicul
be speedily settled.
The New York Seventh departed fur h(
Nearly cierv Regiment in Washington i
under marchin'g orders last night. lefore
Southerners can get within reasonable tight
distance thirty thousand men will be cont
trated on the'lleights to the west of Alex
dria. It has since been understood that
South Carolinians are still holding possess
of .uinasias .1 unction.
The Federalists, it is said are especi:
anxt.it to get at the Sttm Ii Coraliuia
Gen. BrrT.t.at spent Monday last in N
port, Va. lie reports that great confu
and suffering were prevailing a:t.ong
Federal :roops in consequetce of some dei
.getent iii the subsistence department and
fact that the stores of the furaging parties
been robbed and destroyed.
Lieut. Col. W1.. 11. Ea m, of the Uni
Sia:es Armny, Cavalry Branch, and a nativ
Maryland, has resigned.
The Ball opened in Virginia--Fighti
at Aequia Creek.
W.tsnisc-ro , June 1.-The Federal stet
ers Freeborn and Anacosta are now engay
the Confederate Stale batteryat Aquia Cr,
Two war vessels have been ordered to tl
The War 1)epartnent is to he kept Opel
night it ord, r that the Goveritnent may ft
the result of the conflict at Aquia Crek.
Arrest of Marylanders.
B.ul.-ruatoa , June 1 -Ex-Gov. Pratt
been arrested and taken to W.ashington.
Ex.Go"v. Lowe bas also been arrested
order of the Federal authorities.
The Brooklin captures t British
Momtrt.:, June 1.--The liritish steamer (
iramionl froam Lavaunna, was fired uponi
the Federabl ,eamier Brooklyni, broatght to
boarded. Shte was tatken us a rz.
Tlhe schiotner Clinton, loadcd with peas
tice for this port, has beeni ordered oif by
F)aiirfax C. IH., Va., to be occupied
Wastsrx'os, .June 1.-A col umni of Ft
ral troops is no0w aa (hinig ona Fairfax C.
Vai., with orders to, oeenpy the platce bei
More trouble inm Camp.
Ntew Yotac, June 1.-A portion of
.arIial. j.arns'turew d~Aan their musl
to-day, and said that they would have noth
but rifles. Two of thle maitineers were s!
wereupton the balance concluded to take
Sewell's Poitnt Battery opens fire aga
lia.:rtlonlR, Mn)., M.y 30, P. .-A
Fede.ral stamer Empjire City was ps
Sewell's Puint to.dayv, the battery at
place oper:ed fire upfont her, antd fired f
hots. The stenaner was over thtee nui les<
tant, but the shots camne very narut reach
her, thuns demlonstratinig very satisfacto:
the excellence of the ordnance mounted
tat battery, and the ellic.iency of thi
aving charge of it.
Grfton occupied by Federalt Troo
.Ctsc'Issmr, Uniato, aay :aI.-Tfhe ftowa
G rafton, in Virginaia, ion the Bailtimore
Ohio Rtailroatd, was occtupiedh by Federal tro
TlI:n Southetners retired. wtithoutt lir
Lot: a .a.: Kr., May' .'..-A aitw mlil
ryv district calledf the 1 )eptart metn t of K ent iiue
has beent organiisedl by ~e the .hii ('ave
muvant, antd tl. itbat Andetlrsotn appto~ia
ats. destinied for F'trt .Mel henry, were spil
on their ptassage thr'ough this city, but
tauge was not, discovered unitiI thle gl
were mouted ott the Fort.
Severa:l of thle distarderlies of thiis c'ity'
proahed' the 1ghe'ts of the Fetderalf troops
Fderal lIfill, narl this city y'esterdayv, wl
i-vy wet.re iii'ted tttn liy ie giuiirds.
Haitimioreatn was kied, aind fourt taketn I
T[he Nurthearn trotops are puslhing on
Nurfolk is threatened with an ait'aeik, b~
Ordered at onace to Virginia.
Three llegiimeants bare beeni ordecred fr
l'esactola to Vir'giia. at oncee, anid it is s
posed tht th~ese compiestlL' whiich left I
cty fur Courith will be also stent immtaediali
to) the t)ltd l)oiionit. Thfat is rim. \
giia becomes te battle field. We tanust
Letter fronm Gen. Beauregard.
We takce p'easur'e in ptresenitinug cur re
er., hy the writer's pieriisioni, with an iai
e.inig letter friomi Genieal Beuregard.
My Jltejr Gecr!.-l sin~crely' regret kt
itng Chlarleston, whetn its inhabi~itanits Ii
given tme such a welcome that I now cion
er it as mny second~ homt~e- I had hopted t
when reliev.:d f'rom luere, it would hatve It
to go to V'irgiiaz, in couninaandt of' athe gall
Carolitians, whose courage, pa~tiece':
zeal I land leaarnt to appreciate a~nd ati
but it sems any servics nre requjtiretd c
where, antd thither I shall t:0, ntot with j
but withi the firtm determination to .dt am
thiianmy duaty if I cani, anid to leave as stri
a mairk as possible oni the enemies of' our
lo'ed contry should they pollute its:
with their dastardly f'eet.
But rest assured, any dear sir, that wI
ever happens at first, we are certaiat to1
uph at last-event if we had for' armis o
pitchforks amtd Ilinit-lock miuskets-fr' evi
bush and hay stack will become tan itaibu
aid every b~arnl a fortress. The history
niations proves that a gallanut and free peoj
lighting for its independence and fire-sides
ininacible against even disciplinted maere
rie at a few dollars pier montth. WVl
the, must be the result, whean its caeici
are little tmore thani -n armned rabble, gath
ed togethera hastily on a false pretenee
fran unhly pupoe with anm octogenar
at its head? Nonte but the dhemenited<
doubt the issuec.
I remtain, dear General, youars, sincerely
Gen. WM.. 10. MIARTEN, Charleston, S. C.
Charlan Me .r
rve ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1861.
l The citizens of the Town and vicinity are par
till ticularly requested to search their houses and
ich premises for Public Arms, such as Rifles, Muskets,
of Swords.and Pistols, and send them immediately
to lr.I. C. Enuv.ta, Intendant, that they may be
en. pit in order and lie deposited where they can be
.- had at a niornent's wurning. Let no one neglect
an- this. See order of Council.
the Also, all citizens without exception are request
ap- ed to meet in the Court House, next Saturday, at
Il o'clock, to consult upon matters and measures
:r.. necessary for our more lierfect defense. Let all
tth- ~-- .t
at ,;' The following additional natues belong to
ar- the roll of the " l'uroni Gonrdu." viz: John W.
ht Roe helle, Rufus Dorn, J. Coleman. E. W. .Jeter,
N. i-:. Brown, J. T. Smith.
tt Death olIon. F. It. Wardlaw.
It becomes our very nmelancholy duty to an
.lnunce io our renders the death of lot. F. II.
a W.liuit..w, which occurred in Colombia on Wed.
un- nesday the 2tth tilt. Again, the State is called
t'- upon to mtorun the loss of one of her very nhlest
judges, nut the District of Edgetield, one of her
)O. most devoted citizens. The career of the lamented
ties dead was lang, brilliant and benefcent. We will
nut attempt to depict it here. as the bar of this
inc District have it in hand to set forth with becoming
care his worth and usefulness.
. We have indeed received. but too lale for this
the number. the proceedings prepat'ed for the opening
big of the lresent term ot' the Court of Equity,-of
un- which Court the deceased had been for years past a
an- presiding oulieer, universally acceptable to the
the bench, to the bar, and to thepeople. Our deepest
tin sympjiathics are respectful!y tendered to the lie
Illy . .-. - ....} +.. ._- -
us l Fasting and Prayer.
The President of the Confederate States appoints
t:W- the 1lth instant for the sacred purpose of fasting
ion and prayer before God, in view of the dangers
the that threaten our country. It will be every where
the We ask the pardon of lRev. W. P. IILt.,, in ref
ereto a similar notice to the Baptist denomi
nation. The letter was in sone way inislaid and
ted was not recovered in tite to give the no:ieo duo
Cpublication. The ijpportunity now offered will be
embraced by all in coummon.
nog Goneoto Battle.
The powerful Regiment of Col. T. G. B tcox
tin- leave this (Welnesday) morning for Virginia.
ing A special train wi:t take them on. Let the Lin
ek. coln hataltions attenpt to face this Regiment man
leir for man,---you have heardi "clouds before a Dis
t ay gale."
To the gallant Colonel and all his men, we
arn would nffer our heartiest uiod.seled. May the
sun lght of victory soon burst upon them in full
:Orderly Sergeant, 11. W. AinoisoN, of the "98
Ititleiten," requests its to return the tost heartfelt
ackniwledgiinentIs of that coinpany for the inate
rial aid and comifort, so kindly afforded them by
the ladies of Edgetili, in the way of clothing.
Cn. The Orderly desires also to snake known more
by public'ly thani htas yet becen dine, the high pride
ulwith whtich thle cotnpany regiard the beau! iful
stiatid of color, piresentedl to thint by the wife of
itheir Ciinil. They will cherish and defend it,
thc in suntshsine aid stormi, its the embllem of all they
hull dear upo.n earl h.
o-.i ho! It is whispiered that the young ladies
h :tre pireparig pet'ticorit. The purpose has not
ir beeni iclearly unfushled to us. Bunt it' our ear cnught
the sunid arighit, it has toi dio with a home society
in whieb somne oft their late bientx nre to assumne
the apron. We are p.roinised further intelligence
the as the work progresses.
ing A Present in Parting.
tot, The servant sof friend lsaneseni i;rz, brought to
the our offnce Monda~y mirning a bn.-ket of very fine
vegetabiles, includhing cucumbers and someC superisor
. Iriah pritatoeis, ie had left for the catinp jituself,
n.seine hours biefire day. andi stnt along with the
the b ~et his "isid-bye." We esteeini the piresenit
ig hly, ando reciprocate the miessage, sadly yet
uwarndy, to oite whts his aiways shonwn Itimnaelf a
Serit tiea in hi.s sen~ttitnents aned eouluet, iund
in' whi now. gues ti do dutty fur htis audopteid country
-ily with spirit and unaffected zeal. We trust, when
at the wars are over, the beautiful residence on the
use hilt will receive its mnrter ustenbed and right
.,ide up with Itenre.
Ph. IlIasteing ont e-G(ood-bye.
oful- T meni ut Cii. Jiiis's Retgiimet iho have
intm i been Wn turliiighi to take ia list fistd look'" at
3iiihe tire aill gon~e bi:wk to catinp in obedience to
n hutrried call tii tha t etlect.
Itig Tfhe nieni all went prouaptly to the suinmtons,
atul chee~rlily tot. W intt if a nal tral tear at
bivaving, for a nitenit biedew~ed ma:ny a1 tnauny
check ? :iys nut the sonsg truly
ta-:- ti,.*, n-.- t/.' fors no.t ,aik. in lunyr.'n diu.
]hiw cant we expresse the counltry's gratitudie to
tlw.-ec noldle deicimblrs of iitr indtepietienie ! Lan
tin e ratno dt o I it. G 'it byve, g-nserouts brotthers,
the New Contipaity in tihe Ncveilth.
m ii One itf tie~ ro ptltiles ini C.dl. htA s' llegiment
ip :s inew compuanly has been rercei eid frout Granite
ottn sile, Cnytl. ll.~ ii. Ii will si-in lie very full anid
lt' ..bi!i with the arssi,t..o-e sif nus~y indhivihtals iof
tu- T[he Clhtresitsn d/,reur;; of Thurs b:,y, P:ays:
- Gen. Ikautregair.. ith his stial', left Chiarlestoti
y i yesterday,. by the Nor ith-en'ern raiulrd -~ta ro,ii
we have reisitn to believe for Virginin.
A Sabbhrth Eveingi Th'ltitghut.
int hlow e':slis The siutha whttl lltws gently but
u Ip' tre.-ly th-irough the t rees. Th le yiuntg c'orni in ia
hib neighbor:nug etidosure ha rely instles itis teinder
'. i h-'s. Theii ints-hield ion our heft is genrtusly
ir n itjiit tsro the him-vs'-t. Thei crow caws itn the
e istnce preuparaitory ii dep.~artinig for his roust.
'Tist little btirds airuntai l aliubve aire chiirping
their' verpers. -Jish White'' 'omies softly tip
ter. the farnis near by, the iniii.tinct intoni.stilns iof the
humnans voice only'~l ois t i.c lullinig iiilouences of'
. ihe daty ito li lheihur and ther sicene. lloiw enhnt !
;uv. 11nw ili..u'lt to realize withi hesie suirroiniings,
that wair, hoirril wattr. is uponr~ the." ciuntry ! I low
d.l ha:rd to imtagine this iwe-et riepose till chlantged Iy
tht le clangor of i nrmis! Yet it is tioi trite. Antd
a ' oven ntow such s'enies its thais tii y haivie bcmite its
itni brothi'rs of V irginiia. i'briistiatnifreein, to the
tre : e
"'A Goodsu hid L'r it Navy.
tug A warm-ihezirted citizeni sit Edigetielhl, whit dlocs
ie- not wvini to dtependi upnlst tithtbloikisle ot our torts
i !Ltng ,.i.,edl by Entglandi andis F~riance, proposiiie5 to
be one sit sne hsund~red, ini A'slI/iI, tsr of tifty,
si r even if tenl it' ito mire 'nit the iiii ini the Dils
tret, to sJis'a;'direnitiia I dollsaur'ssch tordair is
lily So'i/utrn; Ko'ry. It is onse of the bestt pripsitiiins
t9 of' the dhay, ands shisibl be tihiptel in every Dtiu
- i riclt tnd coiiunty ofi the South. It reiiires no ar
uhmgtenitt, whent Y'iitkee ships are domtiinteirinig at
is h i enrances of' stir hai.rbtors, ti sito5w t hat we
- tesd a siriong tnavy. 'Thls sotner we have it the
tt, bet ten, if thle Stiuth is to t rust to htersel' nhotne
i's to shnke il. Ynnktiee ty raiiy. And whlis enn, sir
or- will ay, that site umsit truist its prt ti oth ra ?
nd - -.- - -4 - -+ - - -
bt:tn jY' Mrs. P'residenit Diavis, withs the miemblers
f~ her f'i ttily, t~~ti pas I throutghs Autgusta ont the
eveing isf thle 21th, undi~er thu escor't of Asdjutnust
G henral Csoper.
p- The Charleston h/erenuiry says the rice'
-ri I........-...- d:... so fr ns hard front
We are requested, by authority, to state that
the .Wl'atson Guards will assemble in Columbia on
Thursday of this week. All members who are pre
vented from going down with the company will
join it in Columbia at the earliest possible day.
To correct some mis-apprelension, we will state
that the term of volunteering in this corps is posi
tively for twelve months only.
The Ed:-faiId Ihn:zorsleave this place on Thurs
day the 6th and will march the first d.ay to the
neighborhood of the Ridge proper. It is unneces
sary to call the attention of the good people down
there to the hopitable accommodation of these
soldiers. The troop will probably roach Columbia
South Carolina in Virginia.
From latest accounts our troops in Virginia are
.in first rate plight and fine spirits.-all ready for
the onset. General Bosnust has them in charge
and will render a goon' .sccounast of the material
committed to his guidance. The General has a
.proud position truly;-that he will I.onor it, there
cannot be a doubt. The hopes and fears and ex
peetations and prayers of thousands are hovering
ever around hin anil his :roops. There is not it
private in his connnand. whose weil and honor
are not dear to the hearts of all Carolina. Such
sympathy cannot fail, in its mhysterious magnetisu,
to warm their hearts to tictory even :against tre
mendons odds. Breast the stors, brave hys
Five thousand Palmettos are pouring forth to the
Capt. Warley's Letter.
Attention is aske-d to the coimuunication of Capt.
WAnIuLr. Its tone is all that can he desired. It
so happened that several gentlemen were talking
about the Officers' Card, in reply to Capt. W's
first article, 'just before the mail reached us which
brought the presentone. We then took ihe griund,
believing the writer to he conscientious geutle
man, that lie was bound to make the ammende hon
orable still, if (as we thought) lie had exceeded a
proper construction of the circumstance in con
troversy. We are glad to find Capt. W.%utu.:v
taking the sine view of the ease. It is honorable
to his heart. whatever may be said ly sticklers
for the code.
We trust now that the whole affair will be sus
pended, re-considerei. and obliterated by all con
cerned. It would be but offering a righteous
sacrafice upon the altar of our imperilled country.
Without the knowledge of the gentleman com
plimented. we gl.adly vlntrace an apportunity of
copying the sabjuined note of thanks. Col. L.at.tn
has been one of the boldest and most energetic of
the sons of South Carolina in assuring her safety
against federal domination. As aid to the Gover
nor of the Stiate, lie has lahorel assiduously to
that end, :tnd., as will be seen by the following.
most effectively :
STATE OF SOUTH CAIROLINA. 1
l1:.it nQrAlnn:tts, May 2u, 1.4t1. j
To Coi.. Tuos. G. LAstMn-Sir: I detached
you for special service an Morris' Island, in con
stracting batteries and mount ing ordxance. Under
very diflicult and trying sircumstaura', you served
your State faithfully and ahly. There was no
duty too ur.luous fr vaula to perfsrmi; General
B.Atrnsavu.ta often spoke of you in the highest
terms, and I was gratified to know lie assigned
you an imiportant channel battery, where you were.
during the bonnhardinent, active, devoted anal
brave. I assure you in the no-t tunnlieet ctl man
ner, that I owe you personaly at great deal, and I
return toy thanks, and the thanks of the State.
for the patriotic and active services you rendered
at an important time.
I would have doue so sooner, but I expected to
have seen you long betsre this, and have been so
much engaged thtat I hiave searcely bad time to,
write to iany atne.
FTe Trrue Stripe.
The writer of the folloswing letter served through
the Charlestan cenupaign, a Lieuteiiant in* the
comtpany of CXapt. Santas. Ile now makes another
offering in the cenuse,-and what an otfering? "..
aal,/e /miy,"-aaeeptable in the sight oif God andl
man ! Brave Lieutenant, we envy you the glori
pus privilege. And tao think too, that this is but
o-ae of ten thouisand - noble boys" that have been
enlts ibsi ~h a~O ottea cnptiin.
H A t-tnca S. C., May 27, IStil.
To Capt. lm..tsn ania Lieuit. lb unnses
tentlemnen :My son, .T~imes Fa.sieia RItit:5N,
wishes lance amore to help dlr~ve the Yanik'e int
vader from our soil ; ad, knowaaing you as I ido,
mny preferen'ces atre thaut he go witha yiaur comaniliiy.
ie ia a nahl!e hory. 3My hecart hileeds in the palrt
ing.-but aour ceause is a holy aane. Andl I know
ofn io letter atering a asat anaa cans m-ike. thian
his chiladren far his coatury's gaoodu. If he falls let
it'*be withs the Cariians. 'Take gosud care of
him. anad may I lie able ts, join you san.
Youtrs traotherhy (for are we not all barthers
now ?) G teoitG Rtoissoaa..
Th" Chlaresin JlIers takes occasiaan tao atni
nmalvert uponit the caiurse of Cotngress itn remotiig
te sent tof thle Cotsfelerate G overnmencat frioma
Miatntgiamuery tas lichmitind. We adissi'nt frasm ii..
opno in t.r., i'sl. Thec inaaveent is atan.lae at
the right Iilte and to thle righit Ineea, evetn when0
juadgead by sucha lights as arc now befare us; andl
we have us) douatbt it will lbe maucha mire stroangly
ustauintedl when thae counttry shall ful know the
raasaans that thavs e infIlttencead Cangress.
Impariman, .Mongtgory is searcely a suaitable
plaice tor the sent tosf ;i vertanment ait atny seasasn of
the year, cartiily niot ini the sas uminr taatIni ful
seas.ns. It waould lie ait great risk thatt TIenne.-se
ants, VIirginai:ttts, or Naarth t':irslinias, tiit tsa meat
ion othesrs. could ittenud thla Csongress in that c sity
aduring .Jualy, Aaagatst. or Saeptembiher. Theare is a
neces-ity that this body shiall sit, at lenst tis yea r.
darinag thse imonthas, tud :alss that thec Staites Ihe
all fully reparesenatel. We are awa re thta thse tantit
nuay lie suaggestedl. i.4 Csangress t rats awaty farom
risks when aitr taln atre riskaing every li Fing for
defence? Thle antswer is anthtler spacstiaon : Do
astr mten riek aity thiing tas life ihast east be avisiled
ly reasoaballe triule oir expenhuse ? -very lair
niaan will seae tha r in lhIis view it n.'i , it was prao
per in Can -re:.j ti reolasve thae Itatmporary seat Iof
taoertnmient to sine othier painat. Aial, withI due
respect fur all whto think diferently, we beclieve
that Ruisamtnd, Va.,-the paiit selcted,-is the
Thae J/eirqr thinaks it tmiay be ~a mnilitatry tmoave
mtenat. That is it tast alsisace il nIsecesasityv ? The
coutliet oif armis impaeinds htn thei Vir;;iaini bosrder.
It psroalnises tat be aquik atnd t remeanduias. Is there
not it necessity ini the haurr ied state oat aiur psrepara
titns. that thet Preasidena tad itt least the War lie.
partmlent osf the tiisvernmenctt lie is slaily. e'ertaint
and tatiteirraupteil ciinuntl iettt lvi wIst Itoh t eta
rals in coma ndtlai. Anda whesre cats theay lbe si, n5
coipletely as) at lisihmosnd It will b~e contcededa.
that where the P'residenit tad the Watr 1Depa1rtlnent
aae, thiere :a.so ouaght the Ciangre's to be. it any~
Te *.t/-r--a thinks it will aat tance " lbringr on
bliows."' ''Twit niatisns tat war, with their tCapi
ts suddelaay sdr~an inatia hatIf days.is itrany atf
taight ordinairily ias th J/..reur11/ hayS, ibrinag sin
blws.'" lutt, itt the pnlialitr anal perilsiis puri
tin asf tha lhack - liepubtlliennt ensie tat this mao
ment, wTO very ntch atol ubstt ifI it w1illI be sa, in the
presenlt e~ta. Atnd even if it shoubtls, we bielieve
it wrill restilt. ina a idemnstration sif Souttherni
stesngthu, which will lie till the mttre brillianit that
it is moado in the very prsne ass it were, of our
Presidenit uint Iiovernmten t.
Itiut waiving othe Ion slaiderat is, we elins imta
Uasangress is righat in this moisvementt, enll it civil,
miitary, tar whaut you like, because it annsountces
the poasitionl that the coanquaest sot V'irginia is itu
pssiblhe while the united strenagth oif the Saiuth
ast prevenit it, Virgintia,-nobslle obll State !-olfers
lhrsellf as a basrrior to Soultern subtjuigatioan. .11er
whisle strenagth astid wornthI anda wealtht are thrown
itot the patthway' if the itavaer ; anal over these
he tmuist ptass to reach hiis hellish Iprpose .Let
lahe universatl Saoulb ern wiatchtwaird then he,-wat
the Conigress hiut aasae it,-" 'uirgininu, thse accept.
oid bulwairk oaf the Stouth." We shiouldl no tmore
sdtmit, the thotughit saf haer lbeing cruasheda lay Utnited
States armieIs, thatn thiat o Ater impoatssible aate of
Sothern subjectiont. Anal 1th is, we think, the
language which Congress hils sposken lby its actitt.
Neither does thepoalicy impjly any neglect of the due
Topics of the Week.
The cool nudarili with which the N. Y. papers
assume the att ,.elplessness of the South, has not
bceu exhibit More glaringly than by the United
States Ecu oncit of the 25th trlt. That Eheet is
first bletchcd with an article purporting to estab
lish the proposition that "King Cuotoe enn.ot
figit." Immediately following this stupil product
of a crazed ingenuity, comes :in effort to show thati
England will not be dependent for her supply o
cotton for the r't season upon the Confederate
States; and that, therefore, a persistent and gin
erul biockade of Southern lorts need not and will
not give her the least umbrage.
As this is a interial point if true, we ,resent in
parrs, the sum and substance of the Eroeoint~
Of the 2.322,000 bales of cotton used by England
annually, about 1,6:3,0110 have been Auierican.
This, England can obtain, without the next crop
of the Confederate States, as thus:
i nt She alrtorlsy hen, in stork .mi on hip-iordi,
aoI.uilt iiitt.i,0tii /-u/-x. =
That is certainly a big jump towards the ne
tessary supplement. It is of course a veracious
statetnent, a hose weight is not at all impaired by
the fNt that but a small proportion of this amount
can legitimately he placed to the benefit of the
next iuluistri:l year. But again.
,rih pt plie pttrierttt ) pefor" ctnt ienedite-ly, nil
ihn, at nur"increa . taryi ly the is.npply fromnu~hr
rnutrirei'. In thin trg, 51111.1111 anmre hla !hne
mnnl ,rill roamr from~ India ; Harl 1111111( sort
fres lr..il, Eg'yp t and the: Wledt slien : arnd/ .1l
this, odduie to the urnuni eniton supl~lice of the n, and
otherrcnantries, will umtke ny 1. 510 idiesr, which,
with the 1,11111,0011 hofore stated, gives 1-:nglandl
2,251100fi,-nearly all she wan ts.
Was there ever reasoning so lurid; or caleula
humis sit accouinaodating ? The detie it by fuilure of
the American supply, it is admitted, will be
1,635.00(1 bales. And to Inake it up, this -age
1'e,.,muint literally legs the whole 1uestio;,
,0thtt,000 of it from the crop of I.t) and t;:;5,0011
of it trim vague expaetation. To ground whicb ex
peetation, he is foced to the extraordinary position
that -iglanl will give ttwo prices fr inferior cut
tons, while the Southern crop, ot' (it may be):t,5n0,..
1100 bales. lies rotting under Lincoln's bloekade.
Ans not only Englar.d is to tolerate this condition
of the cotton market,-but France, Rteusia and
all the rest.
The Ecs::,.mii entirely forgets that by as much
as France, I ussia and other countries fail in their
American supply of cotton, by just so imuch will
their competition with England in the cotton
trade of the rest of the worli he iuereased. He
forgets irl, that tile North. Southern cotton being
lockaded, must get her supply some where,-and
where else except from the said inferior cottons of
Egypt, Ir:.il, the West Indies, &c. 1*il/ / e
cant, forsooth! Why, sir, it nould lead you all
to the merry dance of 150 pe'r cent instead, if you
followed your noses f.aitbuilly: and then you
would scnreely have a baoi-uii-ply. It i. larely
posu'iJle however, that Englaniid, France al Rus
sia will not abide the ruling of the 'nits/ Stoi
e'ttnm it and I)ry tiond,...l l.lJpo.rr un this inter
esting question. 't'ot honor, we had not thought
1 Even allowing thi.: estimate to have been
fair one month ago, wh:t lecites of it. now that
the truth is coie to light, that the Southern cot tn
crop of I S'1-l $I I is at least 700,)t b:des short
of all caleulations. --
Pity it is, that we have 4s, nuany inactive S.t.o:
and A.i:xs ints at the South' Our Congress
cannot fully please them. and our leaders are ca
,rnl- eiter tin slow or tin flist :-while our gen
erals in the field mi ake this, that and the other
mitak Ie, a :u: are cotintally filling shirt of' ex
etaiiin. Thiese civil and muiliatry iritices seem0
to lie but slightly senisible of the fgect, i ut thuy
are in compaerative igniorance i.t' thle motives atI
grouds of conduct whieb surround and euttol
our leaders bouth in the cabulinet and in the tielid.
So~oN accidentally predictedl one day a cireumi
stiee that has comec ti pass; antd he ntow confi
detly sets tip his oipitnon agatinst that of .bwyca~u
sos DAvis. A .xx.isan has been to Chiarleston
.iie thce taii.-ing ofJ -'ort Linuterc, orc he',ay possibly
have witnessed that achievemuenit from tihe ..iy,
andi is biy cns.equience up to gun-powder as well
as snuff,-or in iither wirdse, is (himself being the
couriit of app~reciatio)n) not a whiit behinil lBc.crnt:
GAuln or IX,:.
This little vianity woutll of course lie buoth'harmi
less and enitirely exeusale, did its ettiva tirs ex
erise the pirudcence of" 1 Ur.e Tou" atI
-Coiswuiua t. Tnis:," in their "Sier' iif 14:st a:u:
toni."' andl ctine ihueir demiuustrationsC ti their
ownm bacek vyards. Bluit uinfirtuniately these pesn
talk,-talk at the c..rner's, tidk iin chiange, talk in
the eairs. talk everywhere. atnd noit unrregneuntly
print their strietuirc itn thec llers. The direct
influence of this is, to enieour:re a si:nilar spirit
cf disputtioniii in others, andi ts to beget more
ir less oif dhi ,:i.-facitionu and istrust, noti i'nly
amo:ng our peiCle gener:, ly, but ini our very
arniies.-t staite iif thIiings ture respect fully subit)i
d--virly ini be depreicateid.
The patriuctie aetion cif the ladies icf thie plce
in tirniishuing shirts ant' drawer.s ti the Xaiey-i.r
akuiemen, ideserves ti IbeC repe. ted every ithere.
it woubl Ihe a god tihiing if oil iiur Southiernt troil
toll lie tus supplied wtith at Ien.s one .-iit it
under-cltiiing. over untd alhve their statedi allw.
fln,e bty the au:Ih-,rities. het nio tine content timt
nelfviih sauying. ''iihey have clothes enoiugh, audl
the vovernmtient will give thIem atl! they tnee.l.'
I is pure~ seltlihnss, aol notthi:g else,. whi
iit'ates suc'h a remnark. All kinow thatt the guv
rmuten t imakes its alb.n'at:cee of clothing punctetu
ally anud strintly. They alsu know, thau~t it is to
auth :and no' mitre. whta ever t:: the wear and
er. 'Tey fuirthler kiaw tiha t volun teers are rnot
t'a i'.h. like exsperienced! regulars, to pre.-rte I heir
ch.hiniig with sc'ruputilie care. antI that, if they
I, itere awitl 'ften hce tccasions whent eean: extr:a
un ler-lthing wi; Ibe espeia'tly ihsirable. "itu
tig this aial Ib:,t togeihier." the regithar goivern.
m iient-sul.y oft clhiihinog is no wv rthiy reaison for
iot is.-isintg icur s.ibliere as far as each cite cant ini
the ma~tter. Atny hell in this directioin is not only
i ,in'iees to the briave defenders of our homtes
ut a1 wirthiy olherinig in thle g 'wl' cause it' the
So:hI. An wi!te reheat. thait the exampli~e iof lie
h lies of Edpgeliel shioull ihe g.eneral lakenc up tl.
It is certaiinly mot nturtal tat em-h .idghh'.r
hudcu shubit hu has 'are for the enmopanty that repure
sets it. litt neighblors or noat, whit wouild wtith.
holdl the htamI itt wvom.:ni hfromt this aet ouf duity
oil love? lie thle reeli,iuts front South Carinaii~
ii: fomti Texa--, tbe they~ ii:huitecits or regiib:rs, let
her p.1:y the needlle (it' she wilti a part cof each
woirking~ liy in thei y'ear foru thteir beniehit. Muc.h
gid enin lie lone ini thia.way it a smitil atutal
otthly tif mioiney.
in his intrioduei:iotn to Qient:in iroirel, muakes a
rematk witich seC tles thieiques:icin if iiterence
an~ ivai;riety~ ini~ hia-in ci teremiOnie.. We italicize
" hanve every pits.-ible rest"-'et for thie religioins
ve ttdres" the aute lt.'i:y. out the' sameu g'raind
p 'iicile if sahvtionc thuuh w ithi differenit fortiis:
which variely it' worshiip, had.. it paleatsed the Al
m ttighity nil to ttermtit. cur. i ltiiurane,' ienti hitu
tuten inI .thio-- lut'."
Does this reasonaing apphly to ordlinancees alsi ?
Aad if it dot is not the setimient elie tinder which
al Cristianu worshipers might nyree to ditmyree?..
"No Monisi Corrt'ent." in the Chuarleutton Couiri.,
suggests the dlisuise of centt pieces in Situttheria eur
rehcy3 atnd the stubtittution of 21 et. ptieces. Thioi
triuction of the hatter would lie a dlec'ded imt
rvuemnt, while the old piece might still be
retuined,-if for nothiing else thani to itnduce our
people bow antd then to "count the cents in a
dollar." limt, seriiuisly, doesC tnot the cipper cent
supply a waiit, at least in oiur cities?
It is slated thaut Messrs. J1. 3. cinv~ac & C, of
Vaehso Factory, Elgeleild Distrie't, aro noiw
making a very shnperioir article of Cotton ucle for
military tents amid sail cloth ; nd thact they tire
nowi supplying ordlers fromi the Confederatte tiur
ret, as wolh tas several of the Strtes with lent
nai .1r- 1..c.1.... 'What nf (2raniteyile?
"Up The Country."
If there he any sumnmer travel this season, we
have no doubt the direction of it will be what
it was long biafore the Northern tour was dreamed
if: -- I'p the coiuntry." It was a great trap it
those good old days, "up the country." Saratoga,
New l'ort, anal t'te rest. were unrealized things,
heard of in the distance but nut desired by any
one south ; and all were quite satisfied with a
jaunt -'up the country." This jaunt usually em
braced Greenville, Old Pendleton, Table Rock,
A.hville N. C., Warm Springs, hickory Nut Gap
&e.. .&c. Somaetinaes travellers diverged from Old
l'ealluton to upper Georgia with its Telulah anal
Taacah Falls. anetimas they went tin pnst Warm
Springs to Paint Ihck and Greenville, Tenn. But
this last was then the t7/i,ni Thule of sunner
rambling. Olai Mr. ]i..v GannETT, with all his
eash, never thought of attempting a mireextended
tour. Well, the tianes are bringing us back to
the old plaec aigaini, anit we are glad if it. See
what the tireenville Paftriot ,1 .Ilotaiiicer says
of prospects and preparations:
Ste. an l sTons To Tua: l a:-R CoCNTY.
We learn that the prospects :rc good for a largo
share of vaizs to the upper country dur'ng the
uoming warm seasonaa, and we advise our hotel
keel.ers und provision raisers to make their ar
rangitents acicordingly. Hundreds who are
abligied to escape from the sautner heat and mala
ria if the lower Lii.tricts, anl who have hitherti
gone North, will now spenl their time and their
maoney at hoie. We shall gladly welcome them
to our pleasant and healthful mnuuntain region.
Fort Sumter in 1834.
This now fautuas Fort had not arisen above the
surface of the water in 15;1. It was 'however in
progress, and in the Congress of that year an ad
ilitional appropriation was urged for its continu
anee. Gntaaa 1cDra'rris and IElanY L. P'sca
s:i iif South Carolina actively opposed the up
proprition ; umal it will doubtless he interesting
to ainiy realers who have forgottet.a or are not
..ogaiz.aaa t of the circuastance, to :now the grounde
upon which they rested their oppootion. We
quote, from Drt a itlx'S /Hyi.ter tf iJhbatef,
V.4. 1, page 72. a part of Mr. Pasxaatv's re
anarks. Onae of his points has been signally illus.
trate.l within the last month:
" If ever the public money was wasted, and
"auanderel away, it was in the appropriations for
that work. It was a work not necessary to pro.
test the city of Charleston: it obstructed the
ebannel, unal it spoiled its harbour: and he never
understood why it had been undertaken. Fort
Mlultric was sunicelnt for the protection of the
city ; by mneans of which one of the most ucito
rable victories hal been obtained, which the an
als of this counaatry recorded. If, when badly
provileda in every respect, and incompletely mann
ed, it was sulicinut to do this,-muast it not lie
mualh more so now, when it was well officered.
and mnanned, well found in all the requisites of at
fort, and had been put in a cundition of cotuilete
Iaat there wa- another and a higher objection
to its couatianhace. A gentleman raom Pennsyl
vania, the other ay had desired the erection of a
fort lar the protection of the city of Philadelphia,
agai:st a foreign foe, who might if the city wele
left undefenaaktd. omae upon them and burn their
city to ashes. The citizens of Charleston wanted
no ore forts. They had been taught by melan
choly experience, that a tort erected for their pro
teetin aagaiaat a forrigna foe, might be used for
other rlaiurposes ; might lae used by an American
President against thenselves: yes, such hud been
the case as td that very fort, ina which their fathers
had fought anal bled in the caume of American in.
dependence-these very guns which had been
usal against their British enemies, had beaen turned,
nout oatwarki, towards the sea, and pointed against
a hareign faae: bat inaward, towards the city of
Ciialeston: realy. at the word of the President
to lay the city in a.hea to slaughter its citizens.
atid deluge its streets in bloaid. And this had
Leen dane by virtue of an act,. called " the force
act !" An act which invested the Presilent, with
aaore than dictatorial power and authority-gave
himt the inrer, at his will :aal pleaure, to remnove
their caastomaa.houases -ona botard aun tarmaed vessel,
liu turan their aown furts tagainast themaaselves, anld ifI
athey adurt to adispaute air muaarmaur, to silenace their
adacity with their aawn gunaas. No, sir. I vote
a'or nlo iinore faortifienations inl Charleston harbor so
lng as that bill remnains as a law iia your statutet
book. We have had enlough aof Fedaeral protection.
We wanat ta nu re vipevrs ina our bosorn. Anal I re-.
naent it, I will naever vote nuaother dollar for a for
tiliiatiaon there aintil thtat badage of irnjustice " the
force net,"i is reamovedl.
itut (Mr. P. saiad) he stood there on constite
tional r'round. jle put it ta the chaairg~n of thec
Camineiae of Warys ad Means, whether the Con-.
stitutiion ealnpowered theni ti erecnt a fortifientiona
r'isdiction over the District aif Columbia, &ce., lanad
that it shoauldi haive power to erect furls, arsenals,
e., in the restiectice Staes, with the consent of'
the tante ina which the foirt, &ce., was ito be erected.
Wherever ai faort wats erectedl the Unitead States
had the whale power over it. to aieier j antana it,
andu~ thus the Presiadent was left tat libierty to ure,
it whenaever lhe pileaised aag.int the citizens aof thec
phmee. tfor whase lrotctian it was dlesiganed. lie
granated,~ thia at a t.is anetanen t f..rt 3ah auitrie wn-s
not autlicereda :aand mannaeid fiar the executiona of
suchi a puirpoase. lint it naiigatht eas aat any1 inia
metii t tathea taiadding if the~ Presadent . lihe waaulad
rubinaait whetheir ahi-. 1lu.,e cionhll erct the lara
pised faort ill Chairleston harbor withiout the eain
Saent of the State of Souath Caro'ina ? itaad the
roand on whichl it was to be erected been puar
hutsedl ? llttd the consent aof the State to its
ereuin hecen applied fair ?Nia, the grounad haad
mevern beaen pun-hnl:tSLa thecy had Ineveer tiul iied
ir h:., c'ar-s..nt of then tatea:----anda it' thmey idal lil
ly, thecy witi tneve.r obatainl it. lIe wuraald ash'.
hin, wv:.- it niot a vi.dlation ..a' a le Contsaitution lta
-r.et a forl, n.at aonly witaaout lie cataSenit, but
ag.jaintt hae n ill of a Statte?''
Then Act of'Liing.
The Frnachal sa:mtly the e-:<,numyl aof heaaltha ft.-r
an-re thiaaa the Atiera:ennet or la the aFn!ilh. It>
hlist aige i-: witha thetama.e ranrity : tad ii comnes of
a'tiang outa th mln iaximl thuas rendaaeredl in SI.l .i 's
Thtin Etc ontai::.- :alh the paai~hiloph of' health,
andii tiae Fienchtl pre-eninently a .Itivatte anda illos
tete it. ta witnessecih the follaowing strikinag ease
-The ltast wiork aof Scribe wtas a comaie aipern.i itt
bre aeid,. to, whti-hl A aiber caompoaasead the iusic.
I thei tire :tthir thuis baeiang thec resutlt if athe jaaia
l.hars af ta sepatungenlarian tanad ana octtagenarian.a
ar Se-ribe waa sevety tand Aubler aiver eaghty
y~ars old .whena they produce-d ' /.ai C'ir,-an-,"-"e'.
whihl wras fir-a phaeed tat Paris abiout six weeks
sii.e. Yet bth~t wordlnaind mulsie lare as fresh andi
hah'i'y as hathgh Seribie tand Aubher were in the
ariai- of lit, air rahelr ali., haeyday of .Yaut.
Perapas ate worlid will niever sea' againa such a
re arkab'e pati r iif -youngi al.l men~' tas these. Paa
ris crities terml '/.a C,'.a,- ain-a veri:aable ano
dl at'a rutici opel a.
Gesaertal News, itents.
'h- .\ P'oat tihic htas b~etn is-ablis'.ed at Fart
P aiees. for alit aectil-a an*' ji the I'dierah
ii'aaaps tat that staati.l
p' The C..minaiatee of Stafety il nlllphis have
ilrdlic teal thae ebeu alationa ofi Irenatice's la.uiisville
./ir~ai-/. lIhe ettdis lion his frietid l.inacolaa to
:avge the ini-ult toa his hailer l.7 euttling aili the
a:il facilitie, in Tiennaes.-ee, utterly and lit ince,.
gr ' he New York /Ii., ia slays thaut eoutinag
iaaaries replart atn immellcae numbtaer of Southern
raips a1 ta1anssi 1i -luc:itin Vai., h1.ut Gjen. Scott
believes that the numbaler thaere does not exceed
ouar air five thousanad.
pg? Thec New York /ma;/./ T'anw is very b~itter
i ics retantrks relat iv i lih. iatt itutde of Englanad
andi Franace ina regtard to Amterican aiffairs. It
stays. withocut clicumaloentioni, that it is I lain tlaat
atI of' thase Pouwers will formalhy tacknowledge
thaeaa mdepentdencei at'f t Citnfeaderate St ates.
fir Tawo hiuaanre Iilinaintns have c crassedl the
iver aut P'adiucah, a~n their iaiy to .*ina the Coil
federate States troopls. ~ o
f-d Th Montgiamery (~' aeoin fFit
dty, says aover fouar hundaared beoaes t'f tarmls have
been .sent toi Virginaia withaina thce lat dayv tar twa.
First of the First Fruits.
A friendt, whose acres inl the vicinity ohf
Chaarlesttn are always atmong the Iirst to
ield their increase, glaaddaeed otar eyes oan
WVednesday with the sight oh an ear oh' coran,
i its tc-agr'ant greena coverinag.
'The pearlhy white grains of this promlise of
n abudat hatrvest lie ini beatttifuilly regular
rows onl the rouand coba.
W~ conagratulate this gentlemnan, on the
s uccess oft his skillful tillinag. O.i'b.
G~ .x. Wi t.nnv. (hv s.-This oflicer, hate
in cmmaandti int Virgicnia, arr'ived: witha his
s aite, att Ialeigh, on F'ridayj last. lie wcas at
ocC appiointeCd lirigadhier-General of'the North
U arolina troops, andl thet Standard .sa.ys that
i it s prbable, nicer a thiorotugh survey of the
oast defenaces, atnd preparationas int thaat qutar
t r for thei enemahy, het wiill b~e assigned to tl.e
ccommand of ocne of the brigadeas from that
tte in V'ieginaia
- For the Advertiser.
From our Volunteers in Virginia.
Cart., MAxAuSAS .1 e'xnaox, May 21;.1861.
Drr Coalael.--We left lRichmond on Tuesday,
the 22d inst., about four o'clock in the evening.
We ar'e encamped at Manussas Junction, twenty
seven miles from Alexandria. The Second Regi.
ment, Col. Kansnaw, left the next any, but did
not reach here until nine o'clock last night. The
delay was. ocesiored by a collision which took
place at Culpepper Court Ilouse, resulting in tLe
immediate death of two men, and six shockingly
mangled. I have not been able to learn the names
of the ill-fated persons. Trains also arrived last
night bringing the Columbi-.Ajtillery and Rich.
bond Howitzers, two of thcom' r nized
Artillery Corps in this State. i ber
of troops, (including two superb Companies of
troopers which have just arrived,) stationed here,
will not fall greatly short of five thousand men.
News was brought yesterday morning of the
evacuation of Alexandria. We did not credit it
at first, but subsequent reports confirmed it. The
myrmidos of the !n;oon entered the city ten
thousand strong, as our men were filing out of it.
On it a itman named Jackson, the keeper of a hotel
in Alexandrii, killed the notorious Zouave Col.
Ellswoarth by shooting him with It pistol. Ells
worth demanded admission into his house, which
was refused. Ellsworth attempted to force his
way, whereupon Jackson drew out his pistol and
shot hiin dead on the spot. In tids summary
manner should all misereants be dealt with. But
there is a darker shade to the picture. The Zou
are determined to revenge the death of their
chief. With the ferocity of jungle-tigers they
hunted down their quarry. They pierced Jackson
literally to pieces with their bayonets. Such is -
the statement of this super-tiendish outrage which
we have received hero, and there is no good ground
to believe it is at all exaggerated. .Tackson's
brother, it is said, passed here Thursday morning
on his way to Alexandria.
You doubtless remember a fellow who gave his
name as F. H. CA:;IIF::, and kept a pinchback
shop for some time in your village. He was sus
pected of abolition proclivities, and, as well as-I
recollect, put himself to the trouble of getting
som one to write him a vindication from the
charge, which appeared in the A drrlier. At
last, he absconded for parts unknown. He now
turns up here, where he was arrested and exam
ined on the cars. lie wason his way to Connecti
cut, his native place ; whither he was at length
suffered to proceed without worse resulta-than a
pretty severe fright. Tfae scamp did not want to
recognise the Ed.rfield Ihopaa, and bthaved towrrds
them as though they were utter strangers. But
he soon discovered they were hard acquaintances
Nearly every train brings us word of the ene.
ny's approach. Yoster-night our Regiment was
thrown forward as a vanguard, and bivouacked~
:even miles from the camp.
Troops are almost hourly coming in, rad by
,he next mails you may expect to hear we have
had a tilt with the enemy.
Excuse brevity, as my hurry ceniels me to
write enrreate colauaaon.
Truly ! W. J. A.
From Virginia. .
The following letter has been kindly ished
ts for publieation. The writer is one oli..'c ubi
qluitous South Carolina buys.
l, lwrxx- Bat r, Sewell Point, V n., Ma)4h 81
- May 24th 1861. J
DEAR Bno-ran:-Iaving a few moeents Ia
ore time I devote it in giving you a brief acc t
o the scene and incidecnts of the Bothart menat
aiur Caanupany, the " (City Liy/st Guards, wa en.
:;aded in alt the battery with the U. S. Sto mar
Monticello. 0'n last Sunday morning, ouf com
pany' aittendedl divine service at Norfolk, and while
at Church our Captain (Cobut~arm) receirell orders
from Maj. Hlannm.nA to march his codpany to
this point immediately. We'cleft the ciy, mnarch.
ing a distunce of 7 miles, andl arrived here at 2?.
a'clock, P. M. We pruceededl forthrith to work,
mounting the gunls, the Sand Battea- having been
previously built. Our Battery eflsists of' thrco
:;2 pounders and twoa'l RtIifl Can o
moiment we mounted three of the Cannons, the
Steamer Monticello opened fire upon us. We imn
mnediattely returned the fire with our whole flatte
ry. The firing continued for 15 hours. The
eemny's shell anal ball fell all araounad us. One of
them explodealin theetmbrasure within three feet of
the metn at the Gaun, baut injured no one. We eould
near the Cainnon halls whizzing over our heads
.imetimes aour mewn would be covered with sand&
anud dust caused lay the bal striking the Battery,.
aiut the Baoys dial naot Iapear to regard it. Some
oaf tem waiuld slanmt on the Battery anad when thi.
.-ne'tiy wa.iild tire, they woulad sing out, "alo/.-*oiut,"
whereupon the men would fall on their faces to,
av'oidl the haambi shell.. which would explode with
't ahatmge. We caantinued fireinig r'iaidly, our
ha'ils striking the Steamer five times. ('rne Intl tak
ing ei*.er in tier b'uw whic~h muss lavce dlisial her.
aas she soon after took her departure leaning to,
On ."tonay we looked for her again, I.ut she
di.1 nout make her appecarance. The a ;atm recl:
tim we gave tier aln Stundlay titlst hasve satisfied
tier. Uan Tue-slay muorning a .zeami Tug cilate tl
withina ran:,e. We gae h ter a nine inch shell
<he dlii not like the pill nul left aftter tiringa few
raadomi shoat<. 'I be sameti day another Steamer
enm up t~. She lay so cloise to the shore ithat our.
:nnts cani.l noat hear aon tier. baut outr secret Uite -
ry oft Ile Ca naons. erected that daty, opened
fire on tier. Ileing taken biy surprise, she left .in
goiod time with hear tale behind her. It was rath
er a danigerouts paasitilat tfar tier. We are ready
faor thtemn at anly point they may come. They ado net
knowe where outr Unitteries itro laeted ; and we
woutld like to see themia comle again.
The Aliwise and Supremse Being is with us in
our Unsttles. Not aane maan has been injured dun
ring the enigingement, anal yet it seems a mystery
that we all shaaulad esenspe. Wae ladnee our trust in
Proviadence, and are sati.-hied thtat success wvill
crown our etforts. We hnive had muach labour ta)
perform, htaving mioved our ?.'nts four times in tent
dhays, and I expiect wre will ami ye them again soon.
We htave now 200t tmen at this int with our coin
plany.. I will write you again the first leisure time.
We have ino conveniences for writing : my adesk
is a small loaking-glais, of the size of your two)
hianads, which r place in my lap tand wtite on.
E. E. McD.
For the Advertiser. ,
Miu. Em-ron--In lotaking ever the list oft the
ntameiS ci thosei n-toeomptoae the "a llfausona (inradx,''
commuiandead lay Cnyt, i:., we noticed our unmes
tmntg the ntuiber, anid ais they will apapear againa
this week ona the list of the "Ealga:/idd Haeara,"
wec feel thlat it is our duty to niake a statement to
tihe public, why we jaoingd Capt. GJiny's coumpanly
at the outset, andl our reasoans foir ntot remaiining
-At our squitaron parade on the 27th April, C'ol.
([.at (beainag theni coimmanuder aif the 2nd Reg't of
Carnbly) hiaving just returnead from Charleston,
where he had been for the It~urpose of getting his
Regimnent, or sonic part of it., rec~eivead into the
s-rvice of the State, or the "a Confederate States,'s
nndt' having fimiled in dalag sot, proponsedl that we
shoauld from this squadron r'aise a compianuy of' mten
who were to otter their servipesto the Confedaracy
as a coinpainy to serve as infantry representing
cavalry. Thinking that there would !he e' oppor
tuinity for us to serve our caountry as cavalrymen,.
we. undler the circumastanees. volunteered to go as
Infantry. Sonic few days after, Capt. E3rma
(af the "Hasar.," received, a dispatch frot io..
Ptel.t:xs. that his eoumpany had been received into,
the "~ llmnpton Legiaun.'' We, having been mum
bers of the " Insara,-," and wishing tol serve laur
country in this arm of the service, withdrewr fraim
the company which Capt. GOtur frus trying tao
raise, (for it was noat then full,) and returned tat
our oll posts. in otur old company.
.1. L. NICHTOLSON,,
W. M. ADA MS;
J. B. RYAN, Jr.,,
S. P. Dr.L.0ACII.
gg Blair's Missouri Ra'giment of Federal Yof-- -
unteers has received marching orders. It is sup