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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, January 28, 1863, Image 1

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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLAE8 OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIEERTIES, AID IF IT MUST FALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST TEE RUIN8." -
.......,.....................................~. ....." O U E IV I No
SIMKINS, lDURISGE & 0O,, Proprietors. EDG-EFIELD, S. C., JANUARY 28, 1868. ~OUE
Written for the Advertiser.
IDOL AT R Y.
-0
A SEUR MON.
-0
"Wherefore, my dearly beloved, fee from iduli
try."-1 CoR., 10: 14.
When we review the history of man, and
reflect on the follies, vices, and crimes by
which he has debased himself, we are apt to
think that we should not have gone with the
multitude in the ways of wickedness and deg
radation. Yet it is a truth supported by rea
son and revalation, that " as in water face
answereth to face, so the heart of man to
spau." By nature men are very much alike,
"made subject to vanity ;' and when tempt
ed they leave the path of rectitude, and plunge
into folly and sin.
Among the wicked practices which have
prevailed in the world, there is no one per
haps which appears more astonishing to us,
than that of Idolatry. We wonder that any
human being possessing sense and reason
should make an image, and then worship it
as a god, and trust in it as a deliverer. Or,
that he should pay his devotions to some not
some beast or bird, or loathsome reptile. Yet
such has been the fact in all ages. Even the
children of Israel, after witnessing the most
signal displays of Divine power and goodness
in their deliverance from Egyptian bondage,
and guidance and .upport in the wilderness,
fell into gross idolatry. Though they heard
the voice of God from Mount Sinai, and prom.
iced in the most solemn tmann'-r to serve and
obey hint, yet scarcely forty days had passed
before they made a golden calf, and worship
ped it, and said, " These be thy Gods, U Is
rael, which have brought thee up out of the
laid of Egypt.' What base ingratitude!
What unaccountable itupidity ! And though
they :lkered severely for their wickedness,
anl often witnessed the power and goodners
of (od. they continued from time to time to
relapse into idolatry, even causing their chil.
cren to be burnt alive unto Moloch, until
they were driven out of their laud, and dis
persed autong the heathen.
But strange and unaccountable as these
things may appear to us, they tuay perhaps
have been no more abdurd or criminal than
practices which now prevail, even in this
Christian land. * Is there no idolatry in this
age ? And are all processing Christians fr. e
from this sin ? It is true we do not see :nen
prostrating themselves before their image",
and calling on them for aid ; but is there no
idolatry of the huart? no supreme devotion
to other ohjccts beside the living and true
God?
These questions naturally lead to the in
quiry, what is idolatry ? The answer is, thL
worship of idols or images. But it ii not the
idol that makes the idolatry. It is the idevw
lion paid to the idol, the love for it, and the
trust reposed in it, which constitute idolatry.
Hence, to idolize is " to love to excess, 1 r
adoration;" and whatever we love to excess,
the object to which we are supr-mely devo
ted, and in which we put our trust, except it
is the true God, that is our idol ; and that
love, devotion, and trust is idolatry. We
are under the strongest possible obligations
to love God, our Heavenly Father, the Croa
tor and Governor of the world, the giver of
every good and pet feet gift, in whom we live
and move aud have our beinig; to put our
trust in him, and to worship and serve hitm
with the utmost fidelity. And whenever
this supreme love, trust, or devotion, which
belongs only to God, is diverte~d from him to
any other object, it is idolatry. Hence the
Apostle Paul declares that " covetousness is
idolatry." Covetoaeness is the excessive love
of wealth. And our Lord himself has as
sured us. that we cannot serve God and Mamn
mon. Mammon signifies riches ; when,
therefore, we are supremely devoted to riches
we cannot serve God, and are as truly idola
ters as those who put their trust in images,
or worship the hosts of heaven ; " for where
our treasure is, there will our hearts be also."
For the purpose of practical application it
is necessary for us to understand with precis
ion what constitutes an excessive love of
wealth, or of any other object ; that we may
be able to determine with certainty whether
we are, or are not idolaters ; for probably ev
ery person would admtit that such excessive
lore is wrong, yet very few perhaps would
allow that they were guilty. It is unecesmriy
the-refore, to adopt some lixed rule by which
it may be determined without question, what
cjnstitutew an excessive love of wealth, or
other object. The golden rule laid down by
our divine Master will answer this purpose:
" All thinags whatsoever ye would that men
should do to you, do ye even so to them."
By this rule it is easy to perceive that if our
lpve of wealth is such as to cau-se us to desire
to obtain it without giving a just eqiia!ent
therefor, or to keept it whtn it justly belongs
to another, it is an excessive love ; for auch
desire is directly at variance with the Rule.
We wouldl not that others abomuld obtain, our
property withbout a just * Itlivalent, or kee-p
f'ronm us that to whichn we are justly enttitle~i;
and therefore it would lie wrong for us to oh
tain prpet without a just equivalent, or to
keepl that . which justly be.longs to another;
and wvhatever it is wroni? to do, it is wron. to
de-sire to do. Hlence the desire to ohbtain (r
k-eelp the j~roperty ofl o~ther.4, without remner
ig a just euivalentt therefore, is proof of an
excssie love of wealth-that c.oVetousness
which is idolatry.
The same rule will apply to every other
object of love. If our love of ease, of plea,
ure, or popularity, or display, or the love of
our children, or of ourselves, Is such as to
cause us to desire to do any wrong to secure
its gratification, it is an excessive love, and is
idolatry. We may now readily perceive
that there is much idolatry in our land, and
even anong professing Chrietians. The
" Christians thirst for gold," has long since
passed into to a proverb. Let us notice some
of those who show, by their actions, that they
are idolaters. Of this class are the robber,
the thief, the counterf-iter, the forger, the
swindler, and the gambler. No one will for
a moment doubt that their ruling passiou is
covetousness.
Fraud and over-r eaching in trade may next
be noticed. Persons often boast that they
have wade a good bargain, or got the better
of another in trade. This rut only shows
their willingness to receive the property of
others without an equivalent, but is also an
evidence of a depravtd state of morals, which
gives countenance to such transactions. Un
der this head may be included the practice,
so prevalent at this time, of taking an un
reasonable profit on goods sold ; such as the
seller would not be willing to give if he were
the purchaser ; also that of extorting from
others an utireasontibl- price on account of
their nece-sity-a price which he would cou
ider too high, it their circumstances were re
versed; to which may be added the taking
of usury, because the boirower is obliged to
have the money. All these show a disposi
tion to acquire others' property without an
manal value in return. What is this but cov
:Wtuse.- which is idolatry ?
The ?.eculator is another who shows his
e.,ire L.r the property of otheis by endeav
uring to increase the price of that which he
has to sell by onopoly cr other mean<. The
principle is the same whatever mhay be the
snject. It is a species of fashionable gaumL
ling whereby thousands have been ruined;
yet it is regarded as an honorable bu.,iness,
and m:ny a parent aids and encourages li;
son to specttl:te on the trifling articles which
he has purchased, thus early inciting the de
sire for that which belongs to others.
And here let ps olsetrve the very general
dli-psit iou among the rising Leneration to
live without labor, to get along in soaue way
without earning their support, to indulge a
lili. of idlene's, and e "cape the dt'r.ee of
hi-aven by which labor is required of man.
And when we add to these the host wloseek
otli'c, not for the purpose of perfommuing the
suties, but nere'y for. the profit ari-ing there
rom;ii anl the idlers of every' description:
the loafers, and thosie who live bzv bei.ging
ail the numuher is not small who daite he
piipiwity uf others wizhhout an equivaet
wtio uhearislh thabt Cuve tt'.Ie5. hlci.- is a.ola
In adenit;',n to tlfu'.. hos -fore in I oni et we
iny notice the nlmib.-. who 'how an unwil
lii'.'ness to render to .-ery one his dus ; wl.o
iu-i every inenias in thi it power to -.vade the
pit) dutil of their just dels ; who do not } rve
to the laborer that' which is just anal llazl for
his serviceis. Are not these worshipers of
Mamnton ?
Mauin are the-re not those who poese-ss
wealth-who have their hiundreds and their
thosands-evenl more thani thy know h(ow
to u1se, yet do not regard the cry of the poor
and the needy ?-who fo. get the stotree from
whence their ble-sings &.zcom?-who are in
senible of their obligation to tihe Gliver of
every goo?d anld perfect gift.? and not cnly neg
hects to make a suitable return of gratitude
and love, but refuses to apply their wealth to
inch objects as their duty to God and their
fellow.men requires ?who, when they see
their l'ellow.creatures naked, or destituto of
daily food, say to thern; "IDepart in peace, be
ye warmed and filled, y,-t give them not those
things which are needtfil to the body ?" How
dwells the love of God in themt ? Or when
tey see iportanit objlects failing for want
o~ that support, which they are able to give,
and yet refuse -to render aid, do they not
show that they have an excessive love of
wealth?
But those who have aln excessive love of
riches are not the only idohaters ill our land.
Whoever is unlder the influence of any ruling
pason, that causes hima to disobey the com
a~ds of God--to do wronfg to secure its grat
ilcation, is equally as gulilty as those who
covet their neighibor's property. The drunik
ad is a striking illustration of this truth.
Oftentimes the love of strong drink has caus
ed him to sunider the nearest ties of life ; to
sacrifice his fricnda, his property, his reputa
tio and health; to take the bread from his
famishing wife anid children, and give it for
liquor ;yea, anid even to nell the clothes from
their backs ; and at len'.'th to steal to Iminis
ter to his dezprla'ed graltifieation. To subh,
their unatutral appetite is their god, to which
everythinlg elsie i, sacrificed.
T uriing ourI atttenition fromn the inlfatuated
wor.,hiers of lMacchus, we may tlance at
other votaries of pleaonre, who salcrifice eve'
rythbing to seinsual gratification-whiose lufti
en a--pirationsd rise no highler thani the beats
that perish, forgettinig that they are intellec
tual and m~orial beinigs, atnd that they are ne
coultable to G'odl far the abulse ofl their Ifee
Notice, too, the votuariesi of fa.-hion, whosem
love of diiida~y causesC thecm to doi wrong t
effect its gr at iileationl. When that time and.
I _......y w.h,.h ought to be devoted to use.
ful purposes, is wasted in vain ahow, in adorn
ing the person with fino clothes and jewels
in . useless furniture and costly equippage
there is a devotion to vanity which is incon
sistent with the sincere worship of the tru
God.
There is sometimes likewise an excessive
love of children which interferes with the ob
ligations that are due to God. Parents ma3
become so dotingly fond of their child as t<
place their affections wholly on it, and thu:
idolize it, and allow it to separate them fron
God, and cause them to neglect their duty tc
their fellow-men. Such excessive love is sure
iv idolatry.
And there is the mau too who seeks popu
larity by unrighteous means ; who will fawn
and flatter, and lie to accomplish his ends
who puts the bottle to his neighbor's mouth
and does all in his power to make him
drunkard ; who endeavors to raise himself by
pulling others down, and will slander and abuse
his opponent that he may profit by his ruin
To such an one, is not popular favor the ido
of his heart ?
We have thus glanced at some of the evi
dences that idolatry is the prevailing -in ir
this professedly Christian laud, and in thh
enlightened age of the world. If we have
taken a right view of the subject. and if tht
premises that we have laid down are just and
true, and if we have reasoned correctly, doer
it not follow beyond all question, that we art
almost exclusively given to idolatry ? Looi
where we will, within the Church or without
among the rich or the poor, is there not abun
dint evidence that the love of money, of
some other base object., has become the rn
ling passion, to the ex:lusion of jlstice, rii ti
ccusn.< and trutA,, and every other Christie
virtue? Ilow rar-ly do we'neet with e'xamtt
pies of that sterling integrity, that intlexibh
:dhestnce to what is right, that stprene de
vution to the cau-e of Christ, that cheerful
obedience to all his commands, that fixed f ur
pose to follow him unto a martyred death
which distinguished his faithful disciples ! It
is t:ue that Christianity is nominally the re
ligion of our country, and its pule principlea
are generally admitted, but is it not (qual)
manifist that these grand principles, thi
very basis of moral obligation, are alnost to.
tally di.regarded in practice. That whih
Christianity has gained in favor, it ha's lost it
purity ; arud as the number of its volariin
has increa-ed, their zeal and faithfulne.;
have ditminished, until little besides the ntaut
is retained: and almost the whole magi t:
the people have become guilty o' ilolatrv
It is freely amlnitteel that there are some faith
fil followers of .e tisu, whone bright examiph
shinejs out ionismpic:uously amid the surrouni
ime dal kIne..s ; who, like tLi'e in the days t,
:fj.th the prell, h:;w it1 buowmed the ki ei
111 liaal, hit ha' i z h'afi,o -ly' a ,-r.-d t1, t01
true wortlJip of id as rev,-aled by his S:,n
W ht-u w1. ni fleet ton this general dt-partiur
frtomt the worship of t.- tmi it Go e, and be:
in mintd. ite ste'vere( judgaments whieb lie itdlic
t.h on hs :ancienit p1ae.ple. the .h-w4, for thti:
idjl:try, is it at all .trange th:.t our coruntr.
is sufferitr wide-spread distress a:l mtiserv
Hlave we niot rather great reason to thar tha
there is let in reserve titch severer ptn;ish
menZt for tier suns'? National sits are oftet
puis- with Itionl calamtnities, itt whtiel
the innocenlt suaffer as waell as the gityt.
It muay be useful to iraquire from wha
source this genmeral idhohttry has hail its ori
gil. Aitmong the catuses which htave most ex
tesively operated to produce thtis ea'eet ma'
be noticed the great deliciency in moral o
Christian education. Paretnts have oftei
nglected to imtpress on their childrn the
g and principles of moral right, of uniswerv
ig regard for truth, anid a sacred respect ho
~h rig'hts of others. Sotme niot only fail t
iive their children good instruction, but ac
tually teach them by precept and i-xamtple t
disobey the cotmmands sf God, and spurnn hi
authority. It is not stranlge that these wh
art thus instructed shtould pursue the way
disobedience. Example has a powerful infit
nce ottnmntkind. It was by this mieatns the
the Israelites were often drawnt inito idolatry
Ot this accountt they were stictly firbidde
to have any inter~euse with the idolatroui
natiotns artouttd them. So mietn ini our coun
try, especially the young, are entticed from
the service of' God by the infinee and ea
ammilea of others. Specudatinag, gamnh.lin1
drikinag, profatnity, idlentess and vanity, a
contagious sins ; and the wicked of ten drai
others into wickedness to give their own at
tion countenance and support. The rich, an
those who fill high oflices, exert a powerit
iflenteut on others either for good or evi
When this influentce is in favor of righteiu:
ns it is highly beneficial; but when exeri
ed to) encourage sml the consequtenice iS dliSa
truU indeed!.
Let us now serioud~y brigg this subjelu
haomte to our own hearts to dhscover whethe
we are guilty oif idolatry. We have arrive
at the concltision that idolatry is the prevai
ag siti in our land-are u-free fb m ils ia
gIire..' ias thbe covetoustness which isi ide.
'tny tne place ini our hearts ' Is there
lurking desire to obtain the prop~iernty of oti
er without giving amn equal value in return
A re we wilitegto tendetu every man his d ue
tat which is just ad equal' D Io we alws
use our wealth as we taught 'l r as there ta
,,te other ohject otn which our affeictionas at
padto the exclusiont of ouri dtfy to God
eat us reemhor that we cannot serve U0
and Manmon. If our affecuons are placed
on riches, or honors, or any other worldly ob
ject, we cannot love God with supreme devo
tion. Or, if we love God with all our heart
mind and strength, we shall not be devoted
to any of those uuworty objeets. Let us then
examine ourselves faithfully.to see whether
we are sincere worshipers of God. And if
we discover that any idol has diverted our af. d
fections from Him, let us give heed to the at
injunction in our text, "Whberefore, my dear- b
ly beloved, flee from idolatry." Cast the u
idol from us, and trample it under our feet,
and return to the living and true God, ant s
serve him with a perfect heart and a willing j
mind. o
Life in the Northern Prisons. a
Ex-Governor Morehead, of Kentucky, who ?
was a long time a State prisoner of the Lin- C
coIn administration, in a recent speeh in
Europe, where be is now on a visit, detailed P
sonic particulars of his treatment.while a pri.
soner of the Yankee Government. IHis nar- e
rative detail cruelties and barbarities even
worse than those of the Bastiles of France, Y
and pictures a fate that has been endured by ri
hundreds of our citizens. Let itbe rend, that (I
we ty know and appreciate the brave spirit
of our men that has never cowered under it. I Ct
leferring to his arrest. Governor Morehead 1
said :
I have in my own person felt the despotismn ti
of this Northern Government. It is a matter w
of very little moment to the world, or to you, it
or even to the community in which I live, e
how a single individual nasy suffer from des- o
ltiasm, but the infringement of the rights a
of one individual is but the sanction for a like !
at'roety to be.' perpetrated upon every huiuan o
bng that comt:es under the intlarnee of sneh ti
a t;overnment as that. I was seizel at r,
o'clock in the night in my own bed, dragged t4
frr.a: it and my fatnity, without a noment'... r:
warnitg, and carried across the Oiio river-in el
detian.nce of the writ of habeas corps. The ti
.'oidiers took me and ran tme by night. by
.,l'eil train. to ]ndianapolis. OUne of the It
Judges of the Supreme Court sent a matshasl e
with a wiit of hIabeas erpuistobring inc La, S
bt. I was carried by a special train to Coltun-j h
bu:, Ohio. There I was kepi h rhile, ant w
atfterwards~ was carried on teKew York. amul v
hurried to the prison of Lafahtte. And here u
I desire to say that I cannot hell conceive -,
of any horror more dreadful than that whih a
was ,-xperienced in that prison. It has a t
small court not tmuch larger than tLis room ,
for exercise. I
'1'i,irty-eight of us were placed in one room,
live 2 iounzlde'r cannon; occupying one per
tin, of thi room, which was 611 feet in length I
and -:'_' in dtepth. 'I he floor was a brick flor, h
su damup that your bunts would be ~overed't
wit.b g'reen mounl eve-ry mttrning. They gave
I te 14 ltottds (it f straw to sleep fin. e:utefully
weighedIf about halt' rot t en. It was plaeed
wicet.aut 1:1'1011.11 ashitttn a Vtry' <.arn, 14-k. I ea. withomt my
ahoes,t; feet in height, andi the belI ttttIt Iea t"
-teet 71 inches-aamally unn'-uredh by a memi.
bh-r front Marylu.d, .\'. Sangston. W( had
one very dirty tin cup to drink out ,t; and
the water we drank wIaa tiled, not with ani
mtaleubw,'n but with mill ions of tadpolen. We
had to hld our nose when we drank. and
strain very drop of it. We were tocked tspt .
at t; o'clock att right, anid kept till ti nexti
moring~i, withloutt any, naturail convenienci'
wihate've'r, ,ut'es ing the agomai.s of death. I
I emembe~,~r, if y ou v. ill allow mue to tell it
dislike to fibliow Mr. Lincoln, but there was
an old man brought from Kenttucky upivards
of 70 years of' age. 11is head was as white
as snow. I never saw him betor e, but 1 was
*auzed to see hint. antd reLeing that he wi as
f'romn Kentucky, I went up and addressed him. -
A friend had sent rue somte liquors, atnd I
asked hitm if he would not like to have. a lit
tie whiskey, or brandy, and he aaid yes, it
Iwas the only time in his lif'e that he felit i
a grood dram would be of' sei ce to him. So
as the very commnontly thte ca'te there, hte took
tebottle amnl poured out a very heavy dr itnk.
{La ughter.] ie dIrank it oil' witLout mixing
it witb water, and he took 01) a glass of wa
ter-we had putrchat'ed glasses at that timte-I
to drinkh after it, anid saw the tadpoles. lie
set it down againi, shakin'g his head, and said
b e could ntot stand it, antd walked away ; bit
the brandy burned hinm so much, that hei catte
back aind took it up, and held it between the
light of the sunt antI himiself, anid soliloqjuiz
itng, sttid :" Well, tad poles, if' you cnan stand
it, I can;' and drank it off. [Laughter.]
ie miade a comproise with the tadpolea.
IWe wrote a letter to Mr. Lincoln, signed byI
every individual who was in the fort, telling 1
him of the horrors of this prison, stating that1
Iwe (lid niot pretend to diecuss the rightfulness
of our imnprisontment, but that we supposed
we wer e enititled to the common rights of htu
mtat beingbs. 'The reault of that wias, that ini j
about a tmtnth we were takeni to For't War- I
rent. TIh' y' putt ud ont a vessel to be takenit
there by sea. Thea captain told tm himaelf
tat thte vesse.l was calculated to take about
2.50 p~ertons, anid they took l,l100. We were<
ifty hours ini mtakinig the voyage, attd all that
.was given us to eat durittg that timet was a
p liece of' raw fat barrel pork, perfectly raw,<
about the se of miy hatnd, antd three sea
~crackers, and I saw the poor soldiers eating I
thtat raw tteut. We had futnished outrselivs1
with somethiing better, bitt nie could ntot feed
themt 'll with the little we had. We w~ere
eplaced afterwar dls in Eort Warret tupoin the
n akede Iloor', without bed or blanket, or gyt~
d hing.
Message of Gov. Bonham.
o
ST..r: OF SOUT CAROLINA,
ExxceTIvE DaPARTE1T,
Columbia, January 20 18;3.
Centlemcn ofthie Senate and Ilouse of lRp
resentatices :
The comprehensive annual message of the
istinguished citizen who has preceded me
the Executive of the State, leaves little to
e suggested by myself, except as to such
atters as have arisen during your recess.
I transmit copies of the Act of the General
ssembly of Lite State of Georgia, " to pre
nt aud punish the planting and cultivating
rer a certain quantity of land in cotton ;" as
so, a resolution in.tructing the Governor
.that State to transmit A copy of the Act " to
el of the Executives of the cotton growing1
tes, accompanying the samie with an ap
:l to the cotton growers of said States, to
ike the same concessions to our common
Luse that have been made by the cotton
owe'rs of Georgia." i commend them to
or most fuvorihie consideration, with the
mark that the number of acres per haud
rea are allowed by the Act to the full hand)
liberal if not too high. Such alaw is need.
I to repress the avarice of those who board
ir grain, with the view of making larger
tins by the production of cotton. It is lue to
e Sate herself, and tothe ftimilies of the men
Lo are now lighting the battles of the coun
, that ever: lawful means should be adopt.
to.k~cep the breadstutis at a low standard
value. I also transmit copies of resolutions
opteul by the State of iorida, viz: a reso
tion "to guarantee by the States the debt
the C- nfederate Government;' a reso!-t
on " in relation to the prnti war; a::d a
*s 'ation " relating to salit :" tie later ex
ndig the privlege to die oth Coftiele
tie .tates iii I:anurfacturn.g salt uipcu the
,apt of Florida ; to which I invite your at
ntiun.
I have received recently a telegram and
tier, with accompanying papers, from Gen
'al eturegard; as also a telegram frem the
Lretry of War, upon the sulject itf negro
hor on our coast ; cv.pies of which are Lere
iih transmitted. While the Seeretary of
ar ecrdinally approves the other provisions
our Act upon this subject, lie does nit
el authorized to as.ent to (hat provision
'hich requires the Confedera e Governnt"'I
1 pay for negroes lost or captured, oI t lw
round that Congress alone a amlbeorize it.
ence the Act is as yet inoperative ; and
refiw' I huaw not felt at liberty to arrest
e opt-ra tion, in the meantine, of the reso
ttions of the Council for supply in si'dh la
ir as can h.. pre nl ndr tham. 'iPs
ij et sal!s imle,-r:aiva-ly fher promtIt action
t the part. ~It the let'ishoittutr. Nithing ,
1411ald b lt-it untiona to comph-ijala1ta tlaO ahh-ftem'es
, the e'alies.t pr1.icticabh tiny.
'lha object of 3olur Act h..iig t) btain
,t- lah.r, anl not the penahty br onittimi; to
uaiaha it, the sum of one dollar per divom.
iaking thirty dollars per month per hand, as
roied, will proe inadequate, in some
ne, t' the accompl :ihtlt. of the object.
t. will be,' al-o well So to amend the Act as
, anthorize the State agent to appropriate
ich ine< as tay be collected to the hire ot
aad to b~e placed on the works.
It is practically impossible fur the State
aut to at tend int pteirt at the various de
al ont the varitah: riailroads, tromt which the
egroes ealld for by thte Confederate generad
till hve to embark, so as to give aeeeipts,
a required by jhe Act, without atneh delay
n supplying the labor. I recaomend that
ssistats be parovided to perfrm this duty.
L'he agent htimself will, pierhaps, be tequal to
1 the other ditties enjoined
I have received a commtuniceat ion fromu Gen
ral leauregard in reference to the forces of
he State, a copy' of whhkh is herewith trans
nitted for yourt infti mnatio:.
I herewith transmit copies of letters fromt
ir. B. I). hlasell. P'residenat of the Ubaarle'ston
il Svinnah raiilroad com panty, wivi tten since
e pwr's of the Executive Coucil have
zjpirda. The Governor and Coneil had.
ander the Ordinance of the Uonvetntion, leig
lative as well as executive powers. As the
uatter is be-fore yo3u, in tlhe report of thte
'ief of.ustice and Poice, I have deemead
proper to defe.r, for the present, the pay
ient of the lar ge sumi ot mnoney asked for.
-iich might have been drawn at an earlier
The Comnbabee Rangers, a mounted corps
ci the Second Confederate Military District,
'ere organized under resolutions of the Ex
cotive Council, to continueO in service until
e teetiog of the Legislature. I learn they
til preserve their organization, wvhicht I have
t ittrferred with, as you were so soont to
secable after I received1 the informatiion,
a wll h~ave tihe subjecet uder considlean.
io. Two other comp hanies of maotuntedl menc
-ctptais Boykin and lRodgers-were also
rrganized nder the sanme authority, but for
rtat term of service I anm ntot advi'ed. As
1 other forces of the State have beeni turned
ver to the ConfederLee GovernmLetnt, it is
ubit~ed for your decision whiether it. would
tot he bue~r to turn over these two also. If
'ain in Staite service. I recommaend( the
doptioi of the suggestions5 of the Adjutant
n nleter Gleneral in a communtnictiona ont
isalject, copie~s of whith are tr.mnsmitted.
I have aweelved from Mr. TDavid Lopez,
ete.l Suneritendent of the State works,
a communication, an extract from which i
herewith transmitted, together with my repl;
thereto, made under the fullest convictiot
of the great importance to the State of these
work' at this juncture.
In anticipation of the action of the Legis
lature authorizing the Governor to appoin
)ne Cadet from each Congressional District
suggest that the resolution state explicitl:
whether the Governor is to appoint one fron
each Congressional l'srict annually, or foi
ne year only ; and the propriety, in eithei
tvent, of an sappropriation for the support o
the additional Cadets. The resolution befor
fon provides for appointing sons of thost
who fall in battle. Some fall in their first
attle, while others pass through many a well
fought field, covered with honorable scars
finally to die in service of diseases contracted
in the " line of duty." I suggest that the res
,lution may also embrace the sons of sue
ateretorious oflicers and men.
I recotne:d the creation of the uflice o
Assistant Adjutant General for and during
the war. The duties of that oflicer at thi
time are very onerous for one person, fre
quently taking him from his ollice.
A communication fron Major Wm. Ilenr
Cumming, Surgeon Provisional army of the
ConiWderate States, superintendant of vacci
nation for the department of South Carolia
and Georgia, in reference to the subject o
vaccinationt, has been Sent to we, copies U
which are submitted to you for such actior
as you mtay deem expedient. I need not
dwell on the importance to the State of hav
itg every person of every class at:d condition
properly vaccinated.
1t.der the impression that want < f time pre
tnted your aoppointLrg the Board of telie:
prvided for in your late Act, " to uuke ap
;rpriation in aid of the families of ,oldiers,
stid to repeal an At ettitied Au Act to af
fed aid to the families of soldiers, ratified utl
the 'tt day of December, in the year of out
L..rd one thouisand eight i:tndred and sixty
.me," itmediately on your adjournment I
a nd at proclanation appoititirg the old
ierds of Retief to pie rtfirt, for the time, the
!ities prescril..l by twe Act. Having btli
wett.ikly k-arned that the appointment 01
t~he ard< was purposeiy deferred, and or
Iurtler :aainatiun of the Act, thinking that
Ihe fund could not be properly drawn by an.
it hr than the bonded Treasovrrs provided for
.uspended all action under the preclawatior
No one can see the ditticulty with whict
roar sick anl wounded soldiers at Richmon
,ltnin their (urlitglis, pay and pas-ports
eing ltc.gves straange's to the city, at
tmil;:l fiar with the modes of procdlie, and
uim i fferrit puidie (.lices being freq-ntly
ro t~ be nc,i'sit y of the: case, suptiares re
uVoel fromt ,.-:h ot,-lr-witbont b.ian imn
pe.sed wit h t he imipoartatice to their coma furl
11d: enveniene'm of an agent at the swat o
G;vitranent, whern-v'r it it. may bei, whow'
duty it .hnli be to assi t then in pe.r.on, ts
well as by all requisite iiforuatton. You1
temnbers of Confgres, who ilo tir then
heerfilly, when in Richmond, (which is no
more than haulf the year,) all in their power
cn.,istent with their other duties as repre
selttatives, rcotlm nl-! to the Governor ate
Ex:.ctive Cuotn cil the app.intient of such
atn :guit. :and I no-.w adda my earnis't recomn
tiiwtdatio: to that of my ptredecessor. Tw<
thosand dollars per anttumuwill p~rocure
cmpetetnt argent-at sum of stnali consequene
to the Sta te, compared with the inanuensi
benefit to your troops, who are so uneom
plainigly making the heaviest sacrifices fo
the suces5s of our cautse.
In obedientce to your Act requtirinig the Ad
jntant and Intspector General "to order al
electiont for field ollicers of the several regi
ments of the First corps of Reserves, and e
.,nch other regitments now in service, whos,
field oflicers have beent appoittted by thea Ex
eeutive Council," that otlicer entered pirompi
ly upont his duty, as will be seett by copi<
o his report to tue, hierewith' transmnitted
The report arid accottpantying papers expiail
fuly the emibarrassmienlts in the way tel hi
exec~uting your directiutrs. .\s it wats matni
fest, nudi.er the circumusttance$, they cou)tld tit
be e.ented btefore youir mueeting~, I approve,
his course. It is of the greatest imiportane
that pertfect harmiony ahould prevail, at thi
periluts period, between the State atnd Con
tiederate atuthioritimes, and that the highest di:
cipline should be: preserved amnong our troop:
Thee, is every reason to aptprehend ant iuvt
sion of our coast by the enemy.
I have the mure readily acquiesced in tb
coure pursued by the Adjutant General, j:j
asuch as I CannoDt doubt that we have n,
pow;r to order an election for the field ofi
cers of regimnents transfet red to the Con:
federate service. FEven where cirqctions~ artn
such troops dlid take place, unfler the laws .
the respettive States, as wais the case at on
time, they were ordered by -.he Cotnfedarat
ofliers, atnd hut by the State authoritie:
And I can perceive lnt ditference betwee1
the regitmettts of Rteserves already turtne
ovr t) the Cotnfederate service for thre
m oth, andt thlO're for the war, so far as art
right exjists ott the pa.st of the State to con
trol their subsequent elect iotns.
Whilst mt w..uld ho may duty, as well as mn
inc elitation antl d ieasiur, to ettforc every Ac
of thc Logi-dature, ais far as I can, a just sens
of my obligate ils to the Stte, as well as t
the Confe~derat e St :tos, and a deep solicitud
for the success of ontr cautse, lead me earntest
to r., .....-mmn the repeal of the A o.
a doring these election'. Whatever opinion I
may entertain as to the propriety of the field
otlicezs of these regiments being elected in
the first instance, I believe it.to be cur true
policy, under-existing circumstances, to allow
- matters to stand as they are. It is far bet
ter that we should acquiesce in many things
that we cannot approve, than to pursue a
course which may produce discord. With
harmony and concert, we will, under the blew-p.
lugs of divine Providence, achieve the inae
pendence of the South.
M. L. BONHAM.
Arrest of a British Sympathizer in Wew
Orleans.
A snb-lieutenant of the British ship of-war
Vesuvius, tramed aIjdph Hantree, went ashore
at New Orleans on Christmas. A letter in a
Yankee paper gives the following account of
the "time" he had : -
Having slashed around the city all day, and
tak.ni in a pretty good supply of grog, he
found himself, about half past nine o'clock at
night, on Canul street, where, inspired by
John Barleycorn and English sympathy for
Socesion, he began to bellow out, in regular
John Bull style and voice, the well known
burthen of a Seceah song, which is interdict
ed in this community. The police officer on
that beat quietly told him that he was dis
turbing the peace, and would have to stop
making such discordant sounds; that the Bon.
nie Blue Flag was tint allowed to be sung in
our city, any more than it could be permitted
to cheer for Jeff. Davis or " Stonewall" Jack.
"Who the bloody - are you ?" inquired
the lnglishiman', indignaut at the interrup
-' I am a police efficr, sir, whose duty'it is
to keep ti - peace," replied the guardian of
the night.
" Well, you have no right to interfere with
me. I'm an eillcer in her M.jesty's service,
and I should like to know what you're going
to do about it ;' and again he bawled out a
line of' the .'ingl.
You must stop it, ir," said the officer,
or f will arrest You."
" Arrest me ! I would like to see you un
d.rtake it. None of Banka' slayes ain arrest
mhe!"
The officer went up to take hold of him,
when he prepared himself, and -give the
- man of the moon" a stunning blow on the
peepers. Assistance was called, and although
the gentleman of her Majrety's service laid
about for some time, a la Tom Sayers, he was
finally nil'en. There waS sorne difficulty in
o. ttingy him to the watch-house, and while he
was in the office, and as the clerk was taking
down the eharrge against him, he struck the
;'tiiheer who brought hint in three times in the
face..
Tue sib.1intenant was very indignant on
bleiig tak:'n to one of the c.dll. He became
-n-."-4ly ,.nraged anl acted in, so outrageou- a
.mum"r that he had tombe put in the stocks to.
keip him quiet, where he remained autil
rmo:rning. When bronht before Judge Pea
I .y, he conpla'ied bitterly of the treatment
be bat received ; but he got offvery. cheaply
by p.ing a fine of only fifty dollars. The
.Jaidge had sentenced him to ten days impris
I nmnt, also ; but he isoftened down'and'let
Ihim go by paying the fine.
A Fxsa~m.u. Lova LETTMa.-The following
.specimen of Federal literature was pieked up
ron the battle-fleld, near Murfreeeboro', by a
Confederate soldier:
-1000 eight hundred and sixty tew my Deer
rbomas~ I embrae this opportunity to letyou
-kniough at how I had a spell of aigmar and I
f dones hope these fue linies may find yew en
' jjying the same gods blessin wrhy dont yew
- onley rit. a sweatei line to tell eutrdn kath
.run all about her sweet Thomas. Oh, my
saseet Thomas may turtle dove my pidging,
.my deer Thonmas how tny, pore sole is longing
* for to hear yer sweate voyee. I thin~k I
.1 hear hinm singing j.,dan is a hartd road to
-travel acs lie cjwes from lisa plow niow. Oh
tumy deer 'Thotmas cutw home anid Jets get mar
I tied, so no more at preset but remane )our
u lovia katthruu an. T.
s P 8 part sekkuntd Jamue, Ilaslet has razed
- a tine house and asllery. does live zo.autry
- be fits him sumntimies when he is a little an
.t-smy over, may sweate Thomas let us keapa
-house and if yew love mue-I .wont whip you
indeed, nor 1 wont look at no hoaddy else se
a I wont.
P addy says as how I must get married bc.
m !Cause I have rim tue long alr'eady.
.so no more at present. : k. A. T,.
-P 8 part thurd tny pen Is bad my inek i
;pale my luv to) yew shall nter fale for Thim
i s t hy pig'ing duck and tuttle dove so no
etiore at pr'esent,
ePs. NIoty Jleatmy---.tnbuther is- a mnoat ded
.and Tfiimothy says he dont keer for anything
1 so no moure at present from yer lovn.
k. A.T.
SNinty Becny 2--f forgot to say as how that
v' nre kurn on tmy big tu'e dont hurt as it use4
- Ito did so wunce muore yer wife as it Is to be.
srend 2 kisses and aez fare well, yourn till
ydeth do us part. .K. A. T,
tfinal. Ps. I had moat forgot to say that
.lake has eum home from California, and is
apoorer than he went poor Jake he says s how
a Galim'rrnia is all a hoax.
- o no morei at presenit from yer dotin

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