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Sorgho and its Products.
As the period for thc maturing of thc sor
gko, or Chinese susar cane, is rapidly ap
preaching, it may not be uninteresting to the
community to have some views on the man
ufacture of its several products-sugar,syrup,
alcohol, vinegar and a beverage from thc
fermented juice analogous to cider. The in
formation ,is derived principally from the ro
ports of Professor Jackson, of Boston, Mass.,
and Professor Smith, of Louisville, Ky., in
tho agricultural Report of the Patent Office
for 1857, and partly from other sources. That
the valuable articles above enumerated can
be produced from the sorgho thero ?3 not a
shadow of doubt, and the quantity and 'ex
cellence of the product will depend upon the
care and skill with which the operations ard
It is a matter of some controversy at what
period of its growth the stalk begins to con
tain sugar, and consequently when its manu
facture should commence. M. Vilmorin, of
Paris, who has given much attention to the
subject, cama to the conclusion that it coin
cided with the puttiug forth of the spikes, but
the proportion of sugar continued to increase
until the seeds wero in a milky state ; and
according to the report of M. Dc Beauregard,
addressed le the Comice dc Tuition, the ripen
ing of the Borgho in that latitude bad uo un
favorable effect^ and he considers the seeds
and the sugar as two products to be conjoint
ly attained. On the other hand, Mr. Cray,
equally authoritative, says that the Toulruse
caffres, to whose country the sorgho is indi
genous, are in the habit of breaking off the
panicles the moment they appear, in order to
augment tho quantity of saccharine matter
in the stalks. Tho question may^jfg of some
importance in our section, and experiments
should be made for its accurate determina
To succeed well in making sugar, or syrop
of the first quality, it it essential that no great
er quantity of the stalks should be cut at one
time than can be property pressed, and the
juice boiled down to the granulating point,
on the same day. I am aware that a differ
ent opinion bas been entertained and acted
on, but I am-also aware that the result of this
action her been the failure generally to make
sugar at all, and the nuking of a very large
quantity of inferior .syrup. Those who have
not the means of pressing ahd, boiling the
juice of the canes the same day they are cut
had better confine thdr efforts to the making
of syrup, vinegar and alcohol,as their attempts
atmaking sugar must result unsuccessfully an I
unprofitably. The cause of this is that as
soon as the cane is cut, an alteration com
mences almost immediately, which gradually
creeps irjm the cut extremity into the joints
of the stalk, decreasing thc amount of crvs
tr.lizable sugar contained in it. liven the
broken and bruised cani s of a fig will deteri
orate tho juice if passed through the mill with
f be perfect canes. The Toulous caries, when i
they haye more cane cut than can be pressed
expeditiously, bury the surplus in the ground
to keep it ftpm the eflecta of the atmosphere.
The juice should be pressed from the canon
thoroughly ES po-sihlc?/uven if.it should be i
necessary ibr this purpose to pass them re
peatedly through the rollers, as that portion
which is most difficult to be expressed is con- <
sidered the richest in saccharine matter. It
is necessary to filter the juice as it comes
from the mill, iu order to remore the celluio.se
ar^d fibrous matters, and the starch, all of :
which is present in it when expressed. A
bag filter, or one made of a blanket placed in
a basket, will .anster. Next, add to each
gallon of juice, three ounces uf lime slaked in
five or six times its weight bf water. The
juice should then be boiled by application of
a gradual heat, for twenty or thirty minutes,
when the impurities will rapidly rise to thc
surface in a thick greenish scam, which can
be easily removed by thc skimmer, and then I
the liquid should again be filtered, lt will I
be of a pale straw color, and ready for evapo
ration. It may now be boiled down qt-:te
rapidly, the temperature not to exceed 215 ;
degrees, to about half of- its original bulk, i
after.which the fire must be kept low, the
evaporation to be carried on with great eau- 1
tion, and the 3}*rup constantly stirred to pre
vent it from burning at the bottom of the
kettle or evaporating pan. Portions of the
syrup are to be taken out from time to time, :
and allowed to cool, to see it it is dense enough .
to crystallize. It should be as dense as sugar
house molasses or tar. When it has reached
this condition it may be withdrawn from the
eraporating-vessel, and be placed in tubs or
casks to granulute. Crystals of sugar will
begin to form in three or four days, but it
often happens that weeks intcrvepe before
crystallization takes place j but it may always
Joe hastened by adding to the thick syrup,
when cooled, a few grains of brown sugar, or
a little pulverized white sugar. - After it has
solidified it may be swooped out into conical
bags, made of course open cloth, or of canvas,
which aro to be hung over the receivers ol
molasses, and the drainage being tnuoh aided
by warmth, it will be useful to keep the tem
perature of the room at 80 or 90 deg. F. Af
ter some days the sugar may be removed from
the bags, and will be found to be a good ar
ticle of* brown sugar. Jt may now be refined
by dissolving it in hot water, adding to the
solution the white of an egg, mixed with cold
water, for every 100 lbs. of sugar, after which !
the temperature is to be raised to boiling, !
and the syrup should be allowed to remain at ]
that heat for half an hour. Then skim and' i
filter, to remove the coagulated albumen, i
.and the impurities it has extracted from the i
It must not be forgotten that sugarmaking j
is an art, and that excellence iu it is only at
tained by close observation and long experi- !
ence. What? was necessary for thc extraction j
of sugar from the beet root,-from which France
annually produces 120,000,000 pounds of j
sugar, is doubtless required for the sorgho, !
viz : a thorough study of its nature, wi th.a j
process of extracting the sugar speciallvj
adapted to it. A very large proportion of our!
people will doubtless be. satisfied with the ?
production of a good syrup, which they may ?
obtain by following the process described as j
abuve, until tho juice attains thc required
density. By omitting the lime water, an
agreeable but slightly acidulous'syrup is form
ed of a lighter color, but it is not liable to
crystallize owing to the presence of acid
A cheap and good vinegar can bc made
from the syrup. To S gals of'clear rain wa
ter aud 3 quarts of syrup, turn the mixture
into ojean, tight cask, sl ake it well two or
tbrea times, and add thn*e spoonfuls of good
yoast or yeast cakes. Place the cast in a
warm place, and in ten or fifteen days add a
sheet of common wrapping paper, smeared
with molasses, and torn into narrow strips,
and you will soon have a good vinegar. Any
?weet fruits or roots; such as I ?gs, beets wa
termelon juice, the skimmings of the sugar j
boiler, &c., add teethe bulk and quantity, i
when exposed to the- oxygeu of thc Vir for ;
the acetous fermentation to be effected. The j
scientific mode of making vinegar rapidly is
to pas3 the liquor repeatedly through barr?is
perforated at thc sides.with hole?, ;vnd filled
with wood shavings, so tb:it it muy buftlihoi;
ou^bly permeatc^jjy oxvgiii of the atmos
Tho unripe canes car. be used fur rna!;ino;
syrup and alcohol, but will not y jeld sugar.
The alcohol produced hy calv oiMr?ialilu?JA
is nearly destitute of foreign flavor, having an ?
agreeable tasto somewhat resembling heyan,
being uiucb Ice3 ardent and fiery than
A-beverage analagou* to cider is .also i
from the fermented juice of the sorgho.
It should be recollected that "to mak
gar, syrup," "vinegar, alcohol or cider, the
of the sorgho must be first defecated or
ified by lime-three ounces of lime in fi'
six times its weight of water to each .gi
of juice-and beat, ?nd then filtered. A
proper temperature, and with the additii
a little brewer's yeast, or yeast cakes,
jnice will undergo the vinous fermenta
in from three to five days.-^Cbarlc
Gen. Hood Increases His Army.
The Atlanta correspondent of the Colun
Enquirer, says that ?.?en. Hood is rapidlj
creasing the fighting men of his army :
Gen. Hood is putting guns into the.hi
of every available man eour.ected with
army. All of the cooks have been armed
returned to?their respective commands,
the negroes connected with tho army 1
been employed in that capacity. Quai
masters and Commissaries have been rr
to disgorge the many superfluous men in t
departments; surgeons also. The resull
the army has received a considerable r
forcement. In Clayton's division alone
uumj?j^c of new men returned from the cc
ing detachments reached .100, which at*
time is considered a good regiment. Thc
crea-e from the cooks alone will reach 4,
But Gen. Hood does not stop hore,
has ordered the arming of every artiliei
except from No. l.toG,.who are absolut
necessary to handle a piece; from (bia son
an increase will be obtained amounting
near 3,000 men. I must say, however, t
this order converting artillery into infan
caused considerable fluttering amon'g the 1
tery boys. True, many of them take the th:
quite easy, perfectly willing to serve the co
try at this critical juncture in any capac
that will aid in the "overthrow of-Sheruiau i
his " Hessians." From this our readers \
at once perceive that Gen. Hood isdetcrm
ed to leavo nothing undone that will subsci
the great interest of the couutry.
? am proud to say thousands of Georgi:
are responding to the last call of Gov. Bro\
If a general engagement cari be delayed c
week longer, and the enemy retain th
present position, Sherman and his army v
Sherman does not manifest a.disposition
shell Atlanta. For two days he has not thro'
a shell into the place.
Large quantities of tobacco continne to
unearthed and brought forth from its Indi
places, in and around Atlanta, which Gc
Hood promptly impresses for the use ol' t
army. ' There is no doubt bul what the ow
ers thought that Atlanta would beevacuatt
and then they and their tobacco Would fi
into tbe embraces of the Yankees.
Ic KN cs IN WILSON'S II.-, i ii.-A Yankee cc
respondent, who accompanied Wilson on li
last raid, gives tbe following sketches of tl
conduct, o^thc negroes seduced hy the raide
from th?ir homes :
We bad scarcely marched ten miles on tl
late expedition wht-u the negroes began 1
rally round our flag, and the number rapid
inoro.-i?^.i, till I feel perfectly ?aie in sayir
two thousand cor.trabaadst^all ages folio we
*. It was an amu-ingsL'bt to witness the mai
uer in which they came in. and to see til
taste they displayed in selecting articles t
carry ??long into the promised land : for
seemed to be a scttted opinion wilh them tb?
when once they reached Yaukeedom th?
were iu thc land of promise " sure 'nufl'.'' .
wench, dressed in sume cotton stnfi coar?
enough for gunny bags, dirty and greasy wit?
till as the sacks pork merchant? encase side
of bacon iu, would steal tier mistress' fashion
able b, nriei', ornate with marvelous ribbop
and wonderful plumes and flowers, and wit
this upou her head, *.he would trudge aion
through the dust, supremely proud of he
finery, and thinking herself AS attractive a
an African Venn*.
Some of the .women .would lake article
along with them of no earthly utility. Occa
sioually one could be seeu carrying a bugt
mirror,another a china wash bowl or pitcher
Dr some other article of crockery ware of cqua
ly doubtful utili'y. Sume boy whose mastej
had skedaddled, would steal his clothes, cvei
tu his cane, gloves uhd bat, and mounted or
a gay and prancing steed, which he had pur
loiued, he would ride about, swelling like J
peacock, and looking down upon his walking
compauions with tho imperiuus air of a Mag'
nus Apolio. How the women and childrei
managed to keep up with us I cannot conceive
From the 2'2?i of June until the present thf j
have followed us, notwithstanding the fae
that at times we scarcely rested for an bout
in forty-eight ; and in twenty-fopr hour3 wc
have marched more than sixty miles. Yel
the poor creatures follow, pantingaiidperspir
ing, still keeping UVK
Too Good to be Lost.
It is said that when Gen. Forrest, lasl
Spring, was en- route from Marion to this
city, he was accosted in thc cars by a loqua
cious lady, who took a seat, bj bis sjde, aud
addressed him ia something like thc follow
ing strain : ''I think," said ste, "that all thc
glory that covers our arms, is due singly ajid
alone to private soldiers; they do the fighting
-not the officers-and for my part 1 will give
them all the praise. I have a beautiful home,
not far distant ; and, as l am blessed with
plenty, I desire that whenever j;m-<z/e soldiers
pass by my residence, they 6hould call on
roe, so that I may feed and otherwise cheer
them on their toilsome way. I don't care
whetherttoepaulelted officer entera my house,''
etc, etc. * *
"Do you perceive," said Forrest, "that
there is a contrast between my whiskers
and the hair on my head ?:'
" Yes," answered the lady, surveying the
General, " I see that your head is inclined
to be grey, while your whiskers are very
black and glossy. Can you explain why ?iis
is so ?" asked the lady.
" Certainly madam," said Forrest, fixing
his keen eyes upon her inquisitive face, " the
explanation is easy. I work with ray head
a great'deal, while I use ray jato as little as
The lady;took the hint and said no more.
-? ? ?
CONJUGAL AFFECTION.-lt is related that
the King of Armenia, not fulfilling his engage
ment, Cyrus entered the country, and having
taken him and his family prisouers, ordered
them instantly before him. " Armcnius,"
said ho, "you arc free; for you are uow sen
sible of your error. And what will you give
me ?f I. restore your wife to you?'' "All
that, I am able." " What, if } restore your
children V " AJJ that I am -able." " Aiid
yon: Tigraneo," said he, turning to the son,
" what would you do to save your wife from
servitude ?" Tigrones was but latter mar
ried, and had a great love for his wife. " Cyrils.'*'
he replied, " to save her from servitude I
would willing lay down my life." " Let each
have his ownngain," said Cyrus; and when
he was dopa*:I, one spoke of hija clemency,
another of his valor, another of. .bis-beauty
and the graces of his person; upon' which
Tigranes*asked his wife, "if she thought him
handsome f ? tfcdly," said she "I did not
j look at .him." " At vhornf then, did you
look!" " At bim who offered to lay down
his life for me !"
\ Zij,' An illiterate correspondent, who is givoB
I to sporting, wants to kuow when tho Angip Saxon
I race, ?o much talked about, i? to come off?
Ordere from the Treasury Department.
The new Secretary of the Treasury hns :c
sued the fellowing orders :
In order to promote as far as practicable
the early liquidation^)' the Treasury of the
outstanding taxed notes the Treasurer, Assis
tant. Treasurers and Pay Depositaries in tb
different Stales, are hereby authorized to re
ceivc the said notes except the ?100 notes
at sixty-six and two-third per centum on de
posit, issuing for same certificate of loan upon
hypothecation of non-taxable bonds. The
said certificates to be payable on demand, af
ter the expiration of ninety days.
And all agents for the salo of the above
bond? are hereby authorizeds to receive the
taxed notes with the exception cf the above
named in payment of bonds, wheu sold
at the rate of sixty -six and two-third per cen
Loans on the security of the five hundred
million six per cent, non taxable Bonds under
the seventh section of the currency law.
Deposits on call-will be received by the
Treasurer in thia city, the Assistant Treasu
rers at Charleston aiid Mobile, and- the De
posits ries at Wilmington, Haleigh, Columbia
Savannah, Augusta and Montgomery ; and
certificates will be issued for the same, bear
ing intered at the rate offour per cent, per
annum, and secured by the hypothecation of
an amount of the above bonds, equal to th
sum of these loans. Tho bonds to be set
apart by tho Treasurer, and the proceed
when jiold, applied exclusively to the' pay
metU of the said certificates.
The security and convenience afforded to
banks and other corporations, and to the pub
lie generally, by this mode of temporary in
vestment; and the effect of the measure, i
generali)' adopted, in keeping the currency
within.moderate bounds, it is hoped will com
mend it to the favorable consideration of the
community and secure their prompt co oper
ation iu carrying it iuto effect.
RECOGNITION WITH A CONTINGENCY_The
London Times of duly 16th accounts for the
withdrawal of Mr. Liudsay's motion in Par
liament for the recognition of the Confede
rate Slates by the statement' thal it was
agreed on in au interview with the Premier,
held by Messrs. Lindsay and our late Com
missiemer Mr. Mason in which Lord Palmer
ston gave Ci a sort of implied promise to sup
port it at a more opportune moment-that is
to say, wheu Grant and Sherman have been
defeated, and the Confederacy stands in no
need of recognition." It is quite a mistake
to suppose that the Confederate States have
ever stood in need of recognition, and none
the less a mistake from tho fuel that most of
our own people at one timeshared in it. In
deed, thee States were recognized as free
and independent Governments eighty years
ago by thc very Government ever which Lord
Palmerston now presides, and have beeu ever
sinco as much independent and sovereign
powers os that Government. They are not
fighting now to achieve independence, but to
maintain it, and in that behalf they have
given proof of power superior to any ever
furnished hy that haughty realm. When, in
the history ofthat renowned kingdom, bas it
ever happened that within the term of three
years anu.lhree months three millions of men
(or that is the number to which Lincoln's
last cali swells his levies) have bren sum
moned to the field, for ruthless war upon ber
-three millions of men on laud, and a navy
numbering now, as is claimed, nearly six
hundred vessels of war, and .many of these
protected by an'invulnerables armor, and
provided with guns doubly as formidable as
any ever heretofore used in war? When,
we repeat, ha* Great I ?ri tain ever given snob
prc of of her right to be considered one of the
Powers of the earth as the Confederate States
have afforded by resisting this .avalanche of j
aggr. ... 'on and assault ? Lord Palmerston is
behind thc times, and to, we fear, are Messrs.
Lindsay, M;.ion and other well meaning per
sons. We bavu lo?-g siucc passed out cF the
sta?e when we 'oohed across theaters with
anxiety for ibis measure of simple justice,
and we may we.l afford to smilo at the im
portance which the.-e old fogies seem lo at
tach to the doing of an act which we bold
to be one of very trivial importance.-Rich
TUF. SPIRIT OF'PRICK'S ARMY.-A Missouri
correspondent furujj|lies the following to the
A lot of rebel le! tc rs of a very recent date
repeat lite propositions of Price to enter
Missouri, and from one of those I make the
following extract, to show the spirit of the
troops under that popular Captain :
" I suppose you have bad an account of the
battles ol'Mansfield, Pleasant Hill and Jen
kins' Ferry. I had the pleasure of meeting
father Abrahams's children on those fields,
and I recollect of hearing in -my young days
of a place called hell. Well, we sent many
of them there, and I tell you that if they dou't
get out of this country pretty soon, 1 think
we will fill the place with them. Is there
any talk ol peuce in your kingdom ? (Missou
ri.) Since thc rc-culistmcnt of our army thc
peace questionnas died out. Our men ret
enlisted by brigades for ninety-nine years in
this, and three years in the next, wirr. We
have a better army to-day than we ever had.
Our men are martyrs to their cause. Their
battle flag is Liberty or death, and ifyoucould
bul see us go into one fight, you would think
that we meant what our motto says.
IMPORTANT DECisiON.-r-From the Rich
mond Enquirer, we learn that Judge Lyons,
in the case of Tinsley Pate, who came be
fore bim uuder a writ of habeas corpus claim
ing exemption from militia duty because of |
being a'conscript, has decjded that detailed
men are not liable lo do duty in thu militia
op reserve corps on the following grounds :
0 That he was a detailed conscript in the
Confederate army, between the ages of 18
and -lo-that he was a regularly enrolled
couscript under the act of Congress, and had
been detailed from the army in the field until
the 1st of November next, as lessee and
owner of the cemcut works in Rockbridge
county-that as such, being liable to do duty
in the Confederate urrhy, the Secretary of j
War baying the power to revoke bis .detail
at any moment,, he could not be liable to do
duty as a militiaman. The Judge therefore
decided thai the said N. Tinsley Pate waa
illegally held as* a hier?ber ot Capt. Wm. A.
Jenkius* company, 10th regiment Virginia
Militia. The Judge also decided that the
said Pate was not liable to do duly in the
Reserve Forces, under command of Gen.
Kemper, as the law organizing the reserves
provides that it shall be composed of persons
beiwe'cn the age9 of li! to IS and 45 to 50,
and that thc aforesaid Rafe being between
neither of, thc above mentioned ages, could
not, therefore,, bc properly held to duty ?B a
-'-? -O-1 ?-;
Tin* ENEMY 'MININO AT ATLANTA.--The
Macon telegraph says that private letters
state that the enemy are now busy mining
the salient at the head of ??arietlastreet, and
wc may very s>ion expect a repetition of the
Petersburg explosion. Could not our ofhV
eets borrow a. useful hint from Gracie's
brigade ? .
ANOTHER RA?P IN MISSISSIPPI.-From pre
parations being made in Mississippi, it leoks
BS if the Federate were about to start on an
other gr^n'l iaid through that State. The
pap?? shy tba; i ir guerillas are fully prepar
ed to meet them, ?nd will give them a warm
eceptioH wheu their 'make they appearance,
. THE TUCE POSITION* OF AFFAIRS.
who takes the pains to converse *
people eau mistake the threatening ?
New York'city is, this day, withot
iDg it, resting on a thin crust, with a
volcano beneath it.
It is areli for prudent men, who ha
to loose, To look things iu tb? face,
day this war is continued accumula
millions of public debt. In other
destroys milliWis worth of common pi
andlrapoveridhca, more and more, t
The day will come, when all tb?3 wi
a point beyond which life itself is no
tolerable. The course of true wisdot
foresee the danger, and to provide ag
-by no folly of attempted coercioi
the moment of agony comes-hut
.venting tho discontent, and alleviat
misery before band. The question w
be peace, or palpable ruin.
In thc North-west, tho t*\^ns of tb
are pregnant with movements which
the overthrow of New England in
r d tyranny, and the just punishnv
ruin of those puritanical scoundre
originated this war, and who are resp
for the torrents of blood which have
shed and the financial ruin now o verb
the Western people. "The day. may
far distant when a Southern and a W
army may be shaking hands on Bunk?
and repaying their losses and sacrifie
of the rich spoils accumulated by tin
jobbers and contractors-the codfish
cracy of Boston.-..Veto Turk Freeman';
COMPLIMENT TO CONFEDERATE AI
Any mnu who fancies that we aro -gc
. et Richmond without further and tuon
perate fighting is mistaken. The met
fight are Americans. They are fre
citizens, and ikt proudest of the proud,
rebel army of Virginia is composed i
elite of the Southern people, lt recko
its ranks men'of education and positio
of the pride cf family, and accustom
exalt courage into a God-like virtue,
are not to bc cowed, .though when thora
vanquished they will have the manbe
own it. But, until they are vanquished
will fight with an energy and a despei
that must command the admiration of
heroic spirit, even while deploring theil
and despising their cause. The body of
army is made up of veterans, y/'j are
to exposure,.enured to discipline and ar
shaken by the thunders o? .battle,
troops can be beaten only by a Micc'essi
desperate struggles. Nor are they lik<
become demoralized. They will yie!
inevitable necessity pnly when thfcyreco
it as inevitable-J. JF. Forney in I
REV-EKCE is SWEET.-.. Seymore," ni
telbgent correspondent of the Daily Nei
somewhat apologizing because thc*rebelt
troyed bridges ?and private property in
march thioiigh Maryland. ? ,We con fes?
see nothing to apoligize for'in this act,
though they had raked every be/use tt
ground,'and destroyed every vestige of
pi rty in their track thal they could not
leniently carry away. il Revenge is swi
according to the old adage, and const que
if theyjiad bumed and destroyed, Jes
?aught but the blackness of desolation
ruir. wherr ' er the feet of tbe invader prc
our soil, it would only be the mildest ret
lion for the unnumbered outrages and cri
which have been committed against deft
less, unprotected women and children in
South by our armies during tho last tl
years of terror and blood shed_Bergen
J.) Democrat. : .
NGUTU ERN CLERRTMEX.-The New ?
Express says the clergymen of New dei
and .New York have sent on a petitior
to Washington asking? e?empt iou from
draft. To comply w:tb their request wc
be the height of'injustice. They, were
great degree tho authors of the wor,
they have been tito loudest ir. fbi.ming
its coiitinupuce. They* have fait ly how
for blood. Instead of being exempted, t
ought all to be drafted and put in thc fr
of hattie, and they should lead in every
tack upon the enemy's works, lt is m
aud cowardly for them to ask an exempt
while they ure anxious to see everybody <
drafted and slaughtered.- Chu Enquirer,
As usual in most cases, it appears that
secret of Gen. Grant's mining operations \
discovered too soon by the enemy; and it
so appears that lhere was some blunderii
and shortcomings here and there in the
sault aud after the mine was fired, 1
prominent act boforc us is that a grand s
prise and a general assault, in thu preps
tious for which much time and labor was i
pended, and*in the execution of which ma
valuable lives have been lost, have not rcsi
cd in the success which was anticipated.
Richmond bas parsed conspicuously ii
the same category with Charleston-a to*
that bas foiled the most colossal attempt t
administration could orgaui?e for its captu
* * We cannot takeRichmcnd. Itli
beeu evident to good fodgea for several wef
that General Grant's campaign is a failur
but though an adverse fute bud tho de
drawn and signed, it lacked the seal of fir
authentication, which-was impressed upon
in the battle of Saturday.
* * * <i indeed the problem is :
longer the destruction-of Lee's army and t
capture of Richmond, or even tho capture
Petersburg, but the defence of loyal Stat
agaiufit the Rebel armiee.
No doubt Gen. Grant will keep a large for
operating on the James River, hut we ci
never afford to present to the vtevW the ape
tacle of an cuemy marching unhinden
through our own territory.-N. Y. Herald.
UNFOUNDED.-The Richmond Dispatch,
Thursday, thc ll tb, says thc rumored dis?
ter to General McCausland's command w
unfounded. He has returned to Romne
having accomplished what he was sent fe
He was ordered to ?blain one hundred tho
..and dollars in-gold aa a" ransom for Chan
bersburg, (in retaliation forthe property d<
stroyed by Hunter in tho Valley during b
raid,) or in default of that to burn the tow
The gold was not paid, and the town w?
fired-t?rc hundred and jifty-four houses b
iug destroyed. Hunter's raid will cost tl
Yankee nation more towns thaof this on
There have been about twenty towns bun
in'ttie Confederacy, and it takes nineteen moi
to get us eveu with thc Yankees.
DEATH OF MI, WARNER AND DAUGHTER.
Wc briefly announced the death of Mr. Wu
ner and daughter in our issue of yesterda;
having been unable to obtain any of the. pa
ticulars un'to the time'of going to pres
We learn that Mr. W. and his daughter, agc
aboutrten years, were occupying lbe san
bcd; when they were struck by a solid sbo
thrown by the enemy about ll o'clock Wcdnc
day night. The little girl was literally ci
in two, and died instantly. Mr. W. had bol
legs shot off near the body. Ho lived aboi
two hours, and was able to give some diroi
tions abouf'his family and affairs. Tbe con
uiurjity has suffered a great loas'in h?3 di
A gentloman writing from'*Albany, On
says i Wo hdvo tho most promising crops
: sugar cane, anti corn, that we havo ever had
this section of tho Slate. I nm certain tho coi
[ orop will yield a third moro than ever known b
I STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA.
AD.TT. i ES8F. CENE RA L'S OFFICE,
- ? Cou JIMA, August :t, 18C4.
?N answer" to numerous inquiries addressed to
this office in in relation to the Militia Laws of
this Stntq, the following announcement ?3 inado:
I. All male white persons readout in this State,
between the ages of sixteon and sixty-years, ca
pnble of bearing arms, except te-sons 'who are
exempt from "all mititia service," aro liable to
militia duty, both ordinary and iu the Cold in
times of alarm, insurrection or invasion.
II. Persona who have been enrolled fur Con
federate scrvico anti detailed to remain at hume
in civil employments or pursuits, or who hnve
been exempted from Confederate service during
the continuance of such exemption pr detail, are
liable as other citizens in times of invasion.
III. Persons who have been enrolled for Con
federate service, whether general or locnl, al
though detailed to remain lit home, aro not
eligible to any militia office, " mid no one li ible
to duty in the Confederate service, unless he be
exempted from said service, uniter t he provisions
of tho Exemption Act of Congress, shall bereif
ter be eligible to any militia office."-fA. A. (iib
IV. Detailed men who have been organized se
such into Cumpouics for local military service by
Confederate authority, will not bo held liable for
V. Militia officers in' carrying into execution
General Orders No. 8, series Ibo I, fruin this office,
will be governed by the foreguiug instructions,
and hold in readiuess for actual service their re
spective commund, in obedienco to said orders.
Ry command :
(Signed) A. C. GARLLNGTON,
A'tjt. and Inspector General S. C.
Official : G. A. FOLLI.V, A. A. Gent.
i'EnSoNS EXEMPT FIIOM ALL MILITIA DUTY.
Tho Lieutenant Governor; tho Judges of the
Courts of Law and. Equity ; the-Ordinaries; Clerks
of the Courts ? f Common Pions and General Ses
sions; Sheriffs ; Musters, Commissioners and
Registors ia Equity; the-Secretary of State;
Surveyor General; Comptroller General, and
Treasurers of the Stute.
83?" Pupers of State publish three times.
Aug. 10 it- . 33
State of South Carolina.
ADJUTANT A INSP. GEN'LS OFFICE,
CoLCMBiA, July VJ, 1664.
GENERAL OEDERS NO, 8.
?THE MILITIA ?f thc Slain, including ?Lil
? perons whn ate Mable to actual service in
linie* of invasion, will hold theur-olvea in readi
ness for active servieo on the shortest untie*.
If. The Commanding Officers of Regiments
who have failed to make returns in pursuance 0/
General Orders No. 7, will proceed to rlo'so im
mediately, and complete tho organization of their
respective commands ns therein directed.
III. Volunteer Companies of Mounted Men or
of Infantry, organized in pursuance of Ord. rs
heretofore Issued from this Oflice, will bo accepted
IV. Tho Commanding Officers of Regiments,
(tho ranking officer of the line where there nrono
field officers,) are charged with the promp't exten
sion of this order to thoir respectivo commands
without further notice,
Rv order of the Governor :
A. C. GARLING TON,
Adjt. and In.'p'or Gen. S. C.
Aug..?. St 32
jSa?- Papers of tho Flato publish throe time
COUTH BIA, Julv 30, lSt'-J.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 8.
?TI1E Secretary of War having decided that
. tho Conscription authorities have no jurisdic
tion over tho classes of Reserves, except in the
granting of Exemption* under tho Act of Con
gress, entitled " An Act ta organize forces to
.serve during the War," it is ordered, pursuant to
instructions of tho Superintendent of C?nscrfp
tion, that all Detail* heretofore granted to per
sons of the Reservo clnsscs-by thu ollicurs of con
scription bc und they ure hereby revoked. De
tails of persons of these dusses will hereafter be
made only by the order of Brigadier General
James Chesnut, commanding Reserve ' Forces in
II. Enrolling Officers will prococd "at onco to
furnish to Brigadier General Chesnut a roll of all
persons of the classes of Reserves whose details
are hereby revoked, giving their age?, the dale
and period of details, and the purposes for which
auch details were granted.
III. Pursuant to orders f.f the War Depart
ment, Enrolling Officers are nmde subject to and
will obey all crdcrs of Brigadier Goneral Chcsuut.
C. D. MELTON,
Mitjor, C?lm'd? dnscripts. -
ga?- All papers ia thc State copy three times.
Aug. 10 t?.mr. Zl 33
Reserve Forces, S. C.,
COLUMBIA, July 3ft, 13C1.
GENERAL ORDER NO. 4,
IALL details of person? of the Reserve clashes
? heretofore granted by the Oouscript authori
ties now revoked by General Order No. 8, Con
script Department, S. C., uro hereby revived and
continucd'ujun such term, and for ?ame period as
originally granted. /
ll Enrolling Officers will forward to these
Headquarters thc Rolls na indicated by Major
Melton, Commandant ol' Con.-uri?its, S. C.
III. Applications for dotaiU will in future be
made through Chu local Enrolling Officers, who
will investigate the olaims-being governed by
the Rules und Regulations prescribed by tho ?u
rcau of Conscription. The papers will then bo
forwarded to tho Commandant of 'Conscripta for
his examination and reference to there Head
quarters, where final action will bo takcu upon
By command Brig. Gen. CHESNCT.
ED. II. BARNWELL, 1
A. A. Gen. j
]&. All papen ia the Stale copy throo times.
Aug- 10_ fi*_3j
1WILL bo at Edgefield C. H. on Friday* and
Saturday in each woek. until further notico,
to re?oive and receipt for tho Tithe Tax in Wheat
for 1801 oud thc Bond Bacon. Furmeri and
Planters will please take due notice, and govern
themselves accordingly. My Office will not be
open until thc 12th inst.
: T. A. JONES,
In the Market.
' WILL BARTER, or pay the CASH, (new
. issue,) for FLOUR, BACON or CORN.
' SAM. E. BOWERS,*Agent.
Hamburg, Aug.l tf 32
FROM- One Hundred to One Thousand Bu
shels .CORN, delivered ,in Hamburg, for
walch ?'liberal prico will bo pail.
* S. E. BOWERS, Agi.
Hamburg, July 20 tf 30
Envelopes ! Envelopes !
OR sale at the Atfeerti*er Office 0 good supply
ONE BLOQDED MARE AND COLT ant
TWO FINE SOWS AND PIGS'. Term
reanonable. JAS, M. HARRISON.
Aug 3 tf 32
Candidates for the Legislature.
REV. A. W. LINDLER,
J. P. MICKLER, ESQ.
GEO. D. TILLMAN, ESQ.
CAPT. II. W. ADDISON,
' S. B. GRIFFIN,
MAJ.'JOHN" E. BACON,
un. A. W. YOUNO BLOOD.
W. W. ADAMS, Esq.
V. A. TOWNSEND, ESQ.
DR. IT. h*. COOK,
GEN. R. G.. M. DUNOVANT,
MAJ. A. J. HAMMOND,
Cor,. JOHN I1UIET,
CAPT. LEWIS JONES,
. * DH. W. D. JENNINGS,
For Tax Collector.
J. N. BRISCO,
W. H. H 0..LOW AY,
CHARLES CARTER. *
PERSONS intending u bavo Wheat ground at
my Mill will|please bavo their iiuines regis
tered, middays will be as-igned thom at the time
of registering their names.
I wiih every one to-state about thc number ot'
bushels ho inteuds to send.
Have your Wheat well"cleaned and dry-my
mill ls not a threshing cr -fanning machine.
Turns f.?r soldiers* fsmiiics siid horse turns,
not exceeding 3 bushels, have preference.
Persons who:-e. nu tues arc registered must bo
punctual or they will Io=e their piucos.
. , ' R. T. MIMS.
July 20- If 3D
? -- - _*
IOFFER MY PROFEESSTONAL SERVICES
to_ the people of Edenfield District.
Office formerly occupied by Moragne and my
self. II.' W. ADDISON.
. . Attorney at Law.
July ?_? tf C 23
Ikoep constantly on hand a full stoch of W?!nut
and Mahogany COFFINS, which, from ?nd
after this date, will be sold for CASU, ana nt
prices as roasnuublo as tho times will admit of.
The uso of tho HEARSE will bo charged for
according to thc same ratio.
J0??N M. WITT.
Edgefiuld, S. C., Oct 19, Uti. tf 42
ALL persons in any wise indobted to the Estate
of E. M. Penn, dee'd, are earnestly request
ed to como forward and fettle up H i th nut dnlay.
Tb cse haring claims against said F .?tate wj|l roo
1er them in, properly alloted, at an carly daw.
. G. L. PEfSft, Adm'or.
Ang 4 tf 31
PERSONS having claims against the Estate or*4
Dr. E. bland, dee'd., are requested to pre
sent the sumo forthwith to Mr. .Iambs M. Harri
son, who ?a my anthorir.od Agent in sottliog up
the business of thu Fatuto.
R. E. BLAND, Ad*'*.
Nov-I tf - 44
18 hereby given th nt application will be made
to tho Legislature of this State at irs next
Session fora char'er of-tho Ba'h Mills Company
in Edgefiold District.
?Inly 13_3m 29
A Fine Lot of Dry Salt
FOR SALK OR BARTER.
1HAYE on hnr.d a lot of suprior SALT which
I will Bart or for Corn, Who-if, Fbnir, Ba?on,
butter. Eggs, Chickens, Ac, at the market price,
or winsell fur Cash at or b?dow the Augusta
prices. JOHN COLGAN.
Jon? 21 tf_2?
Navy Agent's Office,
AUGUSTA, xl A . May 24. I8BL
MR. SAMUEL E.- BOWERS, Hamburg, is
my Authorized Agent in Elgeficld Diitrict,
for purchasing sunpli?s for Navv Department.
W. F. HOWELL, Navy Ageut.
May 31 _? 2t_ 23
AM prepared to BARTER HOMESPUN ani
_ OSNABURfcrS for FLOUR, BACON and
WHEAT. .8. E. BOATERS,
N.ivy Agent for Edgctlolif "District.
' Hjtmbnrg, 30_tf _23__
Visiting Cards !.
FOR sale at thc AerWrfiW OlHc?. Lalios and
Gentlemen's VISITING CARDS.
July 20_ tf_
Good Sugar, for Bacon !
1W1LL BARTER good brown FUGAR for
BACON-1 pound of Sugar for 2". pounds of
Bacon. A. A. GLOVER.
July S_ tf 2?
ALL persone indebted tc- the Estate of Wm.
Toney, dee'd, will pay the same without delay,
and those having olaims against said Estate'ara
notified t?j render them in properly attested, to
Dr. J. B. Courtney, Agent for the Administrator,
forthwith, as wo desire to elope up the Estate aa
soon as possible.
GEO. J. TONEY, Ad'or.
Nov. 25 ly* 47
WE hiive on band a fe"w q'uires ef Blanks for.
obtainiug dcocssed Soldier*' Claims against"
tbe OovernmonU ADVERTISER OFFICE.
July 20 _tf _3ft
"State of South Carolina,
IN. OR ?ii NAR Y.
BY W. F. DURI?0E, Esq., Ordinary of Z?g*
field DUcrtol. '
Whereas, M. 0. Taggart has apphel to me
for Lottt-ra of Administration, orr all an?Tsingular*
the gooda and chattels, rights and. credits of
T. M. ?rafton late of the District, aforesaid,
deceased. . , 4 . r n
These aro, thorofore, to cite and admonish all
and singular, the kindred1 and creditor? of the saut
deceased, to be and appear before me a, out next
Ordinary's Court for the said District, U> be holden
at Edgefiold COurt House, on the Mt* dhjrof Aug.
inst, to show cause, if any. why thu said edmm-?
istration shoulil hfit bo granted. .
Given under my band and ?ah this ?.h day
of Aug in the year of our Lord one^thouiand
ninthyeer of the
Aug. 8 2t ._?1
Tobacco I TbB&ccol
?^-klLTZ'S 4 A's. and 4Aees-old and elegant,'
?3 HOLLAND'S GOLDEN LEAF;
JEWEL OF POTOSI:
And various other line brands ot Chewing To
bacco. Also, a good assortment of , -
^Reasonable terms. - , ^ GURm#
Hnmburg^July 19 _?_Jni30
WILL BARTER YARNS . FQ? FLOUR
from one barrel up. ' .. *?
SAM. E. BOWERS?
Hamburg, July 5_^ tf _88
APPLICATION will be*%ade at tho .next sit-'
ting of thiQip'r?:.?lft?ure or South Carolina
tu Increase !}iu*rSW. of Tull af th* Snr..! Bar Feny
on thc Bavti'omih River, near the blfy of Augusto,
R. WHATLEY, Proprietor,
May ST tf 33