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forbid, and charged accordingly.
Announcing Candidates for.any Oflloe of honor or
profit, TWENTY DOLLARS, lo bo paid before thc an
nouncement ls published. .,
Obituary aotioes, Tributes of Respect, or any commu
nication personal in f!s rmturo, will be rated xs adm
lina ien:< and oh.ir?ed'eceordingly.
Authentic from Cliarleston.
Thc evacustio t waa successfully; completed
on Thunda -, the IG th of February, between
thc hours of twelve and tine o'clock. Our
troops loft on tho cars of tho-North Elstern
railway going in tile direction of Kingstree.
. In addition tri thc fall of tho city, of itself
sorrowful in the extreme, we have to*record
one of tho most horrible calami lies that ever
befell any population. Thc Depot of the
South Carolina Railroad company between
Mary and Ann street-;, was lilied with stoics
of the Commissary, Quartermaster au-1 Ord
nance Departments. Upon the departure of
our forces, such supplies as could not bc re
moved were allowed to the iudigent citizens,
and the.building was thrown open for them.
While crowded, with women and children
some fixed ammunition was exploded, de
stroying the house and causing the death of
three hundred persons. The sitrht was a most
pitiable one, and beggars description. ?
The flames Immediately spread with the
greatest rapidity, and it is feared that Marge
portion ofetho city must lr.ve been destroyed:
The fire was in progress when the Federal
troops landed", and they immediately tendered
assistance and protection to the firemen en
gaged in staying tho conflagration.
The explosion is supposnd to have been
purely accidental, someb"ys having been seen
engaged in amusing themselves with shells.
'Il was certainly not caused by any military
There is now no enemy between Augusta
and Charleston, the line of the South Caroli
na Railroad being occupied at no point.
We are indebted to Captain Disher of thc
. South Carolina Railroad for tin? above inter
esting items. Ho left Johnson's Tvrn Otil
yesterday, where he conversed with one 01
Gener.il Young's scouts who had just arrivct
J. W. Morrel ami Isaac Cohen, leading
merchants of the city, have died.
No order for thc banishment pf Hie fami
lies of Confederate officers hud Hhrii .execu
ted at last accounts, though the policy wa;
still under discussion.-Constitutionalist o
Thc Latest Army News?
[DR. XAGLE'S DISPATCH.]
There are about thirty five miles of Rail
read stock, nuking nearly, :ith'i0 engines and
cars belonging to every five foot gnsge in thi
Confederacy, accumulated about Charlot!?
Tho ginge changes there preventing then
from going further. Sherman's move will
cause or has caused their destruction. All
were heavily loaded with Btores. For thc
v/ant of wood and wa-er at the different sta
tions, they could not bc moved between Ches
ter and Charlotte.
The Southern Express Company saved all
its valuables and napers from all p.aces which
have been .placed in safety.
The postoltices lost their mails everywhere.
. The Express carried thc culy mail that was
When onr forces left Charleston, on Thurs
day, the bridge over the Ashley was burned,
Two regiments left behind were captured.
A largo number of heavy guns were loft
in thc enemy's hands, undiamantled.
Tho ammunition was ca;t into the barbel
Thc city has been garrisoned by negrc
Sevcu-thirty notes advanced five cents to
day, and arc in demand.
No R?COGNITION or MAXIMILIAN.-Thl
House of Represen Uti ve> h?s concurred il
the Senate amendment of the Consular ant
Diplomatie.Appropri ? ion bill, declaring (!.;.'
there shall 'tie no recognition by iii'- Unite*
States of an Empire- ia Mexico, MI:', tho biil
hu* be-.-u passed. .
Not a single American Power La? recog
nized the e?iipire-in Mexico, nor h it likely
that any of them will act otherwise than tc
follow the lead of the United Stales in th:?
* matter. It has been only t;:e Towers of Eu
rope that have, been swift to express theil
. congratulations on the supposed downfall
a republic. It remains, therefore, simply tr
be seen whether they or we nro to control *>r
this coutioent. We shall soon be ready tv
test this quostion.-N. Y. Herald. .
SHERMAN PUTTING ON 'J IM: SCK'BTW-Per
sons coming through from Savannah, bring
intelligence that thoiadics of thal nnf" ir! uiii-f *j
cit}' are not allowed to appear on the .-trotts
except under a negro gu-iril, ami that no one
is permittee! to make purchases of goods in
thc stores, without fit-^t procuring ? written
order lo that e?'ect, speciiying th? article to
We ?cam. al.-.o, that General Sherman, bas
issued.an order granting forty acres ?1 aral'!:;
land to each slave within Iiis lines. The dis
trict of country embraced iu ibis order ex
tends from thc Combnhce in South Caroli
na to thc Ogeechee in Georgia.-Macon Tile
? ? ?-?.-??ao^?- ?-?
THOMAS5 MOVEMENTS.-Tim Se'ma Di ipateS
of Thursday has^a very imj-ewtan! iici, v.h-?
taken in connection with the announcement
that the Federal troops at Eastport were'ali
withdrawn, on or abou*. the 5th inst. Our
rotcmporary nays: A letter from Noni; Ala
bama, to a relative now in Selma, stale's that
Thomas has crossed 20.090 troop*a?Fl?'re?ca
for an advance into thia sf elton of the Stale
by the way Of Columbus, .Mis--., ?nd Tusca
loosa. We give titi.? or stated byaj colonel of
an Alabama regiment. The lady may possi
bly have been misinform IM, but tb-/ rt: ott
]:0<? an air of probability";
The Selma Mississippian ciatos that thc
Jalosfc news from-Mempi.is is that Thomas
j.s eoncentcatihg a heavy fiire? :;t Eastport, on
the Tennessee liver, and is ti: jed by Andrew I
Johnson and others" wx^mmencearooveuiant
upon Alib tm:i, at ?.n carly moment, BO t.s to j
prevent Hood's army from gutting to South ;
Carolina, to aid Haidee and Hill.
A eorrosponoVantof the Memphis Argos from ?
Eastport, says the army has lt-cc-iv.-ri rt:?"di-.
ing oi'.l-.-r^.-nnd that an advance by tbtr cav
alry under Grierson ?nd Smith have alu wly
moved in the direction of South Alabama*]
iipported by infantry.
Ex Gov. MOREHEAD.-Thc Ilottsion (Tex
Telegraph nas the following notice of one
of tho first martyrs ol theLint-oh. despritism;
who hos recently returned from ??rope :
We ha'ltheplca-ii'ro yestn-d-.v tif mseliirg
Ex-Gflveanc'r Morehead, of rtentt:?.-kv, in
lown. Hoappiirs in good health La vi-tv
spent thc last three months ul mont constant
ly in travel aad'earapaignout; Few i:ie:i have
lost more by this war than' he. From alilu-,
once he ha:; been redoro 1 almost .to poverly. '
His plantation, one of (he finoscm Kentucky,
nml 200 hands, were taken by thc enemy in
1802, he, nimVelf, h?rnin^ l,r,00 hates of cot-'
ton to keep it out of their hands. His con
fidence in the justice -and ultimate success
of bis cause, is as etronp as 'ever. And to
-listen to his conversation is an antidote to thc
nonsense ef nt least forty croakers.
JB.XES T. BACON, EDITOR.
WEPNE SD AY, MAR. 1,1865.
. Prices Doubled.
Since tho 1st Decoiolcr last (tho date of our
last increase in prioo of subscription) cern and
flour, bacon and lard, peas and potatoes, salt and
sorghum,-and nearly everything elso rn thc pro
vision or clothing department-have advanocd in
prico at least 100 per cent. Paper and Ink, nnd
Labor, ?ic., havo also considenfbly advauecd.
And to meet all of these unexpected calls upon
ourT.imilod supply of Confederate notes, wo too
aro forced to raise our terms of Subscription ?nd
Advertising in a corresponding ratio. Thc A'1
?.r.'/scr from this date, until further nntiee, will
bo published at $20 per annum; S10 for sis
months,-r*N al?enme in every Diftoncc. Ordere
for thfc paper, unaccompanied by tho cash, will
receive no attention at our hands.
Advertisements will bc published at thc rato
of $10 per square, of ton lines or loss, for each
insertion. Advcrlircrarnls nnd job work must
also l>c paid for in advance.
There is no use in our trying to keep pricet
clown whilst every arti, le that we stand in need
of is rapidly advancing. Wc havo tried this cx
' p?riment thoroughly, rind are satisfied that, in
these days of an ?ver-issuc of iRr.snOLjt's
promises to pay," a continuance of such a
policy wculd very soon bring us to the starv;'.
ti-.n point. Facts aro facts, and canned bo con
Thoso of our patrons who prefer paying S',00
for thc A\dccrHscr in provisions, at old price?} in
preference to iu Con federa to money, om ur
gently exhorted te do'so. In f.ict, if ojtr " live
and let live" farmer-friends will give tho-subject
duo reflection, and will then act on thc principles
of the Golden Rule-" do unto others, Ac."-we
think aatrtuy of thom will pay in provisions.
Anything in tho home produce lino from a pump
kin to a fino siigai-Ci?red Lam will be highly ac
ceptable to us.
Relie! l'or Coidntbia, Ste.
Upon consultation yesterday with several of
our townsmen, wo determined to call a meeting
of the Citizen? of Edgetield and vicinity, on Wed
nesday, the 1st March, for the purpose of collect
in;; and sending provisions, ta th j sulTcrer.-in
Colombia and elsewhere. Wednesday promising
to bo an extremely inclement day however, and
hearing that the Rev. Mr. Cu.s xor. (deputed by
the municipal authorities of Columbia) will soon
bo among us for the purpo30 of soliciting contri
bution?, we have concluded te doler the i-aid call
-at least until next week.
Movements ot our Anny.
On this point, we can sny extremely little. Up
on thc evacuation of Charleston, Gen. liardec
witii his forces went up towards Florence; by
thia limo, they are in all probability on .Sherman's
right dunk, Rut even if we knew more ul. mt ar
my movements it wera bettor to keep it o'ut o'
tiic public print. .Sherman- i.i still far from the
end of his journey, and tho great body of our
people aro still in high and confident hope of his
speedy overthrow. Eut after all, what do these
grand expeditions of Sherman amount tu? Neither
Savannah nor Charleston ii vf any great strategic
importance to the Yankees; they alford Sherman'
i; is true, a ready water communication for his
supplies, but wherein dj his advantages differ
fruin those of ibo Federal cemiuanderawho have
foot-holds on :ho c-jast of Virginia and North
Carolina '.' The great heart of t:>e country is still
intact, and thc '.'rebellion," instead of being
" crushed out" is only concentrated and ready for
more decisive blows. Twenty Buch .. grand ex
peditions" will not quench the ilamc ol Southern
Liberty, ^.or unnerve tho sturdy anns thnt pre
bared in Tts defence. Cur groat trouble has been
in this war, a multiplicity cf points to bo de
fended;, it bas scattered;our forces and conse
quently weakened them. Concentrated in tho in
terior, they will bc strougor tbun over bcfvtC, and
bil dcflanee.to all-the arts of their foes.
, fei,- ?
Thc Sackittg'aud Burning at Barnwell.
In another column we have given a very iii ad
equate account of tho truculent and Geudish pro
codings (if the Yinkccs in Columbia. From the
Augusta Co?Bti'.j(iona!i*twQ learn thnt they worro
equally biood-thiraty und nnbri-tled at Barnwell
C. IL, and throughout that District. In tho town,
small as it is, upwards of one hundred buildings,
iaciuding thc Masonic bell, thc Court House and
Jail, two hotel?, Ac, were destroyed. Hundreds
of people in Jhat quarter arc l?enseles*, naked,
- . - . __. - ... - - -
The post offic'o in this Di-trict, known a.- Fruit
I! ??J, has boen discontinued.
'fv.'o Hocks ol' Oil'ence.
Why is it that we cannot get letters from any
j point this side of Columbia-nor -rend letters to
? any point betwecn^herc and the:-.-- ? Booaasc thc
! mail cernid not ?.> Into Columbia, whilst* the Yan
j kees were thereabout : ia ?o rr..:-.;, why it should
? have beer, stepped eiitiri ly on thc route. D" seo"
to ir, Mr. Contractor-and s?t your drivers to
wot i: again.
An intelligent correspondent ?aka us " why is
the Supporting Eurea or tho body oi Light Duty
mo kepi in camp near year to.vr.n."
'iVevnro rir.e'ble to answer this IJUC-ITJ ; but rn?.
frc-Commandait . f Conscripts authorised
thc .?ame. Ia our.humble opinion however, they
h id infinitely better !.(>- homo, umKing*prr>ri?
i:'-};- j">,r soldiers in active service to eat. As it i.*,
iBby a:u merely eating u:> vast supplied that tho
said soldiers in activo sci rico ought cndoiiute !ly
Wo Lave longthfuglil that Ibiaj jr'cai ado about
Georgia being unsafe and unsound, was merely
I lim Malicious .and idle uifc ?f demagogues a od
j crpakexa to hide and justify their own rottenness
j and dasnoadonqy ; and late occurrences have
I proved our opinion a just one. Tho Legislature
of (?e?rgia convened at .Macon on tho lath of the
pr?sent month', and is still in sw ion- tho first
resolution (and only ono wa have board of as yet)
a ivoeating tho call of a State C?nrent?tln? hiing
put upon its passage, thc yeas and nays v.-cro
?-ilUl fe?/and remited in yeas ?, nays ito ! The j
yeas vere Tur. Iii n^s, who ! ilrodiieud tho rcs-d'i- .
lion, and Mr. Arritv. Tho p-.'.!,; Umpire .'Ua'e
will do to tie t<vi?"w a? ever.
Whether "a good egg" or "a bad egg," we
leave other people to jud,ge. or. .Monday last, a i
high dignitary ol'., our town attained tho ago of]
seven end f-r:y. As he ii stil yoong and hand- J (
some, wo wiii cot say " m iturcago." Ile informed ' ,
ns -t:.".t t!it> DuniVcrwiry was to be eolobratcd
in hie home by having Airdioner "a masted t-j?."
O Tempura ! In tbeso days we wliuid witlingly
have gone and dine i upon til J licit, but ho dorer
?aid como. O J/orct !
"Give ns this^Day our Daily Bread."
We hopej friends, that you and we are not too
proud to ask for our daily b"oad, and to bo grate
ful for getting it- But can we whisper this prayer
by our safe and quiet bedsides, or sit thrico a day
at our woll provided tables, without thinking
sadly of tho thousands who ara uttering it in care,
in tronble, in anguish, in doubt, in poverty, in
destitution ? Can wo croop tr, our rest when thc
days labor is ovor, and tao daily brctid earned
and eaten, and breathe our hushed thanks to thc
Giver of tho meal, without renieuibaring oui
neighbors who aro now in deep woo and want!
Edzefield is rich, and has not been visited by th(
euemy. Barnwoll, Orangcburg, Lexington, Co.
lumbia, that have dono as much for tho war ai
wo, have boon lau! waste,, and their women chil
dren and old mon left homeless and without bread
Under thc circumstances, what is our duty ? Oui
wealthy and influential citizens should immodi
ate?y call a public meeting, and devise ways ant
>neans to forward without delay, supplies of pro
visions .fcc, io tho sufferers. If Edgcficld doo
not do this thing, Bho ought to bc foreve:
Anathema Maranatha! We hopo .this duty of lovi
and charity may be honestly dono, and that ii
the last day-in tho .great settlement of all ac
counts-the Grcat-Stcward"above may deal kind
ly with Um contributors.
-rn' 'i* ? ? ?
Of and Front Columbia.
. At. last wc havo definite and reliable news fron
Columbia ; and a sad and sickening tale it is
One Corps of the Yankco army entered^inr eapi
tal on Friday, tho 17th of February, botween I
and 12 oclock A. All Tho romainiug corps cn
camped around thc town, but did not outer ii
Our informant, a physician and gentleman c
high character and intelligence, wjill known t
many of our citizens, who was in charge of
Hospital in Columbia during tho Yankee occupa
lion, and who left two days after its evacuatio
by them, says Sherman's forco is between sixty
?ve and scvcnty-livo thousand strong-the fines
looking men, and the must splendidly equipped
ho has ever seen ; and that he has no negro BO!
?lier.--only negroes in his pioneer corps. Th
i'ai'kcc army wn^ ia and around Columbi
tVora ll o'clock on Friday until ll on tho follow
?ng ifor.day. Previous to thc near approach (
thif*ovcrwh(-lmlng borda of vandals, Cen. BBAt
!'.>:OAnn was in' or roar the city with between tc
and eleven thousand mon ; he withdrew toward
iVionsWbro.. Gen. Hampton, with soven or eigh
hundred cavalry, kept the enemy at bay on Fri
day morning, from' early dawn until 10 o'oloci
when he was forced to give back; be.ahm retire
in tho direction of Winnsboro.
Upon entering ?ho town, tho Yankees bega
immediately to apply the torch, and beforo the
ceased their work of destruction, threo fourth? c
our fair capital wore smouldering ruins, f Al
houses of every kind frem Congaroe Bridge t
Maia Street, and all houses of every kind, o:
either side of Main Street, in its entire Ungi?
were burned to thc ground. They hoisted th
Stars and Stripos upon tho old State House, and
4 ?after seeing it float , for a few hours, hauled i
down, and bumed the building. They threw shell
against tho nev Stato House, and defaced it con
stderably. Thc Arsenal, thc Armory, Evans <
Cogswell's immouso Printing Establishment, th
Lutheran Church, tho Washington St. Methodis
Church, the old Baptist Church, Christ Churc'
(Episcopal,) the Roman Catholic Convent, th
. Ladies Hospital, tho Wayside Home, and all th
Hotels aro among thc buildings burned. No
was tiic fire confined to"Bridge Row and Mai;
Street ; very many elegant privato residences, i;
the blocks adjoining "Jain 3tr?et, woro destroyed
among them, Chancellor Carroll's, Dr. Gibbes't
Dr. Trczevanl's, Judge DoSausiurc's, Col. Clark
son's, Major Stark's, Capt. Serin's, Dr. Boat
wright's-and avast number of others. Thc Soutl
Carolina College was not burned-nor any build
lng oonneotod with it. Tho Methodist Fernel
College was also not bumed. Sharman made hi
head-quarters in the elegant rcsidoucc of the at
Mrs. Hampton ; 'it was not humid. Thc Ynnkei
soldiers behaved with ?ho greatest brutality an<
ferocity during thc occupation: muny ladies win
rushed from their burning houses, currying it
their arms clothes ancU valuables of dilTcren:
hinds, had these snatched away from them one
tossed back into thc flames." Ail houses not con.
sumed by fire, werc,enterodand ruthlessly robbed
Vast quantities of valuable furniture, china, glass,
.te, wcro v,:inloiily suinshoii and destroyed. At
wkiUflagi \:crcdin}iluyctV-nQl any truckling tc
After H rcigu of terror of thrco days, Sherman
evacuated Columbia and marched towards Winns
boru. A considerable number of negroes follow
ed him from thc town anil surrounding countrj-;
of tho?e, al) thc women and children spcolily re
turned, ho having refused to feed them. Many
of the men likewise returned. Tho train which
was conveying otT tho Yankoe prisoners lately
confined in Columh'm, is sail to havo beon overta
ken by Sherman, tho pri.'oncrs recaptured, nud
Capt. Semi Confederate Ofllosr in chmgo of them,
in Columbia, thc Yankees surpassed r.ll th-jir
j fbi uni barbarity end Inhumanity. 'Tis tims they
glut the scotional aniiuo-itie?, tho envy, hatred
and malice of thirty years' growtlu In thc con
sciousness of power, they goad the. Bou th to thu
light, withd-ho full determination of crushing its
prido and humbling us in the dust al their feet.
There is nothing left for thc Confederate people
but to put themselves in a condition of the rough
j organization, and thc winde country in an*atti
I ludo of determined and nudging dofcuce. Tho'
[ issue is extermination ortlaycry.
Airs. Lincoln to bc IM vor ced I
We havo hoon hoping that " the reliable gentle
man" would t,o sl::in in.oae of tho recent battles,
but not 6o? his obstinacy in holding on to lifo is
evi:l is strong a^teat ef tie cat" Wretched
tri ni .. litvo ii?ie lives in such days os these,
n too ??rn ?3 a burlen :?nd a sorrow! His latest,
is this: That Ss IVA RD h.-s latiiy r?oeiyod letters
from the Prime Ministcrs.of England and France,
condoling* with Mr. LtNCOLtf ou his failuro to
crush -JUL thu incorrigible rebels, and each f<>n
ler?ug lilia the luau oT a million of mon to in-iitc
a "hiaetyr diO's" j >h of it-hut up-jn express
Condition ihat LINCOLN shall obtain a divorco
faim Mr*. LlXCoCN (a vulgar American) and
mirry a daughter of Lotti* Napoleon, Emperor
of ' French. Tho proposition has already
been submitted to Mrs; LINCOLN, who instinc
tively exclaimod " bully !" and fell into a profound
swoon. Ano himself is in tho deopest grief op<.n
ry u'jkuowlo-ilging that ho prefers a Hack tcottan. \
But lat not the croakers a:id tho weak-kneed bc- ;
lieve a word of it, for tro cun assure them that !
"Boney" has ne daughter; that is, none by thc M
fair Eugenie, his lawful wife. Of courso none j j
other would do to become tho ioiporiul brido of;
Abraham I, tbonomr of Yaokccdota.
And ''tho rolialilc gentleman is also meddling ?
with :hoiiiitriti*.'ini.t!r.ir'irsofdistinguishcdrciiols, ?
He.rays that.Gan. BEAi.nsoAnn i? to to married ' J
to Miss Augnsta ?raos of Mobile, tho authoress j n
af " Beniah and i?aear?n /* to thin proposition i ti
wo instinctively exclaim [' bully !" but swoon not. *
It is not wortli while however, to bc??ve cny- , C
?liing the '.'roli'.ble" say.". As for our part, wei
?Hove nothing that oilier people tell us, and only c|
ibout one-third of what we say ourselves. j c.
*.~i?'" A nashrillo correspondent says Thomas' i'
iriny in being mounted fox, rapid movemont*
hrougli Alabama. Selma, C?umbus and Mobilo j 01
iro mentioned ns tho principal object're point?. I Ct
Abuse Neither the President nor (he
A little over two mouthe ago, SH?UAN, with a
irgo army, marched almost without molestation
brough tho heart of Georgia, laying waste for
ste, fields, dwellings and towns, from the moun
nins to tho seaboard. Within the past three
reeks, he has march in liko manner through
louth Carolina ; this time however, from the
eabonrd to thc mountains. Under thoEO aircum
tauccs, people at homo will now exhaust tho
english lauguaga in abusing the President, Gen.
3r. AU KEG aim, Gen. HARDER, Gun. WHEELER ;
md perhaps even Gen. JOE JOHNSTON, for it.is a
roll known fact that the latter, although behind
bo scones, has beon lending his aid and advice^
n the conduot of thc campaign now in progress
n our State Fireside generals, inflatod politi
cians, who know nothing upon earth about mili
tary matters, speculators, extortioners, bomb
proof gentlemen, heroes who have never Been the
Trout even in tho remotest perspective, and silly
md misguided wonion, will all gtrivo with frnn
tic assiduity to seo. which can be loudest in
objurgation-which can throw thc largest stone,
and hit hardest-which can soonest demolish and
entirely uproot the aforesaid bravo, honest and
able men. And all the timo they are thus raving,
foaming, and giving rein to their petty spites and
personal prejudices, they will be perfectly'awaro' |
that it is tho f?ult neither of Mr. DAVIS, .nor
Gan. BEAUREGARD nor Gen. HARDES; they will
know perfectly well that SUERUAX is marching
thus triumphantly through our land because toe
icmnt troops enough to withstand him. Tho Presi
dent and moat of our ablast generals want our
armies recruited in the only way, aad from the
only source, they can be recruited. Twenty five
or thirty thousand woll disciplined black soldiers,
addod to the whites, would, havo saved us from
tho deva3tatior?and disgraco which have lately
But, oh no ! The edict of cortain would-be wiso
men has gone forth that it will never do to make
a soldier of tho negro, and for this untenable
dogma, forsooth, wo aro to allow ourselves to bo
overrun, and an Abolition Government erected
ovor us ! Is a groat people to bo governed by
such nonsense as this? Are wo-toshow ourselves |
a nation of silly theorists and triflers on tho very
verge of a political volcano ? Heaven save i;a
from such counsellors in this critical hour ! The
time is fast ooming whop we shall be cured of |
this folly and bo willing to reccire any aid that
we can get, without regard to races oe any other
distinction; and we pray it may not como too
As a general rule, we, in common with our
countrymen, aro opposed to tho policy of freeing
tho negro in tho South, believing that his present
condition is best for bim, and for all concerned ;
but wo had rather seo one entire half of thom
sot free, than tho wh#le doomed to annihilation,
and tho liberties of their masters crashed under
thc heel of a Northern despot.
Whotber froodom be their best condition or not,
if they think to, and tho promise be found to se
cure fidelity and efficiency in our causo, would
not. truo wisdom, under tho circumstances, say,
make the promise and perform it?
When will tho world becomo practical, and learn
to follow tho teachings of common SOBSO ? Wllen
will it learn that principles aro but tho result of
experience and expediency, and that the very
snmo reason that points eut a certain policy.**
right a't ono time, may set it aside as wrong and
pernicious at another ! It isa very convenient
thing for mon w >o bato to take tba trouble
roasoning or thining, to lay down a genoral prin
ciple and take it as their guido and master for all
time, and under all circumstances. The wile man,
tho Statesman worthy of trust, will take l eaton
for his guide, and by thia touche tono teat all con
clusions for himself and his country. No prin
ciple is universal in its applicability. What may
bc right and best to-day, under one state of cir
cumstances, may bo grievous error tomorrow, un
For tho Advertiser.
'Tribute ol" Respect.
Atarexulnrcomiuunicatiun of Concordia Lodge,
No. ?0, A. F. M., held on the ISth Feb., the fol
lowing Preamble, and Resolutions were unani
mously adopted :
WHEREAS, In the dispensation of an All-wise
Providence, thc Almighty Diaposor of human
events has seen fit, iu this time of uuiversal grief
and itifioriug, to visit, with a peculiar infiietion
this Lod^e and tho family uf our worthy Brother,
WILLIAM BLACKWELL, in romoving from
thuir mid?t thc member uf the one, and the sup
port of tho other. AND WHEREAS, in all times of |
sorrow and tribulation, it becomes, tho duty and
privilege nf tho.'c bereaved to .express, In tho
manner most fitting tho dop.'h of thoir griof and
extent of thoir Eiiflcring. Thoroforo bo it by this
Remited, That ia tho death of thoir worthy 1
brother WILLIAM BLACKWELL tho members
01' this Lodge, with whom be liad bocwuo i-ieuti
ficd, by long and friendly intercourse, deeply foci
that they have been deprived of thc prescpee and i
assistance i-f ?no wboin tbr.y had ev?r regarded I I
with confidence ami esteem. Hin devotion to j ,
duty, as exemplified in our constant attendance, ?
whan able, upon the labors of th!* Lodge, and J <
his eympalhy with the euueringa nt : h eco un try, as
instanced by hi* per."j:ml Mm ?ss rendered to
*iie cause, justly entitle him to uur long and ?ffoo
tionatv remembrance. - | j
Retohed, That we deeply sympathise with the
family of our deceased brother in their great be
reavement, and hereby tinder them tho assistance
of ourgrtef and'sorrow, with the earnest trust (
that Ho wllo " tempers tho wind to tho shorn | '
land" will teach th^ni to bsar their irrotrierable
loss wi h patienco and resignation. t
tteiolted, That a page in the Record Book be t
dedicated to tho memory of our brother; and that 1
tho Lodge room be clothed in mourning fur the ?
next thirty days. ^
Renal med, That tao Secrotary bo Instructed to a
furnish thc wife of tho deceased with a copy of T
thc abovo Prcamblo and Resolutions; and that
they bo publLhod in tho EdgelielJ Adv?:vtiner. 3
II; B. GALLMAN, W. M. ' 1
L. n. MCCULLOUGH, Scc'ry.
To Become Unhappy.
In the first place, if you want to be miser S
iblc, be' selfish. Thisk all tho time of jour- *
;elf and of your own things. Do not care a
^boi)t anybody niue, l'ave no feeling for any 0
)ria bot yourself. Never think of enjoying ^
lite satisfaction uf seeing others happy; but l'
.ather, it yju see a smiling face, be jeuious, 0
est another should enjoy what you have not. a
Zavy every one who is better off, in any rcs- ^
icct, than yourself : think unkindly towards a
hem, and speak ill of them. Ile constantly ')
ifraid least some one should encroach upon *'
rour rights; bo watchful against it, anti if P1
ny one comes near your things, snap at him a
ike a mad dog. Contend earnestly for eve- .w
y thing that, is your own, though it may not P'
ie worth a dime; for your " rights''are just *
s much concerned as if it were n pound of cr
old. Never yield a point. Be very .^enai? w
ive, and take everything that is said to you T
I playfulness, in tho most serious manner. *'
ie jealous of your friends, lest they should "
ot think enough of yon. And if at any tims sa
ic}- should seem to neglect you, put the W1
orst construction upon their conduct you a"
in. " ?T
-? ?-12- ha
MI-LAWS' DIVISION.-Rumors have been -
rculated that McLaws' Division had been ! T
iplnred. They are incorrect. Scouts report !
int * division of the enemy landed at Build : I
ty, and came near cutting olf the retreat of yc
ir forces. But (?cn. McLaws succeeded in ? .
ossing tho Souteo without loss.-Chronicle, I j
For the Advertiser,
htf Military System, jof the Confede
rate States. *
Tho first act of the Congress of the Confedc
to States, in relation to Conscription, was passed
pril Kith, 1862. By this Act it is enacted that
e President be authomcd to call outland plsee
tho military service of tho Confederate States,
r three years, unless the war he sooner ended.
1 white men, residents of tho Confederate States,
:twecn the ages of eighteon and thirty-five
onrs, not legally exempt from military service.
By ara Act passed Sept 27tb, 18G2' ail white
len, from thirty-five to forty-five, not legally ex
mpted from military service, aro ordered to be
inscribed and placed in the military service of
on federate States, for three'years, uniese the
ar shall be sooner ended.
By an act paiaeo* feb. 17th, 1804, all white
ton, residents of the Confederate State?, betwoen
he ages of 17 and 50, are declared' to he in the
military service of the Confederate States for the
By the Act of Congress passed April 1G tb,
SA2, Sec. 3d, it is enacted, in substance, that for
ho enrollment of all persons eomprohended
rithin thc provisions of this Aet, who aro not air
cady in service in tho armies of tho Confederate
states, it shall be lawful teethe President, with
he co?tent of the Governors of thc respective
States, to emploi/ Slate Officer*} and om failure to
>btain such consent, he shall ' employ Confederate
Officers, charged with the duty of making such en
'ollmeut in. accordance with rules and regulations'
o he prescribed by him.
By the Act of the Confederate Congress, Oct.
3th, 1S62, it is enacted, in substance, that tho
President shall establish oampa of instruction for
persons enrolled for military servioe, at such
places, and in such numbers, in the-several
States, as he may deem neoessaxy ; and to ap
point, by and with the advice and consent of the
Senato, Officers in the Provisional Anny with the
rank and pay of Major, io superintend and com
mand tho same.-Vide Dig. Military and Naval j
These are all the laws pasted by Congress in
relation to enrolment, and to tho persons who
shall discharge this duty. The complex and un
intelligible machinery, by which the laws have
have boen rendered nugatory, baa. ne authority
from the law; and the majority of the persons
who execute the acta of Conscription have no le
gal power given them, unless they ba appointed
in the manner designated by the statute.
PETER THE HERMIT.
Proclamation by the President.
The Congress of the Confederate States
have, by a joint resolution, invited me to ap
point a day of public fasting, humiliation
and prayer, with thanksgiving to Almighty
It is our solemn duty, at all times, and'more
especially in a season of public trial and ad
versity, to acknowledge our dependence on
His mercy, abd to bow in humble submission
before His footstool, confessing our manifold
sins, supplicating his 'gracious pardon, im
ploring i^i.s Divine help, and devoutly ren
dering thanks for thc many and great-bless
ings which He has vouchsafed to as.
Let the hearts of our peaple turn contritely
and trustfully unto God ; let us recognize in
His chastening band the correction of a Fath
er, and submissively pray that the trials and
sufferings which have sf. long borne heavily
upon us, moy be turned away by His merci
ful love; that His sustaining grace be given
to our pecple, and His divine wisdom impart
ed to our rulers; that the Lord. of. Hosts will
be with our armies, and fight for us against
our enemies; that He will graciously take our
cause into His "own band and mercifully es
tablish for us a lasting, just and honorable
peace and independence.
And let us sot forgets render unto His
holy name the thanks and praise which are
so justly due for His great goodness, and for
the many merciet which He has extended to
us amid th? trials and sufferings of protracted
and bloody war. m
Now, therefore, I, JEFFERSON DAVIS,
President of the Confederate State? of Amer
iei, do issue this my proclamation, appointing
FRIDAY, tho 10th day of Mareil* next, as a
day of.public fasting, humiliation and prayer, -
(with thanksgiving,) for ''invoking the favor
and guidance of Almighty God and I do
earnestly invite all soldiers and citizens to
observe tho samo in a spirit of reverence, pen
itence aud prayer.
Given under my band and the seal of the
Confederate States, at Richmond, this twen-.
ty?fiftk day of 'January, in the year of our
CiOrd ono thousand eight hundred aud sixty
By the President,:
J. P. BE.VJAXI.V, Secretary of State.
Mr. Wlgfnll defends Gen. Johnston in
Mr. S EMU KS, Senator from Louisiana, late
ly made some very uncharitable and unnoces- j
Bary remarks, in thc SeuatCj with regard to j
Hen. JOSEPH E. JOHN?)ros and his military j
saroer. Mr. S>;x.vrs was ably answered by
Mr. W?OK?M., Senator from Texas. The
liichmond Enquirer speaks of tho matter
;uus : .
The assault upon Gen. Johnston by the
senator from Louisiana, Mr. Semraes, wus not
>nly ill limed, but, for the object of the Sena
or, most unfortunate. For, instead of des
roying the immense popularity that now at
aches to Gen. Johnston, it called forth irom
bo Senator from Texaa.the most able, bril
iantand conclusive defence to which wo have
iver listened, ?lr. Wigfall took up the mili
ary career of .Gen. Johnston at Manassasr
nd following it through the Peninsula, thc
Vicksburg aud the Atlanta campaigns, most
bly and conclusively demonstrated that Bili
ary talent, judgment and ability had marked
>ery campaign until marred by the failure of
he orders of othrrs.' ' "m ,
The wholo speech was characterized by
rer.t ability and replete with important fact?. J
f the friends of the President are so blind ,
s to imagino that they can defeat the purpose t
f the country to have Gen. Johnston restored 1
3 command by assailing his" military reputa- s
ion, they very little nnder-stand the temper 1
f the people. The cause is the people's cause, ?
nd the army fa the army of the country, j
ind when the army and the people both de- t
land a particular, leader, it is worse than fol- d
and it is wicked-csa. to deny their wishes, ?
i a ir.onarchy. auch obduracy would coat the
ri tue mi nister his place, perhaps bis bead-in
republic it may demand ns muck from those
ho thus attempt to stand between the peo-'| ?j
e and their cause, as they understand it
"e hope tho Prfa'dent will end this unbe
tming squabble by yielding to the public
an und permittiug thc people .to have the
eneral to command tbo army that they
ish. It is their cause, and il they desire
eneral Johnston and believe that be can
ve their cause, whether the President agrees
th them or not, a sound discretion should
vise him to yield and let the people havo
oir way. This is the only way to have
likely N?groes.for S?ale.
WILL soll at ptibliu outery, at Edgcfiold C. H.,
on Monday noxt the Ctn inst., TKN UK KL Y
?UNO NEGROES-boys and girts,
rerms Cash. Z. W. CARWILE.
Mar I lt a
MARRIXD, on (he HVh Feb., by. Rev. D. D.
IrnASoo, Mr. JOHN^TI M UN DAY - ap d - Miel
fANCY ELIZABETH; dangater'-of Lja H?L
OK, EIIK, ?Il of Ibis District,
MARRIHD, by tb? same, on.the 21st Feb., Mr.
ABEZ GARNETT, of Goodia, and Miod JANS
CARTLEDGE, of this District
MARRIRD; by the ?ame, on tho 2Sd- Feb., Mr.
TAMES T. BLACKWALL and Miss MARTHA
"EARLES, ?II of thia District.
Diso, near Albany, Ga., Mn. SARAH COR
LEY, vrife of MARK COKLEv,in the 54th year of
ter age. *
The deceased wa? born in Edgefield District, '
3. C., and lived there until the last eight years of
lier life, when she, with her husband, mored to
Sontb-Western Georgia. She bad been a consis
tant member of tho Baptist Church, and an bum
ble and devout Christian for thirty year?. She
leaves an affectionate husband, one daughter, four
grand-ehildron, and many rolatires aod friends to
in on rn their loss. " Blessed aro .?the .dead which
die in the Lord from henceforth ; yea, saith the
Spirit, that they may rest'from their labor's, and
their works do follow them,": - J. "ff. J.
Der-AstED this life, at his residence ia this
District, os the 20th Feb,, Mr. WY BROAD
WATER, in the67tb. year of bisase.
Tho deceased was a candid and un 'induntrions
man. He died in full fellowship with the Church
of Christ st'Rehoboth of which be had been a
member for many years. Notwithstanding he
had lived aa active and useful life for three score
years, bis usefulness had increased with his years.
His sons being in tho army, he manifested not
only a concern for their welfare arid our indepen
dence, but was zealously engaged .for the welfare
of bis young and . tender grind-children. He
was suddenly taken from time to eternity. May
tho bereaved be comforted by the. promises of
God to the widow and orphan. ' " D.
" Death rides on every breeze,
And lurks in every dower;
Each season Ins its own.disease
Its peril every hour."
Those lines of Heber are suggested by tho death
of Maj. B. Martin and wife's two little children
by that terrible disease Dip.theria,-MARY EU
GENIA died OB the 31st January last, in the 6th
year of her age, and JOHN WILLIAM died on
thfl03d Feb. in tho 7th yea--,of his age.
Thus tn a few weeks har the dark shadow of
deatljt twice spread oTer this family its cold and
frowning demands. The loved and tender ones
are laid in the' cold ind silent grave while their
happy spirits have gone to-God who gave them.
[ " The Lord gavo, and the Lord hath taken nway,'"
and may the afflicted parents be prepared tio say,
" Blessed be tho name of the Lord." D.
Edgefield Female College
EDGEFIELD C. II., 8. C.
THE SECOND SESSTON of this Institution
will begin March 6ch, will continue until
July 21st, and will be closed by an Examination
and a Concert.
Tuition in Collegiate Course, including
Tuition in Academic Coarse, ' 60,00
" " French, . . 50,00
? ? Drawing, 50,00
" a lil us lc, including use of
Contingent Feo, 10,00
Board, including Fael and Lights, $12 per
month, to be paid, in provisions at old rates4
Bonrdors must furnish their own towols, sheets,
pillow cases, blankets or comforts, coverlets, hand
-oap, and drinking cup. All the pupils are re
quested to bring their School. Books with them.
Payment wilt be required strictly in advance.
A liberal discount will bo made in favor of re
fugees who have lost their property, rmi the
noedy families of soldiers.
A fair, price will bo paid for all tile text books
that may bo needed, even if thoy ?re old. Per
sons having these books will confer a favor on
the public by selling them to the Coilogo.
REV. M. W. SAMS. Principal.
"Wo will give'for butter 25 cts.; bacon 13 to 15
ct?.; pork nett 8 cts.; tallow 14 cts.; b?vf 5 to Sots;
mutton 50 to 75 cts.: best flour ?10, inferior $7
per barrel : corn, meal and pe?a $1 ; sweet pota
toes 50 to 75 cts. per buehel ; fowls 15 to 25 cts. a
piece ; turkeys $1,50 to 93 per pair; syrup 50 cts.
per gal.; oggs 1*J to 15 cts p^r dox; fodder and
bay il per hundred ; wood ?2 for four hor>e loa'<i.
Mar 1 tf ti
EDGEFIELD, 9. C., Feb. 27th, 1865.
IALL Officers and Soldiers now in this District,
. ab.-"cnt fruin their commands on expired fur
loughs, are hereby ordered to report immediately
upon receipt of thia order, lo Mnj. AlW:n J.
Green, Commandant Fo*t at Columbia, S. C.
Failing to do so they will be arresto!, and for
warded undor guard.
F. J. MOSES, Jr.,
Lieut, k Enrolling Officer.
M*r 1 lt ft
A Likely Young Negro
IWILL sell on Sale-day in rMarch next, (the
6th.) at the Court House steps, a LIKELY
YOUNG NEGRO FELLOW, 25 years ?f ago.
A good Sold hand, a very good coarse Shoemaker,
and Plantation Blacksmith.
Z3i~Tvxmi to suit purchaser*.
A. G. TEAGUE.
Feb 2* St 8 '
AFINE BRICKLAYER hud PLASTERER.
Also, a LIKELY TOUNU -FELLOW;.
Apply at this.Office.
Feb 7 tf T
IWILL sell at public outcry at Edgefleld C. H.
on Sale-dey in March next,JJlGnT OR TEN
condemned Government HORSKS and MULES.
Terms cash. J NO./L. NICHOLSON,
COY urn ute nt Agent.
Feb 26 2tl 9
Ir?ri for Sale.
F")R salo at this Office a lot of GOOD IRON
which wilt be sold at a bargain.
Feb 21 * " if i
Beef Cattle Wanted.
WILL pay tho highest Cash price for good
BEEF CATTLE, AND SHEEP.
Marl 3t .9
PROM the Subscriber on the night of the 23d
February, a DARK SORREL HOUSE,
ibout sir years old, with a small spot in the fore
lead, and both bind fee*, white nearly up to the
etlocks, bas a mark on his bakk, caused by the
addle, near the size of a min's hand, but is en
irely'woll and white hair has come ont on the
pot. A liberal reward will be-paid for the de
?rcry of said horse to me ll miles from Ham
id rg on the Martin Town Road. Any infortna
ion will bo thankfully, receive. Five hundred
lollara reward will- be paid for sufficient proof to
onvict thc thief.
THOS. B. REESE.
Mar 1 I? 9
State of South Carolina.
SY W. F. DURISOE, Eaq., Ordinary of Edge
Whereas, Walker B. Samuel, has applied to
e for Letters of Administration, on all and sin
ular the goods and chattels, rights and credits
' Walker G. Samuel, late of the Diatriot
These arc, thorefore, to cite and admonish all
id singular, the kindred and creditors of the
id deceased, te be and appear before me, at oar
ist Ordinary's Court for the said District, to be
jidan at Edgefield C. H., on the 9th ?lay of
ar. next, to show oauie. if any, why tho said
?ministration should not be granted.
Given under my hand and seal, this 23d day
Feb. in tho year of our Lord ono thousand
?ht hundred and Sixty-2 ve, and f?? the eighty
nth year of the Independence of South Caro
W. F. DURISOE, O.?.D.
Mari ** ?