Newspaper Page Text
JAMES T. BACCI?, EDI?OB,
WEDNESDAY, OCT, 18, 1865.
We return ?mr kindest thanks to Mr. BABON
HOLME?, Ii. C. BRYAN, Esq., A. RAMSEY, Esq . and
Capt. LEwi.^ JONES, for valuable and much-needed
? pupers of Ute date. We'a^aio bec our friends to
?ive un ?ny paper*, tbat m?y full into their bands.
We hftve.no dmrbe cb: new y?.ir will be upon ns
before we have atty rotular wails.
Valuable Furniture, Ac, Ac, for Sale.
We call special attention lo the advertisement
of Prof. F. S.HOLXES, to be f?mod in another
column. Here ia tho best p ssible chance fir
perseus wishing to purchase furniture. People
must bear in mind that they cannot buy furni
ture in New York, Charleston, Augusta, as they
wera wnat todo before the WPT; that ia, not
fur anything like the same price?. Now-a-days
they would have to give three times as much as
Prof. IIomiES has furniture of nil kinds and
quantities-much of it neat and plain-much
very elegant. Every taste or fancy can bo ac
commodated at Balmoral.
Never " Found Wanting."
Toa "Weighed in tho balance" these many
years, and "never found wanting." Who? Our
universally ' esteemed townsman, B. C. BI;VA.H,
Esq. He has just returned from Charleston with
av fine sloe lc of new, elegant und fashionable goods .
and act only elegant and fashionable goods,
bot stout and useful goods. Who Un? ws, or ought
to know, better than he, how to choose and pur
chase a gord stock? He will be found nt his old
Bland, end will welcome hts troops of friends wi'b
his old.honest and cheery smile. Ilia name is a
synonym for worth ond honesty. Hasten, one
and all ; to welcome him ia this his new beginning.
?4 Something Rotten in Deninark,"
We hear of oft-recurring nocturnal meetings
among a certain class of our population. We
hear of military drills, in which corn stalks and
boo helves take (for how lons?) the place of |
muskets ?nd rifles. We hear of plote, combina
tions, secret discussions, surreptitious doings of ]
all sorts. De all these meetings and drills and
discussions mean something or nothing ? We
Are not an alarmist We will not write a long
raw-head-and-bloody-booes article cn the subject
A homely adage it is, but v> ry trus, that " a nod's
aa good us a wink tc a blind horse.*' We will end
then by simply-sayiog to every man, womal? and
child : Watch diligently, an? report to the proper
authorities all-tending in the direction we hare
hinted at-that you may see. Sloep with one oye
open. Be prepared for anything. Eternal vigi
lance may, in this case, be the price of life.
Of A communication ?ligned " OLIVER,"' in
relation to this matter, will appear in our next.
The S. C. Conference.
? The South Carolina Methodist E. Conference
will eonvenc iu the oily of Charlotte on the 1ft
day jf November. Bishop Pierce will preside.
Mrs. Martha C. E. Wheelor, at Marlin's Depot,
8. C., is anxious to learn what beoame of her
husband, M. E. Wheeler, of Co. B, 3rd Battalion,
McLsw't Division, Loijgatreots Corpa, who has
not been hoard from since tho 19th Oct., 1864
- fight at Fisher's Hill. Any information will be
thankfully received by his afflicted wife.
' On Thursday'last, 12th Oct, thc South Carolina
Kail rood was oponed to Hopkins's-a point some
twelve miles below Columbia.
We had hoped that ere this the cars would Lave
been running through to tho Capital of the State ;
bat, in these unsettled times, when everything
hes to be done under _reat disadvantages, we
must be thankful fer what bas already boen per
At Hopkins'.', thc difficulty of communicating
with the interior of the State will be vastly less
than at Orangoburg ; indeed, thc amount of travel
te ba done to reach either Winnsboro, the termi
nus of the Ch:trlotto Rai road, or Alston, tho-ter
minas of the Greenville Hoed, will bc hardly
over half. The quantity of work still to bo done
to open our cominuiricatious is considerable, but
with anything like suitable facilities it could soon
The preaeat break in toe railroad ia from Hop
kins's to Winnshoro, a distance of about 37 miles;
and the same to reach tho Greenville Road. The
meat important section, however, is the Augusta
branch ef twe South Carolina Railroad-say from
Branchville to Johnsen's Tuvnont, about 45 miles
Ung-which, is very Lally broken" up. When
these connections aru made, which will require
the rbbtiilding of about 100 miks of Railroad,
and vhen the Sautee bringo ou the Northeastern
Road is repaired, our Railroad connections in
South Carolina will be complete.
Restoration of Churches.
President Johnson has ordered that all South
ern Chnrohes which have been in the hands of
. Northern ministers, through the military, be re
stored to the ministers of the Church South, who
will ossame control and enter npan their minis
President Johnson and the Colored
President Jonssos reviewed thc Colorad Troops
in Washington on the 10th. In a-speech made'
npon the occasion he urged the necessity of the
freedmen exhibiting try tboir eonduot that they
were'entitled by their industry, virtue and intel
J ligence, to freedom. He enid that if ia tbe pro
gress of events it waa found that they could ext
harmonize with our system, that Providence
would point a way for their separation from us.
and indicate a land of promise for them.
. Important Railroad Project.
" Wennderstand that Mr. CAHILL, an eminent
boniness man of Charleston, during a late trip
North, of aome months duration, mado vcr;.
B strenuous exertions among capitalists to rabio
stock sufficient to\uild a railway branch from the
Charleston and Savannah Railroad to nilton
?J" .t?4. '?? " ' ? '
Head, and that every evidence warrama the be
lief that at a very early day the work to tho ac
' ' ccomplishtacn t ef the desirable end will bc com
menced. It is thought, and with a great deal of :
- good reason, that if auch a road was in existence,
tho harbor at Port Royal could successfully in
vite ships of the greatest draft to enter that haren,
where they would find a capacious harbor, with
room enough to occ.omiU'jdate the shipping of n
groat commercial mart Ships of the heaviest
draft could como luto Pyrjt Beyal JUrbor loaded |
for Charleston or Savannah,' and with this con
necting railway link, their freights" Could be im
mediately transported to l?tjr''??4*0natioft.' Wo
hopo Mr. C?BIM/S project wfll a?o?T? a/fast ac
. -*~r*>.M?&,, -,
A large fir*ao?arr?dV?J Augusta, . oh tho
evening of the 11 th, result"ug in tho d: al ruc tien
of a great portion-of fijjj^ building? formerly oC'
copied by the late Confederate States ?uvornnsoct \
.as machine shops. Tho ? t a lion ary, engine*, boil.
~ ers,'latos, tools, Ac, 'aro euj^fecely destroyed.
An ?dj oin? ti g corral was also bu.rc.ed, bat all (ho
hortes wero oared. Theftr* lam&ea*tiebo (ho j
work Of aa incendiary. J
- ? omi ' nhl i.ii' !'MfrTr'^matMr-TTTI'
I Connecticut Flouts the Negro !
Ye?, the Woodpn-Nufmsg State flonlM the negro.
It ii excosiively droll, but it ia nevertheless quite
true. Old JOHN BROWN'S soul will certainly eeaee
to "march on" after thia! The Sute of Con
necticut contains something >vcr 460,1'"' people,
of all age?, sexes and conditions. Of this norn
bor 8,627 belong to the African race, ao belovod
by SUMNER, WILSON, an I BuTLRR the Beast Out
of thia S.027 negroes, 2.2SI are mon of age to
vote. And St MXKK, WILSON, and tbo Beust say
that they are poaiieRSod of quit* as much learning,
inteiligeoce, and understanding aa the Germans,
Frenchmen, aud Iriahmen ia Connocticut, who
are entitled by reason of their color, to asuffrago
whicJ is not given to a ?. 1 iee of poople peculiarly
and emphatically American, lieeaose thia Utter
class is rather darker in Beak-tint But the peo
ple uf Connecticut do not seem to think thus,*
a?d in a rory recent election in that State they
have gono several thousand votes ngainst negro
suffrage. Therefore, they have not only floated
the negro, hut they hare flouted SCMKER, WILSON,
tbo Beast, Creely, Phillips', and the whole radical
wing of the Republican porty. For this good
deed, we venerate the people of Connecticut. We
wish that each one sf their 8,627 negroes wa?
made of gold with diamond eyes, and too nails
of pearl, and belonged to tho whites ia feo simple.
Could wo wish them anything better-whites or
So New England is not a unit in i's blind ado
ration of"the negro. We believe that ell the
other. Now England States allow, negroo? to
voto ; but the enlightened, enterprising and pros
perous Stute of Connect icul will not have it so.
Despite the dictum of the " friends of freedom"
in Lr-r sister Staten, she refuses to regard the ne
gro as the equal of the-white man.
j It seems to us that the inorul effect of tho de
feat of this measure in Connecticut will be im
I mensa-and that for good. Already the so-call
ed Copperheads and Copperhead papers are
shouting triumphantly over t J is grand defection
in New England. How can Sumner, Wilson, the ;
Beast, Greely, Phillipa, and Beecher, dare at
tempt to compel us of the South to do "justice"
to the negro, when - one of their own States re
, fasea that samo "justice ?"
Connecticut ia profoundly right A negro bas
uo more to do with roting and making laws than
in framing the enactments of thc Medes and; Per
There seems to bo no doubt that the wbolo
North U growing tired and disgusted with tho
extrema and extravagant style in which thc
claim? of tho. negro have beon pressed. By n
very activo and peremptory school of political
and social reformer?, tbo claims, interests, cour
age and character of thc whitea have been made
wholly subordinate to those of the blacks. Thero
must in the nature of thing?, bo a re-actien to
all thia; and the Connecticut eleotion indicates
that it bas begun. How far it will go, or what
results it will aceemplish, remains to be seen. It
will probably, at all even Li, somewhat dampen
the ardor of certain ambitus and unscrupulous
politicians, who have heretofore supposed blinff
and fanatical devotion to the nogro tho only win
" O, fairest Summer, Stay !"
After a cold and wintry rain, lasting a day and
night, we have glorious fall weather. Tho sky is
bright and bino, and the sun warm aud glisten
ing. But cool shadows fall at eventide, and in
faded gardens the last rosea are dying.* Plain
tive-mourning dovos are cooing sadly to their
matee, telling of the dead summer they ao well
remember. Patriarch swallows have called their
flocks together, and fled from frost and snow,
seeking summer lands and fairer blossoms. Very
soon the winds will whistle chillon Held and plain ':
and the beautiful eummor will be quite gone.
A sense of grief and loneliness comes with the
falling leaf, and memory makes the eummer
doubly pleasant. These falling leaves make a
man pause and ponder- Soon, the feverish dream
of life will bc ended. Let us try to eoe in our
autumn dreams, a future summer, surpassing the
fairest glo.-os of the present. And let us keop
watch and ward with diligence that our disem
bodied spirits start not upon the broad journoy
rugs of oternity without a friendly guide, and
without a calm and holy hope of reaching the
shining goal of inGnite :>.nd endless blessedness.
" Empire" verene "Fanchon."
This is a paragraph exclusively for the ladies
und for those deeent and thoughtful men who aro
going to buy their wives new bonnetB. A cor
respondent from New York writes to the Pen-ft*.
tutionaliet thus :
The neat aud stylish Fanchon bonnet, which
has met with S J much favor and bad so decided a
ran here, is going out ni'h the season, and giving
place to a new thing (and you know, 'adie*' new
things aro fashionable,) but a confounded ugly
t thing, railed the Empire. The Fanchon is a light,
airy end handsome bonnet, without crown or cur
tain, an invention which necessity, the aoiversal
mother of ?uch affairs, got up for thc proper dis
play of tho waterfall. The Umpire is a small bon
net, with large crown und narrow stiff curtain,
dressed and trimmed with flowers and feathers;
ugly and Antique, but neu ; and as novelty and
nut beauty ?a the insanity of fashion, why New
York bon-tun will bo expocted to go mad over
th? hybrid of tho milliners. Tho Fanchon was
too simple too easily made at bom*, to suit tho
arriar?a-hence the Empire. One good result,
however, from ita adoption : It displacea that
abomination known a8 a waterfall.
' Sc tho " Fanchon" bas gono np the spout of
fashinn-a long and large one -V.eforo it fairly
roached Edge-field. Lamentable ! But we assure
you, ladies, that the "Empire." in not ugly. We
have alreJfty seen a couple, and they aro beauti
ful. And to think of getting rid of those vile
waterfalls ! Why npon earth should a huge com
pact, greasy, oblong lump of mess and false hair,
covered with a silken no' strung with glass beads,
be called a roaterfall? To cali to hideous a thing
by such a protty naroo is %crnal blasphemy. We
are a firm advocate for fashion, but we never
could stand the waterfall : it always carried ns
back to the lime when we stu J ?cd natural history,
and made na think we raw a section of tho boa
constrictor protruding from the posterior bump
of the female cerebrum.
So hero's a health to the " Empire, " and a final*
kick to tho hage, compact, greasy, oblong lump
of moss and fal*e hair.
The Island Lands. -
We are pleased to announce through the kind
ness of a friend (says tho Charlesten Courier)
I that the efforts of Mr. JUMAN MITCUKLL, of this
? city who baa for somo time been laboriously and
persistently urging npon the Government the pre-'
pricty of restoring the "island landa" to their
original owners, have nt last met with completa
nueces?, and that an order will shortly bo issued
miking full restitution in the premian*. It is es*
peeled that General Howard will visit this De
partment to give personal direction to its exe
MEETING OP NEGROES IN GLOUCESGER.-A
A meeting of negroes wa* Iwld'afc Gloucester
Court House, Vii*ginia,.afc^,4ay?.fliuce. The
prevailing.idea with those ta attendance was
that they were tb Bare t?de;''?fVett them.
!A lct?r to tho Fre?>ri?ksb'nrg Era says :
S? " Tbo'agent of tba Freodmen'a Bureau also
-xnade aVspecch to them,! raying that h* wish
ed to disabuse their minds of the impression
that they were to own lands except by pur
chase. I hear tbst tbo negroes afterwards
called bim a <1-d ' secesb,' nod said they
intended to report bint."
M?xlntilkin and Mexico.
The latest news from Mexico shows boyond a
doubt that the imperial causa.has 0/ late attained,
a most successful condition. Tho soldiers of
Maximilian bave obtained repeated and decided
victories. Cortinas has been beaten, Alvarez has
been beaten, Negrete has 1>oen beaten. Tbe em
pire of Maximilian may be scoflad at, and not
recognized, in certaiu portions of tbe oountry,
but that price* certainly lias it in his p*wer at
present tn fix h ?ti throne os ho pleases.
And what is tho social condifion^of the country
meantime? It is overrun with guerrilla bands
and gangs of robbers. Courts martial are con
signing to tho gibbet scores nf Mexican patriots
and hundreds of Me^oan thieves. Tho expres
sion of opinion upon all public questions i's sup
pressed by m litnry power. Tbe mercenaries of
thc Emperor, the French, navy included, are com
mitting frightful outrages upon non-combatants.
The town of San Goromino, and] twenty sugar
plantations adjoining, havo been destroyed, and
Tlacctalpan sacked by French sailors. Tho
Egyptian troop.? have burned two hundred and
forty houses at Cocinto, and simiUr devastation
hos been spread through m.ejgftothor Districts.
Such being thc positioai-iofiSSljfico undor the
present regime, it would se?m?*rmpossibIe that im
perialism, despite its present apparent security,
should become a permanent institution in that
unhappy country. It would stem oontrary to
tbe or dor of things that Maximilian should es
tablish himrelf at the head of a Mcxioan empire ;
contrary to the spirit of this country that imperi
alism should be permitted to exist upon the Wes
tern continent under a foreign prince. BuLso it
\B at present. The United States Government
bas often declared its policy on the American
continent to be fixed and unalterable. What has
become of the Monroe Doctrine? In our opin
ion, it will be fully dcvoleped- in time-by force
of arms if necessary. When the hour strikes,
that time will come.
Ever since early Spring, we have been reading
of tho fearful ravages of Cholera in.Egypt, Tur
key, and along the shores of the Mediterranean
Sea. And now, on the arrival of every steamer
from Europe, we are informed that this fell and
merciless destroyer of th? human family is rapid
ly progressing Westward. It is already raging
in Italy, in the South of France, and in thc East
of Spain. Considering this fact, and in view of
the immense -and constant intercourse between
Europe and America, who can say that this dread
plague may not very soon make Ita appearance
on our shores ? And should it do so, it would not
ho for the first time ; in 1831 and 1832 it provo ?led
to a largo extent, and was attended with torrible
mortality, in Canada and the Northern States.
Not however, with tho devastating malignity
which has always characterized it in the old
countries. This malady bad reached Ancena, on
important city of Italy, in July last. A traveller
may easily reach Paris from Ancona in two days
Or from Marseilles and Toulon, where it is sweep
ing off hundreds daily, a travollor may reech
Paris in ono day; on the following day he m av
be in London ; in eleven days more he may be in
New York ; and in two days more he may be
walking the streets of Charleston, S. C. We may
well say of the Cholera then in Europe, "Thou
art so far, and yet en acir!"
At intervals of from thirty to fifty years, the
old world hos been ravaged by the cholera erer
siace the earliest ages. In the 'year A. D. ?42,
during tho reign of Justinian, Emperor of the By
zantine Empire, it'broko out and prevailed for a
calamitous period of fifty-two years. Such was
j the universal corruption of tho arr that tho pesti
lence was not checked or alleviated bj any differ
ence of the seasons. In time, its first-malignity
was abated and dispersed, bat the disease alter
ly languished and revived ; and it was no t till the
.nd of fifty-two years that mankind recovered
their health, or the air resumed its puro and salu
brious quality. No facts have been preserved to
sustain an account, or even a conjecture, of the
numbers that perished in this extraordinary mor
tality. .We only find that during threo months,
five, and at length ten thousand, persons diad
each day at Constantinople ; that many cities of
the East were left vacant, and that in several dis
tricts of Italy, the harvest and vintage withered
on the ground. The triple scourge *f war, pesti
lence and famine afllicted the subjoots of Justini
an ; end his reign is disgraeod by a visible de
crease of the human specios, which has never
been repaired in some of the fairest countries of
The pestilence now raging with such rjolcnco
in the cities on the Mediterranean coast, and
making such rapid strides Westward, is believed
by some to hive been brought from Asia by Ma
hometan pilgrims returning from Mecca and
Medina in Arabia. But a far groater number of
people believe the causo ef the mortality is to be
found in the cattle distemper wbioh raged in
Egypt last year. In the course of a few months,
during the fall of 1864, there died in that oountry,
oight hundred thousand oxen, and as many sheep,
goats, eamels, and other animals. Three-fourths
of theso dead bodies were thrown into the Niio,
whose water ia the only drink for man or beast
in Egypt. And at the samo time that this mod
*'n plague commenced its ravages in Ancona,
italy, a pestilonco was raging among the cattle
of that country. And at this very day, suoh a
pestilence is raging among tho eattlo in certain
parts of Russia.
- Some idoa may be formed of the dojtructivo
nessand malignity ef the eholera now existing
on the Mediterranean, when we record tho fact
that, oh the 26th June last, nine hundred human
boings died in Alexandria, Egypt. It approaches
like an Infuriated storm the oak built roan ; it
falls with equal violence upon the inaocont child;
it stops not at the Eontinel guarded palace"; it
walks boldly Into the Senate chambers of empires.
Wiso men of every age agree that great plagues
aro apt te follow great wars, whero a vast number
of animals of different kinds have been slaugh
tered and improperly buried ; or, as ia often tho
; case, not buriod at all. ?
Having informed ourselves concerning the chol
era or plague in the old countries, let us apply
attention to our own laws. Let us ask ourselves
if we have no danger to fear from a plague. We
hove juit passed through a war whose magnitude
was, and still ii, the wonder of nations. Ia that
war an innumerable host of men and beasts were
killed; and thousands upon thousands of them
to this day remain rotting but a few inches under
gr.' nd-at least not se deep but that the gases
arising from the decomposed bodies find a way
through tho thin ,Crust of earth, and then sprend
into the drifting, air above. We have been told
again and again tbat^after heavy rains, ono
might, in walking over a battle field, see the Umba
protruding above the. .*ttface, in a decayed con
dition. Next year may toll the sad result. Du
ring this war there has been enough bleod shed
upon the Republic of America to make a long,
wide, and deep river. This blood was not buried.
Soldiers di) not bury blood ; t,\at thoy leave as
an indelible mark of tholr victory or defeat.
Blood, being tho very esr.iace of animal life,
wbon forced from its colls, moats with tho samo
chan gos as does the body from whence it came ;
it rote, and its odors- mingle with' tho pare air,
contaminating it as- it drifts from placa ta place.
This govorancrjt cannot be too rigorous) then, in
its endeavors to arrest this most fearful of ?ll feu
main calamities. State authorities, street com.
missioners, and beards of health, have a weighty
responsibility resting upon them.. Whether or
not they assume it, doss not lessen thc faot.
Fer the Advertiser.
The undi reigned, being about to return tn bia
homo in Charleston, after a si-j-mm in this Village
of u'.arfy four years, would t i ki this opportunity
of returning his grateful that ks toa large pro
portion of the citizens of thj3- village, and the
surrounding country, lor their uuremittcd kind
ness nad goo?! feelings to him, and every member
of bis family, during their temporary residence
among tb?tu. And wbilet tho re.ulta of the past
cruel war hnvo placed him in such u situation as
to prevent him from repaying lleta for their macy
favors, yet he leaks forward with a hopo that the
time may yet arrive.when bo may bo enabled to
show his gratitude in a stronger form than word''.
They all have his best wishes individually and
collectively for their future prosperity and hap
pinosa. And tboulJ he never be permitted ti
bold social converse with them in this world, he
prays that he may be permitted to meet them io
that better world, where nona shall ever again be
troubled with wars or its ovil consequences.
JACOB F. SCHIRM ER.
Edgefiold, October Htu, ISCJ.
For the Advertiser.
To the People of the Third Congressional District,
composed of Abbeville, Edyfield, Newberry,
Fair?eld, Lexington, Richland and Orangeburg :
FELLOW CITIZENS.-At the solicitation of my
frieuds, I have been induced to appear bofore you
aa a candidate to 'represent you in tho Congress
of tho United States, at thc approachingoleetton.
In taking such a position, I am well aware that
your right to know clearly my opinion on all po
litical subjects is unquestionable. I now proccod
briefly to give you my view* on such topic, as in
my judgment mctly interest you at this time.
I intend to speak plainly to you, for I want to le
understood by everybody.
Before assuming any position, however, or pis
sing rnyuelf on any platform, it would bo woll for
us to take a pasting glance, and traoe hurriedly
tho deep and wooful ravages made by tho bloody
and desolating tract of " cruel wir" upon oar
own once prosperous and happy laud. What s
pioture lies outspread ai we take this backward
turn ! What a picture of contrast engravened,
as it were by the iroa wrought pencil dripping
with tho stream of gery-red that lins delaged oar
mountalts and plaies, and hillsides and glons,
during tho four past and lengthened years of the
reign af " Cruel War." Then the storm-felt lash
ings, whether of the adverse wind, the lightning*!
sudden violence, or the wailings, in thundrous
eohoos, of many bleeding hearts, do but add new
terrors to the terrifie socne passing beneath our
vision. I repeat again what a sad "picture of
contrast " this, to tho- " sHnny Sonth of bygone
days,"-blooming in prosperity, whose very moun
tains and hills echoed their glsddest tones, and
whose lovely vales aad gentle streams smiled with
plenteous comfort, and flowed in joyous accents
along, and whose light-winged zephyrs breathed
It is heart sickening truly to take even this
cursory view of the picture, but we mutt weil
survey our surroundings before deciding to take
a future step. Furthermore, besides the deep re
grets for happiness lied-and loved ones gone-*
there is an evil of mv.ch loss depth, which perhaps
may become of wide extension and bearing upou
tho welfare of our nation, and which demands
some consideration therefrom. This is the low
state of approaching bankruptcy that scorns
weighing us downward.
Let tho " platform of action " of every man be
one for the good of tho people, both as a nation aod
State While ! am decidedly opposed to Repudi
ation, I am equally averse to compelling the debtor
to pey the full amount of debts contracted duriig
the recent war. The practical muxim now with
every one should be " to live and let live."' I am
in favor of a judicious sud equitable compromise,
and.unwilling to add oppression to misfortune. I
trust tho next Legislature will enact tome equita
ble law to tho general satisfaction of both creditor
and debtor, and save ut from the ruinous conse
quences of impending bankruptcy, that would in
! evitably ensue from a oour?c favoring only thrftui.
The emanelpation of slavery by the Govern
ment of the United States, and the acquiescence
in this movement by our own State Convention,
has brought us now to a stand of deep thought,
as to what meatures next to adopt to better onr
condition, and raise us once again to hopo and
peace. Carious aro the opinions that have hoeo
suggested as to what ?call bo dono with the negro.
I can suggott no better pjan for the present, than
for the negro to be apportioned out to each State
io the Union according to representation, or pop
ulation, or colonizo them in some nowly acquired
I am also opposed te conferring theright of suf
frage on the recently freud negroes, because I
know them to be incapable of exercising such a
privilege; and bocauso I consider this a dan go
rout clement to introduce into the system of our
Government I well know that this question be
longs properly to the icc: sion of each State,-but
I am confident it will be brought beforo Congress,
as the restless abolition party, flushed with suc
cessive victories aro over ready to. enter into new
fields of agitation. Thc pooplo.uf the North have
alwnyt had 6010.0 nogroos aicong them, but nevar
to my knowledge have they over raited these ne
groes to an equal station.witt, themselves. If ono
Northern Stato has ever had a colored Governor
or Lieutenant Governor, or if ono of this sable
raco baa ever been honored with a scat in tho
Legislativo body, cither State; or Fedora!, it ia
unknown to mo. In tho State of Illinois, the lato
home of President Lincoln, tbore is a law extant
prohibiting any mons negroes from settling in
.that .State, ned tho right of suffrage is withheld
from those olrendy thero ; and a similar law exists
in Ohio aad Indiana, aad perhaps in other North- 1
ern States. Truly, "Consistency is a bright
jewel." If the negro raco occupy, an inferior
station North, why not place thom in their right '
plaoe South. The rory inferiority of the rice it
most obvious to the mero physiognomist, and
ichat the Creator has made black; man can never
make tc-Aife. Then why not allow the South thc 1
right they assume to themselves? This Very in- t
novation upon the rights of their brotherhood, j
laid the foundation of the recent war-deep and 1
wide. Yet the abolitionists boast loadly that the 1
opening of this dreadful war hangs sot upon t
their shoulders. Hod not fourteen of the .States '
I of tho North violated the Federal Constitution, 1
I as it regards the Fugitivo S1 ave Law, the South- j
ern States would not have been driven to the ?
j state of dctperatios, that has well nigh brought ,
ruin upon them. , r
It is true that tho South wes precipitate in the j
Secession movement, aael my humbie judgment t
and feeble voice disapproved of the measure, yet t
I have over taken for my motto, " equal rights to 1
the South es wall as ta tho North,"-end if the *
Guidon Rule, " To do unto others, as yon would *
have them do unto you," weto laid down as the ^
Corner Stone of tho building of eur National t
Constitution, peace would forever dwell with us, t
and war stay far, fur away. 0
Solong anthe Government woe in the bands d
of tho Ptmooratje pnrty, o*r couotry was ease, J
ir esporo ui and happy*; but uh tn tho helm was
crested from them by overwhelming fanaticisnm,
he Ship of S tuto ?as- badly wrecked, and well
ligh destroyed forever, in tho whirlpool of
I have great conti dence in the Democratic pnr
y of tbe United States. I believe the tuoeers of
hat party is our only hope in reconstructing the
.Jo vern nient with tjjpal rights under the Coneti
uiun. Our loading meu, in my opinion, commit
ed a great blunder in breaking np the Democrat
o party by "withdrawing fr<m" the Charleston
invention in !St'?0, and I solemnly believe to-day
that if Judge Douglass, Gov. Breckenridge, or
Mr. Bell hud been elected President in 1SG0, we
rr uld not have had the desolating war through
which we have just passed.
President Andrew Johnson, whom I happen to
?now personally, always belonged to the grea?
Dmcacratic party until bc nm for ViceyPresident en
the tickot with Mr. Lincoln ; and BOW that Provi
dence has decreed, for wise purpose?; that he
should hold the reins of Government in bia own
bands, he will nu doubt return to bis first love,
und do all ho can for bia orring children ; and
plant himself firmly npon the batts of the Con
stitution tor tho lasting preservation of that so
ared trust. Let us then tupport tbe administra
tion of President Johnson in good faith. Let ns
take counsel together fer the good of oar eommon
country; andi venture to s.n.j, notwithstanding
th? great mistake made in the Act of Seeeaaion,
we may yet, with the guidance of Divine Provi
dence, become a prosperous, independent, and
happy people. . *
In conclusion, Fellow-Citi:ten?, permit me to
remark, that if I am honored hy yon with a aeat
in Congress, I will use my titmovt endeavor to
preserve the Constitution, and to promote your
welfare in each and o'very respect whatever, to
the best of my ability'.
R. C. GRIFFIN.
Circular from General Howard.
The following circular Tetter was promul
gated from the Freedmen's Bureau to-day:
WAK DEPARTMENT, BUREAU OP REFUGEES, "}
FREEDMEN AND ABANDONED LANDS, V
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4, 1805, j
State laws with regard to apprenticeship
will be recognized by this bureau, provided
they make no distinction of color; or, in case
they do so, the said laws applying to white
children will be extended to the colored. Offi
cers of this bureau are regarded as guardians
of orphans and minora of freedmen within
their respective districts. The pri ;ciple to
be adhered to with regard to paupers is that
each county, parish, township or city shall
care for abd provide for its own poor. Va
grant laws made for free people and now in
loree on the stetute books of the States em
braced in tbe operations of this bureau will
be recognized and extended to the freedmen.
Assistant commissioners will draw up specific
instructions applicable to their respective
States, ip accordance with tfyc foregoing prin
ciples. 0. 0. HOWARD,
? Mt>jor-General and Commissioner.
It is evident from, tbe following order issu
ed from the Freedmen's Bureau to-day that
the restoration of property now held as aban
doned and confiscated is (o be entered into
by the Commissioners of thti Bureau through
out the South with scrupulous exactness in
regard to the title of the same and the legal
ownership thereof. The circular subjoined
corroborates this view
Assistant Commissioners are directed in
their reports of abandoned or confiscated
lands to arrange the names of former owners
of 3ucb lands ia each count]?*, district or par
ish ic alphabetical order. The number of
acres herein required to be stated will always
be given as nearly as the same can be ascer
t ained. Copies of all orders returning prop
erty to former owners will be forwarded to
this Bureau as soon as issue.1, in compliance
with special instructions from the head of the
Bureau, and the papers in such cases will be
returned with copies of the orders.
From the Neto York Herald, itk iitef.
Trial of Wirz.
Some witnesses for the defence were exam
ined before the Wira court martial yesterday.
A German named Morsner, who was in the
Union anny, taken prisoDcr.and sent to An
cicrsonville, testified that ho waa parolod and
placed in Wirz's office as a clerk. In this ca
pacity he had never been required to do any
thing inconsistent with his al legiance to the
national government by Wir::, whom he had
not known to be guilty of uhc cruelties to
wards prisoners charged against bim; but he
ha* known him to do things for their comfort
and the alleviation of their sufferings, and
had heard him express the trish that he was
able to do more.
George W. F. Reynolds, who testified that
he was taken prisoner while a spy io the ch
tional service, made some curions and very
interesting statements regarding life, manners
and customs in the Andersonville stockade.'
According to him it was much like a compact
city. There were thirty-three thou>and pris
oners, tbe pen was laid out in streets, and
most of the vocations known te urban Fifo
were carried o?r within it. t There were about
one thousand regular dt-altrs, iucludiog bank
ers, brokers, provision merchants, bakers,
tailors, shoemakers, barbers, jewellers, soup
jobbers, ?vc, who kept open shops and offices
and did a thriving business. At these estab
lishments could bc bought, if one had the
money, all the necessaries and many of the
luxuries of life. The witness himself kept
a shop aud drove a heavy trade. Ile ' said
there were about half a million dollars in
greenbacks in the prison. The prisoners had
also among themselves regular judicial aud
police organizations, and at ono time five
disorderly characters among them, who had
been found guilty by a jury of their fellow
captives, were bung. He himself acted as a
magistrate. He told many other wonderful
things of a similar character relative to the
interior lifo of the prison. He bad known
suffering among thc men fron exposure, but
could not say that he had witnessed it from
During tbe day there was another sharp
colloquy between members of the court and.
Wirz's counsel regarding the questioning of
witnesses aud the management of the de
The North Carolina Convention.
Tbe ne tn bora of the North Carolina Con
vention, whose movements during the first
four days of the session appearcd-slow, on the
1th, went to work in earnest, and to some
purpose. They passed, by a unanimous vote,
in ordinance declaring that the ordinance of
?be Convention of 1789, ratifying the Consti
;ution of the United States, and all legislative
teta ratifying amendments thereto, are now,
md have been ever since their enact mont, in
'nil force and effect, notwithstanding the
.supposed ordinance'' of Secession, which, it
s further declared, is now, and has at ail
;imes since its passage, been null and void,
rbis, ia effect, is ar? official avowal that tho
state bas never been out. of the Union. Gov
ernor Holden communicates.this intelligence
n a dispatch to the President, and adds that
be ordinance forever prohibiting slavery m
he State-will be disposed of to-day, and that
he State elections will be fixed fer tho 2d
if November. One of the Raleigh correapon
icnts, in speaking of the character and aen
Iments of the men who compose the Conven
ion, says that the majority of them are not j
nly strong Union men but are, and were,
uri og the rebellion, bitter anti-secession is ?a.
n many districts, at tho'election (or dele
gatea, where moderato or doubtful Unionista
of superior talent?, were opposed by strong
and undisputed Union men of only moderate
abilities, the latter were successful, showing
that a healthy national sentiment per?adas
The Sadden advance in t he'gold premium
is not due, as some assert, to the announce*
ment made by the Seer ?tur y of the Treasury,
relative to the funding of the compound in
terest Ie;al tender notes, bat rather to an in*
creased demand for export. On the subject,
the New York Herald aays: ;
While our imports range from fire to near
ly eight millions a week in gold value, our
exports are at the rate of three millions or
less per week ia currency value, those for the
week just ended having been only $2,418,
527. Nor is there any imm?diate prospect
of an increase in eur seaport trade, or a di
minution in oar imports. The prieta' of all
the leading breads tu fla and provisions range
higher in this market than at Liverpool, and
cotton hardly allows of profitable shipment.
Moreover, we have no superabundance as yat
offering at the seaboard. Under these cir*
cuinetances, it is very ?vident that gold must
be exported to pay the difference between the
credit and debit sides of oar foreign accounts.
It is true that the amount of gold in the
banks of the city and the Treasury is lar?e,
the amount in the latter, on September 30,
having been $12,730,783, after, as ia to be in
ferred, deducting $18,443,415 for the pay
ment of the November coupons, and that the
banks hold more than thirteen and-a-balf
milsons. But the amount elsewhere in die
country is small, the private boards having
been to a great extent absorbed.
For Commissioners of the Poor.
The following gentlemen will be- supported aa.
candidates for Commissioners of the Poor for >
Edgefield District at the next election :
W. L. COLEMAN,
TANDY i. MA?TIN,
GEORGE D., HU LET, . ' ' .
DB. '0. W. ALLEN,
n. T. WRIGHT.
Oct 16 lt . 42
CONFEDERATE MONEY WANTED!
POE which the HIGHEST PRICE will be
given. Apply at thia Office.
Oct 17 - lt 41
To the Public,
JERSONS who har? left DEEDS,-BONDS or
__. MORTGAGES in th? Clerk'* Office, to Re
cord,are respectfully informed that the same hag
been dene, and that their papers, daly stamped,
are ready for delivery on payment of costs. Par
ties are net i fi ed to apply soon for their respective
papers. 8. HARRISON,
Clerk Court Edgefield District.
Oct. 17,_3t _41. :
J?. ADDISON, ATTORNEY AT LAW
. and SOLICITOR IN EQUITY will, prac
tice id the Couria of South Caroline.
Office, for the present, over B. C. Bryan's Store
Oct 17_3m_ 42
TJA VING decided te.remain ia Edgefield, haa
JUL removed to the House of Ii. T. WBIOBT,
Euer., lately occupied by Maj. MOBBILL, and
will eontiaue to give prompt attention to all Pro
Oct. 17, 2t ' 42.
THE undersigned would most respectfully in
form their friends an J patrons that they will
continue he PRACTICE OP MEDICINE in its
several department.?, in the Tillage and adjacent
country. Rut aa we have to pay Cash for every
thing wo have to buy, we wiU expect the cash or
its equivalent for our services Whenever the pa
tient ia discharged.
A. G. TEAGUE,
T. J. TEAGUE.
Oct. ll tf 41
Save your Lard and Soda
BYuaiu|;.Durkee'a Y?AST POWDERS, to
be had cheap at
HODGES k JENNINGS.
Oct 17 tf_42
JUST opened a first rate aupply of superior
EXTRACTS f?>r Culinary purposes, embra
cing LEMON, VANILLA, ?c.
HODGES A JENNINGS.
Oct 17 tf 42
TWO Barrol's superior. POTASH-ju.t the
-thing for making Soap.
J; R. CARWILE, A CO.
THE undersigned will receive GREENBACKS
in payment of all Notes and Accounts duo
him, from those who are disposed to pay daring
the next two months.
JAS. B. SULLIVAN.
Oct 17 4t 42
1LARGE IRON SAFE-coed aa new;
1 CARRIAGE and HARNESS-i worn ;
I Iron-Axle Two Horse WAGON-i worn ;
1 small bey SADDLE HOV SE.
JAS. ii. SULLIVAN.
Oct 17 4't 42
Stop the Thief!
STOLEN from the stablo of Dr. Wm. D. Jen
nings, at EegeSeld C. M., on Saturday ni*bt,
the 14th inst., one blaek CARRIAGE HORSE,
short nielt-tal?ed, when standing springs ferward
in his hind ankles, carries himself np well when
moving.-about eleven years ord. And, also, oae
sorrel MARE MU LE, branded on shoulder, reaehod
mane and Uli, left shoulder hart by collar,
about S years old.
They were seen in the possession of awhile
man and negro on the 15th inst, oa the road to
Columbia, near Watson's. " ?
. A liberal reward will be paid for their recovery.
A. G. TEAGUE?
Oct. 17, rf' r 42
Medical College of Georgia.
THE regular course of lectures In thia institu
tion will be.com monced on the first Monday
in November next, and be continued four months.
The outfit and advantages of thia College are un
surpassed by any in the Union,
L. A. DUG AS, Dean.
ODGES A JENNINGS bave jost received
a fresh aupply of
Norwood's TINCT. VERATRUM YERH)E ;
McMun's ELIXIR OPIUM.
Oct ll tf . 41
Compound Dogwood Bitters,
A SUBSTITUTE FOR QUININE.
r' assists DIGESTION and itiemu?ati. and
strengthens the sy.tom.
Nature supplies the beat remedies in the cli
mate in which the disease exista.
Prepared by J. DENNIS, M. D.
Oct ll ' 2t 41
THE COLUMBIA A AUGUSTA RAILROAD
wanta 500 Good Able-bodied Hands'.
Apply to - THOO. ALEXANDER, A^ent,
Granite ville and VaueJast.
Sept II let 37