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SIIIMINS, DURISOE & CO,, Proprieto EDG-EIFIELD, S. C., DECEMBER 18, 1861.
tion so affectionate, that none envied her for tI
superiority which she possessed, but all love
her as a friend. She had just completed h<
eighteenth year when she left school, amiabl
and accomplished, and went to reside in th
family of her uncle.
The mansion of Mr. Hayward was a vet
erable looking stone building, pleasantly sits
ated on an eminence that commanded an er
tensive view of the surrounding country, ir
tersper.ed with cotton and sugar plantation
Through a valley south of the dwelling flow
ed the placid waters of the Alabama, oftei
whitened by the sails of commerce. Th
peaks of lofty mountains were just discerna
ble in the far off distance, while on every sid
pleasant villages and well cultivated garden
appeared, showing O that the hand of indus
try had not been forgetful of her toil."
The inmates of that delightful abode, al
though surrounded by the beauties of naturi
and art, enjoyed but little of refined society
and it might be imagined that Aurilla woul
aften have wished for the companions of hei
school days and the privileges of her Nev
England home. These doubtless would hav<
been pleasing to her, but she was possesses
naturally of a contented disposition, ani
found in the resources of-her own well bal,
anced mind nc..c failing sources of happi
Mr. and Mrs. Hayward had no children
and Aurilla was treated by them as a daugh
ter. By her agreeable manners and kind
feelings she soon won the affections of the
members of the family, whilst her talents and
acquirements secured her respect. She was
not eminently beautiful, yet the expressior
of her countenance was pleasing. Her large
dark eyes revealed a depth of thought and
feeling very nnusual, whilst her auburn hair,
parted smoothly over her fair forehead, added
;race to her features, which if not the most
perfect, were certainly expressive of intellect.
[n the society of a few chosen companions,
whose tastes were congenial with hers, Au
rilla found much enjoyment ; but the halls of
nirth had but few attractions for her. Mr.
Bayward's large and commodious mansion
vas usually free for the accommodation of
;ch travelling agents for benevolent purpo
es at might chance to call there after a day's
oil ; and the preacher of the gospel found
here a welcome reception. Aurilla. whose
eart sympathized with the benevolent in
heir plans fur usefulness, was ever tadly to
velcome them with a ready smile and kind
The minister of their parish was Eugene
[aveuport, a young man about twenty-six
rears of age, who had but recently completed
i course of study at a Theological Seminary
>f much prominence.
His manners, suitable to lir vocation, were
dignified and pleasing. With an eh-gan
form, a benevolent and intellectual expres
don of countenance, he faikd not to attract
the particular notice of those who saw him.
Elis feelings were ardent, and strong!y in
:lined towards the good and beau:iftul.
3y his eloquence, learning and piety, he had
dready won the esteem of most of his par
He had often conversed with Aurilla, and
'ound her sentiments and synpathies. so lik,
iis own, that lhe soon learned to esteem, and fi
tally to lovelier. Their attnehment wasmnut ual
rheir vows to live for the good and happin si
3ach other were plighted. Their friends ai
proved of their engagement. The day "a
appointed lfor their marriage. Guests wemi
invited, and all things prepiared for a sumup
It was the evening before the intende<
marriage. Aurilla, who was accustomed t<
enjoy a solitary ramble at " the calm sunsei
hour." had strayed along the banks of th<
river, and occupied with the intensity a
thought, had f.>rgotten to return as soon a
usual. When she begati to -race her step
she felt quite fatigued, i'- .ived that sh
had taken a slight ci. Ifer affectionatt
aunt observed this as she entered the house
and r emarked to hr,
"You look tired, Aurilla. Had you no
better-retire and rest yourself?"
" Thank you, aunt," she pleasantly replied
": I will now, and doubt iiot but that 1 shal
feel quite well after a nights repose."
The morning dawned pleasantly, but Au
rilla, who had passed a sleepless night, fount
herself unable to rise. The breakihst be]
rang, but she did not appear.
" Where is Miss Aurilla this morning ?
inquired Mrs. Ulayward of the maid, as the
farmily were seated for their mnorniing's re
" I have not seen her," was the reply.
" Well, go to the room directly, and seei
she is there, and wants anything."
Mary did as she was desiaed, anid fuun
that Aurilla had not yet arisen, but was suf
fering from a violent fever. A physician wa:
immediately called, who priinouinced her t<
djangerously ill and thought she would no
re::over. When iinformed of this, she mani
fested no symptoms of alarm. Indeed, shi
had so accustonmed herself to contemnplate th<
dying hour when in healhh, that the prosi ce
of its near ial'proachm, even wvhenr now he
hopes of earthly happiness were bright, wia
not uinwelcoime to her. A messenger, at lie
request, was despatched for Mr. Davenport
lie had gone out a few minutes betimre on i
visit of condolenmte to an afflieted family, an<
consequently didl not arrive imume.iately.
Ntwithstanding the most ca.rful.ate.t.
A few More Years.
A shadow falls in the sunny yard,
On the grass, where the children ploy,
And fairy fabrics their fingers raise,
But no "Castles in Ai " leave they.
A few more years, and these radiant hon
Like dreams, will have passed away.
A cloud obscures, for a moment, the su
And darkens their golden hair,
A breeze uplifts their feathery curls
From eyes which have known no care;
A few more years, and shades of thought
Will have left an impress there.
And whilst with flowers they people the realms,
They rear on the velvet grass,
A sigh escapes my heart as I gaze
And whisper Alas! Alas!
A few more years of dissolving scenes
O'er the magic lamp will pass.
And childhood's smile will be mellowed then,
In the calm of maturer years,
And oft the light in those eyes of blue
Be darkened, by sorrow's tears,
A few more years, and that yielding trust
Be lost in a maze of fears.
That trusting love which is now all ours,
We may yet unto others resign
But. oh ! if the oak extends its arms,
Where the ivy may climb and twine,
Their after years may yet be blest.
May be bright, indeed, as mine.
Tell me, ye gentle nymphs.
Who bless life's hours through.
Is there one sacred shrine
Whore prir':era gain their due?
One m.tling blush her cheek suffused,
Did tenfold grace impart
A soft, responsive sigh replied,
"'Tie found in woman's heart !"
Tell me, angelic hosts,
Ye messengers of love,
Shall helpless printers here below
Have'no redress above?
The angel band replied
"To us is knowledge given:
Delinquents on a printer's book
Can never enter Heaven !"
TILE CHARM OF RELIGION.
Ir was near the close of one of the most
delightful days of a Southern clime, when,
tired with busy scenes and dull care, 1 had
retired to my study, and was sitting pensive t
and alone near an open window, viewing list. 1
lessly the pleasing prospect presented to my
view, of wood-crowned hills, secluded vales
and verdant plains. The last beams of the
setting sun shone through the trees that sur
rounded my humble dwelling, and cast a
trembling gleam into the aparatment. Light
clouds tinged with varied resplendent hues
were floating near the western horizon. A
poet might well have called them " angels'
couches," or the "gates of' heaven." A few
wild birds were singing a requiem to depart
ing day. Scarce a zephyr disturbed the foli
age of ;he trees, and the hum of insects was
Inspired by the tranquility of the hour and
scene, I unconsciously fell into a deep reverie
and on wings of fancy was borne to the ce
lestial regions. Some angel guide conducted
me through the mansions of the blessed. .I
listened enchanted to their melodious voices
as they sang the sweet song of redeeming
love, and when they struck their golden lyres
the arches of heaven rang with music too en
trancing for a mortal's ear. I conversed with
beings of light and happiness,-the pure ini
telligtnces that surround the throne of God.
I had just cast a glance towards " the .lavisi
ble," when my thoughts were suddenly recall
ed to the scenes of mortality by the distant
sound of a funeral knell.
The sound was not an unusual one, but the
time and circumstances conspired to render
it impressive to my feelings.
I was leaving my room to ascertain who
from among my companions had gone the
away of all the earth, when I was met by
a friend, who exclaimed,
" Aurilla Hayward is dead ! She has ex
changed her pleasing prospects of happiness
on earth for a mansion in heaven. All is
well !? Yet how mysterious are the ways of
Providence ! She has left, many friends to
mourn her loss, for never was one more amnia
ble or beloved."
As I had resided in the place but a short
time, I had not the pleasure of an acquain
tanee with the deceased, but learned from my
fr'iend the interesting hist ,y of her life,
which I will relate as briefly as I can in what
Hecr parents, who resided in a pleasant New
England village, died before she had com
pleted her childhood's years, leaving her to
the care of an uncle, a brother of her father,
who was then living in a Southern State.
She was an only child, and consequently had
been the idol of her parents. They were de
votedly attached to the doctrines of thseir
pilgriin forefathers, and spared no pains to
imbue the young and susceptible mind of
their daughter with tihe princ'iples of virtue
and piety. Her father had been a merchant
successful in business, and at his death was
considered the wealthiest' man in the place
where he resided. Aurilla inherited most of
his large property. A t an early age she was
sent to a distinguished female seminary, and
there, under the careful instruction of the
best of teachers, soon became a proficient in
most of the studies to which she attended,
and excelled her bomp~antions in study ; yet
u.. m.amtf rero so gentle, and her disnosi
e of the kindest friends, Aurilla grew worse,
d and all hopes of her recovery were dismissed.
;r It was near the twilight hour. The setting
.e sun threw its last beams upon the pale face
e of the sufferer. She observed it, and re
marked to the weeping friends that stood
i. near her,
a- "No morrow's sun will again rise for me,
yet the Sun of Righteousness has already
arisen in my soul, and although I even now
. feel the chillness of death stealing over me, I
am not afraid to die; for I have a hope, a
a firm, undying hope, that when my spirit shall
e have quitted this mortal, suffering frame, it
- will wing its way to God who gave it being.
a and forever enjoy the smiles of a Saviour's
s love. Weep not for me when I am gone. I
am only going home, and you will soon be
there. Tell Eugene- "
At this moment the door opened, and Eu.
gene Davenport was announced. Pale and
agitated, yet evidently stroiegling to retain
I composure, he approachc. e bedside. The
r dying girl instantly recognizing him, and ex
tending to him her hand already chil'ed with
S" Alt ! Eugene, you have then come in time
I to receive my dying blessing. I had "
S"Oh ! do not talk thus, dearest," said he.
.How can I live without you? How can I
bear a separation ?"
" Heaven will be your friend," she replied,
" when I am gone, and we shall soon meet
again in a brighter world, where partings are
unknown. Pray for me ! Pray for yourself!"
The lover dlid not forget his duty as a miin.
ister, and dared not refuse this request. He
knelt beside her dying conch. Long and fer
vently he prayed for strength to bear this
heavy trial, and for a peaceful entrance to
mansions of blessedness for the departing
spirit of his dearest earthly friend, and for a
speedy re-union with her in the blest land of
spirits. Ile arose, and gazed once more in
tently upon her features. Life had fled. He
again knelt and prayed for resignation to the
Divine Will, and pledged himself nore fully
to the work in which he was engaged. lie
arose calm and resigned, kissed the col face,
lovely even in death, and departed.
Several years afterwards, as I was walking
with the friend who related to moe this aliect
ing narrative, in the village cemetery, I ob
served in a secluded pdace two neat, marble
monuments, surrounded with a plain cuelo- I
sure. On one was engraved the name of Au
rilla Ilayward, with her age and the time of
her decease. t'ndeneath a simple rose,
placed there biy the artist's hand, were placed
these lines - --
I nin at rest-weep nut for mc
From sin :id death I now un free
Transplanted to my hae abhoe,
I bloom where a1;l is peace aid love."
On the other appeared the ntame of Ilev.
Eugene Davenport. his age, and the date ot
his death, with these words, which he request
ed to be inscribed there :
" Dear frimids, mily work on earth is dlvoe,
And I have reaebdl mny wished for home;
Earth had tint ebarrus t- bid me -tay;
But, though I rest aatr away,
ltcierber what I tod you there.
Jrctp nt, mid hm o li.p "!' jn-alJ'-."
The lowly branches of the weeping willow l
hung over the lover' graves, and beammifi.l
flowers, placed there by the hand of aifli:tion,
bloomned upoin thmem, remiindinmg the p::ssing~
stranger that lihe the frail embhlems of love
and purty, the younmg. the good, the beauti
ful, mlay be unexpectelyv called fromr the.ir
loved ones, arid th1ey le.ft to weepa; ye~t t rans
piranted to a imnre ciongeniatl clime, tamrever
lovedl, forever happy, they bloom in amaran
thine beauty, in the blest Paradise of God.
Artenmus Ward ini the Army.
As I previously informed you, I ram Capt ain
of the Baldinsville company. I rizi graidouly
but magesticailly from drunmimer's secretary to
Fmy present position. But I founid tbe ranks
wasn't full'by no means, and kormmenced to
rekroot. H~aving~ notist a generail dlesire omn
time part of young men who are in the krisis
to wear epplets, I determined to have my
comlpany exkloosively of oflicers, everybody
to ranmk as brigadier general.-Tfhe follerin
was among the varis rnuestions I put to re
Do yo know a mnasked battery from a
Ichunk of gingerbread ?
a Do you know a epplet from a piece of chalk ?
If I trust you with a real gun, how nmanyv
Imen of your company do yon spec you canl
Imanage to kill durinig the war ?
11ev you ever hail the measles, and if so,
how many ?
3! How are you now?
- Show m your tong, e., etc. Sum of the
qu:estyuns5 was sarkastical.
We are p:-ogressing prutty well with our
f dril. As all are comttilanding uflie -rs, there
ain't no jemlousy, aind as~ we rair all exeed'ii.g
i smn.&rt, it aint worth while t'o try to outstrip
STile idea of a comipaimy coimpoised exelo
) sively of commede'hirs in chiefl originated I
tspose I skmie -y nc-e-l say, in these I' .nes.
- IConsidered at idee, l*I th .A IS purt-y
3 hefty. We've got all the tacticks at our tungs
3 end, hut what we particularly eksel in is in
t reatin muiskits. We cant rest muskits with
r any body.
sOur corpsem will do its dooty.gWe go to thme
r aid of CIolumnby-we fight for th~e slars!
.We'il lie chappied inlto sasige! mieat biefore
L well exhibit our coght tales to thu fue ?
U We'll fight till there's niotl.ing left of us but
our lit t~e toes, and even they shall defiantly
I ...:g..1. " 1.in r fihn1."' A . WVA lo
An Act to Amend and Suspend Certain
Portions or the Militia and Patrol
Law of this State.
SFc. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives, now met and sitteng
in General Assembly, and by the authority of
the same, That all free white males, between
the ages of sixteen and sixty, shall be liable
to perform ordinary militia duty duing the
existence of the war between the Cotedrate
and United States of America, except the per
sons exempt from all militia service, and ex
cept the members of both branches of the
General Assembly, and their respective ofli
cers'; all regularly officiating clergymen ; all
regular licensed practising physicians ; the
faculty and cificers in the South Carolina
College ; professors in other incorporated col
leges and in theological scitels ; schoohnas
ters having under their tuition iot less than
fifteen scholars ; and all students at schools,
academies and colleges; all branch pilots;
one white man to each established ferry, toll
bridge and toll grain mill, if actually kept by
such whit~ man ; the president, cashier and
teller of the several banks of the State ; the
officers and men of the city guard, and the
fire departments of Charleston and Columbia;
the oflicers and employees of all railroad
companies, the superintendent and keepers of
the Lunatic Asylum; the keepers of the arse- j
nals of the State; all persons holding office
under the Confederate States. and the officers
and cadets of the Military Academy ; and
that all said mnales, from the ages of sixteen
to sixty, shall be liable to perform patrol d
duty, and shall be subject to be ordered by d
the Governor and commander.in-chief to per
form military service in their respective brig
SEc. '. That so much of the one hundred and;
forty-eighth section of an Act entitled n
Act to reduce all Act' and clauses of Acts in
relation to the Militia of this State to one t
Act, and to alter and amend the same," as
limits the term of service of the Militia, when
drafted, to three tnonths within this State and
two months oat of the State, be, and the same
is hereby, suspended during the said war;
and that during such suspension, the Con-s
mander in-Chief may call out any portion of
the Mil tia of this State, from the ages of
eighteen to fortyfire, except those exempt by
this Act from \ iitia service, for twelve
month=, unless sooner discharged, for service t
either in this State or any of the Confederat
States; Proided, That on his orderingI a
draft the companies (beat or volunteer) of
the Militia shall be allowed to furnish the o
quota required of thetn by volunteers for ac
Suc. 3. That the coimpatties shall furnish t
their quota of volunteers or drafted men in
proportion to their relative numbcrs liable to
a draft by the provisions of this Act, .awl be o
exetnpited from such call to the extent of the
number of volunteers they have already fur
nished, and who are the: in the military ser
vice Ct this State or the Confedkerate States, t
or who -hall have served at least twelve
months in such service: Prociled, Tlat no
company shall b,! reduced by drafting below
thc iunber of 15: and Proirided, fur/hier, t
That it may be lawful for any one so drafted r
to tender to the commander of the Regiment t
a capable sub~stitute, and upon his bjeing~ re
ceived, the person~t drafted shall he exc-used
fromn going into atuanl .ervice', hut shnil be
lle to p~erform ordinary Militia and Patroli
Stec. -1. That all troops thuns raised, whether -a
Volunteers or draLfted men. for the termI ofl
twelve mo'nth.2 service, shall he c ganized by C
the Ct,:inmander-in- Chief into cnm panies and
regiments, battalions or squadrons, by ordering
forthwith elections for their company antdlficldr
ollicers, contirming in said organizations to
the laws, rules and regulations of the Con
federate States. Andl all Volunteers for a
longer period of service, shall be separately
organizedt in a similar manner.
Stec. 5. Th'iat all Acts prohibiting the re
duction of Beat Companties below the number
of fifty men, and all Acts imposing penalties
for default of service in the Militia or-ganiza
tion of this State, be, and the same are here
by, suspended as to all persons who toay vul
unteer in the service of this~ State ot the Con-.
(idtrate States, in the war afor-esaid.
St~r. it. Thhat all acts and clauses of acts
prohibiting personis from being eligile. to
olice, by reason of not holdinig commissions
in any biattalton, regimuenit, brtigade and divi
sion, be~, andi the .same are hereby, suspended
during the saidt war, and that any person,1
durinig snch suspensitm, shalt he eligible to1
aty of said otlices, and that all laws requiring
more thatn ten days' notice for any military
electioni he also suspenided duritng the same
itme, and that atny timtie withitt ten days shatlI
be sufhicient notice f;or any sneh election ini
the militia and volttnteer service of the State;
antd in tdefaumlt of smieh election, the fI overnor
shall forthwi thi till the otlice by appjoitmient.
Set. 7. Thtat all ptersonst rt-pairedl to pter
form tordinaury inilitary du tty shall be called
out l.;r comitpany mattster atnd drill at least
once int every two wee-ks, antd. in case of die
(anh, to beu liablei tt the samet Iintes atnd fur
feitures now ptrovided't by law.
Stc. 8 That thie commnuiis am of -E! offticers
ofC betat comupanties, baattalio.:s, antd regimtentsa
of the ilitia of this State, nor, entlted into ae
toaI service, andl those ini actual servic-e, when
relievedl, bie, atnd thie same are hereby, vaca
ed as sooin as ntew eledtionis can be had to
til sai ofices so vacated, necept the vo.n
teer corps of the city of Charleston attached
to the fourth brigade; and all volunteer com
panies in the State not now having the num
ber of officers, non commissioned officers and
privates required by law, except those now
in actual service, or already ordered into ac
ual service, be, and the same nre hereby.
lissolved; and that all persons liable to do
)rdinary militia duty under this act, and pat.
onl duty under the provisions of this act, or
>nder any act, sh:al be entited to vote in all
:ompany, battalion and regimental elections.
SE:c. 9. That upon any proclamation or or
ler from the Governor and commander-in
thief calling for troops, the commandant of
achl militia regiment, not excepted in this
et, shall forwith assemile his command at
lie usual muster ground, and proceed to exe
ute the req'tisitions thereof; and that officers
on oaudi: beat or volunteer militia compa
ies, and if there be no such commissioned
flicers, then soine-suitable person appointed
y the commandant of the regiment, shall
>rtbwith take, or cause to be taken, a con
us of all persons liable to militia duty un
er this act, residing within their respective
eats, and make out a roll of the same, and
so separate rolls of those between eighteen
nd forty-five, and of those who have volun
,ered from said beats, and are in the service
f this State or the Confederate States; and
all return copies of said rolls to the con
andant of the regiment and to the Adju
tnt and Inspector General of the State, and
>r default in making said returns within ten
ays after being required to. do so by the or
er of any superior officer, they shall each be
able to a line of fifty dollars, to be imposed
nd recovered as provided for by the militia
tws of this State.
Sec. 10. That immediately after the passage
f this act, it shall be the duty of the Adjit
tnt and Inspector General, and he is hereby
rsired, to issue an order for elections to fill
Wices in the various companies ant regi
ets hatl'.ions or sqjuadrons of the militia
f this State, which order shall be published
i the newspapers of this State, and tlerc
pon the commanding oflicers of said corps
tall extend said order to their respective
nmnands ; and said elections shall be con
ncted in the manner provided by the ,mc1itia
tws of this State, and in the t;,re requircd
v said order; and the mam.gers of said elec
ons slhall forthwith return the result thereof,
writing, to the comsmandant of the regi
tent, who shall immediately transmit a c.y
f the same to the adjutant and inspector
Suec. 11. That the corporate limits of any
)wn containing not less than five hundred,
or more than two thousand live hundred in
abitants, including slaves and free persons
f color, ihall constitute a separate militia
cat and it shall be the duty of the inliabi
mnis of all such towns corporate, who are li
ble to militia duty under the provisions of
.is act, to organize t.henssel:ves into a cocn
anly, to be at tached to the regiment in which
ch town is situated, unless any :uch tjwn
divided by regimental lines, in which case
a conipany therein organized may elect the
t-gimuent to which they shall be attached; and
ie companies thus organized shall be sulject
all thse provisions of this act, as other mil
a heat coicmaies.
Soc. 1:2. That the companies which have
cen, or tmay be. accepted by the Governor,
ndera the re solutions pa::ed act the called ses
ion of this Geiseral Assembly, sh:dll n~ot be
uhljet to the ecll for vohltnteers, or toi the
raft hcereicnbefore prcvidhed for, btut shall be
rganiized by hun, in prcsnanice of said res
lution, into regieents, battalions or slunad
St-r. 1:;. That the Qoartermatster Geoneral
nd Comtisksarv Generalh o this State shll
ah be entitled to one assistanit, with the ranik
d pay ot c-aptain of' infanitry, anrd tas ic:any
tier alsistats, with the pay oft first sergeanmt,
s the Governor may deem nececssary thor the
Ifcient adnmnistration of thiir departments;
ud that the Adjntant acnd Inispector General
hall be allowed, if deemed nsecessary by the
loverncor. to emploi~y a clerkc, at a sum inowt ex
otedinsg sixty dollrs per montth.
Sc. 14. Thsat the troops taisedl wihbin thce
imiits of the fourth cmilitiary divi-,ion, andio or
~anized untdecr the name of the P'ee Dee L.e
iin, be, tad the samei aire hereboy, exemtipt.
d1 from thte opierationi of this acct; Prvided,
.hey shall, witin twenty days from tile ratti
ication hiereotf, ile in the oflice of the Adhju.
act anid Inspector Gecneral a roll of sichl coin
>anieis as may be willing to be mustered into
Jonfederate service, under the provisionss of
I act of the Consfederate Congress, entitled
mn tact to provide for local defence anid spc
ial service, approvedl the twenty-first dlay of
\nigust, in the y-ear of our Lord one thtousanid
ight hcundreid anmd sixcy-occe: and shall, inc
he meantime, contfinume in the service inc which
hey' are inow CepoyedI : Amlb l'roride,ki that
ameh troops :as shall not be msucstered icnto ie
Jofederate service', as aforesaid, shall ime sub
ot to all tihe prov'isionis of t his act.
Sot-. 15. That all p~e:.=nfS liable to mcilitamry
nimey uder theC provisionus of tiik: act, whot
hal make def'ault whenm suimmocned into ac
nalt ser'vico, shall he liable to such puntishi
nment, short of death, as miay- be imiposed by
i ourt-mcartiaol, accordinig to thce Artieks of,
War of the Cocnfederate States; said court
on be convened by thie otlicer conuimaning
uhe regiment to which the delingqnent shall be
lo,m who is hereby authorized to order said
court in conformity with the usages of thi
army of the Confederate States.
S.:e. I.. Tha:t all acts and clauses of act:
in relation to the milia of this State, con'is
tent with the provisions of th/s act, shall con
tinue of full force and efFect; and all aet:
and clauses of acts inconsistent with the pro
visions of this act be, and the same are here
by, suspended during the continuance of thi:
Treason of the North.
Lincoln and Seward, their secrotaries and
their generals, have all held the same lan
guage; have all asserted, as solemnly as
words can alfirm anything, that they have no
desire to interfere with slavery; that they
are fighting, not to emancipate the negroes,
but to enforce a constitution which binds the
free States to assist in maintaining and per
petuating the system of negro servitud;--a
constitution which embodies. in a most care
fully worded clause, a distinct and unequivo
cal fugitive slave law.
The men of Pennsylvania and Massachu
setts cared as a rule very little about the
"domestic institution" of the South until
this war broke out. The merchants of New
York were bitter partisans of slavery. But
the ironmasters of Pennsylvania and the
manufacturers of New England have taxed
the South so long for their benefit that they
cannot bear the thought of losing the power
.9f doing so for the future; the brokers of
the Empire City are furious at the prospect
of seeing their lucrative trade diverted to
Charleston or New Orleans, and carried in
with English capital. The lust of money has
had ten times more to do with the sudden pa
triotism of the North than their love of lib
* * 4 * * * *
Ecery act 6/' Mr. Lincolu's since the tiking
qf Fort Sumter has ben a violation 0' that
"it melri nt-il lai ,1'f h: ..Anglo-Saxon ra"e
beyond the ltlauuti"---or would be so, but
that the constitution has ceased to exist, and.
therefore, cannot be correctly said to be vio
lated. Sacssio:, perhap-. is unconstitution
al, but coercion is epallly :o. Mr. Davis gov
erns by the authority of a successful revoli
uion. Mr. L.incoln gnverns in the name of an
authority which foruids everything t-at he
does and cannot help doing, and if /, con
stituion Wie ill ciJor he m1ust lie intpyac/jwi
/n high reasion. tri!!wul a chance of <!<'eu
in. hiu.://; .nd woul h: liable at the saue
time to ae:ions for false inprisonuient v~hich
would ruin a lRothschild.
Ile has ordered his ollicers to set at deliance
the Supreme Court of the Republic. ie ias
suspended the habeas c.rpus. le h:.s pro.
claimed martial 1i.y. lie has set up a new
Legislature in Western Virginia in opao-itio.n
to the authority of the lawful Governor. aie
has supprea ed the Constitution and impris
oned the collective Legislature of Maryland.
HIe has put down freedom of the press andi
aunnulld the right of petition. lit at ieard
!re has iroumtmill:l ;,auy hundrel disztintt w-"l.,
of h i.h treason, or ' m! "cou/<l be sr-h l r.1
Amcriea any loty'cr a law or a lejal Govern
Are we. then, to believe that a wr ur%
ta/kenit in diitrnee' of cccry constiluliomi Priu
ciple' i.s a war in defence of the~ costitutint
thtat President, ministers, and generalhs are
fighting fo'r a law~, the operation of which, ii
really enforced. would be really to hans themz
all ? We waive thle iimpossibility oft const;
tutionailly governingz the South, if re-conquar
ed, be~lcIa //et:/ileue/ is too in, :-ruoale
o bc t~rth diues.;ion. But we think it toi
hard to accuse Sir John Packington ef " ha
tred to the instittution," because hi dlesira~
to see :a stop putt to t':c war. lIn the firtl
place'e,;-c inutihitins iu the Northt mann'.'
law, and in the South vigilance coinamittee~s
whaut we iunde'rs:aind by the phrase is n~owhere
known in the Uniited States. In the next
place, thte nccessar'y et'tect of the restoratioi
of con.'iutitonal law iin the North wi..ld b<
to stoip the war at once.-London 3Marniig
Counternetuin;; the Bilockadie.
The 1t~ihmond EXII'eminer, in a hw a in iici
to'ria'i, advca:tes a d irect and uneirt,uical fri
trade policy fort the South during a b.-iin
peiid, exteunding becyond the probable u~si
enee of theu war. It argues, and we thitil
correctly, that au tree trade policy o-n :he par
of the Sout h, whether in war or in pecaci
obide...trtoy the financiaul syst':ni of thir
North. I i go ads coul be imiporte'd free o
dutty inlto the Southern States, they woukl
never aigaini comec by way of New York, pay
ing there thirty-three to two hundred pe1
cent. to the customs. This measure won.h
thus destroyv the revenues of the mtonster gov
erinment anud force it to direct taxatiou. It
war uxpenses would, in that evetnt, Ifall di
r. etly upon the pockt ts of the propi'. :an
the South would thus have a guarni:tteu. ,
peace of t he most effective character.
1)uring the existenice ot' war the, ntr.t
oft cotmmerce throughout the world, incueh li
the North, would, under the effect of thi
measure lie arrayed ag.ai nst the hd.ekadlin,
governmieiit. A st uipendous~ system oft con'i
trabandul trading would be carried on with lth
Soiuthi, and the blockadIe either be retider'
nugatoryv or be tiaintainetd at an expens,
which must soon break down the iia:.e.
*whieh sutpported it. When peac ensned
*these goods would avoid New York and a]
thm ulA channels ini whinh the. anm bimma.
With anu etlotrrus tariff. and scikl the free
hoot; iof th Soi'uth, from which they.~ would
not uidvy 7.) co' intof the Confiederate Srtts
j i;1 :h . , iil in ("Va-kiI1I of ilt l:?gh z,1
Th '111 new:. ti\'ii i)'l' Ji',;.l e'nlajllis t.):Q
Iif the Inon~ atf tu claacte;'. Tlhe Int
ii i. of unir jtla:tner. int t;: hes*t rultji')t of
the Tul': a:1),i, 1.0 lav"izig wa.-t~ riu 'Ind ,a:
Itiii of cvI vrtl:igihun nI it~lt And s. hetecr
or - in~ rc to-(';L the ceey wvhet(! it CUlit
I)!nlic d l~i'wh defendied. dep:L'rve tute: of' the
I extenaivre pi,: wthl wtuih i t.' ,:tio it :t!.l
wh ich ti)C, (;: of t echief Giljrl'C.. Their
1ts'"!ii thi~ reL~eCL it ill jrve adguirl:
latcly nt !cl~ seve.ral vi.;ts to P'utt Royl:, wi~th
the hope of sccurk1;g richdi p~lt h, bitt they",
:"ere foiled 11111 d;::appoined int their oldj:'m't
ifyte .:mvll';St ep. t:tkeiz to I hwamtt hl,1it;:
!::rpi j'J".W ~. Till' pI'L'>=)e s :. p:avil mi:h
curt of their :rraitd exdit ion by the '.-1e (4'
I0111' Cotton has been wjrednc in the bil. 'l'i;,*.'
had vi-ited ':ri0Ua llaliations aStoZtij i',o1t
i'3al, an tdready cenmce; the reumovatl
of the seed cottont.
We 1.:ar":i t'itn ::frji'td( chat on 1cd:e:v:
;~r ' inutluivd1 ih~v::eh uei:1 (i' the, Bcaimiijtt
Ar'tillery, tit~der their Capta'in, iuo1Ifli;.: ':
;W ir-two mcen. passed over to the i-htntl
vi..ite't JBeaiif'~rt, w'.hose utte.r desob~itioti alnt
lab~andlonmen't wa~ reAicvcJ oily by the~ pre
sence of one light and the barking of a dog.
There were no signs of the enemy, either on
lanld or on water. Our men then proeeed1
to the wtrh' of rtemtrulet on. T1he f1hic' 4 . t,
of the : 1' .i:i C,:t) i, r i 'po
cotton1 and i.m"1wi 10115 co:) Pais; 1.-hlnd, wh"lim:l,
11eami to the Coi , a C1":WIIL!U by n tE.'r~. :ld t.kdthi 'cc:,: rn
i contm'ula :1 II::it u;: to r'. (J.t i"~ to it,'
('.L' ilt'IUtl the( hern' ands .J0eii u jtl:r.o II
hi I .l of i orit. 1; hrni I he hat e;
"'']'. tt-' tuly art:a ':.l to the c~tt; of'
twelv~e ot! 'r 1 th.:ter'. '.WUi: the eentetens Of
* 'rC LI'Il ' crc Cllt:,:d by the I11Qrt'e' and
! (.i tn" .l i~i tO.) cto::il. )ercVCUefl er~S
't.1 1:1::.: nenu'lt i' ~r 1:'.nulrejd baac'a. 1(''
1i~ ;uelt:'d:i1 leattl'' frilni the li'- of
Il".t 'the p'ioisi il ie .ud
iui:.: t'CtN)-t'(1 are = afe. T ht- l'iti: LilwrCSI' t
h:~I' be Ceurrd-:-era.:; is :;!:'yl
ra'.5 two d;tu:et prai's; went over
o1 Sat.:'I') light, anid a hLt'Ze liar mai visi
(Jit 11?:ti;o's ini th'tt ticigi.Ierhoc"d hate
tt di"~~ l 1::) u".lrt ptirntialiv otur cause. Scat
:(" as ti' t~ w(.i is every' dhi:ection, it :.as
as1 CjGII i'It :. iI * hn.i 1i~ 1:r been e Ik''eii, and
t'1e !:v,* (:'n .rfutII eOiltiCJ d ' the tl.11tcs
tbe I hbors of the year.
tOtr elii:lic.1 have received a great check
t. -1em arit~i -et t-' ., le r ..m.o.. 1,.,