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" "WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIBERTIES; AND IF IT MUST PAL
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SI IKINS, DU1tIa0E CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, 0,, AUGUST
Home without a Mother.
What is home without a mother?
What are all the joys we meet
When her loving smile no longer
Greets the coming of our feet ?
The days are long, the nights are drear,
And time rolls slowly on ;
And 0 ! how few are childhood's pleasurce,
When her gentle care is gone.
Things we pri:e are first to vanish
Hearts we love, to pass away;
And how soon, oeen in our childhood,
We behold her turning grey.
Her eye grows dim, and steps is slow,
Her joys on earth are past,
And before we learn to know her,
She hath breathed in earth her last.
Older hearts may have their sorrows;
Griefs that quickly die away,
rut a mother lost in childhood
Grieves that heart day by day.
We miss her kind and wiliing hand,
ier find and earnest care;
And, 0 ! how dear is life around us
What.s homa without a mother there?
. When sorrow: depress,
And blighted hope fall.
As the leatlets of Autumn
Obey Winter's call;
Though faded and weary.
Let there nut he a groan
For a sweet word of comfort
Is: " Ever hope on."
Weary hearts, in all ages,
Hare leant on its strength
" Hlope ever" their watchword,
Drought succor at le:gtb.
The days dark and dreary
Oft shadowed the morn,
But then eame the sweet words:
"lEver hope on !"
Though proepccis hie d.irl;st
('ershn.low tei vi.. '
Au-l trial- ant cartes
All our sorrows re.e":,
Yet we kino'w that l.y lire
is the guid tried alone:
Ami, trusting God'.- uor'i.
We will ever hue on.
It' we bear not at cru.ss
We will ne'er wear a crown :
So. f.arewell repi:iamg.
Despair is east dcwn.
With the Christian's soul-anchoir
Urave the white hillow's foan.
hooking upward for courage,
We will ever hue on
Details of the Great Battle.
We feel that we can give t.othing to our
readers more welcome than the fullest ac
counts from various source: of the great bat
tle at Manassas on the 1st July. The fl
lowing from " l.. W. S.' a Correspondent
of the Charleston Xe-rury,. will be found very
At:'I oF ' 1E Poro.t'. )
N:..t M AmSSA , Jnly 2:1.
.forc of the Ba'llc at Stone Br-ie;-:-The 1n
set of Gien. E"can:-He is Rindthireed-The
Advance of the Second and E hi!h/h Pei
mtello legiments-Tie Pursult- - troops
the iecld--Singular J.)erclopmeuznt.--.Th~e
I have visited again to-day the scene of con
flict, and am able to add still other particu-I
lars of that most memorable action. Your
readers will remember that thec battle was
begun by a feint at Mitchell's. Ford, ona the
road fromi Centreville to Warr-enton. 'J'his,
however, was only true int part. To that
point the nmass of the Ceemy's immiienise
columns was indeed directed, but thaat :dso
was another feint. Planting balttries against
the forces guarding that bridge, he exhibited
the purpose to force a crossing ; but while
seeking to induce that imapreission, he in fact
made a detour of more than a mile above,
and further to the west ;and when ocr atte
tion was directed to thae bridge they soughat
to come upon our rear. 'ro Gen. Evans. as I
have said, the task of defending the bridge
had been committed. ie soon detected the1
enemy's purposes, anti advanced to counter
aet them. Inder him, as I hatve said, were
the a th South Carolin.i Ikgiament, Co!. Sloan,
Whe-am's Battallior., two gum.s of b~~atas
lTattery- ( not the Washinig on ;ua tilki-:y, :-.5
was att 11rs;:'nformed, ) a i I no co .: ;n.ua.es of
ILtdford's -avalry. 'I hese he aiv-anced~ to
Snidley- Ford, but haud hardly plate I tLem in1
position lbefore he ,nw the enemyi ini ovet
whelmhinig mnasses on his !!ain:, h:Aving already
crossed. To resist them: scce::sfll~y was
beyond a reasonablie hir e. A portion of his
small force had already b'een cdached to dni
fend thc biridge, and witha thme rest, not more
t han 1100O, hoecouild not Ihe pe to stami :igainst
the neamuilate'd :houasands ont his~ Ilif ; hut
be kniew that victory or de-athl w:: 'lhe di ter
mination for the dav~-: he~ could ait :.-ast ar-rest
thetm, and ordaering rountd his two piec-es of
ar-tillery, nid rapidly throwing for-ward hia.
forces to te left., ini the face of thle Cfeemy's
battery, already- in position, andi of their- rer
ried ranks near tvuente limes his ownt in
numbe~cr, he nidv-aiced to lie charge; for a
timae hie was covereti by a claitmp of trens, b~ut
passitig ti.e--e- he canie direet !y it kusn~t of the
enemy~i, wit hit eatsy distuanice, andii made his
chaargei uiponi thlen:. I.-- re'snit. of course,
could~r n ot he qu a::stionaed. -For- one. ball oti
his." lhere were tw.-at.- o-' thae aanemya, and
thaere could be no e-xpectation !.im to b.e ulti
mately cut to p'eees, ba. lhe cotuld inell hi::
forces for thei-r uat mnst vaklie, andl hea did.
The enemyn int fic'. rel:.iied frim the jilila e
severity of his on.t t. iiut rec-overhimg, they
b, -gu to bear him bactk. Gen~teral llee, with
his Brigade, then e aime to his suappoirt :lt.at
again checked the ci.rr- nt for an istant.
Colonel Bart ow then came. ; that again ip,.
dleu its resitless progres< ; bai, the dispaity
was s:ill too great. Thiri forces~ were driven
downt to Watrrenton Turnpike, then across it,
and back to the woods one hunrdred yards
below. Whent llamnptot's lkgion camne with
this a chmarge was nmade, whic-h drove the
enemty back to the~ roadl. F-rotn this they
were able to recover, and drov-e our for-ces
back iu turn; again they rallied and drove
they forced is back again. Jackson and
Cocke had also cou.e to maintain the unequal
strife, and in the midst of fearful carnage
strove to hold their owl: against overwhelm
Then it was, whilst the victory wavered in
the balance and hope seemed almost gone,
that the gallant Second, with Kemper's bat
tery, and the Eighth, of Bonliam's Brigade,
tinder a previous and well timed order of
General Beauregard, came sweeping every
thing before them, the foe flying from their
deadly fire and fierce charges.
On the other flank Smith, too, marched
with four regiments, fresh from the railroad,
to the vir'nity of the enemy, put them to
flight and commenced the pursuit.
Eacb in turn had met the successive enflia.
ding cumns of the enemy, until at length
he had no other enfilading column to advance.
The pluck of our men began to tell against.
even overwhelming numbers. Their batte
ries, which they had * advanced* to the eni
nences east of the Warrenton road and near
a mile within the line elf batle which we
took at first, becaimo i~e ehjects 01 attack.
The assault was fearful, but the defence wa
stern and bloody. From Riekett's battery
every horse was killed, and cren to-day ther
lie around the place where it sicod the bodies
of one hundred of the enemy. It was taken
twice, lut retaken again ; and it was only
when the regiments of Cals. Cash and Ker
shaw had cleared the land to the left that. the
flort to retake it was abandoned. The guns
were turned at Area upon the enemy, and
helped t: d; ive then them from the field. Not
far to the right the same tragedy was enacted
to the same result. The 'ne of the enemy
cut in two at this point ..as rever formed
again. One portion retreated by the Werren
ton Turnpike, in the direetion of Centreville ;
the others made nLain the :ietour round by
S::tiy's Ford ; both made lr Centrevile;
and, as they wi-nt : iig !he Turnpike ba-k.
the lray of Demiper'. Da: t-ry uas as admiha
ile as is often seen. The road is broad and
stn ,ight for at least three mile:. Hle pilated
hi.; hattery upon it. iHe was r.nimated to hit.
utmost ,L.iil and power bvhis sen:e of wronns.
Th:e enemy, ihr nw:nths, has held and ahn11,Ad
his home in A'exsa::drii a :id, as he ploughed
the road along w h ch they were IKrc' d to
Travel. I !ear he did not ask for mer y on the
soul. of those he s'!.t to tit- r.-com:l.
tite l.;inments of Keishaw a:!d ta'., with
itmper's hattery, fell.wedl to1 within a mile
.mf Centrevile. The roa'l wa- A 'vvirowd iwith
p i4UZderi, ::nd at the Ii :ngingz !hri.i', onCob'
Creek, they took iwmy-t one guns, which had
hccoiie jammtned, n m.d which, tosther with
the horses, which they were all too hurried
to utihitch, were taken and emit baek.
I spuke, last a.b-, (f thn n.ovement of
enerals .Jona.s amii tlonhai upoi the batte.
rics in fint of tit ut: lit i did not state the
full di-et of their ex.rtic.--s. They tiblowed
In to within .ight of Centrevilk. 'Ihe eneny
had preceded ti.enm. and had e:oniipeicd.
Alarmed at their approach, he ,truck his
camp ag:n, worn a. he was, and did not stop
until far beyond iniriax. Whether he stopp
ed this side of Atexandria or Wahaington,
l.es not appear. in his rotate, he left equiu.
age and baggage, aind four of. his gutis at
Cent revitle, which he had not the sp~irit, even
to attemplt to sate. The numu'oer of' gums now
taken is repiorted to be 51, and as a ecn
sive indication of what is the true import and
efhect of outr action, it may be statedl that,
yesterday, the Confeiderate flag was r-un up
at F-airfasx. That igh~t the town was int lios
session of' a detach;menit o1f our eav'alr'y, andl
to.dght it will be o--tupied by a force stitti
cent to hold it.
In further evidenc~e of the demnoraliz.ationt
of the enemy, it was state-d this morining by
a rentlenman of ofticial position and character
in .lexandriaJ, tl'at he lef:. that towvn unchal
'-nged last night, that he camne to our own
pikem.. urqu':stiened, and that the tumor was
the, volunteer.-; whose te-rm of service had ex
pied, have resolved to leave:; that it is de
termined to prevent them, and that the regu
lar soldiers mre now cailled otut to keep them
in subjugation. This is ;<robable. in a house
to-day where sonie forty of the woiunded
enemy had crept, and wherte they have since
beein lying without foodd or at tendancer, I mn't
a ld' who sa:idl the i 'a:in r of 't
term-na servhi .- hamving .-xpiro.ui. hey dem-uamii
ed their dischnr-:,, bu:t were tahif thmey mui-.
fight the battle, al that thecn t hey won!d1 be
pai. II not willing to fight , t hey~ mi::i d;o it
I mientionedlv ysm--.rday that' mulchi depenimded
on the opi ortmune art ival of Col. i'2ny with
his brigade. In referen~ice to the 1lmae I wa.s
mitakeni - is was a~ portion~ of Inu- coammndn
o: -.9 .Muit h. w..' :i < omning,~ hoi i-ei r,' uns
me.-st opi :rtune; :.:md wien Ge O..ob oiti *a
sh~ i;tol. .Cey to .2 i oT.mndi :.rn l qid at
teas- his share to seenre i he victory.
When I entered 'on the. field at 2 o'clock of
the day of battte, the scene, as I have amen
ti n':d was gh omy: ~, f ar the bat tle wa~s untdeci
ded, andI tie ebam-e& . seemed ipai, st :s, butm
I lid not mention: all that ma-lefu it painful.
In peaci'fni life we are not fat ailiar' with the
scees f a. .i hma- :mppiedl'to mne.at
-t. to have~. woni but litle .s i ;m romt
thi casuaimceii' or combai;t- ,of 1-. I I:rm .
ihrereti.i th'- :dv hati- ot tfi m,iiairt::. and
jS at once it e MO.. ws 5': to I ..k t' e
nr of anman ~f. A t the' first ft. ieh I caine
to. which was just beyond t .e raige oit b.:diets,
ly one huind.&, at l-east, ini ers, s'- t age of
tlerl g :;ii l d '.r;,ncet. ()Iot ha i- i k
arm tbriiken, a:noi erti lbt-h hmi.;a m:- hnt away.
i. I :iitm it n i t i.s I' h th si'd ia ran:t'e if
::vg hiad' a halt in his trmip!e. nad hei smid
h*a hadl been inusea-ile hiomo1 th let'ecs, buot
hoped soon to bie upimn the field again. A t;w~
ses fu.rther on I...aw a Pa:.tto boy wvithi
his unde-jaw shot off at the instant. I met
Col. Shiig'er riding beiforme an ambu~ihmece.
Iwhich, h~e sail, conl ained the late taunented
(Go. Ike. Th~e :;nieral lay pirostraite, and
atost expiring fri-mt the wound in his tabdo
uen, which oif n~ce.wity nmust. prove imort~al.
A few st. ps further still, and iere: hay the
el.I.ems nuri me late friend, Col. .tlhnsi~on.
Otlier there were-aged men, whose gray
hairs proclaimed them sixtv and more; boys,
whose young hearts yearned, I know, for soil,
or bands and sweeter faces than were around
them there. To this spot all had been imr
pelled by the wounded soldiers' constant watit
of water. The stream, by the constant cross
ing, was so muddy it wag scarcely fluid, but
they drank it; and, with the night approach
ing, through which they must either be un
der the cod sky or bear the jolting of a jour
ney to Manassas, and without attendance or
the certainty of medical attendance, they yet
were cheerful, or, if not, enduring. No one
added to the sufferings of others by ex:hibi
tions of his; and during the time I filt at lib
erty to stay-for the order came for all able to
hear a gun to enter in the ranks for a tinal
stand-l heard no solitary groan from any
But of all imaginable scenes of horror the
battle field to day excels. Upon the hills
from which the. enemy was hlst driven, still
lay the dead they had not time to remove.
Some hard been buried by our own men, but
the ta-k was too r'-pulsive, and the most of
the; were left upon the bare ground1 without
;l leaf to shade them, bloated, blackened and
rotting in the sun, for birds and insects to de
vour. And it was scarcely possible not to
commisserate the fate of men who had offer
ed up their lives for a country that would uot
show to them the cold charity of eve. rave
to lie in. Nor was it better with tL p:oor
starved wretches who had crawled into the
store-houses upon the field of battle. Sick,
famished. friendles and without a home or
country they could love or honor, it were
scarcely bettter to be aliiv thau dead. I
spoke of the fact to General Evans, in whose
military department they are at present, and
he pro;rmised to keep them from starving at
least: but in the meantime the country peo
ple were comin; in with oitl-rs of assistance,
an:d one was taking one p or fellow off to his
ho:-e at i re:tsville.
Mat ties make singular developments. My
friend, Dr. Sheclpardson, visiting, the prisoners
yesteriay. found a croliege-mate anmon; them.
Oine of our soii ers found amHong them his
own brother. (.-en. Evans found among them
Major Tiliinghu:-:t. long known in C:arleston,
vLj hail been iis cassimat-e-.: :h ii:stat. of
ro.'ognition, 3lajur T. was at the i.oint of
lath, and died soon alttr: ar. ,rso. in a
liorse that was taken ai l'airfaix, the charger
apon w;hich hr rode in the service of the lIi
ed States. And Cul. Mtliiis. in a rustaller
that was skulking ol the rial to Centrevilly
pon the. evening of the l.attle, and! whom he
nr:ale his riinel, he I lian. Mr. i'.y, of New'.\
There is a feeling of regret 1r all the gaihint
urien who fell ill tip is : gea " .t for
none inure than for ti galiant Bartow. I e
h l gone into this war with such uncalcula
ting zeal and iid.liy to Ihe great c:uise. r1:i
bote himitself so nl dy in tie fight, tha; if'
tilere wre the wi.,i to it. it vwere ha:u1 to
withhold our ui:i ation. When his Hors:
was shot, he led use 8th Georgi: +mnt,
on foot, to storm a battery. 'Thi:: .- it t:
pieces, and retiring to put himoself' at the l' ;rl
of the 7th, he atke'i of Gc:. Deua:egrdr'.
vhrat he wotuld lave himi do. The (Gener ali
id: - Tee i.s the. ba.ttery."' 1.: starited fur
t again. Tfhe color hear--r was shoct down,
when be sze thre colo:rs, mnd bearig them
n, he received a ahot in his left breast.
Nar less lamented is the death of Genr. Iee.
ile has been r-egarde~d as one armong thre be*st
nilitatry aippoinitiets. an:d has wo opinion
in every act of' his mrilitmyr life. Hie was tirstL
in the field to sustain our leading eenanm at
:very succeedling" erisi..; of' the contest. lie
was present at the piassug of the Turnpsike;
t the gallanrt ehiarge of Ilramptonr's L egion;
t the storming of the batteries; anrd at lbut
fell near the fatal spot where also had f~dlen
the gallant B3artow. Of his aids were Genr.
(ist, Col. Shingler aind Majorr Steven.<, who
ws slightly w;oum:le'l, .,ha: rd hris pains, andt
remained to share the forrthrer fortune of' thre
Nor is less sympa:thly experienced for the
sferings of (;en. Smrithi. lie came to stern
the cnrrent of onr back ward fortunes; and.
lemhdng hris lBrigade to, I ise v*ery heuadi of t he
ini:~ra in ,Iobnnm, fil :rhnre.t. at the. tir-t lire
ir.-. throughr the bre'a't with a :rapr, e ht.
Ih,..4. hower. .r, are' enb-'Prlined ih h;is i
.o.',.u. I' , hi< -,trt' weret toilr neme, Col.
nligt' amid (ajet. TIlhf l.*r. wi. ho were wii ih 0
when(O he fll.
u ti ( *.l. .lohnriso, iilm careier waso abonrt. mn.st
brillianmt. Tfhe fi'on ar;r.e'd inr the night.
:ali, in a fe.w !.onts ;uirr'r. :lhni.t ll:it farser
vie, it was thrown into th~e very' thrickest of
te fight, awld Col. Joh~lnson fell, with (Col.
It:mpt on, on thle spout upon whrieh t heir cid
uns hail ben plated. 1 sent thIe eniual
Cie of('l. ler'-,aw's .Ilegi rmtt byv tel ~ler
onay, hew of t he other' regimerent . a se-at ered
s t hey ar'e, andl in weaethecr .,so exceedhingly
ruitaleI to travelling as it has buer. I have
not vet been, ale tooban
President D~avis lef. thre army thIis morninig
in the' enur, fr eyilihondl. Throuhr thre Chief
Mgistrate oh' a great rennbhe at this most
salient period oh irs gr'e::tnme.s, he arrogated
no especial priviley..: hre took hi. scat, with
oters, in ani c~er crejowded car: anid in that,
nid in every~ other instarce of his intercourse
iuih hilis fel~ew-cil ians heure. he exhibited
but thre ap~pearrno und h~earing of~ a wel
bred genitlemian, :r he tuw;e '
Th samire corre-porndnt, uner date of'
the -nd.. nays:
AIbourt thre time of' m~r final hrarge urponi thre
emy's ri,.ht. whichI drove thmemr from thme
field. Ge.n. .1 ones. with the 5thI Somrth Carolinra
llegimertnt, Col. .l en'kins, and the I 7th and~ I.srh
.\isis.ippi R ergimients, C.>-'. t-'ethe'rston anid
Ibirt. mnoved round to gain the~ rear of the
batteriie. over the hiil, above Mitchel's Fimrd.
Gent. ~Irnham, with the :;rd anrd 7th South
Caroinma Rlegirmenrts, Cls. Williamrs and Enacon,
movedl up the hill in flont. Thie enemy',
though in conisiderable force, at once recoiled
froum thre eneonter, and, utnlimbering their
artillery, they tmade th'eir way with the mit
most raipidil y in the direction of Cenrtr'eville.
It was too late for pursuit-too late to inter
-. tre retreating cnlnrmns from thre wpnt
4he material for it is in the facts of this en
gagement. No Christain people could hope
to sustain that character, while they leave the
illed and wounded of their battles to rot
upon the open fieldt. But the most damning
fact is in their firing upon our hospitals, and
in the use of our flag. It is attested by thou
sands, that, in several of their charges, they
advanced under the Confederacy flag, and as
.snmed the character of friends until within
the distance to exhibit how much they were
enemies. The greatest mortality amonst us
was when, in this way, they came near enough
to make their fire effective.
Of individual experience, there were scarce
ly room to speak. One lad Oakley, from
Alabama. taken prisoner, was tied; but,
when the enemy was fighting, he cut the cords,
found a musket, plunged it in a Zonave, en
deavoring to detain him, and started to his
friends on the way. On an officer's prospect
ing, he went up towards him, and, when near
enough, he ordered him to surrender; the
officer did so, and young Oakley bore him in
triumph in to headquarters. He proved to
be Col. Corcoran. One of the most obvious
features of the b ittlefield is a group of horses,
and the men beside them. The caisson had
exploded. Men and horses were all killed,
apparently near the close of the engagement,
and now lie all together bloated in the sun.
The mortality among horses was large; as
many as one hundred, at least, may he seen
upon the field, and it is of regret for their loss
that they were particularly fine ones.
'Northern Accounts of the Fight.
We subjoin some highly interesting reading
from New York papers on the fight and re
treat of the memorable engagement at Mannas
sas, and regret that our space will not allow
more copious ext racts:
r:r1:.r m im;, ;.nc..
The New York lierahil say..:
" : Tre can be no longer any doubt about
the dia.. runs nature of tl:e retreat of our army
from il)'= .i;;n to .\rlington Heights. In kill
cd, wound'l and prisoners the loss amounts
probally to twenty thousand,ineindingmanyof
the be.t oflicers. together with the whole of
the .ple:'lid nriillrv.' (t vorestimated.-ED.
;A. rantre .CCUorNT or -ratr. rr.w;Irr.
The N. Y. World's correspondent says:
At this time, near 4 o'clock, I role forward
through the open p-lain to the creek, where
the ab,:tttis was being cstailed by our en
gincrm-!. The Ohio. Connecticut, and Minne
set-t rcgiticit wire vtiausly posted therea
bout: ter''. in distant. pertions of the field:
u'1 were comt..I:'ly exhausted and partly dis
severc': no G;eneral if 'division, except Ty
h-r. could be futnid. Where were our ofiicers 7
Where was the fo? Who nuiew whether we
had won or lint ?
The qiistio n was qnildy to be decidcdl for
u:. A raddcn scoop, and a body of cavalry
ru,hlem down upon our columns, near the
bridge. Thlcy came from woods on the left,
and infantry poured out behind them. Tyler
and his st:sar, with the reserve, were apparent
ly cut oft by the quick fmamecuvcr.
I suceeetledl in gaining the position I had
just left, and there witnessed the capture of
Carli~de%; battery in thme plain, and saw another
frce of cavalry and infatntry piouring into the.
road at the very spot where tihe hattle comn
me~cd, and near which the South Carolini
as, who mnanned the battery silence~d in the
moning, bad doxbtless all day beeni conceal
ed. Thie amulan1,ces and wagons had grad
ually advanmced to this spot, and of course an
in.ntaneous conifusionm and dismay resulted.
Our owni infanitry brioke ranks in the fiehul.
plntgedl into theo woods to avoid the road, and
got upon tk.e hill ats best they could, without
lade:a, every man satving hiimelf in his own
By the time I re:ached the top of the hill,
the retreat, the panic, the hideous headlong
cofusion. wcre now beyond a hope. I was
near the iteari of the mtove-ment, with the
brave Capt. Alexander, who endeavored by
ther most gallanm. but imtavaiiule excitions to
check the onward tumult. It was (ditiicuilt to
bluieve in thet reali:y of our sudden reverse.
SWhat dloes it all mean~ ?' 1 rasked Alexan
d.-. "it r~iwans de-r,.ai," was his reply. " We
are hecat en ; it is shamnetui, a cowardly retreat
Hold up. nmn !" he sthouate-, " don't hei such
infenal riw ards !" and lie rmh.- back w-ards
and forwam-ds, placing his horse across the
rodl and vainly trying to raully the running
troops. The' teams and wagons confusseud and
d ise;bredl every corps. We were now
cut off fronm the adlvance bodly by7 the enemy's
inamrv, who had ruishedl on the slope just
left by uts, surrounded the guns and sutlers
wagou?, and vwere apiparentily pressing up
against us. I 's rso nee, Alexander," T said,
"yu msust leave wtithi the re-st. "I be
d-d if I wili," was his sullen reply, and the
s'lendidl fellow rode back to mnake his way as
~et he could]. Meantime I saw officers with
leaves andi csgles on their shouluder-straps,
majors andmu colonels, wvho had deserted their
-ommnds asn'.- meut galloping as if for dear
\'o enemtiy puirsud jt. then; but I sup
tose all were afitha t his guns would be
trined dlown the lonig, namrow avenue, and
mow the reltreatin~g itiin~ands, anti batter to
pieces army wagons and every thing else
which crowdled it. Only one field oflicer, so
far .as my observation extended, seemed to
have rememberced hisanty. Lieut. Col. Speidel,
s thrigner, atnachIedt to a Conmnectienit Regi
m.:n-t, strove a-gainst, the currenit of a league.
I positiveily dectlare that, withi the two excep
tons metcntioned, aill eflbrts to check the panic
htere Centrevillc was reached, were eon
inted to cicilians. I .sauw a main in citizens
d tres whot had1 thrown oti' hisu coat, seized a
muket, and wias tryinig to rally the soldiers
who camne by at the psoinut of the banyonet. In
reply to a retquest for his name, Ito said it was
Washburne, antd I learned that lie was the
member by that name from Illinois. The
lion. Mr. K ellogg muadue a similar efljirt. Both
these Congressmeni bravely stood their groundl
till the last momnent, and were serviceable at
Centreville in assisting the halt there ulti
mately made. And other civilians did what
already uinder rapid headway; and with no
serious loss, and after but a short and spirited
engageinent on the enemy's left, in which the
5th Carolina Regiment sufTred to some ex
tent, they returned to their positions.
(if tae results of victory I gave an insufli.
cient statement yesterday. About sii hun
dred prisoners have been brought in, and have
been sent of' to Richmond, including Col.
Corcoran, of the Irish Zonaves ; Col. Wilcox,
of a Michigan Regiment; Ely, member of
Congress from New York; the Captain of one
of the batteries of artillery ; Edward Carring.
ton. who, of Virginia, accepted office under
the Federal Government, and about thirty
other efnieers, whose names and distinctions I
have not been able to learn. While among
the killed was Col. Bumsiege, of the Rhode
Island Regiment. We also have taken '6
pieces of artillery ; six pieces on the field,
and 30 on the retreat, where they were
jammed in the hurry-of movement on a bridge
across - creek. The hospitals and hospi
tal stores of the enemy fell into our hands.
Their dead and wounded, to a great extent,
wagons, baggage, piovi'sions, accoutrements,
guns, hats and haversacks strewed the road,
and quite a feeling of exu~tation was experi
'ced by many of the soldiers over an nnbn,
lance, which, from its furniture and marks,
was unmistakably the property of Gen. Scott.
It contained an epaulette, which born his
name ;pon it.
From the letters which I send you, the for.
ces of the enemy were stated at 130,000,
This is too much, perhaps, but it is certain
they met ns at the Stone Bridge with at least
50,000-our own was not at that point more
than 16,000. They were whipped, therefore,
on their own ground, by less than half their
force of volunteers who had never bein in
battle, and whipped with their best troops :mnd
regulars at their head.
Just. at sundown the 6th South Corolina
ltegiaent, under Col. Wvnder. which had
come to Manassas in the afternoon, arrived
upon the field, and before the battle was
quite over, caine the sr.lendid troop of cavalry,
under Capt. Boykin. Ihampton's .egion came
in time for a bloody part in the action of the
day, but were not able to bring on the cavalry
or Wa-hington Artillery. Of the members of
the artibi!ry company, at least, many were
present in the ation its infantry, and .shnred
the fortunes of he Legion.
Of the mtaty personal incidents of the bat
:le I nave not time to speak to-night. My
estimaltie friend. IL McK.ay. of Green ville,
separated from his contltly. C:pt. IlIo:es.
came upon four of the enemy in charge of
three of our prisoncrs whom they ba-1 take,..
and w-t; uncaimhbrtabiy co:,scions lie was
about to ;dd1 to their number : to lie certain
of the fact, however, he exclaimed interro
gativly, I Prisoners, boys?" A /.julavc an
swered, "W11e dou't know ceactly who are
priaone rs here." " t )h you of course," r id
ou;1 " ad ti in'; whereupon demtanding their
arms, t hey ,lil tiheia down. and were marched
off to t he eitar.
: : orsnet (;i::aclhcu ;rot their conuany,
.h.-i f'.rw:'.:, d and came i 1:mn a company of
tho enmyi ail ar-med, forty-five ini number,
um~ig a :,--mler as t hI best mans of
:viini t ihir own enpinC. Th'Ie enemyr coml
mied, tm.d the -ix i;:..mn i wi ;hJ\Sabe otily
Capitain Richi.-r'ion, of Ke.rshaw's Regi
ment, wounded ini the leg, we.s taiken, at:11
while held by four of the enenmy, a party of
his own comnpanyi emni- by rind imarched the
GeL:eral B~ear.megaird ha-ms today bee-n crea.
ted .a Generail of the Confederate A'rnmy. A
friendl in conversatiton withI Presidlent D)avis
to-day imrcuired as to the rank of General
Beauregard. '"Y~esterdlay,"' Said the Presi
denit, l'ie wras a Bigiadier-General." " And
to-day ?" inquired moy friend. "To-day,"
said the P'resid.ent, '' he is a General of the
I haive no eertnin data upon which to go in
est imating killed and wounded, liut, from all
the evidence before me'. I should say that thte
kleonorside ,mrc -am: wounded, I10t00.
Of the enemyr. the kilied must harve been at
least 10t00, and wotunded and prisoners must
have diinishmed their forc'es :%00m moure.
It iimprwivt-; onet feeings towards mecn to
it~l -im; .;u it i:- aid, at leau, anad so it
f.-me t1 be itn tis cas'. At t the crisist of
the tiph~, wh-n it was dombt ful if we would nlot
hel~ whipp~sd, and whleni meni, sinking from iheir
won Oi mA we-re cimaing fromi ta fight in which
their friemis and relations bad been Cut to
pices, some three or foumr prisoners b:ouight
were ratheir in t h. way of bein;; roughly
treated. The priiposition wras imade. and
was respondeid to, shoot themt. I pass
d thecm on the way when the light, was
oing on. and g.reatly feared Ihat, something
mighbt be done to shatme its, but a fewv words
brought the suil'erers to the~ir senses, andl the
prisoners were sp~ared. In every other in
stance, however, after the act of battle was
over, the feling was kinder thano it (ouild
have been before the fight began. I .aw the
soliers sharie their water with thim, wicuh
they could hardly spare themselveSa. Many
of them were taken aud cared for by the very
men who shot them, and a friend, passing
through the field wvhen the fight was over,
passe two wounded men, thue one fronm
Georgia, the other from New York. Thme
New York man asked for water, and thme
wounded Georgian begged my friend for God's
sake to give it to him ; for that lie himselhf
had called utpon a soldier from New York for
wter when his colunmu was in retreat, anti
though it wvas at thme risk of his life, lhe ran to
the trench and brought it.
It wats in search of watcr tin-K A...ant S.
M. Wilkes, of the l'ourth Rleginenit, lost hisa
life, ie had escaped thme perils of the fight,
and rode to the camap for a drink of water;
when starting back he meot a piarty of the
flying enemy who shot him. Colonel .Johnsonm
fell the instant lie entcred into battle. They
marched down to take position in the War
renton Turn pike, and before the Legion had
fired a gun lhe was struck by a ball in time
Iforehead and fell without a word.
If it were necessary to add infamy to the
.lredy.la.ene cb1r.a 4o.cte r n ur snomy,
But what a scene and how terrific the onset
of that tumultuous retreat. For three miles,
hosts of federal troops-all detached from
their regiments, all mingled in one disorderly
'out-were fleeing along the road, but mostly
through the lots on either side. Army wagons,
sutlers' teams and private carriages, choked
the passage, tumbling against each other,
amid clouds of dust, and sickening sights and
sounds. Hacks, containing unlucky specta
tors of the late affray, were smashed like
glass, and the occupants were lost sight of
in the debris. Horses flying wildly from the
battle field, many of them in death agony,
galloped at random forward, joining in the
stampede. Those on foot who could catch
them rode them bare back, as much to save
themselves from being run over, as to make
quicker time. Wounded men, lying along the
banks-the few either left on the field or ta
ken to the captured hospitals, appealed with
raised hands to those who rode horses, beg
ging to he lifted behind, but few regarded
such petitions. Then the artillery, such as
was saved, came thundering along, smashing
and overpowering everything. The regular
cavalry, I record it to their shame, joined in
the melee, adding to its terrors, for they rode
down footmen without mercy. One of the
great guns was overturned and lay among
the ruins of a caisson, as I passed it. I saw
an artillery-man running between the pon
derous fore and after-wheels of his gun car
riage, hanging on with both hands, and vain
ly striving to jump upon the ordnance. The
drivers were spurring their horses ; he could
not cling much longer, and a more agonized
expression never fixed the features of a drown
ing man. The carriage bounded from the
roughness of a steep hill leading to a creek ;
he lost his hold, fell, and in an instant the
great wheels had crushed the life out of
Who ever saw such a flight? Could the
retreat at Borodino have exceeded it in con
fusion and tumult ? I think not. It did not
slack in the least until Centreville was rcach
ed. There the sight. of the reserve-Miles'
Brigade-formed in order on the hill, seemed
somewhat to reassure the van. But still the
teams and foot soldiers pushed on, passing
their own camp.; and heading swiftly for the
distant Potomac, until for ten miles the road
over which the . - 1 so lately
and flushed with .
.red with-the fri
shattered and p --
[rou the brane'
to Ifunter's tDiv
gion of the tligih
swollen current -
fusi':, anl dist
at such expens.
them, cut the traces ot tien .
loped from the wagons. Others threw u...
their loads to accelerate their flight, and grain,
picks and shovels, and provisions of every
kind, lay trampled in the dust for leagues.
Thousands of muskets strewed the route;
when some of us succeeded in rallying a body
of fugitives, and forming them in a line across
the road, hardly one but had thrown away
his arms. If the enemmy had brought up his
artillery, and served it upon thme zetreating
train, or had intercepted our progress with
live hundred of his cav:dry, he might have
captmured enough supplies for a wecek's fca?st of
t~anksgiving. As it was, enough was left be
hindl to tell Lte story of thme panie. Tiae rout
of the Federal airmny seemed comlei'te.
We find the followingr details in the New
York Tbuune, of the 24th:
The engineers were about constructuing a
bridge for the artillery, the regular stone
bridge h..ving been, mined, and the two col
umns under Gen,. Ty!er and IHnnter, tihe lat
ter of which was led.' by Gen. McDowell, had
atually comp1leted the jumn:.ion when tho or
der of retreat was given. Why it was given,
no person who witnessed the battle and saw
the condition in which affatirs stood, can at
teipt, to comprehend. The only point posi
tively held by thme enemy, was in a hollow to
our left, and' althoughb an eff'ort was undou~bt
sdly made to over reachl m at the left, an m
p1.- far.---onep entire brigade--.was ready to
rem i lhm, andi did r*eeive and repulse
them afterward, ini spite of the panic which
reigned. tikt at. thle beginning of the ret ire
ment, a few aumbulances anmd baggage wagons
were driven hurriedly away, the noise of
which seemed to spread terror among the
troops within hearinmg, who instantly broke
ranks and r.~n, poll nmell, toward tentreville.
This contagion caught the rest, amid in less
than ten minutes our army was flying in the
utmost disorder. FEverything was abandoned.
The wounded were deserted ini the hospitals,
and the only thought was of individual safiety.
Guns were thrown aside, and blankets and
knapsacks were lost and trampled upon. The
artillery shared the panic; the gtuns were ctt
loose, and the gunners used thme horses to es
cape the more swiftly. Those on foot begged
piteously to be allowod to share thme horses of
those who rode. Many strove to clamber in
to the wagons, andI were pushed back by the
bayonets of those who occupied them.
'The ground was strewed with food, weap
ons and clothing of every kind. Many of
our guns were left to fall into the enemy's
hands including the large .'t2.pounders which
had done so mnich service in the fight. All
courage, all mnanlness, seemed to have forsa
ken our terror stricken men.
The hist stand up'on the lield was made by
one of~ the (.hio regiments, under Col. Me
Cook, I believe, but about three milles back
tme reserve birigade of Col. Blenker was
drawn up ini line to cover the retreat and ef
fect whatever service was needed. The stand
of G3en. Blenker saved us from great losses.
The disorder of our men continued during
the night. There was no army, only a vast
ramble. By midnight they were all scattered
in the road to Fairfax Court House, and soon
after General Blenker, with the Eighth New
York Regiment, took up his retreat in perfect
order-the only body that so retreated.
I left Centreville at 8 o'clock this morning.
may win him to become as well a soldier of
In no way can we sn effectually- show our
appreciation of those who are now dofending
all that is worth living or (ying for; in no
way so well aid the sacred cause of Southern
independence, as by surrounding our soldiery
with the restraining, sanctifying and enno
bling influences of Christianity.
Urged by such convictions, I would most
earnestly invite the co-operation of all classes
throughout our young "nationality" in this
inviting field of Christian enterprise. We
need funds with which to publish Testaments
and defray the expenses of Colporteurs. Let
all who have a mind to help, at once send on
whatever they feel inclined to contribute.
A. E. DtctNsox,
Gen'l Snp,t Baptist Colportage.
Papers throughout the South will render
as an important service by inserting the
The Real and the Conventional Nigger.
The Southern negro is usually a fat, oily,
laughing, thoughtless semi-savage. Give him
each week his prescribed three pour.ds of
pork, his peck of meal, quart of molasses,
(winter) his pound of salt, when he has swamp
work his nightly.glass of whisky, and he is
happy. His fun is bufroonery and practical
joking. He is naturally alow order of being.
I do not think, with all its faults, that slavery
lowers the American negro. Let the planta
tion black set his deer trap, snareraccoons or
wild turkeys, keep his fowls and hogs to sell
to massa at the big house, kill game for the
same purpose, work moderately, and in spare
time grow enough cotton to make op a bale
a year, let him look after h's garden, and he
will be (if the overseer is kind) one of the
most carelets and happy creatures in the wide
world. Give the blacks in addition, on cer
tain feast days, "a regular break clown" ball,
and they are happier beings than half Eng
land, with all its freedom and religion, could
furnish. I am not saying this to defend slave
ry, but I say it because I think much wilful
and dangerous nonsense is talked about the
slave, whom Mrs. Stowe represents as perpet
ually praying in chains, weeping or being
whipped. I should rather draw slaves with
more truth, as always idling, laughing, or
eating; and considering that they are fed and
rlnthed. have no taxes or other civic cares,
. : i.a :!.~Ana*.4 'IR.
sewing society and report the number of beds
and articles for the benelit of the sick at
Yesterday two ladie<could be seen, with their
hos in hand, weeding corn, as such wo! k is
ery necessary at this tinle. One of them in
ormed mec that she wveeded about 2,500 hills,
nd that her sis'ter was " too much for her"
t weeding corn ! What will the husband say
when lhe hears that, his wife is weedhing corn ?
Wht will Vir'ginias say ? andl what will
the entire tSouthu say t
What prospuect i~s there f'or "subijugation T'~
Is a :niin to be frightened by Abe Lineoln,
whn the ladi,:s act thus? Call for mnillions
of men; call for mnillions of dollars, and when
therc is no mnan to girt on his armor for war
fare, woman will meet the hirelings of Yan
deedom, and cause thema to kneel and call
I have only written a few lines, that you
may insert it in your paper, to give to our
sisters in the South what Virginia ladies are
doing. I am not a writer for newspapers.
P. S.--The above la.dy will continue to wtcd
corn till the crop is well over. She wrote
her hunsband word that she had elevern hmands
in te field.
(3ra. Srovv', ciuI, nrkr.-It may no- to
enrah k;nown i., this1 cor'nunity- t'h.
withbin f.;rty~tet of oe~ie ut the iitteries9 no
eeing erected fosr ihr-. dceence of Richmndr
two children of' l.ientpnant-Genecral Winii-]d
Scott, lie buried. We retier to the fortiflka
tins being thrown upI 'on Mr. Mayo's piantta
tion, immediately sontheast of the city, andi
comanding .lms Itiver. W hen we refleet
upon Virginia's relations to Gen. Scott, and
Scot's relations to Virginia-that he was bon
and rearedl upon hrer maternal soil, and mar
riel one of her daughters, that his nearest rel
atives in the world are among her citizens and
fighting for her defence-that children of his
own flesh and blood, alas we fear we cannot
say, of his love, lie heried beneath her soil;
when we recollect the honors that Virginia in
her pride has shown him, and the countless
kindnesses her citizens have showered upon
hi, it almost surpassess human credulity to
believe that he could have turned the infamous
ingrate and traitor that he is. If there is a
tender emotion or feeling of love in his na
ture, would he not naturally tura to the graves
of his children? Alas I his long connection
with the Yankees and Yankeedom, has cor
rupted his nature, and he now stands, one of
them by adoption, a violator of his allegiance
to his native State, and a betrayer of his coun
A Methodist and Quaker having stopped at
a pulie house, agreed to sleep in the same
bed. The Methodist knelt down and prayed
fervently, and confessed a long catalogue of
sins. After he rose, the Quaker observed
" Really, friend if thou art as bad as thou
sayest thou art, I think I dare not sleep with
"TTons, spell weather," said a school
master to one of his pupils.
" W.i-e-t-h-i-o.u-r, weather."
"XWell," said the teacher, "this is the
worst spell of weather we have had since
n...:..-b.1d mw the season has bepen."
long gone ; even the hospitals were nearly de.
sorted, all who could limp having started forth
with erntehes and canes. The rebel scouts
were passing through the town, and appa
rently endeavoring to ascertain in which way
they could best succeed in cutting oif the
stragglers. I do not khow, however, that
any serious attempt to do this was made.
The road from Centreville to Fairfax was
thick with the debris of the retreat. Baggage
wagons were overturned and the horses lying
dead and dying. Guns, ambulances, stores
of provisions, were strewn everywhere. At
Fairfaix Court House the inhabitants were
plundering our deserted baggage. Toward
Arlington the evidence of the disgraceful re
A correspondent of the Raltimore .lmeri.
Enough has been gathered, however, and
from reliable sources, to render it certain that
the battle was most bloody, not in its gener
al result, but in the character of its individ
ual conflicts. In some instances the conflict
is said to have been carried with hand-to-hand
desperation, entrenchments bei..g lost and
won again at the point of the bayonet, and
in one instance at least, at the point of the
knife- Thus the Second Michigan are said to
have been driven out of a small battery which
they had entered by a desperate bayonet
charge by a regiment-of Mississippians it is
supposed-armed with rifles without bayo
nets, and with bowie-knives, one of which,
captured by a member of the Second Michi
gan, and triumphatly exhibited by its captor,
was in size and weight not much unlike a
An ofleer of the 69th (Irish) Regiment
states in illustration of the desperate charac
ter of the attack and of the repulse, that the
third battery attacked during the (lay by
them, and defended, as was ascertained from
two youthful prisoners, by a regiment of
South Carolinians, was taken and retaken at
the point of the bayonet cight times in succes
sion, the Carolinians at last retaining posses.
sion of the work by the aid of a fourth batte
ry which was unmasked at the critical period
of the fight.
A Confederate soldier and a member of a
Wisconsin regiment were found upon the
field locked in a deadly embrace, the former
clutching the hair of his antagonist, in whose
-knife was found buried to its
then boki. -... . ne woods, and u.
flight qjuickeneu ny a 1.super estimation of the
dangers which would attend his capture, he
succeeded in safely traversing seven miles of
intervening woods and reaching Centreville,
where he was supplied with means of retreat
ing to Washington.
A Plea for the Soldier.
Rwnc;IOYI, VAt., July :2,1I8GI.
At the late annual mneeting of the Thaptist
General Association of Virginia, it was deter
mined at once to send "colpurteurs to occu
py all the important points of renzdei~vous,
and promptly to reach all the soldiers in ser
Vice in this State." In pursuance of this
plan, I was direct-d to appeal fur aid to "such
persons in the Confederate States as may feel
interested in thme spiritual welfanro of' the sol
diers who are gathered from various South
eri States to fight their common battles on
the soil of Virginia..
There are now, in nll probability, not less
than 150,000 soldiers of the Confederate Ar
my within the limits of our State, and the
course of events indicates that, in a few mnonths.!
we shall have double that ::mmber. Very
many of these brave men have no: the Word
Onr colporteurs have found nmxty compa
nieq in which two thirds nra. dostil mte of a
copy of the Ne.w T.taumnt, while ini aIWlmo
every company a consgiderable propjortionl
have negletedi to bring with them this inval.
nble treasure. There is great anxiety on
the part. of our soldiers to secure religious
reading. In many instances they have called
upon clergymen in this city and btegged for a
supply of Testaments and tracts. Eut they
have. to a la' ge extent, begged in vain, as
nearly all our religious literature, including
Bibles, Testaments and tracts, has been pnh
lished at the North, and now we cannot ob
tain a supply from that quarter. Feeling
that the South must build up a christian lit
erature for herself, and that no foreign growth
in this respect can answer her home necessi
ties, we are publishing large editions of tracts
in this city, especially adapted to soldierse, and
expect soon to bring out an editiomr of the
We have pious, dievoted, and experienced
colporteurs, who are anxious to be sent into
this inviting field, and to gather sheaves unto
eternal life. Already thirty are laboring in
this capacity under our direction, and their
reports are of the most encouraging character,
Had we the reqtuisi te funds, we could in a
few weeks sendl forth not less than a hundred
such laborers. Besides, many of the chap
lains are being supplied by us with trat. for
general distribution. Thus it will be seen
that there is much need of funds, if this most
important and interesting work is vigorously
prosecuted, and we are solely dependent on
the free-will offerings of those who feel inter
eted in such labors. Our books and tracts,
which arc such as are approved by all evan
gelical denominations; are for the most part
There is scarcely another such school of
vice on the earth as the encampment, and we
must counteract its brutal teachings by the
" book of books, and by volumes and tracts
of kindred influence. The leisure of the sol