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""WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OP OUR LIBERTIES, AND IF IT MUST F.
1.N4'INNII111411111MNNIN1111111NhNNM14111N11/411NIIN111111NNIIYhNIN1111N1/NIMINNINIINNNIINNNNNNhININ111NIN11111NNN111NIN111N111NNNNN411YN111pN111h1N1111N11r11111NINNN1N111/11NIN1111h11Y111fININNII/11N1111N1111N1/11111N11NN111/11N11N1111111NNNN111W 111111NIIN111N1111NN11h N11r"N1MNN IIIh1111N4/1NIN1111
The soldier's Bier.
u rk ! 'tie the shrill bugle calling
It pierceth the soft summer air;
Tears from each comrade are falling,
For the widow and orphan are there:
The bayonets earthward are trailing,
And the drum's mufled breath rolls around.
Blut he hears not the voice of its wailing,
Nor awakes at the bugle's -hrill sound
sleep, soldier ! though many regret thee.
Who weep round thy cold bier to-day :
;on, Bonn will the fondest forget thee,
And thy name from earth pass away !
'lit one thou bast loved as a brother,
A frienil in thy place will have gained t
Thy dog shall keep watch for another.
An.l thy steed by a stranger be reined.
But, though many who mourn for thee sadly,
Soo.n joyous as ever may be;
Thounh thy bright orphan hoymay laugh gladly,
While he sits on a enmrale's knee;
There is one win will still pay the duty
Of lore for the fond and the brave
As wlen arst. In the blo.m of her beauty,
She: wept o'er her lead soldier's grave !
A Glorious Conapany to Belong to.
We understand ther' are nillin of aPpli
cants for admission into the ranks of the gal
lant and glorious company, the constitution Of'
which is herer.ith appi nded. We would he
pleased if sch a company were organized
icreabouts. Pct n. down one scholar, unier
the Conrotitntiou :
coSrrruTio oF inte inont Cn-r'.
Adopted, .l uly 4, 1.41. Motto: " Prompt
" Anr. 1. This cnmpany shall hear tlhe name
of the " Home Guards."
Arr. 2. The number of the llonme Guards
be fronm ten to tire hundred, or more.
A ar. '. The entire. eofmlianv shall consist
<,i eiIieers-. Cac m:: 'mb'er beitng entitled to s
lest h'.; own eflire.
AAT. 4. This conpany .shall t?e.iiiato all
m:ilitary rles and ulsagc. Every memn er
shall arm himself in his own way. for active I
service and hold himself in readiness to do a.
he pleased at an hour's notice fromt his comn
Aar. 3. The lone Guards shall lie row:
mande'd by each member in rotation, but it i.
left entirely at the option of members to obe.
the orders of the acting commiander or not as
they may please.
r A . ". ti. Th inatrl will piir-ue .4i::mi oe:( -
itanatny. or ottenor, 1rnvde<t titey have noth
ing else to di.
.\aR.'T. F~ach mcnr rt of tae llomet Guarda
sh.all. while in actual service, draw the tallow
ing daily rations: One bottle claret, one hot.
tie charmpaigne, three fingers coguac, ,.x fin
-ers Bourbon, one dozen cigars, one boarcd
turkey, one boiled turkey, one dozen broils d
(ysters, two dozen oysters in the nHell. ' ie
basket full of knicknacks, assoned.
Aar. 8. When on marching corders, each
member of the Guards shall he allowed or.e
hio->t boy, one: barber, one laundress, one car
riage w': ih two .borses, one set of li~hing inaekk,
.,ne pack of dogs, (at option.) two double-har
r'el shot guns, on : por tab'le two .tory in:.,iling
housje, one libsrary' of so noveh,, on:, do:-.e
'leet edl peiciieal.:, and onte travel'li ng~ hilliardc
A RT . Mem t-rire express-ly forbidden
to pefr any3 duity contrary to thne'r-.wishes.
antd anly order which shalIl be given by an ac
ting otlicer witht.i it 1.; havin~g previously
been dienuised by the entire corpe, ini debattting
-soaiety assembhled, shall .subject the mttieer
giving it to be fined as mueh a-a lhe is willing
Aa-c. B0. Mdembersi whio 'have mjusicah instri.
meonts are re quired to biing themi into the
deld, hit n' t.:o mnembers .hall play att thet
rame time rulee they please to dii so.
.syned to this ecrps by their own direction
.shanl be to treat andi retreat.
.tRT. I19. Ab-'.ent ion lbem shul beconii
reas resint at everyr drill or ro.ll-enil and
r.pect ed acord'nugly.
*(Graciomug' :-9. I, I'm t wen ty-one pa:st
and it's timi e .oho alter Nanme."'
Nextt day down I went. Nuzncy was alone.
and I axed her it the I~quire was in. She
tied hie wasn't.
-Cause," .wz P muakinig h:-r helic"'- I want.
ed toc him, "ou' colit has sprained his lhcot
and I cami' to i~ee if ithe :%;uire wouldn't
lend me his mare to go to town.
'th .tid ae gue~se-.l im: wiuld--l'd bette:
i dwn anid wvait tiii the S.iire camei, in.
Don set ; shet ko'-:edls t~ige. :mul my
hauat felt queer ar'ound the edlg.
":Are yut goillg '1 ini to B 'iy .ilartin'.
az-, I, " reckon I would."
.she, ". pps yanu'll taLke l-'iza~ 1: :dg'
Sez', I, " I snougnh. and thenu :;:ain I
Se. she, "I heard yon was going t (' .e
S-a I, " I nbin't. wonder a bit.
i lokpd a; her and' sca4 tbh tr-ar,. comning.
8. j, 'may he 'h-'ll aa. yon to Hiis
r-:: z .L-. pndl*I-1rih .t
.-:idcre :i.. wAl vi h, te r i.ee ar' !:
.- ea I.o. k."u ant In.h 1ob' s:ra an
nevesv0 nythi. v so aful rv~Ito
rh holdd- os i; brhaan, ane.
*a "." yz m.be~, n"orright ut.?
"TWell, the n,' s.x I,f you won'vt her t
.ise a ..a hup Wre. o .itwbr toian to
nCoL in double harness for life, and I neverJ
h. an went eman my bargnin.
Vice President Stephens on the Pro- '1
duce Loan. -1
As the people are called on to consider and
t upon the produce loan promptly, we know j
>f nothing better to offer our readers at this
moment than the late remarks on that sub- c
ect by Hon. ALEXANDETR STEPH ENS, of Geor- d
ria. They merit the careful attention of I
every reader. We quote from the Charleston ti
3lercurf s report of the speech. t
After discussing generally our cance. Mr. !
" Upon a reasonable and ordinary estimate,
we grow four milions of hales of cotton. I
tm here to-day-to discuss before you the fify U
million loan, but I am frank to tell you, it
may be one hundred millions, and I think it
probably will be. The proposition that the d
overnment makes, is not to tax the people. v
The object of a wise and good Government a
is to make the burtiens fall as light upon the "
people as possible, to meet every exigency.
The proposition the Government makes, there
fre, is to take a loan in produce. In the a
grain-growing sections the members of Con- u
gress solicit the loan in grain, army subsis- I
tence, taat, corn, wheat. anid flour. We are d
not a grain growing country. Our supply is t
cotton. 1 address you, therefore. solely on s
the- subject of cotton. The object is to get e
along with as little tax as possible; but, ny
:ountrynen, do not suppose the Government a
will not tax ;o, if necessary, for I tell you 1
the Government does not inttid to be subju
gated, and if we do not raise the mnanr-y by1
loans, if the people do not contribute, I tell
you we intend to have the money, and taxa- I
Lion g;ill be re.orted in if nothing else will J
raise it. Every life and doilar in the country
wil ba demanded rather than you and every I
one of us shall he nverrun by the enemy.
(Applaus~e.] On that you may count. The
Government, while it desires to carry on the I
war, establish your indt'pendence, and main
Hain the Government, at the samne time wishes a
to do it in such a way as not to cripple indus
try ; and while our men art in the field tight
ing the h attue" of th-ir country, their bre'th
ren at homeana are di=.charzia:;" an equal duty. t
s that no serious detriment to public proaper
ty will be sustained, and we have the element
to do this that no other people in the world
Now thena, if four millions of hales of cot
ton art madl, rpon an avarage pri*e they will C
bring two atadred millions of dollars. I
the cotton planIter wali but hamnd, not give
lend to the Goveramen-at the proceeds of but
on-half, that wii h-.: oe hundred milliuwol
dollars, double whot the Government wants,
or did want. wk-.. - t,,e tjour-erainhi
.,*lOaniu to Iceep two nundred thousand men
in the tield --the l;ant- vou cn use aIs viola
I now .il na:d i. m.aaa. il,: t ih. latt (if
My a.da!re , Ih ;ro. Si! ion umpaon wbieh a
sha.l :ake ;O:Ie commaae.tS. :t: t wish -ryv a
gent'etuau to tnder-taand it. if i, wa1t askiaa i
a dotmation; the Gierammeat Aamliy wish.-s
to co:itrl the proceeds of your cottoun. Th I
( an ernnwna.-aat prapIjost's to iive yo Ia bonad a
bcarminag i4ht p)r ce:. inaterCt, paying the I't
interest also, semai-annually. It. is not at gift I
or donation, but simply your surpltus Cotioa 1
ats amuich as yon caan spa e. This i., the pro- .
positon . I
"We,~ the sba iiberg', agree' tu. conataibu-te<
to the dlefence of thec Coaafedaernie Satae thmat a
portion oft our cropa set dorn to our arespa-e
ive ameas ; the .iuaae to bet plee--d1 int wae
house am in the he:?md of aour ihtol.arsa :amd sold
oa or befomre the-ne-xt."
F-ix the ahay of sasle as soon a:: 'e ph! e
the hirst of JTaauary, the first of I 'artuary,
or te first of March., if youm pla-e; though~ a
I am naar' tame Governiwmn whthts you ao
sell it as soon as conveah-at ; Utt let aeach
plantetr coansult hi.i intaoz*. and in: thei :man
whxile~ consult the tuarket. Bumt to pr't.
"And the nett prceds cf ..a!-. we *ita'-,
t, hel paid~ o.ver to the Tr-easurpr of :LeI, Caoa
federtte States for bonds for thae saamie -.atoaant,a
beaig eight per cenmt. itetrest."
There~ is thec whole (of it. The Laltton lanai-a
te- diraect hil- cotton to be ac-ut into the hmnae w a
of htr- factor or his commaaissioni mercanat. Hr
only tel the Gover:aiment in the subscripiona1
at- portion he can eamd. lie direct., it to be
A~d. ad the proceed.. to b~e inavested iaa Coua- t
eetet iiandsk. I und.:rsti that a Coum
aitte will be -appointed before ch:. tattinag a
aljours, to canivass this counaty. Every palaa- a
Lter, thmere.foro, of Riichmnond counaty, will lie
waited .upon anad c.E~rded an opportunnaiy tot
.ubscribe. I wish, thecrefore, tso say to that
Coamai ee, anad everybody, subscribe. I pre
r you puaainag adown. first vyaur nameo, see-i
aanda, the numaber of bales, and I pretfer yonm a
putngdw the proportion of youar rVopa.It
want, speciatl y, atae ma.rnb.-r oaf bales,5 buit at
wouhi hake aal.-t toa knoaw thet propaortiaon it I
baar.-. to your crp L.-t everyorm'aly, those
wihh :'maa!! e-rops as '.a.il as large. give ev:
,i..re, ita thais way, of their patriotism., and I j
b lelve aLe paoor anman thait pauta dowa btL twao a
haue--, il it heC h:.I' hai- crap, a~ives Inert- amid
iaeta p:'rIiot icaully, athaan atae man whor gro~ws Ia
o:.e tho.xsand andl jauis dowrn one half raf his.,
beause, as the Savia'ae said, thme woarman whao
ove havr mil ., gav.. maora thatn all a he re't. <
L.-t evhyy therefare, lput dovwmn a portion a
trir crop. if it he~ t halea er fifty hales..
a a<.no buti:dav.1 bnhl-s, or tare hundlred hmaes. :
Imp~j~irias l.arr. bhe' amade of ame, anad I
si:a hi.s oport am.ny to -nv-er thm ' beu
. - aidapr ~aes. Lotndie will a-ircuint.- mas money eta
._wil they pay .5->.' gj iS ai it I1 a
ihno amitak. T'hey vaa- ntaa. int ended 'm. as
a-rrenyt ; they are autilted to c~fnswer thae I
pars.e of ariehairnn. The Laonds are- !argar
thanu thia paper. ;A- l-'ttr sheet.) The a-h.
le ttion is on the njper part tat it, amad thea (
wole: of th. low..r part is divided inato forty
.squares oa- cheek-s. In -ach1 aane oaf thaese checks e
rhe imnterest is counated for each six months I
ar twenty yeiars, Thsese' cheeks are caaled
co aaapons, anad all the party hmoladirg thaem has
t o d. is every six nmonthas to clip o~ff the' lower a
co apon, sr-td it toa the Treneury. and r'" his r
mtyret. The bonad is not. suitable to- catrry a
ai a vuamr pocket.-book anal :se. It wouald wear
out. It is intenad-d to represent a fixed capi-t
tal, or permanenmt inavestment-jumst so muchi
.. .o.. ca.. .paae fram your cotton ermp.
hat; i all. Instead of your putting your
irplus in lands, negroes, houses, fujt.tre, c
seless extravagance or luxuries, just put it d
But while I said it was not intended to cir- .1
elate or to pay debts, I have not the least r
oubt that anybody who vill sell his crop en- C
re for bonds, will find no diiculty in get- r
ng the money fur them, for they draw in- r
rest, and arc better than money; and ainy F
ian holding a note will give it up and take a y
ond, for a note draws but seven per cent., (
ud this draws eight. I have no doubt that c
11 minors and trust property will soon be v
ivosted in it. The entire amount of private t
inds in the State of Georgia on private t
>ans, 1 suppose, is ten or twenty millions of a
oliars at seven per cent. All that amount
rill immediately find its way into these botids, 1I
nd hence a planter who sells his entire crop, t
nd needs money, can get it from the money
nders on these bonds.
I have been frequently asked if these bonds
rere good. Well, I want to be equally frank
pon that point. If we succeed, if we estab
sh our independence, if we are not overrid
en, if as are not subjugated, I feel no besi
Iney in telling you it is the best Government e
tock in the world that I know of. It is
ight per cent. interest ; and if we succeed in, C
short time, in a few years, if not more than
ne hundred millions, or two hundred mil- .
onQ are issued. I have but little doubt th'y
rill conmmand a considerable premium. The
1d1 United States stock (six p..r cent. bonds.) s
ve year. ago commanded fifteen and sixteen i
per c:., and went as high as twenty pe: cent. t
ake the Central Railroad. The stock of t
hat company con inands fitieen per cent.. t
remi::tn nu.-. These bond:: pay eight rk-r I
ent. emi-annualir therefiore. it there is a (
hort wa~r, these bonds very soon will corn
uand1 fifteen or twenty per cent.; but candor I
iso co:npela me to state that if Lincoln o--r- I
uns us---if we are jutlingated, these bonds t
vill not he worth a single die, and nothing
':. yon ha:ve will be worth any:bnr. Jf r
va o;r-rrun, they will he worth just Zs i
ruh as aunVthin.; elye you have, and nothing
1 ? you have -ii will b.' worth anythitng.
Laughter.) .o that i; the whor of it.
Let. us. t hen, comne ul and conirihute what
re can. I .say to th1: l1anter that I do not
rih to urge anyiody, but let everybody dis
ur-3: bi there is unl! thin i can tell cot'
v'it h conlidenice. and that. i-, t i: oig to~ la.:
mtr:l ,;-h . e a:n-my is whi.p'ed and driven from t
mur .sil. [Tremnciduus appalause.; And it
vii require men i land money to do it, and the 1
mit war Lu make it a .h4ort wi! is to send
n.:n int!. t he ti;.h'I. Ind to r. iii icitiS enougih
U -upport thei in t!1- i-ld to drive the etw,
Ov 0ill. That is the be t way. 'That i., the
loy to m1aike it a ihirt war ; and in this the
otton piana r: can co-ntrihmce ; :i d when 1
all yotu it i: an Lne'iain war, I enunozt ae
,nui tr 19~ dun:tio.n uap.-s utn rational pin-r
.ii.!. it is a fnuntieul war, and whe-rever1
natict~ism1 getu cett-r!ol ofreaanl yOnt enni r
take to, .gtdationi in dnrer to it. Tiis is !
war :'Naimt-t rea*on in every SS of the i
rm. I thle iret place, in-any ofV tho-se en- t
;. edl in! 1 are engI i~'On a crusiade nomnimd
y to amcel:Iorate the contditionu of a portion vi
mW ppahionitl. Tl!wy are encgg inc a eru-ti t
:Ael to, ike Ihin::s bet~er thtan the (.'riator I
uni- thetm, or to mi:e things equal whic-h C
:,- u:nde~ unindt. It is imtpuUs in that a a
:ent --al of th:e nmate:.nmot the watr prin.,t
dotbt nt. fr:.n. that sour~.-. Such an ,
stort no-r :ould sueed, wVere they to over- [
ci us an~d drive us~ away. Thiese very peo
,l would do as somec are now reported to be
Mcing ill Virimnia (f whoic 1 neither aflirnm 1
r denay the uthd)-ea'ptucre Uthe black l*pp
uttionl atnd cend thienm off to C'uba for .--le. C
lt the-r,:i., one tingc ce-rtain, that they can
0o morce arry. out thteir fanatical deigicn:s Lran
e ean mnake the Savramtuh run to the moon
ltis, for the Great Creator-the Ruler of f
h. 1.eaven and thce earth-lie that madte r
una ancd faslhioned him---made one infterior t
i the other, and matde sonme to differ front 2
hers, as one star dliffers from others. This b
unatical sentiment of thle North will no more F
sake the necgro etin:al to the white man than bi
will make the leoptard ch:arge his anots or F
e Ethiopiun his skin. f t is a war against r
ie interest ofi th'.se who wage it, amnd, of all t
he people whto will sust~ by it, the New41'
. vtghmd mtes will siter theL mo! . Th-irt
r-adoi cut t.1, :he-ir- .-upies eat (tt- their
.arc of wealtht c;:t oli, whlE-e e they to y
rade ihereafter?- We furnish thaem~ a mtarket; n
o ther~ people. of the. world dor. Thev c-an. il
ot sell their goo.Lh to (t-ed Btrituan, fo
he-y are ;tippliedl by Ittit i-h maitori .=. E
mr (11 can thy urnish (h-rmanuy tr France.a
it oaf those two hu~ndri-d tand fiftyv million I
*fgod- it I od t hey a- did noct send ten V
'i!iios t ihe old world. It all cam~~ ea the n
,enth. W'- are their mahrke-l. We wishued to f
eatiuel to trade~ with them, ha' they would f
fto perform their part of the compnet, and
arried r-'ut the- 1ld ad:-to of the "m Twn whlo 4:
a; t of ?i, r w-.e I- - pile his face" i LanghterI
n-i I -atnnot accounot 1tar it except on theol
oman tmuaxin,. tehat lie 4i whore the gods~ wa o't
o est-roy, thley tirI malte mnad." Thuis i
t against th,- princciples whbich their teuthers
nd ont fathers foeught for--that, every Statet r
bovrmnt should not for itself; and that -
he G overtnmient (lerived its po~wers from tlti ti
rnsent of the- governed. These wore thc '
riniples of ilancock, Jackson, Madison, ~
tandojlh, LPinckney and others. They were '
be priciples their fathers and onr fathers
nited in iighting for, and now they have I
ace thrum a muockery of all history andl thp ~
lhaBe of their anlcestocr$. These people are
ow warring against that principle, and at- 1
empting to govern us just as King George
tid ; it is, therefore, an unnatucral and irra-- ~
a. $ a suicidal war antd you canot d
onnt upon its duration. When a people he
omes mad there is no telling what they will
o. It is so in the history of other empires;
was so in France. They say we are.revo
itionists; they call us rebels. 1 think it
ill be a revolution before it is over; but if a
bange of Government makes revolution, the
!volution is at the North. At the South our
iovements from the beginning have been
lanted upon the principles, as I have told
ou, of our revolutionary fathers, apd the
onfederates States to-day have' rescijed the
onstitution, with some changes, all of which
re think improvements. They stand to day
be defenders, supporters and maintainers of
bat constitution, which was the admiration
nd devotion, of us all. But a change of
oyernment has taken place at the North.
rsGonstitution of our fathers has already
een ii'ttrpled in the dust. From the time
kr.. Lincol~ni Went into his office until to-day,
has beembitt one step alter another, one
tride afteranother upon the Constitution of
be cotdp'try. The first thing be did jeras to
all out seventy-five thousand militia:; He
ad no. piwer to do it. That Constitution,
bat Madison and Washington, and the patri
ts of the South as well as the North gave
beir consent to-that Constitution that was
utrAdmirrtion-that Constitution the Sputh
rn states have rescued, declares that Con
ress alone shall raise armies. His next act
,ato increase the army to twenty-five thou
and men. This he did by an edict. ThefVon
titution says Congress shall increase the-ir
nv. After thatihe increased the -nay to
weity-five thousand. Louis Napolcon ,or
he Czar of Russia never a.sumed mor die
atorial power. The North responded 'o it.
'hat Constitution that hail my admiration
and many of yon doubtless have hear8 me
pon it, for if there was anything upon iAilch
uv whole soul re.,ted, and for which I would
ave devoted life~ nnd everything dear,i
he Constitution of my country,) that C sti
ntion that the Montgomery Governmen .has
esened declares that no man shall h de
>rived of his life, liberty r.r property but by
lue process of law.
That was lite old Constitution. It iitjthe.
.ostitution we rescued. The Constitgion
he Confederate States pre'ents to all people,
igh or low, is the sirc:y to defend tblen
applause:l but, fellow citizens. Mr. Lindin,
i his own edie:, has nullified. abroqated
,d Lvrrything (ar..-if a fri~roa:- was to-day
u announce the great tiatb upoin wh-h tL.e
evolution was fought. hr wwii-1.' be arresttd.
i in jail. in lrlcd in a dunger.n, and the
nr:s h:ing c-::d,. would have no hearin;
ce.2pt li eore a C'n: a atal and h ie er:end
I tei:i you the ievolutio; is a ibe North.
ire is where contituiiJd liberiv has been
ledoyedC~ ; antd il you a ish. to imowv my ju~d:
ad it in the isoryo ofth :!:.~ nchi .TIncihbin
'iey hav. l..comte a licen::tiui: t.d la !ni --
ob. and I :;hd! not at idi hie 1upri:.d if. in
Lincoln anid hi s* Caine I it-s h..d. -ome- to
be *-:thlois or ;:ini: ::a, just u-I those w~ho.
di the Frenc~h war~ (applau.tIe ;) for; hiumain
assions, when: once avonued, are :: Uneon
odab. a t eets aLbout. :,. The undy
oped of mnanb Iud ret- in the r.etais of
uistittional lEv rw,:md the d~ a the :ram,,I
nl ratilledi these: lawbl.- moeasures of Lincol,
bey dng their owni graves. They may talk
f freedom nd uliibvrty, Ii:t I tel youE no pet'
ie withoot ruler r.trainmed byv constitution
I law, can be free. They mzay be nominally
e, but they are vassals and slaves, and this
nbridled mob, when they attemp~t to check
,Linceoln andl the ni: will be ,-:dat wit i.ijnst
T tell you it was in France.
Why the conservati :sentimenlt in the
orth is aginst this war. When I te!! youi
: t fanatical, 1 do not man that :i!l imen are
maties. .lust as the a urdiest trees of the
rest yield to theo bheiit of thu atorm, so have
ie friends of the Constitution yielded at the
orth. And how i.: Lincoln to get these four
andred millions of dollars ? I told you I
ught soy something more about it. They
a-:e Dot the money. That is true. I sup
ose the North new might raise one hundred
illion in goldl a;id silver. [ have not Leen
te returns of t he aks. Blut their money
'nders are not going to lend it. &mefl sa~y
at the war will! be a short one . No: m~y
-iuinds, do not lay that flattering unction to
our ouils. hlow did the -lacobinis raise their
oney ? W hy, -they laid their hands uplin
;and that is the way they will do ait the
orth. First. They will i:sue :icrip ; hut the
eeretry ot- the Trea~iary cattnnot coei up
dh tell them that it is wrong. Hie has not
i nerve, and lhe mni.ht lose his head if he
e-.re t) do it. Theyv may iso four hundred
tillions of Treasury noties, and thus get along
ir twelve months, or perhaps two yearis, be
.rc they are too much depreciated. They
-ll then issue scrip against the rich nmann'
roperty. Whnt is to be the result of thi-i
rarr? I am not a p~rophet, hut I look ::ponI
as fraught with the most momentons con
eneesi, not unto us, but to the people oif
he North. hiM~r ai-ny5 believed thr~t if
i" Union were desroirayti the North would
nI into anarchy and despot ism. We are the
alt of the concern, and it is only qucAtion
bl whether or noit we have quit too soon.
hat is the (Jnl. doubt I h:ave. Wheire it will
ndl, I dio not know, but never agr in will thay
njoy constitutional government at the North.
'h-v never nnderstood it. Constitutional
berty isa a plant of Southern growth, water
d by Southiern hrands, nurtured by Southern
ands, and if it is to ~ie man ntained, to live to
ght the worl, it is to lbe done in the Soulthern
ofederacy. (Applause.] At the North there
i anarchy. Property will migrate, just as it
id in Fanne. Tha~t is the 9nd
( liow long will they he able to war against
ur " I tell you it will be until we drive 1
ther. hack. There is no hope for us, there 1
is no prospeet fnr an e:rly and speedy ter
minaliou of the war, until we drive them back;
and my idea. oy wish, miy desire and my
counsel, would be to raise men enough im
mediately from the mountains to the seaboard
to do it. Georgia has already done well. I
was always proud of my State-proud of her
origin, of her history, of her resources, and
proud of her achievements ; and I am to-day
prouder of her than ever. In this her coun
try's call, I believe she stands number one in
answering it, buth in men and money. (Ap
plause.] She has answered nobly; let her
answer still. The other States-let all send
up men to drive the enemy out: and, to the
cotton planters I would say, come up with !
the cotton to-day. I do not want to embar
rass any one, but I would say to you, tell
your debtors to wait until you are out of dan
ger. [Applause.] When men come to you
crying "debt I debt! debt I" tell them, as
Patrick Henry did, when they cried " beef !
beef ! beef I" Let your debts wait, let all the
machinery of society stand still until inde
pendence is secured. I would say, just as if
my house were on fire, " all hands to the
bucketsq, let the flames be extinguished."
Let the courts and everything else stand still,
except to administer justice ; let us all patriot
ically wait: let us all put our shoulders to the
work, and act together, with a long pull, a
strong pull, and a pull all together. That is
the way to drive out the enemy ; and it will
be successful. They rely upon numbers, and
they have got them;. but I have told you the
battle is not to the strong. We rely upon
the righteousness and the justice of our cause,
and also the valor of our men, though they
bring two to one, three to one, five to one, or
ten to one, as was done in Greece. We rely
upon the valor of our men-we rely upon our
men fighting for their homes, fresides, chil
dren and everything dear to them ; and, in
such a cause. we have no douht the God of
Battles wil! Smile upon u.,
To the ladies I must offer some apology
for having said so little to them, and so much
to the men, but I told them in the beginning
my business was mainly with the me-n to-day.
I.was glad to see them here, and I must say
that the women, in this great and patriotic
cautse. nra P -an " '
the anWfrn. in aL remarkably short tnace
of timhe. In Ily own conntv. which has raised
three lumnirel an. fit : men, the l.adier- tuade
the uinifor' i fe:- th. la-t ::p 'u two days,
and W -. ?tady to go vith the re t. the
ladie-s hav- don their duty as nobly as the
ien have. .chno:d ceeuinty bas sent tn
companies to tL field. Nuhk- have :ou dune
your duly. ud jnst as nobly have ibe wemen
doe theirs. Applause.] Aind I wish yiou
to andl: r-~andl. w--hle I do not speak much to
ynnt, fr.i t1:- tet ield is not your plaoce,
wVomen-i erer,-h- :.ret indirl'ee ev-en in wr
pehae that; anything eike an.d : i a pro
h:..e: wh:h.::-vnd n.:,t mV.: 2(- ih.- world
at laM. !lu.:ht-r.It i:, tl.eir :.pirit wieh
uni-mam- t.-ne :oidier in the- tig. ~nere
c.!!eet the pionedo-:unuin- oif th-ir mothers,
and~ othiers r-ecllect the sini:-' :md beamieg2
Thre-earethe ::.timents shi.:l setwate our
so~ldier.<. Th;-.- t r;m:. 0m:df te women rs a
powr:r Ole thiau wi- h huids ;lhe mbs' oIf the
uii:verse in. their properm placees. Now, iaen,
in this ..thk you ha-.e much to do, nat'i if theL
men ore: in de:.ht l.mv mouch to yohbscribe, I
am p.erfectly willing that theyv shall go home
and ask the-ir wives. [La~ughte~r.] A womian
always at with impulse, and her inmpulses
na generally right ; lot a mnan pouaders. and
ibinin', anal doubts. Wumni's thoughts go
directiy to the truth : nd I am perfetly
willing to leavei. this cuttim luau to the: judg
mnent of your wives and aisters. [. may be
that some husbands have prtomised their wives
a new turnout, and they may be doubtful un
til they consult the " old woan" at home
sonie men are. [Laughter.] Then let them
have no fears on that subject. Just tell him
"I will da without that carriage, or that fur
niture while our brave 1olunteers are in the
tented field ; I will put up with whatever we
hiav-e got. Put down every cotton bami you
can spare."''That is what I know the ladlies
will sanr. . '
And now. then, gentlemen, I am perfectly
willing that you shiall go home. 1 do not in
tend to opena any subscriptions here to-day.!
A Cotmmit tee will be appointed to canvuss the
county, and every one of you, I trust, will be
seen by that Commirittee- 1 wish you to cot'
sider the question ; tatk over tihe matter with
your wires, and I am perfectly willin- to
abide by theirt judgment. And -now, in ern
clusion, I ask you, one and all, women as well
as tmen, before you make up your judgments,
consider the rm-agtnitude of the question ; the
great is~ue< efore yon the perils surround
ing you: h dangers besetting yon tthink of
yourl hoam's and your firesides. and then think
of subjugat ion. Think then of your duy, and
al I ask of y on is to perform: youtr duty as
faithfully a-' I have done mine to-day, and I
Ieaye it with you Zhe emmt~try and Gd
[Loud and prolongedl falus.1
As otne of the Northern regiment< passed
throngh the streets of Blaltimnore, a young
girl had fixetd in the upper window of a house
on their route a Confederate t$ag, of hr-r own
manufacture. The oflicer in command, stung!
wth patriotic jealousy by the s'ght, and emni
lating the exataple of. F-llsworth, tihe hero,I
hurried to the house to snatch down and
hear away the trophy. He was tmet at the
door by the heroic girl. hfie commanded her
to take down the flag, when she coolly anti
confidently refused to do so. He iettempted
to nn her. when tha girl csonfremtad him,
tmd, in a steady tone, warned him not to pass
.he threshold, that "she was armed." The
ieroic adventurer, thus bronght to a halt,
fazed for a minute in baffled surprise at the
ilight and beautiful defender of the flag of
.he South, and suddenly turned on his heel,
;t owling the excuse that," f she was not so
l-d Uood looking he would take the flag down
anyhow." That girl might be a Charlotte
Jorday in certain circumstances.
The South Carolinians in the Fight.
RICHton , July 24.-An intelligent and
-eliable gentleman from South Carolina,
who was on the battle.field, and held a
proninont position there, says that South
Carolina had seven regiments in the battle,
neluding Hampton's Legion.
The 2d Regiment, Col. Kershaw's, was in
,he hottest of the fight. This Regiment and
the 8th, Col. Cash, were in a brigade to
Col. Sloan's 4th Regiment was the first to
engage the enemy. It-was stationed three
miles to the left of the other South Carolina
regiments, and with the Louisiana troops saf
Adjutant S. M. Wilkes, of the 4th Regi.
mnent, Lieut. C. E. Earle, of the Patnetto
Riflemen, and other officers are killed. Capt.
G. P. Poole is severely, and perhaps mortally,
wounded. Capt. B. F. W. Kilpatrick Is also
wounded, it is feared severely. About a dozen
officers and a number of privates in this regi
ment were killed, but no other names than
the above have yet been reported.
Col. Willians' 3d Regiment and Vol. RaT
con's 7th, with Col. Kirkland's North Caro
lina and Col. Kelley's Louisiana regiments,
constituted the centre of the general line,
and held Mitcholl'a Ford, on the direct line
from Fairfax Court House to Manasses. These
regiments were under cannonade from snn
rise until near sun-set, but being entrenched,
they suffered hut little.
Just before sun-set, and when the right
wing of the enemy gave way, they were or
iered to charge the batteries in front of them,
which order they e.ecuted in gallant style,
led by Gen. Bonham. When the charge was
made, the enemy promptly retired, and the
lss of these regiments was consequently
;mail. They pursued the enemy to Centre
Ville, and took $900,000 worth of Federal
i. -.-'- 1 a r .-lipme that none in these
particnlairs of the kilh'i snl wn'dIrled a:e
not vet at:ertaitwe!.
We have not yet been able to obtain d.-.
tailed reports of the killed and vc.nadel of
inv c-f the douth tarola 1-Cim':nt- or
lur Special Accounts from itichmiontd.
Riuito.;,, .lyt :2'..-lu the battle at atone'
jridge, (.enrca1, Banregird and Jo)hnu~ou
O:ommand~ed t'ogethier, thier rank being equa!.
We have iaken in all 50 gtuns, with enisonas,
s:rs:, pro;idons, etc., a large amont of am
muition!1 and small armns in greaxt uuantitie..
The~ wiods m:.1 ti.-lds for milco no':st of
Afanassus .Junction were stre '.n with arms,~
knap.-aetks nnd amourements, left by the en
eumy in his dlight.
Trumbull. and other members of Linculu'.
C~ogr.-, were on': the field wit.h Me:l!wcell,
withl which to h;'e celebrsted thieir triumph,
but they did not carry~ the't: del'-:acies lek
Thle number of killed on our aide is fixed
at about 6J40. Our wounded exceedled l.000i.
The ammnunit ion and provisions captured
are it is said,. enough t la'st aus amym for i:
Gecn. Scott i.- reporte~d to have been at Fair
ax Court lh'osse during thme open'mg of the
After Lit-ut. Col. IJhnason was kilb-.d rand
L'ol. Wade Hampton wasm wounded, tGen.
Beauregard rode up in peron, andi led the le.
~ion into buttle. Each of the companies be
tiavedi admirably. The legion list in killed
md wounded 113.
Gen B3onham is again at Fairfax C. H., 14
miles from Alexandria.
Colonel Thome., ef Generrl. ohr'.ston'a
tTwas killed ; Colonel Mason, of the same
taff, was wounded.
Neither Captain Conner, of the Wmaaiing
on Light infantry, not- Adjintant Barker are
Among the killed of the Oglethmorpe Light
infantry, of Savannah, are Bryan Murrell, .Ju
ins C'. Ferrell and W. H. crane. Col. Gar.
lener, of Angu-:ta, Gia., is slightly wonnded].
The 5th South Carolinma regiment, with the
Eth and Rhl Mississippi regiments, under Gen.
tones, c-harged the batt:ery, at McIean'sm Ford,
it 4 o'clck in the af'ernoon and took t wo'
We have taken in all '!0 pieces of cannon
mnd 500 prisonera.
The following are among thn eaenalties in
3>1. Cash's regiment.
l.ir-u!. Cook, company Ii, wouindemd. iong
>f (up:ain Unrringrton'a toanpany (G) are
sound-ed, lPrivates Fllerbee, C'nek, and Long
Private W~hite, company C. and Privale
D~ixon, company F, are killed.
Captain Harrington, of company (G, cap
nired Hon. Mr. FEly, a membier of the Rump
congress from I.lochester distriet, N..w York.
He~ was acting ani an anaateur fighter.
Col. Kemnper, of the Alexandria artillery,
then ordered to open on the enemy in sup
port of Kershaw's regiment, called otit to
.he Butler Guhards, " Butlers, will yon follow
ne'?" They answered immediately, "We
ill, to a man."
They captured eight pieces (Sherman's bat
*ry.) Col. Kershaw took a United States
against odds of two to one," was the reply.
" And how went the day ?" was immediately
ejaculated. "The enemy were beaten and
put to flight," was the response. " Thank
God !" said the father; " then I am satisfied
-I give up my boy."
This touching incident we commend to
every heart that has been bereaved in this
terrible but righteous war. Let them take
the example of this patriotic father to heart.
They love their sons and brother4 no more
than he-and while humanity must feel, the
promptness of natural affection must be
obeyed, let them banish all excess of grief in
the cheering reflection that their beloved
ones have nobly perished in defence of their
country, of truth, of justice, and of right.
They are precious offerings and Heaven will
pour out the incense of its blessings upon the
altar whereon they are laid.
Forewarned is to be Forearmed.
The following, from the New York Herald
of the 11th, will take no one by surprise in
this section. We need not give our reasons
for not alluding to the matter before, and for
suppressing communications on the subject of
our coast defences. We will only add, by
way of comment, let our government look to
it. Forewarned forearmed:
PaoPosEn EXPFnITIoN TO SorTH CAOnLI
.n.-Late in the fall, when the warm weath
er moderates and the region becomes healthy
for Northern troops, South Carolina must he
invaded, unlass the rebels previously submit
and lay down their arms. .And the invasion.
must not be by CharlMton, wh-h would in
volve too great a sacrifice of life, hut a far
better port, seventy-five miles further South,
though not so well known. We refer to Port
Royal harbor, which is fifty miles from Str.an
nah. It is a safe and commodious port, and
the shallowest part of the channel to it has
asout twenty feet of water. Beaufort lies up
the Port Royal'river, sixteen miles from the
sea, and is situated on the Island of Port Roy.
al. From Beanfort to Charleston there is in
land water communication, by the inlets, for
vessels drawing eight or nine feet.
This was originally the chief port of Sout h
Carolina, but it was superseded by Charle -
ton on account of the latter having superior
water communication to the Interior b they
Ashley and Cooper-rivers. The railroad, how
ever, is a more rapid mode of tra;" ubea ,
.. anounds with slaves-in fart, t;:.
Are far more numerous there than the whit.
13y landing a force of twenty thousandir-.
at Port Royal, the whole State could ha rt
duced, and Charleston city could be taken in
the rear and captured. as it was once before by
the British. The slave property of Sou'l'
Carolina would thus be ruined. So let ti.e
ehivalry of that State avert the threatened
blow by making peace at ounce with the Fed
eral power. A tLouUiunicatiun being thus
opened into the very heart of' the Southiem
States, r'einforcementa could be forwarded,
and a strong column could form a junction
with the Federal column advancinig froma the
South-west, and thus, dividing the South itnto
equal haives, and turning back upon North
Carolina and Virginia, they would sweep the
rebels as with a net into the very .iaws ofthe
army~ ou the banks of the Potomnac. If the
rebels rihouldl not sujrrender befobre the fall. it
ia highly proh,.ble that the programme will1-.e
ea--ried out, and then woe to the vun-piishe&.
correspiondent of~ the New York Spirit of the~
Vinmes, writing from Copperas Preeinct, I!!i
n'ois. gives the following .s among the -' rich
one,," whieb his researches fronm nnong the.
legal records~ hatve blrouJght to light. We gire
his own language:
In examuininig a lbmd title, the oither dfy,
wvhich involved a qtuestionz ' legititnacy, r
stumbiled uponU the ibllowing marriage certifi
eate, which is decidedly too good to be lost,
.id is literally hona ftde. 'The marriage, of
which this is the only legai ev idence, toek
place in Copperas Precinct, in this county, or
rather in the primitive times, and the mtagi.
trate ought to be immortalized, whether he
ever gets his commission or not. The certf
icate is in these words:
State of I l incis, Peoria county, .
To all the world, greeting. -Know ye that
John Smith and Peggy Myres is hereby cer
tified to go together and do as old folks doe,,
mnywhere inside of copperas prerinct, and
.vben my comnmis:on comes 1 am~ to marry
'cm good. nmd 'lte 'emt back to xmvrr. :.cr
0. M. R--.
I pu'1 the initials ordy of the mragistrate four
the reason that this legal luminary is still liv
ing, andl probably too modst to covet the
flame to which he is jostly er~titled. Don't
he deserve a pension, and the unanimous
thanks of those interested ir'. the rapid pee
pling of the State, as well as tho;m who r.n'
ivait. or commissions
D or'r Warrr. G LO xv l.1:Treaa.--Thos
who have relatives or dear friends in the army
ought not to write gloomny or discouraging
letters to can p. The soldier has food for sa-i
and gloomy fits, in his own quiet meditations,
without being assisted by despondent missives
fromn home. Write the soldier cheerful and
encouragig letters. A letter from home
passes the rounds of the camp, and if iti
tones are bright and cheerful it puts a pleas
ant hue on all. If you feel sad, don't write
at all, rather than write in a sad strain.
IrA.s.-.SaVe all your rags--cotton, flaxs
hemp, etc., send them to market, where you
can realize Z cents a pound. The South
wears ont more such goods than two such
Northis, and yet the North saves double the
quantity of rags for making paper. Let this
be changed hereafter. -Save the rags to make
paper, uad thereby save money.
Col. Wilcox, of the Michigan regiment,
with one captain and three privates of the
same regiment, are prisoners in our hands. In
all, over thirty U. S. officers have been made
prisoners. The prisoners concur in alleging
that the impression was general among the U.
S. troops that we would not fight.
Color bearer J. H. Ancrum, jr., of the
Washingtcn Light Infantry Capt. Conner,
previously reported wounded, was only burnt
in the face by the bursting of a shell. He
will be out in a few days.
Private I. G. Baker, Washington Light
Infantry, is wounded.
Private H. A. Middleton, jr., Washington
Lt. Infantry, is seriously wounded.-Charles
The Great Fight atManassas.
The following, from the Petersburg Express,
is more minute than any we have seen:
MANASSAS, July 22, p. m.-The enemy
opened their batteries at McLean Ford, on
Bull Run, at 8 o'clock, a. m., with heavy guna
and rifled cannon.
Several small field pleoes were used, these
being intended as a mere feint, for the pur
pose of drawing our fire. Our generals, see
ing through the ruse, did not respond.
The enemy chose their own position a few
miles above Stone Bridge, on Bull Run, where
the principal part of the battle was fought.
The enemy's attempt being to turn, if pos
sible, our left flank, the battle raged for fuur
hours at that point. The fire on both aides
was appalling. ?lien on both sides never
The enemy having largely the advantage
in numbers and artillery, between three and
four o'clock, our brave men began to waver,
and the result actially hung in the balance,
when Generals Beauregard and Johnson he.
roically threw themselves into the thickest of
Gen. Beauregard crowned himself with
glory. Iieut. Col. Johnson, of Hampton's
(S. C.) Legion, being killed, and Col. Hamp
ton himself severely wounded, Gen. Beaure
gard led the Legion into action in his usual
gallant style. He had his borae's head shot
oft by a shell, and the horses of Messrn. Hey
ward and Ferguson, of S. C.. two of Gen.
B.'s aides, were killed by the same shell. .
The battle now raged with tretran'lous fury,
but our brave generals could be seen in the
Tme..ieanuregard comma.ded during the
day, and was in all parts of the field, being
.everal hours under a galiing fire.
He escaped many shell and rifled shot,
whic: were evidently thrown directly at him.
His escape seems truly miraculous. I my.
eif saw a shell burst not twenty yards from n
the gallant general.
Gen. Johnst.n aided Gen. 3eauregard, an.
though eutit!:l ly superior rank to tL
The panoremr. of the battle he~re presented
to tu t; ;:wv of the epectator was magniscent
beyond description. The line of tight ex
te:ndedl seven miles.
The Washington New Orleans Artillery
didl reat exccutiou. playing frightful havoc
among the enemy. Sergeant Joshua Reynolds
wus the~ only one killedJ. Hie was struick in
the forehead while giving the word of e-am
tiar~d. Privates John Payne and Crutcheri
were w es. TChe Washingtoinians to.ok
their stanu]deee to the .Miehigan Regimsent.
Panrt of' the Seventh and 1+:ighth L~ousianau
Regimaents were in the action, but patieuz!are
of' ear..ualties have nut- been ascertained.
Major 'Wheat was badly wounded, and his
rcovery is barely p'ossible. His hzattsain
wa.5 iadly cut up.
The enemy were coto:nnded iuniuesiiately
by3 G~en. Me:llowell, who is said to have had
50,t'00'. All of ours att the Stone Bridge were
e~tim:ated at :0,0f10.
Gen. Scott i:: ad by~ ".veral persons to
haaye been but a few iles efl. We bear
nothinig of Patterson.
Our numbers iinedia tely engaged were
The enemty was iotally :outed, and fled in
great confusion for miles.
We have captured thirty pieces of artillrry,
thirty wagons containing provisions, an~d 50t
A mong the prisoners is the celebmetd (kI
Corcoram, of' the fam~o'1s iri~h Six;y-Ni'dL
Regimuent. New York.
Col. Wilco-. .capain nnd three pivan,,
of the Michtigan, Regiment, surrendered ft
the Confederate T wentyEigh"th V'iria Rm P
Captain Edward Carringtr.u, of Washting
tout City, a Virginiani by hi rth, and a nephew
of the late Hon. Wnm. C. Preston, of Sonth
tarolina, is also a prisoner. lHe fonght vig
orously against us.
Col. Kemuper's 41andria Artillery did
most ef!.'ec'tiva service, mowing downz enmire
files of the enemy.
TIIR Nr.ws is SAVAm5A-.a5 Tsrmresr.
The Savannah RepuibiWan, speaking of the
great b'attle at Mansas~pas on Suinday, say
Our clity yesterday was agoni-.ed by con.
fliting emnotions--.joy for the triumph of our
arms, and anguish for the terrible cost of the
victory. The fall of noble, chivalrous Barow
carried a pang of sorrow to every heart, while
numerous households were plhmged in sorrow
for dear departed ones, or agonized withI sna~
pense and fear lest they too have lost a son or
brother. But a part, of the battle field has
been exposed to view as we write and even
that little brings mourning to a thousand
A dloating father, as lie rode in from the
country yesterday, was met by a messenger,
who reported to him the sad news of the
death of a favorite son. " How and whecre
did he die ?" was the impulsive interrogatory.