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Tbc President's Message.
President 11)-ivis' M?ss?ag? was iea-1 in 1 otb
Il 11 "os un ibc 71.J. We exceedingly regret
tua', u'tr lim i ted spice preeliidesour'publish
ing this able Smite paper entire. Wc give,
b ?wovor, a brief synops-sof the greater por
ti >n, and the ia-a portion of it is give:i in full.
OJ..* redder.; will do wed to give tue subjects
here discussed their close attention.
Tu? Message begins with a review of tlc
military operations since the adjournment of
Congress in-Juaelaat, and reucgni%es tb?
protection of Providence in enabling us t >
successfully withstand thc utmost efforts for
Wc have recoveted Texas fruin the enemy,
and Arkansas with thc exception of a few
fortified poi':t>. Nc il ly tbe'whole of North
ora an 1 Western Mississippi, Nor!beru Ala
bama, and Western Tohnessri/are aplin in
otic possession, and all attempts to penetral
from the coa-.thave luteu bafil'd.
In South western Virginia, stiece-slvo ar
mies have been routed, and a portion td
il--tv ra Tennessee reconquered by our troop-.
The.mit:! army, after serious debars, con
stint repulses und rcp?a'cd a ?sau bs. are:-.till
engaged in thc effort to cantuse Pet-r>' urg.
The army of Sh.'.-rman bas succecde 1 in
obtaining possession: of Atlanta, but has been
unable to secure any ultimate advantage
from this succo.-s. .
Had we been compelled to evacuate Rich
mond as well as A: I nita, the Confederacy
would have remained a" deHaut ns c-v?-r.
No military success of the enemy caa ac
complish tue destruction of the C mfederacy,
?Or suv.? the enemy from a con ?tani drain of
blood and treasure, which t-.u t commue un
til lie shall discover no pence.attainable, un
Jes - based upon the recog?a t in id' our ?rale
No change in thc co.id.acj of foreign pow
ers cia be announce;!. Tne recognition of
-independence i< w.thheld from the assump
tiot); tl if recoguilion will bi! value] -s- without
intervention. Wc wish uti intervention un
I.-*.-! ?v know ourselves fully competent tc
mai itt ?lin our rigli's und a..ii ? . -..ir::, i.
rVac? i' impossible withe-:! ind?pi ndcroe,
ami not lo bs exprOted. The enemy will
anticipate neutrals iu recognition of that ii>
The total amount ol' the publie debt np le
the lat ol' October is l..l2O,UO0,O00 dol?ais.
No additional appropriation* fut- meeting
need? o'" public set vice up to lue 1st of Joly,
tn unexpended appropriations rxceed '.be c.-.
litnate* fir tba? tin.".
Tho S .'. ret:-.!- "i ih" T.r 'try r-*cotn
tn.Mid-IIIHUII'? lui tb o? lim Ci .v-.-rnui:--.1' Lc
I ?ed .that ri.-- noirs ?bal! ev.- -- n-main ex
empt from taxation. That lin : ! u vi id?
beyond that already authoriz-i. -;t,d (ml
portion of the rccei'is from laxjuf<..i and lax
in.kind be p?edge?l io gradual redemption cf
the entire circulation.
CMri.O.TjtC\*T OF -i i\*n?.*
Tin'4 aiitnioyiU:nt nf sran* fur servie wit;i
the army aa teamsters, or woks, oi iu the
Dray of work upon ImtiJieaiionSj or in th?*
government workshop;, r.r it> hospitals, arni
other similar duties, was authorized hy tia?
act of 17tb February last, and provision was
made for their impressment to a number not
exceeding twentv thousand if it should be
found impracticable to < bla/n them Lycon
tract with the owners." Thc law co it'inpla
iui the hiring only of til.' labor of thea -slaves
and iinpasc.1 on :..ie cover ia-.:iit the liability
to pay for the vallie of such a- might b ~ lost
to the owner* from c.t-ualties re'ul ting fr.<m
their employmont i;i thc s?rrice.
V'iewe 1 mendy a i proj c ty, mid thelcfcre
a* the subject of impressment, the .--ci vice or
labor of the slave has been frcquenty clttime:!
lor short period*, ih the construction of de j
fensiye wm-ks. The slave, however, bears !
another relation to the State: that of a per
son. Tile law uf last February contemplates |
ouly thc relation of the slave to tho ma'ter,
nnd limits tin; impressment to a certain term
' ol' service. Hut lor the purposes enumerated
in.the act, instruction in the manner of en
camping, marchin-r and parkin-- trainsis need
ful, so that even in this limited -jtirploytuent,
length of service adds-jrcatly to (he value of
the negro's lab ir. Hazard is n'.so eucounter
e 1 in ail the positions to which negroes can
lu nsotcned for service with thc army, and
tire duties required of them demand loyalty j
and Ju thin aspect the relation of per- !
a m predominates so n\r as to render it doubt
fal whether the private right of property enn
consistently and beneficially bo continued,
and it would fl'-eiu proper to arquire for the \
publia servi'/e the entire propel ty I'H thc hi- j
bor of thc slave, and to pay tbereHir due coin
pensalioti, rather I hau to impress hu labor for
short terms: and this thc more especially ns
the eiTect of the pt osent law would vest tins
entire property, in all capes whore Ile slave
might be recaptured, after compensation for
his loss bad been paid to the private on nen
"Whenever the entire properly in the service
.of a slave is thus .acquired by the Govern
ment, the question i-i presented, by what
tenore he s.:ou!d be held. * .Should kc be re
tained in servitude, or should his emancipa
tion be held oat to him ns a reward for faith
ful service, or should it he granted at once
on the pronti?e of suehscrviee : and, il emati
cipatcd, what action should be taken to se
cure for the f?To lmari the permisti?n qi"thc
State from which hi was drawn 'o re..-idc
? within its limits alter tho close of his public
service. The permission would doubtless be
moro readily accorded as a rew?r i for past
faithful service; and x double motivo for zeal
ous discharge of duty would 'hus be offered
to those employed by (lie Governm nt, their
freedom, and the gratifienti< n of tbe bcal at
tachment which is so marked at characteristic
of the ne^ro, and furms so powerful an incen
tive tu bis action. The policy of engaging
to liberate the negro on his discharge, after
service faithfully rendered, seems to me pre- .,
ferable to that of granting in mediate manu- j,
mission, or that of rCtainintrhim in pervitude. ? (
Ifthispo'iey should recmnmrnd it-elf ^ the ?
.judgment ?f CongreR?, it is m?'.;. iba;, ifl j
a-ldi.iion to the duties hcretolore per'f?'-aj?d j
by the slave. hemt?ht be advant'i^eous'y em 1
ployed as pion ri .. and engin? c~ almrerfand '
in that event, that tho number should be aug
mented io forty th?l?sancl.
. Beyond thi-i limit and ?bes? employments
it decs n H .-cm- o me desirable, under e.xi?f -
inrrcircmuvnr.-.s. tu co. Abroad moral!.
?1 rs? indi on c.vi-ts between the use of slaves I
ss^soldiers in the defence of their homes.-and r
tho incitement pf the same pers-'fis to i?-?r
recLion against their musters. Tfic , nt' js Ifl
j.jstiliablo if i:cce.-;*firy, ?be Olhfi - ;r, qu..1
?ad unworthy ot in-ivilizcd ?*errl-; a "1 s ,
js the judgment of all writers ou public law, \
s well a.s.that expressed arid insisted on bj
. n:i< :; itj . '! w:.r.-, plier lo,that not?
vsge? sgaiii-t us. l?j l oi.c have the prac
.ee;-. ol which they aro now guilty, bien dc
tom ce?! wiib grouter M-vYri ty than hy4h?.m
i-KA 'nt th:; two aa** with ?rei-t Britiiii
n thc ?a-I and pi cs? nt century ; and in tl?
uC ?in ru lion of ludipendcncc of J 77r?, wbvi
?uuaicrf.ii .? was; mada of the wlongs wbicl
?us,Tied thc revolt irvin Great Britain, tht
L-liiiiHX of atrocity wrs'dictntd tobe reachee
uolj 'A ?icn thc English tneunech wasdenouno
ed bavin** .'excited domestic insurrectiol
Thu su! ji'ct is to be viewed by KS, tliete
lV?re, goldy in the light of policy and roc?a
economy. When so regarded.! umet'dissen
Iroui theist! who advise a general levy r.u<
arming ol'the slaves for ike duty of soldicis
Uutii our white population sbull prove in
sufficient for tho armies we require and PW
alford to kec-p-iu tlie lic*ld,to t uiploy as :i sol
dicr tlie titil o, who bas been merely traine*
to labor and as a laborer, the AT hit o man ac
-u.-iou.ed front bis 3*i*ulli to thc usc inf iirtr
arina, would scarcely bo deemed wii-e orad
vatitst** volta-by any; and this i-. the quest ?ol
now before us. But should the alternativ?
ever be present? d of subjugutioD or o? the enj
?loyment of the slave aa a soldier, there seem
no reason tu doubt what should iLeu be ou
decidion. Vi'bother our view embraces wba
would, in so extreme a case, be the sum o
ru stry entailed by the dominion of the eco
my, or be restricted solelv to ihn effect upoi
the welfare and happiness ol'thc negro popu
i:;ti m themselves, the result v.ould be th
saute. J be appalling demoralization, suffer
iri^r, ?ite-i?e and death which have been cans
el by pirtially substi luting the invaders' sys
toni ol police, for t.'.e k'u.d relation previous
ly subsisting bctr?eetrthu muster and slav
h ive b. c. n sulfide'*' demonstration that, ex
tcrnnl iutei I'; fer c '.vii, our institution of do
in.-.stio slaven is productive of evil only. J
the subject ?nv? Ivett uo other coiisideriiltoi
than ihe mer-! rigb t of proper! Vfthe sacrifice
hen tofore made by our people hine hew
mub us tn permit no doubt of their, rr-ndi
iifss to sun ender eve ry possession in orde
to secr.ro their independ? nee. Bul lite go'?ia
and political question which is ixclutdvcl,
under the control of the sev< ral S.alcs, Las ;
far wider und more enduring importance thai
that of pecuniary interest. J ti its inardhd
phases it embraces Che stability ol'our rrpuh
lienn institution*, resting on thc actual poli
ital equality ol'all ii? citizens, .ind include
the fulfriueiit of the task *fl hieb Itu bten BI
hnppilv be;;iK-"hat of Chii-tiiuiz??^ af?d itu
proving the condition ol' t'-o Africans whi
liavi-, by th* will ol' Pruv?den'e, bec*a placet
?it our charge.
Comput ing the rcsnks of our own experi
euee with those of th:* experiments of other
I who have borneMuiilur relation to the A fri cai
race the people ol t he several -States ol t he (Jun
federacy have abundant reason to be -ntis
I lied with the p:ist, uud te use the great es
circumspection in determining iheir course
L'itcse coii-.ider.nt ?on?, however, aie rather ap
plieabie to the improbable contingency of ou
r.e. d o? resorting tu - b nicr.i ?>f resistance
ihuo io our pren ?" u ?ditton ITtt.e recoin
iiiendttttioi si??vv inio?v.f.* h? t?:.?i!.ig ?>
Ibrty thousand.negroes for ihr: sti-vic*.* i:.(ll
. a i d, sh '! tt-eet your appro***!. it is rrrtaii
t!...t eve? th s Ii?'- ?lcd nundtsi lv ;i . -r pr?,
parat? ? friini'? in itittrm-.-iiinte duties wuult
form a m..rc- v?...;. cdc reserve foi ce. in east
of urg! ney, than thn-e-fold their number sud
df-it'v c.d?..d . lif.?d labor; while a frcsl
lev;,-.lid, '.. ... ce lao- extent, supply theil
plac-f !tr the api s--*rvit cs for which the*
. v > ' o eiiipl'. i
OTU Kit ItEPAUTJIEKTS.
The r. ;:i:? -. ? I.MI.?I I-j.i>r?s o! Ihe Alt&rncj
? i.i-rai, - c S cr ?ar . t n.o Navy, and I hf
I'o-tina. ter (ietierr.i aro iiiif.ebdcd, nod give
iioip!- ??.lon::>i?;?.ii relative to the condition
of thc respective departments. They contain
suggestions for Ifgielativo provisions requir
ed to remedy such defect11 in tho existing laws
Ht ?.?ve been di.-elimed by experience, I ul
none ol so gciicral or important a character
as to require that I should do rnvre th>in
recommend them to your favortible consid
The provisions heretofore made to some
extent lor increasing the compensation ol
public Officers, civil and military, is found to
bo in some places inad?quate to tjit?ii- sup
pott: perhaps riot more so anywhere iban iu
Richmond, and enquiry, with a view tu
propt?ate renif dy, is suggested to your eon
sfderatiuii. Your notice is also t allt-d to the
cotidificn of certain odiceis of the Tt e:t. #- v.
who uer.* omi tl? tl in the laws lieretofoiw
passdl I'jf the relie.' of other public ofiicera,
a? mentioned in t!.e report of (lie Secretary
DEPARTMENT OF WIR,
The condition nf the variou* branches of
the military service is stared in tho uccotn
panving report of the Secretary of ^Vur.
Among tUe suggestions made ibr Ie^i?lalive
action with a view to add to the numbers ami
efficiency of theanny.all of which will receive
your consideration, there are some promi
nent topics which merit special notice.
Thc exemption from military duty now
accorded by kw to nil persons encased in
certain specified pursuits or pron-Rr-ions is
shown by cxpcricnct! to be uuwi.se, nor is it
believed lo bo defensible in Iht-orv. The de
fence of hotno, fmniiy ami country is aniyer
ijallyreeognized ns the p.".rainouut political
duty of every mi tu Wer of society; aud ina
form ofgoVr-rniiient like outr., where c-?cb
citizen enjoys un equality ol rights and priv
ileges notbiiig cut: b* more invidit ns than an j
unequal distribution ol duties and obligation*, i
So pursuit nor poaii?on should rel ?ere any
Ot c who is ^ble lo d i active duty, from en- j
rollmeut in the anny, unless bis fiit.-etiotis (?r
services aro nor? use!ul . to ilia iio??iice of
his country in another sphere. But it is :
manifest that this cannot be the cane with !
i'?iire classes. All telegraph operators, wort- '
men in mines, professors, teachers, engineers, j
editors and employ?e* cf newspnpevs. jour- ;
lieymen printeis, .ibor-r.ial.rrs. tanners, black*
smiths, millers physicians, and lin; nuttier- |
oas other cbis-es melliionr-rl in tb*- laws,
cannot in the natureof thine.?. I*e eithrrcqiiab !
Iv necr'NPiir.- in their sevcr.il j!.- fessions, nur i
distributed throughout ihr. country in such i
proportions tl?ii*. Only ti c exact numbers re-1
quired .-?rc.l'ov.r.d ir. each !o-ni;ty; nor ran it j
b? everywhere impossible to replace ?Kris;
within the conscript a^e by men older and
less capable of active field cet \ ice.
A discretion should bc vested in tho mili
tary authorities, so that a FulUcient number
of those essential to thc public servie? -.night
bu deia?ed to continue tho excrcb e of their
pursuits ot professions, but the ex.'in. 'iotis
[Vom service oi'th? entire cl?c.scis shoulrl lie
ivhollv abandoned. It aifonls great facility
lor abuse ??.offers, the lemptntion, as well as
:he read; nic.r.s of Cacaptbg service by frau- j
lul-nt devices, cad is ono -f the principal
>bK?Mic?i-'tis -'o tin' efficient ?pei uM-'n nf the :
?nnscript taws. . j
'A ^i-rii - 1 militia law ia nr-clfid i;i th^ in- ! :
eresi of t: e public defimci*. Th*- Onjxs'itu- ?
ion, by w? t?r.(, th'-pow r in Congri-xs.iiii- (
M.s-s on jr ile* duty ot pravidm^ .. f>,- roi- i
n-j n:*d orcaniisint' tlie militia, rftid for gov f
'rnin?* -oeh pur' ol'tbein as may be em ployed -1
n tho sc1 vie- .-I" (In- Confed?rale States." t
['be fjre.at diversity in t|ic; legislation r-f the l
evcral States on lld3 Subject, and the :tb
ence of any provision rstabl?ishincr an ex
,ct method for calling the militia into Con- J
erleratf* s' i viee, are sources- of embarras-:- '
ijent(wbieh oiig-ht no longer to b?mitl'ered lo
ry^...J- d fi??.-sive 'TM' .
?l'j," ir.-,;, ii- - i i? . ibo cavalry t
emaml.-, chance. - l ue pointy of requiring . y
bc wen fo furnish their own torses has proren j q
)ernic!ou3 in many respects. Tt interferes
sith discipline, impairs ifiicie?cr, and ts the
;a?se of frequent sud prolonged absence
rom appropriate duty. Thc Subject i* fully
.reatcd'iJPthcSecretary's) report with sugges
ious a> to the proper measures for reforming ;
that branch ul thc service.
Tho recommendnlion hitherto often made
ia a^'uin renewed that some measure be
adopted fur thc reorganization and consolida
tion of companys und regiments when o fur
reduced :n numbers HS seriuUely to impr.ir
their i llicicnoy. lt is the mure n"c?'.sj.aiy
that this should bo done as thc absence ?if
legisiution on the subject bas torced Generals
in the held to resort to various' expediento'
tor approximating thc desired cud. lt is
surely un evil that a commanding ollictr
should be placed in a position which forces
upon him thc choice ol' allowing.the eflicien
cy ff bis command to be seriously impaired,
or til attempting to supply by thc exercise of
doubtful authority ti e waist of proper legal
providion;' The. rrgnrd fur the sensibility of
?dlievrs wbo have heretofore served with
credit, ?iud which is believed to be the con
trolling motive that has hitherto obstructed
lcgi.-hniou on lliis subject, bowen er honorablo
and pieper, nifty bc curried tu a point which
?i juusiy injures ll??- public good ; and if this
be thc case it can scsft-ily be- questioned,
which of thc two considerations thould be
Tue Secretary's recommendation on the
subject of facilitating the acquisition of the
iron ? quired for maintaining,, the efficiency
of railroad communication un the important
military lines i.? commended.to your favor.
The necessity for the operation iu lull vigor ol
such lines is too apparent to need comment.
Tlie question in dispute between the two
Governments relative to the exchange of
-prisoners of war liss been frequently present
ed in towner incsFn?ts tnd reports, and is
fully treated by the Secretary. Thc solici
tude of the Government for the relief ?if our
captive fellow-citizens has known no abate
ment : but bason the contrary, be<n Mill
more deeply evoked by the additional suffer
ing to wbic.u they have been wantonly sub
j :ctcdv by deprivation of adequate food, cloth
inj: and fuel, which they were-not even per
m it ted to puchase from the prison mtiers.
Finding that the enemy attempted to txense
their barbarous treatment by the unfunded
allegation that ii was retaliatory for like con
duct on our part, au oller was made by us
with a view of eudiug all pretext for such
recriminations or pretended retaliation.
The tiler has been accepted, and each gov
ernment is hereafter to be allowed to provide
necessary comforts to \t* own citizens bild
captive by the other. Active efforts are in
progress for the immediate' execution of this
agreement, and it is boped fhat but few days
will elapse before we shall be relieved from
thu distressing tltoug)rt that paiufnl physical
suffering is endured by so many of our fellow
citizens whose fortitude in captivity illustrates
ibu national character as fully as did their
valor in actual cou li i ct
NEGOTIATION'S IOU I* IC ACE.
Thc disposition of this Government for a
peaceful solution ol the issues viLich thc
cm.-my bas referred tu the arbitrament ol
arms, bus been too often manifested,. and is
iou weli known Lo need new assurances. Hut
while it is truC that individuals and parties
in the United States have indicated a desire
to substitute reason for force, and, by nego
tiation to stop the further sactifice of human
Hf.-, and to .irrest the calamities which now
ulflict both countries, the authorities who
couti ul the government ol' our enemies have
' too often and l o clearly expressed their
r?solu i->n to make nu pence, except on terms
of our unconditional submission and degra
dation to have us any hope of the cgssatit n
of hostilities until the delusiou of .theij abili
ty to conquer us is dispelied. Among those
who are already disposed tor prac?, manyare
actuated by principi? and by disapproval and
abhorrence of thu iniquitous warfare that
their government is Wakiti;', while other3
are moved by the conviction that it U no
longer to the interest of thu United State?
to continue a struggle in which success i?
unattainable. Whenever this fast growii.fr
conviction shall have taken firm root in the
minds of a majority of the Northern people,
there will be produced that willingness to
negotiate for peuce which is now Confined to
our side. Peace is maniresl)y impossible,
uuless desired hy both parties to this war,
and the disposition for it.amonjr our enemies
will be bent and ??bst Certainly evoked
by t Le demonstration on our part of ability
and Unshaken determination to defend our
rights, and to hold no earthly price too dear
for their ptucl ase. Whenever there shall
be on the part of our enemies a desire for
peace, there will be no difficulty in finding
mean-; by which negotiation eau be opened;
but it is obvious that no agency can bo called
into action until this desire shall be mutual.
When that contingency shall happen, the
Government, to which is confided the treaty
making power, can be at no loss for means
adapted to accomplish so desirable an end.
In the hope that the day will soon be
reached, when tinder Divine favor, the-e
States may bc allowed to enter on their
former peaceful pursuits, and to develops
the ^abundant natural resources with winch
they aro blessed, let us then resolutely con- i
tinue to devote our united and unimpaired I
energies to the defence of onr homes, our j
lives aud our liberli&s. Thia is the true path j
to peace. Let us tread it with confidence in
tho assured result.
JEFFERSON DAVIS. |
RICHMOND, Nov. "7th, 1804.
From up the Itond.
A gentleman who reached this city Friday
afternoon, and who left the vicinity of Stone
Mountain on Thursday morning, reports thi?.
nu Wednesday morning nt day-break terrific
explosions were beard iii tlie direction of At
lanta, and about daylight heavy and rapid i
artillery ar.-' musketry firing was beard it. '
the direction ol Roughit. Ready. Tba firing :
continued up to 12 M., gradually nearing At j
ScouM who left Jonesboro on Wednesday
morning, report that Gen. Howell Cobb, with
from six to eight thousand militia sud three
brigades of cavalry, attacked, thc enemy and .
was steadily driving them in,
A soldier who had been captured by the j
Yankees, and who succeeded in effecting his i
escape, reports that there were not over eight
thousand .oops in the city. Parties along;
the ?ne ot the. State Road, between Atlanta
md Marietta, represent that the trains go up
lo Marietta daily, heavily laden and return
imply. Two corps wera nt Powder Springs
Hider marching orders. The Yankees were
;cnding off the negroes and prisoners to' that
loint. Their movements are involved in
Jiystery.-Augusta Chronicle, ol Sunda}'.
-.?* . *- - -
??f~The New York lUrafd inliaates that
?fierman will return tu Atlanta' and inaugurate '
in offensive campaign fruiu that point, leaving !
he Fourth <...rpi tn operate againet Hood;
jJS(r" At a late auction sale in Charleston a
roman and Hvo children, the oldest eighteen and
ho y one gea t two years old, sold for&U;Q0Q- ;
eing an average of 4,000 apiece j
%?f- Knowing ones say that there will be a i
?rand meteoric displny in tho henvens very roon. .< J
light seers had hotter prepare fur it.
g y The Macon Ttlty?pl ls credibly informed !
ha* young ni? n uf good moral character can ob- I
lin situ tiona in tho army, as conscripts, hy ap- ,j
lying at tho enrolling office. No referencer, rc- .
JAKES T. BACON, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, T?OV. IO, I Rr, 4.
$2S* " Thought? tugyettcdLg the Dying Y*ar,"
from Rose Cottage, will appear soon.
.538* A lady friend lost in thw Village on Sat
urd.y evening last, a small sired Daguerreotype
or Plate Breast-Pin, which ls prised not for its
intrinsic relue, l ut nu aco?untof the associations
connected therewith. The finder Ot* M?H Breast
Pin will be liborally rewarded by leaving it at
This (Wednesday) is tbo day appointed hy
President DA vis for public worship, throughout
our land. Let us-each and all-observe it in
"inccrily auH troth. '
Another Ynnkee officer bas been brought to
our j-.-il ; be was apprehended in the Pino Dense
region by Mr. Jons' PAIR. Ile escaped from
Columbia, and will bc fpeodily returned thither.
Wo publish to day the most important parts of
thc President's Messago. Thu President is stand
ing square to the frout-as he sHw?ys hns done.
The whole document is eminently clour ead vig
orous. Ono rises from tho pcrusnl of it with Ibu
highest feolings of.encouragement anti hope.
Death or Sergeant John F. Bates.
Within the past week, our communhy bas
boen deeply saddened ; death has garnered up
one of thc best und noblest of its members. JOHN
P. BATBS, -Ordnance Sergeant of tho 2ud Regt. S.
C. Cavalry, died of difeaFO-the nitor effects of
Typhoid Fever-at Green Pond, oh the Charles
ton nnd Savannah Railroad,, on Sunday the (?th
of the present moy.h. Iiis romains ware brought
to Edgefield on tho following Tuosdny, and in
terred under the grand old oaks that stand in
front of his beautiful and once happy home His
loved one- httvo mode bim a bed where Soc thc rn
breezes will evor r'igh his requiem. Tho quali
ties of his heart, manifested in his life; tho lov
ing kindness of his manners, indicated in his
social intercourse; bis joyous flow of wit and
humor, the generous impulse of his whole char
acter, are now mercuries in the home history,
j that will bd chi-ritked long after these scenes
I have passed awuy. They ure private rights, the
; tillo to whick wiU be guarded with a wife's and
: childrens* lore, and honored with a mother's and
j listers' remembrance. Thc publio however are
j entitled to that ho left them-tho memory of his
fai'.hful discharge of every duty as a friend, of
evey duty as a c'itiien, of every duty ss a soldier.
I,ny on Alacdutf!
Lincoln and McClellan have clapperclawed
each other " to the bitter end," which bitter and
is the triumph of the former. Bitter to McClel
lan and the Democrats. With us it made not a
par'iclo of difference which was fleeted; it was
" lay on Macdui!" in eithor case. But now we
aro in a s'ute of certainly ; wo know that the
war is to be wagid sgniust us with increased ma
lignity and ferocity. - There is to be no armistice,
no cessation of hostilities ; we arc to have neither
negotiations nor Conventions of States. There
is now but e ne question before tho peo] 1? and
before the Congress. How shall wo conquer n
peace? Let tis bc fully ulive to tho work in
hand. Oar apparent strength ii far bolow our
real. Wc are not ourselves properly ?Kurs of
our own rus urce? in men nnd mat- i ? il. L< t us
try to discover what cm sn 1 should be dono.
FORREST, whofo success .-ec m s to be as unbro
ken a! that of Havelock, hos achieved another
great triumph over the Yankees-a very telling
. und dc?tru.-tivo triumph. At Johnson,illa, ou
! Tennesreo Itivcr, in West Tenntsste, Ls has des
troyed ihres gunboats, ten transports and twenty
! barges, over twenty thousand tons of freight,
: und moro than three million dollars worth of
I stores. There is no Shadow of mistake about
! this achievement, as tho Yankees, and Yankee
j papers, candidly (strange to tay) confess their
discomfiture and lossos. John.onvillo is tba
[ grc-at Yankee depot of supplies in thc West, the
point from which stores ol ull kinds are sent di
rect to Nashville, Knoxville, Chattanooga and
A Gun tn.
For thc Advertiser.
Tbc following dountiong arc acknowledged for
the two weeks ending Nor. 14th, 18CI :
Mr. P R lilalock, 1 load wood.
Mrs John Rainsford, 1 bushel meal.
Mr J Hollingsworth, o loads wood.
Mrs W P Butler, 1 bushel potatoes.
Mrs Wm G Walker, 1 bushel potatoes, 2 chick
ens 1 doz eggs, 2 lbs butter.
Mr S B Blocker, 1 bushel potatoes.
Mr B Hodges, 1 lb oastilu soap.
Mrs James Rainsford, 14 lbs beef, 1 jug milk.
Mi.<s J Roper, 1 plato butter.
Mr Bledsoc, 1 bug potatoes.
' Mrs S E Thlbrrt, 1 buiUl meal, 40 'Ls fl. ur, 1
gal syrup, 1 bug diicd fruit, .'< 11M norton sud j
Mrs S D Cheathnm, ?0 lbs fl-.ur, 2 gals symy, I
1 butti? vinegar 1-2 bushel Irish p?tateos.
Mrs James Blocker, 1 bushel meal.
Mrs E J Mimi, i bushel potatoes.
Mrs R M Fuller, 1 bushel meal, 1 bushel hom
iny, I bushel potatoes.
Mrs A J Bates, 2? lbs butter.
GJV Picketts, 2 louds wood.
Dr U Hurd, $?>U, iu tobacco.
Mrs J Hollingsworth,'3 bu-bol? potatoes, 2
gallons syrup, 1 bushel wheat, 1 lb buller.
W L Coleman, $2'?,00j A Friend, H, *b : Mr
L Ilpily, 5*0 ; Mis. H Mitchell, $10.
MKS. LEWIS JONES, Pres S. II. A.
MRS. KLBURT BLAND, Soc'ry k Treas'r.
For th* Advertiser
Tho Edgefield Village Aid Association thankful
ly acknowledge the donation ol snotber hundred
doilars from our good friend, Mrs. M. A. RAN
SOM, of Hamburg. Also, fivo pounds of sewing
thread and tivo pounds knitting cotton.
Thore will Lo work ready on Wednesday for
ali who wish 'o sew for the soldiers.
The Association will hcreuftor meet every
Wednesday morning at the Hospital.
Mrs. ANN GRIFFIN, Pref.
Mrs. WM. G OOO? AX, Suc'ry.
A mooting of tho citizens of Pleasant Lune
and vicinity was held recently relative to slave
labor on the Const. M ?j. I. BOWLS:* was callad
to the Chair, und J. M. DCM. requested to net as
Secretary. After due deliberation ibe following
Resolutions wero unanimously adopted :
ite?ulvcd. That wo invito nur fel'ow-citi/i ns nf
this District to meet with us rn tbe tim Monday j
in December at Edgelicld C. H., to confer with '
us relative tu Coast labor.
Dnoletd, That the object shall be to instruct
our Legislators to restrict the power of the Stuto
Agent in calling for labor to ouc/onrth or. .??
fifth of tho road hands. Also, that the slaves in
service ef the State be bett.-r cared for.
I. BOWLES, Chair.
J. M. BELT., Secretary. *
Yankeeaccouuts say Gmt ibo sdeaincrs
buey and Anua, each laden with cotton and to
bacco, were captured last week off Wilmington.
Fot the Advertiser.
CAMP 19rn S. C. BEG'V.,
. Oct. 2*th, 1S6*..
3B, EDITOU : Sir,-I hnvc tho hon?r to ask
?III all space ia jour paper to epeck uf ?ur tu ucl
! red and respected Assistant Surgeon J. 1
.'L-S?UNOS,-he being a citizen whom old Edp;
li-dd-on day? "laug syne," felt proud to bono
I feel that she is yet mindful of bim now that 1
i< dL-tant with runny of her Bone, sharing ll
toll* and hardships ii ??dent to the pre-cut II
and doutt- struggle of our country. As a Surg
on, be but few equals, and as akiud and syn
pathetic gentleman, nono surpass bita in tho
nuble traits uf character which never fail to ii
grutinte an ottlcer into the hearts uf thesuldior
At all timen hu 1? attentive to the sick; but v
speak inure particularly of bia especial care ax
attention to the eick end wounded while Su tl
march und daring engagements with the cnem
Our wouuded can never forget his activity at
energy in their behalf at Murfreosborn, Chick
in-tugs, and during tho whole of tie campai?
fruin Dalt-n to tho present time. He has. bet
" tried, pruvod, and found woll qualified," ar
tba guud people of Edgelield may rest a ?sure
th:tl will hu dona fur their friends that cbers
and .activity can accomplish.
We (latter onrsolvos that we are particular!
fortunate la b'eiug provided with Dr. JEXNIN<
IS Regimental Surgeon, and Surgeon HAW Ki:
as Brigade Surgeon. Dr. HAWKINS is a schola
an ? a mention,en of superior talent and ski!
and be en joy u thc full* confidence of the men
Our meu arc cheerful and hayo stood theta
campaign quite well. We hare heard but litt
from homo since wo loft Palmetto. Our frleni
must not forget ne, but write often, directit
their letters to the Regiment, Brigade and Div
sion, Army. Tennessee. Our Begimcnt is tl
largofit in the Brigade. Wo confidently hope
bo in Tennessee bofore a groat while, when v
trust to bo ablo to force tho vandals from tl
Gato City. Yours, ?e.,
ROBERT J. BUTLER, Jr., the son of ROBCI
J., Sr., and M A nv BLTLEH, was killed by Lier
Col. J. D. Twiccs, P. A. C. S., near the towu i
Uamburg. at the intersection of the Martin tort
with the Five-Notch Road, on the 16th doy
Sept. issi, at the early age of 17 years, 5 monti
and 16 days.
In thc joyous spring-time of youth, strickt
down by tho hand of yiuienco, thus fell, in
controversy which was-mme of his own, and i
which he participated, neither by word nor ac
an excellent and guileless young man, who wi
the prido And joy uf his parents, and gave prov
Ue of a manhood alike honorable to himself at
family, aud beneficial to his frionds and his com
So blameless was his life, so just hie con Ju
towards those with whom he had any intercours
either of business or plevmro, so even his tent
per and disposition, and so high and generoi
bi.? impulses, that he coutinniided tho good-wi
and esteem of all who knew him, ?nd inspin
bis companions and Kindred, with the brights
hopes of his futuro usefulness and honor. II
school-mates pronounce bis esme, with tende
ness and affection. The old raen of bis neigt
borhiiod mention him, us a worthy example I
all thu yuuths with whum bo associated. An
his father's friends love to bless his memory.
Neither was his young heart indifferent to tb
good ?pinion and luve of those by whom he wi
surrounded on earth. On the sad sorrowful cv?
ning of his death, nod in view of that solem
event, he declared that be entertained naught <
ill-will or malice against any one living, and di
net know th?t lie had an enemy to i?urr?ve bia
And when referring to tho unhappy combat, i
tvhicb Le lost bis lifo, bo must earnestly disavow
ed any, even thc ?liijhtr.ut, connection .with it, s
that ?.< hu had /imf, he might die /fee from n
He had show n himself to bo, nnt only a peaces
b c nncTtfO'lest boy, but une ready lu diacbarg
ul I the obligation! of life. Young as he was, h
hud already shouldered his musket in defence c
hi? country, having been a meoiluer of Cap
MUM CO., nf Reserves for. a. tn ?nth prceoedbi)
and being on hi?? way tc? report for duty, tho rer
oreuing und at Ihe very time he receivodhisfutt
His d?atb has overwhelmed hi* f.imi'y in th
deepest uiUr>tion,-for he ww beloved by t*iei
all, both white und black, and mut n ute be nerc
deserved. Fur bis father, luotbor, brother* an
sisters, their is no consolation ?cit, but in th
retlectiou, that their dourest idol has been tran?
lated to ii better world-a fairer elimo,
" Whore the wicked ceasj from troubling,
And the weary are at rest."
DIKP, on tho 1 ith October, after a most pain
ful illness uf uioe days, CMARLSEY ANN
wife of F K RC VA si H. llueca, in the 41.-:c yearn
The subject of this notice had hean a membei
of tbe Baptist Church tur 2-1 years, bearing stri
king evidence of a heart renewed by grace. Sh?
was indeed a ahiuiug lipht in h-er Church, fami
ly and community. Taking her bible as bei
council and guide, she wan continually storing
her mind with its Divine truths, which developed
in her a strung attachment to all that tended to
disseminate its truths.
She left a devoten husband and eight loving
children to mourn htr loss, iluy her firm cxuui
plo, and hor earnest potitions on their h. half,
t liait fur thom the guardian luve and cure of H
Saviour that thu'il eventually lead ihtin to emu
lute her life. J. P. M.
Di cn. at hts futhir's residence, ou tho ] l):b
October, CHARLES B. ROPKR, ion of FKKK
SJAX II. and CUAHLSKY A.NS ROJ'EI:, aged 19
yours and 15 day*.
The deoeused entered tho service ufjjis country
thc iritis Jauaary la>t, in Co. D, u h S. C. Caval
ry, where he exemplified the character ufa faith
ful s/ildier tu tho time of bis illness in September,
when be wes removed to a Hospital nud from
thence, after a panul ie*.very, to Lis hom?-,
wbe.c ho was fluttered wiib the hope of a epeedy
recovery of ?tiength to joiu his Company, but
falling u victim to disease aga'n, in .-pits of tho
kind attentions) of home, he pussod into the out
braite of death, mourned ns u dutiful son mid
luring brother, iuflii-ting a fre.*b pang-of sorrow
upon hearts already lacerated from the'los? of
wife and mother.
He pussossed that l.i.^h mort] charscter that
endeared him to all thal knew him, and though
making no open profession of religion, be leaves
behind evidences up<-n whi'ih tu found the hop?
ihut ho was a subject of the Saviour's love.
J. P. M.
" Life* sweei ; but Death is sweeter to tboie
that fear it not."
Dian, of Dipthtrle, on the 2oih of September,
FANNIE M , infaur child of .Mr. aud Mrs. J.is.
A. MCMANVS, agrd 10 months and 13 days.
Oh! h iw painful tn ?io a darling bebo suffer
death. But mourn not, fund paronts: remember
the promise of our dear Saviour: " Suffer little
children to com? unto nie, and forbid tbein not,
for of such is the kingdom of Heaven." Then
while you wear your Wc away on this toilsome
o.irth, let it be a consolation to you tu kuuw
that although your tweet baba is slumbering
fa a'lono aud silent grsLxe, itt soul is resting tn
the arms of Jesus.
Sleep, little FANMK, sleep ;
Thou art free from all cure,
Dear to us its you were,
Wo would not havo you here
With us on this vile earth,
Again to soe theo Miffer doaih.
31. n. F.
WILLIAM WHATLEY, tho rubject of this
brief notice, was killed in butilo, near llanover !
Junction, on thc 20th of 3luy, in the I9tb year
of his age.
He was a.membor of Co. 0, 1st Regiment, S.
C. Vol. Hu hud beon in tho service of his coun
try about' a year, and such was his devotion to
the cause that nothing hat tho urgent claims of
tho numerous family of which he iras a member,
prevented him from volunteering at tho com-!
menoonient of the war. He waa a yeung wan of
the strictest integrity of character, kind and be
nevolent in hi? disposition, modest and courteous
in his manuers, aud performed his duties as a !
soldier promptly and cheerfully. Ile was a gal- |
Unt soldier. In thu huur of danger he was ul- '
way-1 founJ. well up te tho front. His career wss
brief, but tic Hvsal leug enough to secure tho ad- ,
miration, mid esteem of his comrades in arms, i ?
R4 well as of his numerous frionds at homo, by : (
whum he will long be held ia load remembrance. ! ,
A Fa?5?. j.
KiLLKO.'hy^c^lisIon of the-cars near Rich
mond. Vi-, K>n tba 20th Oct., Mr. .((?KL MC
CULLOUGH, of Newberry District,, ii th? 4Tth
y o?r ?if bi? age.
And sorrownow casts its gloom over another
household, for the affectionate hatband aaa bs
k ve j father has gnne from his loved ont! for
evor. He had buckled on bli armor ia defence
nf his onuntryYand whilst io the dUoharraof hts
duty wu Instantly killed by a oolllsltu va tb J
Mr. McCcLLOrcn was a native of ti Is District,
but for io*ny years had resided in Newberry.
Wherever known he hore the chamcter or an
upright and an honest man ; courteous nnd kind
in bis deportment; generous'in bis nature, true
in his friendship, ?ad faithful to his country. Ly
bis fam'ly, whose prop And stay ho was, be will
be sorely misled, und long will bis. Uve and
kindness be remembered by them. May Ho who
"doeth all thrhjrV well,"watch over ?nd protect
tba widowand her precious little ones,'and final
ly lead them to that better home in'Heaven where
sorrows are unknown. D.
. The-Savannah River Baptist Association
will con veno at Beach . Island, S, C., six miles
from Augusta, on next Saturday.
g?T Col. Malford, Federal Commissioner, tact
Capt. Hateh in the river at Sar JU ? ab ou the 1 Ith.
Tho interview was entirely satisfactory and the
exchange of prisoners was to commence on the*
l'2th and progress as rapidly as'possible.
l??r Maj. H. H. Harper, of tho Ucb Regi
ment, S. C. V., is at Fort Delaware, doing well.
For Sale or Barter !
IWILL .SELL or BARTER tbe following
gonda on '".live and lut live" terns :
COTTON CARDS NO. 10;
COTTON YARD3, No! 6. 8. lu, 12 ;
SHIRTING aud SHEETING ;
New RICE ;
Superior SALT :
Splendid SUGAR ;
Smoking and Chewing TOBACCO;
Choice S EGANS ; ,U
OVENS with LIDS;
OVEN LID3 ;
. Fine POWDER;
Extract LOGWOOD, Ac.
JOHN D. ROPER.
Nov 15' . tf 4 7
--. : .-i-. ?
EDGEFIELD, S. C., Nov. 14th, 13CL.
ALL Male Free PersonB ot Color in this Dis
trict, between tho ages of 1S and SO years,
are hareby ordered td report ia person at this
Office, on Wednesday, tho 2"d of this month.
The only exceptions to -the above order are
those Freo Persons of Color who aro employed at
tue Kalmia Paper Mills.
Should any application for detail be desired
by au/ of the ahove mentioned class, some white
person interested in them, must. appear with
them. F. J. MOSES, Jr.,
Lieut, ? E. 0.
Nov 15 It 47
EDGEFIELD, 8. O, Nov. 14tb. 1SC4.
ALL Members of the " Supporting Force" of
this District are hereby ordered to report in
person at this Office on Tuesday, the 22d day of
All persons of tho above visas who do not
obey this order will bo dropped from tho roll of
the said Company, and fAeir names wi',1 be for
warded to the Commandant of Conscript?.
F. J. MOSES, Jr.,
Lieut. A Enrolling Officer.
Nov 14 lt 47
EDGEFIELD, S. C., Nov. 14, 1864.
ALL Person* in this District betwoen the ages
of IS and 45, " Recommended for Light
Duty," who reported in Columbia for ro-*xaini
nati'on, under orders receat'y published Iroui
j this Ofiico, and who have returned from Col um -
I bia, and have cot reported nt this Office, sifter
! such examination are hereby ordered to report
I here immediately upon the reception of this ord? r.
F. J. MOSES. Jr.,
Liest; A EnroHrn^ Officer.
Nov 15 2t 41
BY an order from the Ordinary I will proceed
to sell on THURSDAY, (bc 15th Dec ro
ber next, at the late rut ?dence of RANSOM
HOBLOWAV, deo'd., all the personal property
of tbe said deceased, consisting of
About Forty Likely Negroes,
SEVEN MULES, FOUR HORSES,
nOUSEIIOLD.AND KITCHEN FURNITURE,
Ao., Ac, Ac.
TERMS.-On a credit of twelve months, w>ib
? interest from day of sale, payable iu gold, silver,
or its equivalent. Note with approved security
will be required.
MATILDA HOLLOWAY, Ad'ix.
Nov Li ." it 17
BY virtue of an oi 'er from the Ordinary I will
sell on THURSDAY, the 15th December
next, at the late residence of Random Ilollonur,
dne'd., the personal property of RUSSELL LL
HOLLOWAY, deceased, consisting of
FIVE NEGRO SLAVES,
On ? credit of twolre months, interest from date,
payable in gold, silver, or its equivalent.
MATILDA HOLLOWAY, Ad'ix.
Nov 15 5: IT
Slave Labor for the Coast
LL Slaveholder! in the Upper Battalion, 9.h
"_ Regiment, who P?il?d to de'iver their quota
of Labor on tho cai.of the 2"ih Octobtr, are
summoned to have their bands <*uu to that cell
at the ne irost Depot to thtir r??i'ienc* oo Tues
day, 'he -'2d inst., at 7 v'elceJr, there to wait
transportation to Charleston, for Thirty Days.
Labor ou thc Fortifications.
W. B. DORN, Choir.
J. S. HjtRRtSOX, Soc'ry.
Nov 15 lt 47
RVNAWAY from the premises of Mr. Isaac D.
Stone, on the 10th, his negro boy TURNER,
about 22 y cf.-1 - old, copper colored, and weigh*
about 150 pounds. I have grounde to suppi-ee
thst the said boy has boen decoyed off by some
soldier, ns bo had said (bat he was going to the
army. Thc above reward will be paid for his
recovery, and ?100 additional will be paid for
proof t? convict any person of harboring or tak
ing off the said negro.
E. H. CHAMBERLAIN.
Rehoboth, Nov. 15, tf 47
1WILL give tho above rewurd for tho appre
hension and delivery to me, or lodgment in
any Jail, of my Negro boy AARON. He is u
beary set negro, black, and was bitten on one ol'
bis hands hy a dog when he left. Any- informa
lion of said Negro will bo thankfully received.
Nov 15 3?U0W 47
Lost or Mislaid.
AFOUR percent. Certificate. No. 352, for $203,
drawn by Z. W Carwile,"Depositary, in favor
of the uudersignod. AU persons nra.hareby cau
tioned from trading for the same. Application
fir renewal of Certificate will bo made at the ex
piration of thirty days.
M. R. CARVER.
Nor. 15, Si? 17.
THE Slaveholders of the Lowor Battalion,
10th Regiment, are requested to meet at
Mount Willing, on Saturday, the 19th inst., to
take into consideration the propriety of hiring
an Overseer to superintend or take caro of their
Negroes whilst on the Coast.
Nov 15 lt 47
LL persons indebted to the Estate of Lewis
. Bar ee. dee'd., previous to his.death, aro re
quested to make immediate payuiont; and all
iboso havtn? claim? against said S?tate will pre
cut them, daly attested, without delay, to the
indersigned. - ??* L. HAIL, Ad'or.
Nov 15 . rf ?7